Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 22nd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1371*King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned.Ref: 5
1382*Anne, first wife of Richard III, is crowned Queen of England at Scone Abbey by William Courtenay.Ref: 16
1510*Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany.Ref: 5
1575*English queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis & William Byrd music press monopoly.Ref: 5
1584*Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812).Ref: 5
1588*Pope Sixtus V decrees "Immense aeterni" (Reformed curia).Ref: 5
1673*Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated.Ref: 5
1689*England's "Bloodless Revolution" reaches its climax when parliament invites William and Mary to become joint sovereigns.Ref: 2
1689*Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords.Ref: 5
1689*Prince Willem III calls English parliament together.Ref: 5
1690*Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French.Ref: 5
1771*Spain cedes the Falkland Islands to Britain.Ref: 5
1775*Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland.Ref: 5
1807*President Thomas Jefferson exposes a plot by Aaron Burr to form a new republic in the Southwest.Ref: 2
1814*First Knights Templar grand encampment in US held, New York City NY.Ref: 5
1817*English freighter Diana sinks off Malaysia.Ref: 5
1835*Mount Coseguina, Nicaragua erupts.Ref: 81
1850*The Alta California becomes a daily paper, the first such in California.Ref: 5
1862*Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20.Ref: 5
1879*James Shields (D), who had previously served Illinois and Minnesota, begins a term as a U.S. Senator from Missouri. He was the first Senator to serve three states.Ref: 4
1881*Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park.Ref: 5
1882*The Fifth Street Presbyterian Church of Troy, New York, became the first church in America to be illuminated by electric lighting.Ref: 5
1889*The Columbia Phonograph Company was formed in Washington, DC.Ref: 4
1890*José Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1895 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati OH.Ref: 5
1901*After 63 years England stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series.Ref: 5
1901*Edward VII ascends throne upon death of Queen Victoria.Ref: 17
1906*(Haywood Trial) James McParland of the Pinkerton Detective Agency meets Harry Orchard in the state penitentiary and suggests that more lenient treatment might be possible if were willing to turn state's evidence against those who recruited him to commit his crime.Ref: 87
1909 Vassily Kandinsky forms Künstlerverein in Munich.Ref: 5
1913 Turkey consents to the Balkan peace terms and gives up Adrianople.Ref: 2
1918*Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet).Ref: 5
1924*Baldwin government resigns in England.Ref: 5
1924 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens.Ref: 5
1925 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu.Ref: 5
1926*Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits.Ref: 5
1930*-35ºF (-37ºC), Mount Carroll IL (state record).Ref: 5
1931*French government of Steeg falls.Ref: 5
1932*British Anglicans & Old-Catholic church merge.Ref: 5
1936*French Laval government falls.Ref: 5
1939*A Nazi order erases the old officer caste, tying the army directly to the Party.Ref: 2
1943*Temperature rises 49ºF (9ºC) in 2 minutes in Spearfish SD.Ref: 5
1943*66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp CA (state record).Ref: 5
1946*The Central Intelligence Group, which later became the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), was established by U.S. President Harry S Truman’s directive issued this day.Ref: 4
1949*Chinatown telephone exchange closed.Ref: 5
1955 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms.Ref: 5
1957*Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested.Ref: 5
1960*French President De Gaulle escapes attempt by General Massu.Ref: 5
1961*A Portuguese ocean liner, the "Santa Maria," was hijacked in the Caribbean with some 600 passengers aboard; the drama ended eleven days later when the ship docked in Brazil.Ref: 6
1964*World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin.Ref: 5
1964*Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of North-Rhodesia (Zambia).Ref: 5
1970*The first regularly scheduled commercial flight of the Boeing 747 began in New York City and ended in London some 6 1/2 hours later.Ref: 70
1973*Roe vs Wade. The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down state laws that had restricted abortions during the first six months of pregnancy. The famous Roe vs. Wade case spawned the debate between a woman’s right to end her pregnancy and whether such an abortion is murder of an unborn child.Ref: 4
1976*Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record).Ref: 5
1980*PGA begins a senior golf tour.Ref: 5
1980*Dissidents Andrei Sacharov & Jelena Bonner banished to Gorki.Ref: 5
1982*President Ronald Reagan formally links progress in arms control to Soviet repression in Poland.Ref: 2
1982*75% of North America is covered by snow.Ref: 5
1985*-30ºF (-34ºC), Mountain Lake Bio Station, Virginia (state record).Ref: 5
1985*Cold wave damages 90% of Florida's citrus crop.Ref: 5
1985*Kelly Hu, 16, of Hawaii, crowned 3rd Miss Teen USA.Ref: 5
1986*Ghorbanifar first suggests diversion of cash to contras, says North.Ref: 5
1989*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1992*Princess Sarah Ferguson wears paper bag over her head on airline ride.Ref: 5
1994*5.5 earthquake strikes Sumatra.Ref: 5
1997*The Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's first female secretary of state. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1997*(OJ Simpson) Closing argument by Robert Baker, representing Simpson.Ref: 87
1998*Netscape WWW browser source code is made freely accessible to the software community (Netscape 1998). This strategic decision is influenced by the runaway successes of the Unix, TCP/IP and Linux application development paradigms.Ref: 75
1998*Mary Bono, widow of singer/politician Sonny Bono, announced that she would run for the congressional seat held by her late husband -- to represent the 44th Congressional District in California, which includes Palm Springs.Ref: 4
1998*Theodore Kaczynski pleads guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.Ref: 70
1999*Robert Byrd (Sen-D-WV) abruptly calls for the dismissal of charges against President Clinton to "end this sad and sorry time for our country". (XDG, p 4A, 1/22/2004)Ref: 83
1999*President Clinton calls for $2.8B to protect the nation from cyberterrorism and chemical and germ warfare. (XDG, p 4A, 1/22/2004)Ref: 83
2001*President George W. Bush signed a memorandum reinstating full abortion restrictions on U.S. overseas aid.Ref: 70
2002*Kmart files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. (XDG, p 4A, 1/22/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Countering blunt talk of war by the Bush administration, France and Germany stated they are committted to a peaceful solution to the Iraqi crisis. (XDG, p 4A, 1/22/2004)Ref: 83
1930*Admiral Richard Byrd charts a vast area of Antarctica.Ref: 2
1931*VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1939*Uranium atom first split, Columbia University.Ref: 5
1959*USAF concludes less than 1% of UFO's are unknown objects.Ref: 5
1965*US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite.Ref: 5
1968*Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made.Ref: 5
1969*Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit.Ref: 5
1975*Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched.Ref: 5
1983*2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 22 seconds.Ref: 5
1992*Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) launches into space.Ref: 5
1997*Space Shuttle Atlantis Returns to Earth, Successful.Ref: 5
1998*STS 89 (Endeavour 12) launches into orbit.Ref: 5
871 Battle at Basing Danish invasion army beats Ethelred of Wessex.Ref: 5
1517 Turks conquer Cairo.Ref: 5
1528*England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V.Ref: 5
1758*Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia.Ref: 5
1760*Battle at Wandewash India British troops beat French.Ref: 5
1798 Coup of Midderigh.Ref: 5
1813*During the War of 1812, British forces under Henry Proctor defeat a U.S. contingent planning an attack on Fort Detroit.Ref: 2
1813*Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada.Ref: 5
1824*A British force is wiped out by an Asante army under Osei Bonsu on the African Gold Coast. This is the first defeat for a colonial power.Ref: 2
1863*In an attempt to out flank Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, General Ambrose Burnside leads his army on a march to north Frederickburg, but foul weather bogs his army down in what will become known as "Mud March."Ref: 2
1879*Eighty-two British soldiers hold off attacks by 4,000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rorke's Drift in South Africa.Ref: 2
1879*1,300 British killed by Zulus in Transvaal; solar eclipse at 1:02 p.m. in mid battle aids Zulus.Ref: 10
1917*President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." (By April, however, America also was at war.)Ref: 70
1932 Government troops crush a Communist uprising in Northern Spain.Ref: 2
1941*Tobruk in North Africa falls to the British and Australians.Ref: 36
1942*In Canada, Parliament opposition leader R.B. Hanson demands an inquiry into the Canadian loss to Japanese forces at Hong Kong. Prime Minister Mackenzie King agrees. 
1943*Axis forces pull out of Tripoli for Tunisia, destroying bases as they leave.Ref: 2
1943*Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th.Ref: 5
1943*Allied forces take New Guinea in first win over Japanese in WWII; 3,000 allies die, 7,000 Japanese.Ref: 10
1944*U.S. troops under Major General John P. Lucas make an amphibious landing behind German lines at Anzio, Italy, just south of Rome.Ref: 2
1945*Burma highway reopens.Ref: 5
1945*Heavy US air raid on Okinawa.Ref: 5
1957 Israeli forces withdraw from the Sinai Penisula.Ref: 5
1971*Communist forces shell Phnom Penh, Cambodia, for the first time.Ref: 2
1973*US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord.Ref: 5
1857*National Association of Baseball Players founded, NY.Ref: 5
1912*Second Monte Carlo auto race begins.Ref: 2
1942 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8 44 06).Ref: 5
1950*Polly Riley wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open.Ref: 5
1951*Fidel Castro ejected from a Winter League game after beaning batter.Ref: 5
1953*Immigration Commissioner Mackey warns alien players they will face deportation if found jumping U.S. pro contracts.Ref: 1
1953*The Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway at the Martin Beck Theatre, N.Y.Ref: 70
1955 World snooker champ Fred Davis scores first official total break of 147 at Leicester Square, London.Ref: 10
1956*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open.Ref: 5
1956*Canadian Football Council forms.Ref: 5
1960*Paul Pender beata Sugar Ray Robinson in a 15-round decision and gained international recognition as middleweight boxing champion.Ref: 4
1960*10th NBA All-Star Game East beats West 125-115 at Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1961*1960’s Olympic gold medalist and track star Wilma Rudolph set a world indoor mark in the women’s 60-yard dash. She ran the race in a speedy 6.9 seconds in a meet held in Los Angeles on this day.Ref: 4
1962*Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY.Ref: 4
1963*Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Naples Professional Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1967*NFL Pro Bowl East beats West 20-10.Ref: 5
1968*NBA announces it will expand to Milwaukee & Phoenix.Ref: 5
1969*The Expos trade first baseman Donn Clendenon and outfielder Jesus Alou to the Astros for first baseman/outfielder Rusty Staub.Ref: 1
1969*Roy Campanella & Stan Musial elected to baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1972*22nd NBA All-Star Game West beats East 112-110 at Los Angeles.Ref: 5
1973*George Foreman KO's Joe Frazier in the 2nd round in Kingston, Jamaica for the heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1976*Pitchers Robin Roberts and Bob Lemon are elected to Baseball's Hall Of Fame.Ref: 1
1981*O A "Bum" Phillips becomes head coach of the New Orleans Saints.Ref: 5
1981*40th Islander shut-out opponent-3-0 vs Red Wings-Billy Smith 15th.Ref: 5
1982*Free agent Reggie Jackson signs a four-year, nearly four-million dollar contract with the Angels ending his five-year roller coaster ride with the YankeesRef: 1
1983*Houston is first NBA team to be held scoreless in an overtime Portland Trail Blazers out score them 17-0 & win 113-96.Ref: 5
1984*Super Bowl XVIII: LA Raiders 38, Washington 9, at Tampa Stadium, Tampa. Ref 
1984*Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women's basketball record with 70 points.Ref: 5
1984 Hilbert van de Thumb becomes European all-round skates.Ref: 5
1987*Blizzard in New Jersey, as 334 attend the Devils-Flame NHL game, New Jersey wins 7-5.Ref: 5
1988*Arbitrator T. Roberts declares seven presently contracted players no-risk free agents as a result of the collusion suit against Major League baseball. The players, who include Kirk Gibson, Carlton Fisk and Joe Niekro, have until March 1 to make deals with other clubs.Ref: 1
1988*Mike Tyson knocks out Larry Holmes in the fourth round to retain the world heavyweight title.Ref: 98
1989*Super Bowl XXIII: San Francisco 20, Cincinnati 16, at Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami. Ref 
1990*Will Clark, NL's MVP signs a $15M 4-year contract with San Francisco Giants.Ref: 5
1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6 38.77.Ref: 5
1994*45th NHL All-Star Game East beat West 9-8 at New York Rangers.Ref: 5
1995*Pat Bradley wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1997*Don Mattingly officially announces his retirement at a media conference at Yankee Stadium.Ref: 86
1998*NHL's Minnesota franchise selects the nickname Wild.Ref: 5
1998*Rickey Henderson, rejoins Oakland A's for 4th time.Ref: 5
1998*World League of American Football becomes NFL EastRef: 5
2001*Pirate infielder Brian Giles repeats as the Roberto Clemente Award winner. Presented by the Pittsburgh chapter of the BBWAA, the award is given to the Buc player who demonstrates an high level of performance on the field as exemplified by the late Pittsburgh outfielder.Ref: 1
2002*Mike Tyson and Lennox Lewis come to blows during their scheduled TV press conference hyping their April 6th meeting. It was alleged that Tyson bit Lennox's leg during the melee.Ref: 98
2002*Police in Las Vegas said that they found evidence supporting a woman's claim she was raped by boxer Mike Tyson. The case is with the local district attorney's office, which will decide over the next weeks whether to charge Tyson.Ref: 98
2003*Free-agent and former Ranger catcher Ivan 'Pudge' Rodriguez (.314, 19, 60) signs a one-year deal worth $10 million to play in his hometown with the Marlins. The Miami resident, who is a 10-time Gold Glove backstop, will be replacing Charles Johnson who was traded to the Rockies in the off-season.Ref: 1
1789*First American novel published in Boston: "The Power of Sympathy" by Philenia.Ref: 10
1816 Lord Byron completes "Parisina" & "The Siege of Corinth".Ref: 5
1859*Brahms' first piano concerto (in D minor) premieres, Hanover.Ref: 5
1907*The Richard Strauss opera, Salome, was featured with the Dance of the Seven Veils. It was copied by vaudeville performers and, um, strip-tease performers, as well. Soon, performances of the opera were banned at the Metropolitan Opera House.Ref: 4
1910*The opera "Germania" is first performed in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1914 Paul Claudel's "L'échange" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1924*KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions.Ref: 5
1931*Clyde McCoy and his orchestra recorded Sugar Blues on this day. The tune became McCoy’s theme song, thanks to its popularity on Columbia Records, and later on Decca, selling over a million copies. (McCoy was said to be related to the feudin’ and a-fightin’ McCoys of Hatfield and McCoy fame.)Ref: 4
1934*Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady MacBeth" premieres in Leningrad.Ref: 5
1938*"Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners NH, performed publicly for first time (Princeton, NJ).Ref: 5
1939*Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco CA, is dedicated.Ref: 5
1940 First radio broadcast of "Road to Happiness" on CBS.Ref: 5
1947 KTLA TV channel 5 in Los Angeles CA (IND) begins broadcasting (1st commercial TV station west of Mississippi).Ref: 5
1949*"All for Love" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City NY for 121 performances.Ref: 5
1951 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom.Ref: 5
1956 Raymond Burr starred as Captain Lee Quince in the Fort Laramie debut on CBS radio. The program was said to be in “the Gunsmoke tradition.”Ref: 4
1968*Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, debuts “from beautiful downtown Burbank” .Ref: 4
1969*Billy Preston becomes the 5th Beatle.Ref: 5
1969*"Celebration" opens at Ambassador Theater New York City NY for 110 performances.Ref: 5
1971*John & Yoko record "Power to the People".Ref: 5
1972*"Emergency" with Robert Fuller premieres on NBC TV.Ref: 5
1983 The Steven Spielberg film, E.T.: The Extra Terrestrial, becomes the top movie moneymaker.Ref: 4
1984*Super Bowl XVII is the 10th highest rated non-series show with an audience of 46.4%.Ref: 34
1985*Zak Starkey (Ringo's son) marries Sarah Menikides.Ref: 5
1987*Phil Donahue became the first talk show host to tape a show from inside the Soviet Union. Donahue appeared in Leningrad, Kiev and Moscow. The shows were seen by Russian TV audiences later in the year.Ref: 4
1987*As of 1995, the 10th highest rated television show is this evening's episode of "The Cosby Show" with an average audience of 41.3%.Ref: 34
1990*17th American Music Award Milli Vanilli.Ref: 5
1994*51st Golden Globes Schlinder's List, Steven Spielberg.Ref: 5
2003*R&B singer R Kelly is arrested on new (child pornography?) charges om Florida and released on $12,000 bond. (USA Today, p 11D, 1/24/2003)Ref: 13
2179*Fiction: Hikaru Walter Sulu, San Francisco CA, (character on Star Trek) is born.Ref: 5
1440*Ivan III the Great, Russian czar (1462-1505)/conquered Lithuania, is born.Ref: 68
1561*Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, statesman, essayist (The Advancement of Learning), is born.Ref: 2
1571*Robert Bruce Cotton English antiquary, politician, is born.Ref: 5
1592*Pierre Gassendi Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1649*Pascal Collasse composer, is born.Ref: 5
1655*Geleyn Evertsen Lieutenant-Admiral (Zealand), is born.Ref: 5
1707*Carl Hockh composer, is born.Ref: 5
1709*Joseph Reipel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1727*Claude-Benigne Balbastre composer, is born.Ref: 5
1729*Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Germany, critic/dramatist, is born.Ref: 5
1729*Giuseppe Luigi Tibaldi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1748*Lewis Edson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1753*Peter Fuchs composer, is born.Ref: 5
1756*Vincenzo Righini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1766*Antoine-Vincent Arnault French writer (Les Vénitiens), is born.Ref: 5
1775*Andre-Marie Ampere, scientist, studied magnetism and electricity, is born.Ref: 68
1779*Stefano Pavesi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1781*François-Antoine Habeneck composer, is born.Ref: 5
1788*Lord [George Gordon Noel] Byron England, romantic poet (Don Juan), is born.Ref: 5
1802*Richard Upjohn US, gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, New York), is born.Ref: 5
1815*Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Hermann von Lingg German playwright/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Johan Hendrik Koelman portrait painter (Jahresringe), is born.Ref: 5
1824*Josef Leopold Zvonar composer, is born.Ref: 5
1826*[Merriwether] Jeff Thompson Partisan (Confederate Army), died in 1876, is born.Ref: 5
1842*Charles Henri Marechal composer, is born.Ref: 5
1843*Birth of Friedrich Wilhelm Blass, German biblical philologist. His 1896 "Grammar of New Testament Greek" became a foundational work in New Testament studies, and is still in print.Ref: 5
1845*Jacob Verdam Dutch philologist, is born.Ref: 5
1845*Paul Vidal de la Blanche France, geographer, is born.Ref: 5
1848*Samuel Muller Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages), is born.Ref: 5
1849*August Strindberg Sweden, dramatist/novelist (Apologia), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Robert Brookings, American businessman/philanthropist, is born.Ref: 70
1855*Ernst Kullak composer, is born.Ref: 5
1855*Birth of Carrie Ellis Breck, American Presbyterian poet. Several of her verses later became hymns, including "Help Somebody Today" and "Face to Face with Christ My Savior."Ref: 5
1858*Betrice Potter Webb England, economist, is born.Ref: 5
1858*Frederick Lugard British captain/baron (Congo), is born.Ref: 5
1861*Karel Stecker composer, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Friedrich Paschen German physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1870*Charles Arnold Tournemire composer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Leon Jessel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Wincenty Witoz Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926), is born.Ref: 5
1875*D.W. [David Wark] Griffith, influential U.S. film director (The Birth of A Nation, Intolerance), is born.Ref: 68
1875 Bonifacius C de Jonge Governor (Dutch East Indies), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Thomas W Ross actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm), is born.Ref: 5
1877 Hjalmar Schacht president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Constance Collier Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Francis Picabia French painter/illustrator, is born.Ref: 5
1886*John Joseph Becker composer, is born.Ref: 5
1890*(US Supreme Court Justice) Fred M Vinson, Kentucky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), is born.Ref: 68
1891*Franz Alexander Hungarian/US psycho analytical, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Moise Kisling Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane builder, is born.Ref: 5
1893*Conrad Veidt Potsdam Germany, actor (Cabinet of Dr Caligari), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Charles Morgan England, writer (Fountain), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Matt McHugh PA, actor (Taxi, Freaks, Barbary Coast, Innocent Affair), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Josef Stanislav composer, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Rosa Ponselle opera diva (Casta Diva, La Forza del Destino), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Ross R Barnett lawyer/(Gov-D-MS), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Alexander Abramsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Ben van Eysselsteijn Dutch writer (Arid Earth), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Gustaf Paulson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Hans van Werveke Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Guido Kisch Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Martti Haavio [P Mastapää], Finnish linguist/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Franz Salmhofer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Hans-Erich Apostel Austrian composer (Sonata Ritmica), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Robin Humphrey Milford composer, is born.Ref: 5
1904*George Balanchine (Georgi Balanchivadze) choreographer: Apollo, Orpheus, Firebird, Swan Lake, The Nutcracker; founded School of American Ballet and New York City Ballet; is born.Ref: 4
1906*Robert E[rvin] Howard US, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Willa Brown-Chappell (Coffey) US black air pioneer (NAAA), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Marie Dressler actress (Anna Christie, Dinner at 8), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Ann Sothern [Harriette Lake], North Dakota, actress (Lady in a Cage, My Mother the Car), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Lev D Landau Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), is born.Ref: 5
1909*[Sithu] U Thant Burma, 3rd UN Secretary-General (1962-72), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Bruno Kreisky Austria, bandleader/chancellor (1970-83), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Roberto Garcia Morillo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Verdina Shlonsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Dimitri Dragatakis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Suzanne Danco Belgian singer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Henri Dutilleux Angers France, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Albert "Pud" Brown clarinetist/saxophonist, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Herwig Hensen [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet/playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Richard Eastham Opelousas LA, actor (Wonder Woman, Falcon Crest), is born.Ref: 5
1920*William Warfield singer (Show Boat), is born.Ref: 5
1920*George Breakston Paris France, actor/director (Jungle Stampede), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Piet Van Lishout Flemish writer (Eva & I), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Andre Hodeir composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Howard Moss poet/editor (New Yorker), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Diana Douglas Devonshire Bermuda, actress (The Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Friedrich Zehm composer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Leslie Bassett composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Actor Bill (Wilfred Bailey) Bixby is born.Ref: 4
1924*J.J. (James Louis) Johnson musician: trombone, composer, bandleader; one of first to use the trombone in modern jazz; os bprm/Ref: 4
1924*Margaret Whiting big band singer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Leslie Silver English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1926 Lord Erskine of Rerrick peer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Tom Blackburn writer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Joe Perry NFL Hall-of-Famer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Lou Creekmur Baseball Hall-of-Famer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Birch Bayh (Senator-D-IN), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Rita Gillespie TV director, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Roy Cooper London England, actor (Amistad, Julian Po, Trevor-Beacon Hill), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rauno Makinen Finland, Greco-Roman featherweight (Olympics-gold-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Sam Cooke Clarksdale MS, gospel & blues singer (You Send Me, Another Saturday Night, Twisting The Night Away), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Galina Zybina USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Piper Laurie (Rosetta Jacobs) actress: The Road to Galveston, Twin Peaks, Rising Son, Children of a Lesser God, The Thorn Birds, Days of Wine and Roses, Carrie, The Hustler, Francis Goes to the Races, is born in Detroit MI.Ref: 4
1934*Graham Kerr chef (Galloping Gourmet), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Bill (Wilfred Bailey) Bixby actor: My Favorite Martian, The Courtship of Eddie’s Father, The Incredible Hulk, Fantasy Island, Rich Man Poor Man; is born in San Francisco CA.Ref: 4
1935*Pierre S Du Pont IV (Governor-DE), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Sam Cooke, US singer, musician, is born.Ref: 17
1935*Seymour Cassel actor: Bad Love, Indecent Proposal, Honeymoon in Vegas, Dick Tracy, Sweet Bird of Youth, Eye of the Tiger, Double Exposure, Valentino, Faces, is born in Detroit MI.Ref: 4
1937 Eden Pastora Gomez Nicaraguan contra leader, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Joseph Wambaugh East Pittsburgh PA, police writer (Onion Fields), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Jeffrey L. Smith chef; TV personality: The Frugal Gourmet, is born.Ref: 4
1939*J.C. (Jean Claude) Tremblay hockey: NHL: Montreal Canadiens; WHA: Quebec Nordiques, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Addie "Micki" Harris Passaic NJ, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Tilo Medek German composer, is born.Ref: 5
1940*John Hurt, actor: Wild Bill, Rob Roy, Spaceballs, 1984, The Elephant Man, Alien, Midnight Express, A Man for All Seasons, is born in England.Ref: 4
1943*H James "Jim" Saxton (Representative-R-NJ, 1984- ), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Michael Cristofer actor/writer (Little Drummer Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Oliver rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Andrew Rubin New Bedford MA, actor (Hometown, Joe Bash), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Heavyweight champion boxer George Foreman is born in Marshall TX.Ref: 4
1948*Bob Stein football: Kansas City Chiefs, linebacker: Super Bowl IV, is born.Ref: 4
1949*James P Pennington rocker (Exile), is born.Ref: 5
1949 Rein P Hummel Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mike (Ralph Michael) Caldwell baseball: pitcher: SD Padres, SF Giants, Cincinnati Reds, Milwaukee Brewers [World Series: 1982], is born.Ref: 4
1949*Steve Perry musician: drums: group: Radio Stars; Journey: Who’s Crying Now, Open Arms; solo: Oh Sherrie, Don’t Fight It [w/Kenny Loggins], is born Hanford CA.Ref: 4
1950*Bryant Salter football: San Diego ChargersRef: 4
1952*Karen Moe [Thornton] US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Teddy Gentry Fort Payne AL, country music star (Alabama-Mountain Music, Take Me Down), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Myung-Whun Chung Seoul South Korea, pianist/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Chris Lemmon actor: Thunder in Paradise series, Corporate Affairs, Weekend Warriors, Swing Shift, The Happy Hooker Goes to Hollywood; son of actor Jack Lemmon, is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1955*Thomas David Jones Baltimore MD, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk 98), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Becky Pearson LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1956*John Wesley Shipp actor (The Flash, Dawson's Creek, Kelly-Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Mike Bossy NHL forward (New York Islanders), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Linda Blair St Louis MO, actress (Exorcist, Chained Heat, Savage St), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Michael Hutchence Australia, rock vocalist/actor (INXS-Need You Tonight, Dogs in Space), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Barb Thomas Whitehead Sibley IA, LPGA golfer (1995 Hawaiian Open), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Robert Mailhouse New Haven CT, actor (Brian-Days of our Life), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Diane Lane New York City NY, actress (Cotton Club, 6 Pack, Big Town), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jeff Treadway US baseball infielder (Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Ann Rowe Auburn Maine, Miss Maine-America (1990), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Maria Ellingsen Reykjavik Iceland, actress (Katrina-Santa Barbara), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Stojko Vrankovic NBA center (Los Angeles Clippers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Wayne Kirby Williamsburg VA, outfielder (Cleveland Indians, Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jazzy Jeff Townes rapper (Parents Just Don't Understand), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Ray Mayhew rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Steven Adler Cleveland OH, drummer (Guns & Roses-Sweet Child), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Tim Prukop WLAF linebacker-secondary coach (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Diane Lane actress: Jack, Wild Bill, Oldest Confederate Widow Tells All, Judge Dredd, Chaplin, Lonesome Dove, The Cotton Club, Rumble Fish, A Little Romance, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Carlton Haselrig NFL guard (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Manabu Nakanishi wrestler (NJPW), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Nicholas Gillingham British swimmer (world record 200m freestyle), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Olivia d'Abo London England, actress (Wonder Years, Single Guy), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Andrey Sokolov hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Brian Jones NFL linebacker (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Christina Marie Leardini St Petersburg FL, playmate (April 1991), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Keith Gordon US baseball outfielder (Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Ousmane Bary WLAF cornerback (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Shelley Sandie Australian basketball guard (Olympics-88, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Vinnie Clark NFL cornerback (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Brian Gaskill actor (David Michaels-Models Inc, Bob-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Keith Wagner NFL/WLAF tackle (New York Giants, Redskins, Scot Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Bucky Brooks wide receiver (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jennifer Christine Joseph Wendover NV, Miss Nevada-America (1995), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Steve Scifres guard/tackle (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Toddrick McIntosh NFL defensive end (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Deon Minor Paris Texas, 400m runner, is born.Ref: 5
1973*George Noga CFL linebacker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Reggie Barlow wide receiver (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Said Larossi soccer player (Emmen/Vitesse), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Vincent Bradford linebacker (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Lee Maxwell Francis Vertongen Palmerston North New Zealand, cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*(Paul) Balthazar Getty actor: White Squall, Where the Day Takes You, Young Guns 2, Lord of the Flies; grandson of oil magnate, J. Paul Getty, is born.Ref: 4
1976*Balthazar Getty actor (Young Guns 2, Lord of the Flies), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Melanie Winiger Miss Switzerland-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1982*Kevin Sheridan actor (Soul Man), is born.Ref: 5
2003*Clonaid, a company that claims to have produced the first human clone, claims the world's third human clone was born to a Japanese couple using the cells of the couple's deceased two-year old son who died 18 months ago. The report, as are all Clonaid reports, are unsubstantiated. (USA Today, p 3A, 1/24/2003)Ref: 13
1336*Louis III last Earl of Loon, dies.Ref: 5
1531*Andrea del Sarto Italian artist, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1552*Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason.Ref: 5
1581 Joost de Damhoudere Flemish lawyer, dies.Ref: 5
1581 Seerp Galama Dutch nobleman/military/politician, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1599*Cristofano Malvezzi composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1640 Erasmus Quellinus I Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55.Ref: 5
1666*Jahan Shah, Mughal emperor of India and builder of the Taj Mahal, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1700*Jacob Balthasar Schutz composer, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1781*Johann Siebenkas composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1796*Bernhard Hupfeld composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1798*(Declaration of Independence) Lewis Morris, farmer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1798*Matija A Reljkovic Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1799*Horace B de Saussure Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1832*Molly Pitcher, distinguished herself in the battle of Monmouth during the Revolutionary War, dies.Ref: 68
1837*Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands.Ref: 5
1847*Georges-Julien Sieber composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1850*Vincenzo Pallotti Italian saint, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1852*George Rodwell composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1868*Moritz Ganz composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1873*Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die.Ref: 5
1879*Anthony Durnford British Colonel, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1879*George Shepstone British political affiliate, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1893*Vincenz Lachner composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1895*Edward Solomon composer, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1896*Margaret, the courageous sister of Ned Kelly, died of rheumatic gout in Greta; she was only 39. Ref 
1901*Queen Victoria of England dies at age 82. Ref 
1905*Thousands of demonstrating Russian workers are fired upon by the Imperial army troop in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Red Sunday" or "Bloody Sunday".Ref: 70
1909*Richard A C E Erlenmeyer German chemist, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1913*Ferdinand van der Haeghen Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1914*Frederik Rung composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1916*Iwan Knorr composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1922*Giacomo della Chiesa, Pope Benedict XV: 258th pope of the Roman Catholic Church [1914-1922]; dies at age 67.Ref: 69
1923*Max Nordau [Südfeld], German physician/zionists leader, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1924*Maurice du Plessys French poet (Le Feu Sacré), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1936*Louis Glass composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1941*First mass killing of Jews in Romania.Ref: 5
1942 Reimond Tollenaere leader Flemish National Front, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1942*Walter Richard Sickert, British painter (Free House!), dies at age 81.Ref: 5
1945*A Wolfenstein writer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1945*Carlo Felice Boghen composer, dies a day before 76th birthday.Ref: 5
1945*Else Lasker-Schüler writer, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1945*Johan Eykman theologist (World Church), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1950*Alan Hale Sr actor (The Seahawk, Yellowstone), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1951*Eastwood Lane composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1952*Roger Vitrac French poet/dramatist (Mysteries of Love), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1956 P A M Speet Dutch broadcast CEO (KRO), dies.Ref: 5
1956*30 die in a train crash in Los Angeles.Ref: 5
1958*Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1959*A J Else Mauhs German/Dutch actress (Hamlet, Nora), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1960*Coal mine of Johnburg caves-in, 417 die.Ref: 5
1964*Marc Blitzstein US composer (Cradle Will Rock), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1966*Herbert Marshall actor (Dark Angel, Duel in the Sun), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1967*Jobyna Ralston actress (Wings, Girl Shy, Freshman), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1968*Duke Kahanamoku Hawaii, 100m swimmer (Olympics-gold-1912, 20, 24), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1969*Judy Garland singer/actress (Wizard of Oz), dies at 48 of an overdose.Ref: 5
1973*Lyndon B Johnson, 36th US President (1963-69), dies at his Texas ranch at age 64. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1974*Leon Lontoc actor (Henry-Burke's Law), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1975*Klaas Voskuil Dutch journalist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1979*Ali Hassan Salameh [Abu Hassan], killed by car bomb; believed to have helped mastermind massacre of 1972 Munich Olympics athletes.Ref: 5
1980*Iris Meredith actress (Lawless Land, Gambling Terror), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1981*Fannie Thomas US, dies at 113.Ref: 5
1982*Eduardo Frei Montalva President of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1987*R Budd Dwyer Pennsylvania State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference.Ref: 5
1988*Georgi M Malenkov Russian premier (1953-55), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1988*Parker Fennelly actor (Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm), dies at 96.Ref: 5
1992*A J Antoon director (That Championship Season), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1992*Ali Amini PM of Iran (1961-62), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Alexander Bodon Hung-Dutch architect (RAI, Dollywood), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1993*Charlie Gehringer baseball player, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1993*Kobo Abe Japanese writer (Wife in the Sand), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1993*Maria Vlamynck Flemish author, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1993*Jim Pollard Basketball Hall of Famer: Minneapolis Lakers; coach: La Salle College; dies.Ref: 4
1994*Irving B Kahn inventor (teleprompter), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1994*Jean-Louis Barrault French actor (La Ronde), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1994*Telly (Aristotle) Savalas, Emmy Award-winning actor: Kojak [1973-’74]; The Dirty Dozen, Birdman of Alcatraz, Battle of the Bulge, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service, Kelly’s Heroes, dies of prostate cancer at 70.Ref: 68
1994*Frances Gifford dies of emphysema, at 71.Ref: 5
1995*Rose (Fitzgerald) Kennedy, mother of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy, U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, dies at the Kennedy compound at Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, at age 104.Ref: 4
1995*Two Palestinians blow themselves up at Beit Lid junction in central Israel, killing 21 Israelis. Islamic Jihad claims responsibility. Ref 
1995*Christopher Francis Palmer orchestrater/author, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1995*Mahmoud Sayed Selim Egyptian Muslim leader, shot to death at 29.Ref: 5
1995*Margaret Barbara Lambert British historian (Saar), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1995 Nico Adriaans founder of Rotterdam Junkiebond, dies of AIDS at 37.Ref: 5
1996*Edward Thomas historian/intelligence expert, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1996*Efua Theodore Sutherland writer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1996 Mabel Leigh potter, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1996 Yisrael Eldad extremist politician, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1997*Rhythm-and-blues singer Ron Holden, best known for his hit single Love You So, died in Mexico at age 57. "Love You So" was Holden’s only hit, reaching number seven on Billboard June 13, 1960.Ref: 4
1997*Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro medical journalist, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1997*Irwin Levine composer (Tie a Yellow Ribbon), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1997*Mollie Panter-Downes writer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1997*Wally Whyton musician/broadcaster, dies at 66Ref: 5
2000*Jean MacArthur, widow of Douglas MacArthur, dies at age 101. (Ref: Dayton Daily News, 01/23/00, p.4A) 
2001*At the age of 58, World Series standout Tommy Agee dies of cardiac arrest in Manhattan. As the Mets centerfielder, the 1966 AL Rookie of the Year made two memorable catches (saving possibly five runs) and homered in a 5-0 Game 3 victory over the Orioles in the 1969 Fall Classic.Ref: 1
2002*John A Young, the 11-term congressman from Texas who was in the motorcade carrying President Kennedy when he was assassinated, dies at age 85. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Stanley Marcus, chairman of Neiman Marcus, dies at age 96. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*A 6.3 earthquate kills 1 in Crete.Ref: 85
2002*Jack Shea, a gold-medal winning speedskater and patriarch of the nation's first family with three generations of Olympians, dies in Lake Placid, NY of injuries suffered in a car accident; he was 91. (XDG, p 4A, 1/22/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Bill Mauldin, Pulitzer-prize winning World War II cartoonist (Willie and Joe), dies in Newport Beach CA at age 81. (TWA, 2004).Ref: 99
2004*Ann Miller (Lucille Ann Collier) actress, dancer: Easter Parade, Sugar Babies, You Can’t Take It with You, Hit the Deck, Kiss Me Kate, On the Town, Room Service, Lovely to Look At; dies.Ref: 5

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen