Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
May 22nd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-12*-BC- A daytime meteor shower, possibly Zeta Perseid observed in China.Ref: 5
760*14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.Ref: 5
1176*Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo.Ref: 5
1246*Henry Raspe is elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.Ref: 2
1526*Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac.Ref: 5
1541*In Germany, the Ratisbon (Regensburg) Conference ended, its mission to reunify the Catholic Church having failed. From this time on, the Protestant movement became permanent.Ref: 5
1712*Emperor Karel VI crowned king of Hungary.Ref: 5
1746*Russia & Austria sign treaty of cooperation.Ref: 5
1761*The first life insurance policy issued in the United States is issued on this day in Philadelphia by the Corporation for the Relief of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers.Ref: 4
1784 Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy.Ref: 5
1803*First public library opens (Connecticut).Ref: 5
1807*Townsend Speakman first sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia).Ref: 5
1807*Grand jury proceedings related to the Burr matter open in Richmond, Virginia.Ref: 87
1843*First wagon train, 1000+ departs Independence MO for Oregon.Ref: 5
1856*Senator Preston Brooks of South Carolina strikes Senator Charles Sumner with a cane for Sumner's earlier condemnation of slavery.Ref: 2
1858 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms.Ref: 5
1868*The "Great Train Robbery" takes place as seven members of the Reno Gang (brothers) make off with $98,000 in cash from a train's safe in IN.Ref: 2
1872*The Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners.Ref: 2
1882*The United States formally recognizes Korea.Ref: 2
1897*The official opening of the Blackwall tunnel under the ThamesRef: 62
1900*(or 29th) The Associated Press (founded in 1848) is incorporated in New York as a non-profit news co-operative.Ref: 5
1905*Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School.Ref: 5
1908*The Wright brothers register their flying machine for a U.S. patent.Ref: 2
1909*The first San Francisco fireboat, the "David Scannell", is launched.Ref: 5
1917*Alexander Kerensky issues his "Declaration of Soldiers Rights" which include the appointment of commissars in the army to handle soldiers councils. But the councils issued orders contradicting the commanders and thus undermines the officer corps.Ref: 90
1922*Canned rattlesnake meat first marketed in America.Ref: 10
1923*Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier.Ref: 5
1926 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China.Ref: 5
1926 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop.Ref: 5
1928*US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act.Ref: 5
1931*Canned rattlesnake meat, by The Floridian Products Corporation of Arcadia, first goes on sale in Florida.Ref: 5
1933 Loch Ness Monster is first reportedly sighted by John Mackay.Ref: 5
1933 World Trade Day/National Maritime Day first celebrated.Ref: 5
1933*John Dillinger is paroled from the Indiana State Prison at Michigan City; sentence began September 16, 1924Ref: 42
1934*Bonnie and Clyde are set up. They are killed the next day.Ref: 52
1939*Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a "Pact of Steel" committing Germany and Italy to a military alliance.Ref: 70
1943*Stalin disbands Komintern.Ref: 5
1944*The Gospel Mission of South America was founded by William M. Strong in Concepcion, Chile. An interdenominational Protestant missions agency, its headquarters moved to Ft. Lauderdale, Florida in 1975.Ref: 5
1947*The "Truman Doctrine" was enacted as Congress appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey.Ref: 70
1950*(Rosenberg) Harry Gold confesses to the FBI.Ref: 87
1950*Celal Bayar elected president of Turkey.Ref: 5
1953*President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill.Ref: 5
1957*South Africa Government approves race separation in universities.Ref: 5
1959*Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes first black general-major in USAF.Ref: 5
1960*Virtually all coastal towns between 37th & 44th parallels severely damaged by tsunami that strikes Hilo HI at 01:04 AM.Ref: 5
1960*A 9.5 earthquake hits Chile.Ref: 85
1961*First revolving restaurant (Top Of The Space Needle in Seattle), opens.Ref: 5
1962 Netherlands telephone net becomes completely automated.Ref: 5
1963*Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured.Ref: 5
1964*LBJ presents "Great Society".Ref: 5
1967 Egyptian president Nasser closes Straits of Tiran to Israel.Ref: 5
1967*The General Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church (PCUS) adopted the Confession of 1967. It was the first major declaration of faith adopted by this branch of Protestantism since the Westminster Confession of 1647.Ref: 5
1969*President Nixon nominates Warren Burger to be chief justice of the United States. Ref 
1970*France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.Ref: 5
1972*The first US president to visit Moscow did so on this day. President Richard Nixon met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev where they signed the SALT I arms limitation treaty.Ref: 4
1972*The first U.S. president to visit Moscow did so on this day. President Richard Nixon met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.Ref: 4
1972 The island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka with the adoption of a new constitution.Ref: 70
1973*President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up.Ref: 5
1974*US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.Ref: 5
1977*Final European scheduled run of the Orient Express (94 years).Ref: 5
1979*Canadians voted in parliamentary elections that put the Progressive Conservatives in power, ending the eleven-year tenure of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.Ref: 5
1985*US sailor Michael L Walker arrested for spying for USSR.Ref: 5
1985*GTE Corporation (General Telephone and Electronics) was named by Fortune magazine as the largest utility in the US In the same issue of Fortune, Sears was named as the nation’s largest retailer for the 21st year in a row.Ref: 4
1988*Károly Grósz succeeds party leader János Kádár in Hungary.Ref: 5
1990*Dow Jones average hits a record 2,852.23.Ref: 5
1990 After years of conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merged to form the Republic of Yemen.Ref: 70
1991*Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born wife of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was designated to lead his Congress Party through national elections, one day after his assassination. (However, Mrs. Gandhi turned down the position.)Ref: 6
1991*Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South KoreaRef: 5
1997*Kelly Flinn, the Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepted a general discharge, thereby avoiding court-martial on charges of adultery, lying and disobeying an order.Ref: 70
1998 Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland turned out in force to cast ballots giving resounding approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord.Ref: 70
2000*The Supreme Court struck down, 5-to-4, a federal law that shielded children from sex-oriented cable TV channels.Ref: 6
2000*A committee of the Arkansas Supreme Court recommended that President Clinton be disbarred for giving false testimony about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky in the Paula Jones sexual harassment case. (Clinton later agreed to give up his Arkansas law license for five years.)Ref: 6
2002*A mostly white jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicted former Ku Klux Klansman Bobby Frank Cherry of murder in a 1963 church bombing that killed four black girls.Ref: 70
2003*The U.N. Security Council gave the U.S. and Britain a mandate to rule Iraq, ending 13 years of economic sanctions.Ref: 70
1795*Mungo Park sets sail on his first voyage to Africa.Ref: 62
1804*The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially begins as the Corps of Discovery departs from St. Charles, Missouri. The good, the bad and the ugly of conquering the American West.Ref: 2
1819*The Savannah, the first steam-propelled vessel to attempt a transatlantic crossing, departs from Savannah GA. (It will arrive in Liverpool, England on June 20).This day is now celebrated in the United States as National Maritime Day.Ref: 4
1841*Henry Kennedy of Philadelphia PA receives a patent for the first reclining chair.Ref: 4
1849*Abraham Lincoln received patent number 6469 for his floating dry dock, the only president ever granted a patent.Ref: 4
1888*Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers.Ref: 5
1892*Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube.Ref: 5
1900*A. DeVilbiss, Jr. of Toledo, OH patented his pendulum-type computing scale (still used at a produce stand at the market).Ref: 4
1900*Edwin S. Votey of Detroit, MI patented his pianola: a pneumatic piano player. The device could be attached to any piano.Ref: 4
1906*Orville and Wilbur Wright receive patent on their airplane. Patent no. 821,393 for "flying machines."Ref: 10
1943*First jet fighter is tested.Ref: 5
1947*First US ballistic missile fired.Ref: 5
1962*Robert A Rushworth, USAF major, takes X-15 to 30,600 meters.Ref: 5
1969*The lunar module of Apollo 10 separated from the command module and flew to within nine miles of the moon's surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.Ref: 70
1976*NASA launches space vehicle S-179.Ref: 5
1981*Soyuz 40 returns to Earth.Ref: 5
1990*Microsoft releases Windows 3.0.Ref: 5
1992*India launches its Agni rocketRef: 5
1200 Peace of Goulet.Ref: 5
1455*Open battle in England's 30-year War of the Roses (St Albans). Richard of York takes St Albans, kidnapping King Henry VI.Ref: 5
1594 Earl Mauritius & Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen.Ref: 5
1629 Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lübeck.Ref: 5
1659 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty.Ref: 5
1762 Sweden & Prussia sign peace treaty.Ref: 5
1863*Union General Ulysses S. Grant's second attack on Vicksburg fails and a siege begins.Ref: 2
1863*War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops.Ref: 5
1864*Battle of North Anna River VA (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown).Ref: 5
1916*French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun.Ref: 5
1917*(through the 26th) Italians advance on the Carso.Ref: 38
1940*Dutch Premier De Geer begins working with Nazis.Ref: 5
1940*Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris.Ref: 5
1941*British troops attack Baghdad.Ref: 5
1942*México declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan.Ref: 5
1942*Submarine U-158 shells and sinks Canadian merchant ship Frank B. Baird southeast of Bermuda in the Atlantic Ocean. 
1943*German Admiral Dönitz suspends U-boat operations in the North Atlantic.Ref: 36
1943*RAF scatters first copies of "The Flying Hollander".Ref: 5
1945*6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha OkinawaRef: 5
1945*NSB-Führer Rost van Tonningen attempts & fails at suicide.Ref: 5
1987*An Iraqi missile hits the American frigate USS Stark in the Persian Gulf.Ref: 2
1877*3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38.Ref: 5
1883*Cub's Billy Sunday's first at bat, begins 14 consecutive strike-outs.Ref: 5
1884*1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters.Ref: 5
1885*13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49.Ref: 5
1893*Montréal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in first Cup Game.Ref: 5
1902*36th Belmont Stakes: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6.Ref: 5
1906*31st Preakness: Walter Miller aboard Whimsical wins in 1:45.Ref: 5
1906*10th anniversary of Olympics, celebration held in Athens, Greece.Ref: 5
1911*Braves pitcher, Cliff Curtis, loses his 23rd game in a row.Ref: 5
1922*The Yankees, who have been sharing Polo Grounds with Giants since 1913, begin construction on their own stadium in the Bronx.Ref: 1
1927*Dodgers beat Phillies, 20-4.Ref: 5
1930*Yankee "Bronx Bombers" hit 14 homeruns in a game.Ref: 5
1938*Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field.Ref: 5
1938*White Sox pitcher Ted Lyons records his 200th career win beating the Senators, 9-2.Ref: 1
1942*Ted Williams is sworn into the US Navy, but will remain with the Red Sox until he is called for active duty.Ref: 1
1946*Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers' 5-3.Ref: 5
1950*Scotland’s James Wilson defeated Bing Crosby in the opening round of the British Amateur golf championship played at St. Andrew’s Scotland.Ref: 4
1952 Jan Todd woman power lifter, once lifted 248 kg in a squat, is born.Ref: 5
1953*Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yankees beat Washington 12-4.Ref: 5
1954*80th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4.Ref: 5
1955*Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th.Ref: 5
1957*Red Sox set American League record by smashing 4 homeruns in 6th inning in 11-0 win.Ref: 5
1962*Roger Maris walks 5 times (record 4 intentionally) in a 9 inning game.Ref: 5
1963*Hitting the right-field facade, Mickey Mantle once again just barely misses being the first player to hit a HR out of Yankee Stadium.Ref: 1
1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Igor Vodic in Omaha, to become NWA champion.Ref: 5
1966*Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.Ref: 5
1968*At Wrigley Field, Pirate Willie Stargell hits three home runs and just misses a fourth in a 13-6 win over the Cubs. Stargell also hit a single and a double which bounced off the railing in left field fence back onto the playing field.Ref: 1
1970*Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0.Ref: 5
1972 Ton Sijbrands becomes world checker champion.Ref: 5
1974*Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly & dies 14 months later.Ref: 5
1974*Soccer team Veendam forms.Ref: 5
1975*8th ABA Championship: Kentucky Colonels beat the Indiana Pacers, 4 games to 1.Ref: 5
1976*St Louis Cardinal Reggie Smith hits 3 homeruns.Ref: 5
1977*Red Sox (6) & Brewers (5) tie single game homerun record of 11.Ref: 5
1977*Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic.Ref: 5
1981*Billy Gardner, the Minnesota Twins original 1961 second baseman, succeeds Johnny Goryl as the Twins' field manager.Ref: 86
1983*Toronto Blue Jay Cliff Johnson hits record 18th pinch hit homerun.Ref: 5
1983*Pat Bradley wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Tournament.Ref: 5
1985*Pete Rose 2,108th run passes Hank Aaron as National League run scoring leader.Ref: 5
1988*34th LPGA Championship won by Sherri Turner.Ref: 5
1990*In a 16-inning contest against the Reds at Wrigley Field, Cubs' right fielder Andre Dawson is walked four times intentionally. The five intentional passes in one game establishes a major league record.Ref: 1
1991*NFL Owners agree to add 2 teams in 1994.Ref: 5
1992*Replacing Tom Runnells, Felipe Alou is named as the manager of the Expos.Ref: 1
1992*The California Angels are involved in a bus crash in New Jersey.Ref: 5
1993*Riddick Bowe TKOs Jesse Ferguson in 2 for heavyweight boxing title.Ref: 5
1994*Toronto NBA franchise unveils name "Raptors" & logoRef: 5
1994*Elaine Crosby wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open.Ref: 5
1995*After brawl which takes more than 30 minutes to sort out, ten players are ejected during 'Strike Out Domestic Violence Night at Durham Bulls Athletic Park.Ref: 1
1998*The New York Mets acquire catcher Mike Piazza from the Florida Marlins in exchange for minor league outfielder Preston Wilson, minor league lefthanded pitcher Ed Yarnell and minor league lefthanded pitcher Geoff Getz.Ref: 86
1999*After a stint on the disabled list and a rainout, Yankee Roger Clemens finally breaks the AL record for consecutive victories with 19.Ref: 1
2000*Scoring seven times in the ninth, the Brewers make their biggest comeback in franchise history knoting the score at 9 before only 3,913 fans at County Stadium. Jose Hernandez's solo homer in the next inning completes the come-from-behind victory as Milwaukee beats the Astros, 10-9.Ref: 1
2001*The Tampa Bay Devil Rays hire John McHale, Jr. as the club's first chief operating officer. McHale comes to the Rays after serving as chief executive officer for the Detroit Tigers from 1995-2001.Ref: 86
2001*For the second time this season, Barry Bonds homers in six consecutive games. His nine homers during this span games establishes a National League mark. Senator Frank Howard's 1968 feat of hitting 10 homers in six games major league is the major league record.Ref: 1
2002*Barry Bonds hits a 2-run homer off Arizona Diamondbacks Eddie Oropesa in the sixth inning for his 583rd career home run tying Mark McGuire. San Francisco wins, 12-5. (USA Today, p 1C, 5/23/2002)Ref: 13
2002*In what appears to be a lopsided trade, the A's trade a stunned Jeremy Giambi (.274, 8, 17) to Philadelphia in exchange for pinch hitter John Mabry (.286, 0, 3). The Oakland outfielder is also four years younger than the Phillies' utility man.Ref: 1
2002*Minnesota governor Jesse Ventura approves a financing framework for a $330 million open-air stadium. The bill is the result a seven-year effort by the Twins to secure help from the state, but the plan has only tepid support from the club because team officials are unsure if they'll be able to find $120 million for a required down payment and get a guarantee from major league baseball that a team will play in Minnesota for at least 30 years.Ref: 1
2003*Arturo Moreno purchases the World Champion Angels from Walt Disney for $184 million to becoming the third owner in the 43-year history of the franchise. The 56-year-old outdoor advertising tycoon, who is a fourth-generation Mexican-American, is the first Hispanic to have a controlling interest in a major league club.Ref: 1
2003*Annika Sorenstam became the first woman since 1945 to tee off against the men on the pro tour, playing in the first round of the Colonial golf tournament in Fort Worth, Texas.Ref: 70
1570 First atlas, with 70 maps, published.Ref: 5
1836*Felix Mendelssohn's oratorium "St Paul" premieres in Düsseldorf.Ref: 5
1891*First motion picture shown to National Federation of Women's Clubs.Ref: 5
1926*"Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue" by Gene Austin hits #1.Ref: 5
1950 Dutch poet Gerrit Achterberg wins PC Hooft prize.Ref: 5
1950*Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) premieres in London.Ref: 5
1954*Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed.Ref: 5
1955 Jack Benny signed off his last live network radio broadcast after a run of 23 years. Mr. Benny was devoting his time fully to TV. His program brought many of his old cronies to TV as well: announcer Don Wilson; bandleader Phil Harris; Eddie ‘Rochester’ Anderson; singer Dennis Day; and Benny’s wife, Mary Livingstone.Ref: 4
1956*"Bob Hope Show" last airs on NBC-TV.Ref: 5
1958*Wedding vows were taken by rock ’n’ roll star, Jerry Lee Lewis and his thirteen-year-old cousin, Myra.Ref: 4
1961*Ernie K-Doe, aka Ernest Kador Jr., joined the growing list of one hit wonders (recording artists who had only one hit song). Mother-In-Law was Ernie’s one hit, and a number one tune on US pop music charts.Ref: 4
1961*"Touchables In Brooklyn" by Dickie Goodman hits #42.Ref: 5
1962*14th Emmy Awards: Bob Newhart Show, E G Marshall & Shirley Booth.Ref: 5
1965*The Beatles got their eighth consecutive number one hit as Ticket to Ride rode to the top of the singles list. The song topped the charts for one week.Ref: 4
1965*"Super-cali-fragil-istic-expi-ali-docious" hits #66.Ref: 5
1966*Bruce Springsteen recorded his very first song, along with his band, The Castilles. It was titled, That’s What You’ll Get. The song was never released. Bruce was just practicing. He was just sixteen.Ref: 4
1966*18th Emmy Awards: Fugitive, Dick Van Dyke & Mary Tyler Moore.Ref: 5
1967*"Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" debuts on NET (now PBS).Ref: 5
1967*The final To Tell the Truth program was seen on CBS-TV. It had been on the air for over 10 years. The show began syndication sometime later, in a slightly different format.Ref: 4
1967 International Herald Tribune with NY Times and Washington Post content first published in Paris.Ref: 10
1970*The Guess Who from the Winnipeg, Canada area earned a gold record for both the album and single, American Woman. It would be one of three million-seller awards for the group. The group, which dates back to 1963, disbanded in 1975, with several reunions since then.Ref: 4
1973*Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation.Ref: 5
1980*Marlo Thomas & Phil Donahue marry.Ref: 5
1986*Sylvester Stallone agreed to a 10-picture, six-year deal with United Artists. He signed for a reported $15 million for each film . The deal made him the richest actor in Hollywood.Ref: 4
1987*$4,394,500 paid for a Mozart manuscript of nine symphonies at Sotheby's, London.Ref: 10
1992*Johnny Carson hosted The Tonight Show for the last time. It was the end of three decades of late nights spent with Carson and his sidekick, Ed McMahon and bandleader, Doc Severinsen. Comedian Jay Leno replaced Carson.Ref: 4
1995*Laverne & Shirley 20th anniversary reunionn special, televised.Ref: 5
1996*Emmy 23rd Daytime Award presentation Susan Lucci loses for 16th timeRef: 5
1996*"Tartuffe: Born Again" opens at Circle in Square Theater NYC for 29 performances.Ref: 5
964*Pope Benedict V begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 69
1622*Louis de Buade Frontenac, French courtier and governor of New France (1672-82, 1689-98), is born.Ref: 70
1671*Abraham Patras Governor-General of East-Indies (1735-37), is born.Ref: 5
1717*Francois-Joachim Bernis, French statesman and cardinal, is born.Ref: 70
1722*Johannes Schmidlin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1759*Gervais-François Couperin composer, is born.Ref: 5
1780*Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek composer, is born.Ref: 5
1783*Thomas Forbes Walmisley composer, is born.Ref: 5
1804*John William (Turk) Livingston Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885, is born.Ref: 5
1813*Richard Wagner, Leipzig Germany, composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman), is born.Ref: 5
1820*Alexander Ernst Fesca composer, is born.Ref: 5
1821*Alfred Sully Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879, is born.Ref: 5
1828*Albrecht von Grafe, German eye surgeon, founder of modern opthamology, is born.Ref: 2
1841*Catulle Mendes, French poet, playwright and novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1844*Mary Cassatt, US, Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing), is born.Ref: 5
1850*Johann Schrammel composer, is born.Ref: 5
1852*Emile Sauret composer, is born.Ref: 5
1859*Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, UK, creator of Sherlock Holmes, is born.Ref: 68
1862*August Cuppens Flemish author/pastor, is born.Ref: 5
1865*Enrique Morera composer, is born.Ref: 5
1868*Birth of William R. Newell, American clergyman and devotional writer. He published expository works on the Bible, and is remembered today as author of the hymn, "At Calvary" (a.k.a. "Years I Spent in Vanity and Pride").Ref: 5
1874*Daniel F Malan premier of South-Africa (1948-54), is born.Ref: 5
1874*Francesco Paolo Neglia composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Eastwood Lane composer, is born.Ref: 5
1879 Hendrik Heyman Belgian minister of N˙verheid/mayor, is born.Ref: 5
1879*Jean Emile Paul Cras composer, is born.Ref: 5
1884*Alceo Toni composer, is born.Ref: 5
1885*Julio Fonseca composer, is born.Ref: 5
1885 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist leader assassinated by the Fascists in 1924, is born.Ref: 70
1888*Fiction: Tarzan is born.Ref: 10
1891*Johannes Becher, German poet, critic, editor and government official, is born.Ref: 5
1891*Robert Gordon Sproul educator/college president (University of California), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Louis van Tulder Dutch tenor (From Office Stool to High C), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Robert Neumann Austrian/British author (Waters of Babylon), is born.Ref: 5
1898*René de Vos Dutch actor/composer (Jij Bent Mijn Leven), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Al Simmons Milwaukee WI, outfielder (A's)/lifetime batting average of .334, is born.Ref: 5
1904*Anne de Vries writer (Bartje), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Harry Ritz US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Hergé [Georges Rémi] Belgian cartoonist (Kuifje), is born.Ref: 5
1907*Sir Laurence (Kerr) Olivier (Academy Award-winning actor: Hamlet [1948]; War Requiem, The Boys from Brazil, Brideshead Revisited, Carrie, The Jazz Singer, Peter the Great, Richard III, Spartacus, The Merchant of Venice, Marathon Man, Khartoum; Emmy Award-winning actor: The Moon and Sixpence [1960], A Long Day’s Journey into Night [1973], Love Among the Ruins [1975], Brideshead Revisited, King Lear [1984]; is born in Dorking, London.Ref: 4
1910*Johnny Olson TV announcer (Price is Right), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Anatol Rapoport Russian/US mathematician/biologist (game theory), is born.Ref: 5
1912 Hendrik Koekoek Dutch MP (Farmers Party), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Andrea C Bensddorp Dutch/South African actress (Commensaal), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Carlyle Blackwell Jr California, actor (Docks of New York), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Sun Ra (Herman Blount) jazz musician: piano, organ, synthesizer; is born.Ref: 4
1914*Vance Packard Granville Summit PA, author (Hidden Persuaders), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Gordon Binkerd composer, is born.Ref: 5
1917*Jean-Louis Laffitte Curtis novelist, is born.Ref: 5
1918*David Land impressario, is born.Ref: 5
1919 -Irene Pappas 1919Ref: 10
1919*Paul Vanden Boeynants premier Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Hugh Armstrong Clegg industrial relations academic, is born.Ref: 5
1920*Thomas Gold astronomer (proposed steady-state theory of universe), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Judith Crist (Klein) TV critic: TV Guide, Saturday Review, Today Show, is born in New York City.Ref: 4
1924*Charles Aznavour (Shahnour Varenagh Aznavurjian) actor: Edith & Marcel, The Tin Drum, Twist, Ten Little Indians, Candy, Shoot the Piano Player; singer, songwriter, is born in Paris France.Ref: 4
1924*Claude Andre Francois Ballif composer, is born.Ref: 5
1924*Helen Wedemeyer Hilo HI, actress (Hawaii Five-O), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Jean Tinguely Swiss sculptor artist (movement objects), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Elaine Leighton drummer: played w/Billie Holiday, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Peter Mathiessen, writer, is born.Ref: 2
1927*Michael Constantine (Constantine Joanides) (Emmy Award-winning actor: Room 222 [1969-70]; Sirota’s Court, Hey Landlord, The Hustler), is born in Reading PA.Ref: 4
1928*Jackie (Jacqueline) Cain singer: duo: Jackie & Roy [Kral]: Flamingo, Over the Rainbow, Euphoria, I’m Forever Blowing Bubbles, is born.Ref: 4
1928*Roscoe Robinson US gospel singer, is born.Ref: 5
1928 T Boone Pickens CEO (Shamrock, Mesa Petroleum Co), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Asher Ben-Yohanan composer, is born.Ref: 5
1930 Dieuwke Y W de Graaff-Nauta Dutch undersecretary of the Interior, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Kenny Ball musician: trumpet: bandleader: Midnight In Moscow, is born.Ref: 4
1933*John Browning Denver CO, pianist (Leventritt Award-1956), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Al Brown entertainer: group: Al Brown & The Tunetoppers: LP: The Madison Dance Party, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Peter Nero (Nierow), New York NY, conductor/pianist (A Sunday in New York), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Susan Strasberg NY NY, actress (In Praise of Older Women, Manitou), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Frank Converse actor (It's About Time, Dr Cook's Garden, Movin' On), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Richard Benjamin New York NY, director/actor (Goodbye Columbus, He & She), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Larry Siegfried basketball: Boston Celtics, is born.Ref: 4
1940*Mick Tingelhoff football: Minnesota Vikings center: All-Pro team [1964, 65, 66, 67, 68, 68], is born.Ref: 4
1940*Bernard Shaw news correspondant (CBS, CNN), is born.Ref: 68
1940*Michael Sarrazin actor (Seduction, They Shoot Horses Don't They), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Paul Winfield Los Angeles CA, actor (Star Trek II, Huckleberry Finn, Mars Attacks), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Sebastian Forbes composer, is born.Ref: 5
1942*Barbara Parkins Vancouver British Columbia, actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Calvin Simon US rock vocalist (Funkadelic-1 Nation Under a Groove), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Malika A Sabirova Russian dancer, is born.Ref: 5
1942 Pallo Jordan South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Tommy (Thomas Edward) John (baseball: pitcher: Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1968], LA Dodgers [World Series: 1977, 1978/all-star: 1978], NY Yankees [all-star: 1979, 1980/World Series: 1981], California Angels, Oakland Athletics), is born.Ref: 4
1945*Victoria Wyndham Chicago IL, actress (Rachel Cory-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Richard Baker (Representative-R-LA), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Bernie Taupin lyricist, writes with Elton John, is born.Ref: 5
1952*R W Eaks Colorado Springs CO, Nike golfer (1990 Quicksilver Open), is born.Ref: 5
1953*John Edward Stevens New York NY, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Jerry Dammers keyboardist (Specials-The Special), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Iva Davies musician: guitar, singer: group: Icehouse, is born.Ref: 4
1955*Sam Coppersmith (Representative-D-AZ), is born.Ref: 5
1956*Douglas Heyes Jr Los Angeles CA, actor (Captains & the Kings, Aspen), is born.Ref: 5
1959*[Steven Patrick] Morrissey, Manchester England, rocker (The Smiths-Hand in Glove, & solo artist-November Spawned a Monster), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Ed Fry actor (Larry-As the World Turns, Adam Cory-Another World), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Dana Williams Dayton OH, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Andrew Donald Magee Paris France, PGA golfer (1988 Pensacola Open), is born.Ref: 5
1964*David Lidberg jockey, is born.Ref: 5
1966*Donald Royal NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets, Orlando Magic), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Jose Mesa Azua Dominican Republic, pitcher (Cleveland Indians), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Alan Levine Park Ridge IL, pitcher (Chicago White Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Brent Geiberger Santa Barbara CA, Nike golfer (1994 Queen Mary-2nd), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Carmie Vairo Vancouver British Columbia, softball infielder (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Mike Harbold Oakland CA, sprint kayak (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Randy Brown NBA guard (Chicago Bulls), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Tim Wiley Lexington MA, kayak (alternate-Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Vaughn Eshelman Philadelphia PA, pitcher (Boston Red Sox), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Clyde Johnson cornerback (Kansas City Chiefs), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Eric Wunderlich US, 200 meter breaststroke (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Marcus Dowdell NFL wide receiver/kick returner (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Naomi Campbell London England, model/actress (Cool as Ice, Unzipped), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Corey Croom NFL running back (New England Patriots), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Troy Barnhart Hanford CA, water polo 2 meter offense (Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Alison Eastwood daughter of actor Clint/actress (Tightrope), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Mike Hollis NFL kicker (Jacksonville Jaguars), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Rich Owens NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Aaron Graham corner (Arizona Cardinals), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Daniel Tiatto Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Julian Tavarez Santiago Dominican Republic, pitcher (Cleveland Indians), is born.Ref: 5
1973*Leslie Ratliffe WLAF offensive tackle (Rhein Fire), is born.Ref: 5
1974*Greg Jones linebacker (Washington Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1975*Cole Hauser Santa Barbara CA, actor (Randy-High Incident)[or Mar 22], is born.Ref: 5
1975*Janne Niinimaa Raahe Finland, NHL defenseman (Finland Olympics-bronze-98, Edmonton Oilers, Philadelphia Flyers), is born.Ref: 5
1976*Christian Vande Velde Chicago IL, cyclist (Olympics-96)Ref: 5
337*Constantine the Great, emperor of Rome (306-37)/anti semite, dies.Ref: 68
987*Louis V le Faineant the Lazy, king of France (986-87), poisoned at 20.Ref: 5
1370*Jews are expelled/massacred from Brussels Belgium.Ref: 5
1501*Robert Gaguin French writer/diplomat (Arte Metrificandi), dies at 66.Ref: 5
1512*Amerigo Vespucci merchant, explorer; America named for him; dies.Ref: 4
1540*Francesco Guicciardini Italian historian/President of Romagna, dies at 57.Ref: 5
1667*Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi] Italian Pope (1655-67), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1688*Johann A Quenstedt German Lutheran theologist, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1781*Garret Wesley Mornington composer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1801*Heinrich Gottfried Reichard composer, dies at 58.Ref: 5
1802*Martha Washington (Dandridge Custis) first First Lady of the US, wife of first US President George Washington; dies at age 70.Ref: 4
1819*John H van Kinsbergen Lieutenant-Admiral/founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84.Ref: 5
1825*Domenico Corri composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1859*Ferdinand II [Re Bomba] Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49.Ref: 5
1867*(or 23rd) The James Gang robs the Richmond MO bank of $4000, killing 3 men.Ref: 52
1868*Julius Plücker German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies at age 66.Ref: 5
1873*Alessandro Manzoni, Italian poet and novelist, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1878*Franz von Holstein composer, dies at 52.Ref: 5
1880 Heinrich Freiherr von Gagern German liberal politician, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1885*Victor Hugo author: Les Miserables; famous quote: “An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come.”; dies at age 83.Ref: 4
1898*Author of "Looking Backward" Edward Bellamy dies at age 48.Ref: 4
1910*Jules Renard French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46.Ref: 5
1915*Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland).Ref: 5
1921*Marie E Wilton writer, dies.Ref: 5
1925*John [Denton Pinkstone] French British field marshall (WWI), dies at 72.Ref: 5
1927*An 8.3 earthquate kills 230,000 near Xining, China.Ref: 5
1928*William Gairdner English missionary (Nile Mission Press), dies at 54.Ref: 5
1932*Lady Augusta Gregory, Irish writer and playwright, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1938*William Glackens, American artist, dies at age 68.Ref: 70
1939*Ernst Toller writer, dies at 45.Ref: 5
1939*Willem de Mérode poet (Precious Blood), dies at 51.Ref: 5
1943*Helen Taft first Lady: wife of 27th U.S. President William Howard Taft (1908-1912); dies.Ref: 4
1945*Carel A Lion Cachet lithographer/wood carver, dies.Ref: 5
1948*Claude McKaye Jamaican/US poet/author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies in Chicago at 57.Ref: 5
1949*James Forrestal, American Sec. of Defense, dies at age 57.Ref: 70
1949*Hans Erich Pfitzner Russian/German composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1949*Klaus H T Mann German/US writer (Turning Point), dies.Ref: 5
1953*Vaclav Klicka composer, dies at 70.Ref: 5
1958*Magdalene Székely-Lulofs author (Our Italian Employees), dies at 58.Ref: 5
1961*Joan Davis actress (I Married Joan), dies of heart attack at 53.Ref: 5
1965*Bobby Watson comedian (Hitler Gang, Boys Town), dies at 77.Ref: 5
1965*Heinrich Barth Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies.Ref: 5
1967*Fire at L'Innovation department store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium).Ref: 5
1967*[James Mercer] Langston Hughes US author (Tambourines to Glory), dies at 65.Ref: 5
1967*Henry C Rümke psychiatrist (Light of Man), dies at 74.Ref: 5
1967*Langston Hughes , the American poet and prominent figure of the Harlem Renaissance , was born. Following his death on May 22 , 1967, his obituary appeared in The Times. (Go to obit. | Other Birthdays)Ref: 70
1967*Langston Hughes author: Way Down South; died May 22, 1967Ref: 4
1970*Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus.Ref: 5
1970*Joseph Krutch, American naturalist and author, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1972*Dame Margaret Rutherford, English stage and screen actress, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1975*Torben Meyer actor (Viking, Roberta, Sunny), dies at 90.Ref: 5
1976*Oscar Bonavena boxing: heavyweight: record: 56 wins, 9 losses, 1 draw, 42 kayos; found murdered at the Mustang Ranch bordello in Las Vegas.Ref: 4
1977 Gijsbert van Hall banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1977*Marius Monnikendam Dutch choir composer, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1978*Bjarne Brustad composer, dies at 83.Ref: 5
1984*John Marley actor (Cat Ballou), dies following heart surgery at 77.Ref: 5
1985*Wolfgang Reitherman, Disney director of films like The Jungle Book and The Aristocats, drove his car into a tree at Olive and Kenneth in Burbank and died.Ref: 73
1986*Martin Gabel actor (Thief, Marnie), dies at 63.Ref: 5
1987*Mario Zafred composer, dies at 65.Ref: 5
1987*30 killed in a Texas tornado.Ref: 5
1988*Dennis Day tenor/comedian (Jack Benny Show, Danny Boy), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1988 Giorgio Almirante Italy, fascist (member of parliament), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1990*Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Graziano (Rocco Barbella) dies at 71, of heart failure.Ref: 68
1990*Max Wall actor (Jabberwocky), dies.Ref: 5
1991*Lino Brocka director (Macho Dancer, Jaguar), dies in car crash at 51.Ref: 5
1992*Elizabeth David, writer on cooking/food, dies in London England.Ref: 68
1993*Mieczyslaw Horszowski Polish/US pianist (Carnegie Hall), dies at 100.Ref: 5
1994 Frederick Hemming McClintock criminologist, dies at 68.Ref: 5
1994*Mitacq [Michel Tacq] Belgian comic strip artist (Beaver Patrol), dies.Ref: 5
1995*Robert Flemyng actor (Kafka, Rebecca, Funny Face), dies at 83.Ref: 5
1996*Duncan Montgomery Stewart academic, dies at 66.Ref: 5
1996*Rex Collings writer/publisher, dies at 70Ref: 5
1997*A D Hershey US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969), dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1998*Actor John Derek (aka Derek Harris), husband to Bo Derek, dies.Ref: 4
2002*( Chandra Levy) The remains of Chandra Levy, the ex- federal intern who was linked to Congressman Gary Condit, is found in a heavily wooded park in Washington DC. The remains were identified by dental records. Levy disappeared in April of 2001. (USA Today, p 1A, 5/23/2002)Ref: 13
2002*A Palestinean, disguised as a punk rocker, blows himself up in a crowded pedestrian area of Rishon Letzion, a Tel Aviv suburb, killing 2. (USA Today, p 7A, 5/23/2002)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen