Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
May 4th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1256*Pope Alexander IV founded the Roman Catholic religious order of the Augustine Hermits.Ref: 5
1540 Venice & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) George Burroughs is arrested in Wells, Maine.Ref: 20
1746*The Moravians in Pennsylvania established the Moravian Women's Seminary at Bethlehem. It was the first educational institution of its kind established by the "Unitas Fratrum" in (colonial) America.Ref: 5
1747 Willem IV appointed viceroy of Overijssel.Ref: 5
1776*Rhode Island declared its freedom from England, two months before the Declaration of Independence was adopted.Ref: 70
1780 American Academy of Arts and Sciences founded in Boston led by James Bowdoin .Ref: 5
1805*Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in the Bronx NY.Ref: 5
1814*Bourbon reign restored in France after Napolian is exiled.Ref: 5
1814*Napoleon Bonaparte disembarks at Portoferraio on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.Ref: 2
1818*Netherlands & England sign treaty against illegal slave handling.Ref: 5
1839 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio.Ref: 5
1843*Natal proclaimed a British Colony.Ref: 5
1846*Michigan becomes first U.S. State to abolish capital punishment.Ref: 5
1847*New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration.Ref: 5
1858 War of the Reform (México); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz.Ref: 5
1865*Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, outside Springfield, Illinois. 
1866 Woodward's Gardens opens to public.Ref: 5
1896*Grease fire ignites ½ ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek CO.Ref: 5
1898*(Haywood Trial) Federal troops arrest "every male--miners, bartenders, a doctor, a preacher, even a postmaster and a school superindentent--" in the union-controlled town of Burke, Idaho. The men are loaded into boxcars, taken to Wardner, and herded into an old barn. Within a few days, the number of men held captive in Wardner grows to over 1000.Ref: 87
1910*Canadian parliament accept creation of Royal Canadian Navy.Ref: 5
1910 Tel Aviv founded.Ref: 5
1910*Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent.Ref: 5
1920*Sacco and Vanzetti learn of their comrade Salsedo's suicide and become scared they will be found and implicated in a bomb plot. They agree, with Mario Boda and Riccardo Orciani (another anarchist), to meet the following day at the Elm Square Garage in West Bridgewater (where Boda's car was being repaired) and dispose of incriminating evidence. Sacco goes to Boston to obtain a passport.Ref: 87
1922*The Gould and Pelser motions are made. The Gould motion is based on affidavit by Gould, an eyewitness, stating that during the shootout a man who did not look like Sacco or Vanzetti fired at him from the car. The Pelser motion is based on the retraction of Pelser, the witness who said Sacco was the "dead image" of the person who shot Berardelli. Pelser now alleges that Assistant District Attorney Williams persuaded him to make the identification.Ref: 87
1923*(Prohibition) NY state revokes Prohibition law.Ref: 5
1923*Bloody street battles between Nazis, socialist & police in Vienna.Ref: 5
1924*German Republic election fascists & communists win.Ref: 5
1925*League of Nations conference on arms control & poison gas usage.Ref: 5
1926*United Kingdom General Strike begins, called by miners; 1.5 million people involved.Ref: 5
1927 Nicaragua agrees to a US supervised presidential election in 1928.Ref: 5
1930*Mahatma Gandhi is arrested by the British.Ref: 2
1931*Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president.Ref: 5
1931*Gun-toting vigilantes attack striking miners in Harlan County, Kentucky.Ref: 59
1932*Mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, entered the federal penitentiary in Atlanta.Ref: 70
1938*Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes first president of Eire.Ref: 5
1948*The Hague Court of Justice convicts Hans Rauter (SS) to the death.Ref: 5
1949*Air crash at Turijn (whole Torino-soccer team survives).Ref: 5
1954*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island.Ref: 5
1956 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1956*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.Ref: 5
1957*Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1958*Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen President of Colombia.Ref: 5
1960 First great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland.Ref: 5
1961*The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) begins sending out student volunteers, called "Freedom Riders", to test the implementation of new laws prohibiting segregation in interstate travel facilities. One of the first two groups of "freedom riders," as they are called, encounters its first problem two weeks later, when a mob in Alabama sets its bus on fire. The program continues, and by the end of the summer, 1,000 black and white volunteers have participated. Ref 
1961 South-Africa ANC-leader John Nkadimeng arrested.Ref: 5
1961*A group of Freedom Riders left Washington, D.C., for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.Ref: 70
1961*First on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.Ref: 5
1962*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.Ref: 5
1964 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva.Ref: 5
1966*Soviet Government signs accord about building Fiat factory in USSR.Ref: 5
1970*Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt.Ref: 5
1970*In deciding the legal case "Walz v. Tax Commission of New York," the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a New York statute exempting church-owned property from taxation.Ref: 5
1973*Patriarch Shenuda II of Kopitisch church visits the pope.Ref: 5
1976 "Waltzing Matilda" was officially adopted as Australia's National Anthem.Ref: 62
1978 Russian President Brezhnev visits West-Germany.Ref: 5
1980*The Department of Health, Education and Welfare becomes officially becomes the Department of Health and Human Services by the Department of Education Organization Act which was signed into law in 1979. Ref 
1983*China People's Republic performs nuclear test at Lop Nor People's Rebublic of China.Ref: 5
1986*President Babrak Karmal resigns as party leader of Afghánistán.Ref: 5
1987*The US Supreme Court rules that women can be members of the Rotary Club. Ref 
1988*USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR.Ref: 5
1989*Fired White House aide Oliver North was convicted of shredding documents and two other crimes and acquitted of nine other charges stemming from the Iran-Contra affair. (The three convictions were overturned on appeal).Ref: 70
1990*Latvia's parliament votes 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence.Ref: 5
1991*President Bush suffered shortness of breath while jogging at Camp David; he was rushed to Bethesda Naval Hospital, where doctors found he was experiencing an irregular heartbeat.Ref: 5
1991*Morris K Udall (Representative-D-AZ), resigns due to Parkinson disease.Ref: 5
1994 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.Ref: 70
1995*(OJ Simpson) Wrongful death suit filed on behalf of the Goldmans.Ref: 87
1998*Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski was given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., under a plea agreement that spared him the death penalty.Ref: 70
1999*Five New York City police officers go on trial for the torture of Haitian immigrant Abner Louima. (one pleads guilty, one is convicted, three are acquitted.) (XDG, p 4A, 05/04/2000)Ref: 83
2000*Londoners chose political maverick Ken Livingstone to be their first elected mayor.Ref: 6
1493*Pope Alexander VI issued "Inter caeterea II," which divided possession of the New World discoveries by Spain and Portugal along a longitudinal line running 250 miles west of the Cape Verde Islands.Ref: 5
1634*Johan van Walbeecks fleet departs to West-Indies.Ref: 5
1715*A French manufacturer debuts first folding umbrella (Paris France).Ref: 5
1783*Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus.Ref: 5
1869*The offshore oil drilling rig patented by Thomas F. Rowland of Greenpoint, N.Y.Ref: 10
1878*Phonograph shown for first time at Grand Opera House.Ref: 5
1884 First photograph taken of a flash of lightning by W.C. Gurley in Marietta, OH.Ref: 10
1886*The first practical phonograph, better known as the gramophone, was patented.Ref: 4
1927*First balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field IL).Ref: 5
1961*Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 meters (record) in balloon.Ref: 5
1967*Lunar Orbiter 4 launched by US; begins orbiting Moon May 7.Ref: 5
1979*NASA launches Fltsatcom-2.Ref: 5
1989*US launches Magellan to Venus.Ref: 5
1989*US space shuttle STS-30 launched.Ref: 5
2000*The "ILOVEYOU" e-mail virus infected computer networks and hard drives across the globe, spawning various imitations.Ref: 6
1303 Flemings conquers Middelburg.Ref: 5
1471*In England, the Yorkists under King Edward IV defeat the Landcastians under ex-queen Margaretha at the battle of Tewkesbury.Ref: 2
1572 Veere sides with Geuzen.Ref: 5
1652*Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels.Ref: 5
1702 Queen Anne's War (War of Spanish Succession) begins.Ref: 10
1861*At Gretna LA, one of first guns of Rebel navy is cast.Ref: 5
1862*Yorktown VA McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains.Ref: 5
1862*Battle at Williamsburg VA.Ref: 5
1863*The Battle of Chancellorsville ends when Union Army retreats.Ref: 2
1864*The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000. This begins a war of attrition that will include major battles at the Wilderness (May 5-6), Spotsylvania (May 8-12), and Cold Harbor (June 1-3). In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.Ref: 2
1864*General Grant's Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock.Ref: 5
1864*Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces cross the Rapidan River and meet Robert E. Lee's Confederate army.Ref: 2
1865*Battle of Citronville AL; Richard Taylor surrenders.Ref: 5
1865*Battle of Mobile AL.Ref: 5
1888 Italy & Spain sign military covenant.Ref: 5
1912 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes.Ref: 5
1915*Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany.Ref: 5
1916*Responding to a demand from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare, averting a diplomatic break with Washington.Ref: 70
1917 Arabs sack Tel Aviv.Ref: 5
1940*21 "not neutral" Nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1942*German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages.Ref: 5
1942*The United States begins food rationing.Ref: 2
1942*The Battle of the Coral Sea, the first naval clash fought entirely with carrier aircraft, began during World War Two. Japan loses 39 ships in its first setback of the war.Ref: 70
1945*During World War Two, German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to surrender.Ref: 70
1964*A trade embargo is imposed on North Vietnam in response to attacks from the North on South Vietnam.Ref: 41
1972*Vietcong forms revolutionary government in Quang Tri South Vietnam.Ref: 5
1982*British torpedo boat Sheffield off Falkland hit by Exocet rocket.Ref: 5
2003*The US-led coalition issues a radio appeal for Iraqi police to return to work. (XDG, p 1, 5/05/2003)Ref: 83
1780*Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins first Epsom Derby.Ref: 5
1871*First baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Fort Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets first hit, a double.Ref: 5
1871*Bill Lennon becomes first catcher to throw a runner out trying to steal second. He accomplished the feat in the seventh inning of the very first major league game.Ref: 1
1897*23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5.Ref: 5
1898*24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09.Ref: 5
1899*25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12.Ref: 5
1905*(Long Island) Belmont Park (horse) race track opened on Long Island, NY. Race King and Sysonby finished in a dead heat in the day’s feature race.Ref: 4
1910*President William H. Taft leaves Robinson Park, where Cardinals are routing the Reds, to catch a great pitching duel between the Naps' Cy Young and the Browns' Joe Lake at Sportman's Park. The chief executive will stay to the last out of the American League contest which will end in a three-to-three tie after 14 innings of play.Ref: 1
1918*Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4.Ref: 5
1919*First legal Sunday baseball game in NYC (Phillies beat Giants 4-3).Ref: 5
1919*FVC soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1924*8th modern Olympic games open in Paris France.Ref: 5
1925*The Terris-Dundee boxing match was the final event held at the old Madison Square Garden in New York City. Five different sites have been named Madison Square Garden over the years.Ref: 4
1929*Lou Gehrig hits 3 consecutive homeruns, Yankees 11, Tigers 9.Ref: 5
1931*Due to an injury, Babe Ruth plays first with Lou Gehrig moving to right field. The Yankee captain commits an error in the outfield helping the Red Sox beat the Yankees.Ref: 1
1935*61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05.Ref: 5
1939*In his first-ever at-bat in Detroit rookie Ted Williams becomes the first player to hit a homer which totally clears the right field seats at Briggs Stadium.Ref: 1
1940*66th Kentucky Derby: Carroll Bierman aboard Gallahadion wins in 2:05.Ref: 5
1943*National League's Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier.Ref: 5
1946*Washington Senator's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped.Ref: 5
1946*72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6.Ref: 5
1952*Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Fresno Golf Open.Ref: 5
1954*The first intercollegiate court tennis match in the United States was held -- at the Racquet and Tennis Club in NY City. Princeton and Yale were on opposite sides of the net. There was no love lost between the two teams.Ref: 4
1954*The Phillies and Cardinals set a major league record using 42 players in one game. Philadelphia wins game in eleven innings, 14-10.Ref: 1
1956*Boston manager Pinky Higgins accepts the first Red Sox schedule ever printed braille from the National Braille Press.Ref: 1
1957*83rd Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Iron Liege wins in 2:02.2.Ref: 5
1963*Pitcher Bob Shaw sets record of 5 balks in a game.Ref: 5
1963*89th Kentucky Derby: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:01.8.Ref: 5
1965*Willie Mays 512th homerun breaks Mel Ott's 511th National League record homerun.Ref: 5
1968*First ABA championship: Pittsburgh Pipers beat New Orleans Buccaneers, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1968*94th Kentucky Derby: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins in 2:02½. Dancer's Image crosses the finish line first, but is disqualified due to drugs.Ref: 5
1969*The Astros set an NL record turning seven double plays against Giants with first baseman Curt Belfry taking part in all of them.Ref: 1
1969*Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1969*Stanley Cup: Montréal Canadiens sweep St Louis Blues in 4 games.Ref: 5
1973*Longest game in Veterans' Stadium, Phillies beat Braves 5-4 in 20.Ref: 5
1973 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Millie Martorella.Ref: 5
1974*100th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr aboard Cannonade wins in 2:04.Ref: 5
1975*In Candlestick Park at 12:32 pm, Astro's Bob Watson scores the major league¹s one millionth run. He crosses the plate on Milt May's three-run home run seconds ahead of Reds' Dave Concepcion to earn the distinction.Ref: 1
1975*Maria Astrologes wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1975*The Minnesota Twins retire Harmon Killebrew's uniform no. 3.Ref: 29
1975*Flyers 1-Isles 0-Semis-Flyers hold 3-0 lead-Isles held to 14 shots.Ref: 5
1976*The Illinois Legislature declares today as Rick Monday Day because of his patriotic gesture of saving the American flag from being burned in Los Angeles by two fans.Ref: 1
1979*Jackie Mercer wins her 4th golf title 31 years after her first.Ref: 5
1980*Dodgers bat out of order against Phillies in first inning.Ref: 5
1980*Hollis Stacy wins LPGA CPC Women's Internationalional Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1980*White Sox first baseman Mike Squires catches final inning of 11-1 loss to Brewers, becoming 1st lefty to catch since Dale Long in 1958.Ref: 5
1981*Yankee Ron Davis strikes out 8 consecutive Angels, ran record of 13 strikeouts of last 14 faced, also saved Gene Nelsons first win, 4-2.Ref: 5
1981*Silvana Cruciata runs 15k female world record (49:44.0).Ref: 5
1982*Twins rookie outfielder Jim Eisenreich, who suffers from Tourette's Syndrome, removes himself, due to taunts from Red Sox bleacher fans.Ref: 5
1982*Nordiques 2-Isles 4-Semifinals-Isles win series 4-0.Ref: 5
1984*Dave Kingman's fly ball never comes down (stuck in Metrodome ceiling).Ref: 5
1985*111th Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero Jr on Spend A Buck posted the third fastest winning time in the Kentucky Derby by running the 1-1/4 mile track at Churchill Downs in 2 minutes and 1/8 second. Only Secretariat (1973) and Northern Dancer (1964) had been faster.Ref: 4
1989*Junior Felix becomes the 53rd player in major league history to hit a home run in his first at-bat. The Blue Jay rookie initial blast comes off CA's Kirk McCaskill's first pitch in a 10-inning loss to the Angels, 3-2.Ref: 1
1990*Oriole Gregg Olson sets relief pitcher record of 41 consecutive scoreless innings.Ref: 5
1991*117th Kentucky Derby: Chris Antley aboard Strike the Gold wins in 2:03.Ref: 5
1991 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Doug Kent.Ref: 5
1991*Indian Chris James establishes the club record for RBIs by driving in nine runs with a pair of homers and two singles, helping Cleveland to crush the A's, 20-6.Ref: 1
1991*New York Mets M Sasser & Mark Carreon are 8th to hit consecutive pinch homeruns.Ref: 5
1996 ABC Bud Light Masters Bowling Tournament won by Ernie Schlegel.Ref: 5
1996*Greg Pavlik one-hits Tigers making the Rangers first American League team to pitch back-to-back one-hitters since the Washington Senators in 1917.Ref: 5
1996*"Grindstone" wins the 122nd Kentucky Derby, giving trainer D. Wayne Lukas an incredible sixth straight victory in a Triple Crown race.Ref: 5
1997*Tammie Green wins LPGA Sprint Titlehoders Championship.Ref: 5
1997*Phil Blackmar wins 50th Houston golf Open.Ref: 5
1997*Bruno's Memorial Senior Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1728*Georg F Händels opera "Tolomeo, re di Egitto" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1883*John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi).Ref: 5
1891*Fiction: Sherlock Holmes "dies" at Reichenbach Falls.Ref: 5
1893*Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging.Ref: 5
1896*Britain's first halfpenny newspaper, The London Daily Mail, published by Lord NorthcliffeRef: 5
1920*The Symphony Society of New York presented a concert at the Paris Opera House. It was the first American orchestra to make a European tour.Ref: 4
1927*The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded.Ref: 70
1933*Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador).Ref: 5
1936*Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn).Ref: 5
1942*Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life).Ref: 5
1945*June Christy sang with the Stan Kenton band on one of the most famous of all big band hits, Tampico. The tune was waxed as Capitol record number 202.Ref: 4
1953*Pulitzer prize awarded to Ernest Hemingway (Old Man & The Sea).Ref: 5
1956*Gene Vincent and his group, The Blue Caps, recorded Be-Bop-A Lula for Capitol Records in Los Angeles. Interesting note: Vincent had written the tune only three days before he auditioned in a record company talent search that won him first place. The record was rush-released just two days later and became a rock and roll classic. Vincent recorded two other charted songs in 1957 and 1958: Lotta Lovin’ and Dance to the Bop.Ref: 4
1957*Alan Freed hosts "Rock n' Roll Show" first prime-time network rock show.Ref: 5
1959*First Grammy Awards: Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald win.Ref: 5
1959*Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB).Ref: 5
1960*Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball divorce.Ref: 24
1964*The Pulitzer Prize jury failed for the first time to award winners in the areas of fiction, drama and music.Ref: 4
1964*"Another World" & "As the World Turns" premiere on TV.Ref: 5
1964*Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism).Ref: 5
1965*The Orlando Centinnel reports of an "east coast Disneyland". (Ref: "Disney, The First 100 Years", 1999, ISBN 0-7868-6442-7) 
1969*Charles Gordone's "No Place to be Somebody" premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1970*Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth).Ref: 5
1973*Wings release "Red Rose Speedway" in UK.Ref: 5
1973*First TV network female nudity-Steambath (PBS)- Valerie Perrine.Ref: 5
1975*Ed Bullins' "Taking of Miss Jane" premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1976*"1600 Pennsylvania Avenue" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 7 performances.Ref: 5
1981 Rockline premieres on KLOS FM in Los Angeles.Ref: 5
1985 The famed Apollo Theatre, once the showcase for the nation’s top black performers, reopened after a renovation that cost $10.4 million.Ref: 4
1987 For the first time, live models were used for Playtex bra ads. The use of live models wearing bras crossed a previously taboo advertising line.Ref: 4
1990*Angela Bowie reveals that ex husband David slept with Mick Jagger.Ref: 5
1991*Actress Sharon Gless & producer Barney Rosenzeig wed.Ref: 5
1993*"Angels in America-Millennium Approaches" opens at Kerr for 367 performances.Ref: 5
1994*Courtney Love cleared of drug charges.Ref: 5
1006*Abd-Allah Ansari Persian mystic/poet (Monadjat), is born.Ref: 5
1611*Carlo Rainaldi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1622*Juan de Valdés Leal Spanish painter/sculptor, is born.Ref: 5
1631*Mary I Henriette Stuart daughter of Charles I/Queen of England, is born.Ref: 5
1635*Willem van Outhoorn Dutch Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), is born.Ref: 5
1655*Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, Italian harpsichord maker; credited with the invention of the piano, is born.Ref: 70
1738*Josef Kohaut composer, is born.Ref: 5
1744*Marianne von Martinez composer, is born.Ref: 5
1763*Franz Stanislaus Spindler composer, is born.Ref: 5
1769*Charles Hague composer, is born.Ref: 5
1776*Johann Friedrich Herbart Germany, philosopher/psychologist, is born.Ref: 5
1777*Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens composer, is born.Ref: 5
1784*Birth of Carl G. Glaser, German music teacher. Of his many choral pieces, Glaser is primarily remembered today for his hymn tune AZMON, to which the Church today sings: "O For a Thousand Tongues."Ref: 5
1796*Joseph Pannell Taylor Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1864, is born.Ref: 5
1796*Horace Mann educator: the father of public education in the U.S.; founder of Westfield, MA State College; author, editor: Common School Journal; is born.Ref: 4
1806*Sir William Cooke, English inventor; helped develop electric telegraphy, is born.Ref: 70
1820*Julia Tyler (Gardiner) 2nd wife of 10th US President John Tyler (1841-45), is born.Ref: 4
1820*Joseph Whitaker England, publisher, founded Whitaker's Almanack, is born.Ref: 5
1825*Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist and educator, is born.Ref: 70
1826*Frederick Church US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School), is born.Ref: 5
1827*John Hanning Speke, English explorer, is born.Ref: 2
1835*Edmund Hart Turpin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1846*Emile Gallé French glass/marble/ceramic artist (Gallé Glaze), is born.Ref: 5
1860*Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek, Vienna Austria, composer (Donna Diana), is born.Ref: 68
1867*Dynam-Victor Fumet composer, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Mynona writer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*A. Mitchell Palmer, American attorney general (1919-21); helped touch off the "Red Scare" of 1919-20, is born.Ref: 70
1874*Frank Conrad, the American electrical engineer whose innovations led to the establishment of the first radio station, is born.Ref: 70
1875*Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), is born.Ref: 5
1877*Arthur Lang US, boxer/businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Aleksandr F Kerenski Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Wilhelm Lehmann writer, is born.Ref: 5
1889*Cardinal (Francis) Joseph Spellman Roman Catholic clergy leader, is born.Ref: 4
1891*Frederick Jacobi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Johan W F Werumeus Buning Dutch poet (Daily Bread), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Edgar Dearing Ceres CA, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Free & Easy), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Royal Butler [Edwin Richey] Atlanta GA, actor, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Fritz von Opel, German automotive industrialist, is born.Ref: 70
1902*Cola [Nicolas] Debrot Bonaire Governor (Netherlands Antilles)/author, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Cvjetko Rihtman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1902*Rodney Meredith Thomas architect/painter, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Luther Adler New York NY, actor (Dr Bernard Altman-The Psychiatrist), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Mátyás Seiber Budapest Hungary, composer (Scherzando), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Esmond Knight East Sheen England, actor (Hamlet, Sleeping Murder), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Lincoln Kirstein, American dance impresario; director of the New York City Ballet (1948-89), is born.Ref: 70
1909*Howard Da Silva [Silverblatt] Cleveland OH, actor (Ben Franklin-1776), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Jeroom Verten [Jozef F Vermetten] Flemish playwright, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Mady Alfredo [Maria M the Brieder] actress (Alicia), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Lou Brown Brooklyn NY, orchestra leader (Jerry Lewis Show), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Abdel Karim Kassem general/premier/dictator of Iraq (1958-63), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Emmanuel Roblès, Algerian-Fren journalist/playwright (Lesson Hauteurs), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Curt Conway Boston MA, actor (Raw Deal), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Pedro Saenz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1916*Maurice "Moe" Purtill jazz drummer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Edward Toner Cone composer, is born.Ref: 5
1918*Kakuei Tanaka Japanese PM (1972-74), convicted of bribe-taking, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Dimiter Petkov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Mary Ann McCall singer, is born.Ref: 5
1921*John van Kesteren Dutch tenor (Komische Oper, West-Berlin), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Patsy Garrett Atlantic City NJ, actress (Nanny & the Professor), is born.Ref: 5
1922*John Paul Hammerschmidt (Representative-R-AR, 1967- ), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Ed ‘Cass’ Cassidy musician: drums: groups: New Jazz Trio, Taj Mahal, Spirit: I Got a Line on You, Nature’s Way, is born.Ref: 4
1924*Dennis Weaver actor (McCloud), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Peter Aldersley actor/disc jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Tat'yana Petrovna Nikolayeva composer, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Peter Blum German/South African/English poet (Capricorn), is born.Ref: 5
1926*G Reinshagen writer, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Milton "Milt" Thompson US NASA-test pilot/chief-engineer (X-15), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Hosni Mubarak Egyptian President (1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Maynard Ferguson, musician: trumpet, trombone, other horns; bandleader: LPs: Primal Scream, Conquistador, New Vintage, Carnival, Hot, It’s My Time, Hollywood, High Voltage, is born in Verdun Québec Canada.Ref: 4
1928*Betsy Rawls Spartanburg SC, LPGA golfer (Hall of Fame, US Women's Open-51, 53, 57, 60), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Thomas Kinsella, Irish poet, is born.Ref: 2
1929*Audrey Hepburn [Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston] Brussels Belgium (Breakfast at Tiffany's, My Fair Lady), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Roberta Peters (Peterman) opera soprano: Metropolitan Opera; Rigoletto [Gilda], Il Barbiere di Siviglia [Rosina]; films: City Hall, Tonight We Sing; Jewish Cultural Achievement Awards in Performing Arts [1997], is born in New York, NY.Ref: 4
1931*Ed Cassidy Chicago IL, drummer (Spirit-I Got A Line on You), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Gennadi Rozhdestvensky Moscow Russia, conductor (USSR State Radio), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Harlon Hill football: Florence State Teachers College [All-American], Chicago Bears, Pittsburgh Steelers, Detroit Lions; Harlon Hill Trophy [to player of the year in NCAA Div. II] named after him, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Fausto Razzi composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*Susan Brown San Francisco, actress (General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Pete Barbutti Scranton PA, comedian (Garry Moore Show), is born.Ref: 5
1936*El Cordobés [Manuel Benítez] Spanish toreador, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Hans Ulrich Lehmann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1938*Tyrone Davis US R&B singer (Are you serious), is born.Ref: 5
1938*William J Bennett US Secretary of Education (1985-88), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Amos Oz, Jerusalem Israel, author (My Michael), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Dick Curl Chester PA, offensive coordinator coach (Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1941*George F. Will, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist: syndicated in some 460 papers, Newsweek; Washington editor: National Review; contributing analyst: ABC-TV News: World News Tonight with Peter Jennings, This Week, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Nickolas Ashford producer, songwriter: duo: Ashford & Simpson: Let’s Go Get Stoned, I’m Every Woman, Ain’t No Mountain High Enough, Ain’t Nothing like the Real Thing, You’re All I Need to Get By, Reach Out and Touch Somebody’s Hand, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Ronnie Bond drummer (Troggs-Wild Thing), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Ronnie Bond (Ronald Bulls) musician: drums: group: The Troggs: Wild Thing, With a Girl like You, I Can’t Control Myself, Any Way that You Want Me, Give It to Me, Night of the Long Grass, Hi Hi Hazel, Love is All Around, Little Girl, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Nickolas Ashford Fairfield SC, singer (Ashford & Simpson-Solid as a Rock), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Stella Parton sister of Dolly Parton/singer (A Woman's Touch), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Fred (Frederic) Stanfield hockey: NHL: Chicago Blackhawks, Boston Bruins, Minnesota North Stars, Buffalo Sabres, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Dave [Otto Levenbach] Dutch singer (Du coté the Chez Swann), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Paul Gleason Jersey City NJ, actor (Breakfast Club, Die Hard), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Peggy Santiglia McGannon New Jersey, rocker (Angels), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Ronnie Bond drummer (Troggs-Wild Thing), is born.Ref: 5
1945*George Wadenius rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Monika van Paemel Belgian writer (Accursed Fathers), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Renee Powell LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Billy O'Donnell harness racer driver of the year (1984), is born.Ref: 5
1949 Gerrit J P van Otterloo Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Sybil Danning [Danninger], Weis Austria, actress (Chained Heat), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Zal Cleminson rocker (Alex Harvey Band), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Graham Swift, British novelist (The Sweet Shop Owner, Out of this World), is born.Ref: 2
1950*Darryl Hunt English pop bassist (Pogues-Pair of Brown Eyes), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Hilly Hicks Los Angeles CA, actor (Roll Out, Roots), is born.Ref: 5
1950*René CM van Asten Dutch actor (Herenstraat 10), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Jackie [Sigmund Esco] Jackson Gary IN, rocker (Jackson 5-ABC), is born.Ref: 68
1951*Gene Greenwood (Representative-R-PA), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Pia Zadora actress: Hairspray, Voyage of the Rock Aliens, Pajama Tops, The Lonely Lady, Fakeout, Butterfly, Naked Gun 33 1/3, is born.Ref: 4
1954*Julie Budd Brooklyn NY, singer (Child of Plenty), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Danny Brubeck drummer: Two Generations of Brubeck, In Your Own Sweet Way, The Duke; Dave Brubeck’s son, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Ulrike Meyfarth Frankfurt West Germany, high jumper (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Jackie Bertsch LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Michael L Gernhardt Mansfield OH, PhD/astronaut (STS 69, 83, 94, sk 100), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Richard E Grant, Swaziland, actor (Posse, Bram Stoker's Dracula), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Keith Haring Kutztown PA, graffiti artist (Vanity Fair, Paris Review), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Country singer Randy Travis is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1959*Randy Travis [Randy Bruce Traywick] Marshville NC, country singer (Forever and Ever Amen, Diggin' Up Bones), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Robert Raymond Tway Oklahoma City OK, PGA golfer (1986 Shearson), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Rohn Stark NFL punter (Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Eugene Daniel NFL center (Indpls Colts, Baltimore Ravens), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Mary Elizabeth McDonough Van Nuys CA, actress (Erin-Waltons), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Jay Aston singer: group: Bucks Fizz: Making Your Mind Up, Land of Make Believe, My Camera Never Lies, Now Those Days are Gone, If You Can’t Stand the Heat, is born.Ref: 4
1962*Tracy Vaccaro Glendale CA, playmate (October, 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Goran Prpic Yugoslavia, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Adri Bogers Dutch soccer player (Willem II), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Monica Tranel [Michini] Billings MT, rower (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Comedian Ana Gasteyer is born.Ref: 6
1967*Derek MacCready CFL defensive tackle (Edmonton Eskimos), is born.Ref: 5
1967*John Child East York Ontario, beach volleyballer (Olympics-bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Matthew Crane Kimberton PA, actor (Matt Cory-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Andre Collins NFL linebacker (Cincinnati Bengals), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Eddie Perez Cuidad Ojeda Venezuela, catcher (Atlanta Braves), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Kevin Todd Winnipeg, NHL center (Los Angeles Kings), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Dawn Staley Philadelphia PA, basketball guard (Olympics-gold-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Derrick Clark NFL/WLAF fullback (Broncos, Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Steve Glenn CFL linebacker (British Columbia Lions), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Ethan Watts Philadelphia PA, volleyball middle blocker (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Gretchen Ulion ice hockey forward (USA, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Marc Lamb WLAF T (London Monarchs), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Edward Hervey NFL wide receiver (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Matthew Barnaby Ottawa, NHL left wing (Buffalo Sabres), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Melissa Boyd Miss Ohio USA (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Michelle Martinez Dallas TX, Miss America (Texas-Top 10-1997), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Pablo Ruiz Buenos Aires Argentina, Spanish singer, is born.Ref: 5
1976*Heather Kozar Akron OH, playmate (January 1998)Ref: 5
1977*Former President Richard M. Nixon spoke with interviewer, David Frost in the first of four television interviews. Nixon had been in seclusion for the two previous months.Ref: 4
1979*Lance Bass singer: group: ’N Sync: I Want You Back, Tearin’ Up My Heart, Merry Christmas, Happy Holiday, God Must Have Spent A Little More Time On You, I Drive Myself Crazy, Music Of My Heart, is born.Ref: 4
1519 Lorenzo di Medici, Florentine ruler (1513-9), dies at age 26.Ref: 70
1594 Paul Buys Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1605*Ulisse Aldrovandi Italian biologist/medical, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1722*Claude Gillot, French painter, engraver and theatrical designer, dies at age 49.Ref: 4
1752*Pieter Snyers Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1770*Christian Gottfried Krause composer, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1795*Thousands of rioters enter jails in Lyons, France, and massacre 99 Jacobin prisoners.Ref: 2
1832*Jan van Speyck Dutch Admiral, buried in New Church.Ref: 5
1855*Camille Pleyel Austria piano builder/composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1873*William Holmes McGuffey, educator famous for his book Eclectic Readers, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1879 William Froude British civil engineer/shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1879*William Froude, English naval architect, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1885*Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1886*At Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour workday turned into a riot when a bomb explodes killing 7 policemen and wounding 67 others.Ref: 70
1893*George Washington Hewitt composer, dies at 82.Ref: 5
1897*Fire in Paris France bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200.Ref: 5
1900*Augustus Pitt-Rivers, English archaeologist called the "father of British archaeology", dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1928*Barry E Odell Pain English writer (Punch), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1929*Henry Morton Dunham composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1935*Lodewijk Scharpé Flemish literature historian, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1938*Carl von Ossietzky German pacifist/writer (Nobel 1935), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1946*5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Fransisco bay.Ref: 5
1953*Edward B B Shanks British poet/critic, dies at 60.Ref: 5
1953*Thomas Tertius Noble composer, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1953*Robert Wagner, American politician; U.S. senator from New York (1927-49), dies at age 75.Ref: 70
1955*Georges Enescu Romanian/French violist/composer (Oedipe), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1955*Louis Breguet French aviation pioneer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1961*Anita Stewart dies of heart attack at 66.Ref: 5
1963*United Arab Republic ferry capsized and sank in upper Nile; over 200 died.Ref: 85
1965*Norman Brokenshire TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1966*Juan Maria Thomas Sabater composer, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1967*Bengt Axel von Torne composer, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1969*F Osbert S Sitwell English poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1970*Ohio National Guardsmen open fire on student protesters at Kent State University, killing four (William Schroeder, Sandy Scheuer, Jeffrey Miller and Allison Krause) and wounding nine others.Ref: 2
1971*Donald Dexter Van Slyke US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1971*Joseph Csaky Hungarian/French sculptor, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1971*Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids] Dutch actor (Bluejackets), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1971*Avalanche buries Canadian village of Saint Jean Vianney, 31 dead, $1 million damage.Ref: 10
1972*Edward Calvin Kendall, American Nobel (1950) Prize-winning chemist, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1973*Jane Bowles writer, dies at 56.Ref: 5
1974*Israel Citkowitz composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1974*John Wengraf actor (Pride & Passion, 12 to the Moon), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1975*Moe Howard [Moses Horowitz], last survivor of the original Three Stooges, died of cancer at 78.Ref: 5
1980*Marshal Josip Broz Tito, president of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies. (also TWA, 1981)Ref: 68
1980*Kay Hammond actress (Blithe Spirit, 5 Golden Hours), dies in Brighton UK at 71.Ref: 5
1981*Paul Green US, novelist/playwright (Pulitzer-1926 for "In Abraham's Bosom"), dies.Ref: 5
1983*Nino Sanzogno composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1984*Diana Dors (Mavis Fluck), actress (Berserk!), dies at 52 of cancer.Ref: 5
1986*Paul (Rapier) Richards baseball: catcher: Brooklyn Dodgers, NY Giants, Philadelphia Athletics, Detroit Tigers [World Series: 1945]; Manager: Chicago White 1951-61, 1976 Orioles; dies.Ref: 4
1987*Cathryn Damon actress (Mary Campbell-Soap), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1987*Dick Hillenius Dutch biologist/writer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1987*Paul Butterfield singer/harmonica player, dies of drug abuse at 44.Ref: 5
1990*Don Appell dies.Ref: 5
1991*Dennis Crosby son of Bing, commits suicide at 54Ref: 5
1992*Henri Guillemin French historian, dies at 89.Ref: 5
1992 Ismael Galeano "Commandant Franklyn" (Contra), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko Russian cosmonaut, dies at 50.Ref: 5
1994 Karl Francis Hettinger onion Field survivor, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1995 Lewis T Preston banker, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1995*Louis Krasner violinist, dies at 91.Ref: 5
1996 Jean Crepin soldier/industrialist, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1996 Stanley William Reed cineaste, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1997*Alvy Moore actor/producer (Mr Kimball-Green Acres), dies at 75.Ref: 5
1997*Vijayananda Dahanayake PM of Sri Lanka (1959-60), diesRef: 5
2001*Bonny Lee Bakley, wife of actor Robert Blake, was shot to death in Los Angeles. (Blake was later charged with murder).Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen