Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 24th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
817*St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV.Ref: 5
1076*Synod of Worms German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII.Ref: 5
1118*Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II.Ref: 69
1236*Henry III marries Eleanor of Provence.Ref: 10
1328*King Edward III of England marries Philippa of Henegouwen, daughter of William V, Count of Hainault & Holland.Ref: 5
1458*Matthias Corvinus, the son of John Hunyadi, is elected king of Hungary.Ref: 2
1534 François I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy.Ref: 5
1568 In the Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw.Ref: 5
1568*Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire.Ref: 5
1613 Amsterdam merchant Hans Bontemantel baptized.Ref: 5
1634 Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor.Ref: 5
1639*Representatives from three Connecticut towns band together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.Ref: 2
1656*First Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland.Ref: 5
1679*King Charles II disbands English parliament.Ref: 5
1722*Czar Peter the Great caps his reforms in Russia with the "Table of Rank" which decrees a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions.Ref: 2
1722*In Cambridge, Mass., Edward Wigglesworth was named to fill the newly created Thomas Hollis chair at Harvard College. Mr. Wigglesworth thereby became the first divinity professor commissioned in the American colonies.Ref: 5
1742*German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor.Ref: 5
1791*In New York City, George Washington issued the first presidential proclamation. It concerned the surveying of what would become the District of Columbia. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/24/2001)Ref: 83
1847*Donner Party: Louis Keseberg, Jr., dies.Ref: 28
1848*James W. Marshall finds gold at John A. Sutter's sawmill in California. The Gold Rush begins, but more so in 1849.Ref: 2
1862 Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza.Ref: 5
1873*Susan B. Anthony is indicted on charges of illegal voting. She pleads "not guilty."Ref: 87
1893*Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani abdicates.Ref: 2
1899 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms.Ref: 5
1901 Emily Hobhouse views Lord Kitchener's concentration camp at Bloemfontein.Ref: 5
1902*Denmark sells Virgin Islands to USA.Ref: 5
1903*U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.Ref: 2
1906*(Shipp) Shipp offers a $50 reward to anyone providing information that leads to the arrest and conviction of the St. Elmo rapist. By the next day, the reward fund grows to $375.Ref: 87
1908 The Boy Scouts movement begins with the publication of Robert Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys, a nonmilitary field manual for teenagers interested in the outdoors.Ref: 3
1911*U.S. Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.Ref: 2
1916*US Supreme Court rules income tax was unconstitutional.Ref: 62
1922*-54ºF (-48ºC), Danbury WI (state record).Ref: 5
1922*Lehman Caves National Monument established.Ref: 5
1923*Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico established.Ref: 5
1924*The Russian city of St. Petersburg is renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader (however, it has since been re-named St. Petersburg).Ref: 5
1924*Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union.Ref: 5
1925*Sandler follows Branting as premier of Sweden.Ref: 5
1931*The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.Ref: 2
1934*Jews are banned from the German Labor Front.Ref: 35
1936*(Scottsboro Boys) Ozzie Powell is shot in the head by Sheriff Jay Sandlin while attacking Deputy Sheriff Edgar Blalock.Ref: 87
1937*"Black Sunday"in Ohio-Mississippi Valley as flood causes martial law, national emergency.Ref: 10
1939*SS leader Reinhard Heydrich is ordered by Göring to speed up emigration of Jews.Ref: 35
1939 Spanish government moves to Figueras.Ref: 5
1944*In response to political pressure to help Jews under Nazi control, Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board.Ref: 35
1946*The General Assembly adopts its first resolution, a measure calling for the peaceful uses of atomic energy and the elimination of atomic and other weapons of mass destruction.Ref: 3
1946*The UN establishes the International Atomic Energy Commission.Ref: 2
1946*In Canada, Prime Minister Mackenzie King repeals the Japanese repatriation orders-in-council. Japanese Canadians in Canada would no longer be subject to deportation; the Supreme Court of Canada hears the case of the government's policy of deporting Japanese Canadians. 
1948 Dutch Liberal Party forms-People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD).Ref: 5
1951 Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea.Ref: 2
1951 Dutch government Drees-van Schaik resigns.Ref: 5
1952*Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base.Ref: 5
1954*The last streetcars run in Cleveland. 
1961*Lazard Brithers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68.Ref: 5
1962 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany.Ref: 5
1964*24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes.Ref: 5
1968*(Chicago 7) The National Mobilization Committee (MOBE) meets in New York to discuss possible demonstrations in Chicago. Dellinger, Rennie Davis, and Tom Hayden are in attendence.Ref: 87
1969*Queen Juliana appointed honorary citizen of Addis Ababa.Ref: 5
1969 Spanish General Franco announces state of emergency.Ref: 5
1972*After twenty-eight years of hiding in the jungles of Guam, local farmers discover Shoichi Yokoi, a Japanese sergeant who was unaware that World War II had ended.Ref: 3
1972*The Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.Ref: 70
1975*Rev. F. Donald Coggan, 66, was consecrated the 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (primate of Anglicanism). In the audience was Johannes Cardinal Willebrands Ä the first Vatican representative to attend this Anglican ceremony since the time of the Reformation.Ref: 5
1978*Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (#12036).Ref: 5
1979*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1980*In a rebuff to the Soviets, the U.S. announces intentions to sell arms to China.Ref: 2
1982*A draft of Air Force history reports that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.Ref: 2
1984 Amazon Indians attack oil drilling crew with poison dartsRef: 62
1985*Penny Harrington became the first woman police chief of a major city. She assumed the duties as head of the Portland, Oregon force of 940 officers and staff.Ref: 4
1986*South Yemen Premier Haydar Bakr al-Attas becomes interim-president.Ref: 5
1987*Jesse Turner, professor of mathematics and computer science at Beirut University College and Alann (sic) Steen, communications instructor also at Beirut University College, were kidnapped in Lebanon. (All were later released.)Ref: 62
1989*First reported case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex.Ref: 5
1989*The Rev. Barbara C. Harris, 55, of Boston, was confirmed as the first female bishop in the 450-year history of the Anglican Church.Ref: 5
1992 A judge in El Salvador sentences an army colonel and a lieutenant to 30 years in prison for their part in the 1989 massacre of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter. (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2003)Ref: 83
1994*Dow Jones closes above 3,900 for first time (3,914.48)Ref: 5
1994*President Clinton promoted William J Perry, the Pentagon's No. 2 man, to the post of defense secretary. (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2004)Ref: 83
1994*The US Supreme Court rules that protesters who block access to abortion clinics or in other ways conspire to stop women from having abortions may be sued under federal anti-racketeering statutes. (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2004)Ref: 83
1995*(OJ Simpson) Trial opens. Prosecutors Marcia Clark and Christopher Darden deliver opening statements.Ref: 87
1999*House prosecutors interview Monica Lewinsky, a move that triggers fresh partisan convulsions in President Clinton's impeachment trial. (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2004)Ref: 83
2003*Connecticut becomes the first state to take part in the US gov'ts plan to innoculate 500,000 health care workders against smallpox. (Only four doctors agreed to be vaccinated on the first day.) (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2004)Ref: 83
2003*The new Department of Homeland Security officially opened as its head, Tom Ridge, was sworn in.Ref: 70
1616*Jacques Le Maire discovers Street Lemaire/Cape Receiver.Ref: 5
1616*Cape Horn first rounded by Dutch navigator Willem Schouten; named Cape after his home town Hoorn.Ref: 10
1839*Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society.Ref: 5
1860*French inventor Etienne Lenoir is issued a patent for the first successful internal-combustion engine.Ref: 3
1888*The typewriter ribbon is patented by Jacob L. Wortman of Philadelphia, PA.Ref: 4
1899*The rubber heel is patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan.Ref: 5
1907*In Ormond Beach, Florida, Glenn Curtiss, an engineer who got his start building motors for bicycles, set an unofficial land-speed record on a self-built V-8 motorcycle on this day: 136.29 MPH. No automobile would surpass that speed until 1911.Ref: 3
1922*Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, IA patents the eskimo pie.Ref: 4
1925*Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island.Ref: 5
1935*First canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale", is sold by Kruger Brewing Co in Richmond VA.Ref: 5
1946*U.S. Army Signal Corps first bounce radar off the moon.Ref: 10
1948*The SSEC (Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator) using both electronics and relays is dedicated. Ref 
1958*After warming to 100,000,000º, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion.Ref: 5
1969*Data General Nova computer introducedRef: 62
1970*Andrew Moog invents the Moog synthesizer. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/24/2001)Ref: 83
1975 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England.Ref: 5
1978*A nuclear-powered Soviet satellite (Cosmos 954) plunge through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada.Ref: 17
1984*Microsoft ships Microsoft BASIC and Microsoft Multiplan simultaneously with the introduction of the Macintosh.Ref: 5
1984*Macintosh computer launched by Steven Jobs at Apple Computer's annual stockholder's meeting.Ref: 17
1985*15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 is launched.Ref: 5
1986*The Voyager 2 space probe swept past Uranus, coming within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet from the sun. The first photographs from space of planet Uranus reveal 15 moons 11 rings.Ref: 17
1990*Japanese MUSES-A (Hiten) launched towards moon.Ref: 5
1993*Soyuz TM-16 launches.Ref: 5
1644*Battle at Nantwich Cheshire Parliamentary armies win.Ref: 5
1652 Duke of Orléans joins Fronde rebels.Ref: 5
1847*1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans are defeated by US Colonel Price.Ref: 5
1861*Arsenal at Augusta GA seized by Confederacy.Ref: 5
1861*Federal troops from Fort Monroe are sent to Fort Pikens.Ref: 5
1862*James McIntosh US confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 33.Ref: 5
1874 General J van Swieten conquers Kraton Atjeh, after 1000's die.Ref: 5
1892*Battle at Mengo, Uganda French missionaries attack British missionaries.Ref: 5
1900*Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army).Ref: 5
1915*The German cruiser Blücher is sunk by a British squadron in the Battle of Dogger Bank.Ref: 2
1927*British expeditionary force of 12,000 is sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.Ref: 2
1941*British troops march into Abyssinia.Ref: 5
1942*A special court of inquiry into America's lack of preparedness for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor places much of the blame on Rear Admiral Husband E Kimmel and Lt Gen Walter C Short, the Navy and Army commanders. (XDG, p 4A, 1/24/2004)Ref: 83
1943*At the end of an Allied conference at Casablanca, Morocco, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt publicly announces his doctrine of "unconditional surrender" for Germany, Italy, and Japan, including "total and political capitulation."Ref: 3
1943*Hitler orders Nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death.Ref: 5
1944*Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy.Ref: 5
1945*A German attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest is finally halted by the Soviets.Ref: 2
1945*Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg.Ref: 5
1960*Algeria uprises against French President De Gaulle.Ref: 5
1900 Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, formed in England.Ref: 5
1901*First games played in baseball's American League.Ref: 5
1930*Primo Carnera makes his American boxing debut by knocking out Big Boy Patterson in one minute, ten seconds of the opening round before a small, intimate gathering of 20,000 people in New York City.Ref: 4
1939*"Wee" Willie Keeler, George Sisler and Eddie Collins are elected into the Baseball Hall Of Fame.Ref: 1
1947*NFL adds 5th official (back judge) & allows sudden death in playoffs.Ref: 5
1950*Jackie Robinson signs highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history.Ref: 5
1950*Archie Moore KO's Freddie Mills for the light-heavyweight boxing title in London, England.Ref: 97
1952*First NFL team in Texas, Dallas Texans formerly New York Yankees.Ref: 5
1953*NFL's National & American conferences become Eastern & Western conferences. Ref 
1954*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open.Ref: 5
1955*In an effort to speed up the game, major league baseball announces a new rule which requires pitchers to deliver the ball within 20 seconds after taking a pitching position.Ref: 1
1961*The A's trade Whitey Herzog and Russ Snyder to the Orioles for Wayne Causey, Jim Archer, Bob Boyd and Al Pilarcik.Ref: 1
1962*Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1962*The Southern Association suspends operation due to decreasing yearly attendance.Ref: 1
1962*Mickey Wright/Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1963 Buddy Rogers & Lou Thesz wrestle in Toronto, Rogers becomes WWF wrestling champ & Thesz becomes NWA champ.Ref: 5
1963*Cassius Clay KOs Charlie Powell in the 3rd round in Pittsburgh PA.Ref: 96
1964*Willie Shoemaker topped Eddie Arcaro’s career earnings record by riding four winners at Santa Anita race track in California. Shoemaker’s total earnings reached $30,040,005.Ref: 4
1964*CBS purchases 1964 & 1965 NFL TV rights for $28.2 million.Ref: 5
1970*3rd ABA All-Star Game West 128 beats East 98 at Indiana.Ref: 5
1970 Valeri Muratov skates world record 500m (38.99 seconds).Ref: 5
1971*NFL Pro Bowl NFC beats AFC 27-6 (1st Pro Bowl after NFL-AFL merger).Ref: 5
1973*In his first year of elgibility, Warren Spahn recieves 316 of the 380 votes cast to become a member of the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1976*George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round of a real slugfest.Ref: 5
1976*Cleveland Cavaliers biggest margin victory-43 points (beat Milwaukee 132-89).Ref: 5
1978*31st NHL All-Star Game Wales beat Campbell 3-2 (OT) at Buffalo.Ref: 5
1980*The New York Mets are sold to a group headed by Nelson Doubleday and Fred Wilpon. The purchase price is estimated at $21.1 million - the highest amount ever paid for an American professional sports franchise.Ref: 86
1981*Islanders scored 5 power play goals against Nordiques.Ref: 5
1982*Super Bowl XVI: San Francisco 26, Cincinnati 21, at the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac. Ref 
1983 Hulk Hogan pins the Iron Sheik for World Wrestling Federation title.Ref: 5
1984 Hulk Hogan wins the World Wrestling Federation championship by defeating the Iron Sheik. (XDG, p. 4A, 1/24/2001)Ref: 83
1985*The football rules committee of the NCAA decided that it would be nice to place the football on the 20-yard line after a kickoff went through the end zone. It replaced a rule that placed the ball at the 30-yard line; a rule that had been in force for a very short time.Ref: 4
1986*New York Islander Mike Bossy scores his 1,000th point.Ref: 5
1987*61st Australian Women's Tennis H Mandlikova beat M Navratilova (75 76).Ref: 5
1988 First WWF Royal Rumble Jim Duggan wins.Ref: 5
1988*76th Australian Men's Tennis M Wilander beats P Cash (63 67 36 61 86).Ref: 5
1993 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Davis.Ref: 5
1999*The International Olympic Committee voted to expel six IOC members after charges that they had accepted money and other compensation from officials from cities bidding to host the Olympics. The cities included Sydney, Australia (2000 summer games) and Salt Lake City, Utah (2002 winter games).Ref: 4
2001*Believed to be an historical first, sixty-eight major league umpires participate in a pre-season session to practice calling strikes as defined by the rule book. With the help of minor leaguers wearing tapes nine inches above their belts, the men in blue get a good look at pitches, normally called balls, which now will considered a strike as the correct interpret ion of the zone will be enforced this upcoming season.Ref: 1
1659 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1874*Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg Russia.Ref: 5
1875 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres.Ref: 5
1913 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished.Ref: 5
1914*The opera "Madeleine" is produced (New York City NY).Ref: 5
1930 Ben Bernie (Benjamin Anzelwitz) began a weekly remote broadcast from the lovely Roosevelt Hotel in NYC.Ref: 4
1933*Noël Coward's "Design for Living" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1936*Benny Goodman and his orchestra recorded one of the all-time greats, Stompin’ at the Savoy, on Victor Records. The song became such a standard, that, literally, hundreds of artists have recorded it, including a vocal version by Barry Manilow; believe it or not. The ‘King of Swing’ recorded the song in a session at the Congress Hotel in Chicago.Ref: 4
1942 Abie’s Irish Rose was first heard on NBC radio this day replacing Knickerbocker Playhouse. The program was a takeoff on the smash play from Broadway that ran for nearly 2,000 performances. Sydney Smith played the part of Abie. Rosemary Murphy was played by Betty Winkler.Ref: 4
1942*Musical "Star & Garter" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1948*"Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City NY after 124 performances.Ref: 5
1959*"Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden New York City NY after 38 performances.Ref: 5
1959 Dmitri Shostakovich's comedy "Cheryomushk" premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1961*Looney Tunes voice actor Mel Blanc has a major auto wreck. After three weeks in a coma the doctor brings him around by asking "Hey,Bugs Bunny! How are you feeling today?" to which Blanc replied in character: "Ehhh, Fine, doc."Ref: 73
1961*Edward Albee's "American Dream" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1962*Brian Epstein signs management contract with the Beatles.Ref: 5
1964*Martin Kresses final comic strip of Eric the Viking.Ref: 5
1973*‘Little’ Donny Osmond, of the famed Osmond Brothers/Family, received a gold record for his album, Too Young. When he played the gold-plated disc on his Mickey Mouse phonograph, all he heard was Ben by ‘little’ Michael Jackson, a competitor in the ‘Kids Who Sing Really High Awards’ battle.Ref: 4
1975*"Hot l Baltimore" situation comedy premieres on ABC TV.Ref: 5
1982*Super Bowl XVI is the 2nd highest rated non-series show with an audience of 49.1%.Ref: 34
1986*43rd Golden Globes Whoopi Goldberg, Color Purple win.Ref: 5
1988*9th ACE Cable Awards.Ref: 5
1988*Cerebral Palsy telethon.Ref: 5
1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Theatre St Denis, Montréal.Ref: 5
1993*14th annual star-athon $24,000,000.Ref: 5
76*Publius A Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138), is born.Ref: 68
1664*Sir John Vanbrugh London, dramatist/architect (baptized), is born.Ref: 5
1670*William Congreve, British dramatist, is born.Ref: 68
1679*Christian von Wolff German philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1705 Farinelli "Carlo Broschi" Andria Italy, castrato, is born.Ref: 5
1705*Farinelli, Italian castrato singer, is born.Ref: 70
1712*Frederick II (the Great), King of Prussia, noted for his social reforms and leading Prussia in military victories, is born.Ref: 2
1712*Georg F Schmidt German engraver/etcher, is born.Ref: 5
1732*Pierre de Beaumarchais France, playwright (Barber of Seville), is born.Ref: 5
1746*Gustav III king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92), is born.Ref: 5
1750 Wybo Fijnje Dutch politician/patriot/journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1758*Johann Chrysostomus Drexel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1767 Antony CW Staring Dutch lawyer/poet (Jaromir), is born.Ref: 5
1774*Karl Moser composer, is born.Ref: 5
1776*Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann German writer/judge/composer (Undine), is born.Ref: 5
1778*Charles F duke of Berry/son of French king Charles X, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Karl von Staudt German math professor (projective geometrician), is born.Ref: 5
1798*Karl von Holtei Silesian actor/playwright (Die Vagabunden), is born.Ref: 5
1800 Sir Edwin Chadwick British social reformer, is born.Ref: 5
1811*Henry Barnard, American education commissioner, is born.Ref: 70
1814*Abraham van Stolk Dutch resources/art collector, is born.Ref: 5
1818*Birth of Anglican clergyman John Mason Neale, who was one of the first to translate ancient Greek and Latin hymns into English. Neale thus rendered the hymns known today as "All Glory, Laud, and Honor," "Good Christian Men, Rejoice" and "O Come, O Come, Emmanuel."Ref: 5
1820*John Milton Thayer Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Adam Jacoby Slemmer Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Ferdinand J Cohn German botanist/publicist, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Karol Studzinski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1829*William Mason composer, is born.Ref: 5
1832*John Pegram Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865, is born.Ref: 5
1833*Bernhard Erdmannsdörffer German, historian (Deutsche Geschichte), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Bernard Henry Kroger, founder of the Kroger Food Chain, is born in Cincinnati, OH.Ref: 68
1862*Edith Wharton (Jones), US, Pulitzer Prize winning author: The Age of Innocence [1921]; is born.Ref: 5
1874*Arthur Shomburg famous African, is born.Ref: 5
1880 Elisabeth Achelis creator (World Calendar), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Harold Babcock, American astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1883*Estelle Winwood [Goodwin], England, actress (Miracle on 34th Street), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Ernst Heinrich Heinkel German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Hedwig "Vicki" Baum Austrian/US author (Men Never Know), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Walter Model German field marshal, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Albin Zollinger Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Eugen Roth writer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Hans Fischböck Austria, Finance minister (Nazi-occupied Holland), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Cassandre, French graphic artist, is born.Ref: 70
1902*Walter Keirnan New Haven CT, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret), is born.Ref: 5
1902 Oskar Morgenstern German/US economist, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Oskar Morgenstern German/US economist, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Robert Gwathmey artist (Arts & Letters), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Marvin ‘Cyclone’ Wentworth hockey: Chicago Cardinals, Chicago Blackhawks, Montreal Maroons, Montreal Canadiens, is born.Ref: 4
1906 Norman Cook museum curator, is born.Ref: 5
1907 Alfonse Vranckx Belgian lawyer/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Maurice Couve de Murville France premier (1968-69), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Ann Todd Hartford England, actress (Paradine Case, 7th Veil), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Tiny Winters musician, is born.Ref: 5
1911*C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Norman Dello Joio [Dello Ioio], New York City NY, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*TV game show producer Mark Goodson is born.Ref: 68
1915*Robert B Motherwell US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Vitezslava Kapralova composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Ernest Borgnine Hamden CT, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale, Marty), is born.Ref: 5
1916*John Corner scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Jack (John Beasley) Brickhouse Chicago Radio Hall of Famer: WGN, Mutual Broadcasting System, DuMont Television Network; is born.Ref: 4
1916*C. Gene Mako tennis: U.S. Open runner-up [1938], is born.Ref: 4
1917*Ernest Borgnine Academy Award-winning actor: Marty [1955], The Poseidon Adventure, The Dirty Dozen, McHale’s Navy, is born in Hamden CT.Ref: 4
1918*Evangelist Oral Roberts is born.Ref: 3
1918*John McLiam Alberta, actor (Parker-Men From Shiloh), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Gottfried von Einem Bern Switzerland, Austrian composer (Dantons Tod), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Leon Kirchner Brooklyn NY, opera composer (Lily), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Nora Beloff journalist/author, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Don Saddler Van Nuys CA, dancer (Holiday Hotel), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Jerry Maren actor (munchkin-Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Bernard J Dwyer (Representative-D-NJ, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Neil Franklin soccer star, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Simeon ten Holt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*8th Earl Spencer English large landowner/father of Diane, is born.Ref: 5
1924*David Craighead composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Klaus George Roy composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Marvin Kaplan Brooklyn NY, actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Robert W Kastenmeier (Representative-D-WI, 1959- ), is born.Ref: 5
1925*William Hudson California, actor (I Led 3 Lives), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Gus (James) Mortson hockey: NHL: Toronto Maple Leafs [all-star: 1949], Chicago Blackhawks, Detroit Red Wings, is born.Ref: 4
1925*Maria (Betty Marie) Tallchief prima ballerina: Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, New York City Ballet; formed ballet troupe and school (1974) which became Chicago City Ballet [1980]; wife of choreographer George Balanchine, is born in Fairfax OK.Ref: 4
1927*Paula Hawkins (Senator-R-FL, 1981-86), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Desmond Morris English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Bernard Matthews English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Ib Norholm composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931 Kees Zÿlstra Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Werner Steger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Zeke Carey US R&B-singer (Flamingos-I Only Have Eyes For You), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Manuel Ycaza jockey: winner of Belmont Stakes [on Quadrangle: 1964], is born.Ref: 4
1936*Doug Kershaw Louisiana, plays electric fiddle, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Daniel Goode composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Jack Scott (Scafone) singer: My True Love, Goodbye Baby, What In the World’s Come Over You, Burning Bridges, is born in Canada.Ref: 4
1937*Bobby Scott singer, pianist: Chain Gang; songwriter: A Taste of Honey, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Julius Arthur Hemphill saxophonist, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Doug Kershaw musician: Cajun fiddle, songwriter, singer: Louisiana Man, Diggy Liggy Lo, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Ray Stevens (Harold Ray Ragsdale) singer, entertainer: Everything Is Beautiful, Mr. Businessman; #1 novelty recording artist: Ahab, the Arab, Gitarzan, The Streak, is born in Clarksdale GA.Ref: 4
1940 Flip Buurmeijer Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Michael Chapman Leeds England, rocker (Looking for 11), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Neil Diamond Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Jazz Singer), is born.Ref: 17
1941*Aaron Neville Grammy Award-winning singer: Healing Chant [w/Neville Brothers: 1989], Don’t Know Much [w/Linda Ronstadt: 1989], All My Life [w/Linda Ronstadt: 1990], I Fall to Pieces [w/Trisha Yearwood: 1994]; singer: Tell It Like It Is; solo: LPs: Warm Your Heart, The Grand Tour, Aaron Neville’s Soulful Christmas, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Julie Bennett Beverly Hills CA, actress (Hey There It's Yogi Bear), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Sharon Tate actress: Valley of the Dolls, The Beverly Hillbillies, The Fearless Vampire Killers, The Wrecking Crew; murdered by members of the Manson family, is born in Dallas TX.Ref: 4
1944*David Gerrold [Jerrold David Friedman], author (World of Star Trek), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Bobby Lee Bryant football: Minnesota Vikings corner back, Super Bowls VIII, XI, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Julie Gregg actress: From Hell to Borneo, The Seekers, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Hubert M "Jubi" Kirindongo Curaçaos sculptor/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1946*John Harrison South African correspondent (BBC), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Michael Ontkean Vancouver BC, actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Giorgio Chinaglia soccer star (Lazio of Italy, New York Cosmos), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Warren Zevon Chicago IL, rocker (Excitable Boy), is born.Ref: 5
1947*David Randall priest, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Elliott Abrams assistant secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Bart Gordon (Representative-D-TN, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1949*John (Adam) Belushi, comedian: Second City improvisational troupe, original cast: Saturday Night Live; actor: 1941, The Blues Brothers; is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 4
1949*Guy Charron hockey: NHL: Montreal Canadiens, Detroit Red Wings, KC Scouts, Washington Capitals; assistant coach: Calgary Flames, NY Islanders, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Daniel Auteuil Algeria, actor (Elegant Criminal, Manon of Spring), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Yakov Smirnoff, comedian: What a Country; actor: Night Court, Up Your Alley, Heartburn, The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the Eighth Dimension, is born in Russia.Ref: 4
1952*William F Readdy Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Brian Matthews Philadelphia PA, actor (The Burning), is born.Ref: 5
1955*James Montgomery US 100m swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Julian Holland rocker (Squeeze), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Frank Ullrich East Germany, world biathlon champion, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Jools (Julian) Holland musician: keyboard: group: Squeeze: Goodbye Girl, Up the Junction, Cool for Cats; solo: LP: Jools Holland & The Millionaires, is born.Ref: 4
1959*Nastassja Kinski actress: Terminal Velocity, The Hotel New Hampshire, Paris Texas, Exposed, Tess, For Your Love OnlyRef: 4
1960*Nastassja Kinski Berlin Germany, actress (Tess, Cat People), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov Bulgaria, cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Ronnie McCann Evander South Africa, Nike golfer (1993 Hawkeye-37th), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Rob (Robert Keith) Dibble baseball: pitcher: Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1990/all-star: 1990, 1991], Chicago White Sox, Milwaukee Brewers, is born in Bridgeport CT.Ref: 4
1965*Ross MacDonald Vancouver BC, star yachter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Kim Saiki Inglewood CA, golfer (1994 Standard Register PING-13th), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Mike Forgeron Main-A-Dieu Nova Scotia, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Chris Warren NFL running back (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Shannon Butler South Lake Tahoe CA, 10k runner, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mary Lou Retton Fairmont WV, gymnast (Olympics-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Ross Powell US baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds, Houston Astros), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Scott Mercier Harbor City CA, cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Louise McPaul Australian javelin thrower (Olympics-silver-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Stephanie Romanov actress (Teri Spencer-Models Inc)/model (Elite), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Chris Bartolone hockey defenseman (Team Italy 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Matthew Lillard actor (Scream), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tonya Crowe Long Beach CA, actress (Olivia-Knots Landing), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Cory Bailey US baseball pitcher (Boston Red Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Joe Panos NFL guard/center (Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1971*John Reece WLAF/NFL cornerback (Amsterdam Admirals, Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Saalman Raelyn Fostoria Ohio, actress (Attack of 60' Centerfold), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jay Walker quarterback (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Joe Garten WLAF center (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Raphael Graetz WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Salima Davidson Pittsburgh Penn, volleyball setter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Shannon Garrett CFL defensive back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Chris Ferraro Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Olympics-94, New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Erik Gervais Valleyfield Québec Canada, kayaker (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Peter Ferraro Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Olympics-94, New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Richard Aimonetto hockey forward (Team France 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kristy Sargeant Edmonton Alberta, ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Layla Linn Miss New Mexico-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Tim Biakabutuka running back (Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Danielle Connors Miss Virginia-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Laure Belleville Miss France-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Shae-Lynn Bourne Chatham Ontario, ice dancer (Bourne & Kraatz 1995 World Champions-4th), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Lenka Cenkova Trinec Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1995 Futures-Vaihingen-Germany), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Tatyana M Ali New York City NY, actress (Sesame Street, Fresh Prince of Bel Air), is born.Ref: 5
1993*Ashley Jade Stern daughter of radio personality Howard Stern, is born.Ref: 5
41*Shortly after declaring himself a god, Caligula is assassinated (at age 28) by two Praetorian tribunes. (Also 52)Ref: 2
661*Ali ibn Abu Talib kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered.Ref: 5
772*Stephen III ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
817*Stefanus IV [V/Colonna], pope (816-17), dies.Ref: 5
1336*Alfonso IV the Benignant, king of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36.Ref: 5
1473*Conrad Paumann German blind organist/composer, dies.Ref: 5
1547*Henry Howard Earl of Surrey, executed for treason.Ref: 5
1639*George Jenatsch Grisons leader, assassinated.Ref: 5
1666*Johann Andreas Herbst composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1678*Joan Maetsuyker Governor-General of Netherlands East-Indies, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1791*Nienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1805*Giacomo Conti composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1812*Eligio Celestino composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1851*Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini Italian composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1864*Otto Jonas Lindblad composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1864*Stephen Gardner Champlin Brigadier General (Union), dies at about 36.Ref: 5
1883*Friedrich von Flotow, German-born French composer, dies at age 70.Ref: 5
1884*Johann Christian Gebauer composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1885*Martin R Delany politician & black nationalist, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1895*Lord Randolph Churchill, English politician and father of Winston Churchill, dies at age 45.Ref: 70
1897*Margaret Hungerford ‘The Duchess’: author: Molly Bawn: “Beauty is in the Eye of the Beholder.”; dies.Ref: 10
1901*Simon Hassler composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1904*Franz Coenen composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1911*Carl Eilhardt composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1913*Gustav Luders composer, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1920*35 Amedeo Modigliani, 7/12/1884 1/24/1920Amedeo Modigliani,Ref: 70
1924*Thephilo Braga Portuguese poet/politician, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1929*Willem Royaards theater director (Adam in Ballingschap), dies.Ref: 5
1939*30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile.Ref: 5
1940*Emile van Bosch revue/operetta-artist, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1943*John Burns English minister of Local Government (1905-14), dies.Ref: 5
1943*Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau.Ref: 5
1947*Felix Timmermans writer/painter (Gift from St Nicholas), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1950*Bull Montana actor (Son of Sheik), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1953*[Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt General-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1960*John Miljan actor (Charlie Chan in Paris, Yankee Clipper), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1960*Rutland Boughton composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1961*Willem J M van Eysinga people rights scholar, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1962*Tom Shirley actor/TV announcer (They're Off), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1964*Joseph Schildkraut actor (Joseph Schildkraut Presents), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1965*Winston Churchill PM of Britain © (1940-45, 51-55, Nobel 1953), dies from a cerebral thrombosis at the age of 90 in London, England.Ref: 5
1967*Howard Charles Shaiffer entertainer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1969*Pauline Hall composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1969*Tom Zachary baseball pitcher (Washington Senators), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1970*James "Shep" Shepherd rocker (Shep & Limelites), beaten to death.Ref: 5
1972*Jerome Cowan actor: The West Point Story, Blondie Hits the Jackpot, June Bride, The Maltese Falcon, The Tycoon, The Tab Hunter Show, Not for Publication; dies.Ref: 4
1973*J Carrol Naish actor (Charlie Chan-Adventures of Charlie Chan), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1975*Larry Fine (aka Louis Fienberg) (of the 3 Stooges) dies at age 72.Ref: 5
1977*5 lawyers murdered by fascist in Madrid.Ref: 5
1979*Jerry Damon comedian (That Was The Week That Was), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1979*Mabel Taliaferro actress (My Love Come Back), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1983*George Cukor, American motion-picture director, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1986*Gordon MacRae singer (Oklahoma, Carousel), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1986*L[aFayette] Ron[ald] Hubbard author/founder of Scientology (Dianetics,Death Quest), dies at 74.Ref: 68
1986*Singer and actor Gordon MacRae dies of cancer in Lincoln, Nebraska at the age of 64. MacRae starred in many memorable movies, such as Tea for Two, On Moonlight Bay, Oklahoma! and Carousel. He also starred on television as host of the Colgate Comedy Hour and Lux Television Theatre.Ref: 17
1988*Charles Glenn King biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1989*Ted Bundy, confessed serial murderer of over 21 (possibly as many as 100) women during a period of 15 years, was executedRef: 5
1990*Madge Bellamy actress (White Zombie), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1991*George Gobel comedian, dies of a heart attack at 71.Ref: 5
1991*Lawrence Lott actor (Real Men, Philadelphia Experiment), dies of AIDS at 40.Ref: 5
1992*Charles Moulin, French actor (French Tarzan), dies.Ref: 5
1992*John Bleifer actor (Highway to Heaven), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1992*Tina Chow model, dies of AIDs at 41.Ref: 5
1993*(US Supreme Court Justice) Thurgood Marshall US Supreme Court Associate Justice: first black to hold this office [1967-1991]; dies at age 84.Ref: 9
1993*Ugur Mumcu Turkish journalist (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Polish ferry boat John Heweliusz sinks, 52 killed.Ref: 5
1994*Michalis Vranopoulos head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48.Ref: 5
1995*Ian Prestt English ornithologist, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1995*Victor Reinganum artist, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1995*Wim H Sinnige Amsterdam PvdA alderman of Finance, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1995*Victor Reinganum artist, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1996 Ursula Heathcote Nicholls, campaigner, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1996*Sandor Iharos athlete, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1997*Callum Alexander MacDonald historian, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1998*Jay Monahan husband of Katie Couric, dies of cancer at 42Ref: 5
1998*Justin Tubb singer: Looking Back to See, Sure Fire Kisses; songwriter: Lonesome 7-7203, Love is No Excuse, Keeping Up with the Joneses; Ernest Tubb’s son; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen