Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
June 20th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1397*The Union of Kalmar unites Denmark, Sweden, and Norway under one monarch.Ref: 2
1567*Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique.Ref: 5
1599*The Synod of Diamper reunited a native church in India with Rome. Discovered in 1498 by Portuguese explorers, this isolated pocket of worshipers traced their Christian origins back to the missionary efforts of the Apostle Thomas.Ref: 5
1632*Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area.Ref: 5
1676*First formally declared "Day of Thanksgiving", Charlestown, MA.Ref: 62
1778*Daniel Boone arrives in Booneborough after his escape from the Shawnee.Ref: 54
1782*The Great Seal of the United States was adopted by Congress. William Barton designed the seal which consists of an eagle, an olive branch and 13 arrows -- one for each of the original 13 colonies.Ref: 4
1789*Oath of the Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken.Ref: 5
1791*King Louis XVI of France and his family attempt to flee the country in the so-called Flight to Varennes, but was caught.Ref: 70
1837*England issues its first stamp, 1P Queen Victoria.Ref: 5
1837*Princess Victoria became Queen Victoria of England, following the death of her uncle, King William IV. She ruled for 63 years 216 days, ending in 1901.Ref: 4
1846*Donner Party: William Russell, Edwin Bryant, and seven others trade their wagons for pack mules and leave the wagon train. Hiram Miller, a teamster for the Donners, goes with them. The wagon train is now led by William M. Boggs.Ref: 28
1847*Donner Party: Gen. Stephen W. Kearney, heading east, reaches the "Cannibal Camp." Mormon Battalion veterans who form part of Kearney’s entourage are detailed to gather the remains into the Breen cabin, which they then set afire.Ref: 28
1855*Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin.Ref: 5
1861*Dan Sickles is commissioned a colonel of the 70th New York in the Union Army. Ref 
1863*(new state) Virginia’s cessation from the Union gave reason for the birth of WV. 40 western counties of Virginia did not secede, and instead, formed their own government, officially entering the United States of America this day as the 35th state. Charleston is the capital of the Mountain State which boasts of having the most rugged terrain of any state east of the MS. Throughout the forested hills of WV, you’ll also find many cardinals (the state bird) and multitudes of the state flower, the big rhododendron.Ref: 4
1863*The National Bank of Philadelphia, PA received a charter from the U.S. Congress. It was the first bank to receive one.Ref: 39
1867*Pres Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska.Ref: 5
1871*Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford Miss.Ref: 5
1874*First US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons).Ref: 5
1885*A band of Moravian missionaries landed on the shores of Alaska and founded the Bethel Mission.Ref: 5
1893*A jury in New Bedford, Massachusetts, found Lizzie Borden innocent of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.Ref: 5
1895 Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation.Ref: 5
1895*First female doctor of science earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin) from Cornell University.Ref: 5
1901*Charlotte M. Manye of South Africa becomes the first native African to graduate from an American University.Ref: 2
1909*The Wright Brothers return to Ft Myers VA to resume the flight tests that had terminated abruptly the previous year with the crash that kill Lt Selfridge and seriously injured Orville Wright.Ref: 46
1910 Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaims martial law and arrests hundreds.Ref: 2
1911*NAACP incorporates (NY).Ref: 5
1921*Alice M. Robertson of OK presided over the US House of Representatives. She was the first woman to accept the task, even though it was only for a few minutes.Ref: 4
1921*Employees of the Iver Johnson Company testify that the gun taken from Vanzetti when he was arrested was "of the same kind" as the one left at their store by the victim Berardelli. Sacco's boss testifies that a cap found at the scene was similar to one Sacco wore.Ref: 87
1921*29.2 cm (11.5") of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record).Ref: 5
1923*France announces it will seize the Rhineland to assist Germany in paying her war debts.Ref: 2
1926*Mordecai W Johnson becomes first black president of Howard University.Ref: 5
1928*At the 69th annual reunion of the Xenia [Ohio] High School Alumni Association, Professor GJ Graharn ("Mr Chips") was paid special tribute by the principal speaker, RO Wead, a banker. (XDG, p 9A, 8/05/2003)Ref: 83
1935*The defense team appeals Bruno Hauptmann's conviction for the Lindbergh kidnapping to New Jersey's highest tribunal.Ref: 87
1941*Henry Ford recognizes the UAW.Ref: 59
1941*The US Army Air Force is established, replacing the Army Air Corps.Ref: 2
1943*National Congress of Racial Equality organizes.Ref: 5
1944*Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency.Ref: 5
1947*The Taft-Hartley Labor Act, curbing strikes, was vetoed by President Truman. Congress overrode the veto.Ref: 5
1948*Deutchmark introduced in Germany.Ref: 10
1955*The AFL and CIO agree to combine names for a merged group.Ref: 2
1960*Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France.Ref: 5
1963*The United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to set up a hot line communication link between the two superpowers.Ref: 70
1964*(Mississippi Burning) Michael Schwerner and James Chaney and Andy Goodman drive from Ohio to the CORE office in Meridian, Mississippi.Ref: 87
1972*President Richard Nixon names General Creigton Abrams as Commander-in-Chief of the US armed forces.Ref: 2
1976*Carl Fugate, Starkwether accomplice, paroled.Ref: 5
1977 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez.Ref: 5
1978*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) General George S Brown, USAF, completes his tenure as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1982 Israeli PM Menachem Begin arrives in Washington.Ref: 5
1986*Doctors at Bethesda Naval remove 2 small benign polyps from President Reagan's colonRef: 5
1986*The New York Times announced its intention to use the honorific Ms. in both news articles and editorialsRef: 62
1990*Nelson Mandela lands in NYC to begin a tour of the US.Ref: 5
1991*“I’m very pleased to welcome to the White House the newly-elected President of the Russian Republic, Boris Yeltsin,” said (41st) U.S. President George Bush (George I), greeting Yeltsin in the Rose Garden. “We will be interested in his views on the critical issues confronting the U.S.S.R. and its place in the world.”Ref: 4
1994*O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to the killing of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend Ronald Goldman.Ref: 70
1996*The Clinton administration announced it would veto the re-election of UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.Ref: 6
1997*The tobacco industry agreed to a massive settlement in exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.Ref: 70
1999 As the last of 40,000 Yugoslav troops left Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.Ref: 70
2000*After a furious last-minute lobbying blitz by the Clinton administration, the Senate voted 57-to-42 to approve legislation making it easier for federal prosecutors to try hate crimes, attaching the measure to a defense authorization bill. (However, the House stripped the hate crimes provision from the defense bill the following October.)Ref: 6
2000*The Xenia Daily Gazette announced a $2 million donation to Wilberforce University by singer Ray Charles. (XDG, p 1A, 6/20/2000)Ref: 83
2001*Andrea Yates drowned her five children in the bathtub in her family's home in Houston. She was later sentenced to life in prison.Ref: 70
2001 American Lori Berenson was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison by a Peruvian court for collaborating with leftist guerrillas.Ref: 70
2001*Billy Collins was named the 11th U.S. poet laureate.Ref: 70
2002*The U.S. Supreme Court declared that executing mentally retarded murderers was unconstitutionally cruel.Ref: 70
1793*Eli Whitney applies for a cotton gin patent.Ref: 5
1819*The paddle-wheel steamship Savannah arrives in Liverpool, England, after a voyage of 27 days and 11 hours--the first steamship to successfully cross the Atlantic. (It departed from Savannah GA on May 22).Ref: 2
1939*Test flight of first rocket plane using liquid propellants.Ref: 5
1943*New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3 km dia).Ref: 5
1966*Sheila Scott completes first round-the-world solo flight by a womanRef: 5
451 Roman and barbarian warriors halt Attila's army at the Catalaunian Plains in eastern France.Ref: 2
1402 Battle of Angora (Ankara)-Tatars defeat Turkish Army.Ref: 5
1529 Clement VII and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V signed the Peace of Barcelona, which ended attacks on Rome by the Lutheran armies.Ref: 5
1779*Battle of Stone FerryRef: 5
1866 Italy declares war on Austria.Ref: 10
1898*It’s difficult to have a war when you don’t know there’s one going on and you don’t have any ammunition. So goes the story as to why, during the Spanish-American War, the Spanish commander of Guam surrendered to Captain Glass, the captain of the USS Charleston.Ref: 4
1942*Japanese submarine I-26 is sighted off Estevan, British Columbia, Canada. Japanese submarine I-25 shells the lighthouse at Estevan Point on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. This may be the only place in Canada shelled during the war. 
1964*General William Westmoreland succeeds General Paul Harkins as head of the US forces in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1912*In a slugfest, the Giants and Braves score a total of 17 runs in the ninth inning. NY scores seven runs in the top of the frame, but the Braves scored 10 runs in the bottom of the ninth to narrow the margin, 21-12. NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice).Ref: 1
1913*3 of first 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader.Ref: 5
1916*Everett Scott of the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees plays in the first of his 1307 consecutive games. ("The 1999 ESPN Sports Almanac") 
1920*Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed.Ref: 5
1936*Jesse Owens of the US sets 100 meter record at 10.2.Ref: 5
1943*Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY.Ref: 5
1950*Willie Mays graduated from high school and immediately signed with the NY Giants for a $6,000 bonus. The ‘Say Hey Kid’ would play most of his career for the Giants -- in both NY and San Francisco -- becoming a baseball legend. As his career came to a close, Mays was traded to the NY Mets. Mays, an all-star center fielder, is in the Baseball Hall of Fame.Ref: 4
1950*Joe Dimaggio's 2,000th hit, Yanks beat Indians 8-2.Ref: 5
1951*Bobby Avilla's five hits, including three HRs, helps the Indians beat the Red Sox at Fenway, 14-8.Ref: 1
1960*Floyd Patterson took back the world heavyweight title by knocking out Ingemar Johanson of Sweden in round five of a title bout at the Polo Grounds in NY City.Ref: 97
1963*First Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 6-2.Ref: 5
1966*The US Open golf tournament was broadcast from San Francisco, with something extra for the nation’s golf fans. It was the first time TV had beamed a golf event in color.Ref: 4
1967*Phillies Larry Jackson beats NY Mets for 18th straight time.Ref: 5
1967*Boxer Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. The conviction was later overturned by the Supreme Court.Ref: 70
1968*Jim Hines becomes first person to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds.Ref: 5
1970*Oriole's Brooks Robinson get his 2,000 career hit, a 3 run HR.Ref: 5
1978*First 6 teams of Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) granted-IA, NJ, Milwaukee, Chicago, Minnesota & Dayton.Ref: 5
1980*Five-foot five Fred Patek hits three HRs to help the Angels beat the Red Sox, 20-2.Ref: 1
1980*Roberto Duran takes WBC welterweight title from Sugar Ray Leonard at Olympic Stadium in Montreal by unanimous decision.Ref: 5
1982*Pete Rose becomes the fifth major leaguer to appear in 3000 games. It is also 'Charlie Hustle's' 523rd consecutive game.Ref: 1
1983*Yankee outfieder Bobby Murcer retires as an active player.Ref: 1
1985*Coach Rollie Massimino told reporters, “I just can’t leave Villanova.” He turned down a basketball coaching offer of $2.1 million over 10 years to coach the New Jersey Nets of the National Basketball Association.Ref: 4
1986*Toronto Blue Jay Cliff Johnson homers vs. Detroit for his major league leading 20th career pinch-hit home run.Ref: 86
1988*NYC WABC-AM becomes the flagship radio station of the NJ Devils.Ref: 5
1992*Kelly Saunders fills in for Baltimore's Rex Barney becoming only the second woman to be a public address announcer at a major league game.Ref: 1
1993*The Chicago Bulls won their third consecutive title with a 99-98 victory over the Phoenix Suns in game 6 of the NBA finals. Michael Jordan was named MVP -- the first player to be named most valuable player of the National Basketball Association finals three years in a row.Ref: 4
1993*After eclipsing the million mark on Mother's Day, the Colorado Rockies crack 2 million on Father's Day, the 36th home date. Colorado reaches the mark faster than any team in history, breaking the '92 Blue Jays mark of 41 dates.Ref: 86
1994*In a 7-1 defeat to the Indians, the Tigers' string of 25 straight games of hitting a home run ends. The streak tied the major league record set by the 1941 NY Yankees.Ref: 1
1996*The Gulf Coast League Tampa Bay Devil Rays earn the first win in the history of the organization with a 4-3 triumph over the GCL Astros. Eighteen-year-old Jose Rodriguez from the Dominican Republic gets the win.Ref: 86
1998*The Cleveland Indians retire Bob Lemon's uniform no. 21.Ref: 29
1999*Payne Stewart made a 15-foot par putt on the 18th hole at famous Pinehurst Resort & Country Club's No. 2 course in Pinehurst, North Carolina. The putt was just enough to win the US Open by one stroke over Phil Mickelson. Stewart, one stroke behind with three holes to play -- and apparently heading for a play-off round the next day -- made a 25-foot putt for par to catch Mickelson, a 3-foot birdie putt on No. 17 to take the lead, and then his 24th putt of the day to win the championship.Ref: 4
2001*Hitting his 38th homer of the season, Barry Bonds breaks the major league mark established by Reggie Jackson (1969) and Mark McGwire (1998) for home runs hit before the All-Star game. The Giant left fielder still has 17 games to add to the record.Ref: 1
2002*Luis Castillo extends his hitting streak to 34 games breaking the 1922 record established by Rogers Hornsby for the longest hitting streak by a second baseman. The Dominican's infielder streak, the 14th longest in major league history, also ties Benito Santiago's record set in 1987 for longest established by a Latin player.Ref: 1
2002*A 4 1/2 -hour closed-casket public viewing is held at Busch Stadium for Jack Buck, the 77-year-old Hall of Fame broadcaster, who died from complications following lung surgery. The bronze statue depicting him at the microphone outside the stadium is stuffed with cards, stuffed animals, photographs and other memorabilia in memory of the KMOX legend.Ref: 1
1907*First Portland Rose festival.Ref: 5
1910*"Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal.Ref: 5
1937*W2XBS (later WCBS-TV) in NY City televised the first TV operetta. Pirates of Penzance, composed by Gilbert and Sullivan, was presented to a very small viewing audience. Television was a new, experimental medium at the time.Ref: 4
1941*The Hollywood Premiere of Walt Disney's The Reluctant Dragon was disrupted by a mob of his striking cartoonists. The police actually cordoned off Hollywood Blvd. around the Pantages Theater for fear of what the rampaging cartoonists might do.Ref: 73
1948*Toast of the Town premiered on CBS-TV. NY entertainment columnist and critic Ed Sullivan was the host. It started his TV career that would span 23 years on a weekly basis. Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis made their television debut on the show. Also on the guest list: Rodgers & Hammerstein and pianist Eugene List. The first show of Toast of the Town cost $1375 to produce, including just $375 for the talent.Ref: 4
1963*Beatles form "Beatles Ltd" to handle their income.Ref: 5
1969*Guitarist Jimi Hendrix earned the biggest paycheck ever paid (to that time) for a single concert appearance. Hendrix was paid $125,000 to appear for a single set at the Newport Jazz Festival.Ref: 4
1970*The Long and Winding Road, by The Beatles, started a second week in the number one spot on the pop music charts. The tune was the last one to be released by The Beatles.Ref: 4
1972 The Tallehatchie Bridge, mentioned in the song "Ode to Billy Joe", was torn downRef: 62
1975 ”Jaws", directed by Steven Spielberg, opens; to become box office champ of the '70s.Ref: 10
1987*Whitney Houston’s album, Whitney, debuted on Billboard magazine’s album chart at number one. Houston became the first female to have an LP debut at the top. The singer, daughter of Cissy Houston and cousin of Dionne Warwick, began her singing career at age 11 with the New Hope Baptist Junior Choir in New Jersey. Houston first worked as a backup vocalist for Chaka Khan and Lou Rawls; entered modeling in 1981, appearing in Glamour magazine and on the cover of Seventeen. Whitney married soul singer, Bobby Brown, in the late 1980s.Ref: 4
1987*Johnny Carson marries 4th wife Alexis Mass.Ref: 5
1988*Price is Right model Janice Pennington is knocked out by a TV cameraRef: 5
1996*Westinghouse Electric agreed to buy Infinity Broadcasting for $3.9 billion, a move that would combine the two biggest players in radio. That was just the beginning, as they say, of the gobbling up of American radio by corporate America. Congress had passed the Telecommunications Act in February 1996 permitting expansion of TV and radio station holdings, and removing restrictions on how many stations could be owned by one entity (huge corporation) in one market (your town/city). With a few local exceptions, all radio stations in the United States are now owned by either Infinity Broadcasting Corporation or Clear Channel Communications. Stay tuned, as they also say, one of these gobblers is bound to gobbled up by the other at any moment.Ref: 4
2002*R&B singer R Kelly recently released "Heaven, I Need A Hug" begins getting airplay in Chicago and spreads sporadically. (USA Today, p 11D, 1/24/2003)Ref: 13
1615*Salvator Rosa, Italian Baroque painter and etcher, is born.Ref: 70
1667*Giullio Rospiglios (later Pope Clement IX) is born.Ref: 69
1674*Nicholas Rowe England, poet laureate (Jane Shore, Tamerlane), is born.Ref: 5
1723*Adam Ferguson, Scottish historian and philopsopher (Principals of Moral and Political Science), is born.Ref: 2
1779*Birth of Dorothy Ann Thrupp, English devotional writer and author of the hymn, 'Savior, Like a Shepherd Lead Us.'Ref: 5
1791*Thomas Edward Bowdich, English traveler and scientific writer, is born.Ref: 70
1819*Jacques Offenbach, Cologne, French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), is born.Ref: 68
1858*Charles Chesnutt novelist: The Conjure Woman, The Wife of His Youth and Other Stories of the Color Line, The Colonel’s Dream; is born.Ref: 4
1860*Alexander Winton, Scottish-born American automobile manufacturer, is born.Ref: 70
1861*Sir Frederick Hopkins, English Nobel Prize-winning biochemist (1929), is born.Ref: 70
1868 Helen Miller Shepard philanthropist/established Hall of Fame, is born.Ref: 5
1887*Kurt Schwitters, German artist, is born.Ref: 2
1894*George Delacorte NYC, philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Helen Traubel St Louis, Missouri, soprano (or 6/16/1903), is born.Ref: 5
1899*Jean Moulin, French Resistance fighter during World War II, is born.Ref: 2
1903*Glenna Collett Vare RI, Natl Am Golf champ (1922, 25, 28-30, 35), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Lillian Hellman, playwright (The Little Foxes, Toys in the Attic), is born.Ref: 17
1906*Bob Howard Newton Mass, singer/pianist (Sing it Again), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Errol (Leslie Thomson) Flynn, film actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood, Captain Blood), is born.Ref: 2
1910*Josephine Johnson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author (Jordanstown, Wildwood), is born.Ref: 2
1910*Chester Arthur Burnett, blues singer, is born.Ref: 2
1911*Gail Patrick Birmingham Ala, actress (My Man Godfrey, Love Crazy), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Bruce Gordon London England, actor (Frank Nitti-Untouchables), is born.Ref: 5
1921*(Francisco Olegario) Pancho Segura International Tennis Hall of Famer: Univ of Miami: U.S. Intercollegiate [1943, 1944 and 1945]; Grand Slam record: U.S. Doubles finalist [1944], mixed finalist [1943, 1947; writer: Pancho Segura’s Championship Strategy: How To Play Winning Tennis, is born.Ref: 4
1924*Chet (Chester Burton) Atkins, Luttrell TN, guitarist (Me & My Guitar), is born.Ref: 5
1924*Audie Murphy American hero: most decorated GI of WWII [27 US decorations including Medal of Honor plus 5 decorations from France and Belgium]; actor: The Red Badge of Courage, The Unforgiven, Arizona Raiders, To Hell and Back; is born in Kingston TX.Ref: 68
1928*Jean-Marie Le-Pen, leader of the National Front party in France, is born.Ref: 2
1931*Olympia Dukakis Academy Award-winning actress: Moonstruck [1987]; Steel Magnolias, Working Girl, The Cemetery Club, Death Wish, Look Who’s Talking; cousin of U.S. presidential nominee, Michael Dukakis, is born.Ref: 4
1931*James Tolkan actor: Dick Tracy, Back to the Future, Serpico, Mary, The Hat Squad, Cobra, is born.Ref: 4
1931*Arne Nordheim Larvik Norway, conductor/composer (Aftonland), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Danny Aiello NYC, actor (Moonstruck, Radio Days), is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1933*Martin Landau Brooklyn NY, actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999), is born.Ref: 68
1933*Brett Halsey Santa Ana Calif, actress (Paul-Follow the Sun), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Jean Boiteux France, 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Rossana Podesta Tripoli Lybia, actress (Hercules, Ulysses), is born.Ref: 5
1935*Len Dawson Pro Football Hall of Famer: KS City Chiefs quarterback; sportscaster, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Billy Guy singer: group: The Coasters: Down in Mexico, Searchin’, Young Blood, Yakety Yak, Charlie Brown, Along Came Jones, Poison Ivy, Little Egypt, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Jerry Keller singer: Here Comes Summer, is born.Ref: 4
1940*John Mahoney actor: Frasier, Cheers, The Human Factor, Primal Fear, In the Line of Fire, The Hudsucker Proxy, The Ten Million Dollar Getaway, Love Hurts, The Russia House, Tin Men, Moonstruck, The Manhattan Project, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Brian Wilson Inglewood CA, singer (Beachboys-In My Room), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Andy (Andrew Auguste) Etchebarren baseball: catcher: Baltimore Orioles [World Series: 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971/all-star: 1966, 1967], California Angels, Milwaukee Brewers, is born.Ref: 4
1944*Dave (David Earl) Nelson baseball: Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Texas Rangers [all-star: 1973], KC Royals, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Anne Murray Nova Scotia, Canada, singer (Snow Bird), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Dave Rowe football: Oakland Raiders defensive tackle: Super Bowl XIRef: 4
1945*James F Buchli New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48), is born.Ref: 5
1945*John McCook Ventura Cal, actor (Codename: Firefox, Bold & Beautiful), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Bob Vila TV host/fixer-upper: This Old House, Home Again with Bob Vila; Sears super salesman, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Andre Watts (musician: classical pianist: Chicago Symphony Orchestra), is born.Ref: 4
1947*Candy Clark actress: American Graffiti, Handle with Care, The Big Sleep, National Lampoon Goes to the Movies, Johnny Belinda, Blue Thunder, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Radioland Murders, Niagara, Niagara, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Dave Thomas comedian, actor: Coneheads, Cold Sweat, Sesame Street Presents: Follow that Bird, Stripes, Second City TV, The New Show, Grace Under Fire; TV host: The Dave Thomas Comedy Show, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Rhythm-and-blues singer Lionel Richie is born. (TWA, 1988)Ref: 95
1949*Dave Elmendorf football: LA Rams safety: Super Bowl XIVRef: 4
1950*Lionel Richie singer (Commodores, Hello, Penny Lover), is born.Ref: 5
1952*John Goodman actor (Roseanne, Everyone's All American), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Cyndi Lauper Brooklyn, singer (Girls Just Want to Have Fun, Vibes), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Alan Longmuir musician: bass: group: Bay City Rollers: Keep on Dancing, Bye Bye Baby, Give Me a Little Love, Saturday Night, is born.Ref: 4
1953*Raul Ramirez tennis: champ: Italian Open [1975], is born.Ref: 4
1953*Brian Duffy Boston Mass, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 45), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Rock musician Michael Anthony (Van Halen) is born.Ref: 68
1957*Butch Patrick Inglewood CA, actor (Real McCoys, Eddie-Munsters), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Dickie (Richard William) Thon baseball: California Angels, Houston Astros [all-star: 1983], SD Padres, Philadelphia Phillies, Texas Rangers, Milwaukee Brewers, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Doug (Douglas Wayne) Gwosdz ‘Eye Chart’: baseball: catcher: SD Padres, is born.Ref: 4
1960*John Taylor rocker (Duran Duran-Girls on Film), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Michael Corbett Collingwood NJ, actor (David-Young & Restless), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Karin Enke German DR, speed skater (Olympic-gold-1980, 84)Ref: 5
1961*Gary Varsho baseball: Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates [NL champs [1991, 1992], Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Michael Landon Jr. actor: Bonanza: The Return, Bonanza: The Ghosts, is born.Ref: 4
1967*Nicole (Mary) Kidman actress:Ref: 4
1967*Joseph William Cathcart rock guitarist (Nelson-Love & Affection)Ref: 5
1969*Malivai Washington tennis: champ: Federal Express international [1992]; grand slam final: Wimbledon [1996]; created Mal Washington Kids Foundation, is born.Ref: 4
1972*Jozef Stumpel hockey: NHL: center: Boston Bruins, LA Kings, is born.Ref: 4
1756*146 British soldiers are imprisoned in a suffocating cell that gained notoriety as the "Black Hole of Calcutta. 123 will die.Ref: 2
1836*Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes (Abbe Sieyes), French Revolutionary leader, one of the key figures in Napoleon's rise to power, dies.Ref: 17
1837*King William IV of England, dies.Ref: 5
1849*Jesse Ransbottom murders his wife (by slitting her throat) in a rage after she comes home late. Jesse will be hanged in January, the only legal hanging to occur in Greene County, Ohio. (Xenia Ohio Daily Gazette, p. 9, 6/27/1953) 
1920*Race riots in Chicago, IL leave two dead and many wounded.Ref: 2
1925*Josef Breuer, Austrian physician/physiologist, dies at age 83.Ref: 70
1943*Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in more than 30 deaths.Ref: 94
1947*Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, 41, is shot dead at the Beverly Hills, CA, mansion of his girlfriend, Virginia Hill, apparently at the order of mob associates.Ref: 68
1958*Kurt Alder, German Nobel Prize-winning chemist (1950), dies at age 55.Ref: 70
1958*Herbert Bayard Swope, American journalist and editor, Pulitzer Prize winner (1917), dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1960*John Kelly, American oarsman, dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1963*Gordon Jones actor (Mike the Cop-Abbott & Costello), dies at 52.Ref: 5
1963*Joseph Self murderer, executed; last Wash state execution in 25 yrs.Ref: 5
1965*Bernard (Mannes) Baruch financier; chairman of War Industries Board [WWI]; representative: UN Atomic Energy Commission; presidential adviser; dies at age 94.Ref: 4
1965*Ira Louvin country singer (Louvin Brothers), dies at 41.Ref: 5
1966*Georges Lemaitre, Belgian astronomer, originator of "big bang" theory, dies at 71Ref: 5
1977*Abner Biberman actor (Imhook-Kodiak), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1979*ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart is shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President Anastasio Somoza's national guard.Ref: 6
1981*Pee Wee (George) Erwin musician: trumpet: Tommy Dorsey Band, Isham Jones Band; dies.Ref: 5
1984*Estelle Winwood actress (Miracle on 34th Street), dies at 99.Ref: 5
1984*Sunny Johnson actress, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 30.Ref: 5
1986*Tim Herbert comedian (Dagmar's Canteen), dies at 71.Ref: 5
1990*Sir Thomas Hopkinson, English editor and pioneering photojournalist, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1990*Ina Balin actress, dies at 52, of pulmonary hypertension in ConnRef: 5
1990*Worst earthquake ever in Northern Iran; 7.7 quake levels villages, kills 40,000, injures 60,000. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1999*Clifton Fadiman, Brooklyn NY, American editor, anthologist, writer, TV host (Information Please, Quiz Kids), dies at age 95.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen