Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 1st

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
-30 -BC- Mark Antony's fleet defects to Octavius Caesar.Ref: 62
1291 A pact was made to form the Swiss Confederation. The anniversary of this founding has been celebrated as National Day in Switzerland since 1891, the 600th anniversary of the Swiss Confederation.Ref: 4
1464*Piero de Medici succeeds his father, Cosimo, as ruler of Florence.Ref: 2
1619*First black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia.Ref: 5
1714*George I proclaimed King of England upon the death of Queen Anne.Coronation October 28.Ref: 10
1732*(Zenger) William Crosby arrives in New York and assumes his position as the new governor of New York.Ref: 87
1775*Thomas Paine publishes an article supporting women's rights in the Pennsylvania Gazette. 
1780*General George Rogers Clark crosses the Ohio River into what is now Cincinnati.Ref: 60
1789*US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act.Ref: 5
1790*The first enumeration by the U.S. Census Bureau is completed. It shows a population of 3,939,326 located in 16 states and the Ohio territory. Virginia is the most populous state with 747,610 inhabitants. The census compilation cost $44,377.Ref: 2
1791*Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, frees all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in U.S. history.An 1839 mutiny aboard a Spanish ship in Cuban waters raised basic questions about freedom and slavery in the United States.Ref: 2
1794*Whiskey Rebellion begins.Ref: 5
1798*Eleventh Amendment, lawsuits against states, proclaimed.Ref: 62
1812*A rare tornado hits Westchester County, NY.Ref: 5
1831*London Bridge opens.Ref: 5
1834*Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire.Ref: 2
1845*(day unknown) The first train comes to Xenia Ohio from Cincinnati -- the Little Miami Railroad. (XDG, 3/2/1984)Ref: 83
1851*(Dakota Conflict) (date given as "Summer") 7,000 Dakota are moved to two reservations bordering the Minnesota River in southwestern Minnesota.Ref: 87
1852*Black Methodists in SF establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist.Ref: 5
1857*The firm of Horton and Macy complete 502 feet of fencing around the Greene County (Ohio) courthouse at a cost of $1716.92. (XDG, p 6A, 5/27/2003)Ref: 83
1867*Blacks vote for first time in a state election in South (Tenn).Ref: 5
1872*The first long-distance gas pipeline in the U.S. is completed. Designed for natural gas, the two-inch pipe ran five miles from Newton Wells to Titusville, Pennsylvania.Ref: 2
1873*Inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco CA on Clay Street Hill.Ref: 70
1876*(new state) Colorado, the 38th state, entered the United States of America this day. It is the only state to enter the union in the one hundredth year after the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Consequently, Colorado is called the Centennial State. The Rocky Mountains are Colorado’s most famous feature; which explains why the Rocky Mountain columbine is the state flower. The lark bunting is the state bird. Denver, Colorado’s largest city, is also the state capital.Ref: 4
1881*US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay.Ref: 5
1901*Burial within San Francisco City limits prohibitedRef: 5
1907*Bank of Italy opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street in San Francisco.Ref: 5
1907*The Aeronautical Division was established in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the Army (at what is now Wright Patterson AFB).Ref: 46
1911*Harriet Quimby becomes first woman granted pilot's license by Aero Club of America.Ref: 10
1916*Hawaii National Park establishedRef: 5
1933*NRA (National Recovery Administration) established.Ref: 5
1936*Benjamin E Mays named president of Morehouse College.Ref: 5
1937*The Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany becomes operational.The Nuremberg Trial brought high-ranking Nazis to justice.Ref: 2
1939*Dr. Clemont Joynt said that eyeglasses and a strong vitamin A diet would cure ball players of slumps previously blamed on overwork and underwork.Ref: 4
1941*Parade magazine called it “...the Army’s most intriguing new gadget.” The gadget was “a tiny truck which can do practically everything.” General Dwight D. Eisenhower said that America couldn’t have won World War II without it. The tiny truck was the Jeep, built at the time by the Willys Truck Company. Parade was so enthusiastic about the Jeep that it devoted three pages to the vehicle.Ref: 4
1941*The Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo plane makes its first flight.Ref: 2
1943*This day marked the groundbreaking ceremony in Oak Ridge, TN for the first uranium 235 plant. (Uranium 235 was needed to build the A-bomb.) The uranium manufacturing facility cost $280,000,000 to build and was completed in the summer of 1944.Ref: 4
1944*Adam Clayton Powell elected first black congressman from East.Ref: 5
1945*A typhoon approaching Japan prevents launching an attack with Little Boy. Several days are required for weather to clear.Ref: 91
1946*The McMahon Act in the U.S. establishes the Atomic Energy Commission. (XDG, p 4A, 8/1/2000)Ref: 83
1946*President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Sen. William J. Fulbright.Ref: 70
1950*King Leopold of Belgium abdicates, Baudouin becomes king.Ref: 5
1950*Guam becomes a U.S. Territory.Ref: 5
1950*(Rosenberg) (day unspecified) Sobell and family are kidnapped by Mexican thugs and delivered to U. S. authorities at the Mexican border.Ref: 87
1952*California introduces its Sales Tax (for Education).Ref: 62
1953 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland.Ref: 5
1953*CA introduces sales tax (for education).Ref: 5
1953*The first aluminum-faced building constructed in America was completed. It was the Alcoa (Aluminum Corporation of America) Building in Pittsburgh, PA.Ref: 4
1954*The Geneva Accords divide Vietnam into two countries at the 17th parallel.Ref: 2
1957*The United States and Canada reached agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).Ref: 70
1958*First Class postage up to 4¢ (had been 3¢ for 26 years).Ref: 5
1960*Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France.Ref: 5
1961*Whitney Young Jr named executive director of National Urban League.Ref: 5
1961*New San Francisco Hall of Justice opensRef: 5
1970 EAA Convention moves from Rockford Ill to Oshkosh, Wi.Ref: 5
1972*First article exposing Wategate scandal (Bernstein-Woodward).Ref: 5
1975 A 35-nation summit in Helsinki, Finland, concluded with the signing of an accord dealing with European security, human rights and East-West contacts.Ref: 5
1979*Following her graduation from rabbinical college in Philadelphia, Linda Joy Holtzman was appointed spiritual leader of the Conservative Beth Israel congregation in Coatesville, PA, making her the first female rabbi to head a Jewish congregation in America.Ref: 5
1986*(Chicago 7) Tom Hayden, state senator, is a California delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Rennie Davis, activist and personal growth lecturer, is also in town. 
1990*Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait.Ref: 5
1991 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accepted a US formula for Middle East peace talks with the Arabs. President Bush, visiting the Ukrainian capital of Kiev, urged Soviet republics to show restraint in their demands for more autonomy.Ref: 6
1995*Westinghouse Electric Corp. struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion.Ref: 70
1996*In a political victory for President Clinton, a federal jury in Little Rock, Arkansas, acquitted two Arkansas bankers of misapplying bank funds and conspiracy to boost his political career. (The jury deadlocked on seven other counts.)Ref: 6
2000*A US military court in Germany sentenced Army Staff Sergeant Frank Ronghi to life in prison without parole for sexually assaulting and killing Merita Shabiu, an eleven-year-old ethnic Albanian girl, while on peacekeeping duty in Kosovo.Ref: 6
1498*Christopher Columbus sets foot on mainland America for first time at Paria Peninsula, Venezuela.Ref: 10
1774*Chemist Joseph Priestley identifies gas that would later be named oxygen by Antoine Lavoisier.Ref: 10
1785*Caroline Herschel becomes first woman discoverer of a comet.Ref: 5
1869*First voyage down Colorado River.Ref: 5
1874*DDT invented.Ref: 10
1893*Henry Perky and William Ford of Watertown, NY woke up early and found their patent sitting on the breakfast table. They had invented shredded wheat.Ref: 4
1903*First coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed.Ref: 5
1939*Synthetic vitamin K is produced for the first time.Ref: 2
1955 First microgravity research begins.Ref: 5
1956*Dr. Jonas E. Salk's polio vaccine made available to masses.Ref: 10
1957*First coml building heated by Sun (Albuquerque NM).Ref: 5
1983*HP stock splits 2 for 1 at $89.88 a shareRef: 62
1988 Deep Rover 1-man research submarine unveiled at Crater Lake, OregonRef: 5
1989*Voyager begins its fly-by of NeptuneRef: 62
902 The Aghlabid rulers of Ifriqiyah (modern day Tunisia) capture Taormina, Sicily.Ref: 2
1096*The crusaders under Peter the Hermit reach Constantinople.Ref: 2
1664 The Turkish army is defeated by French and German troops at St. Gotthard, Hungary.Ref: 2
1689*James II's 15-week siege of Londonderry, Ireland, ends in failure.It was a shaken and demoralized English column that returned to its northern Irish base at Newry on the evening of May 28, 1595.Ref: 2
1759*British and Hanoverian armies defeat the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany.Ref: 2
1763*Indians withdraw from siege of Fort Pitt.Ref: 92
1798*Admiral Horatio Nelson routs the French fleet in the Battle of the Nile at Aboukir Bay, Egypt.Ref: 2
1801*The American schooner Enterprise captures the Barbary cruiser Tripoli.Often venturing into harm's way, America's most famous sailing ship, the Constitution, twice came close to oblivion.Ref: 2
1861*Brazil recognizes the Confederacy.Ref: 5
1863*Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign.Ref: 5
1864*Union General Ulysses S. Grant gives general Philip H. Sheridan the mission of clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Confederate forces. After nearly 10 months of trench warfare, Confederate resistance at Petersburg, Virginia, suddenly collapsed.Ref: 2
1880*Sir Frederick Roberts frees the British Afghanistan garrison of Kandahar from Afghan rebels.Ref: 2
1894 Japan declares war on China over Korean problem.Ref: 10
1914*World War I begins when Germany declares on war on Russia. France orders mobilization. First shots of World War I are fired.Ref: 5
1917*Pope Benedict XV makes plea for peace on a basis of no annexation, no indemnity.Ref: 38
1941*United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states.Ref: 36
1942*Ensign Henry C. White, while flying a J4F Widgeon plane, sinks U-166 as it approaches the Mississippi River, the first U-boat sunk by the U.S. Coast Guard.Ref: 2
1943*Over 177 B-24 Liberator bombers attack the oil fields in Ploesti, Rumania, for a second time.Ref: 2
1944*U.S. troops reach Avranches.Ref: 36
1944*The Polish underground begins an uprising against the occupying German army, as the Red Army approaches Warsaw.Ref: 2
1944*Chief of Nazi SS and Gestapo Heinrich Himmler issues order to kill 20,000 gypsies at Auschwitz.Ref: 10
1950*Lead elements of the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division arrive in Korea from the United States.Ref: 2
1950*Pitcher Curt Simmons of the Philadelphia Phillies became the first major-league baseball player to be called to active military duty during the Korean War.Ref: 4
1966 Military coup in Nigeria.Ref: 10
2003*A soldier is killed in Kirkuk when his vehicle is struck by a rocket-propelled grenade. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
2003*A soldier is killed and three injured in Shumayt when their convoy was hit by a rocket-proplled grenade. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1716 First sculling race (London Bridge to Chelsea).Ref: 5
1894*George Samuelson and Frank Harbo completed a 3,000-mile journey across the Atlantic Ocean -- in a rowboat! They landed in England after having left NY on June 6th.Ref: 4
1896*George Samuelson completes rowing the Atlantic (NY to England).Ref: 5
1906*After pitching 10.2 innings of no-hit ball, Dodger Harry McIntire yields a single to Pirate Claude Ritchey. McIntire loses the game in the 13th on an unearned run, 1-0.Ref: 1
1918*Pitts Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings.Ref: 5
1924*Dazzy Vance strikes out seven consecutive batters to establish a major league record as the Robins defeat the Cubs, 4-0.Ref: 1
1933*Giant hurler Carl Hubbell sets a NL record for consecutive scoreless innings with 45 1/3 breaking the 1908 mark of Ed Ruelbach.Ref: 1
1936*Olympic games begin in Berlin. Hitler and top Nazis seek to gain legitimacy through favorable public opinion from foreign visitors and thus temporarily refrain from actions against Jews.Ref: 35
1941*Yankee Lefty Gomez breaks the major league mark for walks in a shutout by issuing 11 walks in a 9-0 victory over the Browns.Ref: 1
1945*At the Polo Grounds, Mel Ott hits his historic 500th career HR off of Boston Brave hurler Johnny Hutchings during a 9-2 Giant victory. Master Melvin is the third major leaguer to accomplish this career milestone.Ref: 1
1950 American Bowling Congress ends all-white-males rule.Ref: 5
1950*Pitcher Curt Simmons of the Philadelphia Phillies became the first major-league baseball player to be called to active military duty during the Korean War.Ref: 4
1957*Dodger first baseman Gil Hodges hits his 13th career grand slam and the last grand slam in Brooklyn Dodger history; the bases-loaded shot establishes a new NL record.Ref: 1
1957*Glen Gorbous throws a baseball a record 136 m (445'10").Ref: 5
1959*New Continental baseball league formed.Ref: 5
1962*At Chicago, Red Sox Bill Monbouquette no-hits the White Sox, 1-0.Ref: 1
1964*Arthur Ashe becomes the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.Ref: 2
1970*Willie Stargell's three doubles and two HRs power the Pirates over the Braves, 20-10.Ref: 1
1972*Padre Nate Colbert breaks Stan Musial's NL record, which he witnessed on May 2, 1954, as an eight-year old fan at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, for RBIs in twin bill as he drives in 13 runs and ties the HR record with 5, including a grand slam. Colbert's 22 total bases also is a major league record.Ref: 1
1973*Munson & Fisk get into a brawl at Fenway Park.Ref: 5
1974*Virginia Squires trade Julius "Dr J" Erving to the NY Nets.Ref: 5
1975*Billy Martin replaces Bill Virdon for his first of five stints as New York Yankee manager.Ref: 86
1976*Seattle Seahawks play first (preseason) game (SF 27, Seattle 20).Ref: 5
1977*Giant Willie McCovey establishes a National League record by hitting his 18th career grand slam.Ref: 1
1978*Pete Rose goes 0-for-4 ending his 44-game hitting streak against Atlanta pitchers Larry McWilliams and Gene Garber as the Braves beat the Reds, 16-4.Ref: 1
1980*(day unspecified) Garry Kasparov places first in the World Junior championship held in Dortmund.Ref:78
1980*Gerd Wessig of East Germany set the high jump record.Ref: 5
1982*Hank Aaron, the holder of the career home run record (755) and RBI record (2,297); Frank Robinson, the first player to win the MVP in both leagues and the first black manager in the majors; Travis Jackson, an outstanding offensive and defensive shortstop for the Giants during 1920's, and former commissioner Happy Chandler, who provided leadership in breaking baseball's color line are inducted in the Hall of Fame.Ref: 1
1982 Greg Louganis, US becomes first diver to score 700 (752.67) in 11 dives.Ref: 5
1986*Twin Bert Blyleven becomes the tenth major leaguer to record 3,000 strikeouts as he two-hits the A's, 10-1.Ref: 1
1987 Crossbow flight record (2,005 yds 1'9") set by Harry Drake in NV.Ref: 5
1987*Mike Tyson ‘out-pointed’ Tony Tucker in 12 rounds at Las Vegas, NV. He won the right to call himself the “Undisputed world heavyweight champion” as he won the IBF heavyweight title and retained the WBA/WBC heavyweight titles.Ref: 4
1993*Minnesota Twins' Dave Winfield hit his 450th career homer, off Russ Springer, at California.Ref: 86
1994*Cal Ripken reaches another milestone during his streak by playing in his 2,000th straight game in the Orioles 1-0 victory over the Twins in Minnesota.Ref: 1
1996*At the Atlanta Olympics, Michael Johnson broke his world track record by more than three-tenths of a second, winning the 200 meters in 19-point-32 seconds.Ref: 4
1998*The longest hitting streak in Angels history, 28-games, ends as Angel Garret Anderson goes hitless in four at-bats in a 11-3 defeat to the Red Sox.Ref: 1
1998*By homering from both sides of the plate for the third time this season, Tiger switch-hitter Tony Clark sets an AL record as Detroit defeats the Devil Rays, 8-0.Ref: 1
1998*The Royals steal eight bases, including four swipes by infielder Jose Offerman, to tie a 33-year-old team record during a 9-5 victory over the O¹s.Ref: 1
1998*Using the old Negro League teams represented in their respective cities, the Cardinal-Brave game Saturday featured throwback uniforms of the 1928 St. Louis Stars and the 1940 Atlanta Black Crackers.Ref: 1
2000*In a 10-0 victory, Mike Mussina strikes out a club-record 15 batters as he keeps the Twins hitless through six innings and finishes the game with his third career one-hitter.Ref: 1
2000*Craig Biggio, 34, tears the anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments in his knee during a collision with Marlin outfielder Preston Wilson and will miss the rest of the season. This marks the first time the Astros' second baseman has ever been on the disabled list in his 13-year career.Ref: 1
2001*For the 33rd time in the team's history, the Tigers turn a triple play as Mariner Mark McLemore lines out to second baseman Damion Easley, who throws to shortstop Deivi Cruz to double up Tom Lampkin. Cruz then relays the ball to first baseman Shane Halter catching Ichiro Suzuki off first to complete Detroit's first triple killing since July 3, 1992, when the victim was also Seattle.Ref: 1
2002*The Expos trade recently acquired outfielder Cliff Floyd (.275, 21, 61) to the Red Sox for two minor league right-handed pitchers from South Korea, Seung Song and Sun-Woo Kim. Although denied by all involved, it is reported Yankees owner George Steinbrenner suspects the Expos, who are owned by major league baseball, made the trade to help his club's top rival.Ref: 1
1740*Thomas Arne's song "Rule Britannia" is performed for the first time.Ref: 2
1937 Mutual radio debuted The Goodwill Hour, with its familiar phrase, “You have a friend and advisor in John J. Anthony.”Ref: 4
1940*The first book written by 23-year-old John Fitzgerald Kennedy was published. It was titled, Why England Slept. Later, Kennedy’s Profiles in Courage would become a best-seller for the man who would become the United States’ 35th President.Ref: 4
1942*Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded Charleston Alley, on Decca Records.Ref: 4
1942*The American Federation of Musicians went on strike. Union president James C. Petrillo told musicians that phonograph records were “a threat to members’ jobs.” As a result, musicians refused to perform in recording sessions over the next several months. Live, musical radio broadcasts continued, however.Ref: 4
1950*Crusader Rabbit", the first limited animation television show, premiered.Ref: 73
1960*Chubby Checker’s The Twist was released. The song inspired the dance craze of the 1960s.Ref: 4
1963*The Beatles Book is sold out on its first day of sale.Ref: 5
1964*Beatles' "Hard Day's Night, A," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks.Ref: 5
1969*110,000 attend Atlantic City Pop Festival.Ref: 5
1971*The Concert for Bangladesh was held at Madison Square Garden in NY City. George Harrison, Ringo Starr, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Leon Russell, Ravi Shankar and Billy Preston performed. A multirecord set commemorating the event was a super sales success. Together, the concert and the album raised over $11 million to help the starving minions of Bangladesh.Ref: 4
1971*CBS presents Masterpiece Theatre's 6 Wives of Henry VIII.Ref: 5
1976*Elizabeth Taylor divorces her sixth husband Richard Burton the second time.Ref: 24
1981*MTV - Music Television begins broadcasting at 12:01 am with the music video "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles.Ref: 70
1984*Singer Jermaine Jackson made a guest appearance on the TV soap opera, As the World Turns.Ref: 4
1987*Bananarama's Siobhan Fahey marries Eurythmics Dave Stewart.Ref: 5
1991*Actress Hedy Lamarr, 77, arrested for shoplifting in Florida.Ref: 5
1992*NBC's "Saturday Today" premieres.Ref: 5
-10*-BC- Claudius 4th Roman emperor (41-54 AD), is born.Ref: 5
126*Publius Helvius Pertinax Roman emperor (193 AD), is born.Ref: 5
1744*Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French biologist, believed in inheritance of acquired traits, is born.Ref: 5
1770*Lewis & Clark: William Clark, Charlottsville VA, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, is born. Ref. 
1779*Francis Scott Key, author of the words that became "The Star-Spangled Banner" is born in Carroll County, MD.Ref: 68
1815 Richard Henry Dana spent 2 years before mast, is born.Ref: 5
1815*Richard Henry Dana, American lawyer and author, is born.Ref: 70
1818*Maria Mitchell astronomer: first woman to be elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; 1st U.S. woman to become a professor of astronomy; is born.Ref: 4
1819*Herman Melville US, author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), is born.Ref: 5
1843*Robert Todd Lincoln, first child of Mary and Abraham Lincoln, is born in a boarding house called the Globe Tavern in Springfield. He is named after Mary's father, Robert Smith Todd.Ref: 68
1874*Charles Spaulding, the insurance man who built one of America's largest black-owned businesses, is born.Ref: 70
1878*Eva Tanguay, Canadian actress, is born in Marbleton, Quebec.Ref: 68
1889*Dr John F Mahoney developed pencillin treatment of syphillis, is born.Ref: 5
1890*Birth of Walther Eichrodt, German Reformed Old Testament scholar. He taught at Basel and Erlangen universities, and is highly regarded among Christian evangelicals today for his Theology of the Old Testament (1933-39).Ref: 5
1895*Benjamin E Mays first black president of Atlanta Board of Education, is born.Ref: 5
1898*Morris Stoloff Phila, violinist (Picnic, Pal Joey), is born.Ref: 5
1899*William Steinberg Cologne, conductor (Boston Symph-1969-71), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Ann Dvorak (Anna McKim) actress: A Life of Her Own, Abilene Town, Scarface; is born.Ref: 4
1912*Henry Jones Phila Pa, actor (Phyllis, Falcon Crest, Gun Shy), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Jerome Moross Brooklyn NY, composer (Frankie & Johnny), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Lloyd Mangrum golf champ: winner of 36 professional tournaments including 1946 U.S. Open; is born.Ref: 4
1916*James Hill producer: Vera Cruz, The Kentuckian, Trapeze, Sweet Smell of Success, The Unforgiven, The Happy Thieves; writer: His Majesty O'Keefe; is born.Ref: 4
1920*Sammy Lee US, platform diver (Olympic-gold-1948, 52), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Jack Kramer Las Vegas, tennis star (Wimbeldon 1947), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Arthur Hill Saskatchewan Canada, actor (Owen Marshall, Glitter), is born.Ref: 5
1923 Shimon Peres is born.Ref: 10
1925*George (Irvin) Bamberger baseball: pitcher: NY Giants, Baltimore Orioles; manager: KC Royals, is born.Ref: 4
1929*Michael Stewart (Rubin) playwright: Midnight Edition, Bye Bye Birdie, Hello, Dolly!; is born.Ref: 4
1930*Geoffrey Holder dancer/actor (Annie, The Wiz), is born.Ref: 5
1930 Lionel Bart is born.Ref: 10
1931*Cartoonist Tom Wilson ("Ziggy") is born.Ref: 4
1932*Bobby Isaac International Motorsports Hall of Famer, is born. In a race in 1973, Bobby Isaac heard a ghostly voice telling him to stop immediately or suffer the consequences. He pulled out of the race and, until the day he died of a heart attack in 1977, he believed that he had pulled out just in time.Ref: 4
1932*Meir Kahane, American-born Israeli rabbi; founded the Jewish Defense League, is born.Ref: 70
1933*Dom DeLuise Bkln NY, comedian, actor (End, Cannonball Run, Fatso), is born.Ref: 5
1936*Yves St. Laurent (Henry Mathieu) fashion designer, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Alfonse D'Amato Brooklyn NY, (Sen-R-NY 1980- ), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Robert James Waller author: The Bridges of Madison County, Slow Waltz in Cedar Bend; professor of economics, business management, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Ron Brown actor (Charlie the Lonesome Cougar), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Ronald Brown US Secretary of Commerce [Clinton Administration]; Democratic National Committee chairman: first African-American to head a major political party; is born.Ref: 4
1942*Giancarlo Giannini Italy, actor (Seduction of Mimi), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, is born.Ref: 2
1944*Yuri V Romanenko USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, Soyuz 38, Soyuz TM-2), is born.Ref: 5
1946*Richard O Covey Fayetteville Ar, USAF/astronaut (STS 51I, 26, 38), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Rick Anderson musician: bass: group: The Tubes, is born.Ref: 4
1947*Rick Coonce singer, drummer: group: The Grass Roots: Let’s Live for Today, Midnight Confessions, is born.Ref: 4
1948*Cliff Branch football: Oakland Raiders wide receiver: Super Bowl XI, XV; LA Raiders: Super Bowl XVIII, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Milt (Milton Scott) May baseball: catcher: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971], Houston Astros, Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox, SF Giants, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Jim Carroll, musician and writer of The Basketball Diaries, is born.Ref: 2
1952*Brian Patrick Clarke Gettysburg Pa, actor (Merle-Eight is Enough), is born.Ref: 5
1952*Greg (Gregory Eugene) Gross baseball: Houston Astros, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1980, 1983], is born.Ref: 4
1953*Robert Cray Columbus Ga, blues singer/songwriter (1987 Grammy), is born.Ref: 5
1953*WBC heavyweight champion Treaver 'The Preacher' Berbeck is born in Jamaica.Ref: 97
1957*Glen Gorbous, Canada, longest throw of a regulation baseball (445'10"), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Taylor Negron LA CA, actor (Silvio-Detective School), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Joe Elliot rocker (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Joe Elliot singer: group: Def Leppard: Photograph, Rock of Ages, Foolin’, is born.Ref: 4
1961*Bart Conner US, parallel bars gymnist (Olympic-gold-1984), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Coolio (Artis Ivey Jr.) rapper: LPs: It Takes a Thief, Gangsta’s Paradise, My Soul, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Rob Camilletti Cher's boyfriend, is born.Ref: 5
1964*Nick Christian Sayer rocker (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen), is born.Ref: 5
1965 Sam Mendes is born.Ref: 10
1967*Richard Kuhn, German biochemist and Nobel Prize winner, dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1970*Jennifer Gareis actress: Private Parts, Miss Congeniality, Venus on the Halfshell, Gangland, is born.Ref: 4
1971*Christina Angel actress: X-rated films, is born.Ref: 4
1971*X-rated film actress Carrie Bittner is born.Ref: 4
1972*Devon Hughes pro wrestler/actor: Extreme Championship Wrestling, Raw Is War, Royal Rumble, Wrestlemania 2000, WWF Judgement Day, Armageddon, is born.Ref: 4
1973*Tempestt Bledsoe Chicago, actress (Vanessa-Cosby Show), is born.Ref: 5
1978*Dhani Harrison, George Harrison's first child, is born.Ref: 5
67*-St. Peter is executed.Ref: 62
1137*Louis VI of France dies and is succeeded by Louis VII.Ref: 17
1464*Cosimo de Medici, Florentine ruler, dies at age 74.Ref: 70
1527 Byzantine Emperor Justin dies.Ref: 10
1546*Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian and co-founder of the Society of Jesus, dies at age 40.Ref: 70
1589*Henry III of France is assassinated by Jacques Clement.Ref: 52
1714 Queen Anne dies.Ref: 10
1743*Richard Savage poet, dies.Ref: 68
1787*St. Alfonso Liguori, IItalian theologian, dies at age 90.Ref: 70
1834*Death of Robert Morrison, 52, the first English Protestant missionary to reach China. Sent by the London Missionary Society in 1807, in 1823 he completed a Chinese translation of the Bible it filled 23 volumes!.Ref: 5
1866*John Ross, American Cherokee leader, dies at age 75.Ref: 5
1882*Henry Kendall, Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43.Ref: 5
1903*Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke] frontier adventurer/Indian fighter, dies.Ref: 17
1911*Edwin Austin Abbey, American-English painter and illustrator, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1917*IWW (International Waterfront Workers) organizer Frank Little was lynched in Butte, Monatana.Ref: 5
1919*Oscar Hammerstein I, producer/playwright (Kohinoor), dies.Ref: 68
1943*Race-related rioting erupted in New York City's Harlem section, resulting in several deaths.Ref: 70
1952*Charles Spaulding, the insurance man who built one of America's largest black-owned businesses, dies.Ref: 4
1957 Harvey Glatmin first bondage-photo victim.Ref: 5
1959*Jean Behra auto racer: competed in 52 Grand Prix races [best was 4th: 1956]; is killed in crash at AVUS track in Berlin, Germany.Ref: 4
1964*Taffy Abel U.S. Hockey Hall of Famer: first American to carry the flag in opening Winter Olympics ceremonies; one of 1st U.S. born NHL players: NY Rangers; Chicago Black Hawks; dies.Ref: 4
1966*Charles Joseph Whitman, 25, shoots and kills 16 people and wounds 31 others at the University of Texas before he was killed by police.Ref: 72
1966*Earl "Bud" Powel, American jazz pianist and composer, dies at age 37.Ref: 70
1967*Richard Kuhn, German biochemist and Nobel Prize winner dies at age 66.Ref: 70
1970*Frances Farmer actress: Rhythm on the Range, Son of Fury; dies.Ref: 5
1973*Walter Ulbricht, German Communist leader; led East Germany (1960-73), dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1975*Julian "Cannonball" Alderly sax player, dies of a stroke.Ref: 5
1977*Francis Gary Powers, 47, the once captured U-2 pilot, is killed while flying a helicopter for a Los Angeles television stationRef: 68
1980*Strother Martin Jr. actor: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Cool Hand Luke, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, McLintock!, Rooster Cogburn, Slap Shot, The Wild Bunch; dies.Ref: 4
1981*Paddy (Sidney) Chayefsky Academy Award-winning playwright: Marty [1955]; Paint Your Wagon, Altered States, Network; dies.Ref: 17
1982*(Green River Killer) Marcia Faye Chapman, 31, is last seen. She is the 4th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1983*Peter Arne actor, bludgeon to death in London at 62.Ref: 5
1985*Joseph Walker cameraman, dies at 92.Ref: 5
1987 Pola Negri dies.Ref: 10
1988*Florence Eldridge Broadway actress (The Swan), dies at 86.Ref: 5
1988*Trindad Silva of Hill St Blues, dies at 38 in an auto accidentRef: 5
1988*John Cardinal Dearden US cardinal, dies at 80.Ref: 5
1991*Chris (Christopher Joseph) Short baseball: pitcher: Philadelphia Phillies, dies.Ref: 4
2001*Pro Bowl tackle Korey Stringer died of heat stroke, a day after collapsing at the Minnesota Vikings' training camp.Ref: 70

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen