Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 21st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1077 German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness.Ref: 5
1189*Philip Augustus, Henry II of England and Frederick Barbarossa assemble the troops for the Third Crusade.Ref: 2
1276*Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocent V.Ref: 69
1324 Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon.Ref: 5
1506 Swiss Guard in Vatican City founded-oldest army in the world.Ref: 10
1522*Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope.Ref: 5
1525*History's first Anabaptist baptismal service took place in Zurich, Switzerland, when Conrad Grebel (re-)baptized George Blaurock.Ref: 5
1542*Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard.Ref: 5
1549*Parliament passed the first of four British Acts of Uniformity, this first requiring the exclusive use of the Book of Common Prayer (later called the First Prayer Book of Edward VI) in all public services of the Anglican Church.Ref: 5
1648*In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly.Ref: 2
1732*Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha.Ref: 5
1785*Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States.Ref: 2
1793*Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty (Poland divided).Ref: 5
1812*The famous Y-bridge in Zanesville, OH was approved for construction.Ref: 4
1830*Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported.Ref: 5
1861*The future president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis of MS, and four other Southerners resigned from the U.S. Senate.Ref: 70
1863 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years.Ref: 5
1865*For the first time, an oil well was drilled by torpedoes. The well was near Titusville, PA.Ref: 4
1880*First US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis TN.Ref: 5
1907*First taxi cabs hit the cobblestones in Britain.Ref: 10
1908*New York City enacted an ordinance that made smoking by women in public punishable by a fine of from $5 to $25 and up to 10 days in jailRef: 4
1908*First No Smoking legislation; Sullivan Ordinance states women are not permitted to smoke cigarettes in public in New York City.Ref: 17
1910*Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway.Ref: 2
1913*Aristide Briand forms French government.Ref: 5
1915*The first Kiwanis Club was founded, in DetroitRef: 70
1919 The German Krupp plant begins producing guns under the U.S. armistice terms.Ref: 2
1919 Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland.Ref: 5
1921 J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe's destitute.Ref: 2
1925 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe President.Ref: 5
1926*Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties.Ref: 5
1930 An international arms control meeting opens in London.Ref: 2
1933*The League of Nations rejects Japanese terms for settlement with China.Ref: 2
1935 The Wilderness Society was formedRef: 5
1938*Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance.Ref: 5
1940 Foreign correspondents in Netherlands under censorship.Ref: 5
1941*First anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria.Ref: 5
1941*British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned.Ref: 5
1942*Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal.Ref: 5
1949*First inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman).Ref: 5
1950*Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury in denying that he passed secret documents to Communist agent Whittaker Chambers.Ref: 87
1952 Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India.Ref: 5
1953*John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State.Ref: 5
1954*The Nautilus, the first atomic-powered submarine, was launched in Groton, CT. First Lady Mamie Eisenhower christened the vessel with a bottle of champagne. We wonder if the Nautilus was ever used as an oil well-drilling submarine.Ref: 4
1954*The gas turbine automobile was introduced in New York City. This baby packed a lot of punch, with a 370 horsepower, ‘whirlfire’ turbopower jet to power it.Ref: 4
1958*The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries.Ref: 2
1959*Rains cause flash flooding in Ohio, including the Xenia area on US 35 west. (XDG, 1/22/1959)Ref: 83
1961 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria.Ref: 5
1962*Snow falls in San Francisco.Ref: 5
1962*JFK arrives in Uruguay.Ref: 5
1963*Glen Canyon Dam was dedicatedRef: 62
1964*Carl Rowen succeeded Edward R. Murrow as head of the United States Information Agency (USIA), which managed the worldwide Voice of America. Murrow had held the office for three years. Rowan came from a news background from NBC, as Murrow did over at CBS.Ref: 4
1965*Persians premier Ali Mansoer injured.Ref: 5
1968*US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland.Ref: 5
1970*The first Boeing 747, the largest jet airliner in the world, landed at London Heathrow Airport at the end of its maiden transatlantic flight.Ref: 4
1972 Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh territory.Ref: 5
1972 Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union.Ref: 5
1972 Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory.Ref: 5
1972 Belgium government of Eyskens-Cools forms.Ref: 5
1974*The U.S. Supreme Court decides that pregnant teachers can no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.Ref: 2
1974*Gold hits record $161.31 an ounce in London.Ref: 5
1974*Silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London.Ref: 5
1976*Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT).Ref: 2
1976*The French Concorde SST aircraft, with its droopy nose and sound-barrier smashing speed, begins regular commercial service for Air France (Paris-to-Rio service, via Cakar) and British Airways (London-to-Bahrain).Ref: 4
1977*President Carter urges 65º as the maximum heat in homes to ease the energy crisis.Ref: 2
1977*President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.Ref: 17
1977 Italy legalizes abortion.Ref: 5
1979*Price of gold increases to record $875 troy ounce.Ref: 5
1979*Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer).Ref: 5
1980*Gold hits record $850 an ounce.Ref: 5
1981*Bernhard Goetz is assaulted for 1st time on a New York subway train.Ref: 5
1983*Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid.Ref: 5
1985*-19ºF (-28ºC), Caesar's Head SC (state record).Ref: 5
1985*-34ºF (-37ºC), Mt Mitchell NC (state record).Ref: 5
1985*Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java.Ref: 5
1986*Allison J Brown, 17, of Oklahoma, crowned 4th Miss Teen USA.Ref: 5
1986*Charismatic Bible Ministries was founded in Oklahoma. A fraternal fellowship of charismatic organizations, CBM held its first major conference in June 1986 in Tulsa.Ref: 5
1987*Archbishop's envoy Terry Waite disappears in Lebanon.Ref: 5
1987*BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to University of Mississippi.Ref: 5
1988*US accept immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children.Ref: 5
1989*A woman is assaulted & raped in the room of an Oklahoma football player.Ref: 5
1992*The Supreme Court agreed to review a Pennsylvania law imposing wait periods and other restrictions on abortions. The court later upholds most restrictions while reaffirming women's constitutional right to abortion. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2002).Ref: 83
1993*Congressman Mike Espy of Mississippi is confirmed as Secretary of the Department of Agriculture.Ref: 2
1994*A jury in Manassas, Va., acquits Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporary insanity of maliciously wounding her husband, John, whom she'd accused of sexually assaulting her.Ref: 70
1994*Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20).Ref: 5
1997*Speaker Newt Gingrich is reprimanded and fined as the House voted for first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.Ref: 70
1997*(OJ Simpson) Closing argument of Daniel Petrocelli for the plaintiffs. Petrocelli points at Simpson and says, "There's a killer in this courtroom."Ref: 87
1998*President Clinton angrily denied reports he'd had an affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and had tried to get her to lie about it.Ref: 6
1998*Pope John Paul II began his first visit to Cuba.Ref: 70
1999*Former Senator Dale Bumpers (Sen-D-AR) told the Senate impeachment trial of Bill Clinton the president was guilty of a "terrible moral lapse" but not of conduct warranting or even permitting his removal from office. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2004)Ref: 83
1999*Raul Salinas de Gotari, brother of a former Mexican president, is convicted of masterminding the murder of rival Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2004)Ref: 83
2000*The grandmothers of Elian Gonzalez traveled to the United States to plead for the boy's return to Cuba.Ref: 70
2003*Columbian rebels kidnap an American photographer and a British reporter, the first time foreign journalists are abducted in Columbia's four-decade civil war. Scott Dalton and Ruth Morris are freed 11 days later. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2004)Ref: 83
2003*Mexico is challenging the sentences of 51 Mexicans on US death rows in the International Court of Justice in The Hague on the grounds that American officials failed to tell the condemned men of their right to consular assistance at the time of their arrests, which is guaranteed under international law. (NY Times, p A8, 1/17/2003) 
2003*The Census Bureau announced that Hispanics had surpassed blacks as America's largest minority group.Ref: 70
1790*Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person's head as painlessly as possible.Ref: 2
1799*Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination is introduced.Ref: 5
1853*The envelope folding machine is patented -- by Dr. Russell L. Hawes of Worcester, MA.Ref: 4
1941*First commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport TX.Ref: 5
1960*IFIP (International Federation of Information Processing) was foundedRef: 62
1960*Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km.Ref: 5
1604*Tsar Ivan IV defeats the False Dmitri, who claims to be the true tsar.Ref: 5
1664 Count Miklós of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army.Ref: 5
1824*Ashantees defeat British at Accra, West Africa.Ref: 5
1910 British-Russian military intervention in Persia.Ref: 5
1932 USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty.Ref: 5
1941*The United States lifts the ban on arms to the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1941*Australia & Britain attack Tobruk Libya.Ref: 5
1942*Secret Army intelligence report said there was an "espionage net containing Japanese aliens, first and second generation Japanese and other nationals …thoroughly organized and working underground." Gen. DeWitt, in a telephone call, told Gen. Mark Clark that he expected "a violent outburst of coordinated and controlled sabotage" among the Japanese population.Ref: 37
1942*In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source.Ref: 2
1942*Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain.Ref: 5
1942*Tito's partisans occupy Foca.Ref: 5
1943*A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school. A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school.Ref: 2
1943*Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad.Ref: 5
1943*Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk.Ref: 5
1943*Vice-Admiral Cunningham appointed British Admiral of fleet.Ref: 5
1944*447 German bombers attack London.Ref: 5
1944*649 British bombers attack Magdeburg.Ref: 5
1944*Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein German major/pilot, shot down.Ref: 5
1945*British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma.Ref: 5
1951*Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack. Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack.Ref: 2
1968*In Vietnam, the Siege of Khe Sanh begins as North Vietnamese units surround U.S. Marines based on the hilltop headquarters.Ref: 2
1991*CBS News correspondent Bob Simon captured by Iraqis in Persian Gulf.Ref: 5
1887 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms.Ref: 5
1894 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 seconds.Ref: 5
1907*Kenora Thistles sweep Montana Wanderers in 2 for the Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1911*First Monte Carlo car rally begins.Ref: 10
1922 The first slalom event in skiing was held -- in Murren, Switzerland.Ref: 4
1927*Fidel La Barba outpoints European champion Elky Clark in New York to become the undisputed flyweight champion.Ref: 97
1939 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer.Ref: 5
1939 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee.Ref: 5
1951*A new women’s golf record was established by Mildred (Babe Didrikson) Zaharias as she won the Tampa Women’s Open. Her medal-play score was a record 288 for 72 holes. Medals and records were commonplace to Babe. She won two gold and one silver medal in the 1932 Olympics for the javelin throw, the 80-meter hurdles and the high jump, respectively. She was equally adept at basketball, baseball, billiards and golf; a member of the International Women’s Sports Hall of Fame, LPGA Hall of Fame (Babe was a founding member of the LPGA), National Track and Field Hall of Fame, Olympic Hall of Fame and the World Golf Hall of Fame. We now refer to her as the Famous Babe Didrikson Zaharias.Ref: 4
1953*Pitcher Dizzy Dean and Outfielder Al Simmons are elected to the Hall of Fame by the BBWAA and the Yankee Clipper, Joe DiMaggio, is not.Ref: 1
1958*In an effort to fill the void of Dodger and Giant baseball in the Big Apple, the Phillies agree to televise 78 games in the New York City area which is without NL baseball for the first time since the league's inception in 1876.Ref: 1
1960*Stan Musial insists he take a $20,000 pay cut. 'Stan the Man' believes he was overpaid in 1957 and 1958 and his salary should be based on his play last season.Ref: 1
1962*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1967*AFL Pro Bowl East beats West 30-23.Ref: 5
1967 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming.Ref: 5
1967 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti.Ref: 5
1968*AFL Pro Bowl East beats West 25-24.Ref: 5
1968*NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 38-20.Ref: 5
1969*Stan Musial and Roy Campanella are selected by the baseball writers to join the elite group of players enshrined in Cooperstown.Ref: 1
1969*22nd NHL All-Star Game West beat East 3-3 at Montréal.Ref: 5
1971*No player receives three-fourths of the necessary votes to be elected into the Hall of Fame with Yogi Berra and Early Wynn coming the closest.Ref: 1
1973*3rd NFL Pro Bowl AFC beats NFC 33-28.Ref: 5
1975*28th NHL All-Star Game Wales beat Campbell 7-1 at Montréal.Ref: 5
1978*Roberto Duran KO's Esteban de Jesus in the 12th round, successfully defending his lightweight boxing title for the last time. Duran would now move up to fight welterweights.Ref: 97
1979*Super Bowl XIII, Pittsburgh 35, Dallas 31, at the Orange Bowl in Miami.  
1980*Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89' 3" basketball field goal.Ref: 5
1981*Four-time gold glover Cesar Geronimo is traded by the Reds to the Royals for minor leaguer infielder German Barranca.Ref: 1
1982*New York Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak.Ref: 5
1984 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton.Ref: 5
1985*Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr's career record of 270 NHL goals.Ref: 5
1986*Former major-league player Randy Bass signs to become the highest-paid baseball player in Japanese history. Bass signed a deal for three years at $3.25 million. He played for the Hanshin Tigers.Ref: 4
1986 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38ºF (3ºC), Indiana.Ref: 5
1987*Free agent Vida Blue comes to terms with the A's, but will surprise the team next month by announcing his retirement.Ref: 1
1989*Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL's 2nd all time scorer.Ref: 5
1990*Bob Goodenow succeeds Alan Eagleson as NHL players association executive director.Ref: 5
1990*John McEnroe becomes the first ever expelled from the Australian Open for throwing a tantrum & swearing at an official.Ref: 5
1990*41st NHL All-Star Game Wales beat Campbell 12-7 at Pittsburgh.Ref: 5
1990*Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6 38.77.Ref: 5
1996 In skating news: Rudy Galindo was the upset winner of the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in San Jose, California. He earned two perfect marks along the way to the crown. And Michelle Kwan, 15, captured her first national women’s title, hitting seven triple jumps for her fifth straight first-place finish of the season.Ref: 4
1996*Karrie Webb wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
2001*In an effort to conserve electricity during California's energy crisis, the Angels turn off Edison International Field's Big A and the Little A signs. The landmark beacons, which are usually illuminated 24 hours a day, will be turned on only for stadium events.Ref: 1
1677*First medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston.Ref: 5
1789 The Power of Sympathy, by William Hill Brown, was published (anonymously) in Boston, MA. The book has been called the first American novel.Ref: 4
1818 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair".Ref: 5
1846 First edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News".Ref: 5
1874 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna.Ref: 5
1879 Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen.Ref: 5
1890 First issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper.Ref: 5
1901*Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1903 Harry Houdini escapes from the police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1903*"Wizard of Oz" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1903*International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle New York City NY.Ref: 5
1904*Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno Czechoslovakia.Ref: 5
1908 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm.Ref: 5
1927*The first opera to be broadcast over a national radio network was presented in Chicago, IL. Listeners heard selections from Faust.Ref: 4
1929 Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1930*First BBC broadcast from LondonRef: 62
1932*Annunzio Paolo Mantovani gave a memorable concert at Queen’s Hall in England to ‘glowing notices’. This was the beginning of the musician’s successful recording career that provided beautiful music to radio stations for nearly five decades. Better known as just, Mantovani, his music still entertains us with hits like, Red Sails in the Sunset, Serenade in the Night, Song from Moulin Rouge and Charmaine.Ref: 4
1939*George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1942*Count Basie and His Orchestra recorded "One O'Clock Jump" in New York City for Okeh Records.Ref: 70
1946 The Fat Man debuted on ABC radio. J. Scott Smart, who played the portly detective, weighed in at 270 pounds in real life.Ref: 4
1946*"Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City NY for 16 performances.Ref: 5
1947*"Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater New York City NY for 288 performances.Ref: 5
1947*Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel.Ref: 5
1950*"Lend an Ear" closes at National Theater New York City NY after 460 performances.Ref: 5
1950*T S Eliot's "Cocktail Party" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1956 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of the New Yorker.Ref: 5
1956*"Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden New York City NY after 849 performances.Ref: 5
1957*Singer Patsy Cline appeared on Arthur Godfrey’s nighttime TV show. She warbled the classic, Walking After Midnight, which quickly launched her career.Ref: 4
1959*The Kingston Trio (Bob Shane, Nick Reynolds and Dave Guard) received a gold record for Tom Dooley. The single could be considered an early folk-form of rap music, considering its less than wholesome message about a guy named Tom Dooley who was going to be hanged - “Poor boy, you’re bound to, die.” The Kingston Trio recorded many hits, including: Greenback Dollar, M.T.A., Reverend Mr. Black, Tijuana Jail, and the war protest song, Where Have All the Flowers Gone?.Ref: 4
1961*"Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater New York City NY after 8 performances.Ref: 5
1966*George Harrison of the Beatles married Patricia (Patty) Anne Boyd in Surrey, England. The two met on the set of the movie, A Hard Day’s Night.Ref: 4
1970*ABC-TV presented The Johnny Cash Show in prime time. Previously, the show had been a summer replacement. The regular season series was a big boost for country music. Johnny wore black in the all-color show, however, like he still does today.Ref: 4
1971*"Alias Smith & Jones" premieres on ABC TV.Ref: 5
1973*Leslie Nielsen appears on M*A*S*H in "Ringbanger".Ref: 5
1975*Zsa-Zsa Gabor marries her 6th husband, Michael O'Hara.Ref: 24
1978*Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album goes #1 for 24 weeks.Ref: 5
1979*Super Bowl XIII is the 8th highest rated non-series show with an audience of 47.1%.Ref: 34
1981*"Shakespeare's Cabaret" opens at Bijou Theater New York City NY for 54 performances.Ref: 5
1982*"Little Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City NY for 36 performances.Ref: 5
1983 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht.Ref: 5
1985*Actor, Patrick Duffy, announced plans to leave the CBS show Dallas at the end of the TV season. He asked that the character of Bobby Ewing not be replaced by another actor. Good thing. Bobby showed up in the new season, miraculously rising from the dead; taking a shower; after being in a tremendous car crash the previous season. And Duffy returned to continue in the role of Bobby Ewing through the final episode in 1991.Ref: 4
1987*Thirty years after its release, Jackie Wilson’s single, Reet Petite (written by Motown founder Berry Gordy), ended a month at the top of England’s music charts. Three years earlier, on this same date, Jackie Wilson died after being in a coma (following a heart attack) for eight and a half years.Ref: 4
1991*Disney's 'Beauty and the Beast' became the first animated film ever nominated for a Best Picture Oscar.Ref: 73
1993*Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder.Ref: 5
1995*52th Golden Globes Forrest Gump, Tom Hanks, Jessica Lange, Brad Pitt.Ref: 5
1996*53th Golden Globes Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman, John Travolta.Ref: 5
2000 It was opening day for Down to You in the U.S. The flick is a comedy with Freddie Prinze Jr., Julia Stiles, Selma Blair and Shawn Hatosy.Ref: 4
1338*Charles V (the Wise) king of France (1364-80), is born.Ref: 5
1571*John I Pontanus physicist/historian (Amsterdam), is born.Ref: 5
1613*George Gillespie, Scottish minister/polemical writer, is born.Ref: 70
1659*Adriaen van der Werff Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect, is born.Ref: 5
1735*Johann Gottfried Eckard composer, is born.Ref: 5
1738*Ethan Allen Revolutionary War fighter (organized and led the Green Mountain Boys), is born.Ref: 68
1743*John Fitch inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton), is born.Ref: 5
1746*Johann H Pestalozzi Zurich Switzerland, educator (Leonard & Gertrude), is born.Ref: 5
1751*Josephus Andreas Fodor composer, is born.Ref: 5
1759*Johan Valckenaer Dutch politician/patriot, is born.Ref: 5
1762*Giuseppe Antonio Silvani composer, is born.Ref: 5
1769*-Andre-Jacques Garnerin, French parachutist, is born.Ref: 70
1771*Arnold A Buyskes Dutch Vice-Admiral/colonial director, is born.Ref: 5
1775*Manuel Garcia composer, is born.Ref: 5
1792*Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales), is born.Ref: 5
1796*John Gelinde van Blom Frisian notary/author, is born.Ref: 5
1801*Ramon Vilanova y Barrera composer, is born.Ref: 5
1813*John C Frémont [Pathfinder], map maker/explorer (western US)/Governor (AZ), is born.Ref: 5
1814*Thomas Attwood Walmisley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Horace Wells dentist (pioneered use of medical anesthesia), is born.Ref: 5
1821*John Cabell Breckinridge (D) 14th US Vice Pressident (1857-61)/Major-General (Confederacy), is born.Ref: 5
1823*Alexandre Edouard Goria composer, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson Lieutenant-General 2nd Corps (ANV, Confederacy), is born.Ref: 5
1829*Oscar II Frederik King of Sweden (1872-1907)/Norway (-1905)/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1833*Norman Willis union leader (Britain's Trades Union Congress), is born.Ref: 5
1840*Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake pioneer English woman physician, is born.Ref: 5
1841*Sam Loyd, American puzzlemaker, is born.Ref: 70
1848*Henri Duparc French composer, is born.Ref: 5
1855*Amedee-Ernest Chausson, Paris France, composer (Poème for Violin & Orchestra), is born. (Cross, Milton, "Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music", Doubleday & Co, 1953) 
1855*John M Browning US, weapons manufacturer, is born.Ref: 5
1859*Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1862*George Perkins, American insurance executive, is born.Ref: 70
1865*Heinrich E Albers-Schönberg German röntgenologist, is born.Ref: 5
1867*James Marcus actor (Eagle, Little Lord Fauntleroy, Lone Avenger), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Willem C Royaards Dutch theater director (Summer Games), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Maxime Weygand, Belgian-bn.French army officer, is born.Ref: 70
1872*Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland Dutch foreign minister, is born.Ref: 5
1875*John Lindworsky German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Paul E Kahle Germany, professor of oriental studies, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Egon Friedell Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Olav Aukrust Norway, poet, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Katie Sandwina Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Roger Nash Baldwin founder (American Civil Liberties Union), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Umberto Nobile Italian General, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Gustaaf Sap Belgian minister of Finance/Economy, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Alfred Henry Ackley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Wolfgang Köhler German/US Gestalt psychologist (Mentality of Apes), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Pitirim A Sorokin Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Francisco Lazaro Portuguese runner, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Nikolay Semyonovich Golovanov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Timothy Mather Spelman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Cristobal Balenciaga, Spanish dress designer, is born.Ref: 70
1897*J Carrol Naish New York City NY, actor (Charlie Chan-Adventures of Charlie Chan), is born.Ref: 5
1898*John George Syria, actor (Kolb-Adventures of Fu Manchu), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Avery Claflin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Sir Charles Moses, English-born Austrailian broadcaster, is born.Ref: 70
1902*Alva Myrdal, Swedish diplomat, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Richard P Blackmur Massachusetts, critic/poet (Anni Mirabiles, Good European), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Joseph Ford McGuinn Brooklyn NY, actor (Dick Tracy's G-Men), is born.Ref: 5
1905*John O'Hara, American writer, is born.Ref: 70
1905*Christian Dior Normandy France, fashion designer (long-skirted look), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Fred Fehl Austrian/US Broadway photographer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*John Putz journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Igor Alexandrovich Moiseyev, Russian ballet dancer, choreographer, director, Ballet Master for the Bolshoi Theatre, 1924-1929, is born.Ref: 17
1908*Actor Don Ameche is born.Ref: 15
1908*Bengt Strömgren Göteborg Sweden, astrophysicist (studied gas cloud), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Todor Skalovski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Patsy Kelly Brooklyn NY, actress (Cowboy & the Lady), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Lord Cayzer British financier/Schweppes magnate/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Stanley William Reed cineaste, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Konrad Bloch Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Thomas Merton, American Catholic monk/poet, is born.Ref: 70
1915*Alan Hewitt New York City NY, actor (Detective Brennan-My Favorite Martian), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Billy Maxted pianist, songwriter, arranger: many arrangements for Ray Eberle, Red Nichols, Will Bradley, Benny Goodman; bandleader: LP: Bourbon Street Billy Blues [w/Manhattan Jazz Band], is born.Ref: 4
1917*Rohan Butler historian, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Geoffrey Dawes physiologist, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Jinx Falkenburg Barcelona Spain, actress (Masquerade Party), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Donald Cuthbert Coleman economic historian, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Errol Walton Barrow PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Torsten Nilsson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Barney Clark, the first man to receive a permanent artificial heart, is born.Ref: 5
1921*John Doucette Brockton MA, actor (Lock Up, Big Town), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Todor Popov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jean P Vroom Dutch sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Paul Scofield Academy award-winning actor: A Man for All Seasons [1966]; Scorpio, Anna Karenina, King Lear, Henry V, Hamlet, is born in Hurst England.Ref: 4
1923*Judith Merril [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*(Long Island) Telly [Aristotle] Savalas. Garden City Long Island NY, actor (Acapulco, Kojak), is born.Ref: 68
1924*Benny Hill Southampton England, comedian (Benny Hill Show), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Benny Hill, British comedian and host of his own comedy show, is born.Ref: 2
1925*Lola Flores Cadiz Spain, singer/actress (Kuma Ching, Faraona), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock railway writer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Paul Burke New Orleans LA, actor (Neal-Dynasty), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Franco Evangelisti Italian composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Raf Reymen Flemish actor, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Steve Reeves, Glasgow MT, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev Russia, cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Boris Shakhlin Russia, gymnast (Olympics-gold-1956-60-64), is born.Ref: 5
1933 Itzhak Fuks Israeli El Al captain, crashed in Amsterdam, is born.Ref: 5
1933*William Wrigley III chewing gum mogul (Wrigleys), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Audrey Dalton actress: Casanova’s Big Night, The Prodigal, Titanic, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Ann Wedgeworth Abilene TX, actress (Tiger's Tale, Men's Club, Bogie), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Mary Ellen McAnally Illinois, poet (Dance of the Zygotes), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Wolfman Jack (Robert Smith), legendary disc jockey: icon of ’60s radio, broadcasting from XERF, then XERB in Mexico and heard throughout a major part of the U.S.; TV announcer: The Midnight Special; actor: American Graffiti; author: Have Mercy! Confessions of the Original Rock ’n’ Roll Animal, is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 68
1940*Marquis of Tavistock English large landowner/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jack Nicklaus golf champion: holds the record for winning the most majors, 18 professional titles: 4 US Opens, 3 British Opens, 5 PGA and 6 Masters Championships; one of only 2 players to win back-to-back Masters, is born in Columbus OH.Ref: 4
1941*Placido Domingo, Madrid Spain, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Madame Butterfly), is born.Ref: 17
1941*Richie Havens Brooklyn NY, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Edwin Starr [Charles Hatcher], US singer (War), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Mac (Scott) Davis singer: Baby Don’t Get Hooked on Me; Friend, Lover, Woman, Wife; actor: North Dallas Forty; host: The Mac Davis Show; songwriter: In the Ghetto, Memories; ACM Entertainer of the Year [1975], is born in Lubbock TX.Ref: 4
1944*John Kenneth Tavener composer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Neely Bruce composer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Andrew Stein president of NYC council (D), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Chris Britton rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Vincent Placoly Martinique, writer (L'eau-de-mort guildive), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Jill Eikenberry, New Haven CT, actress (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project), is born.Ref: 68
1947*Jimmy Ibbotson Penn, country singer (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Billy Ocean [Leslie S Charles], Trinidad, singer (Suddenly, Caribbean Queen), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Joseph R Tanner Danville IL, astronaut (STS 66, 82, sk 97), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Richie Ranno rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Billy ‘White Shoes’ Johnson football: Houston Oilers WR, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Fausto Bara Mexico, actor (Gaucho-Renegades), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Peter Fleming New Jersey, tennis player (US Open Doubles 1979, 81, 83), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Robby Benson Dallas TX, actor (One on One, Running Brave, ChosenIce Castles, Beauty and the Beast), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Robby Benson (Robin David Segal) actor: Search for Tomorrow, Ode to Billy Joe, National Lampoon Goes to the Movies, The Chosen, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Bob Brill New York City NY, drummer (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jacob Green NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawk), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Geena (Virginia) Davis, Academy Award-winning supporting actress: The Accidental Tourist [1988]; Beetlejuice, Fletch, The Fly, Tootsie, Thelma and Louise, Buffalo Bill, The Long Kiss Goodnight, is born in Wareham MA. (TWA, 1994)Ref: 95
1958*Miguel Alejandro New York City NY, actor (Popi), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Sherry Ramsay Stauton VA, actress (Trish Mason-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Gabrielle Carteris Phoenix AZ, actress (Andrea-Beverly Hills 90210), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Cindy Schreyer Forest Park GA, LPGA golfer (1993 Sun-Times Challenge), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Detlef Schrempf Germany, NBA forward (Mavericks, Pacers, Supersonics), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Hakeem Abdul Olajuwon Nigeria, NBA center (Rockets, Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jessie Hester NFL player (St Louis Rams), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Siobhan Hunter actress: X-rated films, is born.Ref: 4
1965*Brian Bradley Kitchener, NHL center (Tampa Bay Lightning), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Cordell Crockett rocker (Ugly Kid Joe-Mad Man, Too Bad), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Eric Moore NFL tackle (Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Tania Abitbol Madrid Spain, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women's Open-4th), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Chris Hammond US baseball pitcher (Florida Marlins), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Katrine Michaelsen Gentokte Denmark, Miss Denmark (1984), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ulf Stenlund Sweden, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Tom Urbani Santa Cruz CA, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals, Detroit Tigers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Charlotte Ross actress: NYPD Blue, Days of Our Lives, The Five Mrs. Buchanans, A Will of Their Own, is born in Chicago.Ref: 4
1969*Ashley Sheppard NFL linebacker (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Matt Willig NFL tackle/guard (Atlanta Falcons, New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Rusty Greer Fort Rucker AL, outfielder (Texas Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Ted Long CFL slot back (Hamilton Tiger Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Brennan Little St Thomas Ontario, golfer (1994 Western States mini-tour), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Doug Edwards NBA forward (Vancouver Grizzlies), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Doug Weight Warren MI, NHL center (Edmonton Oilers, Team USA 98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tommy Puett Gary IN, actor (Tyler-Life Goes On, America's Top 10), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Alan Benes Evansville IN, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Howard Nathan NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Shelley Looney ice hockey forward (USA, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Bubba Miller corner (Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Grady Jackson defensive tackle (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Jamal Cox WLAF linebacker (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jerald Sowell fullback (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jerry Wunsch tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Orpheus Roye defensive end (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Anette Oldenborg Miss Denmark-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Faghma Absalom Miss Namibia-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Willem Korsten Dutch soccer player (Vitesse), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Amanda Little Miss Texas-USA (1997, top 6), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Emma Lee Bunton "Baby Spice", Finchley London, vocalist (Spice Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Lynn Thomas Newport News VA, playmate (May 1997), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Kelly Gaudet Miss Florida Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Aubrie Rippner Los Angeles CA, tennis star (1995 USTA National Girls 18), is born.Ref: 5
879*Boudouin with the Iron Arm Earl of Flanders, dies.Ref: 5
1118*Paschalis II [Raniero], pope (1099-1118), dies.Ref: 69
1596*John Ligarius German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1609*Joseph Justice Scaliger, Dutch philologist and historian, proposed Julian dating, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1626*John Dowland English musician/lyric poet (In Darkness We Dwell), dies at about 63.Ref: 5
1665*Domenico Mazzocchi composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1665*Pierre de Fermat French mathematician (Fermat theorem), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1670*Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan French playwright, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1683*Anthony Ashley Cooper first Earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1686*Nicolas-François Blondel French architect, dies.Ref: 5
1704 Willem B Schepers Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83.Ref: 5
1746*Gottfried Kirkhoff composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1774*Mustapha III sultan of Turkey (1957-74), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1793*Louis XVI last King of France [1774-1792]; is executed at the guillotine for treason at age 38.Ref: 4
1815*M Claudius writer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1821*Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die.Ref: 5
1831*Achim vs Arnim writer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1851*Gustav Albert Lortzing composer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1862*Bozena Nemcová [Barnora Panklová], Czechoslovakian author, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1871*John J Rochussen Governor-General of Netherlands-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1872*Franz Grillparzer Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1882*Anton Emil Titl composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1883*Jacopo Tomadini composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1884*Auguste Franchomme composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1888*Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1891*Calixa Lavallee composer, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1892*John Couch Adams, English mathematician and astronomer co-discover (Neptune), dies at age 73.Ref: 68
1894*Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu composer, dies at 24.Ref: 5
1901*Elisha Gray, American inventor, dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1903*Hermanus J A M Schaepman Dutch clergyman/politician, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1912*-Sophia Jex-Blake, English physician, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1924*Russian premier from 1917 to 1924 Nikolai Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) dies of a stroke at age 54.Ref: 68
1926*Camillo Golgi Italian medical research (malaria, Nobel 1906), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1927*Floris H Verster Dutch painter/cartoonist/etcher, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1928*George Washington Goethals Chief Engineer of Panama Canal; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1931*Felix Blumenfeld composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1932*[Giles] Lytton Strachey British biographer/critic, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1942*Henryk Opienski Polish composer/musicologist/conductor, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1943*Otakar Sini composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1944*Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1948*Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1950*George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair] author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies from tuberculosis in London at age 46.Ref: 5
1951*Mount Lamington, Papau, New Guinea erupts; 3000 die. (Also: Ritchie, David, "The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes & Volcanos", (c) 1994, ISBN 0-8160-2659-9)Ref: 81
1954*Billy Jenkins dies at 69.Ref: 5
1955*Maarten P Vrij Dutch lawyer/criminologist/High Council, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1957*Arthur L Bowley English statistician/economist, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1959*Cecil B[lount] de Mille, American film director, producer and screenwriter, (10 Commandments), dies at age 77.Ref: 5
1959*Lamar Stringfield composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1960*Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook South Africa, 417 die of methane poisoning.Ref: 5
1961*Blaise Cendrars Swiss/French poet (J'ai tué), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1961*John Joseph Becker composer, dies a day before 75th birthday.Ref: 5
1962*André Lhote French painter/art historian, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1963*Al St John actor (Law & Order, Devil Riders), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1963*Franz Jung writer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1964*Joseph Schildkraut, Austrian-born American stage, television and film star (Cleopatra, Diary of Anne Frank), dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1965*Harvey Zorbaugh doctor/TV host (Play the Game), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1967*Ann (Clara Lou) Sheridan actress (Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies of cancer at 51.Ref: 5
1971*Richard B Russell (Senator-D-GA), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1974*Jan Arends Dutch poet/author, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1974*Lewis L Strauss head US Atomic Energy Commission (1953-58), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1975*Marie Lohr actress (Pygmalion, Small Hotel, Escapade), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1977*John Vincent composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1977*Zoltan Vasarhelyi composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1981*Allyn Joslyn actor (They Won't Forget, Cafe Society), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1984*Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Jackie Wilson dies. On Sep 29, 1975, while performing at the Latin Casino near Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Wilson had suffered a massive heart attack that left him in a coma. He remained hospitalized until his death this day, at the age of forty-nine. Wilson’s first hit was Reet Petite, written by a then-unknown Berry Gordy, who would later create the Motown Records empire. Jackie Wilson’s biggest hit was his 1960 double-sided smash Doggin’ Around b/w Night.Ref: 4
1985*Barbara Cowsill rocker (Cowsills), dies of emphysema.Ref: 5
1986*Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed.Ref: 5
1987*Pieter G Buckinx Flemish writer (7th Day), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1988*Abraham Sofaer actor (Naked Jungle, Elephant Walk), dies.Ref: 5
1989*Carl (Anthony) Furillo ‘Skoonj’, ‘The Reading Rifle’: baseball: Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956/all-star: 1952, 1953], LA Dodgers [World Series: 1959]; dies.Ref: 4
1991*Howard "Red" Grange football's galloping ghost, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1991*Frank Mitchell actor (Music is Magic, Prairie Gunsmoke), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Richard Bolling (Representative-D-MO)/US civil-rights leader, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1992*William T "Champion Jack" Dupree US boxer/pianist, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1994 Basel al-Assad Syrian President Assad's son, dies in car accident at 31.Ref: 5
1995*Flavio "Negao" Pires da Conceicao drug Trafficker, dies at 25.Ref: 5
1995*John Halas animator, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995*Philippe Casado Moroccan/French cyclist, dies at 30.Ref: 5
1995*Alex Groza basketball: Univ. of Kentucky; USA Men’s Basketball Olympic basketball team [1948]; banned by NBA for accepting bribes at Univ. of Kentucky; brother of football Hall of Famer Lou Groza; dies.Ref: 5
1996*Gurita: overloaded ferry sank off the coast of northern Sumatra, killing 340.Ref: 85
1996*Roman Ciesiewicz artist/graphic designer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1996*Sam Green industrialist/inventor, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1997*Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley’s manager of 22 years, died of a stroke in Las Vegas (age 87). Parker wasn’t a real colonel and his real name wasn’t Tom Parker. According to James L. Dickerson in his book Colonel Tom Parker, his colonelcy was bestowed upon him in 1948 by the governor of Louisiana and was purely of the honorary variety, though immediately upon receiving it Parker told an underling, “From now on, see to it that everyone addresses me as the Colonel.” His name may (or may not) have been Andreas Cornelius van Kuijk, and he may (or may not) have been born in the Netherlands in 1909, from which he may (or may not) have immigrated to the United States as a teenager. Parker became Presley’s manager in 1955 when Elvis was on the verge of becoming a rock ’n’ roll star. He had firm control over Elvis’ career, taking between 25 and 50 per cent of the singer’s earnings. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1997*Dennis Main Wilson TV/radio producer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1997*Michael Duane educationalist, dies at 81Ref: 5
1998*Jack Lord (John Joseph Patrick Ryan) actor: Hawaii Five-O, Stoney Burke, God’s Little Acre, Dr. No, The Doomsday Flight; dies at age 77. (TWA, 1999)Ref: 95
1999*Susan Strasberg actress: The Marriage, Toma, Picnic, Rollercoaster, Delta Force; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Byron De La Beckwith, a white supremacist convicted three decades after the fact for assassinating civil rights leader Medgar Evers, died in Jackson, MS, at age 8l.Ref: 70
2001*Sandy Baron (Sanford Beresofsky) comedian, actor: Leprechaun 2, If It’s Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium, Motorama, Birdy; dies.Ref: 4
2001*White separatist Byron De La Beckwith, convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers, dies in prison at age 80. (XDG, p 4A, 2/05/2004)Ref: 83
2002*A gunman ambushes two US defense workers in Kuwait, killing one and wounding the other. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2004)Ref: 83
2002*A powerful earthquake shakes west-central Mexico, killing 28 and leaving 10,000 homeless. (XDG, p 4A, 1/21/2004)Ref: 83
2002*Singer Peggy Lee (Norma Delores Egstrom), dies in Bel Air, Calif., at age 81.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen