Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
May 18th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1152*Henry II marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.Ref: 10
1385 Peace of Doornik: Gent & Louis van Thoughts.Ref: 5
1544*Henry VIII orders the burning of books with news of the success of the Scottish army. 
1596 Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya.Ref: 5
1619 Hugo the Great sentenced to life in prison.Ref: 5
1631*The General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony decrees that 'no man shall be admitted to the body politic but such as are members of some of the churches within the limits' of the colony. (Separation of church and state was an unthinkable concept in early American colonialism.)Ref: 5
1631*First election in colonial America;John Winthrrop elected Governor of Massachusetts.Ref: 10
1642*The Canadian city of Montreal was founded.Ref: 5
1643*Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, is granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king's will.Ref: 2
1652*A law is passed in Rhode Island banning slavery in the colonies but it causes little stir and seems unlikely to be enforced.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Mary Easty is released from prison. Following protest by her accusers, she is again arrested. Roger Toothaker is also arrested on charges of witchcraft.Ref: 87
1766*The Church of the United Brethren in Christ was organized in Lancaster, PA, under the leadership of Martin Boehm, 41, and Philip William Otterbein, 39. (It became a branch of the Evangelical United Brethren in 1946.).Ref: 5
1769*Most of Virginia's burgesses and many others throughout the colony sign the nonimportation association. 
1798*The first Secretary of the US Navy was appointed. He was Benjamin Stoddert.Ref: 4
1804*The French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.Ref: 5
1814*In Philadelphia, the General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States of America for Foreign Missions was established -- the first national organization of Baptists in the US It was later called the Triennial Convention because it met every three years.Ref: 5
1843*United Free Church of Scotland forms.Ref: 5
1852*Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school.Ref: 5
1860*Abraham Lincoln of Springfield, IL was nominated for the US Presidency by Republican party leaders at a meeting in Chicago.Ref: 4
1866*French Government of De Putte resigns.Ref: 5
1896*The Supreme Court endorsed "separate but equal" racial segregation with its "Plessy versus Ferguson" decision, a ruling that was overturned 58 years later.Ref: 5
1899 World Goodwill Day-26 nations meet in first Hague Peace Conference.Ref: 5
1899*"The Yellow Springs Review", a newspaper in Yellow Springs [Greene County] OH, is sold to another newspaper, "The Yellow Springs News". (XDG, p 9A, 10/29/2003)Ref: 83
1900*Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.Ref: 5
1904*Brigand Raizuli kidnaps American Ion H. Perdicaris in Morocco.Ref: 2
1911*President/dictator José Porfirio Diaz of México term ends.Ref: 5
1912 Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies.Ref: 5
1917*Russian Foreign Minister Miliukov and Russian War Minister Guchkov are both forced to resign.Ref: 90
1918 Netherlands Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia.Ref: 5
1922*Dutch 2nd Chamber agrees to 48 hour work week (was 45 hours).Ref: 5
1925*Popular evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson, 34, disappeared while on a beach outing. Turning up five weeks later, she claimed to have been kidnapped and held prisoner, before escaping from her abductors.Ref: 5
1926*Popular evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson, 34, vanished in Venice CA; She showed up five weeks later, she claimed to have been kidnapped and held prisoner, before escaping from her abductors.Ref: 5
1927*Ritz Hotel opens in Boston.Ref: 5
1927*"Slide Lake" in Gros Ventre WY collapses.Ref: 5
1933*The Tennessee Valley Act (TVA) Act signed by FDR, to build dams.Ref: 5
1934*TWA begins commercial service.Ref: 5
1934*Congress approves "Lindbergh Act", makes kidnapping a capital offense.Ref: 5
1941*Segre and Seaborg determine that the slow cross section of Pu-239 is 170% of that of U-235, proving it to be an even better prospective nuclear explosive.Ref: 91
1941*Jewish veterans honor their dead.Ref: 5
1942*Breit quits, leaving the neutron physics effort without eadership. Compton asks Oppenheimer to take over in his place.Ref: 91
1942*The New York Times reports on an inside page that Nazis have machine-gunned over 100,000 Jews in the Baltic states, 100,000 in Poland and twice as many in western Russia.Ref: 35
1944*Independence of Iceland proclaimed.Ref: 10
1949*Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporates.Ref: 5
1950*Kuntz's Potato Chips (Company) is organized in Xenia OH.Ref: 83
1951*US General Collins predicts use of atom bomb in Korea.Ref: 5
1951*The United Nations moves out of its temporary headquarters in Lake Success, NY, for its permanent home in Manhattan.Ref: 70
1954 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect.Ref: 5
1955*28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya NM (state record).Ref: 5
1964*Supreme Court rules unconstitutional to deprive naturalized citizens of citizenship if they return to home country for more than 3 years.Ref: 5
1967*Silver hits record $1.60 an ounce in London.Ref: 5
1967*Tennessee Governor Ellington repeals "Monkey Law", upheld in 1925 Scopes Trial.Ref: 5
1971*President Nixon rejects the 60 demands of Congressional Black Caucus.Ref: 5
1971 Bulgarian constitution goes into effect.Ref: 5
1973*Russian party leader Brezhnev visits West Germany.Ref: 5
1974*India becomes sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb.Ref: 2
1977*Menachem Begin becomes Israel's Prime Minister.Ref: 5
1978*Italy legalizes abortion.Ref: 5
1978*Russian dissident Yuri Orlov exiled to compulsory work.Ref: 5
1980*Belgium 3rd Government of Martens forms.Ref: 5
1980*Fernando Belaunde Terry elected President of Peru.Ref: 5
1982*Unification Church founder Reverend Sun Myung Moon convicted of tax evasion.Ref: 5
1983*Senate revises immigration laws, gives millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program.Ref: 5
1985*Patricia Kimbrell, the first woman admitted to the ranks of the United States Jaycees, was installed as president of the Dallas chapter of that civic organization.Ref: 4
1990 East and West Germany sign a monetary union treaty.Ref: 5
1991*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1992*Supreme Court rules states could not force mentally unstable criminal defendants to take anti-psychotic drugs.Ref: 5
1993*Italian police arrest Mafia boss Benedetto "Nitto" Santapaola.Ref: 5
1993 Danish people vote in favor of ratifying the Maastricht Treaty.Ref: 5
1994*Tropical Butterfly Garden at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opensRef: 5
1994 Israel's three decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip ended as Israeli troops completed their withdrawal and Palestinian authorities took over.Ref: 70
1996*President Clinton, seeking to deflect Republican criticism that he was weak on welfare reform, endorsed Wisconsin's welfare-to-work plan in his Saturday radio address. "Louis Quatorze" won the Preakness.Ref: 6
1997*President Clinton announces the creation of a research center at the National Institutes of Health devoted to developing an AIDS vaccine within the next decade. (XDG, p 4A, 5/18/2002)Ref: 83
1998*The federal government filed a sweeping antitrust case against Microsoft Corp.Ref: 70
2000*Sante Kimes and Kenneth Kimes, mother-and-son grifters, were convicted in NY of murdering Irene Silverman in a plot to steal her elegant townhouse mansion. (The body of the 82-year-old millionaire widow has never been found.)Ref: 6
1830*Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, the lawn mower.Ref: 5
1851 Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked.Ref: 5
1910*Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet causes near-panic.Ref: 5
1914 The Mariner was the first steamboat with cargo to pass through the Panama Canal.Ref: 4
1931*Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashes his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He is picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.Ref: 2
1952 Professor WF Libby said Stonehedge dates back to 1848 BC.Ref: 5
1953*Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, CA.Ref: 70
1953*The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, Jacqueline Cochran, piloted an F-86 Sabrejet over CA at an average speed of 652.337 miles-per-hour.Ref: 4
1969*Apollo 10 launches toward lunar orbit with Eugene Stafford, Thomas Cernan and John Young.Ref: 5
1973*Florida Governor Rueben Askew signed a Florida statute requiring that Cape Kennedy be renamed Cape Canaveral. The name John F. Kennedy Space Center, NASA was not changed.Ref: 4
1980*China People's Republic launch first intercontinental rocket.Ref: 5
1991*Helen Sharman became the first Briton to rocket into space as she flew aboard a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft with two cosmonauts on an eight-day mission. "Hansel" won the 116th running of the Preakness Stakes.Ref: 6
1291*Acre, the last territory in Palestine taken by the first Crusaders, fell to invading Moslem armies, killing or enslaving 60000 Christians. It signalled the end of a Christian "military presence" in the Near East. (Afterwards, friars sought to spread the gospel by preaching instead.).Ref: 5
1302 Trades people assault on French garrison (Brugse Metten).Ref: 5
1703 Dutch & English troops occupy Cologne.Ref: 5
1792 Russian troops invade Poland.Ref: 2
1794 2nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria).Ref: 5
1803*Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland.Ref: 5
1828 Battle of Las Piedras, ends conflict between Uruguay & Brazil.Ref: 5
1846*US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros.Ref: 5
1861*Battle of Sewall's Point VA-1st Federal offense against South.Ref: 5
1863*Siege of Vicksburg MS.Ref: 5
1864*Battle of Yellow Bayou LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks).Ref: 5
1864*The fighting at Spotsylvania in Virginia, reaches its peak at the Bloody Angle.Ref: 2
1916*US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft.Ref: 5
1917*The U.S. Congress passes the Selective Service act, calling up soldiers to fight World War I.Ref: 2
1940*German troops conquer Brussels.Ref: 5
1940*Italian army under General Aosta surrenders to Britain in Ethiopia.Ref: 5
1940*The Swedish Council on Foreign Relations of the Swedish Cabinet rules against the transit of arms for Germany. 
1941*Italian army under General Aosta surrenders to Britain in Ethiopia.Ref: 5
1943*Allied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea.Ref: 5
1944*The Allies finally capture Monte Cassino in Italy.Ref: 2
1944*Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino Italy.Ref: 5
1944*Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans.Ref: 5
1948 Arab Legion captures fort on Mount Scopus.Ref: 5
1948 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel.Ref: 5
1969*Two battalions of the 101st Airborne Division assault Hill 937 but cannot reach the top because of muddy conditions. Hamburger Hill revisited.Ref: 2
1986 South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & ZambiaRef: 5
1880*6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37½.Ref: 5
1897*New York Giant William Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game.Ref: 5
1912*Since baseball great Ty Cobb had been suspended from playing the game, Hugh Jennings, manager of the Detroit Tigers, gave way to Cobb's teammates who said they wouldn't play unless Cobb was allowed to suit up and play, too. So, with the Tigers off the field for the day, Jennings hired the baseball team from nearby St. Joseph's College to play in place of the Tigers! It was not, to say the least, a good day for the Tigers. St. Joseph's pitcher, Aloysius Travers, was pounded by the Philadelphia Athletics 24-2. Travers gave up all 24 runs -- a single-game record.Ref: 4
1920*46th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6.Ref: 5
1929*In the first game of a twin bill, the Dodgers rout the Phillies, 16-0. Johnny Frederick scores five times giving the Brooklyn center fielder a major league record of tallying eight runs in two games.Ref: 1
1929*55th Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee on Clyde Van Dusen wins in 2:10.8.Ref: 5
1931*Dodger Babe Herman hits for the cycle for the first of three times which will become a major league record.Ref: 1
1931*Race jockey Eddie Arcaro rode his first race -- at Bainbridge, OH. He finished sixth. Later, Arcaro would become a racing legend, finishing first in over 4,100 races, including four Kentucky Derby wins.Ref: 4
1933*First major league All-Star Game announced for July 6 at Comiskey Park. It will be played as part of the Chicago World's Fair.Ref: 5
1934*Jimmie Foxx hits first homerun in Comiskey Park center field bleachers.Ref: 5
1942*New York ends night baseball games for the rest of World War II.Ref: 2
1945*Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain.Ref: 5
1947*A's catcher Warren Rosar catches his 147th game without an error.Ref: 5
1947*Brooklyn Dodger Jackie Robinson makes his Chicago debut before largest single-game paid attendance in Wrigley Field history (46,572), but Dodgers beat Cubs 4-2.Ref: 86
1950*Tommy Glaviano makes 3 consecutive errors on grounders.Ref: 5
1954*Former heavyweight boxing titleholder Max Schmeling came back to the US after 15 years. He returned to referee a boxing match in Milwaukee, WI.Ref: 4
1956*Mickey Mantle hits homerun from both sides of plate for record 3rd time.Ref: 5
1957*83rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold Ruler wins in 1:56.2.Ref: 5
1958*Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open.Ref: 5
1961*Ryne Duren, Los Angeles Angels, strikes out 4 batters in the 7th inning. (Sporting News Complete Baseball Record Book, 2002, ISBN 0-89204-668-0) 
1963*89th Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Candy Spots wins in 1:56.2.Ref: 5
1965*Former flyweight boxing champion Masahijo 'Fighting' Harada outpoints Edre Jofre in Nagoya, Japan for the bantamweight boxing title. This was Jofre's first defeat in 51 fights.Ref: 97
1968*Al Kaline hits his 307th homerun, surpassing Hank Greenberg as a Tiger.Ref: 5
1968*94th Preakness: Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass wins in 1:56.8.Ref: 5
1968*Frank Howard ties American League record with homerun in his 6th consecutive game his 10 homeruns in the most in 6 games.Ref: 5
1969*Sandra Haynie wins LPGA St Louis Women's Golf Invitational.Ref: 5
1971*4th ABA Championship: Utah Stars beat Kentucky Colonels, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1971*Stanley Cup: Montréal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 4 games to 3.Ref: 5
1972*John Sebastian makes 63 consecutive free throws while blindfolded.Ref: 5
1973 WIBC Bowling Queens won by Dotty Fothergill.Ref: 5
1974*100th Preakness: Miguel Rivera aboard Current Little wins in 1:54.6.Ref: 5
1980*Donna White wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1982*Detroit Tigers outfielder Larry Herndon is 14th to hit 4 consecutive homeruns.Ref: 5
1985*111th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Tank's Prospect wins in 1:53.4.Ref: 5
1986 Chung Kwung Ying does 2,750 "atomic" hand-stand push-ups.Ref: 5
1986*Becky Pearson wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1986 David Goch finishes swimming 55,682 miles in a 25-yd pool.Ref: 5
1988*In just Oakland's 39th game of the season, pitcher Dave Stewart breaks record with his 12th balk en route to 16.Ref: 5
1989*Lisa Strawberry files for divorce from Darryl.Ref: 5
1990*Cub second baseman Ryan Sandberg's errorless game streak comes to an end after 123 games and 584 chances. Joe Morgan had held the previous record of 91 games.Ref: 1
1991*117th Preakness: Jerry Bailey aboard Hansel wins in 1:54.Ref: 5
1992*WQAM (560 AM) signs a four-year contract to become the official radio voice of the Florida Marlins.Ref: 86
1995 WIBC Bowling Queens won by Sandra Postma.Ref: 5
1996 WIBC Bowling Queens won by Lisa Wagner.Ref: 5
1996*122nd Preakness: Pat Day aboard Louis Quatorze wins in 1:53.2.Ref: 5
1997*Tiger Woods wins Byron Nelson Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1997*43rd McDonald's LPGA Championship won by Chris Johnson.Ref: 5
1997*Cadillac NFL Senior Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1998*With a 6-3 victory over the Orioles, the Devil Rays become the second expansion team in major league history to sweep an away four-game series. The 1993 Colorado Rockies, who did it against the Los Angeles Dodgers, was the other team to accomplish this feat.Ref: 1
1998*Due to drastic payroll cuts reducing the World Champions effectiveness, two class-action lawsuits are filed against the Marlins - one for breach of contract and the other accusing the team of false advertising.Ref: 1
1999*Diamondbacks' outfielder Luis Gonzalez homers in his first at bat extending his hitting streak to 30 games, tying three other players for the longest streak in the decade.Ref: 1
2000*Mark McGuire hits home run #539 passing Mickey Mantle on the all-time list. He also passes Willie Mays with the most multi-home run games with 64, second only to Babe Ruth's 72. (CNN, 5/19/2000)Ref: 9
2000*In a 6-2 loss to the Padres, the Marlins steal 10 bases one shy of the NL record.Ref: 1
1861 Friedrich Hebbels "Kriemhildes Rache" premieres in Weimar.Ref: 5
1887*Emmanuel Chabriers opera "Le Roi Malgré Luis" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1889*Jules Massenets opera "Esclarmonde" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1897*Irish Music Festival first held (Dublin).Ref: 5
1897 Paul Dukas "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premieres.Ref: 5
1897 A public reading of Bram Stoker's new novel "Dracula, or, The Un-dead" was staged in London.Ref: 70
1917*Satie/Massine/Picasso's ballet "Parade" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1927 Grauman's Chinese Theater opens in Hollywood CA.Ref: 5
1934*Academy Award first called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky).Ref: 5
1942 Counterspy was heard on the NBC Blue network for the first time. The program enjoyed a long run on radio, lasting for 15 years.Ref: 4
1948*"Ballet Ballads" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 62 performances.Ref: 5
1950*"Liar" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 12 performances.Ref: 5
1955*Queen Juliana opens E55 fair in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1956*Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1959*"Castin' My Spell" by Johnny Otis Show hits #52.Ref: 5
1959*"Judy" by David Seville hits #86.Ref: 5
1959*"Russian Band Stand" by Spencer & Spencer hits #91.Ref: 5
1960*Eileen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for > 30 years).Ref: 5
1960 Jean Genets "Le Balcon" premieres in Paris France.Ref: 5
1961*"Donnybrook!" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 68 performances.Ref: 5
1963*"Beast in Me" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 4 performances.Ref: 5
1963*"If You Wanna Be Happy" by Jimmy Soul hits #1.Ref: 5
1964*David Frost interviews Paul McCartney on the BBC.Ref: 5
1965*Gene Roddenberry suggests 16 names including Kirk for Star Trek Captain.Ref: 5
1968*Tiny Tim's warbly Tiptoe through the Tulips was released. An eventual top twenty hit, Tiptoe was a remake of a number one hit for Nick Lucas in 1929. Grab your banjo and sing along. "Ohhhhh, Tiptoe through the Tuuuuulips...."Ref: 4
1969*"Canterbury Tales" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 122 performances.Ref: 5
1970*Opening this night in New York City was The Me Nobody Knows at the Orpheum Theatre. The musical had a run of 586 performances.Ref: 4
1972*"Me & The Chimp" last airs on CBS-TV.Ref: 5
1974*The Streak started a 3-week run at number one on the Billboard pop music chart. The novelty tune, by Ray Stevens, was about people running nekkid where they shouldn’t be nekkid, like, in public. It was the second number one hit for the comedian who made numerous appearances on Andy Williams’ TV show in the late 1960s, as well as his own show in the summer of 1970. His first number one hit, just prior to The Streak, was Everything is Beautiful. Both songs won gold records, as did his comedic Gitarzan, a top ten hit in 1969. “Booga-da, booga, da!”Ref: 4
1985*First remote location for "Nightline" (South Africa).Ref: 5
1985*"One Night In Bangkok" by Murray Head hits #3.Ref: 5
1986*"Singin' in the Rain" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 367 performances.Ref: 5
1990*Judy Carne arrested at JFK airport on an 11 year old drug warrantRef: 5
1990*"Return To Green Acres" TV movie airs.Ref: 5
1992*The season finale of Murphy Brown aired on CBS with Murphy Brown, played by Candice Bergen, giving birth to an illegitimate son (Avery Brown). The following day, U.S. V.P. Dan Quayle publicly lambasted the comedy, saying that the program ‘glorified’ single-parenthood. Quayle also complained that the TV situation made a mockery of families with fathers.Ref: 4
1997*"King David" opens at New Amsterdam Theater NYC.Ref: 5
2003*"Les Miserables" closed on Broadway after more than 16 years and 6,680 performances.Ref: 70
1048*Omar Khayyam, Persian poet, mathematician and astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1616*Johann Froberger, German composer, organist and harpsichordist, is born.Ref: 70
1692*Joseph Butler Wantage Berkshire, theologian, is born.Ref: 5
1711*Ruggiero G Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer, is born.Ref: 5
1744*Joseph Beer Bohemia clarinetist/composer (5th clarinet flap), is born.Ref: 5
1759*Charles Duquesnoy composer, is born.Ref: 5
1788*Hugh Clapperton Annan Scotland, African explorer, is born.Ref: 5
1795*Simon Kenton's daughter Sarah is born.Ref: 58
1797*Frederik Augustus II King of Saxon (1836-54), is born.Ref: 5
1798*Ethan Allen Hitchcock Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Thomas Stanhope Bocock representative (Confederacy), died in 1891, is born.Ref: 5
1817*James William Denver Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892, is born.Ref: 5
1819*Julius Hopp composer, is born.Ref: 5
1830*Karl Goldmark Keszthely Hungary, composer (Sakuhtala), is born.Ref: 5
1836*Wilhelm Steinitz Austria, world chess champion (1866-94), is born.Ref: 5
1836*Isidor Vorobchievici composer, is born.Ref: 5
1846*Peter Carl Faberge, Russian goldsmith, designer and jeweler whose name later was associated with cosmetics, is born.Ref: 68
1850*Oliver Heaviside physicist predicted existence of ionosphere, is born.Ref: 5
1854*Bernard Zweers Dutch composer (To My Fatherland), is born.Ref: 5
1862*Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing German para-psychologist, is born.Ref: 5
1864*Jan P Veth Bayern, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer/art historian, is born.Ref: 5
1865*William Heinemann England, publisher (Chemical Instrumental), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Elisabeth Cary, American art critic for the New York Times, is born.Ref: 70
1868*Nicholas II Aleksandrovitsj last tsar of Russia (1894-1917), is born.Ref: 5
1869*Ruprecht crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall, is born.Ref: 5
1871*Franiska zu Reventlow writer, is born.Ref: 5
1872*Bertrand Russell, English mathematician, philosopher and social reformer, is born.Ref: 2
1875*Guido Alberto Fano composer, is born.Ref: 5
1881*Georgi Atanasov composer, is born.Ref: 5
1882*Eduardo Fabini composer, is born.Ref: 5
1883*Walter Gropius, Berlin Germany, architect (founded Bauhaus school of design), is born.Ref: 5
1885*Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (1945-50), is born.Ref: 5
1886*Ole Windingstad composer, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Ernst Wiechert writer, is born.Ref: 5
1889*G Gunnarson writer, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Rudolf Carnap philosopher (German Logical Positivist), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Ezio Pinza, Rome Italy, bass (New York Metropolitan-South Pacific), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Frank Capra, Palermo Sicily Italy, movie director (It's a Wonderful Life, Arsenic & Old Lace), is born.Ref: 68
1897*Jack Raine London England, actor (Quartet), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Juan J Domenchina Spanish poet/interpreter (sombra desterrada)Ref: 5
1900*Sarah Miriam Peale US, portrait painter (General Lafayette-1825), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Harry Robert Wilson composer, is born.Ref: 5
1901*Henri-Pierre Sauguet Bordeaux France, composer (La Chotte), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist; won Nobel Prize in 1955, is born.Ref: 70
1902*Composer Meredith Wilson (Reiniger), Mason City IA, composer (Music Man), is born.Ref: 5
1903*George E Stone Lodz Poland, actor (Viva Villa, Last Mile), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Jacob K Javits (Senator-R-NY), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Eric Zeisl composer, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Clifford Curzon London England, pianist (MacFarren Gold Medal), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Robley D Evans nuclear physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1909*Fred Perry Stockport England, tennis star/commentator (Wimbledon 1934-36), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Arthur van Schendel Dutch art historian, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner, Kansas City MO, blues singer (Corrine Corrina, Shake Rattle & Roll), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Sigrid Gurie Brooklyn NY, actor (Algiers, Sofia, Refugee), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Lord Hartwell, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Perry [Pierino] Como, Canonsburg PA, singer/TV host (Perry Como Show), is born.Ref: 68
1912*Georg von Opel German auto manufacturer, is born.Ref: 5
1912*Richard Brooks, Philadelphia PA, director (Blackboard Jungle, In Cold Blood), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Anthony Fell British MP, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Boris Christoff Bulgaria/Italian bass (Boris Godunov), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Pierre A Balmain, France, fashion designer (1940's "New Look"), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Leon Shenandoah native American leader, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Charles Wintour journalist, is born.Ref: 5
1917*James Donald Aberdeen Scotland, actor (Bridge on River Kwai, Vikings), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Dame Margot Fonteyn Surrey England, ballerina (Giselle/partner of Nureyev), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Pope John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla] 264th Roman Catholic pope (1978- ), is born.Ref: 69
1921*Patrick Dennis, author, is born.Ref: 68
1921*Anthony Epstein FRS/pathologist, is born.Ref: 5
1922*Kai Winding jazz musician: trombone: More [theme from Mondo Cane]; is born.Ref: 4
1922*Bill Macy Revere MA, actor (Walter-Maude, Oh! Calcutta), is born.Ref: 5
1922*GMcC Kitson British principal (Central School of Speech/Drama), is born.Ref: 5
1923*Liam Sullivan Jacksonville IL, actor (Mapoy-Monroes), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Jack Whitaker, Philadelphia PA, sportscaster (ABC, CBS), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Priscilla Pointer New York NY, actress (Rebecca-Dallas, Call to Glory), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Richard Body MP, is born.Ref: 5
1928*Pernell Roberts Waycross GA, actor (Adam Cartwright-Bonanza, Trapper John MD), is born.Ref: 5
1928*G R Hall nuclear scientist, is born.Ref: 5
1928*P G Hammersley British Rear-Admiral, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Johan N Block aviation pioneer (Martinair/Transavia/Air Holland), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Lord St John of Fawsley, is born.Ref: 5
1929*Roger Matton composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930*Barbara Goldsmith New Rochelle, author (Little Gloria Happy At Last), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Don Leslie Lind Midvale UT, astronaut (STS 51-B), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Fred[erick Thomas] Saberhagen US, sci-fi author (Book of Swords), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Geoffrey Littler CEO (County NatWest Group), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Warren B Rudman (Senator-R-NH, 1980- ), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Robert Morse Newton MA, actor (That's Life, Jack Frost), is born.Ref: 5
1932 John Clement chairman (Unigate Group), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Actor, television executive Dwayne Hickman ("Dobie" in "The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis") is born.Ref: 24
1937*Brooks (Calbert) Robinson, Baseball Hall of Famer, third baseman with the Baltimore Orioles (1955-77), is born.Ref: 4
1937*Ildikó Sagi-Retjö Hung, foils (Olympics-2 gold/3 silver/2 bronze-1960-76), is born.Ref: 5
1937 Jacques Santer President (European Commission), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Glen Hardin Texas, rocker (Crickets), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Patrick Cormack MP, is born.Ref: 5
1940*A Marshall Stoneham FRS, physicist, is born.Ref: 5
1941*Diane McBain Cleveland OH, actress (Surfside Six, Spinout, Donner Pass), is born.Ref: 5
1941*M S Longair astronomer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Albert Hammond rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Keith Hellawell Chief Constable (West Yorkshire), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Marquess of Reading, is born.Ref: 5
1942*N P (Nobby) Stiles footballer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Rodney Dillard rocker (Glittergrass), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Peter Ryan British national director (Police Training), is born.Ref: 5
1945 John Richard Patterson businessman, is born.Ref: 5
1945 Maarten van Traa Dutch MP (PvdA), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Reggie (Reginald Martinez) Jackson is born. 'Mr. October': Baseball Hall of Famer: KS City Athletics, Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, NY Yankees, CA Angels; World Series record: 10 home runs including 4 in a row, 24 RBI's and a .357 batting average in 27 games; 563 career home runs [only Aaron, Ruth, Mays, Frank Robinson and Harmon Killebrew have hit more.]Ref: 4
1946*George Alexander rocker, is born.Ref: 5
1947*Candice Azzara Brooklyn NY, actress (Fatso), is born.Ref: 5
1947*John Bruton Prime Minister (Republic of Ireland), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Country singer Joe Bonsall (The Oak Ridge Boys) is born.Ref: 68
1948*Felix MH Troch Flemish actor/director (Gekkenbriefje), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Joe Bonsall Philadelphia PA, country singer (Oak Ridge Boys-Elvira), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Dave Atkins football: Univ. of Texas-El Paso, San Francisco 49ers, Honolulu Hawaiians [WFL], San Diego Chargers; coach: Univ. of Texas-El Paso, San Diego State, Philadelphia Eagles, New England Patriots, Arizona Cardinals, New Orleans Saints, Minnesota Vikings, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Bill Wallace rocker (Guess Who), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Rick Wakeman rock keyboardist (Yes-Fish Out of Water), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Stuart Gannes Detroit MI, writer (Fortune), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Rodney Milburn Jr. Olympic Gold Medalist: 110-meter hurdles [1972]: set a world record of 13.1 seconds [1973]; is born. Died in Nov 1997 after falling into a tank of scalding bleach at his workplace.Ref: 4
1950*Thomas Gottschalk Bamberg Germany, (Telespiele), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Angela Voigt German Democratic Republic, long jumper (Olympics-gold-76)Ref: 5
1951*Denny Dillon comedian (Saturday Night Live, Dream On), is born.Ref: 5
1951*James Stephens Mount Kisko NY, actor (Paper Chase, Devil's Island), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Rodger Davis Sydney New South Wales, Australasia golfer, is born.Ref: 5
1951*James Stephens Mount Kisko NY, actor (Paper Chase, Devil's Island), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Diane E[lizabeth] Duane US, sci-fi author (Door into Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1952*George Strait, Pearsall TX, country singer (All My Ex's Live in Texas, Beyond the Blue Neon), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Martin R Hoke (Representative-R-OH), is born.Ref: 5
1953*[Feliciano] Butch Tavares rocker (Tavares), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Helen Chadwick artist, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Martyn Wiley writer/broadcaster, is born.Ref: 5
1954*Wreckless Eric rocker (Waxworks, Be Stiff), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Yun Fat Chow Nam Nga Island Hong Kong, actor (Better Tomorrow), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Joe [Naomichi] Ozaki Tekushima Japan, golfer (1995 Phoenix Open-8th), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Michael Cretu rocker (Enigma), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Ray Donaldson NFL center (Dallas Cowboys), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Toyah Wilcox Birmingham England, rocker (I Want to Be Free), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Jari Kurri Helsinki Finland, NHL left wing (New York Rangers, Los Angeles Kings, Colorado Avalanche), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Tom Jackson Oakville Ontario, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 CPGA Winter), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Yannick Noah France, tennis player (French 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Mike Whitmarsh San Diego CA, beach volleyballer (Olympics-silver-96), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Marty McSorley Hamilton, NHL defenseman (Los Angeles Kings, New York Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Will Wolford NFL tackle (Indpls Colts, Pittsburgh Steelers), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Erik Hanson Kinnelon NJ, pitcher (Toronto Blue Jays), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Rufus Porter NFL linebacker (New Orleans Saints, Tampa Bay Buccaneers), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Mike Inez US rock bassist (Alice in Chains-Facelift), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Jaime Gomez Arlington TX, Nike golfer (1992 Boise Open), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Karl Dunbar NFL defensive tackle (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Ernie Logan NFL defensive end (Jacksonville Jaguars, New York Jets), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Jean-Chris Filippin hockey defenseman (Team France 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Martika [Marta Marrero] Whittier CA, singer (Toy Soldiers), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Clemens Zwijnenberg soccer player (FC Twente), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Vicky Sunohara ice hockey forward (Canada, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Ben Coleman guard/offensive tackle (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Clifton Sunada Honolulu HI, extra-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Craig Hentrich NFL punter (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Daniel Gowing Germany, New Zealand judoka (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Karen Bye ice hockey forward (USA, Olympics-98), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Lael Perlstrom Laguna Beach CA, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-25-1995), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Rich Garces Maracay Aragua Venezuela, pitcher (Boston Red Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Turner Stevenson Prince George, NHL right wing (Montréal Canadiens), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Darren Van Impe Saskatoon, NHL defenseman (Anaheim Mighty Ducks), is born.Ref: 5
1973*David Bailey WLAF tackle (Frankfurt Galaxy), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Donyell Marshall NBA forward (Golden State Warriors), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Markus Brunner hockey forward (Team Italy 1998), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Tory James NFL defensive back (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Walter Scott NFL defensive tackle (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Ron Mercer NBA guard (Boston Celtics), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Jennifer Streblow Oshkosh WI, Miss America-Wisconsin (1997), is born.Ref: 5
1979*Kaci Thompson Miss Nevada Teen USA (1997)Ref: 5
526*John I Pope (523-26), dies in prison.Ref: 5
1096*Crusaders massacre Jews of Worm.Ref: 5
1160*Erik IX Helgi [The Saint] King of Sweden, dies.Ref: 5
1410*Ruprecht Roman catholics German king, dies.Ref: 5
1587*Felix van Cantalice Italian saint, dies.Ref: 5
1625*Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas Spanish marquis of Denia, dies.Ref: 5
1653*Carel Reyniersz Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies), dies at 48.Ref: 5
1675*Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer, dies at age 37.Ref: 70
1692 Elias Ashmole antiquary, dies.Ref: 5
1703*Charles Perrault, the original Mother Goose, dies.Ref: 62
1724*Johann K Amman Swiss/Dutch doctor for deaf-mutes, dies at 54.Ref: 5
1733*Georg Bohm German organist/composer, dies at 71.Ref: 5
1767*Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky composer, dies at 28.Ref: 5
1799*Pierre-Augustin Beaumarchais, French dramatist, dies at age 67.Ref: 5
1808*Jacob Albright [Albrecht] German/US preacher, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1829*Bernardo Bittoni composer, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1832*Bonafacio Asioli composer, dies at 62.Ref: 5
1839*Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte (countess Lipona) dies at 57.Ref: 5
1848*William A Leidesdorf black, dies at 38 in San Fransisco.Ref: 5
1862*William H Keim US Union Brigadier-General, dies in battle at 48.Ref: 5
1864*James Byron Gordon Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at 41.Ref: 5
1884*Heinrich R Göppert German paleo-botanist, dies.Ref: 5
1909*George Meredith English poet/writer (Diana of Crossways), dies at 81.Ref: 5
1909*Isaac M F Albéniz Spanish pianist/composer, dies at 48.Ref: 5
1910*Flor van Duyse composer, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1911*Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (Children's Death Songs), dies at 50 in Vienna, Austria.Ref: 68
1913*Otto Reubke composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1918*TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale PA kills 200.Ref: 5
1918*Toivo Kuula composer, dies at 34.Ref: 5
1928*(Haywood Trial) William Haywood dies in Moscow. Half of his ashes are buried in the Kremlin next to his friend John Reed and near the tomb of Lenin. The other half are shipped to Chicago for burial near the monument to the Haymarket anarchists who inspired Haywood's radicalism.Ref: 68
1930*Joao Marcellino Arroyo composer, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1936*Alick Maclean composer, dies at 63.Ref: 5
1941*An Egyptian steamer sinks.Ref: 5
1947*The great thoroughbred race horse Seabiscuit died at the age of 14.Ref: 4
1949*James T Adams US historian (Pulitzer 1921), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Rossetter Gleason Cole composer, dies at 86.Ref: 5
1955*Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov is found dead at age 45. (XDG, p 4A, 5/18/2000)Ref: 83
1955*Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1955*Edwin Scharff German painter/sculptor (Rossebändiger), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1961*Henry O'Neill actor (Lady Killer, Nothing But Trouble), dies.Ref: 5
1965*Eduard J Dijksterhuis mathematician (Archimedes), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1966*Paul Althaus German theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1967*Andy Clyde Hopalong Cassidy's sidekick, dies at 75.Ref: 5
1967*Richard Ainley actor (I Dood It, Above Suspicion), dies at 56.Ref: 5
1971*Vampire rapist Wayne Bodens last victim found.Ref: 5
1972*Eero Aukusti Sipila composer, dies at 53.Ref: 5
1973*Jeannette Rankin US Congresswoman: first woman to be elected to this position; only dissenting vote as Congress passed a Declaration of War against Japan [1941]; dies.Ref: 5
1974*Daniel R Topping US owner (NY Yankees), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1975*Leroy Anderson, American conductor, arranger and composer, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1977*A nightclub fire in Cincinnati kills 164.Ref: 5
1979 Boris Chaliapin dies.Ref: 10
1980*Mt. St. Helens erupts in Washington State. The top of the mountain blew off into the atmosphere, leveled 120 square miles and set off a series of fires, mud slides, and floods. About 400 people had been evacuated before the eruption, but a count in July showed 15 others dead and about 40 missing. The volcano had been dormant since 1857. (Ref: XDG, p 4A, 5/18/2000)Ref: 83
1980*Ian Curtis English rock vocalist (Joy Division), commits suicide at 23.Ref: 5
1981*William Saroyan Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright: The Time of Your Life [1940]; The Human Comedy; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Arthur O'Connell actor (Mr Peepers, Second Hundred Years), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1983*(Green River Killer) Martina Theresa Authorlee, 18, is last seen. She is the 23rd of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1985*Alexander Godunov (Boris Alexandrovich Godunov) ballet dancer; actor; dies.Ref: 4
1985*Tex Terry actor (Apache Rose, Timberjack), dies at 82.Ref: 5
1986*John Bubbles (John William Sublett) actor: Porgy and Bess [1935 Broadway version], films: Cabin in the Sky, Variety Show, A Song is Born, No Maps on My Taps; dancer: credited with creating ‘rhythm tap’; dies at age 84.Ref: 5
1987*Wilbur J Cohen first employee of Social Security System, dies at 73.Ref: 5
1988*Daws Butler cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1990*Jill Ireland actress (Carry on Nurse, Family), dies of cancer at 54.Ref: 5
1991*Edwina Booth actress (Trader Horn), dies of heart failure at 86.Ref: 5
1992*Lawrence Welk bandleader (L Welk Show), dies of pneumonia at 89.Ref: 5
1992*Marshall Thompson, actor: The Turning Point, George!, East of Kilimanjaro, To Hell and Back, The Caddy, The Purple Heart, Daktari, Angel; dies of congestive heart failure at 65.Ref: 4
1992*Skip Stephenson comedian (Real People), dies of heart attack at 52.Ref: 5
1993*Heinrich Albertz theologist/mayor of Berlin (1966-67), dies at 78.Ref: 5
1993*Pamela M Cunnington English architect/writer, dies at 67.Ref: 5
1995*Elizabeth Montgomery actress (Bewitched), dies of cancer at age 62Ref: 5
1995*Alexander Godunov (Boris Alexandrovich Godunov) ballet dancer who defected in 1979; actor: Die Hard, The Money Pit, Witness; is found dead at age 45.Ref: 4
1995*Elisha Cook Jr actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane), dies at 91.Ref: 5
1995*Gordon Reynolds musician, dies at 74.Ref: 5
1995*Robert Harris actor (Werewolf of London), dies at 95.Ref: 5
1996 Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb prison governor, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1996 Simon Weinstock businessman/racehorse owner, dies at 44Ref: 5
2001*A Palestinian suicide bomber blows himself up at a shopping mall in Netanya, killing five Israelis. Israel retaliates with air strikes against security targets in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that killed 10 Palestinians. (XDG, p 4A, 5/18/2002)Ref: 83
2003*Raymond Glen Sherman II, 14, son of Green Bay Packers assistant coach Ray Sherman, dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. (USA Today, p 1, 11/14/2003)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen