Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 7th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
161*Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor.Ref: 2
1138*Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king.Ref: 5
1530*King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England's church.Ref: 5
1633*Prince Frederik Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg.Ref: 5
1638*Controversial colonial churchwoman Anne Hutchinson, 47, and nineteen other exiles from the Massachusetts Bay Colony settle in Rhode Island, at the site of modern Portsmouth.Ref: 5
1644*Massachusetts establishes first 2-chamber legislature in colonies.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Sarah Osborne, Sarah Good, and Tituba are sent to a Boston prison.Ref: 21
1696*English King Willem III departs Netherlands.Ref: 5
1774*The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.Ref: 2
1777*A large Shawnee war party under Black Fish hits Harrodsburg KY.Ref: 60
1801*Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law.Ref: 5
1802*In Washington, D.C., the first Baptist church was organized with six charter members. Their first pastor Obadiah Brown was hired five years later, and Brown remained in that pulpit while involving himself in every important local Baptist program for the next 43 years!.Ref: 5
1808 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro.Ref: 5
1843*First Catholic Governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office.Ref: 5
1848*In Hawaii, the Great Mahele (division of lands) is signed.Ref: 5
1849 The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.Ref: 2
1850*In a three-hour speech to the US Senate, Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a means of preserving the Union.Ref: 5
1851*Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends.Ref: 5
1852 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law.Ref: 5
1857*Dred Scott case ends with Supreme Court holding that a slave cannot sue for freedom in federal court.Ref: 17
1872*-8º F in Boston MA.Ref: 5
1897*Dr. John Kellogg first serves his new invention, corn flakes-to patients in a mental institution.Ref: 10
1906*Finland becomes the first country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.Ref: 2
1906*(Shipp) Parden files a petition for writ of habeas corpus in federal district court in Knoxville. He alleges that his client was denied due process, a fair and impartial trial, and equal protection of the laws in violation of the U. S. Constitution. District Judge Charles Clark issues an order temporarily preventing Sheriff Shipp from taking Johnson from Knoxville, where he was imprisoned, to Chattanooga.Ref: 87
1908*Cincinnati’s mayor, Mark Breith stood before the city council and announced, “Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles.”Ref: 4
1914*Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania.Ref: 5
1918*President Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal.Ref: 5
1925*The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.Ref: 2
1925*American Negro Congress organizes.Ref: 5
1927*Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan.Ref: 5
1927*A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.Ref: 2
1934*As a result of driving Sheriff Holley's car (stolen on the 3rd) from Indiana to Illinois, Dillinger violates the Dyer Act, a federal offense. FBI enters the case.Ref: 42
1935*Saar incorporated into Germany.Ref: 5
1937 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR.Ref: 5
1941*German Jews ordered into forced labor.Ref: 35
1941*3rd largest snowfall in New York NY history (18.1").Ref: 5
1945 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms.Ref: 5
1957*The House votes 360-60 to authorize the President to use force in the Middle East to deter the Soviet Union. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1959*First aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 Mkm) in a jet (MC Garlow).Ref: 5
1960*Dutch Builders strike for CLA.Ref: 5
1965*(Selma, Ala.) Blacks begin a march to Montgomery in support of voting rights but are stopped at the Pettus Bridge by a police blockade. Fifty marchers are hospitalized after police use tear gas, whips, and clubs against them. The incident is dubbed "Bloody Sunday" by the media. Ref 
1965 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile.Ref: 5
1966*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1967*Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union & jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971).Ref: 5
1969*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1973*Sheik Mujib ur-Rahman's Awami League wins election in Bangladesh.Ref: 5
1974*"Monitor" (US Civil War Ship) restored at Cape Hatteras NC.Ref: 5
1974*First general striking in Ethiopia.Ref: 5
1975*The Senate revised its filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate in most cases, instead of the previously required two-thirds of senators present.Ref: 70
1975*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1976 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria.Ref: 5
1977 Ali Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party wins elections.Ref: 5
1977*Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin meets President Carter.Ref: 5
1978*Belgian baron Charles Bracht kidnapped.Ref: 5
1978*Dutch 2nd Chamber votes against neutron bomb.Ref: 5
1985*IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 (update) released.Ref: 5
1986 South-Africa emergency crisis in Brabant & Limburg ends.Ref: 5
1989*Partial eclipse of the Sun (Hawaii, NW North America, Greenland).Ref: 5
1991*(King) Los Angeles Police Chief Daryl Gates announces that the officers involved in the King beating will be prosecuted.Ref: 87
1993*Authorities said David Koresh, the leader of the Branch Davidians, was becoming irratable and had rejected proposals to end a week-long standoff at his compound near Waco TX. (XDG, p 4A, 3/07/2003)Ref: 83
1994*The Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that doesn't require permission from the copyright holder.Ref: 70
1994*ANC chief Nelson Mandela rejects demand by white right-wingers for separate homeland in South Africa.Ref: 5
1994*Charles Taylor resigns as President of Liberia.Ref: 5
1994*US Navy issues first permanent order assigning women on combat ship.Ref: 5
1995*Dollar worth 1.5330 Dutch guilder (record).Ref: 5
1995*New York becomes 38th state to have the death penalty.Ref: 5
1996*Three U.S. servicemen were convicted in the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl and sentenced by a Japanese court to up to seven years in prison.Ref: 70
1996*British Steel in Workington wins Lithuanian multi-million £ order.Ref: 5
1997 Five sue Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto, because his smoking has violated the country's constitution guaranteeing a wholesome life.Ref: 5
1998*US Secretary of State Madeline Albright, speaking in Rome, said the US would not tolerate any more violence in Kosovo, which she blamed on Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. (XDG, p 4A, 3/07/2003)Ref: 83
2001*Williamsport, PA. Elizabeth Catherine Bush, 14, wounded student Kimberly Marchese in the cafeteria of Bishop Neumann High School; she was depressed and frequently teased.Ref: 88
2002 By a razor-thin margin, Irish voters rejected a government plan to further toughen the country's already strict anti-abortion laws. (XDG, p 4A, 3/07/2003)Ref: 83
2002*The US House of Representatives passed, 417-to-3, a bill cutting taxes and extending unemployment benefits. (XDG, p 4A, 3/07/2003)Ref: 83
1778*Captain James Cook first sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay.Ref: 5
1806*Lewis & Clark: Having previously run out of whiskey, the expedition now runs out of tobacco. Patrick Gass reports that the men use crab tree bark as a substitute.Ref: 65
1854*Charles Miller of St. Louis received a patent for the sewing machine that stitches buttonholes.Ref: 4
1876*Alexander Graham Bell, of Salem, MA, patents the telephone (#174,465).Ref: 4
1893*H. J. Heinz Co. receives print patent #1 on label for preserves, celery sauce and ketchup.Ref: 10
1911*Willis Farnworth of Petaluma, CA patents the coin-operated locker.Ref: 4
1912*Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole.Ref: 5
1912*French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.Ref: 2
1926*The first successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation took place, between NY City and London.Ref: 94
1933*The board game Monopoly is invented.Ref: 2
1962*Launch of OSO 1, first astronomy satellite (solar flare data).Ref: 5
1973*Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory.Ref: 5
1979*Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.Ref: 2
1996*First surface photos of Pluto (photographed by Hubble Space Telescope).Ref: 5
1560 Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa.Ref: 5
1573 Turkey & Venice signs peace treaty.Ref: 5
1621 John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies.Ref: 5
1799*In Palestine, Napoleon captures Jaffa and his men massacre more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.Ref: 2
1862*Confederate forces surprise the Union army at the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, but the Union is victorious.Ref: 2
1862*Ben McCulloch US Confederate Brigadier-General (KIA), dies at age 50 in the second day of the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern.Ref: 5
1862*John Baillie McIntosh US General-Major (Union Army), dies at age 32 in the second day of the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern.Ref: 5
1862*William Slack US Confederate Brigadier-General, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1876 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians.Ref: 5
1900*Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees.Ref: 5
1902*Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal.Ref: 5
1904 The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.Ref: 2
1911*The United States sends 20,000 troops to the Mexican border as a precaution in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.Ref:77
1918*Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.Ref: 2
1921*Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt.Ref: 5
1936*Hitler breaks theTreaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact of 1925. German representatives inform foreign ministers and ambassadors of the German re-occupation of the Rhineland, and outline a peace plan including 25-year non-aggression pacts for all countries bordering on Germany.Ref: 5
1936* A small force of German troops marches across the Rhine bridges into the demilitarized areas of Germany towards Aachen, Trier and Saarbruecken. Once again neither the French nor British make any move to counter the flagrant breach of the Locarno Pact of 1925, which had been signed willingly by Germany and was supposed to keep these areas west of the Rhine free from German military units.Ref: 35
1941*50,000 British soldiers lands in Greece.Ref: 5
1941*British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia).Ref: 5
1942*The first cadets graduate from flying school at Tuskegee.Ref: 5
1942*British evacuate Rangoon in Burma. 
1942*Japanese invade Salamaua and Lae on New Guinea.Ref: 5
1942*15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta.Ref: 5
1943*Major General Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia.Ref: 5
1944*Japans begins offensive in Burma.Ref: 5
1945*US 9th Armoured Division takes Cologne and crosses the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, using the damaged but still usable Ludendorff Bridge. (Ref. 6)Ref: 36
1951*U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launch Operation Ripper, an offensive in to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.Ref: 2
1968*The Battle of Saigon, begun on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.Ref: 2
1971*A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.Ref: 2
1971 Egypt refuses to renew the Suez ceasefire.Ref: 5
1991*Iraq continues to explode oil fields in Kuwait.Ref: 5
1857*Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs.Ref: 5
1870*Cincinnati Red Stockings, first pro baseball team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East.Ref: 5
1900*Stanley Cup: Montréal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games.Ref: 5
1903*The Giants trade last season's part-time manager Heinie Smith to Detroit for second baseman Kid Gleason. Gleason is immediately sent to the Phillies.Ref: 1
1922 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard.Ref: 5
1922 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Sherwin Badger.Ref: 5
1923*Commissioner Landis turns down the American Legion requests to discontinue major league morning games on Memorial Day.Ref: 1
1924*At the age of 48, Reds' manager Pat Moran dies of Bright's disease at spring training.Ref: 1
1930*Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball.Ref: 5
1935*Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.Ref: 2
1940*Montréal Canadiens lose record tying NHL 15th straight game at home.Ref: 5
1940 Ray Steele beats B Nagurski in St Louis, to become wrestling champion.Ref: 5
1950 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in London won by Karol Kennedy & Peter Kennedy (USA).Ref: 5
1950 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova (Czechoslovakia).Ref: 5
1950 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in London won by Richard Button (USA); this is his 3rd consecutive win.Ref: 5
1951*Ezzard Charles wins 15-round heavyweight decision against Jersey Joe Walcott.Ref: 5
1954*Russia defeated Canada 7-2 to capture the world ice-hockey title in Stockholm, Sweden. It marked the first time that Russia participated in the ice-hockey competition and started a dynasty -- until being checked by Team USA in the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, NY.Ref: 4
1954*Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open.Ref: 5
1954 Russia wins title in their first international ice hockey competition.Ref: 5
1955*Baseball commissioner Ford Frick indicated that he was in favor of legalizing the spitball. The commissioner said, “It’s a great pitch.” Many, like Gaylord Perry and others would agree, but the rules never changed to allow the dastardly pitch. Catchers often said that when catching a spitball, one needed to wear a raincoat for protection.Ref: 4
1956*Still seeking workman's compensation coverage, the players accept the owners' position on the World Series television deal and the proposed minimum salary structure.Ref: 1
1958*Chicago Cardinals announce they will play their 1958 opener in Buffalo.Ref: 5
1970 World Ice Dance Championship in Ljubljana won by Liudmila Pakhomova & Alexandr Gorshkov (USSR).Ref: 5
1970 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Irina Rodnina & Alexei Ulanov (USSR).Ref: 5
1970 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (German Democratic Republic).Ref: 5
1970 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Tim Wood (USA).Ref: 5
1974*The New Orleans Jazz became the 18th member of the NBA in return for a $6.15-million expansion franchise fee. In a trade with the Atlanta Hawks, the Jazz acquired the flashy 6-5 Maravich as the team's first player. Aaron James was the club's initial selection in the NBA Draft. Ref 
1978*Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 5th penalty shot against Islanders.Ref: 5
1979*Baseball exhibition season opens with semipro & amateur umpires.Ref: 5
1979*Warren Giles & Hack Wilson selected to baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1982*Beth Daniel wins LPGA American Express Sun City Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1982*Jarmilla Kratochvilova run world record 400 meter indoor (49.59 seconds).Ref: 5
1986*Wayne Gretzky breaks own NHL season record with 136th assist.Ref: 5
1987*World Boxing Council (WBC) heavyweight champ, ‘Iron’ Mike Tyson, becomes the youngest heavyweight titlist ever as he beat James "Bonecrusher" Smith in a decision during a 12-round bout in Las Vegas.Ref: 4
1987*Hearns Thomas ''Hit-Man" KO's Dennis Andries of London in the 10th round for the light-heavyweight boxing title in Detroit MI.Ref: 97
1988*Jim Abbott, 1-handed pitcher, wins 58th James E Sullivan Award.Ref: 5
1990*H. Wayne Huizenga announces he has purchased half of Joe Robbie Stadium and 15% of the Miami Dolphins for an estimated $30 million. Huizenga states his intention to aggressively pursue an expansion franchise.Ref: 86
1992 Nicole Stevenson swims world record 200 meter backstroke (2 :6.78).Ref: 5
1994*David Platt appointed captain of English football team.Ref: 5
1996*Magic Johnson is 2nd NBA player to reach 10,000 career assists.Ref: 5
1997*Athens, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome & Stockholm are finalists for 2004 Olympics siteRef: 5
2001*Bud Selig upholds the January 14 Blue Jay and White Sox trade which sent Toronto pitchers David Wells and Matt DeWitt to the White Sox in exchange for pitchers Mike Sirotka, Kevin Beirne and Mike Williams and outfielder Brian Simmons. Although, upon further medical examinations, Mike Sirotka was determined to be 'damaged goods' prior to the deal, the commissioner used a 'buyers beware' policy stating the individual club must take responsibility for the information originally used in making the transaction.Ref: 1
1571*Cervantes loses use of left arm at Battle of Lepanto in Venetian-held Cyprus.Ref: 10
1824*Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" premieres in Venice.Ref: 5
1838*Soprano Jenny Lind ("the Swedish Nightingale") makes her debut in Weber's opera Der Freischultz.Ref: 2
1896*Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1896 First movies shown in England at Empire Leicester Square 1 minute reels including "Feeding Baby.”Ref: 10
1917*The 1st 78 rpm jazz record issued is "Dixie Jazz Band One Step", recorded by Nick LaRocca Original Dixieland Jazz Band, released by RCA Victor in Camden NJ.Ref: 5
1918*H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1933*The film King Kong premieres in New York City.Ref: 2
1933 CBS radio debuted the first daytime radio serial on this day. Marie the Little French Princess had a successful run of two years on the air.Ref: 4
1939*Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians recorded one of the most popular songs of the century. The standard, Auld Lang Syne, was recorded for Decca Records ... about two months and a week late, we’d say.Ref: 4
1939 Glamour magazine begins publishing.Ref: 5
1944 Norman Corwin hosted a program titled, Columbia Presents Corwin on the CBS radio network this day. It was the first time the show was broadcast.Ref: 4
1946*"Three to Make Ready" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 performances.Ref: 5
1946 Max Frisch' "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zürich.Ref: 5
1946*Grauman’s Chinese Theatre on Hollywood Boulevard was the site of the 18th Annual Academy Awards celebration. The Best Motion Picture of 1945 was Paramount’s The Lost Weekend, produced by Charles Brackett. It also won for Best Director (Billy Wilder), Best Actor (Ray Milland), and Best Writing of a Screenplay (Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder). The Oscar for Best Actor in a Supporting Role went to James Dunn for A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. Best Actress was Joan Crawford for her perfomance in Mildred Pierce. The votes for The Best Actress in a Supporting Role prize went to Anne Revere for National Velvet.Ref: 4
1951*Lillian Hellman's "Autumn Garden" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1955 Comedienne Phyllis Diller makes her debut at the Purple Onion in San Francisco, CA.Ref: 4
1955*Peter Pan, with Mary Martin and Cyril Richard, is presented as a television special for the first time.Ref: 4
1955*7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas & Loretta Young.Ref: 5
1959*"Bells Are Ringing" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 925 performances.Ref: 5
1966*"Wait A Minim!" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 457 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Clark Gesner's musical "You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1981*"Bring Back Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 4 performances.Ref: 5
1982*NCAA Tournament Selection televised live for first time.Ref: 5
1983*TNN (The Nashville Network) begins on Cable TV.Ref: 5
1985 Following five decades of publication and chronicling social and consumer issues, Commonwealth magazine ceased publication on this day.Ref: 4
1985*The song We Are the World, from the album of the same name, was played on the radio for the first time. Forty-five of pop music’s top stars had gathered together to combine their talents to record the music of Lionel Richie and Michael Jackson. Richie and Jackson sang, too, while Quincy Jones did the producing of the USA for Africa record. The proceeds of the multimillion-selling recording went to aid African famine victims. The project, coordinated by Ken Kragen, was deemed a huge success.Ref: 4
1988*Howard Stern's first pay-per-view "Underpants & Negligee Party".Ref: 5
1989 Iran drops diplomatic relations with Britain over Salman Rushdie's book "The Satanic Verses".Ref: 5
1993*Diff'rent Stroke actor Todd Bridges arrested for stabbing a tenant.Ref: 5
1993*23rd Easter Seal Telethon.Ref: 5
1994*8th American Comedy Awards: Carrot Top wins.Ref: 5
1997*11th Soul Train Music Awards.Ref: 5
2003*Virtually every musical on Broadway shut down as musicians went on strike, and actors and stagehands said they wouldn't cross their picket lines; the walkout lasted four days.Ref: 70
1543*Johan Casimir count of Rhine (occupied Gent), is born.Ref: 5
1574*John Wilbye composer, is born.Ref: 5
1602*Kano Tanju Japanese painter (palaces, portraits), is born.Ref: 5
1621*Georg Neumark composer, is born.Ref: 5
1659*Henry Purcell English organist/composer (Dido & Aeneas), is born.Ref: 5
1663*Tomaso Antonio Vitali composer, is born.Ref: 5
1671 Rob Roy is born.Ref: 10
1682 Johan W van Ripperda Dutch diplomat/baron/duke, is born.Ref: 5
1693*Carlo Rezzonico (later Pope Clement XIII (1758-69)) is born.Ref: 69
1707*(Declaration of Independence) Stephen Hopkins, judge, educator, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Providence, RI.Ref: 2
1715*Ewald Christian von Kleist German lyric poet (Der Frühling), is born.Ref: 5
1731*Jean-Louis Laruette composer, is born.Ref: 5
1762 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh director-general (East Indies Company), is born.Ref: 5
1765*Joseph N Niépce French inventor (photography), is born.Ref: 5
1769*Josef Alois Ladurner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1773*Tommaso Marchesi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1785*Alessandro Manzoni Italy, poet/novelist (Betrothed), is born.Ref: 5
1792*Sir John Frederick William Herschel, astronomer, son of William Herschel and brother of Caroline Herschel, is born in Slough England.Ref: 68
1797*Karl Schwencke composer, is born.Ref: 5
1799*Frantisek L Celakovsky Czechoslovakian poet (national anthem, folk song), is born.Ref: 5
1807*Franz Grave von Pocci German poet/composer (Der Alchemist), is born.Ref: 5
1811*Giuseppe Ferrari, Italian historian and political philosopher, is bornRef: 70
1811*Christian Heinrich Hohmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1813*Judocus Smits Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer/founder (The Time), is born.Ref: 5
1813*Hawaiian King Kamehameha III is born.Ref: 68
1820*Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Victor Masse composer, is born.Ref: 5
1825*Birth of Alfred Edersheim, English biblical scholar. Converted to Christianity from Judaism before age 20, Edersheim later published "The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah" (1883A90), a Christian classic still in print!.Ref: 5
1827*Henry DeLamar Clayton Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889, is born.Ref: 5
1831*John Bratton [Old Reliable], US physician/Confederate Brigadier General, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Orlando Metcalfe Poe Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895, is born.Ref: 5
1837*Henry Draper, American physician and amateur astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1841*Olegario Víctor Andrade Argentina, poet (El nido de cóndores), is born.Ref: 5
1842*Anne van Diest Belgian physician/feminist, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Anthony Comstock New Canaan CT, anti-vice crusader/philatelist, is born.Ref: 5
1849*Luther Burbank Lancaster MA, horticulturist, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Tomás G Masaryk Czechoslovakia, Father/President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), is born.Ref: 5
1856*Matilde Serao [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne), is born.Ref: 5
1857*Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian Nobel Prize-winning (1927) psychiatrist and neurologist, is born.Ref: 70
1858*Nikolai Artzibushev composer, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Paul Ernst writer, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Birth of Peter Cameron Scott, founder of the Africa Inland Mission. In 1895, Scott led the first band of missionaries to reach Kenya. He died in Africa the following year, at 29, of blackwater fever. Over 700 AIM missionaries have since followed in Scott's footsteps.Ref: 5
1869*Ernst J Cohen Dutch chemist, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Piet Mondrian Holland, abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie), is born.Ref: 5
1872*Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Composer of Boléro, Maurice Ravel is born in Cibourne, France.Ref: 70
1883*Carl Deis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Raymond Largay Wisconsin, actor (April in Paris, Variety Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Helen Parkhurst, educator, developed a technique later known as the Dalton Plan, is born.Ref: 68
1887*Heino Eller composer, is born.Ref: 5
1888 Alidius van Starkenborch Stachouwer Governor of Netherland Indies (1936-45), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Marcel Barger [Meyer Streliskie], cabaret performer (I keep Susy), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Juan Jose Castro composer, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Erwin Bodky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1898 Jan Bata Czechoslovakian shoe manufacturer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*[Albert] Carel Willink Dutch painter (magic realism), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Giuseppe Capogrossi Italian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Heinz [Heinrich William] Ruehmann Essen Germany, actor/director (Der Hauptmann von Köpenick), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Reinhard Heydrich, German SS leader and architect of the "Final Solution., is born.Ref: 2
1904*Ivar Ballangrud Norway, Olympics speed skater (4 gold, 2 silver), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Virginia Downing actress (Gig, Butterfield 8), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Willy Forst Austria actor/director (Vienna Blood), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Vera Fjodorova Panova Russian author (Sputniki), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Alejandro Garcia Caturla composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Hans Lachman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Rolf Jacobsen, Norwegian poet, is born.Ref: 2
1907*Juan Francisco Giacobbe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Mircea Eliade religious historian (Le Yoga), is born.Ref: 5
1908 Joop [Joseph] van Santen Dutch first chamber member (CPN), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Tomas de Manzarraga composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Anna Magnani actress: The Rose Tattoo, The Miracle, The Fugitive Kind, Bellissimo: Images of the Italian Cinema; is born in Rome Italy.Ref: 5
1909*Greta Schoon writer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Leo Malet writer, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Stefan Kisielewski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Morton DaCosta Philadelphia PA, director (Island of Love, Music Man), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Jacques Chaban-Delmas French politician, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Lee Young, jazz musician: drummer: Nat King Cole Trio, Lee Young Band, is born.Ref: 4
1917*Davis Roberts Mobile AL, actor (Mr Johnson-Boone), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Janet Collins ballerina, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Robert Erickson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*June Wayne artist/lithographer/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1919 Jocelyn Olaf Hambro financier, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Mochtar Lubis Indonesian writer (Twilight in Djakarta), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Andy Phillip NBA Basketball Hall of Famer: Univ. of Illinois [‘floor general’: Whiz Kids]; Philadelphia Warriors, Atlanta Hawks, Detroit Pistons; Associated Press all-time All-American team [1950]; is born.Ref: 4
1923*Mahlon Clark musician: clarinet/reeds: Lawrence Welk’s band, is born.Ref: 4
1924*Eduardo Paolozzi British sculptor (Hydra), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Kobo Abe Tokyo Japan, playwright (Woman, the Dunes), is born.Ref: 5
1927*James Broderick actor: Alice’s Restaurant, Dog Day Afternoon; is born in Charleston NH.Ref: 68
1930*Tom (Thomas James) Acker baseball: pitcher: Cincinnati Redlegs, Cincinnati Reds, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Anthony Armstrong-Jones [Earl of Snowdon] London England, photographer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*C W Stubblefield music promoter, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen director Social Businesses of Press, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Donald Barthelme US, writer (Snow White), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Frank Morelli jazz musician: baritone sax, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Willard Scott weather forecaster (Today Show), is born.Ref: 68
1934*King Curtis [Curtis Ousley], rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Georges Perec French writer (Seire Noire, Retour a la bien-aimee), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Anne Kristen actress (Truth or Dare, Rachel-Dr Finlay, Sunset Song), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Don Bonker (Representative-Democrat-WA, 1975- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Homero Blancas Houston TX, PGA golfer (1972 Phoenix Open), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Janet Guthrie auto racer: first woman in Indpls 500; International Women’s Sports Hall of Famer, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Marion Marlowe St Louis MO, singer (Arthur Godfrey & Friends), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Daniel J Travanti, Kenosha WI, actor (Frank Furillo-Hill St Blues), is born.Ref: 68
1940*Harald Gerlach writer, is born.Ref: 5
1940 Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke German student leader (Glasnost Berlin), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Viktor Petrovich Savinykh USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-4, T-13, TM-5), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Piers Paul Read, British author, is born.Ref: 17
1942*Walt Disney Company chairman Michael Eisner is born in Kisko NY. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1942*Pete Beathard football: Kansas City Chiefs quarterback: Super Bowl I, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Al[bert] Tanara WLAF defensive coach (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Paul Preuss US, sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Tommy F Robinson (Representative-Democrat-AR, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Tammy Faye Bakker (Tamara Faye LaValley) TV evangelist; once married to founder of PTL Club, Jim Bakker, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Bill MacMillan hockey: NHL: Toronto Maple Leafs, Atlanta Flames, NY Islanders; coach/GM: New Jersey Devils, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Rick (Richard) Redman football: Washington State, Univ. of Washington; San Diego Chargers, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Carole Peel Australian softball assistant coach (Olympics-bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Chris White rock bassist (Zombies-Never Even Thought), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Leon Frank Sylvers rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Chris White musician: bass: group: The Zombies: She’s Not There, You Make Me Feel Good, Tell Her No, She’s Coming Home, I Want You Back Again, Time of the Seasons, is born.Ref: 68
1944*Elton Gallegly (Representative-Republican-CA), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Jürgen Theobaldy writer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Townes Van Zandt musician, is born.Ref: 5
1944 Sir Ranulph Fiennes is born.Ref: 10
1945*Arthur Lee rocker (Vindicator), is born.Ref: 5
1945*John Heard actor: The Pelican Brief, Radio Flyer, Home Alone series, Rambling Rose, The Milagro Beanfield War, Big, Beaches, First Love, Between the Lines, Perfect Murder, Perfect Town, is born in Washington DC.Ref: 4
1946*Matthew Fisher London, rock keyboardist (Procol Harum), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Peter Wolf (Blankfield), rock singer: group: J. Geils Band: Centerfold; Lights Out, Freeze-Frame; married Faye Dunaway, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Donna Loren Boston MA, singer/actress (Beach Blanket Bingo), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Lewis J Stadlen Brooklyn NY, actor (John-Benson, Savages, Windy City), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Richard Lawson Loma Linda CA, actor (Eddie-The O'Neills), is born.Ref: 5
1947 Robert O'Neill Crossman politician, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bernie MacNeil hockey: NHL: SL Blues, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Billy Joe DuPree football: Dallas Cowboys tight end: Super Bowl X, XII, XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Mark Pinter Decorah IA, actor (Karl-Behind the Screen, Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Franco Harris Pro Football Hall of Famer: Pittsburgh Steelers running back: Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Jeff (Jeffrey Alan) Burroughs baseball: Washington Senators, Texas Rangers [all-star: 1974], Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1978], Seattle Mariners, Oakland Athletics, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Linda Gibboney actress (Search for Tomorrow, Jessica-Generations), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Lynn Swann Pro Football Hall of Famer: Pittsburgh Steelers wide receiver: Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV; TV sportscaster, is born.Ref: 68
1952*Ernie Isley US vocalist/guitarist (It's Your Thing, Heat is On), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Jules Shear rock musician, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Kathleen Sullivan Pasadena CA, newscaster (E!), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Matt Frenette rock drummer (Loverboy), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Rik Mayall comedian (Drop Dead Fred, Bottom, Little Noises), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Thomas Edward Lehman Austin MN, PGA golfer (1994 Memorial Tournament), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Joe Carter Oklahoma City OK, outfielder (Toronto Blue Jays), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Ivan Lendl tennis champion: Australian Open [1989,1983,1990], French Open [1984, 1986, 1987], U.S. Open [1985, 1986, 1987], is born in Czechoslovakia.Ref: 4
1961*Mary Beth Evans Pasadena CA, actress (Katherine-General Hospital, Kayla-Days of our Lives), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Taylor Dayne [Leslie Wunderman], Long Island NY, vocalist (I'll Always Love You), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Mike Eagles Sussex, NHL center (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Amy Baltus Bloomington IN, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-13th-1992), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Jeff Criswell NFL tackle (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1965*[Willie] Flipper Anderson NFL wide receiver (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Cameron Daddo Melbourne Australia, actor (Brian Petersen-Models Inc), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jesper Bo Parnevik Stockholm Sweden, PGA golfer (1995 Nestle-5th), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Steve Beuerlein NFL quarterback (Jacksonville Jaguars, Car Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Paul Davis musician: keyboards: group: Happy Mondays, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Jeff Feagles NFL punter (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Mel Rojas Haina Dominican Republic, pitcher (Montréal Expos), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Terry Carkner Smiths Falls, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Zheng Haixia WNBA center (Los Angeles Sparks), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Jeff Kent Bellflower CA, infielder (New York Mets), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Ricky Proehl NFL wide receiver (Seattle Seahawks, Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Anne Marie Lauck Rochester NY, marathoner (Olympics-10th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Anthony Davis NFL linebacker (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Brian Jamieson Livingston NJ, rower (Olympics-silver-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Geoff Smith Edmonton, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Matt Blundin NFL quarterback (Kansas City Chiefs, Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Sam Gash NFL running back (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Jacquelyn Doucette Miss Massachusetts-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1970*James Calvin Spivey Schiller Park IL, miler, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Kathy Gedney Indpls IN, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-25th-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Alison Herst Toronto Ontario, kayaker (Olympics-5-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Andrew Finch rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Marina Hatzakis Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Joost Volmer soccer player (FC Twente), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Andrey Savenkov hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1975*William Hampton CFL defensive back (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Ludmila Richterova Kosice Slovakia, tennis star (1995 Bournemouth), is born.Ref: 5
-322*-BC- One of two dates given for Aristotle's death.Ref: 5
161*Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], emperor of Rome (138-61), dies at age 74 at Lorium.Ref: 5
1040*Harold I King of England (1035-40), dies.Ref: 5
1111*Bohemund I of Tarente French ruler of Antioch, dies.Ref: 5
1274*St Thomas Aquinas Italian thelogian dies at 48.Ref: 5
1305*Gwijde van Dampierre count of Flanders/count of Namur, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1719 Steven J Vennekool Amsterdam's master builder, buried.Ref: 5
1724*Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Pope (1721-24), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1737*Guido Starhemberg Austrian earl/fieldmarshal, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1750*Cornelis Troost Dutch painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1761*Antonio Palella composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1782*Ohio Territory militiamen begin a two-day massacre of the Moravian Indian town of Gnadenhutten (modern New Philadelphia, Ohio). In all, 96 Christian Indians of the Delaware tribe were slaughtered, in retaliation for Indian raids made elsewhere in the Ohio Territory.Ref: 5
1786*Frantisek Benda composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1802*Johann Georg Witthauer composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1804*John Wedgwood founder (Royal Horticulture Society), dies.Ref: 5
1809*Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Austrian composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1809*Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard, French balloonist; made first English Channel aerial crossing, dies at age 55.Ref: 70
1810 Albertus H Wiese Governor-General of Netherland Indies, dies at about 48.Ref: 5
1833*Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin German author, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1842*Christian Theodor Weinlig composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1907*Victor Alphonse Duvernoy composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1911*Antonio Fogazzarro Italian writer/poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1926*Jindrich Z Albestu Kaan composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1931*Akseli V Gallen-Kallela Finnish painter/illustrator, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1931*Theo van Doesburg [Christian Kupper], painter/architect, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1932*Police kill four striking workers at Ford's Dearborn, Michigan plant.Ref: 4
1932*Aristide Briand, French statesman; served 11 times as premier, (Nobel 1926), dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1939*Amadeo Roldan composer, dies at 38.Ref: 5
1940*Edwin Markham, American poet and lecturer, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1941*Arnold Schering German musicologist, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1941*Günther Prien German commandant (U-47), dies in battle.Ref: 5
1941*Julian Eltinge [William Dalton], American vaudeville star and famous female impersonator, dies at age 57.Ref: 68
1945*Adolf Bartels German writer/racist, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1951*Ali Razmara, Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated.Ref: 5
1951*Ivor Novello British writer (Keep the Home Fires Burning), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1951*William Draper Harkins, American chemist, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1954*Will Hays, American politician and president of Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association (1922-45), dies at age 74Ref: 70
1954*James Bryan Herrick, American cardiologist; studied sickle-cell anemia, dies at age 92.Ref: 70
1955*Tom Dugan actor (Pick a Star), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1959*Arthur C Pigou English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies.Ref: 5
1959*Hinsdale Smith developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1961*Englebert van Anderlecht Belgian painter, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1961 Max Hymans WWII resistance fighter/Head of Air France, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1964*Franz Alexander Hungarian/US psychoanalyst, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1968*Yuri Aleksayevich Gagarin USSR cosmonaut (Vostok I), dies at 31.Ref: 5
1971*Stevie Smith, English poet, novelist and short story writer, dies at age 68.Ref: 68
1973*André de Meulemeester Belgian WWI pilot [Eagle of Flanders], dies at 78.Ref: 5
1975*Ben Blue (Benjamin Bernstein) actor, comedian: Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?, Broadway Rhythm, The Big Broadcast of 1938; dies at age 73.Ref: 4
1975*Francine Larrimore actress (John Meade's Woman), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1976*Erwin Kroll composer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1978*Steve Bilko baseball: St. Louis Cardinals 1B, Cubs, Reds, Dodgers, Tigers, Angels; dies.Ref: 4
1979*Guiomar Novaes pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1979*Klaus Egge Norwegian composer (Fanitullen), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1981*1st homicide at Disneyland, 18 year old is stabbed to death.Ref: 5
1981*Anti-government guerrillas in Colombia executed kidnapped American Bible translator Chester Allen Bitterman, whom they accused of being a CIA agent.Ref: 70
1981*John Gnagy artist (Learn to Draw), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1981*Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin Russian conductor/composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1982*Charles Borromeo Mills composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1983*Igor Markevich composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1983*Robert Bray actor (Corey-Lassie, Simon-Stagecoach West), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1985*George Schick Czechoslovakian conductor (Chicago Symphony), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1985*Robert W Woodruff CEO (Coca-Cola), dies at 95.Ref: 5
1985*Victor W Farris inventor of paper milk carton, etc, dies.Ref: 5
1986*Jacob K Javits (Senator-Republican-NY), dies in Palm Beach FL at 81.Ref: 5
1988*Divine [Harris Glenn Milstead] transvestite actor (Hairspray, Polyester, Pink Flamingos), dies in Los Angeles at 42.Ref: 5
1988*Robert Livingston actor (Lone Ranger), dies at 83 of emphysema.Ref: 5
1990*Max Neuhaus composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1990*3 passengers killed & 162 injured as subway train derails (Philadelphia).Ref: 5
1991*James Bell ‘Cool Papa’: Baseball Hall of Famer: Negro League [1922-1950]: St. Louis Stars, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Homestead Grays, Kansas City Stars; fastest man ever to play baseball: could round the bases in 13 seconds: “ fast he could get out of bed, turn out the lights across the room, and be back under the covers before the lights went out...”; died Mar 7, 1991Ref: 4
1993*Earl Wrightson actor, singer: Shakespeare’s Greatest Hits; dies of heart failure at 77.Ref: 4
1993*Arnold Franchetti Ital/US composer, dies.Ref: 5
1993*Earl Wrightson singer/actor (Pinafore), dies of heart failure at 77.Ref: 5
1995*Don Cook British foreign correspondent, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1995*Jaap van den Hurk TV-director (NCRV), dies.Ref: 5
1995*Jacques Lefebvre Belgian air force general, commits suicide at 64.Ref: 5
1995*John Arthur Neill Lambert composer teacher organist, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1995*Paul-Emile Victor French pole explorer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1995*Thijmen Kuijt resistance fighter/co-found paper (Typhoon), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996*Aled Eames maritime historian, dies at 74Ref: 5
1997*E. M. Purcell, American Nobel Prize-winning physicist (1952), dies at age 84.Ref: 1
1999*Movie director Stanley Kubrick died in Hertfordshire, England, at age 70.Ref: 70
2000*Joseph Palczynski kills 3 people while kidnapping his ex-girlfriend. (The Cincinnati Enquirer, 03/19/2000, p. A18) 
2001*Frankie Carle (Carlone) pianist, bandleader [w/Horace Heidt], led own band: Saturday Night is the Loneliest Night of the Year, wrote: Oh What It Seemed to Be, Falling Leaves, Lover’s Lullaby; dies.Ref: 4
2004*Paul Winfield (actor: Tyson, Breathing Lessons, Carbon Copy, Cliffhanger, Dennis the Menace, Presumed Innocent, Sounder, The Terminator, Star Trek 2) dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen