Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 24th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
387*Augustine of Hippo, 32, was baptized on this Eve of Easter. He told the story of his Christian conversion from a profligate life in his "Confessions," written between 397-401.Ref: 5
858*Nicolas I succeeds Benedict III as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1061 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country'll be destroyed.Ref: 5
1288*Jews of Yroyes France are accused of ritual murder.Ref: 5
1311*General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India.Ref: 5
1364*Pope Urbabus V names John V van Virneburg as bishop of Utrecht.Ref: 5
1558*Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, marries the French dauphin, Francis.Ref: 2
1585*Sixtus V ascends to the papacy.Ref: 69
1596*Pacificatie of Ireland drawn.Ref: 5
1777*Shawnee under Black Fish attack Boonesborough KY. Daniel Boone suffers a broken ankle and Simon Kenton carries him to safety.Ref: 58
1788*Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket is captured by whites. He escapes several days later.Ref: 57
1800*The Library of Congress is established in Washington, D.C. with a $5,000 allocation.Ref: 2
1827*The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad becomes the first U.S. railway chartered for commercial transportation of freight and passengers. Ref 
1854*Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi".Ref: 5
1865*Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF).Ref: 5
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Authorities arrest Dr. Samuel A. Mudd based on his contact with Booth (treating his broken leg after the assassination and allowing him to stay the night at his farm) and his unsatisfactory answers when questioned.Ref: 87
1867*Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond VA streetcars.Ref: 5
1870*At the Vatican I Ecumenical Council, the dogmatic constitution "Dei filius" was published. Explaining the relationship between faith and reason, it declared that God could be known by human thought processes.Ref: 5
1872*Volcano Vesuvius erupts.Ref: 5
1877*Federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North's post-Civil War rule in the South.Ref: 70
1884 Otto von Bismarck cables Cape Town, South Africa that it is now a German colony.Ref: 2
1884*National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta GA).Ref: 5
1888*Eastman Kodak forms.Ref: 5
1897*First reporter, William Price (Washington Star), is assigned to White House.Ref: 5
1899*Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid.Ref: 5
1900*The first automobile appears in Xenia OH. The manufacturers, dealers and repairmen were Jake and Fred Baldner. (XDG, p 6A, 3/24/2004)Ref: 83
1903*New York Stock Exchange's new building at Broad and Wall Street dedicated.Ref: 10
1908*Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become the first to travel across the US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m.Ref: 5
1910*German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms.Ref: 5
1916 Some 1600 Irish nationalists launched the Easter Rising by seizing several key sites in Dublin. (The rising was put down by British forces several days later.)Ref: 5
1920*British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years).Ref: 5
1921*First municipal elections for men & women in Belgium.Ref: 5
1923*General harbor strike begins in New York NY.Ref: 5
1925*88ºF highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland OH in April.Ref: 5
1929*Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark.Ref: 5
1932 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia).Ref: 5
1944*United Negro College Fund incorporates.Ref: 5
1944*In deciding the legal case "United States v. Ballard," the US Supreme Court upheld the general principle that "the truth of religious claims is not for secular authority to determine."Ref: 5
1948*The Berlin airlift begins to relieve surrounded city.Ref: 2
1950*Independent republic of South Molukkas declared.Ref: 5
1950*President Harry Truman denies there are communists in US government.Ref: 5
1953*British statesman Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace.Ref: 70
1953*Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.Ref: 2
1954 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations.Ref: 5
1955 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination ends.Ref: 5
1955*Gaullists lose elections in France.Ref: 5
1961*President John Kennedy accepts "sole responsibility" for the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs.Ref: 2
1961*The Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is raised.Ref: 5
1963*English princess Alexandra marries Sir Angus Ogilvy.Ref: 5
1963*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1964*KKK burns crosses at 61 separate locations across Mississippi. 
1964*(Mississippi Burning) KKK burns crosses at 61 separate locations across Mississippi.Ref: 87
1968*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1968*Leftist students at Columbia University in New York City began a weeklong occupation of several campus buildings in protest over the Vietnam War.Ref: 70
1969 General Lin Piao succeeds Mao, is seriously wounded.Ref: 5
1970*Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth.Ref: 5
1970 Senegal adopts constitution.Ref: 5
1975*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1979*Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election.Ref: 5
1981*US ends grain embargo against USSR.Ref: 5
1982*150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany.Ref: 5
1983 Austrian socialist party loses parliamentary election.Ref: 5
1985*There were a reported 832,602 millionaires in the United States on this day, according to researchers. The average millionaire was 57 years old. A majority (85 percent) held college degrees. 20 percent were retired and 70 percent were self-employed.Ref: 4
1989 Thousands of Chinese students strike in Beijing for more democratic reforms.Ref: 2
1990*Security law violator Michael Milken pleads guilty to 6 felonies.Ref: 5
1991 A Kurdish rebel leader announced the guerrillas had reached an agreement in principle with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to end the Kurds' two-week rebellion.Ref: 6
1992*Vinson Pike fined £1000 for distributing obscene computer pictures.Ref: 5
1994*Armando Calderón Sol wins El Salvador presidential election.Ref: 5
1995*Dow Jones Index hits record 4303.98.Ref: 5
1996 The main assembly of the Palestine Liberation Organization voted to revoke clauses in its charter that called for an armed struggle to destroy Israel.Ref: 70
1996*IRA plants largest bomb to date under Hammersmith Bridge on 80th anniversary of Easter Rising.Ref: 10
1998*Sergei Kirienko finally confirmed as prime ministerRef: 89
2000*A teen-age gunman opened fire at Washington's National Zoo, wounding seven children.Ref: 6
2000*Concerned about the disappearance of a laptop computer with highly sensitive documents, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced a five-point plan to help guard against such lapses in the future.Ref: 6
2001*The US Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, rules that people stopped for minor traffic offenses, such as not using seat belts or driving with expired plates, can be subject to a full-scale police arrest including handcuffs, booking and jail. (USA Today, p. 1, 4/25/2001)Ref: 13
2002*After a meeting at the Vatican, American Roman Catholic leaders agreed to make it easier to remove priests who are guilty of sexually abusing minors.Ref: 70
1519*Envoys of Montezuma II attend the first Easter mass in Central America.Ref: 2
1833*Patent granted for first soda fountain to Jacob Evert & George Dulty.Ref: 5
1923*Colonel Jacob Schick patents Schick shavers.Ref: 5
1928*Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented.Ref: 5
1929*First non-stop England to India flight takes-off.Ref: 5
1962*First Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested.Ref: 5
1962*The Massachusetts Institute of Technology achieved the first satellite relay of a television signal, between Camp Parks, Calif., and Westford, Mass.Ref: 70
1970*The People's Republic of China launched its first satellite, which kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red."Ref: 5
1971*Soyuz 10 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1981*The IBM Personal Computer is introduced.Ref: 2
1990*The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope.Ref: 70
-1184 -BC- Traditional date of Greeks using Trojan horse to get inside city of Troy and win war.Ref: 10
1185 Battle at Danoura Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats imperial fleet.Ref: 5
1524 Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan.Ref: 5
1547 Charles V's troops defeat the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg.Ref: 2
1547 Battle of Mühlberg Emperor Karel V vs ruler Johan F the Brave.Ref: 5
1570 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of sultan Suleiman.Ref: 5
1762 Russia & Prussia signs peace treaty.Ref: 5
1805*US Marines attack and capture the town of Derna in Tripoli from the Barbary pirates.Ref: 2
1814*British burn Washington D.C.; Yanks destroy Navy Yard to avoid falling into British hands. War 1812.Ref: 10
1862*17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River then take New Orleans.Later in the war, sailing through a Rebel mine field Farragut utters "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" 
1863*Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham MS (Grierson's Raid).Ref: 5
1877*Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) through Romania.Ref: 5
1898*Spain declares war on the United States after rejecting America's ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.Ref: 5
1898*US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines.Ref: 5
1915*German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper.Ref: 5
1916*Irish nationalists launch the Easter rebellion in Dublin. Republic declared. Patrick Pearse announced as first President.Ref: 70
1920 Polish troops attack Ukraine.Ref: 5
1941*British army begins evacuation of Greece.Ref: 5
1941*Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot.Ref: 5
1942*Luftwaffe bombs Exeter.Ref: 5
1944*The first B-29 arrives in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas.Ref: 2
1944*RAF bombs Munich.Ref: 5
1954*First American, civilian pilot, P R Holden, wounded in Indochina.Ref: 5
1965*Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic.Ref: 5
1969 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians.Ref: 5
1969*US B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary.Ref: 5
1880*Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England and Wales, is founded in Oxford, England.Ref: 5
1894 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18.Ref: 5
1894*Philadelphia Phillies' Lave Cross hits for the cycle vs Brooklyn Dodgers.Ref: 5
1895 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat.Ref: 5
1901*The Detroit Tigers prepared to take to the field for their first official American League game. A standing room only crowd was anticipated at Bennett Park, but unpredictable weather postponed the opening by a day.Ref: 86
1901*Four games were scheduled to open the brand new American League baseball season. Three of them, however, were rained out. The Chicago White Stockings beat the Cleveland Blues 8-2 before a paid crowd of over 10,000 fans at the Chicago Cricket Club in the only game played. The new league, nicknamed the junior circuit, was made up of teams in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indpls, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Minneapolis. Buffalo, Indpls and, initially, Minneapolis, fell out of the league, with new teams in Boston, New York, Baltimore, Washington D.C. and, later, Los Angeles, Oakland, Seattle, Ft. Worth and Toronto joining the American League.Ref: 4
1902*Professional baseball gets its start in Durham, North Carolina as the Tobacconists (renamed the Bulls 11 years later) played an exhibition game against Trinity College (now Duke University). The Bulls, except for 1971-80, when minor league baseball didn't exist in the city, will continue play in Durham until the present day.Ref: 1
1905*Washington Senators execute a triple-play & beat New York Yankees 4-3.Ref: 5
1909*Harry Hillman & Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds.Ref: 5
1915*Pittsburgh's Frank Allen no-hits St Louis (Federal League), 2-0.Ref: 5
1917*George Mogridge becomes the first Yankee to throw a no-hitter in a 2-1 win at Fenway Park.Ref: 86
1923*President Warren G. Harding witnesses the first shutout ever thrown at Yankee Stadium as Babe Ruth homers in a 4-0 victory over the Senators.Ref: 1
1933*First major league to get 4 consecutive doubles in 9 inn (Dick Bartell).Ref: 5
1938*Lindenheuvel soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1945*Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner.Ref: 5
1946*11 players Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Chesbro, Griffith, & McGinnity are named to Hall of Fame.Ref: 5
1947*Giants' Johnny Mize homers thee times against Johnny Sain and the Braves becoming the first major leaguer to hit three home runs in one game five different times.Ref: 1
1948*In a 7-4 Cleveland victory, Indian second baseman Larry Doby ties a major league record by stiking out five times in one game.Ref: 1
1951*Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sacramento Women's Golf Invitational Open.Ref: 5
1956*American League umpire Frank Umont is first to wear glasses in a regular season game.Ref: 5
1957*Chicago Cub pitchers walk National League record 9 Reds in 5th inning.Ref: 5
1958*At the Los Angeles Coliseum, Gene Fodge picks up his only major as the Cubs beat the Dodgers, 15-2. Outfielder Lee Walls carries the day with three homers and eight RBIs. 1962 Dodger Sandy Koufax ties a major league record striking out18 batters in a nine inning game as the Dodgers rout the Cubs, 10-2 at Wrigley Field.Ref: 1
1960*Louise Suggs wins LPGA Civitan Golf Open.Ref: 5
1960*Record 4 grand slams hit today.Ref: 5
1961*Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers struck out 18 batters in a game this day, becoming the first major-league pitcher to do so on two different occasions.Ref: 4
1962*Met manager Casey Stengel is fined $500 dollars by Commissioner Ford Frick for appearing in a beer ad.Ref: 1
1962*Dodger fireballer Sandy Koufax ties a major league record striking out 18 batters in a nine inning game, for the second time.Ref: 1
1963*Bob Cousy of the Boston Celtics retired from the NBA. Mr. Basketball’ wouldn’t give up the game, however, as he went on to coach Boston College to a record 117 wins and 38 losses.Ref: 4
1963*17th NBA Championship Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1965*With a 7-6 victory over the Giants 7-6, Mets' skipper Casey Stengel recorded his 3,000th victory as a manager.Ref: 1
1966*Atlanta Braves win National League-record 18 straight home games (17 in Milwaukee).Ref: 5
1966*Carol Mann wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1967*21st NBA Championship Philadelphia 76ers beat San Francisco Warriors, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1968 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Pete Tountas.Ref: 5
1974*NFL grants franchise to Tampa Bay Bucaneers.Ref: 5
1974*Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion.Ref: 5
1975*Penguins 1-Islanders 4-Quarterfinals-series tied at 3-3.Ref: 5
1977*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA American Defender Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1978*Angels Nolan Ryan strikes out 15 Mariners, 20th time he has 15 in game.Ref: 5
1981*San Antonio blocks 20 Golden State shots to set NBA reg game record.Ref: 5
1981*Bill Shoemaker wins his 8,000th race, 2000 more than any other jockey.Ref: 5
1982 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Durbin.Ref: 5
1982*St Louis Cardinals win 12th game in a row; 7-4 over Philadelphia Phillies.Ref: 5
1983*Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1984*Edmonton Oiler's Wayne Gretzky is 3rd to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot.Ref: 5
1988*Rosie Jones wins LPGA USX Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1992*Actual construction begins on the Texas Rangers new ballpark with the first game to take place on Opening Day, 1994.Ref: 86
1992*George Steinbrenner drops his suits against baseball.Ref: 5
1993 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by George Branham.Ref: 5
1994*White Sox sluggers Julio Franco and Robin Ventura homer back to back twice in a 7-6 defeat to the Tigers.Ref: 1
1994*David Robinson scores ties 7th highest total in the NBA 71.Ref: 5
1994*New York Rangers sweep New York Islanders in NHL playoffs.Ref: 5
1995*Following the Oklahoma City bombing, the The Colorado Rockies make a $32,000 donation to the Red Cross Relief Fund. Initiated by the players and coaching staff, club management joined in the cause.Ref: 86
1995*Court orders Darryl Strawberry to pay back $350,000 in taxes.Ref: 5
1996*Scoring the most runs by an opponent against the Detroit in 84 years , the Twins set a team record for crossing the plate trouncing the Tigers, 24-11. Greg Myers and Paul Molitor lead the attack with each driving in five runs.Ref: 1
1998*Dodger backstop Mike Piazza ties a major league record hitting his third grand slam of the month. The blast highlights a nine-run second inning which leads Los Angeles to 12-4 victory over the visiting Cubs.Ref: 1
1998*Hitting a solo homer off Giant¹s Orel Hershiser at 3Com Park, Geoff Jenkins becomes the first Brewer player ever to homer in his first major league league game. The rookie joins Chuck Tanner, who accomplished the feat in 1955 as a Brave, as the only players in Milwaukee baseball history to homer in their first game.Ref: 1
1704*Boston News-Letter, first regular newspaper in the American colonies published by John Campbell.Ref: 5
1767*First professional play produced in America; "Prince of Parthia"by Thos. Godfrey opens in Philly.Ref: 10
1792*Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composes "La Marseilles". It will become France's national anthem.Ref: 2
1801*First performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten".Ref: 5
1823 Eugène Scribes "Le Menteur Véridique", premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1871*Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Aida" is produced (Cairo).Ref: 5
1883*28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair.Ref: 5
1891*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem".Ref: 5
1936*Benny Goodman and his trio recorded China Boy for Victor Records. Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson and Goodman recorded the session in Chicago.Ref: 4
1949 Dick Powell starred in Richard Diamond, Private Detective on NBC radio. The show stayed on the air for four years. Later, it would have a three-year run on TV starring David Janssen in the title role.Ref: 4
1949*3rd Tony Awards Death of a Salesman & Kiss Me Kate win.Ref: 5
1950*"Peter Pan" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 320 performances.Ref: 5
1952*Raymond Burr made his TV acting debut on the Gruen Guild Playhouse in an episode titled, The Tiger. Not long after this start, Burr would be seen in the hugely popular Perry Mason and much later in Ironside.Ref: 4
1954*Billboard magazine, the music industry trade publication, headlined a change to come about in the music biz. The headline read, "Teenagers Demand Music with a Beat -- Spur Rhythm and Blues" ... a sign of times to come. Within a year, R&B music by both black and white artists caught the public’s fancy.Ref: 4
1955 X-Minus One, a show for science fiction fans, was first heard on NBC radio this day.Ref: 4
1955*KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku HI (CBS) begins broadcasting.Ref: 5
1959*Your Hit Parade ended after a nine-year run on television and many more years on radio. The show debuted in 1935.Ref: 4
1959*Netherlands Dance Theater opens (Rudi of Dantzig & Cut Flier).Ref: 5
1960*14th Tony Awards Miracle Worker & Fiorello! win.Ref: 5
1965*"Comedy in Music-Opus 2" closes at John Golden NYC after 192 performances.Ref: 5
1965*Game of Love, by Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders, made it to the top spot on the Billboard music chart. Game of Love stayed for a short visit of one week, before Peter Noone and Herman’s Hermits took over the top spot with Mrs. Brown You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter.Ref: 4
1969*Paul McCartney says their is no truth to the rumours he is dead.Ref: 5
1969*The singing family, The Cowsills, received a gold record for their hit single, Hair, from the Broadway show of the same name.Ref: 4
1971*"Frank Merriwell" opens/closes at Longacre Theater NYC for 1 performance.Ref: 5
1983*"Show Boat" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 73 performances.Ref: 5
1985 RKO Home Video released six black and white film classics starring Fred Astaire. The compilation included Shall We Dance and Follow the Fleet.Ref: 4
1985*Pulitzer prize awarded to Carolyn Lizer for "Yin".Ref: 5
1985 Van Gogh's "Landscape with Rising Sun"sells for $9.9 million.Ref: 10
1987*Howard Stern holds a free speech rally at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza NYC.Ref: 5
1989*Massachusetts declares today "New Kids on the Block Day".Ref: 5
1990 Brian Friel's "Dancing at Lughnasa", premieres in Dublin.Ref: 5
1991*26th Academy of Country Music Awards Garth Brooks wins.Ref: 5
1992*"Man of La Mancha" with Sheena Easton opens at Marquis theater NYC for 108 performances.Ref: 5
1992*David Bowie marries model Iman in Switzerland.Ref: 5
1993*ABC news analyst Jeff Greenfield weds Karen Gannett.Ref: 5
1994*"Broken Glass" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 73 performances.Ref: 5
1994*"Flowering Peach" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 41 performances.Ref: 5
1994*Actress Kelly Preston (26) weds actor Lou Diamond Phillips (32).Ref: 5
1996 "Jack-Night on Town with John Barrymore" opens at Belasco for 12 performances.Ref: 5
1996*31st Academy of Country Music Awards Shania Twain wins.Ref: 5
1997*"Steel Peer", opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 76 performancesRef: 5
1533*William the Silent Prince of Orange is born.Ref: 17
1538*Gugliemo Gonzaga composer, is born.Ref: 5
1576*Birth of St. Vincent de Paul, French Catholic priest. He founded several religious orders during his lifetime, including the Lazarists (or Vincentians) in 1625.Ref: 5
1581*St. Vincent De Paul, French founder of the Congregation of the Mission, is born.Ref: 70
1594*Benedikt Lechler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1620*John Graunt, statistician, founder of science of demography, is born.Ref: 5
1660*Cornelis Dusart Dutch painter/engraver, is born.Ref: 5
1670*Christian Ludwig Boxberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1706*Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian composer, music theorist and teacher, is born.Ref: 70
1721*Johann Philipp Kirnberger German composer, baptised, is born.Ref: 5
1742*Roman Hoffstetter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1743*Edmund Cartwright, English parson who invented the power loom, is born.Ref: 2
1750*Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier Swiss mathematician, is born.Ref: 5
1766*Robert Bailey Thomas, founder of the Farmer's Almanac, is born.Ref: 2
1769*Arthur Wellesley, general during the Napoleonic Wars, Duke of Wellington, is born.Ref: 2
1773 Harman W Muntinghe lawyer/Dutch colonial director, is born.Ref: 5
1791*Nikolaj A Bestuzhev Russia, writer/painter (Account about Holland), is born.Ref: 5
1796*K L Immermann writer, is born.Ref: 5
1804*Thomas Oliver Selfridge Commander (Union Navy), is born.Ref: 5
1807*Charles Ferguson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862, is born.Ref: 5
1814 Angela Burdett-Coutts philanthropist extrordinaire, is born.Ref: 5
1814*Vincente F López Argentina historian (La Novia del Hereje), is born.Ref: 5
1815*Anthony Trollope, England, novelist/poet (Barchester Towers), is born.Ref: 5
1815*James Edward Harrison Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875, is born.Ref: 5
1822*Erastus Barnard Tyler Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1824*Fournier Swiss/French postage stamp forger, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Robert Brank Vance Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899, is born.Ref: 5
1829*George Peabody Estey Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881, is born.Ref: 5
1836*George Bascom West Point officer who arrested Chief Cochise, who escaped and began the Apache Wars reign of terror, is born.Ref: 4
1836*Jeltje de Bosch Kemper Dutch feminist, is born.Ref: 5
1837 Friedrich von Holstein German diplomat (die graue Eminenz), is born.Ref: 5
1845*Carl Spitteler Switzerland, poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus/Nobel 1919), is born.Ref: 5
1849*Joseph S Galliéni General (Battle of Marne)/military governor (Paris), is born.Ref: 5
1851*Morgan Earp is born.Ref: 68
1851*Eduardo Acevedo Díaz Uruguaian writer (Ismael, Grito de Gloria), is born.Ref: 5
1856*Henri Philippe Pétain, French Marshall, WWI hero, Nazi collaborator, is born.Ref: 2
1864 George Alting van Geusau Director-General (PTT)/Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Fannie Thomas became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Theodor Körner von Siegringen Austrian General/President, is born.Ref: 5
1874*John Russell Pope US, architect (Jefferson Memorial), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Willem E Roelofs Dutch painter/cartoonist, is born.Ref: 5
1875*Jeno Huszka composer, is born.Ref: 5
1877*Charles Cuvillier, composer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Jaroslav Hasek Czechoslovakia, writer (Brave soldier Schweik) [or April 30], is born.Ref: 5
1886*Kurt Pinthus writer, is born.Ref: 5
1886*R Pelgrom oldest Dutch man (died Apr 15, 1994, 9 days short of 108), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Sir [Richard] Stafford Cripps, English Minister of Plane-manufacturing (1942-45), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Jack Hulbert Ely England, actor (Into the Blue, Bulldog Jack), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Robert Harron New York NY, actor (Birth of a Nation, Intolerance), is born.Ref: 5
1895*S Constantine Timoshenko Russian marshal/people's commissioner, is born.Ref: 5
1897 Benjamin Lee Whorf linguist (or 1797), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Gyorgy Kosa composer, is born.Ref: 5
1900*Elizabeth Goudge, English author, is born.Ref: 2
1903*Mike Michalske NFL guard (New York Yankees, Green Bay Packers), is born.Ref: 5
1903 José A Primo de Rivera y Saénz de Heredia founder (Spanish Falange), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Siegfried F Nadel Austrian/British anthropologist (Black Byzantium), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Willem De Kooning Rotterdam Netherlands, artist (North Atlantic Light), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Robert Penn Warren, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist: All the King’s Men [1947], poet: Promises:Poems, 1954-1956 [1958], Now and Then:Poems, 1976-1978 [1979]; first official poet laureate of U.S.; is born.Ref: 4
1906*William Joyce, 'Lord Haw-Haw,' British traitor, Nazi propagandist, is born.Ref: 2
1907*Vaclav Trojan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Bernhard Grzimek zoologist (West Germany), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Irven Spence animator, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Jack E. Leonard (Leonard Lebitsky) comedian, actor: The Disorderly Orderly, Three Sailors and a Girl, Journey Back to Oz; is born.Ref: 4
1911*Karl O Schiller German economist (Minister of Economics), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Robert Joseph Kane Ithaca NY, President of US Olympic Committee (1976), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Sigursveinn David Kristinsson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1914 Bernard Caulfield judge, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Justin Wilson cajun chef (Wise Potato Chips), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Ruth White Perth Amboy NJ, actress (Up the Down Staircase), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Stanley Kauffmann New York NY, playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), is born.Ref: 5
1917 Len Creed bookmaker, is born.Ref: 5
1922*(Samuel) Aaron Bell jazz musician: bass: played w/Duke Ellington, Stan Kenton, Andy Kirk, Lucky Millinder, Teddy Wilson, Lester Young; composer, teacher, is born.Ref: 4
1922*J D Cannon Salmon ID, actor (McCloud, Ike, Call to Glory), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Freddy Scott singer: Hey Girl, Are You Lonely for MeRef: 4
1924*Marilyn Erskine Rochester NY, actor (Fran-Tom Ewell Show), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Yehoshua Lakner composer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Josy Barthel Luxembourg, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Pasqualino de Santis cinematographer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Patrick Bowles writer/translator, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Johnny Griffin jazz musician: tenor sax: Chicago Riffin’, Flying Home, Soft and Furry, Honeybucket, is born.Ref: 4
1928*Gustav Krivinka composer, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Ferit Tuzun composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Conn Findlay Stockton CA, coxswain (Olympics-2 gold/bronze-56, 64, 76), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Bridget Riley British painter (op-art), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Coen[rad] Flink Dutch actor (Pastorale 1943, Havinck, Honneponnetje), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Freddie Scott US songwriter/singer (Cry to Me), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Shirley MacLaine (Shirley MacLean Beaty), Richmond VA, actress/mystic (Irma la Douce), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Shirley (Lee Foley) Boone singer: married to singer Pat Boone since 1953; daughter of singer, Red Foley; group: The Boones [w/Pat and daughters Cherry, Linda Lee, Debby and Laura Gene], is born.Ref: 4
1934*John Barbour Toronto Ontario Canada, TV host (Real People), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Louis Keith Chicago IL, physician (expert on multiple-births), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Jill Ireland London, actress (Breakout, Assassination, Chino), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Joe Henderson composer/musician: tenor sax: played in sextet at San Francisco’s Keystone Korner; also played with Blood Sweat and Tears; is born.Ref: 4
1941*John Williams Melbourne Australia, guitarist (Academy Award), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Richard M Daley (mayor-Democrat-Chicago), is born.Ref: 68
1942*Barbra Streisand Bkln NY, singer/actress/award winner (People)Ref: 5
1942*Valeri Abramovich Voloshin Russian cosmonaut, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Richard Sterban Camden NJ, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Bill Singer ‘The Singer Throwing Machine’: baseball: pitcher: LA Dodgers [all-star: 1969], California Angels [all-star: 1973], Minnesota Twins, Texas Rangers, Toronto Blue Jays, is born.Ref: 4
1944*[Bernard] St Clair Lee [Calhoun] US singer (Rock the Boat), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Rock musician Stu Cook (Creedence Clearwater Revival) is born.Ref: 99
1945*Bob Lunn golf: six PGA Tour victories [no majors], par-3 contest champ [1969 Masters], is born.Ref: 4
1945*Doug Clifford Palo Alto CA, rock drummer (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Eugene O'Brien composer, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Robert Knight Franklin TN, rocker (Everlasting Love), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Bruce Stuart Saylor composer, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Glenn Cornick rock bassist (Jethro Tull-Thick as a Brick), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Hubert Ann Kelly US singer (Hues Corporation/Rock the boat), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Benzion Freshwater English multi-millionaire, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Eddie James Hart Martinez CA, 4x100 meter relay runner (Olympics-gold-72), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Bob Chandler football: Oakland Raiders wide receiver: Super Bowl XV, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Wilfrido [Radamés] Vargas [Martínez] Altamira Puerto Plata Dominican Republic, Spanish singer (El Barbarazoí), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Andrew John Fairclough trade union educator, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Porter Carroll Jr drummer (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover), is born.Ref: 5
1953*John P Hiler (Representative-Republican-IN, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Eric Bogosian actor: Under Siege 2: Dark Territory, Witch Hunt, The Caine Mutiny Court Martial, Special Effects; actor, playwright: Talk Radio, Sex, Drugs, Rock and Roll: Eric Bogosian, is born in Woburn MA.Ref: 4
1954*Captain Sensible [Raymond Burns] Balham London England, rocker (Women & Captains First), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Jack Blades rock bassist (Damn Yankees-Coming of Age, Night Ranger), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Vince Ferragamo NFL/CFL quarterback (Los Angeles Rams, Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Jack Kingston (Representative-Republican-GA), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Michael O'Keefe Mount Vernon NY, actor (Caddyshack, Ironweed, Slugger's Wife), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Tricia Lange Hollywood CA, playmate (June 1984), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Fernando Luna Spain, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Yvonne D Cagle West Point NY, MD/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1960*Paula Yates London England, Mrs Bob Geldof/rocker/writer (Blondes), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Joey Vera heavy metal rocker (Armored Saint-Aftermath), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Billy Gould Los Angeles CA, rock bassist (Faith No More), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Paul Ryder musician: bass: group: Happy Mondays: Step On, Kinky Afro, is born.Ref: 4
1965*Mike Blowers Wurlzburg Germany, infielder (New York Yankees, Los Angeles Dodgers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Pascale Paradis-Mangon France, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Theo Adams WLAF tackle (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Dino Radja NBA forward (Boston Celtics), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Leslie M Marx Fort Belvoir VA, fencer-epee (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Pam[ela] Bustin Somerset MA, field hockey defender (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Aaron Comes rocker (Spin Doctors), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mark Vanderloo Waddenveen Netherlands, model, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Todd Jones Marietta GA, pitcher (Houston Astros), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Tracy Gravely CFL linebacker (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Emanuela Zardo Switzerland, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1971*Jeff Brohm quarterback (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ken Klee Indpls IN, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Phil Rogers Adelaide SA Australia, 100 meter breaststroker (Olympics-bronze-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chipper Jones Deland FL, infielder (Atlanta Braves), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Jamie Brown NFL tackle (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Nicolas Gill Montréal Québec Canada, 86kg judoka (Olympics-bronze-92, 96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Eric Snow NBA guard (Philadelphia 76ers, Seattle Supersonics), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Jamie Brown NFL tackle (Denver Broncos), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Mark Babic Australian soccer defender (Olyroos, Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Melissa Short Kaaawa HI, Miss Hawaii-America (Top 10-1997), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Ville Peltonen hockey forward (Team Finland Olympics-bronze-1998), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Jared Tomich defensive end (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Marc Collins NFL punter (Seattle Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Toine Rorije soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Justin Boocock Launceston Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Michael Stewart NBA center (Sacramento Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Shane McDermott actor (Garrett Booth-Swan's Crossing), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Sonya Jeyaseelan, Newestminster British Columbia Canada, tennis star (1995 Futures Florida), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Eric Balfour actor: Arresting Behavior, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, What Women Want, is born.Ref: 4
1977*Ryan Mitchell Port Augusta SA Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1987*Michael [Mickey] Tylo son of US actor Michael Tylo/actress [Deborah] Hunter Tylo, is born.Ref: 5
1992*Sean Rademaker actor (Kirkland Harrison-Another World)Ref: 5
709*St. Wilfried bishop of York, dies at about 76.Ref: 5
729*Egbert[us] English bishop/saint, dies in Iona at 89.Ref: 5
1077*Geza I King of Hungary (1074-7), dies.Ref: 5
1185*Antoku Taira emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns.Ref: 5
1530*Jacopo Sannazaro Italian poet (De partu Virginis), dies at age 73.Ref: 5
1617*Carlo Concino French marquis of Ancre/state advisor, murdered.Ref: 5
1758*Florian Wrastill composer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1776*Carolus van de Abeele Flemish Jesuit, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1776*Giuseppi Paolucci composer, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1791*(Declaration of Independence) Benjamin Harrison, farmer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1792*Jakob Michael Lenz, Russian-born German poet, dies at age 41.Ref: 70
1824*Herman Muntinghe theologist (History of Mankind), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1827*Pierre Joseph Candielle composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1848*François van Campenhout Belgian composer (Brabançonne), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1850*Louis Alexandre Piccinni composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1854*Gabriele Rossetti, Italian poet, revolutionary, and scholar, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1855*Walenty Karol Kratzer composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1875*Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1891*Count Helmuth K B von Moltke Prussian General/fieldmarshal, dies.Ref: 5
1899*Richard Oglesby, American governor of IL (1865-69, 1873, 1885-89) and U.S. senator (1873-79), dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1900*George J D Campbell British minister of Indies (1868-74, 80-85), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1900 Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer.Ref: 5
1904 Friedrich Siemens, German industrial, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1906*Mary Hannah Hunt, American temperance leader, dies at age 75.Ref: 70
1912*Justin M'Carthy politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1915 Turks of the Ottoman Empire begin brutal mass deportation and massacring the Armenian minority in their country.Ref: 2
1917*Oskar Blumenthal writer, dies.Ref: 5
1920*Death of Eliza P. Hewitt, 69, American Presbyterian S.S. teacher and hymnwriter. Many of her verses are still sung today, including "More About Jesus," Sing the Wondrous Love of Jesus" and "Sunshine in My Soul."Ref: 5
1922*Richard Batka composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1924*Stanley Granville Hall, American psychologist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1928*Ferdinand B Hummel composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1933*Felix Adler, American educator and founder of the Ethical Movement, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1935*Paul Klengel composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1936*Alphons Diepenbrock composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1936*Bernard van Dieren composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1936*Finley Peter Dunne, American journalist and humorist, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1939*John Foulds composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1943 Gerardus H de Hare socialist vicar, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1945*Anton de Kom Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1945*Hubert Bath composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1947*Willa (Sibert) Cather, Pulitzer Prize-Winning author: One of Ours [1923]; O Pioneers!, My Antonia, Death Comes for the Archbishop, Alexander’s Bridge; dies.Ref: 4
1947*Willa (Sibert) Cather Pulitzer Prize-Winning author: One of Ours [1923]; O Pioneers!, My Antonia, Death Comes for the Archbishop, Alexander’s Bridge; dies.Ref: 4
1948*Joseph Wihtol composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1948*Manuel Marua Ponce Mexican composer (Ferial), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1948*Rosita Marstini actress (I Cover Waterfront, Big Parade), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1952*Hans [Hendrik A] Kramers physicist (quantum mechanics), dies at 57.Ref: 5
1952 Jules Poncelet Belgian minister of State, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1955*Alfred Polgar Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1956*Albrecht G Alt German theologist (Small Schriften), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1956*Henry Stephenson actor (Conquest, Mr Lucky), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1957 Andries CD de Graeff Governor-General of Netherlands Indies (1926-31), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1959*Jef van Hoof composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1960*John P "John" Musch actor/founder (JM), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1960*Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed.Ref: 5
1961*Lee Moran actor (Circus Clown), dies of heart ailment at 72.Ref: 5
1965*Louise Dresser actress (State Fair, Ship Comes In, Mammy), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1967*Vladimir M Komarov cosmonaut (Voshkod I), is first to die in space, aboard Soyuz 1 at age 40.Ref: 5
1967*Frank Overton, actor (12 O'Clock High), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1968*John Walter Tewksbury, American sprinter; Olympic gold medalist, dies at age 90.Ref: 70
1968*Norman McKaye actor (Untamed Fury, Frogman), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1968*Tommy Noonan actor (Gentlemen Perfer Blondes), dies at 45.Ref: 5
1974*(William Alexander) Bud Abbott comedian, actor: Abbott of Abbott & Costello; Who's on First?, The Abbott & Costello Show; dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1975*William Hartnell actor (Jackpot, This Sporting Life), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1976*Mark Tobey US abstract painter, (Broadway Norm), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1979*John Carroll actor (Hired Wife, Fiesta, Geraldine), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1980*The United States launched an abortive attempt to free the American hostages in Iran, a mission that resulted in the deaths of eight US servicemen. (TWA, 1981)Ref: 95
1980*Alentejo Carpentier Cuban/Fren writer (Guerra del Tiempo), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1985*Sergei Yutkevich Russian director, (Otello, Banya), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1986*Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson, the Duchess of Windsor, for whom King Edward VIII had given up the British throne, died in Paris at age 89.Ref: 68
1987*Josephine Bell, English physician and novelist, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1990*Joseph Leberman entertainer, dies.Ref: 5
1990*Tom Rolfing actor (He Knows You're Alone, Cliff-Another World), dies.Ref: 5
1991*J de Graaf ethicus/president church & peace, dies.Ref: 5
1993*Oliver Tambo President of South Africa’s African National Congress (1969-91); dies at age 75.Ref: 4
1993*1000 kg heavy IRA car bomb explodes in London, killing 1.Ref: 5
1994*Bomb attack in center of Johannesburg, 9 killed.Ref: 5
1995 Douglas Gunsekera banker, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1995*Package bomb, linked to Unabomber, blows up killing Gilbert B Murray.Ref: 5
1996*Donald Cammell film director, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1996*Preston Lockwood actor (House of Windsor, Black Candle), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1997*Pat Paulsen comedian: The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour; perennial US Presidential candidate; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1998*Mel Powell pianist, composer: Mission to Moscow for Benny Goodman; music educator: Dean of Music at California Institute of Arts; dies.Ref: 4
1998*Edinboro, PA. A 48-year-old science teacher, John Gillette, is killed, two students wounded at a graduation dance at James W. Parker Middle School. Andrew Wurst, 14, was charged.Ref: 88
2002*A 4.7 earthquake kills 1 in the northwestern Balkan region.Ref: 85
2002*Two earthquakes, a 4.9 and a 5.2, kill 3 in western Iran.Ref: 85
2003*Red Lion, Pa. James Sheets, 14, killed principal Eugene Segro of Red Lion Area Junior High School before killing himself. Ref 

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen