Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 14th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1558*Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman emperor.Ref: 5
1559*Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands.Ref: 5
1629*England grants a royal charter to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.Ref: 2
1644*England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island).Ref: 5
1689*Scotland dismisses Willem III & Mary Stuart as king & queen.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Martha Corey is summoned to appear before the magistrates and answer questions.Ref: 21
1734*Prince Willem KHF van Orange marries George II's daughter Mary Anne.Ref: 5
1743*The City of Boston conducted the first town meeting in Faneuil Hall. It became an idea that caught on quickly throughout New England.Ref: 4
1800*Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII.Ref: 69
1821*African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (New York).Ref: 5
1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panamá.Ref: 5
1842*Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, emigrates to the United States. Ref 
1843*Boston conducts its first town meeting (Faneuil Hall).Ref: 5
1845*-5.3ºF (-20.7ºC) in Groningen.Ref: 5
1847*Donner Party: George Donner is dying from infection in the hand he injured months before. His wife Tamzene, though in comparatively good health, refuses to leave him; she sends her three little girls on without her. The Third Relief departs with four: Frances, Georgia, and Eliza Donner and Simon Murphy. Elizabeth and Lewis Donner have died. Samuel Donner, Levinah Murphy, and Louis Keseberg are too weak to travel. Jean Baptiste Trudeau is left behind to care for the Donners, but he leaves them and catches up with the Relief.Ref: 28
1870*California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible.Ref: 5
1888*2nd largest snowfall in New York NY history (21").Ref: 5
1896*7000 people gather at San Francisco's Ocean Beach to celebrate the official opening of the Sutro Baths, an extravagant public bathhouse envisioned and developed by the eccentric one-time mayor of San Francisco, Adolph Sutro. Ref 
1900*U.S. currency act makes paper money redeemable in gold; Pres. McKinley signs gold standard bill.Ref: 17
1903 The Senate ratifies the Hay-Herran Treaty, guaranteeing the United States the right to build a canal in Panama.Ref: 2
1903*First national bird reservation established in Sebastian FL.Ref: 5
1907*Teddy Roosevelt excludes Japanese laborers from continental U.SRef: 62
1908*Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary was chartered in Waco, Texas. Originally named Baylor Theological Seminary, the school campus relocated in 1910 to Fort Worth.Ref: 5
1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms.Ref: 5
1912*An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempts to kill Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.Ref: 2
1913*John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation.Ref: 5
1917*The Czarist Regime is overthrown in St. Petersburg while an uprising in Moscow is also successful.Ref: 90
1923*U.S. President Warren G. Harding became the first Chief Executive to pay taxes and account for his income. Harding’s tax bill amounted to nearly $18,000.Ref: 4
1923 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicië in Poland.Ref: 5
1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP.Ref: 5
1931*Phil Phillips (Baptiste) singer: Sea of Love, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation.Ref: 5
1933*Winston Churchill wants to boost air defense.Ref: 5
1935*36-Folsom becomes first line to use 1-man streetcars.Ref: 5
1936*Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany's only judge is God and itself.Ref: 2
1936*The Federal Register, the first magazine of the US government, publishes its first issue.Ref: 5
1937*Pope Pius XI publishes anti-Nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge.Ref: 5
1939*The Republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.Ref: 70
1941*Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies.Ref: 5
1943*The Krakow Ghetto is liquidated.Ref: 35
1945*(date given as mid-March) The first evidence of solid compression from implosion is observed (5%).Ref: 91
1946 Belgian government of Spaak, forms.Ref: 5
1947*The United States signs a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.Ref: 2
1948*The Freedom Train arrives in San FranciscoRef: 5
1951*Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany.Ref: 5
1953*Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as Secretary of Communist Party.Ref: 5
1955*Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal.Ref: 5
1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns.Ref: 5
1958 South Africa government disallows ANC.Ref: 5
1958*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1958*USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test.Ref: 5
1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France.Ref: 5
1964*A jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, the previous November.Ref: 5
1965 Israel's cabinet formally approved establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.Ref: 5
1967*John F. Kennedy's body is moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one in Arlington Cemetery.Ref: 2
1968*POM performs atmospheric nuclear test at Maralinga Australia.Ref: 5
1970*(My Lai) Peers Report delivered to Westmoreland.Ref: 87
1973*Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland.Ref: 5
1976*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1983 OPEC cut oil prices for first time in 23 years.Ref: 5
1986*Microsoft goes public.Ref: 3
1988*A treaty to protect the earth's ozone shield was ratified by the Senate, 83-0.Ref: 17
1990*Mikhail S. Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress.Ref: 2
1991*The "Birmingham Six," imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, are set free after a court agrees that the police fabricated evidence.Ref: 2
1991*(King) Speakers at a Los Angeles Police Commission hearing demand the ousting of Chief Daryl F. Gates in the wake of the videotaped police beating of motorist Rodney King. RefRef: 64
1991*(King) The grand jury returns indictments against Stacey Koon, Laurence Powell, Timothy Wind, and Theodore Brisenio.Ref: 87
1993*An independent U.N.-sponsored commission released a report blaming the bulk of atrocities committed during El Salvador's civil war on the country's military.Ref: 70
1994*Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped.Ref: 5
1994*Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, a longtime friend of President and Mrs. Clinton, resigned because of controversy over billings he'd charged while in private law practice.Ref: 70
1997*Olympics gold medalist Michael Johnson wins 67th James E Sullivan Award.Ref: 5
1997*Surgeons at Bethesda Naval Medical Center repaired a torn knee tendon in President Clinton's right leg; the injury had been caused by a freak middle-of-the-night stumble at the Florida home of golfer Greg Norman.Ref: 70
1998*India's Congress Party picked Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated prime minister Rajiv Gandi, as its new president. (XDG, p 4A, 3/14/2003)Ref: 83
2000*Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore clinched their presidential nominations in a sweep of Southern primaries.Ref: 70
2002 Serbia and Montenegro sign a historic accord to radically restructure their federation, dropping the name "Yugoslavia" and granting greater autonomy to prevent the county's final breakup. (XDG, p 4A, 3/14/2003)Ref: 83
2002*The government charged the Arthur Andersen accounting firm with obstruction of justice, securing its first indictment in the collapse of Enron.Ref: 70
1794*Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin, making it possible to clean 50 pounds of cotton a day, compared to a pound a day before Whitney’s invention.Ref: 4
1872*New York Herald reporter Henry Morton Stanley leaves Africa, after finding David Livingstone. Livingstone refuses to leave.Ref: 2
1891 First underwater telephone line laid across the English Channel.Ref: 17
1900 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics.Ref: 5
1918*The first seagoing ship made of concrete was launched at Redwood City, CA, near San Francisco. The ship was named Faith and those who launched her had plenty of that. Faith cost $750,000 to build.Ref: 39
1925 First transatlantic radio broadcast.Ref: 10
1960*LISP (for LISt Processing) is introduced.Ref: 62
1984*Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41-C mission.Ref: 5
1986*European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km).Ref: 5
1994*Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov & N Thagard.Ref: 5
1995*First time 13 people in space.Ref: 5
1995*Astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.Ref: 70
-479 -BC- Xerxes' army (of Persia) is scared by a solar eclipse.Ref: 62
1590*Battle at Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League.Ref: 5
1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno.Ref: 5
1812*War Bonds were authorized by the United States government for the first time. We presume they were in support of the War of 1812.Ref: 4
1862*Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern.Ref: 5
1864*Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana.Ref: 5
1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty.Ref: 5
1915*The British Navy sinks the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.Ref: 2
1916*Battle of Verdun: German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.Ref: 5
1917*China breaks with Germany.Ref: 38
1918*An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratifies a peace treaty with the Central Powers.Ref: 2
1919*President Wilson returns to Paris after a month's absence. 
1943*The Germans reoccupy Kharkov in the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1945*The RAF drops the heaviest bomb of the war, a 22,000 lb-er, on a railroad viaduct. The railway link Hannover-Hamm is severed; shock waves are felt hundreds of miles away.Ref: 3
1951*U.N. forces recapture Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.Ref: 2
1954*The Viet Minh launch an assault against the French Colonial Forces at Dien Bien Phu.Ref: 2
1971*South Vietnamese troops flee Laos.Ref: 5
1978 An Israeli force of 22,000 invades south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.Ref: 2
1991*Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave.Ref: 5
1899*Stanley Cup: Montréal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2.Ref: 5
1903*Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games.Ref: 5
1906*Calgary City Rugby Football Club forms.Ref: 5
1908*Stanley Cup: Montréal Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4.Ref: 5
1953*Joseph Darst, mayor of St. Louis, vows to fight losing the hometown Browns to Baltimore.Ref: 1
1954*In an exhibition game aginst the Red Sox, Hank Aaron gets three hits in his first start as a Brave.Ref: 1
1954*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1954*NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak.Ref: 5
1956*Satchel Paige signs with the Birmingham Black Barons (Negro League).Ref: 5
1960*Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points.Ref: 5
1961*The Mets lure former Yankee general manager George Weiss out of retirement to become the club's first president.Ref: 1
1962*Gordie Howe (Detroit Red Wings) is 2nd NHLer to score 500 goals.Ref: 5
1963*San Francisco's Guy Rodgers ties NBA record with 28 assists.Ref: 5
1967*First NFL-AFL common draft, Baltimore Colts pick Bubba Smith.Ref: 5
1969*Less than one month after winning her first horse race, Barbara Jo Rubin became the first woman jockey to win at Aqueduct Race Course in New York. She rode Brave Galaxy to victory and into the winner’s circle.Ref: 4
1972*The Cincinnati Royals announced plans to move the National Basketball Association franchise to Kansas City, MO. You may think that the Royals not only moved, but changed their sport ... to baseball. However, the Kansas City Royals baseball team was already in place, so the basketball team became the Kings.Ref: 4
1976*Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race.Ref: 5
1978*NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge).Ref: 5
1980 World Ice Dance Championship in Dortmund West Germany won by Krisztina Regoczy & Andras Sallay (Hungary).Ref: 5
1980 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Marina Cherkasova & Sergei Shakhrai (USSR).Ref: 5
1980 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch.Ref: 5
1980 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann (German Democratic Republic).Ref: 5
1982*Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24 hour ride of 516 miles, 427 yards.Ref: 5
1987*New York Met Darryl Strawberry charges Red Sox pitcher Al Nipper during spring training exhibition game, causes bench clearing brawl.Ref: 5
1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194 meter.Ref: 5
1991 World Ice Dance Championship in Munich won by Isabel & Phil Duchesnay (France).Ref: 5
1991 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev (USSR).Ref: 5
1991 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi (USA).Ref: 5
1991 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (Canada).Ref: 5
1992*New York Mets Daryl Boston, Vince Coleman & Dwight Gooden accused of rape.Ref: 5
1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km (6 :6.57).Ref: 5
1993*Meg Mallon wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1995*The NLRB announces it will charge major league baseball owners with two counts of unfair labor practices.Ref: 1
1997*68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch.Ref: 5
2003*Able to maintain the organization's "long standing philosophy", which lets Cablevision customers choose whether or not to receive paid programming" , the cable giant agrees one-year interim deal to offer YES Network to New York Yankees fans for a fee ending a bitter and costly yearlong feud. The arrangement makes YES a premium channel instead of basic cable channel which the new network had previously mandated and would have made every subscriber pay for the channel regardless of the viewer's choice.Ref: 1
2003*Vladimir Guerrero is suspended for three regular-season games and Marlin starter Brad Penny for five due to igniting an exhibition game bench-clearing brawl earlier in the week . After being hit in the chest by Marlins' starter first inning pitch, the Expo All-star outfielder, with his bat in his left hand swung his right fist around Matt Treanor, the Florida catcher trying to restrain him, missing Penny, who retaliated with punch which also missed its mark.Ref: 1
2003*The Brewers' TV/radio play-by-play announcer, Bob Uecker is chosen for induction into the broadcasters' wing of the Hall of Fame as the recipient of the Ford C. Frick Award. The 68-year-old former back-up catcher, who joined the Milwaukee broadcast crew in 1971, is best known for the humor he has brought to the game through his starring role in the cult movie Major League and the beer commercial in which the phrase"Must be in the front row!' has become a familiar cry in ballparks around the country.Ref: 1
2003*Dependent on passing a physical, free agent Kenny Lofton agrees to a one-year pact to play the Pirates this season. The 35-year-old leadoff man would most likely start in center moving Brian Giles to left field with left fielder Reggie Sanders going to right.Ref: 1
1840 José Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid.Ref: 5
1864 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1875*Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres.Ref: 5
1885*Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Mikado" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1885 London premiere of Gilbert and Sullivan's "The Mikado" at the Savoy Theatre in London.Ref: 17
1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen.Ref: 5
1901*First performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A.Ref: 5
1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin.Ref: 5
1922*KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions.Ref: 5
1930 Garbo's first talkie, "Anna Christie"opens.Ref: 10
1931*First theater built for rear movie projection (New York NY).Ref: 5
1937 Fred Allen and Jack Benny met on radio in one of the biggest publicity gags ever. It was called, “The Battle of the Century.” The two comedians locked horns in the ballroom of the Hotel Pierre, exchanging torrid insults that were heard by the second largest audience in the history of radio. The ‘feud’, incidentally, lasted for the next 12 years! This was probably the longest-running publicity stunt in history, too!Ref: 4
1941*Years before Desi Arnaz would make the song Babalu popular on the I Love Lucy TV show, Xavier Cugat and his orchestra recorded it with Miguelito Valdes doing the vocal. The song was on Columbia Records, as was the Arnaz version years later.Ref: 4
1943*Aaron Copland's "Fanfare for the Common Man" premiered in New York City, with George Szell conducting.Ref: 70
1950*The FBI initiated the Ten Most Wanted Fugitives Program in order to draw national attention to dangerous criminals who have avoided capture.Ref: 14
1958*The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certifies the first gold record. It was Perry Como’s "Catch A Falling Star" on RCA Victor Records.Ref: 4
1959*Elvis Presley made the album charts, but no one would have known by the title of the disk. For LP Fans Only was the first LP ever issued without the artist’s name to be found anywhere on the cover -- front or back.Ref: 4
1961*The New Testament of the New English Bible was simultaneously published by both the Oxford and Cambridge University Presses. (The complete Old & New Testament of the NEB was published in 1970.)Ref: 5
1964*"Girl Who Came to Supper" closes at Broadway NYC after 112 performances.Ref: 5
1968*ABC-TV showed the last episode of Batman, starring Adam West and Burt Ward as Robin.Ref: 4
1968*CBS TV suspends Radio Free Europe free advertising because RFE doesn't make it clear it is sponsored by the CIA.Ref: 5
1971*The Rolling Stones leave England for France to escape taxes.Ref: 5
1971*Barbra Streisand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV.Ref: 5
1980*3rd Emmy Sports Awards presentation.Ref: 5
1985*11th People's Choice Awards: Bill Cosby wins 4 awards.Ref: 5
1990*4th Soul Train Music Awards: Soul II Soul, Janet Jackson.Ref: 5
1992*Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication.Ref: 5
1992*Farm Aid V.Ref: 5
1993*"Conversations with My Father" closes at Royale NYC after 462 performances.Ref: 5
1993*"Face Value" closes at Cort Theater NYC after performances.Ref: 5
1993*"Saint Joan" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 49 performances.Ref: 5
1993 3,000th performance of "Nunsense".Ref: 5
1996 Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter).Ref: 5
1623*Adam-Nicolas Gascon composer, is born.Ref: 5
1681*Georg Philipp Telemann Magdeburg Germany, late baroque composer, is born.Ref: 5
1692*Peter Musschenbroek Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar), is born.Ref: 5
1726*Josef Antonin Stepan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1727*Johann Gottlieb Goldberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1755*Pierre-Louis Couperin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1782*Thomas Hart Benton (Representative), "Old Bullion", is born.Ref: 5
1795*Rubert Lucas Pearsall composer, is born.Ref: 5
1800*James Bogardus US inventor/builder (made cast-iron buildings), is born.Ref: 5
1803*F G Klopstock writer, is born.Ref: 5
1804*Johann Strauss the Elder Viennese violinist/composer (Radetzky March), is born.Ref: 5
1808*Catharinus Putnam Buckingham Brigadier General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1815*Josephine Lang composer, is born.Ref: 5
1816*Montgomery Dent Corse Alexandria VA, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Victor Emmanuel II King of Sardinia (1849-61)/Italy (1861-78), is born.Ref: 5
1821*Jens Worsaae Denmark, archaeologist, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Roswell Sabine Ripley Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887, is born.Ref: 5
1826*William Fisk Sherwin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1829*Charles Charlesworth England (dies at 7 of old age), is born.Ref: 5
1831*Leon Leopold Lewandoski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1833*Lucy Hobbs Taylor, D.D.S., 1st woman to receive a degree in dentistry (in 1866), is born.Ref: 4
1833*John Sappington Marmaduke Major General (Confederate Army), is born.Ref: 5
1835*Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, astronomer who named Mars "canals", is born.Ref: 5
1835*Manuel Fernandez Caballero composer, is born.Ref: 5
1837*Charles Ammi Cutter US librarian (Expansive classification/originated Cutter system), is born.Ref: 5
1844*King Umberto I of Italy (1878-1900), is born.Ref: 5
1847*Antonio de Castro Alves Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes), is born.Ref: 5
1854*Paul Ehrlich is born. He earned the 1908 Nobel prize for medicine; founded chemotherapy, discovered Salvarsan - a remedy for syphilis, developed antitoxin for diphtheria.Ref: 3
1854*Thomas Riley Marshall (D) 28th Vice President (1913-21), is born.Ref: 5
1862*Vilhelm FK Bjerknes Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, is born.Ref: 5
1864*(John Luther) Casey Jones, railroad engineer: subject of "The Ballad of Casey Jones", is born.Ref: 4
1869*Algernon Blackwood, British mystery writer, is born.Ref: 70
1873*Joannes DJ Aengenent sociologist/bishop of Haarlem (1928-35), is born.Ref: 5
1874 Anton F Philips president-director of Philips, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Mary Carr Philadelphia PA, actress (Forbidden Trail, Pack Up Your Troubles), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Isadore Gilbert Mudge US, librarian/author/bibliographer (Thackeray Dictionary), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Norman Houstoun O'Neill composer, is born.Ref: 5
1878*Carel T Scharten Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Albert Einstein Ulm Germany, (E=mc²/Theory of Relativity, Nobel 1921), is born.Ref: 68
1880*Oscar (Bachigaloupi) Tourniaire actor/director (Pink Kate), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Juan Manen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Albert Egges van Giffen Dutch archaeologist, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Winter Haynes Watts composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*George Creten Belgian sculptor/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Lawrence Collingwood composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Sylvia Beach, American owner of Shakespeare and Company bookshop in Paris, is born.Ref: 70
1891*John P Strijbos Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa), is born.Ref: 5
1892 Olive Netta Parsons co-founder (Collet's Bookshop), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Josef Schelb composer, is born.Ref: 5
1895*Frans Ganshof, Belgian historian, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Molla Mustafa Barzani Iran, Kurd leader (KDP), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Adolph Gottlieb, American Abstract Expressionist painter, is born.Ref: 70
1905*Raymond Aron French sociologist/political scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Ulvi Cemal Erkin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Björn-Erik Höijer Swedish writer (Nu dansar Sara), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty French philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Nikolay Petrovich Rakov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*André Pieyre de Mandiargues French writer (Margin), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Pete Piute [Morris Kaufman], New York NY, comedian (Village Barn), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Les Brown, the bandleader of "Les Brown and His Band of Renown", is born in Reinerton PA.Ref: 3
1913*Witold Rudzinski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Stock car racing legend and father of Richard Petty, Lee Arnold Petty is born near Randleman, North Carolina.Ref: 3
1914*Fiorenzo Marini Italy, épée (Olympics-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Henry Ralph Carr soldier, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Jiri Reinberger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Alexander Brott composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Carlos Surinach Barcelona Spain, composer (Monte Carlo), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Kenneth Rowntree painter, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Macha Louis Rosenthal critic/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Dennis Patrick Philadelphia PA, actor (Dear Dead Delilah, Dallas, Rituals), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Luther Henderson Jr Kansas City MO, orchestra leader (Polly Bergen Show), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Max Shulman novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Hank Ketcham, the cartoonist of "Dennis the Menace", is born.Ref: 5
1920*Dorothy Tyler-Odam Great Britain, high jumper (Olympics-silver-1936, 1948), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Lis Hartel Denmark, equestrian dressage (Olympics-silver-1952, 56), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Colin Fletcher author (Walking Through Time), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Les Baxter US, singer/orchestra leader/composer (Born Again), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Diane Arbus photographer/innovator, is born.Ref: 5
1925*John Barrington Wain, England, novelist/poet (Hurry on Down), is born.Ref: 5
1926*François d'Assise Morel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Bill Rexford auto racer: NASCAR Winston Cup Champion [1950 at age 23], is born.Ref: 4
1927*Joop F Wolff Dutch editor (Truth)/Dutch politician (CPN), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Frank (Frederick) Borman II, Apollo astronaut, former president of former Eastern Airlines, is born in Gary IN.Ref: 4
1929*Bob Goalby golf: PGA champ: Greater Greensboro Open [1958], Coral Gables Open Invitational [1960], LA Open, St. Petersburg Open Invitational [1961], Insurance City Open Invitational, Denver Open Invitational [1962], San Diego Open Invitational [1967], Masters [1968], Robinson Open Golf Classic [1969], Heritage Golf Classic [1970], Bahamas National Open, Championship [1971]; Senior PGA champ: Marlboro Classic [1981], Peter Jackson Champions [1982], is born.Ref: 4
1929*Thomas Bell Jr race horse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Dieter Schnebel German vicar/composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Bob Goalby golfer (British Open-1968, Canadian Open-1968, New Zealand-1970), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Phil Phillips [Baptiste] rock vocalist (Sea Of Love), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Michael Caine (Maurice Micklewhite) Academy Award-winning actor: Hannah and Her Sisters [1986]; Sleuth, The Ipcress File, Alfie, Educating Rita, California Suite, Jack the Ripper, On Deadly Ground, is born in Bermondsey London England.Ref: 4
1933*Quincy Jones composer: film scores, TV show themes; bandleader; record producer; arranger; 25 Grammys, Grammy’s Trustees Award [1989], Grammy’s Legends Award [1990]; Musical Director for Mercury Records, then VP; established Qwest Records, is born in Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1934*Eugene (Andrew) Cernan, Captain USN/astronaut: pilot: Gemini 9 [June, 1966]; crew member: Apollo 17 [Dec, 1972] moon landing, is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 4
1934*Shirley Scott swinging, blues-oriented organist: recorded mostly with former husband Stanley Turrentine [they were married from 1961 to 1971]Ref: 4
1935*Jo van den Booren composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Bob Charles Carterton New Zealand, PGA golfer (1963 Houston Open), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Bertrand Blier Paris France, novelist/director (Going Places), is born.Ref: 5
1939*William Benjamin Lenoir Miami FL, astronaut (STS-5), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Eleanor Bron Stanmore Middlesex England, actress (Women in Love, Bedazzled), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Wolfgang Petersen Emden Germany, actor (Shattered, Enemy Mine), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jerry Jeff Walker Oneonta NY, country singer (Mr Bojangles), is born.Ref: 5
1942 John Whittaker English real estate developer (Peel Holdings), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Rita Tushingham Liverpool England, actress (Green Eyes, Doctor Zhivago), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jim Pons Santa Monica CA, bassist (Turtles-Happy Together), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Clyde Lee basketball: Vanderbilt Univ. [rebounds: 1,223: 1964-1966]; NBA: SF Warriors [rebounds: 7626: 1966-1967, 1975-1976], is born.Ref: 4
1944*Peter Paul Zahl writer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Herman[us J] van Veen Netherlands, cabareter/singer/composer/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Michael Martin Murphey Dallas TX, country singer (Wildfire), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Walter Parazaider Chicago IL, rock saxophonist (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Jasper Carrott is born.Ref: 10
1946*Wes Unseld basketball: NBA MVP: Baltimore Bullets [1969], is born.Ref: 4
1946*Jasper Carrott English comedian (Jane & the Lost City, Detectives), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Steve Kanaly Burbank CA, actor (Fleshburn, Ray Krebbs-Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Billy Crystal, Long Beach NY, comedian (Soap, Saturday Night Live, City Slickers), is born.Ref: 5
1947 Jan [AJ] te Veldhuis Dutch MP (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Janis Schmitt St Louis MO, playmate (February, 1978), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Jimmy O'Rourke rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1947*William Jefferson (Representative-Democrat-LA), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Michael Ford son of President Gerald & Betty Ford, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Rick Dees radio disc jock (KIIS Los Angeles), is born.Ref: 5
1952*David Byrne guitarist/vocalist (Talking Heads-Burning Down the House), is born.Ref: 5
1952*J Fred Muggs chimp (Today show), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Tim McKee US, 400 meter medley swimmer (Olympics-silver-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Adrian Zmed Chicago IL, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever), is born.Ref: 5
1954*David La Croix race horse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Jann Browne country singer (Mexican Wind), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Boon Gould musician: guitar: group: Level 42: The Chinese Way, The Sun Goes Down [Living It Up], Hot Water, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova Russia, cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Tessa Sanderson Kingston Jamaica, British javelin thrower (Olympics-gold-84), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Prince of Monaco/bobsledder (Olympics-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Patrick Dupond Paris France, dancer (La Bayadere), is born.Ref: 5
1960*George Horvath Sweden, pentathlete (Olympics-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Helen Hopkins Donneybrook Australia, golfer (Australian International 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Gary Dell'Abate, Uniondale Long Island New York, producer (Howard Stern Show, Private Parts), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Grigoriy Kornev Russian speed walker (world record 5 km), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Russell Todd actor (Jamie Frame-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Kirby Puckett centerfielder (Minnesota Twins), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Pedro Duque Madrid Spain, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alternate, sk-95), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Donald Evans NFL defensive end/tackle (New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Richard Migliore jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Kevin Brown Mcintyre GA, pitcher (Florida Marlins), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Darcy Wakaluk Pincher Creek, NHL goalie (Dallas Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Edward M Fincke Pittsburgh PA, Captain USAF/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Melissa Brennan Reeves Eatontown NJ, actress (Jennifer-Days of our Lives), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Megan Follows actress (Chase, Anne of Green Gables), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Greg Biekert NFL linebacker (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Larry Johnson NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets, New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Laura Leighton actress (Sydney-Melrose Place, The Other Woman), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Ty[rel] Bennion Seattle WA, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Meredith Salenger actress (Dream a Little Dream, The Kiss), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Thomas McLemore NFL tight end (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ernie Brown CFL defensive tackle (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Antowain Smith running back (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Aris Brimanis Cleveland OH, NHL defenseman (Philadelphia Flyers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Clover Maitland Australian field hockey goal keeper (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Tom Barndt NFL/WLAF guard (Kansas City Chiefs, Scottish Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Chris Sullivan defensive end (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Justine Joyce Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Sarah Elizabeth Ulmer Auckland New Zealand, 3k independent pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1982*Kate Maberly actress (Secret Garden), is born.Ref: 5
1983*Jordan Taylor Hanson Tulsa OK, singer-Hanson (MMMBop), is born.Ref: 5
1989*Oliver Bernsen son of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays, is born.Ref: 5
840*Eginhard French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1272*Re Enzo Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies.Ref: 5
1298*Petrus Johannis Olivi South France theologist, dies.Ref: 5
1490*Charles I Duke of Savoy, dies at 21.Ref: 5
1559*Jacques d'Auchy Walloon baptist merchant, executed.Ref: 5
1573*Claude II of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered Admiral Coligny, dies.Ref: 5
1590*Philip van Egmont General/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at 30.Ref: 5
1612*Philip Galle Flemish engraver, dies at about 74.Ref: 5
1647*Frederik Hendrik count of Nassau/prince of Orange, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1682*Jacob I van Ruysdael physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53.Ref: 5
1757*British Admiral John Byng is executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty at age 52.Ref: 2
1760*Anton Filtz composer, dies at 26.Ref: 5
1768*Vigilio Blasio Faitello composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1801*Christian Friedrich Penzel composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1803*Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock German poet, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1811*August Henry Fitzroy English premier (1768-70), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1861*Abraham Louis Niedermeyer composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1877*Juan Manuel de b. Rosas, Argentine military and political leader and governor of Buenos Aires (1835-52), dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1883*Karl Marx socialist writer: Das Kapital, The Communist Manifesto; founder of communism, dies at age 64 in London.Ref: 4
1899*Emile Erckmann French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1903*Johannes H Weissenbruch Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1912*Death of Albert L. Peace, 68. One of the noted Scottish organists of his day, Peace composed many cantatas, organ pieces and hymn tunes __ including the enduring ST. MARGARET, to which the Church today sings George Matheson's "O Love That Will Not Let Me Go."Ref: 5
1918*Lucretia Garfield, American first lady (1881), dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1925*Walter Camp father of American football, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1932*George Eastman, the inventor of roll film and founder of Kodak, shoots himself at age 77. His suicide note reads, "My work here is done. Why wait?"Ref: 73
1940*27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen TX.Ref: 5
1944*Pavel Grigor'yevich composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1953*Klement Gottwald premier/President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1954*Ludomir Michal Rogowski composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1958*Eugeen Van de Velde Flemish musicologist/critic/composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1960*14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield CA.Ref: 5
1961*Akiba Rubinstein Polish chess player (opening theorist), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1968*Erwin Panofsky German/US art historian/iconologist, dies.Ref: 5
1969*Ben Shahn US painter, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1973*Computer pioneer Howard H. Aiken dies in St. Louis MO.Ref: 68
1973*Chic (Murat Bernard) Young, the cartoonist for "Blondie", dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1974*Howard St. John actor: I Died a Thousand Times, L’il Abner, The Tender Trap, Lover Come Back, Hank, The Investigator; dies.Ref: 4
1975*Susan Hayward, the actress, dies at 56.Ref: 68
1976*Busby Berkeley (William Berkeley Enos) choreographer, director: Forty Second Street, Gold Diggers of 1935, Footlight Parade, Hollywood Hotel, Stage Struck, Gold Diggers in Paris, Babes in Arms, Strike Up the Band, Girl Crazy, Take Me Out to the Ball Game, Babes on Broadway, For Me and My Gal; dies at age 80.Ref: 4
1976*Alberta Franklin silent screen actress, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1976*Martha Saalfeldt writer, dies.Ref: 5
1978*Marines terminate Molukse action in Province house (1 dead).Ref: 5
1980*A Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1981*René Clair French director (It Happened Tomorrow), dies at 82?.Ref: 5
1982*Kirill Vladimirovich Molchanov composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1983*Maurice Ronet actor (Circle of Love, Frantic, Sphinx), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1984 Aurelio Peccei Italian businessman/CEO (Club Rome), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1986*Benno Ammann composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1986*Edith Atwater Chicago IL, actress (Phyllis-Love on a Rooftop), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1986*Jozef Kresanek composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1986*Marlin Perkins TV host (Wild Kingdom) dies at age 80.Ref: 5
1989*Stephen Bechtel, American construction engineer; founded Bechtel Corp, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1989*Edward Abbey (environmental author) dies after surgery at 62.Ref: 5
1989*Zita Empress of Austria/Queen of Hungary, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1991*Howard Ashman song writer (Under the Sea), dies of AIDs at 40.Ref: 5
1991 Jef Houthuys Belgian union leader (ACV, 1968-87), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1991*Jerome "Doc" Pomus lyricist (Save Last Dance for Me), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1991*Robert Maroff dies at 57.Ref: 5
1992*C V Wood Jr theme park developer (Disneyland), dies of cancer at 71.Ref: 5
1992*Jean Poiret French actor/writer (La Cage aux Folles), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1992*Ralph James actor (Orson-Mork & Mindy), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1992*Steven Brian Pennell first execution in Delaware in 45 years, at 34.Ref: 5
1994*Abdelkader Alloula Algerian playwright, murdered.Ref: 5
1994*Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage writer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1995*Frank Blair newscaster: The Today Show; moderator: Georgetown University Forum; host: Heritage; dies.Ref: 4
1995*Gerard Thomas Victory composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1995 Johan W "Jo" van Marle CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1995*William A Fowler US nuclear/astro-physicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1996*Dewi Lorwerth Ellis Bebb rugby international/journalist, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1996*Nico Kiasashvii professor of English Literature, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1996*Vic Marshall chemist, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1997 John Curtis Jr president/CEO (Luby's Cafe), commits suicide at 58Ref: 5
1997*Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80.Ref: 5
1997*Fred Zinnemann, Academy Award-winning director: High Noon [1952], From Here to Eternity [1953], A Man for All Seasons [1966]; , dies of heart attack at 89.Ref: 68
1998*An earthquake killed at least five people and left some 10,000 people homeless in southeastern Iran. (XDG, p 4A, 3/14/2003)Ref: 83
2000*Tommy Collins (Leonard Sipes) singer: You Better Not Do That, It Tickles, If You Can’t Bite, Don’t Growl, I Made the Prison Band; songwriter: If You Ain’t Lovin’ then You Ain’t Livin’, You Gotta Have a License; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Henry Woods, the federal judge who presided over the Little Rock, AR school desegregation battle, dies at age 83. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen