Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
February 23rd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
303*Emperor Diocletian orders the general persecution of Christians in Rome.Ref: 2
1516*The Hapsburg Charles I succeeds Ferdinand in Spain. The Hapsburg Charles I succeeds Ferdinand in Spain.Ref: 2
1615*The Estates-General in Paris is dissolved, having been in session since October 1614.Ref: 2
1660*Charles XI becomes king of Sweden.Ref: 5
1668*Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued.Ref: 5
1672*Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1689*Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England.Ref: 5
1792*Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners).Ref: 5
1813*First US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham MA.Ref: 5
1820 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered.Ref: 5
1821*The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries established the first pharmacy college -- in Philadelphia, PA.Ref: 4
1822*Boston was granted a charter to incorporate as a city.Ref: 5
1839*William F. Harnden organized the nation’s first express service -- in Boston, MA. The service operated between Boston and New York City.Ref: 4
1846*The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.Ref: 2
1854*Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein. Great Britain officially recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.Ref: 5
1861*By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US.Ref: 5
1861*President-elect Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, an assassination plot having been foiled in Baltimore.Ref: 70
1861*Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns.Ref: 5
1869*Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law.Ref: 5
1870*Mississippi is readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.Ref: 5
1879*Frank Winfield Woolworth opened his first store in Utica, NY, where it was a failure. Moving to Lancaster, PA, improved salesRef: 62
1883*American Anti-Vivisection Society is organized in Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1883*Alabama becomes first US state to enact an antitrust law.Ref: 5
1885*John Lee survives three attempts to hang him in Exeter Prison, as the trap fails to open.Ref: 2
1886*The London Times publishes the world's first classified ad.Ref: 5
1887*Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco.Ref: 5
1892*First college student government established, Bryn Mawr PA.Ref: 5
1895*William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia.Ref: 5
1898*(Dreyfus) During the Dreyfus Affair, French writer Emile Zola is imprisoned for his publication of J'Accuse, a controversial open letter to French President Felix Faure that accuses the French judiciary of giving into pressure from the military to perpetuate a cover-up in the Dreyfus treason case. Dreyfus was a jew in the highly anti-semetic French Army, wrongly accused of espionage and sentenced to life imprisonment in solitary confinement on Devil's Island.Ref: 3
1900*Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in San Francisco Bay.Ref: 5
1901*Britain and Germany agree on a boundary between German East Africa and Nyasaland.Ref: 2
1903*Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA.Ref: 5
1904*William Randolph Hearst's San Francisco Chronicle began publishing articles on the menace of Japanese laborers, leading to a resolution of the California Legislature that action be taken against their immigration.Ref: 59
1904*Control of the Panama Canal Zone is acquired by the US for $10 million.Ref: 5
1904 Japan guarantees Korean sovereignty in exchange for military assistance.Ref: 2
1905*The Rotary Club was founded in Chicago, IL by Attorney Paul Harris. A national association of the very popular civic club was formed in 1910. In 1922 the organization which was for men only, adopted the name Rotary International. It continues with millions of members throughout the world -- both men and women.Ref: 4
1909 Russian tsar Nicolas II dissolves Finnish Diet.Ref: 5
1915*Nevada enforces convenient divorce law.Ref: 5
1916*Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin.Ref: 5
1916*Secretary of State Lansing hints that the U.S. may have to abandon the policy of avoiding "entangling foreign alliances".Ref: 2
1919*The USS Osmond Ingram is launched. It is the first US Navy vessel named for an enlisted man. (XDG, p 4A, 2/23/2001)Ref: 83
1919*Benito Mussolini founds the Facist party of Italy.Ref: 5
1921*An airmail plane sets a record of 33 hours and 20 minutes from San Francisco to New York.Ref: 2
1923*Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%.Ref: 5
1923 German Republic day with laws against worker.Ref: 5
1926*President Calvin Coolidge opposes a large air force, believing it would be a menace to world peace.Ref: 2
1927*The Federal Radio Commission began its work of assigning frequencies, hours of operation and power allocations for radio broadcasters across the U.S. The name was changed to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on July 1, 1934.Ref: 4
1934*Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium.Ref: 5
1936*First rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake NY.Ref: 5
1936*In Russia, an unmanned balloon rises to a record height of 25 miles.Ref: 2
1947*General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170 million in aid for European Jews.Ref: 5
1947 Several hundred Nazi organizers are arrested in Frankfurt by U.S. and British forces.Ref: 2
1954*The first mass inoculation with Salk vaccine takes place in Pittsburgh.Ref: 5
1954*Syrian army drives out President Adib el-Shishakli.Ref: 5
1955*Edgar Faure forms French government.Ref: 5
1955 Eight nations meet in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.Ref: 2
1956*20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow.Ref: 5
1956*Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin.Ref: 5
1958*5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels. He was released unharmed and refused to help identify his kidnappers.Ref: 5
1958*Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina.Ref: 5
1958*USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.Ref: 5
1958*Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913).Ref: 5
1960*Whites join Negro students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store.Ref: 2
1962*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1964*The U.S. and Britain recognize the new Zanzibar government.Ref: 2
1965*Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president.Ref: 5
1966*Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda.Ref: 5
1966*Aldo Moro forms Italian government.Ref: 5
1966*Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government.Ref: 5
1967*25th amendment (Presidential succession) declared ratified.Ref: 5
1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Democratic People's Front for Liberation of Palestine.Ref: 5
1970*The Holy Eucharist was distributed by women for the first time in a Roman Catholic service.Ref: 5
1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day).Ref: 5
1971*(My Lai) Lieutenant Calley confesses & implicates Captain Medina.Ref: 5
1972*Black activist Angela Davis is released from jail where she was held for kidnapping , conspiracy and murder.Ref: 2
1973*Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London.Ref: 5
1974*(Patty Hearst) The Symbionese Liberation Army demanded $4 million more for the release of Patty Hearst.Ref: 4
1976*Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract.Ref: 5
1978*William H. Webster took the oath of office as FBI Director. Director Webster continued Director Kelley's emphasis on "quality" investigations.Ref: 14
1979*Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps.Ref: 5
1980*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-million-gallon spill.Ref: 5
1981 An attempted coup began in Spain as 200 members of the Civil Guard invaded the Parliament, taking lawmakers hostage. (However, the attempt collapsed 18 hours later.)Ref: 5
1985*US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as Attorney General.Ref: 5
1987*A supernoval explosion (1987A) was first observed in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The last local supernova was in 1604Ref: 5
1987*Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member.Ref: 5
1990 United Somali Congress seizes Presidential Palace.Ref: 5
1991*Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested.Ref: 5
1994*State Duma passes amnesty for political and economic crimesRef: 89
1995*The Dow Jones Industrial Averages close above 4,000 for the first time (4,003.33).Ref: 5
1995*Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi.Ref: 5
1996*U.S. National debt surpasses five trillion dollar mark for the first time.Ref: 10
1997*Scientists in Scotland announced they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly."Ref: 70
1998*Supreme Court lets Megan's Law stand.Ref: 5
2002*Colombian presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt was kidnapped by a rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.Ref: 70
1540*Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest.Ref: 2
1886*Charles M. Hall completes his invention of aluminum in Oberlin OH. He begins manufacturing pots and pans under the brand name "Wear-Ever".Ref: 4
1893*Rudolf Diesel receives a German patent for the diesel engine.Ref: 3
1896*The Tootsie Roll is introduced by Leo Hirshfield.Ref: 5
1997*It had been considered ‘impossible’ until it was accomplished by Dr. Ian Wilmut in July of 1996, at the Roslin Institute, in Roslin, Scotland. Kept secret until this day, the story broke that Dolly, a seven-month old sheep, was the first clone of an adult mammal. Since July 1996, the institute had cloned “seven sheep, including three breeds from different cell types.” And they said the technology was “equally applicable to pigs, goats, rabbits and indeed, any mammal.”Ref: 4
1574*France begins 5th Holy War against Huguenots.Ref: 5
1778*Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge.Ref: 2
1836*The Mexican army under Antonio López de Santa Anna reaches San Antonio. The Texian force retreats into the walled Alamo compound. Ref 
1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated.Ref: 5
1847*US troops under General Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican General Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in Mexico.Ref: 5
1900*Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army).Ref: 5
1915*Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin.Ref: 5
1916*French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun.Ref: 5
1917*The February revolution begins in Russia.Ref: 5
1938*Twelve Chinese fighter planes drop bombs on Japan.Ref: 2
1940*Russian troops conquer Lasi Island.Ref: 5
1942*Submarine U-129 torpedoes and sinks Canadian merchant ship Lennox off British Guyana in the Caribbean. Two die.Ref: 37
1942*A Japanese submarine fires 13 shells at the Bankline Refinery at Goleta in Southern California shortly after 7 p.m. One oil well was damaged. The Civilian Defense control center in San Francisco's City Hall was activiated when the news arrived from Goleta of the enemy attack. Police Chief Charles W. Dullea put all officers on standby for emergency duty.Ref: 37
1943*German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia.Ref: 5
1943*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) Major General Omar Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh.Ref: 5
1944*American bombers strike the Marianas Islands bases, only 1,300 miles from Tokyo.Ref: 2
1945*US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima on Mount Suribachi, famous photo & statue.Ref: 5
1945*Operation Grenade General Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr.Ref: 5
1945*A fire bomb test raid on Tokyo with 172 planes burns one square mile, the most destructive raid on Japan to date.Ref: 91
1945*Canadian troops occupy Kalkar.Ref: 4
1945*2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London.Ref: 5
1945*The Turkish National Assembly declares war on Germany. 
1945*Eisenhower opens a large offensive in the Rhineland.Ref: 2
1967*American troops begin the largest offensive of the war, near the Cambodian border.Ref: 2
1981 Spanish coup under Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio Tejero Molina fails.Ref: 5
1991*US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST.Ref: 5
1991*French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border.Ref: 2
1991*President Bush announced that the allied ground offensive against Iraqi forces had begun. (Because of the time difference, it was already Feb. 24 in the Persian Gulf.)Ref: 70
1874*Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis).Ref: 5
1894*Stanley Cup Montréal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play.Ref: 5
1895 Jaap Eden skates world record 10 km (17:56).Ref: 5
1906*Tommy Burns defeats Marvin Hart in a 20 round bout to win the heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1934*Replacing skipper Max Carey, Brooklyn coach Casey Stengel signs a two-year deal to manage the Dodgers.Ref: 1
1938*Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1939 Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champion.Ref: 5
1939*Boxing lightweight champion Eric Boom retains his title against Arthur Danahar when the referee stops the fight in the 14th round. The match is the first televised live to an audience in a theater.Ref: 97
1957*The United States Supreme Court ruled that professional football operations of the NFL did fall within coverage of existing antitrust laws.Ref: 4
1959*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open.Ref: 5
1960*Wrecking crews began to demolish the venerable home of the Brooklyn Dodgers: Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.Ref: 4
1964*Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in KS City.Ref: 5
1967*Jim Ryun sets a record in the half-mile run at Lawrence, KS. Ryun runs the distance in 1:48.3.Ref: 4
1967*Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner.Ref: 5
1968*Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers wows the home crowd at the old Philadelphia Arena by becoming the first pro basketball player to score more than 25,000 career points.Ref: 4
1971*Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak.Ref: 5
1975*Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1980*13th Winter Olympics games close at Lake Placid NY.Ref: 5
1980*Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics.Ref: 5
1983*USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 million).Ref: 5
1985*Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game.Ref: 5
1986*Although he loses his arbitration case, Red Sox Wade Boggs receives the largest amount (1.35 million) ever awarded by this process.Ref: 1
1986*Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1986*Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 meter indoor (7.00 seconds).Ref: 5
1987*After three days of spring training, Billy Gardner replaces Dick Howser as Royals' manager. The frail-looking skipper had tried to comeback from brain tumor surgery.Ref: 1
1988*15th Winter Olympics games opens in Calgary, Alberta.Ref: 5
1988*Fearing the loss of the 1990 All-Star game and possible post-season games, a committee of Chicago Aldermen vote, 7-2, to allow the Cubs to play 18 night games at Wrigley Field.Ref: 1
1988*Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94).Ref: 5
1990*Despite the owners dropping their arbitration and minimum salary proposals, spring training camps remain closed.Ref: 1
1991*Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector "Macho" Camacho.Ref: 5
1991*North Carolina is first NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games.Ref: 5
1991*Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open.Ref: 5
1992*16th Winter Olympics games close in Albertville, France.Ref: 5
1993*Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL's 9th franchise (1st US team).Ref: 5
1994*Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23).Ref: 5
1997*Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1997*American Express Senior Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
2000*Cub manager Don Baylor names four captains including first baseman Mark Grace, right fielder Sammy Sosa, pitcher Kevin Tapani and reliever Rick Aguilera. The quartet will be the Cubs first captains since the 1960s and early 1970s when Ron Santo held the position.Ref: 1
1792*Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres.Ref: 5
1886*Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred" premieres.Ref: 5
1910 First radio contest held (Philadelphia).Ref: 5
1910 George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1920 First regular broadcasting service begins in Britain.Ref: 10
1937*Bing Crosby sang with Lani McIntyre and his band, as Sweet Leilani was recorded on Decca Records. The Academy Award-winning song was featured in the movie Waikiki Wedding.Ref: 4
1939*The 11th Academy Awards were celebrated at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles (for the flicks of 1938). Oscars were doled out for You Can’t Take It with You for Best Picture and Best Director (Frank Capra). Capra, who took home his third Best-Director prize, had won for 1934’s It Happened One Night and 1936’s Mr. Deeds Goes to Town. The Best Actor award was claimed for the second year in a row (Captains Courageous) by Spencer Tracy for Boys Town. Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress awards were presented to Bette Davis and Fay Bainter, respectively, for their performances in Jezebel; while Walter Brennan took home the prized statuette for Best Supporting Actor in Kentucky. These were Davis’ and Brennan’s second Academy Awards; the first for Davis was awarded three years earlier for Dangerous, and Brennan received his first Oscar two years before for Come and Get It. Walt Disney won an honorary Oscar for the film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Mr. Disney actually received one Oscar statuette and seven miniature ones for his work “ ... which has charmed millions and pioneered a great new entertainment field,” according to press accounts that day.Ref: 4
1940*Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released.Ref: 5
1950*New York's Metropolitan Museum exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art. The first showing of this collection in the U.S.Ref: 2
1957*"Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances.Ref: 5
1963*The Chiffons recording of He’s So Fine was released. It later rose to the #1 position (March 30th) for a four-week stay. The song later became the center of one of the most publicized lawsuits in music history. The estate of songwriter Ronnie Marks won the suit against former Beatle George Harrison, saying that the song My Sweet Lord, was a note-for-note copy of He’s So Fine. The Chiffons also scored big with One Fine Day, Sweet Talkin’ Guy and others.Ref: 4
1964*Fiction: Dana Katherine Scully fictional character (X-Files), is born.Ref: 5
1967*John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1971*George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year as a result of several speeding tickets and a dispute with the police.Ref: 5
1971*James Franciscus starred in Longstreet, a made-for-TV movie that became a series in the fall of 1971.Ref: 4
1974*Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orth".Ref: 5
1978*20th Grammy Awards Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone win.Ref: 5
1979*George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album.Ref: 5
1979*"Sarava" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 140 performances.Ref: 5
1981*People magazine features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips.Ref: 5
1982 Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1983*The rock group, Toto, won 25th Grammy Awards for the hit single, Rosanna, and the album, Toto IV, at the 25th annual ceremonies in Los Angeles. The group received four other awards to tie the 1965 record of six Grammies (Roger Miller).Ref: 4
1985*Breaking with tradition, the TV show, Gimme a Break, was broadcast live before a studio audience. It was the first TV sitcom to be seen live since television’s Golden Age in the 1950s.Ref: 4
1993*Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees.Ref: 5
1995*"Uncle Vanya" opens at Circle in Square Theater NYC for 29 performances.Ref: 5
1997*NBC TV shows "Schindler's List", completely uncensored, 65 million watch.Ref: 5
2000*Carlos Santana won eight Grammy Awards for his album "Supernatural," tying the record set by Michael Jackson in 1983.Ref: 70
2003*Norah Jones won five Grammy Awards for the album "Come Away With Me," tying the record for a female artist held by Lauryn Hill and Alicia Keys, and since tied by Beyonce.Ref: 70
1400*(date uncertain) Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg, printer, is born.Ref: 68
1417*Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italy, Pope (1464-71) is born.Ref: 5
1614*Jacob Colijn(s) Dutch coat of arms painter, is born.Ref: 5
1615*Cornelis Galle II Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised, is born.Ref: 5
1633*Samuel Pepys London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs), is born.Ref: 5
1649*John Blow composer of first English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized), is born.Ref: 5
1685*George Friedric Händel, Halle Germany, organist/baroque composer (Messiah), is born.Ref: 5
1700*Wilhelmus Schortinghuis Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity), is born.Ref: 5
1730*Christian Joseph Lidarti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1743 Meyer Amschel Rothschild, banker and founder of the Rothschild dynasty in Europe, is born.Ref: 2
1776*John Walter II London, chief proprietor (The London Times, 1812-47), is born.Ref: 5
1787*Emma (Hart) Willard educator: pioneer in higher education for women: Waterford Academy for Young Ladies, Troy Female Seminary, Emma Willard School; Willard Association for the Mutual Improvement of Female Teachers [1837]; writer: textbooks: geography, history, astronomy, A Treatise on the Motive Powers Which Produce the Circulation of the Blood [written a year before women were admitted to medical schools; is born.Ref: 5
1792*Istvan Ferenczi Hungarian sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1811*George Washington Hewitt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1817*George Frederick Watts, English painter and sculptor, is born in London, England.Ref: 70
1818*Major General Jeremy F Gilmer General/Chief Engineer Confederate War Department, is born.Ref: 5
1824 Herman N van der Tuuk Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar), is born.Ref: 5
1824*Lewis Cass Hunt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886, is born.Ref: 5
1831*Hendrik W Mesdag Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag), is born.Ref: 5
1834 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunisia, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Gilbert Moxley Sorrel Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Carl Menger Austrian economist, is born.Ref: 5
1848*Thomas Paine Westendorf composer, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Cesar Ritz, French founder of the Ritz hotel in Paris, is born.Ref: 70
1859 Theodor Batthyányi Hungarian statesman/contra revolutionary, is born.Ref: 5
1863*William Edward Burghardt Du Bois is born in Great Barrington, MA. W.E.B. Du Bois was the first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University.He went on to found the National Negro Committee which eventually became the NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.Ref: 2
1863*Franz von Stuck German painter (Der Krieg), is born.Ref: 5
1865*Barney Dreyfuss baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates), is born.Ref: 5
1868*W.E.B. [William Edward Burghardt] Du Bois, American sociologist who helped found the N.A.A.C.P., is born in Great Barrington MA.Ref: 70
1869 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya Russian revolutionary (Social-Democrat), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Dmitri Arakishvili composer, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Konstantin Päts Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Jozef E Stokvis journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Agnes M Royden writer, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Wadi' Sabra composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Agnes Arber English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1880*Edgar Istel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*-Titus [Anno S] Brandsma Dutch philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Karl Jaspers, German Existentialist philosopher, is born.Ref: 70
1882*Ladislav Vycpalek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Victor Fleming, director of the movie classics "The Wizard of Oz" and "Gone With the Wind", is born in Pasadena CA.Ref: 2
1883*Karl Jaspers Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher, is born.Ref: 68
1884*Frank Cellier Surbiton England, actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Herman Courtens Belgian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Albert Edward Sammons composer, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Ventura García Calderón Peruvian diplomat/author, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Oskar Frederik Lindberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Cyril Delevanti England, actor (Lucius-Jefferson Davis, Black Eye), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Frederik M baron of Asbeck Dutch lawyer (League of Nations), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Kathleen Harrison actress (Fast Lady, Big Money, West 11), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Richard Goolden London England, actor (School for Husbands), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Reinhard Herbig German archaeologist, is born.Ref: 5
1899*E Langgässer, writer, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Erich Kästner, Dresden Germany, author (Emil & the Detective), is born.Ref: 5
1899 Norman Taurog is born.Ref: 10
1900*Elinor Remick Warren composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel author (Mieke-serial), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Grigori V Aleksandrov Russian director (Veselye Rebjata), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Leopold Trepper Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina), is born.Ref: 5
1904*William Shirer, historian, CBS broadcaster and author (The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich), is born.Ref: 2
1905*Leonidas Zoras composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907 Anthony Standerwick Heal businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Sir William McMahon PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72), is born.Ref: 5
1911*G Mennen Williams Detroit MI, Sup Court Justice/(Governor-D-MI, 1949-60), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Walter Ernest Allen writer/critic, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Charles Leonard US, pentathlete (Olympics-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1914 Margaret Farrer CEO (Central Midwives Board), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Heinrich Schirmbeck German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth), is born.Ref: 5
1916*George Abel Canada, ice hockey player (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Martindale Sidwell organist/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1916*William Walsh academic, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Kenneth Tobey actor (Chuck-Whirlybirds), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Dom Aelred Watkin headmaster (Downside School), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Johnny Carey, soccer star, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Lord Ezra, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Hall Overton Bangor MI, composer (Enchanted Pear Tree), is born.Ref: 5
1920*David Wright poet, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Lord St Levan, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Gery Florizoone Flemish poet, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Allan MacLeod Cormack, South African-born Am. Nobel Prize-winning physicist, developer of the CAT scan.Ref: 70
1924*Lejaren Hiller composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Louis Stokes (Representative-D-OH, 1969- ), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Regine Crespin French vocalist (Sheherazade, Les Nuits D'ete), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Ivan Hrusovsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Duke of Beaufort, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Régine Crespin Marseilles France, operatic soprano, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Elston (Gene) Howard Yankee catcher (1st black New York Yankee/1963 AL MVP), is born.Ref: 5
1929*-Majel Barrett (computer voice on Star Trek) is born.Ref: 24
1929*Eduard W "Ed" Bauer [Eddy Evers], Dutch actor (Bluejackets), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Richard Moryl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Gerry Davis writer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Harry Boldt German Federal Republic, equestrian dressage (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Johnny Seven NY NY, actor (Ironside, Amy Prentiss), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Imre Gyongyossy film Maker, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Jef Geeraerts Flemish writer (Black Venus), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Tom Wesselman US sculptor (Great American Nudes), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Donna J Stone poet, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Lee Quencey Calhoun, hurdler: National Track & Field Hall of Fame, Olympic Hall of Fame: the only Olympic athlete to win 110-meter hurdles twice, is born in Laurel MS.Ref: 4
1934*Lady Digby, is born.Ref: 5
1937*David Ward president (Law Society), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Tom Osborne college football coach, is born.Ref: 5
1937 David Ward president (Law Society), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Lord Tugendhat, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Diane Varsi San Mateo CA, actress (Peyton Place), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Sylvia Chase St Paul MN, newscaster (ABC Weekend News, 20/20), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Josef Feistmantl Austria, lugeist (Olympics-gold-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1939*-Majel Barrett Columbus OH, actress (Christine Chapel-Star Trek), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Edmund Boyd Fisher publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Peter Fonda actor (Easy Rider, Lilith, Wild Angels, Trip), is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1940 Jermyn P Brooks CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe), is born.Ref: 5
1941*William Hjörtsberg NY NY, writer (Gray Matters, Fallen Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Frank Gerstenberg Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Beau Boulter (Representative-R-TX, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Colin Sanders founder (Solid State Logic), is born.Ref: 5
1942*John Lewis Head Master (Eton College), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Fred Biletnikoff NFL wide receiver (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jada Rowland NY NY, actress (Penny-Hamptons, Amy-Secret Storm), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bobby (Wayne) Mitchell golf: champ: Cleveland Open [1971], Tournament of Champions [1972]; PGA Tour career earnings: $422,499, is born in Chatham VA.Ref: 4
1944*James Cousins British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Johnny Winter [John Dawson], Leland MS, guitarist (Silver Train), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Mike Maxfield musician: guitar: group: Billy J. Kramer & The Dakotas: Little Children, Trains and Boats and Planes, Bad to Me; solo: The Cruel Sea, is born.Ref: 4
1945 Frank Murray, police officer, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Rusty Young CA, rock steel guitarist (Poco-Heat of the Night), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Ken (Kenneth George) Boswell baseball: NY Mets [World Series: 1969, 1973], Houston Astros, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Anton Mosimann chef, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Colin Sanders British computer engineer (Solid State Logic), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Shakira Caine Guyana, actress (Man Who be King)/Miss Guyana (1967), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Bill Alexander theatre director, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Larry Demps US R&B vocalist (Dramatics-Me & Mrs Jones), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Anna-Maria Müller German DR, Luge (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Marc Garneau Québec City Canada, PhD/astronaut (STS 13, 77), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Maureen Hicks British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Terry "Tex" Comer Burnley Lancashire England, bassist/guitarist (Ace-How Long), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Neil Jordan Sligo Ireland, novelist (Dream of a Beast, Past), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Steve Priest London, rock bassist (Sweet Hayes), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jim Youngblood football: Tennessee Tech Univ.; linebacker: LA Rams: Super Bowl XIV, is born.Ref: 4
1950 Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan is born.Ref: 10
1951*Nicholas Kenyon controller (BBC Radio 3), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Patricia Richardson Bethesda MD, actress (Home Improvement, Double Trouble), is born.Ref: 68
1951*Eddie Dibbs tennis: Univ. of Miami All-American [1971, 1972]; French Open semifinals [1975, 1976], French Open quarterfinals [1979], U.S. Open quarterfinals [1975, 1976, 1979]; 22 career singles titles, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Ray Oldham football: Pittsburgh Steelers safety: Super Bowl XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Ed ‘Too Tall’ Jones football: Dallas Cowboys defensive end: Super Bowl X, XI, XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Brad Whitford Massachusetts, rock guitarist (Aerosmith-Jamie Got a Gun), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Lorne Henning hockey: NHL: NY Islanders: shares season record for shorthanded goals [3 in 1980], is born.Ref: 4
1953*Sallie L Baliunas astrophysicist, is born.Ref: 5
1955*Howard Jones rock pianist/vocalist (Things Can Only Get Better), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Maren Jensen Glendale CA, actress (Battlestar Galactica), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Lorraine Michaels Canterbury England, playmate (April, 1981), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ria Brieffies Dutch vocalist (Dolly Dots), is born.Ref: 5
1958*David Sylvian (Batt) musician: guitar, singer: group: Japan: The Unconventional, The Tenant, Taking Islands in Africa, I Second that Emotion, Ghosts, Cantonese Boy, Bamboo Houses, Forbidden Colours, is born.Ref: 4
1958 Paula Zahn is born.Ref: 10
1959*John Arthur Wilson Ceres CA, PGA golfer (1994 Anheuser-Busch-4th), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Cindy Figg-Currier Mt Pleasant MI, golfer (1994 British Open-6th), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Maria Gloria von Schönberg-Glauchau wife of prince Thurn un Taxis, is born in Munich, German Federal Republic.Ref: 5
1960*Naruhito crown prince of Japan, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Melinda Mays Augusta GA, playmate (February 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Michael Wilton rock guitarist (Queensrÿche-The Warning), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Debbie Kruck Danbury CT, Ms Fitness USA (1994), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Reza Abdoh theatre director, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Robert Collins keyboard player, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Bobby (Roberto Martin Antonio) Bonilla baseball: Chicago White Sox, Pittsburgh Pirates [all-star: 1988-1991], NY Mets [all-star: 1993, 1995/highest salary in baseball: 1994: $6,300,000], Baltimore Orioles, is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1964*Byron Evans NFL linebacker (Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1964*John Norum rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Helena Sukova Prague Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1985 US Open Women's Doubles), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Kristin Davis actress (Melrose Place), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Sylvie Guillem France, ballerina (Royal Ballet), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Marc Price actor/comedian (Skippy-Family Ties), is born.Ref: 5
1966*John Druce Peterborough, NHL right wing (Philadelphia Flyers, Los Angeles Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Gord Murphy Willowdale, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Pam Blundell fashion designer, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Steven C Stricker Edgerton WI, PGA golfer (1994 Northern Telecom-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Stephanie Seymour San Diego CA, actress/model (Sunny Side Up), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Ed McDaniel NFL linebacker (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Michael Campbell Hawera New Zealand, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jason and Shane Keller, Scarsdale NY, actors (Out of the Blue), are born.Ref: 5
1971*Carin Hjalmarsson Koch Kungalv Sweden, golfer (1995 Pinewild-7th), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Torsten Kienass Berlin Germany, hockey defenseman (Team Germany), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Greg Hill NFL running back (KS City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jamie Watson NBA forward (Utah Jazz), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ryan Grigson NFL guard/tackle (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Steve Papin WLAF running back (Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Robert Pipkins Staten Island NY, luger (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kenyon Cotton full back (Baltimore Ravens), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Bohdan Utihrach Czechoslovakia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1975*Chris Garner NBA guard (Toronto Raptors), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Michael Tricario actor (Randy-Wonder Years), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Pat Barnes quarterback (KS City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Dmitriy Dudarev hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Jeff O'Neill Richmond Hill, NHL center (Hartford Whalers), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Dmitriy Dudarev hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Angie Trostel Oxford OH, diver (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Dally Randriantefy Antananarivo Madag, tennis star (1993 Marseille), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Karolina Rantamaki ice hockey left wing (Finland, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Yvonne Tousek Kitchener Ontario, gymnastic (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
155*Martyrdom of Polycarp, an early Church Father who was a disciple of the Apostle John. Arrested at age 86, Polycarp was burned at the stake for refusing to deny the Christian faith.Ref: 5
1447*Eugene IV [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies.Ref: 5
1447 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester dies.Ref: 10
1516 King Ferdinand V dies.Ref: 10
1554*Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed.Ref: 5
1607*Herman Herbertsz vicar, dies at about 60.Ref: 5
1660*Charles X Gustaaf king of Sweden (1654-60), dies at 37.Ref: 5
1662*Johann Crüger German organist/composer/music theorist, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1669*Lieuwe van Aitzema Frisian historian, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1682*Abraham de Wicquefort Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1704*Georg Muffat French/German organist/composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1718*François Fagel Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1766*Stanislaw Leszcynski duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies.Ref: 5
1781*(Declaration of Independence) George Taylor, ironmaster, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1792*Sir Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at age 68.Ref: 5
1797*Antoine d'Auvergne French opera composer (Coquette Trompée), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1806*John Alcock composer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1807*François Guichard composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1821*John Keats poet: On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer, Endymion: “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.”, On a Grecian Urn, To a Nightingale, On Melancholy, To Autumn; dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome.Ref: 4
1821*Marie-Anne Collot French sculptor, dies.Ref: 5
1828*Mihály Fazekar Hungarian botanist/literary (Book of Spices), dies.Ref: 5
1848*John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States (D) (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at age 80.Ref: 70
1852*"H M S Birkenhead" sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops.Ref: 5
1855*Carl Friedrich Gauss mathematician, dies.Ref: 5
1867*George Thomas Smart composer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1884*Tambo Tambo Australian aboriginal/US circus attraction, dies at 23.Ref: 5
1887*French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die.Ref: 5
1897*Woldemar Bargiel composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1900*William Butterfield architect of the Gothic revival, dies.Ref: 5
1900*Ernest Dowson, British poet, dies at age 32.Ref: 70
1900*William Butterfield, English Gothic Revival architect, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1902*Samuel R Gardiner British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1903*Albert Cahen composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1903*Friedrich Grutzmacher composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1906*Johann Hoch US murderer, executed.Ref: 5
1915*Robert Smalls Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in South Carolina.Ref: 5
1916*George Clement Martin composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1920*Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1922*Henri Landru executed for having 11 wives, in France.Ref: 5
1927*Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1930*Horst Wessel German Nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22.Ref: 5
1930*Mabel Normand actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35.Ref: 5
1931*Dame Nellie Melba [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies.Ref: 68
1934*-Augusto Sandino Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard.Ref: 5
1934*Sir Edward William Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode, Pomp and Circumstance), dies at age 76.Ref: 5
1935*Jan Duiker Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1942*Stefan Zweig Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1944*Leo Hendrick Baekeland inventor (Bakelite), dies.Ref: 5
1945*Aleksei Tolstoi Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1945*Aubrey Cousins Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle.Ref: 5
1946*Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, The 'Tiger of Malaya', was hanged near Manila in retribution for Japanese war crimes. This hanging was likely direct retribution from MacArthur for Yamashita's defense of the Philippines in 1944-5 rather than a penalty for war crimes committed or sanctioned.Ref: 2
1948*John Robert Greeg, Irish-born American inventor of short-hand, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1955*Paul Claudel French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1963*June (Algeria Junius) Clark musician: trumpet; dies.Ref: 4
1965*Stan Laurel (Arthur Stanley Jefferson) comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies in Santa Monica, California of heart attack at 74.Ref: 5
1968*Edna Ferber US author (Giant, Showboat), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1968*Fannie Hurst US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1969*Abd al-Aziz Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud King Saudia, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1969*Joseph Messner composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1971 King Lockwood dies of stroke at 73.Ref: 5
1972*Michael Taube composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1973*Dickinson Woodruff Richards, American Nobel Prize-winning physiologist (1956), dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1974*Florence Rice actress (Girl in 1313, Carnival), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1974*Harry Ruby (Rubinstein) musician: composer: Duck Soup; dies.Ref: 4
1976*Fuzzy Knight actor (Gun Town, Ragtime Cowboy Joe), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1976*L S Lowry painter, dies.Ref: 5
1980*Robert Vandekerckhove Belgian politician, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1983*Sir Adrian Boult, English conductor; led the B.B.C. Symphony, dies at age 94.Ref: 70
1985*Alexander Scourby actor (Jesus, Shaggy Dog, Giant), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1987*Esmond Knight actor (Black Narcissus, Henry V), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1990*Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1990 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1990*James Gavin commandant US 82nd Airborn Division (Normandy), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1990*Former Salvadoran President Jose Napoleon Duarte (1984-89), dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1992*Jacquelyn Hyde actress (Dark, House of Terror), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1992 Markos Vafiades leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Edwin Louis Battle actor (Almost Blue, Chase), dies of stroke at 33.Ref: 5
1994*Stuart Berger doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40.Ref: 5
1995*James Herriot (James Alfred Wight) veterinarian, author: All Creatures Great and Small; dies at 78.Ref: 4
1995*Norman Hunter writer, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1995*Art Kane photographer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1995*David Melvin English Franklin singer, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1995*Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes dies at 79.Ref: 5
1996*George Alan Dawson jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1996 Joseph Walker Barr banker/politician, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1997*Billy Lothridge football: Georgia Tech, runner-up to Roger Staubach for 1963 Heisman Trophy; Miami Dolphins; dies.Ref: 4
1997*A Palestinian man, Ali Abu Kamal, opens fire on the observation deck of New York City's Empire State Building, killing one person and wounding six before shooting himself to death.Ref: 70
1997*Oscar Lewenstein impressario, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1997*Tony Williams jazz musician, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1998*Philip Abbott actor (Arthur Ward-FBI), dies at 74Ref: 5
1998*Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31Ref: 5
1999*The first of two avalanches that claimed 38 lives over two days struck in Austria.Ref: 70
2001*A 5.6 earthquake kills 3 in Sichuan, China.Ref: 85
2002*Gordon Matthews, inventor of voice mail (patented in 1982), dies at age 65. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Penn State pole vaulter Kevin Dare died after landing on his head during the Big 10 indoor championships in Minneapolis.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen