Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
February 16th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
374*9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's CometRef: 5
600*Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze.Ref: 5
1349*Jews are expelled from Burgsdorf Switzerland.Ref: 5
1486 Diet of Frankfort.Ref: 5
1559*Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy.Ref: 5
1641*English king Charles I accept Triennial Act.Ref: 5
1655 Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker.Ref: 5
1659*First known check (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey).Ref: 5
1666 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty.Ref: 5
1677*Earl of Shaftesbury arrested/confined in London Tower.Ref: 5
1742*Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier.Ref: 5
1760*Cherokee Indians held hostage at Fort St. George are killed in revenge for Indian attacks on frontier settlements.Ref: 2
1801*In Baltimore, the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Zion Church officially separated from its parent, the Methodist Episcopal Church. The denomination later became part of the AME Church, reconstituted in 1816 under Richard Allen. It held its first national conference in 1821.Ref: 5
1838*Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions.Ref: 5
1852*Henry and Clement Studebaker found H. & C. Studebaker, a blacksmith and wagon building business, in South Bend, Indiana.Ref: 3
1857*The National Deaf Mute College was incorporated in Washington, DC. It was the first school in the world for advanced education of the deaf. It was later renamed Gallaudet College.Ref: 4
1860*Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns.Ref: 5
1868*The Jolly Corks organization in New York City decided to change their goofy name to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE). The purpose of the fraternal group: “...practice charity, justice, brotherly love and faithfulness.”Ref: 4
1873 Spain proclaimed a republic.Ref: 10
1878*Silver dollar became US legal tender.Ref: 5
1880*American Society of Mechanical Engineers founded, New York NY.Ref: 5
1881*Xenia (Ohio)'s Opera House opens. (XDG, p 6A, 6/24/2003)Ref: 83
1893*Katherine Cornell, the American stage actress who was called "the first lady of the American theater", is born.Ref: 70
1903*-59º F (-51º C), Pokegama Dam MN (state record).Ref: 5
1905*First US Esperanto club organizes in Boston.Ref: 5
1909*First subway car with side doors goes into service (New York NY).Ref: 5
1913*President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico.Ref: 5
1914*Pusher aircraft (those with propellars behind the wings) are grounded due to a disproportionate number of crashes and fatalities in 1913. This effectively eliminates the Wright fleet from the Signal Corps operations in San Diego.Ref: 46
1914*First airplane flight from to Los Angeles from San Francisco.Ref: 5
1916*Under the leadership of Henrietta Szold, 52, the Hadassah Study Circle at New York's Temple Emanuel reconstituted itself. Szold afterward made this sisterhood of U.S. Jewish women a nationwide Zionist organization. Szold herself headed the group until 1926.Ref: 5
1917*First synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid.Ref: 5
1918*Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day).Ref: 5
1923 Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory.Ref: 5
1927*US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey.Ref: 5
1931*Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes President of Finland.Ref: 5
1933 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis/communists.Ref: 5
1934*Thousands of Socialists battle Communists at a rally in New York's Madison Square Garden.Ref: 2
1936*Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections.Ref: 5
1938*US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized.Ref: 5
1943*-32º F (-36º C), Falls Village CT (state record).Ref: 5
1944*Kistiakowsky becomes full-time Los Alamos staff member, replacing Neddermeyer as leader of implosion research.Ref: 91
1951*Stalin contends the U.N. is becoming the weapon of aggressive war.Ref: 2
1951*NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing.Ref: 5
1951*San Francisco City Hall dome fire.Ref: 5
1952*The FBI arrests 10 members of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.Ref: 2
1956*Britain abolishes the death penalty.Ref: 5
1957*A U.S. flag flies over an outpost in Wilkes Land, Antarctica.Ref: 2
1959*Fidel Castro names himself Cuba's premier after overthrowing Batista.Ref: 5
1963*C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down.Ref: 5
1964*Beatles' 2nd appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show".Ref: 5
1965*Four persons are held in a plot to blow up the Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell and the Washington Monument.Ref: 2
1966*The World Council of Churches being held in Geneva, urges immediate peace in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1966*France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria.Ref: 5
1968*The nation's first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system was inaugurated, in Haleyville, AL.Ref: 70
1972*German mass murderers "Three of Breda" freed.Ref: 5
1977*USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR.Ref: 5
1978*Computer Bulletin Board System (CBBS), created by Ward Christensen (also creator of Xmodem file transfer protocol) and Randy Seuss, in Chicago, USA. (Per a personal email from Ward Christensen to T.M. Ciolek) 
1978 China and Japan sign a $20 billion trade pact, which is the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties.Ref: 2
1979*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1980*Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France.Ref: 5
1982*Agatha Barbara elected as first female President of Malta.Ref: 5
1986*Mário Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal's first civilian president.Ref: 5
1987*John Demjanjuk went on trial in Jerusalem, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible," a guard at the Treblinka Nazi concentration camp. (Demjanjuk was convicted, but the conviction ended up being overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court.)Ref: 5
1989 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market.Ref: 5
1989*Jane Fonda & Tom Hayden separate after 16 years of marriage.Ref: 5
1989*William Hayden becomes governor-General of Australia.Ref: 5
1989*Investigators in Lockerbie, Scotland, said a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player was what brought down Pan Am Flight 103 the previous December, killing all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground.Ref: 70
1991 Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands.Ref: 5
1992*Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue.Ref: 5
1994*Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru.Ref: 5
1998 Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million.Ref: 5
1999*Enraged Kurds seized embassies and held hostages across Europe following Turkey's arrest of Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan.Ref: 70
1999*Testimony began in Jasper TX trial of John Williams King, charged with murder in the gruesome dragging death of James Byrd Jr. (King is subsequently convicted and sentenced to death.) (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/2004)Ref: 83
2002*The operator of a crematory in Noble, Ga., was arrested after dozens of decomposing corpses were found stacked in storage sheds and scattered around the building and surrounding woods.Ref: 70
2002*Launching his defense against war crimes charges, former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic justified his actions as a "struggle against terrorism" and said he was a victim of twisted facts and "terrible fabrication."Ref: 70
2003*More than 100,000 people demonstrate in the streets of San Francisco to protest a possible US invasion of Iraq. (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/2004)Ref: 83
1771*Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy.Ref: 5
1777*Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice).Ref: 5
1840*American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica.Ref: 5
1912*First movie taken from an airplane by Frank Trenholm Coffin over New York City.Ref: 10
1923*The burial chamber of King Tutankhamen's recently unearthed tomb was unsealed in Egypt by Howard Carter.Ref: 5
1932*The first fruit tree patent was issued to James E. Markham for a peach tree which ripens later than other varieties.Ref: 4
1937*DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers.Ref: 5
1946*First commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport CT.Ref: 5
1948*Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time.Ref: 5
1960*Captain Edward L. Beach begins what will be an 84-day voyage around the world, underwater, in the 7,750-ton submarine Triton. The 41,500 mile voyage will follow a route similar to Magellan's.Ref: 4
1961*China uses its 1st nuclear reactor.Ref: 5
1961*US satellite Explorer 9 is launched.Ref: 5
1961*First all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island VA.Ref: 5
1965*Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors.Ref: 5
1982*Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad.Ref: 5
1512 Battle at Valeggio French troops beat Venetianen.Ref: 5
1804*Lt Stephen Decatur leads 74 men into Tripoli harbor, boards the captured US frigate Philadelphia, kills all but 2 of the crew, torches the Philadelphia and escapes without losing a man, in an act British Admiral Horatio Nelson later calls the "most daring act of the age."Ref: 3
1808*Napolean enters Spain.Ref: 3
1815*The U.S. Senate, then President Madison approve the Treaty of Ghent. 
1846 Battle of Sobraon ends first Sikh War in India.Ref: 5
1862*Some 14,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered at Fort Donelson, Tenn., to Union forces led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, but not before Nathan Bedford Forrest escapes.Ref: 70
1864*Battle of Mobile, AL operations by Union Army.Ref: 5
1865*Columbia, South Carolina, surrenders to Federal troops.Ref: 2
1894*British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast.Ref: 5
1909 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary.Ref: 5
1916*Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia.Ref: 5
1940*The British destroyer HMS Cossack rescue British seamen from a German prison ship, the Altmark, in a Norwegian fjord.Ref: 2
1942*Tojo outlines Japan's war aims to the Diet, referring to "new order of coexistence" in East Asia.Ref: 2
1942*German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery.Ref: 5
1942*The industrial and Waterfront areas of San Francisco were declared a restricted zone by the military. Aliens and other foreigners were not allowed in the areas and were subject to arrest by the FBI for violations. The Dept. of Justice has rounded up 1,266 alien Japanese along the West Coast. Sec. of War Henry L. Stimson met with President Roosevelt about the need to evacuate the Japanese from the West Coast.Ref: 37
1943*Soviets re-take Kharkov.Ref: 36
1943*British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia.Ref: 5
1943*Sign on Munich facade "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22.Ref: 5
1943*Withdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa.Ref: 5
1944*Germans counter-attack against the Anzio beachhead.Ref: 36
1945*In Athens, Greece, the National People's Liberation Army is defeated by government and British forces. 
1945*Venezuela declares war on Nazi-Germany.Ref: 5
1945*American paratroopers land on Corregidor, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines, complete conquest on March 3.Ref: 2
1986 French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad.Ref: 5
1988*First documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador.Ref: 5
1900*Stanley Cup Montréal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1.Ref: 5
1912*VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden.Ref: 5
1915*Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack; He sits out 1915 season.Ref: 5
1923 US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard.Ref: 5
1923 US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger.Ref: 5
1926*Suzanne Lenglen defeated Helen Wills at Cannes, France to retain the women’s tennis championship title. It was the only meeting between the two tennis greats.Ref: 4
1936*4th Winter Olympics games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.Ref: 5
1950*Former Giants Mel Ott and Bill Terry are the top vote getters, but fail to be elected into the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1952*After 40 years in the major leagues as a player and coach, Honus Wagner, 77, retires; he will receive a pension from the Pirates. The Pirates retire his #33.Ref: 1
1958*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open.Ref: 5
1962*Jimmy Bostwick defeated his brother, Pete to win the U.S. Open Court Tennis championships for the third time.Ref: 4
1963 First round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US).Ref: 5
1967*Former Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing, author of 273 major league wins, is elected to the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1970*Joe Frazier KOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for undisputed heavyweight boxing crown.Ref: 5
1972*Los Angeles Lakers basketball-great Wilt Chamberlain topped the 30,000-point mark in his career during a game against the Phoenix Suns.Ref: 4
1974*Ernesto Marcel outpoints Alexis Arguello to retain the featherweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1975*Washington Capitals first NHL shutout, beating Kansas City Scouts 3-0.Ref: 5
1980*Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7 02.29 (Olympics Record).Ref: 5
1984*Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympics downhill skiing gold.Ref: 5
1984*New Jersey Devils first OT goal, Jan Ludvig beats Hartford Whalers 6-5.Ref: 5
1985*Coach Lefty Driesell got his 400th career victory as the University of Maryland defeated Davidson by a score of 65-63.Ref: 4
1985*Largest NBA crowd to date, 43,816, sees Philadelphia at Detroit.Ref: 5
1985*Ray ‘Boom Boom’ Mancini lost the World Boxing Association lightweight championship crown to Livingstone Bramble. Mancini had been trying to regain the title, but ended up fighting for the last time on this night. The fighter retired in August, 1985.Ref: 4
1986*American and National League stars play a slow-pitch softball game. The American League wins, 20-5. (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/01)Ref: 83
1986 Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater.Ref: 5
1986 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14).Ref: 5
1986*Mike Tyson KO's Jesse Ferguson in the 6th round in a heavyweight boxing match.Ref: 97
1989*Orel Hershiser becomes baseball's first three-million dollar man when he signs a three-year $7.9 million contract with the Dodgers. The 'Bulldog' will earn $3,166,167 in 1991.Ref: 1
1989*Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs record $7.5M-3 year contract.Ref: 5
1991 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding.Ref: 5
1992*Los Angeles Lakers retire Magic Johnson's #32 uniform.Ref: 5
1993 Sandra Völker swims world record 50 meter backstroke (28.33 seconds).Ref: 5
1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500 meter (1:51.29).Ref: 5
1994*Figure skaters Nancy Kerrigan and Tonya Harding encounter each other at the Winter Olympics in Norway before posing for a US team photograph. (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/2004)Ref: 83
1996*General Mills announces a special edition Wheaties cereal box honoring Negro League superstars Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson and 'Cool Papa' Bell.Ref: 1
1997*At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history.Ref: 5
1997*GTE Suncoast Senior Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1997*Paul Stankowski wins Hawaiian Golf Open.Ref: 5
1997*Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Los Angeles Women's Championship.Ref: 5
2001*Yankee premier reliever, Mariano Rivera (7-4, 2.85 , 36 saves) signs a four-year approximately $40 million contract with the Bronx Bombers. The 31-year old Panama native surpassed Dennis Eckersley major league record with 16 saves in post-season games.Ref: 1
2003*Although banned by major league baseball for a Cooperstown induction, Pete Rose becomes a member of the Ted Williams Hitters Hall of Fame. 'Charlie Hustle' joins 1998 inductee Shoeless Joe Jackson, who is also banned from becoming a member of the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
2003*Michael Waltrip races past leader Jimmie Johnson to win the rain-shortened Daytona 500 for the second time in three years. (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/2004)Ref: 83
1741*Benjamin Franklin publishes America’s second magazine, The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle.Ref: 4
1751 First publication of Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard".Ref: 5
1824*Athenaeum Club founded in London.Ref: 5
1854*Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus" premieres.Ref: 5
1865*English clergyman Sabine Baring-Gould, 31, first published the hymn, "Now the Day is Over." It was based on the text of Prov 3:24: 'When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid...and thy sleep shall be sweet.'.Ref: 5
1883 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publication.Ref: 5
1887 First newspaper convention (Rochester NY).Ref: 5
1887 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5).Ref: 5
1892*The opera "Werther" is produced (Vienna).Ref: 5
1900*First Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes 1st issue (Chung Sai Yat Po-San Francisco).Ref: 5
1911*William P. Merrill, 44, first published his hymn, "Rise Up, O Men of God," in the Presbyterian periodical, "The Continent."Ref: 5
1923*Bessie Smith makes her first recording "Down Hearted Blues."Ref: 2
1923 First radio drama broadcast a scene from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar on the BBC in England.Ref: 10
1927 Noël Coward's "Marquise" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1937 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris.Ref: 5
1942*Shep Fields and his orchestra recorded Jersey Bounce on Bluebird Records.Ref: 4
1946*"Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 performances.Ref: 5
1947*Morton Gould's 3rd Symphony, premieres.Ref: 5
1948*NBC-TV aired its first nightly newscast, "The Camel Newsreel Theatre," which consisted of Fox Movietone newsreels.Ref: 70
1950*Longest-running prime-time game show, "What's My Line" begins on CBS.Ref: 5
1959*Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1962*Darius Milhaud's 12th Symphony, premieres.Ref: 5
1963*The Beatles moves to the top of the British rock charts with "Please, Please Me" exactly one month after the record was released.Ref: 4
1964*"Foxy" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances.Ref: 5
1965*"Baker Street" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 313 performances.Ref: 5
1968*Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon & wives fly to India for transcendental meditation study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.Ref: 5
1968*Elvis Presley receives a gold record for his sacred album of hymns, "How Great Thou Art".Ref: 4
1979*George Harrison releases "Blow Away".Ref: 5
1982*Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce.Ref: 5
1985*Telly “Who Loves Ya Baby!” Savalas brought his Kojak character back to network television after an absence of seven years. The show, Kojak: The Belarus File, was a special on CBS-TV, the network that launched Kojak to stardom.Ref: 4
1986*"Uptown... It's Hot!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 24 performances.Ref: 5
1993*Rod Stewart surprised the crowd at the annual Brit Awards in London. He invited his former band, The Faces, on stage to perform with him. They were accompanied by former Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman. Stewart was also honored with a lifetime achievement award.Ref: 4
2335*Fiction: Geordi La Forge character on Star Trek Next Generation, is born.Ref: 5
1075*Ordericus Vitalis French monk/historian/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1497*Philipp Melanchthon Germany, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie), is born.Ref: 5
1514*Rhäticus [Rheticus] Austrian astronomer/mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1519*Gaspard de Coligny Huguenot leader/French Admiral, is born.Ref: 5
1620 Frederick William Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia, is born.Ref: 5
1669*Arnold Boonen Dutch portrait painter, is born.Ref: 5
1684*Bohuslav Matej Czernohorsky Czechoslovakian monk/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1698*Pierre Bouguer French mathematician (heliometer), is born.Ref: 5
1709*Charles Avison composer, is born.Ref: 5
1740 Giambattista Bodoni Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer, is born.Ref: 5
1746*Johann Heinse German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic, is born.Ref: 5
1774*Pierre Rode composer, is born.Ref: 5
1787*Andreas Schelfhout Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer, is born.Ref: 5
1788*Juan van Halen Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer, is born.Ref: 5
1790*Chretien Urhan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1807*Lysander Cutler Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866, is born.Ref: 5
1812*Henry Wilson (R) 18th Vice-President (1873-75), is born.Ref: 5
1813*Joseph Reid Anderson Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892, is born.Ref: 5
1813*Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Heinrich Barth Hamburg Germany, geographer/explorer (Central Africa), is born.Ref: 5
1822*Francis Galton Birmingham England, anthropologist & geneticist, is born.Ref: 5
1822*James Patton Anderson Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Brigadier General John D Imboden organized first Virginia Partisan Rangers, is born.Ref: 5
1826*Franz von Holstein composer, is born.Ref: 5
1826*Joseph V von Scheffel German writer (Gaudeamus), is born.Ref: 5
1831*Nikolay Semyonovich Leskov, Russian novelist and short-story writer, is born.Ref: 70
1832*Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac Major General (Confederate Army), is born.Ref: 5
1834*Ernst Heinrich Haeckel Potsdam Germany, biologist (Causes of Evolution), is born.Ref: 5
1836*Benjamin Edward Woolf Dutch composer, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Arnoldus Pannevis South African ship's doctor/linguist, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Henry Adams Boston MA, US historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams), is born.Ref: 5
1843*Henry Martyn Leland, A American engineer and manufacturer, is born.Ref: 70
1845*Quinton Hogg, English philanthropist, is born.Ref: 2
1847*Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka German composer (Album polonaise), is born.Ref: 5
1848*Hugo de Vries Dutch botanist (How species emerge), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Octave Mirbeau France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid), is born.Ref: 5
1852*Charles Taze Russell, founder of the International Bible Students Association which later became the Jehovah's Witnesses, is born.Ref: 2
1852*William Scarborough Macon GA, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes), is born.Ref: 5
1854*Oscar Fetras composer, is born.Ref: 5
1856*Willem Kes Dutch violinist/composer/conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Laurence "Lon" Myers US, track star (top US miler), is born.Ref: 5
1866*William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton New Jersey, hall of fame baseball player, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Johann Strauss Austria, composer (Waltz King), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Vyacheslav I Ivanov Russian philosopher/classical/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1868*Wilhelm Schmidt German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos), is born.Ref: 5
1876*George Macauley Trevelyan England, historian (Giuseppe Garibaldi), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Selim Palmgren Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Maurits H E Uyldert Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet), is born.Ref: 5
1882*George Jean Nathan, American author, editor, and drama critic, is born.Ref: 70
1884*Robert Flaherty Michigan, father of documentary film (Nanook of the North), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Van Wyck Brooks New Jersey, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Semyon Semyonovich Bogatiryov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Henry Walter Bates, naturalist and explorer of South America, is bornRef: 5
1893*Ivor Armstrong Richards England, literary critic, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Alexander Brailowsky Russia, pianist (Chopin), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Charles A L Panzéra French baritone (L'horizon Chimérique), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Katharine Cornell actress (Barretts of Wimpole St), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Albert Maurice Hackett playwright/screenwriter, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Chester Morris New York NY, actor (Diagnosis Unknown), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Wayne King Savannah IL, saxophonist/bandleader (the Waltz King), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Edgar Bergen (Bergren) actor, ventriloquist: radio: The Edgar Bergen Show w/dummy Charlie McCarthy; father of actress Candice Bergen; is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 4
1904*George Kennan, U.S. diplomat and historian, is born.Ref: 2
1904*George F Kennan Milwaukee WI, US ambassador (to Moscow), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Jose Munoz Molleda composer, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Lord Franks British ambassador (to US), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Vera Menchik Moscow, first official women's world chess champion (1927), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Jeffrey Lynn actor (Tony Rome, Butterfield 8, Up Front), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Anghélos Terzakis Greece, writer (Without God), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Fernando Previtali composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Henri van Albada Belgian sculptor (Charles V), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Hugh Beaumont Lawrence KS, actor (Ward Cleaver-Leave it to Beaver), is born.Ref: 68
1909*Jeffrey Lynn Auburn MA, actor (My Son Jeep, The Roaring Twenties), is born.Ref: 5
1910 Michael Milne-Watson CEO (BUPA), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Miguel Bernal Jiminez composer, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Hal Porter Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Del Sharbutt Cleburne TX, TV announcer (Your Hit Parade), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Arthur Crook British editor (Times Literary Supplement), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Bob Tadema Sporry Dutch (female) author, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Machito "Frank Grillo" Florida, bandleader (created salsa music), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Maitland Mackie Lord Lieutenant (Aberdeenshire), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Jimmy Wakely Mineola AR, country singer (5 Star Jubilee), is born.Ref: 5
1914*J Tobin British anaesthetist, is born.Ref: 5
1916*William Ballard Doggett jazz musician, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Károly earl Khuen-Héderváry Hungarian Governor/premier (1910-12), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Lee Russell Cleveland OH, singer (Vincent Lopez), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Patty Andrews (Patricia Marie Andrews) lead singer: group: The Andrews Sisters: Bei Mir Bist Du Schon, Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy, Rum and Coca Cola, Beer Barrel Polka; solo: I Can Dream Can’t I, is born in Minneapolis MN.Ref: 68
1920*Hubert van Herreweghen Flemish writer/journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Jean Behra auto racer: competed in 52 Grand Prix races [best was 4th: 1956]; is born.Ref: 4
1922*Geraint Evans British opera vocalist (Knaben Wunderhorn), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Paul van't Veer Dutch journalist/writer (Het Vrije Volk), is born.Ref: 5
1924 James Swaffield Director-General (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Peter Webster British High Court Judge, is born.Ref: 5
1925*David Emms director (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Per Bailey director (Gatwick & Stansted Airports), is born.Ref: 5
1926*John Schlesinger London England, film director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Jack Levy mechanical engineer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Vera-Ellen [Westmeyr Rohe], Cincinnati OH, actress/dancer (Wonder Man), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Peter Porter Australian/British author/poet (Chair of Babel), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Peggy King Greensburg PA, singer/actress (George Gobel Show), is born.Ref: 5
1930*F G R Cuming painter, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Ricou Browning Florida, director/actor (Thunderball), is born.Ref: 5
1931*A Kolleritsch writer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*George E Sangmeister (Representative-D-IL), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Ken Takakura [Goichi Oda], Kita Japan, actor (A Story of the Antarctic), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Gretchen Wyler (Wienecke), Bartlesville OK, actress (Silk Stockings), is born.Ref: 5
1932*A Appelfeld writer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Nand Baert Belgian radio/TV-host, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Otis Blackwell composer/singer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Austin "Ted" Taylor US gospel/R&B-singer (Be Ever Wonderful), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Marlene Bauer Hagge Eureka SD, LPGA golfer (1950 Woman Athlete of the Year), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Brian Bedford England, actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Robin Clark chemist (FRS), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Sonny (Salvatore) Bono singer, entertainer [Sonny & Cher]: I Got You Babe, Baby Don’t Go, The Beat Goes On; TV: The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour; mayor: Palm Springs, CA; U.S. Congressman; is born.Ref: 4
1936 -Carl Icahn is born.Ref: 10
1937*Paul Bailey novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Barry Primus New York NY, actor (Sergeant McKenna-Cagney & Lacey, Boxcar Bertha), is born.Ref: 5
1938*John Corigliano New York NY, composer (Fern Hill, Ghosts of Versailles), is born.Ref: 5
1939*David Griffiths portrait painter, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Herbie & Harold Kalin singers: group: The Kalin Twins: When, Forget Me Not, are born.Ref: 4
1940*Karoli Ruth Needles painter, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Vitali Kuznetsov USSR, judo (Olympics-silver-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Gabriel Brncic composer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Kim Chong-Il [Yura], President of North-Korea (1994- ), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Anthony Dowell London, ballet dancer (Royal Ballet), is born.Ref: 5
1943*J D Moore headmaster (St Dunstan's College), is born.Ref: 5
1943*James Beaton British GC, is born.Ref: 5
1943*(Arthur) Bobby (Lee) Darwin baseball: LA Angels, LA Dodgers, Minnesota Twins, Milwaukee Brewers, Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Brig Owens football: Washington Redskins Safety: Super Bowl VII, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Richard Ford, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (The Sportswriter, Independence Day), is born.Ref: 2
1946*Aleksandr Shaparenko USSR, 1K kayak (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Ian Lavender British actor (Stupid Boy in Dad's Army), is born.Ref: 5
1946*J R Farndon British consultant surgeon, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ted Washington football: San Diego State Univ., Cincinnati BengalsRef: 4
1949*Dorus Vrede Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank), is born.Ref: 5
1950*William Katt Los Angeles CA, actor (Greatest American Hero, first Love), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Peter Hain British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1953*George Martin NFL defensive back (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Andre St Lauren NHLer, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Mike Ford New York NY, Canadian Tour golfer (1976 Port Jefferson Open), is born.Ref: 5
1954*David Lombardo rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Iain [Menzies] Banks UK, sci-fi author (Wasp Factory), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Guy Gallo New Orleans LA, writer (Under the Volcano), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jeff Clayton US jazz saxophonist/composer (Groove Shop), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Margaux Hemingway, actress: Bad Love, Deadly Conspiracy, Lipstick; sister of actress Mariel Hemingway, granddaughter of writer, Ernest Hemingway; is born.Ref: 4
1956*James Ingram singer (On the Wings of Love), is born.Ref: 17
1957*LeVar Burton (Levardis Robert Martyn Burton Jr.) actor: Alex Haley’s Roots, Star Trek: The Next Generation series, is born in Landstuhl Germany.Ref: 4
1957*James Ingram singer: [w/Patti Austin]: Baby Come to Me, How Do You Keep the Music Playing; Just Once, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Lisa Loring actress (As the World Turns, Wednesday-Addams Family), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Herb Williams NBA center (Toronto Raptors, New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ice-T (Tracy Marrow), rap singer/actor (New Jack City, Tank Girl, Crazy Six), is born.Ref: 5
1958*John Paul Morse Marshall MI, PGA golfer (1995 United Airlines), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Kelly Tripuka Glenn Ridge NJ, NBA forward (Detroit Pistons, Utah Jazz), is born.Ref: 5
1959*John McEnroe tennis’ bad boy for his frequent outbursts on the tennis court: Wimbledon Men’s Singles Champion [1981, 1983, 1984]; U.S. Open Men’s Singles Champion: [1979, 1980, 1981, 1984], is born.Ref: 4
1961*Andy Taylor Dolver-Hampton England, rock guitarist (Duran Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Alexa Kenin New York NY, actress (Mousie-Coed Fever), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Tony Kiley rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Mark Price NBA guard (Cleveland Caveliers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Eric Uptagrafft Spokane WA, prone rifle (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Robert Massey NFL cornerback (Arizona Cardinals, Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Cecil Gray NFL tackle (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Erik Regtop Dutch soccer player (SC Heerenveen), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Claude Lambert Montréal Québec Canada, boxer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Fermin Cacho Barcelona Spain, 1500 meter (Olympics-2 gold-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Tim Costo US baseball infielder (Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Saskia Linssen Venlo Holland, playmate (June 1991), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Anthony Abrams NFL defensive tackle (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Chi Kredell Long Beach CA, water polo driver (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Larry Jones NFL running back (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Marco Sas Dutch soccer player (NAC), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Mike Hubbard Lynchburg VA, catcher (Chicago Cubs), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Shivanthini Dharmasiri Miss Sri Lanka-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Van Tuinei defensive end (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jerome Bettis running back (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Cathy Freeman Mackay Australia, 100 meter/200 meter/400 meter (Olympics-silver-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*James Young Australian water polo player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kimberly Dawn Whipany Oklahoma, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jevon Langford defensive end (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kathy McCormack ice hockey forward (Canada, Olympics-silver-98), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Casey Barrett Montréal Québec Canada, 200 meter Butterfly (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Marty Murray Deloraine, NHL center (Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Alexei Morozov NHL forward (Team Russia Olympics-silver-1998, Pittsburgh), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Trina Jackson 4X200 meter freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Caroline Hunt Chicago IL, rhythmic gymnast (US team-96), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Emma Louise DeSilets Miss Washington Teen-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1998*Mr Jefferson Virginia, first cloned calf, is born.Ref: 5
309*Pamphilus van Caesarea Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded.Ref: 5
923*Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari Islamic historian, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1247*Hendrik Raspe [Papenking], count of Thüringen, dies.Ref: 5
1279*Afonso III King of Portugal (1248-79), dies.Ref: 5
1391*Johannes V Palaeologus Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91), dies.Ref: 5
1538*Everhard/Erardus van de Mark prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1600*Giordano Bruno burned at stake.Ref: 5
1653*Johannes Schultz composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1754*Richard Mead physician, dies.Ref: 5
1779*William Boyce English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies.Ref: 5
1791*Richard earl d'Alton Austria General of S Netherlands, commits suicide at 58.Ref: 5
1799*Charles Theoby ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1803*Jan V clav Stich Bohemian composer, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1823*Johann Gottfried Schict composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1825*George Gerson composer, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1829*François-Joseph Gossec Belgian/French composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95.Ref: 5
1834 Lionel Lukin life boat pioneer, dies.Ref: 5
1851 Anne Nagell van Ampsen Dutch politician, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1857*Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers French engraver, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1857*Elisha Kent Kane Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37.Ref: 5
1858*Georg F Creuzer German philological/historian, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1864*Vaclav Jindrich Veit composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1899*François Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Republic (1895-99), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1900*George Labram US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1907*Giosué Carducci poet (Nobel 1906), dies.Ref: 5
1910*Albert Heinrich Zabel composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1912*Edgar Evans British explorer (Antarctica), dies.Ref: 5
1915*Emil Waldteufel [Charles Levy], French composer (Estudiantina), dies.Ref: 5
1916*[Gerard] Jan Ligthart Dutch educator (Ot & Sien), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1916*Jeltje de Bosch Kemper Dutch feminist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1924*Boston Braves shortstop Tony Boeckel dies from injuries received in an automobile accident yesterday; he is the first MLer to be killed in a car mishap.Ref: 1
1924*Henry Bacon, American architect and designer of the Lincoln Memorial, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1928*Eddie (Edwin Fitzgerald) Foy Sr. actor, comic, dancer: entertained on the musical stage and in vaudeville for four decades; father of The Seven Little Foys, dies.Ref: 4
1931*Dirk Schäfer Dutch pianist/composer (Klavier), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1934*Eduard Bagritsky [Dzjubin], Russian poet/journalist, dies at 38.Ref: 5
1938*Otto zur Linde German author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1939*Jura Soyfer writer, dies at 26.Ref: 5
1944*Edmund von Borck composer, dies at 37.Ref: 5
1945*Rudolf Värnlund Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1951 Henri Velge first chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1952*Knut [Pedersen] Hamsun Norwegian writer (Wanders, Nobel 1920), dies.Ref: 5
1957*Leslie Hore-Belisha [Lord Halifax], British Minister of Transport, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1963*Laszlo Lajtha composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1966*Hendrik W Tilanus artillery officer/leader (CHU 1939-63), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1967*Smiley Burnette cowboy (Charlie-Petticoat Junction), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1968*Healey Willan composer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1979*Louise Allbritton actress (Celia-Stage Door), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1979*William Gargan actor (New Adventures of Martin Kane), dies at 73.Ref: 17
1979*Nematullah Nassiri Iran General/head of Savak, executed.Ref: 5
1981*Howard Hanson composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1984*Ken Williams TV announcer (Video Village), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1985*Larry Ward actor (Frank Ragan-Dakotas), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1986*Howard Da Silva (Silverblatt), Cleveland OH, actor (Ben Franklin-1776), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1987*Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1990*Keith Haring artist/cartoonist (brilliant baby), dies of AIDs at 31.Ref: 5
1991 Enrique B Varela commandant Nicaragua contra's, dies.Ref: 5
1992*Abbas Musawi leader of Hezbollah, assassinated.Ref: 5
1992*Angela Carter British novelist (Magic Toyshop), dies of cancer at 51.Ref: 5
1992*George Mann MacBeth Scottish journalist/poet (A War Quartet), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Janio Quadros President of Brazil (1961), dies.Ref: 5
1992 Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder court judge Amsterdam (squatters), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1993*Sharon Disney, Walt Disney's second daughter dies at age 57. (Ref: "Disney, The First 100 Years", 1999, ISBN 0-7868-6442-7) 
1993*Richard Salant news president (CBS-60 Minutes), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1994*6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200.Ref: 5
1995*John Everett Allen US businessman, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1995 Martin Soames traveller, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1996*Brownie McGhee blues guitarist, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1996*Charles McCorquodale art historian, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1996*Edmund G "Pat" Brown politician, dies at 90.Ref: 68
1996 Kenneth Robinson politician/businessman, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1996*MacLean Stevenson actor (MASH), dies of heart attack at 66.Ref: 5
1996*Roger Bowen actor (MASH, Main Event, What about Bob), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1996*Susan Bosence textile designer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996*Walter Brown "Brownie" McGhee blues singer/guitarist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1998*Martha Gellhorn war reporter (Reuthers), dies at 89Ref: 5
1998*A China Airlines Airbus A300-600-R trying to land in fog in Taipai, Taiwan, crashes, killing all 196 aboard plus 6 on the ground. (XDG, p 4A, 2/16/2004)Ref: 83
2001*William H. Masters physician: Masters of Masters and Johnson: Human Sexual Response, On Sex and Human Loving; dies at age 85.Ref: 4
2001*Bob (Robert Ray) Buhl baseball: Milwaukee Braves [World Series: 1957/all-star: 1960], Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies; dies.Ref: 4
2002*John W. Gardner, former health, education and welfare secretary who helped launch Medicare, founded Common Cause and became known as "the father of campaign finance reform", dies at age 89. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Mick Tucker musician: drums: group: Sweet: Funny Funny, Co-Co, Little Willy, Wig Wam Bam, Blockbuster, Hell Raiser, Ballroom Blitz, Teenage Rampage, Fox on the Run; dies.Ref: 4
2002*(DC Sniper) A former bookkeeper for John Muhammed (the Washington DC serial sniper) is killed in Tacoma WA. Muhammed is the prime suspect, but has not been charged. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/25/2003)Ref: 13
2003*"Dolly" the sheep the first mammal cloned from an adult - was put to death at age 6 after premature aging and disease marred her short existence.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen