Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 22nd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-687*-BC- Chinese record a meteor shower in Lyra.Ref: 5
296*St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 2
1073*Pope Alexander II buried; Archdeacon Hildebrand is elected as Pope (St.) Gregory VII.Ref: 69
1145*19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
1164*Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III.Ref: 5
1348 The countess of Salisbury dances with Edward II when one of her garters became dislodged and fell to the floor. He gallantly put it on his own leg and thus began the Order of the Garter.Ref: 62
1370*Bastille begins being built in Paris France.Ref: 5
1509*Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England upon the death of his father, Henry VII.Ref: 68
1526*First slave revolt occurs in South Carolina.Ref: 5
1529 Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragosa.Ref: 2
1648*English army claims king Charles I responsible for bloodshed.Ref: 5
1659*Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament.Ref: 5
1662 Royal Society incorporates.Ref: 5
1671*King Charles II sits in on English parliament.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Mary Easty, another of Rebecca Nurse's sisters who defended her, is examined by Hathorne and Corwin. Hathorne and Corwin also examine Nehemiah Abbott, William and Deliverance Hobbs, Edward and Sarah Bishop, Mary Black, Sarah Wildes, and Mary English.Ref: 21
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Edward Bishop is jailed for proposong flogging as cure for witchcraft.Ref: 5
1745 The Peace of Fussen is signed.Ref: 2
1769*Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress.Ref: 5
1792*President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe.Ref: 2
1817 Curaçao, Venezeula prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight.Ref: 5
1823*Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London.Ref: 5
1834*St. Helena becomes British Crown Colony.Ref: 10
1838 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing.Ref: 5
1864*The motto "In God We Trust" first appeared on U.S. coinage, being struck on a bronze two-cent piece, issued during the American Civil War.Ref: 5
1884*US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State.Ref: 5
1889*The U.S. government purchases almost two million acres of land in Central Oklahoma from the Crete and Seminole Indians and opened it up on this day to the settlers to claim their stakes.Ref: 4
1891*Nicola (nee Ferdinando) Sacco is born in Torremaggiore in southern Italy.Ref: 87
1893*Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time.Ref: 5
1905 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature Monument in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1914*México ends diplomatic relations with US.Ref: 5
1920*Stewart talks to Simon Johnson, owner of the Elm Square Garage, and sets a trap for Boda by instructing Johnson to call him when anyone comes for the car.Ref: 87
1922*South Ossetian Autonomous Region established in Georgian SSR.Ref: 5
1924 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms, Netherlands.Ref: 5
1930 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty to reduce naval forces.Ref: 5
1931*Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq.Ref: 2
1933 Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address.Ref: 5
1937*NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike.Ref: 5
1938*Nazis prohibit Aryan 'front-ownership' of Jewish businesses.Ref: 35
1940*Rear Admiral Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable (He was right).Ref: 5
1950*Peter Frampton guitarist, singer: Show Me the Way, Do You Feel Like We Do, I Can’t Stand it No More, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Greene Memorial Hospital in Xenia OH is dedicated. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1952*First atomic explosion on network news, Nob NV.Ref: 5
1954*Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government.Ref: 5
1954*USSR joins UNESCO.Ref: 5
1955*Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto "In God We Trust."Ref: 2
1960*At a constitutional convention in Minneapolis, three major Lutheran bodies in the U.S. merged to form the American Lutheran Church, with a combined membership of about two million.Ref: 5
1966*USSR performs underground nuclear test.Ref: 5
1967 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece.Ref: 5
1968*The Steele Builing annex in Xenia OH burns. (XDG, p 5B, 9/30/2003)Ref: 83
1970*Henry Ross Perot, a future candidate for the U.S. Presidency, did not have a good day. Perot, of Dallas, TX, reportedly lost $450 million in the stock market.Ref: 4
1970*New York Mets' Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher.Ref: 5
1970 The first Earth Day was observed -- with the purpose of reclaiming the purity of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the environment we live in. With the slogan “Give Earth a Chance,” Earth Day continues to be celebrated on this anniversary or on the vernal equinox.Ref: 4
1977*Simon Peres becomes premier of Israel.Ref: 5
1979*Jean-Claude Duvalier ("Baby Doc”) named President of Haiti on death of his father, "Papa Doc.”Ref: 10
1981*10,000 copper workers in Chile strike.Ref: 5
1981*Almost 1 million West German metal workers on strike.Ref: 5
1981*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1983*Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1985*Washington and Lee University researchers reported this day that Martha Washington had 29,650 pounds when she and George were married. Now, before you smart alecks start making cracks about the ‘Father of Our Country’ liking cuddly women, we’d like you to know that 29,650 pounds was worth $5.9 million on their wedding day.Ref: 4
1986*Consumer Price Index drops .04% for 2nd month in a row.Ref: 5
1986*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1990*Pro-Iranian kidnappers in Lebanon freed American hostage Robert Polhill after nearly 39 months of captivity.Ref: 70
1991*The White House promised a full accounting of chief of staff John Sununu's travels as it sought to stem political fallout over reports of his extensive personal use of military jets.Ref: 6
1992*The Supreme Court heard arguments on Pennsylvania's restrictive abortion law. The court upheld most of the law's provisions the following June, but also reaffirmed a woman's basic right to an abortion. (XDG, p 4A, 4/22/2002)Ref: 83
1992*6.0 earthquake in California.Ref: 5
1993*Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78.Ref: 5
1994*(King) A civil suit against the officers begins before Judge Davies. King asks for $15 million in damages.Ref: 87
1994*Ice skater Tonya Harding sues ex-husband Jeff Gillooly for $42,500.Ref: 5
1994*In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds is made.Ref: 5
1994 Schelto Patijn appointed mayor of Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1998*A young woman charged along with her high school sweetheart with murdering their newborn at a Delaware motel pleaded guilty to manslaughter. Amy Grossberg was later sentenced to 2½ years in prison. Brian Peterson received a lesser sentence of two years because he'd cooperated with police. (XDG, p 6, 4/22/2003)Ref: 83
1999*At Columbine HS in Littleton CO, investigators find a powerful bomb made from a propane tank, heightening suspicions that gunmen Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who killed 13 people before killing themselves, intended to destroy the school. (XDG, p 4A, 2004)Ref: 83
2000*Five-year-old Elian Gonzalez is seized by the INS in an early morning raid. He returned to Cuba with his father on June 28.Ref: 4
2002*Actor Robert Blake was charged with murder, solicitation of murder and conspiracy in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, outside a Los Angeles restaurant.Ref: 70
1056*Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye.Ref: 5
1823*R J Tyers patents roller skates.Ref: 5
1931*A contraption known as the autogyro landed on the lawn of the White House. Before the Secret Service could come out with guns blazing, President Herbert Hoover shook hands with pilot, James G. Ray, and gave him a trophy!Ref: 4
1969*First human eye transplant performed.Ref: 5
1971*Soyuz 10 launched.Ref: 5
1972*Apollo astronauts John Young & Charles Duke ride on the Moon.Ref: 5
1982*Launch of STS-3-Lousma & Fullerton [03/23].Ref: 5
1983*Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1991*Intel releases the 486SX chip.Ref: 5
1994*Børge Ousland reaches North pole.Ref: 5
1521*French king François I declares war on Spain.Ref: 5
1674 Netherlands & Münster sign peace treaty.Ref: 5
1676 Battle of Etna Netherlands/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded.Ref: 5
1677 Battle at Catania between French & Dutch fleet.Ref: 5
1775*Virginia's Governor Dunmore publicly threatens to arm slaves who would fight with him, but it was an idle threat. Virginia remains relatively peaceful for the time being. 
1796*Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi.Ref: 5
1809*Battle at Eckmühl Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl.Ref: 5
1861*Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia forces.Ref: 5
1893 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo.Ref: 5
1898*In the first action of the Spanish-American War, the USS Nashville, takes on a Spanish ship. U.S. Navy Captain Charles Gridley.Ref: 2
1898*Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry.Ref: 5
1898*US President William McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors.Ref: 5
1913 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania.Ref: 5
1915*The start of the Second Battle of Ypres marking the first use of chemical weapons (poison gas).Ref: 2
1916*France battles at Fort Douaumont.Ref: 5
1917*President Wilson suggests to the belligerents a peace without victory.Ref: 38
1918*British naval forces attempt to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.Ref: 2
1926 Persia, Turkey & Afghánistán sign treaties of security.Ref: 5
1943*Japan announces captured Allied pilots will be given "one way tickets to hell." 
1943*German counter attack in North-Tunisia.Ref: 5
1943*RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea.Ref: 5
1944*Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.Ref: 2
1944*Hitler & Mussolini meet at Salzburg.Ref: 5
1945*Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated.Ref: 5
1961*Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan/Challe in Algeria.Ref: 5
1987 Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed.Ref: 5
1996 After eleven days of focusing on Hezbollah guerrillas, Israeli warplanes turned to a new target in Lebanon, attacking the heavily fortified base of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.Ref: 6
1876*The Boston Red Stockings play in the very first National League game, scoring two runs in the ninth inning to beat the homestanding Philadelphia Athletics (NL), 6-5, before a crowd of 3,000.Ref: 86
1884 Thomas Stevens starts first bicycle trip around the world (2 years 9 months).Ref: 5
1891*The Pirates play their first game at Exposition Park, located on the north shore of the Allegheny River across from downtown Pittsburgh; not far from the current site of PNC Park.Ref: 86
1891*Once the upstart Players League folds, the New York Giants take over their ballpark, which had been built right next to the second Polo Grounds. Until the full enclosure of the stadium in 1923, fans could stand in the outfield to watch games.Ref: 86
1898*Baltimore Oriole James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0.Ref: 5
1898*Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0.Ref: 5
1901*The Chicago White Sox defeat Cleveland, 8-2, in the first "official" American League game.Ref: 86
1903 American Power Boat Association forms.Ref: 5
1903*In the first game of franchise history, the New York Highlanders (later to be renamed Yankees) lose their opener at Washington, 3-1 with Jack Chesbro taking the loss.Ref: 1
1906*Olympic games held in Athens are not accepted by the IOC.Ref: 5
1906*New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls.Ref: 5
1914*Babe Ruth, in his first pro game, shutouts Providence to give Baltimore a 6-0 win.Ref: 1
1915*Yankee uniforms feature pinstripes for the first time.Ref: 1
1922*With George Sisler aboard each time, Browns' left fielder Ken Williams hits three dingers becoming the first AL player to hit three homers runs in a game in the 10-7 St. Louis victory over the White Sox at Sportsman Park.Ref: 1
1925*In their home opener against the Reds, the Cardinals score 11 first-inning runs on a National League record 12 hits coasting to a 12-3 win.Ref: 1
1936*Bob Feller made his pitching debut with the Cleveland Indians. Feller struck out 15 St. Louis Browns in his first outing. Three weeks later, he tied the American League record by striking out 17 Philadelphia Athletics.Ref: 4
1945*Stanley Cup Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1946*Eddie Pellagrini of the Boston Red Sox hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1947*First NBA Championship Philadelphia Warriors beat Chicago Stags, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1954*NBA adopts the 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule.Ref: 5
1955*Kansas City Athletic's first game, beat Tigers 6-2.Ref: 5
1956*Yankee hurler Don Larsen hits a grand-slam off Frank Sullivan as the Yankees beat the Red Sox, 13-6.Ref: 1
1956*Patty Berg wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open.Ref: 5
1957*Philadelphia send in John I. Kennedy to pinch run against the Dodgers making it the first time a black player has appeared in a Phillies game.Ref: 1
1957*All National League teams intergates, John Irwin Kennedy is first black on Phillies.Ref: 5
1959*The Chicago White Sox take ‘batting practice’ against the Kansas City Athletics, 20-6. Chicago scored 11 runs in the seventh inning with only one hit, a single by Johnny Callison. The Sox got 10 walks and one hit batted. Not to be outdone in the effort, the Athletics contributed three errors.Ref: 4
1959*New York Yankee Whitey Ford strikes-out 15, beating Washington Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings.Ref: 5
1962*The Toronto Maple Leafs won back the Stanley Cup after 11 years. The National Hockey League champions kept Lord Stanley’s cup locked up in Toronto for the next three seasons.Ref: 4
1962*Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Sunshine Golf Open.Ref: 5
1962*New York Mets tie a National League record by losing 9 straight to start season.Ref: 5
1962*Pittsburgh Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season.Ref: 5
1966*Atlanta Braves win their 1st game, beating NY Mets 8-4.Ref: 5
1967*Randy Matson set a world outdoor record in the shot put with a toss of 71 feet, 5-1/2 inches in College Station, Texas.Ref: 4
1969*Joe Frazier KOs Dave Zyglewick in 1:36 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1969 Robin Knox-Johnston ends 312 day non-stop sailing.Ref: 5
1970*Met fireballer Tom Seaver ties a major league record by whiffing 19 Padres, including the last ten he faces, to gain a 2-1 win. Box ScoreRef: 1
1970*Tom Seaver of the New York Mets struck out 19 batters to tie a National League baseball record. He also set a record by striking out 10 batters consecutively as the ‘Amazing’ Mets defeated the San Diego Padres at Shea Stadium.Ref: 4
1970*Washington Senators beat New York Yankees 2-1 in 18 innings.Ref: 5
1975*Pittsburgh Penguins 2-New York Islanders 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-2 lead.Ref: 5
1978*The Toronto Blue Jays' Jim Clancy gets the credit for a 4-2 Jacket Day win over the Chicago White Sox in front of 44,327 including Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and in doing so helps his own cause by starting the Blue Jays first ever triple play.Ref: 86
1978 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony.Ref: 5
1979*Jane Blalock wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1981*Dodgers rookie Fernando Valenzuela tosses his 3rd shutout in 4 starts.Ref: 5
1982*Atlanta Braves lose after winning first 13 games of season.Ref: 5
1983*New York Rangers 2-New York Islanders 5-Patrick Division Finals-Islanders win series 4-2.Ref: 5
1984*Vicki Fergon wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1988*The Cardinals trade second baseman Tommy Herr to the Twins for outfielder Tom Brunansky.Ref: 1
1988*Women are allowed to compete in the Little 500 bicycle race in Bloomington, Indiana, for the 1st time.Ref: 5
1988*New Jersey Devil Patrik Sundstrom ties NHL playoff record of 8 points in a playoff game (hat trick & 5 assists) in 10-4 rout over the Capitals.Ref: 5
1989*Nolan Ryan strikesout his 5,000th batter (Rickey Henderson).Ref: 5
1991*In the first night game in the new Comiskey Park, Frank Thomas hits the first White Sox home run helping to defeat the Orioles, 8-7.Ref: 1
1993*Mariner hurler Chris Bosio no-hits the Red Sox, 7-0. The Mariner hurler retires the final 26 batters after giving up 2 walks and getting a double play in the first inning.Ref: 1
1993*Tennis star Björn Börg divorces Loredana Berte.Ref: 5
1994*Michael Moorer defeats Evander Holyfield in the 12th round to win the Heavyweight Boxing title.Ref: 5
1995 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Aulby.Ref: 5
1995*George Foreman beats Axel Schulz in 12 for heavyweight boxing titleRef: 5
1995*The Carolina Panthers make quarterback Kerry Collins their first draft choice. (USA Today, p 3C, 2/02/2004)Ref: 13
2000*Homers by Mark McGwire and Fernando Tatis help to establishes an NL record for the most team HRs in April as the Cardinals go yard 42 times. The Braves had hit 41 home runs in April of 1998.Ref: 1
2000*Angels Mo Vaughn, Tim Salmon and Troy Glaus all go deep in the fourth inning against Devil Rays' hurler Dwight Gooden, and then they again all homer off Roberto Hernandez in the ninth. It is the first time in major league history that the same three players homered in the same inning twice in a game.Ref: 1
2001*A new number, 455, will added with 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21 and 42, on the second deck in right field. The three digit number will join the other previously Indian retired numbers as a honor to the fans for setting a sellout streak record which lasted for 455 games over a five-year at Jacobs Field.Ref: 1
1728 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus", premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1793*President George Washington attends opening of Rickett's, first circus in US, in Philadelphia.Ref: 5
1804 Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola.Ref: 5
1876*Tchaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet.Ref: 5
1897*In New York City, the world's largest Jewish daily newspaper, "The Forward," was first published. Abraham Cahan, 43, one of its founders, became editor of the paper in 1903, remaining until his death in 1951.Ref: 5
1927*First performance of Roger Sessions' Symphony in E.Ref: 5
1940*The first all-Chinese commercial radio program was broadcast over KSAN radio in San Francisco, CA. Later, KSAN would become a pioneer in playing ‘underground rock’ music.Ref: 4
1946*Tex McCrary and Jinx Falkenburg arrived at WEAF radio in New York City with an entertaining morning show called, Hi, Jinx. WEAF later became WNBC and then WFAN SportsRadio 66.Ref: 4
1951*Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC.Ref: 5
1952*Eugène Ionesco's "Les Chaises", premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1954*The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television.Ref: 2
1956*Elvis Presley makes his Las Vegas debut on this night at the Frontier Hotel.Ref: 4
1964*World's Fair (Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, New York) opens.Ref: 5
1970*"Park" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 performances.Ref: 5
1974*Redbone won a gold record for the single, Come and Get Your Love. The group, playing American Indian ‘swamp rock’, formed in Los Angeles in 1968. Lolly and Pat Vegas, brothers, had been session musicians and worked on the Shindig TV show. Anthony Bellamy and Peter De Poe were also members of the group. Redbone had one other hit, The Witch Queen of New Orleans. The top five hit, Come and Get Your Love, was the group’s second and final chart success.Ref: 4
1974*Barbara Walters becomes news co-anchor of the Today Show.Ref: 5
1976*Barbara Walters becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television.Ref: 2
1976*Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation.Ref: 5
1978*'The Blues Brothers' (Dan Akroyd and John Belushi) make their first appearance on Saturday Night Live.Ref: 5
1979*Keith Richards and The New Barbarians give a concert to benefit the Canadian National Institute for the Blind in Ottawa Canada.Ref: 5
1983*Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolph Hitler (turned out to be a hoax).Ref: 5
1989*"Welcome to the Club" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 12 performances.Ref: 5
1990*"Truly Blessed" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 33 performances.Ref: 5
1991*Shalom America (Jewish cable network) is launched in Brooklyn & Queens.Ref: 5
1991*Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from Tonight Show.Ref: 5
1992*"High Rollers Social & Pleasure Club" closes at Helen Hayes NYC 14 performances.Ref: 5
1993*The US Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington DC to honor the victims of Nazi extermination.Ref: 70
1993*"Who's Tommy" opens at St James Theater NYC for 899 performances.Ref: 5
1998*Disney's Animal Kingdom theme park opens. (Ref: "Disney, The First 100 Years", 1999, ISBN 0-7868-6442-7) 
1357*Johan I King of Portugal (1383-1433), is born.Ref: 5
1451*Isabella I of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus, who sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus, ios born in Madrigal, Spain.Ref: 68
1515*Antoine of Bourbon duke of Vendôme/king of Navarra, is born.Ref: 5
1610*Pietro Ottoboni (later Pope Alexander VIII, Italian Pope from 1689-91), is born.Ref: 69
1640*Mariana Alcoforado Portugal, nun, is born.Ref: 5
1658*Giuseppe Torelli Italy, composer (Concerti Grossi op 8), is born.Ref: 5
1682*Willem I Kerricx the Young Flemish architect/sculptor/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1690*John Carteret Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42), is born.Ref: 5
1707*Henry Fielding England, novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones), is born.Ref: 5
1724*Immanuel Kant Konigsberg Germany, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason), is born.Ref: 5
1766*Madame Germaine de Stael, Swiss-French belle-lettrist (An Extraordinary Woman), is born.Ref: 5
1773*Jean V baron de Rebecque Swiss/Dutch army leader, is born.Ref: 5
1775*Georg Hermes German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), is born.Ref: 5
1777*Henry Clay the great compromiser, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber composer, is born.Ref: 5
1799*Jean Poiseuille physician/physiologist (blood pressure), is born.Ref: 5
1816*Philip James Bailey English poet (Festus), is born.Ref: 5
1818*Cadwallader Colden Washburn Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1823*Alfred Gibbs Major General (Union Army), died in 1868, is born.Ref: 5
1827*William Hopkins Morris Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Guilherme Antonio Cossoul composer, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Emily Davies, English pioneer in securing university education for women, is born.Ref: 70
1831*Alexander McDowell McCook Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1832*Julius Sterling Morton, Adams NY, (Governor-NE), started Arbor Day, is born.Ref: 5
1839*August W Eichler German botanist, is born.Ref: 5
1853*Alphonse Bertillon France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system, is born.Ref: 5
1854*Henri-Marie Lafontaine Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913), is born.Ref: 5
1856*[Marie] Louise Hens Flemish actress (Two Orphans), is born.Ref: 5
1858*Ethel Mary Smyth composer, is born.Ref: 5
1863 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck Dutch publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1864*Phil May Wortley Yorkshire, cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Hans von Seeckt German General (Future of the Reich), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Jose Vianna da Motta composer, is born.Ref: 5
1870*Russian premier from 1917 to 1924 Nikolai Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) is born.Ref: 68
1873*Ellen Anderson Glasgow US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942), is born.Ref: 5
1876*O E Rölvaag Norwegian-American novelist (Giants in the Earth), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Robert Bárány Sweden, otologist, vestibular expert (Nobel 1914), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Kitty Gordon Folkestone England, entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Alexander Kerensky Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Armas Emmanuel Launis composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*John van Capel oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Otto Rank [Rosenfeld] Austria, psychoanalysist (Künstler), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Ludwig Renn writer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Belle Bennett Milcoon Rapids IA, actress (Stella Dallas, Iron Mask), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Nikolai Obouhov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Martyn Green London, actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Megan Lloyd George English politician, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Designer & builder of the 1st atomic bomb J. (Julius) Robert Oppenheimer is born.Ref: 4
1904*Dorothy Alexander, American ballet dancer, choreographer and founder of the Atlanta Ballet, is born.Ref: 70
1906*Eric William Fenby composer/president (Delius Society), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Eddie Albert [Heimberger] Rock Island IL, actor (Oliver-Green Acres), is born.Ref: 68
1909*Ralph Byrd Dayton OH, actor (Dick Tracy TV Show), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Eric Scowen physician, is born.Ref: 5
1910*R J Ritchie tennis player, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Kathleen Mary Ferrier England, contralto (Orfeo Ed Evridice), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Gavalda Miguel Querol composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Charles Hubert Sisson author/poet (Christopher Homm), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Hans Baumann writer, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Jan de Hartog Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Dick Dudley Tennessee, TV host (Village Barn), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Lord Airedale British Lord (Socialist Democrat), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Yehudi Menuhin violinist: child prodigy: solo with San Francisco Orchestra at age of 7, played with New York Symphony Orchestra at ten; is born.Ref: 4
1916*Earl of Oxford & Asquith Governor (Seychelles), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Leo Abse biographer/MP, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Mile Yvette Chauviré France, ballerina assoluta (Sleeping Beauty), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Sidney Nolan Australia, painter/illustrator (Ned Kelly), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Mickey (James Barton) Vernon baseball: Washington Nationals [all-star: 1946, 1948, 1953, 1954, 1955], Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1958], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1956], Milwaukee Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates, is born.Ref: 4
1919*Donald Cram US, biochemist (Nobel 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Jos de Haes Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Hal March San Francisco CA, actor/TV host ($64,000 Question, Outrage), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Candido Camero musician: bongos, congas, tres, bass: performed/recorded w/George Shearing, Stan Kenton, Dizzy Gillespie, Dinah Washington, Tito Puente, Machito, is born.Ref: 4
1922*Charles Mingus, Arizona, jazz musician (Pithecanthropus Erectus), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Lou Stein Philadelphia PA, pianist (Tonight! America After Dark), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Richard C Diebenkorn Jr US, painter (Ocean Park Paintings), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Hugh Lloyd actor (Punch & Judy Man, Dunroamin' Rising), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Aaron Spelling Dallas TX, TV executive producer (Charlie's Angels, Melrose Place, Dynasty, Love Boat, Starsky and Hutch, Mod Squad), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Betty Page Kingsport TN, playmate (January 1955)/model (Dark Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Paula Fox US children's books author (Poor George), is born.Ref: 5
1923 Peter Bowring CEO (C T Bowring), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Executive producer Aaron Spelling is born.Ref: 4
1925*Christopher Ball Oxford, warden (Keble College), is born.Ref: 5
1925*George Cole London England, actor (Minder, Vampire Lovers), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Charlotte Rae Milwaukee Wisc, actress (Edna-Facts of Life), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Bob Flannigan Greencastle IN, singer (4 Freshmen), is born.Ref: 5
1926*James Stirling Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Pascal Bentoiu composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Margaret Pereira forensic scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Geoffrey Marshall Provost (Queen's College, Oxford), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Margaret Pereira forensic scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Michael Atiyah educator (Trinity College Cambridge England), is born.Ref: 5
1929 Robert Wade-Gery diplomat/exec director (Barclays de Zoete Wedd), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Victoria Opoku-Ware Ghanaian queen, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Robert Dickson Canada, ice hockey player (1948), is born.Ref: 5
1931 Henk Gortzak Dutch MP (CPN/PSP), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Ronald Hynd British choreographer (English National Ballet), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Siem Vroom Dutch actor (The Lift, Bridge Too Far, Mysteries), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Michael Colgrass Chicago IL, composer (Best Wishes), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Mark Damon (Alan Harris) actor: Black Sabbath, Between Heaven and Hell, The Fall of the House of UsherRef: 4
1933*John A Llewellyn Cardiff Wales, astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1933 Robin Hutton merchant banker, is born.Ref: 5
1934 David Ratford diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1934*John K Barlow English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Nico Ladenis British restauranteur (Nico at 90)/=, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Viscount Portman British landowner/multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Glen Campbell Delight Ark, actor/singer (Time I Get to Phoenix), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Christopher Ball linguist/warden (Keble College-Oxford), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Glen Campbell Delight AR, actor/singer (Rhinestone Cowboy, By the Time I get to Phoenix, Galveston, Wichita Lineman), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Bobbi Fiedler (Representative-Republican-CA, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1937*David Summerscale head master (Westminster School England), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Jack Nitzsche composer/songwriter (An Officer & a Gentleman), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Jack Nicholson Neptune NJ, actor (As Good As It Gets, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Shining), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Deane Beman golf: champ: U.S. Amateur twice and British Amateur once; first commissioner of PGA Tour [1974-1994]; created stadium golf, is born.Ref: 4
1938 Alan Bond tycoon/yachtsman, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Mel Carter singer: Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me; actor: Quincy, Sanford and Son, Marcus Welby, M.D., Magnum P.I., is born.Ref: 4
1939*Jason Miller Scranton PA, actor/writer (Exorcist, Light of Day), is born.Ref: 5
1939*John Chilcot civil servant, is born.Ref: 5
1939*John Foley Major-General, is born.Ref: 5
1940 Peter Goldstein joint founder (Superdrug), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Louise Gluck, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, is born.Ref: 2
1943*Mel Carter singer (Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Alan Dukes Irish President (Fine Gael, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Donald Graham US businessman(?), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Robert Key MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Gielijn Escher Dutch postage stamp artist, is born.Ref: 5
1946*Dectuplets are born in Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females.Ref: 5
1946*Archy Kirkwood MP (L-D), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Barry Guy composer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Carole Drinkwater actress (Father, All Creatures Great & Small), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Spencer Haywood Silver City MS, NBA star (Seattle Supersonics, New York Knicks, Olympics-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jessica Lange, actress, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Peter Frampton, Kent England, guitarist/vocalist (Frampton Comes Alive), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Lewis Biggs curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Jancis Robinson wine writer/broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Steve Bond Haifa Israel, actor (Jimmy Lee Holt-General Hospital, To Die For), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Tom Lysiak hockey: NHL: Atlanta Flames, Chicago Blackhawks, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Marilyn Chambers actress: X-rated films: Behind the Green Door, Resurrection of Eve, Inside Marilyn Chambers, Insatiable, Electric Blue series, Private Fantasies series, Lusty Busty Fantasies, Little Shop of Erotica, Still Insatiable, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Joseph Bottoms Santa Barbara CA, actor (Surfacing, Blind Date), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Arthur Baker rock producer (Afrika Banbaataa-Planet Rock), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Alan Campbell Homestead FL, actor (EZ-3's a Crowd), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Ethel White WBL guard (New York Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ken Olandt actor (April Fool's Day, Imposter, Leprechaun), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Catherine Mary Stewart Edmonton Alberta Canada, actress (Passion & Paradise, Riding the Edge), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Nicky Le Roux South Africa, LPGA golfer (1994 Atlanta champion-15th), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Ryan Stiles Seattle WA, actor (Lewis-Drew Carey Show), is bornRef: 5
1960*Lloyd Honeyghan English welterweight boxing champion (1986), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Byron Allen LA Calif, comedian (Real People, Byron Allen Show), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Jeff Hostetler NFL quarterback (New York Giants, Raiders, Redskins/1990 Superbowl), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Jimmy Key Huntsville AL, pitcher (Blue Jays, New York Yankees, Orioles), is born.Ref: 5
1962*David Wettlaufer Kitchener Ontario Canada, golfer (Ontario Beefeater-1986, 87), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Denise Baldwin Atlanta GA, LPGA golfer (1991 Futures Salisbury), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Bob McCann NBA forward (Washington Bullets), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Chris Makepeace Toronto Ontario Canada, actor (Vamp, My Bodyguard, Meatballs, Oasis), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Serge Poudrier hockey defenseman (Team France 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Glenn Parker NFL offensive tackle (Buffalo Bills, Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Bart Bowen Albuquerque NM, cyclist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Harvey Williams NFL running back (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Mike Buck NFL quarterback (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Sheryl Lee Boulder CO, actress (Twin Peaks, Love Lies & Murder), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Zarley Zalapski Edmonton, NHL defenseman (Calgary Flames), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Bimbo Coles NBA guard (Golden State Warriors), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Carlos Costa Spain, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Vernell Coles basketball player (Olympics-bronze-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Craig Logan Scotland, rock bassist (Brothers Front, Bon Jovi-New Jersey), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Bobby Olive NFL wide receiver (Indpls Colts), is born.Ref: 5
1969*George Williams Lacrosse WI, catcher (Oakland A's), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Roger Jones NFL center (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Coleman Bell NFL tight end (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Claus Biedermann WLAF linebacker (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ingo Rademacher German Federal Republic, actor (Jasper Jacks-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1971*James Burton NFL cornerback (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Milos Holan Bilovec Czechoslovakia, NHL defenseman (Anaheim Mighty Ducks), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Nicklas Kulti Sweden, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1972*Anna Falchi Tampera Finland, actress (La Dolce Vita '90), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Sabine Appelmans Aalst Belgium, tennis star (Strasbourg doubles final), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Christopher Sanders tight end (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Scott Fields NFL linebacker (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Scott Nemes actor (Ricky Halsenbach-The Wonder Years, Grant Schumacker-It's Garry Shandling), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Adam Parfitt Victoria British Columbia Canada, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Georgia Goettmann model (Cosmopolitan-May 1995), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Brian Manning wide receiver (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Stijn Haeldermans Belgian soccer player (MVV), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Milena Mayorga Miss El Salvador-Universe (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Aaron Metchnik Santa Barbara CA, actor (Stephen-Torkelsons), is born.Ref: 5
1980*Monica Flammer Gainesville FL, gymnast (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1985*Lauri Hendler Fort Belvoir VA, actress (Julie-Gimme a Break)Ref: 5
536*Agapitus I Italian Pope (535-36), dies.Ref: 5
1253*Elias van Cortona Italian General (1232-39), dies at about 53.Ref: 5
1355*Eleonora Plantagenet daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1462 Gilbert of Lannoy master of Villerval/Tronchiennes/Santes, dies.Ref: 5
1521*Juan de Padilla Spanish nobleman/communero-rebel, beheaded.Ref: 5
1592*Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1648 Catharina Belgian van Nassau daughter of Willem, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1662 John Tradescant traveller/gardener, dies.Ref: 5
1672*Georg Stiernhielm Swedish scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1677*Wenzel E Fürst von Lobkowitz Austria chancellor (16..-74), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1699*Hans A baron von Abschatz Silesian poet, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1722*19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed.Ref: 5
1722 Pieter Erberfeld German/Thais merchant on Java, dies.Ref: 5
1776*Johann Adolph Scheibe German music theroist/composer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1778*James Hargreaves inventor (spinning jenny), dies.Ref: 5
1782*Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1788*Zacharias H Alewijn Dutch poet, dies 46.Ref: 5
1821*John Crome [Old Crome] English landscape painter/etcher, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1827*Thomas Rowlandson caricaturist, dies.Ref: 5
1830*Knud L Rahbek Danish literary/historian, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1833*Richard Trevithick inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1844*Henri-Montan Berton composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1864*Joseph Gilbert Totten US Union General-Major, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1865*Francis Washburn US Union Colonel/General Major, dies of injuries.Ref: 5
1879*Tom Lloyd sometimes known as the fifth member of the Ned Kelly gang and husband to Ned's sister Maggie, is released from custody as a Kelly sympathizer. Ref 
1883*Octave Fouque composer, dies at 38.Ref: 5
1892*Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo, composer, dies in Paris, France at age 69. (Also: Cross, Milton, "Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music", Doubleday & Co, 1953)Ref: 5
1901*William Stubbs historian/bishop, dies.Ref: 5
1908*Henry Campbell-Bannerman British premier (1905-08), dies.Ref: 5
1929*Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1930*Jeppe Aakjær Danish journalist/author/poet (Rugens sange), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1933*Sir Henry Royce, English industrialist; a founder of Rolls-Royce Ltd, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1934*George "Baby Face" Nelson kills an FBI agent at the Little Bohemia Lodge near Rhinelander WI. Dillinger and Nelson escape.Ref: 52
1944*Mezio Agostini composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1945*Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist and sculptor, dies at age 77.Ref: 70
1946*(US Supreme Court Justice) Harlan (Fiske) Stone, Justice of U.S. Supreme Court [1925-1941], Chief Justice [1941-1946], dies at age 73.Ref: 4
1946*Lionel Atwill actor (Captain Blood, Great Waltz), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1950*Charles H Houston architect of NAACP legal campaign, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1951*Stanley Ridges actor (possessed, Sergeant York, Mr Ace), dies at 59.Ref: 5
1953*Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N] Dutch writer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1957*Ignatius Roy D Campbell British poet (Garcia Lorca), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1961*Maria Radulphus [Adrian Hermus] Curaçao school inspector, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1962*Vera Reynolds actress (Dragnet Patrol, Lawless Woman), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1962*Solomon Pimsleur composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1967*Tom Conway actor (Mark Saber, Betty Hutton Show), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1971*"Papa Doc” François Duvalier dies.Ref: 17
1975*Mary Philips actress (Farewell to Arms), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1976*Frutuoso de Lima Viana composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1977*Charles Sanford orchestra leader (Your Show of Shows), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1978*Will Geer (William Auge Ghere) actor: Union Pacific, It’s a Small World, Broken Arrow, In Cold Blood, The Waltons; dies from a respiratory ailment at age 75.Ref: 4
1980*(Ellen) Jane Froman singer: I Only Have Eyes for You, I’ll Walk Alone, I Believe; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Brailsford Reese Brazeal dean (Morehouse College), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1982*Melville Bell Grosvenor president (National Geographic Society), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1983*Earl `Fatha' Hines musician: piano: classic duet with Louis Armstrong: Weather Bird; songwriter: Blues in Thirds, A Monday Date; bandleader; dies.Ref: 5
1983*Walter Slezak actor (Bedtime For Bonzo), commits suicide in New York at 80.Ref: 5
1984*Ansel Adams, the photographer noted for his landscapes of the American West, dies at age 82.Ref: 15
1986*Mircea Eliade writer, dies.Ref: 5
1988*Irene Rich US actress (Beau Brumell, Champ), dies at 96.Ref: 5
1989*Huey Newton black activist, shot dead at 47.Ref: 5
1989*Emilio Segre, Italian-bn. American physicist, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1990*Bertil Unger actor (Devil & Max Devlin), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panamá, kills 95.Ref: 5
1992*More than 200 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico by a series of sewer explosions.Ref: 5
1992 Joop [Joseph] van Santen Dutch first Chamber member (CPN), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport, California, kills 16 parachutists.Ref: 5
1992*Billy Wayne White murderer, executed in Texas at 34.Ref: 5
1992*Youcca Troubatzkoy actress (Flower of the Night), dies.Ref: 5
1993 Andries Treurnicht founder South Africa Conservative Party, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1993*Cesar Chavez US farm worker (United Farm Workers), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1993*Mark Koenig baseball shortstop (New York Yankees), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1994*Richard M. Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, died at a New York hospital four days after suffering a stroke; he was 81.Ref: 68
1994*Jack Alexander Bently trombonist, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1994*Schmidt Hans Burkhardt artist, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1994*7,000 Tutsi's slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye Rwanda.Ref: 5
1994*D Nauta theologist/church historian/lawyer, dies at 96.Ref: 5
1994*Denis Pitts journalist, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1995 In Africa, Rwandan troops kill thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho.Ref: 2
1995*Don Pullen pianist/composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1995*Maggie Kuhn, social activist and founder of "The Gray Panthers" dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1996*Homemaker humorist Erma Bombeck (Fiste) dies in San Francisco at age 69. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1996*David Shipman film historian, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1996*Hiteshwar Saikia PM of Indian state of Assam (1991-96), diesRef: 5
1997*Government commandos stormed the Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima, Peru, ending a 126-day hostage crisis. All 14 Tupac Amaru rebels were killed; 71 hostages were rescued.Ref: 70
1999*Bert Remsen actor: McCabe and Mrs. Miller, Nashville, Dick Tracy, It’s a Living, Dallas; dies.Ref: 4
2000 Alexander H. Cohen dies.Ref: 10
2002*A 4.4 earthquake kills 1 near the coast of Peru.Ref: 85
2002*Linda Boreman, 53, once known as porn star Linda Lovelace, dies of injuries sustained in a car crash. (XDG, p 6, 4/22/2003)Ref: 83

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen