Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 9th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1452*Pope Nicolaas I crowns Frederik III Roman Catholic-German emperor.Ref: 5
1496*Jews are expelled from Carintha Austria.Ref: 5
1522*Marten Luther preaches his Invocavit.Ref: 5
1551*Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne.Ref: 5
1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death).Ref: 5
1642*English Queen Henriette Mary arrives in Hellevoetsluis Netherlands.Ref: 5
1697*Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe.Ref: 5
1701*France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance.Ref: 5
1721*English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower.Ref: 5
1745*Bells for first American carillon shipped from England to Boston.Ref: 5
1796*The future emperor of France, Napoleon Bonaparte, married Josephine de Beauharnais. (The couple divorced in 1809.)Ref: 5
1798*Dr George Balfour becomes first naval surgeon in the US navy.Ref: 5
1799*Congress contracted with Simeon North of Berlin, CT for 500 horse pistols, costing the government $6.50 each. Horse pistols, for those of you born after 1800, were large pistols that used to be carried by -- you guessed it -- horsemen.Ref: 4
1820*James Monroe's daughter Maria marries in the White House.Ref: 5
1820*Congress passes the Land Act, paving the way for westward expansion.Ref: 2
1831*French Foreign Legion founded in Algeria.Ref: 10
1832*Abraham Lincoln of New Salem, IL announced that he would run for political office for the first time. He sought a seat in the Illinois state legislature. He lost.Ref: 4
1839*Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours.Ref: 5
1841*The Supreme Court rules (by a single vote) that the Africans on the Amistad had been illegally enslaved and orders them freed. Ref 
1857*(Dakota Conflict) Seven of the nine members of the Rowland Gardners are among the 40 American settlers killed by renegade Indians in what has become known as "the Spirit Lake Massacre" in northwestern Iowa. 13-year old Abbie is taken hostage. Ref 
1860*First Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington DC.Ref: 5
1873*Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded.Ref: 5
1878*The posse that includes Billy the Kid murders John Tunstall's murderers, Billy Morton and Frank Baker. Billy the Kid's direct involvement is not known. Ref 
1888*Frederick III acceeds to the throne of Germany upon the death of Emperor William I.Ref: 17
1907*First involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana.Ref: 5
1911*The funding for five new battleships is added to the British military defense budget.Ref: 2
1914 Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co.Ref: 5
1914*US Senator Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico".Ref: 5
1915*The Germans take Grondno on the Eastern Front.Ref: 2
1918*Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party.Ref: 5
1918*Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens.Ref: 5
1923*Amsterdam taxi strike ended.Ref: 5
1924 Italy annexes Fiume.Ref: 5
1924 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka).Ref: 5
1926*Bertha Landes elected first woman mayor of Seattle.Ref: 5
1927*The Flatheads Gang was responsible for the first armored-car robbery -- near Pittsburgh, PA. It was reported that $104,250 was taken in the heist.Ref: 4
1931*The World Radio Missionary Fellowship (WRMF) was incorporated in Lima, Ohio, by co_founders Clarence W. Jones and Reuben Larson. Today, this interdenominational mission agency broadcasts the Gospel in 15 languages to South America and throughout Europe.Ref: 5
1932*Eamon De Valera is elected president of the Irish Free State and pledges to abolish all loyalty to the British Crown.Ref: 2
1932*The Lindbergh kidnapper responds to the Condon letter.Ref: 87
1932*Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria.Ref: 5
1933*Congress, called into special session by President Roosevelt, began its "hundred days" of enacting New Deal legislation.Ref: 5
1933 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin.Ref: 5
1936*The German press warns that all Jews who vote in the upcoming elections will be arrested.Ref: 2
1939*Czech President Emil Hacha ousts pro-German Joseph Tiso as the Premier of Slovakia in order to preserve Czech unity.Ref: 2
1942*Construction of the Alaska Highway began.Ref: 5
1943 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown.Ref: 5
1943*Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps.Ref: 5
1945*(and 10th) LeMay launches an all-out low altitude fire bomb raid on Tokyo with 334 B-29s, stripped of guns for greater bomb load, carrying 2000 tons of incendiaries. 15.8 square miles of Tokyo burn, killing at least 100,000 people, injuring 1,000,000 (41,000 seriously).Ref: 91
1946 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang.Ref: 5
1948 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia.Ref: 5
1949*The first all-electric dining car was placed in service -- on the Illinois Central Railroad. Passengers enjoyed all-electric cooking between Chicago and St. Louis.Ref: 4
1949*Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA.Ref: 5
1950*Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in New York NY.Ref: 5
1956*British authorities arrest and deport Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus. He is accused of supporting terrorists.Ref: 2
1956 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested & exiled to Seychelles.Ref: 5
1956*Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England.Ref: 5
1957 Egyptian leader Nasser bars U.N. plans to share the tolls for the use of the Suez Canal.Ref: 2
1957*A 9.1 earthquake hits the Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands.Ref: 85
1958 Yemen and the United Arab Republic become the United Arab States.Ref: 10
1962 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians.Ref: 5
1964*(or 10th) The first Ford Mustang rolls off the Ford assembly line.Ref: 2
1964*Supreme Court issues New York Times vs Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel & recover damages.Ref: 5
1965*An 8.7 earthquake hits the Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands.Ref: 85
1965*Three white Unitarian ministers, including the Rev. James J. Reeb, were attacked with clubs on the streets of Selma, Alabama, while participating in a civil rights demonstration. Reeb later died in a Birmingham, Alabama hospital.Ref: 5
1966*Andrew Brimmer becomes first black Governor of Federal Reserve Board.Ref: 5
1967*Svetlana Allilueva, author: The Faraway Music; daughter of Russian leader, Joseph Stalin; defected to the West in New York City. (TWA, 1968)Ref: 95
1974*Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended.Ref: 5
1975*Work begins on the Alaskan oil pipeline.Ref: 70
1976*First female cadets accepted to West Point Military Academy.Ref: 5
1977*Admiral Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche.Ref: 5
1979*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1983 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana.Ref: 5
1984 Emile Gumbs' Anguilla National Alliance wins elections.Ref: 5
1987*Chrysler Corporation offers to buy American Motors Corporation on this day. The car maker offered up to $1 billion dollars for the financially troubled AMC.Ref: 4
1988*President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp.Ref: 5
1989*Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy.Ref: 5
1989*Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court.Ref: 5
1989*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1989*The Senate rejected President George H.W. Bush's nomination of John Tower to be defense secretary on a 53-47 voteRef: 70
1990*Dr. Antonia Novello was sworn in as surgeon general, becoming the first woman and the first Hispanic to hold the job.Ref: 70
1993*(King) Rodney King in court says he thinks he heard cops yell racial slurs.Ref: 5
1994*The UN Human Rights Commission condemned anti-Semitism, putting the world body on record for the first time as opposing discrimination against Jews. (XDG, p 4A, 3/09/2004)Ref: 83
1994*Talks between North and South Korea collapse, imperiling a US-brokered dealto resolve the North Korean nuclear dispute. (XDG, p 4A, 3/19/2004)Ref: 83
1995*Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record).Ref: 5
1995*President Konstantine Karamanlis (88) of Greece, resigns.Ref: 5
1995*(OJ Simpson) Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman took the stand at the O.J. Simpson murder trial, denying ever meeting a woman who had accused him of making racist remarks.Ref: 70
1998*In a case pitting former high school sweethearts against each other, Brian Peterson pleaded guilty in Wilimington, Delaware, to manslaughter in the death of his newborn son in a Newark motel and agreed to testify against the mother, Amy Grossberg. (A month later, Grossberg also pleaded guilty to manslaughter; she received two and a-half years in prison; Peterson, two years.) 
1999*RJR Nabisco Holdings Corp, the food and tobacco conglomerate, announces it is getting out of the cigarette business. (XDG, p 4A, 3/09/2004)Ref: 83
2000*Republican John McCain and Democrat Bill Bradley suspended their presidential campaigns, effectively conceding their parties' nominations to George W. Bush and Al Gore.Ref: 70
2001*A judge in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., sentenced 14-year-old Lionel Tate to life in prison for killing Tiffany Eunick, a 6-year old girl. Tate, who had been convicted of first-degree murder, said he was imitating pro-wrestling moves.Ref: 70
2003 Recep Tayyip Erdogan wins a seat in the Turkish parliament, clearing the way for him to become prime minister. (XDG, p 4A, 3/09/2004)Ref: 83
1497*Nicolaus Copernicus makes his first recorded astronomical observation.Ref: 5
1500*Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India.Ref: 5
1793*Jean Pierre Blanchard makes the first balloon flight in North America which was witnessed by President George Washington.Ref: 2
1822*Charles M. Graham of New York City receives a patent for artificial teeth.Ref: 4
1858*Albert Potts of Philadelphia, PA receives a patent for a letter box.Ref: 4
1959*First known radar contact is made with Venus.Ref: 5
1961*First animal returned from space, a dog named Chernushka (Blackie) aboard Sputnik 9.Ref: 5
1968*Edsgar Dijkstra published "Go To Statement Considered Harmful"Ref: 62
1986*Soviet probe Vega 2 flies by Halley's Comet at 8,030 km.Ref: 5
1986*Navy divers find the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger along with the remains of the astronauts.Ref: 2
1991*US 70th manned space mission STS 39 (Discovery 12) launches into orbit.Ref: 5
1996*STS 75 (Columbia 19), lands.Ref: 5
2004*Hubble Space Telescope astronomers unveiled the deepest-ever snapshot of the univers, a view of stars and galaxies active about 700 million years after the Big Bang. (USA Today, p 9D, 3/10/2004)Ref: 13
1617 The Treaty of Stolbovo ends the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops.Ref: 2
1734 The Russians take Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland.Ref: 2
1741*English fleet under Admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena.Ref: 5
1812*Swedish Pomerania is seized by Napoleon.Ref: 2
1839*The war between Mexico and France ends.Ref: 62
1861*The first hostile act of the Civil War occurs when Star of the West fires on Sumter, South Carolina.Ref: 2
1861*Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000.Ref: 5
1862*The ironclads "Monitor" and "Virginia" (formerly "Merrimac") clashed for five hours to a draw at Hampton Roads, Virginia.Ref: 2
1864*General Ulysses Grant is appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces.Ref: 2
1889 Battle at Gallabat (Metema); Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV.Ref: 5
1905 Japanese defeat the Russians at MukdenRef: 62
1916*Germany declares war on Portugal on the latter's refusal to give up seized ships.Ref: 5
1940*Britain frees captured Italian coal ships on the eve of German Foreign Minister, Ribbentrop's visit to Rome.Ref: 2
1945*334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs, setting 15 square miles to flames.Ref: 5
1945*Japanese proclaim the "independence" of Indo-China.Ref: 5
1962*US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight.Ref: 5
1968*General William Westmoreland asks for 206,000 more troops in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1975*Iraq launches an offensive against the rebellious Kurds.Ref: 2
1980 Flemish/Walloon battles in Belgium, 40 injured.Ref: 5
1994*IRA launch first of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport.Ref: 5
1859*The National Association of Baseball Players adopted a rule that limited the size of bats to no more than 2½ inches in diameter.Ref: 4
1895*Stanley Cup: Montréal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ontario) loses to Montréal AAA, 5-1.Ref: 5
1897*The Cleveland Spiders sign Penobscot Indian Louis Sockalexis; although the fomer Holy Cross star plays only three seasons due to alcoholism, the fans admire his outstanding skills and refer to team as the 'Indians'-in 1915 the name will become official.Ref: 1
1904*Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes first hockey defenseman to score a goal.Ref: 5
1923*NHL Championship: Montréal Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2.Ref: 5
1929*Eric Krenz of Palo Alto, CA became the first athlete to toss the discus over 160 feet. He bettered the the old mark by 8-3/4 inches.Ref: 4
1936*Babe Ruth turns down Reds to make a comeback as a player.Ref: 5
1943*The Dodgers trade first baseman Babe Dahlgren to the Phillies for outfielder Lloyd Waner and infielder Al Glossop.Ref: 1
1946*Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican League, he refuses.Ref: 5
1947 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Gretchen Merrill.Ref: 5
1947 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Richard Button.Ref: 5
1950*Indy 500 driver and 1989 winner Danny Sullivan is born.Ref: 3
1952*Heinz Neuhaus wins Europe Heavyweight Boxing title.Ref: 5
1958*George Yardley (Pistons) is first NBAer to score 2,000 points in season.Ref: 5
1961*The Yankees annouce the team will be leaving its spring training home in St. Petersburg to move to Fort Lauderdale by 1963; the Yankee owners also encourage new unnamed NL New York franchise to play its home games at the Polo Grounds and not to consider Yankee Stadium.Ref: 1
1964*Creighton's Paul Silas grabs Midwest record 27 rebounds against Oklahoma.Ref: 5
1972*Players on White Sox vote 31-0 in favor of a strike, if necessary.Ref: 5
1976*Islander Glenn Resch's 10th shut-out opponent-Blues 4-0.Ref: 5
1978 World Ice Dance Championship in Ottawa Canada won by Natalia Linichuk & Gennadi Karponosov (USSR).Ref: 5
1978 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Irina Rodnina & Alexandr Zaitsev (USSR).Ref: 5
1978 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Anett Potzsch (German Democratic Republic).Ref: 5
1978 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Charles Tickner (USA).Ref: 5
1979*Bowie Kuhn orders baseball to give equal access to female reporters.Ref: 5
1980*Joanne Carner wins LPGA Sunstar '80 Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1984*Tim Witherspoon wins a decision over Greg Page for the WBC heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1984*Philadelphia 76'ers block 20 Seattle shots tying NBA regulation game record.Ref: 5
1986*Juli Inkster wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open.Ref: 5
1989*Roger Kingdom runs world record 60 meter hurdles indoor (7.36 seconds).Ref: 5
1991*Joe Dumaars (Detroit MI) begins NBA free throw streak of 62 games.Ref: 5
1993*Pittsburgh Penguins begin NHL record 17 game winning streak.Ref: 5
1994*Phillies first baseman/outfielder John Kruk is diagnosed with testicular cancer. After surgery, doctors expect a full recovery.Ref: 1
1995*With a vote of 28-0, the Major League Baseball owners admit two new teams, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays; the team will be assigned leagues in January of 1997.Ref: 1
1997*Steve Elkington wins Doral-Ryder Golf OpenRef: 5
1997*Senior Golf Slam.Ref: 5
1998*Boxer Mike Tyson files a lawsuit against former managers Rory Holloway and John Horne, claiming they betrayed him by arranging a deal that made King the former heavyweight champion's exclusive promoter.Ref: 98
1998*Sherry Cole and Chevelle Butts filed a $22 million lawsuit against boxer Mike Tyson claiming he verbally and physically abused them March 1 at a Washington bistro them at a restaurant after his sexual advances toward one of them were spurned.Ref: 98
1640 Pierre Corneilles "Horace" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1842*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan.Ref: 5
1844*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani" premieres in Venice.Ref: 5
1849*Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor" premieres.Ref: 5
1868*The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1897*Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin).Ref: 5
1902*Composer Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler in Vienna.Ref: 5
1907 J. Stuart Blackton starts The Moving Picture World, the first movie fanzine.Ref: 73
1907 Lady Gregory's "Rising of the Moon" premieres in Dublin.Ref: 5
1913 Thirty-one-year-old writer Virginia Woolf delivers the manuscript of her first novel, "The Voyage Out", to her publisher.Ref: 3
1922*Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1923*Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1929 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1942*Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded Well, Git It! for Victor Records. Ziggy Elman was featured on the session which was recorded in Hollywood. Sy Oliver arranged the Dorsey classic.Ref: 4
1945 Those Websters debuted on CBS radio. Willard Waterman starred as George Webster. Later, Waterman would have an even more memorable starring role as the lead in The Great Gildersleeve.Ref: 4
1954*WNBT-TV (now WNBC-TV), New York, broadcast the first local color television commercials -- for Castro Decorators of New York City.Ref: 4
1954*This was the day that critics called “TV’s coming of age.” Edward R. Murrow presented his report on the controversial Wisconsin Senator, Joseph R. McCarthy.Ref: 4
1959 Jack Paar was featured on the cover of LIFE magazine on this day. He was accused, the article said, of “keeping the U.S. up nights.”Ref: 4
1959*"Juno" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 16 performances.Ref: 5
1959 Barbie, the popular girls' doll, debuted at a toy fair in New York City, over 800 million sold.Ref: 5
1961*Supremes release "I Want A Guy" & "Never Again".Ref: 5
1963*Beatles began first British tour, supporting Tommy Roe & Chris Montez.Ref: 5
1968*10th Grammy Awards: Up Up & Away, Sergeant Pepper win.Ref: 5
1975*"Lieutenant" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 9 performances.Ref: 5
1981*Dan Rather makes his debut as principal anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."Ref: 5
1983 Caryl Churchill's "Fen" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1984*John Lennon's "Borrowed Time" is released.Ref: 5
1985 The most requested movie in history, Gone With The Wind, went on sale in video stores across the U.S. for the first time. The tape cost buyers $89.95. The film, starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh, cost $4.5 million to produce and has earned over $400 million, making it one of the biggest money-makers in motion picture history. GWTW is now the cornerstone of the massive MGM film library owned by Ted Turner.Ref: 4
1985*Laura Johnson (Falcon Crest) & Harry Hamlin (LA Law) wed.Ref: 5
1986 Bill Cosby broke Liberace’s long-standing record and earned the biggest box-office gross in the 54-year history of Radio City Music Hall in New York City.Ref: 4
1986*16th Easter Seal Telethon raises $30,100,000.Ref: 5
1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Lyric Theatre, Brisbane.Ref: 5
1991*5th American Comedy Awards: Dennis Wolfberg.Ref: 5
1993*19th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1993*7th Soul Train Music Awards.Ref: 5
2003*The film musical "Chicago" wins top honors at the Screen Actors Guild Awards, including best ensemble cast, and lead acctress prize for star Rene Zellweger. (XDG, p 4A, 3/09/2004)Ref: 83
1451*Amerigo Vespucci merchant, explorer; America is named for him.Ref: 68
1564*David Fabricius Essen Germany, astronomer (discovered variable star), is born.Ref: 5
1568*Aloysius "Luigi" van Gonzaga Italian prince/Jesuit/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1697*Friederike C Neuber German actress/author (Allerkostbarste Schatz), is born.Ref: 5
1735*August Bernhard Valentin Herbing composer, is born.Ref: 5
1737*Josef Myslivecek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1753*Jean-Baptiste Kléber French General/architect (Mainz, Fleurus), is born.Ref: 5
1758*Franz Joseph Gall German/French physician (frenology), is born.Ref: 5
1777*Alexander Orlowski Polish painter/cartoonist/graphic artist, is born.Ref: 5
1791*George Hayward US, surgeon, first to use ether, is born.Ref: 5
1810*Jean-Georges Kastner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1812*Jakob Eduard Schmolzer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1814*Taras Shevchenko Ukraine, national poet/painter/professor of Kiev, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Leland Stanford, railroad builder and founder of Stanford University, is born.Ref: 17
1826*Jean Joseph Bott German violinist/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Felix Huston Robertson Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Modest P Mussorgsky Russian composer (Boris Godunov), is born.Ref: 5
1839*Birth of Phoebe Palmer Knapp, American Methodist hymnwriter. She published more than 500 hymn tunes during her lifetime; her most famous melody comprises the tune to Fanny Crosby's hymn, "Blessed Assurance."Ref: 5
1848*Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick composer, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Alexandre Luigini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1856*Eddie (Edwin Fitzgerald) Foy Sr. actor, comic, dancer: entertained on the musical stage and in vaudeville for four decades; father of The Seven Little Foys, is born.Ref: 4
1858*Gustav Stickley, American designer and maker of Mission furniture, is born.Ref: 70
1859*Richard Engländer [Peter Altenberg], Austria, author (Lebensabend), is born.Ref: 5
1865*Margaret Murray Washington wife of Booker T/head (NACW 1896..1918), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Johann Richard Ohlsson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Martin Fallas Shaw composer, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Emil Abderhalden Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Enver Pasja Turkish General/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Ernest Bevin British minister of Labour/Foreign affairs, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Umberto Saba writer, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Ringgold "Ring" Lardner baseball player, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Tamara Karsavina, Russian-English ballerina, is born.Ref: 70
1886*Robert Eichelberger, American general during World War II, is born.Ref: 70
1890*Vyacheslav Molotov, former Soviet Prime Minister and signer of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, is born.Ref: 2
1892*David Garnett England, novelist/editor (Lady into Fox), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Frank Puglia Sicily Italy, actor (Black Orchid, Jungle Book), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Joseph Weinheber Austria poet/writer (Adel und Untergang), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Victoria M. Sackville-West Victoria, English novelist and poet, is born.Ref: 70
1893*Edgar Scauflaire Belgian muralist/decorator, is born.Ref: 5
1893*Hans Munch composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Edward Durell Stone US, architect (US Embassy, New Delhi), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Will Geer (William Auge Ghere) actor: Union Pacific, It’s a Small World, Broken Arrow, In Cold Blood, The Waltons; is born in Frankfort IN.Ref: 4
1905*Félix Labisse French painter (libidoscaphes), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Grigori Kozintsev Kiev Ukraine, director (Hamlet, King Lear), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Peter C Quennell English biographer/critic (Byron in Italy), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Rex Warner English poet/writer (Wild Goose Chase), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Henry Leland Clarke composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Luiz Cosme composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Ed[uard] Hoornik Dutch writer/poet (Survivor), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Samuel Barber, West Chester PA, composer (School for Scandal), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Ramon Campbell Batista composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912 Alan David Melville polymath, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Ger[ar]da Brautigam journalist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Fred Clark Lincoln CA, actor (Burns & Allen, Auntie Mame, Hazard), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Pete Gray one-armed outfielder (St Louis Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Dante B Fascell (Representative-Democrat-FL, 1955- ), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Jules Engel, graphic designer, teacher, born.Ref: 73
1918*George Lincoln Rockwell head of American Nazi Party, is born.Ref: 68
1918*Marguerite Chapman Chatham NY, actress (Spy Smasher, Flight to Mars), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Mickey [Frank Morrison] Spillane Brooklyn NY, mystery writer (I the Jury), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Actor Carl Betz (Alex Stone-Donna Reed Show) is born in Pittsburgh PA.Ref: 68
1922*Herbert P Douglas Jr Pittsburgh PA, long jumper (Olympics-bronze-1948), is born.Ref: 5
1923*James Buckley, politician, U.S. conservative Republican Senator from New York State, is born.Ref: 4
1923*Andre Courreges, French fashion designer: created go-go boots, brought mini-skirt look into fashion, is born.Ref: 4
1924*Konstantin Iliev composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Billy Ford singer: group: Billy & Lillie: La Dee Dah, Lucky Ladybug, is born.Ref: 4
1926*Celso Garrido Lecca composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926 Gerrit A Kooy Dutch sociologist (Apartheid & work in South Africa), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Irene Papas Corinth Greece, actress (Moses The Lawgiver), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Hans Ludwig Schilling composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Jackie (Jack Eugene) Jensen baseball: NY Yankees [World Series: 1950], Washington Nationals [all-star: 1952], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1955, 1958/Writer’s Award: 1958]; is born.Ref: 5
1927*John Beckwith composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Hugh Desmond Hoyte president (Guyana, 1985-92), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Marie Cardinal writer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Ornette Coleman, jazz saxophonist, is born.Ref: 2
1930 Harrie J B Aarts Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Thomas Schippers Kalamazoo MI, conductor (Amahl & Night Visitors), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Taina Elg Helsinki Finland, actress (Hercules in New York, Les Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Keely Smith (Dorothy Jacqueline Keely) singer: That Old Black Magic, How Are Ya’ Fixed for Love?; former Mrs. Louis Prima, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Heere Heeresma Dutch writer (Han de Wit goes in development aid), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Lloyd Price, Kenner LA, singer (Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Misty, Just Because, Come to Me), is born.Ref: 5
1933*William Francis McBeth composer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Yuri Gagarin, Russia, cosmonaut, first man into space (aboard Vostok 1), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Joyce Van Patten, actress: Monkey Shines, The Goodbye Guys, Bad News Bears, Breathing Lessons; sister of actor Dick Van Patten, is born in Queens NY.Ref: 4
1935*Joe Gallison Houston TX, actor (PT-109, Neil-Days of our Lives), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Keely Smith Norfolk VA, singer (Mrs Louis Prima), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Sister Bernard Ncube South African nun, is born.Ref: 5
1936*[Aino] Elina Salo Sipoo Finland, actress (Hamlet Goes Business), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Glenda Jackson Birkenhead Cheshire England, actress (Hopscotch, Touch of Class), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Marty Ingels (Ingerman), Brooklyn NY, comedian (I'm Dickens He's Fenster), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Mickey Gilley, country singer: Academy of Country Music Top New Male Vocalist [1974], 1976 awards: Entertainer of the Year, Male Vocalist of the Year, Album of the Year: Gilley’s Smoking, Song of the Year: Don’t the Girls Get Prettier at Closing Time, Single of the Year: Bring It on Home; owned Gilley’s Club [honky-tonk that inspired movie Urban Cowboy]; owner: Mickey Gilley’s Theatre, Branson MO; Jerry Lee Lewis’ cousin, is born in Ferriday LA.Ref: 68
1938*Charles Siebert Kenosha WI, actor (One Day at A Time, Trapper John), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Raul Julia (Raul Rafael Carlos Julia y Arcelay) actor: The Addams Family, Kiss of the Spider Woman; received four Tony award nominations: Proteus, Mack the Knife; is born in San Juan, Puerto Rico.Ref: 5
1941*Ger van Each sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Jim Colbert golf: eight-time PGA Tour winner; Senior PGA Tour leading money winner [1995, 1996] player of year [1996]; ESPN color commentator, is born in Elizabeth NJ.Ref: 4
1942*John Cale Welsh/US bassist/violinist/singer (Velvet Underground), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bert (Dagoberto Blanco) Campaneris ‘Campy’: baseball: shorstop: KC Athletics, Oakland Athletics, [all-star: 1968, 1972-1975/World Series: 1972-1974], Texas Rangers [all-star: 1977], California Angels, NY Yankees, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Mark Lindsay musician: saxophonist, singer songwriter: group: Paul Revere & The Raiders: The Great Airplane Strike, Good Thing, Him or Me What’s It Gonna Be, Indian Reservation; solo: Arizona, Silver Bird, is born in Eugene OR.Ref: 4
1943*Charles Gibson TV news host: Good Morning America, 20/20, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Trish Van Devere [Patricia Dressel] Englewood Cliffs NJ, actress (Changeling, Movie Movie, Hearse), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bobby Fischer World Chess Champion [1972], U.S. Champion [1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966], is born.Ref: 4
1944*Trevor Burton musician: guitar: groups: The Move: Night of Fear, I Can Hear the Grass Grow, Flowers in the Rain, Fire Brigade, Wild Tiger Woman, Blackberry Way; Uglys, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Laura Lee [Rundless] singer (Dirty Man, Women's Love Rights), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Ray Royer rocker (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Robin Trower London England, rocker (Procol Harum-Whiter Shade of Pale), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Jim Cregan musician: guitar: group: Family: It’s Only a Movie; Stud; Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Gherman Semyonovich Arzamazov Russian cosmonaut (backup TM-6), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Keri Hulme, New Zealand novelist (The Bone People).Ref: 2
1948*Country musician Jimmy Fadden (The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band) is born.Ref: 4
1948*Jamie Lyn Bauer Phoenix AZ, actress (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jeffrey Osborne Providence RI, rock vocalist (On the Wings of Love), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jimmie Fadden singer, musician: harmonica, guitar: group: Nitty Gritty Dirt Band: Mr. Bojangles, An American Dream, Make a Little Magic, Modern Day Romance, Long Hard Road [The Sharecropper’s Dream], is born in Long Beach CA.Ref: 4
1949*Kalevi Aho composer, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Andy North golf champion: U.S. Open [1978 and 1985], is born.Ref: 4
1952*Iuliana Semenova USSR, basketball (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1952*William Kirby Cullen Santa Ana CA, actor (How the West Was Won), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Henriëtte J Toll actress (Soldier of Orange), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Bobby Sands, IRA terrorist, is born.Ref: 68
1954*Charmain Elaine Sylvers rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Keven Wade Chappaqua NY, screen writer (Working Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Fernando Bujones Miami FL, ballet dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1955*Ornella Muti Rome Italy, actress (Flash Gordon, Most Beautiful Wife), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Teo Fabi formula-1 Indy-car racer (rookie of year-1983), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Faith Daniels news anchor (CBS-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jeff Senior Melbourne VIC, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jon Engen Oslo Norway, US biathlete (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Martin Fry singer: group: ABC: Tears are Not Enough, Poison Arrow, Be Near Me, When Smokey Sings, King Without a Crown; founded magazine: Modern Drugs, is born.Ref: 4
1959*Kato [Brian] Kaelin actor (Beach Fever)/OJ houseguest/witness, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Lonny Price New York NY, actor (Muppets Take Manhattan), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Mike Leach Minneapolis MN, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1960*Linda Fiorentino (Clorinda Fiorentino) actress: Unforgettable, Bodily Harm, The Last Seduction, Vision Quest, Men in Black, is born in Philadelphia PA.Ref: 4
1962*Brian Green Columbus IN, actor (Brian Bodine-All My Children, Sam Fowler-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Kent Ferguson Cedar Rapids IA, diver (Olympics-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Terry Mulholland Uniontown PA, pitcher (Philadelphia Phillies), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Phil Housley St Paul MN, NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils, Team USA Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Benito Santiago Ponce PR, catcher (Philadelphia Phillies), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Brian Bosworth NFL quarterback (Seattle), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Juliette Binoche Paris France, actress (English Patient, Unbearable Lightness of Being), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Louis Oliver NFL safety (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Curt Schreiner Albany NY, biathlete (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Eric Flaim Pembroke MA, short track skater (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Michael Kiselak CFL corner (Toronto Argonauts), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Bryce Burnett NFL/WLAF tight end (Broncos, Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1969*George Nimako CFL safety (Toronto Argonauts), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mahmoud Abdul Rauf NBA guard (Sacramento Kings, Denver Nuggets), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Melissa Rathburn-Nealy US soldier (Iraqi POW), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Bev Oden Millington TN, volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Emmanuel Lewis Brooklyn NY, actor (Webster), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jiro Nihei hockey goaltender (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Lou Benfatti NFL defensive tackle (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Sean Holcomb NFL linebacker (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Marcia M Griffith Washington DC, Miss Maryland-America (1995), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Sara Nicole Williams Miss Washington-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*David Prinosil Olmutz Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1995 ATP Newport), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Josh LaRocca WLAF quarterback (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Troy Bailey WLAF defensive end (Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Adonal Foyle NBA center (San Francisco Warriors), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Roy Makaay Dutch soccer player (Vitesse), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Radek Dvorak Tabor Czechoslovakia, NHL left wing (Florida Panthers)Ref: 5
1566*David Riccio Italian singer/secretary of Mary Stuart, murdered.Ref: 5
1619*(date given as March 1619) Richard Burbage, British actor, dies in London, England.Ref: 68
1620*Aegidius Albertinus German writer (Lucifer's Kingdom), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1661*Cardinal Jules Mazarin, the chief minister of France, dies at age 58, leaving King Louis XIV in full control.Ref: 68
1661*Jules Mazarin, Italian-born French cardinal and statesman, dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1688*Claude Mellan French engraver/cartoonist/painter, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1693*Antonio Caraffa Italian General (Eperieser Bloedgericht), dies at 46?.Ref: 5
1706*Johann Pachelbel German organist/composer, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1747*Jacob Campo Weyerman South Netherlands adventurer/painter/writer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1800*Dominique Della-Maria composer, dies at 30.Ref: 5
1819*Janos Fusz composer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1820 Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die.Ref: 5
1824*Jacobus J Cramer priest of Holland/Zealand/Friesland, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1827*Franz Xaver Gerl composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1831*Friedrich M Klinger German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1870*Theodore Labarre composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1877*Mark Prager Lindo English/Dutch author (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1883*Arnold Toynbee, English economist and social reformer, dies at age 30.Ref: 70
1893 Congo cannibals kill 1000s of Arabs.Ref: 5
1895*Leopold von Sacher-Masoch Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1913*Eberhard Nestle German biblical scholar, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1916*Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17 people.Ref: 94
1918*[Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind German writer/press secretary, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1918*Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda.Ref: 5
1931*Ida B Wells-Barnett famous black, dies in Chicago at 78.Ref: 5
1938*Sydney Baynes composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1941*Carlos Pedrell composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1942*Robert Bosch, German engineer and industrialist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1943*Oskar Hêks Czechoslovakian marathon runner/antifascist, dies in Auschwitz.Ref: 5
1947*Carrie Lane Chapman Catt women's rights leader/founder (League of Women Voters), dies at age 88.Ref: 68
1953*Josef Stalin buried in Moscow.Ref: 5
1955*Matthew A Henson met Peary on 6/4/1909 at North Pole, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1961*Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72.Ref: 5
1962*Dr Howard Engstrom Boston MA, a designer of Univac computer dies at 59.Ref: 5
1964*Johanna W "Mina" Bakker Dutch actress (Boefje), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1964*Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck Prussian General/politician, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1965*Anthon van der Horst Dutch organist/composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1965*Kazys Boruta writer, dies.Ref: 5
1969*Riad chief of staff (Egyptian army), dies.Ref: 5
1969*Richard Crane actor (Surfside 6), dies at 50.Ref: 5
1971*Jean-Pierre Guezek composer, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1974*Earl W Sutherland Jr US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1975*Joseph Dunninger New York NY, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1975*Shirley Ross actress (Night Vision, Mindkiller), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1977*About a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims invade three buildings in Washington D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The siege ended two days later.Ref: 70
1979*Barbara Mullen actress (Talk of a Million), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1980*Olga Chekova actress (Moulin Rouge, Pawns of Possession), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1981*Max Delbrück German/US biologist (Nobel 1969), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1982*Alan Badel actor (Shogun), dies of a heart attack at 58.Ref: 5
1982*Rex Marshall TV announcer (Circuit Rider, Herman Hickman Show), dies.Ref: 5
1982*Richard A Butler England, minister of Finance, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1983*Faye Emerson actress (I've Got a Secret), dies of cancer at 65.Ref: 5
1985*Edward Andrews actor (Broadside, Harry-Supertrain), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1986*Ned Calmer TV host (In the First Person), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1987*Zeke (Henry John) Bonura baseball: Chicago White Sox, Washington Nationals, NY Giants, Chicago Cubs; dies.Ref: 5
1988*Kurt Georg Kiesinger West German chancellor (1966-69), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1989*Robert Mapplethorpe US photographer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1989*Sam Melville actor: The Rookies, Roughnecks, Twice Dead; dies.Ref: 4
1992*Menachim Begin Israeli prime minister 1977-1983, dies in Tel Aviv at age 78.Ref: 68
1992*James Brooks artist: Flight: 235 ft. mural at La Guardia National Airport, NY; dies at age 85.Ref: 4
1992*Felipe Turich actor (Lawless), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Jack McEdward assistant director (Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell), dies at 94.Ref: 5
1993*Ad van Gessel Dutch actor (Everything For Our Soldiers), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Bob Crosby, swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), brother of Bing Crosby, dies of cancer at 79.Ref: 5
1993*Cyril Northcote Parkinson, English historian, author, and formulator of "Parkinson's Law", dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1994*Charles Bukowski author/poet, dies of leukemia at 73.Ref: 5
1994*Fernando Rey Spanish actor (French Connection), dies of cancer at 76.Ref: 5
1994*John Harrison South African correspondent (BBC), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1994*Lawrence (Edmund) Spivak producer/journalist (Meet the Press), dies at 93.Ref: 5
1994*Louis Freeman band leader, dies at 100.Ref: 5
1994*Maurice "Moe" Purtill jazz drummer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1995*Ian Ballantine publisher, dies of heart attack at 79.Ref: 5
1995*Ruud van den Hende Dutch sports reporter, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1996*Comedian George Burns dies in Beverly Hills CA, just weeks after turning 100.Ref: 68
1996*Alan Hugh Iliffe psychologist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1996 Elman Ali Ahmed peace campaigner, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1996*Peter Mansfield writer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1997*The Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace) rapper: LPs: Ready to Die, Life After Death, Born Again; is shot and killed in Los Angeles. His killer has not been identified.Ref: 4
1997*Gangsta rapper The Notorious B.I.G., whose real name was Christopher Wallace, was killed in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles; he was 24.Ref: 3
1997*Terry Nation writer (Dr Who, Blake 7) at 66Ref: 5
2004*Robert Pastorelli (housepainter Eldin-Murphy Brown) is found dead in his home at age 49. Though drug paraphernalia was found, the death is being rule "accidental" until an autopsy can be performed. (XDG, p 5A, 3/10/2004)Ref: 83
2004*(DC Sniper) Circuit Judge LeRoy Millette sentences DC sniper John Muhammad to death, turning aside defense pleas to spare Muhammad's life. (USA Today, p 3A, 3/10/2004)Ref: 13
2004*Abu Abbas, the Palestinian mastermind of the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijacking in 1985, dies in US custody in Iraq, apparently of natural causes. (USA Today, p 5A, 3/10/2004)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen