Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 25th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1139*Godfried II the Young becomes duke of Brabant.Ref: 5
1308*Edward II of England marries Isabella daughter of Philip IV, King of France at Boulogne Cathedral.Ref: 53
1327*Edward II of England abdicates in favor of his son, Edward III.Ref: 53
1494*Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples.Ref: 5
1533*(date approximate) England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, a pregnant Anne Boleyn.Ref: 70
1534*(Protestant Reformation) German Reformer Martin Luther gave his understanding of "conversion" in a sermon: 'To be converted to God means to believe in Christ, to believe that He is our Mediator and that we have eternal life through Him.'.Ref: 5
1579 Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic.Ref: 5
1721*Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy.Ref: 5
1802*Napoleon elected President of the Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.Ref: 5
1807*(date given as "late-January) Burr surrenders. However, a grand jury impaneled in the Mississippi Territory refuses to indict Burr for "any crime or misdemeanor against the United States."Ref: 87
1819*Greene-Clark County OH border is altered (to accommodate the property line of General Benjamin Whiteman, a major Greene County landholder), passed same day.Ref: 55
1825*First US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy NY.Ref: 5
1841*The Oxford Movement in England reached its apex with the appearance of John Henry Newman's Tract No. 90. The storm of controversy which ensued brought the series (begun in 1833) to an end. Later, Newman resigned his Anglican parish and in 1845 converted to Roman Catholicism.Ref: 5
1844*Recontre between Representatives Weller & Shriver, US House of Representatives.Ref: 5
1846*The dreaded Corn Laws, which taxed imported oats, wheat and barley, are repealed by the British Parliament.Ref: 2
1851*Sojourner Truth addresses first Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron).Ref: 5
1869*Pat Garrett leaves Louisiana to become a buffalo hunter in Texas. Ref 
1869*Xenia Ohio's YMCA is incorporated. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1875*Anti-slavery society formed in NY.Ref: 5
1877*Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden.Ref: 5
1882*Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms.Ref: 5
1890*The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) is founded.Ref: 3
1890*National Afro-American League forms in Chicago.Ref: 5
1906*(Shipp) Will Hixon, a white man who worked near the rape scene, tells Shipp that he saw a black man "twirling a leather strap around his finger" shortly before the rape. Hixon later calls Shipp to report having seen the suspect walking toward town. Shipp eventually finds the suspect, Ed Johnson, riding on an ice truck and arrests him. Shipp questions Johnson for three hours, but Johnson claims to know nothing of the rape. Over 1,500 people gather in the courtyard in front of the jail where they assume Johnson is being held. Many in the crowd have guns or rope. The lynch mob storms the jail. Tennessee Governor Cox orders the National Guard to protect the jail, but it is heavily damaged. Johnson, who had been moved to Nashville earlier in the day out of a concern that he might be lynched, is unharmed.Ref: 87
1907*Julia Ward Howe is first woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters.Ref: 5
1910 Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1915*The Supreme Court upholds "yellow dog" contracts, which forbid membership in labor unions.Ref: 59
1918*Russia declared a republic of Soviets.Ref: 5
1919*The League of Nations plan is adopted by the Allies.Ref: 2
1919*Founding of League of Nations, first meeting 1 year later.Ref: 5
1923 NVV donates ƒ100,000 to mine workers of Ruhrgebied.Ref: 5
1927*Jack Benny married Sadye Marks on this day. You thought he married Mary Livingstone, didn’t you? You are right. Sadye changed her name after she married the timeless comedian.Ref: 4
1929*Members of the New York Stock Exchange ask for an additional 275 seats.Ref: 2
1930*New York police rout a Communist rally at the Town Hall.Ref: 2
1932*First commencement exercises at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1934*John Dillinger and Billie Frechette and others are arrested in Tucson AZ.Ref: 42
1940*Nazi decrees the establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland.Ref: 5
1944*Diary entry by Hans Frank, Gauleiter of Poland, concerning the fate of 2.5 million Jews originally under his jurisdiction - "At the present time we still have in the General Government perhaps 100,000 Jews."Ref: 35
1944*In the Anglican Diocese of Hong Kong and South China, Florence Tim-Oi Lee of Macao was ordained a priest in Kwangtung Province, China. Although considered an emergency wartime measure (owing to the lack of male priests in Macao), it nevertheless made Florence Tim-Oi Lee the first-ever ordained female Anglican clergyperson.Ref: 5
1945*Grand Rapids MI becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water.Ref: 5
1946*The United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor.Ref: 5
1949*Axis Sally, who broadcasted Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe, stands trial in the United States for war crimes.Ref: 2
1949 First Israeli election Ben-Gurion's Mapai party wins.Ref: 5
1950*73ºF (23ºC) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January.Ref: 5
1952*The appeal of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg is denied by Second Circuit Court of Appeals in opinion by Judge Jerome Frank.Ref: 87
1955*The House votes 410-3 to authorize the President to use force in Taiwan against mainland China. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1955*US & Panama sign canal treaty.Ref: 5
1956 Khrushchev says that he believes that Eisenhower is sincere in his efforts to abolish war. Khrushchev says that he believes that Eisenhower is sincere in his efforts to abolish war.Ref: 2
1956*96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state record).Ref: 5
1957*FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for the USSR.Ref: 5
1959*Pope John XXIII, 90 days after his election, announced his intention to hold an ecumenical church council. (The Vatican II Council officially opened October 11, 1962 and closed December 8, 1965.)Ref: 5
1961*John F. Kennedy presented the first live presidential news conference from Washington, DC. Kennedy’s quick wit made him “an immediate sensation,” according to reporters gathered at the scene.Ref: 4
1968*Risse St in the Bronx named for Louis Risse (engineer who pioneered underpasses at major intersections).Ref: 5
1971*Major-General Idi Amin deposes President Obote in Uganda.Ref: 17
1971*Philadelphia mint's 1st trial strike of the Eisenhower dollar,Ref: 5
1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes 18th Indian state.Ref: 5
1971*(Manson) Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate. Defense attorney Paul Fitzgerald says the trial wasn't fair.Ref: 70
1972*Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announces candidacy for president.Ref: 2
1974 Bülent Ecevit forms government in Turkey.Ref: 5
1975*Parliament disposes of premier sheik Mujib ur-Rahman.Ref: 5
1978*Muriel Humphrey (D-MN) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat.Ref: 5
1979*Pope John Paul II's 1st overseas trip as supreme pontiff.Ref: 5
1979*22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan.Ref: 5
1980*Bani Sadr elected President of Iran.Ref: 5
1981 Jiang Qing, the widow of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death following her convictions on charges of treason, subverting the government, and wrongly arresting, detaining, and torturing innocent people. Her sentence will be overturned in 1983.Ref: 3
1981*Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1981*The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States. AP correspondent Walter Rodgers describes the sceneRef: 70
1983*Klaus Barbie (“the butcher of Lyon”), Nazi Gestapo chief in Lyon, France during the German occupation, was arrested in Bolivia on charges of having tortured and killed thousands of people. After World War II, Barbie was protected and employed by U.S. intelligence agents because of his “police skills’ and anti-Communist zeal.” Barbie, together with his wife and children, then escaped to Latin America, where he worked primarily as an interrogator and torturer for dictatorships both in Peru and in Bolivia. He was tried in 1987 and died in prison in 1991.Ref: 17
1983*China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life.Ref: 5
1984*President Reagan endorses the development of the first U.S. permanently-manned space station.Ref: 2
1986 General Tito Okello's government flees Kampala Uganda.Ref: 5
1988*Vice President Bush & Dan Rather clash on "CBS Evening News" as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in the Iran-Contra affair.Ref: 5
1988*Ramsewak Shankar sworn in as President of Suriname.Ref: 5
1989*Yank owner George Steinbrenner meets with Pope John Paul II.Ref: 5
1989 Augusto Alcalde, first South American Zen teacher, receives Dharma Transmission.Ref: 5
1990*Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail.Ref: 5
1990*West-Europe's strongest hurricane.Ref: 5
1991*Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government.Ref: 5
1993*Puerto Rico adds English as its 2nd official language.Ref: 5
1993*Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years.Ref: 5
1993*President Clinton appointed his wife, Hillary, to head a committee on health-care reform.Ref: 70
1995 Jacques Santer succeeds Jacques Delors as chairman of European Committee.Ref: 5
1995*(OJ Simpson) The defense gave its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, saying Simpson was the victim of a "rush to judgment" by authorities who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.Ref: 70
1998*Britain's Queen Mother, 97, gets an emergency hip replacement.Ref: 5
1999*The Supreme Court ruled that the 2000 census could not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy.Ref: 70
2001*A jury in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., found 13-year-old Lionel Tate guilty of first-degree murder in the death of a 6-year-old family friend. Tate had said he accidentally killed the girl while imitating moves by pro wrestlers.Ref: 70
2002*A judge in Cambridge, Mass., sentenced Thomas Junta to six to 10 years in prison for beating another man to death at their sons' hockey practice.Ref: 70
1799*First US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont.Ref: 5
1839*First photographic negative published by W.H. Fox-Talbot.Ref: 10
1870*Gustavus Dows patents the ornamental soda fountain. The marble fountain featured a double stream draft arm and sold for $225!Ref: 4
1890*Nellie Bly, the pen name of journalist Elizabeth Cochran, completes her record-breaking 24,899-mile trip around the world--a journey that started on November 14th, 1889.Ref: 2
1915*Alexander Graham Bell in New York spoke to his assistant in San Francisco, inaugurating the first transcontinental telephone service.Ref: 4
1955*Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years.Ref: 2
1958*First U.S. meeting of ALGOL definition committeeRef: 62
1959*American Airlines offers the first transcontinental jet service in a Boeing 707 from NY to LA for $301.Ref: 2
1964*Echo 2, US communications satellite launched.Ref: 5
1974*South African surgeon Christiaan Barnard transplanted the first human heart without removal of the old one.Ref: 5
1980 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft.Ref: 5
1983*Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit.Ref: 5
1992*Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264.Ref: 5
1994*US space probe Clementine launched.Ref: 5
1554*Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary.Ref: 5
1565 Battle at Talikota India Moslems destroy Vijayanagar's army.Ref: 5
1775*Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx).Ref: 5
1787*(Shays' Rebellion) Small farmers in Springfield MA, led by Daniel Shays, revolt against tax laws by storming the federal arsenal. Federal troops break up the protesters of what becomes known as Shay’s Rebellion. Ref 
1856*Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians.Ref: 5
1863*President Lincoln appoints Gen. Joseph (Fighting Joe) Hooker as Commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Burnside. The term "hooker" is a reference to the women who followed Hooker's army wherever they went.Ref: 5
1863*Battle of Kinston NC.Ref: 5
1865*The CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia.Ref: 5
1916*Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary.Ref: 5
1918*Austria and Germany reject U.S. peace proposals.Ref: 2
1940*Nazis choose the town of Oswiecim (Auschwitz) in Poland near Krakow as site of new concentration camp.Ref: 35
1942*Roberts Commission Report on Pearl Harbor blamed Lieutenant General Walter C. Short and Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel for not taking adequate precautions against attack. The report also said Japanese spies were on the island of Oahu who were not attached to the Japanese consular corps.Ref: 37
1943*The last German airfield in Stalingrad is captured by the Red Army.Ref: 2
1945*Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths.Ref: 5
1945*West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma.Ref: 5
1945*Audie Murphy earns Metal of Honor in Holtzwihr, France by holding off advance of Germans.Ref: 10
1951*The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea launches Operation Thunderbolt, a counter attack to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River.Ref: 2
1955*USSR officially ends its state of war with the German Federal Republic.Ref: 18
1961 Military coup in El Salvador.Ref: 5
1969*US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris.Ref: 5
1972*President Nixon airs the eight-point peace plan for Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal.Ref: 2
1894*James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1924*The first Winter Olympiad was staged in Chamonix, France.Ref: 3
1934*Giant manager Bill Terry wakes a sleeping giant when he jests, "Is Brooklyn still in the league?", during an interview with the New York press. The Dodgers will knock the Giants out of the pennant race in September.Ref: 1
1939*Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1943*The Boston Braves buy Lefty Gomez from the Yankees. He will be released before playing a game and will sign with the Senators in May.Ref: 1
1945*Dan Topping, Del Webb and Larry MacPhail purchase the Yankees for $2,800,000 from the estate of the late Col. Jacob Ruppert. MacPhail replaces Ed Barrow as President and General Manager.Ref: 86
1947*Five players in the Class D Evangeline League who allegedly bet on the 1946 playoffs are made ineligible. Included in this group, and later reinstated, is the all-time minor league winningest pitcher, Bill Thomas (383 wins).Ref: 1
1949*Lou Boudreau signs a two-year $65,000 contact with the World Champion Indians to remain the team's player-manager.Ref: 1
1953 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 seconds.Ref: 5
1955 Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race.Ref: 5
1961*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1972*7' Ohio State center Luke Witte is stomped in face during a brawl in a game with Minnesota.Ref: 5
1972*25th NHL All-Star Game East beats West 3-2 at Minnesota.Ref: 5
1974*Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's, prevents the Padres from moving to Washington, D.C., by purchasing the club from C. Arnholt Smith.Ref: 86
1976*George Foreman knocks out Ron Lyle in the fifth round. (XDG, p 4A, 1/25/2001)Ref: 83
1978*Padres trade pitcher Dave Tomlin & $125,000 to Rangers for Gaylord Perry (He wins 1978 Cy Young Award).Ref: 5
1980*Dutch Government demands boycott of Olympics.Ref: 5
1981*Super Bowl XV, Oakland 27, Pittsburgh 10, at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans. Ref 
1985*Heisman Trophy winner Doug Flutie of Boston College signs a $7-million, five-year contract. Flutie would play with the New Jersey Generals of the United States Football League.Ref: 4
1987*Super Bowl XXI: NY Giants 39, Denver 20, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. Ref 
1987*75th Australian Mens Tennis S Edberg beats Pat Cash (63 64 36 57 63).Ref: 5
1988*Longest winless streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (15 games).Ref: 5
1989*Michael Jordan scores his 10,000th NBA point in his 5th season.Ref: 5
1991*Denver's baseball ownership group launches a season ticket drive, requesting a refundable deposit of $50 per seat.Ref: 86
1991*Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 50 goals in less than 50 games (49).Ref: 5
1992*66th Australian Women's Tennis Monica Seles beats M Fernandez (62 63).Ref: 5
1992 Dan Jansen skates world record 500m in 36.41".Ref: 5
1997*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays sign former Boston Red Sox outfielder Gregg Blosser, from Sarasota, the organization's first player with Major League experience.Ref: 86
1997*71st Australian Women's Tennis Martina Hingis beat Mary Pierce (62 62).Ref: 5
1998*Super Bowl XXXII (at San Diego): Denver Broncos 31, Green Bay Packers 24. The dream finally came true for John Elway and the Broncos. They broke a 4-game Super Bowl losing streak with 1:45 to go in the game. The Broncos’ MVP RB Terrell Davis ran for a 1-yard TD run up the middle and put Denver in the Super Bowl win column at last. Tickets: $275.00.Ref: 4
1998*Helen Alfredsson wins Office Depot LPGA tournament.Ref: 5
1999*After being aired on WOR, Channel 9 since the team's inception in 1962, Met games this season will broadcast by WPIX, Channel 11. The Yankees games which had been aired for nearly 50 years on Channel 11 will now be seen on Channel 5, a Fox affiliate.Ref: 1
1999*The Oakland A's sign former Yankee free-agent outfielder Tim Raines for $600,000. The 39-year old switch hitter batted .290 for the World Champs last season and has a .296 career batting average.Ref: 1
2002*The Carolina Panthers name John Fox as their head coach. (USA Today, p 3C, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1817*Rossini's opera "La Cenerentola" premieres in Rome.Ref: 5
1835*Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Puritani" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1854 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bednost ne Porok" premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1858*Mendelssohn’s "Wedding March" was presented for the first time, as the daughter of Queen Victoria marries the Crown Prince of Prussia.Ref: 4
1885 Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres.Ref: 5
1902*Aleksandr Skriabin's 2nd Symphony in C premieres in St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1904 J M Synge's "Ruders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin.Ref: 5
1906 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid.Ref: 5
1908 John Blocks' opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp.Ref: 5
1909 Richard Strauss' premier of "Electricity" in Dresden.Ref: 5
1915*Giordano, Sardou & Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gêne" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1921 Karel Capék's "RUR" premieres in Prague.Ref: 5
1937 NBC radio presented the first broadcast of The Guiding Light. The program became the longest-running story line in daytime drama. The radio show remained until 1956. The Guiding Light began its long run on CBS-TV in 1952.Ref: 4
1938*Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1940*Mary Martin recorded My Heart Belongs to Daddy -- for Decca Records. The song was her signature song until she starred in South Pacific in 1949. Then, Larry Hagman’s mother had a new trademark: “I’m gonna wash that man right out of my hair...”Ref: 4
1944 The character, a black maid named Beulah and played by a white man, Marlin Hunt, aired on radio for the first time on Fibber McGee and Molly. The spinoff, Beulah, became a radio series in 1945.Ref: 4
1945*Richard Tucker debuted at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City in the production of La Gioconda.Ref: 4
1946 Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis" premieres in Zurich.Ref: 5
1949*First Emmy Awards NBC's "The Necklace", Shirley Dinsdale & Pantomime Quiz (KTLA) win.Ref: 5
1957*Steve Allen hosts his last Tonight! Show. 
1961*Walt Disney's "101 Dalmations" released.Ref: 5
1964*The Beatles reached the #1 spot on the music charts, as their hit single, I Want to Hold Your Hand, grabbed the top position in Cash Box magazine, as well as on the list of hits on scores of radio stations. It was the first #1 hit for the Beatles. Billboard listed the song as #1 on February 1. The group’s second #1 hit song, She Loves You, was also released this day -- but not on Capitol Records. It was on Swan Records (#4152). Other songs by The Beatles were released on Vee Jay (Please, Please Me), M-G-M (My Bonnie with Tony Sheridan), Tollie (Twist and Shout), Atco (Ain’t She Sweet) and the group’s own label, Apple Records, as well as Capitol.Ref: 4
1968*Robert Anderson's "I Never Sang for My Father" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1970 Robert Altman's "M*AS*H," premiers.Ref: 5
1973 Life Magazine ends publication after 36 years.Ref: 10
1978*Bob Dylan plays second "Hurricane" benefit (Astrodome)Ref: 62
1980*Paul McCartney is released from Tokyo jail & deported.Ref: 5
1981*Creedence Clearwater Revival releases "Proud Mary". (XDG, p 4A, 1/25/2001)Ref: 83
1982*9th American Music Award Kenny Rogers win.Ref: 5
1985 "Black & Blue" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1987*Super Bowl XXI is the 15th highest rated non-series show with an audience of 45.8%.Ref: 34
1988*George Harrison releases "When We Was Fab".Ref: 5
1988*15th American Music Award Anita Baker, Paul Simon & Whitney Houston.Ref: 5
1991*Soap opera "Generation's" last episode after a 2½ year run.Ref: 5
1993*20th American Music Award Michael Jackson, Mariah Carey win.Ref: 5
1994*Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settles a civil lawsuit out of court.Ref: 5
1998*"Grease" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City NY after 1,503 performance.Ref: 5
1998*"Patti LaBelle On Broadway" closes at St James Theater New York City NY.Ref: 5
1998*Spice Girl Victoria Adams (Posh) & soccer David Beckham get engaged.Ref: 5
749*Leo IV (the Khazar) Byzantine emperor (775-80), is born.Ref: 5
1477*Anna de Bretagne wife of Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII, is born.Ref: 5
1509*Giovanni Morone Italian theologist/diplomat/cardinal/"heretic", is born.Ref: 5
1540*Edmund Campion London, saint/Jesuit martyr (December Rationes), is born.Ref: 5
1615*Govert Flinck Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), is born.Ref: 5
1626*John van de Cappelle Amsterdam, landscape painter, is born.Ref: 5
1627*Robert Boyle Ireland, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color), is born.Ref: 5
1634*Gaspar Fagel lawyer/pension advisor of Holland (1672-88), is born.Ref: 5
1693*Anna Ivanova Romanova daughter of Ivan V/empress of Russia (1730-40), is born.Ref: 5
1708*Pompeo Girolamo Batoni Italian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1728*Antoine Court de Gébelin French vicar/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1736*Joseph-Louis comte de Lagrange, Turin, French mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1750*Johann Gottfried Vierling composer, is born.Ref: 5
1759*Robert Burns, Scottish poet ("Auld Lang Syne," "Comin' Thru the Rye.", is born in Alloway Scotland.Ref: 2
1766 Hans Freiherr von Gagern German advisor to Dutch king Willem I, is born.Ref: 5
1770*Francis Burdett British politician, is born.Ref: 5
1777*Elias Canneman Dutch liberal minister of Finance (1813-14), is born.Ref: 5
1796*William McGillivray Old Aberdeen, naturalist, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Daniel Maclise Irish painter, is born.Ref: 5
1814*Francis Harrison Pierpont Governor (Union), died in 1899, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Dan Rice, American clown, is born.Ref: 70
1825*George Edward Pickett (of Pickett's Charge), American Confederate Army officer, is born.Ref: 68
1826 Rembt van Boneval Faure Dutch MP, is born.Ref: 5
1834*Pablo Hernandez Salces composer, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Seldon Connor Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917, is born.Ref: 5
1841*John Arbuthnot Fisher Ceylon, first Baron Fisher/admiral of the fleet, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Frederick E Kitziger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1851*Arne Garborg Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar), is born.Ref: 5
1851*Jan Blockx Belgium, opera composer (Sea Bride princess of Herberg), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Giuseppe Radiciotti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Charles Curtis, American Indian, 31st U.S. Vice President under Herbert Hoover from 1929-1933, is born.Ref: 4
1863*Rufus Matthew Jones, American Quaker and author, is born.Ref: 70
1866 Emile Vandervelde leader of Belgian BWP party, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, is born.Ref: 5
1874*[William] Somerset Maugham Paris, novelist/poet (Of Human Bondage), is born.Ref: 5
1880*Francis George Scott composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Emil Ludwig German biographer (Diana, Son of Man), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Gustave Frederic Soderlund composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Virginia [Adeline] Woolf London, author (Jacob's Room, To the Lighthouse), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Edward Kilenyi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1885*A J Else Mauhs German/Dutch actress (Eline Vere, L'aiglon), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Wilhelm Fürtwängler Berlin Germany, conductor/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Diego Valeri Italian author/poet (Le Gaie Tristezze), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Vladimir Vladimirovich Scherbachov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Dame Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies Britian, actress (Cleopatra), is born.Ref: 5
1891*William C Bullitt first US ambassador to USSR, is born.Ref: 5
1896*John Moores British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Joachim Wach German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Ace Goodman Kansas City MO, comedian (Easy Aces), is born.Ref: 5
1899 Paul-Henri Spaak Belgium, statesman, leader in European integration, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Mildred Dunnock Baltimore MD, actress (Baby Doll, Nun's Story), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Theodosius Dobzhansky Ukraine, geneticist/writer (Mankind Evolving), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Eric Brown architect, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Gerard P M Knuvelder Dutch literature historian (Vocation, Kitty), is born.Ref: 5
1903*"Sleepy" John Estes rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Frans Goedhart Dutch journalist/founder (Het Parool), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Géza Frid Hungarian/Dutch composer/pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1906 Mildred Dunnock is born.Ref: 10
1908*Lord Iliffe English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Hendrik Willem Hans Osieck composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Viljo Revell, Finnish architect, is born.Ref: 70
1910 Harold Watkinson politician/businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Julia Frances Smith composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Lucius E Burch Jr US lawyer/civil rights leader, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Witold Lutoslawski Warsaw Poland, composer (Jeux Vénitiens), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Michael Duane educationalist, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Ken Mayers actor (Robbie Robertson-Space Patrol), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Edwin Newman New York City NY, newscaster/journalist/author (NBC-TV, Comment), is born.Ref: 5
1919 Patricia Louise Dalton chair (Sherlock Holmes Society of London), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Alfred Reed composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Russell Reading Braddon Australian author, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jules P de Palm Antilles writer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Raymond Baxter British TV host/author (Fast Lady), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Eva Zeller writer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Lou "The Toe" Groza AAFC, NFL tackle, kicker (Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Barbara Carroll jazz pianist, arranger, occasional vocalist: LPs: Everything I Love, This Heart of Mine, Live at the Carlyle, Old Friends, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Dick McGuire Basketball Hall of Famer: ‘Tricky Dick’, NY Knicks player and coach, Detroit Pistons player and coach, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Gregg Palmer San Francisco CA, actor (Scream, To Hell & Back), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Antonio Carlos Jobim composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Seung Sahn Zen teacher (Korean line), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Eduard Shevardnadze Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (1985-91), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Harold Lloyd Jr actor (Frankenstein's Daughter), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Paavo J Haavikko Finnish writer/poet/husband of Marja-Liisa Vartio, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Stikkan Stig Anderson, music entrepreneur, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Dean Jones Decatur AL, actor (Ensign O'Toole, Company, Love Bug), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Corazon Aquino, who defeated Ferdinand Marcos in free elections to become the President of the Philippines in 1986 is born. Her husband had been killed by Marcos’ gunmen. Corazon Aquino, who defeated Ferdinand Marcos in free elections to become the President of the Philippines in 1986, is born. Her husband had been killed by Marcos’ gunmen.Ref: 2
1934*Elizabeth Allen Jersey City NJ, actress (Laura-Bracken's World), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Don Maynard Pro Football Hall of Famer: New York Jets wide receiver: Super Bowl III, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Dean Jones Decatur AL, actor (Ensign O'Toole, Company, Love Bug), is born.Ref: 17
1936*Dan Schaefer (Representative-R-CO, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Diana Hyland, Cleveland Heights OH, actress (Peyton Place, 8 is Enough), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Don Maynard NFL receiver (New York Jets), #13, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Kathleen Tynan Halton writer, is born.Ref: 5
1938 Betico Croes Arubian politician (Status Aparte), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Etta James [Jamesette Hawkins], US singer (Roll With Me Henry), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Buddy Baker International Motorsports Hall of Famer: fastest win ever in the Daytona 500: 177.602mph [1980], is born.Ref: 4
1942*Carl Eller football: Minnesota Vikings Defensive end: Super Bowl IV, VIII, IX, XI; one of the ‘Purple People Eaters’, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Eugene Washington football: wide receiver: Univ of MN, Minnesota Vikings (1967-1972): Super Bowl IV, Pittsburgh Steelers (1972-1973), Denver Broncos (1973), New England Patriots (1974-1976) 1944 Bob Dickson golf: won British & U.S. amateurs [1967]; left job as Tournament Director of Nike Tour to join Senior Tour [1994], is born.Ref: 4
1944*Leigh Taylor-Young actress: I Love You Alice B. Toklas, Soylent Green, Can’t Stop the Music, Honeymoon Academy, Peyton Place, Dallas, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Wally (Wallace Edward) Bunker baseball: pitcher: Baltimore Orioles [World Series: 1966], KC Royals, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Leigh Taylor-Young Washington DC, actress (Peyton Place, Alice B Toklas), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Ronnie Brandon rocker (McCoys), is born.Ref: 5
1946 Josephine M Verspaget sociologist/Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Silvio Blatter writer, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Michael Cotton rocker (Tubes), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Gloria Naylor US author (Women of Brewster Place), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Vern (Vernon Gerald) Ruhle baseball: pitcher: Detroit Tigers, Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians, California Angels, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Steve Prefontaine Coos Bay OR, 5K (Olympics-4th-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Ken Grandberry football: Washington State Univ., Chicago Bears, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Malcolm Green rocker (Split Enz-I Got You), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Rick Finch rocker (KC & Sunshine Band-Give It), is born.Ref: 68
1954*Condredge Holloway Alabama, CFL quarterback (Ottawa, Toronto), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Andy Cox Birmingham England, rock guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Martha Elizabeth Thomsen Moses Lake WA, playmate (May, 1980), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Edmund Theodore Sylvers rocker (Sylvers), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jeff Gossett NFL punter (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jenifer Lewis actress (Girl 6, Meteor Man, Sister Act), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Dinah Manoff New York City NY, actress (Elaine-Soap, Carol-Empty Nest), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Gary Brian Tibbs London, rock bassist (Adam & The Ants, Roxy Music-Let's Stick Together), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Harti Weirather Austrian alpine skier, is born.Ref: 5
1961*Michele Tobin Chicago IL, actress (Fitzpatricks), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Chris Chelios Chicago IL, NHL defenseman (Chicago Blackhawks, Team USA), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Carl Fysh rocker (Brother Beyond-Can You Keep a Secret), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Joe Lloyd Highland Park IL, Canadian Tour golfer (1993 Space Coast), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Suzanne Klemann Dutch singer (Loïs Lane-I Wanna Be), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Chip Foster actor/twin of Pepper (Chip & Pepper's Surf's Up Saturday), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Pepper Foster actor/twin of Chip (Chip & Pepper's Surf's Up Saturday), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Bob Sweeney Concord, NHL center (New York Islanders, Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1964*William Thomas Andrade Fall River MA, PGA golfer (1991 Kemper Open), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Brian Holman Winfield KS, pitcher (Cincinnati Reds, Seattle Mariners), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Esa Tikkanen Helsinki Finland, NHL left wing (Panthers, Canucks, Olympics-B-98), is born.Ref: 5
1966*John [Vo] Velyvis North Adams MA, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Mark Schlereth NFL guard (Denver Broncos-Super Bowl XXXII), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Paul Ranheim St Louis MO, NHL left wing (Hartford Whalers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Pavel Torgajev Nizhnij Novgorod, NHL left wing (Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Richie Lewis US baseball pitcher (Florida Marlins), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Mario Brunetta hockey goaltender (Team Italy 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Marty Calder St Catharine ON, 62 kg freestyle wrestler (Olympics-12-92,96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Randy Mckay Montréal Québec Canada, NHL right wing (New Jersey Devils), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Lynette Brooky New Zealand, golfer (New Zealand Open 1993/94), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Roosevelt Collins WLAF DL (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jesse Harte Rome GA, heavy metal vocalist (Southgang-Tainted Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Heidi Wolfgramm rocker (Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Nolan Harrison NFL defensive tackle (Oakland Raiders, Pitt Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Penny Moore WNBA guard/forward (Charlotte Sting), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Chris Mills NBA forward (Cleveland Cavaliers, New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Milt Stegall CFL receiver (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Pau Coll WLAF kicker/safety (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Scott Hendrickson CFL guard (Saskatchewan Roughriders), is born.Ref: 5
1971*China Slick rocker (daughter of Grace Slick), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Herman Smith NFL/WLAF defensive end (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, London Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jordan Young Thunder Bay Ontario, Canadian Tour golfer (1992 Purdue), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Kerry Taylor US baseball pitcher (San Diego Padres), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Kevin Williams receiver/kick returner (Arizona Cardinals, Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Konstantin Matoussevich Israel, Men's high jump (Olympics-7th-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tommie Jones WLAF cornerback (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Vincent Brisby NFL wide receiver (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Anthony Harris linebacker (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Elvis Presley Jr, alleged son of Elvis Presley, is born.Ref: 5
1973*Marco Battaglia tight end (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Rodney Young NFL safety (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Terrell Wade Rembert SC, pitcher (Atlanta Braves), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jonathan Bryan Colling Boston MA, rocker (4 Fun-Unbelievable Fun Boys), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Adam Meadows offensive tackle (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Daniel Sproule Australian field hockey halfback (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*John Piersma US, 200m/400m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-4th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Tara Fleming N York Ontario, LPGA golfer (1992 LPGA Corning-10th), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Christine Lakin actress (Alicia Lambert-Step by Step), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Mandy Carraway Miss Kansas Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Amanda Michelle Burns Miss West Virginia Teen-USA (1997)Ref: 5
844*Gregory IV begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1138*Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies.Ref: 69
1139*Godfried I with the Beard, duke of Brabant/Earl of Leuven, dies.Ref: 5
1348*Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000.Ref: 5
1494*Ferdinand I cruel king of Naples, dies.Ref: 5
1547 Lieven Algoet Flemish humanist, dies.Ref: 5
1586*Lucas Cranach "the Young" German painter, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1640*Robert Burton author (Anatomy of Melancholy), dies.Ref: 5
1726*Guillaume Delisle French geographer (Atlas géographique), dies at 50.Ref: 5
1733*Reinier V van Hompech Dutch General-Major cavalry, dies.Ref: 5
1744*Domenico Natale Sarro Italian opera composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1820*Joseph F Weigl German/Austria violin cellist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1821 Johan Valckenier Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1829*William Shield composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1850*Jesse Ransbottom is hanged for murdering his wife. His is the first and only execution to occur in Green County, Ohio. (XDG, p. 9, 6/27/1953)Ref: 83
1852*Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen, the first man to circumnavigate Antarctica, dies.Ref: 68
1855*Dorothy Wordsworth writer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1875*Leopold Jansa composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1882*Peter Singer composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1890 Antonio Salviati, Italian glass manufacturer, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1896*Frans C Baeckelmans Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1896 Frederic Leighton President of the Royal Academy (1878-96), dies.Ref: 5
1899*Alfredo d'Escragnolle French/Brazilian writer (Innocencia), dies.Ref: 5
1904*179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick PA.Ref: 5
1906*Joseph Wheeler II Confederate General, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1906*Pierre L Goossens Belgian archbishop of Malines/Cardinal, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1910*Léon Walras French economist (School of Lausanne), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1920*Amadeo Modigliani Italian sculptor/painter, dies at 35.Ref: 5
1921*Mykola Dmytrovich Leontovych composer, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1937*Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13.Ref: 5
1939*Earthquake hits Chillán Chile, 10,000 killed.Ref: 5
1942*Eugene Samuel-Holeman composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1947*Al Capone, U.S. mobster known as "Scarface Al" who ran most of Chicago and the surrounding area, dies of syphilis in Miami Beach, Florida, at age 48.Ref: 70
1949*Emil Axman composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1952*Sveinn Bjørnsson Danish first President of Iceland (1944-52), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1960*Diana (Blanche) Barrymore (Blythe) actress: The Mob, Hollywood Canteen, Fired Wife, Between Us Girls, Eagle Squadron, Nightmare, dies at age 38.Ref: 4
1960*Beno Gutenberg, the American scientist who made important discoveries about the earth's interior, dies.Ref: 70
1960*Rutland Boughton composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1963*Wilson Kettle Newfoundland, dies at 102, leaving 582 living descendents.Ref: 5
1965*Staff Nees Flemish composer (Maria-oratorio), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1968*Dakar, an Israeli submarine, sank in eastern Mediterranean, probably after collision with large ship; 69 dead.Ref: 85
1968*Virginia Maskell actress (Only Two Can Play), dies at 31.Ref: 5
1969 John Zajíc Czech student, self incinerates.Ref: 5
1969*Irene Castle (Foote) dancer, costume designer, actress: The Whirl of Life, The First Law, The Broadway Bride, French Heels, Broadway After Dark; subject of movie: The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle [1939]; dies.Ref: 4
1970*Eunice Hunton Carter first black female District Attorney in NY, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1970*Marie Benavente actress (Paradise), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1975*Vivien Kellems TV hostess (The Power of Women), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1977*Donald Kerr actor (Devil Bat, Killer Bats), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1978*Tango Duke dies in Australia at 42; oldest known thoroughbred horse.Ref: 5
1979*J Robertson Hare actor (Fighting Stock), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1980*David Newell actor (Dangerous Curves, White Heat), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1981*Adele Marie Astaire actress/sister of Fred Astaire (Last Man on Earth, Millie), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1981*Richard Talmadge actor (Speed Reporter), dies.Ref: 5
1982*Mihail A Suslov Soviet party ideologist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1985*Kenny Clarke, American drummer, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1986*Ernst Schnabel writer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1987*Emil Hlobil composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1988*Colleen Moore actress (These Girls Won't Talk), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1989*George Knudson golf: champ: 5 CPGA titles, 12 PGA victories [1961-1972]; dies.Ref: 4
1990*Alexander Lockwood actor (Duel), dies.Ref: 5
1990*Ian Dudley Hardy entertainer, dies.Ref: 5
1990*Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die.Ref: 5
1990*Ava (Lavinia) Gardner actress: The Barefoot Contessa, Earthquake, The Long Hot Summer, The Night of the Iguana; once married to Mickey Rooney, Artie Shaw, Frank Sinatra, dies from pneumonia in London at age 67.Ref: 4
1991*Stanley Brock actor (Tin Men), dies of heart attack at 59.Ref: 5
1992*John Touchstone actor (Across Five Aprils), dies of cirrhosis at 59.Ref: 5
1992 Mahmoud Riad Secretary-General of Arab League (1972-79), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Nico Schuyt Dutch composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1992*Vernon William Reed Sr singer, dies after a long illness at 73.Ref: 5
1993*A gunman shot and killed two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in Virginia.Ref: 70
1994*Stephen Cole Kleene mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1994*Mine fire at Asansol India, kills 55.Ref: 5
1995*Peter Black TV critic, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995*Tom Brugman Dutch puppeteer (Brave Dodo), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1995*William Sylvester actor (2001, Devil Doll, Blind Corner), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1996*Jonathan Larson composer, dead Aortic aneurysm at 35.Ref: 5
1996*Ruth Berghaus choreographer/director, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1997*Herbert Eugene Caen columnist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1997*Jeanne Dixon psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79.Ref: 68
1998*Mohammad Yusuf Khan prime minister of Afghanistan in (1963-65), diesRef: 5
1999*Robert Shaw conductor: Robert Shaw Chorale; music director of Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus; dies at age 83.Ref: 4
1999*A powerful earthquake of a magnitude of 6 on the Richter scale rocked the Colombian Zona Cafetera, the coffee growing region. In 32 seconds 150 buildings collapsed and 1,500 houses were destroyed. Other facts & figures: 1,052 dead; 4,500 injured; 205,000 homeless; 138,000 in improvised shelters; 51,600 houses destroyed or damaged; 80% of schools destroyed.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen