Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
July 23rd

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
306*Constantine is proclaimed Caesar of the west by the army, while Severus, the former Caesar, is proclaimed Augusta of the west by Galeria. 
685*John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope.Ref: 5
1253*Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III.Ref: 5
1627*Sir George Calvert arrives in Newfoundland to develop his land grant.Ref: 2
1637*King Charles of England hands over the American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Fernando Gorges, one of the founders of the Council of New England.Ref: 2
1664*Wealthy non-church members in Massachusetts are given the right to vote.Ref: 2
1692*(Salem Witch Trials) Fearing that they can't get a fair trial in Salem village, John Proctor and other prisoners write a letter from prison to the Reverends Increase Mather, James Allen, Joshua Moody, Samuel Willard, and John Bayley in an attempt to gain their support for a change of venue.Ref: 21
1715*The first lighthouse in America was authorized for construction at Little Brewster Island, Massachusetts.Ref: 4
1840*Parliament acts to unite upper and lower Canada.Ref: 62
1851*(Dakota Conflict) In the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux, two bands of Dakota cede to the U.S. lands in southwestern portions of the Minnesota Territory (as well as portions of Iowa and South Dakota) for $1.665 million in cash and annuities.Ref: 87
1852*First interment in US National Cemetary at Presidio.Ref: 5
1864*Dr. Livingstone returns to England.Ref: 62
1865 William Booth founds the Salvation Army.Ref: 2
1868*The 14th Amendment is ratified, granting citizenship to African Americans.Ref: 2
1877*First telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii is completedRef: 62
1877*First US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations.Ref: 5
1877*First telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed.Ref: 5
1880*First commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Mich.Ref: 5
1900 Pan-African Congress meets in London.Ref: 5
1920*Kenya becomes a British crown colony.Ref: 5
1931 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia.Ref: 5
1937*The Matrimonial Causes Act eases divorce in England and Wales.Ref: 62
1938*The first federal game preserve, some 2,000 acres of land located in Utah, was approved by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.Ref: 4
1938*Nazis order Jews over age 15 to apply for identity cards from the police, to be shown on demand to any police officer.Ref: 35
1942*Treblinka extermination camp opened in occupied Poland, east of Warsaw. The camp is fitted with two buildings containing 10 gas chambers, each holding 200 persons. Carbon monoxide gas is piped in from engines placed outside the chamber, but Zyklon-B will later be substituted. Bodies are burned in open pits.Ref: 35
1945*The first passenger train observation car was placed in service by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.Ref: 4
1945*French Marshal Henri Petain, who had headed the Vichy government during World War II, went on trial, charged with treason.Ref: 70
1947*US President Harry S Truman made the first Presidential surprise visit to Capitol Hill since 1789. ‘Give ’Em Hell Harry’ slipped into the Senate seat that he formerly used when representing his home state of Missouri.Ref: 4
1947*First (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, RI.Ref: 5
1948*Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President.Ref: 5
1952*General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (Natl Day).Ref: 5
1952*Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew King Farouk I.Ref: 70
1958*First 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords.Ref: 5
1962*The Geneva Conference on Laos forbids the United States to invade eastern Laos.Ref: 2
1970*The sultan of Muscat and Oman was deposed by his sonRef: 62
1970*Two canisters of CS gas (type used by Britain in Northern Ireland) are thrown into the House of CommonsRef: 62
1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses.Ref: 5
1976*The First National Southern Baptist Charismatic Conference closed. Baptist pastor and charismatic leader Howard Conatser (1926-78) was a speaker at this convention.Ref: 5
1977*A jury in Washington DC convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims of charges stemming from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.Ref: 5
1978 Israeli cabinet rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas.Ref: 5
1980*Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya.Ref: 5
1980*River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter.Ref: 5
1982*Diet Coke introduced by Coca-Cola.Ref: 10
1986*Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London. The couple divorced in 1996.Ref: 70
1989*Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith Arkansas.Ref: 5
1990*(US Supreme Court Justice) President Bush announces his choice of Judge David Souter of New Hampshire to succeed retiring Justice William J. Brennan on the US Supreme Court. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2000)Ref: 83
1991*The Senate voted to impose a long list of strict new conditions on renewal of China's normal trade status in 1992; however, the 55-to-44 vote fell short of the two-thirds majority later needed to override President Bush's veto.Ref: 6
1991*(King) The California Court of Appeals unanimously grants the change of venue motion. The Court also takes the case from Judge Kamins because of an ex parte message he sent to prosecutors: "Don't panic. You can trust me." The case is reassigned to Judge Stanley Weisberg.Ref: 87
1993*Surgeon General-designate Joycelyn Elders stuck to her firm stands on sex education and AIDS prevention in a one-day confirmation hearing on Capitol Hill. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2003)Ref: 83
1995*Two astronomers, Alan Hale in New Mexico and Thomas Bopp in Arizona, almost simultaneouly discover a comet.Ref: 2
1996*The Senate passed a welfare overhaul bill.Ref: 6
2000*Leaders of the major industrial countries concluded their summit in Japan by announcing a campaign to slash the number of deaths worldwide from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.Ref: 6
2000*President Clinton rejoined the troubled Middle East talks at Camp David after hurrying back from a four-day trip to Asia.Ref: 6
2001*Pope John Paul II urged President George W. Bush in their first meeting, held at Castel Gandolfo, Italy, to bar creation of human embryos for medical research.Ref: 70
2003*(California Recall) California election officials declare that California Governor Gray Davis' recall backers have amassed 897,158 signatures needed to force a recall election. (WSJ, p A4, 8/07/2003)Ref: 33
1829*William Austin Burt of Mount Vernon, Mich., received a patent for his typographer, a forerunner of the typewriter.Ref: 70
1903*Ford Motor Company of Detroit sells its first car a 2 cylinder Model A.Ref: 2
1904*By some accounts, the ice cream cone was invented by Charles E. Menches during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis.Ref: 70
1937*Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University).Ref: 5
1956*Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph.Ref: 5
1962*The Telstar communications satellite sent the first live TV broadcast to Europe. The bird was used to send TV programs between the United States and Europe.Ref: 4
1972*First Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched.Ref: 5
1980*Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6Ref: 5
1999*The space shuttle Columbia deploys Chandra, an orbital x-ray telescope. 
1999*AF Col Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to command a space shuttle (the Columbia). 
636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire.Ref: 5
1403*King Henry IV wins battle of Shrewsbury.Ref: 10
1456*The siege of Belgrade had fallen into stalemate when a spontaneous fight broke out between a rabble of Crusaders, led by the Benedictine monk John of Capistrano, and the city's Ottoman besiegers. The melee soon escalates into a major battle, during which the Hungarian commander, Janos Hunyadi, leads a sudden assault that overruns the Turkish camp, ultimately compelling the wounded Sultan Mehmet II to lift the siege and retreat.Ref: 2
1793*The French garrison at Mainz, Germany, falls to the Prussians.Ref: 2
1798*Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt.Ref: 5
1803*Irish patriots throughout the country rebel against Union with Great Britain.Ref: 2
1803*Robert Emmett's insurrected in Dublin.Ref: 5
1849 German rebels in Baden capitulate to the Prussians.Ref: 2
1863*Bill Andeson and his Confederate Bushwackers gut the railway station at Renick, Missouri.Ref: 2
1894*Japanese troops take over the Korean imperial palace.Ref: 2
1914*Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; the dispute led to World War I. (Go to article.)Ref: 70
1940*The Soviets take Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.Ref: 36
1944*US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II.Ref: 5
1944*Soviet troops take Lublin, Poland as the German army retreats.Ref: 2
1968*R.F. Worley becomes America's first General killed in action in Vietnam.Ref: 10
1827*The first swimming school in the US opened in Boston, MA. Actually, the first lesson proved interesting: A student was suspended from a pole on a rope while “learning the use of his limbs.” Famous people who were former students: John Quincy Adams, James Audubon.Ref: 4
1866*Cincinnati Baseball club (The Reds) established.Ref: 5
1886 NY saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claims to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River.Ref: 5
1921*Edward Gourdin of the US, sets then long jump record at 25' 2 3/4".Ref: 5
1921*(Black Sox) The Illinois State Attorney's Office reveals that the confessions signed by Cicotte, Jackson and Williams are missing, along with the waivers of immunity.Ref: 87
1925*Lou Gehrig hits the first of his record 23 career grand slams as Yankees beat the Senators, 11-7.Ref: 1
1930*Pirate Pie Traynor hits game-winning homers in both ends of a doubleheader. His ninth inning HR wins the opener and he ends the nightcap when he connects in 13th.Ref: 1
1931*France announces they can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics.Ref: 5
1944*Cub Bill Nicholson hits four HRs in a doubleheader including three consecutive shots in the second game. Cubs win the first game, 7-4, but the Giants prevail in the nightcap,12-10.Ref: 1
1962*Pitcher Bob Feller, manager Bill McKechnie, infielder Jackie Robinson and outfielder Edd Roush are inducted into the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1964*Kansas City's Bert Campaneris homers off Twins' Jim Kaat on the first major league pitch he ever sees; the A's rookie homers again in the seventh.Ref: 1
1965*In a 5-1 win over the Mets, Phillies' first baseman Dick Stuart homers at Shea Stadium becoming the first player to have gone deep in 23 major league ballparksRef: 1
1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt.Ref: 5
1969*The National League scores a 9-3 win in the All-Star Game before 45,259 at R.F.K. Stadium.Ref: 86
1972 Eddie Merckx of Belgium won his fourth consecutive Tour de France bicycling competition.Ref: 4
1974*At Three River Stadium, Dodger first baseman Steve Garvey, a write-in All-Star starter, singles and doubles to help the NL beat the AL, 7-2.Ref: 1
1976*Balt Oriole Reggie Jackson homers in 6th straight game.Ref: 5
1978*Phillies Steve Carlon becomes 78th pitcher to win 200.Ref: 5
1985*Oddibe McDowell becomes the first Texas Ranger ever to hit for the cycle with a 5-for-5 effort against the Cleveland Indians at Arlington Stadium. His eight consecutive hits (three the previous game) tie a team record.Ref: 86
1985*$13.1 million paid for racehorse yearling son of Najinsky II and My Charmer.Ref: 10
1987*Billy Williams, Catfish Hunter and Ray Dandridge were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. Joining the trio, St. Louis Cardinals/CBS radio announcer Jack Buck, who became the 11th person to receive the Ford Frick Award for broadcasters.Ref: 4
1987*Petra Felke (E Ger) throws javelin 78.89 m (women's record).Ref: 5
1987*Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39).Ref: 5
1988*Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton.Ref: 5
1989 Greg LeMond wins his second Tour de France, beating Laurent Fignon in the final 15 mile time trial by turning a 50 second deficit into a win by 8 seconds!Ref: 62
1996*At the Atlanta Olympics, Kerri Strug made a heroic final vault despite torn ligaments in her left ankle as the US women gymnasts clinched their first-ever Olympic team gold medal.Ref: 6
2000 Lance Armstrong clinched his second straight victory in the Tour de France.Ref: 6
2000*The Big Red Machine rolls into Cooperstown delivering first baseman Tony Perez, manager Sparky Anderson and Reds announcer Marty Brennaman into the Baseball Hall of Fame along with 1975 Red Sox World Series rival Carlton Fisk; also enshrined were 19th century Cincinnati second basemanBid McPhee and Negro League star 'Turkey' Stearnes.Ref: 1
2000*Tiger Woods won the British Open at St. Andrews, Scotland to become the youngest player (24 years of age) to win the career ‘Grand Slam’ of golf (The Masters, PGA Championship, US Open and British Open) and the first to win all four majors since Jack Nicklaus’ victory in the 1966. Woods not only was the youngest player to win the career Grand Slam, he completed it faster than any of the four greats who did it before him. The other players to win the Grand Slam were Gene Sarazen in 1935, Ben Hogan in 1953, Gary Player in 1965 and Jack Nicklaus in 1966 (age 26) at Muirfield. (Nicklaus went on to win the Grand Slam two more times.) Woods finished the British Open at 19- under-par 269, the best score ever at St. Andrews (Nick Faldo shot an 18- under in his 1990 win), and the lowest score ever at a major championship.Ref: 4
2000*Joining his grandfather Gus and father Buddy, Reds' third baseman Mike Bell becomes part of the first three-generation family to play for the same team.Ref: 1
2000*The Astros hit four homers off Cardinal hurler Andy Benes to tie the major league record for homers allowed by one pitcher in an inning. The second inning uprising help Houston set a team record for homers in one inning and tie a team record with six home runs for the game.Ref: 1
2000*After rejecting a trade to the Mets, Reds' All-Star shortstop Barry Larkin agrees three-year, $27 million contract extension that will keep him Cincinnati until 2003.Ref: 1
2002*Celebrating his 29th birthday by hitting three homers Boston's 22-4 rout of the Devil Rays, Nomar Garciaparra ties the major league record becoming the 26th player to hit five home runs in two games. It was Red Sox shortstops second three-homer game, who also accomplished the feat against the Mariners on May 10, 1999.Ref: 1
1599*Caravaggio's first public commission for paintings.Ref: 5
1934 The program Home Sweet Home debuted on the NBC Red radio network. The principal characters were Fred, Lucy, Dick Kent and Uncle Will.Ref: 4
1941*Sonny Dunham and his orchestra recorded the tune that was to become Mr. Dunham’s theme song. Memories of You was Bluebird record #11239.Ref: 4
1947 Actors' Studio founded in New York; 3 years later Lee Strasberg joins and discovers method acting.Ref: 10
1950*The Gene Autry Show started out on CBS on Sunday nights from 7 p.m.-7:30 p.m.Ref: 4
1965*Beatles "Help" is released in the UK.Ref: 5
1966*Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens.Ref: 5
1966*Frank Sinatra hit the top of the pop album chart with his Strangers in the Night. It was the first #1 Sinatra LP since 1960. The album’s title song had made it to number one on the pop singles chart on July 2nd.Ref: 4
1966*Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!".Ref: 5
1969*Three Dog Night received a gold record for the single, One. It was the first of seven million-sellers for the pop-rock group.Ref: 4
1976*Wings release "Let 'em In".Ref: 5
1984*Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign her title, because of nude photographs published in Penthouse magazine.Ref: 70
1989*FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC & CBS for first time (America's Most Wanted).Ref: 5
1990*Woodstock '99 opens in Rome NY. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2000)Ref: 83
1991*James Farentino of Dynasty arrested in Canada for cocaine possessionRef: 5
1401 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiere and duke of Milan, is born.Ref: 70
1649*Gian Francesco Albani (later Pope Clement XI) is born.Ref: 69
1773*Sir Thomas Brisbane, English soldier and astronomical observer, is born.Ref: 70
1816*Charlotte Sanders Cushman US, actress (Lady MacBeth), is born.Ref: 5
1828*Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, English medical researcher, is born.Ref: 70
1834*James Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore and founder of Catholic University, is born.Ref: 2
1846*Birth of William R. Featherstone, Canadian Methodist hymnwriter. He penned thewords to 'My Jesus, I Love Thee' before age 16.Ref: 5
1853*William H Gillette actor, portrayed Sherlock Holmes on stage, is born.Ref: 5
1860*Birth of William W. McConnell, missions pioneer. In 1891, he became the first missionary sent out by the Central American Mission, after its founding in 1890.Ref: 5
1863*S. H. Kress, American retail businessman and art collector, is born.Ref: 70
1874*Sunny Jim Fitzsimmons, American racehorse trainer, is born.Ref: 70
1876*Ginger (Clarence Howeth) Beaumont baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1900, 1903], Boston Doves, Chicago Cubs [World Series: 1910]; is born.Ref: 4
1884*Emil Jannings, Swiss-born German stage and screen actor, is born.Ref: 70
1886*Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator, is born.Ref: 2
1888*Dr Milan Stoyadinovich Serbia, fascist Yugoslavia PM (1935-9), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Raymond Chandler, detective writer, creator of Philip Marlow, is born.Ref: 2
1888*Gluyas Williams SF, cartoonist (Fellows Citizen), is born.Ref: 5
1891*Harry Cohn,American co-founder of Columbia Pictures, is born.Ref: 70
1892*Emperor Haile Selassie emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Karl Menninger psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), is born.Ref: 5
1894*Arthur Treacher Brighton England, announcer (Merv Griffin Show), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Mervyn "Red" Dutton Manitoba, 2nd NHL pres (1943-46), is born.Ref: 5
1906*Marston Bates, American zoologist, author (The Nature of Natural History), is born.Ref: 2
1908*Karl Swenson actor: The Hanging Tree, The Gallant Hours, North to Alaska, Brighty of the Grand Canyon, Vanishing Point; is born.Ref: 4
1908*Elio Vittorini, Italian novelist, translator and literary critic, is born.Ref: 70
1910*Pimen, Russian Orthodox patriarch of Moscow and Russia, is born.Ref: 70
1912*Michael Wilding actor: Waterloo, The World of Suzie Wong, The Glass Slipper, Under Capricorn, The Courtney Affair; is born.Ref: 4
1913*Coral Browne actress: Auntie Mame, The Killing of Sister George, Eleanor, First Lady of the World, The Courtney Affair; wife of actor Vincent Price; is born.Ref: 4
1914 Carl Foreman is born.Ref: 10
1915*Vincent Sardi, Jr. restaurateur: Sardi’s Restaurant, NY, NY, is born.Ref: 4
1916*Ben Weber St Louis Missouri, composer (Thorne Music Award-1965), is born.Ref: 5
1917*Kurt Kreuger St Moritz Switz, actor (Fear, Unfaithfully Yours), is born.Ref: 5
1919*Pee Wee Reese Hall of Fame shortstop (Dodgers), is born.Ref: 68
1921*Calvert DeForest actor: Late Night with David Letterman: Larry ‘Bud’ Melman; Mr. Write, Leader of the Band, Heaven Help Us, is born.Ref: 4
1925*Actress Gloria DeHaven is born. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1925*Pierre Baugniet Belgium, pairs ice skater (Olympic-gold-1948), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Johnny (John Thomas) Groth baseball: Detroit Tigers, SL Browns, Chicago White Sox, Washington Nationals, KC Athletics, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Elliot M See Jr Dallas Texas, astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1927 Danny La Rue is born.Ref: 10
1928*Leon Fleisher SF Calif, pianist/conductor (Annapolis Symph 1973-77), is born.Ref: 5
1929*Billy Maxwell golf: TX Golf Hall of Famer: North TX State University: 4 straight NCAA championships [1949-1952]; champ: U.S. Amateur [1951], Azalea Open [1955], Arlington Hotel Open [1956], Hesperia Open [1957], the Memphis Open [1958], Palm Springs Classic, Puerto Rico Open [1961], Dallas Open [1962], is born.Ref: 4
1931*Jan Torell Limhamm Sweden, director (New Land, Emigrants), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Bert Convy, St Louis Mo, actor (Snoop Sisters, Win Lose or Draw) and baseball player, is born.Ref: 68
1934*Steve Lacy (Lackritz) jazz musician: soprano sax: Ask Me Now, Pannonica; composer, is born.Ref: 4
1935*Cleveland Duncan singer: group: Penguins: Earth Angel, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Don Drysdale Van Nuys CA, pitcher (LA Dodgers-Cy Young 1962), is born.Ref: 5
1936*(US Supreme Court Justice) Anthony Kennedy lawyer: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, sworn in February 18, 1988, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Ronny Cox actor: Scissors, Total Recall, Loose Cannons, RoboCop, Beverly Hills Cop series, Some Kind of Hero, Taps, The Onion Field, Harper Valley P.T.A., Gray Lady Down, Bound for Glory, Deliverance, Sweet Justice, Spencer, Second Chances, St. Elsewhere, Cop Rock, Apple’s Way, is born.Ref: 4
1939*Nicholas Gage, journalist and author (Eleni), is born.Ref: 2
1940*(John Donald) Don Imus radio DJ & talk-show host: syndicated program, is born in Riverside CA.Ref: 68
1940*Gary Stites singer: Lonely for You, Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Starry Eyed, is born.Ref: 4
1940*John Nichols, novelist and essayist (The Milagro Beanfield War), is born.Ref: 2
1944*Lisa Alther, novelist (Kinflicks), is born.Ref: 2
1945*Dino Danelli musician: drummer: group: The (Young) Rascals: Good Lovin’, Groovin’, How Can I Be Sure, A Beautiful Morning, People Got to Be Free; group: Bulldog, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Andy Mackay musician: saxophone, woodwinds: group: Roxy Music: Virginia Plain, Pyjamarama, Do the Strand, Editions of You, In Every Dream a Heartache, Street Life, A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall, All I Want is You, Out of the Blue, Dance Away, Angel Eyes, Jealous Guy; solo: LPs: In Search of Eddie Riff, Resolving Contradictions, is born.Ref: 4
1947*David Essex (Cook) singer: Rock On, Lamplight, I’m Gonna Make You a Star; actor: Godspell, Evita, That’ll be the Day, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Larry Manetti actor: Magnum P.I., Baa Baa Black Sheep, Exit, The Take, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Spencer Christian weatherman (Good Morning America), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Coby Dietrick basketball: center: San Antonio Spurs, Chicago Bulls, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Belinda Montgomery actress: Man from Atlantis, Doogie Howser, M.D., Stone Fox, Tell Me That You Love Me, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Blair Thornton musician: guitar: group: Bachman-Turner Overdrive: Takin’ Care of Business, You Ain’t Seen Nothin’ Yet, Roll On Down the Highway, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Kaity Tong news anchor (WABC-TV NYC) [50], is born.Ref: 5
1951*Edie McClurg actress: WKRP in Cincinnati, The Hogan Family, Planes, Trains and Automobiles, A River Runs Through It, Eating Raoul, is born.Ref: 4
1952*Janis Siegel NYC, jazz singer (Manhattan Transfer-Tuxedo Junction), is born.Ref: 5
1953 Graham Gooch is bornRef: 10
1954*Annie Sprinkle actress: X-rated films, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Lydia Cornell El Paso TX, actress (Sara Rush-Too Close for Comfort), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Woody Harrelson Midland TX, actor (Woody Boyd-Cheers), is born.Ref: 68
1961*Martin Gore rocker (Depeche Mode-Just Can't Get Enough), is born.Ref: 5
1962*Eriq La Salle actor: ER, Another World, Coming to America, Under Suspicion, Color of Night, is born.Ref: 4
1967*Philip Seymour Hoffman actor: The Talented Mr. Ripley, Scent of a Woman, The Getaway, Twister, Boogie Nights, The Big Lebowski, Patch Adams, Magnolia, State and Main, Almost Famous, is born.Ref: 4
1968*Gary Payton ‘The Glove’: basketball: point guard: Seattle Supersonics, is born.Ref: 4
1968*Beth Ehlers Queens NY, actress (Harley Cooper-Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1968*Stephane Seymour model (Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Cover-1988), is born.Ref: 5
1970*Sam Waters vocalist (Color Me Badd-I Want to Sex You Up), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Marlon Wayans writer, actor: The Wayans Bros, Scary Movie, Scary Movie 2; brother of Damon Wayans, Keenen Ivory Wayans, Kim Wayans, Shawn Wayans, is born.Ref: 4
1973 Monica Lewinsky is born.Ref: 10
1976 Judit Polgar is born.Ref: 10
1982*Schottzie Schott dog mascot of the Cincinatti Reds, is born.Ref: 5
1298*Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany.Ref: 5
1540*Thomas Cromwell is beheaded on Tower Hill in England.Ref: 2
1757*Domenico Scarlatti composer: over 550 clavier sonatas; son of composer Alessandro Scarlatti; dies at age 71.Ref: 4
1793*(Declaration of Independence) Roger Sherman, lawyer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at age 72. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1844*Christian Gobrecht 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office.Ref: 5
1875*Isaac Merrit Singer, American inventor; developed Singer sewing machineRef: 70
1885*Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th president of the United States, dies of throat cancer in Mount McGregor, New York, at age 63. (also TWA, 1958)Ref:77
1916*Sir William Ramsay, British chemist, dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1918*Death of Joseph H. Gilmore, 84, American Baptist clergyman. He is remembered today primarily for the hymn, 'He Leadeth Me', which he wrote at the age of 28.Ref: 5
1930*Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer, dies at age 52.Ref: 70
1932*Santos-Dumont Alberto, Brazilian aviation pioneer, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1948*American pioneer filmmaker D.W. Griffith, whose directing credits included "The Birth of a Nation," dies in Los Angeles at age 73.Ref: 68
1951*Henri Petain, French general; World War I hero and head of the French Vichy government during World War II, dies in a French prison. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2000)Ref: 83
1951*Robert Flaherty, American, father of documentary film (Nanook of the North), explorer, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1955*Cordell Hull US Sec of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945), dies at age 83.Ref: 5
1955*Harry Haden actor (Harry-Stu Erwin Show), dies at 73.Ref: 5
1964*Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage.Ref: 5
1966*(Edward) Montgomery Clift actor: From Here to Eternity, Suddenly Last Summer, Judgment at Nuremberg, The Misfits, A Place in the Sun, Raintree County; dies.Ref: 68
1966*(Robert) Douglass Montgomery actor: Little Women, Harmony Lane; dies.Ref: 4
1967*43 killed in racial rebellion in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires).Ref: 5
1967*(Sweet) Forty-three persons are killed in six days of racial rioting in Detroit. The riots destroy the dental offices of Dr. Otis Sweet and he retires from practice.Ref: 87
1968*Sir Henry H Dale, British physiologist (Nobel-medicine: 1936), dies.Ref: 17
1968*PLO's first hijacking of an El Al plane.Ref: 5
1968*Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 cops killed.Ref: 5
1968*Don Lillis NY Jet president., dies.Ref: 5
1969*Floyd Dell,American novelist and journalist, dies at age 82.Ref: 70
1971*Van Heflin (Emmett Evan Heflin, Jr.) Academy Award-winning actor: Johnny Eager [1942]; dies at 60.Ref: 4
1971*William V.S. Tubman (Whig), Liberian statesman and 17th Liberian President (1943-70), dies at age 75,Ref: 70
1973*Edward V. Rickenbacker, the World War I flying ace who went on to lead Eastern Airlines for thirty years, dies.Ref: 70
1973*Ozark AL plane knocked out of the air by lightning, St Louis-36 die.Ref: 5
1979*Keith Godchaux rocker (Grateful Dead), dies in a car accident at 32.Ref: 5
1982*Actor Vic Morrow dies in a helicopter crash during filming of "Twilight Zone" at age 53.Ref: 5
1984*Lloyd Gouch actor, dies of aortic aneurism at 77.Ref: 5
1985*Mickey Shaughnessy actor, dies at 64 of heart failure.Ref: 5
1985*Kay (James King Kern) Kyser bandleader: Kay Kyser and His Kollege of Musical Knowledge: Three Little Fishes, Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition; dies.Ref: 5
1990*Morocco's King Hussein II dies at the age of 70. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2000)Ref: 83
1990*Joe Turner jazz pianist, dies at 82 of cardiac arrestRef: 5
1993*White House Deputy Counsel Vincent W Foster, Jr was buried near Hope AR, three days after taking his own life in a Virginia Park. (XDG, p 4A, 7/23/2003)Ref: 83
1996*Jean Muir (Fullarton) actress: The World Changes, Oil for the Lamps of China, Her Husband’s Secretary, Dance Charlie Dance, The Constant Nymph; dies.Ref: 4
1996*Jessica Mitford, investigative journalist (The American Way of Death), dies at age 78.Ref: 70
1996 Jessica Mitford dies.Ref: 10
1997*Police found the body of Andrew Cunanan, the suspected killer of designer Gianni Versace and others, on a houseboat in Miami Beach, Fla., an apparent suicide. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1999*King Hassan II of Morocco dies. (Ref: "The Dayton Daily News", p.7A, 1/2/2000) 
1999*Hassan II, who ruled Morocco from 1961 to 1999, dies.Ref: 70
2001*Pulitzer Prize-winning writer Eudora Welty dies in Jackson, MS, at age 92.Ref: 4
2002*William Pierce, a white supremacist whose book, The Turner Diaries, is believed to have inspired Oklahoma City bomber, Timothy McVeigh, dies at age 68. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Leo McKern actor: A Foreign Field, The Mouse that Roared, A Man for All Seasons, Help, Rumpole of the Bailey, Ladyhawke, The French Lieutenant’s Woman, The Blue Lagoon, Ryan’s Daughter; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Chaim Potok, rabbi turned author, dies in Merion PA at age 73. (TWA, 2003)Ref: 95

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen