Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
January 30th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
435 Rome recognized the Vandal territories in Northwest Africa as "federati," in an effort to stave off their invasion of Italy. (The invasion was successfully postponed for 20 years.).Ref: 5
1077*Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV.Ref: 5
1349*Günther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king.Ref: 5
1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland.Ref: 5
1592*Ippolito Aldobrandini is elected Pope Clement VIII.Ref: 69
1750*In Colonial America, Rev. Jonathan Mayhew of Boston delivered a sermon entitled, "Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission." The sermon attacked both the divine right of kings and ecclesiastical absolutism.Ref: 5
1781*Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland.Ref: 5
1797*Congress refuses to accept first petitions from American blacks.Ref: 5
1798*The first brawl in the U.S. House of Representatives is witnessed by legislators. A brawl broke out in the House of Representatives in Philadelphia, as Matthew Lyon of Vermont spat in the face of Roger Griswold of Connecticut.Ref: 39
1800*US population 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%).Ref: 5
1815*Burned Library of Congress reestablished with Jefferson's 6500 volumes.Ref: 5
1835*Richard Lawrence misfires two pistols misfires at President Andrew Jackson at the White House. He survives the 1st presidential assasination attempt.Ref: 39
1844*Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University.Ref: 2
1847*Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco.Ref: 5
1853*Emperor Napoleon III marries Eugénie Maria de Montijo y de Guzman.Ref: 5
1854*First election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast.Ref: 5
1867*The American branch of the Evangelical Alliance was organized at the Bible House in New York City, with William E. Dodge elected president.Ref: 5
1874*The first mechanical engineering research laboratory in the US is established at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken NJ. (XDG, p 4A, 1/30/2001)Ref: 83
1877*Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces.Ref: 5
1879*French President MacMahon resigns.Ref: 5
1892 Captain Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out.Ref: 5
1901*Women Prohibitionists smash 12 saloons in Kansas.Ref: 2
1910*Work begin on the first board-track automobile speedway. The track is built in lovely Playa del Ray, California.Ref: 4
1910*(Shipp) Having completed his sentence, Shipp arrives home to a hero's welcome. 10,000 Chattanooga residents greet Shipp at Terminal Station.Ref: 87
1911*The first airplane rescue at sea was made by the destroyer "Terry", when downed pilot, James McCurdy, was forced to land in the ocean about 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.Ref: 4
1911*Mount Taal, Philippines, erupts.Ref: 81
1912*The British House of Lords opposes the House of Commons by rejecting home rule for Ireland.Ref: 2
1913*House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill.Ref: 5
1921*French rapist-murderer Henri-Désiré Landru sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1922*World Law Day, first celebrated.Ref: 5
1925*Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople.Ref: 5
1927 Left wins national election in Thüringen.Ref: 5
1928 First radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US.Ref: 5
1931*The United States awards civil government to the Virgin Islands.Ref: 2
1933*President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor in a coalition government with Papen as Vice-Chancellor.Ref: 35
1934*Dillinger's 13-car motorcade begins journey to Crown Point, Indiana; arrives at the Lake County Jail at 7:40 p.m.Ref: 42
1934*Hitler proclamation on German unified states.Ref: 5
1936*Billie Frechette (Dillinger's girlfriend) is released from prison for harboring John Dillinger.Ref: 42
1936*Governor Harold Hoffman orders a new inquiry into the Lindbergh kidnapping.Ref: 2
1939*Hitler addresses the Reishstag, saying that if Jews lead the world into war, it would cause the destruction of Jews in Europe.Ref: 35
1939*Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile.Ref: 5
1946*The Strategic Air Command (SAC) and the Tactical Air Command (TAC) are created. 
1946*First issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime.Ref: 5
1949 In India, 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi's assassination on the first anniversary of his death.Ref: 2
1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio.Ref: 5
1952 Lehmer verifies 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #.Ref: 5
1953*President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to permit the Nationalists to attack Communist China.Ref: 2
1954*Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR.Ref: 5
1954 Italy's Fanfani government resigns.Ref: 5
1956*Martin Luther King Jr's home bombed.Ref: 5
1956*Elvis Presley records his version of "Blue Suede Shoes".Ref: 5
1957*US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine".Ref: 5
1958*The first two-way moving sidewalk was put in service at Love Field in Dallas, TX. The length of the walkway through the airport: 1,435 feet.Ref: 4
1958*House of Lords passes bill allowing women in.Ref: 5
1960*CIA okays Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart).Ref: 5
1960*Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands.Ref: 5
1961*JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps.Ref: 5
1962*UN General Assembly censures Portugal (because of Angola).Ref: 5
1962*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1966*-19ºF (-28ºC), Corinth MS (state record).Ref: 5
1966*-27ºF (-33ºC), New Market AL (state record).Ref: 5
1972*Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth.Ref: 5
1973*Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all counts.Ref: 5
1974*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakstan/Semipalatinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1974*In his State of the Union Address, President Nixon says, "Let this be our national goal: At the end of this decade, in the year 1980, the United States willnot be dependent on any other country for the energy we need…". (Time, p 38, 7/21/2003) 
1976*The U.S. Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns, equating funds with freedom of speech.Ref: 2
1976*George Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977).Ref: 5
1976*William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA.Ref: 5
1979 Rhodesia agrees to new constitution.Ref: 5
1979*The civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who'd been living in exile in France, to return.Ref: 70
1981*An estimated two million NYers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.Ref: 6
1984*Robert and Anna Rucker of Florissant, MO kept their lucky numbers a secret from each other on this day. They both ended up winning over one-million dollars with identical numbers in the Illinois State Lottery!Ref: 4
1986*The popular Love Stamp that pictured a little dog, went on sale this day. The U.S. postal stamp was the fifth in the continuing series. As of that date, more than 302 million Love Stamps had been sold.Ref: 4
1989*Joel Steinberg found guilty of first degree manslaughter of daughter.Ref: 5
1989*Olympian, Bruce Kimball, is sentenced to 17 years in prison for killing 2 teenagers in a drunk driving accident.Ref: 5
1993 On the 60th anniversary of Hitler's swearing in as chancellor of Germany, more than 300,000 Germans carry candles denouncing the Nazi era. (XDG, p 4A, 1/30/2003)Ref: 83
1993*Los Angeles inaugerates its Metro Red Line, the city's first modern subway. (XDG, p 4A, 1/30/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Belgium's TV channel 2 in Flanders goes on the air.Ref: 5
2003*President Bush put allies on notice that diplomacy would give way to a decision on war with Iraq in "weeks, not months". Wary world leaders and congressional critics urge patience and demand proof of Iraq's transgressions. (XDG, p 4A, 1/30/2004)Ref: 83
2003*Richard C. Reid, the passenger who tried to ignite a bomb in his shoe on an American Airlines flight on Dec 22, 2001, is sentenced to three life sentences by US District Judge William Young in Boston. (USA Today, p 1A, 1/31/2003)Ref: 13
2003*USA Today reports on page 3A that Maryland Attorney General J. Joseph calls for his state to end executions.Ref: 13
1487*Bell chimes invented.Ref: 5
1774*Captain Cook reaches 71º 10' S, 1820 km from S pole (record).Ref: 5
1790*Lifeboat first tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor.Ref: 5
1804*Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River.Ref: 5
1820*Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim).Ref: 5
1889*John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope.Ref: 5
1894*C.B. King of Detroit, MI patents the pneumatic hammer.Ref: 4
1964*Ranger 6 - USA Lunar Hard Lander. Cameras failed; lunar probe impacted the surface of the Moon.Ref: 40
1969*US/Canada launch ISIS 1 to study ionosphereRef: 5
1989*5 pharoah sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor.Ref: 5
1992*Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) lands.Ref: 5
1997*Minuteman III launches.Ref: 5
1270*The eighth and last crusade is launched.Ref: 5
1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratríci.Ref: 5
1522*Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland.Ref: 5
1584 Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum mister of Nienoord, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Münster, ending Tachtigjarige War.Ref: 5
1667 Treaty of Andrussovo Russia & Poland sign peace treaty.Ref: 5
1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty.Ref: 5
1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover.Ref: 5
1862*The US Navy's first ironclad warship, the "Monitor", is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.Ref: 2
1894*US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Admiral Benham.Ref: 5
1915*First German submarine attack without warning occurs off the French CoastRef: 62
1941*Australian troops conquer Derna Libya.Ref: 5
1942*The British withdraw into Singapore. The siege of Singapore then begins.Ref: 2
1942*California Congressional delegation met in Washington to urge the evacuation of enemy aliens from the West Coast.Ref: 37
1942*Japanese troops land on Ambon.Ref: 5
1943*Ernst Kaltenbrunner succeeds Heydrich as head of RSHA.Ref: 35
1943*Fieldmarshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders himself and his staff to Red Army troops in Stalingrad.Ref: 2
1943*6 British Mosquito's daylight bomb Berlin.Ref: 5
1943*German assault on French in Tunisia.Ref: 5
1943*Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paulus to General field marshal.Ref: 5
1943*USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean.Ref: 5
1943*German under officers shot down in Haarlem Netherlands.Ref: 5
1943*Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing.Ref: 5
1944*US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands.Ref: 5
1945*Wilhelm Gustloff: cruise ship carrying German refugees and soldiers sunk by Soviet submarine in the Baltic Sea. It is thought that as many as 10,000 people were aboard, of which only about 900 survived.Ref: 85
1945*The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany.Ref: 2
1964*Military coup of General Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam.Ref: 5
1968*During the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.Ref: 87
1991*The first major ground battle of the Gulf War was fought at the frontier port of Khafji in Saudi Arabia; 11 U.S. Marines were killed, seven of them by "friendly fire."Ref: 70
1919*Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army.Ref: 5
1920*Québec's Joe Malone sets NHL record of 7 goals in a game.Ref: 5
1936*The Boston Braves ask their fans to come up with a new name for the ball club. As a result, the Boston Braves become the Boston Bees for five seasons. (XDG, p 4A, 3/2/2001)Ref: 83
1940 Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race.Ref: 5
1948*5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland.Ref: 5
1953*Peter J. McGovern becomes the Little League's first full time president and the league's office is moved to Williamsport, PA.Ref: 1
1954*The Giants trade playoff hero Bobby Thomson and Sam Calderone to the Braves for Johnny Antonelli, Don Liddle and Ebba St. Claire. Antonelli will go 21-7 and will lead the league in ERA.Ref: 1
1958*Commissioner Ford Frick announces fans will no longer vote for the all stars. The teams will now be selected by major league players and coaches.Ref: 1
1959*The Reds trade catcher Smoky Burgess, pitcher Harvey Haddix and third baseman Don Hoak to the Pirates for third baseman Frank Thomas, pitchers Jim Pendleton and Whammy Douglas, outfielder Johnny Powers and cash.Ref: 1
1960 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss.Ref: 5
1960 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins.Ref: 5
1966 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2 05.2).Ref: 5
1971*UCLA starts 88 basketball game win streak.Ref: 5
1973*26th NHL All-Star Game East beat West 5-4 at New York Rangers.Ref: 5
1977*Edward W Stack replaces Paul Kerr president of Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1978*Addie Joss & Larry MacPhail elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1980*The first-ever Chinese Olympic team arrives in New York for the Winter Games at Lake Placid.Ref: 2
1982 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners.Ref: 5
1983*Super Bowl XVII: Washington 27, Miami 17, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. Ref 
1983 Hilbert van Thumb becomes European skating champ.Ref: 5
1983*Pat Bradley wins LPGA Mazda of Deer Creek Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1987*The Cubs trade veteran third baseman Ron Cey for the A's infielder Luis Quinones.Ref: 1
1993*67th Australian Open Women's Tennis Monica Seles beat Graf (46 63 62).Ref: 5
1994*Super Bowl XXVIII: Dallas 30, Buffalo 13, at the Georgia Dome, Atlanta. Ref 
1994*68th Australian Open Women's Tennis Steffi Graf beats Arantxa Sanchez Vicario (60 62).Ref: 5
1994*82nd Australian Open Men's Tennis Pete Sampras beats Todd Martin (76 64 64).Ref: 5
1994 Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.76).Ref: 5
1996*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays name their first two managers: Tom Foley, who played 13 seasons in the Major Leagues, will manage at Butte in the Pioneer League and Bill Evers, with 16 years of managing or coaching experience in the minor leagues, will lead the St. Petersburg club in the Gulf Coast Rookie League.Ref: 86
1998*All-Star Florida Marlin catcher Darren Daulton, retires.Ref: 5
2000*Super Bowl XXXIV, the St. Louis Rams 23, Tennessee Titans 16, at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta. Excellent finish. Ref 
2000*NFL Pro Bowl.Ref: 5
2003*In his first year of eligibility by a unanimous of the media covering the team, Cal Ripken Jr. joins his dad by becoming the 40th member of the Orioles Hall of Fame. The formal ceremony will be take place on September 6, 2003 which marks the eighth anniversary of the night the Baltimore infielder broke Lou Gehrig's record consecutive games streak of 2,130 games at Camden Yards.Ref: 1
1818 Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears".Ref: 5
1858*Charles Hallé founds Hallé Orchestra in Manchester.Ref: 5
1858*William Wells Brown published first Black drama, "Leap to Freedom".Ref: 5
1917*The Original Dixieland Jazz Band recorded a classic for Columbia Records titled, The Darktown Strutters’ Ball. It was one of the first jazz compositions recorded.Ref: 4
1928*Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Banya" premieres in Leningrad.Ref: 5
1931 Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater.Ref: 5
1933 "The Lone Ranger" radio program premieres on WXYZ in Detroit; George Seaton plays the masked man.Ref: 17
1934*First theatrical presentation sponsored by the US government, New York City NY.Ref: 5
1935 Ezra Pound meets Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos".Ref: 5
1939*George Burns (the actor/comedian) is fined $8000, plus $9770 in civil penalties, and given a suspended sentence of a year and a day for smuggling jewelry into the country. They jewelry was originally purchase from German jews who were selling their valuables at any price before they were confiscated, and then smuggled into the US, apparently all of this without Burns' knowledge. (Gottfried, Martin, "George Burns and the Hundred Year Dash", (c) 1996, ISBN 0-684-81483-8) 
1940 Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1950*"Robert Montgomery Presents" dramatic anthology premieres on NBC TV.Ref: 5
1952*Paul Creston's 4th Symphony, premieres.Ref: 5
1957*"The Music Man"begins 1375 performance run in N.Y.Ref: 10
1958*Dore Schary's "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1959*Paul Hindemith's symphony "Pittsburgh" premieres.Ref: 5
1961*The "Yogi Bear Show" debuts.Ref: 73
1961*Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC.Ref: 5
1965*"The Name Game" by Shirley Ellis hits #3.Ref: 5
1966*Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 11th string quartet.Ref: 5
1968*Bobby Goldsboro records his biggest hit, "Honey".Ref: 5
1969*The Beatles made their last public appearance -- at a free concert at their Apple corporate headquarters in London. The group recorded Get Back; and were also filmed for the movie Let It Be.Ref: 4
1971*"Ari" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City NY after 19 performances.Ref: 5
1973*(Long Island) KISS plays their first show (Coventry Club in Queens NY).Ref: 5
1977*8th (final) part of "Roots" is most-watched entertainment show ever with an audience of 51.1%.Ref: 5
1978*Mutual Broadcasting Network begins airing Larry King Show on radio.Ref: 5
1980*Edward Albee's "Lady from Dubuque" premieres in New York City NY.Ref: 5
1981*8th American Music Award Kenny Rogers wins.Ref: 5
1983*Super Bowl XVII is the 3rd highest rated non-series show with an audience of 48.6%.Ref: 34
1989*16th American Music Award Randy Travis & George Michael win.Ref: 5
1995*22nd American Music Award Boyz II Men & Ace of Base win.Ref: 5
1995*Kevin Eubanks officially becomes band leader of "Tonight Show".Ref: 5
1998 Paul Simon's "The Capeman" premieres.Ref: 5
1998 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Indpls IN on WNAP 93.1 FM.Ref: 5
-58*-BC- Livia Drusilla, Political wife of Emperor Augustus, is born.Ref: 70
570*Mohammed Islamic prophet (Koran), is born.Ref: 68
1563*Franciscus Gomarus [François Gomaer], Dutch theologist/opera singer, is born.Ref: 5
1566*Alessandro Piccinini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1609*Wenzel E Fürst von Lobkowitz Austrian chancellor (-1674), is born.Ref: 5
1616*William Sancroft Archbishop (Canterbury), is born.Ref: 5
1624*Arnold Geulincx South Netherlands, philosopher (About Virtue), is born.Ref: 5
1628*George Villiers 2nd duke of Buckingham England, is born.Ref: 5
1647*Konrad Hoffler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1687*[Johann] Balthasar Neumann German architect, baptized, is born.Ref: 5
1694*Joseph Joachim Benedict Munster composer, is born.Ref: 5
1697*Johann Joachim Quantz German royal flautist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1708*Georg D Ehret German/English cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1710*Vigilio Blasio Faitello composer, is born.Ref: 5
1719*Magnus G Lichtwer German writer (Äsopischer Fabeln), is born.Ref: 5
1720*Bernardo Bellotto, Italian "Vedute" painter, is born.Ref: 70
1724*Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1752*Joseph Matthias Kracher composer, is born.Ref: 5
1756*Josef Preindl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1760*Franz Xaver Partsch composer, is born.Ref: 5
1775*Walter Savage Landor Warwick England, critic/writer (Imaginary Conversation), is born.Ref: 5
1781*Adelbert von Chamisso writer, is born.Ref: 5
1789*George Augustus Kollmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1797*Edwin Vose Sumner Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863, is born.Ref: 5
1805*Philip Henry Stanhope, English politician/historian, is born.Ref: 70
1814*Jean-Baptist Capronnier French/Belgian glass painter, is born.Ref: 5
1815*William Jenner, physician, discovered separate identities of typhus, typhoid fever, is born.Ref: 68
1816*Nathaniel Prentiss Banks Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894, is born.Ref: 5
1822*John Basil Turchin [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1829*Alfred Cummings Georgia, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910, is born.Ref: 5
1834*Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Oliver Edwards Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Samuel Armstrong, American founder of Hampton Institute, is born.Ref: 70
1841*Alfred Townsend George Civil War journalist, died in 1914, is born.Ref: 5
1841*Felix Faure, 6th President of French Republic, is born.Ref: 70
1844*Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing German General/Governor-General of Belgium (1914-17), is born.Ref: 5
1846*Francis H Bradley British philosopher (neo-idealism), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Edward Martyn, rish dramatist, is born.Ref: 70
1861*Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler Mulhouse Alsace, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1862*Walter Johannes Damrosch, Prussian-bn.American conductor, is born.Ref: 70
1865*Samuel Pl'h Naber Dutch rear-Admiral/librarian, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Gelett Burgess author (Purple Cow), is born.Ref: 5
1871*Seymour Hicks St Helier Jersey, actor-manager (Scrooge), is born.Ref: 5
1871*Wilfred Lucas actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Rose Melville actress (Sis), is born.Ref: 5
1882*The 32nd president of the United States (D) (1933-1945), Franklin Delano Roosevelt, is born in Hyde Park, NY.Ref: 68
1885*John Henry Towers, American naval aviation pioneer, is born.Ref: 2
1892*Charles Trowbridge Haubiel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892 Grigore Gafencu Roman minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Boris III tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Marcel Canneel Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Alfred Schläppi Switzerland, 4 man bobsled (Olympics-gold-1924), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Max Theiler English/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)Ref: 5
1900*Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Martita Hunt Argentina, actress (Man in Grey, Becket), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Sandy Powell Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Earl of Huntingdon mural painter, is born.Ref: 5
1901*H E Nossak writer, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Sir Nikolaus Pevsner England, art historian (The Buildings of England), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Elise Cavanna actress (Pharmacist, Dentist, Barber Shop), is born.Ref: 5
1903*G Evelyn Hutchinson British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Greta Nissen actress (Ambassador Bill), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Saul David Alinsky Chicago IL, radical writer (John L Lewis), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Mihaly Hajou composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Richard Hearne Norwich England, actor (Capt Horatio Hornblower), is born.Ref: 5
1910 Frans Dohmen union leader (Dutch Catholic Mineworker's Union), is born.Ref: 5
1911*(David) Roy ‘Little Jazz’ Eldridge trumpeter: soloist with Gene Krupa’s Band; Let Me Off Uptown [w/Anita O’Day]; U.S. President Carter’s White House jazz party [1978]; is born in Pittsburgh PA.Ref: 4
1911*Hugh Marlowe Philadelphia PA, actor (Ellery Queen), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Alexander George Ogston biochemist, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Barbara Tuchman US, historian/author (Pulitzer, Guns of August), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Jadwiga Wajsowna-Marcinkiewicz discus thrower (Olympics-bronze-1932), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Percy Thrower English radio host, is born.Ref: 5
1914*John Ireland actor: Gunfight at the OK Corral [1957], Little Big Horn, Spartacus, All the King’s Men, Marilyn: The Untold Story, Messenger of Death; died Mar 21, 1992Ref: 4
1914*David Wayne (McMeekan) actor: Adam’s Rib, Wait Till the Sun Shines Nellie, The Good Life, The Tender Trap, The Last Angry Man, The Three Faces of Eve, The Adromeda Strain; is born in Traverse City MI.Ref: 4
1914*John Ireland Vancouver BC, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Louis Osman artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Dorothy Dell actor (Little Miss Marker, Wharf Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1915*John D Profumo England, politician (C), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Pierre Wissmer Swiss composer/theory (Capitaine Bruno), is born.Ref: 5
1915*John IrelandRef: 10
1918*David Opatoshu New York City NY, actor (Bonino, Secret Empire, Masada), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Jarl André Bjerke [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Robert Suter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*George Skibine Russian/US dancer/choreographer (Tragedy in Verona), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Patrick Heron abstract painter, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Bernie Leighton West Haven CT, orchestra leader (Chance of a Lifetime), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Dick Martin Detroit MI, actor/comedian (Laugh-In, Carbon Copy), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Pal Jardanyi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Walt (Walter) ‘Moose’ Dropo baseball: first baseman: Boston Red Sox [AL Rookie of the Year: 1950/all-star: 1950], Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox, Cincinnati Redlegs, Baltimore Orioles, Cincinnati Reds, is born.Ref: 4
1924*Shirley Chisholm (Representative-D-NY), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Margaret Beda Nicholson author (No Medals for the Major), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Dorothy Malone (Maloney) actress: Written on the Wind, Beach Party, Basic Instinct, Battle Cry, Man of a Thousand Faces, is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 4
1926*Ruth Brown Portsmouth VA, actress (Leona-Hello Larry, Checking In), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Olof Palme Stockholm, PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Ruth Brown R&B and jazz singer: So Long, Teardrops from My Eyes, Hours, Mambo Baby, Lucky Lips, This Little Girl’s Gone Rockin’, is born.Ref: 4
1928*Andrew Salkey author editor/broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Harold Prince US producer/director (West Side Story, Evita, Phantom of Opera), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Mitch Leigh composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Viscount Long, is born.Ref: 5
1930 Magnus Adem Malan South African minister of Defense (1980- ), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Gene Hackman, California, actor (Bonnie & Clyde, Under Fire, Superman), is born.Ref: 68
1931*Charlie (Charles Lenard) Neal baseball: Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1956], LA Dodgers [World Series: 1959/all-star: 1960], NY Mets, Cincinnati Reds; is born.Ref: 4
1931 Jack Bowman Chief Constable (Tayside), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Shirley Hazzard Australian author (Transit of Venus), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Stewart B McKinney (Representative-R-CT, 1971- ), is born.Ref: 5
1932 Kazuo Inamori Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co), is born.Ref: 5
1933 Louis Rukeyser financial whiz (Wall Street Week, Channel 13), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Richard Dufallo Chicago IL, clarinetist/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1933 Bob Muddimer CEO (Ranks Hovis McDougall), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Tammy Grimes Lynn MA, actress (Can't Stop the Music), is born.Ref: 68
1935*John George Hughes bishop of Kensington, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Richard Brautigan Tacoma WA, novelist/poet (Trout Fishing...), is born.Ref: 5
1935 Martin Taylor former vice-chairman, Hanson, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Horst Jankowski pianist: A Walk In The Black Forest; is born.Ref: 4
1937*Boris Spassky USSR, world chess champion (1969-72), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Vanessa Redgrave London, actress (Blow-Up, Julia, Orient Express), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Norma Jean (Beasler) country singer: LP: Norma Jean, Heaven Help the Working Girl; TV: Ozark Jubilee, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Paul Neumann basketball: San Francisco Warriors, is born.Ref: 4
1938 Marcel P A van Dam Dutch politician/CEO (VARA Radio/TV), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Marlies van Alcmaer [Smal], Dutch actress/director (Bridge too Far), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Eleanor Smeal feminist/president (NOW), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Frank R Wolf (Representative-R-VA, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Nick Gaselee racehorse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1940*David Johnson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Joe Terranova singer: Danny and the Juniors: At the Hop, Rock and Roll is Here to Stay, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Dick Cheney (Representative-R-WY/George Bush's secretary of defense 1989-93/Vice President 2001- ), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Marty Balin Cincinnati OH, singer (Jefferson Starship-Miracles), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Andres [Dries Holten], Dutch singer (Sandra & Andres), is born.Ref: 5
1942 Christopher Howes Crown Estate Second Commissioner, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Heidi Brühl German actress/singer (Mädels vom Immenhof), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Marty Balin (Buchwald) musician, singer: group: Jefferson Airplane/Starship; solo: Hearts, Atlanta Lady, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Davey (David Allen) Johnson baseball: Baltimore Orioles [World Series: 1966, 1969-1971/all-star: 1968-1970, 1973], Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs; NY Mets Manager [1984-90]; manager: Cincinnati Reds, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Sandy Deane rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1944*John Thornton English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Lynn Harrell New York City NY, cellist, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Lord Westwood, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Michael Dorris writer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Robert Wittinger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Lord Mackay of Drumadoon British QC, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Steve Marriott singer, songwriter, musician: guitar: groups: The Small Faces: Watcha Gonna Do, Hey Girl, All or Nothing, My Mind’s Eye, Swinging London, Itchycoo Park, Tin Soldier, Lazy Sunday, Moments, Humble Pie, Packet of Three; child actor: Oliver!; is born.Ref: 4
1947*Martin Christoph Redel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Earl of Huntingdon, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Nicholas Broomfield director/editor (Dark Obsession, Heidi Fleiss), is born.Ref: 5
1949*William King musician: trumpet, keyboard: group: The Commodores: Just to be Close to You, Sweet Love, Easy, Sail On, Three Times a Lady, Still, Nightshift, is born in Alabama.Ref: 4
1950*Bruce Howard Lidington actor (Sword of Valiant, Mosses), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Ralph Wilcox Milwaukee WI, actor (Big Eddie, Busting Loose), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Silvia Bertolaccini LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Phil Collins singer, musician: drums: group: Genesis; solo: In the Air Tonight, I Missed Again, You Can’t Hurry Love, Sussudio, One More Night, Two Hearts; actor: Oliver, A Hard Day’s Night, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, is born.Ref: 68
1951*Charles Dutton actor: A Time to Kill, The Piano Lesson, Alien 3, Runaway, Crocodile Dundee 2, Cat’s Eye, Roc; Emmy Award-winning director: The Corner [2000], is born in Baltimore MD.Ref: 4
1951*Marv Ross rocker (Quarterflash), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Bobby Stokes footballer, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Clifford Leon Anderson rocker (Cure), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Larry Carriere hockey: NHL: Buffalo Sabres, Atlanta Flames, Vancouver Canucks, LA Kings, Buffalo Sabres, Toronto Maple Leafs; Assistant to GM: Buffalo Sabres, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Brian Ogilvie hockey: NHL: Chicago Blackhawks, SL Blues, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Alides Hidding singer/guitarist (Time Bandits), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Curtis Strange Norfolk VA, PGA golfer (1989 US Open), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Judith Tarr US, sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Michael Thompson guitarist (Afterburn, Fresh, Sahara, Gridlock'd), is born.Ref: 5
1957*William Payne Stewart Springfield MO, PGA golfer (1983 Walt Disney), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Brett Butler Montgomery AL, comedienne (Grace-Grace Under Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Rob van Zandvoort Dutch rock vocalist/keyboardist (Jack of Hearts), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Jody Watley Chicago IL, dancer (Solid Gold)/singer (Looking For a New Love), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Tony O'Dell Pasadena CA, actor (Alan Pinkard-Head of the Class), is born.Ref: 5
1961 Jody Watley is born.Ref: 10
1964*Cheryl Akemi Toma Pearl City HI, Miss Hawaii-America (1990), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Julie McCullough Honolulu HI, playmate (Feb 86)/actress (Growing Pains), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Daphne Ashbrook Long Beach CA, actress (Liz-Our Family Honor), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Danielle Goyette ice hockey forward (Canada, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Bill Leverty Richmond VA, guitarist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Bob Nardella hockey defenseman (Team Italy 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Felipe de Borbon Prince of Asturias, heir to Spanish throne, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Edwin de Kruyf/Kruijff soccer player (FC Utrecht, FC Groningen), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Hans Spark soccer player (RKC), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Oleg Khmyl NHL defenseman (Belarus, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Scott Levins Spokane, NHL right wing (Ottawa Senators), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Brent Moss WLAF running back (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Chris Slade NFL outside linebacker (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Derek Allen NFL/WLAF offensive linebacker (New York Giants, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Kevin Knox WLAF receiver (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Kimo Von Oelhoffen NFL defensive tackle (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Milko Pieren Dutch soccer player (Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Quentin Neujahr NFL center (Baltimore Ravens, Cleveland Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Takeshi Yamanaka hockey defenseman (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Trent Klatt Robbinsdale, NHL right wing (Philadelphia Flyers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Burt Thornton CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Simon Wawa, NHL left wing (Colorado Avalanche), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jill McGill Denver CO, LPGA golfer (1995 British Open-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Brad Yamaoka CFL running back (BC Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Holly Noelle Roehl Miss Indiana-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Jalen Rose NBA guard (Indiana Pacers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Jimmy Oliver NFL wide receiver (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Sharone Wright NBA center/forward (Toronto Raptors), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Christian Bale Wales, actor (Empire of the Sun, Little Women), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Martina Jerant Windsor Ontario, basketball center (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*First Indian Rhinoceros born in captivity at National Zoo, WashingtonRef: 10
1976*Florian Keller Munchen Germany, hockey player (Team Germany, Rosenheim), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Lnd Girchoukevitch NHL goaltender (Belarus, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Diva Zappa daughter of Frank, is born.Ref: 5
1979*Karen Smith Australian field hockey midfielder/halfback (Olympics-96)Ref: 5
1995*Car bomb explodes in Algiers, 42 killed/296 injured.Ref: 5
1156*Herman van Horn bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies.Ref: 5
1349*Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred.Ref: 5
1384*Louis van Male count of Flanders/Nevers/Réthel, dies.Ref: 5
1584*Pieter Jansz Pourbus Flemish painter, dies.Ref: 5
1644*William Chillingworth English theologian, Cambridge Platonist, dies.Ref: 5
1649*(or 31st) King Charles of England (1625-42) is beheaded at age 48 in London by order of the Rump Parliament by the executioner Richard Brandon. [Bonnie Prince Charles]Ref: 2
1730*Peter II Alekseyevitch, emperor of Russia (1727-30), dies at age 14 of smallpox.Ref: 74
1774*Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1774*Jean-Pierre Guignon composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1797*Johann Abraham Sixt composer, dies at 40.Ref: 5
1816*Reinier Vinkeles Dutch engraver/cartoonist/art collector, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1827*Johann Philipp Christian Schulz composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1836*Betsy Ross (Elizabeth Griscom) flagmaker from Philadelphia, legendary folklore says she sewed the first American flag; dies at age 84.Ref: 4
1838*Chief Osceola, Seminole leader, dies in prison.Ref: 68
1860*Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto composer, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1872*Francis Chesney, English soldier, explorer and Middle East traveler, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1881*Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens Flemish composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1888*Asa Gray US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1889 Archduke Rudolf Austria, dies.Ref: 10
1890*Karl Merz composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1895*SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed.Ref: 5
1900*Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1925*Jakab Gyula Major composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1925 John F Mellaerts Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1927*Friedrich Ernst Koch composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1928*Johannes Fibiger, Danish Nobel Prize-winning pathologist (1926), dies at age 61.Ref: 70
1928*Douglas Haig British field marshal (Sudan/Boer war/WWI), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1934*Frank Nelson Doubleday, founder of Doubleday publishing house, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1937*2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1942*Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1945*Gottlieb J Haberlandt Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1945*William Busch composer, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1947*Frederick F Blackman English botanist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1948*Orville Wright aviator: one of the Wright Brothers: pioneers in aviation; dies at age 76.Ref: 68
1948*Mahatma Gandhi India spiritual and political leader, assassinated by a Hindu extremist in New Delhi, at age 78.Ref: 68
1948*Herb Pennock pitcher (New York Yankees)/GM (Phillies), dies.Ref: 5
1951*Ferdinand Porsche German car designer (Porsche), dies at 75.Ref: 17
1953*Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1956*Jane Seymour actress (Young Mr Bobbin), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1956*Gerrit Mannoury mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1957 Grigore Gafencu Romanian minister of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1958*Ernst Heinkel, German rocket designer, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1961*Dorothy Thompson, American journalist and writer, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1962*Two members of the "Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a performance in Detroit.Ref: 70
1963*Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc, Paris, composer/pianist (Les Biches), dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1964*Berthold Altaner German church historian, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1965*British state funeral for Winston Churchill draws a million mourners.Ref: 18
1967*Lee Morgan actor (Dungeons of Harrow, Last Rebel), dies.Ref: 5
1968*Tsugouharu T Foujita Japanese/French painter, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1969*Allan Welsh Dulles US diplomat/director (CIA 1953-61), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1969*Dominique G Pire clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1970*Malcolm Keen English actor (Uncle Chris-Mama), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1972*Karel Boleslav Jirak, composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1972*Thirteen Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."Ref: 70
1973*Jack McGowan actor (On Our Selection), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1975*Boris Blacher German composer (Purloined Letter), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1976*Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller San Francisco Blues Great, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1976*Mance Lipscomb rocker, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1980*Lil Dagover actress (Destiny, Spiders), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1980*Professor Longhair king of New Orleans music, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1982*Félix L V L J Labisse French painter (libidoscaphes), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1982*Lightning Hopkins rocker, dies of cancer at 69.Ref: 5
1982*Riccardo Nielsen composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1982*Stanley Holloway comedian (My Fair Lady, Our Man Higgins), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1983*Joan Valerie actress (Pier 13), dies of pneumonia.Ref: 5
1983*[Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1985*Ken Mayers actor (Robbie Robertson-Space Patrol), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1986*Ticker Freeman pianist (Dinah Shore Show), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1987*Angelo Rutherford actor (Willie-Gentle Ben), dies at 32.Ref: 5
1987*Ken Drake actor (Crime & Punishment USA), dies.Ref: 5
1988*Cornelia D "Corry" Spark Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1991*John (Herrick) McIntire actor: Wagon Train, Honkytonk Man, Rooster Cogburn, Summer and Smoke, Psycho, Elmer Gantry; dies of emphysema at age 83. (TWA, 1992)Ref: 95
1991*John Bardeen, American physicist, co-winner of Nobel Prize in 1956 and 1972, dies at age 82.Ref: 68
1993 Taikichiro Mori Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1993 Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia dies.Ref: 10
1994*Bahjat Talhouni PM of Jordan (1960-62, 64-65, 67-69, 69-70), dies.Ref: 5
1994*Byron "Wild Child" Gipson blues Singer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1994*Ernestine "Tiny" Davis jazz vocalist/trumpeter, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1994 Jan L N Schaefer Dutch undersecretary of Housing (PvdA), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1995*George H Poyser English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1995*George Richard James saxophonist, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1995*Gerald M Durrell British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1996*Bob Thiele record producer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1996*Guy Doleman actor (Deadly Bees, Idol, Thunderball), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1998*Ricky Sanderson stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38Ref: 5
2000*A Kenya Airways jet bound for Lagos, Nigeria, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after takeoff from Abidjan, Ivory Coast, killing all but 10 of the 179 people on board.Ref: 70
2001*Jean-Pierre Aumont actor: Maria-Chapdelaine, Napoleon, The Happy Hooker, Windmills of the Gods, Becoming Colette; dies.Ref: 5
2002 Inge Morath dies.Ref: 10

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen