Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
April 27th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-4977*-BC- Johannes Kepler's date for creation of universe.Ref: 5
1124*The accession of David I of Scotland.Ref: 62
1509*Pope Julius II excommunicates the Italian state of Venice.Ref: 2
1537*Geneva's first Protestant catechism was published. Based on Calvin's "Institutes," it was compiled by John Calvin, 27, and/or by fellow French reformer, Guillaume Farel, 48.Ref: 5
1565 The first Spanish settlement in Philippines is established in Cebu City.Ref: 2
1646*King Charles I flees Oxford.Ref: 5
1694*Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen.Ref: 5
1773*British Parliament passes the Tea Act (eventually leads to Boston Tea Party on December 16).Ref: 5
1804*John Marshall raises the first house in Xenia Ohio on Main Street.Ref: 54
1805*A force led by U.S. Marines captured the city of Derna, on the shores of Tripoli.Ref: 70
1825*The first strike for the 10-hour work-day occurred by carpenters in Boston.Ref: 59
1830*Simon Bolivar abdicates as president of Colombia.Ref: 10
1832*The American Baptist Home Mission Society was formed in New York City. During its first 15 years, $1.66 million in contributions were raised, 14,426 churches were organized and 1,116 missionaries were sent out.Ref: 5
1838*Fire destroys half of Charleston.Ref: 5
1841*Imakita Kosen, first Zen teacher of D T Suzuki, found the awakening.Ref: 5
1857*Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited.Ref: 5
1860*Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry.Ref: 5
1865*Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered.Ref: 5
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Alexander Gardner photographs alleged conspirators as they are imprisoned on the vessels Montauk and Saugus. (Dr. Samuel Mudd and Mary Surratt, held at the Old Capitol Prison, are not photographed.)Ref: 87
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Lewis Powell attempts to commit suicide by banging his head against a cell wall. His canvas hood is replaced with a padded hood to thwart future similar suicide attempts.Ref: 87
1874*White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms.Ref: 5
1877*President Rutherford Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends.Ref: 5
1881*Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad.Ref: 5
1897*Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) is dedicated.Ref: 5
1909*The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid II, is overthrown.Ref: 2
1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights.Ref: 5
1912 Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1920*Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence.Ref: 5
1921*Germany's liability was declared to be 6.65 billion pounds by the Reparations CommissionRef: 62
1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1922*Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR.Ref: 5
1931*100º F (38º C), Pahala HI (state record).Ref: 5
1937*The nation's first Social Security checks were distributed.Ref: 70
1938*Geraldine Apponyi was the first American woman to become a Queen. She married King Zog of Albania.Ref: 4
1940*Second meeting of the Briggs Uranium Committee. Briggs'decision is that neither research on fast fission, nor work on building a critical uranium-graphite assembly, should begin until the small scale lab experiments, just getting underway, are finished.Ref: 91
1942*Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars.Ref: 5
1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms.Ref: 5
1945*The first meeting of the Target Committee to select targets for atomic bombing. Seventeen targets are selected for study: Tokyo Bay (for a non-lethal demonstration), Yokohama, Nagoya, Osaka, Kobe, Hiroshima, Kokura, Fukuoka, Nagasaki, and Sasebo (some of these are soon dropped because they had already been burned down).Ref: 91
1946 The first commercial carrier ship to be equipped with radar, the SS African Star, was placed in service.Ref: 4
1950*South Africa passes the Group Areas Act, formally segregating races.Ref: 2
1950*The modern state of Israel was officially recognized by the British government.Ref: 5
1951*Mohammed Mossadeq chosen premier of Persia.Ref: 5
1953 First general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP.Ref: 5
1956*Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election.Ref: 5
1959*Liu Sjau-chi elected President of People's Rebublic of China.Ref: 5
1960 The submarine, Tullibee, was launched from Groton, CT. It was the first sub to be equipped with closed-circuit television. It is also the first atomic powered electric-drive submarine.Ref: 4
1960*France grants Togo independence (National Day).Ref: 5
1960*South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns.Ref: 5
1961*The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence.Ref: 2
1962*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.Ref: 5
1963*"Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname.Ref: 5
1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow.Ref: 5
1967*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1968*Abortions are now legal in England as Abortion Act passes into law.Ref: 10
1973*During the Watergate scandal, William D. Ruckelshaus was appointed Acting Director of the FBI by President Nixon following the resignation of L. Patrick Gray III.Ref: 14
1975*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1976*Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi.Ref: 5
1977*Bloody riots in Soweto South Africa.Ref: 5
1977*HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1978*Convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.Ref: 70
1982*The trial of John W. Hinckley Jr., accused of shooting President Reagan, began in Washington. Hinckley was acquitted by reason of insanity.Ref: 70
1984*Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake MT.Ref: 5
1987*The US Justice Dept bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II.Ref: 5
1989 Protesting students take over Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.Ref: 2
1989*Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy.Ref: 5
1991 A group of 250 Kurds became the first refugees to move into a new US-built camp in northern Iraq.Ref: 6
1992*The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed in Belgrade by the Republic of Serbia and its lone ally, Montenegro.Ref: 70
1992*Russia and 12 other former Soviet republics won entry into the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.Ref: 70
1993*Microsoft Announces Microsoft Mouse 2.0. 
1994*29.0ºC in Genevad Sweden (Swedish April high temperature record).Ref: 5
1996 Tens of thousands of refugees streamed home to southern Lebanon after a US-brokered cease-fire silenced the guns in the 16-day Israel-Hezbollah war.Ref: 6
2000*The Google search engine releases a beta version of its WWW indexing technology optimized for wireless phone and handheld computer users. When a wireless user requests a traditional HTML page, Google's innovative technology translates the requested HTML document on the fly into WML. This is done by having long HTML pages broken down into several smaller, interconnected WML pages to fit the deck limit of WAP microbrowsers (Google 2000).Ref: 75
2000*NY City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani disclosed that he had prostate cancer (he later bowed out of the US Senate race against Hillary Rodham Clinton).Ref: 70
1870*Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi.Ref: 5
1880*Francis Clarke and M.G. Foster patented the electrical hearing aid.Ref: 4
1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington DC.Ref: 5
1945*US 5th army enters Genua.Ref: 5
1961*NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays.Ref: 5
1965*RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper.Ref: 5
1972*Apollo 16 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1296*Edward I defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.Ref: 2
1518 Treaty of St Truiden anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant.Ref: 5
1522 Battle at Bicacca Charles I & Pope Adrianus VI beat France.Ref: 5
1526 Mogol King Babur beats sultan of Delhi.Ref: 5
1576 Peace of Beaulieu & Paix de Monsieur.Ref: 5
1650*Scottish General Montrose defeated.Ref: 5
1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant.Ref: 5
1746*King George II wins the battle of Culloden defeating "James VIII & III".Ref: 2
1813*American forces under General Zebulon Pike capture York (present-day Toronto), the seat of government in Ontario; Pike is killed.Ref: 2
1861*President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.Ref: 2
1861*West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from the Union.Ref: 2
1863*The Army of the Potomac begins marching on Chancellorsville.Ref: 2
1863*Battle of Streight's raid Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff AL.Ref: 5
1865*The Sultana, a steam-powered riverboat, catches fire and burns after one of its boilers explodes. At least 1,238 of the 2,031 passengers--mostly former Union POWs--are killed.Ref: 2
1890*French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Oussébougou West Sudan.Ref: 5
1916*Marshal Lord Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War, asks for American military participation in Europe. 
1937*German bombers of the Condor Legion devastate Guernica, Spain.Ref: 2
1940*Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp.Ref: 5
1941*Greece surrenders to the Nazis.Ref: 36
1942*In Canada, a national vote is taken on the subject of conscription of soldiers for overseas duty is taken. The response is 64% in favor of conscription, though in Quebec province 76% vote against. The Prime Minister decides that to keep Canada united, he would postpone conscription as long as possible. 
1943*Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland.Ref: 5
1943*Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London.Ref: 5
1945*Italian partisans capture Mussolini prisoner.Ref: 5
1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River.Ref: 5
1972*Quang Tri was cut off from the rest of South Vietnam by North Vietnamese troopsRef: 62
1975*Saigon is encircled by North Vietnamese troops.Ref: 2
1978 Afghánistán revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup.Ref: 5
1893*The St. Louis Browns (NL) play their first game in the new Sportsman's Park.Ref: 86
1899*The Western Golf Association was founded -- in Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1903*First Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0.Ref: 5
1903*(Long Island) Long Island's Jamaica (Horse) Race Track opens.Ref: 5
1908*4th modern Olympic games opens in London.Ref: 5
1918*After establishing a major league record with an 0-9 start, the Dodgers win their first game of the season defeating the Giants, 5-3.Ref: 1
1924*Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1.Ref: 5
1926*In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, first appearance.Ref: 5
1929*At the Baker Bowl, Clise Dudley becomes the first player to hit a home run on the first major league pitch thrown to him. The Brooklyn relief pitcher will hit a total of three HRs in his four-year career.Ref: 1
1932*Cardinal manager Gabby Street is fined for violating the NL policy which prohibits talking to spectators.Ref: 1
1935*Yankees pull a first inning triple-play & beat Philadelphia A's 9-8.Ref: 5
1938*This was the first day that a colored baseball was used in a game. The yellow baseball was used in a match-up between Columbia and Fordham Universities in New York City.Ref: 4
1944*In Boston, Jim Tobin not only tosses a no-hitter to defeat the Dodgers, 2-0, the Braves' hurler also hits a HR.Ref: 1
1947*A crowd of 58,000, attending Babe Ruth Day at Yankee Stadium to honor the ailing legend, is treated to a pitching duel as the Senator hurler Sid Hudson edges Spud Chandler, 1-0.Ref: 1
1953 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins the term "Pencil neck geek".Ref: 5
1956*Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing.Ref: 5
1961*NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.Ref: 5
1968*The Red Sox are no-hit 6-0 by Oriole starter Tom Phoebus.Ref: 1
1968*Muhammad Ali’s successor was finally decided after an eight-month runoff. Jimmy Ellis defeated Jerry Quarry of Atascadero, CA for the World Boxing Association’s heavyweight title.Ref: 4
1969*Carol Mann wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1971*Curt Flood resigns Senators after 13 games & departs for Denmark.Ref: 5
1973*At Tiger Stadium, Royal starter Steve Busby allows no hits beating Detroit, 3-0. It will be the first of two career no-hitters.Ref: 1
1975*Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1978*14th Mayor's Trophy Game, New York Yankees beat New York Mets 4-3 in 11.Ref: 5
1980*Barbara Barrow wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1981*Dodger rookie sensation Fernando Valenzuela pitches his fourth shutout in five starts as he beats the Giants, 5-0.Ref: 1
1981*First female soccer official is hired by the NASL.Ref: 5
1982*Québec Nordiques 1-New York Islanders 4-Semifinals-Islanders hold 1-0 lead.Ref: 5
1983*Astro Nolan Ryan breaks Walter Johnson's 56-year old record by whiffing Expo pinch-hitter Brad Mills on a 1-2 curveball in the eighth inning for his 3,509th career strikeout.Ref: 1
1984*Cleveland Indians beat Detroit Tigers, 8-4, in 19 innings.Ref: 5
1986*Pat Bradley wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1988*With one out in the ninth, Phillies' third baseman Mike Schmidt breaks up Nolan Ryan's no-hitter.Ref: 1
1990*Pirate Wally Bachman becomes the first national leaguer to get six hits (6 for 6) in one game in 15 years.Ref: 1
1990*Villanova's women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10.Ref: 5
1990*Dodger Orel Hershiser undergoes career-threatening shoulder surgery.Ref: 5
1991 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by David Ozio.Ref: 5
1992*New York Jets finish perfect 5-0 pre-season for first time.Ref: 5
1992*New York Mets trade David Cone to Toronto Blue Jays for Jeff Kent.Ref: 5
1994*Twin hurler Scott Erickson pitches Minnesota's first no-hitter in 27 years beating the Brewers, 6-0.Ref: 1
1994*7th longest NHL game New Jersey Devils beat Buffalo Sabres (125 minutes 43 seconds).Ref: 5
1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (52,713 km).Ref: 5
1995*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays and the City of St. Petersburg agree on a 30-year lease for the team to play their home games at the ThunderDome.Ref: 86
1995*Coors Field in Colorado opens Denver Rockies beats Mets 11-9 in 14.Ref: 5
1996*Barry Bonds, joins his father and godfather, becoming only the fourth major leaguer to hit 300 homers and swipe 300 bases as he homers for the Giants' in a 6-3 victory over the Marlins. Bobby Bonds, Willie Mays and Andre Dawson are the only other 300-300 players.Ref: 1
1996 Brunswick World Tournament of Champions won by Dave D'Entremont.Ref: 5
1997*Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks.Ref: 5
1997*Las Vegas Senior Golf Classic by TruGreen-ChemLawn.Ref: 5
1997*Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity ChampionshipRef: 5
2000*Former Brewer Jose Valentin hits for the cycle helping his new team, the Chicago White Sox, defeat the Orioles, 13-4; In Milwaukee, Valetin¹s home for the past eight seasons, a player is awarded a Harley-Davidson motorcycle for hitting for the cycle. (In exactly one one month, he'll miss being the first AL player to hit for the cycle twice in one season by not getting a single).Ref: 1
2000*Sixteen players of the Tigers and White Sox are suspended for a total of 82 games for participating in two brawls at Comiskey Park five days ago making it the most severe punishment ever given for a bench-clearing incident. Both managers, Phil Garner and Jerry Manuel, are suspended for eight games each.Ref: 1
2003*Needing only 108 pitches, Kevin Millwood becomes the ninth pitcher in Phillies' history to throw a no-hitter as he keeps the NL-West leaders Giants hitless. The last no-no before Millwoods' 1-0 masterpiece was thrown by Tommy Greene in 1991.Ref: 1
1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez", premieres in Madrid.Ref: 5
1667*English poet John Milton, 58, sold the copyright to his religious epic "Paradise Lost" for ten English pounds (less than $30).Ref: 5
1784*"Marriage of Figaro" first performed in Vienna, later transformed by Mozart into opera.Ref: 10
1828*Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London, opens.Ref: 5
1867*The opera "Roméo et Juliette" is produced (Paris France).Ref: 5
1877*The opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris France).Ref: 5
1905*World Exposition opens in Luik.Ref: 5
1922 Fritz Langs "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin.Ref: 5
1935*Brussel's World Expo opens.Ref: 5
1938*Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded I Hadn’t Anyone ’til You for Victor Records. Jack Leonard was featured as vocalist.Ref: 4
1947 The first broadcast of Studio One on CBS radio was broadcast. The show was full of great stars, but no sponsors. CBS dropped Studio One after a year on radio. The show, however, began a nine-year run on CBS-TV ... with sponsors.Ref: 4
1950*"Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances.Ref: 5
1952*"4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 performances.Ref: 5
1959*"Today" show goes abroard the first time (Paris France).Ref: 5
1959*Lloyd Price’s song, Personality, was released. Price had 10 songs that made it on the nation’s pop music charts in the 1950s through early 1960s.Ref: 4
1962*Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything", premieres in London.Ref: 5
1964*John Lennon's "In His Own Write" is published in the US.Ref: 5
1965*"I'm Solomon" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 7 performances.Ref: 5
1966*Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd cello concert.Ref: 5
1967*Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal by Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson.Ref: 5
1968*"Education of Hyman Kaplan" closes at Alvin NYC after 28 performances.Ref: 5
1972*NYC Mayor John Lindsey appeals that John Lennon not be deported.Ref: 5
1976*"So Long 174th St" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 16 performances.Ref: 5
1976*Maxine Nightingale received a gold record for the single, Right Back Where We Started From. Nightingale was in the productions of Hair, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and Savages in the early ’70s. Right Back Where We Started From was a number two hit for two weeks in 1976.Ref: 4
1979*George Harrison releases "Love Comes to Everyone".Ref: 5
1981*Former Beatle Ringo Starr marries Barbara Bach at the Marylebone Registry Office in London. Paul McCartney and wife Linda, George Harrison and Harry Nilsson were in attendance.Ref: 4
1986*A video pirate calling himself "Captain Midnight" (John R MacDougall) interrupted a movie on Home Box Office with a printed message protesting de-scrambling fees. (Captain Midnight turned out to be John R. MacDougall of Florida, who was fined and placed on probation.)Ref: 5
1986*"Sweet Charity" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 368 performances.Ref: 5
1986 "Sweet Charity" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 368 performances.Ref: 5
1989*"Starmites" opens at Criter Center Theater NYC for 60 performances.Ref: 5
1990*50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Michigan).Ref: 5
1991*"Lucifer's Child" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 28 performances.Ref: 5
1992*"Small Family Business" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 48 performances.Ref: 5
1994*"Inspector Calls" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 454 performances.Ref: 5
1995*"Indiscretions" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 performances.Ref: 5
1997*"Little Foxes" opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 56 performances.Ref: 5
1997*"Stanley" closes at Circle in Square Theater NYC.Ref: 5
1410 John Van Lannoy Flemish Governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia, is born.Ref: 5
1623*Johann Adam Reincken composer, is born.Ref: 5
1673*Claude Gillot, French painter, engraver and theatrical designerRef: 70
1701*Charles Emanuel I King of Sardinia, is born.Ref: 5
1707*John Burman Dutch botanist/director botanical gardens, is born.Ref: 5
1724*Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1737*Edward Gibbon, historian (The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), is born.Ref: 2
1744*Nikolay Novikov, Russian writer, philanthropist and social critic, is born.Ref: 70
1759*Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer/feminist (Female Reader), is born.Ref: 5
1767*Andreas Jakob Romberg German violinist/composer (Song of the Clock), is born.Ref: 5
1791*Samuel F.B. (Finley Breese) Morse, inventor of the telegraph and the code, is born.Ref: 2
1802*Abraham Louis Niedermeyer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1803*Alfred Julius Becher composer, is born.Ref: 5
1812*Friedrich von Flotow, German-born French composer, is born.Ref: 5
1820*Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics), is born.Ref: 5
1822*[Hiram] Ulysses S[impson] Grant, Union general during the American Civil War, 18th President of the United States (1869-1877), is born in Point Pleasant OH.Ref: 2
1824*William Richard Bexfield composer, is born.Ref: 5
1828 Gerben Colmjon Dutch Frisian linguist/publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1835*John Murray Corse Pittsburgh PA, Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), is born.Ref: 5
1840*Edward Whymper, artist and mountaineer, first man to climb the Matterhorn (1865), is born.Ref: 2
1861*Georgy L'vovich Catoire composer, is born.Ref: 5
1861*Johan M Skjoldborg Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte), is born.Ref: 5
1865 Emile Erens Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars), is born.Ref: 5
1869*William Victor Harris composer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Arthur Finlay Nevin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1873*Harry M O'Connor Chicago IL, actor (Stranger than Fiction), is born.Ref: 5
1875*André Baillon Belgian/French author (Un homme si simple), is born.Ref: 5
1875*Lumsden Hare Ireland, actor (Oregon Trail, Desert Fox, Young Bess), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Hubert Harrison St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids] actor (Bluejackets), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev composer, is born.Ref: 5
1892*Louis Victor de Broglie physicist (studied electrons), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Norman Bel Geddes Adrian MI, theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Nicolas Slonimsky composer, is born.Ref: 5
1896*Wallace Hume Carothers, inventor (nylon), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Rogers Hornsby, Winters TX, 2nd baseman (St Louis Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Walter Lantz, cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker, is born.Ref: 2
1902*Kitty Kelly New York NY, actress (Ladies of the Jury, Behind Office Doors), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Frank Belknap Long American writer (Rim of the Unknown), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Hans Walter Kosterliz biochemist, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet, poet laureate/detective (Nicholas Blake), father of actor Daniel Day-Lewis, is born.Ref: 2
1904*Arthur F Burns economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Ragnar Skrede Norwegian poet (Lauvfall), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Julian Stryjkowski writer, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Philip Radcliffe composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906 Mark Alexander Abrams market researcher, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Muriel C Bradbrook English writer (That Infidel Place), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Colin Gordon Ceylon, actor (John-The Baron), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Georges Dargaud French publisher (Asterix, Tintin), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Franz Weyergans Belgian literary (Les Gens Heureux), is born.Ref: 5
1912 Frederick Rand Weissman philanthropist, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Renato Rascel actor (7 Hills of Rome, Secrets of Santa Vittoria), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Albert Soboult French historian, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Enos (Bradsher) ‘Country’ Slaughter Baseball Hall of Famer: SL Cardinals [all-star: 1941, 1942, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953/World Series: 1942, 1946], NY Yankees [World Series: 1956, 1957, 1958], KC Athletics, Milwaukee Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1916*Jan Rychlik composer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*John Alfred Scali journalist/correspondant (ABC), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Kirby Stone New York NY, jazz combo leader (Baubles Bangles & Beads), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Willem N "Pim" Koot pianist of Concert building (Oh, Lady! Lady!), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Walter Ritchie sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jack Klugman Philadelphia PA, actor (Oscar-Odd Couple, Quincy, Goodbye Columbus), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Daphne Anderson London, actress (Beggar's Opera, Hobson's Choice), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Coretta Scott King, civil rights activist, wife of Martin Luther King, Jr., is born in Marion AL.Ref: 2
1927*Connie Kay jazz drummer, is born.Ref: 5
1927*John Joseph Moakley (Representative-Democrat-MA, 1973- ), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Nina Ponomareva Romaschkova, USSR, discus thrower (Olympics-gold-1952, 60), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Roelof F "Pik" Botha South African minister of Foreign affairs, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Robert Donner New York NY, actor (Yancy-The Waltons, Exidor-Mork & Mindy), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Igor Oistrach Russian violinist/son of David Oistrach, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Krzystzof Komeda composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Casey Kasem Detroit, radio personality (American Top 40), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Charles Adkins US, welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Charles Adkins US, welterweight boxer (Olympics-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Chuck Knox NFL coach (Rams, Bills, Seahawks), is born.Ref: 5
1932*François Bayle composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Maxine (Ella) Brown rocker (Browns), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Petar Ozgijan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Anouk Aimee [Françoise Dreyfus] Paris France, actress (8½, La Dolce Vita), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Calvin Newborn jazz/blues guitarist; brother of piano wizard Phineas Newborn Jr.Ref: 4
1934*Anouk Aimee [Françoise Dreyfus] Paris France, actress (8½, La Dolce Vita), is born.Ref: 68
1937*Phil Jones newsman (CBS), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Sandy Dennis Hastings NE, actress (Honey-Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Earl Anthony bowler (PBA money champion 1974-6, 1981-3), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Judy Carne (Joyce Betterill), Northhampton England, comedienne (Laugh-in, Fair Exchange), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Jerry Mercer Montréal Québec Canada, rock drummer (April Wine), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Lee Roy Jordan football: Dallas Cowboys linebacker: Super Bowls V, VI, XRef: 4
1941*Judith Blegen Missoula MT, opera singer (Papagena-Magic Flute), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Friedrich Goldmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1941 Jan D Blaauw Dutch MP (VVD), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Bob Foster International Boxing Hall of Famer: light heavyweight champion [1968-74]: won 56 of 65 professional fights, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Gordon Roddick English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Helmut Marko auto racer (Le Mans Grand Prix), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Eugene Polyakov dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Doug Buffone football: Chicago Bears, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Michael Fish British TV weatherman, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Cuba Gooding US singer (Everybody Plays the Fool), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Herb Pedersen Berkley CA, singer (Desert Rose Band-Love Reunited), is born.Ref: 5
1945*August Wilson US, playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Jim Ryun middle distance runner/world's outstanding athlete (1966), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Mack Alston football: Washington Redskins tight end: Super Bowl VII, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Keith Magnuson hockey: All-American: Univ. of Denver; NHL: Chicago Blackhawks; coach: Chicago Blackhawks, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Dave Peel punk rocker: group: The Lower East Side: LP: The Pope Smokes Dope, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Ann Peebles St Louis MO, soul singer (I Can't Stand the Rain), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Pete Ham Swansea South Wales, rock guitarist/pianist/vocalist (Badfinger-Come & Get It), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Herbie Murrell US singer (Stylistics-You are My Everything), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Peter Gena composer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Kate Pierson Weehawken NJ, vocals/guitarist (B-52's-Rock Lobster, Love Shack), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Clive Taylor musician: bass: group: Amen Corner: Gin House Blues, Bend Me Shape Me, [If Paradise is] Half As Nice, Natural SinnerRef: 4
1949*Douglas Sheehan Santa Monica CA, actor (Ben-Knots Landing, Joe Kelly-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Yoshiaki Fujiwara wrestler (NJPW/PWF/UWF), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Paul Daniel ‘Ace’ Frehley musician: group: Kiss [the spaceman]: Rock and Roll All Nite, Beth, Forever and I Was Made for Lovin’ You; formed Frehley’s Comet, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Gary Huff football: Florida State Univ., Tampa Bay Buccaneers, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Ace Frehley Bronx NY, heavy metal rocker (Kiss-Beth, Frehley's Comet), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Boris Kinberg rock percussionist (Mink Deville), is born.Ref: 5
1952*George Gervin basketball: ‘Iceman’: San Antonio Spurs: led NBA in scoring 1977-1980, 1981-82, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Dr Ellen L Shulman Baker Fayetteville NC, MD/astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Cora Ann Mahalick New Jersey, news anchor (WNYW-TV), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Dennie Shupryt-Knoop Chicago IL, beach volleyballer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Keith Denunzio rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1959*Sheena [Shirley Orr] Easton, Belshill Scotland, singer (Morning Train, For Your Eyes Only), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Marco Pirroni London, rock guitarist (Adam & The Ants), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Denise Baldwin Atlanta GA, LPGA golfer (1991 Futures Salisbury Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Grant Show Detroit MI, actor (Jake-Melrose Place, Rick-Ryan's Hope), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Patricia Susan Plumer Levere Covina CA, 1.5k/3K/5k runner, is born.Ref: 5
1963*Schae Harrison [Deborah Schaeffer] Anaheim Hills CA, actress (Darla-The Bold & Beautiful), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Arther van Dijk drummer (Ivy Green), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Paul Osbaldiston CFL kicker (Hamilton Tiger Cats), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Courtenay Becker-Dey Greenwich CT, Europe yachter (Olympics-bronze-1996), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, Dutch crown prince/son of Queen Beatrix of Netherlands/heir apparent, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Bridgette Gordon WNBA forward (Sacramento Monarchs, Olympics-gold-88), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Adrian Cooper NFL tight end (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Mica Paris rocker (So Good), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Brett Steven Bermuda, New Zealand tennis player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Francine "Frankie" McRae Australian softball outfielder (Olympics-bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Tyrone Rodgers CFL defensive linebacker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Mikiko Hagiwara WNBA guard (Sacramento Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Tim Hanshaw NFL guard (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Hayley Barr [Sparks] Salzburg Austria, actress (Courtney-As the World Turns), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Craig Keith NFL tight end (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1971*James Burton cornerback (Chicago Bears), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ricky Sutton WLAF defensive end (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1972*David Lascher New York NY, actor (Josh-Clueless, Kidz in the Wood), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Alison McKnight Bakersfield CA, 100 meter hurdler/heptathlete, is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ethan Brooks NFL/WAFL tackle (Atlanta Falcons, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Silvia Farina Milan Italy, tennis star (1995 Maria Lankowitz doubles), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Tim Ruddy NFL center (Miami Dolphins), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Tommy Thompson NFL punter (San Francisco 49ers), is born.Ref: 5
1973*André Gower Culver City CA, actor (Monster Squad, Baby Makes 5, Fathers & Sons, Mr President), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Sébastien Lareau Montréal Québec Canada, tennis player (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Carlos Fortes soccer player (Sparta), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Pete Chryplewicz tight end (Detroit Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Kenny Harris safety (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Michael Booker cornerback (Atlanta Falcons), is born.Ref: 5
1992*James Duke Mason son of singer Belinda Carlisle & Morgan Mason, is born.Ref: 5
1076*Willem bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies.Ref: 5
1124*Alexander I king of Scotland (1107-24), dies.Ref: 5
1404*Philip II (the Bold) of Burgandy, French Duke, dies at age 62.Ref: 70
1521*Ferdinand Magellan is killed by Filipino natives in the Philippines at age 50, after getting involved in a dispute between local tribes.Ref: 68
1605*Leo XI [Alessandro O de' Medici] Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1656*Gerard van Honthorst painter, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1656*Jan J van Goyen Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1682*Theodorus III czar of Russia (1676-82), dies.Ref: 5
1694 Johan Georg IV elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25.Ref: 5
1695*Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz [Asbaje] Mexican poetress/nun, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1696*Simon Foucher, French ecclesiastic philosopher, dies at age 52.Ref: 70
1702*Jean Bart French captain/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1758*Jan Francisci composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1764*Jaime de Casellas composer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1775*Death of Moravian missionary Peter Bohler, 63. Commissioned by Count Zinzendorf in 1737, Bohler encountered the as-yet-unsaved John Wesley, no doubt imprinting within him the later Methodist characteristics of crisis conversion, joyful assurance of God's acceptance and a Christian lifestyle of self- surrendering faith.Ref: 5
1794 William Jones British Orientalist/jurist, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1794*James Bruce, Scottish explorer of Ethiopia, dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1806 Amalia Fürstin Gallitzin Prussian daughter of Golitsyn, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1813*Zebulon Montgomery Pike, American army officer and explorer, dies in battle at age 34.Ref: 70
1834*Thomas Stothard, English painter, designer and illustrator, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1859*"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard.Ref: 5
1859*Sir Isaac Goldsmid, English financier, dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1871*Sigismond Fortune François Thalberg composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1872*Ion Heliade-Radulescu Romanian politician/author, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1873*William Macready, English actor, manager and diarist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1881*Ludwig A Benedek Austrian General, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1882*Ralph Waldo Emerson, the poet, dies in Concord, Massachusetts, at age 78.Ref: 5
1884*"The Jamestown (Greene County OH) Cyclone" destroys 186 homes, 4 churchs, the town hall, the high school, 5 dead, 100+ injured, 600 homeless, 20 race horses killed.Ref: 56
1889*Frederick Barnard, American president of Columbia College (1864-1889), dies at age 79.Ref: 5
1893*John Murray Corse US General (Union), dies on his 58th birthday.Ref: 5
1901*Richard Redhead composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1902*Julius Sterling Morton who started Arbor Day, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1915*Alexander N Skriabin Russian pianist/composer (Prometheus), dies at 43.Ref: 5
1932*Harold "Heart" Crane, US poet (Bridge), commits suicide by jumping from a steamer while sailing from México to New York at 32.Ref: 68
1936 Frederik A Stoett linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1936*Karl Pearson mathematician, dies.Ref: 5
1937*Antonio Gramsci Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46.Ref: 5
1938 Edmond Rubbens Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44.Ref: 5
1942*Tornado destroys Pryor OK killing 100, injuring 300.Ref: 5
1948*William Knudsen, Danish-born American industrialist; president of General Motors (1937-1940), dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1950*Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1950*Karl Straube German organist/conductor, dies.Ref: 5
1957*Mario A Gianini creator of the maraschino cherry, dies.Ref: 5
1959*Gordon Armstrong inventor of baby incubator, dies.Ref: 5
1961*Roy Del Ruth director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67.Ref: 5
1964*Georg Britting writer, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1965*Alan Bunce actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1965*Edward R Murrow newscaster (Person to Person), dies at age 57.Ref: 5
1969*Dino Terranova actor (Young Dillinger), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1970*Arthur Shields actor (Your Show Time), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1973*Libbe de Wal founder of Humanistic Covenant, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1974*Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107.Ref: 5
1975*Nicholas Soussanin actor (Last Command), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1977*Stanley Adams actor (Lillies of the Field, Thunder Alley), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1977*Charles Alston artist: The Family, Black Man, Black Woman, Walking; dies.Ref: 4
1978*Mohammed Daud premier/President of Afghánistán, murdered.Ref: 5
1978*Accident at nuclear reactor Willow Island, Charleston WV, kills 51.Ref: 5
1982*Tom Tully actor (Line-up, Shane), dies at 85.Ref: 5
1984*Piet Kraak Dutch soccer player, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1989*Hurricane in Bangladesh, kills 500.Ref: 5
1991*Marcus Heeresma writer/poet (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Ken Curtis actor (Lost, Freckles, California Gold Rush), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1992*Olivier Messiaen French composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1993*Hans Sahl German/US writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1993*Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76.Ref: 5
1994*Jerome Lejeune physiologist, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1994*John Preston US writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1994*Lynne Frederick Unger actress (Trail of Pink Panther), dies at 39.Ref: 5
1994*President Richard Nixon buried in Nixon Library in California.Ref: 5
1994*Timothy Spencer is executed in the Greenville Correctional Center for the rape and strangulation of four women in 1987. He is the first person to be executed solely on the basis of DNA evidence. (TWA, 1995)Ref: 95
1996*Joan Sterndale Bennett actress (Elizabeth-Dark Shadows), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1996*William Egan Colby CIA Director, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1997*Paul Lambert actor (Tom-Executive Suite), dies at 73Ref: 5
1998*Carlos Castaneda, writer, mystic, recluse, dies in Los Angeles CA at age 72. (TWA, 1999)Ref: 95
1999*Al Hirt musician: trumpet: Java, Sugar Lips, Flight of the Bumble Bee as theme song for TV’s The Green Hornet; played in singer Don Gibson’s band; a regular on: Make Your Own Kind of Music, Fanfare; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Derek Lowe becomes the first pitcher to throw a no-hit game at Boston's Fenway Park since Dave Morehead accomplished the feat against the Indians in September of 1965. Facing 28 batters, the former closer of the team throws only 97 pitches in the 10-0 rout of the Devil Rays.Ref: 1
2002*Mattel toy company co-founder Ruth Handler, who created the Barbie doll, died in Los Angeles at age 85.Ref: 70
2003*Ozzy, the male osprey of a breeding pair that lived for years on a Jackie Robinson Ballpark's left field light pole, dies at the Audubon Birds of Prey Center as a result being hit by a baseball being thrown trying to knock it off its perch he shared with his mate Harriet and a brood of chicks. Class A Daytona Cubs hurler Jae Kuk Ryu was charged with second-degree misdemeanor by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission for harming a protected bird.Ref: 1

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen