Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 10th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
837*Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth.Ref: 5
847*St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
879*Louis III, crowned King of France.Ref: 5
1191 The fleet left Sicily to sail to Rhodes. On route, three ships were separated from the group and landed on Cyprus at the port of Limassol. The governor of Cyprus at the time was Isacc Dacus Comnenus, who had come to power from trickery. He had sided with Saladin, and treated the Richard's ships as the enemy. 
1512*Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateranen.Ref: 5
1516*First ghetto, Jews are compelled to live in specific area of Venice.Ref: 5
1606*The first of several land grants is given to the State of Virginia by England's King James which will later become the Northwest Territories. (Galloway, William, "First Dwellers in Greene County", 1931) 
1633*New fruit appears in British markets for the first time bananas.Ref: 10
1770*(Boston Massacre) (day unspecified) Advices from London concerning the handling of prosecutions for deaths and injuries resulting from the March 5 shootings reach Hutchinson.Ref: 87
1778*Daniel Boone departs for Old Chillicothe (about three miles north of modern Xenia).Ref: 54
1782*(Burr) (day unspecified) Aaron Burr stood his bar examination in Albany and was admitted to practice as a counsellor. Ref 
1790*The U.S. patent system is established.Ref: 2
1805*Aaron Burr leaves Washington via horseback for Pittsburgh.Ref: 87
1816*In Philadelphia, church reformer Richard Allen, 56, was elected the first bishop of the newly-created African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church. (Previously, in 1799, Allen had been the first black ordained to preach in the Methodist Episcopal Church.).Ref: 5
1816*The Second Bank of the United States chartered.Ref: 5
1820*First British settlers arrive in Algoa Bay, South Africa.Ref: 10
1825*The 1st hotel in Hawaii opens.Ref: 5
1825 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon.Ref: 5
1839*(day unspecified) The African Cinque captured by other Africans, taken to the slave factory in Lomboko and sold to a Portuguese slave trader.Ref: 87
1841*The first issue of the New York Tribune is printed. The publisher was Horace Greeley.Ref: 5
1845*More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh Pa.Ref: 5
1858*Big Ben cast.Ref: 10
1864*Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico.Ref: 5
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) The Union's capture of Thomas Harney, the Confederate explosives expert assigned the task of mining the Executive Mansion, dooms that Confederate plot.Ref: 87
1866*The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is incorporated. (The World Dictionary of Dates, ISBN 0-582-28372-8, 1982) 
1867*The Xenia (Ohio) Torchlight reports approval for a Xenia City Hall. (XDG, 10/2/1981)Ref: 83
1869*Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9.Ref: 5
1871*William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park officially acceptedRef: 5
1872*1st National black convention meets in New Orleans.Ref: 5
1872*Gov Morton of Nebraska suggests a holiday for planting trees to be known as Arbor DayRef: 5
1878*California Street Cable Car Railroad Company starts serviceRef: 5
1882*Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii).Ref: 5
1884*US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo.Ref: 5
1887*President Abraham Lincoln is re-buried with his wife in Springfield IL.Ref: 5
1906*(Haywood Trial) (day unspecified) The Supreme Court of Idaho rules that it has no jurisdiction to hear the complaint of Haywood, Moyer, and Pettibone that they were denied an opportunity to fight extradition to Idaho.Ref: 87
1912*The luxury liner Titanic set sail from Southampton, England, on its ill-fated maiden voyage.Ref: 70
1917*A Party Conference is held when Lenin objects to Joseph Stalin's initiative to close down the temporary bureau and takes control of Pravda, which had been more conciliatory to the Provisional Government.Ref: 90
1923*(Sweet) (date give as Spring) Membership in the KKK in Detroit totals 22,000Ref: 87
1923*Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin.Ref: 5
1925*Czarina re-christens Stalingrad (now Volgograd).Ref: 5
1932*German president Paul von Hindenburg was re-elected, with Adolf Hitler coming in second.Ref: 70
1938*2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France.Ref: 5
1938*New York makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license.Ref: 5
1939*Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews.Ref: 5
1940*First meeting of the UK committee (later code-named the MAUD Committee) organized by Tizard to consider Britain's actions regarding the "uranium problem". Research into isotope separation and fast fission is agreed upon.Ref: 91
1940*Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian "national government".Ref: 5
1942*(day unspecified) Fermi relocates to Chicago. He builds an experimental pile in the Stagg Field squash courts with a projected k value of 0.995, then begins planning the construction of the world's first man-made critical pile, to be called CP-1.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Fermi's efforts now shifts from demonstrating feasibility to securing graphite and uranium of adequate purity and in sufficient quantity to build the reactor.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Seaborg arrives in Chicago and starts work on developing an industrial-scale plutonium separation and purification process.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Percival Keith of the Kellog Co. begins designing a gaseous diffusion pilot plant.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) At the beginning of the month the original building plan for Los Alamos is 96% complete. It is already apparent that the original construction program is inadequate to meet needs.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) A series of staff conferences among the ~100 scientific staff members are held at Los Alamos. These include indoctrination lectures by Robert Serber (later published as "The Los Alamos Primer") on April 5, 7, 9, 12, and 14; and meetings to plan the laboratory's work from April 15 through May 6.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) Seth Neddermeyer begins research on implosion, seeking to compress hollow metal assemblies.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) Bethe is selected over Teller to head the theoretical division.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) Teller is soon placed in charge of lower priority research on fusion weapons.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) Oppenheimer projects that 100 g of 25% enriched U-235 will be produced by electromagnetic separation by 1 Jan 1944.Ref: 91
1943*12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape Nazi's.Ref: 5
1944*(day unspecified) IBM calculating equipment arrives at Los Alamos and is put to work on implosion research.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) James Tuck suggests idea of using explosive lenses to create spherical converging implosion waves.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) Monsanto begins delivering polonium for initiator research. The rate is initially 2.5 curies/month.Ref: 91
1946 First election for Japanese Diet.Ref: 5
1947*King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned.Ref: 5
1948*General Dwight D. Eisenhower stood by an earlier newspaper report in which he said that a professional soldier should not seek high political office. It was only four years later that Ike would find himself in the highest political office in the land -- that of President of the United States.Ref: 4
1953*Trygve Lie of Norway's term of office as the first Secretary General of the United Nations ends and Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden takes office as the second Secretary General of the United Nations.. (Ref 
1955*Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely.Ref: 5
1957*Jordanian government of Naboelsi resigns.Ref: 5
1957 Suez canal reopens for all traffic.Ref: 5
1957*USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test.Ref: 5
1958 Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco.Ref: 5
1959*Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda.Ref: 5
1960*Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill.Ref: 5
1961*Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel.Ref: 5
1961 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to President John F Kennedy about New Guinea.Ref: 5
1963*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1968*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1970*The Russian Orthodox Church in America was granted autocephalic independence by its Mother organization, the Russian Orthodox Church. Headquartered today in Syosset, New York, membership in this religious body currently numbers approximately one million.Ref: 5
1972*The United States and the Soviet Union joined some 70 nations in signing an agreement banning biological warfare.Ref: 5
1973 Pakistan suspends constitution.Ref: 5
1974*Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister, Golda Meir.Ref: 2
1974*American Boccaccio Association established.Ref: 5
1978*First American-made Volkswagen rolls off assembly line in Pennsylvania; Honda next to open plant.Ref: 10
1981*Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands won election to the British Parliament.Ref: 5
1981*France performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1983 Jordan's King Hussein ceases negotiations with PLO.Ref: 5
1984*US Senate condemns CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors.Ref: 5
1986 Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan.Ref: 5
1986*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1989*H J Heinz, Van Camp Seafood & Bumble Bee Seafood say they will not buy tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins.Ref: 5
1990*CUNY/Lehman College, Bronx, opens a branch campus in Hiroshma Japan.Ref: 5
1991 A day after Mikhail Gorbachev appealed for a moratorium on all strikes, demonstrations and rallies, an estimated 200,000 workers in Byelorussia defied the Soviet president by staging a work stoppage in the capital, Minsk.Ref: 6
1991*Last automat (coin operated cafeteria) closes (3rd & 42nd St, NYC).Ref: 5
1992*Financier Charles Keating Jr is sentenced to nine years in prison for swindling investors when his Savings and Loan collapsed. (Keating's convictions were later overturned.) (XDG, p 4A, 4/10/2002)Ref: 83
1995*NYC bans smoking in all restaurants that seat 35 or moreRef: 5
1996*President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have outlawed a technique used to end pregnancies in their late stages that opponents call "partial-birth" abortion.Ref: 70
1997*A federal judge strikes down the Line-Item Veto Act, a law that let the president strike specific items from bills passed by Congress. (The US Supreme Court later set aside the ruling and later still declared it unconstituional.) (XDG, p 4A, 4/10/2002)Ref: 83
1997*Former POW Douglas "Pete" Peterson is confirmed by the Senate as the first ambassador to Vietnam since the end of the war and the first ever to be posted to Hanoi. Vietnam's Le Van Bang is confirmed as Vietnam's ambassador to the United States.Ref: 41
1998 Negotiators in Northern Ireland reached a landmark settlement that called for Protestants and Catholics to share power.Ref: 70
2000*South Korea and North Korea announced a June date for their first summit since the Korean peninsula was divided in 1945.Ref: 6
2000*NASDAQ plunges 258 points, 2nd biggest drop ever, starting fall of technology stocks.Ref: 10
2001*Republican Jane Swift took office as the first female governor of Massachusetts, succeeding Paul Cellucci, who had resigned to become U.S. ambassador to Canada.Ref: 70
2001*The Netherlands legalized mercy killings and assisted suicide for patients with unbearable, terminal illness.Ref: 70
2003*British Airways announces the retirement of the supersonic passenger airliner, the Concorde, by October 31, 2003, due to increased costs and failing demand. (USA Today, p 2B, 4/11/2003)Ref: 13
2003*The House passed a bill creating a national Amber Alert system and strengthening child pornography laws.Ref: 70
1790*Capt. Robert Gray brings his ship Columbia to Boston Harbor becoming the first American to circumnavigate the globe.Ref: 5
1849*Walter Hunt of New York City patented the safety pin. Most of us still use the device which comes in a variety of sizes and is quite handy to have around. Mr. Hunt, however, didn’t think so. He thought the safety pin to be a temporary convenience and sold the patent for a total of $400.Ref: 4
1877*‘The catamaran' boat patented by inventor Nathanael Greene Herreshoff of Providence, RI.Ref: 10
1930*The first synthetic rubber is produced.Ref: 2
1936*200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena.Ref: 5
1955*Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine.Ref: 5
1979*Soyuz 33 launched with a Russian & a Bulgarian.Ref: 5
1981*The long-awaited maiden launch of the space shuttle "Columbia" is scrubbed because of a computer malfunction.Ref: 5
1984*Damaged Solar Max satellite snared by Challenger shuttle.Ref: 5
1985*Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-B mission.Ref: 5
1989*Intel corp announces shipment of the 80486 chip.Ref: 5
1998*Pfizer launches its new drug Viagra.Ref: 10
1552*Henri II of France occupies Metz.Ref: 5
1589 Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg.Ref: 5
1656 Dutch fleet occupies Colombo Ceylon.Ref: 5
1694 Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale.Ref: 5
1741 Prussians defeat Austrians at Mollwitz.Ref: 5
1809 Austria declares war on France and her forces enter Bavaria.Ref: 2
1815 Austria declares war on realm of Naples.Ref: 5
1862*Union forces begin the bombardment of Fort Pulaski in Georgia along the Tybee River.Ref: 2
1863*Rebel General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin TN.Ref: 5
1865*At Appomattox Court, Va, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last to the Army of Northern Virginia.Ref: 2
1868*Britain defeats King of Abyssinia at Magdala.Ref: 5
1877*Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia SC.Ref: 5
1902*South African Boers accept British terms of surrender.Ref: 2
1917*Sir William Robertson advocates to Haig the dispatch of immediate American expeditionary force "to get some Americans killed and so get the country to take a real interest in the war" 
1917*Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers.Ref: 5
1938*Austria becomes a state of Germany.Ref: 5
1939*Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania.Ref: 5
1941*U.S. troops occupy Greenland to prevent Nazi infiltration.Ref: 2
1941*German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica.Ref: 5
1942*The Bataan Death March begins as 76,000 Allied POWs including 12,000 Americans are forced to walk 60 miles under a blazing sun without food or water toward a new POW camp, resulting in over 5,000 American deaths. 
1942*Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland.Ref: 5
1943*General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia.Ref: 5
1944*Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazi's.Ref: 5
1945*U.S. Armed forces liberated the prison camp at Buchenwald, Germany. It was estimated that nearly 57,000 prisoners (mostly Jews) perished in the gas chambers of Buchenwald during its eight-year existence as a Nazi concentration camp.Ref: 5
1945*In their second attempt to take the Seelow Heights, near Berlin, the Red Army launches numerous attacks against the defending Germans. The Soviets gain one mile at the cost of 3,000 men killed and 368 tanks destroyed.Ref: 2
1945*US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa.Ref: 5
1948*Jewish Hagana repells an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek.Ref: 5
2003*The Iraqi northern city of Kirkuk falls. (XDG, p 5A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
1887*Soccer team Be Quick forms in Hairs Groningen.Ref: 5
1896*Greek runner Spiridon Loues wins first modern Olympic marathon in Athens (2:58:50).Ref: 5
1913*In a game which features President Woodrow Wilson throwing out the first pitch, Washington's Walter Johnson gives up an unearned run in the first inning of the home opener but will not yield another for 56 innings. The Seanators beat the Yankees, 2-1.Ref: 1
1916*The Professional Golfers Association (PGA) holds its first championship tournament. This first PGA Championship title went to Britisher, Jim Barnes. Barnes won the match-play event at Siwanoy golf course in Bronxville, NY and was presented with a trophy and the major share of the $2,580 purse.Ref: 5
1924*Tubular steel golf club shafts approved for championship play.Ref: 5
1934*The Chicago Black Hawks beat the Detroit Red Wings 3 games to 1 for the Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1945*NFL's Boston Yanks & Brooklyn Tigers merge.Ref: 5
1947*During the sixth inning of an exhibition game at Ebbet's Field against their minor league team, the Montreal Royals, Dodger president Branch Rickey issues a two sentence statement to the press which will forever change the game; it reads "The Brooklyn Dodgers today purchased the contract of Jackie Roosevelt Robinson from the Montreal Royals. He will report immediately."Ref: 1
1949*13th Golf Masters Championship Sam Snead wins, shooting a 282.Ref: 5
1950*Due to a salary dispute, Al Widmar quits team and threatens to sue baseball. The Browns' pitcher will sign a contract within the week.Ref: 1
1953*7th NBA Championship Minneapolis Lakers beat New York Knicks, 4 games to 1.Ref: 5
1955*19th Golf Masters Championship Cary Middlecoff wins, shooting a 279.Ref: 5
1955*9th NBA Championship Syracuse Nationals beat Fort Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1956*Montreal Canadiens beat Det Red Wings 4 games to 1 for the Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1959*Nellie Fox, who goes 5-for-7, hits a 14th-inning Opening Day an unlikely home run off Don Mossi to beat the Tigers, 9-7. The White Sox second baseman did not homer in 623 at-bats the last season.Ref: 1
1960*24th Golf Masters Championship Arnold Palmer wins (his 2nd), shooting a 282.Ref: 5
1960*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.Ref: 5
1961*After JFK throws out the first ball, the 'new' Washington Senators (the old team moved to Minnesota at the start of the season) played their first game in history and lose to the White Sox, 4-3.Ref: 1
1961*Gary Player of South Africa becomes the first foreign golfer to win the (25th) Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Player, age 25, wins by just one stroke over both Charles Coe, an amateur, and defending champion Arnold Palmer. Coe shot a record 280, which was the lowest score turned in by an amateur at the Masters up to that time.Ref: 4
1962*At Colt Stadium in Houston, thanks to a pair of three-run home runs by Roman Mejias, the Colt 45's, in their first ever major league game, defeat the Cubs, 11-2. Former Yankee hurler Bobby Shantz gets the win for the new franchise.Ref: 1
1962*New York Yankee Mickey Mantle hits his 375th homerun.Ref: 5
1962*First baseball game at Los Angeles' Dodger Stadium, they lose 6-3 to Cincinnati Reds.Ref: 5
1964*Demolition begins on Polo Grounds to clear way for housing project.Ref: 5
1969*Met center fielder Tommy Agee hits a monster shot into the upper deck in left field making it the longest home run to reach the seats in Shea Stadium history; Disc commemorating Agee's historic homer at Shea StadiumRef: 1
1971 The American table tennis team arrives in China.Ref: 2
1971*Despite temperatures in the low 40s, a crowd of 55,352, the largest in the history of Pennsylvania ever to watch a baseball game, witness the Phillies first game at Veterans Stadium. Jim Bunning throws the first pitch and Larry Bowa singles, for the park's first hit, as Philadelphia defeats the Expos, 4-1.Ref: 1
1973*A crowd of 39,464 chilly fans watch the first game at Royals Stadium and see the home team rout Rangers, 12-1.Ref: 1
1975*Rangers score 8 goals against Islanders in playoffs.Ref: 5
1976*Brewers' Don Money's grand slammer disallowed-Yanks win 9-7.Ref: 5
1976*Cleveland Cavaliers win their first NBA Central Division title.Ref: 5
1977*At Fenway Park, the Indians (13) and the Red Sox (6) established a major league record for the most runs scored by both teams in one inning. The eighth inning barrage proves to be too much too much for Boston as Cleveland beats the home team, 19-9.Ref: 1
1977*41st Golf Masters Championship Tom Watson wins, shooting a 276.Ref: 5
1977*Beverly Klass wins LPGA Women's International Golf Satellite.Ref: 5
1978*Formation of the Major Indoor Soccer League announced.Ref: 5
1979*J R Richard throws major league record 6 wild pitches in Astrodome.Ref: 5
1981*On Opening Day, White Sox catcher Carlton Fisk, playing the first game of his career while not wearing a Red Sox uniform makes a dramatic return to Fenway hitting a three-run homer in the eighth to knot the score at 3-3. Chicago will tack on two more runs in the ninth, and will beat Boston, 5-3.Ref: 1
1982*A crowd 62,443 fans show up with the game-time temperature 38ºs with a wind chill of 17 to see the Indians drop the season opener to the Rangers, 8-3. Five hundred tons of snow had to be removed from the Municipal Stadium field prior to the game.Ref: 1
1982*Los Angeles Kings losing 5-0 to Edmonton Oilers in the 3rd period, win in OT 6-5.Ref: 5
1982*Pittsburgh Penguins 2-New York Islanders 1 (OT) Preliminary - Islanders hold 2-1 lead.Ref: 5
1983*Caps 3-Isles 6-Patrick Div Semifinals-Isles win series 3-2.Ref: 5
1983*Baltimore's Eddie Murray hits his 1,000 career hit.Ref: 5
1983 Hennie Kuiper (Netherlands) wins Paris-Roubaix cycle race.Ref: 5
1983*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1984*John Long (Detroit) ends NBA free throw streak of 51 games.Ref: 5
1985 At 80, Leo Sites becomes oldest bowler to score a 300 game.Ref: 5
1985*Cal Ripken sprains his left ankle during a pickoff play in the third inning of a game (444 of the streak) against the Rangers. The 'Iron man' does not leave the game and X-rays taken later on reveal no fractures.Ref: 1
1985*Relief pitcher, Dan Quisenberry was signed by the Kansas City Royals to a contract that promised he would “...never wear another uniform.” The lifetime pact was worth $43 million, after taxes, over a 40-year period. Quisenberry became known as the ‘Fireman’, for putting out late-inning fires and saving games for the Royals. The contract made him the game’s highest-paid reliever.Ref: 4
1985*Washington Capitals 4-New York Islanders 3 (OT) Patrick Division Semifinals - Capitals hold 1-0 lead.Ref: 5
1988*New York Islanders beat New Jersey Devils 5-4 (OT) first round tied at 2-2.Ref: 5
1988*52nd Golf Masters Championship Sandy Lyle wins, shooting a 281.Ref: 5
1988*Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA San Diego Inamori Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1989*Blue Jay's Dave Stieb pitches his third one-hitter in his past four starts beating the Yankees, 8-0.Ref: 1
1990*Wade Boggs is intentionally walked three times tying a major league mark for nine inning game.Ref: 1
1991*Los Angeles King Wayne Gretzky scores NHL record 93rd playoff goal.Ref: 5
1991 Martin Zubero swims world record 200 meter backstroke (1:52.51).Ref: 5
1992*Dave Eiland of the San Diego Padres hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1992*NHL strike ends after 10 days.Ref: 5
1993*BPAA US Open by Del Ballard Jr.Ref: 5
1993*Ottawa Senators win first road game (New York Islanders) after 38 straight loses.Ref: 5
1993*Pittsburgh Penguins win their NHL record 17 game winning streak.Ref: 5
1994*58th Golf Masters Championship Jose M Olazabal wins, shooting a 279.Ref: 5
2000*On his father¹s 50th birthday, Ken Griffey Jr. becomes the youngest player (30 years, 141 days) to hit 400 career homers beating Jimmie Foxx¹s previous mark (30 years, 248 days old).Ref: 1
2002 (Mt. St. Elias) John Griber and Greg Van Doerston flag down a passing aircraft, whose pilot contacts the Air National Guard. Griber and Van Doerston are rescued later that day from Mt. St. Elias, Alaska. (Sports Illustrated, 4/29/2002, p. 56) 
2003*By hitting his 31st career leadoff homer, Astros' outfielder Craig Biggio breaks Bobby Bonds' National League record. The major league mark of 80 belongs to Rickey Henderson.Ref: 1
2003*In a 7-6 victory over the Cardinals at Coors Field, the Rockies turned the first triple play in club history. With Scott Rolen on second base and Tino Martinez on first, Colorado's first baseman Todd Helton catches Orlando Palmeiro's soft liner for the first out and throws to shortstop Jose Hernandez who steps on second for the second out and then tags Matinez to complete the triple killing.Ref: 1
1868*First performance of John Brahms' "Ein german Requiem".Ref: 5
1877 First human cannonball act performed in London.Ref: 5
1925 The novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published (by Scribners).Ref: 5
1927*Ballet Macanique was presented for the first time at Carnegie Hall in New York City. This was the first symphonic work that called for an airplane propeller and other mechanical contraptions not normally associated with the ballet.Ref: 4
1935*Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London.Ref: 5
1937 Collier’s magazine published two short stories this day which would later become motion pictures; a first for a single magazine issue. Stage to Lordsburg, written by Ernest Haycox, was made into the 1939 film classic, Stagecoach, starring John Wayne. Hagar Wilde’s story was turned into a movie that reflected the title of his work, Bringing Up Baby. The 1938 film starred Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn.Ref: 4
1944*"Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously.Ref: 5
1945*William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet "Undertow" premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1952*The move "Singing In The Rain" with Gene Kelly, is first released. (XDG, p 4A, 4/10/2002)Ref: 83
1953*Eddie Fisher was discharged from the Army and arrived home to a nice paycheck of $330,000 in record royalties. Fisher sold 7 million records for RCA Victor while on furloughs.Ref: 4
1953 "The House of Wax", the first 3-D movie, is released in New York.Ref: 5
1956*Philips broadcasts first Dutch color TV programs.Ref: 5
1957 John Osborne's "Entertainer", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1967*39th Academy Awards "Man For All Seasons", E Taylor & P Scofield win.Ref: 5
1968*"George M!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 435 performances.Ref: 5
1968*40th Academy Awards "Heat of the Night", Rod Steiger & Katharine Hepburn win.Ref: 5
1970*Officially resigning from The Beatles, Paul McCartney disbanded the most influential rock group in history at a public news conference.Ref: 4
1972*Once again, the 44th Annual Academy Awards celebration was held at Los Angeles’ Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. And, once again, everyone was spellbound waiting to hear who won Best Picture. It wasn’t an easy decision. The nominees were: A Clockwork Orange, Fiddler on the Roof, The Last Picture Show, Nicholas and Alexandra and The French Connection. And the Oscar goes to ... The French Connection, Philip D’Antoni, producer. The Oscar also went to The French Connection for Best Director (William Friedkin); Best Actor (Gene Hackman); Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium (Ernest Tidyman); and Best Film Editing (Gerald B. Greenberg). All of the other Best Picture nominees (except A Clockwork Orange) also received Oscars: The Last Picture Show won for both supporting actor and actress (Ben Johnson and Cloris Leachman respectively); Fiddler on the Roof won for Best Cinematography (Oswald Morris), Best Sound (Gordon K. McCallum, David Hildyard) and Best Music/Scoring Adaptation/Original Song Score (John Williams); Nicholas and Alexandra won the awards for Best Art Direction/Set Decoration (John Box, Ernest Archer, Jack Maxsted, Gil Parrondo, Vernon Dixon) and Best Costume Design (Yvonne Blake, Antonio Castillo). Klute won one out of its two nominations: Best Actress (Jane Fonda) and Shaft won its only nomination: Best Music/Song (Isaac Hayes, Theme from Shaft. Other films from 1971 that received accolades ... but not necessarily Oscars: Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory; Sunday Bloody Sunday; Carnal Knowledge; Summer of ’42, Bedknobs and Broomsticks; Mary, Queen of Scots; and McCabe & Mrs. Miller. And much applause went to the hosts of the evening’s festivities: Helen Hayes, Alan King, Sammy Davis Jr., and Jack Lemmon.Ref: 4
1974*Magicians Penn & Teller first meet.Ref: 5
1981*"Caveman" with Ringo premiers.Ref: 5
1985 Eddie Murphy’s Beverly Hills Cop made it to the top ten on the list of top-grossing motion pictures. The film, at number nine on the list, was the only R-rated and non-summer movie to make the list.Ref: 4
1986*"Big Deal" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 70 performances.Ref: 5
1988*Herschel Walker performs the Fort Worth Ballet.Ref: 5
1988*8th Golden Raspberry Awards Leonard Part 6 wins.Ref: 5
1989*10th Emmy Sports Award presentation.Ref: 5
1989*24th Academy of Country Music Awards Hank Williams Jr, Alabama win.Ref: 5
1992 Floriade (Flower Show) opens at the Hague, Netherlands.Ref: 5
1994 "Les Miserables", opens at Hiten Theatre, Osaka Japan.Ref: 5
1995*"Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 24 performances.Ref: 5
2000*The Washington Post won three Pulitzer Prizes, including the public service award for the second year in a row; The Wall Street Journal took two honors, and The Associated Press won for investigative reporting on the killing of civilians by US troops at the start of the Korean War.Ref: 6
401*Theodosius II the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor, is born.Ref: 5
1512*James V king of Scotland (1513-42), is born in Linlighgow, Scotland.Ref: 68
1569*Emilia van Nassau daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, is born.Ref: 5
1583 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist and scholar; wrote "On the Law of War and Peace", is born.Ref: 70
1633*Werner Fabricius composer, is born.Ref: 5
1695*Balthazar Huydecoper Dutch translator/historian, is born.Ref: 5
1737*François Giroust composer, is born.Ref: 5
1755*Samuel Hahnemann German physician/originator of homeopathy, is born.Ref: 5
1778*William Hazlitt Maidstone Kent England, essayist/critic, is born.Ref: 5
1783*Hortense E de Beauharnais French queen of Netherlands (1806-10), is born.Ref: 5
1794*Matthew C. Perry, American naval officer, opened Japan to trade with the west, is born.Ref: 2
1797*Claude Ambroise Seurat Troyes France, (World's skinniest man), is born.Ref: 5
1806*Leonidas Polk Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1864, is born.Ref: 5
1808*Auguste Franchomme composer, is born.Ref: 5
1810*Benjamin H. Day, American printer and journalist; founded The New York Sun, is born.Ref: 70
1823*Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb Brigadier General (Confederate Army), is born.Ref: 5
1827*Lewis Wallace Major General (Union volunteers)/lawyer/diplomat/author (Ben Hur), is born.Ref: 5
1829*William Booth founder of the Salvation Army; author: In Darkest England, The Way Out; is born.Ref: 4
1833*David McMurtrie Gregg Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1833*James Edward Rains Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Birth of Edward Kremser, German chorister. Included among his numerous vocal and instrumental works is the enduring hymn tune KREMSER ("We Gather Together").Ref: 5
1838*Frank Baldwin, American inventor; known for the Monroe calculator, is born.Ref: 70
1847*Charles Swinnerton Heap composer, is born.Ref: 5
1854*Jozef M T Orelio baritone, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Henry Ernest Dudeney mathematician/puzzle maker, is born.Ref: 5
1864*Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert German pianist/composer (Golem), is born.Ref: 5
1864*Tully Marshall, Nevada City CA, is born.Ref: 5
1867*A.E. (George William Russell), Irish poet and mystic, is born.Ref: 2
1868*George Arliss, London England, actor (Devil, Green Goddess), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Frances Perkins (Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945 and the 1st woman in the U.S. cabinet) is born.Ref: 68
1882*Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel theologist (Fear & Religion), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Bernard Gimbel (merchant: Gimbel’s Department Stores) is born.Ref: 68
1886*Val[entine] Paul Denver CO, silent film actor (Red Red Heart, Lair of the Wolf), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Bernardo A Houssay Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Heinz Tiessen composer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Tim McCoy Saginaw MI, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Victor de Sabata Trieste Italy, conductor (Il Macigno), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt German anthropologist (Rassenkunde), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Ben Nicholson English painter/sculptor (Circle), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Edith Day Minneapolis MN, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Hans Ehrke German writer/poet (Narrenspiegel, Füer)Ref: 5
1900*Jean Duvieusart premier (Belgium 1950), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Clare Boothe Luce, reporter, U.S. ambassador to the Vatican, is born.Ref: 2
1903*Nick Stuart Romania, bandleader, is born.Ref: 5
1905 Jan H van Roijen diplomat/Netherlands foreign minister, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Kathleen Major principal (St Hilda's College, England), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Fud Livingston composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Lili Darvas Budapest Hungary, actress (Szerelem, Cimmaron), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Pete Desjardins US, platform/springboard diver (Olympics-gold-1928), is born.Ref: 5
1908 Aidan Crawley CEO (London Weekend TV), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Abu-Bakr Khairat composer, is born.Ref: 5
1910 David Gilroy Bevan politician, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Eddy Duchin Cambridge MA, society pianist/bandleader (Eddy Duchin Orchestra), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Martin Denny composer, arranger, pianist: Quiet Village, The Enchanted Sea, is born.Ref: 4
1911*Maurice Schumann French statesman/writer (La Voix du couvre-feu), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Clarke Hinkle NFL fullback (Green Bay Packers), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Martin Denny rocker/actor (Forbidden Island), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Roy Hofheinz engineer (Houston Astrodome), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Stefan Heym German/US author (Crusaders, Family Benda), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Harry Morgan (Bratsburg), Detroit Mich, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Leo Vroman Dutch/US poet/biologist, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Robert Woodward Nobel Prize-winning scientist [1965]: study of the molecular structure of complex organic compounds; died July 8, 1979Ref: 4
1921*Actor Chuck (Kevin Joseph) Connors (The Rifleman) is born in Brooklyn NY. (Sports Encyclopedia: Baseball 2000, ISBN 0-312-20437-X) 
1921*Sheb Wooley Erick Okla, vocalist (Purple People Eater, Hee Haw), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Peter Herbert Penwarden priest, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Floyd M Simmons actor/decathlete (Olympics-bronze-1948, 52), is born.Ref: 5
1924*David Halberstam NY Times intl correspondant (Pulitzer 1964), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Lee Bergere Brooklyn NY, actor (Joseph-Dynasty), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Johanna M van de Berg actress (What See I?), is born.Ref: 5
1926*"Alvin" Junior Samples Cummings Ga, country singer (Hee Haw), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Jacques Casterede composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Johnnie Tillmon civil rights activist (National Welfare Rights Association), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Max [Carl Adolf] Von Sydow, Lund Sweden, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Dreamscape), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Dusan Radic composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Lord Morton of Shauna, senator (College of Justice, Scotland), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Marcel van Maele Belgian poet, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Adrian Henri poet/president (Liverpool Academy of Arts), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Hari Rhodes Cincinnati Oh, actor (Mike-Daktari, Roots), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Omar Sharif [Michael Shalhoub], Egypt, actor (Dr Zhivago, Top Secret), is born.Ref: 17
1932*Delphine Seyrig Beirut Lebanon, actress (Freak Orlando, Reperages), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Mae Heriwentha Faggs Starr New Jersey, 4x100 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Nathaniel Nelson rocker (Flamingos), is born.Ref: 5
1933*[Ponciano] Poncie Ponce Maui HI, actor (Kazuo Kim-Hawaiian Eye), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Philip Corner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Robert Rhodes James historian (Gallipoli), is born.Ref: 5
1934*David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, is born.Ref: 2
1934*Zsolt Durko composer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Jorge Mester México City México, conductor (Louisville Orchestra 1967-79), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Patrick Garland director (Doll House), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Bobbie Smith singer: group: The Spinners, is born.Ref: 4
1936*John Madden football: San Diego State defensive coordinator; NFL: head coach: Oakland Raiders [103 wins, 32 losses, 7 ties]; TV sports broadcaster: CBS, FOX [11 Emmy Awards as Outstanding Sports Personality-Analyst]; author: Hey Wait a Minute, I Wrote a Book!, One Knee Equals Two Feet (and Everything Else You Wanted to Know About Football), One Size Doesn’t Fit All, All Madden, John Madden’s Ultimate Tailgate Cookbook; video game marketer: John Madden Football; fear of flying puts him on trains and his customized bus, is born.Ref: 17
1936 Michael Naylor insurance broker, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Stan Mellor British racehorse trainer/jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1938*‘Dandy’ Don (Joe) Meredith, Mount Vernon Texas, NFL QB (Cowboys)/Mon Night Football, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Daniel Oliver NYC, chairman (Federal Trade Commission), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Alan Rothenberg US Soccer president (1990- ), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Gloria Hunniford British broadcaster/actress (Old Curiosity Shop), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Paul Theroux American travel book writer (Mosquito Coast), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Danny Woods US musician (CEO of the Board), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Vera Misevich USSR, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Bob (Robert Jose) ‘Bull’ Watson baseball: Houston Astros [all-star: 1973, 1975], Boston Red Sox, NY Yankees [World Series: 1981], Atlanta Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Armand [Herman van Loenhout] singer (Blommenkinders), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Bunny Livingston Wailer (Neville O’Riley) musician: percussion, singer, songwriter: group: Bob Marley and the Wailers: Simmer Down, Rude Boy; solo: LPs: Blackheart Man, Protest, Sings the Wailers, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Karl Russell rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Thomas Spencer Member of European Parliament (Conservative), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Frank de Leeuw Dutch rock guitarist (Bob Color), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Ken (George Kenneth) Griffey, Sr. (baseball: Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1975, 1976/all-star: 1976, 1977, 1980], NY Yankees, Atlanta Braves, Seattle Mariners; father of Ken Griffey, Jr.; the first father-son combination to play in the major leagues at the same time) is born.Ref: 68
1950*Dave Peverett rocker (Foghat), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Eddie Hazel US pop guitarist (Funkadelic-Uncle Jam Wants You), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Steven Seagal actor (Above the Law, Hard to Kill), is born in Detroit MI.Ref: 68
1951*Mark Roth bowler (4-time PBA Player of Year), is born.Ref: 5
1953*David Moorcroft British athlete, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Terre Roche rocker (Roches), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Peter MacNicol actor: Dracula: Dead and Loving It, Addams Family Values, Ghostbusters 2, Sophie’s Choice, Dragon Slayer, Chicago Hope, The Powers that Be, is born in Dallas TX.Ref: 4
1954*Jouko Törmänen Finland, 90 meter ski jumper (Olympics-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Cary Middlecoff golfer (Masters), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ken Griffy baseball player (Cin Reds, NY Yanks), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Kenneth 'Babyface' Edmonds Indpls IN, singer/producer/songwriter (Boyz II Men, Bobby Brown), is born.Ref: 5
1959*(Long Island) Brian Setzer, Massapequa Park NY, rock guitarist/vocalist (Stray Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Brian Setzer rock guitarist (Lobos-La Bamba, Stray Cats-Sexy & 17), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Julie Fulton Evanston Ill, actress (Lime Steel), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Jeb Adams Hollywood Calif, actor (Lt Jeb Pruitt-Baa Baa Black Sheep), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Olivia Brown Frankfurt GFR, actor (Det Trudy Joplin-Miami Vice), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Cathy Turner Rochester NY, short track skater (Olympics-gold-1994, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Jukka Tammi hockey goaltender (Team Finland Olympics-bronze-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Steve Tasker wide receiver (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Warren DeMartini heavy metal rocker (Dokken-Alone Again, Ratt), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Claire Smith Ottawa Ontario Canada, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Kirk Lowdermilk NFL center (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Marvin Freeman Chicago IL, pitcher (Colorado Rockies), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Mike Devereaux Casper WY, outfielder (Baltimore Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Alan "Reni" Wren English pop drummer (Stone Roses-Fools Gold), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Felicia Collins Albany NY, guitarist (David Letterman), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Manon Bollegraf den Bosch Netherlands, tennis star (semi 1996 Australian doubles), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Karen Booker WNBA center (Utah Starzz), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Tim "Herb" Alexander US funk metal drummer (Primus-Prok soda), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Neil Smith NFL defensive end (Kansas City Chiefs, Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Donald Dufresne Rimouski, NHL defenseman (Edmonton Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Kay Whitmore Sudbury, NHL goalie (New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Billy Jacoby Flushing NY, actor (Brad-Silver Spoons, Maggie), is born.Ref: 5
1969*William Jayne actor (Mikey Randall-Parker Lewis Can't Lose), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dennis Vial Sault Ste-Marie Canada, NHL defenseman (Ottawa Senators), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Wayne Lammle WLAF kicker/punter (Scotland Claymores), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Enrico Ciccone Montréal Québec Canada, NHL defenseman (Chicago Blackhawks), is born.Ref: 5
1970*J J McCleskey NFL safety (New Orleans Saints, Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Sean Gilbert defensive tackle (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Wesley Barnett St Joseph MO, Olympic weightlifter (Pan Am-silver-1987), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Karl Williams wide receiver (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Mihai Bagiu Timisoara Romania, US gymnast (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Nana Miyagi Seattle WA, tennis star (1995 final Surabaya doubles), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Maurice Harrell NFL tight end (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Richard Wearne Australian rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Sue Merz Greenwich CT, ice hockey defense (USA, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Sherry Johnson Owatonna MN, Miss Minnesota-America (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Eric Den Besten Bettendorf IA, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Floris Prince of Netherlands, is born.Ref: 5
1975*Steve Washburn Ottawa, NHL center (Florida Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Claudia Delpin Miss Chile-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Jessica Davis Greenbrae CA, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-27th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1984*Zoe, Melbourne Australia, 1st frozen-embryo child, is born.Ref: 5
1988*Haley Joel Osment Los Angeles CA, actor (Cole Sear-The Sixth Sense, Trevor 'Trev' McKinney-Pay It Forward)Ref: 5
879*Louis II, the stutterer, King of France (877-79), dies.Ref: 5
947*Hugo van Arles count of Arles/king of Italy, dies.Ref: 5
1008*Notger bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies.Ref: 5
1362 Machteld countess of Holland, dies.Ref: 5
1533*Frederik I King of Denmark/Norway (1523-33), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1585*[Ugo Buoncampagni] Pope Gregory XIII (1572-85), introduced the Gregorian Calendar, dies at age 83.Ref: 69
1640*Agostino Agazzari Italian composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1640*Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau daughter of Willem I, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1712*Yusuf Nabi Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77.Ref: 5
1723 Claude F Tserclaes South Netherlands earl of Tilly, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1731*Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1739*Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing.Ref: 5
1741*Celia Fiennes, English travel writer, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1756*Giacomo Antonio Perti Italian composer, dies at 94.Ref: 5
1760*Gerard George Clifford head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1784*Simon Fokke book illustrator, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1807 Anna Amalia van Brumswijk-Wolfenbüttel duchess of Saxon-Weimar, dies.Ref: 5
1810*Konrad Back composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1813*Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-French mathematician, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1825*Paul-Louis Courier (Méré), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1848 Godert AGP baron van Capellen Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1862*William Harvey Lamb Wallace US lawyer/Brigadier-General, dies at 40.Ref: 5
1863*Giovanni B Amia Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1885*John H Scholten theologist (Free Want), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1909*Algernon Chas. B. Swinburne, English poet and critic, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1911*Sam Loyd, American puzzlemaker, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1911*Mikolajus Konstantinas Ciurlionis composer, dies at 35.Ref: 5
1919*Emiliano Zapata, Mexican guerrilla in the Mexican Revolution of 1911-7, is assassinated at age 39 in Chinameca, Mexico.Ref: 68
1919*Amritsar Massacre British Army fires on hundreds of Indian Nationalist rioters in India.Ref: 74
1920*John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1920*Moritz B Cantor German mathematician, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1920*Tryggve Andersen Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1929*Edmond Thieffry Belgium, WWI pilot, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1931*Khalil Gibran, Lebanese-born American novelist and poet, dies at age 48.Ref: 70
1932*André Baillon Belgian/French author (& sabots), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1933*Death of Henry Van Dyke, 81, an American Presbyterian clergyman and author. He is still remembered for two writings: a book, "The Story of the Other Wise Man" (1896), and a hymn, "Joyful, Joyful, We Adore Thee" (1908).Ref: 5
1937*Algernon Ashton composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1938 Nana Annor Adjaye Pan-Afrianist, dies in W Nzima Ghana.Ref: 5
1939*Alfredo Panzini Italian author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1945*Hendrik N Werkman resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63.Ref: 5
1954*Auguste Lumière French photograph/movie pioneer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1954*Ludwig Curtius German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1955*Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1955*Oskar Frederik Lindberg composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1956*Ginger (Clarence Howeth) Beaumont baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1900, 1903], Boston Doves, Chicago Cubs [World Series: 1910]; dies at age 75. Beaumont was the 1st batter in the 1st World Series.Ref: 4
1956*Bozidar Sirola composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1956*Jozef Szulc composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1958*Dick Clark devoted an hour of his "American Bandstand" afternoon TV show to the memory of Chuck Willis who had died earlier in the day from peritonitis. Willis was from Atlanta, GA and recorded hits that included: "C.C. Rider", "Betty and Dupree", "What Am I Living For" (his biggest hit) and "Hang Up My Rock and Roll Shoes".Ref: 4
1958*W C Handy composer/musician, dies at 84 in NY.Ref: 5
1960*Arthur Benjamin Australian composer/pianist (Devil Take Her), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1961*Irene Warfield silent screen actress (Satan Sanderson), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1962*Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born American film director, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1962*Stuart Sutcliffe original Beatles bassist, dies of brain hemorrhage at 21.Ref: 5
1963*The nuclear-powered submarine USS "Thresher" fails to surface 220 mile east of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in a disaster that claimed 129 lives. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1964*Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf).Ref: 5
1965*Linda Darnell actress: Dakota Incident, Blackbeard the Pirate, Anna and the King of Siam, Forever Amber, Buffalo Bill, The Mark of Zorro; dies from burns received in a fire at 41.Ref: 4
1966 Christian J Modeste Dutch king of gypsies, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1966*Evelyn Waugh British writer (Black Mischief), dies at age 62.Ref: 5
1970*Charles Paton dies at 96.Ref: 5
1972*7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population (5000) of Iranian province of Fars.Ref: 5
1973*BEA Vanguard Turboprop flight to Basel Switzerland, crashes into wooded hillside during landing, killing 107 of 143.Ref: 5
1974*Patricia Collinge dies at 81.Ref: 5
1974*Roger Bastide French sociologist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1975*Marjorie Main (Mary Tomlinson) actress: Ma of Ma and Pa Kettle, The Egg and I, The Harvey Girls, Friendly Persuasion; dies at age 85.Ref: 4
1975*Sophia JW "Sophie" Hermse actress (But a Dream), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1975*Walker Evans, the American photographer best known for his portrayal of America during the Great Depression, dies.Ref: 70
1979*Henriëtte P "Hetty" Beck actress (Dodendans), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1979*Nino Rota Italian composer (Torquemada), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1980*Kay Medford (Maggie O’Regin) actress: Lola, Funny Girl, Butterfield 8, The Rat Race, Dean Martin Presents, The Dean Martin Show, To Rome with Love; dies at age 65.Ref: 4
1983*(Green River Killer) Gail Lynn Mathews, 24, is last seen. She is the 17th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1983*Issam Sartawi PLO ambassador to Portugal, murdered.Ref: 5
1983*Ulf S von Euler-Chelpin Swedish physiologist, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1984*Nate Nelson R&B-singer (Flamingos-I'll Be Home), dies on 52 birthday.Ref: 5
1984*Ray Middleton dies at 75.Ref: 5
1986*Joseph P Addabbo US defence specialist/(Senator-D), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1989*Joan Barry dies at 85.Ref: 5
1991*Natalie Schafer actress (Gilligan's Island), dies at 90 from cancer.Ref: 5
1991*Kevin Peter Hall actor (Harry & Hendersons), dies of AIDS at 35.Ref: 5
1991*Boat rams a tanker in Livorno Italy fog, killing about 138.Ref: 5
1992*Sam Kinison loud mouth comedian, dies at 38 in a car crash.Ref: 5
1992*25 die in a bus bombing in Sri Lanka.Ref: 5
1993*Chris Hani Secretary-General South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50.Ref: 5
1994*James L Lyons jazz promoter, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1994*Victor Afanasiev Russia, editor-in-chief of Pravda (1976-89), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1995*Ranchhodji Morarji Desai, Prime Minister of India (1977-79), dies at age 99.Ref: 70
1995*Chen Yun Vice-Premier of China (1949-75, 79-80), dies.Ref: 5
1995*Glyn Jones writer, dies at 90.Ref: 5
1995 Gunter Guillaume German politican, dies.Ref: 5
1995*Joseph Anthony "Joe" Richards singer/actor (Colorado Ranger), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1996*Jessica Dubroff attempting to be youngest pilot, dies in crash at 7Ref: 5
2000*Larry Linville, best known for his role as Maj. Frank Burns on the CBS television show "M*A*S*H." Linville died of pneumonia at Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. He was 60.Ref: 4
2002*Eight Israelis are killed by a suicide bomber aboard a bus in Haifa.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen