Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 2nd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1121*Dirk VI becomes count of Holland.Ref: 5
1458*Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia.Ref: 5
1675 Prince William III installed as Governor of Overijssel.Ref: 5
1770*(Boston Massacre) Civilians and British soldiers clash at John Gray's Ropewalk in the Fort Hill section of Boston. One of the soldiers involved in the fighting is Matthew Killroy, later convicted of manslaughter in the Boston Massacre trial.Ref: 87
1774*310 lamps illuminate streets of Boston, Mass for the first time.Ref: 10
1781*Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation. She is the last state to sign.Ref: 2
1797*The Directory of Great Britain authorizes vessels of war to board and seize neutral vessels, particularly if the ships are American.Ref: 2
1799*Congress standardizes US weights & measures.Ref: 5
1807*Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808.Ref: 5
1817*First Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin PA.Ref: 5
1819*Territory of Arkansas organized.Ref: 5
1819*US passed its first immigration law.Ref: 5
1824*Interstate commerce comes under federal control.Ref: 5
1829*New England Asylum for the Blind, first in US, incorporated, Boston.Ref: 5
1831*John Frazee becomes first US sculptor to receive a federal commission.Ref: 5
1836*Texas Declaration of Independence is approved by delegates meeting at Washington-on-the-Brazos (on Sam Houston's 43rd birthday). Ref 
1847*Donner Party: At Alder Creek, Reed finds that the Donners have also resorted to cannibalism.Ref: 28
1853*Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory.Ref: 5
1855*Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia.Ref: 5
1861*Congress passes a law permitting photographs to be copyrighted. (XDG, p 4A, 3/2/2001)Ref: 83
1861*Government Printing Office purchases first printing plant, Washington DC.Ref: 5
1861*US Congress creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah territories.Ref: 5
1863*Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific RR.Ref: 5
1865*Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865.Ref: 5
1866*Excelsior Needle Company of Wolcottville, Connecticut began making sewing machine needles.Ref: 4
1867*Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico.Ref: 5
1867*US Congress creates the Department of Education.Ref: 5
1867*US Congress passed the first Reconstruction Act.Ref: 5
1868*Eleven articles of impeachment against Andrew Johnson, 17th US President, were adopted by the House. Trial by the Senate started three days later. 
1868*University of Illinois opens.Ref: 5
1877*Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared the 19th President despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory.Ref: 5
1889*Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Bill, proclaiming unassigned lands in the public domain; the first step toward the famous Oklahoma Land Rush.Ref: 2
1889*Kansas passes first general antitrust law in US. ("Who Was Who in America, 1607-1896")Ref: 5
1893*The first federal railroad legislation is passed; it requires safety features.Ref: 5
1896*Bone Mizell, the famed cowboy of Florida, is sentenced to two years of hard labor in the state pen for cattle rustling. He would only serve a small portion of the sentence.Ref: 2
1899*President McKinley signs a bill creating Mount Rainier National Park (5th in US).Ref: 5
1899*President William B. McKinley signed a measure creating the rank of Admiral of the Navy for Admiral George Dewey.Ref: 70
1901*The first telegraph company in Hawaii opensRef: 5
1901*U.S. Division of Forestry becomes the US Bureau of Forestry (Forest Service).Ref: 39
1901*Congress passes the Platt amendment, which limits Cuban autonomy as a condition for withdrawal of U.S. troops.Ref: 2
1903*The Martha Washington Hotel opened for business in New York City. The hotel featured 416 rooms and was the first hotel exclusively for women.Ref: 4
1907*General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal.Ref: 5
1908 An international conference on arms reduction opens in London.Ref: 2
1908*Gabriel Lippman introduces the new three-dimensional color photography at the Academy of Sciences.Ref: 2
1909*(Shipp) Attorney General Charles Bonaparte present the closing argument for the government before the Supreme Court in Washington.Ref: 87
1909 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy ask Serbia to set no territorial demands.Ref: 5
1915*Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine.Ref: 5
1917*Congress passes the Jones Act making Puerto Rico a territory of the United States and makes the inhabitants U.S. citizens.Ref: 2
1919 First congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin.Ref: 5
1923*In Italy, Mussolini admits that women have a right to vote, but declares that the time is not right.Ref: 2
1925 Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage.Ref: 5
1925 SDAP-Second-Faction (Dutch Socialists) of parliament demands drastic disarmament.Ref: 5
1925*State and federal highway officials developed a nationwide route-numbering system and adopted the familiar U.S. shield-shaped numbered marker. For instance, in the east, there is U.S. 1 that runs from New England to Florida and in the west, the corresponding highway, U.S. 101, from Tacoma, WA to San Diego, CA.Ref: 4
1929*US Court of Customs & Patent Appeals created by US CongressRef: 5
1930*American missionary Gustav Schmidt, 39, opened the Danzig Instytut Biblijny in the Free City of Danzig (Gdansk), Poland. It was the first Pentecostal Bible institute established in Eastern Europe.Ref: 5
1930*Harry Kuchins made the first indoor-glider flight inside the St. Louis, MO Terminal Building.Ref: 4
1932*Reporters and souveneir hunters swarm over the Lindbergh estate.Ref: 87
1933*Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hits Japan.Ref: 5
1934*Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha.Ref: 5
1937 Mexico nationalizes oil.Ref: 5
1938*Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union.Ref: 5
1939*Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected Pope; he took the name Pius XII.Ref: 5
1939*The Massachusetts legislature voted to ratify the Bill of Rights, 147 years after the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution had gone into effect.Ref: 70
1940*The first direct measurements of the enormous slow fission cross section of U-235 are made by John Dunning at Columbia University.Ref: 91
1943*First transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp.Ref: 5
1945 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government.Ref: 5
1946*Ho Chi Minh is elected president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.Ref: 2
1946*Kingman Douglass, becomes deputy director of CIA.Ref: 5
1949*The first automatic street lights were installed in the US in New Milford CT. (XDG, p 4A, 3/2/2001)Ref: 83
1951*The U.S. Navy launches the K-1, the first modern submarine designed to hunt enemy submarines.Ref: 2
1955*Claudette Colvin refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Parks' famous arrest for the same offense.Ref: 2
1955*King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father.Ref: 5
1956*Morocco tears up the Treaty of Féz, declares independence from France.Ref: 5
1958 Yemen announces it will join the United Arab Republic.Ref: 5
1962*JFK announces US will resume above ground nuclear testing.Ref: 5
1965*Montcalm Community College in Sidney MI, founded.Ref: 5
1967*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1968*USAF displays Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, biggest plane in the world.Ref: 5
1970*American Airlines' first flight of a Boeing 747.Ref: 5
1970*Rhodesia becomes independent republic.Ref: 5
1970*Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years.Ref: 5
1972*Jean-Bédel Bokassa appoints himself President for life of Central African Republic.Ref: 5
1973*The US Navy begins training women as pilots. (XDG, p 4A, 3/2/2001)Ref: 83
1973*"Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum.Ref: 5
1973*Federal forces surround Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which is occupied by members of the militant American Indian Movement who are holding at least 10 hostages.Ref: 2
1974*U.S. Postage stamps jumped from 8¢ to 10¢ for first-class mail.Ref: 4
1974*A grand jury in Washington, D.C. concludes that President Nixon was indeed involved in the Watergate cover-up.Ref: 2
1977*The US House of Representatives adopted a strict code of ethics.Ref: 17
1977 Libya amends constitution.Ref: 5
1979*Over 1,100 Christian organizations combined to form the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA). This oversight agency was created to demonstrate to the public that religious groups wanted to make themselves accountable for the funds they raise and spend.Ref: 5
1981*Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists.Ref: 5
1981*The United States plans to send 20 more advisors and $25 million in military aid to El Salvador.Ref: 2
1982*Terror group "The Illuminated Path" frees 260 prisoners in Peru.Ref: 5
1983*USSR performs underground nuclear test.Ref: 5
1984*Iran offensive against Iraq fails.Ref: 5
1984*The first McDonald’s franchise was closed -- in Des Plaines, IL. After 30 years of selling burgers, Mickey D’s opened a new drive-in restaurant right across the McStreet.Ref: 4
1985*The government approved a screening test for AIDS that detected antibodies to the virus, allowing possibly contaminated blood to be excluded from the blood supply.Ref: 70
1986*Protesters try to stop Land Rover motor company being sold to US.Ref: 5
1987*Government officials reported that the median price for a new home had topped $100,000 for the first time. The new six-figure price: $110,700, actually, was up from $94,600.Ref: 4
1988 Dutch Liberal Party merged with SDP.Ref: 5
1988*Macintosh II computers receive virus interruption of drawing program with plea for world peace.Ref: 10
1989 12 European nations agree to ban chlorofluorocarbon production by 2000.Ref: 5
1989*Exxon Houston runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil.Ref: 5
1990*Greyhound Bus goes on strike.Ref: 5
1991*(King) King drinks heavily at the home of Bryant ("Pooh") Allen while watching a basketball game. After the game, King, Allen, and another friend named Freddie Helms drive down the 210 freeway, singing to the radio.Ref: 87
1992*(King) A jury of ten whites, one Hispanic, and one Filipino-American is selected. Six jurors are male, six female.Ref: 87
1994*Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender if taped statement is broadcast; it is, but he doesn't.Ref: 5
1994*William Natcher, (Representative-Democrat-KY), casts his 18,401 & last consecutive vote.Ref: 5
1994 The government of Mexico and Indian rebels reach a tentative accord on most insurgent demands for ending the rebellion, including sweeping political reforms. (XDG, p 4A, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83
1995*British trader Nick Leeson arrested for collapse of Barings Bank PLC.Ref: 5
1997*Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple.Ref: 5
1997*It was revealed that Vice President Al Gore had raised millions of dollars for the 1996 campaign through direct telephone solicitations, and that some of the calls were made on phones installed in government buildings for that purpose.Ref: 70
1999*Conservative commentator Pat Buchanan lunges a third White House bid. (XDG, p 4A, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83
1999*Texas Governor George W Bush announces he was forming a presidential exploratory committee. (XDG, p 4A, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83
2000*Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet left Britain for his homeland, hours after he was ruled mentally unfit to stand trial on charges of human rights abuses.Ref: 70
2003*Iraq crushes another six Al Samoud Two missiles, as ordered by UN weapons inspectors. (XDG, p 4A, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83
2004*The Xenia [OH] Community Schools 7.9 mill, two-year emergency levy barely passes (by 87 votes) costing home owners an additional $243/year/$100,000 of assessed value on their property. (XDG, p 1, 3/03/2004)Ref: 83
1498*Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island.Ref: 5
1858*Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie.Ref: 5
1949*An American B-50 Superfortress, the Lucky Lady Two, landed at Fort Worth, TX, after completing the first non-stop round-the-world flight.Ref: 5
1950*Silly Putty invented.Ref: 5
1958*British geologist Dr. Vivian Fuchs reached McMurdo Sound in the Ross Sea, thus completing the first crossing of Antarctica by land. As a part of the International Geophysical Year, the Commonwealth of Nations organized the expedition, which covered 2,158 miles (3,473 kilometers), in 99 days.Ref: 4
1964*Beatles begin filming "A Hard Days Night", George Harrison meets Patti Boyd.Ref: 5
1968*USSR launches space probe Zond 4; fails to leave Earth orbit.Ref: 5
1969*The French version of Concorde makes its first 28 minute test flight at Toulouse, France.Ref: 5
1972*Pioneer 10 is launched from Cape Canaveral. Ref 
1978*Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6. Czech pilot Vladimir Remek becomes the first non-Russian, non-American in space.Ref: 2
1994*MS-DOS 6.21 ships with drive compression removed due to a law suit.Ref: 80
1995*Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8), launches.Ref: 5
1997*Soyuz TM-24 returns to Earth (Russia)Ref: 5
871 Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army.Ref: 5
1776*Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston.Ref: 5
1815*To put an end to robberies by the Barbary pirates, the United States declares war on Algiers.Ref: 2
1864*Grant is promoted to Lieutenant General, a rank that had only been reinstated two days earlier. 
1865*President Abraham Lincoln rejects Confederate General Robert E. Lee's plea for peace talks, demanding unconditional surrender.Ref: 2
1865*General Early's army is defeated at Waynesborough.Ref: 5
1896 Battle of Aduwa, Abyssinia (Ethiopia) defeats invading Italians.Ref: 5
1915*Allied troops land at Kum-Kale, on Asiatic side of Dardanelles.Ref: 38
1915*British Vice Admiral Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts.Ref: 5
1936*Adolf Hitler issues final orders for troops to re-occupy their former garrison posts in Rhineland towns. If French forces take action, the troops are instructed to withdraw. 
1940*Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland.Ref: 5
1941*Bulgaria formally agrees to adhere to the Tripartite Pact of the Axis powers.Ref: 35
1942*Gen. DeWitt, commanding both the San Francisco Western Defense Command, and the Fourth Army's Wartime Civil Control Administration, issued instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry living in San Francisco to voluntarily evacuate to inland locations as ordered by President Roosevelt.Ref: 37
1942*Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon.Ref: 5
1943*The center of Berlin is bombed by the RAF. Some 900 tons of bombs are dropped in a half hour.Ref: 2
1943*The US & Australia are victorious over Japan in the 3-day Battle of Bismarck Sea.Ref: 5
1943*Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa. 
1945*U.S. airborne troops recapture Corregidor in the Philippines.Ref: 2
1945*8th Air Force bombs Dresden.Ref: 5
1946 Dutch troops land on East Bali.Ref: 5
1965*More than 150 U.S. and South Vietnamese planes bomb two bases in North Vietnam in the first of the "Rolling Thunder" raids.Ref: 2
1966*215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam.Ref: 5
1968*The siege of Khe Sanh ends in Vietnam, the U.S. Marines stationed there are still in control of the mountain top.Ref: 2
1969 Chinese-Russian borders fight (approximately 70 die).Ref: 5
1991*UN votes in favor of US resolutions for cease fire with Iraq.Ref: 5
1874*Baseball batter's box is officially adopted.Ref: 5
1887*The American Trotting Association was organized in Detroit, MI.Ref: 4
1890 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 5 km (9:19).Ref: 5
1902*Jimmy Collins, leaves Boston Beaneaters (National League) club to manage American League's new Boston Somersets.Ref: 5
1904*"Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted.Ref: 5
1918*New York Yankees purchase first baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers & immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's.Ref: 5
1927*Babe Ruth signed a 3-year contract with the New York Yankees for a guarantee of $70,000 a year, thus becoming baseball’s highest paid player.Ref: 4
1929*Chicago Black Hawks shut-out for NHL record 8th straight game.Ref: 5
1940*The first televised intercollegiate track meet was seen by TV viewers in New York City as W2XBS presented the action live from Madison Square Garden. New York University won the meet.Ref: 4
1951*The East beat the West, 111-to-94, in the first NBA All-Star Game, in Boston MA.Ref: 5
1952*Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open.Ref: 5
1958*Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open.Ref: 5
1962*Wilt ‘The Stilt’ Chamberlain scored 100 points and broke an NBA record as the Philadelphia Warriors beat the New York Knicks 169-147. Chamberlain broke NBA marks for the most field goal attempts (63), most field goals made (36), most free throws made (28), most points in a half (59), most field goal attempts in a half (37), most field goals made in a half (22), and most field goal attempts in one quarter (21). The 316 total points scored tied an NBA record.Ref: 4
1968 World Ice Dance Championship in Geneva won by Diane Towler & Bernard Ford (Great Britain).Ref: 5
1968 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Lyudmila Belousova & Oleg Protopopov (USSR).Ref: 5
1968 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Peggy Fleming (USA).Ref: 5
1968 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Emmerich Danzer (Austria).Ref: 5
1969*Phil Esposito becomes first NHL Player to score 100 points in a season.Ref: 5
1976*Due to the intervention of San Francisco mayor, George Moscone, the Giants will stay in city by the bay; Stoneham family will now sell the team to Bob Lurie and Bud Herseth instead of the Labbat's Brewery which had planned to move the Giants to Canada.Ref: 1
1980*3rd Islander scoreless tie-Penguins in Pittsburgh.Ref: 5
1980*Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Sun City Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1980*Mike Bratz (Phoenix) ends NBA free throw streak of 57 games.Ref: 5
1984*John Long (Detroit MI) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games.Ref: 5
1986*First million-dollar purse for a handicap race won at Santa Anita.Ref: 5
1986*Mary Beth Zimmerman wins Uniden LPGA Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1989*At a photo session, Mets' outfielder Darryl Strawberry throws a punch at Keith Hernandez,the team's first baseman. The scuffle started over comments about salaries and results with the Straw walking out of camp. The incident causes Steve Wulf, a sportswriter for Sports Illustrated, to quip, "Darryl Strawberry finally hit his cut off man."Ref: 1
1989*NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers win 22nd straight home game.Ref: 5
1990 Mark Tewsksbury swims world record 50 meter backstroke (25.06 seconds).Ref: 5
1991*Deb Richard wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open.Ref: 5
1991 Del Ballard Jr throws most famous gutter ball in PBA Tour history.Ref: 5
1991*North Carolina State Chris Corchiani becomes first NCAAer to get 1,000 assists.Ref: 5
1992*Ownership chooses Tucson AZ as the Colorado Rockies spring training home. The agreement between the Rockies and the Pima County Sports Authority calls for the club to play its spring training games at Hi Corbett Field, the former Cactus League home of the Cleveland Indians.Ref: 86
1992 Anita Hall swims female world record 200 meter freestyle (2 :5.35).Ref: 5
1992*The highest-paid player tag now belongs to Ryne Sandberg. Ryno signs a four-year contract extension worth 7.1 million dollars per season.Ref: 1
1995*The Reds and Indians make the first-ever trade of replacement players. Barbaro Garbey and four others go to the Reds in return for 'future considerations'.Ref: 1
1997*Gail Graham wins LPGA Alpine Australian Ladies Masters.Ref: 5
1997*Nick Faldo wins Nissan Golf Open.Ref: 5
1998*Tampa Bay wins its first Major League Spring Training game, 6-2, over visiting Kansas City. Left-hander Ryan Karp is the winner as the Rays win it with a four-run rally in the seventh inning.Ref: 86
2003 Landlocked Switzerland becomes the first European country to win the America's Cup as "Alinghi" sweeps Team New Zealand in five races. (XDG, p 4A, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83
1725*Georg F Händels opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1789*Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances.Ref: 5
1825*First grand opera in US sung in English, New York NY.Ref: 5
1865*British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing.Ref: 5
1904 Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premieres in Milan.Ref: 5
1907 Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce à l'Oreille" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1920 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague.Ref: 5
1923*Time magazine was first publishedRef: 5
1932 The first issue of Time Magazine appears on the newsstands.Ref: 4
1933 The movie "King Kong," starring Fay Wray, premiers at New York City's Radio Music Hall and the RKO Roxy.Ref: 5
1940*Bugs Bunny and Elmer Fudd first meet in "Elmer's Candid Camera".Ref: 62
1941*Photoplay magazine urged readers to forget the fox trot and learn the lindy hop. A diagram of the new dance step was featured.Ref: 4
1942*14th Academy Awards: "How Green was My Valley", Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win.Ref: 5
1944*16th Academy Awards: "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win.Ref: 5
1955*William Inge's "Bus Stop" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1957*Teenage heartthrob Tab Hunter’s song Young Love was number one in the U.S.Ref: 4
1961*"13 Daughters" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 28 performances.Ref: 5
1965 "Sound Of Music" opens.Ref: 5
1967*9th Grammy Awards: Strangers in Night & Michele win.Ref: 5
1969*Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 14th Symphony.Ref: 5
1974*16th Grammy Awards: Stevie Wonder got five Grammy Awards for his album, Innervisions and his hit songs, You Are The Sunshine of My Life and Superstition.Ref: 4
1976*"Bubbling Brown Sugar" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 766 performances.Ref: 5
1976*Holgate, Kemp & Lopez' musical premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1976*Walt Disney World logged its 50 millionth guest.Ref: 5
1977*Bette Davis is first woman to receive Life Achievement Award.Ref: 5
1977*Future Tonight Show host Jay Leno debuts with host Johnny Carson.Ref: 5
1978*First broadcast of "Dallas" on CBS TV.Ref: 5
1983*Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips & Sony introduced.Ref: 5
1983*Final episode of MASH; 125,000,000 viewers.Ref: 5
1985*Country singer Gary Morris hit #1 on the country charts for the first time with Baby Bye Bye, from his album, Faded Blue.Ref: 4
1988*30th Grammy Awards: Graceland, Joshua Tree, Jody Watley win.Ref: 5
1989*Madonna's "Like a Prayer" premieres on worldwide Pepsi commercial.Ref: 5
1991*"Aspects of Love" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 377 performances.Ref: 5
1991*"La Bete" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 24 performances.Ref: 5
1993*Claudette Colbert, suffers a stroke at 89.Ref: 5
1993*Salman Rushdie divorces Marianne Wiggins.Ref: 5
1994 Miami begins a latin walk of fame, first star for Gloria Estefan.Ref: 5
1995*"Smokey Joe's Cafe" opens at Virginia Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1316*Robert II the Steward, King of Scotland (1371-90), is born.Ref: 5
1409*John II French duke of Alençon/co-fighter of Jeanne d'arc, is born.Ref: 5
1459*Adrian VI [Adriaan F Boeyens], Netherlands, Pope (1522-23), is born.Ref: 69
1481 Franz von Sickingen German knight, is born.Ref: 5
1545*Sir Thomas Bodley England, diplomat/scholar, is born.Ref: 5
1555*Ludovico Spontoni composer, is born.Ref: 5
1609*Hadji Chalfa/Kâtib Tsjelebi Turkish literary (Djihannüma), is born.Ref: 5
1755*Antoine-Frederic Gresnick composer, is born.Ref: 5
1759*Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1760*Camille Desmoulins France, journalist/pamphleteer/revolution leader, is born.Ref: 5
1769*DeWitt Clinton, Governor/Senator-NY, presided over construction of the Erie Canal, is born.Ref: 5
1793*President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator and Texas governor, Sam Houston is born near Lexington, VA.Ref: 4
1810*Pope Leo XIII (Giocchino Vincenzo Pecci) (256th pope of the Roman Catholic Church [1878-1903]; is born.Ref: 69
1813*George Alexander Macfarren composer, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Antonio Buzzolla composer, is born.Ref: 5
1817*János Arany Hungary, epic poet (Toldi, Death of King Buda), is born.Ref: 5
1820*Multatuli writer, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Bedrich Friedrich Smetana Bohemian composer (Bartered Bride, Moldau), is born.Ref: 5
1824 Constantine D Uschinsky Russian theorist, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Henry Beebee Carrington Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Jefferson Columbus Davis Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879, is born.Ref: 5
1829*Carl Schurz Major General (Union volunteers) journalist/political reformer/Civil War general, is born.Ref: 5
1838*David Duffle Wood composer, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Hermanus J A M Schaepman clergyman/Dutch politician, is born.Ref: 5
1862*John Jay Chapman US advocate/poet/writer (Learning & Other Essays), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Hans Lietzman German theologist/church historian, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Gösta Forsell Swedish radiologist, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Pius XII [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58), is born.Ref: 69
1878*Wander J de Haas Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Wallis Clark Essex England, actress (Postal Inspector), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Leon Jongen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Willis O'Brien born, the animator of King Kong.Ref: 73
1893*Maxime Dumoulin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1894*Renaat Veremans Flemish composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Felix Bressart Eydtkuhnen East Prussia Germany, actor (Ninotchka, Escape, Crossroads), is born.Ref: 5
1899 Pattie Maie Menzies Australian dame, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Kurt J Weill, Dessau Germany, composer/Brecht collaborator (Mahogany), is born.Ref: 5
1901 Willem Bruynzeel Dutch timber-merchant, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Pretty Boy Floyd, 1930's gangster, is born in Atkins OK.Ref: 68
1902*Edward Uhler Condon, atomic scientist (Manhattan Project), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel) Pulitzer Prize-winning author [1984]: The Cat in the Hat, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas, Green Eggs and Ham; is born in Springfield MA.Ref: 68
1904 Henry Dreyfuss, industrial designer of everything from telephones to the interior of the Boeing 707, is born.Ref: 2
1905*Marc Blitzstein Philadelphia PA, composer (Cradle Will Rock), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Geoffrey Grigson, English poet, editor, and literary critic, is born.Ref: 70
1908 Jan Brasser Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Hanoch Jacoby composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Jan Fabricius Dutch playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Mel (Melvin Thomas) Ott ‘Master Melvin’, first National League-er to hit 500 homeruns, hall of famer (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Hope Clara Chenhalls food inspector, is born.Ref: 5
1911*William Hansen Washington DC, actor (Homebodies), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Godfried [Jan Arnold] Bomans Dutch humorist/writer (Pieter Bas), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Marjorie Weaver Crossville TN, actress (Young Mr Lincoln), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Mort Cooper baseball player (National League MVP 1942), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Martin Ritt director: Norma Rae, The Front, Sounder, Hud; is born.Ref: 4
1915*Lona Andre actress (Case of Baby Sitter), is born.Ref: 5
1916 Anne Vondeling Dutch politician (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Bernard George Stevens composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Jim Konstanty baseball player (National League MVP 1950), is born.Ref: 5
1917*John Gardner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Desi Arnaz (Desiderio Alberto Arnez y De Acha III) bandleader, singer: Babalu; actor: I Love Lucy; married to Lucille Ball; co-owner of Desilu Productions; introduced 3-camera sitcom technique; is born in Santiago Cuba.Ref: 4
1918*Peter O'Sullevan Ireland, horse racing commentator, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Eddie Lawrence comedian, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Tamara Toumanova dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Jennifer Jones (Phyllis Isley) Academy Award-winning actress: The Song of Bernadette [1943], Carrie, Love is a Many-Splendored Thing, The Towering Inferno, is born in Tulsa OK.Ref: 4
1920*Enrique Franco composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920 Martin Ritt is born.Ref: 10
1921*Robert Wilfred Levick Simpson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Ernst Haas, Austrian-born Photojournalist, is born.Ref: 70
1922*Eric Feldbush composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Mario Zafred composer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Robert H Michel (Representative-Republican-IL, 1957- ), is born.Ref: 5
1923*(Arthel Lane) Doc Watson Grammy Award-winning singer, musician: flat-picking guitarist: LPs: Then and Now [1973], Two Days in November [1974], is born.Ref: 4
1924 Albert Vogel Dutch elocutionist, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Rénos Apostolidis Greek author/poet (Katigoró), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Murray Newton Rothbard economist/Libertarian Party founder, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Siegfried Kohler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Witold Szalonec composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Philip K Dick writer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Donald Gosling English parkeerplaatsenmagnaat/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1930 Jan van Noor Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1930*John Cullum, Tony Award-winning actor: Shenandoah [1975], On the Twentieth Century [1978]; Marie, Sweet Country, Northern Exposure, Secret Life of Algernon, is born in Knoxville TN.Ref: 4
1931*Duane F Graveline Newport VT, astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Tom Wolfe Richmond VA, journalist/author (Right Stuff), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Mikhail Gorbachev, Secretary General of the Soviet Union. Responsible for restructuring the Soviet economy (perestroika) and openness and information (glasnost), is born.Ref: 2
1932*Chico (Humberto Perez) Fernandez baseball: shortstop: Brooklyn Dodgers, Philadelphia Phillies, Detroit Tigers, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Bernard Rands Sheffield England, composer (Wildtrack), is born.Ref: 5
1934*(Heisman Trophy 1955) Howard Cassady, football: Heisman Trophy winner: Ohio State [1955], is born.Ref: 4
1934*Doug Watkins jazz musician: bass: Pepper-Knepper Quintet, Hank Mobley Quartet, Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers; is born.Ref: 4
1934*Al Waxman (Albert Samuel Waxman) actor: Cagney & Lacey, The Victors, Wild Horse Hank, Meatballs III, Iron Eagle IV, The Hurricane; is born.Ref: 68
1934*Birthday of Dottie Rambo, contemporary gospel singer and songwriter. She has authored such country gospel favorites as "In the Valley He Restoreth My Soul," "Build My Mansion Next Door to Jesus" and "I Just Came to Talk With You, Lord."Ref: 5
1936*Henny Boskamp [Hoelscher], actor (Troeleke), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Alan Lewis English textile factory/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Donald Schwall baseball player (1961 American League rookie of year), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Simon Estes Centerville IA, bass/baritone (Wonton, Don Carlos), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Barbara Luna New York NY, actress (5 Weeks in a Balloon, Gentle Savage), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Gerard van Tongeren Dutch singer (Buffoons), is born.Ref: 5
1940 Frederik van Zyl Slabbert chairman (South African Progressive Federal Party, 1979-86), is born.Ref: 5
1942*John Irving Exeter NH, writer (World According to Garp), is born.Ref: 5
1942*(Long Island) Lou Reed [Louis Firbank] Freeport NY, vocalist/guitarist (Walk on the Wild Side, Velvet Underground), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Tony Meehan [Daniel Meehan] London England, rocker (Drifters, Vipers), is born.Ref: 5
1943*George Benson jazz/blues guitarist (Breezin', This Masquerade), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Gordon Black English industrialist, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Rosa DeLauro (Representative-Democrat-CT), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Stephen Dickman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Katherine Crawford actress (Captains & Kings, Gemini Man), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Leif Segerstam composer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Pam Barnett LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Lou Reed, singer, songwriter, is born.Ref: 17
1945*Gordon Thomson Ottawa Canada, actor (Adam Carrington-Dynasty), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Joy Garrett actress (Jo-Days of Our Lives), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Brian J Donnelly (Representative-Democrat-MA, 1979- ), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Larry Carlton rock composer (Against All Odds, Who's the Boss), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Gates McFadden actress (Beverly Crusher-Star Trek Next Generation), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Rory Gallagher Ballyshannon Ireland, rock guitarist (See Here)Ref: 5
1949*Eddie Money (Mahoney) musician, singer: Baby Hold On, I Wanna Go Back, Peace in Our Time, Take Me Home Tonight, I Think I’m in Love, Walk on Water, is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 4
1950*Karen Carpenter New Haven CT, vocalist/drummer (We've Only Just Begun), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Matthew Laurance Queens NY, actor/identical twin of Mitchell (Mel-Beverly Hills 90210, Ben-Duet), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Mitchell Laurance Queens NY, actor/identical twin of Matthew (LA Law, Not Necessarily the News), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Cassie Yates Macon GA, actress (Osterman Weekend, Dynasty), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Laraine Newman Los Angeles CA, comedienne/actress (Saturday Night Live), is born.Ref: 5
1953*William Simmons sax/keyboardist (Midnight Star-No Parking), is born.Ref: 5
1953*WBA featherweight boxing champion Eusebio Pedroza is born in Panama City.Ref: 97
1954 Stone Phumelele Sizani South African treasurer (UDF), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Dale Bosworth TV host (America's Most Wanted), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Dale Bozzio Boston MA, rock vocalist (Missing Persons-Destination Unknown), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jay Osmond Ogden UT, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donny & Marie), is born.Ref: 5
1955 Shoko Asahara [Chizuo Matsumoto], Japanese sect leader, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Mark Evans Melbourne Australia, rock bassist (AC/DC-Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap, Warrior Soul-Last Decade of The Century), is born.Ref: 5
1956*John Cowsill singer: group: The Cowsills: The Rain, The Park and Other Things, We Can Fly, Hair, Indian Lake, is born in Newport RI.Ref: 4
1958*Ian Woosnam Welsh golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Kevin Curren South Africa, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Andrew Farriss, Australia, rock keyboardist (Inxs-Kiss the Dirt), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Larry Stewart Paducah KY, country singer (Restless Heart-Wheels), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Laura Hurlbut LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Al Del Greco NFL kicker (Houston/Tennessee Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Jon Bon Jovi [Bongiovi], Perth Amboy NJ, rocker (Bon Jovi-You Give Love a Bad Name), is born. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 5
1962*Philip Jonas Johannesburg South Africa, Canadian Tour golfer (1993 Payless-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Terry Steinbach New Ulm MN, catcher (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Suzette Charles Mays Landing NJ, replaced Vanessa Williams as Miss America (1984), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Ron Gant Victoria TX, outfielder (St Louis Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Judith Wiesner Hallein Austria, tennis star (1994 Schenectady), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Stevie Rachelle rock vocalist (Tuff-What Comes Around Goes Around), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Allan Boyko CFL slot back/twin of Bruce (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Bruce Boyko CFL fullback/twin of Allan (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Leo Gomez Canovanas PR, infielder (Chicago Cubs), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Penny "Stamper" Davis Carlisle England, Canadian 470 yachter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Kevin Miniefield NFL defensive back (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Steve Holman Indpls IN, miler, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Amber Smith Tampa FL, actress (Faithful, Funeral, Mirror Has 2 Faces), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Donna Perry Glendale CA, playmate (November 1994), is born.Ref: 5
1971*James Hammerstrand LaMesa CA, volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ray Hall NFL defensive tackle (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ruffin Hamilton NFL linebacker (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1973*John Elmore guard (Baltimore Ravens), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Paul Popowich actor (Tommy Tricker & Stamp Traveler), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Martine Dessureault Montréal Québec Canada, 50 meter swimmer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Arleen McDonald Miss Mississippi-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Lars Bruggemann hockey defenseman (Team Germany 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1987*Two sets of quintuplets were born on this day, as Rosalind Helms delivered a basketball team of bouncing babies in Peoria, IL and Robin Jenkins became the mother of five in Las Vegas, NV.Ref: 4
986*Lotharius King of France (954-86), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1122*Floris II the fat one, count of Holland, dies.Ref: 5
1127*Charles the Good, Count of Vlanderen, murdered.Ref: 5
1333*Wladyslaw IV the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies.Ref: 5
1383*Amadeus VI count of Savoy, dies.Ref: 5
1619*Anne of Denmark daughter of Danish king Frederik II, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1758 Johann Baptist Zimmermann German stucco worker, buried at 78.Ref: 5
1772*Robert J Pothier French lawyer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1787*Jean Allamand French theologist/natural philosopher, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1791*John Wesley religious leader: founder of ‘Methodism’ [forerunner of Methodist church]; writer: A Plain Account of Christian Perfection; , dies at age 87.Ref: 4
1797*Horace [Horatio] Walpole British horror writer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1800*Christian Friedrich Schale composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1822*Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber composer, dies at 40.Ref: 5
1840*Heinrich Olbers German astronomer (discoverer of comets & asteroids), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1855*Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1862*Frederick West Lander US Union Brigadier-General/poet, dies at 40.Ref: 5
1867*French A Durlet Belgian sculptor/architect, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1867*Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah MO, 1 dead.Ref: 5
1868*Carl Eberwein composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1882*Louis Kufferath composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1887*August W Eichler German botanist, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1887*Wilhelm Troszel composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1895 Ismail Pasha kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1895*Berthe Morisot, French painter/printmaker, dies at age 54.Ref: 70
1910*2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington WA, 118 die.Ref: 5
1916*Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva], Queen of Romania, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1918*Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian of the American West, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1930*Novelist D.H. (David Herbert) Lawrence (Lady Chatterly’s Lover) dies of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France, at the age of 45.Ref: 2
1932*David Jayne Hill, US diplomat, author, historian, educator, dies.Ref: 17
1933*Thomas Walsh, American politician; U.S. senator from Montana (1913-33), dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1937*Gustav Wohlgemuth composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1938*Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles CA).Ref: 5
1939*Howard Carter, British archaeologist/Egyptologist (King Tut), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1943*Alexandre Yersin Swiss bacteriologist (bacteria plague), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1944*Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy.Ref: 5
1945*Emily Carr, Canadian painter and writer, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1948*Producer/Director D.W. Griffith dies.Ref: 24
1950*M Joseph V d'Arbaud French poet/author (Li cant palustre), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1953*Cowboy (Lloyd) Copas country singer: Alabam, Goodbye Kisses, Signed, Sealed and Delivered; killed in plane crash with singer, Patsy Cline, dies.Ref: 4
1957*Harry E Soref inventor (padlock), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1959*Eric Blore actor (Abie's Irish Rose, Love Happy), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1959*Yrlö Henrik Kilpinen Finnish composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1962*Charles-Jean baron de la Vallée-Poussin Belgian engineer, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1967*Gordon Harker actor (Inspector Hornleigh), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1971*Charles W Engelhard US silver multi-millionaire, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1972*Bill Lawrence news anchor (ABC), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1973*Cleo Noel, US ambassador to Sudan, is assassinated.Ref: 5
1974*Barbara Ruick actress/singer (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 41.Ref: 5
1975*Jean Kurt Forest composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1979*Edith Craig actress (Harmony Lane, Smashing Rackets), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1979*Sir Richard Sykes British ambassador is assassinated in Holland.Ref: 5
1979*Mollah Mustafa Barzani Kurdish leader, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1981*Janear Hines actress (Roberta-Julia), dies at 30.Ref: 5
1982*Philip K[indred] Dick author (Hugo-1963, Dr Futurity), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1984*Louis Basile actor (Louie-The Super), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1985*John B Kelly Jr chairman US Olympics Committee, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1985*Sir Michael Redgrave actor/writer dies at 77 of Parkinson's disease.Ref: 5
1986*Marcel Liebman Belgian historian, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1986*Zafer Masri mayor of Nablus, murdered.Ref: 5
1987*Randolph Scott (Crane) actor: Last of the Mohicans, The Nevadan, Ride the High Country, To the Shores of Tripoli, Man in the Saddle, Go West Young Man, Bombardier, dies at age 84.Ref: 4
1991*Clark Mollenhoff US journalist (Pulitzer Prize), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Freek Zoetmulder publisher (Austrian Encyclopedia)/neo-Nazi, dies.Ref: 5
1991*James "Cool Papa" Bell Negro baseball league great, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1991*Serge Gainsbourg composer/actor (Fury of Hercules), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1992*Sandy Dennis actress (Up the Down Staircase), dies of cancer at 54.Ref: 5
1993*Floortje Peneder Dutch poet (Diary), dies at 15.Ref: 5
1993*Paul D Zimmerman US screenwriter (King of Comedy), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1994*Donald McKenzie MacKinnon philosopher, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1994*Tengiz Abuladze filmmaker, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1995*Hugo Cole musician/critic, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1995*Vladislav Listyev TV journalist, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1995*Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed.Ref: 5
1996*Jacobo Majluta President of Dominican Republic (1982), dies at 61Ref: 5
1998*Henry Steele Commager, American historian who wrote the fifty-five volume Rise of the American Nation, dies at age 95.Ref: 70
1999*Dusty Springfield (Mary Isabel Catherine Bernadette O’Brien) singer: Wishin’ and Hopin’, You Don’t Have to Say You Love Me, The Look of Love, Son-of-a-Preacher Man, The Windmills of Your Mind, A Brand New Me; group: The Springfields: Silver Threads and Golden Needles; inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame [3-15-99]; dies of breast cancer at age 59.Ref: 4
2002*Eleven Israelis were killed in a Palestinian suicide bombing in Jerusalem's ultra-Orthodox neighborhood.Ref: 70
2004*Former Cincinnati Reds owner Marge Schott dies at age 75 after a brief illness. (XDG, p 3B, 3/02/2004)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen