Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
June 10th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1376*Wenceslas, son of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, is elected King of the Romans.Ref: 17
1381*The Peasants' Revolt. A mob of peasants led by Wat Tyler, an eloquent war veteran, takes control of Canterbury and frees vagrant priest John Ball from prison. 
1423*Clemens VIII, is elected the Spanish anti-pope.Ref: 69
1610*First Dutch settlers arrive (from NJ), to colonize Manhattan Island.Ref: 5
1639*First American log cabin at Fort Christina (Wilmington Delaware).Ref: 5
1652*First mint in America established at Boston by silversmith John Hull; issues silver Pine Tree Shilling.Ref: 10
1682*Tornado in New Haven, CT uproots a 3' diameter oak tree.Ref: 5
1760*NY passes first effective law regulating practice of medicine.Ref: 5
1768*(Boston Massacre) Based on a report of the May 9 customs violation and rough treatment of a customs official, the Liberty is seized. Rioters attack customs officials.Ref: 87
1772*Burning of the Gasp‚e, British revenue cutter, by Rhode Islanders.Ref: 5
1783*(Burr) (day unspecified) Aaron Burr's daughter, Theodosia, is born. Ref 
1791*The Canada Constitution Act is passed by the British Parliament; Canada is divided into Upper Canada and Lower Canada.Ref: 17
1805*(day unspecified) Aaron Burr meets with General Wilkinson, the new Governor of the Louisiana Territory, at Fort Massac. Wilkinson outfits Burr with "an elegant barge" and gives him letters of introduction to Wilkinson's friends in New Orleans.Ref: 87
1808*Napoleon excommunicated by Pope Pius VIIRef: 10
1833*(day unspecified) The Greene County (OH)_Agricultural Society is founded. (XDG, p 14A, 4/29/2003)Ref: 83
1848*First telegraph link between NYC & Chicago.Ref: 5
1850*The American Bible Union was founded, organized by church leaders who had broken from the American and Foreign Bible Society.Ref: 5
1854*The US Naval Academy at Annapolis, MD graduated its first class on this day. Midshipmen still attend classes and graduate from the same locale, not far from the Chesapeake Bay.Ref: 4
1854*Eventually to become the first African-American Roman Catholic bishop, James Augustine Healy, 24, was ordained a priest in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris.Ref: 5
1867*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) (thru Aug 11th) John Surratt, after having been captured in Europe, is tried in a civilian court. The jury is unable to reach a verdict in his case and in late August Surratt is released.Ref: 87
1869*The 'Agnes' arrives in New Orleans with the 1st ever shipment of frozen beefRef: 5
1904*(Haywood Trial) (day unspecified) In the midst of a violent labor dispute, a railroad depot in Independence, Colorado is bombed, presumably under orders from the leaders of the Western Federation of Miners, killing fourteen non-union miners.Ref: 87
1905*First forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Me.Ref: 5
1906*The first Church of Christ, Scientist is dedicated in Boston.Ref: 17
1907*(Haywood Trial) (day unspecified) For several days, Harry Orchard testifies to his life as a labor assassin under the direction of leaders of the WFM, including Haywood.Ref: 87
1909*An SOS signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency when the Cunard liner SS Slavonia is wrecked off the Azores.Ref: 2
1909*(Triangle) (day unspecified) A fire prevention expert writes a letter to Triangle Shirtwaist management suggesting that they hold a meeting to discuss improved safety measures, but the letter is ignored.Ref: 87
1920*The Republican convention in Chicago endorses woman suffrage.Ref: 2
1921*Lewis Pelser testifies that Sacco is the "dead image" of the man in the car. He admits in cross-examination that he earlier told the police that he had not witnessed the robbery and had run away because he was scared.Ref: 87
1921*The General Accounting Office (GAO) is established as an independent US government agency.Ref: 17
1925*Tennessee adopts a new biology text book denying the theory of evolution.Ref: 2
1925*The United Church of Canada was formed, uniting both the Methodist and Presbyterian denominations of Canada. The merger also took in 3,000 independent Canadian Congregational churches.Ref: 5
1934*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) The Alabama Supreme Court affirms the convictions of Haywood and Norris.Ref: 87
1935*After completing one full day without imbibing liquor, Dr. Robert Smith, a heart surgeon better known as Doctor Bob, and his friend William G. Wilson, a stockbroker, found Alcoholics Anonymous. This was the beginning of a lifetime without booze for the two ... and for thousands more throughout the years.Ref: 4
1938*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) The Alabama Supreme Court upholds the death sentence for Clarence Norris.Ref: 87
1939*(day unspecified) Fermi and Szilard submit paper to "Physical Review" describing sub-critical neutron multiplication in a lattice of uranium oxide in water, but it is clear that natural uranium and water cannot make a self-sustaining reaction.Ref: 91
1940*(day unspecified) The MAUD Committee acquires its name. Franz Simon begins research on isotope separation through gaseous diffusion.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Oppenheimer joins the Met Lab to lead an effort on fast neutron physics, and prepares an outline for the entire neutron physics program. Production of plutonium through marathon irradiation by cyclotron begins.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Met Lab engineering council begins developingplans for large scale plutonium production reactors.Ref: 91
1942*(day unspecified) Pres. Roosevelt approves a plan for spending $85 million for a weapon development program.Ref: 91
1943*(day unspecified) Navy Capt. William Parsons arrives at Los Alamos as Ordnance Division leader to begin directing gun assembly research.Ref: 91
1943*FDR signs withholding tax bill into law (this is W-2 Day!).Ref: 5
1944*(day unspecified) Oppenheimer replaces Neddermeyer with Kistiakowsky as director of implosion research.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) Bethe and Peierls work on developing explosive lens concept.Ref: 91
1944*(day unspecified) Von Neumann provides design breakthrough for the slow component for focusing.Ref: 91
1945*509th Composite Group crews begin arriving on Tinian with their modified B-29s.Ref: 91
1946 Italy replaced its abolished monarchy with a republic.Ref: 5
1946*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Ozzie Powell is paroled.Ref: 87
1950*(Scottsboro Boys) (day unspecified) Andy Wright is paroled. FBI arrests Patterson, but Michigan's governor refuses extradition to Alabama.Ref: 87
1953*The Supreme Court ruled that restaurants in the District of Columbia could not refuse to serve blacks.Ref: 70
1954*General Motors announced that the first successful gas-turbine bus had been produced.Ref: 4
1957*Harold MacMillan becomes British PM.Ref: 5
1957*John Diefenbacker (C) elected PM of Canada.Ref: 5
1961*Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally) is released from the Federal Women's Reformatory in Alderson WV. Ref 
1962*The archdiocese of Atlanta GA announces a nonracial admission policy for the coming school year.Ref: 17
1963*President Kennedy signs into law a bill mandating equal pay to women.Ref: 17
1964*The U.S. Senate voted to limit further debate on a proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern lawmakers.Ref: 70
1966 Ugandan president Milton Obote dissolves the Kingdom of Buganda and brings it under the authority of the central Ugandan government.Ref: 17
1967 The Soviet Union breaks diplomatic relations with Israel.Ref: 17
1969*Pope Paul VI arrives in Geneva. He is the first pope to visit the city since the Protestant Reformation.Ref: 17
1971*Embargo on exporting goods to China was lifted by President NixonRef: 17
1973*Grandson of J Paul Getty, J Paul Getty III is kidnapped.Ref: 52
1975*Rockefeller panel reports on 300,000 illegal CIA files on Americans.Ref: 5
1977*James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with six others; he was recaptured three days later.Ref: 70
1977 The Rules of War Conference, held to update the 1949 Geneva conventions, approves a provision by which guerrillas have the same rights as soldiers engaged in international wars.Ref: 17
1978*A jury in Clark County, Nev., ruled the so-called "Mormon will," purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.Ref: 70
1979*Pope John Paul II visits Poland.Ref: 5
1981 IRA's Joseph Doherty escapes from Crumlin Road Jail.Ref: 5
1981*Seven Brothers Square in Bronx named honoring 7 Santini Bro Moving Co.Ref: 5
1983*The Presbyterian Church (USA) was formed in Atlanta, through a reunification of the United Presbyterian Church (UPCUSA) and the Southern Presbyterian Church (PCUS).Ref: 5
1984*US missile shot down an incoming missile in space for first time.Ref: 5
1985*Socialite Claus von Bulow was acquitted by a jury in Providence, R.I., on charges he'd tried to murder his heiress wife, Martha "Sunny" von Bulow.Ref: 70
1985*Coca Cola announces they'd bring back their 99-year-old formula.Ref: 5
1987*A moderate earthquake rattled 15 states from IA to South Carolina. “It was not an aftershock,” geologists reported.Ref: 4
1990*Burger King begins using Newman's Own Salad Dressing.Ref: 5
1994*Microsoft announces the immediate availability of Microsoft Complete Baseball, a multimedia reference CD-ROM that details Baseball's history, players, teams, season summaries, and statistics. 
1997*Microsoft purchases 11.5% of Comcast Corp. for $1 billion. 
1998*A Jacksonville FL jury orders Brown and Williamson Tobacco Corp to pay nearly $1M to the family of Roland Maddox who had smoked Lucky Strikes for nearly 50 years. Later, a Florida appeals court overturned the verdict. (XDG, p 4A, 6/10/2003)Ref: 83
1998*The National Rifle Association elected actor Charlton Heston its president.Ref: 70
1999*The US Supreme Court rules that the city of Chicago had gone too far in its fight against street gangs by ordering police to break up groups of loiterers. (XDG, p 4A, 6/10/2000)Ref: 83
2001*British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his Labor Party swept to a second term.Ref: 70
1720*Mrs Clements of England markets first paste-style mustard.Ref: 5
1752 Ben Franklin's kite is struck by lightning-what a shock!.Ref: 5
1846*Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tire.Ref: 5
1854*Georg F.B. Reiman proposes that space is curved.Ref: 5
1902*Americus F. Callahan patents what he called the outlook or see-through envelope. The rest, of course, is accounts payable history…Ref: 4
1908*First flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens.Ref: 5
1932*First demonstration of artificial lightning Pittsfield Mass.Ref: 5
1948*The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.Ref: 2
1955*First separation of virus into component parts reported.Ref: 5
1973*NASA launches Radio Astronomy Explorer 49 into lunar orbit.Ref: 5
1977*Apple Computer ships its first Apple IIRef: 5
1987*Discovery's SRBs and External Tank are mated.Ref: 5
1993 Scientists announce they had extracted genetic material from the preserved remains of an insect that lived when dinosaurs roamed the earth. (XDG, p 4A, 6/10/2003)Ref: 83
1429*Joan of Arc defeats the Earl of Suffolk.Ref: 62
1776*The Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.Ref: 2
1781*Brigadier General Anthony Wayne (1745-1796) with 800 Pennsylvanians joined Lafayette at the South Anna River. The combined forces then followed Cornwallis to the south. 
1801*The north African state of Tripoli declared war on the United States in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean.Ref: 5
1861*Dorothea Dix is appointed superintendent of female nurses for the Union army.Ref: 2
1863*At the Battle of Brice's Crossroads in Mississippi, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats the numerically superior Union troops.Ref: 2
1898*US Marines land in Cuba, during Spanish-American War.Ref: 5
1905*Japan and Russia agree to peace talks brokered by President Theodore Roosevelt.Ref: 2
1916 Mecca, under control of the Turks, falls to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.Ref: 2
1940*Norway capitulates to Germany; Italy declares war on Britain and France. Canada declares war on Italy.Ref: 36
1940*Italy declares war on France & Britain during WW II.Ref: 5
1942*The Gestapo massacres 173 male residents of Lidice (LIH'-dyiht-zeh), Czechoslovakia, in reprisal for Heydrich's assassination.Ref: 35
1943*The Allies begin bombing Germany around the clock.Ref: 2
1943*FDR becomes first US president to visit a foreign country during wartime.Ref: 5
1944*Nazis liquidate the town of Oradour-sur-Glane in France.Ref: 36
1944*The U.S. VII and V corps, advancing from Normandy's beaches, link up and begin moving inland.Ref: 2
1945*The Australians invade Borneo. 
1967 The Six-Day War ended as Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire. (Go to article.)Ref: 70
1967*Israeli forces raided the Liberty, a U.S. Navy ship stationed in the Mediterranean, killing 34. Israel called the attack a tragic mistake.Ref: 70
1970*A 15-man group of special forces troops begin training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.Ref: 2
1982 Israeli troops reach outskirts of Beirut.Ref: 5
1985 The Israeli army pulls out of Lebanon after 1,099 days of occupation.Ref: 2
1991*Mother of All Parades-NYC welcomes desert storm troopsRef: 5
1995*U.S. Marines rescued Capt. Scott O'Grady, whose F16-C fighter jet had been shot down by Bosnian Serbs on June 2.Ref: 70
1999 Serb forces depart Kosovo after signing an agreement with the NATO powers, prompting NATO to suspend its punishing 78-day air war.Ref: 70
1829 First Oxford vs Cambridge boat race rowed on the Thames in London; Oxford clear winners.Ref: 10
1868*2nd Belmont Stakes, General Duke wins.Ref: 5
1880*Charlie Jones becomes first to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning.Ref: 5
1892*Wilbert Robinson of Balt Orioles sets record of 7 for 7 in 9 inn game.Ref: 5
1921*Yankee slugger Babe Ruth hits his 120th HR off Indian pitcher Jim Bagby to become baseball's career home run leader. It is a position the 'Sultan of Swat' will hold until Hank Aaron hits number 715 in 1974.Ref: 1
1926*Phillies Russ Wrightstone hits for the cycle.Ref: 5
1928 Dance marathon at Madison Square Garden begins; stopped 17 days later with 9 couples still dancing.Ref: 10
1930*After seven consecutive victories from the start of the season, Lefty Grove loses in eleven innings to the White SoxRef: 1
1934*Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 (OT) in soccer's 2nd World Cup at Rome.Ref: 5
1938*Bill Lefebvre of the Boston Red Sox hits a home run in his first major league at bat on the first pitch.Ref: 1
1938*Hollywood Park race track opened for thoroughbreds and, later, harness racing. The track is still in operation in Inglewood, CA.Ref: 4
1944*Pitcher Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds hurled his first major-league game. Nuxhall, the youngest pitcher in major-league baseball, was only 15 years, 10 months and 11 days old when he pitched that game against the St. Louis Cardinals.Ref: 4
1952*Chic White Sox Sam Mele is 6th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th).Ref: 5
1953*Mickey McBride, founder of the Cleveland Browns, sold the franchise to a syndicate headed by Dave R. Jones. Ref 
1956*16th modern Olympiad equestrian events open in Stockholm.Ref: 5
1959*Cleveland Indian fan favorite Rocky Colavito ties the MLB record for home runs in a game with four (in consecutive at bats) at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium. He goes on to lead the league in homers with 42.Ref: 86
1962*A record 54 home runs hit in baseball.Ref: 5
1962*Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of USSR, sets then long jump record at 27' 3¬".Ref: 5
1966*Indian hurler Sonny Siebert throws the only no-hitter of the season defeating the Senators, 2-0.Ref: 1
1972*Passing Willie Mays into second place on the career home run list, Hank Aaron hits his 649th round tripper. The historic homer is 'Hammerin Hank's' 14th grand slam tying Gil Hodges' National League record.Ref: 1
1978*Affirmed won horse racing's Triple Crown by taking the Belmont Stakes.Ref: 70
1978*Yankees trade Ken Holzman for Ron Davis.Ref: 5
1979*Balt Orioles pull their 8th triple play (5-4-3 vs Cleve).Ref: 5
1981*Pete Rose of the Philadelphia Phillies singled off of Houston pitcher Nolan Ryan to tie Stan Musial’s baseball career-hit total at 3,630. A looming baseball strike of 50 days thwarted ‘Charlie Hustle’s’ efforts to break the National League record.Ref: 4
1981*Sebastian Coe of Englands sets the 800m record (1:41.73) in Florence.Ref: 5
1983*Johnny Bench, all-star catcher of the Cincinnati Reds (elected in 1989 to baseball Hall of Fame), announced his plans to retire from the game. Bench called his 16 years in the big leagues “a boy’s dream.” Bench went on to several endeavors, including restaurant ownership, commercial endorsements (“Rust-Oleum -- no runs, no drips, no errors...”) and as a baseball sportscaster for CBS radio.Ref: 4
1984*Boston beats Los Angeles, for the NBA championship.Ref: 5
1984*Ivan Lendl wins the French Open, his first grand slam title.Ref: 5
1984*Zhu Jian Hua of China high jumps a record 7'10" (2.39m).Ref: 5
1985*Herschel Walker of the New Jersey Generals broke the 2,000-yard mark in rushing during the season as the Generals won over Jacksonville, 31-24. The effort set a United States Football League (USFL) record. This feat had only been reached twice in the National Football League (NFL) -- once by O.J. Simpson in 1973 for 2,003 yards and by Eric Dickerson in 1984 for 2,105 yards.Ref: 4
1986*A Bartlett Giamatti becomes president of baseball's NL.Ref: 5
1987*Charles S. (Chub) Feeney, former N.L. president, is named president of the San Diego Padres.Ref: 86
1988 Greatest number of participants (31,678) on a bicycle tour (London).Ref: 5
1989*Major French Open upset, as Spain's Arantxa Sanchez, 17 beats heavily favored Steffi Graf, also first Spaniard to win a grand slam title.Ref: 5
1990*Andres Gomez beats Andre Agassi for French Open title.Ref: 5
1990*Detroit Pistons beat Trail Blazers for first time since 1974 in Portland.Ref: 5
1991*Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent announces Denver and South Florida as the two areas chosen by the expansion committee.Ref: 86
1992*At Milwaukee County Stadium, A's first baseman Mark McGwire hits his 200th career home run off Brewers' pitcher Chris Bosio.Ref: 1
1992*The Angels retire Nolan Ryan's number 30 Anaheim Stadium. Ryan posted a 138-121 record and a 3.06 ERA in 291 games with the Angels.Ref: 86
1997*Marlin Kevin Brown no-hits the Giants, 9-0, but misses a chance for a perfect game when he hits Marvin Benard with a 1-2 pitch with two outs in the eighth inning.Ref: 1
1998*Dante Bichette becomes the first Colorado Rockies player to hit for the cycle.Ref: 86
1998*Major League owners unanimously approve transfer of ownership of Texas Rangers to Thomas O. Hicks at Major League meetings in Seattle.Ref: 86
2002*At Seattle's Safeco Field, former Japanese Orix Blue Wave teammates, Ichiro Suzuki and So Taguchi play against each other as the Mariners blank the Cardinals, 10-0. It is the first time two Japanese position players have played in the same major league game.Ref: 1
2002*In front of 45,698 fans at Yankee Stadium, Marcus Thames becomes the 17th player in history to hit a home run on the first pitch he sees in the major leagues. The New York rookie, who hit his two-run dinger off four-time Cy Young winner Diamondback southpaw Randy Johnson, joins John Miller (1966) as only the second Yankee to homer in his first at-bat.Ref: 1
1854*Crystal Palace opens in London.Ref: 10
1865*The Richard Wagner opera "Tristan und Isolde" premiers in Munich, Germany. (XDG, p 4A, 6/10/2000)Ref: 83
1899*Improved Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati.Ref: 5
1910*George Herriman's comic strip Krazy Kat debuted.Ref: 73
1924*The first political convention on radio was presented by NBC. Graham McNamee provided coverage of the Republican National Convention from Cleveland, OH. McNamee was one of the great sports broadcasters of radio’s Golden Age.Ref: 4
1948*The "Texaco Star Theater" made its debut on NBC-TV with Milton Berle as guest host.Ref: 70
1954*PBS reaches San Francisco: KQED (Channel 9) starts broadcastingRef: 5
1957*The Tom Terrific cartoon debuted on The Captain Kangaroo Show.Ref: 73
1966*The first use of reversed tape was heard in the song Rain (or niaR) by The Beatles. The tune was the ‘B’ side of Paperback Writer. The technique was discovered and refined by John Lennon -- by accident. It was used in several other songs by the group.Ref: 4
1966*Janis Joplins first live concert (Avalon Ballroom in SF).Ref: 5
1967*15,000 attend Fantasy Faire & Magic Mountain Music Festival, Calif.Ref: 5
1972*Sammy Davis Jr. earned his place at the top of the popular music charts for the first time, after years in the entertainment business. His number one song, The Candy Man, stayed at the top for three consecutive weeks. The Candy Man was truly a song of fate for Sammy. He openly did not want to record the song, but did so as a favor to MGM Records head Mike Curb, since it was to be used in the film, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory. Davis said he would give the tune one take, "and that’s it!" Sure enough, in that one-time recording, Sammy nailed it. The Candy Man stayed on the pop charts for 16 weeks. The best the legendary performer had done before was 12 weeks for Love Me or Leave Me in 1955 and 11 weeks for I’ve Gotta Be Me (from Golden Rainbow) in 1969. After The Candy Man became a hit, Davis included it in his stage shows and concerts -- and collected huge royalties from it.Ref: 4
1976*Paul McCartney and Wings set a record for an indoor concert crowd as 67,100 fans gathered in Seattle, WA to hear the former Beatle and his new group.Ref: 4
1985 A Doonesbury cartoon strip took a shot at Frank Sinatra by portraying the ‘Chairman of the Board’ as a friend of organized crime; the Mafia, in fact. Several of the over 800 newspapers that carried the strip by cartoonist, Garry Trudeau, carried the comic strip panel with a disclaimer.Ref: 4
1990*Two members of the band 2 Live Crew are arrested in Hollywood, FL for obscenity. They, and a third member of the band, are later acquitted. (XDG, p 4A, 6/10/2000)Ref: 83
1995*110,000 people attend the premiere of Disney's Pocahontas in Central Park New York, the largest ever opening for an animated film.Ref: 73
1688 James Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender is born.Ref: 10
1706*John Dollond owner of first patent for achromatic lens, is born.Ref: 5
1710*James Short, English optician and astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1735*John Morgan American physician-in-chief of Continental Army, is born.Ref: 5
1741*Joseph Warren, American Revolutionary general, physician, dispatched Paul Revere and William Dawes to Lexington to warn of the British approach, is born.Ref: 17
1815*Samuel Hirsch, German-born philosopher and rabbi, is born.Ref: 70
1819*Gustave Courbet France, realist painter (Funeral at Ornans), is born.Ref: 5
1829*Sir John Millais, English painter and illustrator, is born.Ref: 70
1832*Nicholas August Otto, German inventor, responsible for an early internal combustion engine, is born.Ref: 17
1836*Yamaoka Tesshu Japanese swordsman, master of kendo, is born.Ref: 5
1841*George Wallace Melville, US naval engineer, arctic explorer, is born.Ref: 17
1848*Franklin Hiram King, American agricultural scientist, is born.Ref: 70
1850*David Jayne Hill, US diplomat, author, historian, educator, is born.Ref: 17
1854*George Earl Buckle, British editor of the Times of London, 1884-1912, is born.Ref: 17
1863*Louis Marie Anne Couperus, Dutch novelist, is born.Ref: 70
1877*Robert Wagner, American politician; U.S. senator from New York (1927-49), is born.Ref: 70
1880*Andre Derain, French painter and theatrical designer, is born.Ref: 70
1887*Harry Flood Byrd, Jr, US Governor of VA, 1926-30, US Senator, 1933-65, is born.Ref: 17
1895*Hattie McDaniel Academy Award-winning actress: Gone with the Wind [1939]: first African-American to win Oscar, is born.Ref: 4
1895*Immanuel Velikovsky, US writer (Worlds in Collision), is born.Ref: 5
1901*Frederick Loewe, songwriter, is born.Ref: 2
1903*Clyde Beatty (circus performer, lion tamer, circus owner, actor) is born.Ref: 4
1903*Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-born American novelist and essayist, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Frederick Loewe composer/partner of Learner, is born.Ref: 5
1910*Howlin' Wolf [Chester Arthur Burnett], rocker (Evil, Big City Blues), is born.Ref: 5
1910*John Campbell, American science-fiction writer, is born.Ref: 70
1911*Ralph Kirkpatrick Leominster Mass, harpsichordist, is born.Ref: 5
1911*Sir Terence Rattigan playwright (Winslow Boy, Browning Version), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Thor Johnson Wisconsin Rapids Wisconsin, conductor (Cin Symph 1958), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Wilbur J Cohen first employee of Social Security System, is born.Ref: 5
1915*Saul Bellow writer, Nobel: 1976: The Adventures of Augie March, Herzog, Mr. Sammler’s Planet, Dangling Man, The Victim, Henderson the Rain King, is born in Lachine Ontario.Ref: 68
1915*Oscar Comras Bronx, drummer (namesake of Comras Mall in Bronx Park), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Barry Morse actor: The Fugitive, A Tale of Two Cities, Asylum, Glory! Glory!, Master of the Game, Space: 1999, is born.Ref: 4
1921*Prince Philip (Mountbatten) Duke of Edinburgh; married to Queen Elizabeth II, is born.Ref: 4
1922*Actress, singer Judy Garland (born Frances Gumm) is born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota.Ref: 68
1922*Rose Moffard AZ acting Governor, is born.Ref: 5
1923*Earl Hamner Jr, Schuyler Va, TV narrator (The Waltons), is born.Ref: 5
1923 Robert Maxwell [Jan Hoch], Czech, billionaire/CEO (NY Daily News), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Nat Hentoff columnist/novelist (Village Voice, The Cold Society), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Lionel Jeffries director: Water Babies, Wombling Free, Amazing Mr. Blunden, The Railway Children; actor: Jekyll and Hyde, Prisoner of Zenda, Lola, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, Those Fantastic Flying Fools, Oh Dad Poor Dad [Momma’s Hung You in the Closet & I’m Feeling So Sad], Camelot, Fanny, The Revenge of Frankestein, Bhowani Junction, is born.Ref: 4
1926*June Haver actress (Dolly Sisters, Girl Next Door), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Maurice Sendak NYC, author/illustrator (Where The Wild Things Are), is born.Ref: 5
1929*James A. McDivitt NASA astronaut: commander: Gemini 4 [first space-walk mission], Apollo 9 [Lunar Module tested for first time in earth orbit]; first American Astronaut to reach rank of general, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Grace Mirabella fashion publishing executive: Vogue magazine, Mirabella magazine; writer: Tiffany & Co. [Universe of Design]; In and Out of Vogue : A Memoir [w/Judith Warner], is born.Ref: 4
1932*Gardner McKay NYC, actor (Pleasure Seekers, Boots & Saddles), is born.Ref: 5
1933*F. (Francis) Lee Bailey defense attorney: O.J. Simpson, Patty Hearst, The Boston Strangler, Dr. Sam Sheppard, is born in Waltham MA.Ref: 4
1937*Richard Foreman NYC, theatrical director (Daily Life), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Alexandria Stewart Montreal, actress (In Praise of Older Women), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Shirley Alston Passaic NJ, singer (Shirelles-Soldier Boy), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jeff Greenfield NYC, media commentator (Firing Line, Nightline), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Rick Price musician: bass: groups: The Move, Wizzard: LPs: Wizzard Brew, Introducing Eddy and the Falcons, See my Baby Jive, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Ron Glass Evansville Ind, actor (Ron-Barney Miller, New Odd Couple), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Matthew Fisher England, keyboardist (Procal Harum-Conquistador), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Ken (Kenneth Wayne) Singleton baseball: NY Mets, Montreal Expos, Baltimore Orioles [all-star: 1977, 1979, 1981/World Series: 1979, 1983], is born.Ref: 4
1949*Kevin Corcoran actor: A Tiger Walks, Johnny Shiloh, Old Yeller, Savage Sam, The Shaggy Dog, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Dan Fouts Pro Football Hall of Famer: San Diego Chargers quarter back: AFC Player of the Year [1979]; NFL Player of the Year [1982]; NBC sportscaster, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Rick (Lamar) Camp baseball: pitcher: Atlanta Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1955*Andrew Stevens Memphis Tn, actor (Seduction, Boys in Company C, Fury), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Timothy Van Patten Bkln NY, actor (White Shadow, Master), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Maxi Priest rocker (Wide World), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Duane Sutter NHL player (NY Islander), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Elizabeth Hurley actress: Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, is born.Ref: 4
1965*Linda Evangelista, model, is born.Ref: 4
1966*Doug McKeon NJ, actor (Big Shamus Little Shamus, Centennial), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Human Beatbox (Darren Robinson) rocker (Fat Boys-Jail House Rock), is born.Ref: 5
1973*David Friedman LA Calif, actor (Jason-Little House on the Prairie), is born.Ref: 5
1982*Tara (Kristen) Lipinski figure skater: Olympic gold medalist, is born.Ref: 4
1982*Leelee Sobieski (Liliane Rudabet Gloria Elsveta Sobieski) actress: Charlie Grace, Deep Impact, Joan of Arc [TV: 1999], Eyes Wide Shut, Squelch), is born.Ref: 4
1991*James Cleveland McFadden-Talbot, son of Gates McFadden (Beverly Crusher, Star Trek NG), is born.Ref: 5
1190*Frederick Barbarossa drowns in a river while leading an army of the Third Crusade.Ref: 2
1556*Martin Agricola, German composer and teacher, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1580*Lu¡s Vaz de Camoes Portugal's national poet, dies.Ref: 5
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill. Following the hanging Nathaniel Saltonstall resigns from the court and is replaced by Corwin.Ref: 16
1806*Eugenius Bulgaris, Greek Orthodox theologian and scholar, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1836*Andre-Marie Ampere, scientist, studied magnetism and electricity, dies.Ref: 68
1839*Nathaniel Pryor sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies.Ref: 5
1858*Robert Brown, Scottish botanist, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1865*Lydia Sigourney author: Pleasant Memories of Pleasant Lands, Letters to Young Ladies, How to Be Happy; dies.Ref: 4
1868*Prince Michael III Obrenovic of Serbia is assassinated in Belgrade after freeing Serbia from Ottoman rule.Ref: 17
1883*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Convicted conspirator Dr. Samuel A. Mudd dies.Ref: 87
1899*Amedee-Ernest Chausson, composer (Poème for Violin & Orchestra), dies in Limay, Seine-et-Oise, France. (Cross, Milton, "Encyclopedia of the Great Composers and Their Music", Doubleday & Co, 1953) 
1903*King Alexander of Serbia and Queen Draga of Belgrade are assassinated by Colonel Apis and members of the Serbian army.Ref: 17
1909*Edward Everett b. Hale, American clergyman and author, dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1918*Arrigo Boito, Italian poet, composer, and librettist, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1924*Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist leader assassinated by the Fascists in Rome at age 39.Ref: 70
1926*Antonio y Cornet Gaudi, Spanish architect, dies.Ref: 68
1927*Victoria Clafin Woodhull Martin, first American woman to run for US President, American women's rights advocate, dies.Ref: 68
1934*Frederick Delius, English/French composer, dies at age 72.Ref: 70
1940*Marcus Garvey, the Jamaican-born founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, dies.Ref: 70
1941 Marcus Garvey dies at 52 in London England.Ref: 5
1946*Jack Johnson, American boxer; first black heavyweight champion, dies in a car accident at age 68.Ref: 70
1949*John McClutcheon cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931), dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1967*Spencer (Bonaventure) Tracy Academy Award-winning actor: Captains Courageous [1937], Boys Town [1938]; San Francisco, Stanley and Livingstone, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde [1941], Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, Adam’s Rib, Father of the Bride [1950], Pat and Mike, Bad Day at Black Rock, The Mountain, The Old Man and the Sea, How the West Was Won, It’s a Mad Mad Mad Mad World, Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner; dies.Ref: 17
1970*A US military attache in Amman Jordan, Major Robert Perry, is shot to death by commandos.Ref: 17
1971*Michael Rennie actor (Day the Earth Stood Still), dies at 61.Ref: 5
1971*11 die in a train crash in Salem IL.Ref: 5
1973*William M Inge, American playwright; awarded Pulitzer Prize for "Picnic" in 1953, dies at age 60.Ref: 70
1976*Adolph Zukor, the American entrepreneur who built the Paramount movie empire, dies.Ref: 70
1981 In Frascati, Italy, six-year-old Alfredo Rampi fell down an artesian well; the story ended tragically as efforts to rescue him proved futile.Ref: 6
1981*Russell "Lucky" Hayden actor (Judge Roy Bean), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1982*Rainer Werner Fassbinder film-maker, dies of drug overdose at 36.Ref: 5
1985*Bob Prince sportscaster (Monday Night Baseball), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1985*George Chandler actor (Lassie), dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87.Ref: 5
1987*Elizabeth Hartman actress: Secret of NIMH, Full Moon High, Walking Tall, Patch of Blue; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Louis L'Amour, American novelist, dies at age 79 of cancer.Ref: 68
1989*Richard Quine actor: Babes on Broadway, For Me and My Gal, director: The World of Suzy Wong, Bell Book and Candle, How to Murder Your Wife, Sex and the Single Girl; dies.Ref: 4
1991*Vercors (Jean Bruller; Jean-Marcel de Brullers) author: Silence of the Sea: first clandestine novel published under Nazi occupation of France [1941]; dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1992*Nat Pierce musician: jazz rhythm pianist; cobandleader: Capp-Pierce Juggernaut; dies.Ref: 70
1996*Jo Van Fleet Academy Award-winning actress: East of Eden [1955]; The Rose Tattoo, Cool Hand Luke, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Cinderella; dies.Ref: 68
2000*Syrian President Hafez Assad died at age 69.Ref: 70
2001*John McKay (College Football Hall of Famer: head coach: USC: only coach to take a team to the Rose Bowl 4 years in a row [1967-70]; head coach: Tampa Bay Buccaneers) dies.Ref: 4
2001*A knife-wielding man killed eight children at a Japanese elementary school.Ref: 70
2002*Organized crime figure John Gotti died at a prison hospital in Missouri at age 61.Ref: 70
2003*Donald Regan, White House Chief of Staff for President Reagan, dies at age 84. (USA Today, p 7A, 6/11/2003)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen