Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
July 17th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
431*The Council of Ephesus adjourned. This third of the 21 ecumenical councils of the Church condemned Nestorianism and Pelagianism, and defined Mary's title as 'theotokos' ('Bearer of God').Ref: 5
561*John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
855*St Leo IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1048*Poppo is enthroned as Pope Damasus II.Ref: 69
1505*(Protestant Reformation) Twenty-one-year-old future church reformer, Martin Luther enters the Augustinian monastic order, at Erfurt, Germany.Ref: 5
1505*(Protestant Reformation) Martin Luther overtaken by thunderstorm proclaims "Help, St. Anne, and I'll become a monk.”Ref: 10
1549*Jews are expelled from Ghent Belgium.Ref: 5
1761*First waterway in England Bridgewater Canal - opens linking Worsley and Manchester.Ref: 10
1775*First military hospital approved.Ref: 5
1785*France limits the importation of goods from Britain.Ref: 2
1791*National Guard troops open fire on a crowd of demonstrators in Paris.Ref: 2
1794*Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's St Thomas' Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church.Ref: 5
1801*The US fleet arrives in Tripoli.Ref: 2
1821*Andrew Jackson becomes the governor of Florida.Ref: 2
1821*Spain ceded Florida to the United States. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
1846*Donner Party: Landsford Hastings sends a letter to all immigrants on the road urging them to Ft Bridger where Hastings himself wojuld lead them west.Ref: 27
1861*Congress authorizes paper money.Ref: 5
1866*Authorization was given to build a tunnel beneath the Chicago River. The project was completed three years later at a cost of $512,709.Ref: 4
1867*Harvard School of Dental Medicine was established in Boston, MA. It was the first dental school in America.Ref: 4
1879*First railroad opens in Hawaii.Ref: 5
1897*First ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from the Yukon.Ref: 5
1917*With the country at war with Germany, the British royal family changed its name from the German Saxe-Coburg Gotha to Windsor.Ref: 70
1919*Murder of Tsar Nicholas II and his family in EkaterinburgRef: 89
1933*John Dillinger robs the Commercial Bank of Daleville with Harry Copeland and Hilton Crouch.Ref: 42
1938*Aviator Douglas Corrigan took off from New York, saying he was headed for California. He ended up in Ireland, earning the nickname "Wrong Way Corrigan."Ref: 70
1940*The first anti-Jewish measures are taken in Vichy France.Ref: 35
1942*New Tribes Mission was organized by founder Paul W. Fleming. This interdenominational missions agency supports over 1,000 staff members in countries aroundthe world.Ref: 5
1948*Proclamation of the constitution of the Republic of (South) Korea.Ref: 5
1948*Southern Democrats opposed to the nomination of President Harry S. Truman met in Birmingham, Ala., to endorse South Carolina Gov. Strom Thurmond.Ref: 70
1950*(Rosenberg) Julius Rosenberg arrested while shaving.Ref: 87
1959 Tibet abolishes serfdom.Ref: 5
1959*2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis.Ref: 5
1960*American pilot Francis Gary Powers pleads guilty to spying charges in a Moscow court.Ref: 2
1962*Senate rejects Medicare for the aged.Ref: 5
1967*Race riots in Cairo IL.Ref: 5
1972*First 2 women begin training as FBI agents at Quantico.Ref: 5
1979 Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza resigned and fled into exile in Miami.Ref: 70
1980*Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for president.Ref: 5
1981 Humbar Estuary Bridge, UK, world's longest span (1.4 km), opens.Ref: 5
1981*Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta.Ref: 5
1985*The nation’s second largest banking company, Bank of America of San Francisco, CA, reported a second-quarter loss of $338 million.Ref: 4
1986*The largest bankruptcy filing in US history took place as LTV Corporation asked for court protection from more than 20,000 creditors. LTV Corp. had debts in excess of $4 billion.Ref: 4
1987*Lt. Col. Oliver North and Rear Adm. John Poindexter begin testifying to Congress regarding the Iran-Contra scandal.Ref: 2
1988*Highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco, 103ø F (39ø C).Ref: 5
1990*Saddam Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from IraqRef: 5
1991*Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev made a personal appeal for Western aid at the conclusion of the Group of Seven economic summit in London.Ref: 6
1991*The US Senate voted 53-to-45 to give itself a $23,200 pay raise while at the same time banning outside speaking fees.Ref: 6
1992 A historic accord for deep cuts in tanks and other non-nuclear arms in Europe goes into effect, nearly two years after it was signed by NATO and the now-defunct Warsaw Pact. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2002)Ref: 83
1993*President Clinton, with several Cabinet members in tow, traveled to Arnold MO where he heard governors of eight flood-stricken states appeal for more financial assistance. The President held out little hope the government could offer a total bailout. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
1994*Parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy continue to plow into planet Jupiter in huge cosmic explosions.Ref: 10
1997*Woolworth Corp. closed its last 400 five-and-dime stores, laying off 9,200 employees.Ref: 70
1997*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) President Clinton nominates Army General Henry H Shelton to be the next chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2002)Ref: 83
1998 In Rome, delegates from more than 100 countries overwhelmingly approved a historic treaty creating the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, ignoring strenuous US objections over certain provisions. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
1998*Prosecutors in the Monica Lewinsky case questioned President Clinton's Secret Service protectors before a grand jury. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
2000*Bashar Assad, son of Hafez Assad, began a seven-year term as Syria's 16th head of state.Ref: 70
2000*Tokyo District Court Judge Manabu Yamazaki said former Aum Shinrikyo, or Supreme Truth, cult members Toru Toyoda, 32, and Kenichi Hirose, 36, deserved the death penalty for their roles in releasing sarin nerve gas in the incident that killed 12 and injured thousands in the 1995 gas attack of a Tokyo subway. (CNN, 7/17/2000)Ref: 9
2000*German and U.S. officials and lawyers signed a historic deal on Monday to compensate hundreds of thousands of Nazi slaves and forced laborers from a 10 billion marks ($4.8 billion) fund. (CNN, 7/17/2000)Ref: 9
2002*In Britain, a one-day strike by 750,000 municipal employees closed schools, libraries and recreation centers in their first national walkout in more than two decades. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
1790*Sixty years before Singer in America, Thomas Saint of London patents the first sewing machine.Ref: 10
1850*Astronomer George Phillips Bond of Harvard Observatory takes the first photograph of a star (Vega).Ref: 5
1901*Dr. Willis Carrier installed a commerical air conditioning system at a Brooklyn, NY printing plant. The system was the first to provide man-made control over temperature, humidity, ventilation and air quality. It was originally installed to help maintain quality at the printing plant and for the first two decades of the 20th Century, Carrier's invention was used primarily to cool machines, not people. The development of the centrifugal chiller by Carrier in the early 1920s led to comfort cooling for movie theaters (remeber the marquees with "It's cool inside"?) and, before long, air conditioning came to department stores, office buildings and railroad cars.Ref: 4
1902*First air conditioning installed in Buffalo Forge Company by inventor Willis Haviland Carrier.Ref: 10
1920*Rudolf Karpati Hungary, sabres (Olympic-gold-1956, 60), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Arco, Idaho becomes first US city lit by nuclear power.Ref: 5
1959 Dr Leakey discovers oldest human skull (600,000 years old).Ref: 5
1962*Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft).Ref: 5
1966*Pioneer 7 launched.Ref: 5
1975*An Apollo spaceship docked with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit in the first superpower linkup of its kind. (Go to article.)Ref: 70
1984*Soyuz T-12 carries 3 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 7Ref: 5
1989*Stealth bomber test flown.Ref: 51
1997*The space shuttle Columbia and its crew return to Earth after a near-flawless 16-day mission. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2002)Ref: 83
1134 The Moors defeat the Spanish at Fraga.Ref: 62
1453*France defeats England at Castillon, France, ending the Hundred Years' War.Ref: 2
1775*The third Virginia Convention meets in Richmond and appointed a Committee of Safety. They also order the formation of two regiments as well as minutemen and militia. 
1799 Ottoman forces, supported by the British, capture Aboukir, Egypt from the French.Ref: 2
1815*Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders to the British at Rochefort, France.Ref: 2
1862*National cemeteries were authorized by the US government on this day. Arlington National Cemetery, located just outside Washington, D.C. in Virginia, is one of the most honored in the country. In addition to those who died in battle, other war veterans, including US Presidents and government leaders, are buried there. Arlington National Cemetery also houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, in honor of those who lay unidentified on the battlefields of freedom.Ref: 4
1862*US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers.Ref: 5
1863*Battle of Honey Springs, largest battle of war in Indian Territory.Ref: 5
1864*Confederate President Jefferson Davis replaces General Joseph E. Johnston with General John Bell Hood in hopes of defeating Union General William T. Sherman outside Atlanta.Ref: 2
1898*US troops under General William R. Shafter take Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish-American War.Ref: 2
1941*The first Spanish troops arrive in Bavaria, Germany, to begin training with the Wehrmacht for fighting against Soviet forces. 
1941*Nazi racial 'philosopher' Alfred Rosenberg is appointed Reich Minister for the Eastern Occupied Territories to administer territories seized from the Soviet Union.Ref: 35
1942*(and 18th) Himmler visits Auschwitz-Birkenau for two days, inspecting all ongoing construction and expansion, then observes the extermination process from start to finish as two trainloads of Jews arrive from Holland. Kommandant Höss is then promoted. Construction includes four large gas chamber/crematories.Ref: 35
1944*An explosion at the Port Chicago munitions center at 10:19 p.m. broke windows in San Francisco. 322 people were killed and 1000 injured in the worst military loss of life in the U.S. during WW II. The blast was felt as far away as Nevada.Ref: 37
1944*Convoy HXS-300, with 167 ships, sails from New York bound for Ireland, under Canadian escort. It is the largest convoy of the war, and no ships are lost in transit. 
1944*Field Marshall Erwin Rommel is wounded when an Allied fighter strafes his staff car in France.Ref: 2
1945*President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill began meeting at Potsdam in the final Allied summit of World War II.Ref: 70
1946 Chinese communists attack the Nationalist army on the Yangtze River.Ref: 2
1966*Ho Chi Minh orders a patial mobilization of North Vietnam to defend against American airstrikes.Ref: 2
1968*Revolt in Iraq.Ref: 5
1902*Baltimore (AL) (later the NY Highlanders, later the NY Yankees) didn't have enough men to field their team.Ref: 5
1914*NY Giants beat Pitts Pirates, 3-1, in 21 innings.Ref: 5
1918*Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings.Ref: 5
1919*Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play.Ref: 5
1923*Carl Mays gave up 13 runs & 20 hits in 13-0 loss to the Indians.Ref: 5
1924*St Louis Cardinal Jesse Haines no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0.Ref: 5
1936*Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak (spanning 2 seasons) begins with a 6-0 victory over the Pirates.Ref: 1
1941*Thanks to the outstanding defefensive work of Indian third baseman Ken Keltner, Yankee Clipper Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland in front of 67,000 fans. DiMaggio then hits in the next 16 straight games to give him hits in 72 of 73 games.Ref: 1
1954*The Brooklyn Dodgers took to the field, making history as the first team with a majority of black players.Ref: 4
1961*Roger Maris loses a HR (of his 61) due to a rain-out in 5th. Ford Frick rules that if anyone breaks Babe Ruth 60 HR record, it must be done in first 154 games.Ref: 5
1964*Don Campbell sets record for turbine vehicle, 690.91 kph (429.31 mph).Ref: 5
1964*In Los Angeles, the Cub-Dodger contest becomes the first Pay-TV baseball game as Subscription Television offers the cablecast to subscribers for money. The Dodgers beat Chicago, 3-2, with Don Drysdale collecting 10 strikeouts.Ref: 1
1966*Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.3).Ref: 5
1969*Gold Glove pitcher Jim Kaat commits three errors but still beat the Twins, 8-5.Ref: 1
1974*Cardinal Bob Gibson becomes the second pitcher in major league history to record 3000 career strikeouts when he fans the Reds' Cesar Geronimo.Ref: 1
1976*Walter Alston wins his 2,000th game as Dodger manager.Ref: 1
1976*ABA merges into the NBA.Ref: 5
1976*21st modern Olympic games opens in Montreal.Ref: 5
1978*Reggie Jackson refusal to bunt causes mgr Billy Martin to suspend him.Ref: 5
1979*NL beats AL 7-6 in 50th All Star Game (Kingdome Seattle).Ref: 5
1979*Sebastian Coe runs world record 3:49 mile in Oslo.Ref: 5
1983*First USFL championship (Mich Panthers beats Phila Stars 24-22).Ref: 5
1984*Hector Camacho, previously undefeated, lost the WBC junior-lightweight boxing crown because he could no longer make the 130-pound fighting limit. He moved into the 135-pound class for lightweight competition.Ref: 4
1987*Yankee Don Mattingly becomes the first American League player to hit a home run in seven consecutive games.Ref: 1
1988*Ricky Jordan of the Philadelphia Phillies hits a home run in his first major league at bat.Ref: 12
1988*Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets the 100m woman's record (10.49).Ref: 5
1990*NY Yankee Deion Sanders hits an inside the park homer but lose to the Boston Red Sox 1-0 Minn Twins become first team to turn 2 triple plays in a gameRef: 5
1990*In Boston, the Minnesota Twins turn two triple plays. In the fourth inning, with the bases loaded and Erickson pitching, former Twin Tom Brunansky hit a sharp grounder to Gaetti at third, who stepped on the bag for the force out, fired to Al Newman at second and his relay to Hrbek was in time to get Bruno at first. In the eighth inning, with John Candelaria on the hill and runners on first and second, Jody Reed hit a one-hopper at Gaetti who again started a 5-4-3 triple play.Ref: 86
1994*Colorado tops one of its own attendance records, drawing 259,113 to a four-game series against St. Louis.Ref: 86
1994*Two billion people, 1/3 of world population, view World Cup final in LA; Brazil beats Italy.Ref: 10
1998*Mike Tyson applies for a boxing license in New Jersey.Ref: 98
2000*On the first pitch he ever sees in the major leagues, Chris Richard homers helping the Cardinals defeat the Twins, 8-3.Ref: 1
1717*As King George I sails on Thames, George Frideric Handel first performs his Water Music.Ref: 10
1841 Punch humour magazine first published in UK; to publish continually for 150 years.Ref: 10
1920 Sinclair Lewis finished the now-famous novel, Main Street.Ref: 4
1935 The entertainment trade publication Variety runs its famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix" (which might be translated as "rural Americans reject rural-themed movies".) (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2000)Ref: 83
1939*Charlie Barnet and his orchestra recorded Cherokee for Bluebird Records. Listen carefully and you’ll hear the horn of Billy May on the piece.Ref: 4
1954*The first Newport Jazz Festival was held on the grass tennis courts of the Newport Casino in Newport RI. Eddie Condon and his band played Muskrat Ramble as the opening number of the world's first jazz fest.Ref: 4
1955*Disneyland opened the gates to “The Happiest Place on Earth” in Anaheim, California. In the famous theme park’s first year of operation, some four million people visited Main Street USA, Fantasyland, Frontierland and Tomorrowland. On its opening day, Disneyland held a gala TV broadcast featuring Walt Disney, Bob Cummings, Art Linkletter and Ronald Reagan.Ref: 4
1961*John Chancellor became the on-air host of the Today show on NBC-TV. Chancellor replaced Dave Garroway, who had resigned after 10 years of early morning duty on the popular program.Ref: 4
1964 Warner Brothers "A False Hare", the last Bugs Bunny theatrical short until the late 1980's, is released.Ref: 73
1967*Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act.Ref: 5
1968*The Beatles’ feature-length cartoon, Yellow Submarine, premiered at the London Pavilion. The song, Yellow Submarine, had been a #2 hit for the supergroup (9/17/66) and was the inspiration for the movie.Ref: 4
1970*30,000 attend Randall's Island Rock Festival, NYC.Ref: 5
1974*First quadrophinic studio in UK is open by the Moody Blues.Ref: 5
1974*John Lennon is ordered to leave the US in 60 days.Ref: 5
1975*Ringo Starr and Maureen Cox divorce.Ref: 5
1989*Paul McCartney releases "This One"Ref: 5
1487*Esma'il I shah who converted Iran from Sunni to Shi'ah, is born.Ref: 5
1674*Isaac Watts, English minister and hymn writer, is born.Ref: 2
1714*Alexander Baumgarten, German philosopher and educator, is born.Ref: 70
1744*(Declaration of Independence) Elbridge Gerry (DR) 5th VP, (Mass-Gov), US merchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, invented gerrymandering, is born Marblehead, MA.Ref: 68
1763*John Jacob Astor, millionaire in North American trapping industry, is born in Germany.Ref: 5
1835*Sir Erskine Holland, English legal scholar, is born.Ref: 70
1859*Luis Munoz-Rivera, Puerto Rico, journalist (founded Federalist Party), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Ernest Rhys, English editor, is born.Ref: 70
1863 David Lloyd George is born.Ref: 10
1875*Sir Donald Francis Tovey Eton England, musicologist, is born.Ref: 5
1876*Rosa Jackson Lumpkin Georgia, lived to be 115 (died in 1991), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Shmuel Agnon Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Erle Stanley Gardner author (created Perry Mason), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Georges Lemaitre, Belgian astronomer, is born.Ref: 2
1898*Berenice Abbott photographer: 1930s B/W photos of NYC: Changing NY; is born.Ref: 4
1899*James Cagney, American actor (Yankee Doodle Dandy, Mister Roberts), is born in New York City.Ref: 68
1902*Christina Stead Australia, novelist (Man Who Loved Children), is born.Ref: 5
1905*William Gargan, Bkln NY, actor (Dynamite, Ellery Queen), is born.Ref: 17
1909*Hardy Amies London England, royal dressmaker (Queen Elizabeth II), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Art Linkletter Saskatchwan Canada, TV host (People are Funny), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Pal Kovacs Hungary, sabres (Olympic-gold-1952), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Lucille Benson, Scottsboro Ala, actress (Lilly-Bosom Buddies), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Dorothy Poynton-Hill US, platform diver (Olympic-gold-1932), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Eleanor Steber Wheeling WV, soprano (Metropolitan Opera-1940), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Lou Bourdeau baseball player/manager (1948 AP Athlete of Year), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Phyllis Diller, Lima Ohio, comedienne (Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number), is born.Ref: 5
1920*The outgoing president of the International Olympic Committee, Juan Antonio Samaranch, is born.Ref: 68
1920*Bill Monroe New Orleans La, newscaster (NBC-TV, Congressional Report), is born.Ref: 5
1920*Rudolf Karpati Hungary, sabres (Olympic-gold-1956, 60), is born.Ref: 5
1921*George Barnes Chicago Hgts, guitarist (Skip Farrell Show), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Donald Davie, English poet and literary critic, is born.Ref: 2
1923*James Purdy, writer (Cabot Wright Begins), is born.Ref: 2
1925*Laszlo Nagy, Hungarian poet, is born.Ref: 2
1930*Roy (David) McMillan baseball: shortstop: Cincinnati Reds, Cincinnati Redlegs [all-star: 1956, 1957], Milwaukee Braves, NY Mets, is born.Ref: 4
1932*Bob Leonard basketball: All-American: IN University; coach: IN Pacers [Bobby 'Slick' Leonard], is born.Ref: 4
1933*Mimi Hines pop singer, actress: duo: Ford & Hines [w/husband, Phil Ford]; Broadway singer, actress: Funny Girl, Grease, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Pat McCormick comedian (Don Rickles Show, New Bill Cosby Show), is born.Ref: 5
1934*Donald Sutherland Canada, actor (M*A*S*H, Body Snatchers), is born.Ref: 17
1935*Diahann Carroll Bronx, actress (Julia, Claudine, Dominique-Dynasty), is born.Ref: 5
1935*P.D.Q. Bach [Peter Schickele], IA, composer (5th of Beethoven), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Spencer Davis Wales, vocalist (Gimme Some Lovin), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Phyllis Davis Port Arthur TX, actress (Love American Style, Vega$), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Daryle Lamonica Oakland Raider QB (AFL leading passer 1967), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Connie (Cornelius) Hawkins Basketball Hall of Famer: Pittsburgh Rens, Harlem Globetrotters, Pittsburgh Pipers, LA Lakers, Atlanta Hawks, Phoenix Suns [jersey retired Nov 19, 1976], is born.Ref: 4
1942*Don (Donald Eulon) Kessinger baseball: shortstop: Chicago Cubs [all-star: 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974], SL Cardinals, Chicago White Sox, is born.Ref: 4
1942 Spencer Davis is born.Ref: 10
1947 -Camilla Parker Bowles is born.Ref: 10
1948*Brian Glascock drummer (Motels-Only the Lonely), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Cathy Ferguson 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1964), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mike Vale musician: bass: group: Tommy James and the Shondells: Say I Am [What I Am], I Think We're Alone Now, Mirage, Mony Mony, Crimson and Clover, Sweet Cherry Wine, Crystal Blue Persuasion, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Terence 'Geezer' Butler musician: bass: group: Black Sabbath: Paranoid, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Lon Hinkle golf: champ: World Series of Golf [1979]Ref: 4
1949*Mick Tucker musician: drums: group: Sweet: Funny Funny, Co-Co, Little Willy, Wig Wam Bam, Blockbuster, Hell Raiser, Ballroom Blitz, Teenage Rampage, Fox on the Run; is born.Ref: 4
1951*Lucie Arnaz LA CA, actress (Kim-Here's Lucy, Jazz Singer), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Actor David Hasselhoff, Baltimore Md, (Revenge of the Cheerleaders, Night Rider), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Nicolette Larson singer: Lotta Love; is born.Ref: 4
1952*Phoebe Snow singer (Theme from "It's a Different World"), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Mike Thomas football: Washington Redskins RB [Offensive Rookie of the Year: 1975], is born.Ref: 4
1955*P.J. (Pamela Jane) Soles actress: Carrie, Rock 'n' Roll High School, Private Benjamin, Stripes, The Power Within, is born.Ref: 4
1956*Bryan Trottier Val Marie Sask, NHL Center (NY Islanders), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Robin Shou actor: Mortal Kombat, Beverly Hills Ninja, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Scott Norwood NFL kicker (Buffalo Bills-Superbowl XXV goat), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Karen Price Pasadena Calif, playmate (January, 1981), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Paul Hipp actor: Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, Lethal Weapon 3, The Chippendales Murder, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Bobby (Robert Thomas) Thigpen baseball: pitcher: Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1990/record for saves: 57 in one season: 1990], Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1993], Seattle Mariners, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Denise Miller Bkln NY, actress (Billie-Archie Bunker's Place), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Heather Langenkamp actress (Marie-Just the 10 of Us), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Alex Winter actor: Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, is born.Ref: 4
1970*Mandy Smith England, rocker (I Just Can't Wait) wife of Bill Wyman, is born.Ref: 5
1762*Peter III of Russia is murdered and his wife, Catherine II, takes the throne.Ref: 2
1790*Adam Smith philosopher and author: An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations; dies at age 67.Ref: 68
1793*Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary assassin of Jean-Paul Marat is executed by guillotine at age 24.Ref: 68
1836*William White, American religious leader; first presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, dies at age 88.Ref: 70
1845*Charles, Earl Grey, Whig statesman and Prime Minister (1830-34), dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1856*Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Phila).Ref: 5
1881*Frontiersman Jim Bridger dies. He is the 1st Caucasian to see the Great Salt Lake in 1824, established Fort Bridger WY. Bridger National Forest bears his name.Ref: 4
1887*Dorothea Dix, American social reformer and humanitarian, dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1903*James (Abbott McNeill) Whistler artist: Whistler’s Mother [The Artist’s Mother], Arrangement in Gray, Black No. 1; dies.Ref: 68
1912*Henri Poincare, French mathematician, theoretical astronomer and scientific philosopher, dies at age 58.Ref: 70
1918*Jose de Diego patriot and political leader of Puerto Rico, dies.Ref: 4
1928*General Alvaro Obreg¢n pres of Mexico, assassinated.Ref: 5
1942*Estimated 87.5 cm (34.5") of rainfall, Smethport, Pa. (state record), flooding kills 15.Ref: 5
1946*Mikhailovich resistance leader, executed by Tito regime.Ref: 5
1947*Raoul Wallenberg, humanitarian, dies. He is credited with rescuing at least 100,000 Jews from certain death ... 65,000 of them from the Budapest ghetto.Ref: 68
1953*Maude Adams, American actress, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1958*King Faisl II of Iran is assassinated by General Qassim.Ref: 52
1959*Billie Holiday blues singer, dies of liver failure at 44 in NYC.Ref: 5
1961*Ty (Tyrus Raymond) Cobb dies of cancer at age 74. Cobb was considered by many to be the greatest baseball player of all time.Ref: 4
1967*John (William) Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist, bandleader and composer, dies at age 40.Ref: 70
1971*Cliff Edwards "Ukulele Ike", singer (54th Street Revue), dies at 76.Ref: 5
1974*Dizzy (Jay Hanna) Dean Baseball Hall of Famer: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1934/all-star: 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937], Chicago Cubs [World Series: 1938], SL Browns; broadcaster: SL Cardinals, Cleveland Browns; died July 17, 1974; see Dizzy Day [above]Ref: 68
1975*Modoc the elephant, dies at age 78 (oldest known nonhuman mammal)Ref: 5
1980*Donald Barry actor (Mr Gallo-Mr Novak), dies at 68.Ref: 5
1981*114 people are killed when a pair of walkways above the lobby of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Hotel collapse during a dance. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2000)Ref: 83
1982*(Green River Killer) Gisele Ann Lovvorn, 17, is last seen. She is the 2nd of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1984*J Delos Jewkes singer/actor, dies of a heart attack at 89.Ref: 5
1985*Susanne Langer (philosopher; author: Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art), dies.Ref: 4
1985*Margo (Maria Marguerita Guadalupe Teresa Estela Bolado Castilla y O’Donnell), actress: Viva Zapata!, Lost Horizon, I’ll Cry Tomorrow, Winterset, dies at 68 of a brain tumor.Ref: 4
1985*Wynn Stewart singer: It’s Such a Pretty World Today, Wishful Thinking, After the Storm; dies.Ref: 4
1987*10 teens die in Guadalupe River flood (Comfort, TX).Ref: 5
1995*Harry Guardino actor: Hell is for Heroes, Dirty Harry, The Enforcer, Fist of Honor; dies.Ref: 4
1996*TWA (Trans World Airlines) flight 800, carrying 230 people, including four cockpit crew members and 14 flight attendants, exploded, falling into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Long Island, NY. The Boeing 747 had lifted off from NY’s John F. Kennedy Airport at 8:19 p.m. bound for Paris, France. The explosion happened about 26 minutes later, some 40 miles east of NY, as the plane was climbing through 13,800 feet. US missile. After a 16-month probe, the FBI concluded that the crash was caused by electrical arcing in the plane’s center fuel tank igniting fuel vapors.Ref: 4
1998*Nicholas II, the last of the Romanov czars, was buried in Russia 80 years after he and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks.Ref: 70
1998*Just after seven in the evening, the inhabitants of the West Sepik area of Papua New Guinea felt the tremors from a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. Eye-witnesses reported that minutes later the villages were hit in quick succession by three tsunami (tidal waves) reaching heights of 14 meters (45 feet: taller than a four-story building), followed by two smaller waves. More than 2,000 people were killed and some 10,000 left homeless. In addition, many of the survivors were badly injured, with broken bones and bruising. Costas Synolakis, a researcher at UCLA and co-leader of a science team that visited PNG in early August 1998: “We were in a state of shock. It was really something we had not seen before. It was sort of a new threshold in terms of what a wave can do.”Ref: 4
2000*A jet smashed into two homes in Patna, India, killing a total of 56 people on board and on the ground.Ref: 6
2001*Katharine Graham, chairman of the executive committee of the Washington Post Co, dies three days after suffering a head injury in Sun Valley, ID. She was 84.Ref: 4
2002*A double suicide bombing in Tel Aviv kills two foreign workers and on Israeli. (XDG, p 4A, 7/17/2003)Ref: 83
2002*(Arthur) Lee Maye baseball: Milwaukee Braves, Houston Astros, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox; dies.Ref: 5

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen