Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 19th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
607*Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth.Ref: 5
1451*Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne.Ref: 5
1524*Pope Clemens VII fires Netherlands inquisitor-General French Van de Holly.Ref: 5
1529*In Germany at the Diet of Spires (Speyer), a document signed by Lutheran leaders in fourteen cities lodged a "protest" which demanded a freedom of conscience and the right of minorities. Henceforth, the German Lutheran Reformers were known as "Protestants."Ref: 5
1689*Residents of Boston oust their governor, Edmond Andros.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Abigail Hobbs, Bridget Bishop, Giles Cory and Mary Warren are examined. Deliverance Hobbs confesses to practicing witchcraft. Mary Warren reverses her statement made in early April and rejoins the accusers.Ref: 20
1713 Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions.Ref: 5
1764*Parliament adopts the Currency Act, preventing the colonies from issuing paper money as legal tender. The measure was prompted chiefly by Virginia's issuance of £440,000 to finance the French and Indian War.Ref: 2
1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname.Ref: 5
1775*(Boston Massacre) Paul Revere and William Dawes make their famous midnight ride to warn citizens of the arrival of British troops. The American Revolution is about to begin.Ref: 87
1782*The Netherlands recognizes the United States.Ref: 2
1802*The Spanish reopen New Orleans port to American merchants.Ref: 2
1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay.Ref: 5
1837*Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth.Ref: 5
1839*Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy.Ref: 5
1852*California Historical Society forms.Ref: 5
1853*Netherlands Van Hall government forms.Ref: 5
1865*Lincoln's funeral is conducted in the East Room of the White House.Ref: 87
1874*Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fireRef: 5
1887*The Catholic University of America was chartered in Washington, D.C.Ref: 5
1890*Henry Morton Stanley is inaugurated in Brussels.Ref: 5
1904*Much of Toronto destroyed by fire.Ref: 5
1906*Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail.Ref: 5
1909*Joan of Arc, declared a saint.Ref: 5
1919*French assembly decides on 8 hour work day.Ref: 5
1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers.Ref: 5
1926*(Sweet) The trial of The People of Michigan v. Henry Sweet begins. (Henry Sweet is the occupant who fired the bullet that killed Breiner.)Ref: 87
1932*President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week.Ref: 5
1933*FDR announces US will leave the gold standard.Ref: 5
1936*Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine.Ref: 5
1939*Slovakia passes its own version of the Nuremberg Laws.Ref: 35
1939*Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late).Ref: 5
1941*Robert F. Wagner, Sr. introduced a resolution in the U.S. Senate stating that U.S. policy should favor the "restoration of the Jews in Palestine." The resolution was supported by 68 Senators.Ref: 5
1941*Milk rationed in Holland.Ref: 5
1943*Dr. Albert Hofman at Sandoz in Basle, Switzerland, resynthesizes LSD-25 in a search for a cure for migraines, & has visions (first synthesis 1938) 
1943*Jews attack Nazi occupation forces at Warsaw Ghetto under Mordechai Anielewicz.Ref: 5
1948*Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China.Ref: 5
1951*Gen. Douglas MacArthur, relieved of his command by President Harry S. Truman, bid farewell to Congress, quoting a line from a ballad: "Old soldiers never die; they just fade away."Ref: 70
1967*Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years.Ref: 5
1968*Belgian construction workers strike.Ref: 5
1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (Natl Day).Ref: 5
1971*(Manson) Judge Older sentences Manson to death. Manson is ordered sent to San Quenton's death row.Ref: 87
1971*Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day).Ref: 5
1972*Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth.Ref: 5
1972 Hungary revises constitution.Ref: 5
1972*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1973*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1978*Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel.Ref: 5
1981*The first major-league baseball team to win 11 straight games at the beginning of a season was the Oakland A’s. Win number 11 came with a few fireworks, as a brawl or two became a part of a 6-1 victory over Seattle in the first game of a doubleheader. In the second game, however, Seattle ended the A’s win streak with a 3-2 win.Ref: 4
1983*France performs nuclear test.Ref: 5
1985*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1987*Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver.Ref: 5
1987*Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve.Ref: 5
1987*USSR performs underground nuclear test.Ref: 5
1988*Record nine million dollars paid for 85.9 carat pear-shaped diamond at Sotheby's, New York.Ref: 10
1989*A white female jogger in New York's Central Park was brutally beaten and raped. Five black and Hispanic teenagers were convicted and sent to prison. The convictions were overturned in 2003 after a serial rapist confessed and DNA evidence tied him to the crime.Ref: 70
1989*Kevin Elster (New York Mets), sets errorless shortstop mark at 73.Ref: 5
1989 Republic Day in Sierra Leone.Ref: 5
1990*(Trump) Marla Maples appears on ABC's Prime-Time.Ref: 5
1991 Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrives in South Korea for talks with President Roh Tae-woo.Ref: 64
1991*Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990.Ref: 5
1994*(King) In a civil suit by King against Los Angeles, a jury awards $3.8 million in damages.Ref: 87
1994 Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election.Ref: 5
1994*Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender.Ref: 5
1996*President Clinton, visiting Russia, paid tribute to the hundreds of thousands of Russians who died in the Nazi siege of Leningrad -- and to the victims of the Oklahoma bombing as well.Ref: 6
1997*More than 50,000 residents abandoned Grand Forks, North Dakota, as the rising Red River overran sandbags. (XDG, p. 4A, 4/19/2002)Ref: 83
1999 The German parliament inaugurated its new home in the restored Reichstag in Berlin, its prewar capital.Ref: 70
2000*“The empty chairs are a simple yet powerful portrayal of someone’s absence. Like an empty chair at a dinner table, we are always aware of the presence of a loved one’s absence,” said architects Hans and Torrey Butzer and Sven Berg, explaining their inclusion of 168 bronze and stone chairs, each inscribed with a victim's name and mounted on a glass base, the focus at the opening of the Oklahoma City National Memorial. This memorial marks the place where 168 people died in 1995 in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history. A new expanse of green lawn was once the site of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, and a 320-foot-long reflecting pool lined with black stone has replaced the bombed-out street. The chairs, symbolic of tombstones, are also placed in symbolic positions: Nine rows representing the nine floors of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, with each victim's chair placed in the row according to the floor on which he or she worked or was visiting at the time of the blast. 19 of the chairs are smaller, representing the children who were murdered in the attack. Ironically, A 70-year-old elm tree survived the bombing. “The Survivor Tree” is now protected by the Rescuer's Orchard: Fruit trees symbolic of the many rescue workers who pulled survivors from the rubble.Ref: 4
1770*Captain James Cook first sees Australia.Ref: 5
1892*The prototype of the first commercially successful American automobile was completed in Springfield, Mass., by Charles E. Duryea and his brother Frank.Ref: 70
1905*Researcher Jos. Goldberg proves pellagra is caused by poor nutrition; can be cured by B vitamins.Ref: 10
1910*Halley's comet seen by naked eye first time this trip (Curacao).Ref: 5
1919*Leslie Irvin of US makes first parachute jump & free fall.Ref: 5
1962*NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900 m.Ref: 5
1967*US Surveyor III lands on Moon.Ref: 5
1971*The Soviet Union launches Salyut 1. This was the first in a series of civilian and military space stations that the USSR would operate for over a decade. Salyut 7, the last of the series was launched in 1982 . It is no longer manned but it is still in orbit.Ref: 5
1975*India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR.Ref: 5
1982*Astronauts Sally K. Ride and Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first woman and first African-American to be tapped for U.S. space missions.Ref: 5
1982*USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit.Ref: 5
1985*16th Space Shuttle Mission (51-D)-Discovery 4 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1539 Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.Ref: 2
1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel.Ref: 5
1587*Sir Francis Drake leads raid of 26 ships in Cadiz harbor destroying 30 Spanish galleons.Ref: 10
1591*Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France.Ref: 5
1775*The first battles of the American Revolution take place at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. Minutemen Captain John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon. The British are repelled at North Bridge and retreat to Boston.Ref: 2
1794 Tadeusz Kosciuszko forces the Russians out of Warsaw.Ref: 2
1861*President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North.Ref: 2
1861*The Baltimore riots result in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.Ref: 2
1863*Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Huger VA.Ref: 5
1864*Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, FR USS Kearsage vs CSS Alabama.Ref: 5
1916*President Wilson publicly warns Germany not to pursue submarine policy.Ref: 38
1916*Italians troops conquer Colonel di Lana at Merano.Ref: 5
1927 In China, Hankow communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek.Ref: 2
1928*Japanese troops occupy Sjantung-schiereiland.Ref: 5
1938 General Francisco Franco declares victory in the Spanish Civil War.Ref: 2
1940*Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege.Ref: 5
1941*Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia.Ref: 5
1943*(thru the 30th) The Bermuda Conference occurs as representatives from the U.S. and Britain discuss the problem of refugees from Nazi-occupied countries, but results in inaction concerning the plight of the Jews.Ref: 35
1944*Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra.Ref: 5
1945*US aircraft carrier Franklin is heavily damaged in Japanese air raid.Ref: 5
1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails.Ref: 5
1964*Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier.Ref: 5
1990 Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce in Nicaragua's civil war.Ref: 5
1890*The Brooklyn Bridegrooms, who will later be known as the Dodgers, play their first National League game. In Boston, the former American Association team loses to the Braves, 15-9.Ref: 1
1897*The first annual Boston Marathon -- the first of its type in the United States -- was run from Ashland, Mass., to Boston. John J. McDermott of New York City wins in 2:55:10.Ref: 4
1898*2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Massachusetts in 2:42:00.Ref: 5
1899*3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Massachusetts in 2:54:38.Ref: 5
1900*Setting a major league record for most runs scored by two clubs on Opening Day, the Phillies defeat the Braves in 10 innings, 19-17. Boston scores nine runs in the ninth inning to send the game into extra innings.Ref: 1
1900*4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4.Ref: 5
1901*5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6.Ref: 5
1902*6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of New York in 2:43:12.Ref: 5
1904*8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4.Ref: 5
1905*9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4.Ref: 5
1906*10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Massachusetts in 2:45:45.Ref: 5
1907*11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24.Ref: 5
1909*13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of New Hampshire in 2:53:36.8.Ref: 5
1910*14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4.Ref: 5
1911*15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:21:39.6.Ref: 5
1912*16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2.Ref: 5
1913*17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8.Ref: 5
1915*19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2.Ref: 5
1916*20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Massachusetts in 2:27:16.4.Ref: 5
1917*21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2.Ref: 5
1919*23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Massachusetts in 2:29:13.4.Ref: 5
1920*24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31.Ref: 5
1921*25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of New Jersey in 2:18:57.6.Ref: 5
1922*26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:18 10.Ref: 5
1923*27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:23:37.4.Ref: 5
1924*28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:29:40.2.Ref: 5
1926*30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4.Ref: 5
1927*31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:40:22.2.Ref: 5
1928*32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts in 2:37:07.8.Ref: 5
1928*New York Yankees are out of first place for 1st time since May 1926.Ref: 5
1929*33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6.Ref: 5
1930*34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Massachusetts (his 7th) in 2:34:48.2.Ref: 5
1932*36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4.Ref: 5
1933*37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of Rhode Island in 2:31:01.6.Ref: 5
1934*38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8.Ref: 5
1935*39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Massachusetts in 2:32:07.4.Ref: 5
1937*41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20.Ref: 5
1938*During the first inning, both Dodgers' Ernie Koy and Phillies' Emmett Mueller homer in their first major league at-bats.Ref: 1
1938*42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of Rhode Island in 2:35:34.8.Ref: 5
1939*43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of Rhode Island in 2:28:51.8.Ref: 5
1940*44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Coté of Canada in 2:28:28.6.Ref: 5
1940*Paavo Nurmi, a runner from Finland, predicted that a four-minute mile would be run within the next decade. He was off by only 4 years! Roger Bannister broke the four-minute mile at Oxford, England in a time of 3:59.4 on May 6, 1954. Don Bowden was the first American runner to break the mark with a 3:58.7 mile at Stockton, California on June 1, 1957. Jim Beatty became the first sub-four-minute indoor mile runner with a 3:58.9 mark in Los Angeles on February 10, 1962.Ref: 4
1941*45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of Rhode Island in 2:30:38.Ref: 5
1942*46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Massachusetts in 2:26:51.2.Ref: 5
1943*47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Coté of Canada in 2:28:25.8.Ref: 5
1944*Mel Ott hits the first NL HR of the season, the 464th of his career, helping the Giants defeat Braves, 2-1.Ref: 1
1944*Gerard Cote wins his 2nd straight & 3rd career Boston Marathon.Ref: 5
1945*49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Massachusetts in 2:30:40.2.Ref: 5
1946*Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out.Ref: 5
1947 AAU record for a 25' rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds.Ref: 5
1947*Stanley Cup Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montréal Canadiens, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1947*51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39.Ref: 5
1948*The Red Sox become the first team to hit three consecutive homers (Spence, Stephens and Doerr) on Opening Day, but the long ball isn't enough as the A's beats Boston in 11 innings, 5-4.Ref: 1
1948*52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Coté of Canada (4th) in 2:31:02.Ref: 5
1949*Monuments honoring Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins are unveiled in centerfield during Opening Day ceremonies held at Yankee Stadium.Ref: 1
1949*53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8.Ref: 5
1950*54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea (aged 19) in 2:32:39.Ref: 5
1951*55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka of Japan, survivor of the atomic blast at Hiroshima, in 2:27:45.Ref: 5
1952*56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53.Ref: 5
1953*Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open.Ref: 5
1954*7-time winner of the Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th.Ref: 5
1954*58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39.Ref: 5
1955*59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22.Ref: 5
1956*Major-league baseball came to New Jersey for the first time as the Brooklyn Dodgers defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 5-4 at Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City.Ref: 4
1956*60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14.Ref: 5
1958*The San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers met for the first time as major-league baseball came to the West Coast.Ref: 4
1958*62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54.Ref: 5
1959*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open.Ref: 5
1960*Baseball uniforms begin displaying player's names on their backs.Ref: 5
1960*Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating.Ref: 4
1960*64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54.Ref: 5
1961*Cassius Clay KOs Lamar Clark in the 2nd round in Louisville KY.Ref: 96
1961*65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39.Ref: 5
1962*66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland (his 3rd) in 2:23:48.Ref: 5
1963*67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:18:58.Ref: 5
1964*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1965*69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in 2:16:33.Ref: 5
1965*At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die and eventually led to the installation of Astroturf.Ref: 5
1966*The Los Angeles Angels lose their first game at new Anaheim Stadium to the Chicago White Sox 3-1.Ref: 5
1966*Roberta Bignay becomes the 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon.Ref: 5
1966*70th Boston Marathon won by Kenji Kimihara of Japan in 2:17:11.Ref: 5
1967*71st Boston Marathon won by Dave McKenzie of New Zealand in 2:15:45.Ref: 5
1968*After a five-hour meeting in Chicago, the National League approves expansion to Montreal and San Diego. Dallas-Fort Worth fails in its bid for an N.L. franchise.Ref: 86
1968*72nd Boston Marathon won by Amby Burfoot (1st American to win since 1957) of Connecticut in 2:22:17.Ref: 5
1970*Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1971*75th Boston Marathon won by Alvaro Mejia of Colombia in 2:18:45.Ref: 5
1973*George Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president.Ref: 5
1974*Baltimore Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park homerun against the New York Yankees.Ref: 5
1976*5th Boston Women's Marathon won by Kim Merritt of Wisconsin in 2:47:10.Ref: 5
1976*80th Boston Marathon won by Jack Fultz of Washington DC in 2:20:19.Ref: 5
1979*Following a 6-3 loss to the Orioles, Yankees Goose Gossage & Cliff Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb.Ref: 5
1981*With a 6-1 Opening Day victory over the Mariners, the A's establish a major league record by winning eleven consecutive season openers.Ref: 1
1981*Beth Daniel wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf.Ref: 5
1981*Rochester Red Wings & Pawtucket Red Sox play to 2-2 tie in 32 innings, game suspended at 4:07 AM (Pawtucket later wins in 33rd).Ref: 5
1982*Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery.Ref: 5
1982*11th Boston Women's Marathon won by Charlotte Teske of Germany in 2:29:33.Ref: 5
1982*86th Boston Marathon won by Alberto Salazar of Oregon in 2:08:51.Ref: 5
1985*A Central Regional High School student, Al Leiter, used a blazing 85-mph fastball to strike out 32 batters on the way to a 0-0 tie! The game, played in Berkeley Township, NJ, was called after 13 innings. Leiter’s effort was just five short of the record set in 1971.Ref: 4
1986*Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1987 Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph).Ref: 5
1987*Thanks to Rob Deer's three-run homer to tie the score and Dale Sveum's two-run winning shot, the Brewers rallied for five runs in the ninth inning beating the Rangers, 6-4. The Milwaukee victory sets an AL record as they win their 12th straight game to start the season.Ref: 1
1987*Los Angeles Clippers end season with a terrible 12-70 record.Ref: 5
1987*Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Santa Barbara Golf Open.Ref: 5
1990*Detroit Pistons & Phila 76'ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 in fines (an NBA record).Ref: 5
1991*Battle of the Ages-Heavyweight champion Evander Hollyfield beats 42 year old George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title in Atlantic City NJ.Ref: 5
1992*Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Sega Women's Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1993*22nd Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:25:27.Ref: 5
1993*97th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas N'deti of Kenya in 2:09:33.Ref: 5
1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88).Ref: 5
1996*In the eighth inning, the Rangers falls one run short of setting modern major league mark scoring 16 runs in one inning in their 26-7 rout of the Orioles.Ref: 1
1997*(and 20th) The San Diego Padres host the St. Louis Cardinals in the Padres Paradise Series at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, HI, dropping 2 of 3 games.Ref: 86
1998*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays improve to 10-6 with a 6-0 victory at Anaheim, becoming the first expansion team ever to be four games over .500 at any point in their inaugural season.Ref: 86
1999*A sore back puts Cal Ripken, Jr. on the disabled list for the first time in his 19-year career.Ref: 1
2000*Veteran hurler Orel Hershiser ties a major league mark, equaled by 19 others, hitting 4 batters in one game. Astro Richard Hidalgo also ties a modern major league record by getting hit three times in a game, twice by Hershiser and a third time by Dodger reliever Matt Herges.Ref: 1
2001*Tampa Bay Devil Ray, RHP Travis Phelps makes his Major League debut at Tropicana Field, working two scoreless innings against the Boston Red Sox. Phelps, drafted in the 89th round of the 1996 draft, becomes the lowest-selected player to ever reach the big leagues.Ref: 86
2002*Mariner third baseman Jeff Cirillo ties the major league record for consecutive errorless games at the hot corner by playing his 99th contest without a miscue. The mark took John Wehner more than eight years to establish playing as a journeyman infielder with the Dodgers, Pirates and Marlins.Ref: 1
1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1774*CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis", premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1836*Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor", premieres in St Petersburg.Ref: 5
1877*The opera "Les Cloches de Corneville" is produced (Paris France).Ref: 5
1880 The Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner.Ref: 2
1894*Jules Massenet's opera "Werther", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1896*Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published.Ref: 5
1897 First performance of Debussy's "Pelléas et Mélisande".Ref: 5
1911 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1911*First performance by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes of "Le Spectre de la Rose"in Russia.Ref: 10
1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London.Ref: 5
1919*André Messager 's opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London).Ref: 5
1924 A new show joined the airwaves. The Chicago Barn Dance aired on WLS radio in the Windy City. Later, the famous program would be renamed The National Barn Dance. This program was the first country music jamboree on radio. (The Grand Ole Opry on WSM Radio in Nashville, TN began in 1925.) National Barn Dance continued for many years on the radio station that was owned by retailer, Sears Roebuck & Co. WLS, in fact, stood for ‘World’s Largest Store’. Though the Barn Dance gave way to rock music and now, talk radio, The Grand Ole Opry continues each weekend in Nashville.Ref: 4
1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London.Ref: 5
1934*Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer".Ref: 5
1941 Bertolt Brecht's "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder", premieres in Zürich.Ref: 5
1945*The Rodgers & Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway.Ref: 5
1948*ABC-TV network begins.Ref: 5
1951*"Tree Grows in Brooklyn" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 performances.Ref: 5
1956*Actress Grace Kelly became Princess Grace of Monaco on this day in a civil ceremony. The beloved U.S. actress from Philadelphia married Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a storybook wedding. More than 1,500 radio, TV, newspaper and magazine reporters were on hand for the event in Monaco, as were most of the citizens of the tiny country.Ref: 4
1959*Singer Harry Belafonte appeared in the first of two benefit concerts for charity at Carnegie Hall in New York City.Ref: 4
1963*"Hot Spot" opens at the Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances.Ref: 5
1964 Roger Sessions' opera "Montezuma", premieres in West-Berlin.Ref: 5
1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London.Ref: 5
1965*First all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating.Ref: 5
1967*Nancy Sinatra and her dad, Frank, found a gold record award in the mailbox, for their collaboration on the hit single, Something Stupid.Ref: 4
1967*Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don't).Ref: 5
1967 "Casino Royale" premieres.Ref: 5
1969*"Oliver", Cliff Robertson & Katharine Hepburn win 51st Academy Awards.Ref: 5
1970*The first Broom Hilda comic strip.Ref: 73
1970*"Look to the Lilies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 25 performances.Ref: 5
1970*24th Tony Awards Borstal Boy & Applause win.Ref: 5
1972*Micki Grant's musical "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opens at Playhouse NYC for 1,065 performances.Ref: 5
1973*Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday & Tomorrow".Ref: 5
1977*Alex Haley receives a special Pulitzer Prize for his book Roots.Ref: 2
1979*FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn NY).Ref: 5
1981*William Finn's musical "March of Falsettos", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1984*Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs first appears in print (Nature magazine).Ref: 5
1992*Fiction: Balki & Mary Ann wed on "Perfect Strangers".Ref: 5
1992*"4 Baboons Adoring the Sun" closes at Beaumont NYC after 38 performances.Ref: 5
1994*15th Emmy Sports Award presentation.Ref: 5
1995*Chopper 4 first used on WNBC TV (NYC) news.Ref: 5
1997*Renee Slaughter, crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic International.Ref: 5
2001*The musical "The Producers" opened on Broadway.Ref: 70
1320*Pedro I King of Portugal (1357-67), is born.Ref: 5
1605*Orazio Benevoli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1660*Sebastian Duron composer, is born.Ref: 5
1666*Sarah Kembel Knight, diarist, is born.Ref: 2
1700*Georg Abraham Schneider composer, is born.Ref: 5
1715*James Nares composer, is born.Ref: 5
1721*(Declaration of Independence) Roger Sherman, lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in Newton, MA.Ref: 2
1728*Francisco Albergati Capacelli Italian playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1737 Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation propagandist, is born.Ref: 5
1768*Adrian H Haworth English entomologist/botanist, is born.Ref: 5
1771*Giuseppe Cartufo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1772*David Ricardo economist, author: The High Price of Bullion, a Proof of the Depreciation of Bank Notes, Principles of Political Economy and Taxation; is born.Ref: 4
1785*Alexandre Pierre François Boely composer, is born.Ref: 5
1795*Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg German zoologist, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Franz Joseph Glaser composer, is born.Ref: 5
1798*Heinrich Maria von Hess historical painter, is born.Ref: 5
1801*Gustav T Fechner [Dr Mises] German philosopher/physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1805*Charles Edmond-Hénri de Coussemaker Belgian musicologist/historian, is born.Ref: 5
1817*John Philip painter, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Mortimer Dormer Leggett Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896, is born.Ref: 5
1823*Birth of Anna L. Waring, Welsh Anglican hymnwriter. "In Heavenly Love Abiding" is one of her best-known hymns, and is still sung today.Ref: 5
1830*Rudolf Cornely German bible expert/jesuit, is born.Ref: 5
1832*José Echegaray y Eizaguirre mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904), is born.Ref: 5
1832*Lucretia Rudolph, President Garfield's first lady, is born.Ref: 2
1838*August[us] Allebé Dutch painter/lithographer, is born.Ref: 5
1840*Andrea Bezzola writer, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Edward John Gregory painter/engraver, is born.Ref: 5
1850*Theo Mann-Bouwmeester Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler), is born.Ref: 5
1857*Lucien Levy-Bruhl philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1858*May Robson [Mary J Robison] Melbourne Australia, actress (Apple Annie), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Siegfried Ochs composer, is born.Ref: 5
1861*Warden Oncle [Edward Vermeulen] Flemish farmer/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1863*Felix Blumenfeld composer, is born.Ref: 5
1866 Henri Deterding Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Max Von Schillings German composer/conductor (Der Pfeifertag), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Firmin Baes Flemish painter, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Hendrik Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin/king of Netherlands, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Ole Evinrude, inventor of the first successful outboard motor, is born.Ref: 2
1879*Richard Scheibe German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Getúlio Vargas President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Richard von Mises, Austrian-born American mathematician and aerodynamicist, is born.Ref: 70
1888*William L Axt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1890 Lou Bandy [Lodewijk F Dieben] revue-artist (Look for the Sun), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Francoise Rosay Paris France, actress (Interlude, Women in Prison, Saraband), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Ricardo Bacchelli Italian writer/poet (La Ronda), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Germaine Tailleferre [Les Six] Pau-St-Maur France, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney sculptor/art benefactor, is born.Ref: 5
1897*Vivienne Segal Philadelphia PA, Broadway actress (Pal Joey), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Constance Talmadge Brooklyn NY, comedienne/actress (Intolerance), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Sybil Andrews English/Canadian painter, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Allen Jenkins New York NY, actor (Girl Habit, Fugitive from a Chain Gang), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), is born.Ref: 5
1903*(Prohibition) Eliot Ness, Treasury agent during Prohibition, is born.Ref: 2
1905*Tommy Benford drummer: with Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers; died in 1994, is born.Ref: 4
1905*John S "Jimmy" Thach US pilot/Admiral (WWII), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Sir Thomas Hopkinson, English editor and pioneering photojournalist, is born.Ref: 70
1905*Tom Hopkinson, British writer, is born.Ref: 2
1907*Alan Wheatley England, actor (Adventure of Robin Hood), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Gino Contilli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Lina Basquette San Mateo CA, actress (Paradise Park, Pleasure, Goldie), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Andrew Gilchrist historian/diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Francesco Maria Saraceni composer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Glenn T Seaborg head of Atomic Energy Commission, is born.Ref: 5
1912*William Murray teacher/educationalist, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Glenn T. Seaborg, American head of Atomic Energy Commission/chemist/discovered Plutonium/Nobel Prize-winning nuclear chemist (1951), is born.Ref: 70
1913*Cyril English British educator, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Andrew Wilkinson pediatrician, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Dorian Le Gallienne composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Harry Craft baseball manager, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Johnny Hoes Dutch musician/producer (Wished I'd stayed with my Mom), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Frank Fontaine Cambridge MA, comedian (Crazy Guggenheim), is born.Ref: 5
1921 Glyn England CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Will Ogdon composer, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Erich Hartmann German WWII pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Luigi Barbbarito reverend (Apostolic ProNuncio), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Hugh O'Brian [Krampke] Rochester NY, actor (Wyatt Earp, Search), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Actor from "Get Smart" Don Adams (Donald James Yarmy) is born. (Ref. 4)Ref: 68
1927*Mr. Kenneth (Kenneth Battelle) celebrity hair stylist: owner of Kenneth’s Salon in New York City’s Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Don Barbour, singer: group: The Four Freshmen [1953-1960]: Graduation Day, Charmaine, Blue World, is born in Greencastle IN.Ref: 4
1928*Alexis Korner Paris France, musician (Blues Inc-Bootleg Him), is born.Ref: 5
1928*John Horlock British vice-chancellor (Open College), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Edward Crook Detroit MI, middleweight boxer (Olympics-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Hugh O’Brian (Krampke) actor: In Harm’s Way, Little Big Horn, There’s No Business like Show Business, Twins, Broken Lance, Ten Little Indians, The Life and Legend of Wyatt EarpRef: 68
1931*Alex Webster football coach (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Denis Henry British high court judge, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Garfield Morgan Brtish actor (Odessa File, To Catch a Spy), is born.Ref: 5
1931 Hendrick J "Kobie" Coetsee South Africa minister of Defense/Justice, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Jayne Mansfield [Vera Jane Palmer], Bryn Mawr Pa, actress (Guide for the Married Man), is born.Ref: 68
1932*Andrea Mead Lawrence Rutland VT, alpine slalom skier (Olympics-2 gold-52), is born.Ref: 5
1932 Fernando Botero is born.Ref: 10
1933*Etheridge Knight, poet.Ref: 2
1933*Dick Sargent, Carmel CA, actor (Darrin-Bewitched), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Dickie Goodman parody singer (Flying Saucer), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Jan Helge Guttorm Bark composer, is born.Ref: 5
1934 John Roch high court judge, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Dudley Moore actor (10, Arthur, Bedazzled, 6 Weeks), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Csaba Szabo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Ruby Johnson US singer (I'll Run Your Hurt Away), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Wilfried Martens premier (Belgium, 1979-81, 1981-92), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Elinor Donahue Tacoma WA, actress (Betty Anderson-Father Knows Best, Gladys Peterson-Get a Life), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Jonathan Tunick composer, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Ellen Weston New York NY, actress (Betty-SWAT), is born.Ref: 5
1939*E Clay Shaw Jr (Representative-Republican-FL, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1940 Algy Cluff CEO (Spectator, Cluff Resources), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Alan Price musician: keyboards, singer: groups: Alan Price Combo, The Animals: House of the Rising Sun, We Gotta Get Out of This Place, is born in Fatfield Durham England.Ref: 4
1941*Michel Roux chef de cuisine, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Alan Price rock keyboardist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Larry (Hilario) Ramos Jr. musician: guitar, singer: group: The Association: Everything that Touches You, soundtrack for film, Goodbye Columbus, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Eve Graham (Evelyn May Beatsom) singer: group: The New Seekers: Look What They’ve Done to My Song Ma, I’d Like To Teach The World To Sing, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Czeslaw Bartkowski jazz composer, musician: drums: has recorded over 80 LPs, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Mike Kelly rocker (Duprees), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Mark "Flo" Volman rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Bernard Worrell US keyboardist (Funkadelic-Cosmic Slop), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Margo MacDonald Scottish national broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Nuria Ortiz México, skeet shooter (Olympics-13th-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1946 Leon Wessels South Africa lawyer/underminister of Law & Order, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Tim Curry, Cheshire England, actor (Rocky Horror Picture Show), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Viktor Viktorovich Zabolotsky Russia, cosmonaut (BST-02), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Mark Volman musician: saxophone, singer: groups: Nightriders, Crossfires, The Turtles: It Ain’t Me Babe, Let Me Be, You Baby, Happy Together, She’d Rather be with Me, Elenore, You Showed Me; duo: Phlorescent Leech and Eddie aka Flo and Eddie: LP: Rock Steady with Flo and Eddie, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Frits Castricum journalist/Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Murray Perahia New York NY, pianist (Avery Fischer Prize-1975, Grammy 1988), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Wilf Stevenson director (British Film Institute), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Lynn Powis hockey: NHL: Chicago Blackhawks, Kansas City ScoutsRef: 4
1949*Myra McCulloch teacher academic/administrator, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Paloma Picasso [Gilot] Paris France, artist/jewelry designer/actress (Immoral Tales), is born.Ref: 5
1950 Marc Demeyer Belgian bicyclist (Paris-Brussel '74), is born.Ref: 5
1952*WBA featherweight boxing champion Alexis Arguello is born in Managua, Nicaragua.Ref: 97
1952*Adny Shernoff rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Sara Simeoni Italy, high jumper (Olympics-gold-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1953 Ruby Wax is born.Ref: 10
1954*Trevor Francis British soccer manager, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Lori West Denver CO, LPGA golfer (1994 State Farm-5th), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Sue Barker England, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1957*[Boaz] Boo Watson keyboardist (Midnight Star-No Parking), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Belinda Lipscomb vocalist (Midnight Star-No Parking), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Rod Morgenstein rocker (Winger), is born.Ref: 5
1960*(Long Island) Frank Viola, Hempstead NY, pitcher (Twins, NY Mets) (Cy Young-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Richard Phelps British pentathlete, is born.Ref: 5
1962*Al Unser Jr Indy-car racer (over 10 wins), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Christa Teno Tecumseh Ontario Canada, LPGA golfer (1989 Mitsubishi-44th), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Harris Barton NFL tackle (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Scott Kamienicki pitcher (New York Yankees), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Melita Rühn Romania, horse vaulter (Olympics-bronze-1980), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Randolph Keys NBA forward (Milwaukee Bucks), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Ashley Taylor Judd [Ciminella] Granada Hills CA, actress (Kuffs, Sisters), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Brent Mayne Loma Linda CA, catcher (New York Mets), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Keith McCants NFL defensive end (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Roger Reinson CFL linebacker (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Thomas Nock Zurich Switzerland, actor (Tartort, Gemini-Twin Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Carlos Reyes Miami FL, pitcher (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Danelle Marie Folta Hammond IN, playmate (April 1995), is born.Ref: 5
1969*James Westphal Oak Park IL, 10k runner, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Luis Miguel Vera Cruz México, Spanish singer, is born.Ref: 5
1970*Michael Barrow NFL linebacker (Houston Oilers, Carolina Panthers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Rick Hamilton WLAF linebacker (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Otis Scott Gainesville FL, 400 meter/800 meter runner, is born.Ref: 5
1972*Eric Jack NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jeff Wilkins NFL kicker (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Ante Moric Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Nazarena Almada Miss Argentina-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Temoc Suarez Greenwood SC, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Vanessa Guzman Miss México-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Adrienne Parker Miss Tennessee Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Whitney Metzler 400 meter medley swimmer (Olympics-8th-96), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Challen Sievers Downers Grove IL, rhythmic gymnast (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Mariah Billado Miss Vermont Teen-USA (1997)Ref: 5
0*John Cuspinianus [Spiessheimer] German physician, dies at about 55.Ref: 5
843*Judith French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies.Ref: 5
1044*Gothelo duke of Netherlands-Lotharingen, dies.Ref: 5
1054*Leo IX [Bruno von Egesheim und Dagsburg] Pope (1049-54), dies at 51.Ref: 69
1390*Robert II King of Scotland, dies.Ref: 5
1529*John Cuspinianus [Spiessheimer] German physician, dies at about 55.Ref: 5
1560*Philipp Melanchton [Schwazerd] church reformer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1567*Michael Stifel German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79.Ref: 5
1585*Gregorius XIII [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italy, pope (1572-85), dies.Ref: 69
1588*Paolo Veronese [Cagliari] painter, dies.Ref: 5
1608*Earl of Dorset poet/statesman, dies.Ref: 5
1645 Anton van Diemen Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies), dies at about 51.Ref: 5
1645*William Smith composer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1658*Robert Rich 2nd earl of Warwick English Lord High Admiral, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1689*Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies at age 62.Ref: 2
1706*Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen Dutch baptist leader, dies.Ref: 5
1739*Nicholas Saunderson mathematician, dies.Ref: 5
1768*Filippo della Valle Italian sculptor, dies at about 70.Ref: 5
1770*Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1772*Johann Peter Kellner composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1773*Florian Johann Deller composer, dies at 43.Ref: 5
1776*Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi] German rabbi, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1791*Richard Price nonconformist minister/writer (Alabi's World), dies.Ref: 5
1799*Pieter Hellendaal violinist/organist/composer (Glees), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1813*(Declaration of Independence) Benjamin Rush, American physician, political leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1824*English romantic poet (Don Juan), Lord Byron [George Gorden Noel] dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence.Ref: 2
1852*Vasili A Zjukovski Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1862*Simon Fraser Canadian explorer, dies.Ref: 5
1862*Louis Powell Harvey US Governor of Wisconsin, drowns.Ref: 5
1867*Robert Smirke British architect, dies.Ref: 5
1870*Andreas Schelfhout painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1870*Camille Marie Stamaty composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1870*William Henry Havergal composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1874*Owen Jones architect, dies.Ref: 5
1876*Samuel Sebastian Wesley composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1881*Benjamin Disraeli author, statesman: “No government can be long secure without a formidable opposition.”; dies at age 76.Ref: 17
1881*Michel Abeloos Flemish sculptor, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1882*Charles Darwin, naturalist: theory of evolution: On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection, Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex; dies.Ref: 4
1889*Warren De La Rue astronomer/chemist, dies.Ref: 5
1893*John Addington Symonds critic/poet, dies.Ref: 5
1895*George Scharf critic, dies.Ref: 5
1895*Victor J van Hinsbergh South Netherlands engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70.Ref: 5
1900*Ivan K Aïvazovski Russian painter (harbor scenes), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1906*Pierre Curie French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies at age 46.Ref: 5
1914*Charles Pierce philosopher/scientist, dies.Ref: 5
1921*Funeral of last German Empress, Augusta Victoria.Ref: 5
1923*Thomas Paine Westendorf composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1926*Squire Bancroft [Butterfield] actor/manager (Haymarket), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1932*Wladyslaw Rzepko composer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1936*Ottorino Respighi viola-player, pianist, composer: Fontane di Roma [Fountains of Rome], Pini di Roma [Pines of Rome], and Feste romane [Roman Festivals]; dies.Ref: 4
1937*William M Conway English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1938*Henry John Newbolt poet/author (Studies Green & Gray), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1938*Marie-Clémentine "Suzanne" Valadon French acrobat/model, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1940*"Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY.Ref: 5
1941*Johanna Muller-Hermann composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1943*Alexander Schmorell German resistance fighter, beheaded.Ref: 5
1943*Gustave Doret composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1943*Kurt Huber German resistance fighter, beheaded.Ref: 5
1943*Willy Graf German resistance fighter, beheaded.Ref: 5
1944*Tommy Hitchcock, American polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44.Ref: 5
1945*J P Heyboer resistance fighter, executed.Ref: 5
1950*Tyrwhitt-Wilson 14th baron Berners/composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1954*Joe Laurie Jr comedian (Can You Top This?), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1956*Ernst R Curtius German literature historian, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1956*Léon N H Jungschlaeger head military intelligence Netherlands-Indies, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1956*Lionel K P "Buster" Crabb British diver (WWII), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1957*Charles Funk, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1957 Johan W Albarda first Dutch SDAP minister (1939-45), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1963*Alfred Whitney Griswold, American educator; president of Yale University (1950-63), dies at age 56.Ref: 70
1965*George Davis actor (Private Lives, Devil May Care), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1966*Väinö A Tanner Finnish premier (1926-27)/minister, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1967*Konrad Adenaur, the first president of post-war Germany, dies at age 91.Ref: 15
1968*Tommy Bridges US baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1969*Casper Höweler music critic, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1972*Adolf Bach German philologist/sociologist, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1974*Mohammad Ayub, President of Pakistan (1958-1969), dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1975*Percy Julian scientist: developer of synthetic progesterone, inexpensive production method to produce cortisone, a drug to treat glaucoma, chemical foam to smother oil fires; dies.Ref: 4
1978*Emile de Strijker Belgian philosopher, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1980*Alfred [Joseph] Hitchcock dies in Los Angeles CA from renal failure at 80.Ref: 5
1980*Ethel Wilson actress (Aunt Harriet-Aldrich Family), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1980*Tony Beckley actor (Assault, When a Stranger Calls), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1981*Ernst Levy composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1983*Lorene Scott actress (Faraway Hill), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1983*Jerzy Andrzejewski writer (Ashes & Diamonds), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1986*Alvin Childress actor (Amos-Amos 'n' Andy), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1986*Dag Ivar Wiren composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1987*General Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff, US commander 101st Airborne (WWII), dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1987*Hugh "Lumpy" Brannum Actor (Mr Green Jeans), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1989*Dame Daphne Du Maurier English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1989*Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors.Ref: 5
1990*Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1992*Alice Mary Riley entertainer, dies of cancer at 51.Ref: 5
1992*Frankie [Francis Alex] Howerd actor (Mr Mustard-Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, Carry on Doctor, Up the Front, That Was the Week That Was), dies from a heart attack at 70.Ref: 5
1992*Pat Thompson actress (Strictly Ballroom), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1992*Robert F Clayton drummer (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash.Ref: 5
1992*Robert Paul Haynes bassist (Jody Grind), dies at 26 in a car crash.Ref: 5
1993*David Koresh [Vernon Howell] cult leader (Davidians), suicide.Ref: 5
1993*George Mickelson Governor of South Dakota, & 7 others, die in a plane crash.Ref: 5
1993*Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40.Ref: 5
1993*A 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended when fire destroyed the structure after federal agents began smashing their way in. Dozens of people, including leader David Koresh, were killed.Ref: 70
1994*Frederick Ferrari crazy Gang Member, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1994*Larry Davis blues Singer/Guitarist, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1994 Louis Simmonds bookseller, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1994*Michael Carreras film Director, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1994*Michel van Rooy Dutch actor (Doctor Vlimmen, The Attack), dies at 43.Ref: 5
1995*"King" Herbert Whitaker tenor sax, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1995*Igor Hajek translator/writer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1995 J[oseph] Peter Grace CEO (W R Grace), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1995 Kenneth Burslam Gardner librarian/Orientalist, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1995*On the second anniversary of the Waco tragedy a truck bomb exploded at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, killing 169 people and destroying the 9-story building. President Clinton designated the FBI as lead law enforcement agency in the case. The US Marshals Service, the Treasury Department, and many other state and local agencies contributed to the investigation. The Federal Emergency Management Agency also coordinated its efforts with the FBI, as did the armed forces, federal community mental health experts, and the General Services Administration. Timothy McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and was executed.Ref: 14
1996*Bernard Edwards bass player, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1996 Peg Ridge peace campaigner, dies at 72Ref: 5
1998*Gardner Dickinson golf: member of NCAA Championship team at LSU [1947]; first PGA tour victory: Miami Beach Open [1956]; last tour victory: Atlanta Classic [defeated Jack Nicklaus in playoff: 1971]; member U.S. Ryder Cup teams [1967, 1971]; member of Sports Halls of Fame: Georgia, AL, LSU; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Octavio Paz, Mexican Nobel Prize-winning poet, writer and diplomat, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
2000*The worst air crash in Philippine history killed 131 people aboard an Air Philippines Boeing 737. (TWA, 2001)Ref: 95
2001*A 5.6 earthquake kills 2 in Yunnan, China.Ref: 85

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen