Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 5th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1340*Edward III of England assumes the title of King of France (Hundred Years War).Ref: 17
1349*Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland/Zealand.Ref: 5
1371*Pierre Roger de Beaufort is crowned Pope Gregory XI.Ref: 17
1438*Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara.Ref: 5
1463*French poet François Villon banished from Paris.Ref: 5
1531*Pope Clemens VII forbids English king Henry VIII to re-marry.Ref: 5
1554*Great fire in Eindhoven Netherlands.Ref: 5
1593*William Louis of Nassau becomes Governor/Viceroy of Drenthe.Ref: 5
1608*Captain John Smith captured by Indians; later saved by Indian princess Pocahontas.Ref: 10
1638*Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues.Ref: 5
1643*In the first record of a legal divorce in the American colonies, Anne Clarke of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a divorce from her absent and adulterous husband, Denis Clarke, by the Quarter Court of Boston, Massachusetts.Ref: 3
1717 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles.Ref: 5
1757*Failed assassination attempt on French king Louis XV by Damiens.Ref: 5
1776*The Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its first state constitution. Ref 
1800*First Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service, Baltimore MD.Ref: 5
1804*Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement.Ref: 5
1807*General Wilkinson learns that Burr may have several thousand men in Natchez. Martial law is proclaimed in New Orleans.Ref: 87
1815*Federalists from all over New England, angered over the War of 1812, draw up the Hartford Convention, demanding several important changes in the U.S. Constitution.Ref: 2
1822 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire.Ref: 5
1825 Alexandre Dumas pare fights his first duel; his pants fall down.Ref: 5
1834*Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell.Ref: 5
1836*Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo.Ref: 5
1840*The emperor of China declares the English to be outlaws.Ref: 62
1840*Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date.Ref: 5
1850*The California Exchange opens.Ref: 5
1859 First steamboat sails, Red River.Ref: 5
1869*The first Negro Labor Convention is held. (XDG, p 4A, 1/5/2001)Ref: 83
1875*President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg MS.Ref: 5
1885*(Long Island) The Long Island Railroad Company was the first to offer piggyback rail service. It transported farm wagons on trainsRef: 4
1887*First US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University.Ref: 5
1888 Dutch Heidemaatschappij established.Ref: 5
1889*A ‘hamburger' first appears on a restaurant menu in Walla Walla, WA, as reported in the Union News.Ref: 10
1895*(Dreyfus) French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, was publicly stripped of his rank. (He was ultimately vindicated.)Ref: 5
1903*San Francisco-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use.Ref: 5
1904*American Marines arrive in Seoul, Korea, to guard the U.S. legation there.Ref: 2
1904*-34ºF (-36.7ºC), River Vale NJ (state record).Ref: 5
1904*-42ºF (-41.1ºC), Smethport PA (state record).Ref: 5
1905 National Association of Audubon Societies incorporates.Ref: 5
1909*Colombia recognizes Panama's independence.Ref: 5
1911*San Francisco has its 1st air meetRef: 5
1911*Portuguese expel Jesuits.Ref: 5
1911 Monocco promulgates its constitution.Ref: 17
1914*Ford Motor Company proudly announced that there would be a new daily minimum wage of $5 and an (shortened) eight-hour work day.Ref: 4
1919 Sparticist (Communist) revolt begins in Berlin.Ref: 5
1919*National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party.Ref: 5
1920*GOP women demand equal representation at the Republican National Convention in June.Ref: 2
1920*The Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was formed. The company became a giant in electronics, especially radios and TVs. It would later own its own TV network (NBC) and other broadcast interests.Ref: 18
1922*Following her sensational divorce, popular American evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson, 32, resigned her denominational ordination and returned her fellowship papers to the General Council of the Assemblies of God.Ref: 5
1923*The U.S. Senate debates the benefits of Peyote for the American Indian.Ref: 2
1925*Nellie T. Ross succeeded her late husband as governor of Wyoming, becoming the first female governor in U.S. history.Ref: 5
1925*Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdansk post office.Ref: 5
1929 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia.Ref: 5
1932*(day unspecified) The Lindberghs move into their new estate in Hopewell, New Jersey.Ref: 87
1932*(Scottsboro Boys) Ruby Bates, in a letter to a Earl Streetman, denies that she was raped.Ref: 87
1933*Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, on Marin County side.Ref: 5
1936*Two GM plants in Flint, Michigan, are taken over by the Teamsters Union protesting intolerable work conditionsRef: 62
1937*Only unicameral state legislature in US opens first session (Nebraska).Ref: 5
1940*The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) got its very first demonstration of FM radio. The new medium, free of interference, static, and noise in thunderstorms, was developed by Major E.H. Armstrong.Ref: 4
1945*Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty".Ref: 5
1947*Great Britain nationalizes its coal mines.Ref: 2
1949*In his State of the Union address, President Truman labeled his administration the "Fair Deal."Ref: 5
1952*Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Washington to confer with President Harry S Truman.Ref: 2
1952 Flying Enterprise sinks.Ref: 5
1953*Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea.Ref: 5
1957*Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Mid East.Ref: 5
1961*US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba.Ref: 5
1962*First written reference to SIMULARef: 62
1964*Following an unprecedented pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Pope Paul VI met with Greek Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I in Jerusalem. It was the first such meeting between leaders of the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Churches in over 500 years (since 1439).Ref: 5
1967*President Johnson signs an executive order cutting off virtually all trade between the US and Rhodesia.Ref: 17
1968*Alecander Dubcek succeeds President Antonin Novotny as party leader of Czechoslovakia.Ref: 5
1969*President Richard M. Nixon appoints Henry Cabot Lodge as negotiator at the Paris Peace Talks.Ref: 2
1970*23,000 Belgian mine workers strike.Ref: 5
1971*President Richard M. Nixon names Robert Dole as chairman of the Republican National Party.Ref: 2
1971 Chili establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.Ref: 17
1972*New York City NY transit fare rises from 30¢ to 35¢.Ref: 5
1972 West-Pakistani sheik Mujib ur-Rahman freed.Ref: 5
1973 Mali & Niger break diplomatic relations with Israel.Ref: 5
1973 Netherlands recognizes German Democratic Republic.Ref: 5
1976 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea".Ref: 5
1977 Kenya President Jomo Kenyatta disbands parliament.Ref: 5
1981*British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.Ref: 5
1981*Attorney General Guidelines were issued concerning FBI undercover Agents involving the investigation of bribery of public officials. The FBI's successful ABSCAM investigation had raised concerns that undercover efforts might lead to entrapment. This was not the case in the ABSCAM investigation. The courts upheld the convictions.Ref: 14
1982*A Federal judge voids a state law requiring balanced classroom treatment of evolution and creationism.Ref: 2
1982*Dr Roberto Suazo Cordova is inaugurated as President of Honduras.Ref: 17
1983*Elizabeth Dole is nominated by President Reagan to be the Secretary of Transportation. (XDG, p 4A, 1/5/2001)Ref: 83
1987*Ronald Reagan proposes first trillion dollar US budgetRef: 17
1987 Surrogate Baby M case begins in Hackensack NJ.Ref: 5
1988 Austrian President Waldheim's war record investigated.Ref: 5
1989*The last railroad tracks in Xenia are removed (near US 35 East outside of Xenia).Ref: 56
1989*2 French TV newsmen arrested for trying to plant fake bombs on 3 airlines at JFK airport in security test.Ref: 5
1989*Baseball signs $400M with ESPN, showing 175 games in 1990.Ref: 5
1992*President Bush arrives in Seoul, South Korea, on the third stop of a 12-day tour focusing on international trade issues.Ref: 64
1994*The Clinton administration said that North Korea had agreed to allow renewed international inspections of seven nuclear sites. (XDG, p 4A, 1/05/2004)Ref: 83
1996*Kozyrev resigns as foreign minister; replaced by PrimakovRef: 89
1997 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat held a secret, predawn summit, but fell short of agreement on the issues holding up an Israeli troop withdrawal from Hebron.Ref: 64
1998*Ice storm knocks out electricity in Québec & Ontario.Ref: 5
1998 Vandals decapitate Copenhagen's Little MermaidRef: 5
2001*In a blizzard of last-minute executive orders, President Clinton curtailed road-building and logging on federal forest land.Ref: 64
2001*The FBI publicly announced the National InfraGuard program in the FBI's National Infrastructure Protection Center. The program centers on securely sharing information about computer intrusions and intrusion threats between business and law enforcement so that the confidentiality of potentially affected businesses is protected.Ref: 14
2003*Franz-Stephan Strambach, a student, stole a small aircraft at gunpoint and flew it over downtown Frankfurt, Germany, threatening to crash into the European Central Bank. He landed safely two hours later and was arrested. (Dayton Daily News, p A1, 1/06/2003) 
1841*James Clark Ross (UK) is the 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf.Ref: 5
1892 First successful auroral photograph made.Ref: 5
1896*An Austrian newspaper ("Wiener Presse") reported the discovery by German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen of a type of radiation that came to be known as "X-rays."Ref: 5
1904*Lizzie J. Magie’s "The Landlord’s Game", is patented. Lizzie's game was very similar to Monopoly, except she, a Quaker from Virginia, created it as a political comment to promote a single land-ownership tax. She shared it with other Quakers and proponents of the tax measure. Families copied the game, adding their own favorite street names and changing the rules as they pleased. The name of the game changed as the rules changed.Ref: 4
1905*Charles Perrine announces the discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara.Ref: 5
1969*USSR Venera 5 launched for first successful planet landing (Venus).Ref: 5
1972*President Richard M. Nixon announced that NASA would proceed with the development of a reusable ‘low cost’ space shuttle system. He signed a $5.5 billion dollar bill for its creation.Ref: 4
1975*Salyut 4, crew of 2, launched for 30 day missionRef: 5
1985*Discovery moves to launch pad for STS 51-C mission.Ref: 5
2003*Chinese media report that an unmanned Chinese space capsule had returned to earth. (XDG, p 4A, 1/05/2004)Ref: 83
1477 Swiss troops defeat the forces under Charles the Bold of Burgundy at the Battle of Nancy, ending the possibility of Burgundian state between France & Germany; 7000+ killed.Ref: 2
1500 Duke Ludovico Sforza's troops reconquer Milan.Ref: 5
1675 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar) French army beats Brandenburg.Ref: 5
1719 England/Hannover/Saxony-Poland/Austria sign anti-Prussian/Russian pact.Ref: 5
1781*(and 6th) Benedict Arnold's forces inflicted significant damage to Virginia's capital city by razing buildings and a foundry and destroying or capturing tobacco, gunpowder, and other commodities.Ref: 5
1809*Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France.Ref: 5
1861*The merchant vessel Star of the West sets sail from New York to Fort Sumter, in response to rebel attack, carrying supplies and 250 troops.Ref: 2
1861*Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay.Ref: 5
1861*250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Fort Sumter.Ref: 5
1916*Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro.Ref: 5
1917*Bulgarian and German troops occupy the Port of Braila.Ref: 2
1918*British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace.Ref: 5
1919*British ships shell the Bolshevik headquarters in Riga.Ref: 2
1936*Daggha Bur, Ethiopia, is bombed by the Italians.Ref: 2
1940*Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia.Ref: 5
1941*British/Australian troops conquer Bardia Lybia.Ref: 5
1942*Today was the deadline for enemy aliens in San Francisco to surrender to the Western Defense Command radio transmitters, shortwave receivers and precision cameras.Ref: 37
1942*55 German tanks reach North-Africa.Ref: 5
1942*U.S. and Filipino troops complete their withdrawal to a new defensive line along the base of the Bataan peninsula.Ref: 2
1942*Yves Paringaux French chief of staff, murdered.Ref: 5
1943*William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces.Ref: 5
1945*The first kamikaze's are launched.Ref: 3
1945*Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1949 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra.Ref: 5
1951*Inchon, South Korea, the sight of General Douglas MacArthur's amphibious flanking maneuver, is abandoned by United Nations force to the advancing Chinese Army.Ref: 2
1968*U.S. forces in Vietnam launch Operation Niagara I to locate enemy units around the Marine base at Khe Sanh.Ref: 2
1968*Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law.Ref: 5
1999*Four US Air Force and Navy jets fire on --and miss-- four Iraqi MiGs testing the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq, in the first such air confrontation in more than six years. (XDG, p 4A, 1/05/2004)Ref: 83
1912*First National Hockey Assn game (Victoria).Ref: 5
1920*Red Sox owner Harry Frasse defends selling of Babe Ruth to the Yankees for cash calling his former player "one of the most selfish and inconsiderate men ever to put on a baseball uniform".Ref: 1
1925*During the White Sox and Giants European tour, John McGraw, Charlie Comiskey and Hugh Jennings are honored by the French Baseball Federation for their efforts promoting the game in France.Ref: 1
1927*Judge Landis begins 3-day public hearing on charges that 4 games played between Chicago & Detroit in 1917 had been thrown to White Sox. All those involved were cleared within a week.Ref: 5
1931*First woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League.Ref: 5
1934*The new center field bleachers under construction at Fenway Park are destroyed by fire for the second time (May 8th 1926 also).Ref: 1
1934*Both the National and American Leagues in baseball decided to use a uniform-size baseball. It was the first time in 33 years that both leagues used the same size ball.Ref: 4
1943*Teams agrees to start season later due to WWII.Ref: 5
1946*The Giants buy catcher Walker Cooper from the Cardinals for $175,000. It is the largest amount ever paid for a single player.Ref: 1
1951*Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Ponte Vedra Beach Women's Golf Open.Ref: 5
1957*Dodgers' Jackie Robinson retires rather than be traded to New York Giants.Ref: 5
1960*Continental League, a proposed third major league, gets an assurance of congressional support from New York Senator Kenneth Keating.Ref: 5
1963*The San Diego Chargers beat the Boston Patriots 51-10 to win the American Football League title. (XDG, p 4A, 1/5/2001)Ref: 83
1964*San Diego Chargers win AFL-championship.Ref: 5
1971*Harlem Globetrotters lose 100-99 to New Jersey Reds, ending 2,495-game win streak.Ref: 5
1972*Largest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavaliers vs Lakers-11,178).Ref: 5
1984*Adrian Dantly (Utah), ties NBA record of 28 free throws.Ref: 5
1985*Bryan Trottier failed on 9th Islander penalty shot.Ref: 5
1987*When the Midshipmen beat East Carolina 91-66, this night, David Robinson became the first basketball player in Naval Academy history to score more than 2,000 points. Mr. Robinson went on to become a major star in the NBA.Ref: 4
1990*J Donald Crump appointed 8th Commissioner of CFL.Ref: 5
1991 Edwin Jongejans of Netherlands wins 1-meter springboard diving title.Ref: 5
1991*Kevin Bradshaw of US International scores NCAA Division 1 record 72 points.Ref: 5
1993*Mike Ditka was dismissed as Chicago Bears head coach after 32 years as a player and coach (11 seasons as head coach, 106-62). (In 1988, Ditka, who played in five Pro Bowls and two conference championships (1963 and 1971), was the first tight end to be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.)Ref: 4
1993*Reggie Jackson elected to Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1994 Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.82).Ref: 5
1994 Yat Weiju swims world record 100m butterfly stroke (58.71).Ref: 5
1995*AFC beats NFC 41-13 in the pro bowl.Ref: 5
1996*Miami Dolphin coach Don Shula announces his retirement.Ref: 5
1997*The Carolina Panthers defeat the defending Super Bowl champion Dallas Cowboys 26-17 in the team's first playoff game. (USA Today, p 3C, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1999*In their first year of eligibility, George Brett, Nolan Ryan and Robin Yount are elected into the Hall of Fame; it is the only time since the first inductees were selected in 1939 that more than two first-timers have made it into Cooperstown in the same year.Ref: 1
1999*Receiving an apology from owner George Steinbrenner about his dismissal as Yankee manager in 1985 after only 16 games, Yogi Berra says he will end his self-exile from Yankee Stadium and the organization; the Bronx Bomber legend is expected to participate in future Opening Day and old timer's ceremonies.Ref: 1
2001*The plan to name a new downtown Montreal ballpark Labatt Park dims as the Canadian brewery announces ending its 15-year sponsorship of the Expos. The company cited the lack of a local television contract and stalled stadium plans as factors in the decision.Ref: 1
2001*The Mariners sign Ichiro Suzuki to three-year $14,088,000 deal. The rights to the Japanese outfielder, who has won seven batting titles in Japan, were awarded to Seattle for approximately $13 million.Ref: 1
2001*Needing help due the departures of Shawon Dunston and Eric Davis, the Cardinals sign their first free agents of the off-season. The four include Bobby Bonilla, Bernard Gilkey, John Mabry and Shane Andrews.Ref: 1
2003*The San Francisco 49'ers defeat the New York Giants 39-38 in the first round of playoffs. The NFL acknowledges that a pass interference call was not made that should have given the Giants one more play and a possible field goal (and subsequent win). (USA Today, p 1C, 1/07/2003)Ref: 13
2004*In excerpts from his autobiography, "My Prison Without Bars", to be released later in the week, Pete Rose admit he gambled on baseball games, including those of the Reds. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83
1649*Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice.Ref: 5
1828 First edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad).Ref: 5
1875*Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris.Ref: 5
1895 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London.Ref: 5
1896*Isaac Albeniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez" premieres in Barcelona.Ref: 5
1899*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure-Charles Augustus Milverton (BG).Ref: 5
1921*Wagner's "Die Walkyrie" opens in Paris. This is the first German opera performed in Paris since the beginning of World War I.Ref: 2
1925*James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1927 Fox Studios exhibits Movietone.Ref: 5
1930*Mao Tse-tung writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire".Ref: 5
1935*We proudly remind you that Phil Spitalny’s All-Girl Orchestra was featured on CBS radio this day on the program, The Hour of Charm.Ref: 4
1941*Decca record #23210 was recorded. The title: Chica Chica Boom Chic, by the lovely Carmen Miranda. It seems she sang the song in the film, That Night in Rio.Ref: 4
1944 The London Daily Mail was the first transoceanic newspaper ever published.Ref: 4
1946*"Show Boat" opens at Ziegfeld Theater New York City NY for 417 performances.Ref: 5
1948 Warner Pathe showed the very first color newsreel. Pictures of the Tournament of Roses Parade and the Rose Bowl football classic were seen by theatre audiences.Ref: 4
1948 Alfred Kinsey's "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" published to a shocked U.S.A.Ref: 10
1950*Carson McCuller's "Member of the Wedding" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1953 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1955*A tune used in a Studio One production became the #1 song on the pop music charts this day. Joan Weber’s song, Let Me Go, Lover, rode the hit parade as the most popular record in U.S. for four weeks straight. Before being aired on television, the song had only been heard on a limited basis. In fact, the title was even different. It used to be known as Let Me Go, Devil.Ref: 4
1956*Grace Kelly announces engagement to Prince RanierRef: 62
1956*Elvis Presley records "Heartbreak Hotel".Ref: 5
1959*"Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV.Ref: 5
1959*Buddy Holly releases his last record "It Doesn't Matter".Ref: 5
1961*“Hello. I’m Mr. Ed!” “A horse is a horse, of course, of course”... you know the lyrics. Mr. Ed, the talking horse, debuted for what would be a six-year run. The show starred Alan Young as Ed’s owner, Wilbur Post. Wilbur’s wife, Carol, was played by Connie Hines. Good old neighbor Roger Addison was Larry Keating. The voice of Mr. Ed was... no, not Alan Young... rather, Allan ‘Rocky’ Lane... of course, of course.Ref: 4
1962*Tony Sheridan & Beatles produce "My Bonnie" & "The Saints".Ref: 5
1963*"Camelot" closes at Majestic Theater New York City NY after 873 performances.Ref: 5
1963*"Carnival!" closes at Imperial Theater New York City NY after 719 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Harold Pinter's play, "The Homecoming", opens in NY.Ref: 17
1969 Neville Williams' "Chronology of the Expanding World" completed.Ref: 5
1969*"Maggie Flynn" closes at ANTA Theater New York City NY after 82 performances.Ref: 5
1969 Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman & Karl Shapiro.Ref: 5
1970*The ABC daytime drama, All My Children, premiers.Ref: 4
1972*John Denver received a gold record for the album, Aerie, this day.Ref: 4
1974*Raul Julia appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Oh, Brother".Ref: 5
1975*"The Wiz" opens at Majestic Theater New York City NY for 1672 performances.Ref: 5
1976*"MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premiers on PBS-TV.Ref: 5
1979*John Travolta probably remembers that the soundtrack LP of Saturday Night Fever reached $25 million in sales.Ref: 4
1981*"Nightline" with Ted Koppel extended from 20 minutes to 30 minutes.Ref: 5
1984*The group, The Police, planned a farewell concert for March 2 in Australia. After nine years together, band members decided to go their separate ways.Ref: 4
1991*"Oh, Kay!" closes at Richard Rodgers Theater New York City NY after 77 performances.Ref: 5
1992*"6 Degrees of Separation" closes at Vivian Beaumont New York City NY after 496 performances.Ref: 5
1992*"Crucible" closes at Belasco Theater New York City NY after 32 performances.Ref: 5
1992*"On Borrowed Time" closes at Circle in Square Theater New York City NY after 99 performances.Ref: 5
1992*"Peter Pan" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City NY after 48 performances.Ref: 5
1993*Price is Right model Janice Pennington sues CBS for show accident.Ref: 5
1997*"Juan Darien-Carnival Mass" closes at Vivian Beaumont New York City NY.Ref: 5
1997*"Love Thy Neighbor" closes at Booth Theater New York City NY.Ref: 5
1997*"Show Boat" closes at Gershwin Theater New York City NY.Ref: 5
1548*Francisco Suárez, Granada Spain, philosopher/theologian, is born.Ref: 5
1560*William Cobbold composer, is born.Ref: 5
1592*Shah Jahan Mughal emperor of India (1628-58), builder of the Taj Mahal, is born.Ref: 5
1596*Henry Lawes English composer, is born.Ref: 5
1620*Miklós Zrínyi Hungarian poet/writer (The Peril of Sziget), is born.Ref: 5
1661*Jacob Balthasar Schutz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1679*Pietro Filippo Scarlotti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1710*Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1729*Paul C la Fargue cartoonist/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1744 Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, Spanish statesman and writer; Chief Justice of the Spanish Court, 1778, is born.Ref: 17
1759*Jacques Cathelineau French royalist/army leader, is born.Ref: 5
1769*Jean Baptiste Say French economist (Political Economics), is born.Ref: 5
1773*Pieter Fontijn Dutch painter/drawer, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Fortunato Santini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Zebulon Montgomery Pike, the explorer who named, but never climbed Pike's Peak, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Stephen Decatur, American naval hero during actions against the Barbay pirates and the War of 1812, “Our country right or wrong.” is born.Ref: 2
1780*Claire countess of Rémusat/Vergennes/French author (Salon), is born.Ref: 5
1787 John Burke Irish genealogist (Burke's Peerage), is born.Ref: 5
1788*Kaspar Ett German organist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1789*Thomas Pringle, Scottish-South African traveller, poet, funder of parent publication of Blackwood's Magazine, is born.Ref: 17
1794*Edmund Ruffin agriculturist: one of the originators of crop rotation and fertilization; publisher: Farmer’s Register; Confederate soldier: fired first shot on Fort Sumter in American Civil War; is born.Ref: 4
1806*Andre H C van Hasselt Belgian poet (La Belgium), is born.Ref: 5
1810*Auguste Mermet composer, is born.Ref: 5
1811*Cyrus Hamlin educator/missionary (established Robert College, Turkey), is born.Ref: 5
1813*Thomas Neville Waul Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Joseph Brevard Kershaw Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1894, is born.Ref: 5
1823*William Rockstro, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1828*August Valentine, Kautz Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1895, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Friedrich Richard Faltin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Hendrik E van Rijgersma Dutch government doctor on Saint Maarten, is born.Ref: 5
1840*John Doby Kennedy Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896, is born.Ref: 5
1846*Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Germany, Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908), is born.Ref: 5
1848*Khristo Botev hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Theodoor Verstraete Flemish painter/etcher, is born.Ref: 5
1855*King Camp Gillette, inventor of the safety razor, is born.Ref: 5
1858*Gustaf af Geijerstam Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror), is born.Ref: 5
1859*DeWitt B Brace inventor (spectrophotometer), is born.Ref: 5
1863*Konstantin Stanislavsky Russian actor/director/methodist, is born.Ref: 5
1864*George Washington Carver, a former slave who became a scientist and inventor, gave the world peanut butter, is born.Ref: 68
1871*Frederick Shepherd Converse Newton MA, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Joseph Erlanger, doctor (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), is born.Ref: 5
1875*James Stuart Blackton born. The first animation artist, the founder of Vitagraph Studios and the creator of the first movie fanzine.Ref: 73
1876*Konrad Adenaur, the first president of post-war Germany (1949), is born in Cologne, Germany.Ref: 5
1877*Henry Sloane Coffin, American clergyman, is born.Ref: 70
1880*Nicolai Karlovich Medtner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Herbert Bayard Swope, American journalist and editor, Pulitzer Prize winner (1917), is born.Ref: 70
1885*Art (Arthur) Fletcher baseball: shortstop: NY Giants [World Series: 1911-1913, 1917], Philadelphia Phillies; 3rd base coach: NY Yankees [1927-1945]; manager: Philadelphia Phillies [1923-1926]; dies.Ref: 4
1887*Courtney Hicks Hodges, US army general, commander of the First and Third Armies in World War II, is born.Ref: 17
1890*Benny (Benjamin Michael) Kauff baseball: NY Highlanders, Indpls Hoosiers, Brooklyn Tip-Tops, NY Giants [World Series: 1917]; led Federal League in batting [1914, 1915]; later banned from pro baseball for alleged gambling involvement; is born.Ref: 4
1890*Cora Witherspoon New Orleans LA, actress (Bank Dick), dies, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Johan Boskamp Dutch actor/singer (Potasch & Perlemoer), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Francesca Bertini Florence Italy, actress (Odette, Assunta Spina), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Friedrich Blume German musicologist (Das Rassenproblem in der Musik), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Jeannette (Ridlon) Piccard balloon pilot: first American woman to be free balloon pilot: set record [w/husband] for balloon ascent into stratosphere [57,579 ft. 1934]; one of first women to become Episcopalian priest; is born.Ref: 4
1896 Hendrik Algra Dutch MP (ARP), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Jack Wagner OH, actor (Jive Junction), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Theo Mackeben German pianist/composer (Lady Fanny, Bel Ami), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Albert van Dalsum Dutch actor/director (Little Rascal)Ref: 5
1900*Paula Ludwig writer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Yves Tanguy French/US sailor/surrealistic painter, is born.Ref: 17
1901*Luke (James Luther) Sewell baseball: catcher: Cleveland Indians, Washington Nationals [World Series: 1933], Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1937], SL Browns; manager: St. Louis Browns: American League pennant [1944]; is born.Ref: 4
1901*H L Honore comte d'Estienne d'Orves French officer/resistance fighter, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Mario Scelba premier Italy (1954-55), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons English author (Cold Comfort Farm), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Hubert Beuve-Méry French newspaper publisher (Le Monde (The Voice)), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Pierre Palla Dutch pianist/organist, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Leighton Lucas composer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Telésforo A Palm Curaçao, composer/pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Erica Morini concert violinist; died in 1995, is born.Ref: 4
1905*László Papp Hungary, middleweight boxer (Olympics-gold-1948, 52, 56), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Kathleen Kenyon first person to place date on remains of Jericho, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Anton Ingolic Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Wilhelm "Willi" J Soukop Austrian/British sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1908*George Dolenz Trieste Italy, actor (A Bullet for Joey, Count of Monte Cristo-TV series), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Jean-Pierre Aumont Paris France, actor (Count of Monte Cristo, Cat & Mouse, Happy Hooker), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith bibliophile, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Stephen Cole Kleene mathematician (Regular Expressions), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Erica Morini Vienna Austria, concert violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Jean-Pierre Aumont actor: Maria-Chapdelaine, Napoleon, The Happy Hooker, Windmills of the Gods, Becoming Colette; is born.Ref: 4
1912*Frank Pace Jr US Secretary of Army (1950-53), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Jean-Pierre Aumont (Jean-Pierre Salomons), French actor, is born.Ref: 17
1913*Kemmons Wilson, US hotelier, founder of Holiday Inns, is born.Ref: 17
1914*George Reeves [George Lescher Bessolo], actor (Superman on the original TV show), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Mabel Leigh potter, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Uta Graf singer/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Reginald Smith Brindle composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Wieland Wagner German opera director, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Jeanne Dixon, Medford WI, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Al Blozis track: Georgetown University: NCAA, IC4A, AAU: shotput championships [1940-1942], IC4A discus champion [1940-1942]; football: New York Giants tackle [1942-1944]; is born.Ref: 4
1920*Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli Brescia Italy, pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Switzerland, playwright/novelist (Visit), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Jean d'Aviano grand duke of Luxembourg (1964- ), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Grand Duke Jean, Head of State, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is born.Ref: 17
1923*Sam Phillips, the Sun Records record executive who discovered Elvis Presley, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Robert L Bernstein New York City NY, publisher (Random House), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Wolf Morris actor (Decoy), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Maria Schell (Margarete Schell) actress: Samson and Delilah, Voyage of the Damned, The Odessa File, The Hanging Tree, The Brothers Karamazov, is born.Ref: 4
1926*W.D. Snodgrass poet: Heart’s Needle, The Fuhrer Bunker, The Complete Cycle, April Inventory, Pulitzer Prize winner in Poetry in 1960, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Claude (Buddy) Young football: University of Illinois: Rose Bowl MVP [1947]; AAFC NY Yankees aka NFL NY Yanks, Dallas Texans , Baltimore Colts: NFL record: career average 27.7 yards per kickoff return; Baltimore Colts scout, director of player relations, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Robert Earle Baldwin NY, TV host (GE College Bowl), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Walter ‘Fritz’ Mondale, (Sen-D-MN)/Vice President [1977-81); Democratic presidential nominee [1984], is born.Ref: 4
1928*Fred Glover hockey: NHL: Detroit Red Wings, Chicago Blackhawks; AHL: player/coach: Cleveland Barons; is born.Ref: 4
1928*Zulfikar Ali Khan Bhutto President/Premier (Pakistan), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Wilbert Harrison singer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Richard Hayes Passaic NJ, singer/emcee (Name That Tune), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Edward Galven Givens Jr Quanah TX, Major USAF/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Frederick Charles Tillis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Alfred Brendel, Wiesenberg Moravia, Austrian pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Alvin Ailey choreographer: Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater: 79 ballets in repertoire establishing a place for blacks in modern dance; is born.Ref: 4
1931*Walter Davis US, running high jumper (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Robert Duvall Academy Award-winning actor: Tender Mercies [1983]; A Family Thing, Stalin, A Show of Force, Days of Thunder , Colors, The Natural, True Confessions, Apocalypse Now, Network, The Godfather, M*A*S*H, True Grit, Countdown, Bullitt, To Kill a Mockingbird, Naked City, is born in Sand Diego CA.Ref: 4
1932*Raïsa Maximovna Titorenko Gorbachev, Russia's 1st lady (1982-1991), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Umberto Eco, Italian novelist (The Name of the Rose), is born.Ref: 2
1932*Chuck Noll NFL football coach w/most Super Bowl wins: Pittsburgh Steelers, Super Bowls: IX, X, XIII, XIV, is born in Cleveland OH.Ref: 4
1935*Earl (Jesse) Battey baseball: catcher: Chicago White Sox, Washington Senators, Minnesota Twins [all-star: 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966/World Series: 1965], is born.Ref: 4
1935*Nancy L Johnson (Representative-R-CT, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Juan Carlos I, King of Spain, is born.Ref: 2
1938*Lindsay Crosby actor: Big Foot, Out of This World; son of crooner Bing Crosby; is born.Ref: 4
1938*Edwin Elliason Washington, US archer (Olympics-92), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Leo Avery abbot of Quarr, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Piet Kruiver Dutch soccer star, is born.Ref: 5
1938*William McReynolds Agee, US corporate executive, CEO Bendix Corp 1977-83, is born.Ref: 17
1938*Jim Otto Pro Football Hall of Famer: Oakland Raiders center: 7 division championships, 1 AFL championship [Super Bowl II]; AFL’s only All League Center [1960 1969], All-AFC Center [1970 - 1972], is born.Ref: 4
1939*Bridget Parker England, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Peter Struycken statues/computer expert/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Dany Saval Oakland CA, actress (Boeing Boeing, Moon Pilot), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Chuck McKinley tennis champion: Wimbledon [1963]; U.S. National Doubles [w/Dennis Ralston]; Davis Cup [1963], is born.Ref: 4
1941*Grady Thomas US rock vocalist (Parliaments, Funkadelic, Maggot Brain), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Wayne Rutledge hockey: NHL: LA Kings, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Charlie Rose Henderson NC, newscaster (CBS Night Watch), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Cliff Potts Glendale CA, actor (Ted-Lou Grant), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Maurizio Pollini Milan Italy, pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Eusebio de Silva Ferreira Mozambique/Portugal soccer star (Europa Cup 1 1962), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Felix Arons Dutch director/actor (Waaldrecht), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Sam Wyche football: Washington Redskins quarterback [Super Bowl VII]; coach: Cincinnati Bengals [Super Bowl XXIII], Tampa Bay Buccaneers; TV sportscaster: CBS, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Diane Keaton (Diane Hall), Louisiana, actress (Annie Hall, Little Drummer Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Mercury (Eugene) Morris football: running back: Miami Dolphins: Super Bowls VI, VII, VIII, imprisoned for trafficking in cocaine, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Ted Lange Oakland CA, actor (Isaac-Love Boat, Mr T & Tina), is born.Ref: 68
1947*Michael DeWine (Representative-R-OH, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Charlie (Charles Oliver) Hough baseball: pitcher: LA Dodgers [World Series: 1974, 1977, 1978], Texas Rangers [all-star: 1986], Chicago White Sox, Florida Marlins, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Thom Mooney rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Chris Stein Brooklyn NY, rock guitarist (Blondie-Heart of Glass, Call Me), is born.Ref: 5
1949*George ‘Funky’ Brown musician: drums: group: Kool and The Gang: Ladies Night, Celebration, I.B.M.C., LPs: Wild and Peaceful, Kool Jazz, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Chris Stein musician: guitar: group: Blondie: In the Flesh, Denis, [I’m Always Touched by Your] Presence Dear, Picture This, Hanging on the Telephone, Sunday Girl, Heart of Glass, Dreaming, Union City Blue, Atomic, The Tide is High, Rapture; solo: French Kissin’; scored theme: Fifteen Minutes, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Michael O'Donoghue writer/performer, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Pamela Sue Martin, Westport CT, actress (Nancy Drew, Fallon-Dynasty), is born.Ref: 68
1954*Alex (Alexander) English Basketball Hall of Fame forward: University of South Carolina; NBA: Milwaukee Bucks, Indiana Pacers, Denver Nuggets, Dallas Mavericks, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Bryan Hitt rocker (REO Speedwagon-Keep on Loving You), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Pamela Sue Martin actress: The Poseidon Adventure, Dynasty, The Nancy Drew Mysteries, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Vincent Calloway Kentucky, trumpet player (Midnight Star-No Parking), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ron (Ronald Dale) Kittle baseball: Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1983], NY Yankees, Cleveland Indians, Baltimore Orioles, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Suzy Amis Oklahoma City OK, actress (Blame it on Rio, Where the Heart is), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Curt Bader Bloomfield IA, sprint kayak (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Suzy Amis actress: The Usual Suspects, Nadja, Blown AwayRef: 4
1962*Donald John Cowie Auckland New Zealand, yachting Star class (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Joel Wyner actor/director (Lyle Springer-Sirens, Listen, Club), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Danny (Lynn) Jackson baseball: pitcher: KC Royals [World Series: 1985], Cincinnati Reds [all- star: 1988/World Series: 1990], Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1993/all-star:1994], SL Cardinals, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Jeff Fassero Springfield IL, pitcher (Montréal Expos), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Rick Ambrose singer (Jewel), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Ted Harris Poley Englewood NJ, rocker (Danger Danger-Screw It), is born.Ref: 5
1964*John Erickson Woodland Hills CA, golfer (1991 Windsor Charity), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Tracy Ham CFL quarterback (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Rick Tuten NFL punter (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Kate Schellenbach musician (Luscious Jackson), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Renaldo Turnbull NFL defensive end (New Orleans Saints, Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ricky Paull Goldin San Francisco CA, actor (Doug-Hail to the Chief, Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Chris Nabholz US baseball pitcher (Boston Red Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1967*J B Brown NFL cornerback (Miami Dolphins, Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ray Crockett NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos-Super Bowl XXXII), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Joe Juneau hockey: Canadian National Team; NHL: Boston Bruins, Washington Capitals, Buffalo Sabres, is born in Pont-Rouge Québec Canada.Ref: 4
1968*Carl Evans actor (Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Jean Zedlitz Stockton CA, LPGA golfer (1994 Children's Med-14th), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Leila Meskhi Tbilisi Georgia SSR, tennis star (1995 Hobart), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Felton Spencer basketball: Minnesota Timberwolves, Golden State Warriors, Orlando MagicRef: 4
1969*David Dixon NFL guard (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Derrick Ned NFL fullback (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Kurt Barber NFL defensive end (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marilyn Manson (Brian Warner) rock singer/performer: is born. “I picked Marilyn Manson as the fakest stage name of all to say that this is what show business is, fake. Marilyn Monroe wasn’t even her real name, Charles Manson isn’t his real name, and now, I’m taking that to be my real name. But what’s real?”Ref: 4
1970*James Patton NFL defensive end (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Eric Smith NFL/WLAF wide receiver (Chicago Bears, Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Hillary Butler WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jason Bates Downey CA, infielder (Colorado Rockies), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Joseph Patton NFL guard (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1974*John Drew Nichols Oklahoma, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Calvin Collins center/guard (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Michelle Scerri Melbourne Australia, golfer (1995 Tasmanian), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Ray Morgan announcer (I'd Like to See), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Warrick Dunn football: Florida State, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Atlanta Falcons RB, is born.Ref: 4
1979*Sarah Price Miss Louisiana Teen-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Garette Patrick Ratliff actor (Return to Blue Lagoon)Ref: 5
1998*U.S. Congressman Sonny (Salvatore) Bono (R-CA)/singer (Sonny & Cher) is killed when he skied into a tree at Heavenly Ski Resort on the Nevada-California line, 55 miles southwest of Reno, Nevada. He was 62.Ref: 4
1066*(or possibly the 4th) Edward de Belijder the Confessor, king of England (1043-66), dies.Ref: 5
1387*Pedro IV king of Aragon/conqueror of Sicily, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1425*John of Bavaria/Bayern liege of Holland/Zealand/Dordrecht, poisoned.Ref: 5
1477*Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy/writer, dies at 43 in battleRef: 5
1524*Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pecinich Croatian poet, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1527*Swiss Anabaptist reformer Felix Manz, 29, was drowned in punishment for preaching adult (re-)baptism. Manz's death made him the first Protestant in history to be martyred at the hands of other Protestants.Ref: 5
1537*Alessandro de'Medici, Duke of Florence and the last male of elder branch of his family, is assassinated.Ref: 17
1589*Catherine de' Medici Queen mother of France, dies at age 69.Ref: 5
1592*Willem II Duke of Gulik/Kleef/Gelre, dies at about 75.Ref: 5
1595*Ercole Procaccini Italian painter, dies.Ref: 5
1603*Pieter Adriaansz van der Werff mayor of Lead, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1684*Claude Audran II French painter/engraver, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1709*Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans.Ref: 5
1740*Antonio Lotti Italian opera composer, dies at about 72.Ref: 5
1746*Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1759*Thomas-Philippe et de Boussu South Netherlands cardinal, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1762*Elisabeth Petrovna tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at 52 and is succeeded by Peter III.Ref: 5
1783*Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt, composer, dies on 73rd birthday.Ref: 5
1788*Johann Schneider composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1796*(Declaration of Independence) Samuel Huntington, judge, signer of the Declaration of Independence signer, dies at age 64. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1799*Mohammed Esad Galib Dede Turkish poet (Hüsn-ü asjk, dies at about 41.Ref: 5
1807*Michel Adanson French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1814*Johann Gottfried Krebs composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1827*Frederick of York English duke/bishop/General , dies at 63.Ref: 5
1848*Ferdinando Orlandi composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1854*Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die.Ref: 5
1856*Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1858*Johann Radetzky von Radetz Austrian earl/field marshal, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1860*St. John Neumann, Bohemian-born American bishop canonized the first American male saint in 1977, dies at age 48.Ref: 70
1862*Joseph Frohlich composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1888*Henri Herz, composer, dies at a day before 85th birthday.Ref: 5
1891*Guillaume L Baud Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1904*Karl A von Zittel German geologist/paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1922*Sir Ernest Shackleton Antarctic explorer (Endurance), dies aboard his ship at 47.Ref: 5
1933*The 30th president of the United States [1923-1929], Calvin Coolidge, dies in Northampton, Massachusetts, at age 60.Ref: 94
1936*Ramón M del Valle-Inclán playwright (Tirano banderas), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1940*Tina Modotti [Maria del Carmen], Italian/Mexican communist, dies at 46.Ref: 5
1942*Yves Paringaux French chief of staff, murdered.Ref: 5
1943*George Washington Carver botanist: developed multiple uses for peanuts and sweet potatoes; dies in Tuskegee, Alabama, at age 81.Ref: 68
1944*Adolph Goldschmidt German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1945*Dezsö Szabó Hungarian writer (Wiped-out Village), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1947*Nagano Osami, Japanese admiral; planned the Pearl Harbor attack, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1951*Andrei P Platonov Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1952*Victor Alexander John Hope viceroy of India (1936-43), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1954*Rabbit Maranville, American professional baseball player, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1956*Jeanne F Bourgeois French head mistress (Moulin Rouge), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1956 Mistinguett dies.Ref: 10
1960*Pavel P Parenago Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1960 Francisco Sabater, a guerrilla leader opposed to the Franco regime since 1939, is captured and killed by the Spanish Civil Guard.Ref: 17
1963*Rogers Hornsby 2nd baseman (St Louis Cards), dies of a heart ailment at age 67.Ref: 70
1965*Neil Craig actor (Calling Dr Kildare), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1965*Paul Arntzenius painter/graphic artist/etcher, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1968*Jean Murat actor (On the Riviera), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1969*Franz T Csokor Austria author (Gottes General), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1969*Tom Aherne actor (Hustler, April Fools), dies of influenza in NY.Ref: 5
1970*Joseph A. Yablonski, unsuccessful reform candidate to unseat "Tough Tony" Boyle as President of the United Mine Workers, is murdered, along with his wife and daughter, in their Clarksville, Pennsylvania home by assassins acting on Boyle's orders. Boyle was later convicted of the killing. West Virginia miners went on strike the following day in protest.Ref: 5
1970*Max Born German/British physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), dies at age 87.Ref: 5
1970*Roberto Gerhard composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1971*Columbus Iselin, American oceanographer, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1971*Sonny Liston World Champ heavyweight boxer (1962-64), found dead at 36 from a drug overdose. He had been dead at least six days.Ref: 5
1973*Cornelis van Dis Dutch MP (SGP), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1974*Roy Bargy orchestra leader (Jimmy Durante Show), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1975*Don Wilson Astro pitcher dies at 29 of carbon monoxide poisoning.Ref: 5
1975*14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks.Ref: 5
1976*Georges E Migot French composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1977*Onslow Stevens actor (Mr Fisher-This is the Life), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1977 John D. MacArthur dies.Ref: 10
1979*Charles Mingus US jazz bassist/composer/orchestra leader, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1981*Paul Félix Flemish architect (Song of the Sun), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1981*Harold C Urey, American Nobel-Prize winning chemist (1934); helped develop the atom bomb, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1982*Hans Conried actor (Bullwinkle Show, Make Room for Daddy), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1982*Harvey Lembeck actor (Phil Silvers, Hathaways), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1987*Margaret Laurence Canadian author, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1988*"Pistol Pete" Mavarich NBAer (Atlanta), dies of a heart attack at 40.Ref: 5
1990*Bart LaRue entertainer, dies.Ref: 5
1990*(John) Arthur Kennedy actor: The President’s Plane is Missing, Some Came Running, Lawrence of Arabia, Anzio, dies of a brain tumor at 76.Ref: 4
1991*John Eckhardt actor born without legs (Freaks), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1991*Marie Madeline Sullivan actress (Elvira Mistress of Dark), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1991*Vasko Popa Serbian WWII-partisan/poet (Sporedno Nebo), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1993 Henk Knol Suriname MP (PvdA), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1993 Jennifer Raine Bissell daughter of Alan Napier, dies 60.Ref: 5
1993*Juan Benet Goitia Spanish writer (Herrumbrosas Lanzas), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1993*Klaas Wiersma Dutch Secretary of Justice (VVD), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Leonce Gras Flemish singer/conductor, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1993*Ronnie Welsh actor (Patterns), dies of brain cancer at 52.Ref: 5
1993*George L George Russian/US journalist/director/producer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1993*Nyamuisi Muvingi Zaire minister of Culture, murdered.Ref: 5
1994*Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill (Rep-D-MA), the American politician who was the Speaker of the U.S House of Representatives for 11 years, dies at age 81.Ref: 68
1994 Louis R J Ridder van Rappard Dutch mayor of Zoelen, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1994*Victor van Os Dutch jazz guitarist, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1994*William Raynor writer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1995*Francis Lopez French dentist/operetta composer (Andalousie), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1995*Mansour Satari Brigadier General/commandant (Iran Air Force), dies at 46.Ref: 5
1995*Yahya Ayyash PLO bomb maker, booby trapped cellular phone at 28.Ref: 5
1995*Lockheed C-140 Jetstar crashes at Isfahan Persia, 18 killed.Ref: 5
1996*Jay Morris Arena inventor/pediatrician, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1996*Joseph Daniel White singer/bandleader, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1996*Lincoln Kirstein, American dance impresario; director of the New York City Ballet (1948-89), dies at age 88.Ref: 5
1996*Richard Versaille tenor, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1997*Andre Franquin cartoonist, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1997*Burton Lane (Levy) composer: How Are Things in Glocca Morra, That Old Devil Moon, Look to the Rainbow, How About You, I Hear Music, Come Back to Me, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, How Could You Believe Me?; Broadway musicals: Finian’s Rainbow [collaboration with Yip Harburg], On a Clear Day You Can See Forever [collaboration with Alan Jay Lerner] contributed songs to over 30 films: Babes on Broadway, Royal Wedding, Ship Ahoy, St. Louis Blues; credited with discovering Judy Garland; dies.Ref: 5
1998*Georgi Sviridov composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
2003*A pair of suicide bombers blew themselves up seconds apart in downtown Tel Aviv, killing 23 and injuring another 100. (Dayton Daily News, p A1, 1/06/2003) 
2003*Jean Kerr (Collins) author: Please Don’t Eat the Daisies, Finishing Touches; dies in White Plains NY at age 80.(also TWA, 2004)Ref: 5
2004*Tug McGraw, relief pitcher for the NY Mets and the Philadelphia Phillies, dies of brain cancer outside Nashville TN at the home of his son, country music star Tim McGraw, at age 59. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen