Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 11th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1492*Rodrigo Borgia is elected to the papacy as Pope Alexander VI.Ref: 69
1735*(Zenger) The New York Weekly Journal (Zenger's newspaper) prints the following, "The Printer, now having got his liberty again, designs God willing to Finish and Publish the Charter of the City of New York next week." Ref 
1748*Conrad Weiser journeys to the Ohio country to treat with regionís Indians.Ref: 92
1780*Barbados hurricane begins.Ref: 5
1792*A revolutionary commune is formed in Paris, France.Ref: 2
1835*George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal.Ref: 5
1846*Donner Party: The party begins clearing a new route through the Wasatch Mountains. Stanton and Pike rejoin the wagon train after this date.Ref: 28
1860*The first successful silver mill in the US begins operation near Virginia City, NV. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1865*(Lincoln Assassination Conspiracy) Louis Weichmann signs an affidavit strongly implicating John Surratt, who fled the country, in the Lincoln assassination conspiracy.Ref: 87
1908*Britain's King Edward VII meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II to protest the growth of the German navy.Ref: 2
1909 The SOS distress signal was first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, N.C.Ref: 70
1912 Moroccan Sultan Mulai Hafid abdicates his thrown in the face of internal dissent.Ref: 2
1914*Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland.Ref: 5
1920*Treaty of Riga signed by Russia recognizing Latvia as independent state. Russia had invaded in 1919.Ref: 10
1930*In Toledo, Ohio, three Lutheran synods merged to form the American Lutheran Church. (In 1960 the ALC merged with two other branches of Evangelical Lutheranism, and in 1988 joined with a third Lutheran group to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America ELCA.).Ref: 5
1933*Temp reaches 136Ý F (58Ý C) at San Luis Potos°, Mex (world record).Ref: 5
1934*The first federal prisoners arrived at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.Ref: 70
1938*Nazis destroy the synagogue in Nuremberg.Ref: 35
1942*New Waterloo bridge opens to traffic in London.Ref: 10
1945*Groves reports that the second plutonium core would be ready for shipment on August 12 or 13, with a bombing possible on August 17 or 18.Ref: 91
1945*Truman orders a halt to further atomic bombing until further orders are issued.Ref: 91
1945*Groves decides to delay shipping the second Pu core and contacts Bacher just after he had signed receipt for shipping the core to Tinian. The core is retrieved from car before it leaves Los Alamos.Ref: 91
1950*(Rosenberg) Ethel Rosenberg arrested.Ref: 87
1951*A flood from the Mississippi River covers more than 100,000 acres in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois. 
1952*King Hussein's Accession to the Throne in JordanRef: 5
1960*Chad declares independence.Ref: 5
1961 Berliners hear rumors of the Soviet Union closing the border. More than 4,000 East Germans flee to West Berlin.Ref: 25
1964*Race riot in Paterson NJ.Ref: 5
1965*The Ford Bronco is introduced. 
1966*The Chevrolet Camaro is debuted. 
1971*Republican NY mayor John Lindsay had a change of political heart as he made the switch from the GOP to the Democratic party.Ref: 4
1975*US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN.Ref: 5
1979*28Ý F in Embarrass Minnesota.Ref: 5
1984*President Reagan joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address that he had "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."Ref: 70
1987*Microsoft ships Windows 1.01. 
1988 Meir Kahane renounced US citizenship to stay in Israeli Parliament.Ref: 5
1991*Lebanese kidnappers release American hostage Edward Tracy after holding him captive for over five years.Ref: 5
1992*The Mall of America opened in Bloomington, Minnesota. It was the largest retail and entertainment complex in the United States.Ref: 4
1993*(Chairman, Joint Chiefs) President Clinton names Army Gen. John Shalikashvili as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding Gen. Colin Powell. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1994*A federal jury awarded $286.8 million to some 10,000 commercial fishermen for losses as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.Ref: 70
1997*President Clinton made the first use of the line-item veto approved by Congress, rejecting three items in spending and tax bills.Ref: 70
1998*British Petroleum announced it was buying/merging with Amoco Corp. of the US in a $48 billion deal. BP was already the worldís third-largest oil company, and the deal made it a bigger rival to No. 1 Royal Dutch/Shell and No. 2 Exxon.Ref: 4
1998*In Jonesboro, Arkansas, Mitchell Johnson pleads guilty to the Jonesboro schoolyard massacre on his fourteenth birthday, and Andrew Golden, aged twelve, was convicted. Juvenile Court Judge Ralph Wilson Jr., sentenced them to the maximum penalty allowed by law--confinement to a juvenile center; perhaps until they turned twenty-one. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2003)Ref: 83
1999*White supremacist Buford O Furrow, wanted in the wounding of five people at a Los Angeles Jewish community center and the shooting death of mail carrier, turns himself in to the FBI in Las Vegas, and waives extradition to Los Angeles. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1999*Total eclipse today, Wednesday, at 11:11 a.m. in England, first time Moon blots out Sun since 1927.Ref: 10
2000*Pat Buchanan won the Reform Party presidential nomination in a victory bitterly disputed by party founder Ross Perot's supporters, who chose their own nominee, John Hagelin, in a rival convention.Ref: 70
2002*Dr Steven J Hatfill, a bioweapons expert under scrutiny for anthrax-laced letters, fiercely denied any involvement and said he cooperated with the investigation. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2003)Ref: 83
2002*US Airways filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.Ref: 70
2003*Xenia native Mike Townsley assumes the position of president of Owens Country Sausage in Richardson TX, according to a page 1 story of the Xenia Daily Gazette.Ref: 83
2003*(US Supreme Court Justice) Justice Anthony Kennedy goes on record criticizing jail sentences as too long and favoring scrapping of mandatory minimum sentences for some federal crimes. (WSJ, p B2, 8/11/2003)Ref: 33
1805*Lewis & Clark: Lewis comes across a single, mounted Indian Ė the first the expedition had seen since leaving Fort Mandan Ė and tries to signal his friendly intentions, but the Indian rides off.Ref: 65
1874*Harry S. Parmelee of New Haven, CT receives a patent for the sprinkler head.Ref: 4
1877*Martian moon Deimos discovered by Asaph HallRef: 5
1896*Harvey Hubbell of Bridgeport, CT receives a patent for the pull-chain, electric-light socket.Ref: 4
1906*In France, Eugene Lauste receives the first patent for a talking film.Ref: 2
1942*The War Production Board orders the entire crop of California wine grapes diverted to the production of raisins for the Armed Forces.Ref: 37
1960*Discoverer 13 is launched by the U.S. Air Force, and the capsule parachutes back into the sea. 
1962*The Soviet Union launch cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight. He is the third Russian in space aboard Vostok 3. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1985*Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz.Ref: 5
1989*Voyager 2 discovers 2 partial rings of Neptune.Ref: 5
1991*Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) landsRef: 5
991 Danes under Olaf Tryggvason kill Ealdorman Brihtnoth and defeat the Saxons at Maldon.Ref: 2
1862*President Abraham Lincoln appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general in chief of the Union Army.Ref: 2
1904 German General Lothar von Trotha defeats the Hereros tribe near Waterberg, South Africa.Ref: 2
1916*The Russia army takes Stanislau, Poland, from the Germans.Ref: 2
1918*Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allies beat Germans.Ref: 5
1941*Churchill and Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter which sets forth eight goals for the world and later will be the document establishing the United Nations. 
1941*Soviet bombers raid Berlin but cause little damage.Ref: 2
1942*The German submarine U-73 attacks a Malta bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world's first aircraft carriers.Ref: 2
1942*Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declared "the hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war." (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1944*The United States grants the French Committee of National Liberation status of temporary authority in civil affairs in France. 
1944*German troops abandon Florence, Italy, as Allied troops close in on the historic city.Ref: 2
1945*Truman and Sec. of State Byrnes reply with an amended form of the Potsdam Decree that acknowledges the Emperor, but still uses to guarantee his position.Ref: 91
1945*Strategic Air Forces Carl Spaatz halts area fire bombing.Ref: 91
1945*Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito.Ref: 5
1954*A formal peace took hold in Indochina, ending more than seven years of fighting between the French and the Communist Vietminh.Ref: 70
1972*The last U.S. ground forces withdraw from Vietnam.Ref: 2
1990*Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion.Ref: 5
1711 First Ascot race meeting in honour of Queen Anne.Ref: 10
1907*Cardinal Ed Karger pitches a seven-inning perfect game in game two of a doubleheader beating the Boston Braves 4-0. The contest was shortened by a prior agreement between the clubs.Ref: 1
1919*Green Bay Packers football club founded.Ref: 5
1926*In a 7-2 loss to the White Sox, Tris Speaker hits his 700th career double, The Indian outfielder will establish a major league a record with 792 two-baggers.Ref: 1
1929*At League Park in Cleveland, Babe Ruth hits Willis Hudlin's first delivery in the second inning over the fight field fence to record his 500th career HR ; the Bambino has more than twice the number of round trippers than Phillies Cy Williams who is #2 on the all-time with 237.Ref: 1
1943*Benjamin F. White became the first four-time winner of the Hambletonian. White rode Solo Song to the win in a field of 11 racehorses.Ref: 4
1946*Sweeping a doubleheader, the Phillies end the Dodgers' 18-game winning streak in Philadelphia, a major league record. The Dodgers hadn't lost in the City of Brotherly Love since May 5,1945.Ref: 1
1948*Summer Olympics opens in London.Ref: 5
1949 First Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi).Ref: 5
1950*Boston Brave Vern Bickford no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 7-0.Ref: 5
1951*WCBS-TV in New York City televised the first baseball game in color. The Braves beat the Dodgers 8-1.Ref: 4
1951*NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 38-6 in Ottawa.Ref: 5
1951*NY Giants lose & 13 games behind Bkln Dodgers, later win pennant.Ref: 5
1959*Joe Nuxhall, Cincinnat Reds, strikes out 4 batters in the 6th inning. (Sporting News Complete Baseball Record Book, 2002, ISBN 0-89204-668-0) 
1959*Gil Carter, a pitcher for the Carlsbad, New Mexico entry in the Sophomore Baseball League, reportedly hits a ball which travels 730 feet from home plate. This left field blast may be the longest home run ever hit.Ref: 1
1961*Warren Spahn of the Milwaukee Braves gets his 300th major-league victory as he beat the Chicago Cubs, 2-1.Ref: 4
1967*Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches.Ref: 5
1969*Pitts Steelers beat NY Giants 17-13 in Montreal (NFL expo).Ref: 5
1970*Jim Bunning of the Philadelphia Phillies becomes the first pitcher since Cy Young to win 100 games in each of the two major leagues. Bunning, who later became a U.S. Senator, pushed the Phils over the Houston Astros, by a score of 6-5.Ref: 4
1970*Tony Perez becomes the first to hit a HR in the red seats at Riverfront.Ref: 5
1970*With two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning, pinch-hitter Carl Taylor's grand slam caps a five-run rally giving the Cardinals a dramatic comeback victory over the Padres, 11-10.Ref: 1
1971*Harmon Killebrew of the Minnesota Twins gets his 500th and 501st home runs of his major-league baseball career.Ref: 4
1971 Construction begins on the Louisiana Superdome.Ref: 5
1974*Lee Trevino wins PGA championship.Ref: 5
1975*Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game.Ref: 5
1977*Pistol Pete Maravich signed a five-year basketball contract with the New Orleans Jazz for $3 million.Ref: 4
1980*In the third inning of 3-1 Yankee victory over the White Sox, Reggie Jackson connects off of Britt Burns for his 400th career Home Run.Ref: 1
1983*The City of Arlington and the Texas Rangers announce a new option contract giving the ballclub complete control of Arlington Stadium.Ref: 86
1984*The Cincinnati Reds honored All-Star and Hall of Fame catcher Johnny Bench by retiring his uniform (#5) this day.Ref: 4
1984*Carl Lewis duplicates Jesse Owens' 1936 feat, wins 4 Olym track golds.Ref: 5
1985*Hubert Green wins PGA championship.Ref: 5
1985*Oakland A's Dave Kingman becomes the 21st to hit 400 HR.Ref: 5
1985*Rudolf Povarnitsin of USSR sets new high jump world record (7'10"12).Ref: 5
1986*Bob Tway wins PGA championship.Ref: 5
1986*Breaking Max Carey's mark, Cincinnati Reds' Pete Rose sets a National League record with his tenth five-hit game of his career. 'Charlie Hustle' singles four times and doubles in the 13-4 loss to the Giants.Ref: 1
1988*Gary Carter (NY Mets) became 59th player to hit 300 career HR.Ref: 5
1990*NY Yankee Kevin Maas is fastest to get 13 HRs (110 at bats).Ref: 5
1991*John Daly, rookie golfer wins the PGA title.Ref: 5
1991*In only his second big league start, 21-year old White Sox southpaw Wilson Alvarez no-hits the Orioles, 7-0. Only Browns' hurler Bobo Holloman, who threw a no-hitter in his first major league start in 1953 accomplished the feat in fewer starts.Ref: 1
1994*The Toronto Blue Jays defeat the New York Yankees 8-7 in 13 innings, in what would be the final game of 1994.Ref: 86
1998*The Devil Rays surpassed the two-million mark in home attendance in their inaugural season joining the Rockies, Marlins and Arizona as the only expansion teams to reach this mark.Ref: 1
1998*At Fenway Park, a moment of silence is observed in memory of Detective John Gibson, one of the police officers killed at the U.S. Capitol last month. The Waltham, Massachusetts resident was a lifelong Red Sox fan.Ref: 1
2001*Using fewest number of games anyone has ever needed to hit 50 homers in a season, Giant outfielder Barry Bonds reaches the milestone in 117 contests. In 1999, Sammy Sosa reached the mark in 121 contests.Ref: 1
2002*Keeping with the tradition of commemorating former players who are in the Hall of Fame, the Cardinals unveiled the 11th statue outside Busch stadium an air-borne Ozzie Smith. The bronze likeness, created by sculptor Harry Weber, captures the former shortstop stretched horizontally to the ground, trying to field a grounder in the hole.Ref: 1
2002*Sammy Sosa's grand slam and run-scoring double against the Rockies gives the Cubs' slugger 14 RBIs over two games establishing a new a National League record. The previous mark was 13 shared by Nate Colbert (Padres-1972) and Mark Whiten (Cardinals -1993).Ref: 1
1866 World's first roller rink opens (Newport, RI).Ref: 5
1888 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store).Ref: 5
1924*The first newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken -- in Washington, DC.Ref: 4
1941*Glenn Miller and his Orchestra recorded Elmerís Tune on Bluebird Records.Ref: 4
1956*Elvis Presley releases "Don't Be Cruel".Ref: 5
1958*Elvis Presley received a gold record for the hit, Hard Headed Woman. The song was featured in the movie King Creole.Ref: 4
1962 Sir Lawrence Olivier founds the National Theater in London. 
1962*Beach Boys release "Surfin' Safari".Ref: 5
1963*The Kingston Trio are the mystery guest on "What's My Line?".Ref: 5
1964*Beatles' "A Hard Day's Night" opens in NYC.Ref: 5
1965*Beatles movie "Help" opens in NYC.Ref: 5
1966*Last Beatle concert tour of the US begins.Ref: 5
1968*The Beatles launched their new record label, Apple.Ref: 5
1972*"Cheech & Chong Day" in San Antonio Texas.Ref: 5
1976*Keith Moon, drummer for the Who, collapses & is hospitalized in Miami.Ref: 5
1987*Sgt. Pepperís Lonely Hearts Club Band was called "the best album made during the last 20 years" by the respected music publication, Rolling Stone magazine.Ref: 4
2002*Actor Jason Priestly, is seriously injured in a race car accident in Kentucky with a fractured vertebrae. Doctors expect him to recover. (USA Today, p. 4D, 8/13/2002)Ref: 13
1778*Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, founder of turnverein (gymnastics) movement, is born.Ref: 5
1801*Eduard Devrient, German dramatist, is born.Ref: 70
1807*David Atchison politician: organizer of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad; president pro tempore of the US Senate, president of U .S. for one day [March 4, 1849], the Sunday before Zachary Taylor (refused to be inaugurated on a Sunday) was sworn in; Atchison counties in KS and MO are named for him; is born.Ref: 4
1823*Charlotte Mary Yonge England, writer (Heir of Redclyffe), is born.Ref: 5
1833*Robert Green Ingersoll, NY, author/politician/agnostic (Att Gen-R-Ill), is born.Ref: 5
1837*Sadi Carnot, engineer, French president (1887-94); assassinated, is born.Ref: 5
1861*James Bryan Herrick, physician who first described sickle-cell anemia, is born.Ref: 2
1862*Carrie James Bond, songwriter who wrote "I Love You Truly" and "A Perfect Day, is born.Ref: 2
1867*Joseph Weber, comedian (Weber & Fields), is born.Ref: 5
1873*Bertram Mills, English circus entrepreneur, is born.Ref: 70
1882*Rodolfo Graziani, Italian field marshal; adherent of Mussolini, is born.Ref: 70
1892*Hugh MacDiarmid, Scotland, writer (Scots Unbound), is born.Ref: 5
1897 Enid Blyton is born.Ref: 10
1900*Alexander Mosolov Kiev Russia, composer (Zavod), is born.Ref: 5
1900*Charles Paddock sprinter (world's fastest human of 1920s), is born.Ref: 5
1902*Lloyd (Benedict) Nolan, SF Calif, actor (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Peyton Place), is born.Ref: 5
1909 Lloyd Nolan is born.Ref: 10
1911*Henry Kulky, Hastings-on-Hudson NY, actor (Otto-Life of Riley), is born.Ref: 5
1912*Jean Parker Montana, actress (Beyond Tomorrow, Little Women), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Bob (Robert Boden) Scheffing baseball: catcher: Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, SL Cardinals; is born.Ref: 4
1913*Sir Angus Wilson England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955), is born.Ref: 5
1914*Birth of Lee Shelley, missions pioneer. In 1957 he founded Christians in Action Missions in Huntington Park, California an interdenominational agency working overseas in evangelism, church planting and missionary training.Ref: 5
1920*William Masselos Niagara Falls NY, pianist/prof (Juiliard 1976), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Alex Haley Pulitzer Prize-winning author: Roots [1977]; The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Queen; is born.Ref: 4
1925*Carl Rowan gun-toting newspaper columnist (Wash Post), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Mike Douglas (Dowd), Chicago Ill, talk show host (Mike Douglas Show), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Claus Von Bulow accused of murdering his wife, is born.Ref: 5
1927*Raymond Leppard London England, conductor (St Louis Symphony Orch), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Arlene Dahl actress: Night of the Warrior, Slightly Scarlet, Three Little Words, One Life to Live; author: beauty book series; TV host: Pepsi-Cola Playhouse, Opening Night; wife of actor Fernando Lamas, mother of actor Lorenzo Lamas, is born.Ref: 4
1929*Alun Hoddinott Bargoed Wales, composer (Floriture), is born.Ref: 5
1930*William A O'Neal (Gov-D-Ct), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Birth of Jerry Falwell, U.S. Baptist clergyman. Pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg, Virginia, he has also been an active political lobbyist and once headed the Liberty Federation (formerly called Moral Majority), a Christian lobby which Falwell founded in 1979.Ref: 5
1936*Bill (William Charles) Monbouquette baseball: pitcher: Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1960, 1962, 1963], Detroit Tigers, NY Yankees, SF Giants, is born.Ref: 4
1937*Anna Massey actress (De Sade, Doll's House), is born.Ref: 5
1938*Vada (Edward) Pinson baseball: Cincinnati Redlegs, Cincinnati Reds [all-star: 1959, 1960/World Series: 1961], SL Cardinals, Cleveland Indians, California Angels, KC Royals; is born.Ref: 4
1940*Kip King Chicago Ill, actor (Charlie & Company), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Bill Munson football: Utah State Univ., LA Rams, Seattle Seahawks, SD Chargers, Detroit Lions; Asst. G.M.: Buffalo Bills; is born.Ref: 4
1941*Elizabeth Holtzman Bkln DA (D-Rep-NY, Watergate Committee), is born.Ref: 5
1942*Otis Taylor football: Kansas City Chiefs wide receiver: UPI AFC Player of the Year [1971]: Super Bowl I, IV, is born.Ref: 4
1942*Mike Hugg drummer (Manfred Mann), is born.Ref: 5
1943*Jim Kale musician: bass: group: The Guess Who: No Time, American Woman, No Sugar Tonight, Hand Me Down World, Share the Land, Albert Flasher, Rain Dance, Star Baby, Clap for the Wolfman, Danciní Fool, is born.Ref: 4
1943*Guy Vallari singer: group: The Regents: Barbara Ann, is born.Ref: 4
1946*Marilyn Vos Savant St Louis Mo, writer/world's highest IQ (Guinness), is born.Ref: 5
1946 Jimmy Webb is born.Ref: 10
1947*Jeff Hanna singer/guitarist (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band), is born.Ref: 5
1947*Sergey Kovalneko USSR, basketball (Olympic-bronze-1968), is born.Ref: 5
1948*Ken Mendenhall football: Univ. of Oklahoma, Green Bay Packers, is born.Ref: 4
1949*Eric Carmen Cleveland, Ohio, rocker (All by Myself), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Ian Charleson Edinburgh Scotland, actor (Jamie-Master of the Game), is born.Ref: 5
1950*Erik Braunn musician: guitar, singer: group: Iron Butterfly: In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida, is born.Ref: 4
1950*Steve Wozniak founder: Apple Computer, Inc [1976: w/Steve Jobs], is born.Ref: 4
1952*Ann Michelle England, actress (Virigin Witch), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Hulk Hogan [Terry Bollea], Ga, WWF heavyweight champion (1984-89), is born.Ref: 5
1953*Sanford Jensen South Haven Mich, actor (Foley Square), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Stephen Wozniac, Cofounder of Apple, is born.Ref: 62
1954*Lina Polito Naples Italy, actress (Love & Anarchy), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Joe Jackson England, singer (Steppin' Out), is born.Ref: 5
1959*Linda Rhys Vaughn, Grossmont Ca, playmate (Apr, 1982), is born.Ref: 5
1964*Nikki Randall actress: X-rated films, is born.Ref: 4
1964*Leopold Mannes, American co-developer of Kodachrome film, dies at age 64.Ref: 70
1964*Hamish rocker (The Pasedenas-Riding on the Train), is born.Ref: 5
1969*Eddie Garcia LA, actor/musician (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Julie Anne Clark Tucson Az, playmate (Mar, 1991), is born.Ref: 5
1253*Clare of Assisi, Italian founder of the order of Poor Clares; canonized in 1255, dies at age 59.Ref: 70
1433 King John I Portugal dies.Ref: 10
1772*Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000.Ref: 5
1843*Jean Francois Casimir DeLavigne, French poet/dramatist, dies.Ref: 17
1856*A band of rampaging settlers in California kill four Yokut Indians. The settlers had heard unproven rumors of Yokut atrocities.Ref: 2
1868*Thaddeus Stevens architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76.Ref: 5
1872*Lowell Mason, organist/composer (Zebulo), dies.Ref: 17
1890*John Henry Newman, England, Roman Catholic cardinal/churchman/author (Dream of Gerontius), dies at age 89.Ref: 70
1897*Louise Bogan, American poet and literary critic, is born.Ref: 70
1903*Eugenio De Hostos Puerto Rican patriot; scholar, author of more than fifty books; dies.Ref: 4
1911*J.D. (John Delphus) McDuffie NASCAR auto racer: is killed in Watkins Glen crash.Ref: 4
1919*Andrew Carnegie industrialist: founder of Carnegie Steel Corporation; philanthropist; dies.Ref: 68
1937*Edith Wharton (Jones), US, Pulitzer Prize winning author: The Age of Innocence [1921]; dies.Ref: 4
1956*Abstract artist Jackson Pollock died in an automobile accident in East Hampton, NY at age 44.Ref: 68
1965*Thirty-four people die, more than 3,000 are arrested and there was over $40 million in damage to property in the Watts area of Los Angeles, this first day of six days of rioting. All of this was the result of a minor confrontation between the California Highway Patrol and two young black men. (XDG, p 4A, 8/11/2000)Ref: 83
1972*Rose Schneiderman U.S. womenís rights activist: organized 1913 strike of 25,000 women blouse makers & ILGWU (International Ladies Garment Workers Union); president of WTUL; only woman member of F.D.R.ís Labor Advisory Board; dies.Ref: 2
1973*Peggie Castle (Blair) (actress: The White Orchid, The Finger Man) dies at age 46.Ref: 4
1974*Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey).Ref: 5
1978*Funeral of Pope Paul VI.Ref: 5
1979*Manchu River Dam in Morvi, Gujarat, India bursts killing 5,000.Ref: 10
1982*Tom Drake actor, dies of lung cancer at 63.Ref: 5
1982*(Green River Killer) Cynthia Jean Hinds, 17, is last seen. She is the 5th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1984*Alfred Knopf, American publisher; founded Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., dies at age 91.Ref: 70
1987 Clara Peller dies.Ref: 10
1988*Anne Ramsey actress, dies of cancer at 59.Ref: 5
1988*Jean-Pierre Ponnele opera director (Carmina Burana), dies at 56Ref: 5
1991*J.D. (John Delphus) McDuffie NASCAR auto racer, is killed in Watkins Glen crash.Ref: 4
1994*Peter Cushing, actor: Star Wars, Tales from the Crypt, The Evil of Frankenstein, The Horror of Dracula, The House That Dripped Blood; dies.Ref: 4
1995*Phil Harris, band leader, voice of Baloo in Disney's "Jungle Book", dies at age 91 in Rancho Mirage CA. (TWA, 1996)Ref: 95
1999*A rare tornado touched down in downtown Salt Lake City, killing one person (the first recorded tornado death in the stateís history).Ref: 4

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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