Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 18th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
336*St Mark begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
350*General Maxentius drives out Western Roman emperor Constans.Ref: 5
532 Nika uprising at Constantinople fails, 30-40,000 die.Ref: 5
1307*German King Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia.Ref: 5
1486*King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV.Ref: 5
1562*The Council of Trent Ä called by the popes to deal with the monumental problems caused by the Reformation Ä reconvened, following a suspension of ten years.Ref: 5
1691*English king Willem III travels to The Hague.Ref: 5
1701*Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.Ref: 2
1701*Frederik I/Sophie Charlotte van Hanover crowned king/queen of Prussia.Ref: 5
1733*The first polar bear is exhibited in America (in Boston).Ref: 5
1777*San Jose CA is founded.Ref: 5
1788*The first English settlers, with 736 convicts, arrive in Australia's Botany Bay to establish a penal colony.Ref:77
1836*Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders. Knife aficionado Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.Ref: 2
1846*Taylor University was established in Fort Wayne, Indiana, under Methodist sponsorship.Ref: 5
1847*Donner Party: Seven survivors of the Forlorn Hope -- William Eddy, William Foster, and the five women -- reach safety at Johnson’s Ranch. Of the eight dead, seven have been cannibalized. Jay Fosdick died of exhaustion and starvation, but the two Indians, Luis and Salvador, were killed for food. Messages are dispatched to neighboring American settlements. The shocking news eventually reaches San Francisco, and public meetings are held to raise funds and organize rescue parties.Ref: 28
1850*British blockade Piræus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims.Ref: 5
1854*Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW México.Ref: 5
1869*The elegant California Theatre opens in San FranciscoRef: 5
1871 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck.Ref: 5
1880*Pat Garrett marries Apolinaria Gutierrez. The couple had 9 children. Ref 
1884*General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum.Ref: 5
1891*The first Armenian Church in the U.S. was consecrated in Worcester, MA. New churches were later consecrated in Fresno, CA (1900); West Hoboken, NJ (1907); and Fowler, CA (1910).Ref: 5
1901*Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re.Ref: 5
1902*The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.Ref: 2
1905*French government of Combes falls.Ref: 5
1919*Bentley Motors was established in London, England.Ref: 3
1919*The international peace conference seeking a formal end to World War I opens at Versailles, France, two months after the termination of the massive conflict.Ref: 3
1922 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy the Rotunda in Dublin.Ref: 5
1929*Stalin proposes to ban Trotsky from the Politburo.Ref: 5
1930*-27ºF (-33ºC), Watts OK (state record).Ref: 5
1933*White Sands National Monument, NM established.Ref: 5
1936*In Washington, DC, Catholic biblical scholars met to discuss two proposals: the preparation of a new Bible translation and the formation of a society of Catholic biblical scholars. In result, the Catholic Biblical Association (CBA) was formed in 1937, and the New American Bible (NAB) was published in 1970.Ref: 5
1941*One of the greatest race horses of his time, Epinard, was stolen during the German occupation of France.Ref: 4
1943*First resistance by Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.Ref: 35
1944*First Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts.Ref: 5
1945*The Dragon experiment, conducted by Frisch in which a U-235 hydride slug is dropped through a barely subcritical U-235 hydride assembly creates the world's first assembly critical through prompt neutrons alone (prompt critical). The largest energy production for a drop is 20 megawatts for 3 milliseconds (the temperature rises 6ºC in that time).Ref: 91
1948 Ghandi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslem-Hindu riots.Ref: 2
1948*First courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria.Ref: 5
1949*First US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson).Ref: 5
1949 South African Reverend Andries P Treurnicht marries Engela Dreyer.Ref: 5
1949*South African Reverend Andries P Treurnicht marries Engela Dreyer.Ref: 5
1950*The federal tax on oleomargarine was repealed.Ref: 4
1951 First use of lie detector in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1951*Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against German Democratic Republic".Ref: 5
1954 Fanfani forms Italian government.Ref: 5
1956 German Democratic Republic forms own army (National People's Army).Ref: 5
1957*The first, non-stop, ’round-the-world jet flight comes to an end at Riverside, CA. Three B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hours 19 minutes, refueling in the air.Ref: 4
1960*US & Japan sign joint defense treaty.Ref: 5
1961 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat.Ref: 5
1962*Southern University closed due to demonstrations.Ref: 5
1962*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1964*Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.Ref: 2
1965 H L de Vries appointed Dutch Governor of Suriname.Ref: 5
1966*Robert Clifton Weaver is sworn in as head of the newly created Department of Housing and Urban Development, becomes the first African-American to hold a post in the presidential cabinet.Ref: 3
1967*Albert DeSalvo, who claimed to be the "Boston Strangler," is convicted in Cambridge, Massachusetts, of armed robbery, assault and sex offenses. (Sentenced to life, DeSalvo was killed by a fellow inmate in 1973.) (Addendum: In December 2001, DNA evidence failed to link DeSalvo to the last Boston Strangler victim, castingthe killer's identity further in doubt.)Ref: 5
1967*Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada.Ref: 5
1967*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1968*Singer Eartha Kitt made headlines, as she got into a now-famous confrontation with Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson -- wife of the President of the United States -- at a White House luncheon to discuss urban crime. Ms. Kitt told Lady Bird (the First Lady) that American youth were rebelling against the war in Vietnam, linking the crime rate with the war escalation. She had a lot to say and it definitely was not, C’est Si Bon.Ref: 4
1968*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1974 Israel & Egypt sign peace agreements after Israel wins Yom Kippur War.Ref: 5
1978*Roof of 3-year-old Civic Center in Hartford CT collapses (no injuries).Ref: 5
1980*Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce.Ref: 5
1980*Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000.Ref: 5
1981*Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets.Ref: 5
1985*US renounces jurisdiction of World Court despite previous promise.Ref: 5
1986*New York Lotto pays $30.5 million to one winner (#s are 19-20-27-34-41-46).Ref: 5
1989*IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988.Ref: 5
1990*Washington DC Mayor Marion Barry was arrested in an FBI sting on drug-possession charges. (He was later convicted of a misdemeanor).Ref: 5
1990 South Africa says its reconsidering ban on African National Congress.Ref: 5
1990*A jury in Los Angeles acquitted former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.Ref: 70
1991*US acknowledges CIA and US Army paid Noriega $320,000 over his career.Ref: 5
1991*Financially strapped Eastern Airlines shut down after 62 years in business.Ref: 70
1993*Scott Pennington, 17, walks into Deanna McDavid's seventh-period English class at East Carter High School in Grayson KY and shot her in the head. He then shot janitor Marvin Hicks in the abdomen. Pennington was sentenced to life without parole for 25 years.Ref: 9
1993*The Martin Luther King Jr. holiday was observed in all 50 states for the first time.Ref: 70
1995*Pope John Paul II begins visit to Australia.Ref: 5
2001*Civil rights leader Jesse Jackson said he had had an extramarital affair that resulted in the birth of a daughter.Ref: 70
2002*1970s radical-turned-suburban mother Sara Jane Olson was sentenced in Los Angeles to 20 years to life in prison for plotting to blow up a pair of police cars 27 years earlier.Ref: 70
1644*Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's first UFO sighting.Ref: 5
1778*Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the 'Sandwich Islands' after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.Ref: 2
1803*Lewis & Clark: In secret communication to Congress, Jefferson seeks authorization for expedition – first official exploration of unknown spaces undertaken by United States government. Appropriation of $2,500 requested. (Final cost will be $38,000.).Ref: 65
1896*The x-ray machine was exhibited (in New York City) for the first time. To see the machine, one had to pay a 25¢ admission charge. To see an x-ray machine at your friendly neighborhood doctor’s or dentist’s office will set you back at least $65 today.Ref: 4
1911*Lt. Eugene Ely, USN, flies from Camp Selfridge to the deck of the armored cruiser USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay. Ref 
1912*After a two-month ordeal, the expedition of British explorer Robert Falcon Scott arrives at the South Pole only to find that Roald Amundsen, the Norwegian explorer, had preceded them by just over a month. The ill-fated explorers ran out of provisions and died 11 miles from base camp.Ref: 3
1923 First radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies.Ref: 5
1969*Soyuz 5 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1978*The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire's disease.Ref: 2
1978*Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB.Ref: 5
1986*24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1989*Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC).Ref: 5
1995*France announces discovery of 30,000 year old cave paintings including panther, hyena and owlsRef: 10
1478 Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod.Ref: 5
1520 Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde.Ref: 5
1650*French Prince Louis II of Condé captured.Ref: 5
1671*Henry Morgan, the pirate, captures Panama from Spain on behalf of England and is knighted regardless of his ruthless techniques.Ref: 5
1770*Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan) mob fight becomes first attack on British soldiers in Revolutionary War.Ref: 10
1795*French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance.Ref: 5
1795*Governor/Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England.Ref: 5
1817 San Martin leads a revolutionary army over Andes.Ref: 5
1862*Confederate Territory of Arizona is formed.Ref: 5
1865*Battle of Fort Moultrie SC.Ref: 5
1896*British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa.Ref: 5
1913 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy.Ref: 5
1915 Japan's Twenty-One Demands on China. 
1916*The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.Ref: 2
1942*German-Japanese-Italian military agreement signed in Berlin. 
1942*General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan.Ref: 2
1942*Japanese take North Borneo. 
1942*Nazis arrest journalists Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman.Ref: 5
1943*U.S. commercial bakers stopped selling sliced bread. Only whole loaves were sold until the end of World War II. This action is aimed at reducing bakeries demand for metal replacement parts.Ref: 35
1943*The Soviets announced that they had broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad.Ref: 70
1945*The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.Ref: 2
1945*Nazis evacuate 66,000 from Auschwitz.Ref: 35
1962*The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.Ref: 2
1969*Expanded 4 party Vietnam peace talks began in Paris.Ref: 5
1991*Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.Ref: 2
1886*The Hockey Association was formed in England. This date is celebrated as the birthday of modern field hockey ... not the kind of hockey played on ice. That came later.Ref: 4
1887*Kansas City receives a franchise in the Western League; the team vows to compete with the NL team in town.Ref: 1
1895*Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1938*Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1947*Due to a misunderstanding of the Tigers' owner, who believed Hank Greenberg had posed in a Yankee jersey, the 1946 American League home run leader (44) is sold to the Pirates. In Pittsburgh, Hammerin' Hank will join the National League home run leader, Ralph Kiner (23).Ref: 1
1950*After a sub-par record of 15-14, Bob Feller takes a $20,000 cut. The decrease to $45,000 is Rapid Robert's idea.Ref: 1
1951*NFL rules tackles, guards & centers ineligible for forward pass.Ref: 5
1951*NFL takes control of the failing Baltimore Colts.Ref: 5
1952*The White Sox accepts the resignation of Charlie A. Comiskey, Jr. after his request for more money is refused.Ref: 1
1953*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open.Ref: 5
1958*First black in the NHL (William O'Ree, Boston Bruins).Ref: 5
1959*Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open.Ref: 5
1963 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10 59).Ref: 5
1967*20th NHL All-Star Game: Montréal beats All-Stars 3-0 at Montréal.Ref: 5
1969*Ted Williams is appointed manager of the Washington Senators.Ref: 86
1970 Hasse Börjes skates world record 500 minutes in 38.9 seconds.Ref: 5
1970*NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 16-13.Ref: 5
1971 Ivan Koloff beats Bruno Sammartino in NY, to become WWF champ.Ref: 5
1973*Orlando Cepeda signs with the Red Sox making him the first player to be signed by a team as a designated hitter.Ref: 1
1973*Islanders break 12 game losing streak, 20 game road winless streak.Ref: 5
1976*Super Bowl X, Pittsburgh 21, Dallas 17, at the Orange Bowl in Miami. Ref 
1983*IOC restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals 70 years after they were taken from him for being paid $25 in semipro baseball.Ref: 5
1984*80th Islander & 3rd dual hat trick (Carroll & Bossy) 9-1 win.Ref: 5
1985*Running in competition for the first time since her famed collision with Zola Budd during the 1984 Olympics, Mary Decker broke a world indoor record. She ran the women’s 2,000-meter race in just 5 minutes, 34.2 seconds. The indoor track meet was held in Los Angeles.Ref: 4
1989*Candace Thomas marries Steve Garvey.Ref: 5
1991*WLAF's New York Knights become New York-New Jersey Knights.Ref: 5
1991*Longest tennis match at the Australian Open, Boris Becker beats Italy's Omar Camporese in 5 hours & 11 minutes.Ref: 5
1992*43rd NHL All Star Game Campbell-10, Wales-6 (Brett Hull, MVP) at Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1996*Baseball owners unanimously approve interleague play in 1997.Ref: 5
1997*Oscar De La Hoya defended his World Boxing Council super lightweight title in Las Vegas. He won a 12-round unanimous decision over Miguel Angel Gonzalez.Ref: 4
1997*Norwegian Borge Ousland completed the first solo crossing of Antarctica via the South Pole. Ousland travelled 1,675 miles and was the first to traverse the continent alone.Ref: 4
1997*47th NHL All-Star Game East beat West 11-7 at San Jose Arena.Ref: 5
1998*48th NHL All-Star Game North America beats World 8-7 at Vancouver.Ref: 5
1998*ABL All-Star Game at Disney complex in Orlando FL (West beats East 102-73).Ref: 5
1998*Boston Celtics retire Robert Parrish's #00.Ref: 5
1998*Kelly Robbins wins Healthsouth Golf Inaugural.Ref: 5
2002*The Mariners avoid arbitration with pitcher Freddy Garcia (18-6, 3.05) by signing him to a one-year, $3.8-million deal. The twenty-five year old standout right-handed hurler led the American League in earned run average last season.Ref: 1
2002*Kerry Wood (12-6, 3.36) avoids arbitration agreeing a one-year deal with the Cubs believed to be worth between $3.5 and 4 million. The right-handed fireballer, who struck out 217 batters in 174.1 innings, is again eligible for arbitration after each of the next two seasons and can become a free agent following the 2004 season.Ref: 1
2002*Scott Rolen (.289. 25, 107) avoids arbitration signing the largest contract in team history, a $8.6 million, one-year deal with the Phillies. The Gold Glove third baseman resisted any attempts made by Philadelphia to enter into a multiyear contract.Ref: 1
2002*Randomly selected from the crowd, Devil Rays' Randy Winn sinks a half court-shot at a NBA Los Angeles Clippers' game to win a Mitsubishi Lancer. The TampaBay outfielder played some college hoops at Santa Clara.Ref: 1
2004*The New England Patriots win the AFC title game, beating the Indianapolis Colts 24-14. (XDG, p 14, 1/19/2004)Ref: 83
2004*The Carolina Panthers win the NFC title game, beating the Philadelphia Eagles 14-3. (XDG, p 14, 1/19/2004)Ref: 83
1840 Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, first US electrical journal, appears.Ref: 5
1900 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels.Ref: 5
1908 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres.Ref: 5
1921*William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1929*New York Daily Mirror columnist Walter Winchell made his debut on radio, broadcasting a blend of political commentary and celebrity gossip to “Mr. and Mrs. America...” His quick-jabbing, penetrating manner became his trademark. And so did his fedora hat.Ref: 4
1930*Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "The Nose" premieres in Leningrad.Ref: 5
1934*Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1937 CBS radio introduced listeners to Aunt Jenny’s Real Life Stories for the first time. A complete story was told in five, 15-minute episodes which aired Monday thru Friday each week. Aunt Jenny was played by Edith Spencer and later, by Agnes Young. The show continued on radio until 1956 and was sponsored over the years by Spry shortening and Lux soap. Aunt Jenny’s whistling canary, for those of you ready to inquire, was played by animal imitator, Henry Boyd.Ref: 4
1939*Louis Armstrong and his orchestra recorded Jeepers Creepers on Decca Records. Satchmo lent his vocal talents to this classic jump tune.Ref: 4
1944*The first jazz concert was held at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. The stars of the concert were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.Ref: 4
1947*"Red Mill" closes at Ziegfeld Theater New York City NY after 831 performances.Ref: 5
1948*Ted Mack comes to television as The Original Amateur Hour debuts on the DuMont network (later NBC/ABC/CBS).Ref: 4
1949*"They Stand Accused" courtroom drama premieres on CBS (later DuMont).Ref: 5
1950 Christopher Fry's "Venus Observed" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1951*Joan Blondell made her debut on TV in the Pot of Gold episode of Airflyte Theatre on CBS-TV. Twenty-one-years earlier she had made her film debut in Sinner’s Holiday with James Cagney. They were both stage performers before Al Jolson discovered them for Warner Brothers.Ref: 4
1952*The Motion Picture Screen Cartoonist's Union (Local 839) chartered.Ref: 73
1964*Beatles 1st appearance in Billboard Chart (I Want to Hold Your Hand-#35).Ref: 5
1968*"Happy Time" opens at Broadway Theater New York City NY for 286 performances.Ref: 5
1968*Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1973*Pink Floyd began recording Dark Side of the Moon, which would become the longest-charting record in Billboard magazine’s history. It remained on the album chart for more than 14 years - until mid-1988 - selling over five-million copies.Ref: 4
1973*John Cleese's final episode on "Monty Python's Flying Circus" on BBC.Ref: 5
1974*"The $6 Million Man" starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV.Ref: 5
1975*"The Jeffersons" spin-off from "All in the Family" premieres on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1979 Peter Jenkins finishes "A Walk Across America", Florence OR.Ref: 5
1980*Pink Floyd's "The Wall" hits #1.Ref: 5
1981 Wendy O Williams arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity.Ref: 5
1986*Dionne Warwick’s single for AID’s research, "That’s What Friends Are For", became her second #1 song on the music charts. Although Dionne had many hits in the 1960s, singing Burt Bacharach tunes like, I Say a Little Prayer and Do You Know the Way to San Jose; she first hit the top spot when she added an ‘e’ to Warwick and joined the Spinners in the 1974 hit, Then Came You. She changed her name back to Warwick (without the ‘e’) after making a couple of hits produced by Barry Manilow in the early ’80s. That’ll do it. Remember, I’ll Never Love This Way Again?Ref: 4
1987*For the first time in its history, the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) was seen by over 100 million viewers. The audience was measured during the week of January 12-18.Ref: 4
1987*11th Soap Opera Digest Poll Awards Days of Our Live wins.Ref: 5
1989*Otis Redding, Dion, Rolling Stones, Temptations & Stevie Wonder inducted into Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1990*Eric Clapton kicked off an unprecedented string of 18 concerts at London’s Royal Albert Hall in support of his solo album, Journeyman.Ref: 4
1992*Comedian Pat McCormick injured in a car accident.Ref: 5
1992*Actress Joan Chen (Twin Peaks) marries Dr Peter Hui.Ref: 5
1992*49th Golden Globes.Ref: 5
1996*Lisa Marie Presley filed for divorce from Michael Jackson in NY.Ref: 5
1998*"Ragtime" opens at Ford Theater New York City NY.Ref: 5
1998*55th Golden Globes Awards.Ref: 5
1998*UCP TelethonRef: 5
1543*Alfonso Ferrabosco composer, is born.Ref: 5
1641*François Michel le Tellier French statesman (Marquis de Louvois), is born.Ref: 5
1657*Hendrik Casimir II Dutch Fieldmarshal (Nassau), is born.Ref: 5
1685*Tiberius Hemsterhuis Dutch Classical prof, baptized, is born.Ref: 5
1689*Charles de Montesquieu France, philosopher/writer (Lettres Persanes), is born.Ref: 5
1726*Hendrik prince of Prussia/diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1732*Jean-Guillain Cardon composer, is born.Ref: 5
1751*Ferdinand Kauer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Peter Roget thesaurus fame/inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard), is born.Ref: 4
1782*Daniel Webster statesman, (Rep-NH, Sen-MA): “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.”; subject of Benet’s The Devil and Daniel Webster; is born in Salisbury NH.Ref: 4
1793*William Henry Havergal composer, is born.Ref: 5
1795*Anna Paulowna Romanova monarch of Russia/daughter of czar Paul I, is born.Ref: 5
1809*Richard Caswell Gatlin Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896, is born.Ref: 5
1813*Joseph Farwell Glidden inventor (1st commercial usable barbed wire), is born.Ref: 5
1815*James Chesnut Jr Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Richard Yates Warsaw KY, Governor-Illinois (1861-65), died in 1873, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Birth of L.F.K. Tischendorf, German biblical and textual scholar. In 1844 he discovered one of the oldest and most valuable manuscripts of the Greek Bible, the Codex Sinaiticus, which dates back to the 4th century.Ref: 5
1817*Jacques Gregoir composer, is born.Ref: 5
1818*Johannes van Vloten Dutch literary/theologist, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Abraham Buford Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884, is born.Ref: 5
1829*Louis van Haecke Flemish chaplain/author (Blood to Bridge), is born.Ref: 5
1831*Edward Ferrero Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899, is born.Ref: 5
1835*César A Cui Vilna Lithuania, fort architect/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Jan van Droogenbroeck Flemish poet, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Austin Dobson England, poet/critic/biographer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Ernst Rudorff composer, is born.Ref: 5
1841*Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier France, composer (Le Roi Malgré Lui), is born.Ref: 5
1849*Sir Edmund Barton 1st PM of Australia (1900-03), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Seth Low, American philanthropist/educator, is born.Ref: 70
1854*Thomas A Watson, Alexander Graham Bell's assistant, is born.Ref: 5
1856*John Hyatt Brewer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Otto von Below German commandant (WWI), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Daniel Hale Williams, the first physician to perform open heart surgery and founder of Provident Hospital in Chicago, Ill, is born.Ref: 2
1861*Hans Goldschmidt German chemist, is born.Ref: 5
1861*Raymond Huntington Woodman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Rubén Darío national poet (Nicaragua), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Willem De Vreese Flemish linguist/biblographer, is born.Ref: 5
1870*Berend Modderman printer (Drukkers yearbook), is born.Ref: 5
1871*Franz Blei [Peregrinus Steinhövel], Austrian painter/critic, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Paul Leautaud [Maurice Boissard], France, writer (Petit ami), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Myron Taylor, American financier/diplomat, is born.Ref: 70
1878*Hendrik Baels Belgian politician, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Henri-Honoré Giraud French General /member of parliament, is born.Ref: 5
1880*Paul Ehrenfest Austria/Netherlands physicist (adiabates hypothesis), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Gaston Gallimard French publisher (Librairie Gallimard), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Author of "Winnie the Pooh" A.A. (Alan Alexander) Milne is born.Ref: 17
1882*Jacob Clay Dutch philosopher/physicist (Mesones), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Sylvia Pankhurst English feminist, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Arthur Ransome English author (Swallows & Amazons), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Antoine Pevsner French sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Peter Alma Dutch painter/graphic artist, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Sir Thomas Octave Sopwith, aviator, airplane builder, Sopwith Pup, Sopwith Camel, Hurricane, and the Harrier VTOL, bornRef: 68
1892*Oliver (Norvell) Hardy (of Laurel & Hardy) is born in Harlem GA.Ref: 4
1893*John Lawrence Seymour composer, is born.Ref: 5
1893*Jorge Guillén Valladolid Spain, poet/critic (Cántico, Final), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff Dutch parapsychologist, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Hans H Holm Norwegian poet (Jonsoknatt)Ref: 5
1901*Arie Querido Dutch social psychiatrist, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Berthold Goldschmidt German/British (opera)composer (Beatrice Cenci), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Cary Grant (Archibald Alexander Leach) England, actor (Arsenic & Old Lace, North by Northwest), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Henri-Georges Adam French etcher/painter/sculptor (Grand Nude), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Chick Chandler Kingston NY, actor (Barney-One Happy Family), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Hans Aeschbacher Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Janos Ferencsik Budapest Hungary, conductor (Budapest Opera), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Albert P Morano (Representative-R-CT, 1951-59), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Jacob Bronowsky British mathematician/cultural historian, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Arthur John Howard actor (Frieda, Last Holiday, Paradiso, Glass Cage), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Gabor Darvas composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*William Sansom English writer (The Loving Eye), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Charles Moeller Belgian theologist (Humanisme et sainteté), is born.Ref: 5
1912 René Gabriëls Belgian billiard pro (7 World/9 European championships), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Danny Kaye (David Daniel Kaminski) comedian, dancer, singer, actor: Up In Arms, Hans Christian Anderson, White Christmas, The Danny Kaye Show; UNICEF ambassador; broadcaster: partner in Kaye/Smith Broadcasting: KJR AM/FM, Seattle, KJRB, Spokane; is born.Ref: 68
1914*Arno Schmidt writer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Oscar Lewenstein impressario, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Adriano Mandarino Hypolito priest, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Bohuslav Jeremias composer, dies at 58, is born.Ref: 5
1918 Ton Brandsteder CEO/founder (Sony Nederland), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Juan Antonio Orrego-Salas Santiago Chile, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Bruce Woodcock boxer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Constance Moore Sioux City IA, actress (Window on Main Street), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Yehezkiel Braun composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Donald Baverstock TV producer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Anthony Joly de Lotbiniere TV producer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Gilles Deleuze philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Roepie Kruize Dutch field hockey player (Olympics-Bronze-48/Silver-52), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Robert Anton Wilson US, sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Joe Schmidt Pro Football Hall of Famer: linebacker: Detroit Lions All-Pro [1954-1959, 1961, 1962]; Detroit Lions coach [1967-1972], is born.Ref: 68
1933*Ray Dolby, inventor of Dolby sound, is born.Ref: 5
1933*John Boorman producer/director (Exorcist II, Deliverance, Zardoz), is born.Ref: 5
1933*David Bellamy English botanist/tv-program maker, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Raymond Briggs English author (Fungus the Bogeyman), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Curt (Curtis Charles) Flood baseball: Cincinnati Redlegs, SL Cardinals [World Series: 1964, 1967, 1968/all-star: 1964, 1966, 1968], Washington Senators; is born.Ref: 4
1939*Bernard Glassman New York, Zen teacher/head (Zen Center of NY), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Bobby Goldsboro, Marianna FL, singer (Honey), is born.Ref: 17
1941*David Ruffin Mississippi, vocalist (Temptations-Papa Was a Rolling Stone), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Tom Bailey rock vocalist (Thompson Twins-Doctor Doctor), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Iva Zanicchi actress (Ragazza Tutta d'Oro), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Dave Greene rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Larry "Legs" Smith rocker (Bonzo Dog Band-Urban Spaceman), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Relus ter Beek Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Carl (Wendle) Morton baseball: pitcher: Montreal Expos [National League Rookie of the Year: 1970], Atlanta Braves; is born.Ref: 4
1944 Relus ter Beek Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Jimmy Caruthers auto racer: USAC National Midget Championship [1970], is born.Ref: 4
1946*Katia Ricciarelli actress (Falstaff, Otello, Turandot), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Takeshi Kitano Tokyo Japan, actor (Merry Christmas Mr Lawrence), is born.Ref: 5
1950*John Hughes director (Breakfast Club, 16 Candles, Weird Science), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Claudia de Colombia Bogato Columbia, Spanish singer (Yo Creo En Ti), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Gilles Villeneuve Canadian auto racer, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bud Stallworth basketball: Univ. of Kansas, Seattle SuperSonics, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Pete Laframboise hockey: Oshawa Generals, Ottawa 67s, Providence Reds, Baltimore Clippers, California Golden Seals, Washington Capitals, Pittsburgh Penguins, Hershey Bears, Springfield Indians, Edmonton Oilers, Binghamton Dusters, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Pat Sullivan football: Atlanta Falcons quarterback; Auburn: Heisman Trophy winner [1971], is born.Ref: 4
1953*Brett Hudson Portland OR, comedian (Bonkers, Hudson Brothers Show), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Scott McGregor baseball: pitcher: Baltimore Orioles [World Series: 1979, 1983], is born.Ref: 4
1955*Johannes AM "Hans" van Tongeren Dutch actor (Hunk), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Kevin Costner Los Angeles CA, actor (Fandango, Silverado, Bull Durham), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Mable Fergerson Los Angeles CA, 4x400m runner (Olympics-silver-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Mark Collie Waynesboro TN, country singer (Another Old Soldier), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Tom Bailey rock vocalist/keyboardist (Thompson Twins-Doctor Doctor), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Jeffrey N Williams Superior WI, Major Army/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Larry Smith NBA player, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Bob Rosenberg rocker (Will To Power), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mark D Messier Edmonton Alberta, NHL Center (Edmonton, New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Alison Arngrim actress (Nellie-Little House of the Prairie), is born.Ref: 5
1962*David O'Connor equestrian 3-day (Olympics-silver-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jane Horrocks Lancashire England, actress (Absolutely Fabulous), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Brady Anderson Silver Spring MD, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Jenny Holliday Australian softball pitcher (Olympics-bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Richard Dunwoody British jockey), is born.Ref: 5
1967*M C Tab [Sharon Richard], New York City NY, rapper, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Kim Perrot WNBA guard (Houston Comets), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Peter Cox Jr Bronxville NY, fencer-sabre (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Larry Webster defensive tackle (Baltimore Ravens), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marvin Pope CFL defensive end (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Leo Araguz NLF/WLAF punter (Oakland Raiders, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Andre Coleman NFL wide receiver/kick returner (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Greg Engel NFL center (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Dwayne Carswell NFL tight end (Denver Broncos-Super Bowl XXXII), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Mike Lieberthal Glendale CA, catcher (Philadelphia Phillies), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ryan Kuehl defensive tackle (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Steven Conley linebacker (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Crispian Mills London, vocalist/guitarist (Kula Shaker), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Edward Jasper defensive tackle (Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Junior Burrough NBA forward (Boston Celtics), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Regilio Vreede soccer player (Blue White, RKC), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Devon Odessa actor (Sharon-My So Called Life, Girl of Limberlost), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Shane Burton defensive tackle (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Derek Smith linebacker (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Laurence Courtois Kortrijk Belgium, tennis star (1995 finalist Jakarta), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Vincent Polvliet soccer player (FC Utrecht), is born.Ref: 5
1981*Kimberly Gloudemans Miss California Teen-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1981*Latoya Farley Miss Oklahoma Teen-USA (1996)Ref: 5
1367*Pedro I king of Portugal (1357-67), dies at 46.Ref: 5
1479*Louis IX the Rich, duke of Bayern (U of Ingolstadt), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1580*Antonio Scandello Italian composer (Passion of John), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1659*Benedikt Lechler composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1664*Moise Amyrault French theologist/vicar, dies.Ref: 5
1666*Adriaen A Bloemaert Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56.Ref: 5
1677*John A van Riebeeck Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1730*Peter II czar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14.Ref: 5
1760*Claudio Casciolini composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1769*Hakuin Ekaku Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan.Ref: 5
1854*Juda Turo American philanthropist, dies.Ref: 5
1861*John Heathcoat, English inventor of lace-making machinery, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1862*The tenth president of the United States, John Tyler, dies in Richmond, Virginia, at age 71.Ref: 68
1875*Joseph Philbrick Webster composer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1886*Michal Czajchovski [Sadik Pasja], writer, dies.Ref: 5
1890*Amadeus I FM king of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1902*Filippo Marchetti composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1903*Abram Stevens Hewitt, American industrialist & philanthropist who became mayor of N. Y. C., dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1906*Bartolomé Mitre President of Argentina (1862-70), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1908*Edmund Steadman, American poet and banker, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1913*Edmond R H Regout Dutch industrialist/politician, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1915*Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die.Ref: 5
1919*John C F son of English king George V, dies at 13.Ref: 5
1921*Adolf von Hildebrand German sculptor, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1923*Wallace Reid actor (Birth of a Nation), dies at 31.Ref: 5
1927*Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of Girl Scouts of America, dies at age 66.Ref: 68
1936*Rudyard Kipling novelist, short story author, poet: Nobel Prize for Literature [1907]; The Jungle Book, Captains Courageous, Wee Willie Winkie and other Stories, Gunga Din; dies in Burwash England.Ref: 4
1940*Kazimierz P Tetmajer Polish writer/poet (Young Poland), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1947*Small river steamer sank on Yangtze River, kills 400.Ref: 5
1951*Robert Mark US chairman (Caste World Congress), dies at 41.Ref: 5
1961*Thomas Dooley, American physician/author, dies at age 34.Ref: 70
1962*Raymond Moulaert composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1963 Hugh Gaitskell, dies.Ref: 10
1966*Kathleen Norris US author, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1967*Barney Ross Welterweight Boxing Champ (1934), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1967*Albert Conti actor (Eagle, Jazz Heaven, Topaz), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1967*Harry Antrim actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies of heart attack at 83.Ref: 5
1967*Reese "Goose" Tatum basketballer (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1967*Simon Berkelbach van der Sprenkel vicar/theologist, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1968*Lee Tracy actor (Martin Kane-Martin Kane Private Eye), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1968*Bert Wheeler actor (Rainmakers, High Flyers, Dixiana), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1968*John Ridgely actor (Air Force, Possessed, Big Sleep), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1970*David O McKay 9th Mormon president, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1971*Catherine Calvert actress (Fires of Faith), dies of stroke at 80.Ref: 5
1971*Nora Stanton Barney, American civil engineer, architect and suffragist, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1972*Rudolf Wittelsbach composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1976*Ad Verhoeven soccer player (Xerxes, Sparta), dies in crash.Ref: 5
1976*Sonia Dresdel actor (Fallen Idol, Secret Tent), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1977*Carl Zuckmayer German/Swiss/US playwright (Second Wind), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1977*Paul Nordoff US composer (Frog Prince), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1977*Yvonne Printemps actress (Paris Waltz, Voyage to America), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1978*Carl Betz actor (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show), dies at 56.Ref: 68
1978*Ivan Ivonovich Dzerzhinsky composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1979*Cyril Mockridge composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1980*Cecil Beaton British photographer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1982*Trent Lehman actor (Butch-Nanny & the Professor), dies at 20.Ref: 5
1982*Burnet Corwin Tuthill US composer (Laurentia), dies at 93.Ref: 5
1982*Ramón (J) Sender (Garcés) Spanish writer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1984*Malcolm H Kerr 9th president of American University of Beirut, shot dead.Ref: 5
1985*Mahmoud Taha Sudanese Moslem leader, hanged at 76.Ref: 5
1985*Wilfrid Brambell actor (Hard Day's Night, Boys), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1986*Claire James actress (Jack Armstrong), dies.Ref: 5
1988*Airliner crashes in SW China, killing all 108 on board.Ref: 5
1989*Bruce Chatwin British writer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1990*Rusty Hamer actor: Make Room for Daddy; commits suicide.Ref: 4
1990*Melanie Appleby rocker (Mel & Kim), dies of liver cancer at 23.Ref: 5
1991*Hamilton Fish congressman (NY), dies at 102.Ref: 5
1991*Lillian Bond actress (Air Mail, Pick-up, Blond Cheat), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1991*Nita Krebs actor (Munchkin-Wizard of Oz), dies of heart attack at 85.Ref: 5
1992*John Remme entertainer, dies of AIDS at 56.Ref: 5
1992*Tom Elios entertainer, dies.Ref: 5
1993*M Eleonore Lippits first Dutch female missionary doctor, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1993*Mia Meijer Dutch playwright/director (Machine Child), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Mike Templeton 2nd person to receive a heart pump, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1994*Arthur Altman songwriter, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1995*Charles Baskerville vocalist, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1995*Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel Chemistry - 1939), dies at age 91.Ref: 11
1995 Joseph Kagan businessman, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1996 Pool hustler Minnesota Fats (Rudolf Wanderone Jr) dies.Ref: 5
1996*Leonor Fini painter, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1996*N T Rama Rao PM of Andhra Pradesh India (1983-84, 84-89, 94-95), dies.Ref: 5
1997*Myfanwy Piper librettist, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1997*Neville Crump racehorse trainer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1997*Former Massachusetts senator and Democratic presidential contender Paul Tsongas died in Boston of pneumonia at age 55.Ref: 70
2001*Al Waxman (Albert Samuel Waxman) actor: Cagney & Lacey, The Victors, Wild Horse Hank, Meatballs III, Iron Eagle IV, The Hurricane; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Jan, Sweden. One student killed by two boys, ages 17 and 19.Ref: 88
2002*Alex Hannum basketball: player: Syracuse Nationals; coach: only coach to win titles in both NBA [Philadelphia ’76ers] and ABA [Oakland Oaks]; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen