Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
May 8th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
615*St Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic PopeRef: 2
1360*Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & FrenchRef: 2
1373*English mystic Julian of Norwich, 31, by her own account, received a series of sixteen revelations, while in a state of ecstasy lasting five hours. Her book, "The Sixteen Revelations of Divine Love," was written 20 years later as the fruit of her meditations on this experience. Little else is known of her life.Ref: 2
1521*(Protestant Reformation) Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther.Ref: 2
1559*An act of supremacy defines Queen Elizabeth I as the supreme governor of the church of England.Ref: 2
1639*William Coddington founds Newport RIRef: 2
1660*English parliament asks King Charles II to resignRef: 2
1721*Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIIIRef: 2
1741*France & Bavaria sign Covenant of NymphenburgRef: 2
1792*Conscription authorized by act to draft white males 18 to 45 into the militia.Ref: 5
1794*The United States Post Office is established.Ref: 2
1816*The American Bible Society was organized in the Dutch Reformed Church on Garden Street in NY City. The non-profit society was instituted to promote wider circulation of the Scriptures by publishing Bibles without notes or comments.Ref: 2
1834 Prussia, Austria & Russia sign classified accord about Belgium.Ref: 5
1840*Twopenny Blue postage stamp goes on sale in England.Ref: 10
1845*At a three-day convention in Augusta, GA, the Southern Baptist Convention was formed by 300 representatives from Baptist churches in Georgia, Virginia and South Carolina.Ref: 2
1858*John Brown holds antislavery conventionRef: 2
1863 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de ColombiaRef: 2
1871*English-US treaty ends Alabama dispute.Ref: 5
1885 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-meter jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, EnglandRef: 2
1895 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of ShimonosekiRef: 2
1911 England and China sign an agreement that opium should be used as their main trading commodityRef: 62
1921*Sweden abolishes capital punishmentRef: 2
1924*Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cutRef: 2
1924 Memel territories given to Lithuania.Ref: 5
1924 Afrikaans becomes official language of South Africa.Ref: 10
1926*A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car PortersRef: 2
1929 Jan Mayen island, 500 km NNE of Iceland, incorporated into NorwayRef: 2
1933 Mahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.Ref: 2
1943*Mordicai Anielewicz commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killedRef: 2
1949 West German constitution approvedRef: 2
1950 Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weaponsRef: 2
1951*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at EnwetakRef: 2
1951 Hart, Shaffner & Marx Co. first introduces the Dacron suit.Ref: 5
1958*President Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.Ref: 2
1958*Vice President Nixon was shoved, stoned, booed and spat upon by anti-American protesters in Lima, Peru.Ref: 70
1960 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations.Ref: 5
1962*London trolley buses go out of serviceRef: 2
1963*JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression.Ref: 5
1969 Cambodia recognizes German Democratic RepublicRef: 2
1969*Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Sacra Ritum CongregationRef: 2
1972*The FBI Academy opened a new training facility on the US Marine Corps Base at Quantico, Virginia.Ref: 14
1972*Sabena aircraft at Lod International, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians.Ref: 5
1973*Militant American Indians who'd held the South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee for ten weeks surrendered.Ref: 5
1974*50 MPH speed limit in Britain liftedRef: 2
1974*Canadian Government of Trudeau falls.Ref: 5
1978*David R. Berkowitz pleaded guilty in a Brooklyn courtroom to the "Son of Sam" killings that had terrified NYers.Ref: 5
1980*World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicatedRef: 2
1984*France performs nuclear test at Muruora IslandRef: 2
1984*Thames Barrier to stop flooding in London officially completedRef: 2
1985*The first cans of New Coke rolled out of bottling and canning plants on this, the 99th anniversary of Coca-Cola. The 7.4 billion dollar company realized it had made an incredible goof when it discovered that Coke drinkers preferred ‘The Real Thing’, the original Coca-Cola.Ref: 4
1985*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1987*Gary Hart, dogged by questions about his personal life, withdrew from the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.Ref: 70
1988*François Mitterrand elected President of FranceRef: 2
1990*Cuyahoga County voters approve sin tax to build Cleveland GatewayRef: 2
1991*CIA Director William H. Webster announced his retirement; he was eventually succeeded by Robert Gates. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of American forces in the Persian Gulf War, received a hero's welcome as he addressed Congress. Concert pianist Rudolf Serkin died in Guilford, VT, at age 88.Ref: 5
1993*16 year old Keron Thomas disguises himself as a motorman & takes NYC subway train & 2,000 passengers on a 3 hour rideRef: 2
1994*José Maria Figueres becomes President of Costa Rica.Ref: 2
1994*President Clinton announces US will no longer repatriate boat people.Ref: 2
1994*Ernesto Pérez Balladares elected President of Panama.Ref: 2
1995*Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.Ref: 2
1996*South Africa took another step from apartheid to democracy by adopting a constitution that guaranteed equal rights for blacks and whites.Ref: 5
1996*Postal inspectors wrapped up a two-year sting operation in 36 states against the nation's biggest child pornography ring.Ref: 6
1999*The Citadel, South Carolina's formerly all-male military school, graduates its first female cadet, Nancy Ruth Mace.Ref: 70
2000*The San Francisco Board of Supervisors voted to ban discrimination based on weight or height.Ref: 6
2001*Pope John Paul II began the final leg of a historic pilgrimage as he arrives in the Mediterranean island nation of Malta. (XDG, p 4A, 5/08/2002)Ref: 83
2001*China protests the resumption of US surveillance flights off its coast and said it would refuse to let the US fly out a crippled Navy spy plane. (XDG, p 4A, 5/08/2002)Ref: 83
1541*Hernando de Soto discovers the Mississippi River which he calls Rio de Espiritu Santo.Ref: 2
1792*British Captain George Vancouver sights, names Mount Rainier WARef: 2
1840*Alexander S. Wolcott gets first photographic patent for method of taking photos with plates.Ref: 10
1847*Robert W. Thomson of England patented the rubber tire on this day.Ref: 4
1879*George Selden of Rochester, NY files for first patent for a gasoline-driven automobileRef: 2
1881*Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarchRef: 2
1886*Atlanta pharmacist (Jacob's Pharmacy) Dr John Styth Pemberton invents Coca Cola (contained cocaine)Ref: 2
1919*The first transatlantic flight by a navy seaplane takes-off.Ref: 2
1926*First flight over North Pole (Bennett & Byrd)Ref: 2
1944*The first eye bank is established in New York City.Ref:77
1961*First practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport TXRef: 2
1961*Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, WashingtonRef: 2
1962*First Atlas Centaur LaunchRef: 2
1979*Radio Shack releases TRSDOS 2.3Ref: 2
1989*US space shuttle STS-30 landsRef: 2
1429*French troops under Joan of Arc rescue OrléansRef: 2
1450*Jack Cade's Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VIRef: 2
1624 Hung king Bethlen Gábor & emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna.Ref: 5
1778*A treaty signed on February 6th making France an ally with America in the American Revolution reaches Virginia. 
1846*The first major battle of the Mexican War was fought at Palo Alto, TX, resulting in victory for General Zachary Taylor's forces.Ref: 5
1861*Richmond VA, is named the capital of the ConfederacyRef: 2
1862*General 'Stonewall' Jackson repulses the Federals at the Battle of McDowell, in the Shenendoah Valley.Ref: 2
1864*Union troops arrive at Spotsylvania Court House to find the Confederates waiting for them.Ref: 2
1864*James Samuel Wadsworth General-Major (Union), dies in battle at 56.Ref: 5
1864*Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway Bridge VA (Drewry's Bluff).Ref: 5
1864*Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton.Ref: 5
1864*Battle of Antietam VA (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill).Ref: 5
1904*US Marines land in Tangier, North Africa, to protect the Belgian legation.Ref: 2
1916*Cymrio, White Star liner, is torpedoed off Irish coast.Ref: 38
1916*German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes.Ref: 2
1925*French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in MoroccoRef: 2
1940*German commandos in Dutch uniforms cross the Dutch border to hold bridges for the advancing German army.Ref: 2
1941*German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian OceanRef: 2
1942*Submarine U-588 torpedoes Newfoundland-registered merchant ship Kitty's Brook off Cape Sable in the Atlantic Ocean. 9 die. 
1942*Japan suffers its first defeat of the war during the 2-day Battle of the Coral Sea off New Guinea - the first time in history that two opposing carrier forces fought only using aircraft without the opposing ships ever sighting each other.Ref: 37
1942*Submarine U-162 torpedoes and sinks Canadian merchant ship Mont Louis off British Guyana in the Caribbean.13 die. 
1942*Submarine U-125 torpedoes, shells, and sinks Canadian merchant ship Calgarolite near Grand Caymans in the Caribbean. 
1942*German summer offensive begins in the Crimea.Ref: 36
1943*Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"Ref: 2
1944*Rudolf Höss returns to Auschwitz, ordered by Himmler to oversee the extermination of Hungarian Jews.Ref: 35
1944*33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death.Ref: 5
1944*U-575 sinks Asphodel.Ref: 5
1945*Canadian troops move into AmsterdamRef: 2
1945*General Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov near Berlin.Ref: 2
1945*Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleetRef: 2
1945*President Harry S. Truman announced in a radio address that World War II had ended in Europe.Ref: 70
1952*Allied fighter-bombers stage the largest raid of the war on North Korea.Ref: 2
1970*Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC's Wall Street.Ref: 2
1972*U.S. institutes mining of Haiphong HarborRef: 62
1999 NATO missiles accidentally strike Chinese embassy in Belgrade; riots start against West in China.Ref: 10
1866*Australian Rules Football is createdRef: 2
1878*Providence (NL) Gray outfielder Paul Hines becomes the first player to execute an unassisted triple play (against Boston-NL) after making a shoestring catch in left center field and steping on third retiring both runners who had passed the base. The runners were out due to rules used at the time.Ref: 1
1897*22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼Ref: 2
1900*John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with CardinalsRef: 2
1901*In their long-delayed American League home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4Ref: 2
1906*In a game against Boston, A's pitcher Chief Bender hits two home runs after being asked by Philadelphia manager Connie Mack to replace an outfielder in the sixth inning.Ref: 1
1907*Boston's Big Jeff Pfeffer no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 6-0Ref: 2
1907*Tommy Burns beats Jack O'Brien in 20 for the heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 2
1909*Albert Raines runs world record marathon (2:46:04.6)Ref: 2
1915*41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4. The horse was the only filly to win the Run for the Roses in Louisville,Ref: 2
1919*Appingedam soccer team forms.Ref: 5
1920*46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09Ref: 2
1925*51st Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Coventry wins in 1:59Ref: 2
1926*A three-alarm blaze burns down Fenway's grandstand roof and left field bleachers (first time; 1/05/1934 also). The Red Sox, desperately in need of cash, use most of the insurance proceeds to pay for operations and leave a vacant lot where the bleachers once stood.Ref: 1
1929*Giant hurler Carl Hubbell becomes the first left-hander in 13 seasons to throw a no-hitter as he beats the Pirates, 11-0.Ref: 1
1935*Reds' catcher Ernie Lombardi hits four consecutive doubles in the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth innings off four different Phillie pitchers.Ref: 1
1936*Jockey Ralph Neves unexpectedly revived after being declared dead after a fall; His wife fainted when he returned to the trackRef: 2
1937*63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2Ref: 2
1940*In a 23-2 rout of Brooklyn, the Reds' Harry Craft hits for the cycle (a home run, a triple, a double and two singles) as Cincinnati pounds out 27 hits.Ref: 1
1942*First twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief FundRef: 2
1943*69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4Ref: 2
1946*Red Sox Johnny Pesky scores 6 runs in 1 gameRef: 2
1947*A movement among Card players to protest its first meeting with Jackie Robinson & the Dodgers is aborted by a talk from owner Sam BreadonRef: 2
1950*Ralph Kiner hits his second grand slam in three games. It is his eighth career bases full homer.Ref: 1
1954*First shot-put over 60' (18.29 meter)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles CARef: 2
1960*Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Peach Blossom Golf OpenRef: 2
1961*New York's National League club announces that the team would begin play at the Polo Grounds in 1962 and their nickname will be "Mets," a natural shortening of the corporate name ("New York Metropolitan Baseball Club, Inc.")Ref: 86
1965*College sophomore Randy Matson broke his own pending world record in the shot put by breaking the 70-foot barrier. Matson put that shot 70 feet, 7 inches at a meet in College Station, TX.Ref: 4
1966*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open.Ref: 2
1966*The St Louis Cardinals closed old Busch Stadium with a 10-5 loss to the San Francisco Giants.Ref: 86
1966*Oriole outfielder Frank Robinson hits the first ball ever completely out of Baltimore's Memorial Stadium. The 541-foot shot which lands on the other side of the over the left-field wall, comes off Indian hurler Luis Tiant.Ref: 1
1967*Boxer Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army.Ref: 2
1968*In front of only 6,298 Oakland fans, Jim Catfish Hunter hurls the first AL perfect game in forty-six years as the A's defeat the Twins, 4-0.Ref: 1
1970*NBA championship: Knicks beat Lakers, 113-99Ref: 2
1971*Joe Frazier beats Muhammad Ali at Madison Square GardenRef: 2
1971*Carlos Monzon KO's Nino Benvenuti in the 3rd round in Monte Carlo to retain the middleweight boxing title.Ref: 97
1973*Ernie Banks fills in for Cubs manager Whitey Lockman who is ejected during the game, thus technically becoming baseball's first black manager.Ref: 2
1973*Cardinal pitcher Bob Gibson sets a major league mark as he starts his 242nd straight game. St. Louis is defeated by the Giants, 9-7.Ref: 1
1977*Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf ClassicRef: 2
1978*Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Women's International Golf TournamentRef: 2
1980*Sabres take only 15 shots, Islanders 22, in a playoff gameRef: 2
1981*Fernando Valenzuela, the sensational crowd-pleasing pitcher of the Los Angeles Dodgers, won his fifth shutout of the young baseball season. Fernando went on to win eight games without a loss and posted an amazing ERA of just 0.50.Ref: 4
1981*Ron Davis pitches 10th consecutive strike out, 1 short of record.Ref: 2
1983*Janet Coles wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf TournamentRef: 2
1984*The first eight-hour major league game comes to an end when Harold Baines homers with one out in the 25th inning giving the White Sox a 7-6 victory over the Brewers. The game had started the night before but was suspended in the 17th because of a curfew.Ref: 1
1984*The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.Ref: 2
1984*Kirby Puckett joins the Minnesota Twins. He records four hits in his first game, played in California, helping Minnesota beat the Angels, 5-0.Ref: 1
1985*Larry Bird scored a career-high 43 points to lead the Boston Celtics to a 130-123 win over the Detroit Pistons.Ref: 4
1987*Jeff Fenech of Australia wins the WBC light-featherweight boxing title from Samart Payakarum of Thailand when the referee stops the fight in the 4th round in Sydney, Australia.Ref: 97
1988*Amateur referees work New Jersey Devil-Boston Bruin playoff games, as NHL referees walk-off, due to a restraining order brought by the DevilsRef: 2
1988*Mike Tyson crashes his $183,000 Bently on Varick St in NYCRef: 2
1988*Juli Inkster wins LPGA Crestar Golf ClassicRef: 2
1988*Amateur referees work New Jersey Devil-Boston Bruin playoff games, as NHL referees walk-off, due to a restraining order brought by the DevilsRef: 2
1992*Boxer Mike Tyson is found guilty of threatening a guard and disorderly conduct in prison, adding 15 days to his sentence.Ref: 98
1993 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Phil WareRef: 2
1993*Lennox Lewis beats Tony Tucker in 12 for heavyweight boxing titleRef: 2
1994*The Colorado Silver Bullets becomes the first women's team to play a men's professional team. The ladies are beaten by the Northern League's All-Stars, 19-0 with Leon Durham hitting two homers and Oil Can Boyd making the start for the All-Stars.Ref: 1
1994*Laura Davies wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf ClassicRef: 2
1996*New York Yankee Dwight Gooden wins his first American League game beating Tigers 10-3.Ref: 5
1998*Cardinal Mark McGwire reaches the 400th career HR mark. Big Red's historic milestone comes in 4,727 at-bats (127 less at-bats than Babe Ruth) which is the least plate appearances ever needed to reach the mark.Ref: 1
1823*Song "Home Sweet Home,"popular song by American John H. Paine first performed in London.Ref: 5
1862 America's first dog show held at Barnum's American Museum, New York City.Ref: 10
1877 First Westminster Dog Show heldRef: 2
1882*David Belasco's "La Belle Russe" premieres in NYC.Ref: 5
1895 America's first cat show at Madison Square Garden, N.Y.Ref: 10
1924 Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231" premieres.Ref: 5
1931*Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London.Ref: 5
1938 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington DC.Ref: 5
1941*Anita O’Day recorded Let Me Off Uptown on Okeh Records with Gene Krupa and his band.Ref: 4
1952 Mad Magazine debutsRef: 2
1952*"Of Thee I Sing" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances.Ref: 5
1952*"Shuffle Along" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 4 performances.Ref: 5
1956 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" opens at Royal Court Theatre, London.Ref: 10
1956*Mascot/model Alfred E. Neuman first appears in Mad Magazine.Ref: 10
1959 The final broadcast of One Man’s Family was heard on NBC radio after being on the air 27 years. The show had completed 3,256 episodes since its beginning back in 1932.Ref: 4
1961*Shore Patrol Revisited became one of the most memorable episodes of the CBS-TV series, Hennessey. The program marked the first time that Jackie Cooper and Mickey Rooney appeared together professionally since they had been teenagers -- some 25 years earlier.Ref: 4
1962*"A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 965 performancesRef: 2
1963 "Dr No" premieres in USRef: 2
1968*Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)Ref: 2
1970*The Beatles release "Let it Be" albumRef: 2
1971*"Earl of Ruston" closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC after 5 performances.Ref: 5
1976*"1600 Pennsylvania Avenue" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 7 performances.Ref: 5
1978*ABC TV airs "The Stars Salute Israel at 30"Ref: 2
1984*Fiction: Joanie (Erin Moran) and Chachi (Scott Baio) got married on Happy Days! The comedy series, starring Henry Winkler, Tom Bosley and Marion Ross (Ron Howard and Anson Williams had already left the show), was winding down in its final season on ABC-TV. In the same episode, Fonzie (brilliantly portrayed by Winkler), filed papers to adopt a son.Ref: 4
1985*20th Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama & Judds win.Ref: 5
1987*Fiction: Pam Ewing (Victoria Principal) character on Dallas, is killed offRef: 2
1988*"Oba Oba" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 46 performances.Ref: 5
1989*Paul McCartney releases "My Brave Face" & "Ferry Cross the Mersey"Ref: 2
1994*500th commentary by Andy Rooney on 60 MinutesRef: 2
1994*"Rise & Fall of Little Voice" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 9 performances.Ref: 5
1996*Julie Andrews declined her Tony Award nomination after her show, "Victor/Victoria," was snubbed for best musical.Ref: 6
1997*Tea Leoni & David Duchovny wed in Greenwich VillageRef: 5
1492 Andreas Alciatus [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato], Italian lawyer, is born.Ref: 5
1521*Peter Canisius [Pieter de Hondt/Kanijs], jesuit/saint, is born.Ref: 5
1527*Johann Walter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1592*Francis Quarles English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems), is born.Ref: 5
1629*Niels Juel Danish Admiral (Oland, Moen, Kjögebocht), is born.Ref: 5
1641 Nicolaas Witsen etcher/mayor (Amsterdam), is born.Ref: 5
1668*Alain Rene Lesage, French writer (The Adventures of Gil Blas, Turcaret), is born.Ref: 2
1673*Johann Valentin Eckelt composer, is born.Ref: 5
1703*Gottlob Harrer composer, is born.Ref: 5
1737*Edward Gibbon England, historian (Decline & Fall of Roman Empire), is born.Ref: 5
1742*-Johann Baptist Krumpholtz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1745*Carl Philipp Stamitz composer, is born.Ref: 5
1750*Elias Mann composer, is born.Ref: 5
1753*Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of Mexican independence, is born.Ref: 2
1763 John Goldberg Dutch patriot/statesman, is born.Ref: 5
1778*Johann Gansbacher composer, is born.Ref: 5
1786*Thomas Hancock, founded British rubber industry, is born.Ref: 5
1803*Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova composer, is born.Ref: 5
1806*Jan Bedrich Kittl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1810*James Cooper, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863, is born.Ref: 5
1814 Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin anarchist, is born.Ref: 5
1824*William Walker filibuster/President of Nicaragua (1856-57), is born.Ref: 5
1828*Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss philanthropist, founder of the Red Cross and YMCA, first recipient (jointly) of the Nobel Peace Prize, is born.Ref: 2
1829*Louis Moreau Gottschalk first internationally recognized US pianist, is born.Ref: 5
1833*Frank Wheaton Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1903, is born.Ref: 5
1836*Bryan Morel Thomas Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Francis W Warre-Cornish English vice-provost of Eton/writer, is born.Ref: 5
1842*Emil C Hansen Danish physiologist, is born.Ref: 5
1843*Belle Boyd spy (Confederate)/actress/lecturer, is born.Ref: 68
1844*Hermann Gradener composer, is born.Ref: 5
1846*Oscar Hammerstein I, Berlin, Germany, producer/playwright (Kohinoor), is born.Ref: 68
1853*Charles Lee Williams composer, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Frits [Frederik H] Tartaud Dutch actor/husband of Alida Klein, is born.Ref: 5
1858*John Meade Falkner novelist (Moonfleet), is born.Ref: 5
1869*James Rowland Angell, American psychologist and president of Yale UniversityRef: 70
1871*[Émile M] Louis Madelin French historian (French revolutionary), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Philips C Visser Dutch explorer/diplomat, is born.Ref: 5
1884*The 33rd president of the United States (1945-1953), Harry S. Truman, is born near Lamar, Missouri.Ref: 68
1885*Thomas Costain, Canadian-born American historical novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1886*Jef van Hoof composer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Chet "Red" Hoff pitcher (NY Yankees 1911-15), lived to 103+, is born.Ref: 2
1892*Ezio Pinza Rome Italy, bass singer (South Pacific, RCA Victor Show), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Francis Desales Ouimet stockbroker; philanthropist; golfer, won US Open (1913), credited with establishing the popularity of golf in US; is born in MA.Ref: 4
1895*Fulton J Sheen El Paso IL, bishop, TV clergyman (Life is Worth Living), is born.Ref: 2
1895*Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore), is born.Ref: 5
1895*José Gómez [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter, is born.Ref: 5
1899*Jan F van Hall Dutch sculptor/resistance fighterRef: 5
1899*Friedrich August von Hayek, Austrian-born English economist; awarded Nobel Prize in 1974, is born in Vienna.Ref: 70
1902*Andre Michel Lwoff physiologist, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Fernandel [Fernand Joseph Desire Contandin] French actor (Paris Holiday), is born.Ref: 5
1904*John Derrick Mordaunt Snagge BBC news announcer/commentator, is born.Ref: 5
1905*Inglis Gundry composer, is born.Ref: 5
1906*David Van Vactor Plymouth IN, composer (Chaconne), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Roberto Rossellini Rome Italy, director (Open City), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Arturo De Cordova [Rodriguez], Merida México, actor (Medal for Benny), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Mary Lou Williams US jazz pianist/composer (Zodiac Suite), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Ronald Russell actor/manager (We are Angels, Little Dorrit), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Robert Johnson blues singer (King of the Delta Blues Singer), is born.Ref: 5
1911 Wilhelm F de Gaay Fortman Dutch lawyer/foreign minister, is born.Ref: 5
1912*George Woodcock author, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Gertrud Fussenegger [Dorn] Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Sidney James [Cohen] Johannesburg, actor (Carry On), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Lord Murton of Lindisfrarne, deputy chairman (Comm House of Lords), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Romain Gary, French novelist, war hero and diplomat, is born.Ref: 70
1915*John Archer Osceola NE, actor (Destination Moon), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Gordon Scarrott engineer, is born.Ref: 5
1919*Lex Barker (Alexander Crichlow Barker Jr.) actor: A Place Called Glory, La Dolce Vita, Apaches Last Battle, Away All Boats, Executioner of Venice; is born.Ref: 4
1919*Sultan Ismail Hajibeyov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1920 Maurice Cranston political scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Sloan Wilson, Norwalk CT, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannel Suit), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Graham Leonard bishop of London, is born.Ref: 5
1921*Saul Bass designer, is born.Ref: 5
1922 Brian Kellett CEO (Port of London Authority), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Friedrich Döppe writer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Tristan Jones sailor, is born.Ref: 5
1925*Ali Hassan Mwinyi President of Tanzania (1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Lord Jauncey of Tullichettle lord of appeal in ordinary, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Don Rickles Queens NY, comedian (Don Rickles Show, CPO Sharkey), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Erico Menczer, Fiume Italy, cinematographer (Chosen, Miranda), is born.Ref: 5
1926 Ronald Waterhouse high court judge, is born.Ref: 5
1926*Sir David [Frederick] Attenborough London England, environmentalist/zoologist/TV host (BBC), is born.Ref: 5
1927 Ian Denholm CEO (Murray Investment Trust), is born.Ref: 5
1927 Philip Wilkinson deputy chairman (National Westminster Bank), is born.Ref: 5
1928*William Jay Sydeman composer, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Theodore C. (Ted) Sorensen Special Counsel to U.S. President John F. Kennedy; author: Kennedy; Leaders of Our Time, The Kennedy Legacy, Why I Am a Democrat, Watchmen in the night : Presidential accountability after Watergate, is born.Ref: 4
1929 V N M Korte-van Hemel Dutch Secretary of Justice (CDA), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Doug Atkins Humbolt TN, NFL hall of famer (Browns, Bears, Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Gary Snyder [Japhy Ryder] beat poet (Rip Rap & Cold Mountain Poems), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Heather Harper soprano, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Charles M Wilson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1932*(date uncertain) (Charles) Sonny Liston International Boxing Hall of Famer, World Heavyweight Boxing Champion [1962, 1963]; International Boxing Hall of Famer; 54 bouts: won 50 [39 Kos], lost 4; is born in St Francis AR.Ref: 4
1933*Alistair Service writer/publisher, is born.Ref: 5
1934 Leonard Hoffmann high court judge, is born.Ref: 5
1934 Roger Kendrick governor (Dartmoor Prison), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Jack Charlton soccer manager (Republic of Ireland), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Salome Jens Milwaukee WI, actress (From Here to Eternity), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Viscount Falkland British peer (Liberal-Democrat), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Sir David Attenborough, environmentalist, is born.Ref: 62
1936*James Darren actor (Time Tunnel), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Neville Purvis British Vice Admiral (Chief of Fleet Support), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Mike (Miguel Angel Santana) Cuellar baseball: pitcher: Cincinnati Reds, SL Cardinals, Houston Astros [all-star: 1967], Baltimore Orioles [Cy Young Award Winner: 1969/all-star: 1970, 1971, 1974/World Series: 1969, 1970, 1971], California Angels, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Daniël Robberechts Belgian writer (Labia Majora), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Dennis DeConcini (Senator-D-AZ, 1977- ), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Michael Simmons Air Marshal (British Ministry of Defense), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Thomas Pynchon novelist (V), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Pierre Lucien Claverie bishop of Oran, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Otis Paul Drayton Glen Cove NY, 4x100 meter runner (Olympics-gold-1964), is born.Ref: 2
1939*Clay Puett invented a device that is still a common sight at thoroughbred race tracks around the world. The electric starting gate was used for the first time to start races at Hollywood Park in Inglewood, CA. The push of a button from a judges’ stand at trackside automatically opened the gates. It was set on wheels so that it could be pulled off the race course quickly. A bell sounds... and “They’re off!”Ref: 4
1940 James Blyth CEO (Boots), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Peter Benchley New York NY, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Rick [Eric Hilliard] Nelson Teaneck NJ, rock star (Hello Mary Lou, It's Late, Garden Party), is born.Ref: 5
1941*James A Traficant Jr (Representative-D-OH, 1985- ), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Jim Mitchum Bridgeport CT, actor (Blackout, Invincible 6), is born.Ref: 5
1941*John Fred rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jockey Hall-of-Famer Angel Cordero Junior is born.Ref: 68
1942*Euclid "Motorhead" Sherwood rocker (Mothers Of Invention), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Norman Lamont MP/Chancellor of Exchequer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Ruth Holland journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Paul Samwell-Smith London England, rocker (The Yardbirds-For Your Love), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Toni Tennille (of The Captain and Tennille), Montgomery AL, female Beachboy (Captain & Tennille), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Gary Glitter [Paul Gadd] Banbury Oxfordshire England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II), is born.Ref: 5
1945 Arthur Docters van Leeuwen jurist (Holland's secret service), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Keith Jarrett jazz musician/film composer (Nachtfahrer), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Felicity Lott English soprano (We come to the river), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Phil Sawyer rocker (Spencer Davis Group), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Rick Zehringer Celina OH, rocker (McCoys), is born.Ref: 5
1948 John Reid MP, is born.Ref: 5
1948*Maurizio Nichetti actor (Icicle Thief, Volcano), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Bob Christiansen football: UCLA, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Mark Blankfield Pasadena TX, comedian (Fridays, Good & Evil), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Chris Frantz Fort Campbell KY, rock drummer (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Deborah Harmon actress (Ted Knight Show, MASH, Just the 10 of Us), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Philip Bailey rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Shining Star, Easy Lover), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Beth Henley, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright (Crimes of the Heart).Ref: 2
1952*Charles J Camarda New York NY, PhD/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1954*David Keith, Knoxville TN, actor (Back Roads, Firestarter), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Pat Meyers LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1955*Rock musician Alex Van Halen (brother of Eddie) is born in Nijmegen Netherlands.Ref: 68
1955*Stephen Furst Norfolk VA, actor (Animal House, Elliot-St Elsewhere), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Gary Wilmot British? entertainer, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Jeff Madrigali Walnut Creek CA, soling yachter (Olympics-bronze-96), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Deana Deardruff US, 4 X 100 meter swimmer (Olympics-gold-1972), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Jeff Wincott Toronto Ontario Canada, actor (Night Heat), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Ronnie (Ronald Mandel) Lott Albuquerque NM, NFL defensive back (San Fransisco 49er), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Terry Baker CFL kicker (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Clemens Lothaller Austria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13 backup), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Cheryl Richardson Palo Alto CA, actress (Jennie-General Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Eric Brittingham rocker (Cinderella-Heartbreak Station), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Melissa Gilbert [Boxleitner/Brinkman] Los Angeles CA, actress (Little House on the Prairie), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Peter Gill rocker (Frankie Goes to Hollywood-Relax) [or Mar/Jan 8], is born.Ref: 5
1966*Eddie Brown CFL slot back (Edmonton Eskimos), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Franklin Langham Augusta GA, Nike golfer (1993 Permian Basin Open), is born.Ref: 5
1968*John Johnson NFL linebacker (New Orleans Saints), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Omar Camporese Italy, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1969*Brad Culpepper NFL defensive tackle (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Duane Forde CFL fullback (Calgary Stampeders), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Swift Burch CFL defensive end (Montréal Alouettes), is born.Ref: 5
1969 Akebono (Chadwick Haheo Rowan) is born.Ref: 10
1970*Christine Stark Winnipeg Manitoba, volleyballer (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Marco Heering soccer player (Go Ahead Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Carlos Brooks NFL cornerback (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Chris Wolf actor/musician (Guys Next Door), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Stephen Ingram NFL tackle/guard (Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Chris Sanders NFL wide receiver (Tennessee/Houston Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Keelin Curnuck Miss New York USA (1996)/Ms Venus Swimwear (1994), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Wolf Wigo Abington PA, water polo driver (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Calvin Branch cornerback (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Colin Daynes Windsor Ontario, 68 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Korey Stringer NFL tackle (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Oleg Tverdovsky Donetsk Ukr, NHL defenseman (Winnipeg Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Cindy Parlow Memphis TN, soccer forward (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Sandra Kleinova Prague Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1995 Futures-Turku-Finland), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Jayna Cronin Geneva NY, dance skater (& Dreger-1997 National-13th)Ref: 5
535*John [Mercurius] Italian Pope (533-35), diesRef: 2
685*Benedict II Italian Pope (683-85), dies.Ref: 5
1319*Haakon V King of Norway (1299-1319), diesRef: 2
1577*Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus lawyer/President (Raad van State), dies.Ref: 5
1655*Edward Winslow, English founder of Plymouth Colony, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1684*Henri Dumont composer, dies.Ref: 5
1725*John Lovewell US Indian fighter, dies in battle.Ref: 5
1773*Ali Bey Egyptian Mameluk head, dies.Ref: 5
1784*Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)Ref: 2
1785*Pietro Longhi painter, dies.Ref: 5
1794*Antoine Lavoisier, 50, the father of modern chemistry who defined the role of oxygen and named it, is executed on the guillotine during France's Reign of Terror.Ref: 70
1809*Augustin Pajou, French sculptor and decorator, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1818*Franz Ignaz Kaa composer, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1829*Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani composer, dies at 47.Ref: 5
1842*Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 dieRef: 2
1844*Charles XIV Johan [Jean B Bernadotte] King of Sweden/Norway, diesRef: 2
1846*Giacomo Cordella composer, dies at 59.Ref: 5
1853*Joannes P Roothaan first Dutch Lieutenant Colonel-General of Jesuits, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1861*Láseló Teleki Hungarian earl/revolutionary, commits suicide.Ref: 5
1867*LaVerne Andrews singer: contralto, group: The Andrews Sisters, dies.Ref: 4
1873*John Stuart Mill, British philosopher, leader of the utilitarian movement: editor: Westminster Review; philosopher: System of Logic, Principles of Political Economy, Utilitarianism, On Liberty, The Subjection of Women; dies at age 66.Ref: 2
1876 Truganini last originating Tasmanian, dies.Ref: 5
1880*Gustave Flaubert, French novelist and author of "Madame Bovary", dies.Ref: 4
1885*Pavel Krizkovsky composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1887*Alexander Ulyanov brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar.Ref: 5
1889*Gustave Flaubert, French novelist, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1891 Helena Petrovina Blavatsky Russian theosophist, dies.Ref: 5
1894*Klara Fey German orchestra leaser (Die Kleinen Betrachtungen), dies at 79.Ref: 5
1900*Galveston TX, hit by hurricane; about 6,000 dieRef: 2
1900 250 grave robbers shot to death.Ref: 5
1902*Mount Pelée erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000Ref: 2
1903*(Eugene Henri) Paul Gauguin artist: The Yellow Christ, Where Do We Come From? Where Are We? Where Are We Going?; dies at age 54.Ref: 68
1904*Eadweard Muybridge English photographer (horse trot), dies.Ref: 5
1908*Ludovic Halévy, Paris France, French dramatist, dies.Ref: 17
1909 Friedrich von Holstein German diplomat, dies.Ref: 5
1910*Jean Henri Dunant author; philanthropist: founder of Red Cross Society; dies.Ref: 4
1915*Henry McNeal Turner 1st US black army chaplain, dies at 82Ref: 2
1924*Lev N Lunts Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23.Ref: 5
1930*Lvar Henning Mankell composer, dies at 61.Ref: 5
1932*Albert Thomas French socialist politician.Ref: 5
1936*Oswald Spengler German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies.Ref: 5
1941*Heinrich Zollner composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1947*Harry Gordon Selfridge, British businessman, dies in London England.Ref: 68
1948*Alfred Holy composer, dies at 81.Ref: 5
1950*Franklin Dyall dies at 76.Ref: 5
1952*William Fox Tulchva Hungary, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon), dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1957*Johannes C B "Jan" Sluyters Dutch painter, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1958*Nasni Matni Lebanese journalist, murdered.Ref: 5
1958*Norman Bel Geddes, actor, dies. (TWA, 1959)Ref: 95
1959*3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship; 200 drown just yards from shoreRef: 2
1959*Renato Caccioppoli Italian mathematician/pianist, suicide at 55.Ref: 5
1960*Hugo Alfven Swedish composer (Midsommarvaka), dies at 88.Ref: 5
1961*James Fairfax actor (Gale Storm Show), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1967*Laverne Andrews singer (Andrews Sisters), dies at 51Ref: 68
1967*Elmer Rice Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright: Street Scene [prize for drama: 1929]; dies at age 74.Ref: 4
1967*Barbara Payton actress (Dallas, Trapped, Bad Blonde), dies at 39.Ref: 5
1971*Godfrey Malvern, English-born prime minister of Southern Rhodesia (1933-53), dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1973*Ralph Miller, the last nineteenth century ballplayer, dies in Cincinnati at 100 years of age.Ref: 1
1973*66 John Stuart Mill 5/20/1806 5/8/1873 English philosopherRef: 70
1974*Graham Bond rocker, dies jumping under a train.Ref: 5
1975*Avery Brundage CEO (International Olympic Committee, 1952-72), dies at 87.Ref: 5
1976*Ulrike Meinhof lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies.Ref: 5
1976*Alan Baxter dies at 67.Ref: 5
1979*Talcott Parsons US sociologist, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1981*Uri Zvi Greenberg, Hebrew and Yiddish poet, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1981*Daniel Gillès Belgian writer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1981*Margaret Lindsay actress (G Men, Lady Killer, Jezebel), dies from emphysema at 40.Ref: 5
1982*Gilles Villeneuve Canadian auto racer, dies in an accident.Ref: 5
1985*Dolph Sweet actor (Gimme a Break, Gil McGowan-Another World), dies of cancer at 64.Ref: 5
1985*Edmond O'Brien actor (Sam Benedict), dies at 69 of Alzheimer's disease.Ref: 68
1985*Karl Marx German composer/conductor, dies at 87.Ref: 5
1988*Nappy (Hilton Napoleon) Lamare (musician: guitar: group: Bob Cats; solo: Nickel in the Slot) dies.Ref: 4
1988*Robert A Heinlein sci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80.Ref: 2
1990*Tomas O'Fiach [Tomas Seamus Fee], Irish cardinal-archbishop, dies.Ref: 5
1991*Rudolf Serkin, Austrian-born American pianist and teacher, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1991*Jean Langlais composer, dies at 84.Ref: 5
1991*Lloyd Ford stuntman, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1991*Ronnie Brody British actor (Superman 3, What's Up Nurse), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1992 Addeke H Boerma director-general (FAO), dies at 80.Ref: 5
1992*Brian Moore writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59.Ref: 5
1992*Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink author (Fear on Java), dies.Ref: 5
1992*Richard Derr actor (When Worlds Collide), dies at 74 of cancer.Ref: 5
1993*Kees Deenik singer/conductor, dies.Ref: 5
1993 Alwin Nicolais dies.Ref: 10
1994*George Peppard actor (Breakfast at Tiffanys, A-Team), dies at 65Ref: 2
1994 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar peace activist, dies at 88.Ref: 5
1994*Rupert Haselden journalist/screenwriter, dies at 36.Ref: 5
1994*Steven Keats actor (Death Wish), dies of apparent suicide at 48.Ref: 5
1995*Carroll Best bluegrass banjo, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1995 Jerry Zipkin socialite, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1995*Prem Bhatia journalist, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1995*Teresa Teng singer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1996*Jane Cowan cello teacher, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1996*Luis Miguel Domiguin bullfighter, dies at 69.Ref: 5
1996*Serge Chermayeff architect/designer, dies at 95.Ref: 5
1997*Kai-Uwe Von Hassel German President of Bundestag (CDU 1969-72), diesRef: 5
1999*Dana Plato actress: Diff’rent Strokes, Return to Boggy Creek, Beyond the Bermuda Triangle; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Dirk Bogarde (Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde) actor: The Damned, Death in Venice, The Vision, A Bridge Too Far, Night Flight from Moscow; dies.Ref: 4
2000*The remains of Cardinal John O'Connor were entombed inside NY's St. Patrick's Cathedral after a funeral Mass that drew thousands of mourners, including President Clinton. (TWA, 2001)Ref: 95
2001*A 5.4 earthquake kills 1 in El Salvador.Ref: 85

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen