Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 13th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
483*St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
607*The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurs.Ref: 2
1138*German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned.Ref: 5
1519*Herando Cortez of Spain lands in the New World, in what would become Mexico.Ref: 2
1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels.Ref: 5
1639*Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard.Ref: 5
1656*Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1660*A statute is passed limiting the sale of slaves in the colony of Virginia.Ref: 2
1677*Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000.Ref: 5
1687*Father Eusebio Kino, 42, an Italian-born Jesuit in the service of Spain, began missionary labors in the American Southwest. In all, Kino established 25 Indian missions in the area now divided between northern Mexico and Arizona.Ref: 5
1735*First US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany.Ref: 5
1770*(Boston Massacre) A grand jury indicts Captain Preston and eight soldiers are indicted for murder in connection with the massacre.Ref: 87
1790*John Martin, first American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1804*Birth of James W. Alexander, American Presbyterian clergyman and hymn writer. It was Alexander who, in 1830, rendered the English text of Paul Gerhardt's immortal German hymn, "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded."Ref: 5
1842*Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, marries Joan Carfrae. Ref 
1847*Donner Party: Eddy and Foster's party arrive at the lake camp. They find their sons are dead.Ref: 28
1861*Jefferson Davis signs a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy.Ref: 2
1868*The impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson begins in the United States Senate.Ref: 70
1869*Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law.Ref: 5
1884*Standard Time was adopted throughout the United States.Ref: 70
1888*Great Blizzard of 1888 rages.Ref: 5
1904 "The Christ of the Andes", a bronze statue of Christ located on the Argentina-Chile border, is formally dedicated.Ref: 5
1906*(Shipp) Governor Cox, with the consent of Judges McReynolds and Clark, attempts to resolve the debate over which execution date to follow by setting a third date: March 20.Ref: 87
1907*New York stock market crash sets off the Panic of 1907.Ref: 17
1918*Women are scheduled to march in the St. Patrick's Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men.Ref: 2
1918*American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms.Ref: 5
1921*Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China.Ref: 5
1924 German Republic day.Ref: 5
1925*Tennessee Governor Austin Peay signs legislation prohibiting the teaching of evolution within the state's public school system. (A celebrated violation of this law led to the famous July Scopes Monkey Trial.)Ref: 5
1932*German elections. Hindenburg received 49.6% of the vote and Hitler 30.1%. As Hindenburg fails to win a majority a second election is called. The result of the second election gives Hindenburg 53%, Hitler 36.8%. Hitler will become Chancellor of Germany. 
1933*Banks began to re-open after a "holiday" declared by President Roosevelt.Ref: 5
1933*Josef Göbbels becomes German minister of Information & Propaganda.Ref: 5
1934*John Dillinger robs First National Bank of Mason City, Iowa, with Homer Van Meter, Eddie Green, 2:40 p.m. Tommy Carroll, Baby Face Nelson, and John Hamilton.Ref: 42
1935*A three-thousand-year-old archive is found in Jerusalem confirming biblical history.Ref: 2
1935*Driving tests introduced in Great Britain.Ref: 5
1938*Anschluß-Austria annexed by Nazi Germany.Ref: 5
1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand).Ref: 5
1944*USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government.Ref: 5
1950*General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record).Ref: 5
1951 Israel demands $1.5 billion in German reparations for the cost of caring for war refugees.Ref: 2
1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms.Ref: 5
1955*Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal.Ref: 5
1957*The FBI arrests Jimmy Hoffa on bribery charges.Ref: 2
1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba.Ref: 5
1958 Govt troops land in Sumatra Indonesia.Ref: 5
1961*Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes president of US Communist Party.Ref: 5
1961*JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress.Ref: 5
1961*Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37).Ref: 5
1961*Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender.Ref: 5
1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty.Ref: 5
1963 China invites Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev to visit Beijing.Ref: 2
1963*2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska.Ref: 5
1963 Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations.Ref: 5
1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack.Ref: 5
1967*Congo sentences ex-premier Moïse Tsjombe to death.Ref: 5
1970*The cover of LIFE magazine was extremely popular. It showed the extremes of the new hemline hassle that was raging -- a battle between long versus short skirts.Ref: 4
1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1970*San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike.Ref: 5
1970*18 year olds in England can now vote.Ref: 10
1973 Syria adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1974*The U.S. Senate votes 54-33 to restore the death penalty.Ref: 2
1974 Arab nations decide to end the oil embargo on the United States.Ref: 2
1974*Charles de Gaulle Airport opens near Paris France.Ref: 5
1978*Moluccans "suicide commandos" occupies Province house.Ref: 5
1979*European Monetary System is established, ECU created.Ref: 5
1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement.Ref: 5
1980*A jury in Winamac, Indiana, finds the Ford Motor Company innocent of reckless homicide in the fiery deaths of three young women riding in a Ford Pinto.Ref: 5
1980*Ford Motor Chairman Henry Ford II announces he is stepping down.Ref: 6
1981*Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca.Ref: 5
1985*Upon the death of Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the new leader of the Soviet Union. He will oversee the dismantling of the Soviet nuclear arms stockpile and the end of the Soviet Union itself.Ref: 2
1986*Microsoft stock goes public at $21.00 per share, rising to $28.00 per share by the end of the first trading day. Initial public offering raises $61 million. Ref 
1987*John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering.Ref: 5
1988*Gallaudet University, a liberal arts college for the hearing-impaired, chose I. King Jordan to become the school's first deaf president.Ref: 70
1989*FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US.Ref: 5
1990*Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada.Ref: 5
1991 Exxon Corporation agreed to pay a $100 million criminal fine and more than $900 million in civil damages in the wake of the "Exxon Valdez" oil spill (however, the deal fell apart when the Alaska House rejected it. A new settlement was reached later).Ref: 2
1991*President Bush, during a visit to Ottawa, Canada, warned Iran against seizing Iraqi territory in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War.Ref: 6
1993*Blizzard of '93 hits north-east US.Ref: 5
1994 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right FPÖ.Ref: 5
1994*President Mangope of Bophuthaswana deposed.Ref: 5
1995 Anti fascist Kazakhstan anti-parliament forms.Ref: 5
1995*Hungarian Forint devalued 9%.Ref: 5
1996*World leaders, including President Clinton, held a summit in Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt, where they vowed unequivocal support for the Mideast peace process.Ref: 6
2000*A quarter century after the end of the Vietnam War, US Defense Secretary William Cohen arrived in Hanoi to push the pace of reconciliation.Ref: 6
1759*27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
1781*Astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus, which he names 'Georgium Sidus,' in honor of George III.Ref: 2
1793*Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.Ref: 2
1877*Chester Greenwood of Farmington ME patents the earmuff.Ref: 4
1887*Chester Greenwood of Maine receives patent for earmuffs.Ref: 5
1894*J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate.Ref: 5
1923*A great improvement in radio receivers was advertised. The new models had a concealed speaker and eliminated the need for headphones, which were considered a nuisance because they were so heavy to wear and messed up hairdos. The new radios were also said to have a ‘foolproof’ design.Ref: 4
1923*Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (New York NY).Ref: 5
1926*Alan Cobham flies from Capetown to Croydon becoming first to fly across Africa.Ref: 10
1930*Clyde Tombaugh announces that the planet Pluto had been discovered by astronomers at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, AZ who had been looking for another planet in the solar system.Ref: 4
1969*"Apollo Nine" astronauts splash down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.Ref: 5
1970*Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer.Ref: 5
1972*In the case of Honeywell vs. Sperry, the court ruled that J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly had not filed their patent applications until ENIAC was already a subject of public knowledge and thus had no claim on the invention.Ref: 3
1986*Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir.Ref: 5
1989*27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown.Ref: 5
1992*FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12).Ref: 5
1470*The Lancasters defeat the Yorks at the battle of Stamforn.Ref: 17
1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli.Ref: 5
1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger.Ref: 5
1569 Louis Condé French prince/co-leader of Hugenot, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots.Ref: 5
1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai.Ref: 5
1777*Congress orders its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army.Ref: 2
1865*US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service.Ref: 5
1884 Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins.Ref: 5
1900*British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange-Free state.Ref: 5
1905 Conclusive battle of Russo Japanese War at Mukden, southern Manchuria; Japanese hurt 200,000.Ref: 10
1915*The Germans repel a British Expeditionary Force attack at the battle of Neuve Chapelle in France.Ref: 2
1919*Admiral Kolchak begins his offensive against Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War. 
1920 Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails.Ref: 5
1940*The war between Russia and Finland ends with the signing of a treaty in Moscow. Finland gives up Karelische.Ref: 2
1941*Hitler issues an edict calling for an invasion of the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1942*Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps becomes the first woman colonel in the U.S. Army.Ref: 2
1943*Japanese forces end their attack on the American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville.Ref: 2
1943*While escorting a convoy to Gibraltar, RMS corvette Prescott sinks U-boat U-163 in the Bay of Biscay. 
1943*Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight.Ref: 5
1945*Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands.Ref: 5
1945*Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman.Ref: 5
1954*Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu.Ref: 5
1970*Cambodia orders Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to get out.Ref: 2
1981 The United States plans to send 15 Green Berets to El Salvador as military advisors.Ref: 2
1878*The first collegiate golf match was played. Oxford defeated Cambridge.Ref: 4
1911*Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (Ontario), 7-4.Ref: 5
1912*Stanley Cup: Québec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (New Brunswick) in 2 games.Ref: 5
1915*Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson, thinking he is going to catch a baseball dropped from a plane, is surprised and splattered when the sphere turns out to be a grapefruit.Ref: 1
1918*First NHL Championship: Montréal Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set.Ref: 5
1921*(Black Sox) Landis places all eight players on the ineligible list.Ref: 87
1922*NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators outscore Toronto St Pats, 5 to 4, in 2 games.Ref: 5
1925*NHL Championship: Montréal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in 2 games.Ref: 5
1937*Lou Gehrig signs with the Yankees for $38,000 and $750 signing bonus.Ref: 1
1943*Frank Dixon became the first great black miler in track as he won the Columbian Mile in New York City. Dixon ran the mile in a record time of 4 minutes, 9.6 seconds.Ref: 4
1943*Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata).Ref: 5
1948*10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor 58-42.Ref: 5
1949 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Yvonne C Sherman.Ref: 5
1949 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Richard Button.Ref: 5
1953*Braves' owner Lou Perini announces he will seek permission from the National League to move his franchise from Boston to Milwaukee. The day will become known as 'Black Friday' in Beantown.Ref: 1
1954*During an exhibition game against the Yankees, recently acquired Brave Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle. The '51 National League playoff hero is replaced by a promising prospect named Hank Aaron.Ref: 1
1955*Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1960*NFL's Chicago Cardinals move to St Louis.Ref: 5
1960*Fay Crocker wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1960*White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number.Ref: 5
1961*Floyd Patterson KO's Ingemar Johannson in the 6th round in Miami Beach FL to retain heavyweight championship.Ref: 5
1963*Cassius Clay wins a decision over Doug Jones in the 10th round in Madison Square Garden NY.Ref: 96
1966*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lagunita Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1970 Austrian skier Karl Schranz won a second straight World Cup title.Ref: 4
1979*Isle's Mike Bossy's 5th career hat trick.Ref: 5
1980 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000 meter (1:13.60).Ref: 5
1981*NCAA St Joseph's upsets top seed DePaul.Ref: 5
1982 World Ice Dance Championship in Copenhagen won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (Great Britain).Ref: 5
1982 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Copenhagen won by Sabine Baess & Tassilo Thierbach (German Democratic Republic).Ref: 5
1982 World Ladies Figure Skate Championship in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA).Ref: 5
1982 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA).Ref: 5
1983*First USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14.Ref: 5
1985*National Football League owners met in Phoenix, AZ and tabled a proposal that would have allowed transmitters and receivers in football helmets. The idea was to allow quarterbacks to talk with players in noisy stadiums. The idea did become a reality, but a minor one. Players complained of too much interference and static.Ref: 4
1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24 hour ride of 516 miles, 427 yards.Ref: 5
1986*In a Royal pre-season game, Hal McRae (age 39) and his son Brian (age 18) play together against the Phillies. Kansas City manager Dick Howser refers to the event as the 'Big Mac Attack'.Ref: 1
1987*Jack Morris, pitcher with Sparky Anderson’s Detroit Tigers, received the largest arbitration settlement in professional baseball. He was awarded $1.85 million to play for the Tigers in 1988.Ref: 4
1987*Washington Capitals score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 minutes & 3 seconds.Ref: 5
1991*Envisioning a traditional ballpark, the Denver Metropolitan Major League Baseball Stadium District formally chooses its site: 20th and Blake streets.Ref: 86
1992*Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit.Ref: 5
1994*Donna Andrews wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1997*John Kaufman, Tom Bergan, Matt Williams, and Jamie Ybarra combine to throw a no-hitter as the Tampa Bay Devil Rays defeated the Phillies, 6-0, in the team's first ever minor league Spring Training game.Ref: 86
2001*Throwing 22 strikes out of 29 pitches over two innings of shutout ball in his surprise start against the Mets at Roger Dean Stadium, Rick Ankiel makes his first appearance since the 2000 playoffs in which he loss his control throwing seven wild pitches in three postseason appearances.Ref: 1
1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick.Ref: 5
1797*Cherubini's opera "Medée" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg.Ref: 5
1852*"Uncle Sam" made his debut as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern.Ref: 5
1894 World's first strip tease performed in Paris music hall.Ref: 10
1911*Ivan Caryll's musical "Pink Lady" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1913*Kansas legislature approves censorship of motion pictures.Ref: 5
1922*George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1928*Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1942*Bing Crosby and Mary Martin were heard having a bit of fun as they joined together to record Wait Till the Sun Shines, Nellie for Decca Records.Ref: 4
1947*"Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances.Ref: 5
1947*19th Academy Awards: "Best Years of Our Lives", Frederic March, Olivia de Havilland win.Ref: 5
1951*The comic strip, Dennis the Menace, appeared for the first time in 18 newspapers across the U.S.Ref: 4
1963*Hindemith & Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1965*Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks.Ref: 5
1965*Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds.Ref: 5
1967*Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You When The Water's Running" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1968*Beatles release "Lady Madonna" in the UK.Ref: 5
1968*The Byrds received a gold record for the album, Greatest Hits, which featured Turn! Turn! Turn!, written by Pete Seeger (excerpted from the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Bible); Eight Miles High; Mr. Spaceman; Mr. Tambourine Man; All I Really Want To Do; and My Back Pages. The group consisted of Jim McGuinn, David Crosby, Gene Clark, Chris Hillman and Mike Clarke. Kevin Kelly, Gram Parsons, Clarence White, John York and Gene Parsons were also members of the group through the years. The Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991.Ref: 4
1969*On this day, the Walt Disney studio released "The Love Bug", featuring a Volkswagon Beetle in the title role.Ref: 3
1971*Allmana Brothers record a live album at Fillmore East.Ref: 5
1972*The Merv Griffin Show, starring perennial game show and late-night TV host, singer and pianist, Merv Griffin, debuted in syndication for Metromedia Television. Joining Merv were sidekick, Arthur Treacher and Mort Lindsey and his orchestra. Griffin had a number one song with the Freddy Martin Orchestra in the 1940s. I’ve Got a Lovely Bunch of Cocoanuts launched him to fame and fortune. Griffin battled against Johnny Carson on CBS-TV late night. Merv lost. He also went against Joey Bishop over on ABC late night. Again, Merv lost; but won big in the Metromedia show; and in ownership of stations such as WPIX-TV in New York, WPOP Radio in Hartford, CT. Later, he devised Wheel of Fortune and the formula for the popular, syndicated show, Jeopardy; making him one of the richest entertainment moguls in the world. Griffin also owns hotels in Atlantic City, NJ and Beverly Hills.Ref: 4
1973*"Irene" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 605 performances.Ref: 5
1975*Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1976*The Four Seasons, featuring the falsetto voice of Frankie Valli, returned to the pop charts after a 10-year absence. The group scored with December, 1963 (Oh, What A Night), which became the top song in the country. Valli’s real name is Castelluccio and with him were Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi and Tommy DeVito. Joe Long and Charlie Callelo were made members in the 1960s, when Gaudio concentrated on producing for the group and DeVito left. Bob Crewe was the group’s original producer. The name, The Four Seasons was taken from a New Jersey bowling alley. In all, the group charted 30 songs plus Valli had nine solo hits. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.Ref: 4
1983*"Woman of the Year" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 770 performances.Ref: 5
1988*14th People's Choice Awards: Fatal Attraction, Bill Cosby win.Ref: 5
1994*Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26).Ref: 5
1995*9th Soul Train Music Awards: Boyz II Men, Anita Baker win.Ref: 5
1372 Louis duc d'Orleans is born.Ref: 10
1548*Sasbout Vosmeer Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole, is born.Ref: 5
1594*Montdory, French actor, is born.Ref: 70
1599*Johannes Berchmans Dutch Jesuit/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1615*Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli] Pope (1691-1700), is born.Ref: 69
1696*Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu French marshal, is born.Ref: 5
1700*James Kent composer, is born.Ref: 5
1700*Michel Blavet composer, is born.Ref: 5
1712*Isfrid Kayser composer, is born.Ref: 5
1720 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and philosophical writer, IS BORN.Ref: 70
1733*Joseph Priestly, scientist credited with the discovery of oxygen, is born in England.Ref: 2
1741*Jozef II arch duke of Austria/Roman Catholic German emperor (1765-90), is born.Ref: 68
1744*David Allan Scottish painter, is born.Ref: 5
1746*Maurus Haberhauer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1764*Charles Earl Grey (Whig), British Prime Minister (1830-34), is born.Ref: 5
1767*Heinrich Domnich composer, is born.Ref: 5
1768 Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg Dutch civil servant, is born.Ref: 5
1770*Daniel Lambert England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death), is born.Ref: 5
1779*Oliver Shaw composer, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Karl F Schinkel German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel), is born.Ref: 5
1798*Abigail Fillmore (Powers) U.S. First Lady, wife of 13th President Millard Fillmore; instituted the White House library; is born.Ref: 4
1813*Lorenzo Delmonico restaurateur: the famous Delmonico’s in NYC; the Delmonico cut of steak is named for him; is born.Ref: 4
1818*Albion Parris Howe Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Louis Herbert Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Moritz Grave von Strachwitz German poet, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Alberto Randegger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Emilio Serrano y Ruiz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1855*Percival Lowell, astronomer who predicted the discovery of the planet Pluto, is born.Ref: 2
1858*Maximilien Luce French painter, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Hugo Filipp Jakob Wolf, Windisch-Gräz Austria, composer of late romantic period, is born.Ref: 5
1862*Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1868*Birth of Charles E. Cowman, American missionary pioneer. In 1901 he sailed to Japan with his wife Lettie (who later authored "Streams in the Desert"), where in 1910 they founded the Oriental Missionary Society.Ref: 5
1870*William Glackens, American artist, is born.Ref: 70
1872*Oswald Garrison Villard American journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Balthazar H Verhagen Netherlands/South African dramatist/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Enrico Toselli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Emanuel Stickelberger Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Oskar Loerke German writer (Longest Day-1926), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Sir Hugh S Walpole New Zealand, novelist/critic/dramatist (Jeremy, Maradick at 40), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Baseball Hall of Famer Frank "Home Run" Baker is born. Baker (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series) played for the Philadelpha Athletics from 1908-14, and the Yankees from 1916-22 where he was part of the first "Murderer's Row".Ref: 5
1886*Henri D Gagnebin Swiss organist, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Albert William Stevens, balloonist and photographer, is born.Ref: 2
1887*Carlos Isamitt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1890*Frank Thieß writer, is born.Ref: 5
1890*Michael Taube composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Alec Rowley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Janet Flanner, American writer and Paris correspondent for The New Yorker, is born.Ref: 70
1896*Dorothy Aldis writer, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Marcel Thiry Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue), is born.Ref: 5
1897*William Herald Australia, swimmer (Olympics-1920), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Josie Sedgwick Texas, actress (Son of Oklahoma), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Pancho Vladigerov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*George Seferis, Greek Nobel Prize-winning poet (Literature-1963), essayist and diplomat, is born.Ref: 17
1901*Paul Fix Dobbs Ferry NY, actor (Rifleman), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Henry Iliffe Cozens pilot, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Albert Hughes Williams teacher/historian, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Dona Maria Pia de Braganca pretender to the Portuguese throne, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Frank Wilcox DeSoto MO, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies), is born.Ref: 5
1907 Oscar Brink latinist, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Helen Sinclair Glatz musician, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Paul Stewart New York NY, actor (Top Secret USA, Deadline), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Walter Annenberg Milwaukee WI, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Gilbert Inglefield Mayor of London (1967-68), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Jose Ardevol composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Ernst Hess composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Igor Youskevitch dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*James Friell political cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1913*L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard novelist/founder (Church of Scientology), is born.Ref: 68
1913*William J Casey headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), is born.Ref: 68
1913*Tessie O’Shea, singer, actress: The Way Ahead, The Russians Are Coming! The Russians Are Coming!, The Entertainers, Bedknobs and Broomsticks; is born in Cardiff Wales.Ref: 4
1913*Sammy Kaye Lakewood OH, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show), is born.Ref: 17
1914*Bobby Haggart musician: bass: groups: Bob Cats; Peanuts Hucko’s Pied Piper Quintet, Lawson-Haggart Jazz Band, composer, is born.Ref: 4
1914*Carl-Olof Anderberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Ina Ray Hutton (Odessa Cowan) tap dancer; Ziegfeld Follies; pianist, bandleader; singer: Every Man a King; actress: The Big Broadcast of 1938, Ever Since Venus; died Feb 19, 1984Ref: 4
1916*(Corinne) Lindy (Claiborne) Boggs (Representative-Democrat-LA, 1973- ), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Maria Vlamynck Flemish author, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Ina Ray Hutton Chicago IL, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Tessie O’Shea singer, actress: The Way Ahead, The Russians Are Coming! The Russians Are Coming!, The Entertainers, Bedknobs and Broomsticks; is born.Ref: 4
1918*Eddie Pellagrini baseball: Boston Red Sox, SL Browns, Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, is born.Ref: 4
1918*Faye Glenn Abdellan US government official (health services), is born.Ref: 5
1920 Frans van der Elst Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Allan Jaffee comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jim Rodger sports writer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Red Garland jazz musician: reeds, pianist: ,Alone with the Blues Red Alone; is born.Ref: 4
1925*Anthony Milner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Bertha Tickey Dinuba CA, softball pitcher (Hall of Fame 1973), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Roy Haynes US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Roy Haynes modern jazz drummer, bandleader: Hip EnsembleRef: 4
1926 Frederick Hemming McClintock criminologist, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Raúl Alfonsín Argentine President (1983-89), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Charles Sickman Corsen Dutch Antillean poet, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Helen St. Aubin (Callaghan) ‘The Ted Williams of Women’s Baseball’: Minneapolis Millerettes, Ft. Wayne Daisies, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League; inspiration for film: A League of Their Own, is born.Ref: 4
1929*J D Slater writer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Peter Breck Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Walter Medio race horse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Will Eisma composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Liz Anderson (Haaby) country singer, songwriter: Pick of the Week, The Fugitive, [My Friends are Gonna Be] Strangers, Ride, Ride, Ride; mother of country/pop singer Lynn Anderson, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Doug Harvey hockey star (3 time James Norris winner), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Marc Dessauvage Flemish architect, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rosalind Elias Lowell MA, mezzo-soprano (Grimgerde-Die Walkuere), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Wolfgang Kohlhaase Berlin, actor/director/writer (Solo Sunday), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Ordell Braase football: Baltimore Colts defensive end: Super Bowl III, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Jan Howard country singer: The One You Slip Around With, Evil on Your Mind, My Son; toured with Carter sisters, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Mike Stoller record producer, songwriter with Jerry Leiber: Smokey Joe’s Café, Up on the Roof, On Broadway, score for Jailhouse Rock, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Frank H Murkowski (Senator-Republican-AK, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Dick Katz pianist, composer: Tony Scott Quartet, J.J. Johnson & Kai Winding groupsRef: 4
1935*Leslie Parrish (Marjorie Helen) actress: The Manchurian Candidate, Sex and the Single Girl, The Invisible Strangler, Li’l Abner, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Don Nute Connellsville PA (Denver University), actor, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Clarence Nash animation voice (Donald Duck), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Fofo I F Sunia (Representative-Democrat-American Samoa, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Hans-Joachim Hespos composer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Jean-Claude Risset composer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*(Heisman Trophy 1960) Joseph Bellino footballer (1960 Heisman Trophy), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Patricia W Amicone educator/midwife, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Neil Sedaka songwriter, singer: Oh! Carol, The Diary, Stairway to Heaven, Calendar Girl, Breaking Up Is Hard to Do, Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen, Bad Blood, Laughter in The Rain, is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 4
1943*Andre Techine director/writer (Scene of the Crime, Rendez-Vous), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Stephen Vincent Benet writer, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Lesley Collier British ballet dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Tomas Hinojosa jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Donny York singer: group: Sha Na Na.Ref: 4
1950*Danny Kirwan London, rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Joe Bugner Hungarian/British/Australian boxer (European Champion 1971), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Robert S Woods Maywood CA, actor (Bo-One Life to Live, Deadly Love), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Steve Hill country vocalist (A Winning Hand), is born.Ref: 5
1950*William H Macy Miami FL, actor (Homicide, Water Engine), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Steve Craig football: Minnesota Vikings tight end: Super Bowls IX, XI, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Fred Berry St Louis MO, actor (Rerun-What's Happening), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Wolfgang Hihm composer, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Andy Bean Lafayette GA, PGA golfer (Western 1978, Kemper 1978), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Deborah Raffin Los Angeles CA, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Robin Duke, Toronto Canada, comedienne (Saturday Night Live, SCTV, Club Paradise), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Glenne Headly actress: Mr. Holland’s Opus, Grand Isle, Mortal Thoughts, Dick Tracy, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, The Purple Rose of Cairo, is born in New London CT.Ref: 4
1955*Olga Rukavishnikova USSR, pentathlete (Olympics-silver-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Patricia J Engfer general manager (Hyatt Regency-Orlando), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Dana Delany New York NY, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach, Exit to Eden), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Debi Nicolle Johnson Torrance CA, playmate (October, 1984), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Rick A Lazio (Representative-Republican-NY), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Ronnie Rogers guitarist (T'Pau-Heart & Soul), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Adam Clayton, Oxfordshire, England, rock bassist (U2-I Will Follow), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Cor Lems soccer player (ADO The Hague/Dordrecht '90), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Liane Tooth Sydney New South Wales Australia, field hockey forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Mariano Duncan S P de Macoris Dominican Republic, infielder (New York Yankees), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Vance Johnson NFL wide receiver (Denver Broncos), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Will Clark New Orleans LA, infielder (Texas Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Akira Nogami wrestler (NJPW), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Tine Scheuer-Larsen Denmark, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Colleen Rosensteel South Greensburg PA, heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Satu Huotari ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Christopher Collett New York NY, actor (Manhattan Project), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Chris Zorich NFL defensive tackle (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Kevin Kaminski Churchbridge Saskatchewan, NHL center (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Curtis Conway NFL wide receiver/kick returner (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Li Chen Changsha China, tennis star (1995 Futures-Austin TX), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Paul Henderson Australian 100 meter/200 meter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ralf Kleinmann WLAF kicker/punter (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ryan Hayden Indpls IN, 400 meter hurdler, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tony Vinson NFL running back (Atlanta Falcons, Lon Monarchs, Baltimore Ravens), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tracy Wells actress (Heather-Mr Belvedere), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Avrom Smith WLAF RB (London Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Brian Saxton NFL tight end (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Rickey Brady NFL tight end (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ryan McCoy WLAF LB (London Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Shea Olliff Augusta GA, Miss Georgia-America (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Trent Dilfer NFL quarterback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ann Coale Miss Maryland-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Bobby Jackson NBA guard (Denver Nuggets), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Dan Wilkinson NFL defensive tackle (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Edgar Davids Dutch soccer player (Ajax, AC Milan), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Trezelle Jenkins NFL tackle (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1974*André Batista Santos "Vampeta" (Brazilian) soccer player (PSV), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Corinna Broiz Garberville CO, lightweight judoka (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Thomas Enqvist Stockholm Sweden, tennis star (1991 Wimbledon junior boys), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Landon Wilson St Louis, NHL right wing (Colorado Avalanche)Ref: 5
1202*Mieszko III the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies.Ref: 5
1395*Scottish poet, theologean, John Barbour dies.Ref: 68
1516*Vladislav II Jagiello king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1558*Jean Fernel French physician/physiologist, dies.Ref: 5
1573*Michel de l'Hôpital chancellor of France (1560-68), dies at about 65.Ref: 5
1619*Richard Burbage English actor (Shakespeare), dies.Ref: 5
1716*Georg Gabriel Schutz composer, dies at 46.Ref: 5
1756*Johann Melchior Conradi composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1817*Matej Sojka composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1837*Nikita P Panin Russian diplomat/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1839*Robert Gallenberg composer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1842 Henry Shrapnel dies.Ref: 10
1879*Adolf Anderssen German world champion chess (1851..66), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1881*Tsar Alexander II, 63, is assassinated when a bomb is thrown at him near his palace.Ref: 68
1890*Henry Wylde composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1901*The 23rd president of the United States, Benjamin Harrison, dies in Indianapolis at age 67.Ref: 68
1903*Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand] Dutch writer (Camera Obscura), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1906*Susan B. (Brownell) Anthony suffragist: first American woman to be pictured on a coin: the Susan B. Anthony dollar; dies at age 85 in Rochester NY.Ref: 17
1911*Jacob M van Bemmelen Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1915*Sergei J Witte Dutch count/premier of Russia, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1918*Karel Stecker composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1918*William Courtleigh actor (Susie Snowflake), dies at 26.Ref: 5
1928*450 die in St Franciso Valley Dam burst (California).Ref: 5
1930*Mary E W Freeman US writer (Pembroke), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1934*Fritz Cortolezis composer, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1937*Elihu Thomson, American engineer and inventor; founder of U.S. electrical industry, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1938*Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at age 80.Ref: 5
1941*A Coenradi Dutch resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1941*Bernard Ijzerdraat Dutch resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1941*E Hellendoorn Dutch resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1941*Isaak E Babel Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46.Ref: 5
1941*J Eyl Dutch resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1943*J.P. (John Pierpont) Morgan Jr. financier; dies at age 75.Ref: 4
1943*Stephen Vincent Benet, American poet, novelist and short story writer, dies at age 44.Ref: 70
1943*Stephen Vincent Benét, Pulitzer prize-winning poet, dies.Ref: 4
1945*Herbert Bedford composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1946*Abraham Bredius Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1946*Thomas Frederick Dunhill composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1946*Werner von Blomberg German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1951 Alfred Hugenberg German Roman Catholic president-director of Krupp/media magnate, dies.Ref: 5
1951*James I Wedgwood British theosophist/Catholic bishop, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1955*Maharajadhiraja Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Yung Bahadur Shum Shere dies.Ref: 5
1955*Yung Deva king of Nepal (191.-55), dies at about 48.Ref: 5
1956*Daniel Jackling, American mining engineer and metallurgist, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1957*Lena Ashwell English actress/theatrical manager (Kingsway), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1957*John Middleton Murry, writier, dies at age 67 in London, England. (TWA, 1958)Ref: 95
1961*Landslide in USSR, kills 145.Ref: 5
1964*In a notorious case, 38 residents of a Queens, New York neighborhood failed to respond to the cries of Kitty Genovese, 28, as she was being stabbed to death.Ref: 5
1965*George Calinescu Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1969*Felix Locher actor (Frankenstein's Daughter), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1970*Rick Besoyan composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1971*Piero Coppola composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1971*Rockwell Kent US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1973*Stacy Harris actor (Door With No Name, Appointment with Danger), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1974*Howard St John actor (Investigator, Dr Lewis-Hank), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1974*Janos Prohaska actor (Andy Williams Show), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1975*Ali Sastroamidjojo Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1975*Ivo Andric Yugoslavian author (Nemiri-Nobel 1961), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1975*Jean Del Val actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1975*Ruth Schaumann German author/painter/sculptor, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1976*Willy Alfredo [Willem Jue], Dutch comedian/poet, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1977 Fanie Lou Hamer freedom fighter, dies.Ref: 5
1977*Jan Patocka Czechoslovakian philosopher, dies in prison.Ref: 5
1978*Brian Josephson, British physicist (Nobel 1973), dies.Ref: 17
1978*David McKinley Williams composer, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1980*Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1981*Robin Maugham, English novelist, playwright and travel writer, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1982*Albert Weisser composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1982*Wilfred Hawker, Suriname Sergeant-Major, executed.Ref: 5
1983*Louison Bobet French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1983*Paul R Citroen Dutch sculptor, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1984*Dick Whitington journalist/cricketer (South Australia & AIF bat), dies.Ref: 5
1985*Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko (Moscow).Ref: 5
1986*Alvaro Fayad Delgado Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies.Ref: 5
1987*Bernhard Grzimek West German zoologist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1987*Finn Videro composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1987*Gerald Moore England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1988*Porn star John Holmes (John Curtis Estes) dies of AIDS-related causes.Ref: 24
1988*Olive Carey actress (Affairs With a Stranger), dies at 92.Ref: 5
1990*Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children, commits suicide at age 86.Ref: 70
1991*Cor Witschge [Pipo the Clown], Dutch actor (Alicia), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1991*Jimmy McPartland US, jazz cornetist, dies.Ref: 5
1992*570 die in a Turkish earthquake.Ref: 5
1992*Clarence Wright singer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1992*Hans Redeker Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Ralph Smith Fults US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1994*Danny Barker US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1994*Sandra Paretti romantic novelist, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1994*Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed).Ref: 5
1994 Edward James "Murt" O'Donoghue snooker player.Ref: 5
1995 Abdul Ali Mazari Afghan shite leader, shot to death.Ref: 5
1995*John Silverlight journalist, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1995 Leo Kaplan lawyer (ASCAP), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1995*Leon Day pitcher (Negro Leagues), dies of heart failure at 78.Ref: 5
1995*Lorraine Macleod dancer (Girls Just Want to Have Fun), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1995*P C J van Lierde Dutch vicar-general of Vatican (1951-91), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1995 Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators.Ref: 5
1996*At Dunblane Scotland, a thirteenth century village on the edge of the Scottish Highlands, forty-three-year-old Thomas Hamilton bursts into the gymnasium of the Dunblane Primary School with four guns, and opens fire on a kindergarten class. Sixteen children and their teacher, Gwenne Mayor, are killed before Hamilton turns the gun on himself. Twelve other children in the class, along with one other adult, are also injured.Ref: 3
1996*Brian Hulls television news cameraman, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1996*Krzysztof Kieslowski film director, dies of heart attack at 54.Ref: 5
1996*Lucio Fulci filem director, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1996 Lucy Faithfull children's campaigner, dies at 85Ref: 5
1999*Garson Kanin writer: A Gift of Time, Tracy & Hepburn; director: Adam's Rib, Pat & Mike, Tom, Dick & Harry; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen