Ken Fussichen's History Of The Day For
August 12th

Home Click on * for the link to the relevant chronology. New Date
1553*Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of the Talmud.Ref: 5
1658*The first police force in the U.S. is established in New York City.Ref: 51
1791*Black slaves on the island of Santo Domingo rise up against their white masters.Ref: 2
1863*First cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area).Ref: 5
1867*With the Congress not is session, President Johnson temporarily suspends Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, and replaces him with war hero Ulysses S. Grant. (XDG, p. 4A, 8/12/2000)Ref: 83
1880*A great storm almost entirely destroys Brownsville, Texas and also does severe damage to the surrounding country. 
1896*Gold is discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. After word reaches the United States in June of 1897, thousands of Americans head to the Klondike to seek their fortunes.Ref: 2
1898*A peace protocol is signed, ending the Spanish-American War. Hawaii is formally annexed to the United States. (XDG, p. 4A, 8/12/2000)Ref: 83
1898*The Spanish American War officially ends after three months and 22 days of hostilities.Ref: 2
1901*Charles A. Yont and W.B. Felker complete the first automobile trip to the 14,110 ft summit of Pikes Peak, Colorado, driving an 1899 locomobile steamer. 
1902*International Harvester opens for business. 
1908*First Model T made available to the public.Ref: 74
1908*Lts Frank Lahm, Benjamim Foulois and Thomas Selfridge begin training at Wilbur Wright Field (Greene County OH) in the newly acquired Signal Corps Dirigible Number One.Ref: 46
1918*Regular air-mail service begins between New York City and Washington, DC.Ref: 4
1922*The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. is dedicated as a memorial.Ref: 2
1936*120ř F (49ř C), Seymour, Texas (state record).Ref: 5
1938*The German military mobilizes.Ref: 36
1953*The Soviet Union conducted a secret test of its first hydrogen bomb.Ref: 70
1955*Pres Eisenhower raises minimum wage from $0.75 to $1 an hour.Ref: 5
1959*First ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island.Ref: 5
1961 (Berlin Wall) 2500 people cross from East to West Berlin; Erich Honecker decides to seal East Berlin borders.Ref: 10
1963*The first Ford Thunderbirds roll off the assembly line. 
1964*Race riot in Elizabeth NJ.Ref: 5
1965*Race riot in West Side of Chicago.Ref: 5
1970*The U.S. Post Office becomes an independent government corporation. 
1974*Yankees Mickey Mantle & Whitey Ford become first teammates elected to hall of fame on the same day.Ref: 5
1977*Steven Biko, leader of the black consciousness movement in South Africa, is arrested.Ref: 2
1978 Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours.Ref: 5
1982*The Dow Jones industrial average hit bottom, closing at 776.92. The next morning, a bull market began that lasted until the 500-point crash of 1987.Ref: 4
1988*Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at the hospital.Ref: 5
1988*Richard Thornburgh becomes US Attorney General.Ref: 5
1991*Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization planRef: 5
1992*The United States, Mexico and Canada agreed to form a that would remove most barriers to trade and investment and create the world’s largest trading bloc: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).Ref: 4
1993*President Clinton meets with Pope John Paul II during the Pope's visit to Denver, Colorado for World Youth Day festivities. 
1998*Swiss banks agree to pay $1.25 billion to settle lawsuits filed by Holocaust survivors and their heirs. The banks had kept millions of dollars deposited by Holocaust victims and their relatives before and during World War II.Ref: 4
1508*Ponce de Le˘n arrives in Puerto Rico.Ref: 5
1805*Lewis & Clark: The shipment sent from Fort Mandan finally arrives in the East. Jefferson will plant the Indian corn in his Monticello garden, hang elk antlers in his foyer, and send the surviving animals – a magpie and the prairie dog – to a natural science museum located in Philadelphia's Independence Hall. Reading Lewis's confident letter, he would imagine the expedition having already reached the Pacific.Ref: 65
1806*Lewis & Clark: Downstream from the mouth of the Yellowstone, the entire expedition is finally reunited.Ref: 65
1812*The Millerton-Leeds (England) coal run begins operation. A steam engine hauled 33 coal cars about 3.25 miles at a speed of 3.25 MPH. This is considered as the first instance of the employment of locomotive power for commercial purposes. Ref 
1851*Isaac Singer of New York City patents the double-treadle sewing machine. (XDG, p. 4A, 8/12/2000)Ref: 83
1865*Joseph Lister became the first doctor to use disinfectant during surgery.Ref: 4
1877*Thomas A. Edison finished figuring out his first phonograph. Edison handed the model of his invention to John Kreusi with instructions on how to build it. Kreusi, a confident man, bet the inventor $2 and said that there was no way that the machine would ever work. He lost the bet.Ref: 4
1960*USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600 m.Ref: 5
1960*The first balloon satellite, Echo 1, was launched by the United States from Cape Canaveral, Fla.Ref: 70
1962*Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15.Ref: 5
1976*First approach & lands test (ALT) of orbiter Enterprise.Ref: 5
1977*High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 launched into Earth orbit.Ref: 5
1977*The space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating and then touching down in California's Mojave Desert.Ref: 70
1978*ICE is launched.Ref: 5
1981*IBM introduced its Personal Computer, which used Microsoft's 16-bit operating system, MS-DOS 1.0, plus Microsoft BASIC, COBOL, PASCAL, and other products made by Microsoft. Ref 
1099*At the Battle of Ascalon 1,000 Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, rout an Egyptian relief column heading for Jerusalem, which had already fallen to the Crusaders.Ref: 2
1332*With help from English archers, Edward Baliol forwards his right to the Scottish throne by defeating David II of Scotland's followers at Dupplin Moor.Ref: 5
1676*A bloody Indian war in New England ends. King Philip, Wampanoag chief, and many Narragansett Indians killed. (TWA, 1997)Ref: 95
1687 At the Battle of Mohacs, Hungary, Charles of Lorraine defeats the Turks.Ref: 2
1759 Austrian & Russian armies beat Frederick II Prussia, occupy Berlin in Battle of Kunersdorf.Ref: 10
1762*The British capture Cuba from Spain after a two month siege.Ref: 2
1812*British commander the Duke of Wellington occupies Madrid, Spain, forcing out Joseph Bonaparte.Ref: 2
1862*Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX.Ref: 5
1863*Confederate raider William Quantrill leads a massacre of 150 men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas.Ref: 2
1864*After a week of heavy raiding, the Confederate cruiser Tallahasse claims six Union ships captured.Ref: 2
1914*Great Britain at war with Austria-Hungary. Montenegro at war with Germany.Ref: 38
1914*First shot fired in WWI by British soldier; France, Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary.Ref: 10
1940*The German Air Force begins attacking Britain's radar stations, airfields, and air force. 
1941*French Marshal Henri Philippe Petain announces full French collaboration with Nazi Germany.Ref: 2
1942*Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow.Ref: 36
1943*In Rawalpindi, India, the Chemical Warfare Research Establishment begins two weeks of testing troop exposure to mustard gas. 
1969*American installations at Quan-Loi, Vietnam, come under Viet Cong attack.Ref: 2
1972*The last American combat ground troops left Vietnam.Ref: 70
1972*As U.S. troops leave Vietnam, B-52's make their largest strike of the war.Ref: 2
1990*Staff Sgt John Campisi of West Covina CA dies after being hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first US casualty in the Persian Gulf Crisis. (XDG, p. 4A, 8/12/2000)Ref: 83
1990*Iraq President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve the Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories.Ref: 5
2003*One soldier is killed, two wounded in Ramadi when their convoy hit three improvised bombs. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
2003*In Taji, a bomb kills one soldier and wounds two others. (Time, p 33, 9/01/2003) 
1876 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup.Ref: 5
1879 The first National Archery Association tournament began in Chicago, IL.Ref: 4
1921*Despite giving up 12 hits, Phillies hurler George Smith pitches a shutout beating the Braves, 4-0.Ref: 1
1923 Enrico Tiraboschi is first to swim English Channel westward.Ref: 5
1928*9th Olympic Games close in Amsterdam.Ref: 5
1935*Babe Ruth's final game at Fenway Park, 41,766 on hand.Ref: 5
1936*Berlin, Germany was host to the Olympics and the youngest winner of a gold medal (to that day). The USA.’s 13-year-old diver, Marjorie Gestring, won the springboard event.Ref: 4
1948*The Indians set a Major League record as 14 different players get a hit as the Tribe with a total of 29 hits rout the Browns, 26-3.Ref: 1
1950*NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 20-6 in Ottawa.Ref: 5
1953 Ann Davidson, first woman to sail solo across Atlantic, arrives Miami.Ref: 5
1960*Ralph Boston of the US, sets then long jump record at 26' 11".Ref: 5
1964*For a major league record tenth time and for the final time in his career, Yankee switch-hitter Mickey Mantle hits a home run both left-and right-handed in the same game.Ref: 1
1966*In a game which featured a total of 11 home runs, Reds' Art Shamsky hits three round-trippers in a 14-11, 13-inning loss to the Pirates at Crosley Field. Shamsky's, who came in as a defensive replacement, eighth inning home run put the Reds ahead and his 10th and 11th inning shots tied the game.Ref: 1
1967*New Orleans Saints first pre-season victory, beat St Louis 23-14.Ref: 5
1969*The Boston Celtics basketball team was sold for $6,000,000. It was the highest dollar figure ever paid for a pro basketball team (to that time).Ref: 4
1973*Golfer Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA, his 14th major golf title, breaking a record held for nearly 50 years by Bobby Jones. Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship for the third time.Ref: 4
1974*Angel fireballer Nolan Ryan strikes out 19 Red Sox batters enroute to a 4-2 victory.Ref: 1
1976*Directors select "Blue Jays" from over 4,000 names and 30,000 entries in a "Name the Team" contest.Ref: 86
1980*At Tiger Stadium, 48,361 fans witness the return of Mark Fidrych. The 'Bird' loses to Red Sox, 5-2.Ref: 1
1981 Jon Erikson (US) becomes first to triple cross English Channel (38:27).Ref: 5
1982*Terry Felton of the Minnesota Twins set a major-league record for rookie pitchers. He had no wins and 14 losses. Guy Morton of the Cleveland Indians had lost 13 games, but wins his 14th, back in 1914.Ref: 4
1984*Luis Aparicio and Don Drysdale, who began their playing careers on the same day (in 1956), were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY. Also inducted were Pee Wee Reese, Harmon Killebrew and Rick Ferrell.Ref: 4
1986*Rod Carew became the first player in the history of the CA Angels franchise to have his uniform retired. Number 29 played for the Angels for seven years.Ref: 4
1986*Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season.Ref: 5
1986*Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single.Ref: 5
1987 Charles Cole climbs 870' Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock.Ref: 5
1988*The Red Sox beat the Tigers 9-4 for their 23rd consecutive win at Fenway Park establishing a new major league record [the streak will end after one more home victory]. The 1931 Philadelphia Athletics had previously set the league mark with 22 straight home victories.Ref: 1
1990*The White Sox-Ranger game is finally postponed after a seven and one-half hour rain delay.Ref: 1
1994*The MLB Players' Association members go on strike and run for 232 days. The work stoppage will lead to the cancellation of the World Series and a delayed opening of next season.Ref: 1
2000*Tim Raines is inducted into the Expos' Hall of Fame. The 21-year veteran outfielder, who is fifth on the all-time career steals with 807, broke in with Montreal in 1979 and made National League All-Star team from 1981-1987.Ref: 1
2001*When Braves' manager Bobby Cox orders an intentional walk to Steve Finley, Greg Maddux's National League record of consecutive innings without giving up a base on balls ends at 72 1-3. The major league record is 84 1-3 innings set in 1962 by A's hurler Bill Fischer.Ref: 1
1757*Fiction: ALF alien life form (ALF), is born.Ref: 5
1888*Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes first motor tour.Ref: 5
1915 "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, published.Ref: 5
1937 Comedian Red Skelton gets his first taste of network radio as he appeared on the Rudy Vallee Show on NBC.Ref: 4
1940*Will Bradley and his trio record "Down the Road Apiece" on Columbia Records.Ref: 4
1956*William Shatner marries Gloria Rand.Ref: 5
1966*The last tour for the Beatles began at the International Amphitheater in Chicago; and John Lennon apologized for boasting that the Beatles were more popular than Jesus Christ. London’s Catholic Herald said Lennon’s comment was “arrogant ... but probably true.”Ref: 4
1967*Fleetwood Mac makes their stage debut at the National Blues and Jazz Festival in Great Britain.Ref: 4
1988*In Hollywood, the controversial religious movie "The Last Temptation of Christ" was released, sparking protests from evangelical church groups across the nation.Ref: 5
1990*12th annual Macy's Tap-o-mania.Ref: 5
1994*Woodstock ’94 began in Saugerties, New York (it ran thru August 14). 235,000-350,000 rockers attended the show, which featured 30+ bands, included Red Hot Chili Peppers, Sheryl Crow, Areosmith, Metallica and Nine Inch Nails.Ref: 4
1753*Thomas Bewick England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables), is born.Ref: 5
1762*George IV, named Prince Regent in 1811 when his father was declared insane, is born.Ref: 68
1774*Robert Southey English poet laureate (1813-1843), biographer of Nelson, is born.Ref: 5
1781*Robert Mills, architect and engineer whose designs include the Washington Monument, the National Portrait Gallery and the U.S. Treasury Building, is born.Ref: 2
1820*Oliver Mowat a founder of the Canadian Confederation, is born.Ref: 5
1833*Lillie Devereux Blake, American novelist and activist for women's suffrage, is born.Ref: 70
1838*Birth of Joseph Barnby, English organist and choirmaster. He composed nearly 250 hymn tunes during his life. Of these the most enduring include LAUDES DOMINI ("When Morning Gilds the Skies"), LONGWOOD ("Spirit of God, Descend Upon My Heart"), MERRIAL ("Now the Day is Over") and ST. ANDREW ("We Give Thee But Thine Own").Ref: 5
1849*Abbott Thayer artist: created camouflage pattern for military; is born.Ref: 4
1856*James Brady, American financier and philanthropist; known as "Diamond Jim", is born.Ref: 70
1859*Katharine Lee Bates, American author and educator; wrote "America the Beautiful", is born.Ref: 70
1866*Jacinto Benavente y Martˇnez Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1922), is born.Ref: 5
1867*Edith Hamilton US, writer (Mythology), is born.Ref: 5
1876*Mary Roberts Rinehart, mystery writer (Miss Pinkerton), is born.Ref: 5
1878*Baseball pitcher Christy Mathewson is born.Ref: 68
1881*Cecil B. DeMille, American film director, producer and screenwriter, famous for epic productions, is born.Ref: 68
1882*Vincent Bendix, American inventor and industrialist, is born.Ref: 70
1882*George Bellows, American painter and lithographer, is born.Ref: 70
1884*Frank Swinnerton England, novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary), is born.Ref: 5
1887*Erwin Schr”dinger Austria, physicist (had a cat), is born.Ref: 5
1889*Zerna Sharp, creator of the "Dick and Jane" reading books, is born.Ref: 2
1890*Al Goodman Nikopol Russia, orch leader (NBC Comedy Hour), is born.Ref: 5
1893*Howard Smith Attleboro Mass, actor (Harvey Griffin-Hazel), is born.Ref: 5
1898*Oscar Homolka, Austrian-born American stage and screen actor, is born.Ref: 70
1904*Frank Ervin harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66), is born.Ref: 5
1904*Alexis, Russian son of Tsar Nicholas ll; killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918, is born.Ref: 70
1907*Joe Besser (of the Three Stooges) is born.Ref: 24
1911*Jane Wyatt, Emmy Award-winning actress: Father Knows Best [1957, 1958-59, 1959-60]; Gentleman’s Agreement, Lost Horizon, Amityville 4, is born in Campgaw NJ. (TWA, 1998)Ref: 95
1911*Cantinflas (Mario Moreno Reyes), Mexican circus clown, acrobat and (Around World in 80 Days), is born.Ref: 5
1913*Kurt Kaszner Vienna Austria, actor (Cmdr Fitzhugh-Land of the Giants), is born.Ref: 5
1915*Alex Wojciechowicz NFL center (Lions, Eagles), is born.Ref: 5
1916*Marjorie Reynolds (Goodspeed) actress: Gone with the Wind, The Time of Their Lives, Doomed to Die, is born.Ref: 4
1919*Michael Kidd [Milton Greenwald] choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros), is born.Ref: 5
1921*Marjorie Reynolds Buhl Idaho, actress (Peggy-Life of Riley), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Dale Bumpers (Sen-D-Ark), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Norris McWhirter author (Guinness Book of World Records), is born.Ref: 5
1925*Ross McWhirter author (Guinness Book of World Records), is born.Ref: 5
1926*Actor John Derek (aka Derek Harris), husband to Bo Derek, is born.Ref: 4
1927*Singer Porter Wagoner is born.Ref: 4
1927*Ralph Waite White Plains NY, actor (John-Waltons, Roots), is born.Ref: 5
1928*Bob (Robert Ray) Buhl baseball: Milwaukee Braves [World Series: 1957/all-star: 1960], Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies; is born.Ref: 4
1929*Country Western Singer Buck Owens (Alvis Edgar Owens Jr.) is born.Ref: 4
1931*William Goldman author (Lord of the Flies-Nobel 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1932*Porter Wagoner country singer, discovered Dolly Parton (Y'All Come), is born.Ref: 5
1933*Winner of the 1963 Indianapolis 500, Parnelli (Rufus) Jones is born.Ref: 4
1936*Hans Haacke Cologne Germany, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), is born.Ref: 5
1936*John Poindexter US Chief of Staff, is born.Ref: 5
1939*Actor George Hamilton is born in Memphis, TN.Ref: 68
1939*Larry Ziegler golf: Senior PGA Tour: in top 70 on the all-time money list, is born.Ref: 4
1941*Deborah Walley Bridgeport Ct, actress (Mothers-in-Law), is born.Ref: 5
1941*Jennifer Warren NYC, actress (Slap Shot, Fatal Beauty, Mutant), is born.Ref: 5
1949*Mark Knopfler guitar/vocals (Dire Straits-Sultans of Swing), is born.Ref: 5
1950*George McGinnis basketball: Indiana University, Indiana Pacers, Philadelphia 76ers, is born.Ref: 4
1951*Charles E Brady Jr Pinehurst NC, USN Commander/astronaut, is born.Ref: 5
1951*Hector Rodriguez Cuba, lightweight judo (Olympic-gold-1976), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Pat Metheny jazz guitarist (As Wichita Falls), is born.Ref: 5
1954*Sam J Jones Chicago Ill, actor (Chris-Code Red, The Highway Man), is born.Ref: 5
1955*Thomas Mann Germany, novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), dies in Zurich Switzerland.Ref: 68
1959*Suzanne Vega musician: folk-guitar, singer, songwriter: Luka, Marlene on the Wall, Small Blue Thing, Calypso, Tom’s Diner, is born.Ref: 4
1960*Lonny Chin, Liverpool England, playmate (Jan, 1983), is born.Ref: 5
1960*Morty Black heavy metal rocker (TNT-7 Seas), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Pete De Freitas rocker (Echo & the Bunnymen-Heaven Up Here), is born.Ref: 5
1961*Roy Hay guitarist (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me), is born.Ref: 5
1971*Pete Sampras tennis champion: Australian Open [[1994], Wimbledon [1993, 94, 95], U.S. Open [1990, 93, 95], is born.Ref: 68
1972*Rebecca Gayheart actress: Urban Legend, Jawbreaker, Scream 2, Beverly Hills, 90210, Shadow Hours, is born.Ref: 4
1980*First giant panda born in captivity in a Mexican zoo.Ref: 10
-30*-BC- One of the dates theorized that Cleopatra 7th & most famous queen of Egypt, commits suicide. Ref 
1350 King Philip VI France dies.Ref: 10
1484*Pope Sixtus IV dies.Ref: 69
1633*Jacopo Peri, Italian composer, dies at age 71.Ref: 70
1689*Pope Innocent XI dies.Ref: 69
1827*William Blake poet: Songs of Innocence; artist: engraved his own poems and drawings on copper plates; dies at age 69.Ref: 70
1848*George Stephenson inventor: developer of steam locomotive; dies in Chesterfield, England.Ref: 68
1861*Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer and inventor, dies at age 67.Ref: 70
1865*Sir William Hooker, English botanist, dies at age 80.Ref: 70
1883*Extinction of the Quagga; last Zebra-like mammal dies at Amsterdam Zoo.Ref: 10
1891*James Russell Lowell, essayist, poet: A Fable for Critics, The Biglow Papers, The Vision of Sir Launfal, Commemoration Ode, The Cathedral; first editor of Atlantic Monthly, co-editor: North American Review; founded The Pioneer literary magazine; dies at age 72.Ref: 5
1900*Wilhelm Steinitz, Prague, Chess champion (1866-1894), dies.Ref: 5
1911*Jozef Israëls, Dutch painter and etcher, dies at age 70.Ref: 70
1912 Rev. William Booth dies.Ref: 10
1914*John Philip Holland, father of the modern submarine, dies.Ref: 68
1922*Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and principal founder of Sinn Fein movement, dies at age 50.Ref: 70
1944*Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blew up over England during World War II.Ref: 70
1964*Ian Fleming, novelist (creator of James Bond), dies at age 56.Ref: 4
1971*Bennett Cerf, American publisher, businessman and founder of Random House Publishers, dies at age 73.Ref: 70
1973*Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss Nobel Prize-winning physiologist (Nobel Medicine - 1949), dies at age 92.Ref: 70
1978*In Rome, the first papal funeral ever held outdoors was conducted for Pope Paul VI in St. Peter's Square.Ref: 5
1982*Henry (Jaynes) Fonda actor (On Golden Pond), dies at 77 from heart diseaseRef: 5
1982*(Green River Killer) Opal Charmaine Mills, 16, is last seen. She is the 6th of 48 women Gary Ridgway admits killing. (USA Today, p 3A, 11/06/2003)Ref: 13
1985*At 6:50 p.m. local time, a Japan Air Lines Boeing 747SR crashed into Mount Otsuka, 70 miles NW of Tokyo. There were 524 people aboard, and all but four had died by the time rescuers reached the remote crash-site 12 Hours later. It was the worst catastrophe involving a single airplane in history. (XDG, p. 4A, 8/12/2000)Ref: 83
1989*William Shockley, American engineer, teacher and Nobel Prize-winner, dies.Ref: 70
1990 B. Kliban dies.Ref: 10
1992*John Cage composer: experimental music and performance with non-traditional instruments: Bacchanal, Anthems of the Sun, Living Room, Water Music, Third Construction, 4’53"; dies.Ref: 5
1995*Marty Paich pianist, composer, arranger with/for: Peggy Lee, Shorty Rogers’ Giants, Dorothy Dandridge, Shelley Manne, Art Pepper, Shorty Rogers, Dave Pell, Mel Torme, Ray Brown, Anita O’Day, Stan Kenton, Terry Gibbs, Ella Fitzgerald, and Buddy Rich; dies.Ref: 4
2000*Kursk: Russian nuclear submarine sank to bottom of Barents Sea following an explosion; 118 dead.Ref: 85
2000*Loretta Young (Gretchen Michaela Young) Academy Award-winning actress: The Farmer’s Daughter [1947]; Emmy Award-winning actress: Letter to Loretta [1959]; The Loretta Young Show, Big Business Girl, The Crusades, Doctor Takes a Wife, A Night to Remember, Rachel and the Stranger; dies.Ref: 4
2002*Ed Headrick, father of the modern frisbee, dies at age 78. (XDG, p 8A, 1/01/2003)Ref: 83
2002*Hall of Famer, Enos Slaughter, dies at age 86 in Roxboro NC. (USA Today, p. 1C, 8/13/2002)Ref: 13

Last Update: October 27th, 2005
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