Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 21st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
630 Heraclius restores the True Cross, which he has recaptured from the Persians.Ref: 2
1098*The monastery in Citeaux, France was founded by St. Robert, a Benedictine monk and abbot of Molesme. It marked the beginning of the Roman Catholic Cistercian religious order.Ref: 5
1146*King Louis VII of France took up the cause of the Second Crusade, in response to Bernard of Clairvaux's preaching, and became leader of the ill-fated mission.Ref: 5
1610*King James I addresses English House of Commons.Ref: 5
1681*3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Magistrates Hathorne and Corwin examine Martha Cory.Ref: 20
1697*Czar Peter the Great begins tour through West-Europe.Ref: 5
1702*Queen Anne Stuart addresses English parliament.Ref: 5
1788*Almost the entire city of New Orleans, Louisiana, is destroyed by fire.Ref: 2
1788*Gustavus Vassa petitions Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans.Ref: 5
1790*Thomas Jefferson reports to President Washington in New York as Secretary of State.Ref: 5
1791*Captain Hopley Yeaton of New Hampshire becomes first commissioned officer in USN.Ref: 5
1804*After four years of debate and planning, French leader Napoleon Bonaparte enacts a new legal framework known as the "Napoleonic Code." The civil code gives post-revolutionary France its first coherent set of laws concerning property, colonial affairs, the family, and individual rights.Ref: 3
1826*The Rensselaer School in Troy, New York is incorporated. The school, known today as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, became the first engineering college in the United States.Ref: 4
1843*Preacher William Miller of Massachusetts predicts the world will end today.Ref: 5
1850*Xenia (Ohio) College is started. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1851*Emperor Tu Duc orders that Christian priests are to put to death.Ref: 2
1859*Zoological Society of Philadelphia, first in US, incorporated.Ref: 5
1860*US extradition treaty with Sweden.Ref: 5
1866*Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes.Ref: 5
1868*The first club for professional women was formed in New York City by writer, Jennie June Croly. The club was called Sorosos.Ref: 4
1871 First Reichstag officially opens.Ref: 10
1871 Otto von Bismarck elevated Fürst.Ref: 5
1874*US Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House.Ref: 5
1884*Trades Unions in France legalized.Ref: 10
1885*2nd French government of Ferry resigns.Ref: 5
1886*Geronimo was capturedRef: 62
1890*Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law.Ref: 5
1891*A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia; it started with an accusation of pig-stealing & lasted 20 years.Ref: 5
1899 British & French accord about West-Africa.Ref: 5
1900*In Chicago, following the death of its founder Dwight L. Moody, the Bible Institute for Home and Foreign Missions changed its name to Moody Bible Institute. The school has since become the model after which other learning institutions have patterned their curriculum.Ref: 5
1905*Sterilization legislation was passed in the State of Pennsylvania. The governor, however, vetoed the measure.Ref: 4
1906*(Shipp) President Roosevelt meets with Attorney General William Moody and orders an investigation by the Secret Service of the lynching. In Chattanooga, 2,000 mourners attend Ed Johnson's funeral.Ref: 87
1906*Ohio passes a law that prohibits hazing by fraternities.Ref: 2
1908*Frenchman Henri Farman carries a passenger in a bi-plane for the first time.Ref: 2
1910*The U.S. Senate grants ex-President Teddy Roosevelt a pension of $10,000 yearly.Ref: 2
1912*(Triangle) The District Attorney moves for a second trial of Harris and Blanck, based on manslaughter indictments involving different victims than those in the first tria. The case will be dismissed, however, on Double Jeopardy grounds.Ref: 87
1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of Netherland Indies.Ref: 5
1917*First female US Navy Petty Officer is Loretta Walsh.Ref: 5
1919*Soviet Republic proclaimed.Ref: 10
1923*US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition.Ref: 5
1924*First foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, New York NY).Ref: 5
1924*Mass Investors Trust becomes first mutual fund set up in US.Ref: 5
1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens.Ref: 5
1925*Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijrah calendar.Ref: 5
1925*State of Tennessee forbids teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in state schools.Ref: 10
1928*President Calvin Coolidge gives the Congressional Medal of Honor to Charles Lindbergh for his first trans-Atlantic flight.Ref: 2
1933*Hitler, Goring, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin.Ref: 5
1933*At about 1AM the Bowersville Bank [in Jefferson Twp, Greene County, OH] is robbed of about $5000 who used explosives to open the vault. by two armed men. The cashier, Herbert Fisher, is slightly wounded. (XDG, p.6A, 5/29/2003)Ref: 83
1935*Incubator ambulance service began in Chicago, Illinois.Ref: 4
1935 Persia officially renamed Iran.Ref: 5
1939*Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland.Ref: 5
1946*The United Nations set up temporary headquarters at Hunter College in New York City.Ref: 70
1947*Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur.Ref: 5
1947*President Truman signs Executive Order 9835 established the Federal Employees Loyalty Program. Upon agency request, the FBI investigated when derogatory information was found regarding government employees.Ref: 14
1953 The Sudan achieves self-government.Ref: 10
1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus joining Greece.Ref: 5
1958*First presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award.Ref: 5
1958*USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test.Ref: 5
1962*Dutch Roman Catholic bishop Beckers of Bosch makes TV speech in Netherlands in favor of birth control.Ref: 5
1963*The Alcatraz federal prison island in San Francisco Bay is emptied of its last inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.Ref: 2
1965*In Selma, Alabama, a five-day civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, the Alabama state capital, is begun by some 3,200 marchers led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize for Peace.Ref: 3
1966*Supreme Court reverses Massachusetts ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene.Ref: 5
1967*(Manson) In prison for forging a treasury check, Charles Manson asks prison officials to let him remain in prison, but having completed a ten-year prison term, he is released. He heads for San Francisco.Ref: 87
1968 Portuguese socialist Mario Soares banished to Sao Toma.Ref: 5
1969*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1971*Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2".Ref: 5
1972*The Supreme Court ruled that states may not require one year residency for voting eligibility.Ref: 70
1974*Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall.Ref: 5
1975 Ethiopia ends monarchy after 3000 years.Ref: 5
1979 The Egyptian Parliament unanimously approves a peace treaty with Israel.Ref: 5
1984*A Soviet submarine crashes into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.Ref: 2
1984*Part of Central Park is named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon.Ref: 5
1985*The Association of International Mission Services was founded in Dallas. A trans-denominational organization, AIMS promotes the work of foreign missions among independent Pentecostal and charismatic churches.Ref: 5
1986*199.22 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange.Ref: 5
1989*Randall Dale Adams, whose conviction for killing a police officer was overturned after the evidence was questioned in the documentary "The Thin Blue Line," was released from a Texas prison.Ref: 70
1989*First sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral.Ref: 5
1990*Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president.Ref: 5
1991*UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq.Ref: 5
1993*Pope John Paul II declares Duns Scotus, a saint.Ref: 5
1993*Voters in France handed the Socialist government a devastating defeat in first round parlaimentary elections. (XDG, p 4A, 3/21/2003)Ref: 83
1997*Yeltsin and Clinton meet in Helsinki to discuss expansion of NATORef: 89
1998*Pope John Paul II began a visit to Nigeria with the Vatican pressing the African nation's military regime to release dozens of prisoners, including prominent opposition figures and journalists. (XDG, p 4A, 3/21/2003)Ref: 83
2000*Pope John Paul begins the first official visit by a Roman Catholic pontiff to Israel. (XDG, p 4A, 3/21/2001)Ref: 83
2000*A divided Supreme Court ruled the government lacked authority to regulate tobacco as an addictive drug.Ref: 70
2003*(Columbia Shuttle) Documents show that NASA had flagged as a major concern the recurring shredding of insulation from the tank, but no action had been taken to prevent it. (USA Today, p 3A, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1492*Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus.Ref: 5
1851*Yosemite Valley discovered in California.Ref: 5
1871*New York Herald reporter Henry Morton Stanley sets out for the interior of Africa with a caravan of much-needed medicine in search of David Livingstone, a British missionary doctor.Ref: 2
1962*A bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds.Ref: 5
1965*Ranger 9 - USA Lunar HARD Lander. Lunar probe sens 5814 pictures before it impacts on the moon.Ref: 40
1999*First hot air balloon to circumnavigate world non-stop lands with Brian Jones and Bertrand Piccard.Ref: 10
1421 Battle of Beauge-French beat British.Ref: 5
1801 Battle of Alexandria.Ref: 10
1858*British forces in India lift the siege of Lucknow, ending the Indian Mutiny.Ref: 2
1863*Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon.Ref: 5
1864*Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana.Ref: 5
1865*The Battle of Bentonville, N.C. ends, marking the last Confederate attempt to stop Union General William Sherman.Ref: 2
1907*US invades Honduras.Ref: 5
1917*Healdton, American ship, bound from Philadelphia to Rotterdam, sunk without warning; 21 men lost.Ref: 38
1918*Germany launches the first of five major offensives against the British (the Battle of Picardy) to win the war before American troops appear in the trenches. The Germans launch the 'Michael' offensive is better remembered as the First Battle of the Somme.Ref: 5
1927 Guomindang Army conquerors Shanghai as British marines flee.Ref: 5
1941*The last Italian post in East Libya, North Africa, falls to the British.Ref: 2
1942*The Flying Tigers are incorporated into the U.S. Army Air Force. The Flying Tigers were a group of American volunteer pilots shipped under assumed identities to help China's defense efforts against Japan before America entered World War II. Their bases were primitive, but the fliers, who received $600 a month and $500 a kill from the Chinese government, downed 250 Japanese planes and protected China's lifeline--the Burma Road.Ref: 3
1942*Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk.Ref: 5
1942*Heavy German assault on Malta.Ref: 5
1943*Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.Ref: 5
1943*British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia.Ref: 5
1944*General Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy.Ref: 5
1945*During World War Two, Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany.Ref: 5
1945*First Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa.Ref: 5
1945*Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police.Ref: 5
1951*Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall reports that the U.S. military has doubled to 2.9 million since the start of the Korean War.Ref: 2
1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases.Ref: 5
1971*Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refuse their orders to advance.Ref: 2
1975*As North Vietnamese forces advance, Hue and other northern towns in South Vietnam are evacuated.Ref: 2
2003*US airstrikes level Baghdad government buildings and a presidential compound as American warplanes begin a "shock and awe" campaign. (XDG, p 5A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
1908*Tiger outfielder Ty Cobb signs for $4000 with an $800 bonus if he hits over .300.Ref: 1
1909 Moran & MacFarland (US) win Europe's first 6 day bicycle race (Berlin).Ref: 5
1914 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Theresa Weld.Ref: 5
1914 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Norman M Scott.Ref: 5
1931 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Maribel Vinson.Ref: 5
1931 US Men's Figure Skating Championship won by Roger Turner.Ref: 5
1934*Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play.Ref: 5
1936*The Reds trade first baseman Jim Bottomley for the Browns' utility player Johnny BurnettRef: 1
1941*Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1946*The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, the first black player to join a National Football League team since 1933.Ref: 4
1953*Bob Cousey sets a record of 30 free throws in one game (Cetlics against the Nationals).Ref: 4
1953*NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse).Ref: 5
1955*Brooklyn Bulletin asks Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums".Ref: 5
1957*It is reported the owners will get 9.3 million dollars for the 1957 TV-Radio rights.Ref: 1
1959*21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats W VA 71-70.Ref: 5
1961*Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000).Ref: 5
1962*Philadelphia retires pitcher Robin Roberts' #36.Ref: 5
1964*26th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Duke 98-83.Ref: 5
1964*UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0).Ref: 5
1965*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open.Ref: 5
1968*"Royals" chosen as the name of new Kansas City American League Baseball franchise.Ref: 5
1970*32nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Jacksonville 80-69.Ref: 5
1971*Jan Ferraris wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1973*Frank Mahovlich becomes 5th NHLer to score 500 goals.Ref: 5
1975*Georgia Tech blanks Earklham, 41-0, setting the NCAA mark for the largest margin of victory.Ref: 1
1978*Roger Craig is named San Diego Padres manager, replacing Alvin Dark.Ref: 86
1978*Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training).Ref: 5
1980*President Jimmy Carter announces to the U.S. Olympic Team that they will not participate in the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow as a boycott against Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.Ref: 2
1982*Jerry Pate celebrates golf win by jumping into the water hazard.Ref: 5
1982*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1984*NFL owners passed the infamous anti-celebrating rule.Ref: 5
1985*Arthur Ashe is named to International Tennis Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1986 Karin Kania (German Democratic Republic) skates ladies world record 500 meter (39.52 seconds) & 3 km (4:18.02).Ref: 5
1986*Pittsburgh Associates buy Pittsburgh Pirates for $218 million.Ref: 5
1987*PSV sells soccer player Ruud Gullit to AC Milan (ƒ17 million).Ref: 5
1989*Sports Illustrated reports on allegations tying Pete Rose to baseball betting. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83
1991 Largest wrestling crowd in Japan (64,500) at Tokyo Dome.Ref: 5
1991 Tatsumi Fujinami beats Ric Flair for NWA wrestling championship.Ref: 5
1992*2nd WLAF season begins.Ref: 5
1993*Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1994*Watne Gretzky ties Gordie Howe's NHL record of 801 goals.Ref: 5
1997 World Ice Dance won by Oksana Grishuk & Evgeny Platov (Russia).Ref: 5
1997 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (Germany).Ref: 5
1997 World Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Tara Lipinski (USA).Ref: 5
1997 World Men's Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (Canada).Ref: 5
1997 Wrestlemania XIIIRef: 5
2002*The Phillies make public the one-day regular-season suspension of Larry Bowa handed down by Major League Baseball vice president for on-field operations Bob Watson. The action was taken as a result of the Philadelphia's manager's "inappropriate conduct toward the umpire" when he became enraged with the home plate umpire over two close calls on checked swings during an exhibition game against the Indians on March 9.Ref: 1
1826*Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna.Ref: 5
1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh.Ref: 5
1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1921*Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St NYC.Ref: 5
1925 The voice of Lowell Thomas was first heard on radio. Thomas was heard talking about "Man's first flight around the world" on KDKA in Pittsburgh, PA.Ref: 4
1935 Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1939*Singer Kate Smith records "God Bless America" for Victor Records. Singer Kate Smith records "God Bless America" for Victor Records.Ref: 2
1941*Singer Paula Kelly joined Glenn Miller's band. Her husband, also a part of the Miller organization, was one of the four singing Modernaires.Ref: 4
1948 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio.Ref: 5
1952*"3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances.Ref: 5
1952*Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend first rock & roll concert ever.Ref: 5
1955*NBC-TV presents the first Colgate Comedy Hour.Ref: 4
1956*28th Academy Awards: "Marty", Ernest Borgnine & Anna Magnani win.Ref: 5
1957*Shirley Booth made her TV acting debut in The Hostess with the Mostest on Playhouse 90 on CBS.Ref: 4
1957*Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1959*"Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 16 performances.Ref: 5
1961*The Beatles made their debut in an appearance at Liverpool’s Cavern Club, where they became regulars in a matter of months.Ref: 4
1963*A year after opening in the Broadway show, I Can Get It for You Wholesale, Elliott Gould and Barbra Streisand tied the matrimonial knot.Ref: 4
1963*David Hendon & Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London.Ref: 5
1964*Singer Judy Collins makes her debut at Carnegie Hall in New York City and establishes herself in the front rank of American balladeers.? She would first hit the Top 40 in 1968 with Both Sides Now, a Joni Mitchell song. Her versions of Amazing Grace and Send In the Clowns also became classics.Ref: 4
1964*Beatles' "She Loves You" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks.Ref: 5
1968*Hill, Hawkins & Coghill's musical premieres in London.Ref: 5
1969*John & Yoko stage their first bed-in for peace (Amsterdam Hilton).Ref: 5
1970*The Beatles established a new record. Let It Be entered the Billboard chart at number six. This was` the highest debuting position ever for a record.Ref: 4
1980*Fiction: On TV show "Dallas", J.R. is shot.Ref: 5
1982*"Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1982 Movie "Annie" premieres.Ref: 5
1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled.Ref: 5
1985 Larry Flynt offered to sell his porno empire for $26 million or Hustler magazine alone for $18 million.Ref: 4
1985*Boy George said he would never marry, settle down, or become a father because he was "too eccentric!" He made this revealing statement in, what else? Women's World magazine!Ref: 4
1988*23rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Randy Travis & Hank Williams Jr.Ref: 5
1990*"Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens at Eugene O'Neill NYC for 149 performances.Ref: 5
1990*"Normal Life" starring Moon Unit & Dweezil Zappa premieres on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1990*"Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premieres on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1994*66th Academy Awards: "Schindler's List", Tom Hanks & Holly Hunter win.Ref: 5
1994 Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History.Ref: 5
1994*Dudley Moore arrested for hitting girlfriend.Ref: 5
1995*New Jersey officially dedicates the Howard Stern Rest Area along Route 295.Ref: 5
1995*NYC agrees to sell it's 2 owned radio stations (WNYC AM & FM).Ref: 5
1996*"Night of the Iguana" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 68 performances.Ref: 5
1999*Everything was beautiful at the 71st Annual Academy Awards ceremony at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. There were beautiful people, gowns, and the beautiful words, ?The Oscar goes to...? Hosting the festivities which had moved from the traditional Monday night to Sunday evening, was comedienne Whoopi Goldberg, who modeled the beautiful, and sometimes bizarre, costumes from the movies nominated in the Best Costume Design category. (And the Oscar went to Sandy Powell for Shakespeare in Love.) A beautiful lady, Gwyneth Paltrow, emotionally accepted the Best Actress Oscar for her role in Shakespeare in Love. It was a beautiful night for the film with 13 nominations and seven wins including the upset win of Best Picture of the 1998 year; Best Supporting Actress (Dame Judi Dench); Best Writing/Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen (Marc Norman, Tom Stoppard); Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Martin Childs, Jill Quertier); and Best Music/Original Musical or Comedy Score (Stephen Warbeck). This was the first time in nine years that the film that won Best Picture did not win for Best Director. Steven Spielberg was the winning director for Saving Private Ryan (which also won four more of the golden statuettes). It was a beautiful moment when the Best Supporting Actor Oscar was awarded to James Coburn (Affliction), his first Academy Award nomination in over 70 films. But the most beautiful moment/s of the long (Oscar's longest to date) evening was when Sophia Loren said, ?and the Oscar goes to Roberto!? (Best Actor: La Vita ? bella - Roberto Benigni). In plain English, Life is Beautiful. Roberto Benigni was the first actor in a foreign language film to receive an Oscar. Coincidentally, Ms. Loren had been the first actress to be so honored. Benigni had received an Oscar earlier in the evening for Best Foreign Film (Life is Beautiful) when he pirouetted on top of seat backs, hopping and dancing to the stage. Roberto Benigni truly made the evening bella, bella!Ref: 4
2002*World's oldest photo, taken in 1825 by Jos. Nicephore Niepce, sold for €450,000 at Paris Auction.Ref: 10
1417 Nicholas of Flue, Saint, Swiss hermit and folk hero, is born.Ref: 70
1466 French van Brederode leader Hoeksen, is born.Ref: 5
1474*Angela Merici Italian monastery founder/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1521*Mauritius duke/nice monarch of Saksen (1547-53), is born.Ref: 5
1527*Hermann Finck composer, is born.Ref: 5
1609*Jan II Kazimierz cardinal/King of Poland (1648-68), is born.Ref: 5
1624*Francois Roberday composer, is born.Ref: 5
1642*Georg Schmezer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1685*Composer Johann Sebastian Bach is born in Eisenach, Germany.Ref: 68
1708*Caspar Ruetz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1713*(Declaration of Independence) Francis Lewis, merchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Llandaff, Wales.Ref: 5
1716*Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger composer, is born.Ref: 5
1763*Jean Paul writer, is born.Ref: 5
1765 Henry Fagel Dutch/English baron/diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1768*Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier mathematician/Egyptologist, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Alexis Garaude composer, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Mexican statesman Benito Juarez, who was Mexico's first president of Indian ancestry (1858-72), is born in Oaxaca, Mexico.Ref: 2
1813*James Jesse Strang, king of Mormons, is born on Beaver Island MI (1850-56), is born.Ref: 5
1816*Charlotte Bronte novelist/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Frank Mori composer, is born.Ref: 5
1836*Jesus Monasterio composer, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Modest Mussorgsky composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mountain), is born.Ref: 5
1857*Alice Henry, Australian journalist; promoted women's suffrage and social reform, is born.Ref: 70
1863*Hugo Kaun composer, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury astronomer, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Florenz Ziegfeld, the theater producer who became known for glorifying American women, was born. Following his death on July 22, 1932, his obituary appeared in The Times. (Go to obit. | Other Birthdays)Ref: 70
1869*Florenz Ziegfeld, producer of the Ziegfeld Follies is born in Chicago.Ref: 4
1869*Albert Kahn, architect who originated modern factory design, is born.Ref: 2
1877*Maurice Farman, French aircraft designer and manufacturer, is born.Ref: 70
1878*Thurlow Weed Lieurance composer, is born.Ref: 5
1878*John Walter Tewksbury, American sprinter; Olympic gold medalist, is born.Ref: 70
1880*Hans Hofmann German/US painter (Search for the Real), is born.Ref: 5
1880 Wilhelm Pessler German sociologist, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Hermann Sandby composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Bascom Lamar Lunsford Appalachian folk song writer: Good Old Mountain Dew; started first folk music festival in 1928: annual Mountain Dance and Folk Festival at Asheville, N.C.; responsible for formation of the National Clogging and Hoedown Council; died in 1973, is born.Ref: 4
1882*Gilbert M Anderson [Max Aronson], Little Rock AR, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Jules van Nuffel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*George D Birkhoff US mathematician (Aesthetic measure), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Raoul Lufbery, French-born American fighter pilot of World War I.Ref: 2
1887*Edwin Scharff German "entartet" painter/sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Jock Sutherland, Scottish-born American collegiate and professional football coach, is born.Ref: 70
1891*Jonathan Hale actor (Saint's Double Trouble, Saint Strikes Back), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Geoffrey Dearmer, poet, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Eugenie Leontovitch Moscow Russia, actor (Homicidal), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Paul Klecki/Kletzki Polish violinist/composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Carmelita Geraghty Rushville IN, actress (My Best Girl, Texas Ranger), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Richard Leslie Hill historian, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Carl Jaffe Hamburg Germany, actor (1st Man in Space, Escapement), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Eddie James "Son" House folk blues musician (Delta Blues), is born.Ref: 5
1902*William Downie Forrest journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Nikolaos Skalkottas composer, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Phyllis McGinley US, poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Phyllis McGinley, American poet, writer and author of juvenile books, is born.Ref: 70
1906*John D Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist, vice-president, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Maurice Stans rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Vinter Julio Gallo (of Ernest and Julio Gallo) is born.Ref: 4
1910*Nick Castle Brooklyn NY, choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), is born.Ref: 5
1911*John Paxton screenwriter (On The Beach, Kotch, Farewell My Lovely), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Peter Bull actor/author (Executioner, Tom Jones, Dr Strangelove), is born.Ref: 5
1913*George Ghita Ionescu academic, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Max Youngstein New York NY, producer (United Artists), is born.Ref: 5
1914 Herman Siles Zuazo politician, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Paul Tortelier composer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Harold Robbins US, novelist (The Carpetbaggers) [or 0521], is born.Ref: 5
1918*Sir Charles Thompson musician: pianist, organist: w/Lionel Hampton, Coleman Hawkins, Buck Clayton, Jimmy Rushing; composer: Robbins Nest [tribute to DJ Fred Robbins], is born.Ref: 4
1918*Howard Cosell Winston-Salem NC, sportscaster (Monday Night Football), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Joe Carveth NHL forward (scored 20 or more goals in 3 seasons), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Geoffrey Pinnington journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Lois Collier Salley SC, actress (Mary-Boston Blackie, Slave Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Fonty Flock (Truman Fontello) auto racer: NASCAR Hall of Famer; is born.Ref: 4
1921*Antony Hopkins composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Arthur Grumiaux Belgian violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Logan Ramsey Long Beach CA, actor (Head, Joy Sticks, Say Yes), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Mort Lindsey Newark NJ, orchestra leader (Merv Griffin Show), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Philip Abbott Lincoln NE, actor (Arthur Ward-The FBI), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Nizar Qabbani, Syrian diplomat and poet, is born.Ref: 70
1924*Karl Heinz Fussl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Peter Brook director: Lord of the Flies, King Lear, is born.Ref: 4
1925*John E Grotberg (Representative-Republican-IL, 1985-86), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Andre Delvaux Heverie Belgium, director/writer (Benvenuta), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Virginia Weidler Hollywood CA, actress (Babes on Broadway), is born.Ref: 5
1927 Hans-Dietrich Genscher German minister of Foreign affairs (FDP), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Evelyn Ruth Anderson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928 James W Kinnear Pittsburgh PA, CEO (Texaco), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Peter Hacks German playwright (Tie Windloch), is born.Ref: 5
1929*James Coco Bronx NY, actor (Man of La Mancha, Murder by Death), is born.Ref: 68
1929*Jules Bergman space & science reporter (ABC-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1931 Ivan William Hannaford sociologist, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Joseph Silverstein Detroit MI, violinist (Denver Symphony Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1933*John Hall English real estate developer/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Michael Heseltine Welsh/British minister of Defense (1986)/MP, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Al Freeman Jr San Antonio TX, actor (One Life to Live, My Sweet Charlie), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Lister Carney Bellaire OH, 200 meter runner (Olympics-silver-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Brian Clough soccer manager, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Hubert Fichte writer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Marek Stachowski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Tom Flores Fresno CA, NFL quarterback/coach (Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1938 Wilf Corrigan English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Tommy (Herman Thomas) Davis baseball: right-handed, hitting outfielder: LA Dodgers [all-star: 1962, 1963/batting titles: 1962, 1963/World Series: 1963, 1966], NY Mets, Chicago White Sox, Houston Astros, Seattle Pilots, Chicago Cubs, Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, California Angels, KC Royals, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Kathleen Widdoes Wilmington DE, actress (Without a Trace), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Martha Hudson Eastman GA, 4X100 meter relayer (Olympics-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Dirk D Frimout Belgium, cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Junior (Lee) Coffey football: Atlanta Falcons, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Françoise Dorléac Paris France, actress (That Man From Rio), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Antal Dunai Hungary, soccer player (Olympics-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Viv[ian] Stanshall Shillingford Oxon England, rocker (Bonzo Dog Band-I'm the Urban Spaceman), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Manny (Manuel De Jesus Magan) Sanguillen baseball: catcher: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971, 1979/all-star: 1971, 1972, 1975], Oakland Athletics, is born.Ref: 4
1944*-Charles Edward Greene Pine Bluff AR, 4x100 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Henrik Colding-Jorgensen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Jamary Oliveira composer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Marie-Christine Barrault Paris France, actress (Stardust Memories), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Charles Greene sprinter: Univ. of Nebraska, 1968 Olympics; sprint coach: West Point; director: Special Olympics International; secretary: USA Track & Field’s International Competition CommitteeRef: 4
1945*-Charles E Greene US, 100 meter sprinter (Olympics-bronze-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Vernon Guy US gospel singer (Cool Sounds, Sharpees), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Rose[mary] Stone Dallas TX, vocalist/pianist (Sly & the Family Stone-Everyday People), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Ray Dorset rocker (Cold Blue Excursion), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Timothy Dalton Colwyn Bay Wales, actor (James Bond-Living Daylights, License to Kill), is born.Ref: 68
1947*Bill (William Francis) Plummer baseball: catcher: Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, Seattle Mariners, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Nancy Addison Altman New York NY, actress (Jillian Coleridge Ryan-Ryan's Hope), is born.Ref: 5
1948*-Eddie Money 1948Ref: 10
1950*Roger Hodgson London England, rock vocalist (Supertramp-It's Raining Again), is born.Ref: 5
1951*John Hicks football: lineman: Ohio State U.: Outland Trophy and Lombardi Trophy Winner; offensive rookie of the year: NY Giants [1974], is born.Ref: 4
1951*Helena Antonaccio playmate (June, 1969), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Russell Thompkins Jr US soul singer (Stylistics-Sing Baby Sing), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Chris O'Connell rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Carl Wolfson Washington DC, comedian (Thicke of the Night), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Robert "Shotgun" Johnson Miami FL, rock drummer (KC & the Sunshine Band-Give it Up), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Mary Jane Smith Van Nuys CA, WPVA volleyballer (National-9th-1993), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Barbel Wockel-Eckert German Democratic Republic, track star (Olympics-4 gold-1976, 1980), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jean Marie Hon San Francisco CA, actress (Jane-Man From Atlantis), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Ingrid Kristiansen Norway, marathoner (Olympics-4th-1984, Boston-86, 89), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Sabrina Le Beauf New Orleans LA, actress (Sondra-Crosby Show), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Brad Hall Santa Barbara CA, comedian (Saturday Night Live), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Gary Oldman actor (Sid & Nancy, Criminal Law, State of Grace), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Marlies Göhr German Democratic Republic, sprinter (Olympics-gold-1976, 80), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Ayrton Senna Brazilian formula-1 racer (1988 champion), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Dale Baze jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1960*Guy Chadwick English singer/songwriter (House of Love), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Kassie DePaiva [Wesley] Morganfield KY, actress (Chelsea-Guiding Light, Evil Dead 2, Blair-One Life to Live), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Slim MacDonnell Jim Phantom rock percussionist (Stray Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Wei Wang Beijing China, US table tennis player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Matthew Broderick, New York NY, actor (Inspector Gadget, Ferris Bueller's Day Off, WarGames, Biloxi Blues), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Rosie O'Donnell comedienne (League of Their Own, Flintstones, Rosie), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Ronald Koeman Dutch soccer star (Ajax, PSV, Barcelona, Feyenoord), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Sharon June Howe Pederson Glencoe MN, rocker (Vixen-Rev It Up), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Shawon Dunston Brooklyn NY, infielder (San Francisco Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Cynthia Geary actress: Northern Exposure, 8 Seconds, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Al Iafrate Dearborn MI, NHL defenseman (San Jose Sharks), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Karen Lunn Cowra Australia, LPGA golfer (1993 Women's British Open), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Elaina Oden Orange CA, volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-bronze-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Troy Westwood CFL kicker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Erwin Vanderbroeck Dutch soccer player (Roda JC), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Jeff Lazaro Waltham MA, US hockey forward (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Johan Garpenlov Stockholm Sweden, NHL left wing (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mark Sander WLAF linebacker (Scottish Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Samantha Leah Dorman Lakeland FL, playmate (Sept, 1991), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Scott Williams NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jennifer Lyn Jackson Cleveland OH, playmate (April, 1989), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mark Allen Australia, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Hason Graham NFL wide receiver (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Boris Mironov Moscow, NHL defenseman (Team Russia Olympics-S-98, Edmonton), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Ball Costa Mesa CA, kayak (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Frank West CFL defensive back (Hamilton Tiger Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1972*John Leach CFL running back (Toronto Argonauts), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Michele Michael Miss Maryland-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Chiou Hai Ta Miss Taiwan Republic Of China-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Larry Bowie running back (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Vitaly Potapenko NBA center (Cleveland Cavaliers)Ref: 5
1349*3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany.Ref: 5
1487 Nicholas of Flue, Saint, Swiss hermit and folk hero, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1538 Hugo earl of Leisnig, Governor of Frisia, dies at about 79.Ref: 5
1556*Thomas Cranmer, 66, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake at Oxford after retracting the last of seven recantations that same day.Ref: 2
1617*Pocahontas (Rebecca Rolfe) dies of either small pox or pneumonia while in England with her husband, John Rolfe.Ref: 2
1652*Vredius [Olivier de Wree], Flemish historian/mayor (Brugge), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1654*Johann Neukrantz composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1656*Bishop James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, (said world began 4004 BC), dies at 76 at Reigate, Surrey.Ref: 5
1729 John Law Scottish financier, dies at about 57.Ref: 5
1734*Gunther Jacob Wenceslaus composer, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1736*NY Governor William Cosby dies. ("Who Was Who In America 1607-1896") 
1768 Jan J Mauricius Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1742-51), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1793*Johann Michael Schmidt composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1801*Andrea Lucchesi composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1805*Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1810 Philippe-Joseph van den Berghe graaf Limmighe Brabants ships, dies.Ref: 5
1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses.Ref: 5
1844 Leopold F J J J van Sassen Ysselt Dutch politician, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1857*Abraham J van der Aa lexicographer (Biograph dictionary), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1857*Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die.Ref: 5
1857*William Scoresby, British explorer, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1863*Edwin Vose Sumner US Union-General-Major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1894*Jacob Rosenhaim composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1904*William Grace, Irish-born American shipowner; founder of W. R. Grace & Company, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1915*Frederick W. Taylor, an American inventor who helped industries worldwide become more efficient, dies.Ref: 70
1916*Victor de Stuers Dutch art expert, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1920*Federigo Tozzi Ital writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37.Ref: 5
1921*"Big Jim" Colisimo US gangster, is murdered by Al Capone.Ref: 5
1933*Giuseppe (Joseph) Zangara, who attempted to assassinate FDR, was electrocuted for the murder of Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak.Ref: 68
1934*Franz Schreker composer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1934*Lilyan Tashman actor (Bulldog Drummond), dies at 34.Ref: 5
1934*Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500.Ref: 5
1936*Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov composer (Chopiniana), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade.Ref: 5
1938*Oscar Apfel actor (Inspiration), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1939*Evald Aav composer, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1941*Robert Liefmann German economist (Kartelle und Trusts), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1942*Captain Morávec Czechoslovakian resistance fighter, commit suicide.Ref: 5
1944*Carl Koller, Czech-born American eye surgeon, dies at age 86.Ref: 2
1945*J Woortman Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39.Ref: 5
1946*Howard Vickery, American naval officer; vice admiral of the Navy (1944-46), dies at age 54.Ref: 5
1952*A J Pieters SS-Untersturmfurhrer, executed.Ref: 5
1952*Wilhelm Albrecht German SD-chief, executed.Ref: 5
1952*Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama & Kentucky cause 343 deaths.Ref: 5
1954*Harry Lawrence Freeman composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1955*Walter White, who headed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for over 20 years, dies.Ref: 70
1955*Muriel Aked dies at 67.Ref: 5
1958*Cyril M Kornbluth US sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), dies at 34.Ref: 5
1960*The Sharpsville Massacre. In the black township of Sharpeville in Transvaal, South Africa, Afrikaner police open fire on a group of peaceful black demonstrators, killing sixty-nine people and wounding nearly two hundred in a hail of sub-machine gunfire.Ref: 3
1969*Gerhart Fritsch writer, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1970*Marlen Haushofer writer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1973*Antoni Szalowski composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1974*Candy Darling [James Slattery], female impersonator, dies.Ref: 5
1975*Berend Giltay composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1975*Ralph Hawtrey economist (multiplier), dies at 95.Ref: 5
1980*Gideon Fagan composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1981*Michael Donald, a black teenager in Mobile AL is abducted, tortured and killed in what prosecutors charged was a KKK plot. Subsequently, a lawsuit brought by Donald's mother, Beulah Mae Donald resulted in the bankruptcy on KKK organization. (XDG, p 4A, 3/21/2001)Ref: 83
1982*Harry H Corbett British actor (Steptoe & Son, Jabberwacky), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1984*(Green River Killer) Cindy Anne Smith, 17, is last seen. She is the 40th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1985*Sir Michael (Scudamore) Redgrave actor: Goodbye Mr. Chips, Heidi, Importance of Being Earnest, Nicholas and Alexandra; dies at age 77.Ref: 4
1985*Salvador Ley composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1985*Police in Langa, South Africa, opened fire on blacks marching to mark the 25th anniversary of the Sharpeville shootings, killing at least 21 demonstrators.Ref: 70
1986 August de Boodt Belgian politician, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1987*Dean Paul Martin actor (Billy-Misfits of Science), dies at 35.Ref: 5
1987*Robert Preston (Meservey), actor (Harold Hill-Music Man), dies from lung cancer in Montecito CA at age 68.Ref: 5
1988*Patrick Steptoe, British physician, developer of invitro fertilization with Jeanette MacDonald, dies at age 74.Ref: 17
1989*Milton Frome actor (Family Jewels), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Leo Fender inventor (Fender guitar), dies at age 81.Ref: 5
1991*Rajiv Gandhi former Prime Minister of India, killed by bomb at 46.Ref: 5
1991*27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide.Ref: 5
1992*John Ireland actor (Rawhide), dies of leukemia at 78.Ref: 5
1993*South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl.Ref: 5
1994*Dack (Norman) Rambo actor: Dallas, All My Children, The Guns of Will Sonnett, Sword of Justice, The New Loretta Young Show, dies from AIDs at 52.Ref: 4
1994*MacDonald Carey actor: “Like sands through the hourglass these are the Days of Our Lives”; Comanche Territory, The Rebels, Who is the Black Dahlia, Access Code, dies of cancer at 81.Ref: 4
1994*Lili Damita wife of Errol Flynn (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1995*Daan Wildschut Dutch painter/author, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1995*Etienne Martin French sculptor, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995*Norman Schwartz record Producer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1995*Robert Urquhart actor (Dunkirk, Bulldog Breed), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1996 Eric Brand diplomat, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1996*Frank Murray police Officer, dies at 51Ref: 5
1998*Galina Sergeyevna Ulanova, one of the greatest ballet dancers of the 20th century, dies.Ref: 70
1999 Ernie Wise dies.Ref: 10
1999*Vanessa Brown (Smylla Brind) actress: The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, Three Husbands, The Fighter, Witch Who Came from the Sea; dies.Ref: 5
2000*Hostage Lynn Whitehead escapes from Joseph Palczynski and informs police he is asleep. The SWAT team enters and kills Palczynski and release the remaining two hostages. The hostages are unhurt. (CNN 03/22/2000)Ref: 9
2001*Anthony (Maitland) Steel actor: Wooden Horse, Malta Story, Perfect Crime; married to actress Anita Ekberg; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Rabbi Israel Miller, leader of the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany and campaigner to obtain compensation for Holocaust surviviors, dies at age 83. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen