Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 9th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1173 Construction begins on what will be known as The Leaning Tower of Pisa. (Ref: Time Magazine, p. 34, 6/25/2001) 
1378*Cardinals declare the election of Pope Urban VI as null and void, beginning the schism which was to last forty years.Ref: 69
1471*Pope Sixtus IV assumes the papacy.Ref: 69
1483*Pope Sixtus IV celebrates the first mass in the Sistine Chapel, which is named in his honor.Ref: 2
1535*Jacques Cartier travels up the St. Lawrence River to Quebec. 
1638*Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes first European settler in the Bronx.Ref: 5
1645*Settlers in New Amsterdam gain peace with the Indians after conducting talks with the Mohawks.Ref: 2
1757*Fort William Henry captured and destroyed by French.Ref: 92
1790*The Columbia returns to Boston Harbor after a three-year voyage, becoming the first ship to carry the American flag around the world.Ref: 5
1803*The 1st horses arrive in Hawaii.Ref: 5
1814*Andrew Jackson and the Creek Indians sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, giving the whites 23 million acres of Creek territory.Ref: 2
1829*The "Stourbridge Lion" becomes the first locomotive to operate on a public railway in North America.Ref: 5
1842*The Webster-Ashburn treaty fixes the border between Maine and Canada's New Brunswick.Ref: 2
1848*Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with the Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president at its convention in Buffalo, N.Y.Ref: 5
1901*Oklahoma Territory gains 2 million acres; lands bought from Comanche, Kiowa and Apaches for $2M.Ref: 10
1902*Edward VII is crowned king of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.Ref: 5
1903*Pope Pius X (Giuseppe Sarto) crowned before 70,000 at Vatican, Rome.Ref: 10
1942*British arrests Indian nationalist Mohandas K Gandhi.Ref: 5
1944*U.S. D.A. Forest Service launches anti-forest fire campaign starring Smokey the Bear.Ref: 10
1945*0347: Bock's Car takes off from Tinian, the target of choice is Kokura Arsenal. Charles Sweeney is pilot. Soon after takeoff he discovers that the fuel system will not pump from the 600 gallon reserve tank.Ref: 91
1945*1044: Bock's Car arrives at Kokura but finds it covered by haze, the aimpoint cannot be seen. Flak and fighters appear, forcing the plane to stop searching for it.Ref: 91
1945*Sweeney turns toward Nagasaki, the only secondary target in range. Upon arriving at Nagasaki, Bock's Car has enough fuel for only one pass over the city even with an emergency landing at Okinawa. Nagasaki is covered with clouds, but one gap allows a drop several miles from the intended aimpoint.Ref: 91
1945*11:02 (Nagasaki time): Fat Man explodes at 1950 feet near the perimeter of the city, scoring a direct hit on the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works. Yield is 19-23 Kt (best estimate is 21 Kt).Ref: 91
1945*Oppenheimer cables Groves with the following shipping schedule: 11 Aug- first quality HE unit; 12 Aug- next plutonium core; 14 Aug- another first quality HE unit.Ref: 91
1956*South African women demonstrate against pass laws.Ref: 5
1959*St. Lawrence Seaway dedicated.Ref: 10
1960*Race riot in Jacksonville Florida.Ref: 5
1960*The Church of the Lutheran Confession adopted its constitution at a convention held at Watertown, South Dakota. The denomination was formally organized the following January (1961) at Sleepy Eye, Minnesota.Ref: 5
1961*James B Parsons is first black appointed to Federal District Court.Ref: 5
1962*The Chrysler Corporation announces the first 50,000-mile warranty covering all of its 1963 cars and trucks. 
1965*Singapore gains independence from Malaysia (National Day).Ref: 5
1968*(Chicago 7) A National Mobilization Committee meeting is held in Chicago to discuss planned demonstrations. Rennie Davis allegedly suggests disrupting traffic and creating havoc in the Loop.Ref: 87
1974*Gerald Ford is sworn in as president of the United States after the resignation of President Richard Nixon.Ref: 25
1985*A federal judge in Norfolk, Va., found retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker guilty of seven counts of spying for the Soviet Union.Ref: 70
1988*President Reagan nominated Lauro F. Cavazos to be secretary of education. Cavazos was the first Hispanic in US history to be named to a cabinet position. On Sep 20, 1988, he was unanimously confirmed by the US Senate. President George Bush (I) asked him to continue as Secretary following the Nov 1988 election and he remained in that position until resigning in December 1990.Ref: 4
1988*Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888Ref: 5
1991 In South Africa, hundreds of police battled neo-Nazis as pro-apartheid extremists tried to stop a speech by President F.W. de Klerk.Ref: 6
1991*Hundreds of people storm an abortion clinic in Kansas in protest to new law prohibiting the blocking of access to clinics by pro-life demonstrators. 
1993*Albert II sworn in as sixth king of the Belgians upon death of his older brother King Baudouin.Ref: 10
1995*Netscape becomes 3rd largest NASDAQ IPO offering ever.  
1996*Bob Dole telephoned Jack Kemp to ask him to be his running mate; Kemp accepted. A weary-looking Boris Yeltsin was sworn into his second term as president of Russia.Ref: 6
1997*Police officer Justin Volpe sodomizes prisoner Abner Louima in the bathroom of Brooklyn's 70th Precinct station house. (CNN 06/09/2000)Ref: 9
1999*Stepashin dismissed as prime ministerRef: 89
2000*Bridgestone/Firestone Incorporated announced it was recalling six and a-half million tires that had been implicated in hundreds of accidents and at least 46 deaths.Ref: 70
2001*President George W. Bush approved federal funding only for existing lines of embryonic stem cells.Ref: 70
2003*(California Recall) This is the deadline for candidates to turn in a $3500 filing fee and 65 petition signatures needed to place their names on the recall ballot. (WSJ, p A4, 8/07/2003)Ref: 33
1592*English explorer John Davis discovers the Falkland Islands.Ref: 10
1778*Capt Cook passes through Bering Strait.Ref: 5
1786*First ascent of Mt Blanc.Ref: 5
1831*The steam locomotive "DeWitt Clinton" pulls a train of cars at 15 mph, but is withdrawn from service due to mechanical problems.Ref: 7
1831*The first steam locomotive train began its inaugural run, between Albany and Schenectady, in New York.Ref: 4
1859*Nathan Ames of Saugus, MA patents the escalator. However, the first working escalator appeared in 1900. Manufactured by the Otis Elevator Company for the Paris Exposition, it was installed in a Philadelphia office building the following year.Ref: 2
1859*Marcus Norton of Troy, NY receives patent on postage-cancelling machine.Ref: 10
1892*Thomas Alva Edison gets patent on telegraph enabling 2 operators to work simultaneously.Ref: 10
1910*A.J. Fisher of Chicago, IL receives a patent for the electric washing machine.Ref: 4
1972*Rockwell receives NASA contract to construct the Space Shuttle.Ref: 5
1973*USSR launches Mars 7.Ref: 5
1976*USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth.Ref: 5
1984*STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to the launch padRef: 5
-480 -BC- The Persian army defeats King Leonidas and his Spartan army at the battle Thermopylae, Persia.Ref: 2
-48 -BC- Julius Caesar defeats Gnaius Pompey at Pharsalus.Ref: 2
378 Battle of Adrianople, Visigoth Calvary defeats Roman Army.Ref: 5
1549*England declares war on France.Ref: 2
1673*Dutch recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674.Ref: 5
1805*Austria joins Britain, Russia, Sweden and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia in the third coalition against France.Ref: 2
1812*A second detachment from General William Hull fails to bring needed supplies in the Battle of Monguaga.Ref: 60
1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia.Ref: 5
1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising.Ref: 5
1862*Prelude to 2nd Manassas, Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson is victorious at Battle of Cedar Mt, however Gen Charles S Winder is killed.Ref: 5
1915*Russians defeat German fleet of 9 battleships and 12 cruisers at entrance of Gulf of Riga.Ref: 38
1941*President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. The meeting produces the Atlantic Charter, an agreement between the two countries on war aims, even though the United States is still a neutral country.Ref: 2
1942*A major U.S. naval disaster off Savo Island, north of Guadalcanal, as eight Japanese warships wage a night attack and sink three U.S. heavy cruisers, an Australian cruiser, and one U.S. destroyer, all in less than an hour. Another U.S. cruiser and two destroyers are damaged. Over 1,500 Allied crewmen are lost. 
1944*U.S. troops win Guam from the Japanese killing 17,000 and taking 500 prisoners. WWIIRef: 10
1945*The B-29 was known as "Bock's Car" drops a plutonium base bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki killing 70,000 people. Nagasaki was the secondary target. Kokura, the primary target, was shrouded in smog at the time.Ref: 2
1945*Lieutenant Hampton Gray, RCNVR, a fighter pilot of the HMCS Formidable, leads an air assault on Japanese warships. His plane catches fire, but he continues dropping bombs, sinking a destroyer. He is killed in action. 
1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi ArabiaRef: 5
1893 First US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in NY.Ref: 5
1901*The first automobile rally race is held in Ireland, sponsored by the Irish Automobile Club. Twelve automobiles attempted an organized journey from Dublin to Waterford. 
1916*The Philadelphia A's end their 20-game losing streak when Joe Bush beats the Tigers, 7-1.Ref: 1
1923*NY State Golf Assoc formed.Ref: 5
1925*Only time Babe Ruth pinch-hit for, Bobby Veach flies out.Ref: 5
1936*Jesse Owens became the first American to win four medals in one Olympics. Owens ran one leg of the winning 400-meter relay team in Berlin. His three other gold medals were won in the 100-meter, 200-meter and the long jump events.Ref: 4
1939*Yankee third baseman Red Rolfe begins an eighteen-game scoring streak; the Penacook, New Hampshire native will score thirty runs during this period of time.Ref: 1
1946*First time all major-league baseball games (8) are played at night.Ref: 5
1949*Hitless in his first four at bats against Yankee hurler Vic Raschi, Red Sox outfielder Dom DiMaggio's 34-game hitting streak comes to an end as his brother Joe makes a shoestring catch in the eighth inning to taking away a hit.Ref: 1
1964*Bunning continues pitching perfectly to the NY Mets until 2 outs in 5th, when Joe Christopher beats out a bunt. He totals 15 innings.Ref: 5
1971*LeRoy Satchel Paige, one of baseball’s pitching legends, is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY.Ref: 5
1973*Phil Niekro pitches the first no-hitter in Atlanta Braves history.Ref: 1
1975*Davey Lopes steals his 32nd consecutive base without being caught breaking Max Carey's 1922 record as the Dodgers defeat the Mets, 2-0Ref: 1
1975*The Superdome was opened in New Orleans as the hometown Saints defeat the Houston Oilers, 31-7, in an exhibition football game.Ref: 5
1976*Carl Hubbard, with his induction to the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, becomes the first professional athlete to be elected into two Hall of Fames; in 1963 he was enshrined in the Pro football Hall Of Fame.Ref: 1
1976*The 500th game in Three Rivers Stadium history turns out to be one of the most memorable as John Candelaria throws the first-ever no-hit, no-run game by a Pittsburgh Pirates' pitcher in Pittsburgh, a 2-0 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers.Ref: 86
1977*NHL refuses merger of 6 WHA clubs.Ref: 5
1977*The Toronto Blue Jays defeat Minnesota 6-2 in front of 23,450 fans, which pushes the home attendance to 1,219,551 and establishes a new attendance record for a first-year expansion club after only 50 home dates.Ref: 86
1978*Yanks score 5 in bottom of 9th beat Brewers 8-7.Ref: 5
1981 6 English lifeguards set relay swim record the English Channel (7:17).Ref: 5
1981*Major league baseball returns in a big way from its in-season strike as 72,086 fans attend the belated All-Star game in Cleveland. Vida Blue becomes the first pitcher to win an All-Star game for both leagues.Ref: 1
1984*Daley Thompson of Great Britain wins the Olympic decathlon with a record 8847 points at the Summer Games in Los Angeles. Thompson joined Bob Mathias as the only decathletes to win back-to-back gold medals in the event.Ref: 4
1987*The Football Hall of Fame in Canton, OH welcomed Larry Czonka, Len Dawson, ‘Mean’ Joe Greene, John Henry Johnson, Jim Langer, Don Maynard and Gene Upshaw into the sports shrine.Ref: 4
1987*LA Rams beat Dallas Cowboys 28-27 in London, England (NFL expo).Ref: 5
1988*The Cubs play its first ever night game at Wrigley Field defeating the Mets, 6-4.Ref: 1
1988*Edmonton Oilers trade Wayne Gretzky to LA Kings for $15-$20 millions.Ref: 5
1992*The Milwaukee Brewers retire Rollie Fingers' uniform no. 34.Ref: 29
1992*25th Olympic Summer games close in Barcelona, SpainRef: 5
1995*The Colorado Rockies welcome 300 blind and visually impaired athletes to Denver for the 20th annual World Series of Pioneer Beep Baseball. As a sponsor, the club provides equipment, umpires, field expenses and other costs.Ref: 86
1996*In a 4-3,10-inning loss to the White Sox, Cal Ripken records his 2,500th career hit, a single off White Sox Bill Simas.Ref: 1
1998*The Expos draw a total of 757 dogs during the team's Dog Day promotion. Montreal's 8-2 victory over the Devil Rays featured a pre-game parade of the dogs and their owners on the field.Ref: 1
1998*With his 244th victory, the Braves' Dennis Martinez passes Juan Marichal to become the winningest Latin American pitcher in major league baseball history. Martinez pitches a perfect eighth inning as the Braves beat the Giants, 7-5.Ref: 1
1998*In Boston's 14-8 victory over the Rangers, Dennis Eckersley ties Kent Tekulve for second on the all-time list with 1,050 appearances by a pitcher. Hoyt Wilhelm is the over-all leader with 1,070.Ref: 1
1999*For the first time in major league history, five grand slams are hit in a single day. Cardinal Fernando Tatis, Expo Jose Vidro, Marlin Mike Lowell, Yankee Bernie Williams and Mariner Jay Buhner all connect to set the record.Ref: 1
1999*The (new) Cleveland Browns win their inaugural game, 20-17 in overtime, in an exhibition game against the Dallas Cowboys. The old Cleveland Browns franchise move to Baltimore in 1995. 
2002*Barry Bonds joins Babe Ruth, Willie Mays and Hank Aaron as the only players ever to hit 600 home runs in the major leagues. The 38-year-old Giant left fielder hit the milestone homer in the sixth inning by lining 2-1 pitch thrown by Pirates starter Kip Wells over the center field wall at Pacific Bell Park.Ref: 1
2002*At the age of 26 years and 182 days, Vladimir Guerrero hits his 200th career home run tying the Expo right fielder with Ken Griffey, Jr. as the second-youngest player to reach 200 homer plateau. Alex Rodriguez is the youngest major leaguer to reach the 200 homer mark reaching the milestone in 25 years 290 days.Ref: 1
1854*Henry David Thoreau published "Walden," which described his experiences while living near Walden Pond in Massachusetts.Ref: 5
1930*Betty Boop debutes in Max Fleischer's animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes.Ref: 5
1932*Helen Morgan joined the Victor Young orchestra to record Bill, a popular tune from Broadway’s Showboat.Ref: 4
1939*First televised tennis tournament Eastern Grass Court championships at Westchester Country Club.Ref: 10
1942 CBS radio debuted Our Secret Weapon. It was a program that featured Rex Stout, who countered lies being broadcast by the Axis powers through shortwave radio.Ref: 4
1956*The first statewide, state-supported educational television network went on the air in AL.Ref: 4
1963*The TV program Ready Steady Go! premiered on the BBC in London, England. The show gave exposure to such music luminaries as Bob Dylan and The Rolling Stones.Ref: 4
1969*Hot Fun in The Summertime, by Sly and the Family Stone, and Easy to Be Hard, from the Broadway production Hair, were released on this day. Hot Fun made it to number two on the music charts (10/18/69) and Easy to Be Hard climbed to number four (9/27/69).Ref: 4
1973*Henry McCullough & Denny Seiwell quit WingsRef: 5
1974*At age 78, actor/comedian George Burns becomes the oldest person to have triple bypass surgery. (Gottfried, Martin, "George Burns and the Hundred Year Dash", (c) 1996, ISBN 0-684-81483-8) 
1979*First nude beach in Britain revealed at Brighton.Ref: 10
1986 Painter Andrew Wyeth announces existence of 240 secret paintings he made of woman named Helga.Ref: 10
1387*Henry V, British king famous for his victory at Agincourt, France, is born.Ref: 2
1593*Izaak Walton, biographer/fisherman/writer (Compleat Angler), is born in Staffordshire, England.Ref: 68
1631*John Dryden, the first official Poet Laureate of Great Britain (1668 to1700), is born.Ref: 2
1686*Benedetto Marcello Venice Italy, composer (Lettera Famigliare), is born.Ref: 5
1776*Amedeo Avogadro Tuin Italy, 6.022 x 10 ^ 23 (Avogadro's Law), is born.Ref: 5
1788*Birth of Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary. He first sailed to Burma in 1812, and spent nearly all of his remaining 38 years in missionary and literacy work there. Judson translated the entire Bible into Burmese by 1834., is born.Ref: 5
1809*William Barret Travis, the Texas commander at the Battle of the Alamo, is born.Ref: 68
1819*William Thomas Green Morton dentist, used ether (HOF 1920), is born.Ref: 5
1825*Elisha Ferry (Gov-R-Wash, 1872-80, 1889-93), is born.Ref: 5
1839*Gaston Paris, French philologist, educator, and writer, is born.Ref: 70
1848*Birth of Kenneth Scott Latourette, Baptist church historian. Teaching at Yale from 1921-53, his greatest writings were his 7-volume History of the Expansion of Christianity (1937-45) and 5-volume Christianity in a Revolutionary Age (1958-62).Ref: 5
1865*Janie Porter Barrett, American welfare worker and educator, is born.Ref: 70
1875*Albert William KetŠlbey Aston England, composer (Wonder Worker), is born.Ref: 5
1883*George Hoyt NBA hall of fame referee (elected 1961), is born.Ref: 5
1884*Birth of Kenneth Scott Latourette, Baptist church historian. Teaching at Yale from 1921-53, his greatest writings were his 7-volume History of the Expansion of Christianity (1937-45) and 5-volume Christianity in a Revolutionary Age (1958-62). Latourette died a bachelor.Ref: 5
1896*Jean Piaget, psychologist who did pioneering work on the development of children's intellectual faculties, is born.Ref: 2
1896*Leonide Massine choreographer (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1914-20), is born.Ref: 5
1897*Ralph Wyckoff American pioneer in x-ray crystallography, is born.Ref: 5
1899*P.L. Travers, author of the Mary Poppins books, is born.Ref: 2
1901*Charles Farrell Cape Cod Mass, actor (Vern-My Little Margie), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Zino Francescatti Marseilles France, violinist (NY Phil-1939), is born.Ref: 5
1905*Leo Genn actor (Affair in Monte Carlo), is born.Ref: 5
1909*John Baur museum director/author (American Paintings in 19th Century), is born.Ref: 5
1911*William A Fowler US, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1911*Robert McCormick Danville Ky, NBC newscaster (Current Opinion), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Harry Mills singer (Mills Brothers-Paper Doll), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Herman Talmadge (Sen-D-Ga, Watergate Committee), is born.Ref: 5
1918*Robert Aldrich, American motion-picture director, is born.Ref: 70
1919*Ralph Houk baseball manager (Yankees, Tigers), is born.Ref: 5
1921*J James Exon (Sen-D-Neb), is born.Ref: 5
1922*Philip Larkin Coventry England, writer (North Ship, Jill), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Len Sutton auto racing: finished second to teammate, Rodger Ward at 1962 Indpls 500 [by 11.52 seconds], is born.Ref: 4
1927*Marvin Minsky Artifical intelligence computer scientist (MIT), is born.Ref: 5
1927*Robert Shaw, England, actor (Deep, Jaws, Sting, Black Sunday), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Bob Cousy (Basketball Hall of Famer: Boston Celtics) is born.Ref: 5
1934*Merle Kilgore Songwriter Hall of Famer: Ring of Fire, More and More, Johnny Reb, Wolverton Mountain, Dear Mama, Love Has Made You Beautiful, Fast Talking Louisiana Man, is born.Ref: 4
1936*Julian (Manuel Liranzo) Javier baseball: SL Cardinals [all-star: 1963, 1968/World Series: 1964, 1967, 1968], Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1972], is born.Ref: 4
1938*Rod Laver Australia, tennis ace (1962, 1969 Grand Slam), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Dick Anthony Williams Chicago Ill, actor (Our Family Honor), is born.Ref: 5
1939*Rhythm-and-blues singer Billy Henderson (The Spinners) is born.Ref: 99
1939*Claude Osteen baseball pitcher (Cin Reds), is born.Ref: 5
1940*Beverlee McKinsey Okla, actress (Another World, Guiding Light), is born.Ref: 5
1942*David Steinberg Winnipeg Canada, comedian/director (End), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Tommy (Lee) Agee baseball: Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1966, 1967], NY Mets [World Series: 1969], Houston Astros, SL Cardinals; is born.Ref: 4
1943*Ken Norton Boxing Hall of Famer: heavyweight boxing champ [1978], is born.Ref: 4
1944*Sam Elliot CA, actor (Big Chill, Fatal Beauty), is born.Ref: 5
1945*Ken Norton heavyweight boxer, is born.Ref: 68
1946*Jim Kiick football: Miami Dolphins running back: Super Bowl VI, VII, VIII, is born.Ref: 68
1949*Ted (Lyle) Simmons baseball: SL Cardinals [all-star: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1979}, Milwaukee Brewers [all-star: 1981, 1983/World Series: 1982], Atlanta Braves, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Steve (Steven Eugene) Swisher baseball: catcher: Chicago Cubs [all-star: 1976], SL Cardinals, SD Padres, is born.Ref: 4
1952*(Heisman Trophy 1973) John Cappelletti football: Penn State: Heisman Trophy Winner [1973]; LA Rams, San Diego Chargers, is born.Ref: 4
1955*Doug Williams Louisana, NFL QB (Tampa Bay Bucaneers, Wash Redskins), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Benjamin Orr (Orzechowski) musician: bass guitar, singer: group: The Cars: My Best Friend’s Girl, Just What I Needed, Let’s Go, You Might Think, Magic, Drive, Tonight She Comes; solo: LP: The Lace; died Oct 3, 2000Ref: 4
1957*Melanie Griffith NYC, actress (Something Wild, Working Girl), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Amanda Bearse actress (Marcy Rhodes-Married With Children), is born.Ref: 5
1958*Greg Chaisson heavy metal rocker (Badlands-Dreams in the Dark), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Kurtis Blow NYC, rapper (Krushgroove-The Breaks), is born.Ref: 5
1962*John Williams ‘Hot Rod’: basketball: Tulane Univ., Cleveland Cavaliers, Phoenix Suns, Dallas Mavericks, is born.Ref: 4
1963*Whitney Houston Newark NJ, singer (One Moment in Time), is born.Ref: 5
1963*Lonnie Quinn Cheshire Conn, actor (Will Cooley-All My Children), is born.Ref: 5
1965*Kyle Kyle Kensington Pa, rock bassist (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals), is born.Ref: 5
1966*Pat Petersen LA CA, actor (Michael-Knots Landing), is born.Ref: 5
1967*Deion Sanders football: Florida St. [All-American: [1987-1988], NFL: Atlanta Falcons, San Francisco 49ers, Dallas Cowboys, Washington Redskins; baseball: Atlanta Braves; first athlete to star in a World Series [1992] and a Super Bowl [XXIX], is born.Ref: 4
1968*Gillian Anderson actress: The X Files, Future Fantastic, Playing by Heart, The House of Mirth, is born.Ref: 4
1971*Mary Joe Fernandez Dom Rep, tennis player (US National 16s), is born.Ref: 5
1972*Elizabeth Vassey Raleigh NC, actress (Emily Martin-All My Children)Ref: 5
1048*Pope Damasus II dies.Ref: 69
1138*An earthquate kills 230,000 in Aleppo, Syria.Ref: 85
1896*Otto Lilenthal is fatally injured during a glider test. He dies the next day.Ref: 5
1898*Gardner Quincy Colton, American anesthetist/inventor, dies at age 84.Ref: 70
1919*Ruggero Leoncavallo, Italian opera composer, dies at age 62 in Montecatini, Tuscany.Ref: 70
1936 Lincoln Steffens dies.Ref: 10
1942*(or 10th) Saint Edith Stein, German scholar and Carmelite nun; is executed by Nazis, at age 50, because of Jewish her background.Ref: 70
1961*Walter Bedell Smith, American Army chief of staff for U.S. forces in Europe during World War II, dies at age 65.Ref: 4
1962*Hermann Hesse, German novelist and poet; awared Nobel Prize for Literature (1946), dies at age 85.Ref: 70
1967 Joe Orton killedRef: 10
1969*(Manson) Shortly after midnight, the brutal attack on residents at the Tate residence begins. In all, 102 stab wounds are inflicted on four victims; a fifth victim is shot. Left dead are actress Sharon Tate, Jay Sebring, Voytek Frykowski, Abigail Folger, and Steven Parent. The murders are discovered by housekeeper Winifred Chapman the next morning. The four Family members return to Spahn ranch, where Manson criticizes them for doing a messy job. That night, Manson, along with Patricia Krenwinkel, Tex Watson, Leslie Van Houten, Linda Kasabian cruise around, looking for potential victims.Ref: 87
1969*George P Marshall president of Washington Redskins, dies at 72.Ref: 5
1970*Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodesRef: 5
1972*Bill Berns commentator (Television Screen Magazine), dies at 53.Ref: 5
1973*Dean Corll shot; he raped & killed 26 boys.Ref: 5
1975*Dimitri Shostakovich, composer: Symphony No.5, No. 7, No. 11, No. 13, dies at age 68.Ref: 4
1978*James Gould Cozzens, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist: Guard of Honor [1948]; S.S. San Pedro, The Last Adam, By Love Possessed; dies at age 74.Ref: 4
1979*Walter O'Malley, baseball executive: owner: Brooklyn/LA Dodgers dies.Ref: 4
1979*Allan Frank actor (Charade Quiz), dies at 64.Ref: 5
1980*Elliott Nugent, actor: Romance, The Unholy Three; director: Up in Arms, Welcome Stranger; dies.Ref: 4
1988*Alan Napier (Alfred the Butler on Batman), dies at 85Ref: 5
1989*Kathleen Maguire, actress (Edge of the City, The Chadwick Family, One Life to Live, The Concorde: Airport ’79), dies.Ref: 4
1995*Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San Francisco of a heart attack at age 53. (TWA, 1996)Ref: 95
1999*“She meant everything to me,” said actor William Shatner after the death of his wife, Nerine. He had found her dead in the swimming pool of their Studio City, CA home. “My beautiful wife is dead. She meant everything to me. Her laughter, her tears and her joy will remain with me the rest of my life.”Ref: 4
1999*Jim (James Augustus) ‘Catfish’ Hunter baseball: pitcher: KC Athletics [all-star: 1966, 1967], Oakland Athletics [Cy Young Award- winner: 1974/all-star: 1970, 1972-1974/World Series: 1972-1974], NY Yankees [all-star: 1975, 1978/World Series: 1976-1978]; dies of ALS: Lou Gehrig’s disease.Ref: 4
2000*Herb Thomas NASCAR auto racer: champ: 48 NASCAR Winston Cup wins during his driving career: Grand National [1951, 1953], first to win three Southern 500’s [1951, 1954, 1955]; seriously injured in Shelby, NC race ending his racing career [Oct 1956]; dies.Ref: 4
2001*A 5.5 earthquake kills 4 in central Peru.Ref: 85
2001*A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in a central Jerusalem pizzeria, killing 15 other people.Ref: 70
2003*Actor/dancer Gregory Hines dies of cancer in Los Angeles CA at age 57. (WSJ, p 1, 8/11/2003)Ref: 33
2003*Gregory Hines dancer, actor: Renaissance Man, Tap, The Cotton Club, Eubie!; dies.Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
© 2000-2005   Kenneth Fussichen