Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
February 26th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-747*-BC- Origin of Era of Nabonassar.Ref: 5
364*On the death of Jovian, a conference at Nicaea chooses Valentinan, an army officer who was born in the central European region of Pannania, to succeed him in Asia Minor.Ref: 2
1154*William the Bad succeeds his father, Roger the II, in Sicily.Ref: 2
1403*Joan, second wife of Henry IV is crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Arundel.Ref: 16
1534*Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht.Ref: 5
1564*Christopher Marlowe, dramatist (Dr Faustus), baptized.Ref: 5
1616*Galileo is ordered to renounce support of Copernicus's heliocentrism theory by Pope Paul V at inquest.Ref: 5
1732*In Philadelphia, Mass was celebrated for the first time at St Joseph's Church the only Roman Catholic church built and maintained in the American colonies before the Revolutionary War.Ref: 5
1773*Construction authorized for Walnut St jail (Philadelphia) (1st solitary).Ref: 5
1790*As a result of the Revolution, France is divided into 83 departments.Ref: 2
1797*First £1 and £2 bank notes issued in England.Ref: 17
1815*Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from the Island of Elba with 1200 men to begin his second conquest of France.Ref: 5
1832 Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Czar Nicholas I.Ref: 5
1834*First US interstate crime compact (New York-New Jersey) ratified.Ref: 5
1839*Jem Mason on Lottery wins first Grand National Steeplechase (Britain).Ref: 5
1846*Birth of George C. Stebbins, American Baptist music evangelist. A composer of over 1,500 songs during his lifetime, Stebbins is still remembered today for writing the melodies to such hymns as: "I've Found a Friend," "Take Time to Be Holy," "Have Thine Own Way, Lord" and "Jesus is Tenderly Calling Thee Home."Ref: 5
1848*The Second French Republic is proclaimed.Ref: 5
1863*President Lincoln signs the National Currency Act.Ref: 5
1866*New York Legislature establishes NYC Metropolitan Board of Health.Ref: 5
1869*15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states.Ref: 5
1870*New York City's first pneumatic-powered subway line was opened to the public.Ref: 70
1876*Korea is opended to Japanese trade by the signing of a Korean-Japanese Treaty.Ref: 17
1881 SS Ceylon begins first round-the-world cruise from Liverpool.Ref: 5
1885 Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to England.Ref: 5
1891*First buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park.Ref: 5
1907*Members of the U.S. Congress raised their own pay to $7500 eachRef: 4
1907*Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP).Ref: 5
1912*Coal miners strike in England (settle on 03/01).Ref: 5
1914*Russian aviator Igor Sikorsky carries 17 passengers in a twin engine plane in St. Petersburg.Ref: 2
1914 New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated.Ref: 5
1919*The Grand Canyon was established as a National Park by an act of the U.S. Congress.Ref: 4
1919*Acadia National Park established (as Lafayette National Park), Maine.Ref: 5
1923 Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts).Ref: 5
1924*U.S. steel industry finds claims an eight-hour day increases efficiency and employee relations.Ref: 2
1924*Trial against Hitler in Munich begins.Ref: 5
1926*Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street.Ref: 5
1929*President Coolidge signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park.Ref: 5
1930*Seven years after Garrett A. Morgan invented traffic lights, New York City decided it might be a good idea to install some of the newfangled contraptions. The city fathers had been studying traffic plans in other cities and had rejected the wide use of amber lights being used to slow motorists down before they came to a red light. The New York Board ruled that the yellow lights were ineffective. So on this date, after too many complaints had been received from drivers complaining about pedestrians straying into their paths, the first red and green signal lights were placed at Manhattan street corners.Ref: 4
1933*Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field.Ref: 5
1933*Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell.Ref: 5
1935*Germany began Luftwaffe operation, under Reichsmarshall H Goering.Ref: 5
1936 Japanese military troops march into Tokyo to conduct a coup and assassinate political leaders.Ref: 2
1936*Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen".Ref: 5
1938 First passenger ship equipped with radar.Ref: 5
1940*(Long Island) US Air Defense Command established at Mitchell Field, Long Island NY.Ref: 5
1941*Glenn Seaborg and Arthur Wahl conclusively demonstrate the presence of element 94, which they later name plutonium.Ref: 91
1941*Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews.Ref: 5
1941*Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory.Ref: 5
1944*First female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed.Ref: 5
1946*2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia TN.Ref: 5
1949*USAF plane began first nonstop around-the-world flight.Ref: 5
1951*Minnesota was the 36th (of 41 total) state to ratify the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. (At the time, ratification required 36 states out of 48. Today, ratification would require 38 states out of 50.) The amendment limited a U.S. president to two terms in office.Ref: 4
1951*Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia.Ref: 5
1952*Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed its own atomic bomb.Ref: 5
1952 Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference.Ref: 5
1953*Allen W Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA.Ref: 5
1960*For $105 you could buy a do-it-yourself fallout shelter. A full-size model of one was on display in a bank in New York.Ref: 4
1960*Soviet premier Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia.Ref: 5
1962*US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation.Ref: 5
1963*The Lutheran World Federation's missionary radio station at Addis Ababa, in Ethiopia, was dedicated.Ref: 5
1964*Lyndon B. Johnson signs a tax bill with $11.5 billion in cuts.Ref: 2
1965*Norman Butler is arrested for the murder of Malcom X.Ref: 2
1965 Dutch Government of Marijnen falls.Ref: 5
1965 West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania.Ref: 5
1967*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1968*Thirty-two African nations agree to boycott the Olympics because of the presence of South Africa.Ref: 2
1971*(My Lai) Charges against the officers not at My Lai dropped.Ref: 87
1973*A publisher and 10 reporters are subpoenaed to testify on Watergate.Ref: 2
1974*Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris.Ref: 5
1976*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1979*A total solar eclipse cast a moving shadow 175 miles wide from Oregon to North Dakota before moving into Canada. This is the last total eclipse of Sun in 20th century for continental US.Ref: 5
1980 Egypt & Israel exchange ambassadors for the first time.Ref: 5
1981*French Train à Grande Vitesse averages 380 kph on trial run.Ref: 5
1981 3 Anglican missionaries detained in Iran since August 1980 are released.Ref: 5
1984*Reverend Jesse Jackson acknowledges that he called NYC, "Hymietown".Ref: 5
1984*Robert Penn Warren, Pulitzer Prize winner, named first US poet laureate.Ref: 5
1984*Last US marines in multinational peace-keeping force in Lebanon left Beirut.Ref: 5
1984 Pak Awang (84) marries 80th spouse.Ref: 5
1986*Microsoft Moves to Redmond, WA. 
1987*The Soviet Union resumes atomic bomb testing at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk after the US refuses to join them in a moratorium on testingRef: 5
1987*The Tower Commission issued its report on the Iran-Contra affair, rebuking President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff.Ref: 70
1989*Lowest barometric pressure in Netherlands (95.5 hPa).Ref: 5
1990*Daniel Ortega, communist president of Nicaragua, suffers a shocking election defeat at the hands of Violeta Chamorro.Ref: 2
1990*USSR agrees to withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991.Ref: 5
1992 Irish Supreme Court rules 14 year old rape victim may get an abortion.Ref: 5
1992*Xu Denghai of Beijing was hospitalized with a "twisted intestine" after playing excessively with a hula-hoop. This was the third such case in several weeks since a hula-hoop craze had swept China. The Bejing Evening News advised people to warm up properly and avoid hula-hooping immediately after eating.Ref: 34
1995*Barings PLC, Britain's oldest investment banking firm, collapsed after a securities dealer (Nick Larson) lost more than $1.4 billion by gambling on Tokyo stock prices.Ref: 70
1998*AMARILLO, Texas - A jury today rejected a lawsuit by Texas cattlemen who claimed Oprah Winfrey’s televised comments about mad-cow disease caused the beef market to plummet and cost them millions of dollars.Ref: 4
1998*Total solar eclipse in Venezuela-Pacific Ocean (4m09)Ref: 5
2000*Pope John Paul II visited Mount Sinai in Egypt, revered as the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.Ref: 70
2001*A U.N. tribunal convicted Bosnian Croat political leader Dario Kordic and military commander Mario Cerkez of war crimes for ordering the systematic murder and persecution of Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war.Ref: 70
2002*Former Enron chief executive Jeffrey Skilling said during a Senate hearing that he knew nothing about manipulation of company books and denied misleading Congress.Ref: 70
2003*The US says North Korea has reactivated its five-megawatt nuclear reactor at Yongbyon. (WSJ, p A4, 7/22/2003)Ref: 33
2003*(Columbia Shuttle) Emails released by NASA reveal that one day before the disaster, engineers worried the shuttle's left wing might be so damaged it could burn off. (USA Today, p 3A, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1590*Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda.Ref: 5
1895*Michael Owens of Toledo OH patents a glass-blowing machine.Ref: 5
1935*RADAR-Radio Detection & Ranging first demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt).Ref: 5
1954*First typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy MA.Ref: 5
1955*First aviator to bail out at supersonic speed G F Smith.Ref: 5
1962*After becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, John Glenn told a joint session of Congress "Exploration and the pursuit of knowledge have always paid dividends in the long run." (XDG, p 4A, 2/26/2004)Ref: 83
1972*Soviets recover Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks.Ref: 2
1977*First flight of Space Shuttle (atop a Boeing 747).Ref: 5
1987*NASA launches GEOS-H.Ref: 5
2003*After 31 yrs, Pioneer 10 loses contact with earth from 7.6 billion miles away. Next stop Aldabaran.Ref: 10
1266 Battle of Benevento.Ref: 5
1804*Vice-Admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad.Ref: 5
1862*Battle of Woodburn, KY.Ref: 5
1871*France and Prussia sign a preliminary peace treaty at Versailles.Ref: 2
1881*Natal British troops under General-Major Colley occupy Majuba Hill.Ref: 5
1884 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II.Ref: 5
1915*Malancourt, Argonnen first (German) flame-thrower.Ref: 5
1916*General Henri Philippe Petain takes command of the French forces at Verdun.Ref: 2
1916*Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930.Ref: 5
1916*Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia.Ref: 5
1917*Kut-el-Amara recaptured from Turks by new British Mesopotamian expedition under command of Gen. Sir Stanley Maude.Ref: 38
1917*President Wilson publicly asks congress for the power to arm merchant ships.Ref: 2
1925 Jihad-Saint war against Turkish government.Ref: 5
1936 Military coup in Japan.Ref: 5
1941*British take the Somali capital in East Africa.Ref: 2
1942*The first U.S. carrier, the LANGLEY, is sunk by Japanese bombers. 
1942*WWII Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same".Ref: 5
1942*German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb.Ref: 5
1942*Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies.Ref: 5
1942*Werner Heisenberger informs Nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen".Ref: 5
1943*U.S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators pound German docks and U-boat lairs at Wilhelmshaven.Ref: 2
1943*German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia.Ref: 5
1945*A midnight curfew on night clubs, bars and other places of entertainment was set to go into effect across the nation.Ref: 6
1945*In Europe, 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions and 4th Armoured Division begin attacking German defences in the Hochwald Forest and Balberger heights. 
1945*Syria declares war on Germany and Japan.Ref: 2
1945*Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force.Ref: 5
1970*Five Marines are arrested on charges of murdering 11 South Vietnamese women and children.Ref: 2
1980 Military coup under Desi Bouterse ousts PM Henck Arron of Suriname.Ref: 5
1991*Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they have control of their capital.Ref: 5
1991*Iraqi President Saddam Hussein announced on Baghdad Radio that he had ordered his forces to withdraw from Kuwait.Ref: 70
1859*Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins.Ref: 5
1893 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Michigan.Ref: 5
1893 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500 meter (48 seconds).Ref: 5
1935*Babe Ruth is released by the Yankees to sign with the Boston Braves for $20,000 and a profit-sharing plan.Ref: 5
1938 Rie Van Veen swims world record 200 meter free style (2:24.6).Ref: 5
1938 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer.Ref: 5
1938 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee.Ref: 5
1941*2 fighters unable to continue slugfest, referee declares double KO.Ref: 5
1941 Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California).Ref: 5
1946*Bucky Harris is signed by the Phillies to manage the club. Philadelphia is the fourth team the future Hall of Famer (1975) has piloted.Ref: 1
1952*Dodger pitcher Don Newcombe is sworn into the Army.Ref: 1
1956*The Giants trade right-hander Hoyt Wilhelm to the Cardinals for first baseman/outfielder Whitey LockmanRef: 1
1956*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open.Ref: 5
1960*USA's David Jenkins wins the Olympics Gold for men's figure skating.Ref: 5
1960 Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champion.Ref: 5
1962*Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 67 points vs New York.Ref: 5
1967 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in St Paul, to become NWA champion.Ref: 5
1973*Triple Crown horse Secretariat bought for a record $5.7m.Ref: 5
1978*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1981*Boston & Minnesota play most penalty-filled NHL game-406 minute total.Ref: 5
1986 Evert van Benthem wins 14th Frisian 11-Cities skating race (6:55:16).Ref: 5
1987*NBA's Michael Jordan's 58 points is a Chicago Bull record.Ref: 5
1987*Washington blocks 20 Indiana shots tying NBA regulation game record.Ref: 5
1988 Christa Rotherburger (GDR) skates ladies world record 1000 meter (1:17.65).Ref: 5
1989*Margo Adams $12 million breach-of-contract suit against Red Sox third baseman Wade Boggs is thrown out by a California court. She claimed Boggs had promised her a salary and expenses during their four-year association.Ref: 1
1989*New York Yankees announce that Tom Seaver is their new TV sportscaster.Ref: 5
1989*Betsy King wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open/Helene Curtis Pro-Am.Ref: 5
1991*New York-New Jersey Knights (WLAF) players first come together.Ref: 5
1991*Bill Veeck & Tony Lazzeri elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1992*After suffering a stroke, owner Jean Yawkey dies at the age of 83. For the first time in 59 years, someone other than a Yawkey will own the Red Sox.Ref: 1
1994*St Louis Blues beat Ottawa Senators 11-1.Ref: 5
1998*In their first Spring Training game, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays defeat Florida State University at Al Lang Stadium. he Rays use 30 players in the win over Florida State, rallying from a 3-1 deficit with a five-run eighth inning. Right-hander Matt White is the Rays starting pitcher and right-hander Jason Johnson gets the win. Quinton McCracken leads off the game for the Rays with a single to right field.Ref: 86
1998*Steven M Gluckstern completes sale of New York Islanders.Ref: 5
1999*Tony Womack is traded to the the Arizona Diamondbacks from the Pittsburgh Pirates in exchange for minor league outfielder Paul Weichard and a player to be named later (pitcher Jason Boyd).Ref: 86
1999*Boxer Mike Tyson was allowed to step out of solitary confinement today and won back his privileges following an appeal of a disciplinary ruling, his lawyer said. Paul kemp said Tyson's punishment for throwing a television in a recreation room in jail on February 19 "was reduced to time served and he was restored to regular privileges."Ref: 98
2004*Cleveland Browns' William Green walks out of jail after completing a 72 hour sentence for drunken driving. (XDG, p 3B, 2/27/2004)Ref: 83
1848 Karl Marx and Frederick Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London.Ref: 2
1869 Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic" premieres.Ref: 5
1891 Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo.Ref: 5
1916 Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract. Three years later, the ‘old’ Charlie Chaplin films were released and were very successful at the box office.Ref: 4
1917 First Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands).Ref: 5
1922*Dancing to jazz music and tango bands was criticized in Paris. It seems that dancing was detracting the French from their postwar reconstruction, according to La Revue Mondiale. We guess that the cancan was not detrimental to France’s economy since it wasn’t an imported dance craze.Ref: 4
1930 "The Green Pastures" opens at Mansfield Theater.Ref: 5
1937 C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1942*A big banquet, Biltmore Hotel style, was the setting for Hollywood’s 14th Academy Awards. Dinner guests were addressed by the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt, heard via radio, thanked the film industry for its WWII defense preparedness work. The final course served up Oscars in sealed envelopes (the first time) to John Ford (Best Director, How Green Was My Valley); Gary Cooper (Best Actor, Sergeant York); Joan Fontaine (Best Actress, Suspicion); Mary Astor (Best Supporting Actress, The Great Lie) and Donald Crisp (Best Supporting Actor: How Green Was My Valley. Then all toasted the Best Picture of the Year, How Green Was My Valley. This was the third Best Director statuette presented to John Ford. He received his second, a year earlier for The Grapes of Wrath, and the first for the 1935 film, The Informer.Ref: 4
1950*Leonard Bernstein's "Age of Anxiety" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1951 "From Here to Eternity", a novel by James Jones published; first book in America to use F word.Ref: 10
1954*Michigan Representative Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records.Ref: 5
1955*"Peter Pan" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances.Ref: 5
1956*Writers Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge.Ref: 5
1957 The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award was established by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).Ref: 4
1962*The Best Play award winner of 1962, Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mama’s Hung You in the Closet and I’m Feeling So Sad opened in New York City on this night (and for 454 performances).Ref: 4
1968*Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission.Ref: 5
1970*Beatles release "Beatles Again" aka "Hey Jude" album.Ref: 5
1970*"Georgy" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 4 performances.Ref: 5
1972*Harry Nilsson started his second week at number one with that toe-tapping ditty, Without You. The whiny love song stayed at the top for a total of four weeks.Ref: 4
1975*First televised kidney transplant (Today Show).Ref: 5
1975*"Night... Made America Famous" opens at Barrymore NYC for 75 performances.Ref: 5
1977*The Eagles’ New Kid in Town landed in the top spot on the pop music charts for one week beginning this day.Ref: 4
1978*Ira Levin's "Deathtrap" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1979*The situation comedy Flatbush debuted on CBS-TV. It featured the exploits of five, recent, high-school graduates living in a middle-class, Italian neighborhood in Brooklyn’s Flatbush area. The ethnic stereotypes offended Brooklyn’s Borough president. He demanded that the series be removed from the air before it gave Brooklyn a bad name. (As you recall, Brooklyn, in 1979, was known as the garden spot of the U.S.) CBS beat the prez to it, however, and canceled the show after 3 episodes -- before Flatbush gave the network a bad name.Ref: 4
1980*Actress Sally Kirkland’s finger is accidentally slashed by actor Dennis Hopper on the set of Human Highway.Ref: 4
1983*Charley Pride’s Why Baby Why topped the country charts. The song was written by George Jones (who found national fame with his own version in 1955) and Darrell Edwards. Legend has it that inspiration for the song came when Edwards overheard a couple squabbling in their car in Orange, TX.Ref: 4
1983*Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 37 weeks.Ref: 5
1985*27th Grammy Awards What's Love Got to Do With It, Cyndi Lauper wins.Ref: 5
1987*Compact discs of the Beatles music goes on sale for the first time. (XDG, p 4A, 2/26/2001)Ref: 83
1989*"Jerome Robbins' Broadway" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 634 performances.Ref: 5
1991*Rockline on MTV premiered. The host, Martha Quinn, gave eager viewers a chance to talk to the stars. Opening night guest: MC Hammer.Ref: 4
1992*"Search & Destroy" opens at Circle in Square Theater NYC for 46 performances.Ref: 5
1993*9th Soap Opera Digest Awards.Ref: 5
1994*Actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg in Stockholm.Ref: 5
1997*39th Grammy Awards Change the World Babyface, Beck & LeAnn Rimes win.Ref: 5
1998*A jury in Amarillo, Texas, rejected an $11 million lawsuit brought by Texas cattlemen who blamed Oprah Winfrey's talk show for a price fall after a segment on mad-cow disease.Ref: 70
1361*Wenceslas of Bohemia Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400), is born.Ref: 5
1588*Nicolaus Erich composer, is born.Ref: 5
1629*Archibald Argyl, Scottish Protestant leader, is born.Ref: 70
1675*Guillaume Delisle, Paris France, geographer (Atlas Géographique), is born.Ref: 5
1675*Johann Philipp Treiber composer, is born.Ref: 5
1677*Nicola Fago composer, is born.Ref: 5
1686*-Godefroi L Count d'Estrades French diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1717*John Randall composer, is born.Ref: 5
1770*Antoine Reicha composer, is born.Ref: 5
1772*Caspar Furstenau composer, is born.Ref: 5
1802*Victor Hugo, French novelist and poet (Les Misérables), is born in Besancon, France.Ref: 2
1807*Birth of Johann K.F. Keil, German Bible scholar. His Old Testament commentary, written in collaboration with Franz Delitzsch, first appeared in 1861. Known today as "Keil & Delitzsch," the multi-volume set is still in print.Ref: 5
1808*Honoré Daumier France, painter/lithographer/caricaturist, is born.Ref: 5
1824 Carlos Calvo Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause), is born.Ref: 5
1825*Hans Balatka composer, is born.Ref: 5
1829*Levi Strauss (creator of blue jeans or Levi’s) is born.Ref: 4
1831*Filippo Marchetti composer, is born.Ref: 5
1832*John George Nicolay, private secretary and biographer to Abraham Lincoln, is born.Ref: 2
1834*Aleksander Zarzycki composer, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Richard Andree German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), is born.Ref: 5
1837 Charles Woeste Belgian count/minister of Justice, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Wendelin Weissheimer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1841*Evelyn Baring Earl Cromer English Consul-General (Egypt), is born.Ref: 5
1842*Camille Flammarion Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy, is born.Ref: 5
1845*Alexander III St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94), is born.Ref: 5
1845*Aleksander Rozycki composer, is born.Ref: 5
1846*"Buffalo Bill" Cody, a former frontier army scout and world-famous showman, is born in Davenport IA.Ref: 24
1852*John Harvey Kellogg surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Emile Coué French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion), is born.Ref: 5
1861*Ferdinand I, Vienna, first tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Herbert Henry Dow, pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Siegfried Passarge German geographer (Cameroon/South Africa/America), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Leonard Borwick British pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1869*Nadezjda K Krupskaja Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, is born.Ref: 5
1873*Ewoud van Everdingen Dutch meteorologist, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Carl Vogler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Emma Dunn actress (Dr Monica, Dr Kildare's Strange Case, Hideaway), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Richard Wetz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Pauline Musters shortest known adult (58.9 cm, 1' 11.2"), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Agustin P Justo y Rolon President of Argentina (1931-38), is born.Ref: 5
1877*Rudolph Dirks, cartoonist, creator of the "Katzenjammer Kids., is born.Ref: 2
1877*Carel S Adama van Scheltema Dutch poet/writer (socialism), is born.Ref: 5
1877*Russell Alexander composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Mabel Dodge Luhan, American biographer, is born.Ref: 2
1879*Frank Bridge English violinist/composer/conductor/tutor of B Britten, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Walter Lucht German artillery general (WWI/WWII), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Erich R Jaensch German psychologist (eidetism), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Christina A A [Dina] Koudijs-van Appeldoorn pianist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Hildo Krop Dutch modernistic sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Francesco Borgongini-Duca, Italian Vatican cardinal, is born.Ref: 70
1885*Lili Green [Alice Sally Mary], Netherlands/England dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Sir Benegal Narsing Rau India, president of UN Security Council (1950), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Grover Cleveland Alexander HOF baseball pitcher (Phillies, Cubs), is born.Ref: 15
1891*Alan Bridge PA, actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Ivor A "I A" Richards English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning), is born.Ref: 5
1893*William Frawley, Iowa, actor (Fred Mertz-I Love Lucy, Bub-My 3 Sons), is born.Ref: 68
1896*Andrei A Zjdanov Russian politician (against kosmopolitism), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Eduard Flipse Dutch conductor/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Julien de Valckenaere Flemish writerRef: 5
1900*Jean Negulesco Craiova Romania, director (Johnny Belinda, Jessica), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Vercors (Jean Bruller; Jean-Marcel de Brullers) author: Silence of the Sea: first clandestine novel published under Nazi occupation of France [1941]; is born.Ref: 4
1902*Rudolf Moralt German conductor (Vienna Philharmonic), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Madeleine Carroll English actress (The 39 Steps, Secret Agent), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Nikos Ghika artist, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Tex Avery cartoon director (What's up, Doc?), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock TV Chef, is born.Ref: 5
1911 Josef Smrkovsky Czechoslovakia MP chairman, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Jon Hall Fresno CA, actor (Ramor of the Jungle), is born.Ref: 5
1913*George G Barker English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Hermann Lenz writer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Robert Alda New York NY, actor (Dan Lewis-Supertrain, By Popular Demand), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Witold Rowicki composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Elisabeth Eybers South African/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Pran Nath Chhuttani physician/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Jackie (Herbert John) Gleason, Brooklyn NY, comedian (Ralph Kramden-Honeymooners), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Mordecai Seter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Robert Taft Jr (Senator-R-OH), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Edwin Charles "Preacher" Roe baseball pitcher (Brooklyn Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Otis R Bowen US Secretary of Health & Human Services (1985-89), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Theodore [Hamilton] Sturgeon US, sci-fi author (Starshine, A Way Home, Hugo, Caviar), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Hendrika Mastenbroek 100 meter/400 meter freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Mason Adams New York NY, actor (Charlie Hume-Lou Grant, Deadliest Season), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Beppie Nooij actress/director (Bluejackets-Rooie Sien), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Luc-Andre Marcel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*A W [Rie] Kuiper-Mastenbroek Netherlands, swimmer (Olympics-3 gold-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Antony Kearey TV producer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Tony Randall [Leonard Rosenberg], Tulsa OK, actor (Felix-Odd Couple, Love Sidney), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Betty Hutton (Elizabeth Thornberg), Battle Creek MI, actress (Greatest Show on Earth), is born in Battle Creek MI.Ref: 5
1922*Margaret Leighton Birmingham England, actress (Astonished Heart), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Actor Tony Randall (aka Leonard Rosenberg) is born.Ref: 68
1924*Mark Bucci New York NY, composer (1959 Arts & Letters Award), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Noboru Takeshita Japanese PM (1987-89), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Frank Henry Copplestone TV executive, is born.Ref: 5
1925*James Moody US, jazz saxophonist/orchestra leader, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Cynthia Stone Peoria IL, actress (That Wonderful Guy, Ad Libbers), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Konstantin P Feoktistov Voronezh, cosmonaut (Voskhod 1), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Arsene Souffriau composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Donald Gramm Milwaukee WI, bass-baritone, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Tom Kennedy Louisville KY, quiz host (You Don't Say, Name That Tune), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Aldonis Kalnins composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Anatoli Vassilyevich Filipchenko Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 16), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Antoine "Fats" Domino New Orleans LA, rhythm & blues pianist/singer (Blueberry Hill), is born.Ref: 17
1930*Lazar Berman Leningrad Russia, pianist (Budapest 3rd place-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Francisco Kroepfl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Robert D Novak Joliet IL, news reporter (CNN-Evans & Novak), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Johnny Cash Kingsland AR, country singer (I Walk The Line, Folsom Prison Blues, Boy Named Sue), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Sir James Goldsmith Paris France, financier/corporate raider (Referendum Party), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Godfrey Cambridge actor: Watermelon Man, The Last Angry Man, The President’s Analyst, Beware! The Blob, Friday Foster, is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1936*Eduard Ivanovich Buinovski cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Manmohan Desai filmmaker, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Jack Knight Somerville MS, actor (Mr Shamley-James at 15), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Adriaan van Dis author/TV-host (Nathan Sid, In Africa), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Joop van den Ende director (Alsmeer Studio), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bob "The Bear" Hite California, singer (Canned Heat-Going Up the Country), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bill Duke actor (Bird on a Wire, Predator), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bob van Reeth Flemish architect, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Paul Cotton, Los Angeles CA, rocker (Poco), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Brian Jones, of the Rolling Stones, is born.Ref: 17
1944*Marilyn Michaels comedienne (ABC Comedy Hour), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Mitch Ryder (William Levise) singer: group: Mitch Ryder & the Detroit Wheels: Devil with a Blue Dress On, Little Latin Lupe Lu, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Bobby "Bingo" Smith NBA star (Cleveland Cavaliers), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Phyllis Eisenstein US, sci-fi author (Sorcerer's Son, Born to Exile), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Sandi Shaw [Sandra Goodrich], Dagenham Essex England, rocker (Always Something There To Remind Me), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Priscilla Lopez Bronx NY, actress (In the Beginning, Kay O'Brien), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Emma Kirkby British soprano, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jonathan Cain Chicago IL, rock guitarist/keyboardist (Journey, Bad English, Babys), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Singer Michael Bolton is born in New Haven CT. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1953*Bree Walker news anchor (WNBC TV, KNBC TV), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Michael Bolton New Haven CT, rock vocalist (How Am I Supposed To Live Without You, That's What Love Is All About), is born.Ref: 5
1954*John Bolger actor (Captain Gabe McNamara-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Keena Rothhammer US, 800 meter freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Connie Carpenter-Phinney Madison WI, 79k cyclist (Olympics-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Jeff Fithian actor (Trevor Nash-Please Don't Eat the Daisies), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Joe Fithian actor (Tracey Nash-Please Don't Eat the Daisies), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Susan J Helms Charlotte NC, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 54, 64, 78), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Sophie Winter actress (She's a Good Fighter), is born.Ref: 5
1961*John-Jon (John Andrew Foster) musician: group: Bronski Beat: LPs: Age of Consent, Hundreds & Thousands, Truthdare Doubledare, is born.Ref: 4
1962*Sheila Cornell Encino FL, softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Brittany York London England, playmate (October 1990), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Alison Armitage London England, actress (Acapulco HEAT), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Donald Narcisse CFL receiver (Saskatchewan Roughriders), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Matt Jackson Birmingham MI, Canadian Tour golfer (1994 Payless), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Jennifer Grant actress (Celeste-Beverly Hills 90210), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Wesley Walls NFL tight end (Carolina Panthers, San Francisco 49ers, New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1967*David Howard Sarasota FL, infielder (Kansas City Royals), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Roman Fortin NFL center (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Scott Service US baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Brendan Rogers CFL linebacker (Toronto Argonauts), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Chris Green NFL safety (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1968*J T Snow Long Beach CA, infielder (New York Yankees, California Angels), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Leif Rohlin Vasteras Sweden, NHL defenseman (Vancouver Canucks), is born.Ref: 5
1968*René Groen soccer player (SC Heerenveen), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Brandon Wilson US baseball infielder (Chicago White Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Katie O'Neill Los Angeles CA, actress (Together We Stand), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Meeno Peluce Amsterdam Netherlands, actor (Bad News Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Ben Maruquin Ventura CA, field hockey sweeper (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Radka Zrubakova Czechoslovakia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Sasha Danilovic NBA guard (Miami Heat), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Erykah Badu singer, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Rick Lyle defensive end/defensive tackle (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Clint McDaniel NBA guard (Sacramento Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Scott Turner NFL cornerback/safety (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Jenny Thompson Danvers MA, 400 meter freestyle (Olympics-gold-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Marshall Faulk NFL running back (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Ron Fox soccer player (Willem II), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Cindy Werley Allentown PA, field hockey forward/midfielder (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Mike Wilson Brampton, NHL defenseman (Buffalo Sabres), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Froso Spyrou Miss Cyprus-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Tim Thomas NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers), is born.Ref: 5
1994*Creason Carbo Moss, daughter of US actor Ronn Moss, is born.Ref: 5
1076*Godfried III with the Hump, duke of Netherlands-Lutherian, murdered.Ref: 5
1154*Rogier II Guiscard King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1266*Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies.Ref: 5
1324*Dino Compagni Italian silk seller/poet/chronicler, dies.Ref: 5
1531*Earthquake in Lisbon Portugal, kills 20,000.Ref: 5
1538*Worp van Thabor Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies.Ref: 5
1577*Erik XIV Wasa King of Sweden (1560-69), dies at 43.Ref: 5
1630*William Brade composer, dies.Ref: 5
1686*-Godefroi L Earl d'estrades French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78.Ref: 5
1726 Maximilian II M Emanuel elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies.Ref: 5
1766*August Bernhard Valentin Herbing composer, dies at 30.Ref: 5
1770*François Hanot composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1770*Giuseppe Tartini Italian composer/violinist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1810*Johann Ernst Rembt composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1813*Robert Livingston, delivered oath of office to George Washington, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1823*John Philip Kemble, English Shakespearean actor and theater manager, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1827*David Moritz Michael composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1852*Eli Terry, American clockmaker and an innovator in mass production, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1852*British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die.Ref: 5
1857*Ole Andreas Lindeman composer, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1859*Ferdinand Lukas Schubert composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1870*Wyatt Outlaw, black leader of Union League in North Carolina, lynched.Ref: 5
1871*Charles Niellon Belgian brigade general, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1878*Pietro Angelo Secchi, Italian Jesuit and astrophysicist, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1901*Boxer Rebellion leaders Chi-Hsin and Hsu-Cheng-Yu are publicly executed (beheaded) in Peking.Ref: 2
1903*Richard J Gatling US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1906*Manuel Fernandez Caballero composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1909*Caran d'Ache [Emmanuel Poiré], French illustrator, dies.Ref: 5
1913*Felix Draeseke composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1918*Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604.Ref: 5
1920*Ludwig Rubiner writer, dies at 38.Ref: 5
1921*Carl Menger Austrian economist, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1926*Frederik Pijper Dutch vicar/church historian (Monasteries), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1926*Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1930*Raffaele Merry del Val Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1931*Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1933*Antonio Nicolau Spanish composer/conductor, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1939*E Fernandez Arbós Spanish violinist/conductor/composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1941*Jan Keizer Zaanse February striker, shot to death.Ref: 5
1947*Ben Webster actor (Old Curiosity Shop), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1950*Harry Lauder (Maclennan) Scottish comic/singer, dies at about 75.Ref: 5
1953*Elisabeth "Ilse" Kuyper Dutch/US (opera)composer, dies.Ref: 5
1953*Martinus Nijhoff Dutch poet/linguist (spelling), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1954*William R Inge English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1956*Herman Courtens Belgian baron/painter, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1960 Aleksandar Belic Swedish linguist, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1961*Karl Albiker German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1961*Mohammed V ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1962*Harold Johnson comedian (Olsen & Johnson), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1962*Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1963*Artturi A Leinonen Fin journalist/politician (Prophet), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1965*Jimmie Lee Jackson civil rights activist, dies of injuries.Ref: 5
1966*Minerva Urecal actress (Peter Gunn, Adventures of Tugboat Annie), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1967*Harry McNaughton comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1968*Eric Feldary actor (16 Fathoms Deep), dies of burns at 55.Ref: 5
1969*Karl Jaspers, German Existentialist philosopher, dies at age 88.Ref: 4
1969*Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli premier, dies; Golda Meir takes over 3/17.Ref: 5
1970*Ethel Leginska composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1971*Tullio Carminati actor (Roman Holiday, Moulin Rouge), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1971*Fernandel [Fernand Joseph Desire Contandin] French actor (Paris Holiday), dies of cancer at age 67.Ref: 5
1972*Tom Manders Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50.Ref: 5
1972*Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek WV, kills 125.Ref: 5
1973*Mary Finney actress (Honestly Celeste), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1977*Bukka White rocker, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1977*Maxime Jacob composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1981*Howard Hanson Pulitzer Prize-winning composer: Symphony No. 4 [1944]; George Foster Peabody Award [1946]; Laurel Leaf of the American Composers Alliance [1957]; Huntington Hartford Foundation Award [1959]; Priz de Rome [1921]; president: Eastman School of Music; dies at age 84.Ref: 4
1981*FC Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], lawyer/writer (Turkish War), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1981 Munabi assistant to Ugandan President Obote, murdered.Ref: 5
1982*Gabor Szabo Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1985*George (Ernest) Uhle 'The Bull': baseball: Cleveland Indians [World Series: 1920], Detroit Tigers, NY Giants, NY Yankees, dies.Ref: 4
1989*(David) Roy ‘Little Jazz’ Eldridge trumpeter: soloist with Gene Krupa’s Band; Let Me Off Uptown [w/Anita O’Day]; U.S. President Carter’s White House jazz party [1978], dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1990*Cornell Gunther US musician (Coasters, Poison Ivy), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1990*Maurine Stuart Zen teacher (head of Cambridge Buddhist Association), dies.Ref: 5
1990*Scott Jarvis musician (Great Expectationa), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Gerrit Schulte "Crazy Cyclist", Dutch 6-days bicyclist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1992*Jean R Yawkey owner (Boston Red Sox), dies of a stroke at 83.Ref: 5
1993*Six people were killed and more than a thousand injured in New York City. A van packed with a 1,210-pound bomb exploded in the parking garage underneath the World Trade Center. The explosion left a gigantic crater 200 feet wide and caused over 591 million dollars in damage. Fourteen of his followers and Dr. Sheik Omar Abdul Rahman were accused of the bombing. Rahman is now serving a life sentence in a U.S. prison.Ref: 4
1993*Constance Ford US actress (Another World, Burden Hunt), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1993*Fletcher Knebel author (7 Days in May), commits suicide at 81.Ref: 5
1993*Mark Kolthoff Dutch painter/photographer, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1994*Avery Fisher US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1994*Leopold "Hans" Kohr Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1994*William "Bill" M Hicks comedian, dies at 32.Ref: 5
1996 Audrey Angers, charity pioneer, dies.Ref: 5
1996*Daniel John Chapman Cunningham physiologist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1997*David Doyle actor: Charlie’s Angels, Ghost Writer, Love or Money?, The Comeback, Paper Lion, Sweet Surrender, Rugrats, Bridget Loves Bernie; dies at age 67.Ref: 68
1997*Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone car Designer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1998*J T Walsh actor (Good Morning Vietnam), dies at 54Ref: 5
1999*José Quintero director: Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Medea; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen