Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 14th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1236*English king Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence. Ref 
1382*Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia in the chapel of the palace at Westminster. Archbishop of Canterbury crowns Anne queen. Elaborate feasts and tournaments. Legend has it that Anne introduced sidesaddle riding to England. A general amnesty is published for surviving insurgents of last year's Peasant's Revolt. 
1529*Spanish reformer Juan de Valdes, 29, published his "Dialogue on Christian Doctrine," which paved the way in Spain for Protestant ideas. But his treatise was condemned by the Spanish Inquisition, and Valdes was forced to flee Spain, never to return.Ref: 5
1601*Church authorities burn Hebrew books in Rome.Ref: 5
1604*The Hampton Court Conference opened in London, during which Puritan representatives met with their monarch, King James I, to discuss reform within the Church of England.Ref: 5
1639*In Hartford, Connecticut, the first constitution in the American colonies, the "Fundamental Orders," is adopted by representatives of Wethersfield, Windsor, and Hartford.Ref: 3
1693*(Salem Witch Trials) (date approximate) 49 of the 52 surviving people brought into court on witchcraft charges are released because their arrests were based on spectral evidence; Tituba, the slave owned by Rev Samuel Parris, is sold to a new master by the jail when Parris refused to pay jail fees.Ref: 16
1697*(Salem Witch Trials) The General Court orders a day of fasting and soul-searching for the tragedy at Salem. Moved, Samuel Sewall publicly confesses error and guilt.Ref: 87
1699*(Salem Witch Trials) Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches".Ref: 5
1717*German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1724*Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne.Ref: 5
1739*England & Spain signs 2nd Convention of Pardo.Ref: 5
1775*Dixon and Hunter's Virginia Gazette publishes the news of Lord Dartmouth's orders to colonial governors forbidding the colonies to import powder and arms from Great Britain. 
1784*The United States ratified a peace treaty with England ending the Revolutionary War. The Revolutionary War formally ends.Ref: 70
1799*Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets.Ref: 5
1807*Word of Burr's arrival at Bayou Pierre reaches Natchez. A force of 275 men is dispatched to capture Burr and his recruits.Ref: 87
1813*Gideon Hawley becomes first state school superintendent in US (NY).Ref: 5
1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel.Ref: 5
1847*Conspiracy in New Mexico against US.Ref: 5
1858*Emperor Napoleon and Empress Eugenie escape unhurt after Felice Orsini (an Italian patriot who was later executed) throws a bomb at their carriage as they travel to the Paris Opera.Ref: 2
1868*North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh.Ref: 5
1868*South Carolina constitutional convention, meets with a black majority.Ref: 5
1874*I D Shadd elected Speaker of the lower house of the Mississippi legislature.Ref: 5
1878*The US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional.Ref: 5
1893*English Labour Party foundedRef: 62
1893*Pope Leo XIII appointed Archbishop Francesco Satolli as the Vatican's first Apostolic Delegate to the United States.Ref: 5
1909 Coöp Far Central Management forms.Ref: 5
1911*The USS Arkansas, the largest U.S. battleship, is launched from the yards of the New York Shipbuilding Company.Ref: 2
1912*Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France.Ref: 5
1916 Dutch South Sea dike cracks.Ref: 5
1917 A Provisional Parliament is established in Poland.Ref: 2
1918*Finland & USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar.Ref: 5
1929*Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign.Ref: 5
1935*Oil pipeline Iraq-Mediterranean goes into use.Ref: 5
1936*Harriet Hilliard, vocalist and wife of bandleader Ozzie Nelson, sang Get Thee Behind Me Satan, on Brunswick Records, is born.Ref: 4
1936 L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America.Ref: 5
1938*National Society for the Legalization of Euthanasia formed (NY).Ref: 5
1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.Ref: 5
1943*U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office. He flew from Miami, Florida to French Morocco.Ref: 4
1943*Italian occupation authorities refuse to deport Jews living in their territories in France.Ref: 2
1950*US recalls all consular officials from China.Ref: 5
1952*Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends.Ref: 5
1953*Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country's Parliament.Ref: 18
1954*The Hudson Motor Car Company merged with Nash-Kelvinator, an auto maker formed in turn by the merger of the Nash automobile firm and the Kelvinator kitchen-appliance company. The new concern was called the American Motors Corporation.Ref: 3
1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad.Ref: 5
1960*Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded.Ref: 5
1963*George C Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"Ref: 5
1964*Castro visits RussiaRef: 62
1964*Jacqueline Kennedy's first public appearance (TV) since assassination.Ref: 5
1967*20,000 attend the Human Be-In, San Francisco.Ref: 5
1967*New York Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.Ref: 5
1975*USSR breaks trade agreement with US.Ref: 5
1979*The Census Bureau reported that 95% of all Americans were married or would get married. Also, most people who divorce would eventually marry again (not necessarily to each other).Ref: 4
1979*President Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday.Ref: 5
1980*Gold hits a record price of $802 per ounce.Ref: 3
1980*The United Nations votes 104-18 to deplore the Soviet aggression in Afghanistan.Ref: 2
1980 Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 seconds.Ref: 5
1985*16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees.Ref: 5
1985*British pound (£) sinks to record low-$1.11.Ref: 5
1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only the 2nd freely elected President of Guatemala since the CIA-sponsored coup in 1954.Ref: 5
1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect.Ref: 5
1989*1,000 muslims burn Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford England.Ref: 5
1989*Former Belgian premier Paul Vanden Boeynants kidnapped.Ref: 5
1990*UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar says he has lost all hope for peace in the Gulf.Ref: 5
1991*Jorge Serrano Elías sworn in as President of Guatemala.Ref: 5
1991*Valentin Pavlov become new premier of USSR.Ref: 5
1993*Retreating from a campaign promise, President-elect Clinton said he would continue President Bush's policy of forcibly returning Haitian boat people to Haiti. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/14/2003)Ref: 83
1994*President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.Ref: 70
1995 10,000s South Africans attend state funeral of Joe Slovo.Ref: 5
1998*Whitewater prosecutors questioned Hillary Rodham Clinton at the White House for 10 minutes about the gathering of FBI background files on past Republican political appointees. (Sources quoted Mrs Clinton as saying she knew nothing about any such collection of files.) (XDG, p. 4A, 1/14/2003)Ref: 83
1998*NBC agreed to pay Warner Bros. $13 million per episode to retain the top-rated TV show, "ER."Ref: 70
1999*Before a jury of 100 silent US Senators, House prosecutors demanded President Clinton's removal from office, charging he had "piled perjury upon perjury" and obstructed justice. (XDG, p 4A, 1/14/2004)Ref: 83
2000*A U.N. tribunal sentenced five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 massacre of at least 103 Muslims in a Bosnian village.Ref: 70
2000*The Dow Jones Industrial Average peaks at 11,722,98. (XDG, p. 4A, 10/07/2002)Ref: 83
2002*Two members of Congress released excerpts of a letter to Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay the previous August in which Enron executives Sherron Watkins warned of the reckless practices that eventually brought down the energy-trading giant. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/14/2003)Ref: 83
2002*The World Trade Organization decides that the European Union could ask for punitive tariffs on US imports. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/14/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Xenia City Schools are again rated the lowest in the county with a score of 11 of 22, which is also the lowest score that is considered "continuous improvement". (XDG, p. 1A, 1/15/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Kmart announces that 326 stores are closing, however, the Xenia Kmart will remain open. (XDG, p 1A, 1/15/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Teresa and Robert Milbrandt and Mary Russell of Urbana, OH are arrested in the alleged cancer hoas of 7-year-old Hannah Milbrandt. (XDG, p. 1A, 1/15/2003)Ref: 83
2003*USA Today reports on page 3A that jury selection has begun in the trial of retired Air Force Master Sergeant Brian Regan who is accused of offering Saddam Hussein and Moammar Gadhafi top secret data on US satellites, early warning systems and defense strategies.Ref: 13
2003*Thousands of General Electric Co. employees across the country begin a two-day strike protesting higher health insurance costs. (XDG, p 4A, 1/14/2004)Ref: 83
2004*(Columbia Shuttle) President Bush calls for a return to the moom by 2020 and the retirement of the shuttle fleet by 2010. (USA Today, p 3A, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1690*Clarinet is invented, in Nüremberg, Germany.Ref: 5
1794*Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom VA, performs first successful Cesarean section operation on his wife.Ref: 5
1873*‘Celluloid’ was registered as a trademark. It was the wonderful invention of John Hyatt in 1869. While waiting for a patent, he used the celluloid to wrap his Christmas presents. Then he got the idea that somebody might be able to make movies with the stuff.Ref: 4
1878*W.H. Preece demonstrates Alexander Graham Bell's invention to Queen Victoria at Osborne House, Isle of Wight.Ref: 17
1914*Henry Ford announced the newest advance in assembly line production of cars. The new continuous motion method reduced assembly time of a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes.Ref: 4
1932*First totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah.Ref: 5
1936*American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth and Canadian pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon are rescued by the research ship Discovery II. The pair had made the first flight across Antarctica, 2,300 miles from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea, landed when their plane's engine faltered, and waited in the previously constructed shelter at Little America for a month to be picked up.Ref: 2
1968*Soyuz 4 launchedRef: 62
1969*Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later.Ref: 5
1994*Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands.Ref: 5
1526 Francis of France, held captive by Charles V for a year, signs the Treaty of Madrid, giving up most of his claims in France and Italy.Ref: 2
1641 United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed.Ref: 5
1659 Battle at Elvas Portuguese beat Spanish.Ref: 5
1746*Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow.Ref: 5
1797*Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Austrians at Rivoli in northern Italy. Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Austrians at Rivoli in northern Italy.Ref: 2
1799*King of Naples flees before the advancing French armies.Ref: 5
1861*Fort Pickens FL falls into state hands.Ref: 5
1863*Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teched LA.Ref: 5
1864*Confederate President Jefferson Davis writes to General Joseph E. Johnson, observing that troops may need to be sent to Alabama or Mississippi.Ref: 2
1864*Battle of Cosby Creek TN.Ref: 5
1864*General Sherman begins his march to the South.Ref: 5
1915*The French abandon five miles of trenches to the Germans near Soissons.Ref: 2
1916*British authorities seize German attaché Franz von Papen's financial records confirming espionage activities in the U.S.Ref: 2
1942*President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders all aliens in the U.S. to register with the government.Ref: 2
1942*Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo.Ref: 5
1943*(through the 24th) The Casablanca conference between Churchill, DeGaul and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with an unconditional German surrender. The conference ends 10 days later.Ref: 36
1943*Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw.Ref: 5
1944*Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow.Ref: 5
1945*Invasion of eastern Germany by Soviet troops.Ref: 35
1891*Jack Dempsey suffers his first defeat in the 13th round at the hands of Bob Fitzsimmons in New Orleans.Ref: 97
1897 6,960-m (22,834') Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) first climbed.Ref: 5
1919*John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge McQuade buy New York Giants.Ref: 5
1927*Toronto Maple Leafs first hat trick (Hap Day) vs New York Rangers.Ref: 5
1932*Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro wins his first race riding Eagle Bird.Ref: 4
1940*Commissioner Kenesaw Landis gives free agency to 91 Detroit Tigers.Ref: 5
1940*NFL Pro Bowl Green Bay beats NFL All-Stars 16-7.Ref: 5
1941*Paul Brown, then head football coach of Massillon High School, is named head coach of Ohio State’s Buckeyes. In seven years of high school competition, coach Brown’s Massillon High team lost only one game.Ref: 4
1943*Alex Smart (Montréal) is first NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game.Ref: 5
1951*The first National Football League Pro Bowl All-Star Game (since 1942) is played -- in Los Angeles, California. The American Conference defeated the National Conference in a squeaker -- 28-27.Ref: 4
1954*Baseball great Joe Dimaggio and actress Marilyn Monroe were married at San Francisco City Hall.Ref: 70
1961*Chicago Bear Willard Dewveall becomes first NFLer to join the AFL.Ref: 5
1962*NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 31-30.Ref: 5
1963*The White Sox trade shortstop Luis Aparicio and outfielder Al Smith to the Orioles for pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm, outfielder Dave Nicholson and two other players.Ref: 1
1964*14th NBA All-Star Game East beats West 111-107 at Boston.Ref: 5
1968*Super Bowl II, Green Bay 33, Oakland 14, at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Ref 
1970*After seeing his upstart team win the World Series last season, Mets general manager Johnny Murphy dies of a heat attack. Murphy was a top relief pitcher for the Yankees in the 1930's and early 40's.Ref: 1
1973*Super Bowl VII, Miami 14, Washington 7, at Memorial Coliseum in LA. Ref 
1974*World Football League founded.Ref: 5
1975 Anita Wold (Norway) sets women's ski jump distance record-98 meters.Ref: 5
1976*Ted Turner obtains 100% of the Atlanta Braves.Ref: 1
1979*Wilfred Benitez outpoints Carlos Palomino, successfully defending his WBA light-welterweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1981*Frank Robinson is named manager of the Giants.Ref: 1
1985*Martina Navratilova joined Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert Lloyd as the only professional tennis players to win 100 tournaments. To accomplish this, Martina defeated Manuela Maleeva to win the Virginia Slims competition in Washington, D.C.Ref: 4
1987*The BBWAA elects Catfish Hunter and Billy Williams to the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1994*Inna Lassovskaya triple-jumps ladies world record (14.61 meters).Ref: 5
1994*In Phoenix AZ, Shane Stant, who admitted to being the "hit man" in the clubbing assault on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan, surrendered to authorities. (XDG, p 4A, 1/14/2004)Ref: 83
1996*Liselotte Neumann wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Champions.Ref: 5
1998*Charles Barkley pleads not guilty to an assault chargeRef: 5
2000*The Cardinals third baseman Fernando Tatis and right-hander Britt Reames to the Expos for right-hander Dustin Hermanson and left-hander closer Steve Kline.Ref: 1
2000*The Colorado Rockies GM O'Dowd brings RHP Masato Yoshii to Colorado, from the Mets for LHP Bobby M. Jones and RHP Lariel Gonzalez.Ref: 86
2002*Saying his heart has always been in San Francisco, Barry Bonds avoids arbitration agreeing to a five-year, $90 million deal with the Giants. The contract also calls for 10-year personal services commitment at the end of the 37-year left fielder's playing days.Ref: 1
2003*Marvin Lewis accepts the position of head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals. (XDG, p. 13, 1/15/2003)Ref: 83
1785*Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10).Ref: 5
1882*A country club named The Country Club became the first country club in the United States -- in Brookline, MA. Of course, playing golf in mid-January in New England didn’t work out, so hunters went out to pick off the wildlife right off the fairways.Ref: 4
1900*Puccini's opera "Tosca" received a mixed reception at its world premiere in Rome.Ref: 17
1905*Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1925*Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1939 The program, Honolulu Bound, was heard on CBS radio. Phil Baker and the Andrews Sisters were featured on the program. We have no idea what the program was about, but our wild guesses include words like hula, Waikiki, trade winds, sun-drenched beaches, coconuts and pineapple.Ref: 4
1950*"As the Girls Go" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City NY after 420 performances.Ref: 5
1952*"Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV.Ref: 5
1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester.Ref: 5
1954*Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1955*Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony, premieres in Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1956*Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti".Ref: 5
1960*US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant.Ref: 5
1964*A hootenanny was held for the first time at the White House, as the New Christy Minstrels entertained President and Lady Bird Johnson, as well as Italy’s President.Ref: 4
1966*David Bowie releases his first record (Can't Help Thinking About Me).Ref: 5
1967*Sonny & Cher release "The Beat Goes On".Ref: 5
1970*Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.Ref: 70
1972*Comedian Redd Foxx, whose last name was really Sanford, debuts on NBC-TV in Sanford & Son.Ref: 4
1973*Elvis Presley drew the largest audience for a single TV show to that time -- an estimated one billion viewers in 40 countries. Elvis - Aloha From Hawaii, a live, worldwide concert from Honolulu International Center Arena. Performed at 12:30 a.m. Hawaiian Time, it was beamed live via Globecam Satellite to Australia, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, South Vietnam and other countries, and was seen on a delayed basis in approximately 30 European countries. The first American airing was April 4th on NBC-TV. The show was also released as a two-record album, and became one of Elvis’s top-selling LPs.Ref: 4
1973*Grateful Dead bass player, Phil Lesh, busted for drugs in California.Ref: 5
1973*Tap dancer Ray Castle measured at 1440 taps/minutes on BBC TV.Ref: 5
1976*"The Bionic Woman" with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC).Ref: 5
1978*Sex Pistols' final concert (Winterland, San Francisco).Ref: 5
1980*"Blues Brothers" movie with Dan Akroyd & John Belushi opens.Ref: 5
1981 FCC frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish.Ref: 5
1984*Madonna first sings "Holiday" on American Bandstand.Ref: 5
1985*Former Miss America Phyllis George joined Bill Kurtis as host of The CBS Morning News. It was a bomb. Kurtis went back to WBBM-TV in Chicago as a news anchor and Phyllis stuck around a little longer, encouraging people to give hugs, until she was axed.Ref: 4
1986 Rambo: First Blood, Part II arrived at video stores this day, breaking the record set by Ghostbusters for first day orders. 435,000 copies of the video were sold -- about $21.4 million worth.Ref: 4
1989*"Romance/Romance" closes at Helen Hayes Theater New York City NY after 297 performances.Ref: 5
1990*"Simpsons" premiered on Fox-TV.Ref: 5
1990*International opera star Kiri Te Kanawa drew the largest concert audience in the history of her native New Zealand. About 140,000 people gathered in Auckland’s Domain Park for the open-air concert. Some fans arrived 18 hours before the concert to grab the best positions.Ref: 4
1990*11th ACE Cable Awards.Ref: 5
1991*"Barbara DeAngelis Show" premieres on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1991*Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys CA.Ref: 5
1993*David Letterman announces his show is moving from NBC to CBS.Ref: 5
1993*"Anna Christie" opens at Criterion Theater New York City NY for 54 performances.Ref: 5
1994*Kathleen Kinmont files for divorce from Lorenzo Lamas.Ref: 5
1995*16th ACE Cable Awards HBO wins 23 awards.Ref: 5
1996*"Holiday" closes at Circle in Square Theater New York City NY after 49 performances.Ref: 5
1996*"Swinging On a Star" closes at Music Box Theater New York City NY after 97 performances.Ref: 5
1998*100th episode of "Ellen" airs.Ref: 5
2003*R&B singer R Kelly plays his first major concert since June 2002 at a multi-act, radio-promoted event at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford, NY. (USA Today, p 11D, 1/24/2003)Ref: 13
1451*Franchinus Gaffurius composer, is born.Ref: 5
1467*Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode German Governor/Viceroy of Frisia, is born.Ref: 5
1566*Angelo Notari composer, is born.Ref: 5
1592*Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan leader of India, is born.Ref: 5
1615*John Biddle English minister (Unitarian), is born.Ref: 5
1618*Jan Six Dutch mayor of Amsterdam, is born.Ref: 5
1655*Angelo Predieri composer, is born.Ref: 5
1664*Simon van Slingelandt Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), is born.Ref: 5
1684*Jean-Baptiste Vanloo French painter, is born.Ref: 5
1700*Picander [Christian F Henrici], German writer (Der Säuffer), is born.Ref: 5
1705*Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier/Lozier-Bouvet Governor (Reunion Is), is born.Ref: 5
1722*Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1730*(Declaration of Independence) William Whipple, merchant, judge, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Kittery ME.Ref: 2
1741*Benedict Arnold, American colonial General turned traitor, is born. (Also: Alamanac of Famous People, ISBN 0-7876-0044-X)Ref: 2
1751*Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1780*Francois-Joseph Dizi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1780*(US Supreme Court Justice) Henry Baldwin, American Supreme Court justice, is born.Ref: 70
1791*Calvin Phillips became shortest known adult male (67cm; 2'2"), is born.Ref: 5
1798*Isaac da Costa Dutch writer/lawyer, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Johan R Thorbecke Premier of Netherlands (Liberal-1849-72), is born.Ref: 5
1800*Ludwig A F Ritter von Köchel Austrian musicologist (Mozart, Fux), is born.Ref: 5
1804*John Park composer, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Matthew Fontaine Maury Naval Commander (Confederacy), is born.Ref: 5
1812*Carl Gradener composer, is born.Ref: 5
1814*Johannes Josephus Viotta composer, is born.Ref: 5
1817*Harmen S Sytstra Dutch poet/editor (Iduna), is born.Ref: 5
1818*Zacharias Topelius Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories), is born.Ref: 5
1819*Fabio Campana composer, is born.Ref: 5
1819*Frederick Steele Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Nicholas Mori composer, is born.Ref: 5
1831*John Bullock Clark Jr Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903, is born.Ref: 5
1834*William Cleaver Francis Robinson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1836*[Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Emil Bohn composer, is born.Ref: 5
1841*Berthe M P Morisot French painter/aquarellist, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Clara Kathleen Rogers composer, is born.Ref: 5
1845*Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Landsdowne/Governor-General Canada, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Jean de Reszke [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Pierre Loti [Julien Viaud], French sea officer/writer (Pêcheur), is born.Ref: 5
1851*Théophile de Bock Dutch painter/etcher/drawer, is born.Ref: 5
1861*Mehmed VI last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22), is born.Ref: 5
1861*Wilhelm von Polenz German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), is born.Ref: 5
1863*Pieter Oosterlee Dutch educator, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Art Young, American cartoonist, is born.Ref: 70
1868*Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman Dutch author (Belief), is born.Ref: 5
1871*Pauline Beersmans [van Cuyck], Flemish actress (Hofslachter), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Thornton Waldo Burgess author (Peter Rabbit), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Dr. Albert Schweitzer, French theologian who set up a native hospital in French Equatorial Africa in 1913, winner of Nobel Peace Prize [1952]. is born.Ref: 2
1878*Victor A D Ségalen [Max Anély], French writer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Hendrik W van Loon Netherlands, commentator/writer (Story of America), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Hugh Lofting English/American writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Vincenzo Davico composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Hal Roach early film director/producer (1 Million BC), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Martin Niemöller clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler, is born.Ref: 5
1895*George Richard Samways children's writer, is born.Ref: 5
1896*John dos Passos novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Helen Flint Chicago, actress (Sea Devils, Married Before Breakfast), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Fritz Bayerlein German Lieutenant-General (WWI, Poland, Libya, St Louis)Ref: 5
1899*Carlos Romulo, Philippine diplomat, is born.Ref: 70
1901*Carlos P Romulo Philippine General/Diplomat/Jurist, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Bebe Daniels Scotland, actress (42nd Street, Lonesome Luke), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Alfred Tarski Warsaw, mathematician/logician, is born.Ref: 5
1902*F C Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch writer (De Turkenoorlog), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Veronica Turleigh County Donegal Ireland, actress (Promoter), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Sir Cecil Beaton England, royal family photographer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*William Bendix New York City NY, actor (Lifeboat, Babe Ruth Story, Life of Riley), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Walter Knape composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Sophie Redmond Suriname's first female physician, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Derek Richter British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Carl Esmond Vienna Austria, actor (Address Unknown, Hitler), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Ruggiero de Rudolpho Columbo US singer/actor (Miracle of Women), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Joseph Walton Losey Wisconsin, director (Damned, Accident), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Renier van der Velden composer, is born.Ref: 5
1911*George Amadee Tremblay composer, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Helmut Degen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Rudolf Hagelstange German author/poet (Spielball der Götter), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Tillie Olsen American writer (Tell Me a Riddle), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Harold Russell actor (Best Years of Our Life), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Mark Goodson TV game show producer: Pop the Question; Goodson-Todman Productions: What’s My Line, I’ve Got a Secret, Family Feud, The Price is Right; is born.Ref: 4
1915*Andre Frossard Catholic columnist, is born.Ref: 5
1916*John Oliver Killens novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Billy Butterfield (Charles William Butterfield) musician: trumpet; founding member of World’s Greatest Jazz Band; is born.Ref: 4
1919*Andy Rooney, Albany NY, CBS news correspondent (60 Minutes), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Giulio Andreotti 7 x premier (Italy), is born.Ref: 5
1920*George Herman newsman (CBS-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Bertus de Harder Dutch soccer star (Bordeaux), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Mark Lawrence Washington DC, pianist (Alice Pearce), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Charles Gaupp German/Dutch painter, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Guy Williams New York City NY, actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Yukio Mishima Japan, novelist (Temple of Golden Pavilion), is born.Ref: 5
1926*(Long Island) Frank Aletter. Long Island NY, actor (Mac-It's About Time, Tom-Nancy), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Thomas Tryon Hartford CT, actor/novelist (I Married a Monster from Outer Space, Cardinal, All That Glitters), is born.Ref: 5
1926 Harold Wolpe sociologist lawyer/South African activist, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Ivan Kalita USSR, equestrian dressage (Olympics-silver-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Gerald Arpino Staten Island NY, choreographer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Billy Walker Ralls TX, country singer (Ozark Jubilee), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Aleksander Petrovic film director, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Edgar Sergeyi Hovhanesyan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Ernest Just Black biologist, served as Vice President of American Zoologists, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Caterina Valente singer: The Breeze and I, MalaguenaRef: 4
1931*Juraj Pospisil composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Catarina Valente Paris France, singer (The Entertainers), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Harriet Andersson Stockholm Sweden, actress (Cries & Whispers), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Ludmila Pinayeva USSR, 500m kayak (Olympics-gold-1964, 1968, 1972), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Reiner Klimke Germany, equestrian dressage (Olympics-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Clarence Carter US singer (Thread the Needle), is born.Ref: 5
1936*John Paul Cain Sweetwater TX, PGA golfer (1989 Greater Grand Rapids), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Sonny (Wilfred Charles) Siebert baseball: pitcher: Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1966], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1971], Texas Rangers, SL Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, SD Padres, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Billie Jo Spears country singer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Allen Toussaint [Naomi Neville], pianist/songwriter (Ride Your Pony, Wild Sign of New Orleans), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Jack Jones (John Allan Jones) singer: Lollipops and Roses, Wives and Lovers, The Impossible Dream, Lady, The Race is On, Love Boat theme, is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1940*Julian Bond legislator: (D-GA) [1965]; civil rights leader: helped found Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; chairman of NAACP board of directors, is born in Nashville TN.Ref: 4
1940 Trevor Nunn is born.Ref: 10
1941*Marjoe Gortner Long Beach CA, actor (Speak Up America, Falcon Crest), is born.Ref: 5
1941*C L "Gibby" Gilbert Jr Chattanooga TN, PGA golfer (1976 Danny Thomas), is born.Ref: 5
1941*[Dorothy] Faye Dunaway Bascom FL, actress (Chinatown, Bonnie & Clyde), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Carol Bellamy Planfield NJ, (City Council President-D-NYC, 1978-85), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Amichand Rajbansi South African politician, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Holland Taylor Philadelphia PA, actress (The Practice, Bossom Buddies, Camilla-Naked Truth), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Ronald Hunter Boston MA, actor (Lazarus Syndrome), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Shannon W Lucid Shanghai China, astronaut (STS 51G, STS 34, STS 43, STS 58, STS 76/79), is born.Ref: 5
1943*José Luis Rodriguez Caracas Venezuela, singer (Dueno De Nada), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Graham Vivian Marsh Kalgoorlie Australia, PGA golfer (1977 Heritage), is born.Ref: 5
1945*(Hugh) Marjoe (Ross) Gortner, American evangelist/actor, is born.Ref: 17
1947*Bantamweight boxing champion Ruben Olivares is born in Mexico City, Mexico.Ref: 97
1947*Gene Washington football: Minnesota Vikings wide receiver: Super Bowl IV, is born.Ref: 4
1947 Bill Weberniuk Canadian snooker player, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Carl Weathers New Orleans LA, actor (Apollo Creed-Rocky), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Tim Harris rocker (Foundations), is born.Ref: 5
1948*T-Bone Burnett musician/producer, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Christine Belford Amityville NY, actress (Banacek, Empire, 90210), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Lawrence Kasdan Miami FL, director/writer (Accidental Tourist), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Gil Pak Jong Korea, judo (Olympics-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1951*William Risrook rocker (BT Express-Here Comes the Express), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Sydney Biddle Barrow madam/author (Mayflower Madam), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Colin Ferguson, murderer (6 people on the Long Island Railroad on Dec 7, 1993), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Carl Chas Smash Smyth rock bassist (Madness-Our House), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Geoff Tate vocalist (Queensryche-Breaking the Silence), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Susan Smith Beloit WI, playmate (Sept, 1981), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Robert Edwin Hall mountaineer/businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Patrica Morrison rocker (Sisters of Mercy-Walk Away, Black Planet), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Sergei Nemchinov Moscow Russia, NHL center (New York Islanders, Olympics-Silver-98), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Steven Soderbergh writer (Mimi, Schizoplis), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Vanity [Dee Dee Williams], singer/actress (Action Jackson), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Dave Lowry Sudbury, NHL left wing (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Désirée Nosbusch Luxembourg, actress (The Fan), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jemma Redgrave London England, actress (Buddha of Suburbia), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Daniel J Schneider Memphis TN, actor (Dennis-Head of the Class), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Matt Brock NFL defensive end/tackle (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Emily Watson actress (Breaking the Waves, Boxer), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Terry Wooden NFL linebacker (Seattle Seahawks, Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Tom Rhodes actor (Tom Rhodes-Mr Rhodes), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Fred[ric] Honebein San Francisco CA, rower (Olympics-5th-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1968*L L Cool J [James Todd Smith], St Albans NY, rapper (Bigger & Deffer), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jason Bateman actor: Little House on the Prairie, Breaking the Rules, Necessary Roughness, A Taste for Killing, is born.Ref: 4
1969*Jason Kent Bateman Rye NY, actor (David-Valerie, Hogan Family), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dave Grohl drummer (Nirvana, Foo Fighters), is born.Ref: 5
1969*David Webb WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Rico Smith NFL wide receiver (Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Eric Charron Verdun, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Steve Cooke Kanai HI, pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Tyrone Hughes NFL cornerback (New Orleans Saints, Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kyle Brady NFL tight end (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Michael Davis NFL cornerback (Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ed Howard NFL wide receiver (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Lethon Flowers NFL defensive back (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Rod Myers Conroe TX, outfielder (Kansas City Royals), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Hugues Legault Montréal Québec Canada, 50m swimmer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kevin Jefferson NFL linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Michael Dritlein WLAF wide receiver (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Nancy Napolski Hinsdale Idaho, air rifle (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Marcel Koning soccer player (FC The Hague/NEC), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Terry Ryan St Johns, NHL left wing (Montréal Canadiens), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Jordan Ladd actress: Embrace of the Vampire, Weapons of Mass Distraction, Boys Life 3, Cabin Fever; daughter of Cheryl Ladd and David Ladd, granddaughter of Alan Ladd, is born.Ref: 4
1988*Jamie Altman son of Lynda Carter & Robert Altman, is born.Ref: 5
1988*Jordy French singer, is born.Ref: 5
1989*29 year old French woman gives birth to sextuplets in Paris.Ref: 5
-347 -BC- Plato (Aristocles) dies in Athens Greece.Ref: 68
973*Ekkehard I monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies.Ref: 5
1163*Ladislaus I Arpad king of Hungary (1162-63), dies.Ref: 5
1236*Sava [Rastko] son of Serbia's king/saint, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1301*Andreas III Arpad king of Hungary (1290-1301), dies at 50.Ref: 5
1595*Ferdinand archduke of Austria/mayor of Bohemenia, dies.Ref: 5
1623*Paolo Sarpi Italian church historian/politician, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1623*Paolo Sarpi, Venetian patriot and scholar, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1648*Casparus Barleaus Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1676*-Pier Francesco Cavalli Italian (opera) composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1742*English astronomer and mathematician, Edmond Halley, who observed the comet that now bears his name, dies at age 85.Ref: 68
1753*George Berkeley, Anglo-Irish Anglican bishop, philosopher and scientist, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1766*Frederik V king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42.Ref: 5
1802*Marie Allard French ballerina, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1817*Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny composer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1822*Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell German landscape painter, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1830*Johann G Repsold German instrument maker, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1831*German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel dies.Ref: 93
1847*Governor Bent 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico.Ref: 5
1850*Anthony van Hoboken Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1867*Jean-Auguste Ingres, French Neoclassical painter, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1868*Heinrich Schenker Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1887*Friedrich von Amerling Austrian painter, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1887*Peter "Peerke" Donders missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1887*Abigail Kelley Foster, American feminist/abolitionist, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1888*Stephen Heller composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1890*Francesco D'Arcais composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1892*Alexander Davis, American architect, designer and illustrator, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1898*Author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson better known as Lewis Carroll - died in Guildford, England, at age 65.Ref: 70
1901*Charles Hermite French mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1901*Mandell Creighton English bishop/historian, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1901*Victor Balaguer Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1902*Cato M Guldberg Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1905*Ernst Abbe German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1907*Karl von Perfall composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1908*Holger Drachmann writer, dies.Ref: 5
1909*Sinovi P Rozhestvensky Russian admiral, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1912*Otto Liebmann German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1916*Otto Ammon German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1920*Berlin is placed under martial law as 40,000 radicals rush the Reichstag; 42 are dead and 105 are wounded.Ref: 2
1924*George Cram Cook, American writer, dies at age 50.Ref: 70
1924*Arne Garborg Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1925 Willem Devout self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies.Ref: 5
1929 Cornelis W Lely Dutch Governor of Suriname (1902-05), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1931*William Ernst Johnson British mathematician, dies.Ref: 5
1943*Adolf Sandberger composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1944*Mohammed Emin Yurdakul Turkish poet, dies at about 74.Ref: 5
1945*Sandor Vandor composer, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1946*2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed.Ref: 5
1948*Anna "Ans" van Dike Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42.Ref: 5
1949*Joaquín Turina Spanish pianist/conductor/composer (Rima), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1949*Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die.Ref: 5
1949*Harry Stack Sullivan, American psychiatrist and teacher, dies at age 56.Ref: 70
1952*Snow storm in the Sierra Nevada kills 26.Ref: 5
1956*Siegfried F Nadel Australian/British anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1957*Humphrey (DeForest) Bogart Academy Award-winning actor: The African Queen [1951]; The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, The Caine Mutiny, The Barefoot Contessa, Tokyo Joe, Key Largo, Action in the North Atlantic, High Sierra [over 50 films]; dies at age 57.Ref: 68
1961*Ernest Thesiger actor (Brass Monkey, Ghoul), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1961*Henry Geehl composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1963*Gustav Regler writer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1965*Jeanette (Anna) MacDonald singer with Nelson Eddy, actress: Love Me Tonight, The Firefly, Cairo, The Cat and the Fiddle, One Hour with You, The Merry Widow, Naughty Marietta, Rose Marie; dies at age 63.Ref: 4
1966*Sergei Korolev Russian space station constructor, dies.Ref: 5
1967*Earthquake in Sicily kills 231.Ref: 5
1967*Renato Lunelli composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1969*An explosion ripped through the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise off Hawaii, killing 25 crew members.Ref: 70
1970*John J "Johnny" Murphy US baseball pitcher (New York Yankees), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1971*Ethel Glenn Hier composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1972*Frederik IX [Christiaan FFMKW], king of Denmark (1947-72), encouraged resistance against Germans in World War II, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1974*Josef Smrkovsky Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1976*Margaret Leighton actress (Best Man, Go-Between), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1977*Peter Finch (Frederick George Peter Ingle-Finch) Academy Award-winning actor: Network [1976]; Flight of the Phoenix, Raid on Entebbe, Elephant Walk; dies at age 60.Ref: 4
1977*Abdul Razak bin Hussain premier of Malaysia (1970-77), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1977*Anaïs Nin Cuban/American writer (Delta of Venus), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1977*Anthony Eden British premier (1955-57), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1978*Harold Abrahams, English athlete and Olympic gold medalist, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1978*Blossom Rock actress (Grandmamma-Addams Family), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1978*Robert Heger composer, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1978*Kurt Gödel, Austrian-born American mathematician and logician, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1984*Ray Kroc founder of MacDonalds/owner San Diego Padres, dies at 82.Ref: 17
1984*Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus Dutch sexuologist (Dutch Society for Sexual Reformation-NVSH), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1984*Paul Ben Haim composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1985*Jetta Goudal French actress (White Gold), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1986*Walter Leblanc Belgian painter, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1986*Donna Reed (Mullenger) actress: From Here to Eternity, It’s a Wonderful Life, The Benny Goodman Story, The Donna Reed Show; dies of cancer at 64.Ref: 4
1987*Douglas Sirk (Claus Detlef Sierck) director: Imitation of Life, A Time to Love & a Time to Die, Tarnished Angels, Written on the Wind, Magnificent Obsession, First Legion; dies at age 86.Ref: 4
1988*Georgi M Malenkov PM of USSR (1953-55), dies at 86.Ref: 68
1990*David Arkin actor (I Love You Alice B Toklas), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Sallah Kharaf [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated.Ref: 5
1992*Producer Hal Roach dies.Ref: 4
1992*Hari Rhodes actor (Earth II, Detroit 9000), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1993*Elisabeth A de Vreugd chambermaid for Dutch Queen, dies at 98.Ref: 5
1993*Manfred Lachs Polish lawyer (International Court of Justice), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die.Ref: 5
1993 Manfred Lachs Polish lawyer (International Court of Justice), dies.Ref: 5
1994*Esther Ralston US actress (Tin Pan Alley, San Francisco Docks), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1994*Federica Montseny anarchist/Spanish minister of Health (1936), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1995*Alexander Gibson British conductor/founder (Scottish Opera), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1995 Mark Finch film festival organizer, dies at 33.Ref: 5
1995*Stafford William Somerfield newspaper editor, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1996*Eric Briault educationalist, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1996*Pamelo Mounk'a musician, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1997*King Hu film director, dies at 64Ref: 5
2004*Uta (Thyra) Hagen Tony Award-winning actress: The Country Girl [1950], Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? [1963]; films: The Boys from Brazil, Reversal of Fortune; dies in her Manhatten home at age 84.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen