Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 13th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
888*Duke Odo becomes king of West-France.Ref: 5
1397*John of Gaunt marries Katherine Rouet.Ref: 2
1547*Earl Henry Howard of Surrey is sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1559*Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey.Ref: 5
1621 Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta).Ref: 5
1695*Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland.Ref: 5
1733*James Edward Oglethorpe, a British philanthropist and member of the House of Commons, arrives at Charleston, South Carolina, with a group of 116 colonists to settle the British territory of Georgia.Ref: 3
1794*President Washington approves a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union. (The number of stripes was later reduced to 13 again.)Ref: 5
1830*Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves.Ref: 5
1840*Judge Andrew Hudson presiding in District Court rules the Africans from the Amistad civil trial are to be turned over to the President for return to Africa. Ref 
1849 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co.Ref: 5
1868*The Senate refuses to concur in the suspension of Edwin Stanton by a vote of 35 to 16. Grant returns his office to Stanton. The President then formally dismisses Stanton as Secretary of War and replaces him with Lorenzo Thomas.Ref: 87
1869*Colored National Labor Union, first Black labor convention.Ref: 5
1869*A resolution was read and adopted to make the Ohio Soldiers and Sailors Home a home for orphans of Greene County, OH veterans of the Civil War. (XDG, p 5A, 9/10/2003)Ref: 83
1873*PBS Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana Governor.Ref: 5
1874*The original Tompkins Square Riot. As unemployed workers demonstrated in New York's Tompkins Square Park, a detachment of mounted police charged into the crowd, beating men, women and children indiscriminately with billy clubs and leaving hundreds of casualties in their wake. Commented Abram Duryee, the Commissioner of Police: "It was the most glorious sight I ever saw..."Ref: 5
1874*US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king.Ref: 5
1883*Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo.Ref: 5
1886 Lagos becomes separate British colony from Nigeria.Ref: 17
1888*National Geographic Society founded at Cosmos Club opposite White House, DC.Ref: 5
1893*Britain's Independent Labor Party (a precursor to the current Labor Party) held its first meeting with Keir Hardie as its leader.Ref: 5
1900 To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decrees German the official language of the Imperial Army.Ref: 2
1902*Textile workers strike in Enschede Netherlands till June 1.Ref: 5
1906*The first automobile show of the American Motor Car Manufactureres Association (AMCMA) opens in New York City at the 69th Regiment Armory.Ref: 3
1912*-40ºF (-40ºC), Oakland MD (state record).Ref: 5
1914 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia.Ref: 5
1919*(Prohibition) California votes to ratify the prohibition amendment.Ref: 2
1922*Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended.Ref: 5
1923*Hitler denounces the Weimar Republic as 5,000 storm troopers demonstrate in Germany.Ref: 2
1924 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections.Ref: 5
1927*A woman takes a seat on the NY Stock Exchange breaking the all-male tradition.Ref: 2
1927*US & Mexico battle over oil interests.Ref: 5
1928*The British War office abolishes the lance as a weapon of battleRef: 62
1929*Humanist Society established, Hollywood CA.Ref: 5
1931*The bridge connecting New York and New Jersey is named the George Washington Memorial Bridge.Ref: 2
1935*Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany.Ref: 5
1937*The United States bars Americans from serving in the Civil War in Spain.Ref: 2
1939*Otto Frisch observes fission directly by detecting fission fragments in an ionization chamber. With the assistance of William Arnold, he coins the term "fission".Ref: 91
1939 Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco.Ref: 5
1947*British troops replace striking truck drivers.Ref: 2
1948*The two fields, Wright and Patterson (in Greene County, Ohio), are united as Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. (XDG, p 8A, 1/30/2003)Ref: 83
1951 German General F Christian freed early from Dutch prison.Ref: 5
1954 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Mohammedan Brotherhood arrested.Ref: 5
1955*Chase National Bank (founded in 1877) and the Bank of Manhattan Company (founded in 1799 as a water company) agreed to merge, becoming the second largest bank in the U.S.Ref: 4
1958*9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban.Ref: 5
1959*De Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 to Algerian death row convicts.Ref: 5
1959*King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence.Ref: 5
1964*Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow.Ref: 5
1966*1st black selected for Presidential cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD).Ref: 5
1966*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1974*A Gallup poll on religious worship showed that fewer Protestants and Roman Catholics were attending weekly services than ten years earlier, but that attendance at Jewish worship services had increased over the same period.Ref: 5
1976 Argentina ousts a British envoy in dispute over Falkland Islands War. Argentina ousts a British envoy in dispute over Falkland Islands War.Ref: 2
1978*"Stop Nuclear Power" benefit, Arlington Theatre, Santa BarbaraRef: 62
1980*The United States offers Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.Ref: 2
1980*Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium.Ref: 5
1980 Togo's constitution becomes effective.Ref: 5
1986 Bloody coup overthrows government of South Yemen.Ref: 5
1987*7 top New York Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each.Ref: 5
1987*W German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking.Ref: 5
1988*Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities.Ref: 5
1989*"Friday the 13th" virus strikes hundreds of IBM computers in Britain.Ref: 5
1989*Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq.Ref: 5
1989*New York City subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths he said were about to rob him.Ref: 70
1990*L Douglas Wilder is sworn in as the first elected African-American governor in the United States, in Virginia. (Ref 
1991*UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar meets with Saddam Hussein in Baghdad.Ref: 5
1991*President Mario Soares of Portugal re-elected.Ref: 5
1992 Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian negotiators began historic talks in Washington DC on Palestinian autonomy. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
1992*Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer enters a plea of guilty but insane in fifteen of the seventeen murders he confessed to committing.Ref: 3
1992*Japan apologizes for forcing tens of thousands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War Two.Ref: 6
1993*Former East German leader Erich Honecker was freed from prison and allowed to leave for Chili. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
1994 Italian government of Ciampi resigns.Ref: 5
1995*(OJ Simpson) Prosecutor Christopher Darden and defense attorney Johnnie Cochran argue over racist language regarding the upcoming testimony of Mark Fuhrman.Ref: 87
1995*(King) The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rules that the sentences by Judge Davies was too lenient and sends the case back for resentencing.Ref: 87
1998*Attorneys argue before the Ohio Supreme Court whether Sam Sheppard's wrongful imprisonment lawsuit should be dismissed. (Ref:Dayton Daily News, 01/30/00, p 6A) 
1998*Linda Tripp wore a hidden microphone for the FBI and recorded a conversation with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
2000*Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced that he would be stepping down as Microsoft chief executive and handing over the reins to longtime friend and company president Steve Ballmer. Gates assumed the title of ‘chief software architect’.Ref: 4
2002*Treasurey Secretary Paul O'Neill and Commerce Secretary Don Evans said on the Sunday talk shows they had never considered intervening in Enron's spiral towards bankruptcy, nor informed President Bush of requests for help from the energy giant. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
2002*President GW Bush fainted briefly after choking on a pretzel while watching a football game. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Christian Longo, wanted on charges of killing his wife and three children and dumping their bodies into the coastal waters off Oregon, was arrested in Mexico. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Maria Teresa Quiej Alvarez and Maria de Jesus, cojoined from birth at the skull, return to their native Guatamala five months after being surgically separated. (USA Today, p 8D, 1/14/2003)Ref: 13
2003*Illinois' new Governor Rod Blagojevich states that he will not carry out the state's death penalty until Illinois' capital punishment laws are overhauled. (USA Today, p 3A, 1/14/2003)Ref: 13
2003*The owners of toy store chain FAO Schwarz filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.Ref: 70
1610*Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter.Ref: 5
1630*Patent to Plymouth Colony issued.Ref: 5
1854*Anthony Faas (also spelled Foss) of Philadelphia, PA patents the accordion.Ref: 4
1863*Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toiletRef: 5
1863*Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, New York City NY.Ref: 5
1906*The first radio set is advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile.Ref: 5
1908*French pilot Henry Farman is first European to fly roundtrip.Ref: 5
1911*Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay.Ref: 5
1942*Henry Ford patents a plastic-bodied automobile. The car was 30% lighter than ordinary cars.Ref: 3
1957*The Wham-O Company developed the first plastic Frisbee. The most popular theory as to how this flying disc came to be dates back to the 1920s when Yale students invented a game of catch by tossing around metal pie tins from the Frisbee Baking Company in nearby Bridgeport, Connecticut. They would frequently shout “Frisbieeeee” to warn passersby of the oncoming pie plate. Building inspector Fred Morrison puttered with and refined a plastic flying disc that he sold to WHAM-O (for $1 million) on this day in 1955. The disc was introduced to the consumer market in 1957 as the Pluto Platter (the name inspired by the U.S. obsession with UFOs). Wham-O changed the name to Frisbee in 1958, upon hearing the Yale pie-tin story. (Mattel now owns the rights to Frisbee, which has become an American icon.)Ref: 4
1978*NASA appoints first women astronaut; six women hired to perform medical tasks on space shuttles.Ref: 10
1988*Microsoft and Ashton-Tate announce the Microsoft SQL Server, a relational database server software product for Local Area Networks. 
1993*STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit.Ref: 5
1099*Crusaders set fire to Mara Syria.Ref: 5
1842*During the first British-Afghan War, British troops retreating from Kabul are ambushed and nearly annihilated at the Khyber Pass, even though the Afghans had promised them safe passage during their withdrawal from the Afghan capital.Ref: 3
1846*President James Polk dispatches General Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico looms.Ref: 2
1862*President Lincoln names Edwin M. Stanton Secretary of War.Ref: 2
1865*Federals attack Fort Fisher NC.Ref: 5
1894 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops.Ref: 5
1915*W Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles.Ref: 5
1916*Cettinje, capital of Montenegro, is occupied by Austrians.Ref: 38
1942*Germans begin a U-boat offensive along east coast of USA.Ref: 36
1942*Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration.Ref: 5
1943*General Leclerc's Free French forces merge with the British under Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery in Libya.Ref: 2
1943*British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca.Ref: 5
1943*Russian offensive at Don under General Golikov.Ref: 5
1943*US infantry captures Galloping Horse-ridge Guadalcanal.Ref: 5
1943*Hitler declares "Total War".Ref: 5
1944*Plants are destroyed and 64 U.S. aircraft are lost in an air attack in Germany.Ref: 2
1945*The Red Army opens an offensive in South Poland, crashing 25 miles through the German lines.Ref: 2
1965*Two U.S. planes are shot down in Laos while on a combat mission.Ref: 2
1967 Coup in Togo.Ref: 5
1968*U.S. reports shifting most air targets from North Vietnam to Laos.Ref: 2
1993*American warplanes raid southern Iraq. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
1993*Marine PFC Domingo Arroyo becomes the first US serviceman killed in Somalia. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
1908*Montréal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 for the Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1919*Dutch Soccer team OSV forms.Ref: 5
1922*(Black Sox) Buck Weaver applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement and remains banned for life due to allegations of throwing the 1919 World Series to the Reds along with seven other White Sox players.Ref: 1
1933*Making her first appearance in professional basketball, Babe (Mildred) Didrikson scored nine points as the Brooklyn Yankees beat the stew out of the Long Island Ducklings.Ref: 4
1939*Monty Stratton was listed along with 31 other players on the roster of the Chicago White Sox. Stratton stated that his determination to play ball allowed him to continue pitching even though he used an artificial leg (the result of a hunting mishap).Ref: 4
1957*Mickey Wright wins Sea Island Golf Open.Ref: 5
1957*NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 19-10.Ref: 5
1958*New York Senator Keating proposes a ban on major league telecasts within 100-mile radius of minor league territories.Ref: 1
1959*Hoping to lure the Phillies to New Jersey, State Senator Joe Cowgill introduces a bill to build a stadium in Camden. This action is motivated by Phillies owner Bob Carpenter's threat of leaving Philadelphia unless a new stadium is built.Ref: 1
1961*Golfing great Arnie Palmer scored an embarrassing 12 strokes on one hole in the first round of the Los Angeles Open golf tournament. Been there, done that, Mr. Palmer, sir. You are not alone.Ref: 4
1962*Wilt Chamberlain of Philadelphia Warriors scores NBA-record 73 points vs Chicago.Ref: 5
1963*AFL Pro Bowl West beats East 21-14.Ref: 5
1963*NFL Pro Bowl East beats West 30-20.Ref: 5
1968*Minnesota North Stars center Bill Masterton fatally injured (dies on 15th).Ref: 5
1972*Former umpire, now housewife Bernice Gera wins her suit against baseball, initiated on March 15, 1971 to be allowed to umpire.Ref: 5
1973 Efskind skates world record 1000m (1 17.6).Ref: 5
1974*Super Bowl VIII, Miami 24, Minnesota 7, at Rice Stadium in Houston. Ref 
1981 Barbara Sonntag, Colorado, crochets record 147 stitches/minutes for 30 minutes.Ref: 5
1981*Islander's Mike Bossy's 15th career hat trick-4 goals.Ref: 5
1982*Both Henry Aaron and Frank Robinson are elected to the Hall of Fame in their first year of eligibility. 'Hammering Hank' falls just nine votes short of being the first player to be elected unanimously by the BBWAA.Ref: 1
1983*Both Henry Aaron and Frank Robinson are elected to the Hall Of Fame in their first year of eligibility; Aaron falls just nine votes short of being the first player to be elected unanimously by the BBWAA.Ref: 1
1983*AMA urges ban on boxing; cites Muhammad Ali's deteriorating condition.Ref: 5
1983*Québec Nordiques play 251st NHL game without being shut out.Ref: 5
1984*Wayne Gretzky extended his consecutive scoring streak to 45 games, but the Edmonton Oilers winning streak ended at an unlucky 13 when Gretzky and company lost to the Buffalo Sabres 3-1.Ref: 4
1985*99-year-old Otto Bucher scores a hole-in-one at Spanish golf course.Ref: 5
1985*Blackhawk Doug Wilson failed on 12th penalty shot against Islanders.Ref: 5
1985*23rd Tennis Fed Cup Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1).Ref: 5
1986 The NCAA adopted the controversial Proposal 48, which set standards for Division 1 freshman eligibility.Ref: 4
1988*After hitting a meager .211 last season and not being offered a new contract by the Padres, first baseman Steve Garvey decides to retire.Ref: 1
1989*Jerry Parks, Oklahoma defensive back, charged with shooting a teammate.Ref: 5
1991*Phil Mickelson wins PGA Northern Telecom Golf Open.Ref: 5
1992*Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins.Ref: 5
1994*Tonya Harding's bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt & Derrick Brian Smith arrested & charged with conspiracy in attack of skater Nancy Kerrigan.Ref: 5
1994*Responding to fan requests, the Colorado Rockies' alters its uniforms. Names are placed on the backs of the home jerseys, while the road uniform's lettering is changed from silver to purple.Ref: 86
1995*26 HNL teams unanimously ratify agreement to end NHL strike.Ref: 5
1995 America3 becomes first all-female crew to win an America's Cup race.Ref: 5
1999*Major League Baseball owners unanimously approve the sale of the Florida Marlins from H. Wayne Huizenga to John W. Henry.Ref: 86
1999*Basketball player Michael Jordan announced his retirement. (He returned to the NBA in 2001.)Ref: 70
1501*The world's first hymnbook printed in the vernacular was published in Prague. It contained 89 hymns in the Czech language. (The name of the hymnal is no longer known, since the only surviving copy lacks the title page.)Ref: 5
1673 Jean Racine's "Mithridate" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1770 De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1785*John Walter publishes first issue of London Times.Ref: 5
1882*Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal".Ref: 5
1895 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1898*(Dreyfus) Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus in Paris.Ref: 5
1910*Enrico Caruso and Emmy Destinn were heard via a telephone transmitter; rigged by DeForest Radio-Telephone Company to broadcast from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.Ref: 4
1910 JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows" premieres in Dublin.Ref: 5
1911 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1920*New York Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly.Ref: 5
1930*"Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears.Ref: 5
1938*First animated feature "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs"opens at Radio City Music Hall.Ref: 10
1938*Singer Allan Jones recorded The Donkey Serenade for Victor Records. The song became the one most often associated with the singer. Allan sang and acted in several Marx Brothers films: A Night at the Opera, A Day at the Races; but the film that catapulted him to stardom was the operetta, Firefly, with Jeanette MacDonald. Singer Jack Jones is the son of Allan and wife, actress, Irene Hervey (The Count of Monte Cristo, Play Misty for Me).Ref: 4
1941*The four Modernaires joined to sing with the Glenn Miller Band on a permanent basis beginning this day. They had a ‘solo’ hit in 1946 with To Each His Own.Ref: 4
1945*Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1948*First country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cincinnati OH.Ref: 5
1949*"Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City NY for 180 performances.Ref: 5
1957*Elvis Presley recorded All Shook Up and That’s When Your Heartaches Begin for Victor Records in Hollywood.Ref: 4
1957 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate.Ref: 5
1958 US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication.Ref: 5
1962*"The Twist", by Chubby Checker, becomes the first record to reach #1 a second time around.Ref: 4
1962*"Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater New York City NY after 400 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show.Ref: 5
1968*"Hallelujah, Baby!" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City NY after 293 performances.Ref: 5
1968*"Illya Darling" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City NY after 320 performances.Ref: 5
1969*Beatles release "Yellow Submarine" album.Ref: 5
1971*"Soon" closes at Ritz Theater New York City NY after 3 performances.Ref: 5
1973*"Tricks" closes at Alvin Theater New York City NY after 8 performances.Ref: 5
1973*Carly Simon’s No Secrets was the #1 album in the U.S. for the first of five weeks. The tracks: The Right Thing to Do, The Carter Family, You’re So Vain, His Friends are More Than Fond of Robin, (We Have) No Secrets, Embrace Me You Child, Waited So Long, It Was So Easy, Night Owl and When You Close Your Eyes.Ref: 4
1976*Sarah Caldwell is first woman to conduct at NY's Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata".Ref: 5
1979*YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song.Ref: 5
1979*Charlie Daniels hosts the Volunteer Jam.Ref: 5
1980*Cambodian Boat People's benefit, Oakland Col. w/ Joan BaezRef: 62
1980*"King of Schnorrers" closes at Playhouse Theater New York City NY after 63 performances.Ref: 5
1981 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson & Howard Nemerov.Ref: 5
1984*TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV.Ref: 5
1985*Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $17,1000,000.Ref: 5
1986 For the first time in about 10 years, The Wall Street Journal broke with tradition and printed a real, honest-to-goodness picture on its front page. The story was about artist O. Winston Link and featured one of his works.Ref: 4
1989*Soap opera "Ryan's Hope" final episode after 13½ year run.Ref: 5
1991*12th ACE Cable Awards HBO wins 25 awards.Ref: 5
1998*The National Football League completes a $9.2B deal with Walt Disney Co, which got to keep "Monday Night Football" for ABC and won the entire Sunday night cable package for ESPN. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
1998*"Patti LaBelle On Broadway" opens at St James Theater New York City NY.Ref: 5
1998*CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-yearsRef: 5
2002*The off-Broadway musical "The Fantasticks" was performed for the last time, ending a nearly 42-year run. (XDG, p 4A, 1/13/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Rock musician Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. (Though he acknowledged accessing a Web site that advertised child pornography, Townshend denied the charge and was later cleared.)Ref: 70
1381*St Colette abbess/reformer (Poor Clares), is born.Ref: 5
1406*Matteo Palmieri Italian writer (Della vita civile), is born.Ref: 5
1505*Joachim II Hector ruler (Brandenburg), is born.Ref: 5
1596*Jan J Goyen Dutch landscape painter, is born.Ref: 5
1616*Antoinette Bourignon Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic, is born.Ref: 5
1628*Charles Perrault France, lawyer/writer (Mother Goose), is born.Ref: 5
1635*Birth of Philip Jacob Spener, founder of German pietism. The name for the Bible studies (called "collegia pietatis") held in his home came to be associated with his followers, who were afterward called Pietists.Ref: 5
1674*Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon French poet (Atrée et Thyeste), is born.Ref: 5
1683*Johann Christoph Graupner German composer, is born.Ref: 5
1690*Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1727*Johann Christoph Schmugel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1734*Luca Sorkocevic composer, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Anton Fischer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Sir Isaac Goldsmid, English financier, is born.Ref: 70
1788*Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1802*Eduard von Bauernfeld Vienna, comedic playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1807*Napoleon Bonaparte Buford Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883, is born.Ref: 5
1808*(US Supreme Court Justice) Salmon P. Chase, U.S. Treasury Secretary during the American Civil War and sixth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, is born.Ref: 3
1812*Humphrey Marshall Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872, is born.Ref: 5
1815*William Henry French Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Ignacy Marceli Komorowski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Horatio Alger, Jr., American clergyman, children's author (Ragged Dick, Tattered Tom), is born in Revere MA.Ref: 68
1835*Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior, is born.Ref: 5
1845*Felix Tisserand, French astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1850*Leon Francis Victor Caron composer, is born.Ref: 5
1859*Karl Bleibtreu German author (Revolution of Literature), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Kostís Palamás Greek poet/scholar (Flogera tou Basília), is born.Ref: 5
1864*Wilhelm K W Wien German phyicist (Nobel 1911), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1869*Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian General (WWI)/fascist, is born.Ref: 5
1870*Henryk Opienski Polish composer/conductor (St Moniuszko), is born.Ref: 5
1870*Ross Granville Harrison , the American zoologist and pioneer in embryonic transplantation, is born.Ref: 70
1874*Jozef E van Roey Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Johannes Elsensohn Dutch actor/writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Sophie Tucker [Kalish], Russia, singer/last of red hot mammas, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Alfred Fuller, founder of Fuller Brush, is born.Ref: 4
1892*Paul Smart US, yachtsman (Olympics-gold-1948), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Clarke Ashton Smith US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Jan Evangelista Zelinka composer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Anton Betzner writer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Fortunio Bonanova Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Pedro de Teixeira de Mattos Dutch diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Yasuji Kiyose composer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Kay Francis [Katherine E Gibbs], Oklahoma City OK, actress (False Madonna), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Richard Addinsell London England, composer (Taming of Shrew), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Percy Humphrey musician, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Maxime Jacob composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*(Irving) Jeff Morrow actor: The Robe; The Creature Walks Among Us, The Giant Claw; The Story of Ruth, Octaman; died Dec 26, 1993Ref: 4
1907*Sabine Zlatin nurse, is born.Ref: 5
1908*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) Earle Wheeler WWII U.S. Army General, Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff [1964-1970]; namesake for Hawaii’s Wheeler Army Air Force Base; is born.Ref: 4
1909*Quentin ‘Butter’ Jackson musician: trombone: played with Duke Ellington; died Oct 2, 1976Ref: 4
1909*Danny Barker jazz guitarist, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Marinus van der Lubbe Dutch communist, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Johannes Bjelke-Petersen premier (Queensland Australia), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Jeff Morrow New York City NY, actor (Bart-Union Pacific, Temperatures Rising), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Ralph Edwards Merino CO, TV host (This is Your Life), is born.Ref: 5
1915 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman property developer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Osa Massen Copenhagen Denmark, actress (Jack London, Rocketship XM), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Bella Lewitsky choreographer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Felix Guerro Diaz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Steve Dunne Northampton MA, actor (Professional Father), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Lester Sill pioneer music publisher/record producer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Ted Willis prolific English screenwriter (It's Great to be Young), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Army Archerd Hollywood columnist/TV host (Movie Game), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Robert Stack (Robert Langford Modini), Los Angeles CA, actor (Eliot Ness-Untouchables, Airplane, Unsolved Mysteries), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Army (Armand) Archerd show biz columnist, authorRef: 4
1923*Jack Watling London, actor (Nanny, Adventure for 2, Naked Heart), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Danil Shafran cellist, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Philip Rawson artist/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1924 Roland Petit is born.Ref: 10
1925*Gwen Verdon (Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon), Louisiana, actress/singer/dancer (Cotton Club, Sweet Charity), is born.Ref: 17
1925*Rosemary Murphy Munich Germany, actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Carolyn Heilbrun [Amanda Cross], author (Lady Ottoline's Album), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Pamela M Cunnington English architect/author (Change of Use), is born.Ref: 5
1928*David Sheiner New York City NY, actor (Paul-Mr Novak, Norman-Diana), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Gregory Walcott Wilson NC, actor (87th Precinct), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Joseph Anthony Pass guitarist, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Wim Bary Dutch actor/theater director (Nice Boys), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Robert ‘Squirrel’ Lester singer: groups: The Moonglows, The Flamingos, The Chi-Lites; is born.Ref: 4
1930*Frances Sternhagen Washington DC, actress (Outland, Starting Over), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Liz Anderson rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Roman Ciesiewicz artist/graphic designer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Charles Nelson Reilly New York City NY, actor (Match Game, Ghost & Mrs Muir), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Tom Gola Basketball Hall-of-Famer: NCAA Division I Men’s Record: Career Rebounds: 2,201 for La Salle [1952-1955], is born.Ref: 4
1933*Nurdin Jivraj Tanzanian/British hotel magnate (Buckingham International), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Ron[ald Joseph] Goulart US, sci-fi author (Deadwalk, Plunder, Cheap Thrills), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Rip Taylor comedian (Gong Show, $1.98 Beauty Show), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Ami Maayani composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Edward R Madigan (Representative-R-IL, 1973- ), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Hajé J Schartman Dutch MP (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Billy Gray Los Angeles CA, actor (Bud-Father Knows Best), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Paavo Johannes Heininen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Sharon Miller golfer: Women’s Trans National Amateur Champion: 1965, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Meinhard Nehmer German Democratic Republic, 2 man bobsledder (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Richard Moll actor: Night Court, Storybook, The Flintstones, Sidekicks, Sword and the Sorcerer, Hard Country, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Richard Moll California, actor (Night Court, House, Dungeonmaster, Survivor), is born.Ref: 5
1943*William Duckworth composer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*[Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter] UK, sci-fi author (High Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Bill Stanfill Univ. of Georgia, Miami Dolphins; NFL side judge, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Peter Sundelin Sweden, yachtsman (Olympics-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1947*John Lees England, rock guitarist/vocalist (Medicine Man), is born.Ref: 5
1948*T Bone' Burnett rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Brandon Tartikoff TV executive: president of NBC at age 31; is born.Ref: 4
1949*Rakesh Sharma India, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bob (Robert Herbert) Forsch baseball: pitcher: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1982, 1985, 1987], Houston Astros, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Mike (Michael Ray) Tyson baseball: St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Cornelius Bumpus keyboardist (Doobie Brothers-Minute by Minute), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Sharon Gabet Fort Wayne IN, actress (Raven-Edge of Night, Brittany-Another World, Melinda-One Life To Live), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Vicki McCarty Los Angeles CA, playmate (September 1979), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Fred White rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jay McInerney author (Bright Lights, Big City), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Titus M Mafolo South Africa journalist/ANC-leader, is born.Ref: 5
1955*Trevor Rabin rocker (Yes), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Janet Hubert-Whitten actress (Vivian Banks-Fresh Prince of Bel Air), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Jay McInerney writer (Bright Lights, Big City), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Malcolm Foster rock bassist (Pretenders-Mystery Achievement), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Christina Seufert Sacramento CA, diver (Olympics-bronze-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Don Snow rocker (Squeeze), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Mark Francis O'Meara Goldsboro NC, PGA golfer (1984 Greater Milwaukee), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ricardo Acuna Chile, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Kevin Anderson Illinois, actor (Hoffa, Sleeping with the Enemy), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Kevin Anderson actor: Rising Sun, Hoffa, Sleeping with the Enemy, Risky Business, is born. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1961*Julia Louis-Dreyfus New York City NY, comedienne (SNL, Seinfeld, Day by Day, Soul Man, Troll), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Graham "Suggs" McPherson Sussex, rock vocalist (Madness-Our House), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Kelly Hrudey Edmonton, NHL goalie (Los Angeles Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Kent Hull NFL center (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Brett Maxie NFL safety (Carolina Panthers, Green Bay Packers), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Kevin Mitchell US baseball outfielder (New York Met, San Francisco Giants, Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Tim Patrick Kelly Trenton NJ, guitarist (Slaughter-Stick it Live), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Felita Carr Fort Lauderdale FL, dance skater (& Komarov-1995 Pac Champ), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Penelope Ann Miller Los Angeles CA, actress (Kindergarden Cop, Gwen-Popcorn Kids), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Fiction: Elizabeth Montgomery’s character, Samantha, on Bewitched, had a baby. Tabitha was the name given to the witch’s daughter. She could wriggle her nose and cause all kinds of problems for daddy, just like her mom.Ref: 4
1966*Patrick Dempsey actor: Fast Times, The Right to Remain Silent, Loverboy, Meatballs, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Joseph Harper Ventura CA, canoe (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Marcus Turner NFL cornerback/safety (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Traci Bingham actress: Baywatch, Hollywood Squares, D.R.E.A.M. Team, To Tell the Truth, is born.Ref: 4
1968*Kelly Boucher Calgary Alberta, basketball forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Andre Cason US runner (world record 50 indoor), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dan Footman NFL defensive end (Cleveland Browns, Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1969*John Flannery guard/corner (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Katarzyna Nowak Lodz Poland, tennis star (1994 Futures France), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Kevin Foster US baseball pitcher (Chicago Cubs), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Orlando Miller Changionola Panama, infielder (Houston Astros), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Robert Wilson NFL running back (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1969 Stephen Hendry British snooker player, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Keith Mitchell Palm Springs CA, actor (Jeffrey-Waltons, Gun Shy), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Anne-Marie Goddard Utrechtum Netherlands, playmate (Jan, 94), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Frank Kooiman soccer player (Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Keith Coogan Palm Springs, actor (Adventures in Babysitting, Hiding Out), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Nachi Abe WLAF tight end (Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Elmer Dessens Hermosillo Mexico, pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Byron "Bam" Morris NFL running back (Baltimore Ravens, Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Nicole Eggert Glendale CA, actress (Charles in Charge, Chrissie-TJ Hooker, Summer-Baywatch), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Richard Woodley NFL cornerback (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Nikolai Khabibulin Sverdlovsk Russia, NHL goalie (Winnipeg Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Matt Lepsis NFL tackle (Denver Broncos-Super Bowl XXXII), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Sergei Brylin Moscow Russia, NHL center (New Jersey Devils), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Angela Holbeck Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Vaclav Batlik Costa Mesa CA, canoe (alternate-Olympics-96)Ref: 5
1977*Orlando Bloom actor: Lord of the Rings, Black Hawk Down, Lullaby of ClublandRef: 4
533*Remigius van Reims first bishop of Reims (459-533)/saint, dies about 96.Ref: 5
858*Aethelwolf king of Wessex (Battle at Aclea), dies.Ref: 5
888*Charles III the Fat One, King of Franconia/Roman emperor, dies.Ref: 5
1049*Derrick IV Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle.Ref: 5
1177*Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg Duke of Austria, dies.Ref: 5
1307*Arnoud van Foreest Dom deacon of Utrecht, dies.Ref: 5
1330*Frederick (III) the Handsome, duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies.Ref: 5
1488 Hermann Vischer "the Old", buried.Ref: 5
1599*Edmund Spenser poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about age 46.Ref: 68
1625*Pieter Bruegel "the Older" (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter, dies.Ref: 5
1651*Abraham C Bloemaert painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1682*Simon van Leeuwen Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1691*Death of George Fox, 67, English founder of the Society of Friends (Quakers). Fox left the Anglican church at 23 and founded the Quaker movement in 1660 at age 36.Ref: 5
1702*Peter Rabus Dutch poet/translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41.Ref: 5
1762*Leonhard Trautsch composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1795*François-Joseph Krafft composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1797*Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern wife of Frederick II, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1828*Alexandre-Auguste Robineau composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1838*Ferdinand Reis composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1879*WF Hendrik the Navigator prince of Netherlands/viceroy of Luxembourg, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1883*Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430.Ref: 5
1885*Schuyler Colfax, 17th U.S. Vice President [1869-1873) under Ulysses S. Grant, dies.Ref: 4
1892*Charles Albert White composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1901*Carlo Angeloni composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1913*Thomas P Krag Norwegian author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1914*Bernardus H Heldt Dutch MP, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1914*Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea composer, dies 76.Ref: 5
1915*Earthquake in central Italy kills 29,500; 17 villages in Abruzzi destroyed. (Ritchie, David, "The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes & Volcanos", (c) 1994, ISBN 0-8160-2659-9) 
1924*Georg H Quincke German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1928*Wyatt Earp frontiersman, lawman, gunfighter: gunfight at O.K. Corral; dies.Ref: 68
1928*Johan Peter Koch Danish officer/explorer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1930*C-E Auguste Rateau French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1934*Jean-Baptiste Marchand soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1939*Jacob Ruppert CEO (New York Yankees, 1915-39), dies.Ref: 5
1941*James Joyce poet, author: Ulysses, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Finnegan’s Wake, Chamber Music, dies in Zürich Switzerland, at 58.Ref: 4
1943*Sophie Taeuber/Täuber-Arp Swiss sculptor, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1947*Veit Valentin German/US historian (German People), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1953*Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14.Ref: 5
1954*Roland Diggle composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1958*Edna Purviance, American silent film-era actress, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1958*John Lindeboom Dutch vicar/church historian, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1960*Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian poet (Una Donna), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1962*Comedian Ernie Kovacs dies in a car crash in West Los Angeles, at age 42.Ref: 5
1963*Leonardus G Kortenhorst Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1968*Bill Masterson (Minnesota Northstars) checked into the boards & killed.Ref: 5
1969*Billie Frechette (Dillinger's girlfriend) in Shawno, Wisconsin, of cancer at the age of 61.Ref: 42
1969*Wilton Graff actor (Bloodlust, Just Before Dawn), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1971*Bernard "Heinz" Lammerding German SS-General/contractor (Tulle), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1971*Henri Tomasi French composer (Don Juan de Mañara), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1971*Robert Still composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1976*Margaret Leighton British actress (Much ado about nothing), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1978*Baseball manager: Chicago Cubs, NY Yankees, Boston Red Sox: holds record: highest winning percentage: [.615], Joe McCarthy dies at age 90.Ref: 4
1978*Hubert H. Humphrey, American politician; (Sen D-MN) and 38th vice-president of the US, dies in Waverly, Minnesota, at age 66 of bladder cancer.Ref: 68
1979*Donny Hathaway Chicago IL, rocker (Ghetto), commits suicide at 33.Ref: 5
1980*Andre Kostelanetz music conductor: with Perry Como: Prisoner of Love; arranger: Broadway show tunes; dies at age 79.Ref: 4
1981*Emiel van Hemeldonck Belgian writer (Mary, My Child), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1982*Marcel Camus French director (Orfeu Negro), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1982*Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737, took off in a snowstorm, crashes into the 14th St Bridge in Washington, DC, & falls into the Potomac River, killing 78.Ref: 5
1983*Arthur Space actor (Doc Weaver-Lassie), dies of cancer at 74.Ref: 5
1983*D Mack Reynolds US writer (Amazon Planet, Once Departed), dies.Ref: 5
1983*Doodles Weaver comedian (Spike Jones & City Slickers), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1983*John McHugh actor (Unspeakable), dies of a heart attack at 69.Ref: 5
1984 Brooks Atkinson dies.Ref: 10
1985*Carol Wayne Johnny Carson's teatime movie hostess, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1985*Express train derails in Ethiopia, kills at least 428.Ref: 5
1986*Abdel Fattah Ismail President of South-Yemen (1969-80), murdered.Ref: 5
1987*E van Ruller Dutch journalist/co-founder (Trouw, Loyal), dies.Ref: 5
1988*Chiang Ching-kuo President of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1988 Georgi Malenkov dies.Ref: 10
1989*Joe Spinell actor (Maniac, Star Crash, Strike Force), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1991*40 are killed at a soccer match in South Africa. (Ref: Sports Illustrated, p. 15, 5/21/2001) 
1992 Josef Neckermann German founder mail-order firm/travel bureau, dies.Ref: 5
1992*Yvonne Bryceland actress (Road to Mecca), dies of cancer at 66.Ref: 5
1993*Rene Pleven PM of France (1950-51, 51-52), dies.Ref: 5
1994*Frederick William Sternfield musicologist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1994*Johan J Holst Norwegian minister of defense/foreign affairs, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1995*Dr. George Robert Stibitz, pioneer of digital computing and remote job entry, dies.Ref: 68
1995*Arnold Smith painter (Vigelius Prize 1935), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1995*Arthur Mervyn Stockwood bishop, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1995*Maxwell Henley Harris Austrian poet/publisher (Critics), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1995*Ruby Starr vocalist (Grey Ghost), dies of brain tumor at 44.Ref: 5
1996*Denise Grey [Edouardine Verthuy], actress (Julietta), dies at 99.Ref: 5
1996*Willian Myuon Bany Guerrilla leader dies.Ref: 5
1997*William Mills painter, dies at 74Ref: 5
2001*A 7.7 earthquake kills 852 in El Salvador.Ref: 85
2002*Charity Adams Earley, the first black officer in the Women's Army Corps and commander of the only unit of black women to serve overseas, dies at age 83. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen