Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
July 28th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1432 Hamburg was saved from the Hussites by presenting the children as supplicants. The Hussites were moved and gave children cherries.Ref: 62
1540*Henry VIII of England marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard. (XDG, p 4A, 7/28/2000)Ref: 83
1586*Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe.Ref: 5
1609*Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda.Ref: 5
1754*(and 29th) Captain Stobo smuggles plans of Fort Duquesne to Philadelphia through Delaware chiefs Shingas and Delaware George.Ref: 92
1777*(day speculative) Colonel Bowman arrives in Boonesboro KY from Williamsburg VA with reinforcements that had been promised six months earlier.Ref: 60
1808*Sultan Mustapha of the Ottoman Empire is deposed and his cousin Mahmud II gains the throne.Ref: 2
1821*Peru declares its independence from Spain.Ref: 70
1830*Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe.Ref: 5
1835*King Louis Napoleon of France survives an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Maria Fleschi, who had rigged 25 guns together and fired them all with the pull of a single trigger.Ref: 2
1846*Donner Party: The Party arrives at Ft. Bridger. Hastings had gone ahead a week earlier with another group leading 60-75 wagons (the so-called Harlan-Young Party) on his cutoff. Jim Bridger and his partner Louis Vasquez assure the Donner Party that Hastings Cutoff is a good route. The Party stays 4 days for rest and repair.Ref: 27
1849*"Memmon" is the first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY.Ref: 5
1851*Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph.Ref: 5
1865*The American Dental Association proposed its first code of ethics. Procedures like using a welder’s torch to shrink swollen gums were banned. The old string-on-the-doorknob trick to pull loosened teeth was also frowned upon.Ref: 4
1866*Although its use was not required, the metric system was legalized by the US Congress for the standardization of weights and measures throughout the United States.Ref: 4
1868*The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees citizenship to all those born or naturalized in the United States, is adopted. The amendment was aimed primarily at assuring citizenship to Africa-Americans freed from slavery by the Civil War. (XDG, p 4A, 7/28/2000)Ref: 83
1889*The first Divine Liturgy (worship service) of the Armenian Church in America was celebrated in Worcester, MA. It was led by Rev. Hovsep Sarajian, himself the first Armenianclergyman to come to America.Ref: 5
1896*The community of Miami, was incorporated. The city had a population of 260. Today, the Miami area boasts a population of around 2,000,000.Ref: 4
1907*(Haywood Trial) The Haywood case goes to the jury.Ref: 87
1915*10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting lynchings.Ref: 5
1925*(Sweet) (date give as late July) Ossian Sweet decides to postpone his move into his home on Garland.Ref: 87
1927*After being interviewed for several hours by Governor Fuller, Vanzetti writes a letter to the Governor providing more complete answers to the Governor's questions and pleading for the Governor to stop the scheduled executions.Ref: 87
1930*114ø F (46ø C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record).Ref: 5
1932*Federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington, D.C., to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.Ref: 70
1934*118ø F (48ø C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)Ref: 5
1945*The five C-54 transports arrive at Tinian. All components for Little Boy are now on site, but no Fat Man bomb assemblies have yet arrived.Ref: 91
1945*US Senate ratifies UN charter 89-2.Ref: 5
1959*In preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Hiram L. Fong, to the Senate and the first Japanese-American, Daniel K. Inouye, to the House of Representatives.Ref: 70
1960*Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon.Ref: 5
1976*Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph.Ref: 5
1977*First oil flow through the Alaska pipeline.Ref: 5
1977*Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks.Ref: 5
1978*Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for first time.Ref: 5
1980*Fernando Bela£nde Terry becomes president of Peru.Ref: 5
1988*IBM announces price hike on older models.Ref: 5
1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for first visit in 21 years.Ref: 5
1988 Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank.Ref: 5
1988*Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa destroyed by arson.Ref: 5
1988*Yanks' Tommy John makes 3 errors on 1 play yet beats Brewers 16-3.Ref: 5
1990*Blackout hits Chicago.Ref: 5
1995*A jury in Union, S.C., rejected the death penalty for Susan Smith, sentencing her instead to life in prison for drowning her two young sons.Ref: 70
1998*Bell Atlantic Corp. and GTE Corp. announced a $52.88 billion stock-swap deal to create the second-biggest telephone company -- behind AT&T. The resulting mega-corporation -- later to be named Verizon Communications -- would begin with 63 million local telephone lines in 38 states and revenue of $53 billion.Ref: 4
1998*Monica Lewinsky was given blanket immunity from prosecution in exchange for grand jury testimony in the investigation of her relationship with President Clinton.Ref: 70
2002*Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.Ref: 70
2002*Speaking publicly on the church abuse scandal for the first time, Pope John Paul II told young Catholics in Toronto that sexual abuse of children by priests "fills us all with a deep sense of sadness and shame."Ref: 70
2061*31st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's CometRef: 5
1615*French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovers Lake Huron on his seventh voyage to the New World.Ref: 2
1900*The Hamburger was created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut.Ref: 5
1935*The Model 299, prototype of the B-17, makes its first flight at Boeing Field. Reporters nickname it "The Flying Fortress". 
1942*L.A. Thatcher of Stamford, CT received a patent by mail. Appropriately, Mr. Thatcher had patented a coin-operated mailbox. When money was inserted, a meter stamped the envelope.Ref: 4
1962*Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean.Ref: 5
1964*Ranger 7, USA Lunar Hard Lander, is launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures.Ref: 5
1973*Skylab II launchedRef: 62
1973*Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched.Ref: 5
1983*NASA launches Telstar-3A.Ref: 5
1986*NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated.Ref: 5
1989*NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleve, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz.Ref: 5
388 Byzantines defeat Romans near Aquileia (Theodosius I winner, Maximus loser)Ref: 10
1588*Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I.Ref: 5
1656 Battle of Warsaw begins.Ref: 10
1862*Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo.Ref: 5
1863*Confederate John Mosby begins a series of attacks against General Meade's Army of the Potomac.Ref: 2
1864*Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Ezra Church.Ref: 5
1868 3rd Maori war breaks out in New Zealand.Ref: 10
1898*Spain, through the offices of the French embassy in Washington, D.C., requests peace terms in its war with the United States. (Spanish-American War)Ref: 2
1914*Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia; Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia, beginning World War I.Ref: 5
1915*US forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924.Ref: 5
1920*Revolutionary and bandit Pancho Villa surrenders to the Mexican government.Ref: 2
1941*The Japanese army lands on the coast of Cochin, China (modern day Vietnam).Ref: 2
1943*Kiska (in the Aleutian Islands) evacuation, almost three weeks before the Allied landing.Ref: 82
1943*A second British bomber force of 722 planes attacks Hamburg, Germany, creating nine square miles of firestorm, reaching 1800ºF with winds up to 150 MPH feeding the fire. 
1943*Canadian troops take Agira, Italy, after five days of hard fighting. 
1943*Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns.Ref: 5
1943*Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US.Ref: 5
1944*Soviet troops take Brest-Litovsk. U.S. troops take Coutances.Ref: 36
1945*The Japanese government rejects the Potsdam surrender demand.Ref: 91
1965*President Lyndon B. Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.Ref: 70
1875*Joe Borden of Philadelphia pitches world's first 9 inning no-hitter against Chicago.Ref: 10
1890*Giant hurler Mickey Welch beats the Pirates, 4-2, to become baseball's third 300-game winner. The 31-year old Brooklyn native will win only seven more games before ending his 13-year career next season.Ref: 1
1906*Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4.Ref: 5
1913*US wins its first Davis Cup since 1902, beating England, 3-2.Ref: 5
1928*Olympics open at Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1929*Chicago Cardinals become first NFL team to train out of state (Mich).Ref: 5
1931*White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12.Ref: 5
1933*NFL divides into 2, 5 team divisions.Ref: 5
1940*Yankee Charle Keller hits 3 HRs to beat White Sox 10-9.Ref: 5
1957*White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game.Ref: 5
1962*After mysteriously disappearing off the team bus to use the rest room two days ago, infielder Pumpsie Green returns to the Red Sox and is fined.Ref: 1
1965*The American Football Conference set a new record. More reporters showed up in Lowell, MA to cover an exhibition game than were on hand to cover the AFC championship game the year before. The preseason game between the NY Jets and the Boston (now New England) Patriots attracted all the attention because the Jets sported a new quarterback who had caught everyone’s fancy: Joe Namath.Ref: 4
1971*Oriole's Brooks Robinson, a sixteen-time gold glove winner, commits three errors. Thanks to Frank Robinson's ninth inning home run, however, the Orioles prevail and beat the As.Ref: 1
1973*Kerry O’Brien of Australia retired at the age of 27. O’Brien was the reigning steeplechase recordholder at the time.Ref: 4
1976*White Sox pitchers John Odom (5 innings) and Francisco Barrios (4 innings) combined to no-hit the A's, 2-1.Ref: 1
1978*At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage YankeesRef: 5
1979*Cub Dave Kingman becomes the sixth player in major league history to hit three home runs in one game twice in one season. The Mets win the game, 6-4.Ref: 1
1982*Don Zimmer is dismissed as the Texas Rangers' manager. Coach Darrell Johnson is named interim manager.Ref: 86
1983*American League president Lee MacPhail decides George Brett's 'Pine Tar' home run should count. The remainder of the game will played on August 18 with the Royals beating the Yankees, 5-4.Ref: 1
1984*The 23rd Summer Olympic Games opened at the Los Angeles Coliseum in Southern CA. Peter V. Uberroth, head of the US Olympic Committee, welcomed 7,800 athletes from 140 nations during the 3-1/2 hour opening ceremonies.Ref: 4
1985*Lou Brock, Enos Slaughter, Hoyt Wilhelm and Arky Vaughn were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown, NY. Wilhelm of the Chicago White Sox was the first relief pitcher to make the Hall of Fame.Ref: 4
1986*Jim Clancy becomes the first pitcher to record 100 wins in a Blue Jays uniform.Ref: 86
1987*Angel Cordero Jr becomes the 4th jockey to win 6,000 races.Ref: 5
1989*Braves Dale Murphy, hits 2 3-run HRs in an inning, 14th man to hit 2 HRs in an inning. Also ties record of 6 RBIs in an inning.Ref: 5
1991*Pitching in Los Angeles, Montreal Expos' Dennis Martinez pitches the 15th perfect game in Major League history. He beats Mike Morgan and the Dodgers, 2-0, striking out five batters over the course of 96 pitches (66 strikes) in a game played in 2:14 in front of 45,560 fans.Ref: 86
1991*Buffalo Bills beat Phila Eagles, 17-13 in American Bowl in Wembley.Ref: 5
1991 Miguel Indurain of Spain wins the Tour de France bicycle race.Ref: 5
1992*The Rookie League Gulf Coast Florida Marlins win their 14th game in a row, the longest streak by any Minor League club during the 1992 season.Ref: 86
1993*The Colorado Rockies surpass the 3 million plateau in their 53rd home date. Once again, the club is the fastest to reach the milestone, breaking the previous mark of 61 set by Toronto in 1992.Ref: 86
1993*Mariner Ken Griffey Jr. homers in his eighth straight game to tie a major league record held by Dale Long and Don Mattingly.Ref: 1
1994*Several coincidences occurred in major league baseball on this day. Kenny Rogers -- not the singer, but the pitcher -- threw the 14th perfect game in the history of major league baseball. It was three years to the day since the last time this event occurred. This time it was an American League game with TX beating CA, 4-0. Ten years earlier (9-30-84), the same two teams were playing when the 11th perfect game was hurled. The pitcher was Mike Witt and the winning team was reversed.Ref: 4
1995*The Toronto Blue Jays trade David Cone to the New York Yankees in exchange for minor league pitchers Marty Janzen, Jason Jarvis and Mike Gordon.Ref: 86
1998*After setting the record yesterday for hitting the most HRs before getting a grand slam, Sammy Sosa hits another today becoming the 18th major leaguer to hit a grand slam on consecutive days.Ref: 1
2000*Unable to win in four months, David Cone is sent to the team's minor league camp in Tampa by Yankees owner George Steinbrenner. Cone will be under supervision of Billy Connors, the Yankees vice president of player personnel.Ref: 1
2000*The Mets' have a busy day on the trading block as they obtain Oriole shortstop Mike Bordick for utility players Melvin Mora and Mike Kinkade and minor pitchers Lesli Brea and Pat Gorman. A few hours later Mets complete a four-player deal with the Devil Rays receiving reliever Rick White and outfielder Bubba Trammell in exchange for minor leaguers Jason Tyner and Paul Wilson.Ref: 1
2002*With the song 'Somewhere Over the Rainbow' playing in the background and a copy of 'The Wizard of Oz' in his hands, Ozzie Smith, compares his baseball career to Dorothy's away trip from Kansas during his induction speech at the Hall of Fame ceremonies in Cooperstown. Citing his recipe for success for his 19-year career with Cardinals and Padres, the 47-year-old tells the crowd he had the mind to dream, which the Scarecrow cherished, a heart to believe, which the Tin Man wanted, and courage, which the Lion lacked, in order to persevere.Ref: 1
2002*The Giants trade two minor league pitchers, right-hander Felix Diaz and left-hander Ryan Meaux , to obtain veteran center fielder Kenny Lofton from the White Sox.Ref: 1
2002 Cycling champion Lance Armstrong won his fourth straight Tour de France.Ref: 70
1882*The opera "Parsifal" is produced (Bayreuth).Ref: 5
1898*Fiction: Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of the Retired Colourman"(BG).Ref: 5
1914*Foxtrot first danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox).Ref: 5
1933*The singing telegram was introduced on this day. The first person to receive a singing telegram was singer Rudy Vallee, in honor of his 32nd birthday.Ref: 4
1939*Judy Garland sang one of the most famous songs of the century with the Victor Young Orchestra. The tune became her signature song and will forever be associated with the singer-actress. Garland recorded Over the Rainbow for Decca Records. It was the musical highlight of the film, The Wizard of Oz.Ref: 4
1951*The Walt Disney film Alice in Wonderland was released by RKO pictures.Ref: 4
1958*Three years after his Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White reached number one, Cuban-born bandleader Perez Prado captured the top spot again, with Patricia. Prado was known as the Mambo King for his popular, Latin-flavored instrumentals.Ref: 4
1973*Exactly a year after their first date, TV’s Six Million Dollar Man, Lee Majors, married one of Charlie’s Angels, Farrah Fawcett. The new Farrah Fawcett-Majors was named one of the 10 most beautiful women on the campus of the University of TX. Farrah, famous for her blonde mane and brilliant smile, and Majors were divorced February 16, 1982.Ref: 4
1978*600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY.Ref: 5
1989*Songstress Anne Murray opened the Anne Murray Centre in her hometown of Springhill, Nova Scotia. Packed with awards, photographs, memorabilia and audio-visual highlights of her life and career, the Centre is open every day from mid-May to mid-October.Ref: 4
1165*Ibn al-'Arabi Muslim mystic/philosopher, is born.Ref: 5
1456*Jacopo Sannazzaro, Italian poet, is born.Ref: 70
1609*Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, is born.Ref: 70
1746*(Declaration of Independence) Thomas Heyward Jr, lawyer, farmer, signer of the Declaration of Independence, is born in St Luke's Parish, SC. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1750*Philippe Fabre d'Eglantine France, poet/satirist/politician, is born.Ref: 5
1844*Gerard Manley Hopkins England, poet (The Windhover), is born.Ref: 5
1859*Balington Booth founded Volunteers of America, is born.Ref: 5
1866*Beatrix Potter, children's author (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), is born.Ref: 2
1867*Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer, is born.Ref: 70
1874*Ernst Cassirer Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man), is born.Ref: 5
1879*Lucy Burns, American woman suffragist, is born.Ref: 70
1881*Birth of J. Gresham Machen, an American Presbyterian theologian who taught at Princeton and Westminster seminaries. Two of his writings still endure: 'New Testament Greekfor Beginners' (1923) and 'The Virgin Birth of Christ' (1932).Ref: 5
1887*Marcel Duchamp, painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), is born.Ref: 5
1892*Joe E. (Evan) Brown comedian, actor: It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Around the World in 80 Days, Show Boat, Some like It Hot; is born.Ref: 4
1901*Rudy (Hubert Prior) Vallee singer: My Time is Your Time; actor: Live a Little, Love a Little, The Admiral was a Lady, How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, Second Fiddle; is born.Ref: 4
1901*Harry Bridges, American labor leader, is born.Ref: 2
1902*Kenneth Fearing, poet and novelist (The Big Clock), is born.Ref: 2
1907*Earl S Tupper invented Tupperware, is born.Ref: 5
1907*Vivian Vance Cherryvale Ks, actress (Ethel Mertz-I Love Lucy), is born.Ref: 5
1909*Malcolm Lowry novelist (Under the Volcano), is born.Ref: 5
1910*Bill Goodwin SF Calif, announcer (Burns & Allen, Boing Boing Show), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Ann Doran Amarillo TX, actress (Longstreet, Shirley), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Gerhard Stoeck Germany, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1936), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Eleazar de Carvalho Iguat£, Brazil, conductor/tuba (Tiradentes), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Carmen Dragon classical music conductor, bandleader; father of singer, ‘Captain’ Daryl Dragon; is born.Ref: 4
1915*Frankie Yankovic Grammy Award-winning musician: accordion: Just Because, Blue Skirt Waltz; bandleader: polka band; is born.Ref: 4
1916*David Brown NYC, director (Jaws, Planet of the Apes), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Laird Cregar Phila, actor (Charley's Aunt, Hangover Square), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Jacques Piccard Switzerland, undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste), is born.Ref: 5
1927*John Ashbery, Pultizer Prize-winning poet (Self-Portrait in a Convict's Mirror), is born.Ref: 2
1927*Baruch Blumberg, physician, medical researcher, is born.Ref: 2
1929*Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis First Lady: wife of 35th U.S. President John F. Kennedy; wife of Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis; editor: Doubleday Publishing; is born.Ref: 4
1930*Ted (Thaddeus Stanley) Lepcio baseball: Boston Red Sox, Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago White Sox, Minnesota Twins, is born.Ref: 4
1930*Darryl Hickman Hollywood Cal, actor (Human Comedy, Tea & Sympathy), is born.Ref: 5
1931*Darryl Hickman actor: The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, The Americans; executive producer: Love of Life; brother of actor, Dwayne Hickman, is born.Ref: 4
1934*Jacques D'Amboise dancer/educator (NYC Ballet Company), is born.Ref: 5
1937*Peter Duchin NYC, pianist/bandleader (Peter Duchin Orch), is born.Ref: 5
1938*George Cummings musician: guitar: group: Dr. Hook: Sylvia’s Mother, The Cover of Rolling Stone, [Freakin’ At] The Freakers’ Ball, A Little Bit More, Only Sixteen, When You’re in Love with a Beautiful Woman, Sharing the Night Together, Sexy Eyes, Better Love Next Time, is born.Ref: 4
1938*Robert Hughes [Studley Forrest], Australia, writer/critic, is born.Ref: 5
1940*Phil Proctor comedian (Firesign Theater), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Riccardo Muti Napoli Italy, conductor (Philadelphia Orch), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Bill Bradley Crystal City Mo, NY Knick/(Sen-D-NJ)/Rhodes scholar, is born.Ref: 5
1943*Lawrence Elkins football player FL (Houston Oilers), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Mike Bloomfield blues musician (Analine), is born.Ref: 5
1944*Daniel Morelon France, 1K speed skater (Olympic-gold-1968, 72), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Jim Davis, cartoonist for Garfield, is born.Ref: 4
1945*Jim Davis cartoonist (Garfield), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Richard Wright rocker (Pink Floyd-The Wall), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Linda Kelsey Minneapolis, actress (Billie-Lou Grant, Kate-Day by Day), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Barbara Ferrell National Track & Field Hall of Famer: Olympic medalist: silver: 100 meter dash, gold: 4x100 meter relay [1968]; gold medalist: Pan American Games: 100 meters [1967]; tied world record twice: 100 meters [11.1 seconds, 1967], is born.Ref: 4
1947*Barbara Ferrell US, 400m relay racer (Olympic-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Elena Novikova-Belova USSR, foils (Olympic-gold-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Sally (Ann) Struthers Emmy Award-winning actress: All in the Family [1971-72, 1978]; Five Easy Pieces, The Odd Couple; promoter of the Christian Children’s Fund, is born in Portland OR.Ref: 68
1948*Georgia Engel Wash DC, actress (Georgette-Mary Tyler Moore Show), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Baseball pitching all-star Vida (Rochelle) Blue is born.Ref: 4
1949*Peter Doyle singer: group: The New Seekers: I’d like to Teach the World to Sing, Look What They’ve Done to My Song Ma, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Simon Kirke musician: drums: groups: Free: All Right Now; Bad Company: Can’t Get Enough, Ready for Love, Feel like Makin’ Love, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Marilyn Quayle wife of vice president Dan Quayle, is born.Ref: 5
1952*Clint Longley football: Dallas Cowboys quarterback, is born.Ref: 4
1958*Terry Fox Marathon of Hope runner: 22 yr.-old cancer-victim with artificial leg completed 3,328 miles of 5,200 planned miles, raising $24 million for cancer research; is born.Ref: 4
1961*Scott E Parazynski Little Rock Ark, MD/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1967*Lori Loughlin NY, actress (Edge of Night, New Kids, Secret Admirer)Ref: 5
1972*Elizabeth Berkley actress: Saved by the Bell, The First Wives Club, Random Encounter, Any Given Sunday, Africa, The Elevator, Soulmates, is born.Ref: 4
1979*Jules Irving actor: It Came from Beneath the Sea [aka Monster from Beneath the Sea]; dies.Ref: 4
2001*Oriole outfielder Melvin Mora's wife, Gisel, gives birth to quintuplets. The three boys and two girls, who all weighed in under two and half pounds, are all doing well.Ref: 1
1540*Thomas Cromwell King Henry VIII's chief minister, executed.Ref: 5
1675*Death of Bulstrode Whitelocke 69, an influential English lawyer during the Commonwealth of Oliver Cromwell. Among Whitelocke's last words: 'There has been one true religion in the world; and that is the work of the Spirit of God in the hearts and souls of men'.Ref: 5
1741*Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer and violinist, dies at age 63.Ref: 70
1746*(Zenger) John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in first admendment fight, dies.Ref: 5
1750*Composer Johann Sebastian Bach dies at age 65 in Leipzig, Germany.Ref: 68
1794*Maximilian Robespierre, French Jacobin leader and a principal figure in the French Revolution (along with 19 others), is executed by guillotine at age 36.Ref: 4
1811 Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, Spanish statesman and writer; Chief Justice of the Spanish Court, 1778, dies.Ref: 5
1844*Joseph Boneparte, King of Naples, 1806-08, King of Spain, 1808-13, brother of Napoleon, dies.Ref: 17
1883*Shocks triggered by the volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000.Ref: 5
1917*Stephen Luce, American founder and first president of the Naval War College, dies at age 90.Ref: 70
1934*Marie Dressler (Leila Marie Koerber) Academy Award-winning actress: Min and Bill [1930-31]; Anna Christie, Dinner at Eight; dies at age 68 in Santa Barbara CA.Ref: 68
1937 Joseph Lee father of Playgrounds movement, dies.Ref: 5
1939 William James Mayo dies.Ref: 10
1940*David Watson Taylor, American marine architect, dies at age 76.Ref: 5
1942*Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Russia.Ref: 5
1942*Death of W.M. Flinders Petrie, 89, English archaeologist. He was regarded by colleague William Foxwell Albright as 'the greatest genius among biblical archaeologists.'Ref: 5
1945*A B-25 bomber crashes into the 79th floor of the of the fog-shrouded Empire State Building in New York City, killing 13 people (3 in the plane, 10 in the building) and injuring 26. It was a Saturday. (NY Times, p 1, 7/29/1945)Ref: 70
1948*I.G. Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die.Ref: 5
1962*19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa.Ref: 5
1968*Otto Hahn, German Nobel (1944) Prize-winning chemist, dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1969*Frank Loesser songwriter: Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition, Baby It’s Cold Outside, On a Slow Boat to China, Once in Love with Amy, Luck Be a Lady, Thumbelina; dies at age 59.Ref: 4
1971*Diane Arbus photographer, commits suicide at 48.Ref: 5
1972*Helen Traubel opera singer: St. Louis Symphony, New York Metropolitan Opera [“The Met’s premier Wagnerian soprano.”]; actress: Deep in My Heart, The Ladies’ Man, Gunn; dies.Ref: 4
1973*Mary Ellen Chase, American scholar and writer, dies at age 86.Ref: 70
1974*Truman Bradley host (Science Fiction Theater), dies at 69.Ref: 5
1974*69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil).Ref: 5
1976*An earthquake of magnitude 8.2 kills an estimated 255,000 people in Tangshan, China. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1979*Herbert Marcuse Berlin, communist philosopher (One-Dimensional Man), dies at age 81.Ref: 70
1984*Bess Flowers actress, dies at 85.Ref: 5
1985*Grant Williams actor, (Greg-Hawaiian Eye) dies of toxic poisoning at 54.Ref: 5
1987*James Burnham philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81Ref: 5
1996*Roger Tory Peterson NY, ornithologist/writer (How to Know Birds), dies at age 87.Ref: 70
1998*Jerome Robbins, American choreographer, dies at age 79.Ref: 70
2000*Jerome Smith musician: guitar: group: KC & The Sunshine Band: Get Down Tonight, That’s the Way [I like It], [Shake, Shake, Shake] Your Booty, I’m Your Boogie Man, Keep It Comin’ Love, I like to Do It, Boogie Shoes, It’s the Same Old Song, Please Don’t Go; is killed in a bulldozer accident.Ref: 5
2003*(Samuel) Aaron Bell jazz musician: bass: played w/Duke Ellington, Stan Kenton, Andy Kirk, Lucky Millinder, Teddy Wilson, Lester Young; composer, teacher; dies.Ref: 4
2003*Bob Hope American actor-comedian, dies at age 100.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen