Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
July 1st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
96*Vespasian, a Roman army leader, is hailed as a Roman emperor by the Egyptian legions.Ref: 2
1536*Henry VIII's daughters, Elizabeth and Mary are declared illegitimate by Parliament. 
1643*The Westminster Assembly first convened in England, from which would emerge the Westminster longer and shorter catechisms.Ref: 5
1731*Benjamin Franklin establishes America's first public library.Ref: 10
1770*Lexell's Comet travelling at 23.9 miles per second comes within 1.5 million miles of Earth.Ref: 10
1782*The lifting of the proscription against wearing of tartans in Scotland.Ref: 62
1795*John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court.Ref: 5
1800*The earliest recorded Methodist camp meeting in America was held in Logan County. Kentucky, near the Gaspar River Church.Ref: 5
1816*French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of G‚ricault's "Raft of the Medusa".Ref: 5
1823*United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico.Ref: 5
1847*The first US postage stamp is issued. It is also the first US-issued adhesive postage stamp issued (5¢ Franklin & 10¢ Washington).Ref:77
1850*At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay.Ref: 5
1852*First postage stamp issued in India.Ref: 10
1861*First public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF.Ref: 5
1862*Congress establishes the Bureau of Internal Revenue. President Abraham Lincoln signs the bill into law, making it possible for the feds to collect a 3% tax on incomes ranging from $600 to $10,000, and 5% on incomes over $10,000. Several precursors to the law were never officially enacted or enforced, and this law was just a temporary one. The Bureau became the Internal Revenue Service in 1913. It was then that a 16th amendment was added to the U.S. Constitution permitting the Federal Government to once again collect a tax on income.Ref: 4
1862*Congress outlaws polygamy (1st time); bad news for Utah.Ref: 5
1862*Lincoln appoints Isaac Newton sec of agriculture-no kidding!.Ref: 5
1863*First home delivery of mail takes place in Cleveland. 
1863*Slavery ends in Dutch West Indies.Ref: 10
1863*Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3¢/½ oz.Ref: 5
1867*This is the day the Confederation of Upper and Lower Canada and the Maritime Provinces became the Dominion of Canada. This Canadian national holiday is known as Canada Day, formerly Dominion Day.Ref: 4
1868*First New York elevated train, the 9th Avenue El, makes first trial run bet. Cortland St. & Battery Pl.Ref: 10
1869*US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens.Ref: 5
1870*James W Smith of SC is first black to enter West Point.Ref: 5
1873*Henry Flipper of Ga is 2nd black to enter West Point.Ref: 5
1873*Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province.Ref: 5
1874*Joseph Douglas and William Mosher abduct and later kill 4-year old Charles Brewster Ross, arguably America's first sensational abduction.Ref: 52
1875*Universal Postal Union established.Ref: 5
1881*US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opensRef: 5
1889*Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti.Ref: 5
1889*US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens.Ref: 5
1897*The Bronx acquires Hutton Square.Ref: 5
1899*SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of buildingRef: 5
1899*In Wisconsin, the Gideons were founded by three traveling businessmen. They placed their first Bibles in 1908 at the Superior Hotel in Iron Mountain, Montana.Ref: 5
1910*Dice Brothers is awarded a contract to excavate and lay the foundation for the Greene County Children's Home in Xenia OH. (XDG, p 17, 3/20/2003)Ref: 83
1910*Black and Decker Tool Company founded by Duncan Black and Alonzo Decker in Baltimore.Ref: 10
1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion.Ref: 5
1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service.Ref: 5
1915 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of the Military Forces.Ref: 5
1916*Dwight David Eisenhower married Mamie Geneva Doud in Denver CO. It was the same day that Ike was promoted to first lieutenant in the U.S. Army. Quite a day for the future U.S. President and his new bride.Ref: 4
1919*First class postage drops from 3¢ to 2¢.Ref: 5
1920*British begin administration of Palestine.Ref: 10
1924*The BOI set up an Identification Division after Congress authorized "the exchange of identification records with officers of the cities, counties, and states." The Bureau established its fingerprint files in Washington, D.C., by consolidating collections from the former Bureau of Criminal Identification at Leavenworth, Kansas and those of the International Association of Chiefs of Police formerly housed in Chicago.Ref: 14
1924*Through regular transcontinental airmail service established, NYC-SF.Ref: 5
1925*Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK.Ref: 5
1931*The portion of Wright Field (in Greene County, Ohio) west of Huffman Dam was redesignated Patterson Field in honor of Lt. Frank Stuart Patterson, consisting of what is now known as Area A, as well as the Fairfield Air Depot site. (XDG, p 8A, 1/30/2003)Ref: 83
1932*The BOI (predecessor of the FBI) became United States BOI or USBOI. Within a year it was named the Division of Investigation (DOI) when the Bureau of Prohibition was placed under the supervision of Director Hoover. The Prohibition Bureau was quickly phased out over the next several years; it was not merged into the USBOI.Ref: 14
1932*NY Gov FDR nominated for president at the Dem Convention in ChicagoRef: 5
1933*The Department of Justice experiments for almost two years with a Division of Investigation that included the Bureau of Prohibition. Public confusion between Bureau of Investigation Special Agents and Prohibition Agents led to a permanent name change in 1935 for the agency composed of Department of Justice's investigators: the Federal Bureau of Investigation was thus born.Ref: 14
1934*The Federal Communications Commission, as mandated in the Communications Act of 1934, replaced the Federal Radio Commission as the regulator of broadcasting in the United States.Ref: 4
1935*The DOI officially became the Federal Bureau of Investigation at the beginning of Fiscal Year 1936.Ref: 14
1939*(Rosenberg) (month, day unspecified) Julius and Ethel Rosenberg married.Ref: 87
1940*The newly founded National Defense Research Council (NDRC), headed by Vannevar Bush, takes over responsibility for uranium research. In his final report Briggs requests $140,000 for further work: $40,000 for lab measurements, and $100,000 for large scale uranium-graphite studies. Bush approves only $40,000.Ref: 91
1943*"Pay-as-you-go" income tax withholding began.Ref: 70
1944 Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing world-wide financial systems (like the IMF and the World Bank)Ref: 5
1944*The Manhattan Project is granted the highest project-wide procurement priority (AA-1).Ref: 91
1944*(Rosenberg) (day unspecified) David Greenglass chosen to work on the Manhattan Project.Ref: 87
1945*The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established--the first such agency in the United States.Ref: 2
1946*(Rosenberg) (month, day unspecified) Feklisov meets with Julius Rosenberg for the last timeRef: 87
1946 Rajah cedes Sarawak to the British crown.Ref: 5
1946*The United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.Ref: 70
1947*Brit Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office.Ref: 5
1948*NYC subway fare goes to 10¢, bus fare to 7¢ & combo fare at 12¢.Ref: 5
1949*Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France.Ref: 5
1950*NYC bus fare rises to 10¢ equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15¢.Ref: 5
1953*Xenia City (OH) and Xenia Township School districts merge into the Xenia City School District. (XDG, 6/10/1953)Ref: 83
1957*The beginning of the first international geophysical yearRef: 62
1959*World Refugee Year begins.Ref: 5
1961*Haleakala National Park established in HawaiiRef: 5
1961*The first community air-raid shelter was built -- in Boise, Idaho. The shelter had a capacity of 1,000 people and family memberships sold for $100.Ref: 4
1962*Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days).Ref: 5
1963*The U.S. Post Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes.Ref: 70
1966*Construction crews begin tearing up Market St to build BART.Ref: 5
1966*Medicare goes into effect.Ref: 5
1966*Last of at least 31 attempts to assassinated French President Charles de Gaulle; bomb in Paris car.Ref: 10
1968*The United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and 58 other nations signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.Ref: 70
1969*Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales.Ref: 5
1970*The population of Xenia OH is 25,373. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1970*West Junior High School is renamed Warner Junior High School. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1971*The 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the minimum voting age to 18, was ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1971*Golden Gate Bridge paid for (so why is there still a toll?).Ref: 5
1974*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) General George S Brown, USAF, becomes chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1975*Bill Gates' and Paul Allen's BASIC officially ships as version 2.0 in both 4K and 8K editions. 
1975 WEDway People Mover inaugurated.Ref: 5
1976*Microsoft refines and enhances BASIC to sell to other customers including DTC, General Electric, NCR, and Citibank. 
1976*Kenneth Gibson, is first black president of US Conference of Mayors.Ref: 5
1977*Microsoft ships its second language product, Microsoft FORTRAN. 
1978*Former Pres Nixon makes first public speech since resigning in 1974.Ref: 5
1978 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing.Ref: 5
1979*Susan B. Anthony, an activist for the cause of women’s suffrage, was commemorated on a U.S. coin, the Susan B. Anthony Dollar. The coin, roughly the size of a quarter, was confused by many with the quarter and the U.S. Treasury Department eventually stopped producing the Susan B. Anthony dollar.Ref: 4
1979*Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6" of snow.Ref: 5
1981*The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that candidates for federal office had an “affirmative right” to go on national television. The ruling limited a TV network’s right to determine when political campaigns begin and who may buy time.Ref: 4
1982*Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at NY MSG.Ref: 5
1987*President Reagan nominated federal appeals court judge Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court. Bork was rejected by the Senate.Ref: 70
1990 East Germans line up to obtain West German deutsche marks as a state treaty unifying the monetary and economic systems of Germany go into effect. (XDG, p 4A, 7/1/2000)Ref: 83
1991*(US Supreme Court Justice) President Bush nominated federal appeals court judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court.Ref: 70
1994 For 33 years, Yasir Arafat was regarded by Israelis as a terrorist and sworn enemy of the State of Israel, never to be permitted on Israeli soil. The leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization visited the Gaza Strip this day, the result of a signed agreement between Israel and the PLO. The treaty gave the PLO ruling power over the territory and the city of Jericho.Ref: 4
1997 Hong Kong reverts back to Chinese rule during ceremonies attended by Chinese and British officials, including Prince Charles of Wales, heir to the British throne.Ref: 3
1999*Six months before the year 2000, Congress passes legislation to shield businesses from a potential flood of Y2K computer-related lawsuits. (XDG, p 4A, 7/1/2000)Ref: 83
1999*Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Forum announces in San Francisco, USA the WAP version 1.1 of the mobile Internet standard specifications. WAP in conjunction with Wireless Markup Language (WML) application layer enable users of digital mobile phones and other wireless devices to securely access and instantly interact with Internet/intranet information and advanced telephony services (Cover 2000).Ref: 75
2000*Vermont's civil unions law went into effect, granting gay couples most of the rights, benefits and responsibilities of marriage.Ref: 70
2000*The Confederate flag was removed from atop South Carolina's Statehouse.Ref: 70
2002*US Postage rates jump from 34¢ to 37¢. 
2002 Chile's Supreme Court ruled that former dictator General Augusto Pinochet was suffering from dementia and dropped all charges against him for human rights violations during his regime.Ref: 70
2003 (Hong Kong) About 500,000 protest Hong Kong's antisubersion law and the Tung Chee Hwa government. (WSJ, p A14, 7/17/2003)Ref: 33
1838*Charles Darwin presents a paper on his theory of evolution to the Linnean Society in London.Ref: 2
1847*Amateur astronomer M Hencke discovers 2nd asteroid Hebe.Ref: 5
1858*Darwin's natural selection and evolution theories first revealed in meeting at Linnean Society, London.Ref: 10
1859*Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis.Ref: 5
1881 First international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB.Ref: 5
1911*Charles Kettering announces his invention of the self-starter for automobiles; crank no longer.Ref: 10
1934*First x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY.Ref: 5
1981*Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3.Ref: 5
1982*Challenger moves overland to Dryden.Ref: 5
1982*Kosmos 1383, first search & rescue satellite, launched.Ref: 5
1543*England and Scotland sign the Peace of Greenwich.Ref: 2
1596*An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain.Ref: 2
1690*Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.Ref: 2
1690*Army of England's Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (Now celebrated on July 12 as "The Battle of the Orange" ).Ref: 5
1776*First vote on the Declaration of Independence.Ref: 5
1777*British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet river to head toward Ticonderoga, New York.Ref: 2
1782*The Comte de Rochambeau's army begin leaving Williamsburg, their winter quarters after the Battle of Yorktown. French troops wounded in the fracas had been hospitalized in the main building (the Wren Building) of the College of William and Mary. The President's House burned while French officers occupied it in December 1781. By the end of the summer, all the French had left Virginia, heading for Boston and their voyage back across the Atlantic to France. 
1798*Napoleon Bonaparte takes Alexandria, Egypt.Ref: 2
1862*Day 7 of the 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill. Union artillery stops a Confederate attack.Ref: 5
1863*Gettysburg. Lee's second & last invasion of the North. It was the largest & bloodiest Civil War battle with 51,000 killed, wounded or captured.It ended with "Pickett's Charge". This was South's "high-water mark" & the turning point of the Civil War. (XDG, p 4A, 7/1/2000) 
1863*Union 2Lt Marcellus E Jones fires the first shot of the Battle of Gettysburg, from a .52 calibre Sharps carbine, at around 7AM. (History Channel Magazine, p 19, May/June 2003) 
1876 Montenegro declares war on the Turks.Ref: 2
1898*During the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders" waged a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.Ref: 70
1916*The start of The Battle of the Somme results in an estimated one million casualties and no breakthrough for the Allies. The British suffer approximately 60,000 casualties on the first day. The battle lasts until mid-November.Ref: 38
1917*Russians begin offensive in Gallicia, Kerensky, Minister of War, leading in person.Ref: 38
1942*The start of the First Battle of El Alamein.Ref: 36
1942*German troops capture Sevestapol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union.Ref: 2
1945*U.S., British, and French troops move into Berlin.Ref: 36
1950*American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army.Ref: 2
1961*British troops land in Kuwait to aid against Iraqi threats.Ref: 2
1966*The U.S. Marines launch Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.Ref: 2
1859*In the first college baseball game ever played, Amherst defeats Williams College, 73-32 (66-32 by some reports) in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.Ref: 1
1893*The first bicycle race track in America to be made out of wood was opened in San Francisco, CA.Ref: 4
1904*3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis.Ref: 5
1905*The Chicago Cubs win 13-5 vs. Reds in Frank Chance's first official game as manager.Ref: 86
1910*Comiskey Park opens to a packed house but the White Sox lose to the St. Louis Browns, 2-0. The new stadium replaced the 39th Street Grounds, home of the White Sox from 1900-10.Ref: 86
1917*Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates.Ref: 5
1920*At Fenway Park, Walter Johnson pitches a no-hitter defeating the Red Sox, 1-0. Bucky Harris's error ruins the 'Big Train's' bid for a perfect game, but it's the Senator second baseman's hit which drives in the game's only run.Ref: 1
1931*Phillies Chuck Klein hits for the cycle vs Chicago Cubs.Ref: 5
1934*Bill Terry leads all vote-getters in All-Star balloting with Babe Ruth getting the most votes for AL outfielders.Ref: 1
1941*In a rain shorten nightcap against the Red Sox, Joe DiMaggio ties Wee Willie Keeler's 1897's major league record consecutive game hit streak of 44 with the help of a difficult decision by the official scorer. Red Sox third baseman Jim Tabor makes a poor throw, but Joltin' Joe is given a hit by New York World Telegram's Dan Daniel.Ref: 1
1943 To save newsprint, the Sporting News begins using a tabloid format.Ref: 1
1945*Away from the game for four years, Hank Greenberg makes a dramatic return in front of an emotional crowd of 47,700 at Briggs Stadium as he homers in his first game following being released from the Armed Forces. 'Hammerin Hank's round-tripper helps the first-place Tiger beat the A's, 9-5.Ref: 1
1950*'Eddye' Ford's Yankee debut is less than impressive as he gives up five runs on seven hits and walks six in 4 2/3 innings of relief against the Red Sox at Fenway Park. The lefty will go on to become he winningest pitcher in franchise history and will be better known as Whitey.Ref: 1
1951*Indian Bob Feller becomes the third pitcher in major league history to pitch three career no-hitters defeating the Tiger, 2-1. Detroit scores its run on a error, a stolen base, a errant pick-off throw and a sac fly.Ref: 1
1957*Orioles pitcher George Zuverink and catcher Frank Zupo form the first 'Z' battery in major league history as the Yankees beat the Birds, 3-2.Ref: 1
1958*Fooled by the Cubs relief staff, Giant rookie outfielder Leon Wagner is tricked to look under the bullpen bench instead of the rain gutter 45 feet away. In the meantime, Tony Taylor makes it around the bases.Ref: 1
1973*Golfer Bruce Crampton tied for fourth place in the Western Open golf tournament, bringing his career earnings to over a million dollars. Crampton became the first non-American golfer to reach that mark. He became the fifth golfer to make over a million dollars in career earnings. The others were Arnie Palmer, Billy Casper, Jack Nicklaus and Lee Trevino.Ref: 4
1973*First US-China basketball game, US collegiates beats Shanghai 96-61.Ref: 5
1976*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov places third in the World Junior championship held at Wattigny near Lille, France. It was his first visit to the west.Ref:78
1977*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov places third in the World Junior championship held at Cagnes-sur-Mer, France.Ref:78
1977*Virginia Wade beats Betty Stove for Wimbeldon's woman's singles.Ref: 5
1979*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov places second at USSR Spartakiad, Moscow.Ref:78
1980*Steve Overt runs world record 3:48.8 mile in Oslo.Ref: 5
1982*Considered a questionable decision, Cal Ripken is moved from third base to shortstop by Oriole manager Earl Weaver.Ref: 1
1985*Robin Yount of the Milwaukee Brewers got hit #1,800 of his career, leading the "Brew Crew" past the Boston Red Sox 5-1.Ref: 4
1989*NFL owners vote unanimously to form the WLAF.Ref: 5
1989*Yanks beat Milwaukee Brewers 4-1, score is changed to 5-1 after the game is over. Umpire rules Roberto Kelly scored before a doubleplay.Ref: 5
1990*As Comiskey Park celebrates its 80th birthday, Yankee hurler Andy Hawkins throws a no-hitter, but loses the game to the White Sox, 4-0.Ref: 1
1998*Rookie Rolando Arrojo is named to the American League All-Star team. Arrojo becomes just the second rookie from an expansion team to be named an All-Star and the first Cuban pitcher since Luis Tiant in 1976. The Tampa Bay Devil Rays sign free agent Jose Canseco.Ref: 86
2000*On the country's 133rd birthday, a Canada Day pitching match up features a pair of Canadian starters in Montreal as Marlin Ryan Dempster, a native of British Columbia defeats Mike Johnson of Edmonton and the Expos, 6-5.Ref: 1
2000*Whitey Herzog, the winningest manager in franchise's history, and Willie Wilson, an speedy outfielder who was an offensive spark plug, become members of the Kansas City Royals' Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
2000*BARK, Baseball Aquatic Retrieval Korps debut at Pac Bell. Six Portuguese water dogs will be used to retrieve Splashdown home runs which land in McCovey's Cove.Ref: 1
1874*The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia, PA. Over 3,000 visitors paid 25 cents (adults) or 10 cents (children) to see the 1,000 animals housed in the Philadelphia Zoological Society zoo.Ref: 4
1897 Three years after the first issue of Billboard Advertising was published, the publication was renamed, The Billboard. The monthly magazine became a weekly many years later.Ref: 4
1902*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG).Ref: 5
1935*Porky Pig premieres in the Merrie Melodie "I Haven't Got a Hat"Ref: 62
1935*Benny Goodman and his band recorded the King Porter Stomp for Victor Records on this day. Many people considered this Goodman classic the beginning of the swing era.Ref: 4
1941*Tex Avery quits Warner Brothers.- Famed animation director Tex Avery stormed out of Looney Tunes Studio when Jack Warner ordered cuts in the first Bugs Bunny cartoon, "A Wild Hare." Boss Leon Schlesinger put him on a four week suspension without pay, but Avery had already lined up a gig at MGM.Ref: 73
1941*Bulova Watch company sponsored the first TV commercial. Remember “It’s Bulova Watch Time?” It was broadcast over WNBT-TV in New York City, and was a familiar advertising message on TV, radio and in print for many years. That first TV ad, incidentally, cost the watchmaker $9.Ref: 4
1941*First coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC.Ref: 5
1956*Elvis Presley got an invitation from Steve Allen to appear on The Tonight Show. Although Elvis showed up in formal wear, the penguin suit didn’t hamper his ability to sing Hound Dog to a sad-eyed basset hound.Ref: 4
1963*Beatles record "She Loves You" & "I'll Get You".Ref: 5
1967 BBC starts their World Radio Club.Ref: 5
1967*Beatles' "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," goes #1 for 15 weeks.Ref: 5
1968*John Lennon's first full art exhibition (You are Here).Ref: 5
1969*John & Yoko are hospitilized after a car crash.Ref: 5
1970*Hanna Barbera's primetime animated series "Where's Huddles?Ref: 73
1972 Ms. magazine begins publishing.Ref: 5
1973*Jesus Christ Superstar closed in New York City after 720 performances on Broadway. The cast album quickly became a million-seller.Ref: 4
1980*"O Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.Ref: 70
1987*WHN-AM in New York City changes call letters to WFAN (now WEVD) replacing WHN's country music, WYNY-FM adopts country music format.Ref: 5
1989*Hugh Hefner (Playboy editor) weds playmate Kimberly Conrad.Ref: 5
1991*Court TV was born. The cable TV network broadcasts entire trials, both famous and low profile. It was a unique addition to the already changing climate of TV information/entertainment.Ref: 4
1998*Singer/actress/diva Barbra Streisand and actor/director James Brolin were married at her Malibu, California home. It was her second marriage (she was previously married to actor Elliot Gould) and his third (he was married to casting agent Jane Agee and actress Jan Smithers). The couple honeymooned on a boat in the nearby Channel Islands off the Santa Barbara coast.Ref: 4
1534 King Frederick II Denmark 1534Ref: 10
1646*G.W. Leibniz German mathematician/philosopher; postulated monads, is born.Ref: 68
1725*Jean-Baptiste Rochambeau, French general; aided colonists in American Revolution, is born.Ref: 70
1788*Jean-Victor Poncelet mathematician, founded projective geometry, is born.Ref: 5
1804*George Sand (Amandine Aurore Lucile Dudevant) author; one of the first liberated women; is born.Ref: 4
1807*Thomas Green Clemson mining engineer, endowed Clemson University, is born.Ref: 5
1810*Walter White secretary (NAACP), is born.Ref: 5
1857*Roger Connor first baseman (NY Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1861 Samuel D Riddle horse owner (Man 'o War), is born.Ref: 5
1872*Louis Bleriot, aviator: first man to fly an airplane across the English Channel [1909]; is born.Ref: 5
1876*Susan Glaspell, playwright, (Alison's House), is born.Ref: 2
1879*Leon Jouhaux France, socialist, cofounded UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), is born.Ref: 5
1882*Susan Glaspell, American dramatist; founder of the Provincetown Players, is born.Ref: 70
1892*James M Cain, Minneapolis Mn, novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Walter White, who headed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for over 20 years, is born in Atlanta GA.Ref: 70
1899*Thomas A. (Andrew) Dorsey ‘Father of Gospel Music’: musician: pianist; blues composer; gospel music composer: composed over 1,000 gospel songs; died Jan 23, 1993Ref: 4
1899*Charles Laughton Academy Award-winning actor: The Private Life of Henry VIII [1933]; Mutiny on the Bounty, Witness for the Prosecution, Advise and Consent, Les Misérables, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Captain Kidd, The Man on the Eiffel Tower, Spartacus; husband of actress Elsa Lanchester; died Dec 15, 1962Ref: 4
1901*Irna Phillips Chicago, created 6 soap operas (Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Myron Cohen comedian, entertainer, actor: When Nature Calls; is born.Ref: 4
1902*William Wyler, film director (The Best Years of Our Lives, Ben Hur), is born.Ref: 2
1903*Amy Johnson, English aviator, is born.Ref: 2
1904*Mary Steichen Calderone, American physician and writer, is born.Ref: 70
1906*Frank Parker (Ciccio) singer [with Marion Marlowe]: An Old Fashioned Picture, Kiss Me Once [And Then Again], Make Believe, Romance, The Melba Waltz; one of the ‘Little Godfreys’ on the Arthur Godfrey Show; quiz show anelist: Masquerade Party; actor: The Concorde: Airport ’79, General Hospital [soap], Days of Our Lives [soap], is born.Ref: 4
1907*Bill Stern Rochester NY, sportscaster (Saturday Night Fights), is born.Ref: 5
1908*Estee Lauder CEO (Estee Lauder's cosmetics), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Madge Evans Manhattan NYC, TV panelist (Masquerade Party), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Alvino Rey Cleve Ohio, orch leader (King Family), is born.Ref: 5
1912*David Brower environmentalist/president Sierra Club, is born.Ref: 5
1914*Cristyl Cranz Germany, slalom (Olympic-gold-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Willie Dixon blues musician: bass: Big Three Trio; songwriter, producer: 1950s Chicago sound; is born in Vicksburg MS.Ref: 4
1915*Sydney Pollack, film director (Tootsie, Out of Africa), is born.Ref: 2
1915*Jean Stafford, American writer (The Mountain Lion), is born.Ref: 2
1916*Roland Robert Tuck, British fighter ace during World War II, is born.Ref: 2
1916*Olivia de Havilland, Tokyo Japan, actress (Adventures of Robin Hood), is born. (also TWA, 1998Ref: 5
1925*Farley Granger actor (Arnold, Rope), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Hans Werner Henze Guttersloh Germany, composer (Das Floss Medusa), is born.Ref: 5
1930*Bobby Day (Byrd) singer: Rockin’ Robin; groups: Hollywood Flames, Bob & Earl; is born.Ref: 4
1930*Imelda Marcos former first lady (Philipines)/shoe collector, is born.Ref: 5
1931*Leslie Caron actress: Lili, The L-Shaped Room, Gigi, An American in Paris, Father Goose, Daddy Long Legs, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Bobby Day [Robert Byrd), Fort Worth TX, rock vocalist (Rockin' Robin), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Actor Jamie Farr (of "M*A*S*H") is born in Toledo OH.Ref: 68
1934*Jean Marsh actress: Upstairs, Downstairs, The Jewel in the Crown, Fatherland, Frenzy, The Changeling is born in London, England.Ref: 4
1934*Claude Berri (Langmann), Paris France, director (Le Sex Shop, L'Homme Blesse), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Sydney Pollack director (Tootsie, Presumed Innocent), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Wally Amos Jr. entrepreneur: originated Famous Amos chocolate chip cookies, [sold name], now makes Uncle Noname chocolate chip cookies, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Delaney Bramlett musician: guitar, singer: duo: Delaney & Bonnie: Never Ending Song of Love, Only You Know and I Know, LP: Delaney and Friends: Class Reunion, To Delaney from Bonnie, Accept No Substitute: The Original Delaney and Bonnie; TV performer: Shindig, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Rod Gilbert Canada, NHL wing (NY Rangers), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Sally Quinn Georgia, CBS newscaster (Morning Show), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Twyla Tharp Indiana, choreographer (Twyla Tharp Dance Troupe), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Genevieve Bujold, Montreal CN, actress (King of Hearts, Choose Me), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Karen Black Park Ridge Ill, (5 Easy Pieces, Trilogy of Horror, Pyx), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Karen Black (Ziegler) actress: Five Easy Pieces, Portnoy’s Complaint, The Great Gatsby, Nashville, Airport ’75, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Debbie (Deborah Ann) Harry singer: group: Blondie: The Tide is High, Rapture, Heart of Glass, Call Me, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Harold McLinton football: Washington Redskins linebacker: Super Bowl VII, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Fred Schneider musician: keyboards, singer: groups: Shake Society, The B-52s: Rock Lobster, Quiche Lorraine, 606 0842, Dance This Mess Around, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Daryl Anderson Seattle, actor (Animal-Lou Grant), is born.Ref: 5
1951*Trevor Eve Wales, actor (Shadow Chasers), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Dan Aykroyd Ottawa Canada, comedian/actor (SNL, Dragnet), is born.Ref: 17
1953*Pat Donovan football: Dallas Cowboys tackle: Super Bowl X, XII, XIII, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Lorna Patterson Whittier Calif, actress (Airplane, Pvt Benjamin), is born.Ref: 5
1957*Lorna Patterson actress: Goodtime Girls, Airplane!, Private Benjamin [TV], is born.Ref: 4
1960*Evelyn "Champagne" King Bronx NY, singer (Shame, I'm In Love), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Carl (Frederick Carlton) Lewis Olympic Gold Medalist: long jump [1996], long jump and 4x100 relay [1992], 100 meter in 9.93 seconds, a world record, long jump, 4x100 meter relay [1988], 100 meter & 200 meter sprints, long jump & 4x100 meter relay [1984]; Olympic Hall of Famer; AP Male Athlete of the Year [1983, 1984], is born.Ref: 4
1961*Diana, the Princess of Wales, is born near Sandringham, England.Ref: 70
1963*Roddy Bottum musician: keyboards: group: Faith No More, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Poi Burton rocker (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Pamela Anderson, Ladysmith BC, playmate (Feb, 1990) (Home Improvement), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Henry Simmons actor: NYPD Blue, Another World, One Life to Live, A Gentleman’s Game, is born.Ref: 4
1972*Claire Forlani actress: J.F.K.: Reckless Youth, Police Academy: Mission to Moscow, The Rock, The Last Time I Committed Suicide, Meet Joe Black, AntiTrust, is born.Ref: 4
1977*Liv Tyler model, actress: Silent Fall, Heavy, That Thing You Do!, Armageddon, Cookie’s Fortune, Lord of the Rings series, is born.Ref: 4
1535*Sir Thomas More went on trial in England charged with treason.Ref: 5
1777*Tai Chen, Chinese philosopher, dies at age 53.Ref: 70
1855*Antonio Rosmini-Serbati philosopher: founded Institute of Charity aka the Rosminians; dies.Ref: 4
1860*Charles Goodyear, American inventor; pioneered commercial use of rubber, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1884*Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, dies at age 64.. Ref 
1896*Author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" Harriet Beecher Stowe dies.Ref: 68
1904*George Frederick Watts, English painter and sculptor, dies at age 87Ref: 70
1905*John Milton Hay, American politician; U.S. secretary of state (1898-1905), dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1917*Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed).Ref: 5
1925*Erik Alfred Leslie Satie, French composer, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1931*Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15¢.Ref: 5
1940*Ben (Bernard) Turpin comedian, actor: Burlesque of Carmen, Yankee Doodle in Berlin, Mack Sennett comedies, When Comedy was King; dies.Ref: 4
1942*Birth of Andrae Crouch, African-American sacred music artist. His most enduring gospel songs have been 'Soon and Very Soon,' 'My Tribute' and 'Through It All.'.Ref: 5
1950*Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect, dies at age 76.Ref: 70
1958*Dr Harry Nicholls Holmes crystallized vitamin A, dies at 78.Ref: 5
1960 Ghana becomes a republic.Ref: 5
1960*Italian Somalia gains independence, unites with Somali Republic.Ref: 5
1964*Pierre Monteux, French conductor, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1971*Sir Lawrence Bragg, Australian-born English Nobel Prize-winning physicist, dies at age 81.Ref: 5
1973*Laurens Hammond, American inventor/businessman, dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1974*Juan (Domingo) Peron President of Argentina [1946-1955] [1973-1974], dies at age 78.Ref: 4
1974*Monmouthshire renamed Gwent & becomes part of WalesRef: 5
1979*Richard Ward actor (Beacon Hill), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1980 C.P. Snow dies.Ref: 10
1981*Laurel Canyon Calif murders (4 die, 1 wounded).Ref: 5
1981*George Voskovec actor (Fred-Nero Wolfe, Peter-Skag), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1981*Marcel Breuer, Hungarian-born American architect, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
1983*(Chicago 7) Judge Julius Hoffman dies. (Ref: "Who Was Who In America" Vol VIII, 1982-1985, ISBN 0-8379-0214-2, 1985) 
1983*R Buckminster Fuller inventor/philosopher, dies in LA at 87.Ref: 5
1983*Buckminster Fuller, American engineer and architect, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1985*The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that public school teachers may not enter parochial school classrooms, to provide remedial or enrichment instruction.Ref: 5
1986*Roy Poole actor (Winds of War), dies at 62.Ref: 5
1991*Michael Landon (Eugene Orowitz) actor: Bonanza, Sam’s Son, The Loneliest Runner, I was a Teenage Werewolf, God’s Little Acre; actor, writer, producer, director: Little House on the Prairie, Highway to Heaven; screen play writer, director: Sam’s Son, Killing Stone; Television Hall of Famer [1996]; dies at age 54 from cancer.Ref: 4
1995*Wolfman Jack (Robert Smith), 57, collapsed and died of a heart attack at his home in Belvidere, in northeastern North Carolina. He had just returned from a whirlwind tour promoting his autobiography Have Mercy!: Confessions of the Original Rock ’n’ Roll Animal. Fans first learned to love the Wolfman in 1963 on 250,000-watt XERF (Del Rio TX - Ciudad Acuna, Mexico), heard all over North America. You may also remember him as, that's right, Wolfman Jack, in the 1973 movie American Graffiti. And he's the same Wolfman The Guess Who sings about in their 1974 hit Clap for the Wolfman.Ref: 4
1996*Margot Hemingway dies in Santa Monica CA at age 41. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1997*Actor Robert Mitchum dies at age 79. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1999*Forrest Mars Sr, the man who invented one of the world's most famous and long-standing snacks, M&M's, has dies at the age of 95 in Miami. (XDG, p 4A, 7/1/2000)Ref: 83
1999*Guy Mitchell (Al Cernick) singer: Singing the Blues, Heartaches by the Number, My Heart Cries for You, My Truly Truly Fair, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; actor: Red Garters; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Sylvia Sidney (Sophia Kosow) actress: Beetlejuice, You Only Live Once, Les Miserables, Love from a StrangerFantasy Island [1998 series]; dies.Ref: 4
1999*Edward Dmytryk, American film director; one of the "Hollywood Ten", dies at age 90.Ref: 70
2000*Actor Walter Matthau (Walter Matasschanskayasky) dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica CA at age 79. (CNN 7/3/2000)Ref: 9
2003*Herbie Mann (Soloman) jazz musician, flautist: Hijack, Superman, Comin’ Home Baby, Bang! Bang!, Violets Don’t be Blue; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen