Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 15th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
708*Sisinnius begins his reign as Catholic Pope (dies 20 days later).Ref: 5
946 Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded/ousted.Ref: 5
1346 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zealand.Ref: 5
1535*Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church.Ref: 5
1552 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants.Ref: 5
1559*England's Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.Ref: 70
1562*3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens.Ref: 5
1582*Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to the Baltic.Ref: 5
1624*Riots flare in Mexico when it is announced that all churches are to be closed.Ref: 2
1639*Governor Kieft purchases part of Long Island from Indians on behalf of New Netherlands.Ref: 62
1693*(Salem Witch Trials) Essex County Court declared the Salem Village committee derelict in its duties and ordered a new election.Ref: 21
1697*The citizens of Massachusetts spent a day of fasting and repentance for their roles in the 1692 Salem Witch Trials. Judge Samuel Sewall, who had presided over many of those 20 capital judgments, published a written confession acknowledging his own "blame and shame."Ref: 5
1754 Riot at burial of doelist Daniel Raap in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1762*Fraunces Tavern opens in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1777*The people of New Connecticut declared their independence. The tiny republic later became the state of Vermont.Ref: 70
1780*Continental Congress establishes court of appeals.Ref: 5
1797*First top hat worn by John Hetherington in Strand, London; arrested for scaring populace fined 2 guineas.Ref: 5
1802*(Burr) Aaron Burr assumes the office of Vice President. Ref 
1811*In a secret session, Congress plans to annex Spanish East Florida.Ref: 2
1825*Illinois enacts a tax to crate and maintain a public school in every county in the state. XDG, p 4A, 1/15/01)Ref: 83
1831*First US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run; Mr & Mrs Pierson of Charleston SC make 1st US railroad honeymoon trip.Ref: 5
1844*The University of Notre Dame was chartered under Roman Catholic auspices in Indiana.Ref: 5
1851*General Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera.Ref: 5
1852*Mt. Sinai Hospital was incorporated by Sampson Simson and eight associates in NY City. It was the first Jewish hospital in the U.S.Ref: 5
1877*US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens.Ref: 5
1895*French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar.Ref: 5
1901*(Triangle) Construction of the Asch building is completed. In 1906, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company will open a factory on the eighth floor.Ref: 87
1907*(Haywood Trial) (month and day unspecified) Adams repudiates his confession and is transferred to Wallace, Idaho to stand trial for an 1899 murder.Ref: 87
1911*(Triangle) The last time an accumulation (over a ton's worth) of cutaways is picked up from the Triangle Shirtwaist factory by a dealer. (The heavy accumulation of cutaways will help fuel the fire two months later.)Ref: 87
1913 The first telephone line between Berlin and New York is inaugurated.Ref: 2
1915 Japan claims economic control of China.Ref: 5
1918*(Haywood Trial) (date unknown) William Haywood, now leader of the I. W. W. ("The Wobblies") is tried and convicted of sabotaging war industries, is sentenced to thirty yearsRef: 87
1919*Pianist and statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski became the first premier of the newly created republic of Poland.Ref: 70
1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week) Bloodbath in Buenos Aires.Ref: 5
1920*The United States approves a $150 million loan to Poland, Austria and Armenia to aid in their war with the Russian communists.Ref: 2
1921*(Haywood Trial) (date unknown) William Haywood, out of jail on bail pending appeal, escapes to Russia. He becomes a trusted confidant of the Bolsheviks.Ref: 87
1922*Irish Free State forms; Michael Collins becomes first premier.Ref: 5
1924 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms.Ref: 5
1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP.Ref: 5
1927*The Dumbarton Bridge opens in San Francisco carrying the first auto traffic across the bay.Ref: 2
1929*The U.S. Senate ratifies the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact.Ref: 2
1934*John Dillinger robs First National Bank of East Chicago,Indiana, with John Hamilton and unidentified man.Ref: 42
1935*300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition.Ref: 5
1936*In London, Japan quits all naval disarmament talks after being denied equality.Ref: 2
1936*The first all glass, windowless building was completed in Toledo, Ohio as the home of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company Laboratory.Ref: 4
1936*Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates.Ref: 5
1939*Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal.Ref: 5
1942*Daylight Savings Time is adopted in Xenia OH, to be effective in the second week of February. (XDG, p 14A, 8/25/2003)Ref: 83
1942 Jawaharlal Nehru succeeds Mohandas K Gandhi as head of India's National Congress Party. (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/2002).Ref: 83
1943*Work was completed on the Pentagon, now the headquarters of the US Department of Defense.Ref: 70
1943*1,000 workers complete the air conditioning system for the Pentagon.Ref: 5
1943*First transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught.Ref: 5
1945*Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg sugar beets.Ref: 5
1950*4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington DC.Ref: 5
1951*"Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000.Ref: 5
1951*Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest.Ref: 5
1953*President Harry S Truman becomes the first U.S. President to use radio and television to say farewell as he left office.Ref: 4
1953*16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington DC station.Ref: 5
1953*German Democratic Republic Minister of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage".Ref: 5
1954*(Haywood Trial) (date unknown) Harry Orchard, a trusty of the Idaho penitentiary, where he raised chickens and grew strawberries, dies at the age of 88.Ref: 87
1955 First official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum.Ref: 5
1956*Dmitri Shostakovich appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia.Ref: 5
1964*(Mississippi Burning) (day unspecified) Bob Moses and COFO (Council of Federated Organizations) announces the Mississippi Summer Project to register blacks to vote.Ref: 87
1964*Teamsters negotiate first national labor contract.Ref: 5
1965*Sir Winston Churchill suffers a severe stroke.Ref: 2
1965*Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor MI forms.Ref: 5
1969*Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean.Ref: 5
1970 Republic Biafra disbands/joins Nigeria.Ref: 5
1970*Israeli archaeologists reported uncovering the first evidence supporting the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by military forces of the ancient Roman Empire.Ref: 5
1971*(Manson) Vincent Bugliosi presents the prosecution's closing argument in the Manson trial.Ref: 87
1971 Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt.Ref: 5
1973*Four of six remaining Watergate defendants plead guilty.Ref: 2
1973*Pope Paul VI has an audience with Golda Meir at Vatican.Ref: 5
1974*Expert panel reports 18½-m gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures.Ref: 5
1975*Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence.Ref: 5
1975*President Ford announces a plan that includes 20 major, new synthetic fuel plants "… that make us invulnerable to cutoffs of foreign oil… by the end of the century". (Time, p 38, 7/21/2003) 
1976*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1976*Sara Jane Moore was sentenced to life in prison for her attempt on the life of President Gerald Ford in San Francisco.Ref: 70
1983 Dutch political party DS'70 disbands.Ref: 5
1983*Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours.Ref: 5
1985*Civil rights activist, Tancredo Neves becomes first elected President of Brazil in 21 years.Ref: 5
1990 AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch.Ref: 5
1991*UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait passes (they don't).Ref: 5
1992*The Yugoslav federation, founded in 1918, effectively collapsed as the European Community recognized the republics of Croatia and Slovenia.Ref: 5
1992*Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn't entitled to asylum.Ref: 5
1992*Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia.Ref: 5
1992*Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with US man.Ref: 5
1993*Top mafia leader Salvatore "Totò" Riina arrested in Palermo.Ref: 5
1994 Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%).Ref: 5
1994*Queen Elizabeth falls off her horse & breaks her left wrist.Ref: 5
1995 Southern Alabama begins using new area code 334.Ref: 5
1995 Western Washington begins using new area code 360.Ref: 5
1995*Southern Alabama begins using new area code 334.Ref: 5
1995*Western Washington begins using new area code 360.Ref: 5
2002*New York, NY. A teenager wounded two students at Martin Luther King Jr. High School.Ref: 88
2002*Arthur Andersen LLP said it was firing senior auditor David B. Duncan, who had organized a "rushed disposal" of Enron documents after federal regulators requested information about the failing energy company.Ref: 70
2003*Fifty base medics are being shipped to Iraq, per Brigadier General Tom Bailey, commander of the 74th Medical Group at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. (XDG, p. 1A, 1/15/2003)Ref: 83
2003*White House budget director Mitchell Daniels predicts federal budget deficits would balloon to the $200B-$300B range over the next two years. (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/2004)Ref: 83
2003*Mickey Mouse and The Walt Disney Company scored a big victory as the Supreme Court upholds longer copyright protections for cartoon characters, songs, books and other creations worth billions of dollars. (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/2004)Ref: 83
2003*A Texas Tech professor is arrested on a complaint of giving false information to the FBI. (Authorities said that Thomas C Butler had reported that vials containing deadly bacteria were missing when, in fact, he had destroyed them. Butler was later acquitted at trial of the most serious charges against him, including lying to the FBI.) (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/2004)Ref: 83
2004*(actual date given as "last week") Pre-World War II bombs are found during a routine fence line perimeter patrol at Wright-Patterson AFB. The area was temporarily sealed, including imposing a 600-foot no-fly zone, until the ordinance could be safely removed. (XDG, p 5A, 1/20/2004)Ref: 83
1680*French explorer Sieur de la Salle builds Fort Crèvecoeur.Ref: 5
1861*Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis, forming base for his elevator company.Ref: 5
1907*3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee de Forest.Ref: 5
1907*Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them.Ref: 5
1930*Amelia Earhart sets an aviation record for women at 171 mph in a Lockheed Vega.Ref: 2
1968*Soyuz 5 launchedRef: 62
1969*Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union.Ref: 5
1976*US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit.Ref: 5
1984*Apple announces the MacintoshRef: 62
1997*Microsoft releases Excel 8.0 for Windows. Ref 
1997*Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station.Ref: 5
1998*NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space againRef: 5
1586 Battle at Boxum Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army.Ref: 5
1862*In St Louis, Captain Andrew H Foote accepts, on the behalf of his government, delivery of the first ironclad naval vessels, the Benton and the Essex. (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/2001)Ref: 83
1865*Union troops capture Fort Fisher, North Carolina.Ref: 2
1919 A coup launched on January 10th by German revolutionaries in Berlin is suppressed by paramilitary units. 
1919*Peasants in Central Russia rise against the Bolsheviks.Ref: 2
1923 Lithuania seizes & annexes the country of Memel.Ref: 5
1940*German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church).Ref: 5
1943*The American army agrees to co-fund an anthrax-producing site at Grosse Ili, Quebec, Canada. 
1943*Japanese driven off Guadalcanal.Ref: 5
1944*The U.S. Fifth Army successfully breaks the German Winter Line in Italy with the capture of Mount Trocchio.Ref: 2
1944*European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany.Ref: 5
1944*General Eisenhower arrives in England.Ref: 5
1945*Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp.Ref: 5
1949 Chinese Communists occupy Tientsin after a 27-hour battle with Nationalist forces.Ref: 2
1962 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea.Ref: 5
1967*Some 462 Yale faculty members call for an end to the bombing in North Vietnam.Ref: 2
1973*President Richard Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.Ref: 70
1988 Arab uprising in Israel begins.Ref: 5
1882 First US ski club forms (Berlin NH).Ref: 5
1892*Triangle magazine in Springfield, MA published the rules for a brand new game: the one we know that began by attaching peach baskets to a suspended board. It is better known as basketball.Ref: 4
1900*SCNEC soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1905 Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater.Ref: 5
1906 Willie Hoppe, at the tender age of 18, won his first world billiard championship by defeating the renowned French champ, Maurice Vignaux in Paris. Hoppe was one of the greatest billiard players of all time (between 1936 and 1952, he held the Three-Cushion title 11 times).Ref: 4
1934*Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut).Ref: 5
1936*Succeeding his dad, Horace Stoneham, 32, is elected president of the New York Giants, a position he will hold for the next 40 years before selling the team in 1976.Ref: 1
1939*First NFL pro bowl, New York Giants beat All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field.Ref: 5
1942*In his famous 'Green Light letter', President Franklin D. Roosevelt responds to Commissioner Landis's query of playing baseball in the wake of second World War. FDR states he believes playing the sport would be good for Americans and encourages the owners to have more games at night to give war workers an opportunity to attend games.Ref: 1
1942*Cubs, drop plans to install lights at Wrigley due to WWII.Ref: 5
1956*Bauer Marlene wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open.Ref: 5
1956*NFL Pro Bowl East beats West 31-30.Ref: 5
1957*Dodgers add three addtional years to their five year lease on Ebbets Field with real estate developer Marvin Kratter. The field was bought by Kratter in 1953.Ref: 1
1958*The Yankees announced 140 games will be televised this season. The deal is worth over one million dollars.Ref: 1
1961*NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 35-31.Ref: 5
1961*Suggs wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational Open.Ref: 5
1962*50th Australian Mens Tennis Rod Laver beats R Emerson (86 06 64 64).Ref: 5
1964*Baseball executives vote to hold a free-agent draft in New York City.Ref: 1
1964*Giant outfielder Willie Mays, the highest paid player in baseball, signs for $105,000.Ref: 1
1966*AFL Pro Bowl All-Stars beats Buffalo 30-19.Ref: 5
1966*NFL Pro Bowl East beats West 36-7.Ref: 5
1967*Super Bowl I, Green Bay 35, Kansas City 10, at Memorial Coliseum in LA. Ref 
1970*Milwaukee Brewers make their first trade (with Oakland A's).Ref: 5
1972*Heavyweight Joe Frazier KOs Terry Daniels.Ref: 5
1974*24th NBA All-Star Game West beats East 134-123 at Seattle.Ref: 5
1977*Jane Blalock wins LPGA Colgate Triple Crown Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1978*Super Bowl XII, Dallas 27, Denver 12, at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans. Ref 
1981*Bob Gibson, in his first year of eligibility, is the only player elected to Hall of Fame this year. Players falling short of the votes needed include Don Drysdale, Gil Hodges and Harmon Killebrew.Ref: 1
1983*Hartford Whalers smallest crowd 4,812 (beat Devils) during blizzard.Ref: 5
1984*Hana Mandlikova ends Martina Navratilova's 54-match winning streak.Ref: 5
1984 Schönbrun skates world record 5 km (7 39.44).Ref: 5
1988*Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder makes racist remarks about black athletes.Ref: 5
1988*Mike Tyson defends the unified heavyweight boxing title against Larry Holmes when the referee stops the fight in the 4th round in Atlantic City NJ.Ref: 97
1989*Betsy King wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1989 Big John Studd wins WWF's first Royal Rumble.Ref: 5
1990*Cecil Fielder signs with the Tigers as a free agent having spent last season with Hanshin Tigers and hitting 38 home runs for the Japanese team.Ref: 1
1990*‘Big’ George Foreman, on the comeback-trail at 42 years of age, knocked out Gerry Cooney in the second round at Atlantic City, NJ. (Foreman became the oldest [age 45] ever to win the heavyweight title when he knocked out Michael Moorer on Nov 5, 1994.)Ref: 4
1990*New York Knicks Trent Tucker scores with 1/10 second, beats Bulls, 109-106.Ref: 5
1995*Dawn Coe-Jones wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Champion.Ref: 5
1995*San Diego Chargers beat Pittsburgh Steelers 17-13 for AFC championship.Ref: 5
1995*San Francisco 49ers beat Dallas Cowboys for NFC championship.Ref: 5
1997*Chicago Bull Dennis Rodman kicks cameraman, Eugene Amosin the groin.Ref: 5
2002*The Braves trade outfielder Brian Jordan (.295, 25, 97), pitcher Odalis Perez (7-8, 4.91), and a minor leaguer to the Dodgers to acquire All-Star outfielder Gary Sheffield (.311, 36, 100). The deal ends Sheffield's stormy tenure with Los Angeles.Ref: 1
1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Fielding of plagiarism.Ref: 5
1759*British Museum opens in Montague House, London.Ref: 5
1785*Mozarts string quartet opus 10 premieres.Ref: 5
1847 First Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1863 First US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal.Ref: 5
1866*Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori vs Cechach" premieres in Prague.Ref: 5
1870*The Democratic party was represented as a donkey in a cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly.Ref: 70
1886*Weekly Herald, first Vancouver, BC newspaper, publishes 1st issue.Ref: 5
1895*Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1896 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1899 Edwin Markham’s poem, The Man With a Hoe, was published for the first time. The California school teacher’s work was published by the San Francisco Examiner.Ref: 4
1915*Sydney, Kern & Smith's musical "Love o' Mike" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1919 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres.Ref: 5
1919*W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1935*Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1942*Kenny Sargent, “one of the handsomest singers ever to grace a bandstand,” vocalized with the Glen Gray Orchestra on Decca Records’ It’s the Talk of the Town.Ref: 4
1945 Art Linkletter starred on the CBS radio debut of House Party. The show continued on the air for 22 years, including a long stint on CBS television. Linkletter wrote books about experiences with kids on the show. Remember, Kids Say the Darndest Things? This segment of the show -- and Art’s resulting books -- were among the most popular of early daytime television.Ref: 4
1945*"Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City NY for 429 performances.Ref: 5
1955 Dmitri Shostakovich's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad.Ref: 5
1961*Supremes signed with Motown Records.Ref: 5
1964*The soundtrack album of the musical, The King and I, starring Yul Brynner, earned a gold record.Ref: 4
1965*Rock group The Who releases first album "I Can't Explain".Ref: 5
1967*Ed Sullivan tells the Rolling Stones to change the lyrics AND the title to the song, Let’s Spend the Night Together. The Stones gave in... changing the tune to Let’s Spend Some Time Together.Ref: 4
1970*The Bob Hope Christmas Show is the 9th highest rated non-series show with an audience of 46.6%.Ref: 34
1971*George Harrison releases "My Sweet Lord".Ref: 5
1971*"Ari" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City NY for 19 performances.Ref: 5
1972*Elvis Presley, who was also censored from the waist down by Ed Sullivan, reportedly drew the largest audience for a single TV show to that time. Elvis presented a live, worldwide concert from Honolulu on this day.Ref: 4
1973*Gene Shalit joins the Today Show panel.Ref: 5
1974*"Happy Days" begins an 11 year run on ABC -TV.Ref: 5
1975*Space Mountain opens (Disneyland).Ref: 5
1977*Coneheads debut on "Saturday Night Live".Ref: 5
1978*Super Bowl XII is the 7th highest rated non-series show with an audience of 47.2%.Ref: 34
1980 Pam Gems' "Piaf!" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1981*"Hill Street Blues" premieres on NBC-TV.Ref: 5
1982*"Forbidden Broadway" by/with Gerard Alessandrini premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1985 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences honored actress Myrna Loy at Carnegie Hall in New York City. The 79-year-old actress never received a nomination by the Academy -- though she appeared in 120 films.Ref: 4
1985 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Ashbery & Fred Chapell.Ref: 5
1986*Living Seas opens at World Showcase in EPCOT, Walt Disney World.Ref: 5
1987 Paramount Home Video reported that, for the first time, it would place a commercial at the front of one of its video releases: a 30-second Diet Pepsi ad at the beginning of Top Gun. The idea was that Paramount would be able to reduce the price of the video to consumers by $3. The difference would be made up with Pepsi money and more consumers would buy the Tom Cruise flick rather than more expensive videos without the commercial.Ref: 4
1989*"Ain't Misbehavin'" closes at Ambassador Theater New York City NY after 176 performances.Ref: 5
1989*Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $22,600,000.Ref: 5
1989*10th ACE Cable Awards HBO wins 35 awards.Ref: 5
1990*6th Soap Opera Digest Awards Knots Landing wins.Ref: 5
1993*Soap opera "Santa Barbara" final show on NBC TV.Ref: 5
1994*15th ACE Cable Awards HBO wins 34 awards, Showtime wins 10.Ref: 5
1432*Afonso V "the African" king of Portugal (1438-1481), is born.Ref: 5
1507*Johann Oporinus [Herbster] Swiss book publisher (Koran), is born.Ref: 5
1567*Black Box [Catherine Quinol], Guadeloupe, vocalist (Love Sensation), is born.Ref: 5
1622*Moliere [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French comic dramatist best remembered for his play La Tartuffe, is born.Ref: 2
1715*Georg C Wagenzeil Austria (court)composer/pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1716*(Declaration of Independence) Philip Livingston, merchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Albany, NY.Ref: 5
1730*John Malchair composer, is born.Ref: 5
1733*Joseph Lederer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1742*Eugene Godecharle composer, is born.Ref: 5
1771*(date speculative) Tecumseh's mother, Methotasa, gives birth to triplets, the first in Shawnee history. One of the triplets dies at birth. (Ref 61 gives the birth date as the winter of 1774-5)Ref: 57
1779*Jean Coralli, French dancer/choreographer, is born.Ref: 70
1791*Franz Gillparzer Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), is born.Ref: 5
1793*Ferdinand G Waldmüller Austrian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1795*Willem de Clerq Dutch merchant/man of letters, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Thomas Crofton Croker Irish story teller (Fairy legends), is born.Ref: 5
1809*Cornelia Connelly Philadelphia PA, founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), is born.Ref: 5
1809*Pierre Joseph Proudhon France, politician (libertarian socialist), is born.Ref: 5
1810*Abigail Kelley Foster, American feminist/abolitionist, is born.Ref: 70
1812*Peter C Asbjørnsen Norwegian fairy tale writer, is born.Ref: 5
1813*James Marion Sims South Carolina, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation), is born.Ref: 5
1814*Ludwig Schläfli Swiss vicar/mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Henry Morris Naglee Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886, is born.Ref: 5
1817*Lewis Golding Arnold Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1871, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Lafayette McLaws Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Photography pioneer Mathew Brady is born. (XDG, p 4A, 1/15/01)Ref: 83
1826*Mikhail Saltykov Spas-Ugol Russia, radical novelist/satirist (Family of Noblemen), is born.Ref: 5
1841*Lord Frederick Stanley presenter of hockey's Stanley Cup, is born.Ref: 5
1842*Josef Breuer, Austrian physician/physiologist, is born.Ref: 70
1845*Ella Flagg Young first woman president (National Educational Association), is born.Ref: 5
1845*Heinrich Vogl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Sonya Kurtovsky Kovalevsky Russia, mathemetician (Academy of Science), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Giovanni Segantini Italy, painter, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Adolph Goldschmidt German historian, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Wilhelm Marx premier (Prussia), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Nathan Soderblom Lutheran archbishop, internationalist (Nobel '30), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Noach Zjordanija Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21), is born.Ref: 5
1870*Pierre S. DuPont, industrialist: Chairman of the Board of the DuPont Company; humanitarian, is born.Ref: 4
1870*Johan Peter Koch Danish officer/explorer (Greenland), is born.Ref: 5
1870*Pierre Samuel du Pont, American businessman, is born.Ref: 70
1871*Bertram Shapleigh composer, is born.Ref: 5
1873 Max Adler Austria sociologist/socialist theorist, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Lewis M Terman Indiana, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Johanna Muller-Hermann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Ernest Thesiger London England, actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Ghoul), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Florian Znaniecki Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Joseph Henabery Omaha NE, director (Cobra), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Osip E Mandelstam Warsaw Poland, Russian poet (Noise of Time), is born.Ref: 5
1891*John Wellborn Root, American architect, dies at age 41.Ref: 70
1892*Frank Hutchens composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Rex Ingram [Reginald IM Hitchcock], director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), is born.Ref: 5
1893*D Ivor D Novello Cardiff Wales, British actor/composer/writer (Lodger, Phantom Fiend, Truth Game), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Dragisa Cvetkovic Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-41), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Edmond Rubbens Belgian attorney/minister of colonization, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Arturi Virtanen, Finnish biochemist, is born.Ref: 70
1896*Jacobo Ficher composer, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Goodman Ace radio/TV actor/writer/columnist/humorist (Better of Goodman), is born.Ref: 5
1900*César Domela Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), is born.Ref: 5
1900*William Heinesen Färoës Island, writer (Noatun), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud king (Saudi Arabia), is born.Ref: 5
1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate: 2nd husband of Jaqueline Kennedy, is born.Ref: 68
1906*Rezso Kokai composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Edward Teller, Hungarian-born U.S. physicist known as the "Father of the H-bomb, is born in Budapest Hungary.Ref: 2
1908*Roberta Bitgood composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Elie Siegmeister New York City NY, composer (Plough & the Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Enrique Sasal y Chapi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Gene Krupa drummer: Sing Sing Sing; bandleader: Let Me Off Uptown, Knock Me a Kiss, Chickery Chick, Boogie Blues; films: Some Like it Hot, Ball of Fire, The Gene Krupa Story; is born.Ref: 4
1911*Cy Feuer New York City NY, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Wim Kan Dutch cabaretier, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Michel J-P Debré premier of France (1959-62), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Lloyd Bridges, actor: Sea Hunt, Roots, High Noon, Airplane!, Airplane 2, The Grace Kelly Story, The Rainmaker, The Great Wallendas, Joe Versus the Volcano; Jeff & Beau’s dad; is born.Ref: 4
1914*Lord Dacre of Glanton British historian, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Mikki Doyle journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Gamal Abdel Nasser President of Egypt (1954-1970), is born.Ref: 5
1918 Andreas M Donner Dutch jurist (constitutional law), is born.Ref: 5
1920*John J "Cardinal" O'Connor Philadelphia PA, Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York, is born.Ref: 5
1920*John Junor British editor in chief (Sunday Express), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Steve (Stephen Joseph) Gromek baseball: pitcher: Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1945/World Series: 1948], Detroit Tigers, is born.Ref: 4
1922*Franz Fühmann writer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Lee Teng-hui president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- ), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Ruth Slenczynska Sacramento CA, pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Keith Bentley international racing cyclist, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Maria Schell Vienna Austria, actress (Space 1999), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Rod MacLeish, US journalist, is born.Ref: 17
1926*Chuck Berry (Charles Edward Anderson Berry) Rock and Roll Hall of Famer [inducted 1986]; Lifetime Achievement Grammy [1985]; Maybellene, Roll Over Beethoven, School Day, Rock & Roll Music, Sweet Little Sixteen, Johnny B. Goode, My Ding-A-Ling; in films: Rock, Rock, Rock, London Rock and Roll Show, American Hot Wax, Chuck Berry: Rock and Roll Music, Christmas in Washington; is born in St Louis MO.Ref: 17
1927*Francis Routh composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Norm Crosby Boston MA, comedian (Young at Heart Comedians), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights leader and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, is born in Atlanta GA.Ref: 2
1929*"Queen Ida" Guillory Ziadaco music, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Eva Badura-Skoda composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Thomas Hoving New York City NY, news correspondent (20/20), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Derek Meddings special effects technician, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Murad Kazhlayev composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Dean Smith US actor/relay runner (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Enrique Raxach composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Louis Woodard Jones New Rochelle NY, 4X400m relayer (Olympics-gold-56), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Malcolm Frager St Louis MO, pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Robert Silverberg US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Margaret O’Brien (Angela Maxine O'Brien) actress: Meet Me in St. Louis, Little Women [1949], The Secret Garden [1949], Amy, is born in San Diego CA.Ref: 4
1939*Charles Christopher Steel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Captain Beefheart (Don Van Vliet) singer: group: Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band: Diddy Wah Diddy, Hair Pie, Old Fart at Play; artist, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Edward "Sonny" Bivins US singer (Manhattans-Kiss & Say Goodbye), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Mike (Michael Grant) Marshall baseball: pitcher: Detroit Tigers, Seattle Pilots, Houston Astros, Montreal Expos, LA Dodgers [World Series: 1974/all-star: 1974, 1975/NL Cy Young Award: 1974/record: most games pitched in one season (106, 1974)], Atlanta Braves, Texas Rangers, Minnesota Twins, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Marie-Christine AHI von Leibnitz German/British princess, is born.Ref: 5
1945 Princess Michael of Kent is born.Ref: 10
1947*Pete Waterman rocker (Stock Aitken & Waterman-Road Block), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Andrea Martin Emmy Award-winning writer: The Energy Ball/Sweeps Week, SCTV Network [1983], actress: Guitarman, Rude Awakening, Soup for One, is born in Portland ME.Ref: 4
1948*Dini Petty Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Tommy Nolan Montréal Québec Canada, actor (Jody-Buckskin), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ronnie Van Zant rocker (Lynyrd Skynyrd), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Howard Allen Twitty Phoenix AZ, PGA golfer (1979 BC Open), is born.Ref: 5
1950*David Lynn Jones Bexar AR, country singer (Bonnie Jean), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Nate Hawthorne basketball: Phoenix Suns, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Martha Davis California, vocalist/guitar (Motels-Only the Lonely, Shame), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Charo (Maria Rosario Pilar Martinez Molina Baeza) ‘The Hootchy Cootchy Girl’: actress: Chico and the Man, Airport ’79; singer, is born in Murcia, Spain.Ref: 4
1951*Ernie DiGregorio basketball: Buffalo Braves, L.A. Clippers, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Melvyn Gale rocker (ELO), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Boris Blank rocker (Yello), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Randy White NFL tackle (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Enrico Mentana Milan Italy, Italian newscaster (RAI), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Vera Sosulya USSR, toboggan (Olympics-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Mario Van Peebles, actor: Sonny Spoon, Jaws: The Revenge, Hot Shot, Exterminator 2; director, writer, actor: Posse, Panther, New Jack City, is born in Mexico.Ref: 4
1958*Julian Sands actor (One Night Stand), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Pete Trewavas Middlesbrough, rock bassist, (Marillion-Clutching at Straws, Real to Reel), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Iris DeMent Paragould AR, country singer (Our Town), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Erling Kagge Norway, explorer (South Pole), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Lijuan Geng Hebei China, Canadian tennis player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Richard Nasheim hockey forward (Team Austria 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Yaro Dachniwsky Chicago IL, team handball goalie (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Cees van der de Linden soccer player, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Paula Schnurr Kirkland Lake Ontario, 1.5k (Olympics-8-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Derek B rocker (Bullet from a Gun), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Michael Clemons CFL running back (Toronto Argonauts), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Lisa Lisa (Velez) rock vocalist (& Cult Jam), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ted N Tryba Wilkes-Barre PA, PGA golfer (1995 Anheuser-Busch Golf), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Bob Dahl NFL guard (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Felton Spencer NBA center (San Francisco Warriors), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Laurie Fellner Appleton WI, team handball goalie (Olympics-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Steve McConaghy Australian soling yachter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Chad Lowe actor: Life Goes On, Siringo, An Inconvenient Woman, True Blood, Silence of the Heart; brother of actor, Rob Lowe, is born in Dayton OH.Ref: 4
1969*Adam Burt Detroit MI, NHL defenseman (Hartford Whalers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Delino DeShields Seaford DE, infielder (Montréal Expos, Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Demetra Hampton actress (Valentina), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Leonard Wheeler NFL safety/cornerback (Cincinnati Bengals, Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marsha Miller Rochester NY, WPVA volleyballer (National-17th-1995), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Rob van Dijk Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Rod de Highden Australian 5k/10k/marathoner (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Siupeli Malamala NFL guard/tackle (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Dan Landry San Diego CA, volleyball opposite hitter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Elroy Kromheer soccer player (FC Volendam), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Michele Granger Anaheim CA, softball pitcher (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*LeShon Johnson running back (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Regina King Los Angeles CA, actress (Brenda Jenkins-227), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ernie Reyes Jr San Jose CA, actor (Ernie-Sidekicks), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kimberly Anne Massaro St Louis MO, Miss Missouri-America-5th (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Daniel Nijhof Dutch soccer player (FC Twente), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Randy Srochenski CFL linebacker (Saskatchewan Roughriders), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Aubrey Jo Hiller Missoula MT, Miss Montana-America (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Mike Minter safety (Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Mary Pierce Montréal Québec Canada, tennis star (1995 Australian Open), is born.Ref: 5
69*Servius Sulpicius Galba 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), killed by Praetorian guard in the Forum Rome, at 70.Ref: 5
1208*Peter of Castelnau French nobleman, murdered.Ref: 5
1684*Caspar Netscher Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48.Ref: 5
1705*Walraad the Young, Earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/Governor of Nijmegen, dies.Ref: 5
1744*Charles-Hubert Gervais composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1755*Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaia composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1765*Carlmann Kolb composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1775*Giovanni Battista Sammartini composer, dies.Ref: 5
1788*Gaetano Latilla composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1812*Johannes Herbst composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1816*Henry Harington composer, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1844*Joseph Mazzinghi composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1865*Edward Everett, governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1866*M T d'Azeglio writer, dies.Ref: 5
1891*John Wellborn Root, American architect, dies at age 41.Ref: 70
1893*Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble England, Shakespearian actress (Juliet), dies at age 83.Ref: 5
1896*Matthew B Brady US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72.Ref: 5
1904*Eduard Lassen composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1909*Ernest Reyer composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1909*Ernest von Wildenbruch German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1911*Wilhelm Berger composer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1915*Fanny Farmer, cook and writer, diedRef: 62
1915*Guillaume Couture composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1919*German socialist rebels Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg are murdered.Ref: 5
1919*2 million gallons of molasses "Tidal wave" Boston MA, drowning 21.Ref: 5
1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week) Bloodbath in Buenos Aires.Ref: 5
1919 Rosa Luxemburg, German revolutionary and agitator, dies at age 47.Ref: 70
1922*John Kirk Barry Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1924*Geza Zichy composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1926*Enrico Toselli composer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1932*Georg Kerschensteiner German educationalist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1934*Hermann Bahr Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1934*Patrick O'Malley US policeman, killed by John Dillinger.Ref: 5
1934*8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die.Ref: 5
1942*Melvin Winfield Sheppard runner (Olympics-gold-08, 12), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1944 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die.Ref: 5
1947*-A grisly, still-unsolved murder case came to light in Los Angeles as the mutilated remains of 22-year-old aspiring actress Elizabeth Short, known as the "Black Dahlia" for the dark outfits she wore, were found dumped in a vacant lot.Ref: 6
1949*Black Dahlia murder victim found in Los Angeles (basis of the movie).Ref: 5
1949*Pompeo Aloisi Italian baron/diplomat/senator, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1950*Henry ‘Hap’ Arnold military: U.S. General and commander of the Army Air Force: WWII; first five-star general of the U.S. Army Air Force; dies at age 63.Ref: 4
1953*Viktor Patrick Vretblad composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1955*Yves Tanguy, French Surrealist painter, dies at age 55.Ref: 70
1961*Francesco Maria Saraceni composer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1962*Kenneth MacKenna actor (Men Without Women), dies of cancer at 62.Ref: 5
1964*Weldon John "Jack" Teagarden US jazz trombonist/singer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1965*Pierre Ngendandumwe premier of Burundi, murdered.Ref: 5
1966*Betsy Mitchell US 100m backstroke swimmer, dies at 25.Ref: 5
1966*Yves Tanguy, US artist, surrealist, dies.Ref: 17
1967*Albert Szirmai composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1968*Bill Masterson first NHLer fatally injured during game (Jan 13), dies.Ref: 5
1968*John Davidson actor (Dick Tracy vs Crime Inc), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1968*Leopold Infeld Polish nuclear physicist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1969*Theodor Werner German painter, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1970*William T. Piper, American aircraft manufacturer, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1971*John Dall actor (Corn is Green, Rope), dies of heart attack at 50.Ref: 5
1973*Jef Alpaerts Flemish pianist/conductor, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1974*Karel Salmon composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1978*Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman were murdered in their sorority house at Florida State University in Tallahassee. Serial killer Ted Bundy was later convicted of the crime and executed.Ref: 70
1979*Donny Hathaway singer: Where is the Love, You’ve Got a Friend, The Closer I Get to You [w/Roberta Flack]; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Emanuel Celler (Representative-D-NY, 1923-73), dies at 92.Ref: 5
1981*David Lilienthal, American businessman and government official, dies at age 81.Ref: 5
1982*Red (Walter) Smith, Pulitzer Prize-winning sportswriter [NY Times: 1976]; dies at age 76.Ref: 4
1983*Meyer Lansky reputed mobster, dies in Miami Beach FL at 81.Ref: 5
1983*Shepperd Strudwick actor (Psychomania), dies of cancer at 75.Ref: 5
1985*Carol Wayne actress: The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, Scavenger Hunt, Heartbreakers; dies in a drowning accident in Manzanillo, Mexico.Ref: 70
1986*James H "Jim" Crowley US football player (Notre Dame), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1987*Ray Bolger (dancer, actor: the scarecrow in The Wizard of Oz) dies at age 82.Ref: 24
1987*Dolores Hawkins singer (Guy Mitchell Show), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1987*Gerrit Borgers Dutch literary, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1988*Sean MacBride, Irish statesman and winner of 1974 Nobel Peace Prize, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1990*Gordon Jackson actor (Hamlet), dies after a short illness at 66.Ref: 5
1990*Dame Peggy van Praagh, English-born ballet dancer; founder of the Australian Ballet, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1993*Henry Iba basketball coach, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1993 Huub H Jacobse Dutch MP (VVD), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1993*Sammy Cahn [Cohen], US songwriter (Bei Mir Bist Du Schön), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1993*7.5 earthquake strikes northern Japan, 2 die.Ref: 5
1993*Ken Cory dies of AIDS at 51.Ref: 5
1994*György Cziffra Hungarian/French pianist (Chopin/Liszt), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1994*Harry (Edward) Nilsson III, rock vocalist (Without You, Everybody's Talkin'), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1994*Philippe Brun jazz trumpeter, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1995*Sollie McElroy singer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1996*Les Baxter singer/orchestra leader/composer (Born Again), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1996*Moshushu II King of Lesotho (1966-90), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1996*Richard Charles Cobb historian, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1997*Jose Ignacio Domecq wine maker, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1997*Kenneth Thimann botanist, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1998*Amos "Junior" Wells blues harpist, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1998*Gulzarilal Nanda temporary PM of India (1964, 66), diesRef: 5
2001*Bob (Robert Earl) Braun Emmy Award-winning TV host [WLWT-TV]: The Bob Braun Show [1979]; regular on WCPO-TV's The Dottie Mack Show [carried on DuMont TV net]; radio host [WLW]: inducted into Cincinnati Radio Hall of Fame [1993]; singer: ’Til Death Do Us Part [1962]; actor: Die Hard 2, Ironside, Murder, She Wrote, The Young and the Restless; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Michael Bilandic, Chicago's mayor after Richard J. Daley died in 1976, dies at age 78. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen