Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
February 29th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-45*-BC- The first Leap Day is recognized by proclamation of Julius Caesar. Under the old Roman calendar the last day of February was the last day of the year.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Arrest warrants are issued for Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne.Ref: 20
1784*The Marquis de Sade is transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille.Ref: 2
1796*First U.S. extradition treaty with a foreign country-Jay Treaty with Britain proclaimed.Ref: 10
1816*Dutch (King) Willem II marries Russian grand-duchess Anna Paulowna.Ref: 5
1880*Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy opens.Ref: 5
1892*Britain & US sign treaty on seal hunting in Bering Sea.Ref: 5
1904*President Theodore Roosevelt appoints a seven-member commission to facilitate completion of the Panama Canal.Ref: 70
1920*The US government relinquishes control of all railroads it had controlled as a World War I measure.Ref: 7
1920*Miklos Horthy de Nagybanya became the Regent of Hungary just six months after leading a counterrevolt.Ref: 4
1932 Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland.Ref: 5
1936*FDR signs 2nd neutrality act.Ref: 5
1944*Dorothy Vredenburgh accepts an appointment by the Democratic National Committee becoming the first woman secretary of a national political party in the U.S.Ref: 2
1952*New York City pedestrians were told when to walk and when not to as four signs were installed at 44th Street and Broadway in Times Square. Each sign flashed “Walk” for 22 seconds, then “Dont Walk” for ten seconds before the “Dont Walk” turned red for 58 seconds more. We’re told that eight out of ten people obeyed the signs ... not bad for New Yorkers who will walk right through one door of a car and out the other to get across the street quickly.Ref: 4
1956*In a nationally broadcast speech, President Dwight D. Eisenhower announced he would seek a second term.Ref: 70
1956 An Islamic Republic was proclaimed in Pakistan.Ref: 70
1960*JFK makes "missile gap" the Presidential campaign issue.Ref: 5
1960*A report from the White House stated that America’s kids were getting too fat.Ref: 4
1964*President Lyndon B. Johnson reveals U.S. secretly developed the Lockheed A-11 jet fighter.Ref: 2
1964*Constructions begins on The Gateway Arch (630ft/192m high), in St. Louis, Missouri.Ref: 4
1968*National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (Kerner Commission) reports against racism & demands aid given to blacks.Ref: 5
1968*US end regular flights with nuclear bombs.Ref: 5
1968*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1972*Jack Anderson discloses Dita Beard (ITT) memo indicating antitrust charges were dropped for $400,000 contribution to Republican Party.Ref: 5
1972*The U.S. Justice Department had recently settled an antitrust lawsuit in favor of International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation. On this date, newspaper columnist, Jack Anderson revealed a memo written by ITT’s Washington lobbyist, Dita Beard, that connected ITT’s funding of part of the Republican National Convention with the resulting lawsuit settlement.Ref: 4
1980 Michael Bracey ends 59 hours 55 minutes trapped in an elevator, England.Ref: 5
1984*Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau announced he was stepping down after more than 15 years in power.Ref: 70
1988*A Nazi document is discovered that implicates participation of Austrian president and former U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim in WWII deportations.Ref: 2
1988*NYC Mayor Koch calls Reagan a "WIMP" in the war on drugs.Ref: 5
1988*Nazi document implicates Kurt Waldheim in WWII deportations.Ref: 5
1996*Daniel Green was convicted in Lumberton, North Carolina, of murdering James R. Jordan, the father of basketball star Michael Jordan, during a 1993 roadside holdup. (Green was sentenced to life in prison; an accomplice who had testified against him, Larry Demery, is also serving a life sentence.)Ref: 6
1996*ST. LOUIS: Mark Boyd, 30, fires into a school bus after its doors swung open, killing a pregnant 15-year-old and wounding the driver. 
1504*Christopher Columbus, stranded in Jamaica during his fourth voyage to the West, used a correctly predicted lunar eclipse to frighten hostile natives into providing food for his crew.Ref: 5
1908*Dutch scientists produce solid helium.Ref: 5
1968*Jocelyn Burnell, of Cambridge University, discovers the first pulsar (CP 1919).Ref: 2
1996*Soyuz TM-23, landsRef: 5
1856*Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease.Ref: 5
1864*The bill to restore the rank of lieutenant general became a law. It had been passed with the understanding that Grant would receive the promotion. 
1864*Union Grig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick splits his forces at the Rapidan River ordering Col. Ulric Dahlgren to lead 500 men his men to Goochland Court House, while the remainder followed Kilpatrick in his raid on Richmond.Ref: 2
1864*Lt. William B. Cushing leads a landing party from the USS Monticello to Smithville, NC, in an attempt to capture Confederate Brig. Gen. Louis Hebert, only to discover that Hebert and his men had already moved on Wilmington.Ref: 2
1912 Military revolt in Peking.Ref: 10
1918*Bulgaria signs armistice. 
1940*45 U boats sunk this month (170,000 ton).Ref: 5
1944*US forces catch Japanese troops off-guard and easily take control of the Admiralty Islands in Papua New Guinea.Ref: 2
1940*A federal judge rules in favor of Grace Comiskey helping her keep control of the White Sox.Ref: 1
1944*Deemed too tall for service, 6-foot 6-inch Dodger first baseman Howie Schultz is rejected for military duty for the second time.Ref: 1
1944*The Office of Defense Transportation, for the second year, restricted attendance at the Kentucky Derby to residents of the Louisville area to prevent a railroad traffic burden during wartime.Ref: 4
1952 Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood & Demmy Great Britain.Ref: 5
1952 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk & Paul Falk of Germany.Ref: 5
1952 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of France.Ref: 5
1952 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA.Ref: 5
1956*The Indians are sold for nearly four-million dollars. The team's present general manager and former player, Hank Greenberg, is one of the new owners.Ref: 1
1964 Frank Rugani sets badminton shuttlecock distance record, 24.3 meters.Ref: 5
1964*North Carolina high school basketball teams play to 56-54 score in 13 overtime.Ref: 5
1964 Dawn Fraser got her 36th world record this day. The Austrailian swimmer was timed at 58.9 seconds in the 100-meter freestyle in Sydney, Australia.Ref: 4
1972*Henry "Hank" Aaron becomes first baseball player to sign a baseball contract for $200,000 a year.Ref: 2
1972 Swimmer Mark Spitz was named the 1971 James E. Sullivan Memorial Trophy winner as the top amateur athlete in America.Ref: 4
1980*Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings became the first player in NHL history to score 800 career goals (in a 3-0 Wings’ win over the St. Louis Blues). Howe finished his career with 801 regular-season goals. Only Wayne Gretzky has surpassed that mark.Ref: 4
1992*The Professional Spring Football League begins.Ref: 5
1992*Dawn Coe wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open.Ref: 5
2000*After being suspended yesterday by major league baseball for one year for testing positive for the use cocaine, Yankee outfielder/DH Darryl Strawberry is invited to join the Newark Bears during the suspension. The New Jersey franchise, which is a member of the South Atlantic Independent League, is located near the slugger's Fort Lee home.Ref: 1
1836*Giacomo Meyerbeer's (Jakob Liebmann Beer) opera "Les Huguenots" premieres in Paris (Théâtre de l'Opéra, Paris).Ref: 5
1932*Bing Crosby and the Mills Brothers teamed up to record Shine for Brunswick Records.Ref: 4
1936 Fanny Brice brought her little girl character Baby Snooks to radio on The Ziegfeld Follies of the Air on CBS Radio. Miss Brice presented the character and later sang My Man on the program. She was 44 at the time, and was known as America’s Funny Girl long before Barbra Streisand brought her even greater fame and notoriety nearly 30 years later.Ref: 4
1940*12th Academy Awards: Hattie McDaniel is first African American to win an Academy Award--best supporting actress--for her performance in Gone With The Wind, which won a total of 8 Oscars. Also Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh become first husband and wife to both win Academy Awards.Ref:77
1940 Frederic from G & S "Pirates of Penzance" finally released by pirate.Ref: 5
1960*The first Playboy Club opens at 116 E. Walton, Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1964*"Rugantino" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 28 performances.Ref: 5
1968*The Beatles win a Grammy Award for their album "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Heart Club Band."Ref: 2
1968*Howard Hanson's 6th Symphony, premieres.Ref: 5
1972*Karen and Richard Carpenter of Downey, CA received a gold record for the hit single Hurting Each Other. When they tore the golden platter from its protective frame and plunked it on the player, they heard, Hurt So Bad, by Little Anthony and the Imperials. They were so upset by this that they ran out to the back yard and used the record as a Frisbee for the rest of the day. (Some of the preceding is based upon actual fact.)Ref: 4
1988*Day by Day, a situation comedy, premiered on this date on NBC-TV. It was one of the "yuppie sitcoms" that were all over the TV dial in the late ’80s. This particular one was about a suburban overachieving couple who dropped out and opened up a daycare center in their home to spend more quality time with their children. The quality time lasted just under five months.Ref: 4
1992*Mr. Big hit it big this day, moving to #1 with To Be with You. It was the biggest hit in the U.S. for three big weeks.Ref: 4
1468*Pope Paul III (Alessandro Farnese) 221st pope of the Roman Catholic Church [1534-1549]: last of Renaissance popes and first pope of Counter Reformation; is born.Ref: 4
1692*Edward Cave England, printer (Gentlemen's Magazine), is born.Ref: 5
1696*Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard composer, is born.Ref: 5
1712*Marquis Louis Joseph de Montcalm, Commander of French Forces in North America during French and Indian War, is born.Ref: 2
1728*Robert Bage English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner), is born.Ref: 5
1736*Anna Lee (Anne the Word or Mother Anne), Manchester England, founder (Shaker movement in America), is born.Ref: 5
1784*Franz von Klenze German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg), is born.Ref: 5
1792*Gioacchino Rossini, Pesaro Italy, composer (Barber of Seville), is born.Ref: 5
1792*Karl Ernst von Baler Russia, naturalist (discovered human ovum), is born.Ref: 5
1796*[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet Belgian astronomer/meteorology, is born.Ref: 5
1812*Hermann Hirschboch German composer, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Adolf Schimon composer, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Antonio Guzman Blanco President of Venezuela, is born.Ref: 5
1840*John Philip Holland, Irish-born American inventor of first true submarine accepted by U.S. Navy [spent 57 years working with submersibles]; invented device to allow sailors to escape from damaged subs; is born in Liscannor Ireland.Ref: 4
1852*Frederic Hymen Cowen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Herman Hollerith, inventor of a tabulation mechanism that was a forerunner to the computer, is born.Ref: 68
1884*Alfred Sendrey composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Augusta Savage, American sculptor and educator, is born.Ref: 70
1896*William W Wellman Brookline MA, director (Star is Born), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Omer C F L Tulippe Belgian geographer, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Ranchhodji Morarji Desai premier of India (1977-79), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Stanley Swash CEO (Woolworths), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Wladimir Rudolfovich Vogel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Yórgos Seféris [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Jean Negulesco is born.Ref: 10
1904 Adolph Blaine Charles David Earl Frederick Gerald Hubert Irvin John Kenneth Lloyd Martin Nero Oliver Paul Quincy Randolph Sherman Thomas Uncas Victor William Xerxes Yancy Zeus Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenberdorft Sr near Hamburg, Germany; had a Christian name for every letter in the alphabet, shortened it to Mr Wolfe Plus 585 Sr, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Jimmy Dorsey Shenandoah PA, orchestra leader (Stage Show), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Alan Richardson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Pepper (John Leonard Roosevelt) Martin baseball: leader of St. Louis Cardinals ‘Gas House Gang’ in early 1930s [club record: stolen bases by a third baseman: 26 in 1933], stolen base leader: 1933, 1934 and 1936; is born.Ref: 4
1908*Balthus painter (Valerie), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Dinah (Frances Rose) Shore Emmy Award-winning singer, entertainer: The Dinah Shore Show [1951], Dinah’s Place [1970]; Daytime Emmy: Dinah’s Place [1970], Dinah! [1974]; The Dinah Shore Chevy Show, Oh, God!, Death Car on the Freeway; singer: Yes, My Darling Daughter, The Breeze and I, Blues in the Night, I’ll Walk Alone, Buttons and Bows; sponsored Dinah Shore Classic pro golf tournament for over twenty years; died Feb 24, 1994Ref: 4
1920*Arthur Franz, Perth Amboy NJ, actor (Invaders From Mars, Young Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1920*James Mitchell Sacramento CA, actor (Palmer-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Louise Wood director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Michèle Morgan (Simone Roussel) actress: The Fallen Idol, Joan of Paris, Bluebeard, Everybody’s Fine, is born.Ref: 4
1920*Howard Nemerov Pulitzer Prize-winning poet: Collected Works [1978]; 3rd poet laureate of U.S. [1988-1990], is born.Ref: 4
1924*David Beattie British Governor-General of New Zealand, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Otto Hutter physiologist, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Al Rosen baseball: Cleveland Indians 3rd Baseman, is born.Ref: 4
1928*Alan Loveday British violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Joss Ackland London England, actor (Queenie, To Kill a Priest), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Tempest Storm (Annie Blanche Banks) ‘The Fabulous 4D Girl’: stripper, burlesque star, actress: Strip Strip Hooray, Striptease Girl, Teaserama, Buxom Beautease, Mundo depravados; finally retired from stripping at age 65, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Alwin Schockemohle Germany, equestrian jumper (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Jack Lousma Astronaut Hall of Famer: member of Skylab space station crew [1973], commanded third orbital test flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia [1982], is born in Grand Rapids MI.Ref: 4
1936*Henri Richard ‘The Pocket Rocket’: hockey: NHL: Montreal Canadiens: 4-time all-star, played on 11 Stanley Cup champion teams [1955-1975], is born.Ref: 4
1936*Alex Rocco Emmy Award-winning supporting actor: The Famous Teddy Z [1989]; actor: The Godfather, The Friends of Eddie Coyle, The Blue Knight, Herbie Goes Bananas, Cannonball Run II, How to Murder a Millionaire, Boris and Natasha, Get Shorty, A Bug’s Life [voice of Thorny], Dudley Do-Right [1999], is born.Ref: 4
1940*Gretchen Christopher Olympia WA, American Pop Singer/Songwriter, Founder and Female Lead of The Fleetwoods (Come Softly To Me, Mr Blue), is born.Ref: 5
1944*David Briggs, record producer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Phyllis Frelich, Devil's Lake ND, actor (Love is Never Silent), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Dennis Farina actor: Triplecross, Code of Silence, Jo Jo Dancer, Your Life Is Calling, Crime Story, The Case of the Hillside Stranglers, Striking Distance, Get Shorty, Saving Private Ryan, The Mod Squad [1999], is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 4
1944*Steve Mingori baseball: pitcher: Cleveland Indians, KC Royals, is bornRef: 4
1944*John Niland football: Dallas Cowboys Guard, Super Bowl V, VI, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Nikolai Pimenov USSR, coxless pair rowers (Olympics-silver-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Yuri Pimenov USSR, coxless pair rowers (Olympics-silver-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Patricia [Anne] McKillip US, sci-fi author (Fool's Run), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Bart Stupak (Representative-D-MI), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Raisa Smetanina USSR, cross country skier (Olympics-gold-1976, 80, 92), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Raul Gonzalez Mexican 50K speed walker (world record), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Tim[othy] Powers US, sci-fi author (Epitaph in Rust, Night Moves), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Al Autry baseball: pitcher: Atlanta Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Randy Jackson rocker (Zebra-Tell Me What You Want), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Henrik Sundstrom Sweden, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1964*James RB Ogilvy son of English princess Alexandra, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Chucky Brown, basketball, NBA forward: North Carolina State; NBA: Cleveland Cavaliers, LA Lakers, NJ Nets, Houston Rockets, Phoenix Suns, Milwaukee Bucks, Atlanta Hawks, Charlotte Hornets, is born.Ref: 4
1968*Cary Conklin, football NFL quarterback: Univ of Washington; NFL: Washington Redskins, SF 49ersRef: 4
1968*Bryce Paup football: NFL linebacker: Green Bay Packers, Buffalo Bills LB [AFC defensive player of the year: 1995], Jacksonville Jaguars, is born.Ref: 4
1972*Antonio Sabato Jr actor (Jagger Cates-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Devine Allentown PA, diver (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Cyrus Beasley Rowe NY, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Fabien Bownes NFL wide receiver (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Mark Farraway CFL offensive linebacker (Edmonton Eskimos), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Bryan Gillooly Auburn NY, diver (Olympics-96)Ref: 5
468*Death of Pope St. Hilary (Hilarius), 46th Bishop of Rome (461-468). During his seven-year pontificate, he reaffirmed the earlier church councils of Nicea (325), Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451), at which the major creeds of the Early Church were hammered out.Ref: 5
642*Oswald English missionaries/saint, dies in battle.Ref: 5
992*Saint Oswald of Worcester A.D.Ref: 10
1528*Martyrdom of Scottish reformer Patrick Hamilton, 24. Having spent time with Martin Luther and William Tyndale, Hamilton began promoting Reformation in Scotland. He was afterward arrested and burned at the stake one of the first martyrs of the Scottish Reformation.Ref: 5
1604*John Whitgift Archbishop of Canterbury (1583-1604), dies at about 74.Ref: 5
1696*English ex-premier Earl Danby accused of corruption.Ref: 5
1720*Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns.Ref: 5
1844*Thaddaus Weigl composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1848*Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland.Ref: 5
1852 John Landseer printer/engraver (Royal Academy), dies.Ref: 5
1868*[Charles] Louis I [Augustus] King of Bavaria (L Montez), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1868*First British government of Disraeli forms.Ref: 5
1908*Pat Garrett, American sheriff; shot Billy the Kid, dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1916*Edward H J Keurvels Flemish conductor/composer (Parisina), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1928 Adolphe Appia Swiss set designer/theorist, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1928 Armando V Diaz Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1932*"Big Ed" Morris pitcher (Boston Red Sox), dies.Ref: 5
1940*Edward Frederic Benson novelist, dies.Ref: 5
1944*5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1944*US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands.Ref: 5
1948*Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died.Ref: 5
1950*Walter Yust, American editor in chief of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1938-1960), dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1956*Elpidio Quirino President of Philippines (1949-53), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1960*Melvin Purvis, senior agent in the Dillinger case, commits suicide. Buried at Mount Hope Cemetery, Florence, South Carolina.Ref: 42
1960*Earthquake kills 1/3 of Agadir Morocco population (12,000) in 15 seconds.Ref: 5
1960*Walter Yust, American editor in chief of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1938-1960), dies at age 65.Ref: 70
1964*Frank Albertson actor (Chico & Man, Room Service), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1964*Victor van Straelen Flemish biologist/paleontologist, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1980 Yigol Alton Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1984*Roland Culver actor (Thunderball), dies of heart problems at 83.Ref: 5
1992*Earl Scheib CEO (Earl Scheib Auto Paint), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1992*Johnny Mack British actor (Time Lord-Dr Who), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1996*A Peruvian commercial jetliner crashes in the Andes, killing all 123 people on board.Ref: 6
1996*Duncan Stuart Wilson Fighter pilot-MacDonald dies at 83.Ref: 5
1996*Joe Minogue journalist, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1996 John Grant Rear Admiral, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1996*Wes Farrell songwriter, dies at 56.Ref: 5
2000*Mount Morris Township, MI. Six-year-old Kayla Rolland shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Mich. The assailant was identified as a six-year-old boy with a .32-caliber handgun.Ref: 88

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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