Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 8th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1418*Jacoba van Bayern marries her cousin John IV van Brabant.Ref: 5
1586 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor.Ref: 5
1698*The first meeting convened of the British group which later formed the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK).Ref: 5
1702*Queen Ann becomes the monarch of England upon the death of William III.Ref: 2
1706 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established.Ref: 5
1711*Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder.Ref: 5
1754*Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain.Ref: 5
1766 Willem V (18) becomes Governor of United Provinces.Ref: 5
1770*(Boston Massacre) The first four victims of the massacre are buried in the Granary Burying Ground. All shops are closed. Church bells ring throughout the city of Boston.Ref: 87
1790*George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address.Ref: 2
1838*US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes).Ref: 5
1853*The first bronze statue of Andrew Jackson is unveiled in Washington, D.C.Ref: 2
1854*US Commodore Matthew C. Perry makes his second landing in Japan. Within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese.Ref: 5
1855*A train passed over the first railway suspension bridge -- at Niagara Falls, NY.Ref: 4
1880*President Rutherford B. Hays declares that the United States will have jurisdiction over any canal built across the isthmus of Panama.Ref: 2
1894 A dog license law was enacted in the state of New York. This was the first such animal control law in the U.S. It cost dog owners a $2 annual fee per dog in cities with a population over 1,200,000.Ref: 4
1896*Volunteers of America forms (New York NY).Ref: 5
1904*The Bundestag in Germany lifts the ban on the Jesuit order of priests.Ref: 2
1908*First International Women's Day.Ref: 62
1908*The House of Commons, London, turns down the women's suffrage bill.Ref: 2
1908 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, New York.Ref: 5
1909*Pope Pius X lifts the church ban on interfaith marriages in Hungary.Ref: 2
1911*International Women's Day (1st celebrated).Ref: 5
1913*Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes.Ref: 5
1915*First US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned.Ref: 5
1917*The U.S. Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.Ref: 70
1920*Roberto Elia and Andrea Salsedo, anarchists who worked for the Cronaca Sovversiva, are taken into custody by the Department of Justice without a warrant or being arrested. They are beaten until they agree to inform on their fellow anarchists.Ref: 87
1920*Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations.Ref: 5
1921*The United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Australia was organized at Ebenezer, in South Australia. In 1966 the UELCA united with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Australia (ELCA) to form the Lutheran Church of Australia (LCA).Ref: 5
1927*Pan American Airlines incorporates.Ref: 5
1929 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia.Ref: 5
1930 Mahatma Gandhi starts civil disobedience in India.Ref: 5
1932*Dr. John F. Condon publishes an open letter to Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr.'s kidnappers in the Bronx Home News.Ref: 87
1932*Depression Wall St. bottoms out at 41.22; will not recover high of 381 for another 25 yrs.Ref: 10
1943 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico.Ref: 5
1945*International Women's Day is first observed.Ref: 5
1946*The New York Journal American became the first commercial business to receive a helicopter license.Ref: 4
1948*The U.S. Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional.Ref: 2
1949*The trial of Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally) ends. She will be acquitted of 7 of 8 counts of treason and sentenced to 10 - 30 years in prison. Ref 
1949*Vietnam independence within French Union proclaimed.Ref: 10
1950*First woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters).Ref: 5
1950*Marshall Voroshilov of USSR announces they developed atomic bomb.Ref: 5
1952*Antoine Pinay forms French government.Ref: 5
1953*A census bureau report indicated that 239,000 farmers had quit tilling the soil and planting crops (giving up farming) over the previous two years.Ref: 4
1954*France and Vietnam open talks in Paris on a treaty to form the state of Indochina.Ref: 2
1957*USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test.Ref: 5
1958*William Faulkner says US schools degenerated to become babysitters.Ref: 5
1961*US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hours.Ref: 5
1962*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1963*An avalanche occurs in Tempayaeta, Southern Andes.Ref: 81
1963 Syrian Arab Republic Revolution Day: Military coup in Syria.Ref: 5
1966*An IRA bomb destroyed Nelson's Column in Dublin.Ref: 5
1968 Students demonstrate in Warsaw.Ref: 5
1969*The Pontiac Firebird Trans Am is introduced.Ref: 3
1969 Marriage of 12 year old Marcella Rosciglione in Palermo Italy.Ref: 5
1972*First airship flown over Britain in 20 years (Europa).Ref: 5
1972*First flight of the Goodyear blimp.Ref: 5
1973*Eisenhower Tunnel, world's highest/US longest, opens.Ref: 5
1973*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1973*Two bombs explode near Trafalgar Square in Great Britain, injuring 234.Ref: 2
1974*Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris France.Ref: 5
1975*Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg Manitoba.Ref: 5
1976*3,902 lbs (largest observed) stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China.Ref: 5
1977*Henry L Marsh III elected mayor of Richmond.Ref: 5
1977*Princess Anne announces she's expecting her first child (Peter).Ref: 5
1980*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1982*The United States accuses the Soviets of killing 3,000 Afghans with poison gas.Ref: 2
1983*IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0.Ref: 5
1983*House Foreign Affairs Committee endorses nuclear weapons freeze with USSR.Ref: 5
1983*President Reagan calls the USSR an "Evil Empire".Ref: 5
1985*The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) taxed themselves to discover that 407,700 Americans were millionaires -- more than double the total of just five years before.Ref: 4
1986*Four French television crew members were abducted in west Beirut; a caller claimed Islamic Jihad was responsible. (All four were eventually released.)Ref: 5
1987*FBI apprehends most wanted Claude L Dallas, Jr in California.Ref: 5
1991*(King) District Attorney Ira Reiner announces that he will seek indictments against the officers from a grand jury. Fifteen officers present at the scene of the King arrest are suspended.Ref: 87
1991*Planeloads of US troops arrive home from the Persian Gulf, Iraq hands over 40 foreign journalists & 2 American soldiers it captured.Ref: 5
1991*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1993*The Dow Jones Industrials soar to a record high, climbing 64.84 to end the day at 3469.42.Ref: 83
1994*Defense Department announces smoking ban in workplaces.Ref: 5
1995*-26ºF (-32.2ºC) in Bismarck ND.Ref: 5
1995*Costis Stephanopoulos becomes President of Greece.Ref: 5
1995 Dutch Liberal Party wins Provincial-National electionsRef: 5
1995*-44ºF (-42.2ºC) in Chosedacharad, Komi-district, on 67ºN.Ref: 5
1996*Dr Jack Kevorkian is acquitted of assisted suicide for helping two suffering patients kill themselves. (XDG, p 4A, 3/8/2001)Ref: 83
1999*The Clinton administration directed the firing of nuclear scientist Wen Ho Lee from his job at the Los Alamos National Laboratory because of alleged security violations.Ref: 70
2000*Intel Co. introduced the Intel Pentium III processor 1.0 GHz (gigahertz or 1,000 megahertz), the world's highest performance microprocessor for PCs. The Pentium III processor at 1 GHz delivers a 15 percent performance gain over the fastest processors on the market today (Intel 2000).Ref: 75
2001*The Republican-controlled House voted for an across-the-board tax cut of nearly $1 trillion over the next decade, handing President Bush a major victory only 48 days into his term.Ref: 70
1618*Johann Kepler discovers the third Law of Planetary Motion.Ref: 2
1858*Lake Victoria is discovered by Captain Speke.Ref: 62
1887*The telescopic fishing rod, made of steel tubes inside one another, is patented by Everett Horton of Connecticut.Ref: 4
1910*Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris France becomes the first woman to obtain a pilot's license in France.Ref: 2
1934*Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars.Ref: 5
1952*World's first implantation of an artificial heart valve in a human.Ref: 10
1961*Max Conrad circles the globe in a record time of eight days, 18 hours and 49 minutes in Piper Aztec.Ref: 2
1979*First extraterrestrial volcano discovered (Jupiter's satellite Io) by Voyager 1.Ref: 5
1979*Shuttle Columbia (OV-102) transported 38 miles overland from Palmdale.Ref: 5
1985*Thomas Creighton, US heart patient, dies after having three heart transplants in a 46-hour period.Ref: 2
1986*Japanese probe Suisei passes Halley's Comet at 109,800 km.Ref: 5
1658 Peace of Roskilde between Sweden & Denmark.Ref: 5
1722 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia.Ref: 5
1746 Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen.Ref: 5
1801*British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt.Ref: 5
1861*St Augustine FL surrenders to Union armies.Ref: 5
1862*Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads VA: A two-day battle begins when the Confederate Ironclad 'Merrimac' sinks two wooden Union ships then battles the Union Ironclad 'Monitor' to a draw. Naval warfare is thus changed forever, making wooden ships obsolete.Ref: 2
1862*On the second day of the Battle of Pea Ridge, Confederate forces, including some Indian troops, under General Earl Van Dorn suprise Union troops, but the Union troops win the battle.Ref: 2
1862*The Confederate ironclad C.S.S. Virginia (formerly U.S.S. Merrimack) is launched.Ref: 2
1862*Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal.Ref: 5
1865*Battle of Kingston NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks).Ref: 5
1916*US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime.Ref: 5
1917*In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Old Style Julian calendar) begins as the Russian army garrison at Petrograd refuses to suppress striking workers and defects to the cause of the socialist revolutionaries.Ref: 3
1917*US invades Cuba for 3rd time.Ref: 5
1921 French troops occupy Dusseldorf.Ref: 2
1941*Martial law is proclaimed in Holland in order to extinguish any anti-Nazi protests.Ref: 2
1942*An attack on Essen, Germany, uses British "Gee" aircraft navigation equipment for the first time in active duty. 
1942*Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma, during World War II.Ref: 70
1942*KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies.Ref: 5
1943*Japanese forces attack American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle will last five days.Ref: 2
1943*335 allied bombers attack Neurenberg.Ref: 5
1944*US resumes bombing Berlin.Ref: 5
1945*First American prisoners of war held in Japanese camps were welcomed in San Francisco. Many of the men were survivors of the Bataan Death March.Ref: 37
1945*Phyllis Mae Daley recieves a commission in the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. She will become the first African-American nurse to serve duty in World War II.Ref: 2
1945*53 Amsterdammers executed by Nazi occupiers.Ref: 5
1945*H J Jamin Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald.Ref: 5
1945*Jan Beekes resistance fighter, executed at 26.Ref: 5
1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt; Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships.Ref: 5
1959*Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq.Ref: 5
1965*More than 4,000 Marines land at Da Nang in South Vietnam and become the first U.S. combat troops in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1966*Australia announces that it will triple the number of troops in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1970*The Nixon administration discloses the deaths of 27 Americans in Laos.Ref: 2
1979*China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam.Ref: 5
1900*In New York, the National League decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington. For 53 years, these cities will remain the same. In 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee.Ref: 5
1906*Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Smiths Falls (Ontario) in 2 games.Ref: 5
1913*In Indpls, John Powers, founder of last year's failed mid-western Columbian League, organizes the Federal League. To avoid the agreement of the National Commission, the upstart league will operate independently with franchises in Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indpls, Pittsburgh and St. Louis.Ref: 1
1923*Despite admitting to prior knowledge of the 1919 World Series fix, Commissioner Landis allows pitcher Rube Benton to return to the National League; Benton signs with the Reds and has a 14-10 season.Ref: 1
1930*Babe Ruth signs 2-year contract for $160,000 with New York Yankee GM Ed Barrow, wrongly predicts "No one will ever be paid more than Ruth".Ref: 5
1936*Daytona Beach, Florida, staged its first race strictly for stock cars on a combination beach and public roadway course.Ref: 3
1941*'Losing Pitcher' Hugh Mulcahy of the Phillies becomes the first major league player to be drafted into the Armed Forces. The newest member of the 101st Artillery at Cape Cod's Camp Edwards on had lost 22 games last season and 20 in 1938 to lead the National League in defeats both years.Ref: 1
1943 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Gretchen Merrill.Ref: 5
1943 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Arthur Vaughn.Ref: 5
1944*The Tigers ask 6-foot-6 inch Ralph Stewart to attend spring training camp.Ref: 1
1947*In Havana's new stadium delCerro, the Dodgers beat the Yankees, 1-0 on Snuffy Stirnweiss's tenth inning single which is the Bronx Bombers only hit.Ref: 1
1951 International Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel).Ref: 5
1953*Patty Berg wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open.Ref: 5
1954*Herb McKinley sets ¼ mile record in 46.8 seconds in Melbourne, Australia.Ref: 5
1957*The International Boxing Club was ruled a monopoly, in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law.Ref: 4
1958*Silky Sullivan comes from 40 lengths back to win by 3 at Santa Anita.Ref: 5
1959*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open.Ref: 5
1966*Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1967*New Orleans Saints begin selling season tickets (20,000 sold first day).Ref: 5
1968*6 year old Tommy Moore scores hole-in-one in golf (Hagerstown MD).Ref: 5
1971*‘Smokin’ Joe Frazier, of Philadelphia, outpoints Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden (New York NY) in a 15-round bout, retaining the heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1971*Milwaukee Bucks win their 20th straight NBA game (team record).Ref: 5
1981*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Arizona Copper Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1986*Martina Navratilova is first tennis player to earn $10 million.Ref: 5
1987*Jane Geddes wins LPGA GNA/Glendale Federal Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1987*Nelli Cooman becomes world champion 60 meter indoor.Ref: 5
1989*Roger Kingdom runs indoor world record 60 meter hurdles (7.37 seconds).Ref: 5
1992*Judy Dickinson wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic.Ref: 5
2001*In a press release, the Orioles announce Albert Belle, "has been found to be totally disabled and unable to perform as a Major League baseball player," due to a degenerative right hip. The Orioles will place the 34-year old outfielder on the 60-day disabled list thus beginning the process which conforms to the procedure set forth by Major League Baseball in the case of a totally disabling and permanent injury to a player.Ref: 1
2004*The Vancouver Canucks' all-star Todd Bertuzzi faces the possibility of criminal prosecution and a lengthy NHL suspension for an in-game sucker punch that left Colorado Avalanche forward Steve Moore hospitalized with a broken neck. The Vancouver Police Dept say they are handling this as a routine assault investigation, in spite of the fact that it occurred during a NHL game. (USA Today, p C1, 3/10/2004)Ref: 13
1813*First concerto of Royal Philharmonic.Ref: 5
1858*Leoncavallo's opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples).Ref: 5
1884*First performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite.Ref: 5
1898 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen.Ref: 5
1902*First performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony.Ref: 5
1925*Bernard McFadden was a physical culturist who had a radio show in New York City. But not for long. McFadden failed to show up for his daily morning program, causing a young, studio engineer, John Gambling, to ad-lib on the air for a solid hour. As a result, the radio station (WOR) decided to give Gambling the morning announcer’s job. John Gambling stayed at WOR for many years, then turned the mike over to his son, who, finally, turned the program over to his son ... all named John. Mr. Gambling’s Rambling with Gambling program attracted tri-state (New York, New Jersey, Connecticut) audiences in record numbers for over 70 years on the 50,000 watt talk-radio powerhouse at 710 AM on your radio dial from New York each morning.Ref: 4
1939 Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres.Ref: 5
1941*Horace Heidt and his orchestra recorded G’bye Now for the nice folks at Columbia Records. The vocal on the piece was done by Ronnie Kemper.Ref: 4
1945 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain.Ref: 5
1951*Controversial play "The Moon is Blue"opens on Broadway at the Henry Miller Theatre.Ref: 10
1953*"Two's Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 90 performances.Ref: 5
1957*First performance of David Diamond's 6th Symphony in Boston.Ref: 5
1959*Groucho, Chico & Harpo's final TV appearance together.Ref: 5
1960*"Greenwillow" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 95 performances.Ref: 5
1961*Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1962*The Beatles performed for the first time on the BBC in Great Britain. John, Paul, George and ... Pete Best sang Dream Baby on the show, Teenager’s Turn on ‘Auntie Beeb’ (as the BBC was known).Ref: 4
1964*As of 1995, the 9th highest rated television show is this evening's episode of "Bonanza" with an average audience of 41.6%.Ref: 34
1966*"Golden Boy" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 569 performances.Ref: 5
1968*Rock show promoter and impresario, Bill Graham of San Francisco, moved to the other side of the U.S. to open Fillmore East in New York City.Ref: 4
1969*Sly and the Family Stone were starting their fourth (and final) week at number one on the pop music charts (also #1 on the soul charts) with Everyday People. When presented with the coveted gold record for this achievement, Sly ripped it out of its case, threw it on the platter player and heard, People, by Barbra Streisand. He was heard to utter a few words that are not printable here (this being a family feature).Ref: 4
1971*Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner".Ref: 5
1973*Paul & Linda McCartney are fined £100 for growing cannabis.Ref: 5
1975*Olivia Newton-John reached the top spot on the pop charts with Have You Never Been Mellow. In addition to Mellow, Olivia also reached the peak of pop stardom with I Honestly Love You, You’re the One That I Want (with John Travolta), Magic and Physical.Ref: 4
1979*5th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1981*"Shakespeare's Cabaret" closes at Bijou Theater NYC after 54 performances.Ref: 5
1987*17th Easter Seal Telethon raises $35,184,425.Ref: 5
1989*"Heidi Chronicles" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 621 performances.Ref: 5
1991*Harry Hamlin & Nicollette Sheridan wed.Ref: 5
1991*17th People's Choice Awards: Julia Roberts, Bill Cosby, Pretty Woman.Ref: 5
1992*22nd Easter Seal Telethon.Ref: 5
1993*Katharine Hepburn released from the hospital after exhaustion.Ref: 5
1993*Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested again on suspicion of murder.Ref: 5
1994*20th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1075*Abu 'l-Kasim Mahmud ibn Omar al-Zamachshari Arab theologist, is born.Ref: 5
1495*Giovanni Rosso, Italian painter and decorator, is born.Ref: 70
1495*Juan de Dios Portugal/Spain, saint/founder (Brothers of Mercy), is born.Ref: 5
1607*Johann Rist composer, is born.Ref: 5
1714*Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer, son of JS Bach, is born.Ref: 5
1743*Bendix Friedrich Zinck composer, is born.Ref: 5
1748*Willem V Batavus prince of Orange-Nassau, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Friedrich August Kanne composer, is born.Ref: 5
1783*Hannah Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren, eighth president of the U.S. is born. She passed away Feb 5, 1819 -- before he was elected president.Ref: 4
1783*Gottfied Wilhelm Fink composer, is born.Ref: 5
1787*Karl Ferdinand von Grafe help create modern plastic surgery, is born.Ref: 5
1799*Simon Cameron, political boss, Secretary of War (Union), died in 1889, is born.Ref: 5
1804*Alvan Clark, telescope manufacture, is born.Ref: 2
1815*Jean Delphin Alard French violinist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1825*George William Martin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1827*John Crerar, American railway industrialist, is born.Ref: 70
1836*Matthew Calbraith Butler Major General (Confederate Army), is born.Ref: 5
1839*James Mason Crafts US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis), is born.Ref: 5
1840*Franco Faccio Italian composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1841*(US Supreme Court Justice) Supreme Court Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Junior, the 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), the "Great Dissenter," is born in Boston.Ref: 70
1843*Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom composer, is born.Ref: 5
1847*Karl von Bach German engineer (Maschinenelemente), is born.Ref: 5
1853*Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels Flemish composer (Parisina), is born.Ref: 5
1856*William B. Booth, American general of the Salvation Army (1912-29), is born.Ref: 70
1857*Ruggiero Leoncavallo Italian composer (I pagliacci/Zaza), is born in Naples, Italy.Ref: 5
1858 Ruggiero Leoncavallo is born.Ref: 10
1859*Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), is born in Edinburgh.Ref: 2
1859*Otto Taubmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1862*Joseph Lee helped develop playgrounds, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Frederic Goudy, American printer and typographer, is born.Ref: 70
1872*Paul Juon Russian/Swiss violinist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Franco Alfano Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio), is born.Ref: 5
1879*M Lichnowsky writer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium, co-discoverer-nuclear fission), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Manuel Gomez Carillo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1886 Anton Portielje Dutch radio host/zoo director (Artis), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Edward Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Stuart Chase, writer/economist: Men and Machines, Power of Words, A New Deal [inspired Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal]; is born in Somersworth NH.Ref: 5
1889 Oscar Ewing US government official (Everybody's Business), is born.Ref: 5
1890*Oswald von Nell-Breuning German theologist/philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Sam Jaffe 1891Ref: 10
1892*Mátyás Rákosi Hungarian party leader/premier (1952-53), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Wäinö V Aaltonen Finnish sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Louise Beavers Cincinnati OH, actress (Beulah-Beulah, Made for Each Other), is born.Ref: 5
1898 Theophilus E Dönges South African minister of Internal Affairs, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Eric Linklater Scotland, novelist/poet/historical writer (Blue Swallows)Ref: 5
1900*Howard Hathaway Aiken, inventor of the Mark I, computer pioneer, is born in Hoboken NJ.Ref: 68
1902*Louise Beavers, actress, is born.Ref: 4
1902*Jennings Randolph (Senator), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Charles Boost movie critic, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Anthony Donato composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Claire Trevor [Wemlinger] New York NY, actress (Murder My Sweet, Marjorie Morningstar), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Hugh Murphy English multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Alan Hovhaness Somerville MA, composer (Lousadzak, Ukiyo), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Elsie Agnes Giorgi physician/humanitarian, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Jacob B Bakema urban developer (St Louis MO), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Vivien John artist, is born.Ref: 5
1916*R W Schnell writer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*A Marja [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Actor Alan Hale [MacKahan] Jr (Skipper Jonas Grumby on "Gilligan's Island") is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1919*Ivor Keys musician/teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Eileen Herlie Glasgow Scotland, actress (Myrtle Fargate-All My Children, Hamlet), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Eva Dahlbeck Saltsjo-Duvnas Sweden, actress (Dreams, Lesson in Love), is born.Ref: 5
1920*James Daniel "Danny" Turner saxophonist, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Cyd Charisse [Tula Ellice Finklea] Amarillo TX, dancer/actress (East Side West Side, Brigadoon), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Egbert George "Pete" Pitterson trumpeter, is born.Ref: 5
1922*H Kipphardt writer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Carl (Anthony) Furillo ‘Skoonj’, ‘The Reading Rifle’: baseball: Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956/all-star: 1952, 1953], LA Dodgers [World Series: 1959]; National League Batting Champion 1953, is born.Ref: 4
1923*Cyd Charisse, dancer, actress, is born.Ref: 2
1923*John McPhee, writer (Oranges, A Sense of Where You Are).Ref: 2
1923*Booth Colman Portland OR, actor (Zaius-Planet of the Apes), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Sembene Ousmane Senegalese author/novelist/director (Doctor Noir), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Cyd Charisse, dancer, actress, is born.Ref: 2
1924*Sean McClory Dublin Ireland, actor (Jack-Californians, My Chauffeur), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Victor "Toby" Neuberg teacher/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Darwin Horacio Vargas-Wallis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Francisco Rabal Aguilas Spain, actor (Holy Innocents, Camorra), is born.Ref: 5
1925 Petrus Steenkamp Dutch politician (KVP/CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Dick Hyman pianist: Moritat; music director for Arthur GodfreyRef: 4
1927*Jaromir Podesva composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Joseph Berg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Mendy Rudolph NBA basketball referee [1953-78], first NBA official to work 2,000 games; sportscaster; is born.Ref: 4
1928*Frank Michael Beyer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Judy Johnson Norfolk VA, singer (Your Show of Shows), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Douglas Hurd is born.Ref: 10
1931*John McPhee author (The Control of Nature), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Johnny Dollar singer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Christian Wolff composer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Ron Taylor Sydney Australia, cinematographer (Those Amazing Animals), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Gabor Szabo Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Sue Ane Langdon (Lookoff), Paterson NJ, actress (Bachelor Father, Arnie), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Raynoma (Liles) Gordy [Mayberry], US orchestra leader (Rayber Voices), co-founder of Motown [with husband Berry Gordy], is born.Ref: 4
1937*Juvenal Hayarimana president of Rwanda (1973-94), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Pamela McEvoy-Johnston psychotherapist-board member (WIC), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Lew DeWitt Roanoke VA, country singer (Statler Brothers-Flowers on the Wall), is born.Ref: 5
1939*George William Reed astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Lydia Skoblikova USSR, speed skater (Olympics-6 gold-1960, 64), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Mike Lowry (Representative-Democrat-WA, 1979- ), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Robert Tear Barry Wales, tenor (Welsh National Opera 1970), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Yannis Vlachopoulos composerRef: 5
1939*Jim (James Alan) Bouton baseball: pitcher: NY Yankees [World Series: 1963, 1964/all-star: 1963], Houston Astros, Seattle Pilots, Atlanta Braves; broadcaster: WABC-TV, WCBS-TV; author: Ball Four: My Life and Hard Times Throwing the Knuckleball in the Big Leagues, Strike Zone, Home Games, is born in Newark NJ.Ref: 4
1940*Leslie Isben Rogge one of FBI's most wanted, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Susan Clark, Sarnia Ontario, actress (Night Moves, Webster), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Theo Laseroms [The Tank], Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Ivana Loudova composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Yvar Emilian Mikhashoff composer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Ralph Ellis musician: banjo, singer: group: The Swinging Blue Jeans: Hippy Hippy Shake, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Ann Packer-Brightwell England, 400 meter/800 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Dick (Richard Anthony) Allen baseball: Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1965-1967], SL Cardinals [all-star: 1970], LA Dodgers, Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1972-1974/Baseball Writer’s Award: 1972], Oakland Athletics; “Don’t Call Me Richie”Ref: 4
1943*Lynn Redgrave London England, actress (Georgie Girl) Weight-Watcher, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Carole Bayer Sager NY, aka Mrs Burt Bachrach, singer (Arthur), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Mickey Dolenz Los Angeles CA, actor (Circus Boy) singer (Monkees), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Jim Chapman (Representative-Democrat-TX, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Keith Jarrett pianist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Randy Meisner rock bassist/vocalist (Poco, Eagles-Take it Easy), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Carole Bayer Sager, singer, songwriter: That’s What Friends are For; w/Tony Wein: Groovy Kind of Love; w/Albert Hammond: When I Need You; w/Bruce Roberts: You’re the Only One; w/Marvin Hamlisch: Break It to Me Gently, Looking Through the Eyes of Love, Nobody Does It Better, is born.Ref: 17
1947*Mike Allsup musician: guitar: group: Three Dog Night: Try a Little Tenderness, Easy to be Hard, Eli’s Coming, Mama Told Me [Not to Come], Joy to the World, Black & White, Shambala, is born in Modesto CA.Ref: 4
1948*[Little] Peggy March [Margaret Battavio] Lansdale PA, vocalist (I Will Follow Him), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ralph Ellis Liverpool England, rhythm guitarist (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Frank Sanders hockey: Univ of Minnesota, US Olympic Ice Hockey Team [1972]; WHA: Minnesota Fighting Saints, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Charles Lismont Belgian marathon runner (Olympics-silver-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Kathleen Ann Shower Brookville OH, Playmate of the Year (May 1985), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Jim (James Edward) Rice baseball: Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1977-1980, 1983-1986/AL MVP: 1978], is born.Ref: 4
1954*David Wilkie England, 200 meter backstroke swimmer (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Karl Schnabl 90 meter ski jumper (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Maria-Therese Nadig Switzerland, skier (Olympics-2 gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Cheryl Baker (Rita Crudgington) singer: group: Bucks Fizz: Making Your Mind Up, Land of Make Believe, My Camera Never Lies, Now Those Days are Gone, If You Can’t Stand the Heat; TV host, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Clive Burr musician: drums: group: Iron Maiden [1979-1983]: Eddie the Head, is born.Ref: 4
1957*Cynthia Rothrock Wilmington DE, actress (Lady Dragon, Honor & Glory), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Ruth Wysocki Alhambra CA, 800 meter/1500 meter runner, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Andreas Maurer West Germany, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Gary Numan (Webb) singer: Cars, Are Friends Electric, I Die You Die, We Take Mystery to Bed, Music for Chameleons, White Boys and Heroes, Warriors, Sister Surprise, Berserker; songwriter: I Dream of Wires, is born in Hammersmith England.Ref: 4
1959*Aidan Quinn Chicago IL, actor (Legends of the Fall, Michael Collins, Benny & Joon, Reackless), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Buck Williams NBA forward (Portland Trail Blazers, New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Larry Murphy Scarborough, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Shaun Gayle NFL strong safety (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1962*William Fuller NFL defensive end (Philadelphia Eagles, San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Supermodel Kathy Ireland is born. Ref 
1963*Mike Lalor Buffalo, NHL defenseman (Dallas Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Cheryl "Salt" James singer (Salt-N-Pepa), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Peter Gill musician: drums: group: Frankie Goes to Hollywood: Relax, Two Tribes, The Power of Love, Ferry Cross the Mersey, is born.Ref: 4
1965*Kenny Smith NBA guard (Houston Rockets), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Elliot Boult Blenheim New Zealand, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Holly Ann Salo Keani AK, Miss Alaska-America (1990), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Laura McCabe cross country skier (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Brent Fedyk Yorkton, NHL left wing (Dallas Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Dale Joseph CFL defensive back (Saskatchewan Roughriders), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Clare Wood Zululand South Africa, tennis star (1986 Futures-Lisbon), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Rob Zettler Sept-iles, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Andrea Parker actress (Miss Parker-The Pretender), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Harry Decheiver soccer player (RKC), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Jason Elam NFL kicker (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Rhett Harty, Pasadena CA, US soccer player (Olympics-92), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Vadim Bekboulatov NHL forward (Belarus, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Bob Boughner Windsor, NHL defenseman (Buffalo Sabres), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Marc Tobert CFL slot back (Edmonton Eskimos), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Craig Johnson St Paul MN, NHL left wing (Los Angeles Kings/Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Pat Riley NFL defensive end (Chicago Bears, Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Takuro Abe WLAF linebacker (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Kendell Watkins NFL tight end (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Nanette Pearson Pleasant Grove UT, Miss America-Utah (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Steve Sarkisian CFL quarterback (Saskatchewan Roughriders), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Toran James linebacker (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Brett Conway NFL kicker (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Kenny Wheaton cornerback (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Freddie Prinze Jr actor (I Know What You Did Last Summer), is born.Ref: 5
1977*James Van Der Beek actor (Dawson's Creek), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Petr Devyatkin hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)Ref: 5
883*Albumasar [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, dies.Ref: 5
1144*Celestine II [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle.Ref: 69
1403*Bajezid I Jildirim 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42.Ref: 5
1466 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiere and duke of Milan, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1466*Francesco Sforza Italian condottiere/duke of Milan, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1550*Juan de Dios Port/Sp saint (Brothers of Mercy), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1638 Jacob C van Neck Admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73.Ref: 5
1640*Guillaume van Messaus composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1689 Hector Berlioz dies.Ref: 10
1702*John de Baen portrait painter/etcher, buried at 69.Ref: 5
1702*William III Dutch King of England (1689-1702), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1709*William Cowper/Cooper English anatomist, dies at about 62.Ref: 5
1716*Harald Vallerius composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1720*Georg Bronner composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1724*Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli Swiss architect, dies at about 81.Ref: 5
1725*Peter I "the Great" Romanov czar of Russia (1682-1725), is buried. (Ref: Massie, Robert K., "Peter The Great, His Life and His World", 1980) 
1728*Gian M Crescimbeni Italian literary/critic (Arcadia), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1734*Carolomannus Pachschmidt composer, dies at 33.Ref: 5
1754 Don José de Carvajal bon Lancaster Spanish minister of Foreign affairs, dies.Ref: 5
1782*The Gnadenhutten massacre took place as some 90 Indians were slain by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.Ref: 70
1828*Johann Anton Sulzer composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1844*Charles XIV, French general and later king of Sweden and Norway, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1862*Adrien de La Fage composer, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1862*Nat Gordon last pirate, hanged in New York NY for stealing 1,000 slaves.Ref: 5
1869*Louis Hector Berlioz French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at age 65.Ref: 5
1874*Millard Fillmore, 13th president of the United States (1850-53), dies at age 74, in Buffalo, NY.Ref: 70
1887*Death of Henry Ward Beecher, 73, American clergyman and social reformer. His last words were: 'Going out into life" that is dying.'.Ref: 5
1887*Pavel Annenkov Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1887*James Buchanan Eads, American engineer; built the triple-arch steel bridge over the Mississippi River, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1889*Jens/John Ericsson Sweden/US, engineer (fire extinguisher), inventor of the screw propeller, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1892*John Allen, dentist and inventor of porcelain false teeth with a platinum base, dies.Ref: 15
1901 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg German politician, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1901*Peter Benoit Flemish composer/conductor (High Mass), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1908*Collingwood Elementary (Cleveland) burns, kills 173 kids & 2 teachers.Ref: 5
1917*Graf (count) Ferdinand von Zeppelin Dutch count/airship pioneer, dies in Berlin at age 78.Ref: 5
1919*Auguste Tolbecque composer, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1920*Rafael Obligado Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1921*Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato is assassinated while leaving Parliament in Madrid.Ref: 2
1923*Johannes Van der Waals Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1924*Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate UT.Ref: 5
1930*The 27th president of the United States and Chief Justice, William Howard Taft, dies in Washington at age 72. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1931*Clara Kathleen Rogers composer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1932 Jan de Louter Dutch lawyer/tutor of Queen Wilhelmina, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1936*Peter H J "Piet" van Doorne director BOVA Red Peppers, executed at 52.Ref: 5
1937*Albert Verwey Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1941*Jose Serrano Simeon, composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1941*Sherwood Anderson US writer/publisher (Winesburg OH), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1942*José R Capablanca Cuban chess player (world champion 1927), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1946*Frederick Lanchester, English engineer, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1950*Jaroslav Kocian composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1951*John Winter Thompson composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1951*The Honeymoon Killers (Martha Beck & Raymond Fernandez) die in electric chair.Ref: 5
1955*Clementine Princess of Belgium, wife of V Napoleon Bonaparte, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1957*Othmar Schoeck composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1958*Josephina OFF "Frieda" Herberich actress (Salontiroler), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1959*Abdel Wahab Shawwaf Iraqi Colonel/putschist, murdered.Ref: 5
1961*Thomas Beecham English conductor (Last Night of the Prom), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1965*Esther Howard actress (Detour), dies of heart attack at 72.Ref: 5
1967*John F Bothwell actor (Freckles-Our Gang), dies at 46.Ref: 5
1971*Harold Lloyd US comic/actor (Why Worry), dies of cancer at 77.Ref: 5
1972*Sue Sophia Dauser, American nurse; oversaw the Navy Nurse Corps in World War I, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1973*Ron "Pigpen" McKernan rocker (Grateful Dead, Grass Roots), dies at 27.Ref: 5
1974*Christian van Geel Dutch poet/sculptor (Spinroc), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1974*Willem "Wim" Sonneveld Dutch actor (Silk Stockings), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1975*George Stevens Academy Award-winning director: A Place in the Sun [1951], Giant [1956]; dies at age 70.Ref: 4
1977*Henry Hull actor (Werewolf of London, Boys Town), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1979*Gérard Blitz Dutch 400 meter swimmer (WR), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1983*Sir William T Walton, English composer (Belhazzar's feast), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1983*Duane Carter auto racer: Sprint Car Hall of Famer; dies.Ref: 5
1983*(Green River Killer) Delores LaVerne Williams, 18, is last seen. She is the 16th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1985*Edward Andrews, Griffin GA, actor (Broadside, Harry-Supertrain), dies of a heart attack at age 70.Ref: 4
1986*Hubert Fichte writer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1990*NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 1st victim, Mario Orosco.Ref: 5
1992*Red Callender US jazz bassist (Unfinished dream), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1993*Billy Eckstine jazz singer (Fools Rush In), dies at 78 of stroke.Ref: 5
1993*Johan Bodegraven radio host (Purses Open, Dikes Closed), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1993*Joop Scheltens TV host/director (Explore Your Place), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1993*Wells Root US screenwriter (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 92.Ref: 5
1993*Duane Carter auto racer: Sprint Car Hall of Famer; dies.Ref: 4
1994*B737 collides with Ilyushin-86 in New Dehli, at least 8 killed.Ref: 5
1994*Train accident at Pinetown, Natal kills 47.Ref: 5
1994*Joop C Swart publisher/founder (World Press Photo), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1994*John Ewart Sydney Australia, dies of cancer at 55.Ref: 5
1994*Knut Haukelid Norway/US resistance fighter (Rjukan 1943), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995 Ota Adler Czechoslovakian/British fur trader (Jewish Aid Fund), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1995*Paul George Vincent O'Shaughnessy Horgan novelist, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1996*Alison McCartney pathologist/Breast Cancer campaigner, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1996*Jack Malcolm Thorpe Fleming Churchill commando, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1996*Paul Lewis Harrhy actor/opera singer (Intelligence Park), dies at 38.Ref: 5
1997*Alexander Salkind producer (Superman), dies at 75Ref: 5
1998*Ray Nitschke Pro Football Hall of Famer: Green Bay Packers LB: All-Pro [1964-66]; MVP in 1962 NFL Championship; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Whitewater figure James McDougal died in a federal medical prison in Fort Worth, TX, at age 57.Ref: 70
1999*NY Yankees baseball star Joe DiMaggio dies in Hollywood FL, at age 84.Ref: 70
1999*Peggy (Mary Margaret) Cass comedienne: To Tell the Truth; actress: The Hathaways, Women in Prison, Aunty Mame, Paddy, Gidget Goes Hawaiian, Cheaters; radio serial: The Doctors; dies.Ref: 4
2000*Joseph Palczynski kills a 4th person with a stray bullet while attempting to steal a car. His ex girlfriend escapes. (The Cincinnati Enquirer, 03/19/2000, p. A18) 
2003 Adam Faith dies.Ref: 10

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen