Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
May 13th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
535*St Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
609*Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon into Catholic church.Ref: 5
641*Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon.Ref: 5
1106*Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Netherlands-Lutherans.Ref: 5
1364 Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven.Ref: 5
1497*Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola.Ref: 5
1559*Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel.Ref: 5
1607*Some one hundred English colonists settle along the west bank of the James River in Virginia to found Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America. Ref 
1648*Margaret Jones of Plymouth is found guilty of witchcraft and is sentenced to be hanged.Ref: 2
1652*Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki.Ref: 5
1665*A statute was enacted in Rhode Island, offering freemanship with no specifically Christian requirements, thus effectively enfranchising Jews.Ref: 5
1774*General Thomas Gage arrives in Boston to take command of British forces quartered there. 
1777*University library at Vienna opens.Ref: 5
1787*Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships from Portsmouth with 548 British male and 188 female convicts bound for Botony Bay, Australia.Ref: 5
1828*US passes Tariff of Abominations.Ref: 5
1830*Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president.Ref: 5
1835*The 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii is established.Ref: 5
1871*Pope gets possession of Vatican under Italy's ‘Law of Guarantees.'Ref: 10
1874*Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Greek-Ruthenian rite".Ref: 5
1876*Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens.Ref: 5
1884*Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is founded.Ref: 5
1886*The Xenia (OH) Opera House is used as a morgue for 28 bodies of people killed in the previous day's flood.Ref: 54
1888*Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery.Ref: 5
1890*Lord Salisbury offers Germany Helgoland in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria.Ref: 5
1906*Susan B. Anthony dies at her home in Rochester. Ten thousand mourners come to her funeral.Ref: 87
1906*Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem.Ref: 5
1909 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1912*Royal Flying Corps, later to become the Royal Air Force established in England.Ref: 5
1916*First observance of Indian (Native American) Day.Ref: 5
1917*Near Fatima, Portugal, three shepherd children reported that Mary, the mother of Jesus, had appeared to them. Since 1930, this appearance has come to be known as Our Lady of Fatima.Ref: 5
1918*The first US airmail stamps, featuring a picture of an airplane, were introduced. (On some of the stamps, the airplane was printed upside-down, making them collector's items.)Ref: 4
1918*Orville Wright pilots for the last time in a 1911 Wright Flyer.Ref: 46
1925*In Tallahassee, Florida, the State legislature passed a bill requiring daily Bible readings in all public schools.Ref: 5
1926*German Government of Luther falls.Ref: 5
1926*(Sweet) After four hours of deliberations, the jury returns with its verdict of "Not Guilty."Ref: 87
1927*"Black Friday" signals the total collapse of the German economic systemRef: 5
1931*Paul Doumer elected President of France.Ref: 5
1934*Great dustbowl storm.Ref: 5
1936*Quiroga Government takes office in Spain.Ref: 5
1939*The German ship St. Louis carrying 930 Jewish refugees from Hamburg in Nazi Germany to Cuba. All refugee passengers had legitimate landing certificates for Cuba. Only 27 were permitted entry. Ref 
1946*Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam.Ref: 5
1947*Senate approved the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions.Ref: 5
1949*First British-produced jet bomber, Canberra, makes its 1st test flight.Ref: 5
1950*Diner's Club issues its first credit cards.Ref: 5
1952*Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India.Ref: 5
1954*US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.Ref: 5
1954*Labour Party wins British municipal elections.Ref: 5
1954*President Eisenhower signed into law the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Act.Ref: 6
1958 Jordan & Iraq form the Arab Federation.Ref: 5
1958*French troops take control of Algiers.Ref: 2
1958*French settlers riot against French army in Algeria.Ref: 5
1958*Pierre Pflimlin forms French Government.Ref: 5
1958*Vice President Richard Nixon's limousine was battered by rocks thrown by anti-U.S. demonstrators in Caracas, Venezuela.Ref: 70
1965 Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel.Ref: 5
1966*Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.Ref: 5
1968*1,000,000 French demonstrate against De Gaulle & Pompidou.Ref: 5
1975*Hail stones as large as tennis balls hit Wernerville TN.Ref: 5
1976*The Xenia (Ohio) City Commission meeting is televised for the first time. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1979*Shah & family sentenced to death in Teheran.Ref: 5
1981*In St. Peter's Square, Rome, Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca, 23, shot and seriously wounded Pope John Paul II in an assassination attempt. Following a long convalescence, however, John Paul resumed his world travels.Ref: 5
1982*Braniff Airlines files for bankruptcy.Ref: 5
1982*Terri Lea Utley, (20), from Arkansas, crowned 31st Miss USA.Ref: 5
1984*Johan Cruyffs last competitive match.Ref: 5
1989 Approximately 2,000 students begin a hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China.Ref: 5
1991*South African black activist Winnie Mandela and two co-defendants were convicted of abducting four young black men and keeping them at her Soweto home. (After an appeal, Mrs. Mandela was ordered to pay a fine.)Ref: 5
1991*President Bush announces a $600M loan package to help rebuild riot-scarred Los Angeles. (XDG, 5/13/2001, p. 4A)Ref: 83
1995*6.5 earthquake hits Greece.Ref: 5
1996*(OJ Simpson) OJ Simpson appears on British TV discussing his not guilty verdictRef: 5
1996*The Supreme Court unanimously struck down Rhode Island's ban on ads that list or refer to liquor prices, saying the law violated free-speech rights.Ref: 6
1999*Impeachment hearings begins in DumaRef: 89
2003*USA Today reports on page 1B that "[US] $20 bills get new colors to make counterfeiting tougher".Ref: 13
2003*USA Today reports on page 1B that "the IRS is poised to begin using private debt collectors to snag some of the $76B in taxes going uncollected".Ref: 13
1624*Admiral Hermites fleet blockade Lima Peru.Ref: 5
1637*Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife.Ref: 5
1821*Samuel Rust of NY City patents the first practical printing press built in the USRef: 4
1873*Ludwig M. Wolf of Avon, CT patented the sewing machine lampholder.Ref: 4
1913*First 4 engine aircraft built & flown (Igor Sikorsky-Russia).Ref: 5
1942*Helicopter makes its first cross-country flight.Ref: 5
1949*The first gas turbine to pump natural gas was installed in Wilmar, AR.Ref: 4
1960*First launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed.Ref: 5
1982*Soviet cosmonauts Berezovoi and Lebedev depart Baikonur Cosmodrome to begin 211 days in space, most of them aboard Salyut-7 space statioRef: 5
1991*Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0.Ref: 5
1991*A trio of astronauts from the space shuttle Endeavour capture a wayward satellite during the first ever three-person space walk. (XDG, 5/13/2001, p. 4A)Ref: 83
1992*3 astronauts simultaneous walked in space for the first timeRef: 5
1110*Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath.Ref: 5
1568*Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside.Ref: 5
1643*Battle at Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists.Ref: 5
1654 Venetian fleet under Admiral Adeler beats Turkish.Ref: 5
1779 The Treaty of Teschen ends War of Bavarian Succession. Austria loses Bavaria.Ref: 2
1781*British General William Phillips died at Petersburg; Benedict Arnold regained command. 
1846*Congress approves a declaration of war against Mexico, formally marking the beginning of the Mexican War and two months after fighting begins.Ref: 3
1861*Britain declares its neutrality in the American Civil War.Ref: 2
1863*The first all-black regiment, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was mustered into service in the Union Army with Colonel Robert Shaw as its commanding officer. 
1864*The Battle of Resaca commences as Union General Sherman fights towards Atlanta.Ref: 2
1864*Junius Daniel Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at 35.Ref: 5
1865*South Brownsville TX (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed.Ref: 5
1940*Dutch Queen Wilhelmina flees to England.Ref: 5
1940*British bomb factory at Breda.Ref: 5
1940*German breakthrough at Grebbelinie.Ref: 5
1940*In his first speech as prime minister of Britain, Winston Churchill told the House of Commons, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."Ref: 70
1941*Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Party Chancellery in Germany.Ref: 5
1941*Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins.Ref: 5
1943*German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.Ref: 35
1943*German occupiers confiscate all radios.Ref: 5
1944*Allied forces in Italy break through the German Gustav Line into the Liri Valley.Ref: 2
1945*US troops conquer Dakeshi OkinawaRef: 5
1968*Peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam begin in Paris.Ref: 2
1854 The first big American billiards match was held at Malcolm Hall in Syracuse, NY. Joseph White and George Smith participated in the event for a $200 prize. White pocketed the award as winner of the match.Ref: 4
1887*15th Preakness: William Donohue aboard Dunboyne wins in 2:39½.Ref: 5
1890*18th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75.Ref: 5
1891*17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52¼.Ref: 5
1905*James J Jeffries retires as the heavyweight boxing champion.Ref: 5
1911*37th Kentucky Derby: George Archibald aboard Meridian wins in 2:05.Ref: 5
1911*The New York Giants set a major-league baseball mark. Ten runners crossed home plate before the first out of the game (against St. Louis) was recorded.Ref: 4
1911*New York Giant Fred Merkle is first to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st).Ref: 5
1916*42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04.Ref: 5
1922*48th Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson aboard Morvich wins in 2:04.6.Ref: 5
1927*VVOG soccer team forms in Harderwijk.Ref: 5
1929*At Cleveland's League Park, the Indians beat the Yankees, 4-3.It is the first game in major league history in which players from both teams are the first to wear numbers on the back of their jerseys.Ref: 1
1933*59th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02.Ref: 5
1939*65th Preakness: George Seabo aboard Challedon wins in 1:59.8.Ref: 5
1942*Braves' pitcher Jim Tobin, enroute to a 6-5 victory over the Cubs, becomes the first hurler to hit three HRs in one game. The only out he makes is a fly ball which is caught against the right field fence.Ref: 1
1944*70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2.Ref: 5
1952*In a Class D Appalachian League game, Bristol (Virginia) pitcher Ron Necciai strikes out twenty-seven batters as he no-hits Welch (West Virginia) . The catcher missed a third strike allowing one batter reach base to ruin the perfect-perfect bid.Ref: 1
1953*NY Giants Willie Mays & Darryl Spencer each hit 2 homeruns & a triple.Ref: 5
1954*Robin Roberts gives up a homerun then retires the next 27 men in a row.Ref: 5
1955*Mickey Mantle hits 3 consecutive homeruns of at least 463'.Ref: 5
1958*As a pinch-hitter, Stan Musial collects his 3000th hit off Moe Drabowsky as the Cardinals beat the Cubs, 5-3. He is the 8th member of the 3000 hit club.Ref: 1
1960*Phillies lose 3rd consecutive 1-0 game.Ref: 5
1962*Mickey Wright wins LPGA Western Golf Open.Ref: 5
1967*Mickey Mantle joined six other baseball legends as he hit home run number 500 -- in Yankee Stadium. He connected off of the ‘Junk Man’, Stu Miller.Ref: 4
1967*Octagonal boxing ring is tested to avoid corner injuries.Ref: 5
1972*Milwaukee Brewers beat Minnesota Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings (started 5/12).Ref: 5
1973*Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open.Ref: 5
1973*Tennis star Bobby Riggs defeated Margaret Court in a televised tennis match that was seen worldwide. The outrageous tennis hustler, however, didn’t fare so well against women’s tennis champion, Billy Jean King, in a much-hyped match at the Houston Astrodome. He lost, but helped bring women’s tennis to the forefront as a competitive sport with a growing legion of fans.Ref: 4
1975*Stanley Cup; Philadelphia Flyers beat New York Islanders 4-3.Ref: 5
1976*For the sixth consecutive game, Royals' third baseman George Brett collects at least three hits in each contest.Ref: 1
1976*9th & final ABA championship: NY Nets beat Denver Nuggets, 4 games to 2.Ref: 5
1978*Joey Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels.Ref: 5
1978*Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 meter steeplechase (8:05.4).Ref: 5
1979*Sandra Post wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1980*Cincinnati Red Ray Knight hits 2 homeruns in 5th inning vs NY Mets.Ref: 5
1982*The Chicago Cubs became the first major-league baseball team to win 8,000 games. The Cubs beat the Houston Astros 5-0. Win number 8,000 came after playing 15,337 games in over 107 years.Ref: 4
1983*Reggie Jackson is first major leaguer to strike out 2,000 times.Ref: 5
1984*Amy Alcott wins LPGA United Virginia Bank Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1985*Carlton Fisk becomes the 5th catcher to steal 100 bases.Ref: 5
1985*Tony Perez became the oldest major-league baseball player to hit a grand slam home run. Perez hit the grand slam for the Cincinnati Reds -- helping the Reds to a 7-3 win over the Houston Astros. Perez was just a month shy of his 43rd birthday when he connected for the big dinger.Ref: 4
1985*Trailing 8-0, the Yankees rally to beat the Twins 9-8 thanks to Don Mattingly's ninth inning two-out three-run HR.Ref: 1
1989*Minnesota Twin Kirby Puckett becomes the 35th to hit 4 doubles in a game.Ref: 5
1989*Trinidad & Tobago ties US 1-1, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup.Ref: 5
1990*Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Crestar Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1991*Yankee Stadium fans sing "Like a Virgin" to Jose Canseco.Ref: 5
1992*Concrete foundation for ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) is poured.Ref: 5
1993*One day before his 40th birthday, George Brett hits his 300th career HR joining Hank Aaron, Stan Musial, Carl Yastrzemski, Willie Mays and Al Kaline as the only players with 300 HRs and 3000 hits. The Royal's third baseman HR ball is picked up by a fan on a veterans' hospital outing who happens to be blind.Ref: 1
1993*6th annual business person run held in Wall Street.Ref: 5
1994*Angels' flycatcher Tim Salmon ties an American League record with his 13th consecutive hit.Ref: 1
1994*Indians, begin a 18 home game win streak at Jacobs Field.Ref: 5
1995 New Zealand beats US for the America's Cup.Ref: 5
1997*Eddie Murray is 6th baseball player to play in 3,000 gamesRef: 5
2000*A day after failing to hustle, turning a likely double into a single, a disgruntled Rickey Henderson is let go by the Mets. The 41-year old stolen base leader is batting .219 with no homers and two RBIs at the time of his release.Ref: 1
2000*Diamondback pitcher Todd Stottlemyre wins the 136th game of his career making the Stottlemyres the first father and son to combine for 300 wins. The Diamondback pitcher plans to give game ball to dad, Mel, who began chemotherapy early this season for bone marrow cancer.Ref: 1
2001*In a game in which every Padre regular reaches base, thanks to nine walks and a hit batter, San Diego is no-hit by A.J. Burnett. The Marlin rookie was obtained from the Mets among others in exchange for Al Leiter.Ref: 1
2001*Still angry with umpire Mike Winters' ninth inning check-swing call of the night before, Devil Rays' manager Hal McRae gets thrown out before the first pitch of the game as he steps out of the dugout to pick up his lost cause.Ref: 1
2001*Alex Rodriguez becomes fifth-youngest (25 years, 289 days) player to hit his 200th career homer. Mel Ott accomplish the feat in 1934 at the youngest age (25 years, 144days) followed by Eddie Mathews (25 years, 243 days), Jimmie Foxx (25 years,267 days) and Mickey Mantle (25 years, 280 days).Ref: 1
2002*Thirty-eight home runs shy of the exclusive 500 mark, one-time 'Bash Brother' Jose Canseco, 37, retires due to injuries sustained in recent years. The former American League MVP, who was cut by the Expos during spring training, had his best years in Oakland as a teammate of Mark McGwire.Ref: 1
1767*Mozart's opera "Apollo et Hyacinthus" premieres in Salzburg.Ref: 5
1820*The opera "Die Jäearsbraut" is completed.Ref: 5
1877 César Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres.Ref: 5
1888*Ernest L. Thayer’s Casey at the Bat is recited by actor DeWolf Hopper during the second act of the musical comedy, Prince Methusalem, at Wallack’s Theatre in NY City. The recitation began a long association between Hopper and the famous poem. The actor once commented that he had recited the poem some 15,000 times.Ref: 4
1917 Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo" premieres.Ref: 5
1923*Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours).Ref: 5
1924*Actress Marlene Dietrich and Rudolf Sieber were married. The marriage lasted for more than 50 years.Ref: 4
1932*Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich marries Nina Varsar.Ref: 5
1938*Louis Armstrong and his orchestra recorded the New Orleans jazz standard, When the Saints Go Marching In, on Decca Records.Ref: 4
1941*Willy Lewis' US jazz band performs in Switzerland.Ref: 5
1954*"Pajama Game" opens at St James Theater NYC for 1063 performances.Ref: 5
1956*Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens.Ref: 5
1959*Kraft Music Hall with Milton Berle, last airs on NBC-TV.Ref: 5
1965*Rolling Stones record "Satisfaction".Ref: 5
1966*Rolling Stones release "Paint it Black".Ref: 5
1970*Beatles movie "Let it Be" premieres.Ref: 5
1971*Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident.Ref: 5
1971*Aretha Franklin, the ‘Queen of Soul’, received a gold record for her version of Bridge over Troubled Water, originally a Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel tune.Ref: 4
1973*"Cyrano" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 49 performances.Ref: 5
1975*"Rodgers & Hart" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 108 performances.Ref: 5
1978*"Angel" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 5 performances.Ref: 5
1978*Musical "Runaways" with Elizabeth Swados premieres at Plymouth Theater NYC for 199 performances.Ref: 5
1979*"The Utter Glory of Morrissey Hall" opens & closes at Mark Hellinger NYC.Ref: 5
1984*The Fantasticks, playing at the Sullivan Theatre in Greenwich Village in New York City, became the longest-running musical in theatre history with performance number 10,000 on this night. The Fantasticks opened on May 3, 1960.Ref: 4
1984*"Oliver!" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 17 performances.Ref: 5
1985*‘The Boss’, Bruce Springsteen, married actress/model Julianne Phillips in ceremonies in Lake Oswego, OR. The couple went their separate ways in 1989. Springsteen’s hit, I’m on Fire, was in the top ten when the couple tied the wedding knot. Springsteen remarried in June of 1991, this time to a member of his E Street Band, Patti Scialfa. Despite his popularity, Springsteen has never had a number one song. His closest to the top of the pop music charts was a four-week stay at number two with Dancing in the Dark (June/July, 1984). Springsteen has had 11 hits in the top ten.Ref: 4
1985*Laura Elena Martinez-Herring, 21, (Texas), crowned 34th Miss USA.Ref: 5
1990*"Change in the Heir" closes at Edison Theater NYC after 16 performances.Ref: 5
1991*"Michael Jackson: The Magic & the Madness" goes on sale.Ref: 5
1992*Final episode of "Night Court" airs on NBC-TVRef: 5
1992 Frank Stallone beats Geraldo Rivera in boxing on Howard Stern Show.Ref: 5
1993*Arsenio Hall's 1,000th show retrospective seen in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1993*CBS' Knots Landing ends 14 year run with 334th show in Netherlands.Ref: 5
1995*Chelsi Smith, 21, of USA, crowned 44th Miss Universe; Shanna Lynn Moakler, (19-New York), replaces Chelsi Smith as Miss USA.Ref: 5
1314*Sergius of Radonesh Russian saint, is born.Ref: 5
1592*John Cloppenburg vicar/theologist, is born.Ref: 5
1655*Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti] Italy, 244th Roman Catholic Pope (1721-24), is born.Ref: 5
1717*Maria Theresa Empress of Austria (Wife of emperor Franz I), is born.Ref: 5
1729*Henry William Stiegel, early American glassmaker, is born.Ref: 2
1730*Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd marquis of Rockingham (Whig) British PM (1765-66, 1782), is born.Ref: 5
1735*Horace Coignet composer, is born.Ref: 5
1737*William Lansdowne, English statesman; viceroy of Canada (1883-88), viceroy of India (1888-94) secretary of state for war (1895-1900) and foreign secretary (1900-06), is born.Ref: 70
1746*Oliver Brownson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1756*Wojciech Zywny composer, is born.Ref: 5
1761*Adrian Loosjes Pzn publisher/writer (Mauritius Lijnslager), is born.Ref: 5
1769*Joâo VI King of Portugal (1816-26), is born.Ref: 5
1776*Charles Ots composer, is born.Ref: 5
1776*Rodrigo Ferreira da Costa composer, is born.Ref: 5
1792*Pius IX "Pio Nono" [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), is born.Ref: 5
1795*Joshua Ratoon Sands Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883, is born.Ref: 5
1828 Josephine Elizabeth Butler social reformer, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Zebulon Baird Vance Governor (Confederacy), died in 1894, is born.Ref: 5
1831 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller Dutch minister of Colonies, is born.Ref: 5
1839*Birth of William P. Mackey, a Scottish physician who later in life became a Presbyterian pastor. Mackey wrote several hymns during his life, including "Revive Us Again."Ref: 5
1840*Alphonse Daudet French writer (Tartarin of Tarascon), is born.Ref: 5
1842*Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan, London England, composer (Gilbert & Sullivan), is born.Ref: 5
1843 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer Belgian politician, is born.Ref: 5
1847*Johannes Haarklou composer, is born.Ref: 5
1854*Louis H Chrispijn Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra), is born.Ref: 5
1854*Paul Klengel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1856*Peter Henry Emerson first to promote photography as an independent art, is born.Ref: 5
1857*Sir Ronald Ross, England, pathologist (Nobel 1902), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Eugust Enna composer, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Ottokar Eugen Novacek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1867*Sir Frank Brangwyn Wales, painter/muralist/cartoonist (Willam Morris), is born.Ref: 5
1868*Paolo Gallico composer, is born.Ref: 5
1874*Henry Clough-Leiter composer, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Raoul Laparra composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Ilona Durigo Hungarian singer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Georges F Braque, French cubist painter (The Bike), is born.Ref: 5
1883*Henk JFM Sneevliet leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Joseph Achron Latvia/US violinist/composer (Golem suite), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Fritz Rasp Bayreuth Germany, actor (Diary of a Lost Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1896*Charles F Pahud de Mortanges, Dutch equestrian (Olympics-gold-1928, 32)Ref: 5
1900*Jos Panhuysen author (Pornographer), is born.Ref: 5
1903*Alfred Pugsley civil engineer, is born.Ref: 5
1903*Paul Page Birmingham AL, actor (Girl From Havana, Moth), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Alfred Earle Birney poet, is born.Ref: 5
1906*Thomas Mitchell architect/engineer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Austin Whitaker schoolmaster classical scholar/archivist, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Daphne du Maurier English writer (Rebecca, Parasites), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Laurence Kirwan archaeologist, is born.Ref: 5
1908 Michael Richardson commandant (Home for Disabled Sailors), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Maxine Sullivan [Marietta Williams], US singer/actress (Going Places), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Robert Middleton (Samuel Messer) (actor: Harrad Experiment, The Law and Jake Wade, Court Jester, Desperate Hours, Career) is born in Cincinnati OH.Ref: 4
1912*Gil Evans, jazz pianist and composer, is born.Ref: 2
1912*Helen Craig San Antonio TX, actress (Snake Pit, They Live by Night), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Sanjiva Reddy President (India), is born.Ref: 5
1913*William R Tolbert President of Liberia (1971-80), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Joe Louis ("The Brown Bomber"), heavyweight boxing champion (1937-49), is born in Lexington AL.Ref: 97
1914*Johnny ‘Johnnie’ Wright country singer: duo: Johnnie and Jack: Poison Love, Crying Heart Blues; solo: Hello Vietnam; married to singer Kitty Wells since 1937, is born.Ref: 4
1915*John Habakkuk principal (Jesus College in Oxford), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Paul Osmond British senior civil servant, is born.Ref: 5
1917 Wilhelmus C Wijen [Broeder Pius] social worker (Curaçao), is born.Ref: 5
1918*John Johnston British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Ratu Kasmisere Mara PM of Fiji (1960-70, 70- )/President (1994- ), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Syd[ney G] Vincent British mine workers leader, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Bea (Beatrice) Arthur (Bernice Frankel) (actress: The Golden Girls, Maude, Mame)Ref: 4
1926*Beatrice Arthur [Frankel] NY NY, actress (Maude, Dorothy-Golden Girls), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Herbert Ross director: True Colors, My Blue Heaven, Steel Magnolias, Dancers, Footloose, Pennies from Heaven, California Suite, The Turning Point, The Goodbye Girl, The Sunshine Boys, Funny Lady, The Owl and the Pussycat; actor, director: Play It Again, Sam, Goodbye, Mr. Chips; is born.Ref: 4
1927*Clive Barnes New York Times drama critic (New York Times, New York Post), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Mike Gravel (Senator-R-AK), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Jim Jones reverend, poisoned over 900 in Guyana (Jonestown Massacre), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Eileen Diss theatrical designer (August, Secret Places, Betrayal), is born.Ref: 5
1931 Sydney Lipworth CEO (Monopolies & Mergers Commission), is born.Ref: 5
1931*William Utting chief inspector (British Social Services), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Johnny (John Junior) Roseboro baseball: catcher: Brooklyn Dodgers, LA Dodgers [all-star: 1958, 1961, 1962/World Series: 1959, 1963, 1965, 1966], Minnesota Twins [all-star: 1969], Washington Senators, is born.Ref: 4
1933*Alden Ashforth composer, is born.Ref: 5
1933*Sid Morrison (Representative-R-WA, 1981- ), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Stig Gustav Schonberg composer, is born.Ref: 5
1934*Adolf Muschg writer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Nigel Butterley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Yizhak Sadai composer, is born.Ref: 5
1935*Luciano Benetton, Italian fashion designer, is born.Ref: 68
1936*Alan Rayfield governor (Long Latin Prison), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Rafael Campos Santiago Dominican Republic, actor (Tonka), is born.Ref: 5
1937*John Cope MP/Paymaster General, is born.Ref: 5
1937*Judith Somogi New York NY, conductor (Frankfurt Opera-1982), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Roger [Joseph] Zelazny sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Zohra Lampert New York NY, actress (Doctor's Hospital), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Buck Taylor Hollywood CA, actor (Monroes, Gunsmoke), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Anthony Hide racehorse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Harvey Keitel Brooklyn NY, actor (Taxi Driver, Pulp Fiction, Reservoir Dogs), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Terry Dill Forth Worth TX, PGA golfer (1992 Bank One Senior Classic), is born.Ref: 5
1939*William W Cobey Jr (Representative-R-NC, 1985-87), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Bruce Chatwin England, writer (On the Black Hill), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Richard Brooks singer (Impressions), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Singer Ritchie Valens (Richard Steven Valenzuela) is born. (Died in the "American Pie")Ref: 24
1941*Senta Berger actress: The Victors, See How They Run, The Quiller Memorandum, If It’s Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Imca Marina [Bijl], singer (Viva España, Bella Italia, Oh Brazil), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Joe Brown singer/guitarist, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jim Douglas jazz guitarist, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Vladimir A Dzhanibekov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Featherweight boxing champion Vicente Saldivar is born in Mexico City, Mexico.Ref: 97
1943*Mary Wells Detroit MI, singer (My Guy), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Betsy Finley Ashton broadcast journalist/author/lecturer, is born.Ref: 5
1944*Carolyn Franklin US singer/songwriter (Baby Baby Baby, Angel), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw British explorer/genealogist, is born.Ref: 5
1945*Magic Dick [Richard secondalwitz], harmonicaist (J Geils Band-Centerfold), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Mike Chernoff hockey: NHL: Minnesota North StarsRef: 4
1946*Tim Pigott-Smith actor (Sweet William, Jewel in Crown), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Danny Klein (musician: bass: group: The J. Geils Band: Give It to Me, Must Have Got Lost, One Last Kiss, Freeze-Frame, Centerfold, Angel in Blue, Land of a 1000 Dances), is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1947*Overend Pete Watts rock bassist (Mott the Hoople-All the Young Dudes), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Stephen R Donaldson US, sci-fi author (Lord Foul's Bane), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Franklin Ajaye Brooklyn NY, comedian/actor (Jazz Singer, Car Wash), is born.Ref: 5
1949*John Glover conductor, is born.Ref: 5
1949*Zoe Wanamaker actress (Raggedy Rawney), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Stevie Wonder [Steveland Morris] Saginaw MI, singer/songwriter (I Just Called To Say I Love You, Superstition, You are The Sunshine of My Life, My Cherie Amour), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bobby Valentine baseball: Texas Rangers, Atlanta Braves managerRef: 4
1950*Danny Kirwan rocker (Fleetwood Mac), is born.Ref: 5
1950*John "Jocko" Marcellino rocker/actor (Tagget, Hot to Trot, Rain Man), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Peter Gabriel London England, rocker (Sledgehammer, Shock the Monkey, Solsbury Hill, Genesis-The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Paul Thompson musician: drums: group: Roxy Music: Virginia Plain, Pyjamarama, Do the Strand, Editions of You, In Every Dream a Heartache, Street Life, All I Want is You, Out of the Blue, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Selina Scott TV newscaster (West 57th), is born.Ref: 5
1952*John R Kasich (Representative-R-OH, 1983- ), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Manfred Langer Austrian/Dutch disco builder, is born.Ref: 5
1956*Aleksandr Yuriyevich Kaleri Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-14), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Darius Rucker lead vocalist (Hootie & the Blowfish-Let Her Cry), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Claudie André-Deshays France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-24), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Eloise Broady Houston TX, playmate (April 1988), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Frances Barber Wolverhampton England, actress (Castaway), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Robert Earnshaw racehorse trainer, is born.Ref: 5
1960*Richard M "Dick" van de Toorn actor (Pastorale), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Shannon Vessup-Millen Los Angeles CA, WPVA volleyballer (National-9th-1991), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Dennis Rodman ‘The Worm’: basketball: Chicago Bulls; actor: Double Team, S.O.F. Special Ops Force, Simon Sez, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Julian Brookhouse rocker (Curiosity Killed Cat-Keep Your Distance), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Wally Masur England, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Lorraine McIntosh singer: group: Deacon Blue: Dignity, Real Gone Kid, Raintown, Twist And Shout, Your Town, Love And Regret, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Jose Rijo pitcher (New York Yankees, Cincinnati Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Sam Randolph Santa Barbara CA, Nike golfer (1993 New England-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Sara Gomer England, tennis star, is born.Ref: 5
1965*Chris Washburn NBAer, is born.Ref: 5
1968*Annette DeLuca North Bergen NJ, LPGA golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1968*James Harris NFL defensive end (Minnesota Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Lyle Mouton Lafayette LA, outfielder (Chicago White Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Doug Evans NFL defensive back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Giuseppe Busillo hockey forward (Team Italy 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Mark Beaufait Royal Oak MI, US hockey forward (Olympics-1994), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Mitch Lyons NFL tight end (Atlanta Falcons, Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Selwyn Jones NFL defensive back (Seahawks, Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Hamish Pepper Auckland New Zealand, laser single handed yachter (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Michael Sirotka Chicago IL, pitcher (Chicago White Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Rob Fredrickson NFL linebacker (Oakland Raiders), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Tom Nalen NFL center (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Darryl Sydor Edmonton, NHL defenseman (Dallas Stars), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Josh Heinrich NFL/WLAF defensive end (Lions, Barcelona Dragons), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Brooke Jennifer Gambrell Boise ID, Miss America-Idaho (1996), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Michelle Mouser Miss USA-Ohio (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Albert Connell wide receiver (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Lisa Jacob 800 meter freestyle relay (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Chris Crawford NBA forward (Atlanta Hawks), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Diane Halber Torrance CA, figure skater (1996 National Collegiate champion), is born.Ref: 5
1977*Sara DeCosta ice hockey goalie (USA, Olympics-98)Ref: 5
384*Servatius/Aravatius bishop of Tongeren, dies at 65+.Ref: 5
1381 John of Chatillon Governor/Viceroy of Holland, dies.Ref: 5
1390*Robert II the Steward King of Scotland (1371-90), dies.Ref: 5
1619*Johan van Oldenbarnevelt lands advocate, beheaded.Ref: 5
1643*Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population.Ref: 5
1732*Theodor Schwartzkopff composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1776*Anton de Haen medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1787*Johann Michael Malzat composer, dies at 38.Ref: 5
1793*Martin Gerbert composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1812*Johann Matthias Sperger composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1831 Christian G Körner German lawyer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1832*Georges Cuvier French zoologist (La Règne Animal), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1835*John Nash British town planner/architect (Regent's Park), dies.Ref: 5
1839 Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov found Ashkenazic community (1815), dies.Ref: 5
1839*Joseph Fesch French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator, dies.Ref: 5
1873*Kaspar Masek composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1878*Joseph Henry, American scientist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1882*Jules-Nicolas Crevaux French explorer, murdered at 35.Ref: 5
1882*Toba-Indians killed 20 members of French expedition.Ref: 5
1884*Cyrus H. McCormick inventor: mechanical reaper; dies.Ref: 4
1885*Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire), dies.Ref: 5
1892*Jean Alexander Ferdinand Poise composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1896*Nora Perry writer, dies.Ref: 5
1904 Jan Boissevain ship owner/politician, dies.Ref: 5
1916*Sholom Aleichem (Solomon Rabinowitz) author, humorist: The Old Country, Tevye’s Daughters, Inside Kasrilevke, The Great Fair : Scenes from My Childhood; dies.Ref: 4
1925*Boris V Savinkov Russian writer/terrorist, dies.Ref: 5
1930*Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock TX; this is the only known US fatality due to hail.Ref: 5
1930*Fridtjof Nansen diplomat (Nobel 1922), dies.Ref: 5
1930*Helena Lange German feminist, dies.Ref: 5
1931*Josif Marinkovic composer, dies at 79.Ref: 5
1933*Severe thunderstorms, possibly a tornado, hits east Xenia OH. One person is killed, 30 others are injured, 50 homes are destroyed. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1933*Paul Ernst writer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1942*Hyam Greenbaum composer, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1946*US convicts 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death.Ref: 5
1951*Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips author (Issue Beukennoot), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1956*Aleksandr A Fadejev Russian author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54.Ref: 5
1960 Prince Aly Khan killed 1960Ref: 10
1961*Gary (Frank James) Cooper, 2 time Academy award winning actor (High Noon), dies at 60Ref: 5
1962*Dr H Trendley Dean, introduced fluoridation into water, dies.Ref: 5
1962*Frank Jenks actor (Colonel Flack), dies of cancer at 60.Ref: 5
1962*Franz Jozef Kline US expressionist painter, dies at 51.Ref: 5
1966*Henk [Hendrik M] of Randwijk poet/editor in chief (illegal), dies.Ref: 5
1967*Frank McGrath actor (Wagon Train), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1971*Valerian Mikhaylovich Bogdanov-Berezovsky composer, dies 67.Ref: 5
1972*115 die in nightclub atop 7-story Sennichi department store (Osaka Japan).Ref: 5
1972*Dan Blocker actor: Bonanza, Cimarron City, Come Blow Your Horn, Lady in Cement, Cockeyed Cowboys of Calico County; dies following surgery at age 41.Ref: 68
1975*Bob Wills, fiddler, composer, bandleader: Light Crust Doughboys, Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys: San Antonio Rose; inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame [Early Influence category: Mar 15, 1999]; dies at age 69.Ref: 4
1979*Nelly Aenders actress (In Pyama), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1981*Carl Weinrich composer, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1982*Irmgard Keun West German writer (Blühende Neurosen), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1982*Kara Abulfazogli Karayev composer, dies at 64.Ref: 5
1982*Renzo Rossellini Italian composer, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1985*A confrontation between Philadelphia authorities and the radical group MOVE ended as police dropped an explosive onto the group's headquarters; eleven people died in the resulting fire and 61 row houses are destroyed. (TWA, 1986)Ref: 95
1985*Leatrice Joy silent screen star, dies in Riverdale (Bronx) New York NY at 91.Ref: 5
1985*Selma Diamond actress/comedienne (Selma-Night Court), dies of cancer at 64.Ref: 68
1986*11 members of a high school class lost in snowstorm on Mount Hood. 2 walk to safety. Of the 9 found in a snow cave 2 days later only 2 were aliveRef: 62
1988*Chet Baker jazz trumpeter, falls to death out of a hotel window at 59.Ref: 5
1990*Venedikt Jerofejev Russian writer, dies.Ref: 5
1991*Jimmy McPartland jazz cornetist, dies of cancer at 83.Ref: 5
1992*Floyd Arceneaux trumpeter, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1992*Gisela Elsner writer, dies at 55.Ref: 5
1993*Methane gas explosion in Secunda coal mine South-Africa, kills 50Ref: 5
1993*Borolas [Joaquin Garcia] Mexican comedian (Santa Sangre), dies of heart attack at 71.Ref: 5
1993*Evert "Eef" Dolman Dutch cyclist (Olympics-gold-1964), dies at 47.Ref: 5
1994*Arthur Basil Cotle medievalist, dies at 77.Ref: 5
1994*Duncan Hamilton driver, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1994*Ruth Gillette actress (Wild Gold), dies of cancer at 88.Ref: 5
1996*Recovery workers in the Florida Everglades retrieved the flight data recorder from ValuJet Flight 592. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1996*A tornado killed more than 600 people in Bangladesh.Ref: 6
1996 John "Jack" Baines mountaineering publisher, dies at 57Ref: 5
1999*Gene Sarazen World Golf Hall of Famer: champ: Masters [1935], U.S. Open [1922, 1932], British Open [1932]; PGA [1922, 1923, 1933]; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Pulitzer Prize-winning editor and columnist Meg Greenfield died in Washington at age 68.Ref: 70
2000*Paul Bartel writer, director, actor: Eating Raoul; writer, director: Not for Publication, Cannonball; director, actor: Scenes from the Class Struggle in Beverly Hills; director: The Longshot, Lust in the Dust, The Secret Cinema, Death Race 2000, Private Parts; actor: The Usual Suspects, The Jerky Boys, Number One Fan, Gremlins 2: The New Batch, Rock ’n’ Roll High School, Hollywood Boulevard; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Jason Miller Pulitzer Prize and Tony Award-winning playwright: That Championship Season [1973]; actor: Mommy, Murdered Innocence, Small Kill, Light of Day, Toy Soldiers, Monsignor, The Exorcist series, The Ninth Configuration; dies.Ref: 4
2003*Noel Redding musician: bass: Noel Redding Band; group: The Jimi Hendrix Experience: Hey Joe, Purple Haze, The Wind Cries Mary, Burning of the Midnight Lamp, All Along the Watchtower; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen