Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 11th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
417*Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome.Ref: 5
843*Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople.Ref: 5
1502*Tebriz shah Ismail I of Persia crowned.Ref: 5
1513*Giovanni de' Medici chosen Pope Leo X.Ref: 69
1563 League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II.Ref: 5
1598*Countess Charlotte of Nassau marries duke Claude de la Tremoille.Ref: 5
1665*New York's English Deputies approved a new legal code, which guaranteed all Protestants the right to practice their religious observances unhindered. (There were currently a host of Protestant groups thriving within this now_English colony, acquired only seven months earlier from the Dutch.).Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Ann Putnam Jr. shows symptoms of affliction by witchcraft. Mercy Lewis, Mary Walcott, and Mary Warren later allege affliction as well.Ref: 87
1779*US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time).Ref: 5
1789*Benjamin Banneker with L'Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC.Ref: 5
1810*Emperor Napoleon of France was married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.Ref: 5
1811*Luddites revolt UK riots led by Ned Ludd - workers destroy machines that made skills obsolete.Ref: 2
1812*Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews.Ref: 5
1823*First normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord VT.Ref: 5
1824*The U.S. War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Seneca Indian Ely Parker becomes the first Indian to lead the Bureau.Ref: 2
1836*The Little Miami Railroad Company is created by an act of the Ohio General Assembly. (Shell, James H, "Next Stop! Xenia", 1994) 
1845*Seven hundred Maoris led by their chief, Hone-Heke, burn the small town of Kororareka in protest at the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, in breach with the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.Ref: 2
1845*Wittenberg College was chartered in Springfield, Ohio, under Lutheran auspices.Ref: 5
1850*Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1st female medical school).Ref: 5
1867*Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano).Ref: 5
1878*Frank McNab reports that Billy Morton and Frank Baker were killed trying to escape the posse. This proves later to be untrue. Billy the Kid's involvement is not known. Ref 
1888*(thru 3/14) The famous "Blizzard of '88" struck the northeastern United States, resulting in some 400 deaths.Ref: 95
1905*The Parisian subway is officially inaugurated.Ref: 2
1906*(Shipp) At 12:47 a. m., Judge Clark issues his ruling. He holds that the 6th Amendment guarantee of an impartial trial does not apply to state trials. He does, however, stay Johnson's execution until March 23 to allow time for an appeal to the United States Supreme Court.Ref: 87
1907*President Teddy Roosevelt induces California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation.Ref: 2
1914*(Triangle) Twenty-three individual suits for damages against Triangle are settled for an average of just $75 per life lost.Ref: 87
1917*The Duma ignores the tsar's order to dissolve itself; fires break out in the city that night.Ref: 90
1918*Moscow becomes capitol of revolutionary Russia.Ref: 5
1918*Save the Redwoods League founded.Ref: 5
1918*107 soldiers in Kansas become ill with "Spanish" flu, first of pandemic which kills 1.5 m. in US.Ref: 10
1919*General strike in Germany, crushed.Ref: 5
1924 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins.Ref: 5
1924*3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins.Ref: 5
1926 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Fein.Ref: 5
1927*The Flatheads Gang was responsible for the first armored-car robbery -- near Pittsburgh, PA. It was reported that $104,250 was taken in the heist.Ref: 4
1935*Bank of Canada opens.Ref: 5
1935*Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe; it becomes an official organ of the Reich.Ref: 5
1938*Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria.Ref: 5
1938*German troops enter Austria.Ref: 5
1941*President Roosevelt signs into law the Lend-Lease Bill, providing war supplies to countries fighting the Axis.Ref: 5
1942*First deportation train leaves Paris France for Auschewitz Concentration Camp.Ref: 5
1944 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested.Ref: 5
1945*(thru the 18th) During these eight days fire raids with similar tactics are launched on Nagoya, Osaka, and Kobe; the second, third, and fourth largest cities in Japan. An additional 16 square miles of city are burned, killing more than 50,000 people.Ref: 91
1945*Flemish Nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1946*Former Auschwitz Kommandant Höss, posing as a farm worker, is arrested by the British. He testifies at Nuremberg, then is later tried in Warsaw, found guilty and hanged at Auschwitz, April 16, 1947, near Crematory I. "History will mark me as the greatest mass murderer of all time," Höss writes while in prison, along with his memoirs about Auschwitz.Ref: 35
1948*Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed.Ref: 5
1953*First woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams).Ref: 5
1953*An American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolina, the bomb doesn't go off due to 6 safety catches.Ref: 5
1954*The US Army charged that Wisconsin Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and his subcommittee's chief counsel, Roy Cohn, had exerted pressure to obtain favored treatment for Private G. David Schine, a former consultant to the subcommittee. (The confrontation culminates in the famous Senate Army-McCarthy hearings.)Ref: 5
1958*H-Bomb accidentally dropped on Mars Bluff, South Carolina (but did not explode, since there still *was* a South Carolina)Ref: 62
1963 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain.Ref: 5
1964*Senator Carl Hayden broke the record for continuous service in the U.S. Senate. He completed 37 years and seven days in the upper chamber.Ref: 4
1965 Indonesia President Sukarno accepts qualifications of Suharto.Ref: 5
1966*Three men are convicted of the murder of Malcolm X.Ref: 2
1969 Levi-Strauss starts to sell bell-bottomed jeans.Ref: 2
1970*Iraq Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation.Ref: 5
1973*An FBI agent is shot at Wounded Knee in South Dakota.Ref: 2
1974*Mount Etna in Sicily erupts.Ref: 5
1975*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1977*More than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims were freed after ambassadors from three Islamic nations joined the negotiations.Ref: 70
1981 Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet 2nd term begins.Ref: 5
1982*Harrison Williams (Senator-Democrat-NJ) resigned rather than face expulsion.Ref: 5
1982 Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Washington DC.Ref: 5
1985*Mikhail S. Gorbachev was chosen to succeed the late Soviet President Konstantin U. Chernenko.Ref: 70
1986*Popsicle announced its plan to end the traditional twin-stick frozen treat for a flatter, one-stick model.Ref: 4
1986*1 million days since traditional foundation of Rome, 4/21/753 BC.Ref: 5
1986*187.27 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange.Ref: 5
1988*£ note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by £ coin.Ref: 5
1988*Utrecht conservatory destroyed by fire.Ref: 5
1990*The Lithuanian parliament voted to break away from the Soviet Union and restore its independence.Ref: 70
1991*(King) A grand jury watches the videotape and begins listening to testimony.Ref: 87
1992*The FBI established a Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division. CJIS consolidated existing FBI services provided to law enforcement and criminal justice agencies. The Division incorporated the FBI's NCIC Program, the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), and the Uniform Crime Reports Program.Ref: 14
1993*Congress of People's Deputies passes resolution limiting powers of government to implement reformsRef: 89
1993*Janet Reno was unanimously confirmed by the Senate to be the nation's first female attorney general.Ref: 70
1993*North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in a harsh rebuff of Western demands to open suspected nuclear weapons development sites for inspection.Ref: 70
1994*Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as President of Chile.Ref: 5
1995 President Nazarbajev disbands Kazakhstan parliament.Ref: 5
1995 Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US.Ref: 5
1995*-36.8ºF (-38.2ºC) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67ºN.Ref: 5
2002*American Foods Group, Sharonville OH, recalls 106K lbs of ground beef products for fear of e.coli contamination. (WSJ, p D2, 7/02/2003)Ref: 33
2002*Two columns of light soared skyward from Ground Zero in New York as a temporary memorial to the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks.Ref: 70
2002 Israel lifted Yasser Arafat's three-month confinement in West Bank.Ref: 70
1791*Samuel Mulliken of Philadelphia, PA became the first person to receive more than one patent from the U.S. Patent Office. Four patents were issued for his machines: (1) to thresh corn and grain, (2) to break and swingle hemp, (3) to cut polished marble, and (4) to raise the nap on cloths.Ref: 4
1960*Pioneer 5, a solar monitor, is launched. Ref 
1986*Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley's Comet at 6.8 million km.Ref: 5
537 The Goths lay siege to Rome.Ref: 5
1567 Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel.Ref: 5
1597 Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France.Ref: 5
1649 The peace of Rueil is signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.Ref: 2
1795 Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols.Ref: 5
1861*The Confederate convention in Montgomery AL adopts a constitution.Ref: 5
1862*General Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia.Ref: 5
1862*Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief & makes him head of Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief.Ref: 5
1863*Union troops under General Ulysess S. Grant give up their preparations to take Vicksburg after failing to pass Fort Pemberton, north of Vicksburg.Ref: 2
1864*Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee.Ref: 5
1865*General Sherman's Union forces occupy Fayetteville NC.Ref: 5
1900*British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects the peace overtures offered from Boer leader Paul Kruger.Ref: 2
1915*Britain announces blockade of German ports. 
1917*British under General Maude capture Baghdad; soldiers from the Hampshire Regiment march into city.Ref: 17
1942*As Japanese forces continued to advance in the Pacific during World War Two, General Douglas MacArthur left the Philippines for Australia, vowing: "I shall return." (He kept that promise nearly three years later.)Ref: 5
1942*Japanese troop land on North-Sumatra.Ref: 5
1943*Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1945*1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs.Ref: 5
1965*The American navy begins inspecting Vietnamese junks in hopes of ending arms smuggling to the South.Ref: 2
1966 Military coup led by Indonesian General Suharto breaks out.Ref: 5
1975 Portugal military coup under General Spinola fails.Ref: 5
1982 Failed military coup under Rambocus/Hawker in Suriname.Ref: 5
1879 The Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association -- actually its forerunner, the U.S. Amateur Lacrosse Association -- was formed in Princeton, NJ.Ref: 4
1882 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ.Ref: 39
1892*200 view first public game of basketball played at School for Christian Workers, Springfield, MA.Ref: 10
1901*The Cincinnati Enquirer reports Baltimore manager John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant.Ref: 5
1904*Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games.Ref: 5
1905*Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1.Ref: 5
1909 The first gold medal to a perfect-score bowler was awarded to A.C. Jellison. The honor was bestowed by the American Bowling Congress.Ref: 4
1912*First Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-minute periods, formerly played in 30-minute halfs, Québec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep.Ref: 5
1917*First NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montréal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13).Ref: 5
1922*Western Hockey Championship: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Regina Capitals, in 2 games.Ref: 5
1924*NHL Championship: Montréal Canadiens sweeps Ottawa Senators in 2 games.Ref: 5
1927*First golden gloves tournament.Ref: 5
1928*Netherlands & Belgium tie 1-1 (soccer match in Amsterdam).Ref: 5
1930*Babe Ruth signed a two-year contract with the New York Yankees for the sum of $80,000.Ref: 4
1933*During an exhibition game in Los Angeles, a significant earthquake sends the Cubs and Giants scurrying to second base until the tremors stop.Ref: 1
1933*After a six year absence, Rogers Hornsby returns to the Cardinals as a player. The 'Rajah' was fired as the Cubs' manager last August.Ref: 1
1934*Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer.Ref: 5
1941 Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minnesota, to become wrestling champion.Ref: 5
1948*Reginald Weir of New York City became the first black tennis player to participate in a U.S. Indoor Lawn Tennis Association tournament.Ref: 4
1953*Braves' owner Lou Perini proposes a ban on any major league franchise shift to an existing minor league city until October first.Ref: 1
1956*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1957*Representative Emanuel Celler, whose congressional committee has investigated baseball, calls Commissioner Ford Frick a czar.Ref: 1
1958*Starting this season, American League batters are required to wear batting helmets.Ref: 5
1961*Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each).Ref: 5
1967 The World Cup skiing title was earned by Jean-Claude Killy of France.Ref: 4
1973*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA S&H Green Stamp Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1977*The Toronto Blue Jays defeat New York Mets 3-1 at Dunedin, Florida, in their first spring training game.Ref: 86
1978*Bobby Hull of the Winnipeg Jets joined Gordie Howe by getting career goal number 1,000 in a game against the Quebec Nordiques.Ref: 4
1978*University of San Francisco-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust North Carolina.Ref: 5
1979*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1979*Randy Hold receives 67 minutes in penalties in a 60 minute NHL hockey game.Ref: 5
1981*Johnny Mize & Rube Foster elected to baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1983 World Ice Dance Championship in Helsinki Finland won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (Great Britain).Ref: 5
1983 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Elena Valova & Oleg Vasiliev (USSR).Ref: 5
1983 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA).Ref: 5
1983 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA).Ref: 5
1984*Chris Johnson wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1986*Islander Mike Bossy, first NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons.Ref: 5
1986*NFL adopts instant replay rule.Ref: 5
1987*Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point.Ref: 5
1990*Maggie Will wins Desert Inn LPGA Golf International.Ref: 5
1991 John Smith, amateur wrestler, wins James E Sullivan Award.Ref: 5
1991*Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf's streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1.Ref: 5
1995 Yolanda Chen hop-skip-jumps world indoor record 15.03 meter.Ref: 5
1997*San Francisco Giant J T Snow suffers a fractured eye socket when hit by a pitchRef: 5
2001*Preston Wilson signs a $32 million, five-year contract with Florida. The 26-year old Marlin center fielder, the franchise's first 30-30 player, was obtained from the Mets in the Mike Piazza deal.Ref: 1
2004*Major League Baseball adds THG (tetrahydrogestrinone) to the list of banned substances. The drug, declared illegal by the FDA on 10/28/2004, slipped under MLB's radar because it was illegal. (XDG, p 1B, 3/18/2004)Ref: 5
2004*Vancouver Canucks' all-star forward Todd Bertuzzi is suspended for the remainder of the season for his attack on Colorado's Steve Moore on 3/10/2004. Bertuzzi will lose at least $500,000 in salary. The Canucks have been fined $250,000. (XDG, p 3B, 3/12/2004)Ref: 83
1302*Fiction: Romeo & Juliet's wedding day, according to Shakespeare.Ref: 5
1702 First English daily newspaper, "Daily Courant", is published.Ref: 5
1744*Samuel Baker and nephew John Sotheby sell 457 vol. library reaping £826 in first Sotheby's auction.Ref: 10
1794 Royal Theatre in London's Dury Lane opens.Ref: 5
1851*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice.Ref: 5
1867*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1924 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1927*Samuel Roxy Rothafel opened the famous Roxy Theatre in New York City. The showplace was indeed a palace. It cost $10,000,000 to build and held 6,200 theatregoers. The Roxy truly was part of the ‘golden age of the movie palace’. The screen was 18-feet by 22-feet. The first feature shown at the Roxy was The Loves of Sunya, starring Gloria Swanson and John Boles.Ref: 4
1942*Vaughn Monroe and his orchestra recorded the classic, Sleepy Lagoon. It was the last song Monroe would record for Bluebird Records. Vaughn sang on the track while Ray Conniff played trombone. Both later moved to different record companies. Monroe went with RCA and Conniff to Columbia. The big-voiced baritone of Monroe was regularly heard on radio and he was featured in several movies in the 1950s. He died in May, 1973. Racing With the Moon and Ghost Riders in the Sky were two of his greatest contributions to popular music.Ref: 4
1956*Sir Lawrence Olivier starred in the three-hour afternoon NBC-TV special, Richard III. The network reportedly paid $500,000 for the rights to the program. A writer named William Shakespeare was responsible for Richard III.Ref: 4
1958*Charles Van Doren finally loses on TV game show "21".Ref: 5
1959*The Lorraine Hansberry drama "A Raisin in the Sun" opens at NY's Ethel Barrymore Theater.Ref: 17
1959*Teddy Scholten wins Eurovision Song festival with "A Little Bit".Ref: 5
1964*The concept for Star Trek is born when Gene Roddenberry pitches his idea for his "outer-space baby". Shatner, William, "Star Trek Memories", ©1993, ISBN 0-06-109235-5) 
1967*Pink Floyd release their first single "Arnold Layne" (recorded Feb 27, 1967).Ref: 5
1968 Anti-Zionist Clandestine Radio Voice of El Assifa starts transmitting.Ref: 5
1968*Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 12nd string quartet.Ref: 5
1968*Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for "(Sittin' On) the Dock of the Bay".Ref: 5
1970*12th Grammy Awards: Aquarius, Crosby Stills & Nash, Peggy Lee win.Ref: 5
1972*"Inner City" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 97 performances.Ref: 5
1974*Rhino Store gives people 5¢ to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album.Ref: 5
1985*DJs around the U.S. began questioning listeners to see which ones could name the 46 pop music stars who appeared on the hit, We Are the World. The song, airing first on this day as a single, contains a “Who’s Who” of contemporary pop music.Ref: 4
1986*12th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1990*16th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1991*Janet Jackson signs $40M three album deal with Virgin records.Ref: 5
1997*Beatle Paul McCartney knighted Sir Paul by Queen Elizabeth II.Ref: 5
1997*3rd Blockbuster Entertainment Awards.Ref: 5
1544*Torquato Tasso Italy, Renaissance poet (Aminta, Apologia), is born.Ref: 5
1549*Hendrik L Spieghel Dutch merchant/Renaissance poet (Hertspiegel), is born.Ref: 5
1596*Isaac Elsevier book publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1654*Heinrich Georg Neuss composer, is born.Ref: 5
1683*Giovanni Veneziano composer, is born.Ref: 5
1726*Madame Louise-Florence d'Épinay France, writer (Woman, Man & 2 Kingdoms)/salon hostess, is born.Ref: 5
1731*(Declaration of Independence) Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Boston, MA. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1754*Juan Meléndez Valdés Spanish lawyer/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Anthony Philip Heinrich composer, is born.Ref: 5
1785*(US Supreme Court Justice) John McLean, United States Supreme Court justice; dissented in the Dred Scott decision (1857), is born.Ref: 70
1793*Jan F Willems Flemish writer/philologist, is born.Ref: 5
1811*Marsena Rudolph Patrick Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1811*Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier co-discovered Neptune, is born.Ref: 5
1812*James Speed Attorney General (Union), died in 1887, is born.Ref: 5
1812 Pieter Blussé van Oud-Alblas Dutch liberal minister of Finance, is born.Ref: 5
1812*William Vincent Wallace composer, is born.Ref: 5
1818*John Wilkins Whitfield Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879, is born.Ref: 5
1819*Henry Tate English sugar producer (Tate Gallery), is born.Ref: 5
1819*Marius Petipa French ballet dancer/choreographer (Don Quiotte), is born.Ref: 5
1822*Allison Nelson Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Joseph Bertrand, French mathematician and educator, is born.Ref: 70
1827*Septimus Winner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Franz Melde German physicist (Melde test), is born.Ref: 5
1832*William Ruffin Cox Brigadier General (Confederate Army-2nd North Carolina Infantry), died in 1919, is born.Ref: 5
1836*Charles Eastlake, English museologist and art writer, is born.Ref: 70
1840*Edmund Kirby Jr Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863, is born.Ref: 5
1846*António C G Crespo Brazilian/Portuguese poet, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Thomas Hastings New York NY, architect (New York Public Library), is born.Ref: 5
1860*Birth of H. Frances Davidson, pioneer missionary. In 1892 she became the first woman from the Brethren in Christ Church to earn an M.A. degree, and in 1897 became one of her denomination's first missionaries to travel to the African continent.Ref: 5
1863 Wobbe de Vries Dutch linguist, is born.Ref: 5
1872 Abraham van Stolk Jzn lumber merchant/art collector, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Carl Ruggles, Marion MA, composer (Evocations), is born.Ref: 5
1876 David Wijnkoop Dutch revolutionary socialist, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Justus Hermann Wetzel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Niels Bjerrum Danish chemist (ph tests), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Jan Lemaire Dutch writer/actor (Beautiful Juliet), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Sir Malcolm Campbell auto racer: first to travel 300 mph in a car [301.13 mph: Sep 3, 1935 at Bonneville Salt Flats]; died Dec 31, 1948Ref: 4
1890*Vannevar Bush developed first electronic analogue computer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Raoul Walsh New York NY, director (Thief of Baghdad, Battle Cry), is born.Ref: 17
1892*Wladyslaw Anders Polish General (WWI, WWII), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Henry Dixon Cowell Menlo Park CA, composer (New Musical Resources), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Dorothy Gish, Massillon OH, stage & silent film actress (Orphans of the Storm), is born. (Encyclopedia Americana 2000) 
1899*Frederick IX king of Denmark (1947-72), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Josef Martin Bauer writer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Lawrence Welk bandleader: Calcutta, Tonight You Belong to Me, Weary Blues, Moritat; TV: The Lawrence Welk Show; developer: senior citizen retreat near San Diego, The Lawrence Welk Theater; is born in Strasburg ND.Ref: 68
1903*Dorothy Schiff publisher (New York Post), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Cornelis Jan Bakker Dutch/US nuclear physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Maurits Wertheim Dutch writer (Isaac De Fuentes), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Aasan Ferit Alnar composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Jessie Matthews London England, actress (Gangway, First a Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Margaret Herbison British minister (Lab), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Eleni Gatzoyiannis heroine (saved her kids), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Helmuth J von Moltke German politician (July 20th plot), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Ljubica Maric composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Robert H G Havemann German chemist, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Alan Gifford Boston MA, actor (Time Lock, Up Periscope), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Fitzroy Maclean British diplomat soldier politician/historian, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Robert Clifford Latham Pepys Scholar, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Xavier Montsalvatge Spanish composer (El gato con botas), is born.Ref: 5
1913*John Jacob Weinzweig Toronto Canada, composer (Enchanted Hill), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Thomas Gray professor/anaesthetist, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Ralph Ellison writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Act), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Karl Krolow writer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*(James) Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister [1964-1970, 1974-1976]; politician: head of British Labor party; is born.Ref: 4
1917*GE Göran Schildt Finnish art historian/writer (Solbåten), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Al Eben Philadelphia PA, actor (Doc Bergman-Hawaii Five-0), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Mercer Ellington, son of Duke Ellington/bandleader/songwriter: Blue Serge, Things Ain’t What They Used to Be; owned Mercer record label; bandleader: only son of Duke Ellington: led the Duke’s band after he died and for musical Sophisticated Ladies; is born.Ref: 4
1920*D J Enright England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers), is born.Ref: 5
1920 Henry Marking CEO (British Airways), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Kenneth Dover chancellor (St Andrews University), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Vince Boryla basketball: U.S. Gold Medal Men’s Teams [1948: London]; NBA: NY Knicks; coach: NY Knicks [1956-1958], is born.Ref: 4
1921*Astor Piazzolla Argentina composer (Tango Nuevo), is born.Ref: 5
1921*F[rancis] M[arion] Busby Jr US, sci-fi author (Star Rebel), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Abdul Razak bin Hussain premier of Malaysia (1970-77), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Thom Kelling Dutch singer/guitarist (Programa de Manha), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Vinnette Carroll New York NY, actress (Alice's Restaurant, Reivers), is born.Ref: 5
1923*A X Gwerder writer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Ad[rianus C] de Besten Dutch literary (River Basin), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Morschi Mirando [Thomas Weiss], German/Dutch gypsy artist, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Terence Alexander London England, actor (Tony-Behind the Scenes), is born.Ref: 5
1923*A. Louise Brough, tennis champion: U.S. Open [1947], Australian Open [1950], Wimbledon [1948, 1949, 1950, 1955], is born in Clapp Oklahoma.Ref: 4
1925*James Miskin QC/recorder of London, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Adrienne Keith Cohen travel editor, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Ilhan Mimaroglu composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Patricia Tindaole England, architect, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Ralph Abernathy civil rights leader (Southern Christian Leadership), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Alan Betts emeritus professor (Royal Veterinary College), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Raymond Jackson [Jaki], British cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Robert Mosbacher US politician, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Ron Todd British trade unionist, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Albert Salmi Brooklyn NY, actor (Daniel Boone, 79 Park Avenue), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Peter Roger Hunt London England, director (Dr No), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Francisco Bernardo Pulgar Vidal composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929 Erskine Childers unofficial/civil servant, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Troy Ruttman, youngest winner of the Indy 500 (in 1952), is born.Ref: 4
1930*David Gentleman designer/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Valerie French (Harrison) actress: Jubal, The 27th Day; is born.Ref: 4
1931 Peter Walters CEO (Midland Bank), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rupert Murdoch Australia, publisher (New York Post), CEO FOX-TV Network, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Leroy Jenkins violinist: groups: Creative Construction Company, Revolutionary Ensemble; composer: Mother of Three Sons, Fresh Faust, The Negro Burial Ground, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Nigel Lawson British government official (The Power Game), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Valerie French London England, actress (Jubal, The Hard Man), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Terry J Hatter Jr US judge in California, is born.Ref: 5
1934*TV newsman Sam Donaldson is born.Ref: 4
1934*George Stamatoyannopoulos Greece, medical genetics researcher, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Joep [Joseph Willem Frederik] Straesser composer (Blossom songs, Ramasasiri), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Keith Speed British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Sam Donaldson, El Paso TX, ABC White House correspondent (Prime Time), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Nancy Kovack actress: Diary of a Madman, Frankie and Johnny, is born.Ref: 4
1936*(US Supreme Court Justice) Antonin Scalia Trenton NJ, 105th Supreme Court Justice (1986- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Malcolm Keith Speed British high court judge, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Peter Eyre actor (Hedda), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bob Plager hockey: NHL: NY Rangers, SL Blues, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Ric Rothwell drummer (Mindbenders-Games of Love), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Dock (Phillip) Ellis baseball: pitcher: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series/all-star: 1971], New NY Yankees [World Series: 1976], Oakland Athletics, Texas Rangers, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Harvey Mandel rock guitarist (Drei Amerikanische LP's), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Mark Stein vocalist/organist (Vanilla Fudge-You Keep Me Hanging On), is born.Ref: 5
1945 Timothy Mason consultant (British Arts Council), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Tricia O'Neil Shreveport LA, actress (Piranha Part II), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Jim Niekamp hockey: NHL: Detroit Red WingsRef: 4
1946*Brigitte Fossey Tourcoing France, actress (Man Who Died Twice), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Blue (Derek) Weaver musician: keyboards: group: Amen Corner: Gin House Blues, Bend Me Shape Me, [If Paradise Is] Half As Nice, Natural Sinner; Bee Gees, Strawbs, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Dominique Sanda [Varaigne] Paris France, actress (1900, First Love, Inheritance, Beyond Good & Evil), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Geoffrey Hunt Australia, world-champion squash player, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Mark Stein Bayonne NJ, rocker (Vanilla Fudge-You Keep Me Hanging On), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jim McMillian basketball: Columbia Univ., LA Lakers, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Cesar (Francisco Zorrilla) Geronimo baseball: Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1972, 1975, 1976], KC Royals, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Dominique Sanda (Dominique Varaigne) actress: Joseph, 1900, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, The Conformist, A Gentle WomanRef: 4
1948*George Kooymans The Hague Netherlands, guitarist/singer (Golden Earring-Radar Love, Twilight Zone), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Richard de Bois Dutch drummer/producer, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Windlan Hall football: Minnesota Vikings safety: Super Bowl XI, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Bobby McFerrin singer (Don't Worry Be Happy-1989 Grammy), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jerry Zucker Milwaukee WI, director (Airplane, Naked Gun), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Rod Derline ‘The Rifle’: basketball: Seattle SupersonicsRef: 4
1952*Susan Richardson Coatesville PA, actress (Susan-8 is Enough), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Douglas Adams Cambridge England, author (Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jimmy Fortune singer: group: Statler Brothers: LPs: Today, Atlanta Blue, Pardners in Rhyme, Four for the Show, Radio Gospel Favorites, Maple Street Memories, is born.Ref: 4
1955*[Kater]Nina Hagen East Berlin German Democratic Republic, actress (Blue Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Curtis L Brown Jr Elizabethtown NC, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 47, STS 66, 77, 85, 95), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mike Percy rocker (Dead or Alive-Spin Me Round), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Bruce Watson musician: guitar: group: Big Country: Harvest Home, Fields of Fire, In a Big Country, Chance, Wonderland, East of Eden, Where the Rose is Sown, is born in Ontario Canada.Ref: 4
1962*Peter Berg actor (Chicago Hope), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Raimo Helminen Tampere Finland, hockey forward (Team Finland, Olympics-bronze-98), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Eric Jelen West Germany, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Pavel Petrovich Mukhortov Russian cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Ralph Tamm NFL guard/center (Denver Broncos, Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Steve Reed Los Angeles CA, pitcher (Colorado Rockies), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Bill Houlder Thunder Bay, NHL defenseman (Tampa Bay Lightning), is born.Ref: 5
1968*John Barrowman actor (Peter Fairchild-Central Park West), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dan Lacroix Montréal, NHL left wing (New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*John Fina NFL offensive tackle (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Brett Liddle Boksburg South Africa, Canadian Tour golfer (1993 Newcastle), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Evgeniy Koreshkov hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Bob Kronenberg WLAF corner (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jiri Vykoukai Olomouc Czechoslovakia, hockey player (Team Czechoslovakia Republic, Olympics-gold-98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Marta Lovera Parquet Miss Paraguay-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Martin Rucinsky Most Czechoslovakia, NHL left wing (Canadiens, Olympics-Gold-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Carl Greenwood NFL cornerback (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Shelling WLAF cornerback (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jamal Duff NFL defensive end (New York Giants, Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Mike Mihelic CFL offensive tackle (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Sammie Brennan CFL defensive back (British Columbia Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Tony Veland NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Billy Granville linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1974*David Cameron Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kevin Donovan Des Plaines IL, figure skater (1997 Great Lakes-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Cedric Henderson NBA forward (Cleveland Cavaliers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Shawn Springs cornerback (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
222*Varius A Bassianus Syrian emperor of Rome (218-22), murdered at 18?Ref: 5
638*Sophronius of Jerusalem saint/patriarch of Jerusalem, dies.Ref: 5
1486 Albrecht III Achilles elector of Brandenburg, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1669*Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000.Ref: 5
1715*Jan-Erasmus Quellinus Flemish painter, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1722 John Toland dies.Ref: 10
1722*51 John Toland, Irish-born British religious philospher, dies at age 51.Ref: 70
1772*George Reuter composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1786*Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus], Dutch/Swiss poet, dies at 28.Ref: 5
1787*Maximilian JLP Gardel French ballet dancer/choreographer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1807*Anton Eberl composer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1820*Benjamin West British painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1826*Gervais-François Couperin composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1833*Fridolin Weber composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1847*John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed] dies in Allen County Indiana.Ref: 68
1857*Manuel José Quintana Spanish author/poet (A la paz), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1864*Bradfield Reservoir in Sheffield bursts and over 250 people drown.Ref: 62
1874*Charles Sumner, anti-slavery senator from Massachusetts, dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1895*Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed.Ref: 5
1897*Berthold Tours composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1897*Henry Drummond Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1907*Nikola Petkow premier (Bulgaria), murdered.Ref: 5
1908*Peter Milne composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1919*Harald Fryklof composer, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1921*Sherburne W Burnham US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1923*Death of Mary Ann Thomson, 89, American hymnwriter. Among her most enduring contributions to the Church were the lyrics to "O Zion, Haste, Thy Mission High Fulfilling," which she wrote at age 34.Ref: 5
1925*Andreas Hallen composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1930*Former President and US Chief Justice William Taft becomes the first U.S. president to be buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, Va.Ref: 2
1932*Extinction of an entire species- the last heath hen expires on Martha's Vineyard, MA.Ref: 10
1937*Paul Scheinpflug composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1941*Walford Davies British organist/composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1944*Hendrik W van Loon Netherlands/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1947*Victor Hely-Hutchinson composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1949*Henri-Honoré Giraud French General/MP, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1949*Juan Lamonte de Grignon composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1950*Florence Arliss actress (Disraeli), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1950*Arthur J. Dempster, the American physicist who built the first device for measuring charged particles, dies.Ref: 70
1951 Philippe of Isacker Belgian minister, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1955*Sir Alexander Fleming Nobel Prize-winning bacteriologist [1945] discoverer of penicillin, dies at age 73.Ref: 4
1956*Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko Russian opera composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1957*Richard E. Byrd, U.S. aviator, American naval officer and explorer who made the first flight over the North Pole, dies at age 68.Ref: 2
1959*Haydn Wood composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1960*Roy Chapman Andrews US biologist/explorer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1962*Will Vesper German author (Tristan und Isolde), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1965*The Reverend James J. Reeb, a white minister from Boston, dies after being beaten by whites during civil rights disturbances in Selma, AL.Ref: 70
1966*Sunny Jim Fitzsimmons, American racehorse trainer, dies at age 91.Ref: 70
1967*Geraldine Farrar, American operatic soprano, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1969*John Wyndham [Parkes Lucas B Harris] author (Day of the Triffids, Chrysalids), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1970*Erle Stanley Gardner (A.A. Fair) author (created Perry Mason), dies at age 80.Ref: 4
1971*Philo T Farnsworth US TV pioneer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1971*Whitney M Young Jr leader (National Urban League 1961-71), dies at 49.Ref: 5
1971 Frank Clune dies.Ref: 10
1971*Roy Glenn dies in Los Angeles at 56.Ref: 5
1972*Fredric [William] Brown sci-fi author (Martians Go Home), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1973*Manuel Rojas Sepúlveda writer, is born.Ref: 5
1975*Philip Bezanson composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1975*Sammy Spear orchestra leader (Dom Deluise Show), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1975*Walter Kinsella actor (Happy-Martin Kane Private Eye), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1977*34 Israelis killed by Palestinians on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway.Ref: 5
1978*Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed.Ref: 5
1978*Palestinian guerrillas went on a rampage on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway, killing 34 Israelis.Ref: 70
1979*Victor Kilian actor (Gentleman's Agreement), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1980 Dr. Herman Tarnower shot 1980Ref: 10
1982*Edmund Cooper British sci-fi writer (Tomorrow Came), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1984*Nakagawa Soen Zen teacher/poet, dies in Rytutakuji monastery at 76.Ref: 5
1987*Woody (Wayne) Hayes College Football Hall of Famer: Ohio State head coach for 33 years; dies at age 74.Ref: 4
1988*Pham Hung premier of Vietnam, dies at about 74.Ref: 5
1989 Johan Fleerackers Flemish linguist, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1989*John McCloy, American diplomat, lawyer, and presidential adviser, dies at age 93.Ref: 70
1992*David Carroll actor (Grand Hotel), dies of pulmonary embolism at 41.Ref: 5
1992*Heinz Kühn Prime Minister (Northrhine-Westphalia, Germany), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1992*Manuel De Dios Unanue US anti-drug journalist, murdered at 48.Ref: 5
1992*Richard Brooks, American director (Blackboard Jungle, Key Largo), screenwriter, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1993*Dino Bravo wrestler (WWF), shot to death at 44.Ref: 5
1993*Edgar Nelson Barclift dancer, dies after lengthy illness at 76.Ref: 5
1993*Manuel da Fonseca Portuguese writer (Cerro Maior), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1994*Jacques Doucet French painter (Mostar Sarajevo), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1995*Carel Birnie found Utrecht Opera/Dutch Dance Theater, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1995*Ernest Kabushemeye Burundese minister of Mijnbouw, murdered.Ref: 5
1995*Frank Fidler artist, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1996*Vince Edwards Bkln NY, actor (Ben Casey, Matt Lincoln), dies at age 69.Ref: 68
1996*Barry Appleby cartoonist, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1996*Charles William Oatley electrical engineer, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1996 John Henry Pyle Pafford librarian, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1996 Clifton Eugene Bancroft Robinson public servant, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1997*Ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space.Ref: 5
2002*James Tobin, Yale economist who won the Nobel Prize for his portfolio theory and was the "intellectual force" behind President Kennedy's tax cut, dies at age 84. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2004*At least 192 people are killed on Spanish trains as a series of seven bombs explode on four commuter trains. A shadow group acting for al-Qaida claimed responsibility. (XDG, p 1, 3/12/2004)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen