Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 9th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1296*Earl Floris V signs accord with French king.Ref: 5
1317*Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France.Ref: 5
1428*Pope Martinus V declares Jacoba van Beierens marriage invalid.Ref: 5
1464 First meeting of States-General of Netherlands.Ref: 5
1493*First sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus).Ref: 5
1493 Vladislav II of Poland grants Polish nobelmen Habeas Corpus Constitution of Crakow.Ref: 17
1522*Adriaan F Boeyens of Utrecht elected only Dutch/last non-Italian pope (Hadrian VI).Ref: 69
1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland.Ref: 5
1788*(new state) Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the US Constitution.Ref: 70
1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery.Ref: 5
1799*Income tax introduced in Britain by Pitt the Younger; two shillings in the pound levied on all.Ref: 10
1809*The US issues the Non-Intercourse Act against British commerce.Ref: 17
1836*The first Roman Catholic college to be founded in the Deep South, Spring Hill College was established in Spring Hill, Arkansas.Ref: 5
1847*First San Francisco newspaper published (California Star).Ref: 5
1848 Greenwich Mean Time is adopted by Scotland.Ref: 62
1848*The first commercial bank in San Francisco is established.Ref: 5
1854*Astor Library opens in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1857*7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon CA.Ref: 5
1861*Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede.Ref: 5
1866*Fisk University is established.Ref: 5
1867*Emperor Mutsuhito (Meiji) assumes the Japanese throne, leading his nation into the modern era.Ref: 17
1875*Alfonso XII lands at Barcelona and is recognized as the King of Spain.Ref: 17
1878*Umberto (Humberto) I suceeds to the Italian throne upon the death of Victor Emmanuel.Ref: 17
1880*6' (1.8 meters) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days.Ref: 5
1903*Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota established.Ref: 5
1908*Muir Woods National Monument, California established.Ref: 5
1908*Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium.Ref: 5
1912*Colonel Theodore Roosevelt announces that he will run for president if asked.Ref: 2
1915*Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, San Francisco.Ref: 5
1922*Rotterdam metal strike ends.Ref: 5
1924*Ford Motor Co. stock is valued at nearly $1 billion.Ref: 2
1925*German Postal Minister A Höfle resigns due to corruption.Ref: 5
1929*The Seeing Eye was incorporated -- in Nashville, TN. Its purpose was to train dogs to guide the blind.Ref: 4
1933*Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction.Ref: 5
1936*The United States Army adopts the M1 semiautomatic rifle.Ref: 4
1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians.Ref: 5
1947*French General Leclerc breaks off all talks with Vietnam's Ho Chi Minh.Ref: 2
1951*The United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.Ref: 4
1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns.Ref: 5
1954*-87ºF (-66ºC), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record).Ref: 5
1956*Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan.Ref: 5
1957*British Prime Minister Anthony Eden resigns, citing health reasons. (Also 18)Ref: 17
1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR.Ref: 5
1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR.Ref: 5
1962*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1966*Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski revisionism.Ref: 5
1967*Georgia legislature seats Representative Julian Bond.Ref: 5
1970*Constitution of Singapore enacted.Ref: 5
1970*After 140 years of unofficial racial discrimination, the Mormons issued an official statement declaring that blacks were not yet to receive the priesthood "for reasons which we believe are known to God, but which He has not made fully known to man."Ref: 5
1972*Passenger ship Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire.Ref: 5
1972*Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking to reporters by telephone from the Bahamas, said a purported biography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake. Irving and his wife had received a $750,000 advance from the McGraw-Hill publishing house for the book. Clifford Irving was eventually imprisoned and ordered to repay the advance, plus damages.Ref: 4
1975*600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike.Ref: 5
1978*Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established.Ref: 5
1979*Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses.Ref: 5
1981*Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal.Ref: 5
1982*5.9 earthquake in New England/Canada; last one was in 1855Ref: 5
1983*British PM Margaret Thatcher visits the Falkland Islands.Ref: 5
1984 EAA moves operations to Oshkosh.Ref: 5
1986 Kodak got out of the instant camera business after 10 years. A nasty court battle didn’t go their way. The court claimed that Kodak copied Polaroid patents. Sixteen million camera owners were offered free stock, coupons or a replacement camera.Ref: 4
1987*The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.Ref: 70
1987 New Nicaraguan constitution takes effect.Ref: 5
1988 English Earl of St Andrews marries Sylvana Tomaselli.Ref: 5
1990*Supreme Court strikes down Dallas' ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses.Ref: 5
1991*Microsoft announces the availability of Microsoft Excel for Windows 3.0. It also announces Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh 3.0 and Excel for OS/2 Presentation Manager which are expected to ship in the next few months. 
1991 Baker & Aziz meet in Geneva; talks fail to defuse the gulf crisis.Ref: 5
1992*President Bush declared his trade visit to Japan a success, saying Japanese officials had agreed to increase imports of American cars, auto parts, computers and other goods. (However, U.S. auto executives traveling with Bush sounded less enthusiastic.)Ref: 64
1994*14th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000.Ref: 5
1994*President Clinton begins the first European trip of his administration in Belgium. (XDG, p 4A, 1/09/2004)Ref: 83
1995*Worker accidentally cuts electrical wires at Newark Airport.Ref: 5
1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned.Ref: 5
1999*Presidential advisors prepare a public and legal defense in President Clinton's impeachment trial on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, meanwhile, pledged "above all, fairness" to the president. (XDG, p 4A, 1/09/2004)Ref: 83
2001*A 7.0 earthquake hits the Vanuatu Islands.Ref: 85
2001*Linda Chavez withdrew her bid to be secretary of labor because of controversy over an illegal immigrant who once lived with her.Ref: 70
2003*UN weapons inspectors said there was no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq had nuclear, chemical or biological weapons but they demanded that Baghdad provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction. (XDG, p 4A, 1/09/2004)Ref: 83
2003 Thousands of Venezuelan bank workers stayed home to support a nationwide strike seeking new presidential elections. (XDG, p 4A, 1/09/2004)Ref: 83
1793*The first successful American balloon flight, from Philadelphia to Woodbury NJ, is piloted by Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard and a small dog, is witnessed by George Washington. Ref 
1839*Thomas Henderson measures first stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri).Ref: 5
1879*Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas.Ref: 5
1908*Count Zeppelin announces plans for his airship to carry 100 passengers.Ref: 2
1909*A Polar exploration team lead by Ernest Shackleton reaches 88º, 23' south longitude, 162º east latitude. They are 97 nautical miles short of the South Pole, but the weather is too severe to continue. Polar dreams, polar disappointmentsRef: 2
1923*Juan de la Cierva makes first autogiro (helicopter) flight, Spain.Ref: 5
1941*The first demonstration of small screen, color television was given by the Columbia Broadcasting System. The TV failed miserably, since RCA had pretty much wrapped up the patent process on color TV at the time.Ref: 4
1941*Maiden flight by Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane.Ref: 5
1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins.Ref: 5
1968*The Surveyor 7 space probe made a soft landing on the moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface. (Go to article.)Ref: 70
1969*The Concorde jetliner made its 1st test flight (Bristol, England).Ref: 5
1973*Luna 21 launched, to Moon.Ref: 5
1990*64th US manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) launches into orbit.Ref: 5
1998*Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hours 8 minutes.Ref: 5
1718*France declares war on Spain.Ref: 5
1719*Philip V of Spain declares war on France.Ref: 2
1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat.Ref: 5
1792*Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy ending a five year war.Ref: 5
1812*Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon.Ref: 5
1848 People's uprising in Palermo Sicily.Ref: 5
1861*First act of U.S. Civil War: Southern shellfire stops the unarmed Union supply ship Star of the West from entering Charleston Harbor on her way to Fort Sumter. Mission to Relieve Fort Sumter.Ref: 2
1863*(through the 11th) Battle of Arkansas Post AR (Fort Hindman).Ref: 5
1879*Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Fort Robinson.Ref: 5
1912*US marines invade Honduras.Ref: 5
1912*Russian troops begin to expel the Chinese from Mongolia.Ref: 17
1915*Pancho Villa signs a treaty with the United States, halting border conflicts.Ref: 2
1917*German leaders decide to launch unrestricted U-boat warfare. 
1917*The last Turkish troops are driven back across the Egyptian frontier in World War I.Ref: 17
1940*2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium.Ref: 5
1942*US Joint Chiefs of Staff created.Ref: 5
1943*Soviet planes drop leaflets on the surrounded Germans in Stalingrad requesting their surrender with humane terms. The Germans refuse.Ref: 2
1943*Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars.Ref: 5
1944*British and Indian troops recapture Maungdaw in Burma. 
1945*US soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invade Luzon, in the Philippines, 107 miles from Manila.Ref: 5
1974*Cambodian Government troops open a drive to avert insurgent attack on Phnom Penh.Ref: 2
1987*Chinese/Vietnamese border fights, 1500 killed.Ref: 5
1995 Ecuador & Peru involve in boundary fight.Ref: 5
2002*(Afghan Conflict) Seven US Marines dies when their KC-130 aerial tanker crashes into a mountain in southwest Pakistan while landing in Shamsi. (USA Today, p 7A, 1/21/2002)Ref: 13
1811*First Women's Golf Tournament held.Ref: 5
1903*Baseball's National & American Leagues make peace.Ref: 5
1903*Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchase the defunct Baltimore franchise of the American League for $18,000 and then move the team to Manhattan.Ref: 86
1930*Boston Bruins wins then NHL record 14th straight game.Ref: 5
1941*Joe Louis KOs Buddy Bear, marking the 20th title defense for ‘The Brown Bomber’.Ref: 4
1942*Joe Louis knocked out Buddy Baer. ‘The Brown Bomber’ defended his world heavyweight boxing title for the 20th time as Buddy rested comfortably on the canvas in the very first round.Ref: 4
1951*Washington Capitals NBA club folds.Ref: 5
1952*Jackie Robinson becomes the highest paid player in Brooklyn Dodger history.Ref: 2
1952*Karel Sys wins European heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1952*Marines give notice that they will recall Ted Williams to active duty.Ref: 5
1953*Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 116 points in basketball game.Ref: 5
1954*Bert Olmstead, Montréal Canadiens, ties NHL record of 8 points in game.Ref: 5
1958*In basketball Oscar Robertson (Cincinnati OH) scores 56, Seton Hall team 54.Ref: 5
1959*Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis MO, to become NWA champ.Ref: 5
1961*Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minneapolis/St Paul territory.Ref: 5
1962*NFL prohibits grabbing of face masks.Ref: 5
1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minnesota, to become NWA champ.Ref: 5
1967*The NFL New Orleans franchise takes the name "Saints".Ref: 5
1968*First ABA All-Star Game East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana.Ref: 5
1972*Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1976*Bryan Trottier failed in 4th Islander penalty shot.Ref: 5
1977*Super Bowl XI, Oakland 32, Minnesota 14, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. Ref 
1979*High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126th consecutive free throws.Ref: 5
1981*Hockey Hall of Famer, Phil Esposito, said he would call it quits as a hockey player after the New York Rangers-Buffalo Sabres hockey game. It was a game that seemed like it might never end -- both teams skated to a 3-3 tie. Esposito quit the New York Rangers and went on to become General Manager and coach of the Rangers. Phil Esposito played for the Boston Bruins when he won the Hart Memorial Trophy for Most Valuable Player in the NHL in 1969 and 1974 and helped lead the Bruins to two Stanley Cup Championships in 1970 and 1972.Ref: 4
1982*While being driven to the airport by his brother Billy, Tony Conigliaro suffers a massive heart attack and lapses into a coma. The former Red Sox outfielder will remain hospitalized until March 2.Ref: 1
1982*Steve D'Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 seconds in Massachusetts high school game.Ref: 5
1984*In his native Dominican Republic, Pascual Perez is arrested for possession of cocaine and will remain in jail missing the start of the season. The Braves' pitcher maintains his innocence claiming he was given the package by an unknown woman.Ref: 1
1985*Flames set NHL record 264th regular season game without being shut-out.Ref: 5
1986*New York Islanders greatest shutout margin (9-0) vs Pittsburgh Penguins.Ref: 5
1988 US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano.Ref: 5
1989*Johnny Bench and Carl Yastrzemski are elected to the Hall of Fame. Bench is named on 96.4% of the BBWAA Hall of Fame ballots making Ty Cobb and Hank Aaron the only players to receive a higher percentage.Ref: 1
1990*In their first year of eligibility, Jim Palmer (three-time AL Cy Young Winner) and Joe Morgan (two-time NL MVP) are elected to the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1990*Boston Celtics worst-ever (6 points in 2nd vs New Jersey Nets) & lose 87-78.Ref: 5
1991*Baseball officially bans Pete Rose from being elected to Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1991*Dean Smith of North Carolina is 6th to win 700 career coaching basketball games.Ref: 5
1993 Franziska van Almsick swims world record 100 meter free style (53.33).Ref: 5
1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record (167.282 points).Ref: 5
1994 Rintje Ritsma skates world record (156.201 points).Ref: 5
1996*The Toronto Raptors set an NBA record for fewest free throws made. They missed all of their free throws while losing 92-91 to the Charlotte Hornets.Ref: 4
1998*Anatoly Karpov defeats Viswanathan Anand to retain chess title.Ref: 5
1998*Boston Red Sox Mo Vaughn pleads not guilty to drunken driving.Ref: 5
1998*Hockey News selects Wayne Gretzky best NHL player ever.Ref: 5
2001*After home grown slugger Manny Ramirez signed a free-agent contract with the Boston Red Sox, the Indians needed someone to fill the clean up spot and play right field. The Tribe signed two-time AL MVP Juan Gonzalez to a one-year contract with a mutual club and player option for '02.Ref: 1
2001*Hoping to fill the void creating by Manny Ramirez's departure to Boston, the Indians sign Juan Gonzalez to a one-year, $10 million deal. After turning down an $143 million, eight-year extension with the Tigers last year, the two-time AL MVP leaves the Detroit after hitting .289 with only 67 RBIs in a disappointing injuried-plagued season.Ref: 1
2001*The Expos agree to a one-year contract with RDS and TSN to telecast 55 games (46 on RDS, 12 on TSN and 3 on both) this year. The approximately $2 million pact with French-language Reseau des Sports ends the year-long local television blackout which resulted in the departure Dave van Horne, a respected play-by-play announcer, and the loss of the team's main sponsor, Labatt Brewery, which cited the lack of local TV rights as a factor in ending its 15-year relationship with the club.Ref: 1
2002*Signing a $27 million deal with the Astros, Billy Wagner becomes one of baseball's highest-paid relievers. The thirty-year old will get $8 million in each of the next three seasons with a $9 million club option for 2005 with a $3 million buyout.Ref: 1
2002*Post-season sparkplug Craig Counsell (.275, 4, 38) signs a three-year, $7.25 million deal with the Diamondbacks. Cut by the Dodgers in 2000, the NLCS MVP played the infield in 141 games for the World Series champion Diamondbacks last season.Ref: 1
1768 First modern circus staged in London.Ref: 10
1776*Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense, a scathing attack on King George III's reign over the colonies and a call for complete independence.Ref: 2
1894 "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters.Ref: 5
1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1905*George Bernard Shaw's play "You Never Can Tell"opens in New York; critics are kind.Ref: 10
1927*Dmitri Shostakovich's Octet opus 11, premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1928*Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1929*BG DeSylva & Lew Brown's musical "Follow Thru" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1936 Noël Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1937*Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1937 The first issue of the periodical, LOOK, went on sale. The initial issue sold 700,000 copies and within a month, LOOK became a biweekly magazine.Ref: 4
1940*For the first time, television was used to present a sales meeting to convention delegates in New York City.Ref: 4
1940*J Thurber & E Nugent's "Male Animal" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1941*Sammy Kaye and his orchestra recorded Until Tomorrow on Victor Records. This song became the sign-off melody for Kaye and other big bands.Ref: 4
1946*"Would-Be Gentleman" opens at Booth Theater New York City NY for 77 performances.Ref: 5
1947*"Street Scene" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City NY for 148 performances.Ref: 5
1947*Roger Sessions' 2nd Symphony, premieres in San Francisco.Ref: 5
1948*Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston.Ref: 5
1954*Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams.Ref: 5
1956 Abigail Van Buren's "Dear Abby" column first appears in newspapers.Ref: 5
1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth".Ref: 5
1959*"Rawhide" with Clint Eastwood premieres on CBS TV.Ref: 5
1961*The play, Rhinoceros, opened on Broadway, starring two of the theatre’s true stars -- Eli Wallach and Zero Mostel.Ref: 4
1963*Mao Tse-tung writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo".Ref: 5
1965*The Beatles’ Beatles ’65 was the number-one album in the U.S. for the first of nine straight weeks (thru Mar 6). The tracks were: No Reply, I’m a Loser, Baby’s in Black, Rock and Roll Music, I’ll Follow the Sun, Mr. Moonlight, Honey Don’t, I’ll Be Back, She’s a Woman, I Feel Fine, and Everybody’s Trying to Be My Baby.Ref: 4
1971*"Lovely Ladies, Kind Gentlemen" closes at Majestic New York City NY after 19 performances.Ref: 5
1976*"Convoy", recorded by CW McCall, hits number one on the country music charts. (XDG, p 4A, 1/9/2001)Ref: 83
1976*Ringo releases "Oh My My" in UK.Ref: 5
1977*"Porgy & Bess" closes at Uris Theater New York City NY after 122 performances.Ref: 5
1979 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to WS Merwin.Ref: 5
1979 K-Mart pulls Steve Martin's "Let's Get Small" for being in "bad taste".Ref: 5
1984*“WHERE’S THE BEEF?” Clara Peller was first seen by TV viewers this day in the famous and successful commercial campaign for Wendy’s fast-food chain.Ref: 4
1984*"TV's Bloopers & Practical Jokes" premieres on NBC TV (Whoops).Ref: 5
1984*John Lennon's "Nobody Told Me" is released.Ref: 5
1987*Sir Rudolf Bing (of New York Met Opera) marries Lady Carroll Douglass.Ref: 5
1988 August Wilson's "Piano Lesson" premieres in Boston.Ref: 5
1989*"Pat Sajak Show" premieres on CBS.Ref: 5
1997*Heart attacks sends Frank Sinatra back to hospital.Ref: 5
1554*Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], Roman Catholic pope (1621-23), is born.Ref: 69
1574*Christoph Buel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1620*Johann Weichmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1695*-John E Loovens lawyer, is born.Ref: 5
1699*Robert J Pothier French lawyer, is born.Ref: 5
1728*Thomas Warton poet laureate of England (Pleasures of Melancholy), is born.Ref: 5
1735*John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent, English admiral, First Lord of the Admiralty (1801-04), is born.Ref: 17
1748*Stefan Paluselli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Lemuel Shaw, American jurist, is born.Ref: 70
1790*Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom Swedish poet (Lycksalighetens), is born.Ref: 5
1803*Christopher Gustavus Memminger Secretary Treasurer (Confederacy) died in 1888, is born.Ref: 5
1815*William Jackson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1816*John Palmer Usher Secretary Interior (Union) died in 1889, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Pavel Krizkovsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1822*John Porter Hatch volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1829*Thomas William Robertson England, playwright (Caste), is born.Ref: 5
1829*Adolf von Schlagintweit German explorer (Tarimbekken), is born.Ref: 5
1832*-Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman Dutch Governor of Suriname, is born.Ref: 5
1839*John Knowles Paine Portland ME, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1843*Christiaan A Ulder Curaçao, composer (waltzes/tumbas), is born.Ref: 5
1851*Giuseppi Gallignani composer, is born.Ref: 5
1851*Luis Coloma Spanish jesuit/writer/theologian (Pequeñeces, Boy), is born.Ref: 5
1856*Anton Askerc Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar), is born.Ref: 5
1856*Lizette Woodworth Reese US poet (Branch of May, Tears), is born.Ref: 5
1856*Stevan Mokranjac composer, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Henry B Fuller American writer (Under the Skylights), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Carrie Lane Chapman Catt, women's rights leader/founder (League of Women Voters), is born.Ref: 68
1859*Frederik Pijper Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Albert Baertsoen Flemish painter/etcher, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Jacques Urlus Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth), is born.Ref: 5
1870*Joseph B Strauss civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Rädi Ukraine, Hebrew poet/translator, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and arts patron, is born.Ref: 70
1876*Hans Bethge writer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*John Broadus Watson behaviorist psychologist, is born.Ref: 68
1881*Lascelles Abercrombie English poet/critic (Revaluations), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Giovanni Papini Italy, writer (Il Diavolo), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Karel Capek, Czech writer and playwright, best remembered for his play R.U.R., which contained the first use of the word "robot., is born.Ref: 2
1890*Kurt Tucholsky German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co), is born.Ref: 5
1891*August Gailit Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Henryk Stazewski Polish abstract painter/graphic artist, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Luis Gianneo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Vilma Bánky (Lonchit), silent screen actress: Son of the Sheik, Blood and Sand, The Eagle; is born in Budapest Hungary.Ref: 4
1898*Gracie Fields (Grace Stansfield), comedienne: Walter, Walter, I Took My Harp to A Party, The Biggest Aspidistra in the World; singer: Sally, Now is the Hour, Around the World; is born in England.Ref: 68
1899*Alexander Tcherepnin St Petersburg Russia, composerRef: 5
1900*Richard Halliburton, American travel writer, is born.Ref: 70
1900*Joseph Frederick Wagner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Chic (Murat Bernard) Young, the cartoonist for "Blondie", is born.Ref: 4
1902*Sir Rudolph Bing opera manager (New York Metropolitan Opera, 1950-72), is born.Ref: 68
1902*Jose Maria Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás Spanish priest (Opus Dei), is born.Ref: 5
1904*George Balanchine dancer/choreographer/ballet producer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Simone de Beauvoir France, author (Mandarins, 2nd Sex), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Herva Nelli soprano, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Dick Henry Jurgen bandleader, is born.Ref: 5
1911*-Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling professor of occupational health, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Stafford William Somerfield British newspaper editor, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Ralph Tubbs architect, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, was born in Yorba Linda, CA.Ref: 68
1913*Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst vocal/piano, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Peter John Norton naval diplomat/artist, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Derek Allhusen England, equestrian (Olympics-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Kenny (Klook) Clarke Pittsburgh PA, jazz/drummer, composer (Epistrop), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Anita Louise (Fremault), actress: Retreat, Hell!, Wagons Westward, The Little Princess, Marie Antoinette, That Certain Woman, Judge Priest; is born in New York City.Ref: 5
1915*Fernando Lamas, actor: The Cheap Detective, Murder on Flight 502, Rose Marie, The Merry Widow, Rich, Young and Pretty; is born in Buenos Aires Argentina.Ref: 68
1916*Vic Mizzy Brooklyn NY, orchestra leader (Don Rickles Show), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Alain Bernardin impressario (Crazy Horse Saloon), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Herbert Lom (Herbert Charles Angelo Kuchacevich Schluderpacheru) actor: Son of the Pink Panther and others in Pink Panther series, Ten Little Indians, King Solomon’s Mines, Murders in the Rue Morgue, Dorian Gray, Spartacus, War and Peace, The Seventh Veil, Secret Mission, is born in Czechoslovakia.Ref: 4
1921*Seymour Barab composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Ahmed Sékou Touré President of Guinea (1957-84), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Har G Khorana India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968), is born.Ref: 68
1924*Julián B Coco Curaçao guitarist/bassist (Utrecht Symphony Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Lee Van Cleef New Jersey, actor (For a Few Dollars More, Escape from New York), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Abdelhamid Benhadugah novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Judith Krantz New York New York, author (Scruples, I'll Take Manhattan, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Domenico Modugno Italy, rocker (Polignano A Mare), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Fernand J St Germain (Representative-D-RI, 1961- ), is born.Ref: 5
1929*-Heiner Muller dramatist, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Brian Friel, American dramatist, is born.Ref: 68
1931*Algi[rda]s [Jonas] Budrys Prussia, sci-fi author (Man of Earth), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Geoffrey Wragg British reorganizer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Robert Garcia (Representative-D-New York, 1978- ), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Sonia Garmers [Justina], Curaçao, author (Dear Queen), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Bart Starr (Bryan Bartlett) Pro Football Hall of Famer: Green Bay Packers quarterback: Super Bowl I, II [Most Valuable Player in both bowl games]; coach: Green Bay Packers, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Bob Denver New Rochelle NY, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan's Island), is born.Ref: 68
1935*Dick Enberg Mt Clemens MI, sportscaster (Where's Huddles), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Kenneth "Buddy" Scott blues guitarist/Singer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*-Actress K. Callan is born.Ref: 64
1936*Peter Fletcher music teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Ralph (Willard) Terry baseball: pitcher: NY Yankees [World Series: 1960, 1961-1964/all-star: 1962], KC Athletics, Cleveland Indians, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1937*K Schlesinger writer, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Judith Krantz author: Scruples, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Aad Kosto Dutch theologist/actor/assistant secretary of Justice, is born.Ref: 5
1939*-Jimmy Boyd singer: I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus; actor: Bachelor Father, The Second Greatest Sex, Inherit the Wind, The Electric Company, Brainstorm, A Winner Never Quits, is born.Ref: 4
1940*-Country singer Big Al Downing is born.Ref: 64
1940*-Actor-singer Jimmy Boyd ("I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus") is born.Ref: 64
1940*-Jimmy Boyd McComb MO, actor/singer (Howard-Bachelor Father), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Barbara Buczek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Joan Baez Staten Island, folk singer/human rights advocate, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Susannah York (Susannah Yolande Fletcher), London, actress (A Man for All Seasons, Tom Jones), is born.Ref: 5
1942*K Callan Dallas TX, actress (This House Possessed, Splendor in the Grass, Martha-Lois & Clark), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Dick Yount rocker (Harpers Bizarre), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Kathryn Walker Philadelphia PA, actress (Beacon Hill, Barbara-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Kenneth Kelley US singer (Manhattans, One Life to Live), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Rob Hoeke Dutch pianist/singer (Drinking on My Bed), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Rod Curl golf: champ: Colonial National Invitational [1974], is born.Ref: 4
1944*James Patrick Page (Led Zeppelin) born (Middlesex, England) is born.Ref: 68
1944*Scott (Noel) Engel singer: group: The Walker Brothers: My Ship is Coming In, Take It Easy on Yourself, The Sun Ain’t Gonna Shine Anymore, LP: Take It Easy; solo as Scott Walker: Joanna, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Frank J Biondi Jr president (HBO), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Harun Farocki actor/director (Nicht loeschbares Feur), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Doug Volmar hockey: Michigan State Univ.; NHL: Detroit Red Wings, LA KingsRef: 4
1946*Leo Gullotta actor (Sinbad of the 7 Seas), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Terry Brown football: Minnesota Vikings safety: Super Bowls VIII, VIX, is born.Ref: 4
1948*William Cowsill Newport RI, rock guitarist/vocals (Cowsills-We Can Fly), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Paul King rocker (Blue Oyster Cult), is born.Ref: 5
1950*David Johansen [Buster Poindexter], NY, singer (Hot! Hot! Hot!), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Rio Reiser rock singer, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Robert Newhouse football: Dallas Cowboys running back: Super Bowls X, XII, XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Crystal Gayle (Brenda Gail Webb), Kentucky, country singer (Don't it make my brown eyes blue), Loretta Lynn’s sister, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Rosalyn Kind Brooklyn, singer (½ sister of Barbra Streisand), is born.Ref: 5
1952 Eveline L Herfkens Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Lance Hoppens rocker (Orleans-Still the One, Dance With Me), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Kimberly Beck Hilton Glendale CA, actress (Kim-Peyton Place), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Otis Nixon US baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox, Texas Rangers), is born. (Sports Encyclopedia: Baseball 2000, ISBN 0-312-20437-X) 
1960*David Peoples Augusta ME, Nike golfer (1991 Buick Southern Open), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Lisa Walters Prince Rupert BC, LPGA golfer (Itoki Hawaiian-1992, 93), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Phil Lewis London England, rock vocalist (LA Guns-It's Over Now), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Stan Javier S P de Macoris Dominican Republic, outfielder (Oakland A's, San Francisco Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1965*[Tyrone] Muggsy Bogues NBA guard (Charlotte Hornets, San Francisco Warriors, Washington Bullets), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Atsuo Kudo hockey defenseman (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Carin Garbarra East Orange NJ, soccer forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Cindy Brooks East Hampton CT, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Darren Bennett NFL punter (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Georg Franz Straubing Germany, hockey forward (Team Germany, Landshut), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Vincent Brown NFL inside linebacker (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Joely Richardson actress: The Patriot, Behaving Badly, Lady Chatterley, 101 Dalmatians, The Affair of the Necklace, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Jimmie Jones defensive end/defensive tackle (Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Dave Matthews singer/musician (Dave Matthews Band), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Dave Mcllwain Seaforth, NHL center (Pittsburgh Penguins), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Jamie Huscroft Creston, NHL defenseman (Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Katie Anderson Kingston Jamaica, Canada 100m hurdler (Olympics-7th-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mardi Lunn Liverpool Sydney Australia, golfer (1991 Thailand Open), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Domingo Jean Dominican/US baseball pitcher (Houston Astros), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Johanna Ikonen ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Graciela Schutt El Paso TX, WPVA volleyballer (Deerfield-25th-1995), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Marco Sanchez actor: Walker, Texas Ranger, SeaQuest DSV, The Last Debate, American Pie 2, is born.Ref: 4
1971*Bill Schroeder NFL wide receiver (Green Bay Packers-Super Bowl XXXI), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Elizabeth Punsalan Syracuse NY, dance skater (& Swallow, Olympics-15-94), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Scott Thornton London, NHL left wing (Edmonton Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Eddie Mason NFL linebacker (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jay Powell Meridian MS, pitcher (Florida Marlins), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kristie Hicks Bardstown KY, Miss Kentucky-America (1995), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Aaron Holbert US baseball infielder (St Louis Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ronald Hamming soccer player (FC Groningen, Fortuna Sittard), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jamain Stephens NFL offensive tackle (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Justin Huish Fountain Valley CA, archer (Olympics-gold-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Mariano Friedick Tarzana CA, pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Amy Safe Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Radek Bonk Koprivnice Czechoslovakia, NHL center (Ottawa Senators, Team Czechoslovakia), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Lavinia Magruder Miss Vermont Teen-USA (1996)Ref: 5
309*St. Marciana is martyred by being torn to bits by a leopard and a wild bull in the Caesarea amphitheater.Ref: 62
1056*The man who was Benedict IX three times dies. (The exact date is unknown but it was no earlier than 18 Sep 1055 and not later than 9 Jan 1056.)Ref: 69
1349*700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses.Ref: 5
1499 Johan Cicero elector of (Brandenburg, 1486-99), dies at 43.Ref: 5
1514*Anna de Bretagne wife of Maximilian, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1569*St. Philip of Moscow, primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, is murdered by Czar Ivan IV ("Ivan the Terrible").Ref: 5
1570*Tsar Ivan the terrible kills 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod based upon his suspicion of rebellion.Ref: 5
1677*Aernout "Aert" van der Neer cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1679*Werner Fabricius composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1757*Bernard Le Bovier Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters, dies at age 99.Ref: 70
1774*Jacques-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1798*Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea Earl of Aranda Spanish officer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1806*Funeral procession of Admiral Lord Nelson attracts thousands to the streets of London.Ref: 10
1828*Pieter Hoen Dutch journalist/patriot (Neder-Rhijn), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1848*Caroline Lucretia Herchel, Hanover, Germany, first modern woman astronomer, dies at age 97. Ref 
1849*Jan Kops Dutch agriculturist/vicar, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1853*Juan N Gallego Spanish poet/interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1854*Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta], Italian composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1855*Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 die.Ref: 5
1863*Ferdinand Huber composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1873*Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III) emperor of France (1852-71), dies.Ref: 68
1876*Samuel Gridley Howe, American educator and social reformer, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1878*Victor Emmanuel II king of Sardinia (1849-61)/Italy (1861-78), dies at age 57.Ref: 5
1879*Don Joaquin BF Espartero fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1886*Jakob Eduard Schmolzer composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1893*Mohara Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten.Ref: 5
1902 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns Belgian lawyer/Interior minister, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1905*Bloody Sunday-demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops.Ref: 5
1908*Abraham Goldfaden US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1908*Wilhelm Busch writer, dies.Ref: 5
1911*Edwin Arthur Jones composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1916*Edward Levy-Lawson Burnham, English creator of London Daily Telegraph newspaper, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1923*Katherine Mansfield New Zealand/British writer (Dove's Nest), dies at 34.Ref: 5
1924*Death of British Armenian scholar F. C. Conybeare, 68. His researches did much to relate the Armenian language and culture to the Greek Old Testament (the Septuagint).Ref: 5
1927*Houston S Chamberlain British/German race theorist, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1927*Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montréal, 78 children died.Ref: 5
1929*-Heiner Müller writer, dies.Ref: 5
1930*Edward W Buck Dutch/US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1931*Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer] French writer (La fille perdue), dies.Ref: 5
1936*John Gilbert actor (Love, Downstairs), dies at 40.Ref: 5
1939*Johann Strauss Austrian conductor/Royal ball director, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1941*Ko Boezeman Dutch resistance fighter, dies.Ref: 5
1941*6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest Romania.Ref: 5
1943*Robin G Collingwood English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1946*Countee Cullen US poet (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies in New York City NY at 42.Ref: 5
1947*Karl Mannheim sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1947*Lambertus Zijl sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1949*Amilcare Zanella composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1953*Chang Tyong-Ho: South Korean ferry foundered off Pusan; 249 reported dead.Ref: 85
1953*Hans Aanrud Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1957*Mary Carr Moore composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1958*Paul Fechter German writer/historian (God's Magician), dies.Ref: 5
1958*Willis Whitney, American chemist; founded General Electric research laboratory, dies at age 89.Ref: 10
1959*Paul Malengreau composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1959*Dam across Tera River collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die.Ref: 5
1961*Emily Green Balch US, sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946), dies.Ref: 70
1962*LeRoy B Shield US pianist/composer (Union Pacific Suite), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and three US soldiers.Ref: 70
1964*Halide Edib Adevar/Salih Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80.Ref: 5
1966*Haro Levoni Step'anyan composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1968*Kokichi Tsuburaya Japanese marathoner (Olympics-bronze-1964), commits suicide.Ref: 5
1968*Louis-François-Marie Aubert French composer (Habanera), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1969*Ladislav Vycpalek composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1972*Ted Shawn, American dancer, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1975*John Slater actor (Deadlock, 3 on a Spree), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1975*Pierre Fresnay French actor (Monsieur Vincent), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1977*Hal Sawyer TV host (Sawyer Views Hollywood), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1977*Alexey Kozlovsky composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1979*Avery Claflin composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1979*Sara Carter vocalist/guitarist (Carter Family), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1979*Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1980*Saudi Arabia beheaded 63 people for their involvement in the November 1979 raid on the Grand Mosque in Mecca.Ref: 5
1981*A.J. (Archibald Joseph) Cronin author: The Citadel, Keys of the Kingdom; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Kazimierz Serocki composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1982*Vido Musso musician: reed instruments, played with Benny Goodman; bandleader: Stan Kenton was his pianist; dies.Ref: 5
1984*Wolfgang Staudte German director (Ciske de Rat), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1984*Alfred Kastler, French physicist, (Nobel-physics, 1966), dies.Ref: 17
1986 Lucia Chase dies.Ref: 10
1987*Arthur Lake actor (Dagwood-Blondie), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1992*Steve Brodie actor (Desperate, Bodyguard), dies of cancer at 72.Ref: 5
1992*William JF "Bill" Naughton Irish/British playwright (Alfie), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1993*Alois Brunner German/Syrian commandant of KZ-Lower Drancy, dies.Ref: 5
1993 Felix Grucci fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87.Ref: 5
1993*Seven people are found shot to death in a restaurant in Palatine IL. (Two suspects were arrested in May 2002). (XDG, p 4A, 1/09/2004)Ref: 83
1994*Silas Hogan blues singer/guitarist, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1994*Johnny (John Ellis) Temple baseball: Cincinnati Reds, Cincinnati Redlegs [all-star: 1956, 1957, 1959], Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1961], Baltimore Orioles, Houston Colt .45’s; dies.Ref: 5
1995*Peter Cook actor: Beyond the Fringe, Beyond the Fringe '64, Monty Python Meets Beyond the Fringe, Bedazzled, Monte Carlo or Bust; writer: Bedazzled, dies at age 57.Ref: 4
1995*Souphanouvong [Red Prince], President of Laos (1975-87), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1996*Fearless Mary Nadia Wadia actress, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1996*Kurt Schmucker German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies.Ref: 5
1996 Michael Lynn Synar politician, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1997*A Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 people on board. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1997*Edward Osobka-Morawski prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies.Ref: 5
1997*Jesse [Marc Weidenfeld] White actor (Maytag repairman, Bedtime for Bonzo), dies at 77.Ref: 68
1997*Junaidu ibn Buhari scholar, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1998*Kenichi Fukui Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79. (TWA, 1999)Ref: 95
1998*Michael Tippett British composer (Royal College of Music), dies at 93Ref: 5
2002*A 5.2 earthquate kills 3 in Tajikistan.Ref: 85

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen