Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 4th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
527*In Constantinople, Justin, seriously ill, crowns his nephew Justinian as his co-emperor.Ref: 2
978*The coronation of Athelred II (of England) by Dunstan at Bath Abbey.Ref: 16
1081*Alexius I Comnenus occupies Byzantine throne.Ref: 5
1406*James I, King of Scots, acsedes to throne of Scotland although he is prisoner of the English.Ref: 17
1460*University of Basle in Swizerland forms.Ref: 5
1507*(Protestant Reformation) Future German reformer Martin Luther, at age 21, was ordained a priest in the Roman Catholic church.Ref: 5
1541*Spanish ecclesiastic reformer and mystic Ignatius Loyola, 50, was elected the first General of the Jesuit Order, which he had helped establish the previous year.Ref: 5
1552 Mauritius van Saksen begins alliance with Karel Anikita Stroganov.Ref: 5
1558*Czar Ivan IV gives parts of North-Russia to fur traders.Ref: 5
1588*Christian IV succeeds Frederik II as king of Denmark.Ref: 5
1625 Viceroy Frederik Henry marries Amalia countess von Solms-Braunfels.Ref: 5
1660*English King Charles II ends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion).Ref: 5
1687*James II issued a Declaration of Indulgence allowing full liberty of worship in England. The document allowed peaceable meetings of nonconformists and forgave all penalties for ecclesiastical offenses.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Jonathan Walcott and Nathaniel Ingersoll file complaints against Sarah Cloyce.Ref: 21
1737 Anthony van Heim installed as Dutch pension advisor.Ref: 5
1818*Congress decides the U.S. flag would consist of 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars, with a new star to be added for every new state.Ref: 70
1841*John Tyler is first vice-president to become President automatically on death of Harrison.Ref: 10
1850*The city of Los Angeles is incorporated.Ref: 5
1859*Dan Sickles goes on trial for the murder of Barton Key. His attorney is the flamboyant James Brady. (Ref: "Great American Trials", ISBN 0-8103-9134-1, 1994) 
1870*Golden Gate Park established by City Order #800.Ref: 5
1877*First telephone is placed in a private home in Boston.Ref: 10
1884 Bolivia cedes her coast to Chili.Ref: 17
1887*First Colonial conference opens in London.Ref: 10
1887*Susanna M. Salter became the first woman mayor in the U.S. She was duly elected by the people of Argonia, KS. Ms. Salter won by a two-thirds majority but didn’t even know she was in the running ’til she went into the voting booth. It seems that her name was submitted by the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. Susanna M. Salter received $1 for her year as mayor.Ref: 4
1892 An anarchist plot to blow up the royal palace and the Chamber of Deputies is discovered in Spain.Ref: 17
1896*Announcement of Gold in the Yukon.Ref: 5
1900*Assassination attempt on prince of Wales/king Edward VII.Ref: 5
1902*British financier Cecil Rhodes left $10 million in his will to provide scholarships for Americans at Oxford University in England.Ref: 70
1906*Mount Vesuvius, Italy erupts.Ref: 81
1911*The Masai sign a treaty with Great Britain giving up their lands in Laikipia, East Africa, to European Colonization.Ref: 17
1912 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet.Ref: 5
1912*Lena gold field massacre (from which Lenin took his pseudonym)Ref: 89
1917 The Union of Polish Falcons Societies votes to form the "Army of Kosciuszko" to fight with the US for liberty and independence of Poland.Ref: 17
1920*Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1922*WAAB (Baton Rouge La) becomes 1st US radio station with "W" calls.Ref: 5
1926*Greek dictator Theodorus Pangalos elected president.Ref: 5
1927*The western boundary of the Eastern Time Zone is adjusted westward on a diagonal from Toledo to Cincinnati to accommodate all Ohio ports and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.Ref: 56
1928*Mussolini's ten commandments are promulgated to govern activities of Fascists abroad.Ref: 17
1939*Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq.Ref: 5
1943*Newly built gas chamber/crematory V opens at Auschwitz.Ref: 35
1947*UN's International Civil Aviation Organization established.Ref: 5
1949 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed. also RefRef: 17
1949 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement.Ref: 5
1950 Dirk Stikker becomes chairman of OES.Ref: 5
1951 Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Juan & Eva Perón in Buenos Aires Argentina.Ref: 5
1953*The first Phi Beta Kappa chapter at a black college is organized at Fisk University.Ref: 17
1958*First march against nuclear weapons (Aldermaston England).Ref: 5
1959 The Federation of Mali, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960).Ref: 5
1960*Senegal declares independence from France.Ref: 5
1963*Tandy Corp. acquires Radio Shack (9 stores)Ref: 62
1966*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1967*Dutch De Young government forms.Ref: 5
1967 Marines chase "Nozems" out of Amsterdam Central Station.Ref: 5
1972 First electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating.Ref: 5
1973*One World Trade Center ribbon cutting ceremony.Ref: 4
1975 Prime Minister Ian Smith of Rhodesia releases the Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole, Zimbabwe African National Union leader accused of plotting the murder of black leaders in Rhodesia.Ref: 17
1975 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes.Ref: 5
1976 Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand.Ref: 5
1979*Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago Ill.Ref: 5
1980*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1981*Henry Cisneros became the first Mexican-American elected mayor of a major U.S. city San Antonio, Texas.Ref: 70
1985*A coup in Sudan ousts President Nimeiry and replaces him with General Dahab.Ref: 2
1987*Dow Jones up 69.89 points, ending at record 2,390.34 pts.Ref: 5
1988*Arizona governor Evan Meacham is convicted and removed from office. (TWA, 1989)Ref: 95
1990*Security law violator Ivan Boesky is released from federal custody.Ref: 5
1992 Jury deliberations begin in the Noriega case.Ref: 5
1992*Sali Berisha becomes president/Alexander Meksi premier of Albania.Ref: 5
1994*Netscape Communications founded as Mosaic Communications.Ref: 5
1995*(OJ Simpson) Sen. Alfonse D'Amato, R-N.Y., used a mock Japanese accent to ridicule O.J. Simpson trial judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio program. D'Amato apologized two days later on the Senate floor.Ref: 70
1996*The former general manager of Daiwa Bank's New York branch pleaded guilty to aiding a $1.1 billion cover-up.Ref: 64
1996*President Clinton signs legislation severing the link between crop prices and government subsidies.Ref: 64
2000*In a volatile day on the U.S. stock market, the Nasdaq composite index and the Dow Jones industrial average each plunged more than 500 points before reversing course as buyers flooded back into the market.Ref: 64
1581*Francis Drake completes circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Queen Elizabeth I.Ref: 17
1828*Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam).Ref: 5
1932*Professor C.G. King of the University of Pittsburgh isolated vitamin C after five years of research.Ref: 4
1947*Largest group of sunspots on record.Ref: 5
1960*Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center.Ref: 5
1968*Apollo 6 is launched atop Saturn V; unmanned.Ref: 5
1969*Dr Denton Cooley implants 1st temporary artificial heart. The patient, Denton A Cooley, lives only 38 hours, dying of pneumonia and kidney failure.Ref: 5
1979*Microsoft 8080 BASIC is the first microprocessor product to win the ICP Million Dollar Award. Traditionally dominated by software for mainframe computers, this recognition is indicative of the growth and acceptance of the PC industry. 
1983*The space shuttle "Challenger" roared into orbit on its maiden voyage.Ref: 5
1997*DMSP Titan 2 launched.Ref: 5
1997*STS 83 (Columbia 22), launches.Ref: 5
1655*Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis English fleet beats Barbarian pirates.Ref: 5
1716 Russian & Prussian troops occupy Wismar.Ref: 5
1862*The Battle of Yorktown begins as Union gen. George B. McClellan closes in on Richmond VA. (Peninsular Campaign)Ref: 2
1864*Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas.Ref: 5
1865*President Lincoln tours Richmond where he enters the Confederate White House. With "a serious, dreamy expression," he sits at the desk of Jefferson Davis for a few moments. 
1865*Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse.Ref: 5
1900*British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer General De Wet.Ref: 5
1916*American naval and military attaches in Paris and London draft plan for mobilizing US shipping to carry an American army to Europe, but their plan is ignored (this plan did not survive, but is referred to in a memorandum of 14 November 1916, Record of the Joint Army and Navy Board) 
1916*US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WWI.Ref: 5
1917*The Senate votes 82-6 in favor of war against Germany. (USA Today, p 5A, 10/08/2002)Ref: 13
1918*(and 5th) Australians halt German advance at Villers Bretonneux.Ref: 38
1918*The Battle of the Somme ends.Ref: 2
1918*Food riot in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1941*Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captures the British held town of Benghazi in North Africa.Ref: 2
1941*The Canadian federal cabinet introduces Order In Council PC 2385, The Merchant Seamen Order, giving authorities power to detain disobedient seamen from ships of any registry in Canadian ports. 
1942*Leonard Birchall radios a warning that the Japanese fleet is closing in on Ceylon. The warning helps Allied forces prepare for the coming attack. Birchall's plane is shot down, killing three of his crew. 
1942*A Japanese naval task force enters the Bay of Bengal and attacks Ceylon.Ref: 17
1944*British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia.Ref: 5
1944*De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists.Ref: 5
1945*During World War II, U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany.Ref: 35
1945*Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (Liberation Day).Ref: 5
1945*US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld.Ref: 5
1955*British government signs military treaty with Iraq.Ref: 5
1978 Cuban troops lead an Angolan attack on the pro-western National Union for the Total Independence of Angola.Ref: 17
2003*A Cobra helicopter crashes during combat operations near Ali Aziziyal, southwest of Baghdad, killing two marines. (WSJ, p A4, 7/23/2003)Ref: 33
1911*Hugh Chalmers, automaker, suggests idea of baseball MVP.Ref: 5
1921*Stanley Cup Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2.Ref: 5
1929 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held.Ref: 5
1937*4th Golf Masters Championship Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283.Ref: 5
1938*5th Golf Masters Championship Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285.Ref: 5
1944*Because he refused to pay his own expenses for road trips, Rogers Hornsby quit as the manager of the Vera Cruz, Mexico baseball club.Ref: 4
1948*Phillie manager Connie Mack, who is 84-years-old, challenges Clark Griffith, the 78-year-old owner of the Senators, to a foot race from home plate to first base. The contest ends in a photo finish tie.Ref: 1
1954*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton GA Golf Open.Ref: 5
1965*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Baton Rouge Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1970 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Don Johnson.Ref: 5
1971*Veterans stadium in Philadelphia, PA was dedicated this day. It was the largest baseball park in the National League. A total of 56,371 fans could come out to see the Phillies play baseball or the Eagles play football. The stadium has been nicknamed the Vet. Seating has increased, with more than 63,000 fans looking on these days in the City of Brotherly Love.Ref: 4
1974*In front a crowd of 52,000 at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati, Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth¹s all-time HR record in his first at-bat hitting his 714th against Jack Billingham; Atlanta had considered keeping Aaron on the bench on the road so he could try to tie the record in front of the hometown fans but commissioner Bowie Kuhn ordered the Braves to put Hammerin¹ Hank into the lineup for at least two of the three games.Ref: 1
1976*5th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Judy Rankin.Ref: 5
1982*11th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sally Little.Ref: 5
1983*A MLB game at an indoor stadium is postponed due to weather for the second time when the roof of the Metrodome, in Minneapolis, collapses under the weight of heavy snow forcing the postponement of a game between the Twins and Angels.Ref: 86
1983*45th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship North Carolina State beats Houston 54-52.Ref: 5
1985*Tulane University cancels its basketball season amidst scandal.Ref: 5
1986*Wayne Gretsky sets NHL record with 213th point of season.Ref: 5
1988*Blue Jay designated hitter George Bell becomes the first player to hit three home runs on Opening Day helping Toronto defeat the Royals 5-3; all of the homers are off Bret Saberhagen.Ref: 1
1988*In a 10-6 victory over the Expos, Kevin McReynolds and Darryl Strawberry hit two HRs apiece helping the Mets to establish an Opening Day record with six homers; the 'Strawman's' second shot is estimated at 525 feet and is believed to be the longest dinger ever hit at Olympic Stadium.Ref: 4
1988*Eddie Hill becomes first to drag race a ¼ mile in under 5 seconds.Ref: 5
1988*Largest crowd (55,438) at a season game at Riverfront (Cincinnati Reds vs St Louis Cardinals).Ref: 5
1988*50th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship Kansas upsets Oklahoma 83-79.Ref: 5
1989*On Opening Day, Tommy John ties record by playing in 26 seasons. The Yankee veteran hurler beats the Twins, 4-2 for his 287th win putting him 19th overall in career wins.Ref: 1
1989*Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's last NBA game in Seattle.Ref: 5
1992*Game 1 of Mayor Challenge New York Yankees beat New York Mets 6-4 at Yankee Stadium.Ref: 5
1993*At Camden Yards, William Jefferson Clinton becomes the first U.S. president to throw the first pitch of the season from the pitcher's mound.Ref: 1
1993*12th NCAA Women's Basketball Champion Texas Tech beats Ohio State 84-82.Ref: 5
1993*The 5th Seniors Golf Tradition is won by Tom Shaw.Ref: 5
1993*Trish Johnson wins Las Vegas LPGA at Canyon Gate Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1993 Wrestlemania IX at Caesar's Palace Las Vegas, Hulk Hogan pins Yokozuna.Ref: 5
1994*President Clinton throws out the first ball and 'El Presidente' Dennis Martinez throws the first pitch as the Indians defeat the Mariners, 4-3 In 11 innings in the first game ever played at Jacobs Field. With Bob Feller, the author of the only Opening Day no-hitter game in major league history in attendance, Mariner southpaw Randy Johnson holds the tribe hitless for the first seven innings.Ref: 1
1994*On Opening Day at Wrigley Field, Cub rookie Tuffy Rhodes becomes first player to homer in his first three at-bats starting the season. The three solo round-trippers are off Doc Gooden, the winning pitcher in the Mets 12-8 victory.Ref: 1
1994*A total of 56,706 fans attend Opening Day making it the largest crowd ever at new Yankee Stadium.Ref: 1
1994*Playing his 2,403rd game at first base, Indian infielder Eddie Murray becomes baseball's all-time leader in games played at that position.Ref: 1
1994*In 11 innings, the Indians defeat the Mariners, 4-3 in the first game ever played at Jacobs Field.Ref: 1
1994*56th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion Arkansas Razorbacks beats Duke 76-72.Ref: 5
1994*Los Angeles Dodger Darryl Strawberry begins substance abuse treatment.Ref: 5
1995*On Opening Day at Wrigley Field, Cub rookie Tuffy Rhodes becomes first player to homer in his first three at-bats starting the season; the three solo round-trippers are off Doc Gooden, the winning pitcher in the Mets 12-8 victory.Ref: 1
1997*Anaheim Ducks clinch their first-ever playoff berth.Ref: 5
1997*Braves officially open Turner Field against Cubs.Ref: 5
1998*Mark McGwire begins what will be a historic season homering in the fourth consecutive game to tie Willie Mays' NL record for most homers to start a season; Big Mac¹s three-run blast in the sixth inning helps the Cardinals beat the Padres, 8-6.Ref: 1
1998*The Arizona Diamondbacks celebrate their first victory, a 3-2 win over the San Francisco Giants.Ref: 86
1998*NFL Europe (Formerly WLAF), kicks off seasonRef: 5
1999*Opening Day starts in Mexico, making it the first time baseball's first pitch comes outside the U.S. or Canada as the Rockies defeat the NL¹s defending champs Padres.Ref: 1
2001*Throwing the earliest no-hitter in major league history, Hideo Nomo blanks the Orioles, 3-0 at Camden Yards in his first start in a Red Sox uniform. Second baseman Mike Lansing makes an outstanding play with one out in the ninth to preserve the Japanese-born hurler's second career no-hitter.Ref: 1
2001*The Cleveland Indian sellout streak that began on June 12, 1995 ended on April 4. The 455 sellouts is a Major League record.Ref: 86
2003*At Cincinnati's new Great American Ball Park, Sammy Sosa becomes the first Latin American player and 18th overall to hit 500 career home runs. The milestone is reached in the seventh inning as 'Slammin' Sammy' drives a Scott Sullivan 1-2 pitch into the right-field seats.Ref: 1
2003*The Coneheads stage a reunion at Shea Stadium as David Cone returns to the mound after taking a year off and hurls an impressive 5 innings of shutout ball in the Mets, 4-0, victory over the Expos. In memory of one of the founders of this unique idea which started in 1988, the group hangs a banner featuring a picture of Scott Saber, who was killed during the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center, smiling in his Conehead.Ref: 1
1859*Daniel Emmett introduces "I Wish I was in Dixie’s Land" (later named "Dixie") in New York City. Just two years later, the song became the Civil War song of the Confederacy.Ref: 4
1859*The opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris).Ref: 5
1891 Distinguished American actor Edwin Booth (brother of John Wilkes Booth) made his final stage appearance in a production of Hamlet at the Brooklyn Academy of Music.Ref: 4
1914 The first known serialized moving picture opened in New York City. "The Perils of Pauline" starred Pearl White.Ref: 4
1929 "New Moon" musical opens in London.Ref: 5
1932*George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1938*After seven years of singing on the radio, Kate Smith began a new noontime talk show.Ref: 4
1939*Glenn Miller recorded his theme song, Moonlight Serenade, for Bluebird Records. Previously, the Miller theme had been Gone with the Dawn and, before then, Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep.Ref: 4
1940*R Rodgers/Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1949*WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati OH (ABC) begins broadcasting.Ref: 5
1954*Maestro Arturo Toscanini conducted his last concert with the NBC Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall in New York City. Toscanini ended a 17-year association with the orchestra.Ref: 4
1956 Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1957*Heitor Villa-Lobos' 10th Symphony, premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1958 Eugène Ionesco's "Tueur sans Gages" premieres in Darmstadt.Ref: 5
1960*32nd Academy Awards "Ben-Hur", Charlton Heston & Simone Signoret win.Ref: 5
1964*Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks.Ref: 5
1964*The Beatles set an all-time record on the Top 100 chart of Billboard magazine this day. All five of the top songs were by the British rock group. In addition, The Beatles also had the number one album as Meet the Beatles continued to lead all others. The LP was the top album from February 15 through May 2, when it was replaced by The Beatles Second Album. It was estimated at the time that The Beatles accounted for 60 percent of the entire singles record business during the first three months of 1964. The top five singles by The Beatles this day were: 1) Can’t Buy Me Love, 2) Twist and Shout, 3) She Loves You, 4) I Want to Hold Your Hand, 5) Please Please Me. “What song was number six?” you ask. Suspicion by Terry Stafford. Hey, we don’t leave anything out.Ref: 4
1964*"Anyone Can Whistle" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 9 performances.Ref: 5
1967*Johnny Carson quit The Tonight Show. He returned three weeks later with an additional $30,000 a week! Hi yo!Ref: 4
1968 Stanley Kubrick's epic film "2001: A Space Odyssey" premiered. The N.Y. Times review said it was : " Somewhere between hypnotic and boring".Ref: 73
1968*"Education of Hyman Kaplan" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 28 performances.Ref: 5
1968*Bobby Goldsboro received a gold record for the single, Honey. The poignantly sad song charted for 13 weeks -- spending five weeks at number one. Goldsboro produced a total of 11 hits on the pop charts in the 1960s and 1970s. Honey was his only million seller and only number one hit.Ref: 4
1969*NBC Television cancels Star Trek after 79 episodes.Ref: 10
1969*CBS Television cancels Smothers Brothers, probably for anti Vietnam War parodies.Ref: 10
1971*"Follies" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 524 performances.Ref: 5
1972*Charlie Chaplin, 82, walks on American soil after 20 years of exile to receive honorary Oscar.Ref: 10
1984*Fiction: Winston Smith in Orwell's "1984" begins his secret diary.Ref: 5
1984*Bob Bell retired as Bozo the Clown on WGN-TV in Chicago, IL. Bell was an institution in the Windy City since making his first appearance in 1960. Pinto Colvig was the original Bozo.Ref: 4
1984 Michael Frayn's "Benefactors" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1988*Last broadcast of "Crossroads" on British TV.Ref: 5
1990*Gloria Estefan released from the hospital after her accident.Ref: 5
1990*"The Marshall Chronicles" premiers on ABC-TV.Ref: 5
1991*"Lucifer's Child" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 28 performances.Ref: 5
1992*John Tesh (Entertainment Tonight) marries actress Connie Selleca.Ref: 5
1994*Tony Curtis undergoes heart-bypass surgery.Ref: 5
1996*"Inherit the Wind" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 45 performances.Ref: 5
188*Caracalla [Marcus Aureiius Antoniius] Roman emperor (211-17), is born.Ref: 5
1527*Abraham Ortelius [Ortels/Hortels] South Netherlands geographer, is born.Ref: 5
1646 Antoine Galland French oriëntalist/interpreter, is born.Ref: 5
1648*Grinling Gibbons, English wood carver and decorator of St. Paul's Cathedral, is born.Ref: 70
1696*Giovanni Battista Tiepoldo painter, is born.Ref: 5
1716*John Evangelist Schreiber composer, is born.Ref: 5
1731*Francisco Morera composer, is born.Ref: 5
1740*Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1748*William White, American religious leader; first presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, is born.Ref: 70
1752*Nicolo Antonio Zingarelli composer (Andromeda), is born.Ref: 5
1755*Vincenc Masek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1758*John Hoppner portrait painter, is born.Ref: 5
1762*Stephen Storace composer, is born.Ref: 5
1780*Edward Hicks, Quaker preacher and painter (The Peaceable Kingdom), is born.Ref: 2
1785*Bettina von Arnim German writer (This Book Belongs to the King), is born.Ref: 5
1786*John Franklin British explorer (Arctic), is born.Ref: 5
1792*Thaddeus Stevens US Radical Republican congressional leader (Representative-R), is born.Ref: 5
1793*Jean Francois Casimir DeLavigne, French poet/dramatist, is born.Ref: 17
1802*Dorothea Dix, American social reformer who aroused interest in treatment of mental inmates, is born.Ref: 5
1804*Joseph Fischhof composer, is born.Ref: 5
1809*Bemjamin Pierce, US mathemetician, astronomer, founding member of the Smithsonian Institution, is born.Ref: 17
1814*John Blair Smith Todd Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872, is born.Ref: 5
1817*John Wilson Sprague Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1893, is born.Ref: 5
1819*Maria II (da Gloria), Queen of Portugal, 1834-53, is born.Ref: 17
1820*Charles Devens Jr Major General, Brevet (Union volunteers), died in 1891, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Linus Yale, developer of the cylinder lock, is born.Ref: 68
1823*Karl Wilhelm Siemens, inventor (laid undersea cables), is born.Ref: 5
1823*Robert Byington Mitchell Brigadier General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1826*Zenobe Theophile Gramme, inventor (electric motor), is born.Ref: 5
1828*Margaret Oliphant Scotland, novelist/biographer (Beleaguered City), is born.Ref: 5
1831*Edward Cary Walthall Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898, is born.Ref: 5
1832*Jose Echegaray y Elizaguirre playwright/scientist (Teatro Escogido), is born.Ref: 5
1836*Jerome Hopkins composer, is born.Ref: 5
1843*Hans Richter Györ (Raab/Gyoer) Hungary, conductor (Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1853*Thomas "Tad" Lincoln, fourth child of Mary and Abraham Lincoln, is born in the family home in Springfield, Illinois. He is named after Lincoln's father, but he is called "Tad", short for tadpole. (Ref) 
1858*Rémy de Gourmont French critic/writer (Physique de L'amour), is born.Ref: 5
1866*George P Baker US playwright (47 Workshop), is born.Ref: 5
1870*George A Smith Salt Lake City Utah, 8th pres of Mormon church, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Nikolai Amani composer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Pauline de Haan-Manifarges Dutch singer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Pierre Monteux Paris France, conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra 1919-24), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Jozef Szulc composer, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Samuel S Hinds Brooklyn NY, actor (The Bribe, The Egg and I, The Great Alaskan Mystery), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Maurice de Vlaminck Paris France, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Gabriel Groulez composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Charles Funk, Ohio, of Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia fame, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Mary Howe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Isoroku Yamamoto Admiral/supreme commander of Japanese fleet, is born.Ref: 5
1888*Baseball Hall of Famer Tris Speaker, hit more doubles than Pete Rose, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Cyril Smith, Peterhead Scotland, actor (Adv of Sir Lancelot), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Esther Howard Montana, actress (Born to Kill, Murder My Sweet, A Fool's Advice), is born.Ref: 5
1895*Arthur Murray NYC, dancer (Arthur Murray Dance Party), is born in New York City.Ref: 68
1896*Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] French poet (Approximate Man), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Idiot's Delight), is born.Ref: 70
1897*Pierre Fresnay Paris France, actor (Grand Illusion), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Duke Ellington bandleader (Take the A Train), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Carmel Myers San Francisco CA, actress (Carmel Myers Show), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Louise L de Vilmorin French poetess/author (Lutin Sauvage), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Eugene Bozza composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Bea Benaderet, New York NY, actress (Kate-Petticoat Junction), is born.Ref: 5
1906*John Cameron Swayze Wichita KS, newscaster (Timex, Hindenberg), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Nathan M Pusey, educator (1963 Natl Assoc for Social Sciences Medal), is born in Council Bluffs IA.Ref: 5
1908*Antony Tudor, English-born American dancer, teacher and choreographer, is born.Ref: 70
1908*Ernestine Gilbreth Carey author (Cheaper by the Dozen), is born.Ref: 5
1910*[Marcelle] Georgette Hagedoorn actress/chansonnière, is born.Ref: 5
1910 Agnes Patrick campaigner, is born.Ref: 5
1913*Frances Langford (Frances Newbern), Lakeland Fla, singer (Armed Forces Hour, Star Time), is born.Ref: 68
1913*Jules Leger, Governor-General of Canada, 1974-79, is born.Ref: 17
1913*Jerome Weidman US writer (Tenderloin), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Rosemary Lane Indianola IA, actress (4 Mothers, Harvest Melody), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Marguerite Duras France, novelist/playwright (The Sea Wall), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Sir John Beith, British diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Richard Coogan Short Hills NJ, actor (Captain Video), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Gustave Camus Belgian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Muddy Waters [McKinley Morganfield], guitarist (Hoochie Coochie Man), is born.Ref: 68
1915*Jan Drda Czechoslovakia, writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Lars G Ahlin Swedish writer (Death of Me), is born.Ref: 5
1916*David White actor (Larry Tate-Bewitched), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Herbert Eugene Caen columnist, is born.Ref: 5
1917 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist (barricade uprising), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Margaret Dupont tennis champion, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Earl Jellicoe chancellor (University of Southhampton), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Antony Tudor England, choreographer (Metropolitan Opera 1957), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Eric Rohmer Nancy France, director (Claire's Knee)/ actor (6 in Paris, Collector, Perceval), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Elizabeth Wilson actress: The Boys Next Door, Quiz Show, The Prisoner of Second Avenue, The Addams Family, The Graduate, Taken in Marriage, Doc, East Side/West Side, is born.Ref: 4
1921 Willem J "Wim" the Villiers South Africa minister of Administration, is born.Ref: 5
1922 William Manchester is born.Ref: 10
1922*Elmer Bernstein, Academy Award-winning composer of film scores: Thoroughly Modern Millie [1967]; Sudden Fear, The Man with the Golden Arm, Ten Commandments, Sweet Smell of Success, To Kill a Mocking Bird, Walk on the Wild Side, The Magnificent Seven, is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1923*Eric Rohmer Nancy Francy, director (Claire's Knee), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Manon H E Alving Dutch actress (Short American), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Peter Vaughan actor (Haunted Honeymoon, Die Die My Darling), is born.Ref: 5
1924 Christopher Prater screen printer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Eva Marie Saint Newark NJ, actress (Sandpiper, Loving, Exodus), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Gil (Gilbert Raymond) Hodges baseball: Brooklyn Dodgers [shares record for most home runs in one game [4] August 31, 1950/World Series: 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956/all-star: 1949, 1950-1955, 1957], LA Dodgers [World Series: 1959], NY Mets; is born.Ref: 4
1925*Elizabeth Wilson, Grand Rapids MI, actor (Doc, East Side/West Side), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Erna Spoorenberg Dutch singer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Cloris Leachman Des Moines IA, actress (Phyllis, High Anxiety), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Bob Stump (Representative-Republican-AZ, 1977- ), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Jimmy Logan British comedian, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Monty Norman composer/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Maya Marguerita Angelou, American actress, author, journalist, is born in St Louis MO.Ref: 17
1928*Bill Ryan Brooklyn NY, newscaster (Smithsonian), is born.Ref: 5
1929*William F Clinger Jr (Representative-Republican-PA, 1979- ), is born.Ref: 5
1930*David Sexton soccer manager, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Bobby Ray Inman, Deputy Director of the CIA, 1981-82, is born.Ref: 17
1931*Denis Frank Owen Natural historian, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Harold L Volkmer (Representative-Democrat-MO, 1977- ), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Anthony Perkins New York NY, actor (Psycho, Fear Strikes Out, Pretty Poison), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Andrei Tarkovski Russian director (Solaris, Stalker), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Richard G Lugar (Senator-Republican-IN, 1977- ), is born.Ref: 5
1933 Fritz Bolkestein Dutch CEO (Shell)/Minister of Defense (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Robin Phillips English multi-millionaire manufacturer (hand-dryer), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Seoirse Bodley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Dorothy Lousie Grenfell Williams broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Lord Ichayra secretary-general (British Banking Assn), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Trevor Griffiths playwright (Absolute Beginners), is born.Ref: 5
1935*François-Bernard Mache composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Margo J Sylvia rocker (Tune Weavers), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Ian St James novelist (Balfour Conspiracy, Vengeance, Money Stones), is born.Ref: 5
1937*J Hans van den Doel economist/Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1938*A Bartlett Giamatti Boston, pres of Yale/baseball commish (1989), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Norro Wilson singer, composer, producer: Surround Me with Love, Men [for Charly McClain]; sang duets with Margo Smith, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Michael Parks Corona Calif, actor (Then Came Bronson), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Peter Attenborough British headmaster (Charterhouse), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Ernie Terrell boxer: Heavyweight Champ [1965], is born.Ref: 4
1939*Hugh Masekela, Wilbank South Africa, trumpeter (I Am Not Afraid), is born.Ref: 5
1939*JoAnne Carner (Gunerson) golf champion: U.S. Open [1971, 1976], Du Maurier Classic [1975, 1978], is born in Kirkland WA.Ref: 4
1940*Bijan Iran, mens apparel designer (Beverly Hills, NYC, London), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Robby Mueller cinematographer (Breaking the Waves, Dead Man, Korczak), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Vladimir Timofeyevich Isakov Russia, cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Major Lance US boxer/dancer/singer (Hey Little Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Kitty Kelley author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jim (James Louis) Fregosi baseball: LA Angels [all-star: 1964], California Angels [all-star: 1966-1970], NY Mets, Texas Rangers, Pittsburgh Pirates, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Kris Jensen singer: Torture, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Mike (Michael Peter) Epstein ‘Superjew’: baseball: Baltimore Orioles, Washington Senators, Oakland Athletics [World Series: 1972], California Angels, Texas Rangers, is born.Ref: 4
1943 Ian Robertson British museum director (National Army Museum), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Faisal ibn Mussaed, deranged nephew and murderer of his uncle and king of Saudi-Arabia is born.Ref: 68
1944*David Melville professor/director (Middlesex Polytechnic), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Lawrence A Hough US, rower (Pairs w/o cox-1968 olympic silver), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Craig T Nelson Spokane Wash, actor (Poltergeist, Hayden Fox-Coach), is born.Ref: 68
1945*Caroline McWilliams, Seattle Wash, actress (Sally-Soap, Marcy-Benson), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Catherine Spaak actress (Hotel, Weekend at Dunkirk, Circle of Love), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Walter Charles East Strousberg PA, actor (Fletch Lives, Weeds), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Craig T Nelson Spokane WA, actor (Chief Jack Mannion-The District, Hayden Fox-Coach, Poltergeist), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Ray (Raymond Earl) Fosse baseball: catcher: Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1970, 1971], Oakland Athletics [World Series: 1973, 1974], Seattle Mariners, Milwaukee Brewers, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Ed White football: Minnesota Vikings guard: Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, XI, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Salvatore Sciarrino composer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Berry Oakley rocker (Allman Brothers-Ramblin' Man), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Luke Halpin Astoria NY, actor (Sandy Ricks-Flipper), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Gail Davies Broken Bow OK, country singer (Blue Heartache), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Pick Withers rocker (Dire Straits), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Larry Lingle rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Christine Lahti, Detroit MI, actress (Dr Kathryn Austin-Chicago Hope, Harvey Korman Show, Swing Shift), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Steve Gatlin singer: group: The Gatlin Brothers: Sweet Becky Walker, The Bigger They Are, the Harder They Fall, Delta Dirt, Broken Lady, Statues without Hearts, Night Time Magic, I’ve Done Enough Dyin’ Today, All the Gold in California, Take Me to Your Lovin’ Place, It Don’t Get No Better Than This, Sure Feels like Love, Houston [Means I’m One Day Closer to You], Denver, is born in Olney TX.Ref: 4
1952*Dave Hill rock guitarist (Slade-Coz I Love You), is born in England.Ref: 5
1952*Gary Moore Irish rock guitarist ("Still Got the Blues", Thin Lizzy, Skid Row), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Peter Haycock rock guitarist (All Along the Watchtower), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Rosemarie Ackermann German Democratic Republic, high jumper (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Julie Carmen Mount Vernon NY, actress (Gloria, Last Plane Out), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Evelyn Hart prima ballerina (Royal Winnipeg Ballet), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Lamen Khalifa Fhimah Suk Giuma Libya, bomber (Pan Am Flight 103), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Graeme Kelling British pop guitarist (Deacon Blue-Real Gone Kid), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Pierre-Paul Prud'hon painter, is born.Ref: 5
1958*Hrvoje Horvatic video artist, is born.Ref: 5
1958*John Wesley Jones Lawton OK, 4X100 meter relayer (Olympics-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Jon[athan] Agnew British broadcaster/cricketer (England pace bowler late 80's), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Bev Smith Armstrong British Columbia Canada, basketball forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Matt Cole Stratford Ontario Canada, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 Space Coast), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Ava Fabian Brewster NY, playmate (Aug, 1986), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Sherrin Smyers Newcastle Australia, LPGA golfer (1995 Youngstown-11th), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Tina Tombs Montréal Québec Canada, LPGA golfer (1990 Jamie Farr Toledo), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Anthony Clark comedian (Boyd Pritchett-Boston Common), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Dale Hawerchuk Toronto Ontario Canada, NHL center (Philadelphia Flyers), is born.Ref: 5
1963*David Gavurin English pop guitarist/composer (Sundays, Blind), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Jack Del Rio NFL linebacker (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Paul Parker soccer player, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Paul Parker soccer player, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Gregory Thomas Kraft Detroit MI, PGA golfer (1993 Walt Disney-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Robbie Rist California, actor (Oliver-Brady Bunch), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Robert Downey Jr, New York NY, comedian/actor (Larry Paul-Ally McBeal, Saturday Night Live, Less than Zero, Back to School), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Black Francis [Charles Thompson], US singer/songwriter (Pixies), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Tony Burse CFL fullback (Edmonton Eskimos), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Zwart Francis [Charles Thompson] US singer/songwriter (Pixies), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Michal Clingman Indio CA, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-9th-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Myriam Schropp West Germany, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Stanislav Medrik Nitra Czechoslovakia, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia), is born.Ref: 5
1966*(Long Island) Nancy McKeon, actress: Jo Polniazek-The Facts of Life, The Wrong Woman, Teresa’s Tattoo, Where the Day Takes You, The Lightning Incident, Poison Ivy, High School USA, is born.Ref: 4
1967*Juliana "Juli" Furtado New York NY, cyclist (Olympics-10th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Andre Bowden WLAF LB (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Anthony Tucker NBA forward (New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Carlos Reyes Miami FL, pitcher (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dennis de Nooijer Dutch soccer player/twin brother of Gerard (Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Gerard de Nooijer Dutch soccer player/twin brother of Dennis (Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Barry van Galen Dutch soccer player (Roda JC), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Jason Stoltenberg Australia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Allan Houston NBA guard (New York Knicks, Detroit Pistons), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Felipe Lira Miranda Venezeula, pitcher (Detroit Tigers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jaime Fernandez Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Yanic Perreault Sherbrooke, NHL center (Los Angeles Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chad Eaton defensive tackle (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jim Werland Ventura CA, canoe (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Matt Wagner Cedar Falls IA, pitcher (Seattle Mariners), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Damon Allen Winston-Salem NC, figure skater (1997 Midwestern champion), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Peter Hoekstra Dutch soccer player (PSV, Ajax), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ryan Coughlin CFL offensive linebacker (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Tiffany Woosley WNBA guard (Houston Comets), is born.Ref: 5
1974*O J Santiago tight end (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Kisha Ford WNBA guard/forward (New York Liberty), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Alicia Silverstone San Francisco CA, actress (Clueless), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Irene Skliva Athens Greece, Miss World (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Charles Butler, Salt Lake City UT, dance skater (& Joseph-1997 National), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Rebecca Stoyel South Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)Ref: 5
397*Ambrosius Governor of Liguria/bishop of Milan (374-97)/saint, dies.Ref: 5
896*Formosus Pope (891-96), dies.Ref: 69
1229*Hugo van Pierrepont bishop of Liege, dies.Ref: 5
1284*Alfonso X "El Sabio" King of Castilië/León (1252-84), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1292*Nicholas IV [Girolamo Masci] Pope (1288-92), dies.Ref: 69
1393*Floris van Wevelinkhoven bishop of Utrecht, dies.Ref: 5
1406*Robert III King of Scotland (1390-1406), dies.Ref: 5
1417 John van Touraine first husband of Jacoba of Bavaria, dies.Ref: 5
1585 Caspar de Robles Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57.Ref: 5
1588*Frederik II King of Denmark/Norway (1559-88), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1604*Thomas Churchyard poet/pamphleteer, dies.Ref: 5
1617*Mathematician, discoverer of logarithms, John Napier dies in Edinburgh, Scotland.Ref: 68
1643*Simon Episcopius [Bisschop] Dutch theologist, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1662*Davis Mell composer, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1662*Leonhart Kern German sculptor, dies at about 73.Ref: 5
1664*Adam Willaerts Dutch seascape painter, dies.Ref: 5
1714*Karel, duke of Berry/French heir to the throne, dies.Ref: 5
1734*Johann C van Erckel old Catholic theologist, dies at about 79.Ref: 5
1774*Oliver Goldsmith playwright: She Stoops to Conquer, The Vicar of Wakefield; dies at age 43.Ref: 68
1784*Mary Mead wife of English journalist John Wilkes, dies.Ref: 5
1806*Carlos Gozzi, Italian poet and dramatist, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1806*Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1807*Joseph Jérôme Le Francais de Lalande French astronomer, dies.Ref: 5
1817*André Masséna Duc de Rivoli soldier, dies.Ref: 5
1817 Prince d'Essing dies.Ref: 5
1831*Isaiah Thomas, American anti-British journalist, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1841*President William Henry Harrison (9th President of the United States), at age 68, succumbs to pneumonia one month after his inaugural, becoming the first U.S. chief executive to die in office.Ref: 70
1844*Charles Bulfinch first US pro architect (Massachusetts State House), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1861*(US Supreme Court Justice) John McLean, United States Supreme Court justice; dissented in the Dred Scott decision (1857), dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1862*Harmen S Sytstra Dutch poet/editor (Iduna), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1883*Peter Cooper,American inventor, manufacturer and philanthropist, dies at age 92.Ref: 70
1888*Matthew Arnold poet, essayist: Culture and Anarchy; died Apr 4, 1888Ref: 4
1889*Eliphalet Remington, riflemaker, dies.Ref: 68
1889*Thomas T H Jorissen historian, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1893*Alphonse de Candolle Swiss botanist, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1900*Edward VII King, assassinated.Ref: 5
1905*Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 370,000.Ref: 5
1905*Constantin Meunier Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1907*Lucile Grahn, Danish choreographer and ballerina, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1908*Josef Sucher composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1912*Isaac Kauffman Funk US, publisher (Funk & Wagnalls), dies.Ref: 5
1919*William Crookes English chemist/physicist (Crookes-pipe), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1923*L Martov [Joulij O Tsederbaum] Russian revolutionary, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1929*Karl Friedrich Benz automobile engineer (Mercedes), dies at 84.Ref: 68
1930*Vladimir Majakovski Russian poet, dies.Ref: 5
1931*Andre Michelin CEO (Michelin Tires), dies.Ref: 5
1931*George Whitefield Chadwick composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1932*Wilhelm Ostwald, Russian-born German Nobel Prize-winning chemist (1909), dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1932 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz Austrian minister, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1933*US Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of NJ, 73 die.Ref: 5
1933*Elizabeth Bacon Custer dies and is buried beside George at West Point. Ref 
1934*Braulio Dueno Colon composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1937*Frantisek X Salda Czechoslovakia, writer/critic, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1939*Ghazi I King of Iraq (19??-39), dies in car accident.Ref: 5
1941*Max Frisch writer, dies at 29.Ref: 5
1943*Oskar Schlemmer German painter/sculptor, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1943*Raoul Laparra composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1944*John Peale Bishop US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1944*Karel Weis composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1953*Carol II King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1953*Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery] French author, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1956*Fritz Künkel German physician/charachterologist, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1958 Hendrik Heyman Belgian minister of Nijverheid/mayor, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1963*Jason Robards Sr actor (Acapulco), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1963*Endzion Barelli 18, dies 2 days after winning a boxing match.Ref: 5
1967*Mischa Elman Ukraine/US violinist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1968*Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated at age 39 by a sniper in Memphis, Tennesse.Ref: 5
1969*Romulo Gallegos, Venezuelan novelist and president (1948), dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1970*Byron Foulger actor (Capt Nice, Petticoat Junction), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1971*Marine clay under houses liquifies, 31 die (St-Jean-Vianney Quebec).Ref: 5
1972*Adam Clayton Powell Jr, American minister, civil-rights leader; (Rep-D-NY) (1945-70), dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1972*John A H J S Bruins Slot co-founder/editor in chief (illegal), dies.Ref: 5
1972*Stefan Wolpe German composer (Zeus & Elidco), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1975*More than 130 people, most of them children, were killed when a U.S. Air Force C5A transport plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashed shortly after take-off from Saigon. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1977*Jeno Zador composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1978*Gino Contilli composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1979*Edgar Buchanan actor (Uncle Joe-Petticoat Junction), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1979*Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 51, the deposed prime minister of Pakistan, was hanged after he was convicted of conspiring to murder a political opponent.Ref: 70
1981*Brad Johnson actor (Annie Oakley), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1982*Tsvetan Tsvetanov composer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1983*Gloria Swanson actress, dies at 84 of a heart ailment.Ref: 68
1983*Jacqueline Logan silent film leading lady, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1986*Frank Mortelmans Belgian painter, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1987*C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore author (Judgment Night), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1990*Sarah Vaughn jazz singer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1991*Graham Green english novelist, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1991*Sen. John Heinz, R-Penn., and six other people were killed when a helicopter collided with Heinz's plane over a schoolyard in Merion, Pa.Ref: 70
1991*Max (Rudolf) Frisch author: Homo Faber, I’m Not Stiller, Juerg Reinhardt; playwright: The Firebugs, Andorra; dies at age 79.Ref: 4
1991*Luc de Rijck Belgian soccer player (Turnhout), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Sammy Reshevsky, Polish-born American chess grandmaster, dies in Suffern NY at age 80. (TWA, 1993)Ref: 95
1992*Karl Tunberg US scriptwriter (Ben Hur), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Sy Kramer singer/comedy writer dies of cancer at 59.Ref: 5
1993*Alfred M. Butts architect, game inventor (Scrabble), dies.Ref: 4
1993*Alfred Mosher Butts US architect/game maker (Scrabble), dies at 93.Ref: 5
1993*Bep [Alberta B] Ogterop [Rita la Roche] singer, dies.Ref: 5
1994*Ginny Simms singer, actress: That’s Right You’re Wrong [1939], Seven Days’ Leave [1942], Broadway Rhythm [1944], Disc Jockey [1951]; dies.Ref: 68
1994*Olga Lowina Dutch yodeler (Edelweisskapel), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1994*KLM Saab 340B crashes at Schiphol, 3 killed.Ref: 5
1995*Priscilla Lane (Mullican) actress: Varsity Show, Million Dollar Baby, Arsenic and Old Lace; dies at age 77.Ref: 4
1995*Kenny Everett disc Jockey, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1995*Peter Brinson dance educationalist, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1996*Carl Burton Stokes politician, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1996*David Keylsey actor/director, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1996 David Whitton campaigner, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1996*Frederick Denison Maurice Hocking pathologist, dies at 97.Ref: 5
1996*Joy Newton dancer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996*Larry Laprise songwriter, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1996 Seamas NacNeill piper, dies at 79Ref: 5
1999*Early ‘Gus’ Wynn Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher: Washington Nationals [all-star: 1948], Cleveland Indians [World Series: 1954/all-star: 1955-1960], Chicago White Sox [World Series: 1959/Cy Young Award: 1959]; American League record: pitched 23 seasons: won an even 300 games; 20-game winner on five occasions; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen