Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
March 30th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-239*-BC- 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
804*Liudger becomes first bishop of Münster.Ref: 5
988*Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders.Ref: 5
1282 (or 31st) A Sicilian woman of Palermo is sexually assaulted by a French soldier while on her way to evening prayers. The people of Palermo attacked all the French in town not sparing any and took the garrison of 8000 French beginning the successful revolt know as the Sicilian Vespers Revolt.Ref: 5
1422*Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple.Ref: 5
1456*Prince Louis of Bourbon elected bishop of Liege.Ref: 5
1474 Duke Sigismund van Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland.Ref: 5
1492*The Jews were expelled from Spain by Inquisitor_General Tom's Torquemada (Spanish Inquisition).Ref: 5
1533*Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon.Ref: 5
1533*Thomas Cranmer becomes archbishop of Canterbury.Ref: 5
1778*Daniel Boone and ten of his men arrive in Detroit.Ref: 54
1778 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath.Ref: 5
1806*Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Naples.Ref: 10
1807*Aaron Burr appears before Chief Justice John Marshall.Ref: 87
1822*Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida TerritoryRef: 5
1863*Ownership of Wilberforce University in Ohio was transferred to the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The school had been founded seven years earlier by the Methodist Episcopal Church.Ref: 5
1863*Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Sleeswÿk-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg chosen as king George of Greece.Ref: 5
1867*Russian Baron Stoeckl and U.S. Secretary of State Seward completed the draft of a treaty ceding Alaska to the United States. The treaty is signed the following day.Ref: 2
1868*The impeachment trial of President Johnson begins in the Senate.Ref: 87
1870*Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union. (Also: "Who Was Who in America, 1607-1896")Ref: 5
1870*The 15th amendment to the Constitution, giving black men the right to vote, was declared in effect.Ref: 2
1889*Butch Cassidy and the McCarty Brothers rob the First National Bank of Denver of $20,000. Ref 
1893*Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great BritainRef: 5
1900*Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law.Ref: 5
1909*The Queensboro Bridge in New York opens. It is the first double decker bridge and links Manhattan and Queens.Ref: 2
1911 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 meter) completedRef: 5
1912*French protectorate in Morocco established.Ref: 5
1917*All imperial lands, as well as lands belonging to monasteries, were confiscated by the Russian provisional government.Ref: 5
1919 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act.Ref: 5
1919 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf.Ref: 5
1923*Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard University in 1920, incorporates.Ref: 5
1925*Stalin supports rights of non-Serbian YugoslaviansRef: 5
1931*(Scottsboro Boys) A grand jury indicts the nine Scottsboro boys for rape.Ref: 87
1935 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hours W of Greenwich, repeats 44 secondsRef: 5
1936*Britain announces a naval construction program of 38 warships. This is the largest construction program in 15 years.Ref: 2
1936*The Court of Pardons hears Bruno Hauptman's plea in the Lindbergh kidnapping case a second time and denies clemency.Ref: 87
1942*First trainloads of Jews from Paris arrive at Auschwitz.Ref: 35
1942*First RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau.Ref: 5
1946*The Allies seize 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt.Ref: 2
1947*Preston Tucker announced his concept for a new automobile to be named "the Tucker".Ref: 3
1948 Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin ordered all road and rail access to Berlin, Germany blocked. This was just the beginning of what would become a complete blockade of the German city three months later ... on June 24.Ref: 4
1950*President Harry S Truman denounces Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy.Ref: 2
1951*UNIVAC runs seventeen hours of rigorous acceptance tests and is accepted by the U.S. Census Department.Ref: 3
1956*USSR performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1957 Tunisia and Morocco sign a friendship treaty in Rabat.Ref: 2
1963*France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria.Ref: 5
1964*John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall.Ref: 5
1968*General Ludvik Svoboda elected President of Czechoslovakia.Ref: 5
1972*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1972*London takes over rule of Northern Ireland. (Northern Ireland Temporary Provisions Act).Ref: 10
1976*Five men ambush a Brinks truck in Montreal with an anti-aircraft gun. They get away with $2.8 million.Ref: 52
1981*President Reagan was shot and seriously injured outside a Washington D.C. hotel by John W. Hinckley Jr. Also wounded were White House press secretary James Brady, a Secret Service agent and a police officer.Ref: 4
1983*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1984*US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force.Ref: 5
1991 Last issue of Dutch Newspaper "Vrÿe Folk" (Free People)Ref: 5
1991*Patricia Bowman, a resident of Jupiter, Fla., told authorities she'd been raped hours earlier by William Kennedy Smith, the nephew of Sen. Edward Kennedy,at the family's Palm Beach estate. Smith was later acquitted at trial.Ref: 5
1992*PJ Patterson, resigns as 6th Prime Minister of Jamaica.Ref: 5
1993*French government of Balladur forms.Ref: 5
1993*Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election.Ref: 5
1995*Pope John Paul II issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.Ref: 70
1996*Prince Edward & girl-friend Sophie Rhys-Jones visited Greystoke Castle.Ref: 5
1998*Rolls-Royce is purchased by German automaker BMW in a $570 million deal.Ref: 70
1999*A jury in Portland, Ore., ordered Philip Morris to pay $81 million to the family of a man who died of lung cancer after smoking Marlboros for four decades.Ref: 70
2000*In the midst of the 2000 presidential campaign, Vice President Al Gore broke with the Clinton administration, saying he supported legislation to allow 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez to remain in the country while the courts resolved his custody case.Ref: 64
2000*The New York Yankees and the Houston Astros play the first game in the new Enron Field, in exhibition.Ref: 35
2002*The Xenia Daily Gazette reports on page one that Wilberforce University President John L Henderson was appointed by President George W Bush to serve on the President's Board of Advisors on Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU).Ref: 83
1842*Dr. Crawford W. Long of Georgia first uses ether as an anesthetic during a minor operation (cyst removal). Ref 
1853*Patent granted to Hyman Lipman for a pencil with an eraser.Ref: 62
1858*Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania patents the pencil (with eraser).Ref: 4
1950*Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill NJ.Ref: 5
1953*Einstein announces revised unified field theory.Ref: 5
1961*NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 meter)Ref: 5
1982*3rd space shuttle mission-Columbia 3 lands at White Sands NMRef: 5
1993*Microsoft Introduces MS-DOS 6.0. 
1996*The space shuttle "Atlantis" narrowly avoided having to make an emergency landing when its cargo-bay doors wouldn't open at first to release built-up heat.Ref: 64
1603*Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats IrishRef: 5
1814*Forces of the European nations allied against Napoleonic France march triumphantly into Paris, formally ending a decade of French domination on the continent.Ref: 3
1856*Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War.Ref: 5
1864*Skirmish at Mount Elba ARRef: 5
1865*Battle at 5 Forks VirginiaRef: 5
1885*In Afghanistan, Russian troops inflict a crushing defeat on Afghan forces Ak Teppe despite orders not to fight.Ref: 2
1939*The British and French governments guarantee Poland's independence. 
1940*The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.Ref: 2
1941*The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel begins its first offensive against British forces in Libya.Ref: 2
1942*The SS murders 200 inmates of the Trawniki labor camp.Ref: 5
1942*A directive from Washington decrees that suits will be made without trouser cuffs, pleats and patch pockets until the end of the war.Ref: 62
1943*The British 1st army recaptures Sejenane.Ref: 5
1944*The U.S. fleet attacks Palau, near the Philippines.Ref: 2
1944*British Bomber Command sends 781 aircraft to bomb Nuremberg, Germany. During their flight, about 200 German fighter planes shoot down 94. The attack on Nuremberg is ineffective.Ref: 5
1945*Soviet troops capture Danzig.Ref: 36
1945*289 anti-fascists are murdered by the Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund.Ref: 5
1945*The Soviet Union invades Austria during World War Two.Ref: 5
1972*During the Vietnam War, tens of thousands of North Vietnamese troops cross the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and rapidly overrun the northern portion of South Vietnam in the Eastertide Offensive.Ref: 3
1973*Ellsworth Bunker resigned as U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam, and is succeeded by Graham A. Martin.Ref: 5
1973*Last U.S. prisoner in Vietnam released; US military role in Vietnam ends.Ref: 10
1975*As the North Vietnamese forces move toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mob rescue jets.Ref: 2
2003*A Huey helicopter crashes at a refueling position in southern Iraq, killing 3 Marines. (WSJ, p A4, 7/23/2003)Ref: 33
2003*Missile attackes hit military facilities in Baghdad, including a presidential palace, telephone exchanges, a military intelligence complex and a paramilitary training barracks. (XDG, p 5A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
2004*In a scene reminiscent of Somalia, frenzied crowds in Fallujah Iraq dragged the burned, mutilated bodies of four American contractors through the streets. (XDG, p 1, 4/01/2004)Ref: 83
1889*John T Reid opens 1st US golf course (Yonkers NY)Ref: 5
1916*Stanley Cup: Montréal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2Ref: 5
1918*Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2Ref: 5
1922*Christy Mathewson is elected as Bucknell's "B" Club first president.Ref: 1
1925*Stanley Cup: Victoria Cougars (WCHL) beat Montréal Maroons (NHL), 3 games to 1Ref: 5
1930*Babberich-H soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1940*2nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana University beats Kansas 60-42Ref: 5
1943*5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: University of Wyoming beat Georgetown 46-34Ref: 5
1952*Patty Berg wins LPGA New Orleans Women's Golf Open.Ref: 5
1967*Dodger outfielder Willie Davis suffers a broken ankle.Ref: 1
1969*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Malabar Golf InvitationalRef: 5
1970*USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championshipRef: 5
1980*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf OpenRef: 5
1981*43rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats North Carolina 63-50Ref: 5
1983*Basketball player Larry Bird of the Boston Celtics set a regular season Celtic scoring record as he pumped in 53 points. The record stayed intact until 1985 when Bird broke his own record with a 60-point performance on March 12.Ref: 4
1984*Marvelous Marvin Hagler KO's Juan Roldan in the 10th round in Las Vegas NV to retain the middleweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1984*The Padres obtain Yankee veteran third baseman Graig Nettles for pitcher Dennis Rasmussen and prospect Darin Cloniger.Ref: 1
1986*5th NCAA Women Basketball Championship: Texas beats Southern California 97-81Ref: 5
1989*The Cincinnati Enquirer, quoting former baseball security chief Henry Fitzgibbon, says baseball investigated gambling allegations against Pete Rose in the late 1970s. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83
1990*Jack Nicklaus made his debut in the "Seniors" golf tournament.Ref: 5
1991 PBA National Championship Won by Mike MillerRef: 5
1991*44th NCAA Ice Hockey Chanmpionship: Northern Michigan beats Boston University 8-7; Northern Michigan's 1st NCAA hockey titleRef: 5
1991*(and 31) Joe Robbie Stadium hosts two exhibition games between the New York Yankees and the Baltimore Orioles, which draw 125,013 fans. This includes a Spring Training record 67,654 sellout on the first night.Ref: 86
1992*Man accidentally backs into A's Jose Canseco's $225,000 LamborghiniRef: 5
1992*The White Sox trade Sammy Sosa and pitcher Ken Patterson to the cross-town rival Cubs for slugger George Bell.Ref: 1
1994*ABC Masters Tournament won by Hobo BootheRef: 5
1996*New York Mets beats New York Yankees 5-3 in an exhibition gameRef: 5
1997*16th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Old Dominion 68-59Ref: 5
1997*Steve Elkington wins Golf's Players Championship.Ref: 5
1997*26th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King.Ref: 5
1997*Southwestern Bell Dominion Senior Golf.Ref: 5
1998*60th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at Alamodome San AntonioRef: 5
1998*In the longest scoreless opener in National League history pinch-hitter Alberto Castillo's single with two outs and the bases loaded gives the Mets a 1-0 victory over the Phillies. The longest Opening Day game in major league history occurred in 1926 when the Senators blanked the Philadelphia A's in 15 innings, 1-0 .Ref: 1
2000*The New York Yankees and the Houston Astros play the first game in the new Enron Field, in exhibition.Ref: 86
2000 Russia's Alexei Yagudin won his third title in the World Figure Skating Championships; Canada's Elvis Stojko finished second, and American Michael Weiss was third.Ref: 64
2001*Kids will be invited from all over the nation to play baseball on the White House lawn as President George W. Bush, former owner of the Rangers, announces to a group of Hall of Famers in the East Room he has ordered a junior-size baseball field to be built outside the Oval Office.Ref: 1
2001*Choosing to end his career as Yankee and as member of a World Champion team, Doc Gooden, 36, retires from baseball in his hometown of Tampa. He will remain on the Yankee payroll and will have a position within the organization.Ref: 1
2003*Major League baseball returns to Brooklyn for a day as the Mets appear at KeySpan Park, the Coney Island home of the short-season single A Cyclones, for the team's final preseason workout. Although the practice session is rained out, fans enjoy meeting the players and collecting autographs and profits made from beverage and other sales will still be donated to area charities serving children.Ref: 1
2004*Former Heisman Trophy Winner Paul Hornung says during a radio broadcast that his alma mater, Notre Dame, should "ease it up a little bit [to] get the black athelete". (XDG, p 4A, 4/01/2004)Ref: 83
1866 Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride), premieres.Ref: 5
1895 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge.Ref: 5
1918 Thomas Edison gives up on movie making and trying to make New Jersey the film capitol of the world.Ref: 73
1919 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1923*The Audubon Ballroom in New York City was the scene of the first dance marathon. Alma Cummings danced the fox trot, one-step and waltz with half a dozen partners, sets record of 27 hours.Ref: 4
1936 The radio serial, Backstage Wife, made a move across the radio dial from the Mutual Broadcasting System to NBC radio. Once there, the program continued to air for the next 23 years.Ref: 4
1943*Rodgers and Hammerstein's first collaboration, Oklahoma, opens on Broadway.Ref: 2
1945 The Dreft Star Playhouse was heard for the final time on radio. The show had been paying up to $3,000 per week to attract ‘name’ talent. Dreft, the show’s sponsor, was a popular laundry soap of the time.Ref: 4
1946*Academy Award was heard on radio for the first time. The first dramatized story was titled, Jezebel and starred actress Bette Davis.Ref: 4
1946*"St Louis Woman" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 113 performances.Ref: 5
1952*6th Tony Awards: Fourposter & King & I win.Ref: 5
1955*27th Academy Awards: "On the Waterfront", Marlon Brando & Grace Kelly winRef: 5
1957*First performance of Walter Piston's 4th Symphony.Ref: 5
1962*Jack Paar's last night as host of the Tonight Show.Ref: 4
1963*The Chiffons began a four-week stay at the top of the pop music charts as their hit single, He’s So Fine, became number one. The song stayed at the top of the top tune tabulation until Little Peggy March came along with I Will Follow Him on April 27th.Ref: 4
1964*Jeopardy, developed by Merv Griffin, airs on NBC-TV for the first time, hosted by Art Fleming.Ref: 4
1966*Barbra Streisand stars on "Color Me Barbra" special on CBSRef: 5
1967*Cover picture of Beatles' "Sergeant Pepper" is photographed.Ref: 5
1970*Television dramas were added to the daytime lineups of both ABC and NBC. The Best of Everything was first seen on ABC as was A World Apart. On NBC, the dramas, Somerset and Another World, debuted.Ref: 4
1970*Strouse, Adams, Comden & Green's musical "Applause" premieres at Palace Theater NYC for 900 performances.Ref: 5
1970*Miles Davis Bitches Brew released.Ref: 5
1971*The Bee Gees received a gold record for the single, Lonely Days.Ref: 4
1972*"A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 156 performances.Ref: 5
1974*John Denver reached the top spot on the music charts with his hit, Sunshine on My Shoulders.Ref: 4
1978*Ellen Corby returned to Walton’s Mountain more than a year after she left in an ambulance, the victim of a stroke. The episode was called, Grandma Comes Home.Ref: 4
1978*"History of the American Film" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 21 performances.Ref: 5
1980*Mark Medoff's "Children of a Lesser God" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1982*John Pielmeier's "Agnes of God" premieres in New York NY.Ref: 5
1983 Ray Cooney's "Run for your Wives" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1986*"Tango Argentino" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 198 performances.Ref: 5
1987*59th Academy Awards: "Platoon", Paul Newman & Marlee Matlin win.Ref: 5
1987*Vincent van Gogh’s Sunflowers brought $39.85 million (or £22.5M) -- more than triple the record for an auctioned painting. The sale was on the 134th anniversary of the birth of the artist. Singer Don McLean wrote and sang a musical tribute to this artistic genius, titled Vincent, in April of 1972.Ref: 4
1988*2nd Soul Train Music Awards.Ref: 5
1991*"Speed of Darkness" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 36 performances.Ref: 5
1991 Last issue of Dutch Newspaper "Vrÿe Folk" (Free People).Ref: 5
1992*64th Academy Awards (Silent of the Lambs sweeps with Best Picture, Anthony Hopkins as Best Actor and Jodie Foster as Best Actress)Ref: 5
1992*CBS TV premieres overnight news program "Up To The Minute".Ref: 5
1992*WNSR-FM (105.1) changes callsign to WMXV-FM (New York NY).Ref: 5
1993*Peanuts character Charlie Brown hits a game-winning HR; it is his first in 43 years; almost 10 percent of the nearly 18,000 Peanuts strips created by Charles Schulz focused on baseball.Ref: 1
1993*Lanford Wilson's "Redwood Curtain" premieres at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 40 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Arcadia" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 204 performances.Ref: 5
1135*Birth of Moses Maimonides, Spanish-born Jewish scholar. Considered the foremost Talmudist of the Middle Ages, his most important writing was "Guide to the Perplexed" (1190), in which he tried to harmonize Rabbinic Judaism with the increasingly popular Aristotelianism of his day.Ref: 5
1222*Nichiren Japan, Buddhist priest/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1432*Mehmed II [Fâtih] Sultan of Turkey (1451-81), is born.Ref: 5
1672*Peter I "the Great" Romanov great tsar of Russia (1682-1725), is born.Ref: 5
1674*Jethro Tull agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised, is born.Ref: 5
1681*Pieter Snyers Flemish painter/engraver, is born.Ref: 5
1687*Johann Balthasar Freisslich composer, is born.Ref: 5
1697*John-Baptist Xavery Flemish sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1719*Sir John Hawkins England, wrote first history of music, is born.Ref: 5
1727*Tommaso Traetta Italy's opera composer/band leader (Farnace), is born.Ref: 5
1746*Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes, artist: The Caprices, The Family of Charles IV, Majas, The 2nd of May, The 3rd of May; is born in Fuendetodos Spain.Ref: 4
1750*John Stafford Smith composer, is born.Ref: 5
1772*Johann Wilhelm Wilms composer, is born.Ref: 5
1790*Joseph Smith Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877, is born.Ref: 5
1793*Juan Manuel de b. Rosas, Argentine military and political leader and governor of Buenos Aires (1835-52), is born.Ref: 70
1804*Salomon Sulzer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1805*Adrien de La Fage composer, is born.Ref: 5
1811*Angelo Catelani Italian composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Wincenty Studzinski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Anna Sewell, English novelist who's "Black Beauty" has become the classic story about horses, is born.Ref: 2
1823*Joseph Farmer Knipe Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Innis Newton Palmer Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1825*Samuel Bell Maxey Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Auguste Tolbecque composer, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Julius F A Bahnsen German philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1835*Bernhard Scholz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1836 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg German industrialist/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Charles Booth, English shipowner and sociologist, is born.Ref: 70
1842*John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green] US historian/philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Paul M Verlaine France, lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur), is born.Ref: 5
1853*Vincent van Gogh, Zundert Netherlands, artist who always lent an ear (Irises), is born.Ref: 5
1864 Franz Oppenheimer German sociologist/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Heinrich Rubens German physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko composer, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Clifford Whittingham Beers US, mental hygiene pioneer, is born.Ref: 5
1880*Sean O’Casey playwright: Harvest Festival, The Plough and the Stars, Juno and the Paycock, Shadow of a Gunman, The Plough and the Stars, is born in Ireland.Ref: 68
1882*Melanie Klein, Austrian/British psychoanalysis, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Jo Davidson US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Stanislaw Lesniewski Poland, logician/mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Albert P Termote Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Anna Q Nilsson Ystad Sweden, actress (Shenandoah, Uncle Tom's Cabin), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Jan B Cammans Flemish actor (Brothers Karamazov), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Arthur Herrington, American engineer and manufacturer; developed the World War II jeep, is born.Ref: 70
1892*Erwin Panofsky German/US art historian, is born.Ref: 5
1894*Sergei Ilyushin Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Jean Giono French writer (World Chant), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Heinz Risse writer, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Joyce Carey London England, actress (Black Windmill), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Irving Thalberg US producer (MGM)Ref: 5
1900*Ted (Edward) Heath musician: trombone, bandleader: played big band concerts every Sunday at the Palladium in the 1940s and 1950s; is born.Ref: 4
1903*Countee Cullen US poet (Color, Ballad of the Brown Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Sol C Siegel US, producer (High Society, Gentlemen prefer blondes), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Akarova [Marguerite Acarin], Belgian dancer (Les Biches), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Mikio Oda Japan, triple jumper (Olympics-gold-1928) is born.Ref: 5
1908*Camille Schmit composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Kurt Bruggemann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Ernst Gombrich OM/FBA/director (Warburg Institute), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Dennis Gomm musician, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Andrew Rodger Waterson scholar/naturalist, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Frankie Laine [Frank Paul LoVecchio] Chicago IL, singer (Hey, Good Lookin', That's My Desire)/ actor (Frankie Laine Show, Rawhide), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Marc Davis, Disney animator, born.Ref: 73
1913*Richard Helms CIA head (1966-73), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Gottfried Reinhardt theatre producer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Sonny Boy Williamson [John Lee] blues musician (Down & Out Blues), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Els Aarne composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Herbert Anderson actor (Henry-Dennis The Menace), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Rudolf Bruci composer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*John Gray FRS/marine biologist, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Joseph Allen Jr Boston MA, actor (Death of a Champion), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Ramsay Ames actress (G-Men Never Forget, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves), is born.Ref: 5
1919*McGeorge Bundy, president of the Ford Foundation; Special Assistant for National Security Affairs under U.S. Presidents Kennedy and Johnson; is born in Boston MA.Ref: 4
1920*Turhan Bey Vienna Austria, actor (Dragon Seed, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Countess of Sutherland English great land owner/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Kan Ishii composer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Oto Ferenczy composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*German Germanovich Galinin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*J F Coates naval architect, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Peter Jona Korn composer, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Herbert Asmodi writer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Milko Kelemen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Ivo Malek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*John Wells MP, is born.Ref: 5
1926*John Heddle Nash singer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Ray McAnally Buncrana County Donegal Ireland, actor (My Left Foot, Empire State, Sicilian), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Werner Torkanowsky Berlin Germany, conductor (New Orleans Symphony), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Lord Rayner, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Lord Armstrong of Ilminster, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Diether de la Motte composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Richard Trant British General, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Tom Sharpe English historian/author (Riotous Assembly, Want), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Shirley Stoler Brooklyn NY, actress (Frankenhooker, 7 Beauties), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Richard Dysart, actor: L.A. Law, Wall Street, Back to the Future 3, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, The Day of the Locust, Pale Rider, The Terminal Man, Wall Street, is born in Brighton MA.Ref: 4
1930*(Long Island) Peter Marshall [Pierre LaCock] Huntington Long Island NY, TV game show host (Hollywood Squares), is born.Ref: 5
1930*John Astin Baltimore MD, actor (I'm Dickens He's Fenster, Gomez-Addams Family) is born.Ref: 5
1930*David Staple joint president (Council of Churches for Britain & Ireland), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Rolf Harris Bassendean Western Australia, Australian/British cartoonist/singer (Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport)/actor (The Little Convict), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Browne-Wilkinson lord, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin Russian cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Harold Burrage US singer/pianist (Hi Yo Silver), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Sandor Szokolay composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*A J Zuckerman Dean (Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Jean-Claude Brialy Aumale Algeria, actor (Circle of Love, Cousins), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Lord Tanlaw, is born.Ref: 5
1935 Alan Jackson CEO (BTR), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Gordon Mumma composer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*John Charles Eaton composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Mark Burns British director (Juggernaut), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Richard Baker Santa Fe NM, Zen teacher (Dharma Sangha), is born.Ref: 5
1937 J S Jennings CEO (Shell Transport & Trading Co), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Jay W Macintosh Gainesville GA, actress (Sons & Daughters), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Warren Beatty (Henry Warren Beaty) actor: Splendor in the Grass, The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Bonnie and Clyde, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, The Parallax View, Shampoo, Heaven Can Wait, Reds, Dick Tracy, Bulworth, Town and Country; Academy Award-winning director: Reds [1981]; Heaven Can Wait, Dick Tracy, Bulworth; Irving G. Thalberg Memorial [Academy] Award [2000], is born in Richmond VA.Ref: 4
1938*Martin Dunne Lord-Lieutenant (Warwickshire), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jerry Lucas Middletown OH, NBA center (New York Knicks, NBA rookie of year 1964, Olympics-gold-60), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Astrud Gilberto Brazil, singer (Girl From Ipanema), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Sven Hamrin Sweden, road race cycler (Olympics-bronze-1964) is born.Ref: 5
1941*Graeme Edge musician: drums: group: The Moody Blues: Nights in White Satin, LP: Kick Off Your Muddy Boots, Long Distance Voyager, is born.Ref: 4
1941 Brendan O'Friel CEO (Prison Governors Association), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Robert C Smith (Representative-Republican-NH, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Ron Johnston Vice-Chancellor (Essex University), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Graeme Edge Rochester Staffordshire England, rock drummer (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin, Your Wildest Dreams) is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bobby Wright country artist: Lay a Little Happiness on Me, Here I Go Again, is born.Ref: 4
1942*George Esson Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Gerrit Komrij Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Eric Clapton [Eric Patrick Clapp] Ripley England, legendary guitarist/singer (Yardbirds, Cream, Tears in Heaven), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Dave Ball rocker (Procul Harum), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Jim Dandy Mangrum vocalist (Black Oak Arkansas-Jim Dandy), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Justin Deas Connellsville PA, actor (Buzz-Guiding Light, Dream Lover, As the World Turns, Santa Barbara), is born.Ref: 5
1948*M A King FBA, economist, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Nigel Jones British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Leslie Joan Corn theatre producer/director/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Sue Cook British broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1950*LaRue Martin basketball: Loyola Univ., Portland Trail Blazers, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Dave McCurdy (Representative-Democrat-OK, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Eugene Bowen composer (Wonder's Edge), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Joseph Cali New York NY, actor (Nick-Today's FBI), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Rupert Greenall rock keyboardist (Fixx), is born.Ref: 5
1951*John Gosden racehorse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1955*Randy Van Warmer Indian Hills CO, vocalist (Just When I Needed You Most), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Paul Reiser New York NY, actor (My 2 Dads, Diner, Aliens, Mad About You), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM 20, STS 84), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Joseph Paul Sindelar Fort Knox KY, PGA golfer (British Columbia Open-1985, 87), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Daniel Seifried Kitchener Ontario, Canadia Tour golfer (1981 Thunder Bay), is born.Ref: 5
1960*William D Johnson US alpine skier, is born.Ref: 5
1962*M C Hammer [Stanley Kirk Burrell] Oakland CA, rapper (U Can't Touch This), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jenny Lidback Lima Peru, LPGA golfer (1995 du Maurier Ltd Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Lomas Brown NFL tackle (Detroit Lions, Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Tracy Chapman Grammy Award-winning folk, pop singer-songwriter: Fast Car [1989], Give Me One Reason [1997], is born.Ref: 4
1964*Ian Ziering actor: Beverly Hills 90210, The Fighter, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Corey Millen Cloquet MN, NHL center (Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Dave Ellett Cleveland OH, NHL defenseman (Toronto Maple Leafs), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Karel Novacek Prostejov Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1994 Hilversum), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Piers Morgan editor (Daily Mirror), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Ian Ziering West Orange NJ, actor (Steve Sanders-Beverly Hills 90210), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Julie Richardson Auckland New Zealand, tennis star (1992 Futures-Canberra), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Celine Dion Québec Canada, singer (I'm Your Woman), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Donna D'Errico Dothan AL, playmate (September 1995)/actress (Baywatch), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Marco Foddis pop drummer (Pestilence), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mark Astley Calgary, NHL defenseman (Buffalo Sabres), is born.Ref: 5
1970*George Coghill WLAF safety (Scottish Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Mark Consuelos Zaragosa Spain, actor (Mateo Santos-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Shane Bertsch Denver CO, Nike golfer (1994 Permina Basin Open-14th), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Secretariat, who went on to win the Triple Crown of horse racing in 1973, was foaled.Ref: 4
1971*Mari Holden Milwaukee WI, cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Secretariat, who went on to win the Triple Crown of horse racing in 1973, was foaled.Ref: 4
1972*Brenden Stai NFL guard (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Matt Joyce NFL/WLAF guard/tackle (Cardinals, Seahawks, Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Peggy Zlotkowski Miss France-Universe (1989), is born.Ref: 5
1973*[Kirk] Kareem Streete-Thompson Ithaca NY, 100 meter/long jumper, is born.Ref: 5
1973*Caroline Ramagos Miss Mississippi-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Melinda Penn Miss British Virgin Islands-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Rodney Thomas running back (Tennessee Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Chris Canty cornerback (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Toby Gowin punter (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Wendy Christina Roberts Miss South Carolina Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Melinda Penn Miss British Virgin Islands-Universe (1997), is born. (On request)Ref: 5
1980*Liriel Higa Los Angeles CA, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1983*? California condor chick, San Diego CA, first born in captivity hatchesRef: 5
988*Arnulf II count of Flanders (965-988), dies.Ref: 5
1202*Joachim Van Fiore Italian religious founder (Joachimism), diesRef: 5
1547*François I of Valois-Angoulême King of France (1515-47), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1707*Sébastien le Prestre Vauban French fortress architect, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1757*Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz composer, dies at 39.Ref: 5
1764*Pietro Antonio Locatelli Italian violinist/composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1783*William Hunter, English obstetrician and educator, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1840*(or 29th) "Beau" (George Bryan) Brummell, the English dandy and former favorite of the prince regent, dies in a French lunatic asylum for paupers at age 62.Ref: 2
1842*Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter, dies at age 87.Ref: 5
1853*Abigail Fillmore (Powers) U.S. First Lady, wife of 13th President Millard Fillmore; instituted the White House library; dies.Ref: 5
1861*Lemuel Shaw, American jurist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1864*Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser composer, dies 52.Ref: 5
1871*W F A A Louisa/Lovisa queen of Sweden/Norway, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1872*Nicolaos Mantzaros composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1873*Benedict Augustin Morel psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1875*Marie Moke Pleyel composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1876*Antoine-Jerome Balard, French chemist; discovered the element bromine, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1879*David van der Kellen Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1879*Thomas Couture French painter/author, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1884*Hans Hampel composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1906*Betsy Perk [Christina E], journalist/writer/feminist, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1910*Jean Moréas [Y Papadiamantopoulos], Greek/French poet, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1911*Ellen Swallow Richards, American chemist, dies at age 68.Ref: 5
1912*Karl May German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1916*Mexican bandit Pancho Villa kills 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.Ref: 2
1925*Rudolf Steiner Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1926 Feliks E Dzerzjinski Lithuanian organizer (KGB), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1935*Romanos Hovakimi Melik'yan composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1942*Alfred Coville French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1945*Karel Moor composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1946 John S S P V Gort viscount of Limerick/Hamsterley, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1949*Friedrich C R Bergius chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1950*Leon Blum, French politician; first Socialist and Jewish premier of France (1936-37), dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1953*Roderich Mojsisovics-Mojsvar composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1955*6 are killed at a soccer match in Chili. (Ref: Sports Illustrated, p. 15, 5/21/2001) 
1955*Harl McDonald US composer (Santa Fé Trail), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1960*Fritz Klimsch German sculptor/painter, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1960*Joseph Haas German opera composer (Totenmesse), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1961*P J Melotte discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies.Ref: 5
1963*Alexander Vasil'yevich Gauk composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1964*Willem CN Andriessen Dutch composer/pianist (Beethoven), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1966*Erwin Piscator German director (Plebeians test rebellion), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1966*Maxfield Parrish US painter, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1968*Two children in the Bowery come across the body of a homeless drug addict later identified as Bobby Driscol, 31, the voice of Disney's "Peter Pan".Ref: 73
1968 Bobby Driscoll OD 1968Ref: 10
1969*Lucien Bianchi Belgian auto racer, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1970*Heinrich Bruning, German statesman, chancellor and foreign minister, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1971*Selmer Jackson actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1972*Gabriel Heather US news anchor, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1972*Peter Whitney actor (Rough Riders), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1974*Ludovicus J Rogier Dutch historian (Reborn in Freedom), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1975*Peter Bamm writer, dies.Ref: 5
1976*Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg actress (Hostage Rights), dies at 99.Ref: 5
1976*Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation.Ref: 5
1977*Levko Mykolayevich Revutsky composer, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1978*Billy (William Richard) Cox baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates, Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1949, 1952, 1953], Baltimore Orioles; dies.Ref: 4
1979*Airey Neave British MP (Conservatives), killed by terrorist bomb.Ref: 5
1980 Archbishop Oscar Romero shot 1980Ref: 10
1980*Ton Duc Thang, Vietnamese communist leader; succeeded Ho Chi Minh, dies at age 91.Ref: 70
1981*Dewitt Wallace US founder (Reader's Digest), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1983*Pál Kadosa Hungarian composer/pianist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1984*Peter Yarrall strongest Englishman/weighed 826 lb (374.7 kg), dies.Ref: 5
1985*Harold Peary actor (Herb-Blondie, Willy), dies of heart attack at 76.Ref: 5
1986*James F Cagney, actor (Public Enemy, Angels With Dirty Faces, Yankee Doodle Dandy), dies at his Stanfordville NY farm at age 86.Ref: 5
1986*John Ciardi US poet/interpreter (Dante), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1989*Dort Clark actor (In Harm's Way), dies.Ref: 5
1990*Harry Bridges, Australian-born American labor leader, dies in San Francisco at age 88. (TWA, 1991)Ref: 95
1991*Jan Willem Hofstra Dutch actor/writer (Friends of My Friends), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Art Hannes announcer, dies of a respiratory ailment at 72.Ref: 5
1992*Luigi De Laurentiis Italian producer (Toto, Macaroni), dies.Ref: 5
1993*Jeremy Siegrist actor (Adventures of Darly & Samy), dies hiking at 20.Ref: 5
1993*Richard C Diebenkorn Jr US painter (Ocean Park Paintings), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1994*Albert Goldman rock biographer (Elvis, John Lennon), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1994*Sid Weiss bassist, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1995*Paul A Rothchild record producer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1995*Rozelle Claxton pianist/arranger, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996*Hugh Edward Lance Falkus filmmaker/naturalist, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1996 Ryoei Saito businessman, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1998*Murderess Judy Buenoano electricuted by Florida's "Old Sparky", first woman executed since 1848.Ref: 10
2001*Gary, IN. One student killed by Donald R. Burt, Jr., a 17-year-old student who had been expelled from Lew Wallace High School.Ref: 88
2002*Queen Mother Elizabeth, Britain's beloved "Queen Mum", a symbol of courage and dignity during a century of war and royal scandal, dies at the Royal Lodge, Windsor, at age 101.Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen