Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 20th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
295*8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
850*Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne.Ref: 5
1139*The Second Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome.Ref: 2
1191 Philip V lands in Acre in an attempt to remove Guy of Lusignan as the King of Jerusalem, and replace him with Conrad of Montferrat. 
1314*As foretold by Jaques de Molay, as he was burnt at the stake on 12 March 1314, Pope Clement V was dead within 40 days. 
1441*During the Council of Florence (1438-45), Eugenius IV issued the bull "Etsi non dubitemus," which asserted the superiority of the pope over the Councils.Ref: 5
1505*Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg.Ref: 5
1551*John Dudley becomes English Earl Marshal.Ref: 5
1657*Jews in New Amsterdam win right to full citizenship; a landmark in American religious freedom.Ref: 10
1777*New York adopts new constitution as an independent state.Ref: 5
1799*Napoleon issues a decree calling for establishing Jerusalem for Jews.Ref: 5
1832*The U.S. Congress and President Andrew Jackson made Hot Springs, Arkansas the first Federal Reservation in order to protect the hot springs flowing from the southwestern slope of Hot Springs Mountain. Although Hot Springs Federal Reservation's name wasn't changed to Hot Springs National Park until 1921, Hot Springs is the oldest park in the National Park System. Yellowstone National Park was the first to bear the title of ‘National Park’. It became a national park in 1872.Ref: 4
1836*The Territory of Wisconsin was established by Congress.Ref: 70
1853*Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad.Ref: 5
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) George Atzerodt, who had taken a room in a hotel occupied by Vice Prsident Johnson on the 14th (and whose room was found to contain weapons and property of Booth), is captured in his bed.Ref: 87
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Secretary of War Stanton offers a $100,000 reward for the capture of Booth, David Herold, and John Surratt.Ref: 87
1871*With passage of the Third Enforcement Act, popularly known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, Congress authorized President Ulysses S. Grants to use military force against the Ku Klux Klan.Ref: 3
1872*Bar Association of San Francisco organizedRef: 5
1879 The first mobile home (horse-drawn) is used in a journey from London to Cyprus.Ref: 2
1884*Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry".Ref: 5
1894*136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase.Ref: 5
1898*US Assay Office in Deadwood SD opens.Ref: 5
1904*Louis and Clark: Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis.Ref: 5
1906*(Shipp) Secret Service agents file a report indicating that they had evidence implicating 21 members of the mob and officials, including Sheriff Shipp.Ref: 87
1914*The "Ludlow Massacre." In an attempt to persuade strikers at Colorado's Ludlow Mine Field to return to work, company "guards," engaged by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and other mine operators and sworn into the State Militia just for the occasion, attacked a union tent camp with machine guns, then set it afire. Five men, two women and 12 children died as a result.Ref: 5
1920*Stewart goes to Coacci's former home and talks to Mario Boda. Boda claims he is a salesman and that his car is being repaired at the Elm Square Garage.Ref: 87
1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate.Ref: 5
1926*First check sent by radio facsimile transmission across the Atlantic.Ref: 5
1931*Matilda Dodge Wilson, the widow of John Dodge, is named to the board of the Graham-Paige Motors Corporation. She is the first woman board member of a major auto manufacturer.Ref: 3
1934*Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police.Ref: 5
1939*New York World's Fair opens.Ref: 5
1940*The Lodz Ghetto in occupied Poland is sealed off from the outside world with 230,000 Jews locked inside.Ref: 35
1942*German Jews are banned from using public transportation.Ref: 35
1943*A contract is concluded with the University of California to manage Los Alamos, acting as paymaster, accountant, and procurement agency. This contract (back dated to Jan. 1 for work already performed) is still in existence and serves as the basis for University of California management of both the Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore laboratories.Ref: 91
1944*Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death.Ref: 5
1945*In Berlin, Germany, Himmler meets with two Swedish diplomats, and suggests that the time had come for Jews and Germans to "bury the hatchet". Himmler says that absolute secrecy must be used in the liberation of any Jews. 
1945*US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany.Ref: 5
1947*Frederik IX becomes King of Denmark.Ref: 5
1948*UAW president Walter P Reuther was shot and seriously wounded by would-be assassins.Ref: 5
1948*NYC hikes subway fare from 5¢ to 10¢.Ref: 5
1951*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak Atoll.Ref: 5
1951 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators.Ref: 5
1951*General MacArthur addresses a joint session of Congress after being relieved by President Truman.Ref: 2
1958*Buses replace Key System trains in San Francisco area at 3 AM.Ref: 5
1958 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops.Ref: 5
1962*The New Orleans Citizens Committee gives free one-way ride to blacks to move North.Ref: 2
1962 OAS-leader ex-General Salan arrested in Algiers.Ref: 5
1963*All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda.Ref: 5
1964*86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools.Ref: 5
1967*French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia.Ref: 5
1967*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1967*French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia.Ref: 5
1968*Pierre Elliott Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister of Canada.Ref: 6
1970*Bruno Kreisky becomes first socialist chancellor of Austria.Ref: 5
1971*The United States Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools.Ref: 70
1977*Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses.Ref: 5
1980 The first Cubans sailing to the United States as part of the massive Mariel boatlift reached Florida.Ref: 5
1983*President Ronald Reagan signs a $165 billion bail-out for Social Security.Ref: 5
1986*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1987*US deports Karl Linnas, charged with nazi war crimes, to USSR.Ref: 5
1987*In Columbus, OH, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) was organized, making it the largest Lutheran denomination in the U.S. It represented the merger of three smaller Lutheran bodies, and was officially born on Jan 1, 1988.Ref: 5
1988*US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians.Ref: 5
1993*Uranus passes Neptune (this occurs once every 171 years).Ref: 5
1994*Danny Harold Rolling, sentenced to death in Florida, for killing 5.Ref: 5
1996*Russia and the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies agreed in Moscow to end nuclear tests by the fall and pledged new steps to keep nuclear materials out of the wrong hands.Ref: 6
1702*Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth.Ref: 5
1770*Captain James Cook discovers New South Wales, Australia.Ref: 2
1865*Safety matches are first advertised.Ref: 4
1902*Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie isolated the radioactive element radium and coin the term "radioactive.”Ref: 70
1910*Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km.Ref: 5
1940*RCA publicly demonstrated its new and powerful electron microscope in Philadelphia; inventor-Dr. Vladimir ZworykinRef: 70
1949*The drug Cortisone discovered.Ref: 10
1957*The Westinghouse-Bettis nuclear power plant becomes the first commercial users of FORTRAN.Ref: 3
1961*American Harold Graham makes first rocket belt flight.Ref: 5
1962*NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m.Ref: 5
1967*US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon.Ref: 5
1972*Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2.Ref: 5
1973*Canadian ANIK A2 became first commercial satellite in orbitRef: 5
1983*Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock with Salyut stationRef: 5
1994*Space shuttle STS-59 (Endeavour 6), lands.Ref: 5
1653*Cromwell routes English parliament to house.Ref: 5
1657*English Admiral Robert Blake fights his last battle when he destroys the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz Bay.Ref: 2
1689*James II, the former British king, began a siege of Londonderry, a Protestant stronghold in Northern Ireland.Ref: 3
1775*The British begin the siege of Boston.Ref: 2
1792*France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia, marking the start of the French Revolutionary wars.Ref: 70
1809*Napoleon defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.Ref: 2
1861*Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. "I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children." Lee then goes to Richmond, is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia and accepts.Ref: 2
1861*Battle of Norfolk VA.Ref: 5
1916*Russian troops landed at Marseilles for service on Frenchfront.Ref: 38
1916*German-British sea battle off Belgian coast.Ref: 5
1917*Turkey breaks with United States.Ref: 38
1919 The Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from the Soviets.Ref: 2
1936*Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine.Ref: 5
1940*Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany."Ref: 2
1941*100 German bombers attack Athens.Ref: 5
1942*Submarine U-154 torpedoes and shells Canadian merchant ship Vineland in the Caribbean. One man dies.Ref: 35
1942*Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany."Ref: 2
1942*German occupiers forbid Dutch access to their beach.Ref: 5
1942*Heavy German assault on Malta.Ref: 5
1945*Allied bombers in Italy begin a three-day attack on the bridges over the rivers Adige and Brenta to cut off German lines of retreat on the peninsula.Ref: 3
1945*Soviet troops begin their attack on Berlin.Ref: 2
1945*German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer.Ref: 5
1945*US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa.Ref: 5
1953*Operation Little Switch begins in Korea, the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war.Ref: 2
1965*People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid.Ref: 5
1967*U.S. planes bomb Haiphong for first time during the Vietnam War.Ref: 2
1984*Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghánistán.Ref: 5
1991*US Marines landed in northern Iraq to begin building the first center for Kurdish refugees on Iraqi territory. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the US commander of Operation Desert Storm, left Saudi Arabia for home.Ref: 6
1903*On Opening Day, before 8,376 fans at Huntington Ave Baseball Grounds, the Americans defeat the A's in the morning game of Patriot's Day twin bill, 9–4.Connie Mack's Athletics win the matinee match-up featuring two future Hall of Fame hurlers, 10–7, as 27,658 spectators enjoy watching starters Eddie Plank and Cy Young oppose one another.Ref: 1
1903*7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Massachusetts in 2:41:29.8.Ref: 5
1903*New York Highlanders play their first game, with Jack Chesbro losing 3-1 to Al Orth & Washington Nationals.Ref: 5
1908*12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of New York in 2:25:43.2.Ref: 5
1910*Indian Addie Joss throws his second career no-hitter beating the White Sox, 1-0.Ref: 1
1912*The owner of the Detroit Tigers, Frank Navin, builds Navin Field (later Tiger Stadium) opens. The Tigers win 6-5 in 11 innings over the Cleveland Indians.Ref: 1
1912*After two days of rain, the first game ever is finally played at Fenway Park with a comeback eleven-inning Red Sox win over the New York Highlanders, 7-6; park remains much the same today as it did when opened.Ref: 1
1914*18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2.Ref: 5
1916*The Chicago Cubs beat the Cincinnati Reds, 7-6, in the first NL game at Weeghman Park, which was renamed Cubs Park in 1920 and eventually Wrigley Field in 1926.Ref: 86
1920*7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp.Ref: 5
1920*Phillies player-manager Gavvy Cravath pinch hits a three-run homer and beats the Giants, 3-0. It will his last major league home run.Ref: 1
1925*29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Illinois in 2:33:00.6.Ref: 5
1927*The newly-expanded Comiskey Park debuted on April 20 with the White Sox losing to Cleveland, 5-4. The new outfield upper deck accommodated 23,200 additional fans.Ref: 86
1928*The Yankees' sixth season at Yankee Stadium opens with the left-field stands enlarged to three decks.Ref: 86
1931*35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Massachusetts in 2:46:45.8.Ref: 5
1931*British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday.Ref: 5
1936*40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of Rhode Island in 2:33:40.8.Ref: 5
1937*The Yankees' 15th season at Yankee Stadium opens with the right-field stands enlarged to three decks. The wooden bleachers are replaced by a concrete structure with the distance to center field dropping from 490 to 461 feet.Ref: 86
1939*In his first major league at-bat, Ted Williams strikes out against Red Ruffing of the Yankees. He later hits a double.Ref: 1
1941*Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps.Ref: 5
1943*Atlanta Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg.Ref: 5
1944*NFL leagalizes coaching from the bench.Ref: 5
1945*Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride.Ref: 5
1946*The Cubs are shut out by Cardinal southpaw Harry Brecheen in their home opener at Wrigley Field, 2-0. The game is the first in the club's history be televised as 'Whispering' Joe Wilson does the play-by-play for WBKB.Ref: 1
1946*50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27.Ref: 5
1948*George Vico of the Detroit Tigers hits a home run in his first major league at bat on the first pitch.Ref: 12
1949*Willie Shoemaker won his first race as a jockey aboard Shafter V at Golden Gate Fields in Albany, CA, not far from San Francisco.Ref: 4
1950*Baltimore's Memorial Stadium opens Orioles of International League.Ref: 5
1952*The NL office orders centerfield hitter's background at Wrigley Field off-limits to fans, and it remains so with exception of 1962 All-Star Game.Ref: 86
1953*57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51.Ref: 5
1957 John Kelley, the 1st American since 1945, wins the Boston Marathon.Ref: 5
1957*Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway.Ref: 5
1957*61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Connecticut in 2:20:05.Ref: 5
1958*Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for the Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1958*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.Ref: 5
1959*63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42.Ref: 5
1964*68th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:19:59.Ref: 5
1965*Yankee pitcher Mel Stottlemyre hits an inside the park grand slam against the Red Sox en route to a 6-3 victory.Ref: 1
1967*Met rookie hurler Tom Seaver gets his major-league win as New York beat the Cubs, 6-1. 'Tom Terrific' goes 7 2/3 innings giving up eight hits and one run.Ref: 1
1969*Ken Harrelson just about quit major-league baseball this day. Harrelson was being traded from the Boston Red Sox, an American League contender, to the Cleveland Indians, a perennial American League non-contender. However, the almighty dollar came to the rescue and Harrelson played for the Tribe in Cleveland after all.Ref: 4
1969*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open.Ref: 5
1970*74th Boston Marathon won by Ron Hill of Great Britain in 2:10:30 (new US marathon record).Ref: 5
1973*Four months after his death, Pirate great Roberto Clemente is inducted into the Hall of Fame in a special election.Ref: 1
1975*Penguins 1-Islanders 3-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-1 lead.Ref: 5
1975*4th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer.Ref: 5
1977*Gary Carter becomes the first Expos' hitter to blast three home runs in the same game when he does so off Pittsburgh Pirates' pitcher Jim Rooker. The feat occurs during the Expos' inaugural homestand at Olympic Stadium.Ref: 86
1980*Donna White wins LPGA Florida "Lady Citrus" Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1981*10th Boston Women's Marathon won by Allison Roe of New Zealand in 2:26:46.Ref: 5
1981*85th Boston Marathon won by Toshihiko Seko of Japan in 2:09:26.Ref: 5
1982*With a 4-2 win over the Reds, the Braves recorded their 12th consecutive victory and establish a major-league record for the most victories from the beginning of the season. The previous mark had been set a year earlier by the Oakland A's.Ref: 1
1983*Rangers 2-Islanders 7-Patrick Division Finals-Islanders hold 3-2 lead.Ref: 5
1985*Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean-and-jerk lift.Ref: 5
1985*In South Meriden, Connecticut Little League action, Matt Panetta's timely hitting and outstanding defensive play helps Katz defeat MIC, 6-2. The 11-year old is awarded the game ball as a result of his efforts.Ref: 1
1985 Karyn Marshall of New York NY lifted 303 lbs in a clean-and-jerk lift.Ref: 5
1985*Carlos Lopes runs world record marathon (2:07:12).Ref: 5
1985 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams.Ref: 5
1986*Michael Johnson sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game.Ref: 5
1987*16th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:25:21.Ref: 5
1987*91st Boston Marathon won by Toshihiko Seko of Japan in 2:11:50.Ref: 5
1988*The Orioles set major league record for consecutive losses (14) at the start of a season losing to to the Brewers, 8-6; the 1904 Senators and 1920 Tigers had previously shared the mark with 13.Ref: 1
1988*NJ Devils 1st playoff hat trick-Eric Broten.Ref: 5
1988*New York Yankees homerun 9,999 (Dave Winfield) 10,000 (Claudell Washington) 10,001 (Jack Clark).Ref: 5
1990*Baseball's Pete Rose pleads guilty to two counts of filing false tax returns by failing to report $300,000 in income. (XDG, p 12, 1/06/2004)Ref: 83
1990*After retiring 26 consecutive A's player, Mariner Brian Holman gives up a homer to Ken Phelps.Ref: 1
1991 Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million.Ref: 5
1991 Mark Lenzi is first diver to score 100 points on a dive (101.85).Ref: 5
1992*21st Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:23:43.Ref: 5
1992*96th Boston Marathon won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya in 2:08:14.Ref: 5
1996*Chicago Bulls win record 72 games in a season.Ref: 5
1997*First baseball game in Hawaii, St Louis Cardinals beat San Diego Padres in doubleheader.Ref: 5
1997*58th PGA Seniors Golf Championship. Hale Irwin wins.Ref: 5
1997*Karrie Webb wins LPGA Susan G Komen International.Ref: 5
1997*Mark McGwire, is 4th to homerun on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder).Ref: 5
1997*Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic.Ref: 5
1997*In the second game of a doubleheader, the Cubs stop their season-opening losing skid at 14 games beating the Mets, 4-3. By losing the opener, Chicago set a National League record (0-13) for the most consecutive losses to start a season and has the second-worst record behind the Baltimore Orioles who lost 21 decisions before winning a game in 1988.Ref: 1
1999*Tragedy strikes nearby Columbine High School and the Colorado Rockies postpone two home games with the Montreal Expos.Ref: 86
1715 Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Gray", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod", premieres in Weimar.Ref: 5
1841*Edgar Allen Poe's story, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", first appears in Graham's Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine. The tale is generally considered to be the first detective story.Ref: 3
1865 Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens.Ref: 5
1896*First public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitán", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1904 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1917*Pravda (Lenin names Russia "Free land of world").Ref: 5
1920 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio.Ref: 5
1931*Louis Armstrong recorded the classic, When It’s Sleepy Time Down South, for Okeh Records. Satchmo would use the tune as his theme song for decades. The song was waxed in Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1934*Shirley Temple debuts in "Stand Up and Cheer", which opens in New York City.Ref: 4
1935 "You're Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly).Ref: 5
1947 Comedian Fred Allen of Allen’s Alley fame didn’t find things so funny when censors cut him off the air during his radio broadcast. Allen was telling a joke about a mythical network vice-president when he was suddenly taken off the air.Ref: 4
1954*"Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances.Ref: 5
1955*"Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances.Ref: 5
1959*Desilu Playhouse on CBS-TV presented a two-part show titled, "The Untouchables" which became weekly series later in the Fall.Ref: 4
1960*"From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances.Ref: 5
1961 The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) gave approval for FM stereo broadcasting.Ref: 4
1963*"Sophie" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances.Ref: 5
1969*23rd Tony Awards Great White Hope & 1776 win.Ref: 5
1971*Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun".Ref: 5
1974*Paul McCartney releases "Band on the Run".Ref: 5
1975*29th Tony Awards Equus & The Wiz win.Ref: 5
1976*George Harrison sings the lumberjack song with Monty Python.Ref: 5
1976*Barbara Walters becomes first woman to be offered $1 million per year by TV network (ABC).Ref: 10
1977 Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premieres.Ref: 5
1979*Johnny Carson was said to be leaving The Tonight Show. Newspapers around the country gave details about why the comedian and late-night host was said to be unhappy after 17 years on the show. Guess what? More moola, more vacation time and a four-day week (not working Mondays) was enough for the ‘Great Carsoni’ to hang around NBC for another 12 years.Ref: 4
1981*Rocker Papa John Phillips arrested for drug possession.Ref: 5
1981*Final performance of TV show "Soap" airs.Ref: 5
1985*The British pop music group Wham!, featuring George Michael, became the first to release cassettes in the People’s Republic of China. Selections from two of the group’s albums were packaged and sold on the tape.Ref: 4
1986*Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland.Ref: 5
1986*"Jerry's Girls" closes at St James Theater NYC after 139 performances.Ref: 5
1987*Starlight Express posted the largest week’s gross in Broadway history. The roller-skating musical earned $606,081 at the box office. The revival of The King and I starring Yul Brynner had been the previous leader (1985).Ref: 4
1991 "Les Miserables", opens at Odense Teater, Odense.Ref: 5
1992*100th episode of "Murphy Brown" airs.Ref: 5
1992*All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium London.Ref: 5
1992*Joan Lunden breaks her left shoulder after being thrown from a horse.Ref: 5
1992*Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner.Ref: 5
1992*Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain.Ref: 5
1997*27th Easter Seal Telethon raises $47,392,682.Ref: 5
1997*DL Coburn's "Gin Game", opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 144 performances.Ref: 5
1997*Noël Coward's "Present Laughter", closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC.Ref: 5
121*Marcus Aurelius, 16th Roman emperor (161-80), philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1442*Edward IV King (England, 1461-83), is born.Ref: 5
1494*John Agricola [Schneider] German theologist/prime minister, is born.Ref: 5
1592*John Eliot St Germans Cornwall, English MP/author, is born.Ref: 5
1594*Matthaus Apelles von Lowenstern composer, is born.Ref: 5
1705*Balthasar Schmid composer, is born.Ref: 5
1718*Birth of David Brainerd, colonial American missionary to the Indians of New England. Following his premature death from tuberculosis at 29, Brainerd's journal (published in 1649 by the Jonathan Edwards) influenced hundreds to become missionaries after him.Ref: 5
1725*Johann Friedrich Kloffler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1726*Jozef de Ferraris French/Austrian earl/General/cartographer, is born.Ref: 5
1745*Philippe Pinel physician, founder of psychiatry, is born.Ref: 5
1748*Georg Michael Telemann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1748*Guillaume Albert Teniers composer, is born.Ref: 5
1761*Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier composer, is born.Ref: 5
1807*Aloysius Bertrand ("Gaspard de la Nuit"), French poet, is born.Ref: 2
1808*Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III) emperor of France (1852-71), is born.Ref: 68
1809*John Smith Preston Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881, is born.Ref: 5
1824*Alfred Holt Colquitt Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1894, is born.Ref: 5
1826*Dina M Craik writer, is born.Ref: 5
1826*Birth of Erastus Johnson, American hymnwriter. A lifelong student of the Bible, Johnson, at age 47, penned the hymn, "O Sometimes the Shadows are Deep" (a.k.a. "The Rock That Is Higher Than I").Ref: 5
1827*John Gibbon Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Carol I King of Romania (1881-1914), is born.Ref: 5
1840*Odilon Redon French painter/author (La nuit, Rêves), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Daniel Chester French sculptor: public monuments: Minute Man statue in Concord, MA, Abraham Lincoln seated in the Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC; is born.Ref: 4
1857*Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken painter/author (HW Knife Day), is born.Ref: 5
1857*Hermann Bang writer, is born.Ref: 5
1858*Auguste Chapuis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Charles Gordon Curtis US attorney/inventor (Curtis Turbine), is born.Ref: 5
1860 Pieter Jelles Troelstra Dutch MP (SDAP), is born.Ref: 5
1865*Max HHR Nettlau Austrian historian (Le Première Internationale), is born.Ref: 5
1866*Victor Hollaender composer, is born.Ref: 5
1870*Simeon Roncal composer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*William Henry Davies Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Gerard J Arbous actor/publicist (Prince William of Orange), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Robert Lynd Irish writer/critic (Pleasures of Ignorance), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Nikolai Miaskovsky Novogeorievsk Poland, composer (Kirov is With Us), is born.Ref: 5
1881*Sem Dresden composer/conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Adolf Hitler Braunau Austria, dictator of Nazi Germany (1936-45), is born.Ref: 68
1890*Adolf Schärf President of Austria (1957-65), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Howard Vickery, American naval officer; vice admiral of the Navy (1944-46), is born.Ref: 70
1893*Harold Lloyd, Burchard NE, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Joan Miró Spain, painter/sculptor (Dog Barking at the Moon), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Hermann Ungar writer, is born.Ref: 5
1894*Martinus Nijhoff poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Senor Wences ventriloquist (Close the Door), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Bernard Verhoeven poet/literature (About the Laugh), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Gregory Ratoff Petrograd Russia, actor/director (Corsican Brothers), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Norman Norell (Norman David Levinson) costume designer: Astoria Studio of Paramount Pictures; fashion designer: worked w/Charles Armour, Hattie Carnegie, Anthony Traina [Traina-Norell collection], solo: American fashion leader [1941-1972]; is born.Ref: 4
1900*Fred Raymond composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Kees Verwey painter/water colors painter/cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Michel Leiris French cultural anthropologist, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Donald Wolfit England, actor (Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, Accursed), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Vesselin Stoyanov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Dagmar Edqvist Swedish author (Kamrathustru-Wife & Comrade), is born.Ref: 5
1904*-Dr. George Robert Stibitz, pioneer of digital computing and remote job entry, is born. 
1904*Bruce Cabot Carlsbad NM, actor (Diamonds are Forever, King Kong), is born.Ref: 5
1907*William Dollar St Louis, ballet dancer/choreographer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Alan Reed actor/voice (Fred Allen Show, Fred Flintstone), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Lionel Hampton singer, songwriter, jazz musician: vibes, drums, piano, bandleader: On the Sunny Side of the Street, Hey! Hot Mallets, Ba-Ba-Re-Bop, Rag Mop; played with Benny Goodman; is born.Ref: 4
1908*Wilhelmus M Bekkers bishop of Hertogenbosch, is born.Ref: 5
1909 Guido Alberti literary patron/businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Lionel Hampton orchestra leader/vibraphone improviser (Depths Below), is born.Ref: 5
1909 Richard Stubbs publicity adviser, is born.Ref: 5
1911 Kukrit Pramoj politician, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Ed Jones (Representative-Democrat-TN, 1969- ), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Frederick Craig Riddle violist, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Soewarsil Djojopoespito Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Dick Wessel Wisconsin, actor (Dick Tracy vs Cueball, Beware of Blondie), is born.Ref: 5
1920*(US Supreme Court Justice) John Paul Stevens, Chicago IL, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- ), is born in Chicago IL.Ref: 68
1921 Donald Gunn MacRae sociologist, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Tito Puente Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Nina Foch Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Gerhard Samuel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Paul M Van Buren US theologist (Theological Explorations), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Tito (Ernest) Puente jazz musician, bandleader: Abanaquito, Para Los Rumberos, Jumpin’ with Symphony Sid, Fancy Feet; is born.Ref: 4
1925*Henri Renaud French jazz musician: pianist; record producerRef: 4
1925*Ernie Stautner NFL defensive tackle (Pittsburgh Steelers)/WLAF head coach (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Richard Hoffmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Elena Verdugo actress: Little Giant, House of Frankenstein, Meet Millie, Marcus Welby, M.D., is born.Ref: 4
1926*Harriett Elizabeth Byrd politician (Wyoming House of Representatives), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Karl Moeller Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Phil Hill race driver: one of only two Americans to win the Formula One title [1961], is born.Ref: 4
1927*Alex Muller, Nobel Prize-winning physicist, is born.Ref: 2
1929*Bob (Robert Earl) Braun Emmy Award-winning TV host [WLWT-TV]: The Bob Braun Show [1979]; regular on WCPO-TV's The Dottie Mack Show [carried on DuMont TV net]; radio host [WLW]: inducted into Cincinnati Radio Hall of Fame [1993]; singer: ’Til Death Do Us Part [1962]; actor: Die Hard 2, Ironside, Murder, She Wrote, The Young and the Restless; is born in Ludlow KY.Ref: 5
1931*Lee H Hamilton Daytona Beach FL, (Representative-Democrat-IN, 1965- ), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Lindsay Oliver John Boynton furniture historian, is born.Ref: 5
1936*Beaver Harris (William Godwin Harris) musician: drums: co-led 360 Degree Music Experience [w/Roswell Rudd, Marion Brown, Grachan Moncur III]; is born.Ref: 4
1936*Pat Roberts (Representative-Republican-KS, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Betty Cuthbert Australia 100m/200m/400m dash (Olympic-gold-1956, 64), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Bernard Malivoire France, cox pair (Olympic-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1938*-Johnny Tillotson Jacksonville FL, singer (Gidget, Poetry in Motion), is born.Ref: 5
1939*-Johnny Tillotson singer: Poetry In Motion, It Keeps Right On A-Hurtin’, Without You, Talk Back Trembling Lips, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Gro Harlem Brundtland Norwegian premier (1981-82, 86-89, 90- ), is born.Ref: 5
1940*George Takei Los Angeles CA, actor (Sulu-Star Trek, Green Berets), is born.Ref: 68
1940*James Gammon Newman IL, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Nick-Nash Bridges), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jan Cremer Dutch writer/sculptor (I, John Cremer), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Pilar Miro director (Wether, Beltenebros), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Ryan O'Neal, Los Angeles CA, actor (Peyton Place, Paper Moon, Love Story), is born. (also TWA, 1998)Ref: 5
1941*Joni Evans New York NY, publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Michael Greer Galesburg IL, actor (Bobby Gentry Show), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Edie Sedgwick Santa Barbara CA, actor (Ciao Manhattan), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Ian Watson UK, sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Michael Brandon (Feldman) actor: Lovers and Other Strangers, Red Alert, Rich and Famous, Promises in the Dark, is born.Ref: 4
1945*(Heisman Trophy 1966) Steve Spurrier football: Univ. of Florida [Heisman Trophy winner: 1966], SF 49ers, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Jimmy Winston (Langwith) musician: organ: groups: Moments, Small Faces, is born in London England.Ref: 4
1946*Tom (Thomas George) Hutton baseball: LA Dodgers, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Brian Lavender hockey: NHL: SL Blues, NY Islanders, Detroit Red Wings, California Seals, is born.Ref: 4
1947*David Leland Cambridge England, actor/director (Nothing But Trouble), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Craig Frost musician: keyboard: group: Grand Funk: We’re an American Band, The Loco-Motion, Some Kind of Wonderful, Bad Time, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Joe Bonner jazz pianist, composerRef: 4
1949*Jessica (Phyliss) Lange, Cloquet MN, actress (King Kong, Tootsie), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Michal Israel, rocker (Sky with Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Itumeleng J Mosala South Africa President (Azanian People's Organization), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Luther Vandross singer, songwriter: Never Too Much, How Many Times Can We Say Goodbye, is born in Bronx NY.Ref: 4
1951*Geraint Wyn Davies Wales, actor (Bury Me in Niagara, High Hopes), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Tamara Sergeyevna Zakharova Russian cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Toine van Benthem dentist/playwright/cabaret performer (Purper), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Donald R Pettit Silverton OR, PhD/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1957*Richenel [Hubertus R Baars] singer/performer (Dance Around The World), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Viacheslav Fetisov Moscow, NHL defenseman (Team Russia, Detroit), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Clint Howard, (Ron Howard's brother) Burbank Calif, actor (Gentle Ben), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Rodney Holman NFL tight end (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Don "Hitman" Mattingly Indiana, NY Yankee 1st baseman (MVP 1985), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Marci Bozarth Lampasas TX, LPGA golfer (1994 Lady Keystone Open-37th), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Brett Edward Garsed Victoria Australia, heavy metal artist (Nelson), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Kal Swan heavy metal rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Crispin Glover actor: Dead Man, What’s Eating Gilbert Grape, The Doors, Twister, Back to the Future, Friday the 13th, Part 4: The Final Chapter, My Tutor, Charlie's Angels [2000], is born.Ref: 4
1964*John Carney NFL kicker (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Jim Terrell Cincinnati OH, sprint canoe (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*J D Roth Beverly Hills CA, TV host (Fun House), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Lara Jill Miller Allentown PA, actress (Samantha-Gimme a Break), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Miroslav Stefanovic soccer player (FC Volendam), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Townsend Saunders White Sands NM, freestyle wrestler (Olympics-silver-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*LeShundra Nathan Birmingham AL, heptathlete, is born.Ref: 5
1969*John van Halst soccer player (FC Twente), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Takayuki Kobori hockey defenseman (Team Japan 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Ben Weir Rock Island IL, Canadian Tour golfer (1993 Bogey Hills-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Shemar Moore Oakland CA, actor (Malcolm-Young & Restless), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Chris Penn NFL wide receiver (Kansas City Chiefs, Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Grant Smith Australian field hockey forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*John Senden Brisbane Queensland, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Terry Smith NFL wide receiver (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Yonel Jourdain NFL running back/kick returner (Buffalo Bills), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Actress Carmen Electra is born. (TWA, 2002)Ref: 95
1973*Itula Mili tight end (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Lamond Murray NBA forward (Los Angeles Clippers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Todd Hollandsworth Dayton OH, outfielder (Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Ben[jamin] Lincoln Holbrook Hartland WI, rower (Olympics-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Kevin Sullivan Brantford Ontario Canada, 1.5k runner (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Paul Bradford cornerback (San Diego Chargers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Joey [Joseph Mignogna Jr] Lawrence Philadelphia PA, actor (Brotherly Love, Joey-Gimme a Break, Blossom), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Joey Lawrence actor: Gimme a Break, Blossom, Chains of Gold, Pulse, Wait Till Your Mother Gets Home, Radioland Murders, is born.Ref: 4
1976*Lenka Nemeckova Brno Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1993 Futures-Maribor-SLO), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Lisa Ervin figure skater (US Nationals-4th-1992)Ref: 5
1164*Victor IV [Ottaviano Montecello] Italian antipope (1159-64), dies.Ref: 5
1314*Clement V [Bertrand Got] pope (1305-14) who moved papacy to Avignon, dies.Ref: 5
1317*Agnes van Montepulciano Italian mystic/saint, dies.Ref: 5
1534*Elizabeth Barton [Nun of Kent] British prophet, is executed.Ref: 5
1586 Saint Rose of Lima dies.Ref: 10
1632*Nicolas Antione converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake.Ref: 5
1643*Christoph Demantius composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1662*Gerard Terborch the elder, painter, dies.Ref: 5
1695*Georg Caspar Weckler composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1759*Georg Friedrich Händel buried in Westminster Abbey.Ref: 5
1768*Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canale), Italian landscape artist, dies at age 70Ref: 70
1769*Ottawa Chief Pontiac is murdered by an Indian in Cahokia.Ref: 68
1786*John Goodricke English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21.Ref: 5
1812*George Clinton died in Washington at age 73, becoming the first vice president to die while in office.Ref: 70
1820*Arthur Young author (Annals of Agriculture), dies.Ref: 5
1821*Franz K Achard German physicist/chemist, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1836*Johan I Jozef monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1839*Giuseppe Rossini father of Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini, dies.Ref: 5
1856*Robert L. Stevens, American poet, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1869*Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1869*Piotr Studzinski composer, dies at 42.Ref: 5
1872*Ljudwit Gaj Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1883*Edouard Manet, French Impressionist painter, dies at age 51.Ref: 70
1899*Edouard Pailleron French attorney/comedian (voice où), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1900*Mabel Mercer popular British singer, dies.Ref: 5
1906*Australian wombat oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26.Ref: 5
1908*Henry Chadwick sports reporter (baseball), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1912*Bram (Abraham) Stoker, Irish author; wrote "Dracula", dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1920*Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi.Ref: 5
1924 Nina Foch dies.Ref: 10
1932*Giuseppe Peano mathematician, dies.Ref: 5
1935*Juliaan de Vriendt Flemish painter, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1941*Barend ter Haar Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49.Ref: 5
1945*A Gestapo reign of terror results in the hanging of 20 Russian prisoners of war and 20 Jewish children: Of these, at least nine are under the age of 12.Ref: 3
1947*Christian X King of Denmark (1912-47), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1953*Erich Weinert writer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1956*Jaap Vranken organist/composer (Stabat mater), dies.Ref: 5
1956*Lieven Duvosel Flemish music composer (Levensschets), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1962*Jesse G Vincent engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1962*Arthur Harmat composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1965*Richard Wessell actor (Carney-Riverboat), dies of heart attack on 52nd birthday.Ref: 5
1968*Rudolph Dirks, American cartoonist of "Katzenjammer Kids", dies at age 91.Ref: 70
1968*Marion Weeks singer/actress, dies of stroke at 81.Ref: 5
1968*South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed.Ref: 5
1971*Cecil Parker actor (Court Jester, Operation Snafu), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1973*Robert Armstrong actor (Fall Guy, Exposed), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1974*Mohammed Ayub Khan premier/President (Pakistan), dies.Ref: 5
1977*Bryan Foy director/writer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1978*A Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 crash-landed in northwestern Russia after being fired on by a Soviet interceptor after entering Soviet airspace. Two passengers are killed and 13 are injured.Ref: 17
1979*Peter Donald host (Masquerade Party), dies at 60.Ref: 5
1982*Mimi Boesnach actress (Wedding of Kloris & Roses), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1982*Archibald MacLeish Pulitzer Prize-winning poet: Conquistador [1933], Collected Poems, 1917-1952 [1953]; U.S. Librarian of Congress; dies at age 89.Ref: 4
1983*George Balanchine, Russian-bn. American choreographer, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1983*Jerzy Andrezjewski writer, dies.Ref: 5
1984*Mabel Mercer English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1987*Antony Tudor, English-born American dancer, teacher and choreographer, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1987 Sri Lanka Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead.Ref: 5
1990*Horst Sinderman RDA first minister (1973-76), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Sean O'Faolain, Irish short-story writer and teacher, dies at age 91.Ref: 70
1991*Don[ald] Siegel US director (Coogan's Bluff/Dirty Harry), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1991 Jumjaagiyn Tsedenbal Mongolian politician, dies.Ref: 5
1991*Yumzhagin Tsendenbal PM of Mongolia (1952-74), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Steve Marriott singer, songwriter, musician: guitar: groups: The Small Faces: Watcha Gonna Do, Hey Girl, All or Nothing, My Mind’s Eye, Swinging London, Itchycoo Park, Tin Soldier, Lazy Sunday, Moments, Humble Pie, Packet of Three; child actor: Oliver!; is killed in an Essex, England house fire at age 44.Ref: 5
1992*Benny [Alfred Hawthorn] Hill comedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67.Ref: 5
1992*Johnny Shines Delta blues singer/guitarist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1993*Cantinflas (Mario Moreno Reyes), Mexican circus clown, acrobat and (Around World in 80 Days), dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1994*Jean Carmet French actor (Merci la Vie, Le Sucre), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1994 Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed.Ref: 5
1995*Milovan Djilas, Yugoslav political writer (1945-54), dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1995*Tessie O'Shea entertainer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1996 Cecilia Grace Hunt Reeves Gillie BBC Executive, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1996*Christopher Robin Milne bookseller/son of writer A A Milne (Winnie the Pooh), dies at 75 in London England. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1996*Tran Van Tra soldier, dies at 77Ref: 5
1999*Ventriloquist Senor Wences dies. (Ref: "The Dayton Daily News", p.7A, 1/2/2000) 
1999*Littleton, CO. 14 students (including killers) and one teacher killed, 23 others wounded at Columbine High School in the nation's deadliest school shooting. Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Klebold, 17, had plotted for a year to kill at least 500 and blow up their school. At the end of their hour-long rampage, they turned their guns on themselves.Ref: 88
2001*The pilot of a Cessna 185, Kevin Donaldson, is shot down by the Peruvian Air Force when he is mistaken for a drug trafficker. Missionary Veronica Bowers and her 7-month old daughter are killed. Co-pilot Jim Bowers and 6-year old son Cory survive. (USA Today, p. 1, 4/25/2001)Ref: 13
2003*(Theodore Marcus) Teddy Edwards jazz musician: tenor sax: Me and My Lover; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen