Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 1st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
374*Halley's Comet approaches within 0.0884 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth.Ref: 5
527*Justinianus becomes compassionate emperor of Byzantium.Ref: 5
705*Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI.Ref: 5
1064*Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik.Ref: 5
1504*English guilds/corp goes under state control.Ref: 5
1581*Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II.Ref: 5
1621*Pilgrims sign first peace treaty with Indians-Massasoit, war chief of the Wampanoags.Ref: 10
1663*Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty).Ref: 5
1724*Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War.Ref: 5
1748*Ruins of Pompeii found.Ref: 5
1778*Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans Businessman, creates the "$".Ref: 5
1789*The US House of Representatives held its first full meeting, in NY City. Frederick Muhlenberg of PA was elected the first House Speaker.Ref: 5
1792*Indians conduct a successful horse-stealing raid on Kenton Station.Ref: 60
1792*Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce.Ref: 5
1793*Mount Unsen, Japan erupts.Ref: 81
1803*French law rules the use of intention.Ref: 5
1805*James Towler becomes the first Xenia Ohio's Postmaster (XDG, 9/16/1982)Ref: 83
1807*Chief Justice John Marshall finds probable cause to try Aaron Burr on charges of conspiring to invade a nation at peace with the United States. Marshall, however, does not find probable cause, based on the evidence submitted, to try Burr for treason against the United States.Ref: 87
1850*San Francisco County Government is established.Ref: 5
1853*Cincinnati, Ohio, became the first US city to pay its firefighters a regular salary.Ref: 5
1856*Western Union founded.Ref: 10
1863*(Dakota Conflict) (day unspecified) Congress enacts a law providing for the removal of Dakota bands from Minnesota. Most of the Dakota community will be moved to South Dakota. The convicted prisoners who were not executed are moved to Camp McClellan near Davenport, Iowa.Ref: 87
1864*The first travel accident policy was issued. The Travelers Insurance Company (the company with the red umbrella as a logo, remember?) issued the policy to James Batterson, who also received the first general insurance policy issued by the firm in July, 1864.Ref: 4
1866*Western Union buys U.S. Telegraph Company thereby becoming first American monopoly.Ref: 10
1866*US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US.Ref: 5
1867*Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama.Ref: 5
1867*International Exhibition opens in Paris.Ref: 5
1867*Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies.Ref: 5
1868*The Hampton Institute is founded in Hampton, Va.Ref: 2
1878*Billy the Kid ambushes Sheriff William Brady and Deputy George Hindman in town in revenge for the death of his friend John Tunstall. Ref 
1881*Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1881*Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens.Ref: 5
1891*Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti.Ref: 5
1899 North Carolina Mutual opens doors for business.Ref: 5
1904*Henry Royce tests his first Rolls Royce.Ref: 10
1905*British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya.Ref: 5
1905 Berlin and Paris are linked by telephone.Ref: 2
1909*Opium imports banned in America.Ref: 10
1918*England's Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force.Ref: 5
1920*Church disestablished in Wales.Ref: 5
1920*Germany's Workers Party changes its name to the Nationalist Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazis).Ref: 2
1924*Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co.Ref: 5
1924*Imperial Airways formed in Britain.Ref: 5
1924*Adolf Hitler sentenced to five years in prison for the "Beer Hall Putsch", but General Ludendorff is acquitted.Ref: 2
1925*On Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem, British statesman Lord (Arthur James) Balfour dedicated Hebrew University.Ref: 5
1927*Eurovision was founded in Chicago. Headquartered today in Pasadena, CA, this Protestant overseas missions agency specializes in supporting national churches through evangelistic radio, literature and relief work.Ref: 5
1928*The BOI (predecessor of the FBI) prepared a Manual of Rules and Regulations for all investigative employees.Ref: 14
1929*Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls.Ref: 5
1929 Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens.Ref: 5
1932*Ford introduces its new offering: the high-performance Ford V-8, the first Ford with an 8-cylinder engine.Ref: 3
1933*Nazi Germany began persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.Ref: 35
1933*Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany.Ref: 5
1935*(Scottsboro Boys) The U.S. Supreme Court overturns the convictions of Norris and Patterson because African Americans were excluded from sitting on the juries in their trials. Patterson v. State of Alabama, 294 U.S. 600 (1935); Norris v. State of Alabama, 294 U.S. 587 (1935)Ref: 87
1936*Orissa constituted a province of British IndiaRef: 5
1937*Aden becomes British crown colony.Ref: 5
1939*US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain.Ref: 5
1941*Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay).Ref: 5
1941*Nazi's forbid Jews access to cafés.Ref: 5
1942 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2.Ref: 5
1943*Fencing of the reservation completed, Oak Ridge is closed off to public access.Ref: 91
1943*Construction begins on plant for manufacturing gaseous diffusion barriers in Decatur, Ill. although no barrier materials of usable quality have yet been produced.Ref: 91
1946*A strike by 400,000 mine workers in the U.S. began. U.S. troops seized railroads and coal mines the following month.Ref: 5
1946*Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP).Ref: 5
1946*Weight Watchers forms.Ref: 5
1947*First Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat.Ref: 5
1948 The Berlin Airlift begins, relieving the surrounded city from the Soviet siege.Ref: 2
1952*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1953 J van Bale appointed Governor of New Guinea.Ref: 5
1954*First army helicopter battalion formed, Fort Bragg, NC.Ref: 5
1954*The U.S. Air Force Academy is founded in Colorado.Ref: 2
1954 First Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens.Ref: 5
1955*Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1955*EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus.Ref: 5
1956*Chet Huntley began his successful news career with NBC. He started as a reporter and analyst of the Sunday news series, Outlook. Soon, he would be teamed with David Brinkley for election coverage. The duo would click and become coanchors of The Huntley-Brinkley Report nightly on NBC with Huntley presenting news from the New York studio while Brinkley reported from Washington, DC. John Chancellor, who would become the sole anchor of the NBC Nightly News years later, was also a part of the broadcast giving comment and analysis on the day’s top news. Huntley and Brinkley closed each news broadcast with the trademark, “Good night Chet. Good night David. And good night from NBC News.”Ref: 4
1957 Trial begins in Budapest against participants October uprising.Ref: 5
1957 World's biggest glass oven used.Ref: 5
1958*Marshal Boelganin becomes director of Russian Staatsbank.Ref: 5
1960*U Nu elected premier of Burma.Ref: 5
1960*France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria.Ref: 5
1963*The longest newspaper strike in U.S. history ended. The 9 major newspapers in New York City had ceased publication over 100 days before.Ref: 5
1964*10ºF lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland OH in April.Ref: 5
1965*South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years.Ref: 5
1966 China premier Tsjoe en-Lai starts "Cultural revolution".Ref: 5
1967*First British ombudsman sir Edward Compton begins work.Ref: 5
1969*Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corp.Ref: 5
1970*President Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect after January first,Ref: 70
1971*United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership.Ref: 5
1973*Japan allows its citizens to own gold.Ref: 5
1974*Yourdon, Inc formsRef: 5
1974 Pioneer Hall opens.Ref: 5
1974 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran.Ref: 5
1975*Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer.Ref: 5
1976*Conrail is formed from the consolidation of several railroads. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1977 Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails.Ref: 5
1978*(date given as April, 1978) The new Greene County Library branch in Xenia [OH] opens. (XDG, p 5B, 9/30/2003)Ref: 83
1979 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah.Ref: 5
1980*Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz.Ref: 5
1980*France performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1982*The United States formally transfers control of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.Ref: 2
1982 Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1983*Tens of thousands of anti-nuclear demonstrators linked arms in a 14-mile human chain spanning three defense installations in rural England, including the Greenham Common US Air Base. (XDG, p 4A, 4/01/2003)Ref: 83
1983*(date given as April, 1983) The Muscular Dystrophy Association sponsors a Gala Celebrity Starlight Night at the Blue Moon. The Master of Ceremonies Johnny Walker was joined by Bob Braun and Barbara Kerr. (XDG, p 5B, 9/30/2003)Ref: 83
1984 Microsoft announces the creation of a new Hardware and Peripherals Division. 
1986*US sub Nathaniel Green runs aground in the Irish Sea.Ref: 5
1986*World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel.Ref: 5
1987*In his first major speech on the epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1."Ref: 70
1991*(King) Amidst charges against the LAPD of racism and incompetence, Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley announces that a commission headed by Warren Christopher will evaluate the performance of the LAPD.Ref: 87
1991*US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour.Ref: 5
1991 Warsaw Pact officially disolves.Ref: 5
1991*Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years.Ref: 5
1991*Supreme Court rules jurors can't be barred from serving due to race.Ref: 5
1992*Western nations announce $24 billion aid package for RussiaRef: 89
1992*Battleship USS Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) decommissioned.Ref: 5
1992*Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 years probation.Ref: 5
1994*A memorial service is held at the site of the Goshen United Methodist Church in Alabama for the 20 people who were killed when a tornado leveled the building a week earlier. (XDG, p 4A, 4/03/2004)Ref: 5
1995*Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee.Ref: 5
1997*Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU).Ref: 5
1998*U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright dismisses Paula Jones' lawsuit against President Clinton, saying her claims of sexual harassment fell "far short" of being worthy of trial.Ref: 70
1999*Taiwanese-based Four Pillars Enterprises became the first foreign company convicted of economic espionage under the Economic Espionage Act of 1996. This landmark investigation was conducted by the Cleveland Division.Ref: 14
2001 Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was arrested on corruption charges after a 26-hour armed standoff with the police at his Belgrade villa.Ref: 70
1826*Samuel Morey of Oxford, New Hampshire patents the internal combustion engine.Ref: 4
1889*First dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)Ref: 5
1891*London-Paris telephone connection opens.Ref: 5
1927*First automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice.Ref: 5
1928*First automatic changer for record players introduced.Ref: 10
1935*First radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NYRef: 5
1952*Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow.Ref: 5
1960*TIROS I (Television & Infra-Red Observation Satellite), TV’s original satellite robot-weatherperson, is launched into space to begin sending meteorological information back to earth. The GOES (geostationary operational environmental satellite) weather satellite is still up there above the clouds everyday, though other, more powerful satellites launched since then provide pictures and more exact climatological data.Ref: 4
1965*Syncom 3, first geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control.Ref: 5
1971*US/Canada ISIS II launched to study the ionosphereRef: 5
1976*Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak incorporate the Apple Computer Company, on April Fool's Day. Ref 
1992*Microsoft releases Excel 4.0 for Windows 3.1. Ref 
1999*A New Jersey man was arrested and charged with originating the "Melissa" e-mail virus.Ref: 70
1572 The Sea Beggars under Guillaume de la Marck land in Holland and capture the small town of Briel.Ref: 2
1806*Britain declares war on Prussia after seizure of Hanover.Ref: 10
1862*Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock VA.Ref: 5
1863*First wartime conscription law in US goes into effect.Ref: 5
1865*At the Battle of Five Forks, Gen. Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive.Ref: 2
1865*Battle at Blakely AL.Ref: 5
1917*Aztec, American armed ship, sunk in submarine zone.Ref: 38
1928 China's Chiang Kai-shek begins attacks on communists.Ref: 2
1941*Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq.Ref: 5
1942*Deadline today for all Japanese U.S. citizens to turn over guns, shortwave radios and cameras to the government. Proclamation by Gen. DeWitt that no Japanese may leave areas in which they reside until evacuated by the Army.Ref: 37
1942*(day uncertain) Japanese-Americans are sent to relocation centers.Ref: 35
1942*Canadian merchant ship Robert W. Pomeroy hits a mine and sinks, off Cromer, Norfolk, in the North Sea. One man dies. 
1942*The U.S. Navy begins a partial convoy system in the Atlantic.Ref: 2
1942*Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor.Ref: 5
1943*Gen. DeWitt orders preparations for Operation Landgrab, the invasion of Attu Island. American planes strike Japanese targets on Kiska.Ref: 37
1944*20 American planes drop 400 bombs on Schaffhausen, Switzerland, mistaking it for German territory. 
1944*Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India.Ref: 5
1945*The final and largest amphibious landing of the war occurs as the U.S. Tenth Army invades Okinawa.Ref: 5
1945*U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr.Ref: 36
1945*Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen.Ref: 5
1945*Ruhrgebied sealed off by US first & 9th army.Ref: 5
1951*United Nations forces again move northward across the 38th Parallel in Korea.Ref: 2
1968*The U.S. Army launches Operation Pegasus, the reopening of a land route to the besieged Khe Sanh Marine base.Ref: 2
1973*Hanoi releases the last 591 acknowledged American POWs.Ref: 41
2003*US Special forces rescue Army PFC Jessica Lynch from a hospital near Nasiriyah. Eleven bodies were also found, 8 of which were identified as members of her ambushed convoy. (XDG, p 5A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
1876*First official National League baseball game (Boston-6, Philadelphia-5).Ref: 5
1888*Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam.Ref: 5
1910*Dumitru Dan (Romania) completed a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk.Ref: 5
1911*All National League umpires are asked by league president Tom Lynch to provide evidence of vision tests.Ref: 1
1913*The Highlanders change their name to the Yankees, move to share Polo Grounds with New York Giants. (Month is April… date is unspecified). 
1916 First US national women's swimming championships held.Ref: 5
1920*Ottawa Senators beat Seat Metropolitans 3 games to 2 for Stanley CupRef: 5
1926*Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren.Ref: 5
1930*Leo Hartnett of the Chicago Cubs broke the altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from the Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA.. The force broke his jawbone.Ref: 4
1931*Nineteen year old pitcher Jackie Mitchell is signed by the Chattanooga Baseball Club, becoming the first woman in organized baseball.Ref: 4
1935*A crowd of 60,000 people, including Babe Ruth and the Japanese Royal Family, watched an American football team beat Japan 46-0.Ref: 4
1937*Reds' Babe Herman is sold to the Tigers.Ref: 1
1938*Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, NY.Ref: 5
1938*Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1945*Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg.Ref: 5
1950*Pacific Coast League Hollywood Stars wear shorts and rayon shirts as their Opening Day uniform.Ref: 1
1960 Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee.Ref: 5
1961*Emile Alphonse Griffith KO's Benny Kid Paret for the welterweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1962*University of Detroit basketball star, Dave DeBusschere signs with the White Sox as a pitcher.Ref: 1
1963*New York Mets purchase Duke Snider from the Dodgers for $40,000.Ref: 5
1964*Cleveland's manager Birdie Tebbetts suffers a heart attack.Ref: 1
1969*Seattle Pilots trade minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to Royals.Ref: 5
1970*Thanks to the dedicated efforts of Milwaukee Brewers, Inc., an organization formed by Allan H. 'Bud' Selig and Edmund Fitzgerald several years prior to return Major League Baseball to the city, the Seattle Pilots franchise was acquired for $10,800,000and renamed the Milwaukee Brewers.Ref: 86
1972*Mohammed Ali wins a decision over Mac Foster in the 15th round in Tokyo, Japan.Ref: 96
1972*Major league baseball players stages first collective strike.Ref: 5
1973*Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1977*NFL decides to experiment with a 7th official in some preseason games.Ref: 5
1979*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov wins the Banja Luka tournament at aged 16, obtaining an International master norm in the process, and 2nd international grandmaster norm. This was despite Kasparov not even have a Fide rating. His opponent, Vukic was a little upset about having to play a child, getting even more upset after losing to the child. He started yelling to the crowd in Serbo-Croat. He then exclaimed to Kasparov that he wasn't playing correctly. Kasparov stayed calm, and went on to win the tournament.Ref:78
1979 Members of Oxford Dangerous Sports Club first attach bungee cords and dive from bridge in Bristol.Ref: 10
1979*Joanne Carner wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open.Ref: 5
1980*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov achieves first place in USSR Central Chess Club international tournament held in Baku with a score necessary for the Grandmaster title, the strongest 17 year old since Fischer.Ref:78
1980*Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assistRef: 5
1980*Baseball Players' Association votes to cancel 92 remaining exhibition games.Ref: 5
1981*(day unspecified) The Moscow International Grandmaster Tournament was Garry Kasparov's first serious test in big-time chess. He placed second, tied with Polgayevsky and Smyslov after Karpov.Ref:78
1982*The Mets trade outfielder Lee Mazzilli to Texas for rookie pitchers Ron Darling and Walt Terrell.Ref: 1
1983*New York Islander Mike Bossy becomes first to score 60 goals in 3 consecutive seasons.Ref: 5
1984 8 men record longest distance rowed in 24 hours at 13 miles.Ref: 5
1984*3rd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship Southern California beats Tennessee 72-61.Ref: 5
1985*George Plimpton played an April Fool’s joke on readers of Sports Illustrated this day by introducing the entire nation to Sidd Finch, a 28-year-old aspiring monk, who could throw a 168 MPH fastball! Plimpton later admitted that Finch was the figment of a most active imagination.Ref: 4
1985*Unranked Villanova defeated top-rated Georgetown 66-64 to win the 47th NCAA basketball championship, ending the Hoya’s hopes for back-to-back wins.Ref: 4
1987 Steve Newman becomes the first man to walk solo around the world. The 15,000-mile trek took him four years and untold pairs of shoes to complete.Ref: 4
1987*The Cardinals deal three youngsters, outfielder Andy VanSlyke, catcher Mike LaValliere and pitcher Mike Dunne, to get Pirate backstop, Tony Pena.Ref: 1
1987*Mets phenom pitcher Doc Gooden avoids suspension for substance abuse by agreeing to enter a drug rehab facility.Ref: 1
1987*The NBA awards Charlotte NC a franchise, the first major sports franchise in the Carolinas. (USA Today, p 3C, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
1989*First NY Met-NY Yankee game in NYC since 1983, Yanks win 4-3.Ref: 5
1989*Former Yale University and National League president Bart Giamatti becomes seventh commissioner of major league baseball, replacing Peter Ueberroth.Ref: 1
1990*Jack Nicklaus wins first start at the 2nd Seniors Golf Tradition, a PGA tour.Ref: 5
1990 Wrestlemania VI-Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan for championship.Ref: 5
1990*9th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship Stanford beats Auburn 88-81.Ref: 5
1991*Dwight Goodin signs $5.15 million 3 year contract with NY Mets.Ref: 5
1991*53rd NCAA Mens Basketball Champion Duke Bluedevils beats Kansas 72-65.Ref: 5
1992*NFL decides to stay with 17 week sched instead of expanded 18 gamesRef: 5
1992 5th Largest wrestling crowd (64,287-Toronto SkyDome).Ref: 5
1992*NHL players begin first strike in 75-year history.Ref: 5
1994*The Texas Rangers play the first game at The Ballpark in Arlington, losing to the New York Mets in an exhibition contest, 10-7.Ref: 86
1994*Bob Feller Statue on Indians Plaza, dedicated.Ref: 5
1995*New York Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom's uniform #23.Ref: 5
1996*This website,, appears for the first time on the internet. It is one of the first to feature baseball history on a daily basis.Ref: 1
1996*The Opening Day game is postponed when umpire John McSherry suffers a fatal heart attack in the first inning of the season opener in Cincinnati.Ref: 1
1996*Rallying from a 6-0 deficit, the Mets beat the Cardinals, 7-6, making it the biggest Opening Day comeback of the century.Ref: 1
1996*58th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship Kentucky beats Syracuse 76-67.Ref: 5
1997*In front of the earliest Opening Day sellout crowd since 1985, the San Diego Padres explode for an 11-run 6th inning en route to a 12-5 win over the Mets. The inning established a 20th Century N.L. record for runs scored in an inning on Opening Day.Ref: 86
1997*69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch.Ref: 5
1998*Paul Olden's "Say hello to victory Tampa Bay" hits the airwaves as the Tampa Bay Devil Rays defeat Detroit, 11-8, for their first-ever victory. Cuban ace Rolando Arrojo earns the victory in his first Major League game.Ref: 86
1998 World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Minneapolis MN; Russians Yelena Berezhnaya and Anton Sikharulidze win.Ref: 5
2001*In the first major league game ever played Puerto Rico, the Blue Jays defeat the Rangers, 8-1 in the major league season opener. Making his Texas debut, $252 million shortstop Alex Rodriguez gets the season's first hit and scores the first run, but also makes a throwing error on his first chance.Ref: 1
2001*20th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship at St Louis.Ref: 5
2002*64th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship at Georgia Dome AtlantaRef: 5
1724*Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters.Ref: 5
1776 Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang", premieres in Leipzig.Ref: 5
1872 First edition of The Standard.Ref: 5
1873 Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople.Ref: 5
1900 First edition of Dutch newspaper "The People".Ref: 5
1918*Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St New York NY.Ref: 5
1925 First transmission of Danish state radio.Ref: 5
1929*The yo-yo is introduced in the United States by Louie Marx.Ref: 2
1929 Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou", 24-minute film.Ref: 5
1930 "Blue Angel," starring Marlene Dietrich opens in Germany directed by Josef von Sternberg.Ref: 10
1930 "Blue Angel", starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America.Ref: 5
1932*German scholar Gerhard Kittel published the first partial volume of "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament." With WWII and Kittel's death in 1948 intervening, this monumental 10-volume work was not completed until the late 1960s.Ref: 5
1941 The first contract for advertising on a commercial FM radio station began on W71NY in New York City.Ref: 4
1941*Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1944 Tex Avery's cartoon "Screwball Squirrel"Ref: 73
1945 First edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes.Ref: 5
1949*The first all-black-cast variety show was presented on WENR-TV in Chicago, IL. The show was called "Happy Pappy".Ref: 4
1955*One Man’s Family was seen on TV for the final time after a six-year stay on NBC-TV. The longtime popular radio show of the same name continued until 1959.Ref: 4
1956*10th Tony Awards Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win.Ref: 5
1957*All of Great Britain was fooled this April Fool’s Day by England’s famous newscaster, Richard Dimbleby. The newscaster, wrapping up the day’s news on Panorama, the BBC’s current affairs program, reported about the “spring spaghetti crop in Italy.” The filmed report showed the spaghetti (some ten pounds of the stuff) being picked from a tree. Many Brits believed him, by Jove! One member of our staff remembers doing something similar by asking radio listeners to “send us $100 and we’ll send you 25 words or less.”Ref: 4
1961*Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye.Ref: 5
1963*Soap operas "General Hospital" & "The Doctors" premier on TV.Ref: 5
1964*John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years.Ref: 5
1964*Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1966*First world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal).Ref: 5
1970*John Lennon & Yoko Ono release hoax they are having dual sex change operations.Ref: 5
1972*30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico.Ref: 5
1973*John & Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence.Ref: 5
1981*CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax).Ref: 5
1984*14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000.Ref: 5
1985*The long-awaited album, "We Are the World", was finally released.Ref: 4
1990*"Ha!" the commedy Channel on cable tv begins transmitting.Ref: 5
1990*CBS fires sportscaster Brent Mussburger.Ref: 5
1990*It becomes illeagal in Salem Oregon to be within 2' of nude dancers.Ref: 5
1990*Guns & Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames.Ref: 5
1992*Rocker Billy Idol fined $2,000 for hitting a woman.Ref: 5
1993 Alan Bennett's "Madness of George III", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1993*Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais.Ref: 5
1998*World record price for musical instrument 1727 Stradivari violin sold at Christies for £947,500.Ref: 10
1283*Ludwig IV of Baveria Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47), is born.Ref: 5
1578*William Harvey, English physician; developed theory of blood circulation, is born.Ref: 70
1582*Gaspar de Crayer Flemish painter, is born.Ref: 5
1582*Thomas Simpson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1643*Christian Demelius composer, is born.Ref: 5
1697*Abbé Prévost French novelist/journalist (Manon Lescaut), is born.Ref: 5
1721*Pieter Hellendaal Dutch violinist/organist/composer (Glees), is born.Ref: 5
1725*François Bainville composer, is born.Ref: 5
1732*Franz Josef Haydn Austria, composer (Die Schöpfung), is born.Ref: 5
1742*P. D. Q. Bach is born at 12:01 AM.Ref: 62
1746*Jean-Etienne Portalis, French lawyer; helped draft Napoleonic Code, is born.Ref: 70
1755*Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto), is born.Ref: 5
1772*Ignaz Franz von Mosel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1785*J H Ferdinand Olivier German painter, is born.Ref: 5
1793*Edouard Corbière French captain/writer (Le negrier), is born.Ref: 5
1802*Hubert Reis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1807*Fredrik Cygnaeus Finnish poet/literature critic, is born.Ref: 5
1809*Nikolai Gogol writer, is born.Ref: 5
1809 Willem Ruys J Dz Dutch ship owner, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Otto Von Bismarck Germany, chancellor (1866-90), is born.Ref: 5
1817*Johannes J van Oosterzee Dutch theologist, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Simon Bolivar Buckner Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1914, is born.Ref: 5
1834*Jim Fisk, American financier, is born.Ref: 17
1834*Isidore Edouard Legouix composer, is born.Ref: 5
1837*Jorge Isaacs, Colombian poet and novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1843 Ludwig Enneccerus German jurist, is born.Ref: 5
1847*Gavriil Musicescu composer, is born.Ref: 5
1847*Jules-Nicolas Crevaux French explorer (South America), is born.Ref: 5
1852*Edward Austin Abbey US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Arnold Aletrino Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life), is born.Ref: 5
1858 Gaetano Mosca Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite), is born.Ref: 5
1864*Marie Jungius Dutch fairy tale writer, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Richard Zsigmondy Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Ferruccio D M B Busoni Italy, pianist/composer/conductor (Arlecchino), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Johannes C H de Meÿere Dutch zoologist, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Sophonisba Breckenridge scholar/teacher/social activist, is born.Ref: 5
1868*Edmond Rostand France, poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Peter A Egge Norwegian writer (De Droom), is born.Ref: 5
1871*F Melius Christiansen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Tadeusz Joteyko composer, is born.Ref: 5
1873*Sergei Rachmaninoff, musician: pianist, composer: Prelude in C Sharp Minor, Second Piano Concerto; is born in Novgorod Province, Russia.Ref: 68
1875*Edgar Wallace England, novelist/playwright/journalist (The Terror), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Carl Sternheim German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa), is born.Ref: 5
1883*William Manchester, U.S. historian and biographer, is born.Ref: 2
1883*Lon (Leonidas F.) Chaney actor: The Hunchback of Notre Dame, The Bushwackers, The Phantom of the Opera, The Unholy Three, He Who Gets Slapped, Oliver Twist, West of Zanzibar, The Horror of it All; is born in Colorado Springs CO.Ref: 4
1883*Aleksander V Aleksandrov Russian composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Florence Blanchfield, an American nurse who was the first woman to become a fully ranked officer of the U.S. Army, is born.Ref: 70
1884*Laurette Taylor [Helen LM Cooney], US actress (Broadway), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Wallace (Fitzgerald) Beery Academy Award-winning actor: The Champ [1931-1932], Grand Hotel, We’re in the Navy Now, Treasure Island, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Last of the Mohicans, China Seas; is born.Ref: 68
1885*Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier) British barones, is born.Ref: 5
1886*Casimir von Paszthory composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887 Laurette Taylor is born.Ref: 10
1887 Leonard Bloomfield US linguist, is born.Ref: 5
1893*Cicely Courtneidge Sydney Australia, actress (Double Exposure), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Alberta Hunter African-American blues singer/composer (Downhearted Blues), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Willem H van de Pol Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Nita Naldi [Anita Donna Dooley] New York NY, actress (Blood & Sand), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Pola Gojawiczynska Polish writer (Stolica), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Roger Bastide French sociologist, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Whittaker Chambers, American journalist; accuser in the Alger Hiss case, is born.Ref: 70
1901*Boris Koutzen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Whittaker Chambers, American journalist; accuser in the Alger Hiss case, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Juan Gil-Albert poet, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Gaston Eyskens PM of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), is born.Ref: 5
1905 Mother Clara Hale founder (Hale House), is born.Ref: 5
1905*"Mother" Clara Hale US social worker (founded Hale House), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Winfried P I Zillig German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Ned Glass Poland, actor (Sol-Julia, Uncle Moe-Bridget Loves Bernie), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Sigve Lie Norway, yachtsmans (Olympic-gold-1948, 52), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Walter Kaufmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Abraham H Maslow US psychologist (humanistic psychology), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Abner Biberman Milwaukee Wisc, actor (Imhook-Kodiak), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Eddie Duchin Mass, society pianist/bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Evert H "Bep" Bakhuys Dutch soccer star/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg Dutch Secretary of Defense (Socialist Democrat), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Günther Rennert Essen Germany, opera director/producer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Carla van Neste Belgian violinist, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Hans Conried born, actor and the voice of Disney's Captain Hook.Ref: 73
1915*Art Lund Salt Lake City Utah, singer (Ken Murray Show), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Willy Dixon blues artist (Mellow Down Easy), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Johnny Andrews Boston, singer/host of Songs at Twilight, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Leon Janney Ogden Ut, actor (Hawk), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Joseph E. Murray, transplant physician, is born.Ref: 2
1920*Toshiro Mifune, actor: Shadow of the Wolf, Shogun, Winter Kills, 1941, Midway, Paper Tiger, Red Sun, The Bad Sleep Well, Throne of Blood, Samurai series, Rashomon, Drunken Angel; is born in Tsing-tao China.Ref: 4
1920*Joan Frances Will actress, is born.Ref: 5
1921*William L Bergsma, Oakland CA, composer (Fortunate Island), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Douglas Allenbrook composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*William Manchester, historian/writer: The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur, 1880-1964, A World Lit Only by Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance Portrait of an Age, is born in Attleboro MA.Ref: 4
1923*Bobby Jordan Harrison NY, actor (Bowery Champs, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Gunther Becker composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Sala Burton (Representative-Democrat-CA, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Anne [Inez] McCaffrey US, sci-fi author (Crystal Singer, Dragonflight, Dragondrums), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Lyndon Brook actor (Invasion, Reach for the Sky), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Amos Milburn rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Herbert Klein newscaster/press secretary, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Jane Powell (Suzanne Burce) actress: Deep in My Heart, Hit the Deck, Small Town Girl, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, is born in Portland OR.Ref: 4
1928*George Grizzard Roanoke Rapids NC, actor (Wrong is Right, Bachelor Party, Attica), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Dimitri Frenkel Frank Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Milan Kundera, Czech writer (The Farewell Party, The Unbearable Lightness of Being), is born.Ref: 2
1929*Jane Powell (Suzanne Burce), American actress, singer, is born.Ref: 17
1930*Grace Lee Whitney Ann Arbor Mich, actress (Yeoman Rand-Star Trek), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Joan Franks-Williams composer, is born.Ref: 5
1931*George Baker Bulgaria, actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Curse of the Fly), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Rolf Hochhuth German playwright (Deputy), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Gordon Jump actor: WKRP in Cincinnati, Sister Kate, Growing Pains, Bitter Vengeance, Ransom Money, Making the Grade, Dirkham Detective Agency; dies.Ref: 4
1932*Debbie Reynolds (Mary Frances Reynolds) actress: Singin’ in the Rain, Tammy and the Bachelor, The Tender Trap, The Unsinkable Molly Brown; singer: Tammy, A Very Special Love; mother of actress, Carrie Fisher, is born in El Paso TX.Ref: 4
1932*Alex[ander Colleridge Vanderpuiye Baka] Tetteh-Lartey broadcaster, lawyer and actor (Caught, Laughter of God), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Jiri Smutny composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Dan Flavin US minimalist sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Don Hastings Bkln NY, actor (Capt Video, Bob-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Jim Ed (James Edward) Brown singer: group: The Browns: The Three Bells, Scarlet Ribbons; solo: Morning; CMA Country Duo of the Year [w/Helen Cornelius 1977]: I Don’t Want to Have to Marry You, is born in Sparkman AR.Ref: 4
1935*Hans H Boswinkel actor/director (Surprise Attack, Tutorials in Love), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Ron (Ronald Peter) Perranoski baseball: pitcher: LA Dodgers [World Series: 1963, 1965, 1966], Minnesota Twins, Detroit Tigers, California Angels; pitching coach: LA Dodgers [1981], SF Giants [1994], is born.Ref: 4
1938*Ali MacGraw, Pound Ridge NY, actress (Love Story, Goodbye Columbus), is born.Ref: 68
1939*Phil (Philip Henry) Niekro baseball: pitcher: Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1969, 1975, 1978, 1982], NY Yankees [all-star: 1984], Cleveland Indians, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Rudolph Isley Cincinnati OH, rocker (Isley Brothers-Shout), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Guy Trottier hockey: NHL: NY Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Alan Blakley musician: guitar: group: Brian Poole and The Tremeloes: Twist and Shout, Do You Love Me, Someone Someone, Silence is Golden, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Phil Margo, singer: group: The Tokens: The Lion Sleeps Tonight, Tonight I Fell in Love; Cross Country: In the Midnight Hour, is born in Brooklyn NY.Ref: 4
1942*Danny Brooks rocker (Dovells), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr US, sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Dhalgren, Neveryona), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Rusty (Daniel Joseph) Staub baseball: Houston Colt .45’s, Houston Astros, Montreal Expos, NY Mets, Detroit Tigers, Texas Rangers; restaurateur, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Carol White England, actress (Daddy's Gone a Hunting), is born.Ref: 5
1945*John Barbata musician: drums: groups: The Turtles: Happy Together; Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; Jefferson Starship: LP: Dragonfly, Red Octopus, Spitfire, Earth; Miracles, We Built This City, Sara, Tomorrow Doesn’t Matter Tonight, Nothing’s Gonna Stop Us Now, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Heather Young, Bremerton WA, actress (Betty-Land of Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1946*John Barbata drummer (Turtles-Happy Together, Eleanor), is born.Ref: 5
1946*William F Fisher Dallas Texas, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Arthur Conley US soul singer (Sweet Soul Music), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Ronnie "Plonk" Lane, London England, rock bassist (Small Faces-Hey Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Norm Van Lier basketball: Cincinnati Royals, Chicago Bulls, is born.Ref: 4
1947*David Eisenhower grandson of Pres Dwight, married Julie Nixon, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Willie (Guillermo Naranjo) Montanez baseball:California Angels, Philadelphia Phillies, SF Giants, Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1977], NY Mets, Texas Rangers, Montreal Expos, SD Padres, Pittsburgh Pirates, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Doug Sutherland football: Minnesota Vikings defensive tackle: Super Bowl VIII, IX, XIRef: 4
1948*Jimmy Cliff Reggae singer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Simon Crowe rock drummer (Boomtown Rats-Maxinguaye), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Y Y Williams Welsh rugby player, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Gill Scott-Heron US, writer/poet/singer (Whities on the Moon), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Billy Currie musician: synthesizer, keyboards, violin: group: Ultravox: Vienna, All Stood Still, The Thin Wall, The Voice, is born.Ref: 4
1950 Ed[uardus] Nijpels Dutch minister of Environment (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Leonard van Spirit Dutch/British fruit/food magnate, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Billy Currie rock keyboardist/violinist (Ultravox-We Came to Dance), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Rey Robinson US, 100m sprinter (Olympic-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Annette O’Toole (Toole) actress: Imaginary Crimes, Love Matters, White Lie, Broken Vows, Superman III, 48 Hrs., Cat People, Smile, is born in Houston TX.Ref: 4
1952*Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Barry Sonnenfeld director (When Harry Met Sally, Big, Misery), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Jeff Porcaro Los Angeles CA, drummer/percussionist (Toto-Roxanne, Africa), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Danny Joe Pohl Mount Pleasant MI, PGA golfer (1986 Colonial), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Stan Ridway rocker (Wall Of Voodoo), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Libby Riddles dogsled racer: first woman to win Iditarod [1985], is born.Ref: 4
1957*Donald William Hammond Frederick MD, PGA golfer (1986 Bob Hope), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Peter Deutsch (Representative-Democrat-FL), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Anton Innauer Austria, 70m ski jumper (Olympic-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mark White musician: guitar: group: ABC: Tears are Not Enough, Poison Arrow, Be Near Me, When Smokey Sings, King Without a Crown, is born.Ref: 4
1961*Jennifer Runyon actress (Cindy-A Very Brady Christmas, Gwendolyn-Charles in Charge), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Jim Jeffcoat NFL defensive end (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Phillip Schofield, TV personality/designer (Nightfire), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Rich Amaral Visalia CA, outfielder (Seattle Mariners), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Kevin Duckworth NBA center (Milwaukee Bucks), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Scott Stevens Kitchener, NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils, Team Canada), is born.Ref: 5
1965*John "Jumbo" Elliot NFL tackle (New York Giants, New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Mark Jackson NBA guard (Indiana Pacers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Peter O'Toole Irish pop bassist (Hothouse Flowers-People, Home, Don't Go), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Dave Vankoughnett CFL corner (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Odie Harris NFL safety/defensive back (Houston Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Joel Smeenge NFL defensive end (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Traci Lin-Tavi NYC, actress (Ryan's Hope, F/X, Fright Night 2)Ref: 5
1969*Andrew Vlahov Australian basketball forward (Olympics-1988, 92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Arnaud Boetsch Meulam France, tennis star (1985 European Junior), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Frank Castillo El Paso TX, pitcher (Chicago Cubs), is born.Ref: 5
1969*John Forest soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Kevin Dean Madison, NHL defenseman (New Jersey Devils), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Mark Wheeler NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Wes Barnett St Joseph MO, 238lb (108kg) weightlifter (Olympics-6th-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Wyatt Jones Honolulu HI, kayak (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Daniel Vacek Prague Czechoslovakia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ernest Jones NFL defensive end (Saints, Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jessica Collins [Capogna] actress (Dinah Lee Mayberry-Loving), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kenny Gales NFL/WLAF cornerback (Chicago Bears, Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Mike McCoy WLAF quarterback (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ferdy Vierklau soccer player (FC Utrecht), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Kristine Quance 100 meter breaststroke/200 meter medley (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Magdalena Maleeva Sofia Bulgaria, tennis star (1995 Chicago Moscow), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Clarence Seedorf Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Ajax, Real Madrid), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Bryan Buffinton Ridgewood NJ, actor (Bill Lewis Jr-Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1982*Sam Huntington actor (Jungle 2 Jungle), is born.Ref: 5
1204*Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1205*Amalrik II King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies.Ref: 5
1548*Sigismund I the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1611*Gillis van Valkenborch Flemish painter, buried at about 72.Ref: 5
1693*Colonial clergyman Cotton Mather's first-born son died at the age of four days. Mather suspected witchcraft as the cause, and had previously published "Wonders of the Invisible World," affirming his belief in spectral phenomena.Ref: 5
1693*Colonial clergyman Cotton Mather's first-born son died at the age of four days. Mather suspected witchcraft as the cause, and had previously published "Wonders of the Invisible World," affirming his belief in spectral phenomena.Ref: 5
1734*Louis Lully composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1793*Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000.Ref: 5
1799*Narciso Casanovas composer, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1807*Louis François Chambray composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1807*Miklós Révai Hungarian linguistic/poet, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1807*Vaclav Josef Bartolomej Praupner composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1814*Jozef de Ferraris French/Austrian General/cartographer, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1830*Carl Borromaus Neuner composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1832*Robert the Hermit US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies.Ref: 5
1866*Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne composer, dies at 98.Ref: 5
1866*Johannes C H de Meijere Dutch zoologist, dies.Ref: 5
1869*Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard Minister of Reformed Worship, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1870*Patrick Gass Sergeant of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98.Ref: 5
1873*British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die.Ref: 5
1878*Eugene Gautier composer, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1901*François M Raoult Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1910*Andreas Aschenbach German painter/engraver, dies at 94.Ref: 5
1914*Rude Waddell, who once struck out a record 349 batters in one season, dies of tuberculosis at age 37.Ref: 1
1915*Johann Joseph Abert composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1916*Gabrielle Petit Belgian resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1916*Sjoerd van der Schaaf Frisian journalist/writer (Abbingawâld), dies.Ref: 5
1917*Scott Joplin, King of ragtime music, composer, musician: guitar, piano, bugle: Original Rags, Maple Leaf Rag, The Ragtime Dance, The Entertainer, operas: The Guest of Honor, Treemonisha; dies at age 48.Ref: 4
1918*Killer flu outbreak in America; 1.5 million Americans to die; 20 million around world in pandemic.Ref: 10
1918*Karl Fritjof Valentin composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1922*Charles I emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies.Ref: 5
1925*Francis William Davenport composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1930*Zawditu first reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies.Ref: 5
1930*Cosima Liszt wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1931*Earthquake devastates Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000.Ref: 5
1933*Frederick Lord Chelmsford viceroy of British-India (1916-21), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1934*Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers.Ref: 5
1936*Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1941*Hippolyte Delehaye Flemish historian, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1946*Noah Beery, Smithville AR, actor (Story of Esther, Mark of Zorro), dies at age 62.Ref: 68
1946*Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo Hawaii, resulting in more than 170 deaths. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 5
1947*George II, Greek king (1922-4; 1935-47), dies at age 56.Ref: 70
1950*Charles R Drew surgeon/developer of blood bank concept, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1951*Clement D'Hooghe composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1952*Ferenc Molnár, Hungarian playwright (The Play's The Thing, A Pal Utrai Fiuk), dies in New York City at age 76.Ref: 68
1954*Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed.Ref: 5
1955*Robert McCormick, American newspaper editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1955*Silvio d'Amico Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1956*Death of William R. Newell, 88, American Congregational pastor and Bible teacher. He is remembered today as author of the hymn, "At Calvary" ("Years I Spent in Vanity and Pride").Ref: 5
1956 Violent clashes in Algeria, at least 380 killed.Ref: 5
1957*Gheorge Tatarescu premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies.Ref: 5
1960*Piet[er O] Bakker Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1964*Bozidar Kunc composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1965*Henry D G Crerar Canadian General (WWI, Normandy), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1966*Karl B Adam German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89.Ref: 5
1968*Lev D Landau Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1969*Helena Rubinstein US cosmetic manufacturer, dies at about 89.Ref: 5
1971*Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, British crystallographer, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1974*Alfred Ernest Whitehead composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1975*Eugeen Yoors Flemish draftsman/glass painter, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1976*Max Ernst, the German painter and sculptor influential in the Surrealist movement, dies.Ref: 70
1976*Freddie Lennon father of John Lennon (Beatles), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1976*Miroslav Ponc composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1976 S Constantine Timoshenko Russian marshal, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1979 Marinus Peijnenburg Dutch politician, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1981*D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1984*Marvin Gaye shot to death by his father Marvin Gaye Sr in Los Angeles CA at age 44.Ref: 5
1986*Erik Bruhn ballet dancer, choreographer; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Jim Jordan (James Edward Jordan) actor: radio’s Fibber McGee and Molly; dies at age 91 in a fall.Ref: 4
1988*Marius W Holtrop economist/president (Netherlands Bank), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1989 Henk Gortzak Dutch MP (CPN/PSP), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1990*Ryan Wayne White born with hemophilia, later to contract Aids from blood-clotting products, dies.Ref: 24
1991*Martha Graham modern dancer: Denishawn dance school and performing troupe, Graham company, established school of modern dance at Bennington College; choreographer: Cave of the Heart, Appalachian Spring; “The center of the stage is where I am.”; dies.Ref: 4
1991*Richard Thorpe director (MGM), dies at 95.Ref: 5
1991*Paulo Muwanga chief of Uganda (1980), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Juanito soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crashRef: 5
1993*Alan Kulwicki stock car racer, dies in plane crash at 38.Ref: 5
1993 Ihsan Mohamed Salem [Yunis Awad] Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed.Ref: 5
1993*Juan of Borbon y Battemberg father of king Juan Carlos I, dies.Ref: 5
1993*Wayne Mack sportscaster/actor (Storyville), dies of cancer at 68.Ref: 5
1994*Ray Geiger editor: The Farmer’s Almanac [1934-1993]; the longest-held position of any almanac editor in America; dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1994*Leon Degrelle Belgium General, dies.Ref: 5
1994*Robert Doisneau French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1994*Rosalind Laura Burke aviatrix, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1994*Stuart Sloan war hero/test pilot, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1995*Cheryl Waltz author/film producer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1995*Francisco Moncion dancer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1995*Johnny Nicholss footballer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1995 Lucie Rie potter, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1995 Richard Pool, naval officer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1995*Sampson DeBrier actor (Inauguration of Pleasure Dome), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1996*Opening Day is postponed and a sellout crowd is stunned when, just seven pitches into the season, plate umpire John McSherry collapses and dies on the playing field.Ref: 86
1996*Alfredo Nobre Coast PM of Portugal (1978), dies.Ref: 5
1996*Edwin H "Buddy" Morris music publisher, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1996*John Alwyne Kitching zoologist, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1996*Mario Viegas actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1996*Baseball umpire John McSherry died after collapsing during a game between the Cincinnati Reds and Montreal Expos.Ref: 70
1997*Jolie Gabor mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97.Ref: 5
1997*Nancy Woodhull news editor (USA Today), dies of cancer at 52Ref: 5
1998*Gene Evans actor: My Friend Flicka, Walking Tall, Support Your Local Sheriff, Operation Petticoat, The Concrete Cowboys; dies.Ref: 4
2002*A 5.9 earthquake kills 36 in Eastern New Guinea.Ref: 85

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen