Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 12th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1000*Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, replacing Victor III.Ref: 5
1054*Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome.Ref: 5
1144*Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II.Ref: 5
1350*Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples.Ref: 5
1365*University of Vienna founded.Ref: 5
1496*The Jews are expelled from Syria.Ref: 2
1587*English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower.Ref: 5
1594 Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies.Ref: 5
1609*The Bermuda Islands become an English colony.Ref: 2
1619 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia.Ref: 5
1622*Gregory XV canonized Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Jesuits; Philip Neri, Italian co_founder of a medical religious order; Teresa of Avila, a Spanish Carmelite nun; and Francis Xavier, the Jesuit "Apostle of Eastern Asia."Ref: 5
1664*New Jersey became a British colony as King Charles II grants land in the New World to his brother James, the Duke of York.Ref: 5
1664*First naturalization act in American colonies.Ref: 5
1689*Former English King James II lands in Ireland.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Ann Putnam Jr. accuses Martha Cory of witchcraft.Ref: 20
1737*Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy.Ref: 5
1755*First steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine, in North Arlington, NJ.Ref: 5
1770*(Boston Massacre) Captain Preston offers his views of the events of March 5 in a deposition.Ref: 87
1773*A Committee of Correspondence is formed in Virginia to communicate with other colonial legislatures. Virginia was the first to propose communication among the colonies. 
1773*Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago.Ref: 5
1789*The United States Post Office is established.Ref: 2
1844*The Columbus & Xenia (OH) Railroad is incorporated. (Shell, James H, "Next Stop! Xenia", 1994) 
1847*Donner Party: On their way to the lake, the Third Relief, led by William Eddy and William Foster, reaches Starved Camp. Mrs. Graves and her son Franklin have died. They and Isaac Donner have been cannibalized. One of the rescuers, John Stark, stays to help the Breens and others out of the mountains while the others continue up to the camps.Ref: 28
1848*2nd republic established in France.Ref: 5
1849*First gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California.Ref: 5
1850*First US $20 gold piece issued.Ref: 5
1860*Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill; free land in West for colonists.Ref: 5
1868*Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax.Ref: 5
1868*Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa.Ref: 5
1877*1st department store opened (Wanamaker's, Philadelphia).Ref: 51
1877*Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony.Ref: 5
1884*The State of Mississippi authorized the first state-supported college for women. It was called the Mississippi Industrial Institute and College.Ref: 4
1894*Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.Ref: 2
1900*President Steyn of Orange-Free state flees from Bloemfontein.Ref: 5
1903*The Czar of Russia issues a decree providing for nominal freedom of religion throughout the land.Ref: 2
1904*First main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport).Ref: 5
1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund.Ref: 5
1904*Raphael Hawaweeny was ordained Eastern Orthodox bishop of Brooklyn, NY, at St. Nicholas Church. As a vicar under the Holy Synod of the Church of Russia, Hawaweeny thus became the first Russian Orthodox bishop ordained in America.Ref: 5
1904*Tunnel under Hudson River between Jersey City and New York completes drilling after 30 years.Ref: 10
1906*(Shipp) Shipp and other official publicly question whether a federal judge has the power to postpone the execution for ten days.Ref: 87
1906*Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast.Ref: 5
1908*Glenn Curtiss builds a two-cylinder, air-cooled engine for "Red Wing", a plane flown by Thomas Scott "Casey" Baldwin, a famous lighter-than-air devotee.Ref 
1909*British Parliament increases naval appropriations for Great Britain.Ref: 2
1912*Girl Guides (Girl Scouts of America) founded in Savannah GA, by Juliette Gordon Low.Ref: 5
1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capitol in Canberra laid.Ref: 5
1917*The Duma elects an Executive Committee which assumes dictatorial powers on behalf of itself. Most of its members were from the Progressive block.Ref: 90
1917*Prisons are opened and prisoners mingled with the demonstrators. Street fights developed with the troops and the police are sent in to suppress them. Members of the cabinet are "arrested" by the insurgents.Ref: 90
1917*The Executive Committee of Soldiers and Workers Deputies is founded, led by Chkheidze, a Menshevik. This Committee literally occupied the Duma and presumed to address the Russian people from that vantage point. But the Duma's own Executive Committee still retained the political initiative.Ref: 90
1917*Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrive in St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1917*Izvestia, U.S.S.R. government daily newspaper, founded in Leningrad.Ref: 10
1919 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany).Ref: 5
1925*British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement.Ref: 5
1926 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament.Ref: 5
1926*Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium.Ref: 5
1930 Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi began a 200-mile march to protest a British tax on salt.Ref: 70
1932*Condon, a.k.a. "Jafsie," meets with the Lindbergh kidnapper.Ref: 87
1933*The first German concentration camp opens at Oranienburg outside Berlin.Ref: 36
1933*President Paul von Hindenburg drops the flag of the German Republic and orders that the swastika and empire banner be flown side by side.Ref: 2
1933*Eight days after he was inaugurated, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt presented his first presidential address to the nation. It was the first of what were called Roosevelt’s famous Fireside Chats. The name, incidentally, was coined by newsman, Robert Trout. He thought that the President sounded as if he was sitting with us in living rooms all over the nation next to a roaring fire, just telling it like it was. These frequent, soothing, down-to-earth talks helped bolster President Roosevelt’s enormous popularity for four terms in office, making him, many say, the greatest President of the century, if not of all time.Ref: 4
1934*Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail.Ref: 5
1935*Parimutuel betting became a reality as horse race bets were legalized in the State of Nebraska. There are still U.S. states where horse racing, betting or other forms of legalized gambling still ‘nag’ legislatures, despite the fact that other states have been participating in these activities for decades.Ref: 4
1935*England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages.Ref: 5
1938*(and 13th) Nazi troops enter Austria, which has a population of 200,000 Jews, mainly living in Vienna. Hitler announces Anschluss (union) with Austria.Ref: 35
1939*Pope Pius XII was formally crowned in ceremonies at the Vatican.Ref: 69
1945 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy.Ref: 5
1945*New York is first to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment.Ref: 5
1945*The British Empire celebrates its first British Empire Day.Ref: 5
1945 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania.Ref: 5
1946 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.Ref: 5
1947*President Truman established what became known as the "Truman Doctrine" to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism.Ref: 5
1947 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns.Ref: 5
1948*-5ºF lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March.Ref: 5
1950*Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III.Ref: 5
1950*Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda".Ref: 5
1956*Dow Jones closes above 500 for first time (500.24).Ref: 5
1957 German Democratic Republic accepts 22 Russian divisions.Ref: 5
1958*British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day".Ref: 5
1959 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections.Ref: 5
1959*US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood.Ref: 5
1962 Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia.Ref: 5
1964*Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years.Ref: 5
1964*Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam.Ref: 5
1966*Pioneer Plaza dedicated [San Francisco].Ref: 5
1966*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1967*Indonesian congress deprives President Sukarno of authority.Ref: 5
1968*Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day).Ref: 5
1968*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1970*US lowers voting age from 21 to 18.Ref: 5
1971*Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected President.Ref: 5
1971*Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army.Ref: 5
1977 Chile President Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party.Ref: 5
1977 Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel.Ref: 5
1980*A Chicago jury found John Wayne Gacy Jr. guilty of the murders of 33 men and boys.Ref: 70
1981 Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond VA.Ref: 5
1984*National Union of Mine Workers in England begin a 51 week strike.Ref: 5
1985*The United States and the Soviet Union begin arms control talks in Geneva.Ref: 2
1985*Former U.S. President Richard M. Nixon announced that he planned to drop Secret Service protection and hire his own bodyguards. The plan would save taxpayers about $3 million a year. Nixon said that he was taking the action, “to do his part to help cut the federal deficit.”Ref: 4
1986*210.25 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange.Ref: 5
1987*Both Coca-Cola and Boeing Company joined the rank and file of the Dow Jones industrials this day. The 30-stock average said “adieu” to the stock of Owens-Illinois Glass and Inco Ltd. to make room for the new issues.Ref: 4
1987*Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North.Ref: 5
1987*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1989*2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia).Ref: 5
1989 Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election.Ref: 5
1993 Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech.Ref: 5
1993*Janet Reno was sworn in as the nation's first female attorney general.Ref: 70
1993*On 105th anniversary of Great Blizzard, worst killer storm in century hits East and South US.Ref: 10
1994*Church of England ordains its first 33 women priests.Ref: 5
1995 Congress party loses India national election.Ref: 5
1999 The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland joined NATO in a ceremony at Independence, Mo.Ref: 70
2000*Pope John Paul II asked God's forgiveness for the sins of Roman Catholics through the ages, including wrongs inflicted on Jews, women and minorities.Ref: 70
2002*Homeland security chief Tom Ridge unveiled a color-coded system for terror warnings.Ref: 70
2002*The U.N. Security Council approved a U.S.-sponsored resolution endorsing a Palestinian state for the first time.Ref: 70
2003*The US Supreme Court halted the execution of Texas inmate Delma Banks 15 minutes before the lethal injection was to be administered. No reason was given. Banks was convicted of murdering co-worker 16-year old Richard Whitehead in 1980. (USA Today, p 3A, 3/13/2003)Ref: 13
2003*(Elizabeth Smart) Elizabeth Smart, the 15-year old girl who was abducted from her bedroom in Salt Lake City UT on June 5th, 2002, is found alive and apparently well, walking on the side of a road 15 miles from her home. She is accompanied by an adult man, "Emmanuel" David Mitchell, a handyman who had worked in the Smart home, and Wanda Barzee, 57. (USA Today, p 1A, 3/13/2003)Ref: 13
1642*Abel Tasman is first European in New Zealand.Ref: 5
1889*Almon B. Stowger stepped up to the counter at the U.S. Patent Office to file for his invention, the automatic telephone system. The system was installed in Laporte, IN in 1892. It worked, but not well enough. Mr. Bell’s invention was deemed much more reliable.Ref: 4
1911*Dr. Fletcher of the Rockefeller Institute discovers the cause of infantile paralysis.Ref: 2
1923*Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated his putting sound on motion picture film. One of the pioneers of radio in the early 1900s, DeForest came up with a snappy name for his invention; he called it: phonofilm. Today, we call it a soundtrack.Ref: 4
1932*First stereo recording made at the Academy of Music in Philly; Stokowski conducts Poem of Fire.Ref: 10
1981*Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station.Ref: 5
1986*Giotto encounters Comet Halley.Ref: 5
1998*Astronomers debunked a warning that a mile-wide asteroid might collide with Earth on Oct. 26, 2028, saying the calculations were off by 600,000 miles.Ref: 70
1597*England routes troops to Amiens.Ref: 5
1799*Austria declares war on France.Ref: 5
1809 Great Britain signs a treaty with Persia forcing the French out of the country.Ref: 2
1863*President Jefferson Davis delivers his State of the Confederacy address.Ref: 2
1864*President Lincoln appoints Grant as general-in-chief of all the Federal armies. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the West.Ref: 70
1865*Affair near Lone Jack MO.Ref: 5
1867 Last French troops leave Mexico.Ref: 5
1879 The British Zulu War begins.Ref: 2
1889 Battle at Metema (Gallabad); Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated.Ref: 5
1916*French airship sinks British submarine D3.Ref: 5
1917*President Wilson announces the arming of merchant ships by executive order. 
1940*Finland surrenders to Russia during WWII, giving up Karelische Isthmus.Ref: 5
1941*German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1942*The Canadian Chiefs of Staff Committee recommends adopting draft plans for a "scorched earth" policy, in the event of enemy invasion on either coast of Canada. 
1942*British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal.Ref: 5
1943*Soviet troops liberate Wjasma.Ref: 5
1944*Great Britain bars all travel to neutral Ireland, which is suspected of collaborating with Nazi Germany.Ref: 2
1945*30 Amsterdammers executed by Nazi occupiers.Ref: 5
1951*Communist troops driven out of Seoul.Ref: 5
1975*Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam.Ref: 5
1976 South African troops leave Angola.Ref: 5
1984 Lebanese President Gemayel opens the second meeting in five years calling for the end to nine-years of war.Ref: 2
1894*Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday.Ref: 5
1901*Ground is broken for Boston's first American League ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds).Ref: 5
1903*The New York franchise is approved as a member of the American League. The team will play in a hastily constructed, all-wood park at 168th Street and Broadway. Because the site is one of the highest spots in Manhattan, the club will be known as the "Highlanders" and their home field "Hilltop Park."Ref: 86
1908*Stanley Cup: Montréal Wanderers sweep Winnipeg Maple Leafs in 2 games.Ref: 5
1910*Stanley Cup: Montréal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3.Ref: 5
1930*Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0 :6.1).Ref: 5
1951*Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office.Ref: 5
1961*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open.Ref: 5
1966*Bobby Hull of the Chicago Blackhawks became the first player in the National Hockey League to score 51 points in a single season.Ref: 4
1966*Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins).Ref: 5
1967 Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet.Ref: 5
1971*The Cubs' venerable catcher Randy Hundley suffers a badly sprained knee and will play only nine games this season.Ref: 1
1972*Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Eve Golf Open.Ref: 5
1972*NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons.Ref: 5
1978 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000 meter (1:14.99).Ref: 5
1978*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1980*National League outfielder Chuck Klein and former Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey are elected into the Hall of Fame. Yawkey is the first person to be selected who was not first a player, manager or general manager.Ref: 1
1980*New York Islanders 3rd scoreless tie, vs Pittsburgh Penguins.Ref: 5
1983*Don Ritchie runs world record 50 mile (4 :1 :9).Ref: 5
1984 British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become first skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships.Ref: 5
1985*Auto dealer Tom Benson and several investors plunked down some cash to buy the New Orleans Saints football team. The bankroll was quite substantial -- about $64 million -- making quite a hurricane in the French Quarter.Ref: 4
1985*Larry Bird, of the NBA’s Boston Celtics, scored a club-record 60 points in a 126-116 victory over the Atlanta Hawks. Bird broke the record previously held by teammate Kevin McHale, who scored 56 points just nine days earlier.Ref: 4
1986 Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.Ref: 5
1987*David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game.Ref: 5
1987 World Ice Dance Championship in Cincinnati won by Bestemianova & Bukin (USSR).Ref: 5
1987 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by E Gordeeva & Grinkov (USSR).Ref: 5
1987 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt (German Democratic Republic).Ref: 5
1987 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Brian Orser (Canada).Ref: 5
1990*Los Angeles Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland.Ref: 5
1991*Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Palmer's attempted comeback at the age of 45 comes to an end when the newly elected Hall of Famer tears a hamstring during spring training.Ref: 1
1992*The Florida Marlins kick off season ticket campaign, with tickets going on sale March 23.Ref: 86
1995*Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA PING/Welch's Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1995*Letitia Vriesde runs South America indoor record 800 meter (2 :0.35).Ref: 5
1995 World Ice Dance Championship in Birmingham UK won by Oksana Gritshuk & Evgeny Platov (Russia).Ref: 5
1995 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny (Czechoslovakia).Ref: 5
1995 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Chen Lu (China).Ref: 5
1995 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Birmingham UK won by Elvis Stojko (Canada).Ref: 5
2001*Richard Hidalgo signs the third-richest contract in Astro history with a four-year $32 million, deal with the club. The outfielder's pact is less than teammate's Jeff Bagwell's $85 million (5-years), and Craig Biggio's $33 million (4-years).Ref: 1
2001*The Cleveland Indians sign Einar Diaz to a four-year contract. After deciding not to re-sign fan favorite Sandy Alomar, Jr., the Indians decided to sign Diaz to a long-term contract.Ref: 86
2003*The second exhibition season bench-clearing brawl this week occurs as a raging Mike Piazza, after being hit by a pitch, charges the mound in pursuit of Guillermo Mota, who makes to the dugout without being caught. The incident may be a follow-up to an incident last spring which resulted in a shoving match after a similar event and the Mets' All-Star catcher waited for the Dodger reliever, who was coming off the field in the eighth inning and grabbed him by the jersey.Ref: 1
1572 Luís Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal.Ref: 5
1857*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice.Ref: 5
1896 First movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220).Ref: 5
1897*Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussel.Ref: 5
1912*Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC.Ref: 5
1919*George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1934 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1939*Artie Shaw and his band recorded the standard, Deep Purple, in New York for the Bluebird label. Listening carefully after the first minute or so, one can hear Helen Forrest sing the vocal refrain. Larry Clinton and his orchestra had a number one song with a similar arrangement of the same tune that same year. It later was a hit for saxophonist, Nino Tempo and his sister, April Stevens in 1963. Hundreds of versions of this song have been recorded through the years, making it one of the most popular standards of all time.Ref: 4
1947*"Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances.Ref: 5
1951*“Mr. Wiiiiillllssssson!” The comic strip, Dennis the Menace, appeared for the first time in 16 newspapers across the U.S. The strip became an international favorite in thousands of newspapers and spawned a CBS-TV program that starred Jay North as Dennis. The series lasted for several seasons and is still seen in syndicated re-runs. A somewhat popular movie starring Walter Matthau as Mr. Wilson and Christopher Lloyd as the bad guy was released in 1993.Ref: 4
1954 First performance of Arnold Schönberg's "Moses und Aaron".Ref: 5
1955*One of the great groups of jazz appeared for the first time at Carnegie Hall in New York City. The Dave Brubeck Quartet presented a magnificent concert for jazz fans. Joining with Brubeck, in what would become one of the most popular concert draws on college campuses, were names that would become legends in their own right, including Paul Desmond on alto sax, Joe Morello on drums and Eugene Wright on bass.Ref: 4
1963*Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold.Ref: 5
1963*Bob Dylan cancels "Ed Sullivan Show" television appearance.Ref: 5
1964*S[amuel] N[athaniel] Behrman's "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1964*6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Streisand win.Ref: 5
1966*Love's first album released "Love".Ref: 5
1969*120 joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home.Ref: 5
1969*Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London.Ref: 5
1969*11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix win.Ref: 5
1971*Rolling Stone Mick Jagger marries Bianca Pérez Morena de Macias.Ref: 5
1974*Wonder Woman, the TV movie, came to ABC-TV, starring ... are you ready??? Cathy Lee Crosby. In November 1975, another Wonder Woman TV movie aired starring Lynda Carter. Eventually, after a series of specials, Wonder Woman became a regular CBS-TV show, still starring Lynda Carter in the title role. Wonder Woman’s real name, for those who have lost sleep wondering about such trivia, was Yeoman Diana Prince. As a bonus, Wonder Girl, Diana’s kid sister Druscilla, was played by Debra Winger. How about that?Ref: 4
1981*Stephen Sondheim's musical "Marry Me a Little" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1982*PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on "Nightline".Ref: 5
1987*"Les Miserables" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ performances.Ref: 5
1989*15th People's Choice Awards.Ref: 5
1991*5th Soul Train Music Awards.Ref: 5
1993*Cleveland radio station WMMS-FM/101.7 is bought by Disney.Ref: 5
1993*Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show.Ref: 5
1998*"Sound of Music" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYCRef: 5
1336*Eduard Duke of Gelre (1361-71) husband of Catharina of Bayern, is born.Ref: 5
1479*Giuliano de' Medici monarch of Florence, is born.Ref: 5
1515*Caspar Othmayr composer, is born.Ref: 5
1554*Richard Hooker, English theologian (Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity), is born.Ref: 2
1607*Birth of Paul Gerhardt, German clergyman and hymnwriter. He lost four of his five children in childhood, yet also composed over 130 hymns, including "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded." (Gerhardt's music marks the transition in Lutheran hymnody from confessional and high_church hymns to hymns of devotional piety.)Ref: 5
1613*Andre Le Notre, French landscape architect; designed the Versailles gardens, is born.Ref: 70
1626*John Aubrey, English antiquary and author known for his biographical sketches of Milton, Raleigh, Hobbs, etc., is born.Ref: 17
1685*George Berkeley Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne, is born.Ref: 5
1710*Thomas Augustine Arne English composer (Alfred, Rule Britannia), is born.Ref: 5
1755*Georges Couthon French politician, is born.Ref: 5
1758*Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum Dutch General/politician [or March 22], is born.Ref: 5
1768*Carolus Antonius Fodor composer, is born.Ref: 5
1788*Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1793*Augustin-Philippe Peellaert composer, is born.Ref: 5
1800*Louis-Prosper Gachard Belgian historian, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Jane (Means) Pierce (Appleton), wife of Franklin Pierce [1853-1857], 14th President of the U.S., is born.Ref: 4
1808*Gerrit van der Linde Jz "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet, is born.Ref: 5
1816*David Stuart Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868, is born.Ref: 5
1818*John Lorimar Worden Captain (Union Navy), died in 1897, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Luitpold von Bayern Prince-regent of Bayern, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Sir John Abbott Québec Canada, (C) 3rd Canadian Prime Minister (1891-92), is born.Ref: 5
1823*William Flank Perry Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Gustav R Kirchoff Prussia, physicist (spectral analysis), is born.Ref: 5
1826*Birth of Robert Lowery, American Baptist clergyman and hymnwriter. He is chiefly remembered today for writing and composing the hymns "Christ Arose," "Nothing But the Blood of Jesus," "We're Marching to Zion," "All the Way My Savior Leads Me" and "I Need Thee Every Hour."Ref: 5
1827*John Robert Jones Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1827*William Richard Terry Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897, is born.Ref: 5
1830*William Felix Brantley Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870, is born.Ref: 5
1831*Clement Studebaker automobile pioneer (Studebaker), is born.Ref: 5
1832 Charles Boycott real estate agent: refused to lower rents, served eviction notices instead [1880]; tenants refused to deal with him; in other words, they boycotted Boycott making his name a part of the English language from then on, is born.Ref: 4
1835*Simon Newcomb US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer, is born.Ref: 5
1837*Felix Alexandre Guilmant composer, is born.Ref: 5
1838*William Perkin inventor (1st artificial dye), is born.Ref: 5
1848*Cyrill Kistler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1855*John White composer, is born.Ref: 5
1858*Adolph Simon Ochs, publisher of The New York Times, is born.Ref: 2
1859*Josef Cyril Sychra composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Salvatore Di Giacomo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1862*Jane Delano US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross), is born.Ref: 5
1863*Adolf A Wolfschoon Curaçao, poet, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Gabriele D'Annunzio Italy, writer/military hero (The Intruder), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Edmund Eysler Austrian composer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Julio Garreta composer, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Wilhelm Frick, German statesman; Hitler's minister of the interior, is born.Ref: 70
1878*Gemma Galgani Italian saint, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Joseph Gustav Mraczek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1880*House Peters Bristol England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Daniel Webster Hoan Wisconsin (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Kemal Atatürk first President of Republic of Turkey, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Väinö A Tanner premier of Finland (1926-27), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Judge Jackson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Raphaël Verwilghen Flemish architect/urban developer, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Henry Bergh, founder of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruely to Animals, dies at age 76.Ref: 68
1888*Hall Johnson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Philip Guedalla historian, is born.Ref: 5
1890*A Evert Taube Swedish writer/troubadour, is born.Ref: 5
1890*Vaslav Najinsky, Russian ballet dancer, is born.Ref: 17
1891*Michael Polany Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller San Francisco Blues Great, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Fredrik J "Frits" Bakker Jr Dutch actor (Sold Grandpa), is born.Ref: 5
1900 David Croll QC senator, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Zoltan Vasarhelyi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison politician, is born.Ref: 5
1908 David Saul Marshall diplomat lawyer/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Inez Courtney New York NY, actress (13th Man, Crime Ring, Raven), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Tony "Two-Ton" Galento Orange NJ, boxer/actor (On the Waterfront), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Wilhelmus L Reijers sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Roger L. Stevens producer: West Side Story, Bus Stop, A Man for All Seasons, Tea and Sympathy, Deathtrap, First Monday in October, Mary, Mary; founding chairman: National Council on the Arts, the Kennedy Center; is born.Ref: 4
1911*Gustavo Diaz Ordaz President of Mexico, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Paul Weston (Wetstein) orchestra leader, arranger: Nevertheless [I’m in Love with You], Theme from Shane; songwriter: I Should Care, Shrimp Boats for wife: Jo Stafford; is born in Springfield MA.Ref: 4
1912*James McKay lord provost of Edinburgh, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Kylie Tennant novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Jan Kapr composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Alberto Burri Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Googie Withers (Georgette Lizette Withers), Karachi India, actress (1 of Our Aircraft is Missing), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Tom Normanton British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1918*James Bracken race horse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Elaine de Kooning, American painter, teacher and art critic, is born.Ref: 70
1921*Gordon MacRae actor: Oklahoma!, Carousel, The Desert Song; singer: I Still Get Jealous, It’s Magic, Hair of Gold Eyes of Blue, C’est Magnifique, The Secret [with Jo Stafford]; is born in East Orange NJ.Ref: 4
1921*Giovanni Agnelli CEO (Fiat Automakers), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Max de Metz Dutch publisher/translator, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Ralph Shapey Philadelphia PA, composer (Fantasy, Rituals), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Actor, singer Gordon McRae is born.Ref: 17
1922*Jack Kerouac author: On the Road, The Town and the City, The Dharma Bums, The Subterraneans, Doctor Sax, Maggie Cassidy, Lonesome Traveler, Big Sur, Desolation Angels, Visions of Cody; is born.Ref: 4
1922*Lane Kirkland union president (AFL-CIO), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Thomas Hugh Eastwood composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Helen Parrish Columbus GA, actress (Hour Glass, Show Business), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Hjalmar Andersen Norway, speed skater-1500/5K/10K (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Norbert Brainin violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Walter M Schirra Jr Hackensack NJ, Captain USN/astronaut (one of the original Mecury Seven, Mercury 8, Gemini 6, Apollo 7), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Georges Delerue composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Harry [Maxwell] Harrison UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Leo Esaki [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Louison Bobet French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), is born.Ref: 5
1925*William G Whitehurst (Representative-Republican-VA), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Hildy Parks Emmy Award-winning producer: The 34th Annual Tony Awards [June 8, 1980], Night of 100 Stars [1982]; TV panelist: To Tell the Truth, Down You Go; actress: Studio One, is born in Washington DC.Ref: 4
1926*John Waihee governor: Hawaii [1986-1994] first governor of Hawaiian descent, is born.Ref: 4
1926 David Oliver Williams trade unionist (COHSE), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Gudrun Ure British actress (The Crow Road, Lady MacBeth, BBC Sorcerer), is born.Ref: 5
1926*John C[lellon] Holmes US writer (Horn), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Rolv Berger Yttrehus composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Ronald Alley art gallery manager (Tate Gallery), is born.Ref: 5
1926*George R Ariyoshi (Governor-Democrat-HI), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Mstislav Rostropovich Baku Russia, conductor/cellist (Cello Concerto), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Raul Alfonsin President (Argentina), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Edward Albee Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright: A Delicate Balance [1967], Seascape [1974], Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, is born Washington DC.Ref: 4
1928*Phil Jones principal (Trinity College of Music), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Roland Moyle British deputy chairman (Police Complaints Authority), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Bernard Costello US, double sculls (Olympics-silver-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Lupe Anguiano Mexican-American civil rights activist, is born.Ref: 5
1930 Robin Cavendish disabled campaigner, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Scoey Mitchill Newburgh NY, comedian (Barefoot in the Park, Rhoda), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Stanko Horvat composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Bronco Horvath hockey: NHL: NY Rangers, Montreal Canadiens, Boston Bruins, Chicago Blackhawks, Toronto Maple Leafs, Minnesota North Stars, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Vern (Vernon Sanders) ‘Deacon’ Law baseball: pitcher: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1960/all-star: 1960/Cy Young Award: 1960, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Antony Acland provost of Eton/British ambassador to US, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Geoffrey de Bellaigue director (Royal Collection), is born.Ref: 5
1931*William "Buckwheat" Thomas actor (Little Rascals), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Andrew Young, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations under President Jimmy Carter and 2-term mayor of Atlanta, GA, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Barbara Feldon (Hall) actress: Get Smart, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., is born.Ref: 68
1934 Rudolph Agner CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Helga Pilarczyk German soprano (Salome, Lulu), is born.Ref: 5
1935*John Gross author (Age of Kipling, Dickens & 20th Century), is born.Ref: 5
1936 Anthony Loehnis vice chairman (S G Warburg & Co), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Lloyd Dobbins Newport News VA, newscaster (NBC News Overnight), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Patrick Procktor painter, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Elizabeth Vaughan, opera soprano (Victor-Victoria), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Johnny Rutherford, Indianapolis 500 winner: [1974, 1976, 1980], is born.Ref: 4
1938*Lew Dewitt singer: group: The Statler Brothers: Flowers on the Wall, Bed of Roses; is born.Ref: 4
1938*Dimitri Terzakis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Karl Soderlund Duluth MN, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Norman Hogg British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Tona Scherchen-Hsiao composer, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Johnny (John Wesley) Callison baseball: Chicago White Sox, Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1962, 1964, 1965], Chicago Cubs, NY Yankees, is born.Ref: 4
1939*David Mlinaric British interior director, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Barbara Feldon Pittsburgh PA, actress (Agent 99-Get Smart), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Al Jarreau Milwaukee WI, jazz singer (Moonlighting), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Albert Johanneson soccer star, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Brian O’Hara musician: guitar, singer: group: The Fourmost: Hello Little Girl, I’m in Love, A Little Loving, Baby I Need Your Loving; is born.Ref: 4
1942*Jim (James Sherman) Wynn baseball: Houston Colt .45’s, Houston Astros [all-star: 1967], LA Dodgers [all-star: 1974, 1975/World Series: 1974], Atlanta Braves, Milwaukee Brewers, NY Yankees, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Bert Campaneris baseball player (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Paul Kantner, San Francisco CA, rock singer/guitarist (Jefferson Airplane-White Rabbit, Somebody To Love), is born.Ref: 68
1942*Salvatore "the Bull" Gravano mobster (testified against Gotti), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Hans van Emden Dutch guitarist (Les Baroques), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Patricia Hampl, poet and memoirist (A Romantic Education, Virgin Time).Ref: 2
1946*Liza Minnelli Academy Award-winning actress: Cabaret [1972]; The Sterile Cuckoo, Arthur, Liza with a ‘Z’!; daughter of Judy Garland and Vincente Minnelli, is born in Los Angeles.Ref: 4
1947*Jill O'Hara Warren PA, Broadway actress (Promises! Promises!), is born.Ref: 5
1948*James Taylor singer: You’ve Got a Friend, Handy Man, Fire & Rain, How Sweet It Is [To Be Loved By You]; formerly married to Carly Simon, is born in Boston MA.Ref: 4
1948*Mark Moseley football: NFL record for scoring 163 points [1983]: kicking 62 extra points and 33 field goals for Washington Redskins; fifth all-time scorer, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Dana Walden rock keyboardist (Champaign), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Kent Conrad (Senator-D-ND), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Les Holroyd Oldham England, rocker (Barclay James Harvest), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Virginia Bottomley British minister of state health/secretary (Heritage), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mike Gibbins, musician: drums: group: Badfinger: Maybe Tomorrow, No Matter What, Day After Day, Feel like Makin’ Love, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Bill Payne musician: keyboards: group: Little Feat: Willin’, LPs: The Last Record Album, Time Loves a Hero; songwriter w/wife Fran Tate, is born in Waco TX.Ref: 4
1949*David Mellor Secretary of the British treasury/MP, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mary Alice Williams news reporter (NBC-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Sara Lane New York NY, actress (Elizabeth Grainger-The Virginian), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jon Provost actor (Timmy-Lassie), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Willie Duggan rugby football player, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Caren Kaye New York NY, actress (My Tutor, Bambi-Blansky's Beauties), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Jack Green rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Joanna Kerns actress (Maggie-Growing Pains), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Labamba [Richard Rosenberg], rocker (Asbury Jukes), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Dale Murphy Portland OR, Atlanta Braves slugger (2 time National League MVP), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Marlon D Jackson Gary IN, singer (Jackson 5-Maybe Tomorrow), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Steve Harris London England, hard rock bassist (Iron Maiden--Number of the Beast, Gypsy's Kiss), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Debra Jensen Orange County CA, playmate (January, 1978), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Courtney B Vance Detroit MI, actor (Hamburger Hill), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Darryl (Eugene) Strawberry, baseball: NY Mets [Rookie of the Year: 1983/NL MVP [26 HR, 74 RBIs in 122 games: 1983]/all-star: 1984-1990/World Series: 1986], LA Dodgers [all-star: 1991], SF Giants, NY Yankees [World Series: 1996], is born in Los Angeles CA.Ref: 4
1962*Gunde Svan Swedish long jumper (Olympics-gold-1984, 88), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Candy Costie Seattle WA, synchronized swimmer (Olympics-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Joaquim Carvalho Cruz Brazil, 800 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1963*John Andretti race car driver, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Julia Campbell Huntsville AL, actress (Opportunity Knocks), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Paul Way British golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Tony Terry rock producer (Tony Terry), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Fran Harris WNBA guard (Houston Comets), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Molly Van Nostrand West Islip NY, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Randy Dixon NFL guard (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Steve Finley Union City TN, outfielder (San Diego Padres), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Alecia Stephenson North Vancouver British Columbia, softball shortstop (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Erich Fischer, Dinuba CA, US Olympics water polo foward (Olympics-92), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Grant Long NBA forward (Detroit Pistons, Atlanta Hawks), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Irvin Smith CFL cornerback (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Rowelle Blenman WLAF cornerback/safety (London Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Merton Hanks NFL safety (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Graham Coxon singer (Blur), is born.Ref: 5
1969*J P Izquierdo CFL slot back (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Karen Snelgrove London Ontario, softball pitcher (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Muhammad Oliver NFL cornerback/safety (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Michael Bankston NFL defensive end (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Rex Walters NBA guard (Philadelphia 76ers, Miami Heat), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Rod Smith NFL cornerback (Carolina Panthers, Green Bay Packers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Greg Hansell Bellflower CA, pitcher (Minnesota Twins), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Isaiah Rider NBA guard/forward (Minnesota Timberwolves, Port Trailblazers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Raul Mondesi San Cristobal Dominican Republic, outfielder (Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Alisa Castillo Miss Nevada-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Antonio Banks cornerback (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Gabriel Mendez Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Keif Bryant NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Louis Laros Dutch soccer player (Willem II, Vitesse), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Chris Carr NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Minnesota Timberwolves), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Cristina Teuscher New Rochelle NY, 4X200 meter freestyle (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Tara Mounsey ice hockey defenseman (USA, Olympics-98)Ref: 5
417*Innocent I Italian Pope (401-417), dies.Ref: 5
604*Gregory I the Great Pope (590-604), dies at 64.Ref: 69
1209*Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami Persian poet, dies.Ref: 5
1471*Dionysius the Carthusian/van Rijkel Dutch scholastic theologist, dies.Ref: 5
1496*Johannes de Lapide [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies.Ref: 5
1507*Cesare Borgia cardinal/soldier/politician, dies while fighting alongside his brother, the king of Navarre, in Spain, at age 31.Ref: 5
1570 Jacob van den Eynden Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies.Ref: 5
1628*John Bull thought to have composed British national anthem (God Save The King), dies.Ref: 5
1648*Tirso de Molina Spanish author, dies at about 63.Ref: 5
1681*French van Mieris the Elder, Dutch genre painter, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1734 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1753*George Berkeley philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday.Ref: 5
1824*Heinrich Carl Ebell composer, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1831*Johann Franz Volkert composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1832*Daniel Friedrich Kuhlau German/Danish opera composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1834*Karl W Feuerbach mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33.Ref: 5
1852*Juan Bros y Bertomel composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1877*Crystobal Oudrid y Segura composer, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1888*2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in northeast US (400 die).Ref: 5
1889*Yohannes IV [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle.Ref: 5
1902*John Peter Altgeld German/US Governor of Illinois, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1905*Rudolf von Alt Austrian painter, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1908*Edmondo de Amicis Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1909*Johanna "Lena" Bakker Dutch actress/wife of Bruno Gerlach, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1913*Joseph Bayer composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1914*George Westinghouse inventor: railway braking systems; developer: alternating current [AC] electricity; founder: Westinghouse Electric Company; dies at age 67.Ref: 4
1916*M v Ebner-Eschenbach writer, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1924*Hilaire Comte de Chardonnet inventor (rayon), dies.Ref: 5
1925*Sun Yat-Sen, revolutionary leader: China [1911], dies at age 58.Ref: 4
1926*Edward Wyllis Scripps, American newspaper publisher, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1929*Asa Griggs Candler, American developer of Coca-Cola, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1932 Ivar Kreuger "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide.Ref: 5
1934*Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia.Ref: 5
1937*Charles-Marie-Jean-Albert Widor French organist/composer, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1937*Jeno Hubay composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1941*Charles Sanford Skilton composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1942*Enrique Morera composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1943*Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1946*Philip Merivale dies at 59.Ref: 5
1949*Maria "Beppie" Bakker Dutch actress/wife of Piet Vink Sr, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1950*L Heinrich Mann German/US writer (Between the Races), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1955*Theodor Plievier writer, dies.Ref: 5
1955*Charlie "Bird" Parker, self-taught jazz saxophonist, pioneer of the new "cool" movement, dies in New York NY at age 34.Ref: 70
1957*Josephine Hull actress (Harvey), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1958*Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1961*Belinda Lee actress (Joseph & his Brethren), dies in car crash at 25.Ref: 5
1966*Estelita Rodriguez actor (Golden Stallion, Susanna Pass), dies at 37.Ref: 5
1973*Frankie (Francis) Frisch ‘The Fordham Flash’: baseball, dies at age 74.Ref: 68
1973*Esther Williamson Ballou composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1973*Manuel Rojas Sepulveda Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1974*Billy Fox Protestant member of Dublin parliament, assassinated.Ref: 5
1974*Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia WA.Ref: 5
1978*John Cazale actor (Dog Day Afternoon, Deer Hunter), dies at 41.Ref: 5
1978*Tolchard Evans composer/conductor, dies.Ref: 5
1982*Elisabeth Zernike Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1983*Jevsei G Liberman Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1984*Arnold Riley playwright/actor, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1985*Eugene Ormandy (Jeno Blau), Hungarian-born American conductor, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1986*Sonny Terry (Saunders Terrell) singer, harmonica player: LPs: Sonny’s Story, Sonny is King, At the Second Fret, At Sugar Hill, Back to New Orleans, Midnight Special, California Blues; Spirituals to Swing concerts at Carnegie Hall; dies.Ref: 4
1987*Woody Hayes [Wayne], Ohio State University football coach, dies.Ref: 68
1988*93 are killed at a soccer match in Nepal. (Ref: Sports Illustrated, p. 15, 5/21/2001) 
1988*Billie Rhodes dies.Ref: 5
1988*William Camp dies at 74.Ref: 5
1989*Maurice Evans, English-born American stage actor, Macbeth, Planet of the Apes, Batman, Bewitched; dies at age 88.Ref: 4
1991*Jimmy McPartland jazz musician: cornetist; played for the Wolverine Orchestra, Embassy Four; bandleader; actor: The Magic Horn; played at Newport Jazz Festival with wife, Marian; dies.Ref: 4
1991*Etienne Decroux French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92.Ref: 5
1992*Barbara Morrison actress (Proj Moonbase), dies of heart failure at 84.Ref: 5
1992*Hans G Kresse Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1992*Ida Oosterbaan Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Philippe Soupault writer, dies.Ref: 5
1992*Salvo Lima mayor (Palermo)/MP (christian-democrat), murdered.Ref: 5
1992*Karel Poons father of Paul Deen, dies.Ref: 5
1993 Andreas J A I Bruggeman Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1993*June Valli singer (Crying in the Chapel), dies of cancer at 62.Ref: 5
1993*Michael Kanin screenwriter (Woman of the Year), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1993 Wang Zhen marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies.Ref: 5
1993*317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay.Ref: 5
1994*Sandra Paretti German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1994*Gordy (Gordon Calvin) Coleman (baseball: Cleveland Indians, Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1961]); dies.Ref: 4
1996*Charles Bruce Perry professor of medicine, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1996*Gyula Kallai Prime Minister of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1996*John Anthony Bowden Cuddon writer/teacher, dies at 67Ref: 5
1999*Yehudi Menuhin violinist: child prodigy: solo with San Francisco Orchestra at age of 7, played with New York Symphony Orchestra at ten; dies in Berlin at age 82.Ref: 4
2000*Alex Dreier ‘Man on the Go’: radio reporter, newscaster: United Press, BBC, NBC, ABC; actor: The Boston Strangler, What’s It All About, World?, Murdock’s Gang, Invisible Strangler, It Takes a Thief, Mannix; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Morton Downey Jr. talk show host: The Morton Downey, Jr. Show; actor: The Silencer, Revenge of the Nerds 3: The Next Generation, Driving Me Crazy, Predator 2; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Spy adventure novelist Robert Ludlum died in Naples, Fla., at age 73.Ref: 70
2002*Andrea Yates of Houston was convicted of murder in the drowning deaths of her five children in the family bathtub.Ref: 70
2003*Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic is assassinated in Belgrade. Two suspects were immediately taken into custody. (USA Today, p 2A, 3/13/2003)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen