Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 11th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
52 The trial of Milo for the murder of Claudius begins in Rome.Ref: 62
672*Deusdedit III begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
886*(date approximate) Boniface VI is consecrated as Pope. He will reign for 15 days.Ref: 69
1471*Henry VI of England is deposed for losing the war of the roses.Ref: 62
1471*King Edward IV of England conquers London from Henry VI.Ref: 5
1506*The foundation stone of the new St. Peter's Basilica was laid under the patronage of Julius II. (The church was not completed, however, until 1626.).Ref: 5
1551*English premier John Dudley appointed duke of Northumberland.Ref: 5
1564*Liege Prince-Bishop Robert van Bergen resigns.Ref: 5
1567*Dutch Prince William of Orange flees from Antwerp to Breda.Ref: 5
1579 Venlo joins Union of Utrecht.Ref: 5
1580 Drenthe joins Union of Utrecht.Ref: 5
1689*William the Third and Mary the Second were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) John Proctor, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Cloyce, Martha Corey, Dorcas Good, and Elizabeth Proctor are sent to a Boston prison this night.Ref: 21
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Magistrates Hathorne and Corwin examine Sarah Cloyce and Elizabeth Proctor. On the same day Elizabeth's husband, John, who protested the examination of his wife, becomes the first man accused of witchcraft and is incarcerated.Ref: 87
1775*Germany's last trial and execution for witchcraft.Ref: 10
1783*After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.Ref: 2
1814*Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as emperor of France and is banished to the island of Elba.Ref: 70
1814*Louis XVIII accedes to throne after Napoleon abdicates as emporer.Ref: 10
1836*English philanthropist George Mueller opens his famous orphanage on Wilson Street in Bristol. (By 1875, Mueller's orphanage was providing care for over 2,000 children.).Ref: 5
1840*The Penny Black postage stamp, the world's first, begins printing at Perkins, Bacon & Co. in London.Ref: 10
1848 Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Austria.Ref: 5
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Lincoln speaks to a large crowd of ex-slaves and others celebrating the news of the Union victory; urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction. Booth, listening to the speech with Louis Weichmann, resolves that it will be "the last speech" the President ever gives.Ref: 87
1865*Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction.Ref: 5
1868 Shogunate abolished in Japan ending reign of the warlords.Ref: 10
1876 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks is organized.Ref: 5
1876*Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan.Ref: 5
1881*Spelman College founded.Ref: 5
1890*Ellis Island designated as an immigration station.Ref: 5
1891*8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumour spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews.Ref: 5
1894*Uganda declared a British protectorate.Ref: 10
1895*Anaheim completes its new electric light system.Ref: 5
1900*US Navy's first submarine made its debut.Ref: 5
1911*(Triangle) Isaac Harris and Max Blanck, co-owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, are indicted for manslaughter in connection with the fire deaths. Reports indicate that the escape route from the ninth floor was blocked by a locked door.Ref: 87
1912 Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid.Ref: 5
1921 Turkestan ASSR established in Russian SFSR.Ref: 5
1921*Iowa became the first state to impose a cigarette tax.Ref: 70
1924 Socialists win Denmark's parliamentary elections.Ref: 5
1926*Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent.Ref: 5
1927*Chilean General Carlos Ibáñez names himself president.Ref: 5
1933*Nazis issue a decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the descendant as non-Aryan...especially if one parent or grandparent was of the Jewish faith."Ref: 35
1933*Hermann Göring becomes premier of Prussia.Ref: 5
1939*Hungary leaves League of Nations.Ref: 5
1941*Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazi's.Ref: 5
1945*Oppenheimer reports that Kistiakowsky has achieved optimal performance with implosion compression in sub-scale tests.Ref: 91
1950*Prince Rainier III becomes ruler of Monaco.Ref: 5
1950*US B-29 bomber shot down above Latvia.Ref: 5
1953*The Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare, was created under President Eisenhower, comes into official existence. Ref 
1953*Oveta Culp Hobby of Texas becomes first Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.Ref: 5
1957*Pablo Neruda arrested in Buenos Aires.Ref: 5
1958*Brooks Hall in Civic Center dedicated (San Francisco).Ref: 5
1959 Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory.Ref: 5
1961*(through Aug 14th) Eichmann on trial in Jerusalem for crimes against the Jewish people, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Found guilty and hanged at Ramleh on May 31, 1962. A fellow Nazi reported Eichmann once said "he would leap laughing into the grave because the feeling that he had five million people on his conscience would be for him a source of extraordinary satisfaction."Ref: 35
1961*Carl Yastrzemski replaced Ted Williams in left field for the Boston Red Sox. The ‘Yaz’ was just 21 years old and had but two years experience in the minor leagues when he was called. In his first at-bat, he got a hit off Kansas City’s Ray Herbert. Yastrzemski retired in 1984, having played his entire major-league career in a Boston Red Sox uniform.Ref: 4
1961 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns.Ref: 5
1963*John XXIII encyclical On peace in truth, justice, charity & liberty.Ref: 5
1963*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1967*Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress & reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr.Ref: 5
1967*The Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers International, formed in Dallas in 1962, changed its name to Christ for the Nations. This charismatic missions agency specializes in fund-raising and support for church construction and Christian literature distribution worldwide.Ref: 5
1968*(Chicago 7) Amid concerns about rising protests of the Viet Nam War, Congress enacts the Anti-Riot Act of 1968.Ref: 87
1968*President Lyndon Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.Ref: 5
1968*Polish Marshal Spychalski succeeds Ochab as president.Ref: 5
1968*West Berlin student Rudi Dutschke seriously wounded at demonstration.Ref: 5
1969*South African President Frederik de Klerk marries Marike Willemse.Ref: 5
1972*USSR performs underground nuclear test.Ref: 5
1972*Benjamin L Hooks, named to the FCC.Ref: 5
1974*The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.Ref: 2
1974*WWII war criminal JP Philippa arrested.Ref: 5
1977 Ireland sets fishing zone at 50 mile.Ref: 5
1979*Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seized control.Ref: 70
1980*The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issued regulations prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors.Ref: 70
1981*Race riot in London area of Brixton.Ref: 5
1981*President Reagan returned to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after he was wounded in an assassination attempt.Ref: 70
1984*General Secretary Konstantin U Chernenko named President of Soviet Union.Ref: 5
1986*Kellogg’s of Battle Creek, MI stopped its 80-year tradition of tours of the breakfast-food plant on this day, saying that company secrets were at risk with spies from other cereal manufacturers.Ref: 4
1993*Kirsan Ilumzjinov installed as President of Kalmukkie.Ref: 5
1995*(OJ Simpson) L.A.P.D. criminalist Dennis Fung concedes, under cross-examination by defense attorney Barry Scheck, procedural errors.Ref: 87
1996*Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.Ref: 2
2000*A British judge branded historian David Irving an anti-Semite racist and an apologist for Adolf Hitler, ruling that an American scholar was justified in calling him a Holocaust denier.Ref: 6
2001*Ending an 11-day standoff, China agreed to free the 24 crew members of an American spy plane after President George W. Bush said he was "very sorry" for the death of a Chinese fighter pilot whose plane had collided with the American aircraft.Ref: 70
2002*U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr., D-Ohio, was convicted of taking bribes and kickbacks from businessmen and his own staff.Ref: 70
2003*(Susan Harvey) Beavercreek resident, Susan Harvey, accused of the attempted murder of her Alzheimer's-stricken mother, court appearance in front of Judge Steven Wolaver is postponed due to the fact that her attorney, Dennis Lieberman, is unable to attend. (XDG, p 1A, 4/11/2001)Ref: 83
1803*A twin-screw propeller steamboat was patented by John Stevens. The boat was 25 feet long and four feet wide.Ref: 4
1876*The stenotype was patented by John C. Zachos of New York City.Ref: 4
1906 Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity.Ref: 5
1911*J.P. Holland sells the US Navy its first modern submarine, the Holland IV, for $150,000.Ref: 2
1929*Loetafoon celluloid film system demonstrated in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1943*Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft.Ref: 5
1957*Ryan X-13 Vertijet becomes 1st jet to take-off & land vertically.Ref: 5
1960*First weather satellite launched (Tiros 1).Ref: 5
1970*Apollo 13, with astronauts Lovell, Haise, Swigert, blast off on its ill-fated mission to the moon. (The astronauts managed to return safely).Ref: 70
1978*Microsoft announces its third language product, Microsoft COBOL-80. 
1983*NASA launches RCA-F.Ref: 5
1984*Celestial mechanics "Pinky" Nelson and "Ox" van Hoffen repair Solar Max satellite during 7 hour EVA in payload bay.Ref: 62
1984*Soyuz T-11 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1986*Halley's Comet makes closest approach to Earth this trip, 63 M km.Ref: 5
1986*Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.Ref: 2
1991*The space shuttle "Atlantis" landed safely after an extended, 93-orbit mission that included deployment of an observatory.Ref: 5
1994*MS-DOS 6.22 ships with new DriveSpace drive compression.Ref: 80
1512*The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French under Gaston de Foix at the Battle of Ravenna.Ref: 2
1512*Gaston de Foix French pretender to Navarra throne, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1564*England & France sign Peace of Troyes.Ref: 5
1677 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III.Ref: 5
1713*The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending Queen Anne's War (War of Spanish Succession in Europe). France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain; Gibralter becomes British. The treaty of which recognizes Iroquois as British subjects.Ref: 2
1856 Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats Wm Walker's invading Nicaraguans.Ref: 5
1863*Battle of Suffolk VA (Norfleet House).Ref: 5
1865*Battle of Mobile AL evacuated by Confederates.Ref: 5
1898*President William McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war against Spain.Ref: 70
1899*Treaty of Paris is ratified, ending the Spanish-American War; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US.Ref: 5
1902*Hendrik Potgieter South African Boer General, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1902*Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa.Ref: 5
1925 Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco.Ref: 5
1940*A British Expeditionary Force leaves Clyde en route to Narvik, Norway. 
1941*German bombers blitz Conventry, England.Ref: 2
1941*Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets.Ref: 5
1942*The Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized.Ref: 5
1942*Detachment 101 of the OSS--a guerrilla force--is activated in Burma.Ref: 2
1944*RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague.Ref: 5
1945*After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.Ref: 2
1945*During World War Two, American soldiers liberated the notorious Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.Ref: 5
1945*SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen.Ref: 5
1945*US captures Tsugen Shima.Ref: 5
1945*US troops conquers Mülheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen.Ref: 5
1951*President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea. New insight into the Korean War.Ref: 2
1956*French government decides to sends 200,000 reservists to Algeria.Ref: 5
1984*Chinese troops invade Vietnam.Ref: 5
1991*UN Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq declaration.Ref: 5
2003*US forces and Kurdish allies take the northern Iraqi city of Mosul without a fight. (XDG, p 5A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
1907*New York Giant Roger Bresnahan becomes the first catcher to wear shin guards.Ref: 5
1912*Pinstripes first appear on Highlanders' uniforms, creating a look that would become the most famous uniform design in sports.Ref: 86
1912*Redland Field (later known as Crosley Field) is officially dedicated. The Reds beat Chicago in the first game, 10-6.Ref: 86
1912*Giants' pitcher Rube Marquard begins a nineteen-game consecutive winning streak by beating the Dodgers, 18-3Ref: 1
1915 [Hanlon] Pat Clarke cyclist, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Babe Ruth beats New York Yankees, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox.Ref: 5
1921*The first live sports event on radio took place this day over KDKA radio. Pittsburgh sports writer, Florent Gibson, gave an account of the action in the lightweight boxing match between Johnny Ray and Johnny Dundee.Ref: 4
1924 1st men's college swimming championships begin.Ref: 5
1928*On Opening Day, Ty Cobb and Tris Speaker are in the starting lineup for the Philadelphia A's. It is the future Hall of Famers first game as teammates.Ref: 1
1936*Detroit Red Wings beat the Toronto Maple Leafs 3 games to 1 for Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1940 Andrew Ponzi of New York set a world’s record in a New York pocket billiards tournament. Ponzi ran 127 balls straight.Ref: 4
1947*Jackie Robinson became the first black player in major-league history when he played in an exhibition game for the Brooklyn Dodgers.Ref: 4
1948*12th Golf Masters Championship Claude Harmon wins, shooting a 279.Ref: 5
1954*Marlene Bauer wins LPGA New Orleans Golf Open.Ref: 5
1955*On the first pitch of his first major league at-bat, future manager Chuck Tanner hits a HR for the Braves.Ref: 1
1959*Dodger pitcher Don Drysdale hits his 2nd Opening Day homerun.Ref: 5
1961*The upstart Angels playing their first game in franchise history defeat a strong Oriole team, 7-2. Ted Kluszewski homers twice and Eli Grba tosses a complete game for Los Angeles.Ref: 1
1961*At Fenway Park, Red Sox rookie Carl Yastrzemski gets his first knock. Royals' hurler Ray Herbert gives up the first of 3,318 hits 'Captain Carl' will amass over a 23-year career.Ref: 1
1961*15th NBA Championship Boston Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 1.Ref: 5
1962*After being rained out the previous night and with some players getting stucked in an elevator, the New York Mets make their NL debut in St. Louis losing to the Cardinals, 11-4.Ref: 1
1963*Warren Spahn beats Mets 6-1 for his 328th win (most by a lefty).Ref: 5
1965*Jack Nicklaus scores a record 271 and becomes 1st man to win consecutive Masters.Ref: 5
1966*Emmett Ashford becomes first black major league umpire.Ref: 5
1966*30th Golf Masters Championship Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 288; Jack Nicklaus is the first man to win consecutive Masters.Ref: 5
1969*Behind the shut out pitching of Gary Bell, the Seattle Pilots beat the White Sox, 7-0 at Sicks Stadium in their first home game in franchise history.Ref: 1
1970*San Francisco beats Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in first place in 1970.Ref: 5
1971*35th Golf Masters Championship Charles Coody wins, shooting a 279.Ref: 5
1975*48,160 fans salute Hank Aaron's return to Milwaukee on -Welcome Home, Henry- Day for the home opener against Cleveland.Ref: 86
1975*JP Parise 11 second OT goal-Islanders first playoff advance eliminates Rangers.Ref: 5
1976*40th Golf Masters Championship Ray Floyd wins, shooting a 271.Ref: 5
1981*Larry Holmes beats Trevor Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1982*46th Golf Masters Championship Craig Stadler wins, shooting a 284.Ref: 5
1982*Pittsburgh Penguins 5-New York Islanders 2-Preliminary-Series tied at 2-2.Ref: 5
1983*47th Golf Masters Championship Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 280.Ref: 5
1984*The Detroit Pistons beat the Philadelphia 76ers 126-113 in a National Basketball Association game. It marked the first time the Pistons were able to defeat the 76ers at the Spectrum in Philly since November 2, 1974, a span of 22 games.Ref: 4
1985*Nursing a sprained left ankle suffered during a pickoff play in yesterday's game against the Rangers, Cal Ripken does not play in an exhibition game against the midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy.Ref: 1
1985*Washington Capitals 2-New York Islanders 1 (OT)-Patrick Division Semifinals- Capitals hold 2-0 lead.Ref: 5
1986 Dodge Morgan completes nonstop sail solo around the world in 150 days.Ref: 5
1987*Yankees score 12 runs in 7th inning vs Kansas City Royals.Ref: 5
1987*Zoja Ivanova wins 2nd female World Cup marathon (2:30:39).Ref: 5
1989*1st playoff goal scored by a goalee, Ron Hextall of the Phila Flyers, scores short-handed into an empty net beating Caps 8-5.Ref: 5
1990*Mark Langston, making his Angel debut, and Mike Witt combine to pitch a 1-0 no-hitter againstthe Mariners.Ref: 1
1990*New York Rangers beat New York Islanders 6-1, Rangers lead 3-1 in preliminary.Ref: 5
1992*Boston Red Sox beat Cleveland Indians, 7-5, in 19 innings, 6½ hours.Ref: 5
1992*BPAA US Open is won by Robert Lawrence.Ref: 5
1993*When Brewer catcher Dave Nilsson catches for Graeme Lloyd they become first all-Australian battery in major league history.Ref: 1
1993*57th Golf Masters Championship Bernhard Langer wins, shooting a 277.Ref: 5
1993 Jeff Rouse swims world record 100 meter backstroke (51.43 seconds).Ref: 5
1994*The Texas Rangers fall to Milwaukee, 4-3, in the first regular-season game at The Ballpark in Arlington.Ref: 86
1996*With a 2-1 loss to the Padres away from home, Greg Maddux's major league record of road victories is halted at 18. The Braves righty was 18-0 with an ERA under one run per game in 20 regular-season road starts dating back to July of 1994.Ref: 1
1996*Detroit Red Wings become 2nd NHL team to win 60 games in a season.Ref: 5
1998*Chicago area native Rick Gorecki leads the Tampa Bay Devil Rays to their first road victory with a 5-1 win over the White Sox at Comiskey Park.Ref: 86
1999*Arizona Diamondback Luis Gonzalez cracks a seventh-inning homer off Atlanta's Greg Maddux, beginning a hitting streak that will last through May 18. Gonzalez is the 37th player in major-league history to reach the 30-game plateau.Ref: 86
1999*63rd Golf Masters ChampionshipRef: 5
2000*The Detroit Tigers first are welcomed into their new home, Comerica Park. Opening Day saw 34º weather, a sold-out crowd, and a 5-2 win against Seattle.Ref: 86
2003*In the first of its "home" games at Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the Expos rout David Cone and the Mets, 10-0. The Montreal franchise, which is owned by major league baseball, will play 22 of games here this season as a new venue is sought for the poorly-attended Canadian team.Ref: 1
2003*Baseball Hall of Fame president, Dale Petroskey, says although he would still cancel a "Bull Durham" celebration due to anti-war criticism espoused by its co-stars, Tim Robbins and Susan Sarandon, he should have used a different approach calling the performers to discuss the situation rather than just sending a letter. The decision sets off a fire storm of debate with Cooperstown receiving over 5000 e-mails yesterday, both pro and con, as well as noted author Roger Kahn canceling his planned August appearance to speak about his new book "October Men", a work chronicling the 1978 World Champion Yankee team, as a protest.Ref: 1
1801 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans", premieres in Leipzig.Ref: 5
1830*Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini.Ref: 5
1914 George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion," premieres.Ref: 5
1936*Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "On Your Toes", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1938*Founding of Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in U.S.Ref: 10
1943 Nick Carter, Master Detective debuted on Mutual radio. The show was based on a New York Weekly character who was first introduced in 1886.Ref: 4
1955*WABD in NY and KTLA in Los Angeles begins to run pre-1948 Warner Bros. cartoons in a half-hour format. Saturday Morning Cartoons are born!Ref: 73
1956*Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites.Ref: 5
1956*Elvis Presley reached the top spot on the Billboard music chart with his first double-sided hit. The disk featured Heartbreak Hotel and I Was the One. The RCA Victor record stayed at number one for eight weeks. Elvis also made the country and R&B charts, as well.Ref: 4
1959*"Jamaica" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 558 performances.Ref: 5
1961*Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in Greenwich Village, New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker. He sang Blowin’ in the Wind.Ref: 2
1964*"Anyone Can Whistle" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 9 performances.Ref: 5
1967*"Illya Darling" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 320 performances.Ref: 5
1967 Tom Stoppard's "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead", premieres.Ref: 5
1970*Beatles' "Let It Be," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks.Ref: 5
1971*"Johnny Johnson" opens/closes at Edison Theater NYC for 1 performance.Ref: 5
1980*Paul McCartney releases "Coming Up".Ref: 5
1981*Valerie Bertinelli marries Eddie Van Halen.Ref: 5
1983*3rd Golden Raspberry Awards Inchon! wins.Ref: 5
1983*55th Academy Awards "Gandhi", Ben Kingsley & Meryl Streep win.Ref: 5
1986*A Canadain 1921 50¢ piece auctioned in NYC for $22,000.Ref: 5
1988*Cher was sure moonstruck at this the 60th Annual Academy Awards at LA’s Shrine Auditorium. And as well she should have been. After all, she won the Oscar for Best Actress (Moonstruck), over the likes of Meryl Streep, Glenn Close, Sally Kirkland, and Holly Hunter. Moonstruck struck gold again as Olympia Dukakis picked up the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, and John Patrick Shanley won for Best Writing/Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen. Almost all of the other awards (9) that evening were won by The Last Emperor (Jeremy Thomas, producer) including Best Picture, and Best Director (Bernardo Bertolucci), except for Michael Douglas who received the Best Actor award for his performance in Wall Street, Sean Connery for his Best Supporting Actor role in The Untouchables, and Dirty Dancing which had the winning Music/Song, (I’ve Had) The Time of My Life (music: Frank Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz, lyrics: Frank Previte). Funny man Chevy Chase hosted the fun-filled event. Note: The Last Emperor won in every category in which it was nominated.Ref: 4
1988*Royal Concert building in Amsterdam reopens.Ref: 5
1990 New York Lotto pays $35 million to two winners (#s are 6-14-24-32-34-51).Ref: 5
1991*The musical "Miss Saigon," denounced by detractors as racist and sexist, opened on Broadway.Ref: 5
1991*NYC's Museum of Broadcasting becomes "Museum of Radio & Television".Ref: 5
1992*Country singer Lee Greenwood weds Miss Tennessee 1989 (Kimberly Payne).Ref: 5
1992*Euro-Disney opens near Paris France.Ref: 5
1996*"King & I", premieres at Neil Simon Theater in NYC for 781 performances.Ref: 5
1370 Frederick I, the Warlike elector of Saxony, is born.Ref: 5
1492*Margaret of Angouleme, French queen consort of Henry II of Navarre; Renaissance poet and patron of the arts, is born.Ref: 70
1586*Pietro Della Valle composer, is born.Ref: 5
1602*Johann Neukrantz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1638*Diogo Diaz Melgaz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1661*Antoine Coypel French painter/poet, is born.Ref: 5
1681*Anne Danican Philidor composer, is born.Ref: 5
1682*Jean-Joseph Mouret composer, is born.Ref: 5
1715*John Alcock composer, is born.Ref: 5
1722*Christopher Smart English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols), is born.Ref: 5
1735*Pierre Nicolas La Houssaye composer, is born.Ref: 5
1755*James Parkinson, English physician, is born.Ref: 2
1769*Johann Georg Lickl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1770*George Canning (C) British PM (1827), is born.Ref: 5
1772*Manuel José Quintana Spanish author/poet (El Duque de Viseo), is born.Ref: 5
1775*Charles-François Dumonchau composer, is born.Ref: 5
1779*Louise Reichardt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1793*Nicolaas C Kist Dutch church historian/archivist, is born.Ref: 5
1794*Edward Everett, Dorchester MA, (Governor-MA), statesman/orator, is born.Ref: 5
1801*Claude Tillier French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin), is born.Ref: 5
1815*Klara Fey German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein), is born.Ref: 5
1819*Sir Charles Halle, German-born English pianist and conductor, is born.Ref: 70
1825*Ferdinand Lassalle French politician/founder (Allgemeiner), is born.Ref: 5
1834*Birth of Marcus Dods, Scottish clergyman and biblical scholar. His published works in New Testament studies helped popularize modern biblical scholarship in Great Britain.Ref: 5
1837*Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth Colonel (Union Army), died in 1861, is born.Ref: 5
1838*Joseph Leopold Rockel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*John Conrad Nordqvist composer, is born.Ref: 5
1856*Constantly Lievens Flemish missionary in India, is born.Ref: 5
1857*John Davidson, Scottish poet and playwright, is born.Ref: 70
1859*Basil Harwood composer, is born.Ref: 5
1862*(US Supreme Court Justice) Charles Evans Hughs 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41), is born.Ref: 5
1862*William W Campbell US astronomer/director Lick Observatory, is born.Ref: 5
1864*Lillie P. Bliss founder [with 2 other women] of New York City’s Museum of Modern Art; died in 1931Ref: 4
1866*Carla Ford, Henry's wife, is born.Ref: 5
1867*John P Lotsy Dutch botanist/geneticist (Genetics), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, is born.Ref: 70
1879*Leendert Round Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Harvey Bartlett Gaul composer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Leonard Mudie England, actor (Magnetic Monster, British Intelligence), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Donald Calthrop London, actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Nick La Rocca US coronetist/composer (Tiger Rag), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Dean Atcheson, the US government official and primary creator of NATO, is born.Ref: 15
1893*Lou Holtz comedian, actor: Follow the Leader [1930], School for Romance [1934], When Do We Eat? [1934]; is born.Ref: 4
1893 Johannes T Thijsse Dutch founder (Waterloopkundig lab Delft), is born.Ref: 5
1897 Caspar Neher German set designer/librettist, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Lou Holtz comedian/actor (Follow the Leader), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Percy Julian scientist: developer of synthetic progesterone, inexpensive production method to produce cortisone, a drug to treat glaucoma, chemical foam to smother oil fires; is born.Ref: 4
1901*Glenway Wescott American writer (Apartment in Athens), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Adriano Olivetti Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Theodor Rogalski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Quentin Reynolds New York NY, newscaster (Its News to Me)/author (FBI), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Arthur Ernest Mourant haematologist, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Paul McGrath Chicago IL, actor (Witness, No Time for Love), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Attila Jozsef, Hungarian poet, is born.Ref: 70
1906*-"Brenda Starr" creator Dale Messick is born.Ref: 6
1907*Paul Douglas Philadelphia PA, actor (Adventure Theater, Clash by Night), is born.Ref: 5
1907*William Henry Swinburne music teacher, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Jane Bolin attorney: first black woman graduate of Yale School of Law; first black, female judge, is born.Ref: 4
1908*Karel Ancerl Czechoslovakia, conductor (Prague/Toronto), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Leo Rosten, Polish-born American author and social scientist, is born.Ref: 70
1908 Masura Ibuka industrialist, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Antonio Sebastiao Ribiero de Spínola General/President of Portugal, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Henry William Collins artist, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Stella Walsh-Stanislawa-Walasiewicz Poland, sprinter (Olympics-gold-32, won 41 AAU track titles), is born.Ref: 5
1912*John Levy jazz musician: bass: played with George Shearing quintetRef: 4
1912*John Larkin Oakland CA, actor (Saints & Sinners, 12 O'Clock High), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Oleg Cassini Paris France, fashion designer for Jackie Kennedy, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Alberto E Ginastera Buenos Aires Argentina, composer (Panambi), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Dan Fortmann NFL guard (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Howard Koch producer/director (Frankenstein, Airplane II), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Cameron Mitchell actor (Hombre, How to Marry a Millionaire), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Jean-Claude Servan-Schreiber journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Richard Wainwright MP, is born.Ref: 5
1918*William Perrie British prison governor, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Former New York State Governor Hugh Carey (D) is born.Ref: 68
1919*Raymond Carr Warden (St Antony's College Oxford), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Marlen Haushofer writer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Dorothy Shay (Sims) ‘The Park Avenue Hillbilly’: singer: Feudin’ and Fightin’; actress: Comin’ Round the Mountain; is born.Ref: 4
1921*Virginia O'Brien Los Angeles CA, actress (Francis in the Navy), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Viscount Buckmaster, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Ralph Blaze guitarist: played with Stan Kenton, is born.Ref: 4
1922*Alexander Raichev composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Antoine Blondin writer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Ethel Kennedy, wife of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, is born.Ref: 2
1925*Johan van Zonderen painter, is born.Ref: 5
1925 Oscar De Ville CEO (Meyer International), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Rik Kuijpers Belgian director (Sea gulls die in the harbor), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Gervase de Peyer clarinettist, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Robert Hall Lewis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Domenico Guaccero composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Ethel [Skakel] Kennedy Chicago IL, wife of Bobby, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Ethel Kennedy (Skakel) widow of slain U.S. Attorney General Robert KennedyRef: 4
1929*Lawrence Coughlin (Representative-Republican-PA, 1969- ), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Nicholas F Brady US Secretary of Treasury (1988- ), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Carl Franklin Richmond CA, actor (Fantastic Journey), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Clive Exton scriptwriter & playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1930*James Alan Ferman secretary (British Board of Film Classification), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Joseph Burnett-Stuart CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Kazuo Fukushima composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*W G [Bill] Hefner (Representative-Democrat-NC, 1975- ), is born.Ref: 5
1931*John[ny] Sheffield Pasadena CA, actor (boy in many Tarzan movies), is born.Ref: 5
1932*F Gregory Neubeck USAF pilot, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Joel Grey [Joe Katz] Cleveland OH, actor (Cabaret, Remo Williams, 7% Solution), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Max Schubel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Tony Brown Charleston WV, newsman (Tony Brown's Journal), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Mark Strand American poet/editor/translator (Another Republic), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Dame Anne Poole chief nursing officer (Department of Health), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Richard A Garland artist/photographer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Pierre Kartner [Father Abraham], Dutch singer (Smurf Song), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Richard Berry musician, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Janet Allen Headmistress (Benenden School), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Michael Deaver politician/influence peddler (S&L scandal), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Louise Lasser, New York NY, actress (Mary Hartman! Mary Hartman!), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Frederick "Rick" Hauck Long Beach CA, astronaut (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26), is born.Ref: 5
1941*David Lyle Boren (Senator-Democrat-OK, 1979- ), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Ellen Goodman, Pultizer Prize-winning columnist, is born.Ref: 2
1942*Anatoli Nikolayevich Berezovoi Enem Adygeya Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5), is born.Ref: 5
1943 E J Dommering Dutch lawyer, is born.Ref: 5
1943 Elmer R Wilsoe Island mayor (Curaçao), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Joe Beauchamp football: Univ. of Iowa, SD Chargers, is born.Ref: 4
1944*John Milius writer (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday), is born.Ref: 5
1944*R J B Knight deputy director (National Maritime Museum), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Robert Fripp guitarist (King Crimson), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Peter Riegert New York NY, actor (Americathon, Animal House, Crossing Delancey), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Michael Hindley British Member of European Parliament, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Michael Wright Vice-Chancello, (Aston University), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Ulrich Edel Neuenburg am Rhein West Germany, film director (The Little Vampire, Body of Evidence), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ellen Goodman syndicated columnist, is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bill Irwin Santa Monica, actor (My Blue Heaven, Scenes From a Mall), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Steve George football: Univ. of Houston, St. Louis Cardinals, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Sid Monge baseball: pitcher: California Angels, Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1979], Philadelphia Phillies, SD Padres, Detroit Tigers, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Robbie House rocker (Snuff), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Michael Daly Toronto Ontario Canada, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 British Columbia Winter Tour), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Chris Difford rocker (Squeeze), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Michele Scarabelli Montréal Québec Canada, actress (Jo Santini-Airwolf, Alienation, Dallas), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Piers J Sellers Sussex England, PhD/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Neville Staples singer: group: The Specials: Gangsters, A Message to You Rudy, Too Much Too Young, Ghost Town, is born.Ref: 4
1958*[William] Stuart Adamson Manchester England, rock vocalist/guitarist (Big Country-Wonderland), is born.Ref: 5
1958*John Castellanos San Diego CA, actor (John Silva-Young and Restless), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Sally Clark Feilding New Zealand, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-silver-96), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Lucky Vanous Lincoln NE, model (GQ, Diet Coke), is born.Ref: 5
1962*André Wasiman soccer player (FC Volendam), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Terry Hoage NFL wide receiver (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Eddy Moya El Paso TX, actor, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Elizabeth Smylie Perth Australia, tennis star (1987 Oklahoma City), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Lisa Stansfield singer, songwriter: All Around the World, You Can’t Deny It, This is the Right Time, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Dave Richards NFL guard (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Kara McGaw Toronto Ontario Canada, softball rightfielder (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Mark Higgs NFL running back (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Steve Scarsone Anaheim CA, infielder (San Francisco Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Dave Richards NFL guard (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Lachlan Dreher Australian field hockey goal keeper (Olympics-silver-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Mark Seay NFL wide receiver (San Diego Chargers, Philadelphia Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Stefan Johnstown Norwegian speed walker (world record 20 km), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Wendel Suckow Marquette MI, luger (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Eric Moten NFL guard/tackle (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*J Nick Adamson Freeport Bahamas, US laser yachter (Olympics-21st-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Janeth Arcain WNBA forward (Houston Comets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jesse Campbell NFL safety (New York Giants, Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Delroy Pearson Romford Essex England, rocker (Five Star-Between the Lines), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Joe Vitiello Cambridge MA, infielder (Kansas City Royals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Sean Bergman Joliet IL, pitcher (San Diego Padres), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Trevor Linden Medicine Hat, NHL right wing (Canucks, New York Islanders), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Avo Avetisyan WLAF defensive linesman (Amsterdam Admirals), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Dietrich Jells wide receiver (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Kunihiko Sakurai hockey forward (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Nicole Levesque WNBA guard (Charlotte Sting), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ted Johnson linebacker (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Blake Brockermeyer NFL tackle (Green Bay Packers, Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Monica Chala Miss Ecuador-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Reggie Tongue NFL safety (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Alex Corretja Barcelona Spain, tennis star (1990 Orange Bowl boys 16), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Sascha van Wissen Dutch soccer player (MVV), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Terry Cousin NFL cornerback (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Victor Sikora soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1984*? first deep freeze baby, in AustraliaRef: 5
678*Donus Italian Pope (676-78), dies.Ref: 5
1034*Romanus III Argyrus Byzantine emperor (1028-34), assasinated by wife.Ref: 5
1240*Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies.Ref: 5
1500*Michael T Marullus Greeks poet, drowns.Ref: 5
1648*Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1729*Manuel de Egues composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1783*Nikita I Panin Russian earl/ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1810*Jakob Zupan composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1812*Gottlieb Schick German painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35.Ref: 5
1838 Pieter L Uys South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40.Ref: 5
1839*John Galt Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1842*John England bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies.Ref: 5
1853*Louis Emmanuel Eadin composer, dies.Ref: 5
1854 Karl Adolph von Basedow German Democratic Republic (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55.Ref: 5
1875*Samuel Heinrich Schwabe, German astronomer, discoverer of 11-year sunspot cycle, dies at age 85.Ref: 5
1881*Kristian Mandrup Elster Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40.Ref: 5
1881*River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ontario, 180 die.Ref: 5
1887*Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky composer, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1890 John Merrick (the Elephant Man) dies.Ref: 10
1901*Ivar Christian Hallstrom composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1902*Wade Hampton, American Confederate war hero of the Civil War, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1903*Gemma Galgani Italian saint, dies at 25.Ref: 5
1906*James A Bailey circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1906*Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon Russian-orthodox clergyman/tsarist agent, dies.Ref: 5
1912*Henri Brisson, French statesman who was twice premier of France, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1916*Richard Harding Davis journalist, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1918*Otto Wagner, Austrian architect, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1921*Augusta Victoria Queen of Prussia/wife of Emperor Wilhelm II, dies.Ref: 5
1926*Luther Burbank naturalist: creator of new varieties of flowers, trees, edible fruits and vegetables; dies.Ref: 4
1934*Gerald du Maurier, London England, actor (Power, Escape, Masks & Faces), dies.Ref: 17
1936*Mitya Stillman composer, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1939*S.S. VanDine, American critic, editor and author of popular detective novels, dies at age 50.Ref: 70
1945*Kamiel van Baelen Flemish resistance fighter (in Dachau), dies at 29.Ref: 5
1948*Jock Sutherland, Scottish-born American collegiate and professional football coach, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1952*Wadi' Sabra composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1961*Francis de Bourguignon composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1965*40 tornadoes strike US midwest killing 272 & injuring 5,000.Ref: 5
1969*Ludvig Irgens Jensen composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1970*John H O'Hara US journalist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1970*Cathy O'Donnell dies at 66.Ref: 5
1973*Ted Decorsia actor (Police Chief Hegedorn-Steve Canyon), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1974*Curt Conway dies.Ref: 5
1975*Dorothy Patten dies at 70.Ref: 5
1976*Liam Dunn dies a 59.Ref: 5
1977*Jacques Prévert French poet (La puil et le beau), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1980*Erskine Caldwell novelist: Tobacco Road, God’s Little Acre; dies.Ref: 2
1980*Charlotte Henry dies.Ref: 5
1980*Florence Lake dies.Ref: 5
1981*Marie Ney dies at 85.Ref: 5
1983*Dolores Del Rio actress (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1985*Enver Hoxha party leader/premier of Albania, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1987*Erskine Caldwell novelist (Tobacco Road), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1987*Kent Taylor actor (Boston Blackie, Rough Riders), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1987*Primo Levi Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at age 67.Ref: 68
1988*David Prater US singer (Sam & Dave-Soul Man), dies in car crash at 50.Ref: 5
1988*Jeff Donnell actor (Hoedown, 9 Girls), dies of a heart attack at 66.Ref: 5
1989*Henk van Galen Last Dutch journalist, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1990*Barbara Ann Miller dies.Ref: 5
1991*Tom Rosqui dies at 62.Ref: 5
1992*Adele Dixon singer/actress (Uneasy Virtue), dies of pneumonia at 83.Ref: 5
1992*Eve Merriam poet (Inner City Mother Goose), dies of cancer at 75.Ref: 5
1992*James Brown actor (Rip-Adventures of Rin Tin Tin), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1992*Irish Republican Army bombs London financial district, killing 3.Ref: 5
1993*Mohammed el-Himi Brigadier-General of Egyptian police, murdered.Ref: 5
1993*Rachmon Nabiyev President of Tadzjikistan (1973..92), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1994*Johan Block Dutch aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1996*Seven-year-old Jessica Dubroff, who'd hoped to become the youngest person to fly cross-country, was killed along with her father and flight instructor when her plane crashed after takeoff from Cheyenne, Wyoming. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1996*Daniel Wolf journalist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1996*Edwin Clarke historian/neurologist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1996*Louis Osman artist/goldsmith/craftsman, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1996 Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet advertising magnate, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1997*Michael Dorris writer, commits suicide at 52Ref: 5
1998*Lew Hays founder of PONY League baseball for youngsters; dies.Ref: 4
2001 Sir Harry Secombe dies.Ref: 10

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen