Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 21st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-753 -BC- Traditional date of founding of Rome by Romulus.Ref: 5
953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights.Ref: 5
1477 Maximilian of Habsburg marries Maria of Bourgondië at proxy.Ref: 5
1649*The Toleration Act was passed by the Maryland Assembly. It protected Roman Catholics within the American colony against Protestant harassment, which had been rising as Oliver Cromwell's power in England increased.Ref: 5
1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement.Ref: 5
1689*William III and Mary II are crowned joint king and queen of England, Scotland and Ireland.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Arrest warrants are issued for Mary Easty, Edward and Sarah Bishop, Deliverance and William Hobbs, Sarah Wilds, Mary Black, Nehemiah Abbott, Jr., and Mary English. Abigail Williams identifies the Rev. George Burroughs as the "Black Minister."Ref: 21
1785*Charter of the (Russian) Nobility and gentry to an estate (Tsarina Catharina II ends noble privileges).Ref: 89
1789*John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the United States, 9 days before George Washington.Ref: 70
1794*NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British.Ref: 5
1808*The first entry in the civil court record in Greene County (OH) found Jonas Jones guilty of assaulting John Porter in Sugarcreek Twp and finded $8 in court costs.Ref: 56
1847*Donner Party: The last of the Donner Party departs the winter camp.Ref: 27
1856*The first rail train to pass over the mighty Mississippi River between Davenport, Iowa and Rock Island, IL made its journey across a newly completed bridge between the two rail centers.Ref: 4
1862*Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, CO.Ref: 5
1865*Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington.Ref: 5
1875*Orders to add an extention to the Greene County [Ohio] Courthouse are approved. (XDG, p 7, 6/10/2003)Ref: 83
1878*The ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia.Ref: 5
1878*New York installs first firehouse pole.Ref: 5
1884*Potters Field reopened as Madison Park.Ref: 5
1892*Black Longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis Mo.Ref: 5
1906*San Francisco fire ends.Ref: 10
1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground.Ref: 5
1916*Bill Carlisle, the infamous ‘last train robber,’ robs a train in Hanna, Wyoming.Ref: 2
1917*The Russian Provisional Government, somewhat belatedly responds to charges of pursuing a "militaristic and imperialistic" foreign policy by also declaring itself in favor of peace without annexations and reparations.Ref: 90
1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR.Ref: 5
1933*Rudolf Hess is made Deputy Führer, a figurehead position with mostly ceremonial duties. Ref 
1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties.Ref: 5
1946 SED, Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany.Ref: 5
1952*BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation) begins first passenger service with jets (London-Rome route).Ref: 5
1954*Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR.Ref: 5
1960 Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.Ref: 70
1961 Dirk U Stikker chosen as Secretary-General of NATO.Ref: 5
1965*New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season.Ref: 5
1966*Emperor Haile Selassie (Ethiopia) visits Kingston Jamaica.Ref: 5
1967*Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier.Ref: 5
1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland.Ref: 5
1975*South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after 10 years in office.Ref: 70
1976*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1976*A Cadillac convertible, the ‘last’ American-made rag-top automobile, rolled off the assembly line at GM’s Cadillac production facility in Detroit, MI. This ended a tradition that began in 1916. The tradition didn’t stay ended, however. A few years later, Chrysler Corporation, under chairman Lee Iacocca, began production once again of soft-top cars. Then Ford brought back the convertible Mustang and GM got back in the picture with the convertible Pontiac Sunbird and a new, smaller Cadillac version. It seems that the convertible is just too popular to disappear from the American auto scene!Ref: 4
1977*Zia ur-Rahman appointed President of Bangladesh.Ref: 5
1981*US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia.Ref: 5
1982*Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress.Ref: 5
1983*£1 coin introduced in United Kingdom.Ref: 5
1985*Bomb attack in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels.Ref: 5
1987*Special occasion stamps were offered for the first time by the U.S. Postal Service. “Happy Birthday,” “Get Well” and other messages were offered.Ref: 4
1987*Dow Jones Average soars 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history.Ref: 5
1989 Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing's Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom.Ref: 5
1991*United States and Vietnam agree to establish U.S. office in Hanoi to help determine MIAs' fate. Washington presents Hanoi with a roadmap for phased normalization of relations and the lifting of the embargo.Ref: 41
1992 Mobil Oil tug with 12,000 gallons of oil run aground in Arthur Kill.Ref: 5
1993 Brazil votes against a monarchy.Ref: 5
1993*An 11-day seige at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility near Lucasville ends after rioting inmates reach an agreement with prison officials. (XDG, p 6A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Federal authorities arrest Timothy McVeigh in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing.Ref: 2
1995*(OJ Simpson) After three sheriff's deputies are reassigned, jurors protest. They first refuse to come to court, the show up dressed in black.Ref: 87
1996 President Clinton and Boris Yeltsin traded warm compliments and played down nagging differences, insisting their election-year summit in Moscow was not being influenced by presidential politics.Ref: 6
2000*The lower house of the Russian parliament overwhelmingly approved the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which would oblige Russia to end all nuclear test explosions.Ref: 6
2002*In a huge upset in French politics, extreme-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen qualified to face incumbent Jacques Chirac in the runoff for French president.Ref: 70
2003 State-run media in China reported the government had dismissed Beijing's mayor following the disclosure of a steep increase in SARS cases in the Chinese capital.Ref: 70
1857*Alexander Douglas patents the bustle.Ref: 5
1908*Frederick A Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't).Ref: 5
1913*Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper.Ref: 5
1948*First Polaroid camera is sold in US.Ref: 5
1961*USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m.Ref: 5
1963*Dr Michael Ellis De Bakey performs first successful heart implant.Ref: 5
1972*Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explore the surface of the moon.Ref: 5
1972*Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched.Ref: 5
1976*Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing.Ref: 5
1984*Centers for Disease Control says virus discovered in France causes AIDS.Ref: 5
1998 Astronomers announce in Washington they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light years away, the clearest evidence to date of worlds forming beyond our solar system. (XDG, p 6A, 4/21/2003)Ref: 83
-43 -BC- Marcus Antonius is defeated by Octavian near Modena, Italy.Ref: 5
1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike.Ref: 5
1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople.Ref: 5
1521 Battle at Villalar Emperor Charles I beats Communards.Ref: 5
1526 Mongol Emperor Babur annihilates the Indian Army of Ibrahim Lodi at the Battle at Panipat.Ref: 2
1572*France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant.Ref: 5
1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord.Ref: 5
1775*In the very early morning, royal marines, acting under Virginia's Governor Dunmore's orders, take 15 half-barrels of gunpowder from the Magazine in Williamsburg. 
1836*After retreating eastward for more than a month, the Texian Army (900 men) defeats the larger Mexican force at the Battle of San Jacinto, capturing General Santa Anna and securing Texas' independence. Ref 
1863 Declaration of Bahá'u'lláh; Bahá'í Feast of Ridván (Jalâl 13, 20).Ref: 5
1898*U.S. declares war on Spain to start the Spanish-American War.Ref: 5
1914*U.S. Marines occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico. They will stay six months.Ref: 2
1942*FBI and police launch alien raids throughout the Bay Area. A UC Berkeley art student was taken into custody as a dangerous Japanese alien. Gen. DeWitt orders Japanese out of San Francisco "generally west of the north-south line established by Junipero Serra Ave., Worchester Ave. and 19th Ave. and lying generally north of the east-west line established by California St. to the intersection of Market St. and then on Market St. to the Bay." Civil Control Station opens at 1701 Van Ness Ave. and a responsible member of each Japanese family in San Francisco is to report there for instructions.Ref: 37
1943*President Roosevelt announces that several Doolittle pilots have been executed by Japanese.Ref: 2
1945*Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory.Ref: 5
1945*US 7th Army occupies Neurenberg.Ref: 5
1945*Russian army arrives at outskirts of Berlin.Ref: 5
1954*USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam.Ref: 5
1961*USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,000 meters.Ref: 5
1966*Pfc. Milton Lee Oliver is awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously, for bravery during the Vietnam War.Ref: 2
1991*US Marines in northern Iraq began building the first safe-haven settlement for Kurdish refugees. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf arrived at MacDill Air Force Base in Florida to a hero's welcome.Ref: 6
1994 Serbian army bombs distress clinic in Goradze Bosnia, 28 killed.Ref: 5
1898*In a game against the Giants, Philadelphia Nationals' pitcher Bill Duggelby hits a grand slam in his first major league at-bat. Bobby Bonds will hit one in his first game in his third at-bat, but no one has repeated Duggleby's feat.Ref: 1
1900*In a small wooden ballpark located at 39th and Princeton, the White Sox play their first game in franchise history losing to Milwaukee, 5-4.Ref: 1
1904*Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League).Ref: 5
1910*The Detroit Tigers defeat the Cleveland Naps 5-0 in the opening game at League Park, Cleveland's new home for the next 36 years.Ref: 86
1921*Ottawa Senators beat Vanc Millionaires 3 games to 2 for Stanley Cup.Ref: 5
1925*No baseball games played in National League due to Charles Ebbets' funeral.Ref: 5
1934*Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays American League record 117th cons errorless game.Ref: 5
1940*Netherlands beats Belgium 4-2 in soccer.Ref: 5
1943*The Browns win their seventh consecutive Opening Day game in front of a reduced crowd of 4000 due to war-time travel restrictions.Ref: 1
1944*After hitting just one home run in 297 games, Browns' outfielder Mike Kreevich hits two round-trippers to beat the White Sox, 5-3.Ref: 1
1944*NFL Chicago Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3).Ref: 5
1946*Cleveland's Frank Hayes plays the last of his 1,312th consecutive games as a catcher. The streak started as a player with the Browns on October 12, 1943.Ref: 1
1948*Returning after a one-year suspension, Dodger manager Leo Durocher uses 24 players in a 9-5 loss to the Giants.Ref: 1
1948*2nd NBA Championship Baltimore Bullets beat Philadelphia Warriors, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1951*At Fenway Park, Senator Gil Coan hits two triples in the same inning.Ref: 1
1951*Stanley Cup Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montréal Canadiens, 4 games to 1.Ref: 5
1951*5th NBA Championship Rochester Royals beat New York Knicks, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1955*Brooklyn Dodgers win 10th straight game to begin a season (this was a record at the time).Ref: 5
1957*Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.Ref: 5
1959 The largest fish ever hooked by a rod and reel was landed by Alf Dean. Ol’ Alf told the fellas down at the marina about the 16-foot, 10-inch white shark that weighed in at 2,664 pounds!Ref: 4
1959*Cardinal Stan Musial breaks up Chicago's pitcher Glen Hobbie no-hitter with a seventh inning double but Cubs still win, 1-0.Ref: 1
1961*The Minnesota Twins, formerly known as the Washington Senators, play their first home game in Minnesota at Metropolitan Stadium losing to the 'new' expansion Washington Senator.Ref: 1
1963*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sunshine Women's Golf Open.Ref: 5
1964*Pirates & Cubs combine for 9 homeruns, Pirates win 8-5.Ref: 5
1967*The Dodgers endure their 1st rain out in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive games).Ref: 5
1968*Carol Mann wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open.Ref: 5
1969*73rd Boston Marathon won by Yoshiaki Unetani of Japan in 2:13:49 in a record field of 1,152.Ref: 5
1972*The Texas Rangers beat the Angels, 7-6, before a crowd of 20,105 in first game for the franchise at Arlington Stadium. Frank Howard homers in the first inning for Texas.Ref: 86
1974*3rd Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Jo Ann Prentice.Ref: 5
1975*4th Boston Women's Marathon won by Liane Winter of West Germany in 2:42:24.Ref: 5
1975*79th Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Massachusetts in 2:09:55.Ref: 5
1977*Billy Martin pulls Yankee line-up out of a hat, beats Blue Jays 8-6.Ref: 5
1980*9th Boston Women's Marathon won by Jacqueline Gareau of Canada in 2:34:28. Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line at the Boston Marathon, but she was disqualified when officials discovered she had jumped into the race about a mile from the finish.Ref: 5
1980*84th Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Massachusetts (his 3rd) in 2:12:11.Ref: 5
1982*Atlanta Braves win their 13th straight game.Ref: 5
1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph.Ref: 5
1984*David Palmer pitched only the fourth shortened, perfect game in major-league baseball history. Palmer was pitching the Montreal Expos to a 4-0 lead over the St. Louis Cardinals when the home plate umpire called the game in five innings when the rains came. Palmer had made 57 pitches.Ref: 4
1985*Ingrid Kristiansen wins the London Marathon in a record 2:21:6.Ref: 5
1985*Flyers 5-Islanders 2-Patrick Division Finals-Flyers hold 2-0 lead.Ref: 5
1985*Patty Sheehan wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1986 Bob Hering sets Formula One power boat record (165.338 mph, Ariz).Ref: 5
1986*15th Boston Women's Marathon won by I Kristiansen of Norway in 2:24:55.Ref: 5
1986*90th Boston Marathon won by Rob de Castella of Australia in 2:07:51.Ref: 5
1987*Milwaukee Brewers lose, ending American League season-opening winning streak at 13 games.Ref: 5
1990*National League umpire is arrested for stealing baseball cards.Ref: 5
1990*Cincinnati Reds win running their record to 9-0, best start in club history.Ref: 5
1991*52nd PGA Seniors Golf Championship Jack Nicklaus wins.Ref: 5
1991*Greatest extra-inning comeback, Pittsburgh scores 6 in bottom of 11th erasing 5 run Chicago Cub lead, Pirates also trailed 7-2 in bottom of 9th.Ref: 5
1991*Jakov Tolstikov wins 4th World Cup marathon (2:09:17).Ref: 5
1991*Rosa Mota wins 4th World Cup female marathon (2:26:14).Ref: 5
1994*Eddie Murray sets record for switch hit homeruns in a game (11 times).Ref: 5
1995*Boston Celtics final game at Boston Gardens, New York Knicks win 98-92.Ref: 5
1996*57th PGA Seniors Golf Championship Hale Irwin.Ref: 5
1996*Barb Mucha wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship.Ref: 5
1996*Chicago Bulls win NBA record 72 games (72-8).Ref: 5
1997*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays sign right-handed pitcher Rolando Arrojo, the ace of the Cuban Natiional Team.Ref: 86
1997*101st Boston Marathon won by Lameck Aguta of Kenya in 2:10:34.Ref: 5
1997*26th Boston Women's Marathon won by Fatuma Roba of Ethopia in 2:26:23.Ref: 5
2000*In Cincinnati, the Dodger/Red game is delayed for 27 minutes due to the umpires' equipment being accidentally been shipped to New York. Replacement gear is secured from a downtown store but due to heavy traffic a police escort is needed to get the goods to Cinergy Field.Ref: 1
2001*Hal McRae earns his first victory as the Tampa Bay Devil Rays manager with a 6-5 win over Baltimore at Tropicana Field.Ref: 86
2001*Cleveland Indian Jim Thome homers on bobble head doll day Struggling to start the season, Thome didn't even start the game against the Tigers. But in the 11th inning on his bobble head doll day, Thome homered off closer Todd Jones to give the Tribe a 5-4 victory.Ref: 86
2001*Hasim Rahman knocks out Lennox Lewis in Johannesburg in surprise World Heavyweight Boxing win.Ref: 10
2002*Atlanta shortstop Rafael Furcal ties a major league record, which was most previously done by White Sox outfielder Lance Johnson in 1995, by hitting three triples in a game. The last time a Braves' player hit three three-baggers in one contest was on June 13, 1956 when Danny O'Connell accomplished the feat.Ref: 1
2003*Svetlana Zakharov of Russia wins the women's division of the Boston Marathon in 2:25:20. (XDG, p 13, 4/22/2003)Ref: 83
2003*Robert Cheruiyot of Kenya wins the men's division of the Boston Marathon in 2:10:11. (XDG, p 13, 4/22/2003)Ref: 83
1600*Fiction: 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS).Ref: 5
1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho", premieres in Vienna.Ref: 5
1828*Noah Webster publishes the first American dictionary.Ref: 5
1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne, premieres in Boston.Ref: 5
1878*Leo XIII published the encyclical, "Inscrutabili dei consilio." It outlined a program of reconciling the Catholic Church with modern civilization, many of its details reversing policies of his predecessor, Pius IX.Ref: 5
1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1895*Woodville Latham demonstrated the first use of a moving picture projected on a screen in New York City.Ref: 4
1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1925 Noël Coward's "Fallen Angels", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid", premieres in Moscow.Ref: 5
1933*World's First Television Revue "Looking In" starring the Paramount Astoria Girls broadcast on the BBC.Ref: 10
1940 The radio program, Take It or Leave It, was first heard on CBS radio on this day. Bob Hawk offered contestants a top prize of $64. No, there were no lovely parting gifts or consolation prizes that we could find. Losers just left.Ref: 4
1945*LtCol John Landsale Jr concludes in a secret memo, "It is impossible to censor comic strips as the Office of Censorship does not have the personnel for such a task. Aslo, to attempt to do so would call a great deal of attention to secret matters." This memo was instigated when Superman gets involved with a cyclotron, a key piece of equipment in the then-secret making of the atomic bomb. (Daniels, Les, "Superman", 1998, ISBN 0-8118-2162-5) 
1945 Ivor Nivello's "Perchance to Dream", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1949*The prestigious George Foster Peabody Award for Broadcasting was presented to You Bet Your Life star, “The one, the only, Groucho Marx.” This was the first time the honor had been awarded to a comedian.Ref: 4
1955*The Jerome Lawrence-Robert Lee play "Inherit the Wind," loosely based on the Scopes trial of 1925, opened at the National Theatre in New York.Ref: 5
1956*Leonard Ross, age 10, became the youngest prizewinner on a big time quiz program. The youngster won $100,000 on The Big Surprise for knowing about his specialty: stocks!Ref: 4
1956*Elvis Presley's first hit record, "Heartbreak Hotel", becomes #1.Ref: 5
1957*Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum.Ref: 5
1962*Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington.Ref: 5
1963*The Beatles and The Rolling Stones met for the first time together, at the Crawdaddy Club in Richmond, England. The Stones opened show.Ref: 4
1967*EO, Evangelical Broadcasting, begins in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1968*22nd Tony Awards Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win.Ref: 5
1970*Sportscaster Curt Gowdy was the recipient of the coveted George Foster Peabody Award for achievement in radio and television. Curt, a long-time voice of the Boston Red Sox, NBC and ABC Sports and syndicated programs (including The American Sportsman), was the first sports broadcaster to receive the honor.Ref: 4
1974*28th Tony Awards River Niger & Raisin win.Ref: 5
1977*Broadway play "Annie" opens, 1st of 2,377 performances.Ref: 5
1979*"Carmelina" closes at St James Theater NYC after 17 performances.Ref: 5
1984*"Nightline" reverts back from 1 hour to ½ hour.Ref: 5
1984*Michael Jackson’s Thriller album slipped a couple of notches from number 1 to number 3 on the pop album charts. Michael needn’t have been too upset. Thriller was number one for 37 weeks, setting a record in music history for the longest run at the top.Ref: 4
1986*The once-notorious Lexington Hotel in Chicago received a visitor, in the person of Geraldo Rivera, along with a camera crew. A record audience watched as the long-sealed vault of racketeer, Al Capone was opened during a much-hyped TV special. Guess what? All that Geraldo found were broken bottles and no trace that Capone and his gang had ever stashed anything there.Ref: 4
1988*Barbra Streisand records "You'll Never Know".Ref: 5
1990*"Cartoon All Stars to the Rescue" shown on all 4 TV networks.Ref: 5
1992 Kroyer Films' "Ferngully - The Last Rainforest" opened.Ref: 73
1992*"High Rollers" opens at Helen Hayes theater on Broadway.Ref: 5
1993*Rolling Stone Bill Wyman weds Suzanne Accosta on French Riveria.Ref: 5
1993*"Wilder, Wilder, Wilder" opens at Circle in Square NYC for 30 performances.Ref: 5
1994*"Picnic" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances.Ref: 5
1996*Edward Albee's "A Delicate Balance", opens at Plymouth Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1488*Ulrich von Hutten German poet/humanist/patriot, is born.Ref: 5
1546*Arcangelo Crivelli composer, is born.Ref: 5
1555*Lodovico Carracci, Italian painter and printmaker, is born.Ref: 70
1619 John A van Riebeeck colonial director/founder (Cape Colony), is born.Ref: 5
1671 John Law is born.Ref: 10
1672*Johann Philipp Kafer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1713*Louis Duke de Noailles marshal of France, is born.Ref: 5
1729*Catharina II the Great, writer/emperess of Russia (1762-96), is born.Ref: 5
1730*Antonin Kammel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1749*Johann Michael Malzat composer, is born.Ref: 5
1774*Jean-Baptiste Biot French physicist/astronomer (balloonist), is born.Ref: 5
1775*Alexander Anderson US, engraver/illustrator (Shakespeare), is born.Ref: 5
1779*William Knyvett composer, is born.Ref: 5
1782*Teacher, author, toy maker: inventor of kindergarten Friedrich Froebel is born in Germany.Ref: 4
1783*Birth of English churchman and hymnwriter Reginald Heber. Heber published his first hymn at 28, and among his best remembered today are: "Holy, Holy, Holy," "The Son of God Goes Forth to War" and "From Greenland's Icy Mountains."Ref: 5
1795*Vincenzo Pallotti Italian saint, is born.Ref: 5
1803*Levin Minn Powell Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Peter van Schendel Dutch painter, is born.Ref: 5
1809*Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter Secretary of State (Confederacy), is born.Ref: 5
1814*Beni Egressy composer, is born.Ref: 5
1816*Louis Trezevant Wigfall Confederate Army, died in 1874, is born.Ref: 5
1816*Charlotte Brontë, Tornton England, novelist (Jane Eyre), is born.Ref: 5
1818*Josh Billings, American humorist and writer; popular after the Civil War, is born.Ref: 70
1824*Anselmo Clave composer, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Hippolyte Taine French philosopher/historian (Voyage in Italy), is born.Ref: 5
1834*William Rufus Terrill Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862, is born.Ref: 5
1837*Fredrik Bajer Denmark, politican/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1908), is born.Ref: 5
1838*John Muir, the Scottish-born US conservationist: discovered glaciers in High Sierras, influential in the establishment of the U.S. National Parks system and U.S. forest conservation; Muir Woods National Monument in California named after him; is born.Ref: 4
1840*Franz Xaver Haberl German priest/musicologist (Magister choralis), is born.Ref: 5
1849*Oskar Hertwig Germany, embryologist, discovered fertilization, is born.Ref: 5
1853*Charles-Theodore Malherbe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1854*Wladyslaw Rzepko composer, is born.Ref: 5
1854 Eusapia Palladino Napolitanse with parergische phenomenons, is born.Ref: 5
1864*Max Weber German sociologist/economist/historian (Ancient Judaism), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Benjamin A Jesurun Antillian literary, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Leo Blech composer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Vojtech Rihovsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*G W Bitzer [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer] Roxbury MA, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Billy Bitzer, American motion-picture cameraman, is born.Ref: 70
1878*Albert Weisgerber German painter/graphic artist, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Jules-Marie Canneel Flemish painter/caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Charlie Naughton Glasgow Scotland, actor (Frozen Limits), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Joe McCarthy baseball manager: Chicago Cubs, NY Yankees, Boston Red Sox: holds record: highest winning percentage: [.615]; died Jan 13, 1978Ref: 4
1889*67 G. Donald Harrison 4/21/1889 6/14/1956 English-born American organ designer and builderRef: 70
1892*Jaroslav Kvapil composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*First buffalo born in Golden Gate Park.Ref: 5
1896*Attila Hörbiger Austrian actor (Die Grosse Liebe, Die Julika), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Henry M de Montherlant French stage author (La Reine Morte), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Birth of A. W. Tozer, one of the most popular and influential pastors to come out of the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church. Tozer was also a prolific writer, and his best- known publications include "The Pursuit of God" (1948) and "The Root of Righteousness" (1955).Ref: 5
1898*Steve Owen NFL tackle, coach (New York Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Randall Thompson New York NY, composer (Trip to Nahant), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Clement D'Hooghe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Julian Bautista composer, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Bernard J H "Ben" Stroman recensent/writer (Jomtof & Blue Beard), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Hans Hedtoft premier Denmark (1947..55), is born.Ref: 5
1904 Gijsbert van Hall banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Jean Hélion artist/author (They Shall Not Have Me), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Edmund G "Pat" Brown (Governor-Democrat-CA), is born.Ref: 68
1906*Tom Burns editor, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Beatrice Kay New York NY, singer/actress (Sister Sue-Calvin & the Colonel), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Antoni Szalowski composer, is born.Ref: 5
1908*Louis Hostin France, Light Heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1932, 36), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Rollo May US, psychologist (Love & Will), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Leonard Warren New York NY, baritone (Metropolitan Opera 1939-60) died on stage, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Feike P Asma Dutch organist, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Nell [Petronella GS] Koppen actress, Kniertje-Op Hoop van Zegen), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Marcel Camus, French film director (Black Orpheus), is born.Ref: 2
1913*Choh Hao Li biochemist professor (isolated growth hormones), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Norman Parkinson England, fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), is born.Ref: 5
1913 Kai-Uwe von Hassel German politician, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Andor Kovach composer, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Frick [W Groebli] Swiss clown (Frick & Frack), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Anthony Quinn Chihuahua México, actor (Zorba the Greek, Lawrence of Arabia), is born.Ref: 68
1916*Sidney Clute Brooklyn NY, actor (Lou Grant, Cagney & Lacey), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Emanuel Vardi Jerusalem Israel, violist (San Diego Symphony 1978-82), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Franc [Franklin E] Essed Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Don Cornell (Louis Varlaro) singer: It isn’t Fair, I’ll Walk Alone, I’m Yours, Heart of My Heart, This is the Beginning of the End, Hold My Hand, The Bible Tells Me So, Most of All, Love is a Many-Splendored Thing, is born.Ref: 4
1920*Bruno Maderna Venice Italy, conductor/composer (Hyperion), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Christopher Dark New York NY, actor, (Suddenly, Tenderfoot), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Jack Fletcher Forrest Hills NY, actor (Grady, Bob Crane Show), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Andrea Domburg Dutch actress, (Theo d'Or Prize, Keetje Tippel), is born.Ref: 5
1923*John Mortimor, British barrister and playwright (Rumpole of the Bailey), is born.Ref: 2
1924*Ira Louvin Rainsville AL, country singer (Louvin Brothers), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Clara Ward gospel singer: group: Clara Ward Gospel Troupe; is born.Ref: 4
1924*Daniel Melnick New York NY, producer, Get Smart), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Queen Elizabeth II [Alexandra Mary Windsor II] Queen of the United Kingdom [1952- ]; eldest daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon; married Philip Mountbatten [1947]: four children: Charles [Prince of Wales], Anne, Andrew, Edward, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Robert Brustein New York NY, dean (Yale School of Drama), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Don Tyson, founder, Tyson Foods, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Margaret Rose London England, Princess of York [or Aug 21], is born.Ref: 5
1930*Silvana Mangano Rome Italy, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Carl (Robert) Belew country singer: Welcome Back to My World, songwriter: Am I That Easy to Forget?, Stop the World and Let Me Off, Lonely Street, What’s He Doing in My World?; is born.Ref: 4
1932*Angela Mortimer English tennis player, Wimbledon), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Elaine May actress: California Suite; comedienne: half of a comedy duo with Mike Nichols; director: A New Leaf, The Heartbreak Kid, Ishtar, Mikey and Nicky, is born in Philadelphia PA.Ref: 4
1933*Easley Blackwood Indpls IN, composer (Un Voyage á Cythere), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Robin Dixon England, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Charles Grodin Pittsburgh PA, actor (Beethoven, Woman in Red, Lonely Guy, Heartbreak Kid), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Bob Cleary US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Reg Fleming hockey: NHL: Montreal Canadiens, Chicago Blackhawks, Boston Bruins, NY Rangers, Philadelphia Flyers, Buffalo Sabres, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Anthony Joseph Gnazzo composer, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Charles Lee, Herron Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Ernie Maresca singer/songwriter (Runaround Sue, Wanderer), is born.Ref: 5
1939*John McCabe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Jacques Caron hockey: NHL: LA Kings, SL Blues; coach: NJ Devils, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Souleymane Cisse director (Waati, Yeelen, Finye, Baara), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bobby McClure US gospel singer (Don't Mess Up a Good Thing), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Al (Alonza Benjamin) Bumbry (Bumbrey) baseball: Baltimore Orioles (Rookie of the Year: 1973/World Series: 1979, 1983/all-star: 1980), SD Padres, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Iggy Pop [James Newell Osterberg] Ypsilanti MI, rocker (Zombie Birdhouse), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Alan Warner rocker (Foundations), is born.Ref: 5
1947*John Weider musician: bass: group: Family: No Mule’s Fool, Weaver’s Answer, In My Own Time, Burlesque, LPs: Fearless, Bandstand, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Claire Denis Paris France, actress (Boom Boom, Chocolat), is born.Ref: 5
1948*(Chandra Levy) Gary A Condit (Representative-Democrat-CA), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Lord Egremont English large landowner/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Paul Davis Meridian MI, country/rock vocalist (I Go Crazy), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Patti LuPone, Northport NY, stage/screen actress/singer (Evita, Life Goes On), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Tony Danza Brooklyn, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who's the Boss), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Paul Carrack musician: piano, singer, songwriter: groups: Noise to Go, Mike and the Mechanics, Ace: How Long; Squeeze: Goodbye Girl, Up the Junction, Cool for Cats; solo: LPs: Paul Carrack, Suburban Voodoo, is born in Sheffield EnglandRef: 4
1951*Nicoel Barclay rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Aleksandr Ivanovich Laveykin Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-2), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Edward Ray Fiori Lynwood CA, PGA golfer (1979 Southern Open), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Dale Eggeling Statesboro GA, LPGA golfer (1995 Oldsmobile Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Rick DeMont US, 400 meter swimmer, drug disqualification (1972 Olympics), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jesse Orosco Santa Barbara CA, baseball relief pitcher (New York Mets, Baltimore Orioles, Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Andie [Rosalie Anderson] MacDowell, Gaffney SC, actress (Greystroke, Green Card), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Kyle Stevens LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Robert Smith musician: guitar, singer, songwriter: group: The Cure: A Forest, Charlotte Sometimes, Let’s Go to Bed, Love Cats, The Caterpillar, Inbetween Days, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Julius Korir Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Olympics-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin Russia, Major/cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1963*John Cameron Mitchell El Paso TX, actor (Misplaced, Band of the Hand), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Ken Caminiti Hanford CA, infielder (San Diego Padres), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Louise Mullard Kurri Kurri New South Wales, golfer (1990 T3 Coca Cola Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Karen Foster Lufkin TX, playmate (October 1989), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Ed Belfour Carman, NHL goalie (Chicago Blackhawks), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Gary Grant NBA guard (New York Knicks), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Judy Diduck ice hockey defenseman (Canada, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Peter van Foxes soccer player (Ajax), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Conrad Clarks NFL center (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Dwight Hollier NFL linebacker (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Israel Stanley NFL/WLAF defensive end (New Orleans Saints, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Stewart Malgunas Prince George, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Samantha Druce, youngest woman to swim the English Channel, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jennifer Reed Miss Michigan-USA (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tom Cavallo NFL/WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy, San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tony Mcgee NFL tight end (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1972*David Williams Bedford PA, outfielder (San Francisco Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Lori Flick Boston MA, Miss Massachusetts-America (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Tia Jackson WNBA forward (Phoenix Mercury), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Brice Hunter wide receiver (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Angela Michelle Hughes Anderson SC, Miss South Carolina-America (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Danyon Joseph Loader Dunedin New Zealand, 200 meter/400 meter swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Karen Ann Peterson Miss Aruba-Universe (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Avi Phillips Ontario Canada, actor (Maniac Mansion), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Aimee Delatte Miss Arkansas Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Melissa Coish Miss New Hampshire Teen-USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1984*Ashley Peldon Staten Island NY, actress (Marah Lewis-Guilding Light, Deceived)Ref: 5
1073*Alexander II [Anselmo da Baggio] Pope (1061-73), dies.Ref: 69
1109*Anselmus philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies.Ref: 5
1142*Pierre Abélard French philosopher (Sic et Non, Héloïse), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1509*Henry VII first Tudor king of England (1485-1509), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1552*Peter Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz] German astronomer, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1574*(Cosimo I) Cosmos de Medici, Italian duke of Florence and Tuscany, art patron (Accademia del Disegno), dies at age 54.Ref: 70
1652*Pietro Della Valle composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1696*Andres de Sola composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1699*Jean Baptiste Racine dramatist: Alexandre, Andromaque, Les Plaideurs, Britannicus, Berenice, Bajazet, Mithridate, etc.; dies at age 59.Ref: 4
1730*Jan Palfijn Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1736*Frans Eugenius duke/prince of Savoye, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1780*Ferdinand Zellbell composer, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1835*Samuel Slater, English-born industrialist; helped start American cotton industry, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1844*(US Supreme Court Justice) Henry Baldwin, American Supreme Court justice, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1871*Elisabeth Grube writer, dies.Ref: 5
1878*Temistocle Solera composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1898*Louis Theodore Gouvy composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1899*Heinrich Kiepert German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1900*Heinrich Vogl composer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1910*Author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, dies in Redding CT at age 75.Ref: 68
1916*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Suspected conspirator in the Lincoln assassination, John Surratt dies.Ref: 87
1918*The Red Baron, Baron Von Richthofen is shot down (perhaps by ground fire) as he flies low in pursuit of Lt. Wilford May's Sopwith Camel. He was 25.Ref: 68
1924*Eleanora Duse Italian actress (La Gioconda, La Locandiera), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1930*Fire (set as part of an escape attempt) at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 320.Ref: 5
1930*Christine [Elizabeth C] Poolman Dutch actress (Mother), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1930*Robert S Bridges poet laureate (Testament of beauty), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1930*Fire (set as part of an escape attempt) at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 320.Ref: 5
1938 Lady Ottoline Morrell dies.Ref: 10
1938 Muhammad Iqbal Brt E Indies lawyer/Pakistan national hero, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1939*Herman Finck composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1942*Gustav Stickley, American designer and maker of Mission furniture, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1945*John Poston, British Major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25.Ref: 5
1946*John M Keynes, English economist (How to pay for the war?), dies at 62.Ref: 68
1948*Carlos Lopez Buchardo composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1952*Leslie Banks actor (Henry V, 21 Days, Eye Witness), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1952*Sir [Richard] Stafford Cripps, English minister of Plane-manufacturing, English chancellor of the exchequer (1947-50), dies at age 63.Ref: 5
1955*Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die.Ref: 5
1957*Sir John Kerr, English embryologist and pioneer in naval camouflage, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1961*James Melton Moultrie GA, opera tenor (Ford Festival), dies at age 57.Ref: 4
1962*Frederick Handley Page designer of first big airplane (40 seats), dies.Ref: 5
1965*Edward V Appleton English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1966*Oddsmaker, gambler Jimmy ‘The Greek’ Snyder (Demetrios Georgios Synodinos) dies.Ref: 68
1967*André L Danjon French astronomer, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1968*Norman Demuth composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1968*Toby Halicki car-crash film producer 48, killed shooting stunt.Ref: 5
1971*Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, Haitian dictator (1957-1971), dies at age 64.Ref: 68
1971*Edmund Lowe actor (Front Page Detective), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1973*Ursula Jeans [McMinn] actress (Cavalcade, Over the Moon), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1975*Jack Allan Westrup composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1977*(Milton) ‘Gummo’ Marx theatrical agent; vaudeville with his four brothers (Marx Brothers): The Four Nightingales, Fun in Hi Skule, Mr. Green’s Reception, Home Again; dies at age 84.Ref: 4
1978*Sandy Denny country singer, dies at 37.Ref: 5
1981*Eddie Sauter musician: drums, trumpet, arranger: for Benny Goodman: Superman, Benny Rides Again, All the Cats Join In, Clarinet A La King; for Artie Shaw: The Maid with the Flaccid Air, composer; orchestra leader: Sauter-Finegan Orchestra; dies.Ref: 5
1982*Joe Sawyer actor (Biff O'Hara-Adventures of Rin Tin Tin), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1983*Walter Slezak actor (Bedtime For Bonzo), commits suicide in New York at 80.Ref: 5
1985*Rudi Gernreich US designer (miniskirt), dies at age 62.Ref: 5
1985*Tancredo Neves President-elect of Brazil, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1987*Edith S Green (Representative-Democrat-OR), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1987*Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed.Ref: 5
1988*I.A.L. Diamond screen writer: Some Like It Hot, Irma La Douce, The Apartment; dies at age 67.Ref: 4
1989*James Kirkwood actor/writer (Devil's Holiday), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1990*Johnny Beagley winner of two 1942 World Series games, dies.Ref: 5
1990*Erte, the French fashion and stage designer, dies at age 97.Ref: 70
1991*Richard Bolling (Representative-Democrat-MO), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1991*Willi Boskovsky Austrian conductor (new years concert), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1992*Vladimir K Romanov Grand Duke/Russian pretender to the throne, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1992*Robert Alton Harris became the first person executed by the state of California in 25 years as he was put to death in the gas chamber for the 1978 murder of two teenage boys.Ref: 70
1993*Hal Schumacher baseball pitcher, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1994 Clement Merk animal trainer, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1995*Tessie O’Shea singer, actress: The Way Ahead, The Russians Are Coming! The Russians Are Coming!, The Entertainers, Bedknobs and Broomsticks; dies.Ref: 4
1995 Stafford Heginbotham toymaker/Football Club Chairman, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1996*Jimmy ‘The Greek’ Snyder (Demetrios Georgios Synodinos) oddsmaker, broadcaster: The NFL Today; dies at age 76.Ref: 4
1996*Dzhokhar Dudayev President of Republic of Chechenia (1991), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1996*Rodney Meredith Thomas architect/painter, dies at 93.Ref: 5
1996 Robert Hersant press baron, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1996*Zora Arkus-Duntov engineer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1996*Robert Hersant press baron, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1997*Andres Rodriguez Paraguayan President (1989-93), dies.Ref: 5
1997*Diosdado Macapagal Philippine President (1961-65), diesRef: 5
1997*Ashes of Timothy Leary & Gene Roddenberry launched into orbitRef: 5
1998*Vernon Holland football: Tennessee State Univ., Cincinnati Bengals; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Peter Lind Hayes (Joseph Conrad Lind) actor: The 5000 Fingers of Dr. T, Zis Boom Bah!, Peter Loves Mary [w/wife, Mary Healy]; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers (actor: Abie’s Irish Rose, Varsity, Mexican Spitfire at Sea, My Best Girl) dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen